Spain: July 1521

Pages 357-360

Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 2, 1509-1525. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1866.

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July 1521

2 July.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 21. ff. 1-6.
344. Juan Manuel, Imperial Ambassador in Rome, to the Emperor.
Sent his last despatch by the English courier.
Has received his letter of the 15th of June, and has spoken, in accordance with the instructions he has received, to the Pope about the affairs of Florence. His Holiness approves of his plan. Great as is the King of France, he (the Emperor) is still greater, and will soon prove it to the whole world by punishing the French. Seraphin has arrived, and has brought his letters of the 27th, together with his ratification of the league. Affairs of Florence. The Swiss. Lombardy is ready to revolt against the French.
The hackney horse has been delivered to the Pope, who consented that the census from Naples, amounting to 7,000 ducats, should be paid some later day.
It is said that he (the Emperor) begins to occupy himself with affairs of state. He will soon see the good result of it.
Thinks it is time to make public his alliance with the Pope.
The French have retreated to Parma, which is five leagues distant from Reggio. The Pope says that all the country round Parma would revolt if the allied armies were near it. Although his Holiness does not allow it to be seen, he is suspicious that he (the Emperor) will reconcile himself with the King of France, as it is said that he is carrying on negotiations with him. He must, therefore, be very careful what he does, and not confide too much in the English. Is afraid that the King of England favours the French in these negotiations, although it is clear that the French are on a false track.
Genoa has not yet surrendered, but it cannot resist for any length of time.
Milan. The Neapolitan army is on its march. All the captains are going with it. Affairs of the kingdom of Naples. —Rome, the 2nd of July.
Addressed : "Cœsar, King of Spain ... sovereign Lord."
Indorsed : "To the King. Rome. From Don Juan Manuel, the 2nd of July 1521."
Spanish. Autograph in cipher. Contemporary deciphering. pp. 7.
6 July.
M. D. Pasc. d. G. Pap. rel. a. l. Hist. d. Esp.
345. Rodrigo Niño to the Emperor.
Left Brussels on the 22nd of last month, and arrived at Florence on the morning of Wednesday, the 3rd of July. His journey was much retarded by the bad arrangements of the post offices in Germany, and the great heat in Italy.
Went to see the Cardinal de Medicis, and gave him his letter, adding such explanations by word of mouth as he had been ordered to make. The Cardinal was very glad to hear that he intended to execute his treaties with the Pope, and said that he kissed the Imperial hands, thanking him for the good opinion he had of him. He wanted no other reward for the services he had rendered concerning the conclusion of the alliance than that he (the Emperor) should fulfil his duties. The Cardinal asked him to urge strongly the Viceroy (of Naples) to do all that is necessary, or the Viceroy, who is a weak man, would otherwise never be ready. The Cardinal asked what the present state of affairs in Spain was, and how the army was getting on which was under the command of Monsieur de Nassau. Told him what he knew about Spain and the army of Monsieur de Nassau.
Saw the Archbishop of Capua, and gave him the letters directed to him. Thinks the Archbishop is a good servant of his, and will be all his life long.
Left Florence the same evening, and arrived in Rome on Friday, the 5th of July. Alighted at the house of Don Manuel, who lives in a style becoming his high station. Saw 1,000 Spanish foot, who were enlisted in Rome. Went to kiss the foot of the Pope, gave him his letter, and told him he was going to Naples in order to see that all he (the Emperor) had bound himself to do was quickly done.
The Pope was greatly pleased with what he communicated to him, and said that as soon as the Viceroy (of Naples) should arrive in Lombardy, it would be easy to drive the French out of Italy. He wished nothing more in this world than to see that done.
Went to see Johan Matheo, and delivered to him his letters. Johan Matheo is of opinion that his (Rodrigo Niño's) journey to Naples is most necessary, in order to urge on the Viceroy who is very slow.
Leaves Rome for Naples the very hour he is writing this letter.
Met, between Florence and Rome, Monsieur de la Motte, a gentleman of the King of France, who was on his way to the Pope. This gentleman was not at all satisfied with the war which the King of France had begun. He asked him whether the Cardinal of England had gone (to Calais) to reconcile him (the Emperor) with the King of France. Said the Cardinal of England had not done so, and even if he had undertaken such a task, he would not succeed in it. As the King of France had begun the war against all right and all the existing treaties, he (the Emperor) would not be content unless he obtained complete satisfaction for that and all the other injuries he had received from the King of France. Monsieur de la Motte replied, "Cursed be Robert de la Mark and the others who have caused this war, with which the kingdom is very much dissatisfied."
Monsieur de la Motte and other Frenchmen have declared, through the whole of Italy, that a peace between him (the Emperor) and the King of France is on the point of being concluded through the good offices of the King of England. All his (the Emperor's) servants were very sorry to hear it, because he has such a good opportunity of driving the French out of Italy. Told the Pope, the Cardinal de Medicis, and all the other persons who asked him, that the state of affairs was not such as the French had represented, and that he (the Emperor) has never listened, or will ever listen, to any proposals for peace.
Prospero Colonna has left Rome for the army. He is to be captain-general of the Pope until the arrival of the Marquis of Mantua.
Don Juan Manuel tells him that he must go directly to Naples, and leave all his other business in Rome to a later occasion.
Don Juan will write to him respecting other things which have happened.—Rome, the 6th of July 1521.
Addressed : "To his Sacred, Imperial, and Catholic Majesty."
Indorsed : "To the King. 1521. From Rome. From Rodrigo Niño, the 6th of July."
13 July.
M. Re. Ac. d. Hist. Salazar. A. 21. ff. 19-24.
346. Juan Manuel, Imperial Ambassador in Rome, to the Emperor.
Genoa has not yet been taken. Captain Portundo has not yet arrived there.
Details concerning the armies of Naples and of the Pope.
The Cardinal de Medicis, who had pretended not to care about his (the Emperor's) favours, accepts now, with the greatest gratitude, and "with both hands," the protectorate, the bishopric, and the pension of 10,000 ducats in Spain.
More details of warlike preparations. A great number of persons aspire to the captain-generalship of the army. In Naples alone there are six—the Duke of Sessa, the Duke of Termes, Ascanio Colonna, Prospero Colonna, Count Golisano, and the Marquis of Pescara. It has hitherto been impossible to obtain an answer from the Viceroy whether he is willing or not to accept the command of the army.
The Pope speaks in such contemptible terms of the Imperial army that he forbears to repeat his words. It is said that the Imperial fleet which is before Genoa is likewise in a miserable state.
Lombardy. Venice.
The new Doge of Venice is stated not to be a partisan of the French. He is an old man, and the father of the Cardinal Grimani.
The new title which will be given to the King of England does not prejudice, in the least, the titles which he (the Emperor) bears.
Milan. Church preferment, &c.—Rome, the 13th of July 1521.
Addressed : "Cœsar and King of Spain, &c. ... Lord."
Indorsed : "To the King. Rome. Don Juan Manuel. 13th July 1521."
Spanish. Autograph in cipher. Contemporary deciphering. pp. 7.