Henry VIII: August 1537, 1-5

Pages 169-181

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2, June-December 1537. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1891.

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August 1537, 1-5

1 Aug. 414. Cromwell to [The Commissioners in Ireland].
Wrote before to the Vice-Treasurer for the preferment of old Coley to the farm of Holmpatryk. Desires them to make out the lease with speed. Sonnyng Hill, 1 Aug.
Copy. Half page. (See No. 389 ii.).
1 Aug. 415. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
R. O. Intended to have laid in a piece of wine for Cromwell at Mrs. Polstyddes, to have drunk it at the King's coming hither. But as a daughter of hers who came from London and fell sick in her house before the King left Westminster, died a week ago, would not advise Cromwell to lodge there. However no infection has ensued. As the Freres is but a little house, and will be sore pestered at the King's being there, recommends him to lodge at the parsonage of St. Nicholas, which is near the Court. The late bp. of Winchester used to lodge there. Guildeford Manor, 1 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: The Lord Admiral.
1 Aug. 416. Sir John Dudley and Sir G. Carew to Cromwell.
R. O. As yet we have seen nothing of which to inform the King, but we trust ere long to have knowledge of them that be daily spoilers of his Highness' subjects. We are now at Plymouth taking in victuals to go over to the other coast, where we shall not fail, by report, to find them we seek. In all the Narrow Seas, especially upon this coast, there is not one man-of-war of any nation. Plymouth, 1 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 Aug. 417. Sir Hen. Sacheverell to Cromwell.
R. O. In answer to Cromwell's letter stating that he has heard that Sacheverell intends to expell his cousin Leche's farmers and tenants by virtue of a liberate passed against him at the suit of the executors of Sir Rauf Dodmer, is informed that he may lawfully put them forth, but was never minded so to do. His own tenants of Callowe had in farm their own tithe corn and hay for 20 or 30 years before Leche was farmer of Wyrkesworth parsonage, and he put them out without warning and let the farm to James Deane his servant. Might have put out Deane on entering into the aforesaid parsonage, but only asked him to allow the tenants of Callowe to have half their own tithe corn and hay, which he refused. On this refusal, told him he would sue for his remedy, unless the lord Privy Seal commanded him the contrary. Asks to know his pleasure by the bearer. Morley, 1 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
1 Aug. 418. Thomas Tichett, Post, to Sir Brian Tuke.
R. O. Wrote last night with a small packet containing only a letter for my lord Privy Seal from Sir Rob. Wingfield, when he enclosed a small bill for Tuke of the news which had just arrived of the Burgundians' departing from before Tirwyn. It was not, however, to withstand an attempted invasion of Hainault by the Dauphin, but owing to a truce taken for 10 months. Sir Chr. Morris landed here the same morning and rode towards the camp, and last night Travers took passage hence with a letter from Sir Rob. Wingfield for my lord Privy Seal, and one from Mr. Hutton, who came hither the night before from St. Omer's, to meet his wife on her landing, and returns this morning. Mr. Henry Knyvett landed this morning, and is gone in post into France. Du Bies is said to be abroad to do some feat in Flanders, not wishing to hear of the truce. Calais, 1 Aug. 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Aug. 419. John Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O. This day the truce was proclaimed through the camp. Divers of the army have made ready to depart. Others remain as men amazed;—among them M. du Rewisse is greatly grieved, having sworn never to wear armour till he know the Emperor's pleasure. No man of the camp has yet been suffered to enter the town, and they within kept on the walls in harness. Has not yet obtained a copy of the conclusions. St. Omer's, 1 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Aug. 420. John [Hilsey], Bp. of Rochester, to Cromwell.
R. O. Sir Matthew Fysher, priest of Bromleghe, was brought before him on Wednesday. He confessed that he was a Northern man and came out of his country about Whitsuntide, and that on Midlent Sunday last the captains of his country received certain letters from Aske, on which day about 400 men mustered, of which he was one. Keeps him in ward till he knows Cromwell's pleasure. Hears there are some other priests in his diocese who fled thither after Aske was taken. Bromleghe, 2 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2 Aug. 421. Jenney to Cromwell.
The letter printed in State Papers i. 560 as of this date is really of the year 1538. See St. P. v. 139.
2 Aug. 422. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. v. 96.
Last night Sir Thos. Hilton, sheriff of Durham, brought Dr. Marshall's priest whom James Crane had accused. Norfolk examined him in presence of Thirlby, Curren, and Wodall, and he made the enclosed confession, signed with his own hand. Had Crane and him together face to face, and at first he stuck firm that Crane had spoken many lewd words to him. As they contradicted each other, ordered Crane to avoid the chamber and promised the priest to sue for his pardon on condition of his telling the truth about two things, what he said himself and others thereabouts, and what words Dr. Marshall has spoken before or since. He not only acquits Dr. Marshall, but says that he preaches frequently against the bp. of Rome. Has sent Sir Thomas Hilton homewards that he may attach the fellow with the foul "sanslyme" face, whom Crane accuses to have spoken very seditiously. He does not know his name or where he dwells. Is informed by Sir Thomas of his tenants in Austin More having been attacked by those of Bewcastle on Saturday last, and 32 of them taken prisoners, of whom four are kept as pledges. Sir William and Jack Musgrave are at London. Those people cannot be governed by one dwelling at London, or a deputy that is as ill as the worst. They are under Sir Thos. Wharton's wardenry, whom the Musgraves love not. Yesterday a servant of Sir Wm. Evers brought a letter from him, sent herewith, which shows my former news of Scotland to be true. His credence is that on Saturday last the Scotch king came to Dunbar, and with him the abbot of Arbroath, whom he was going to despatch towards the King. All his train were ready to come to Berwick on Tuesday or yesterday. The news was sent by the prioress of Coldstream, whose name must be kept secret. Thos. Hussey tells me I shall be sent for to be with the King at the said ambassador's coming. I think he will come here by me, and if so I will make him the best cheer I can. If I am to come to the King at Ampthill I will make diligence after the ambassador's departure. Angus and his brother have now no hope of obtaining their inheritance unless war be moved; you will, therefore, weigh George Douglas' words as a man desperate. Wishes the pardon sent with all diligence. Sheriff Hutton, 2 Aug. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
R. O. 2. Deposition of Sir Robt. Hodge, parish priest of Whitbarn, in the bpric. of Durham, examined at Sheriffhutton 2 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII., stating that in the week before Pentecost last there landed at Whitbarne one or two boats of Scots and Frenchmen, among whom was one Englishman called James Crane, with whom deponent had sundry conversations. Being asked what news in England deponent answered, "Ill news, for they kill and hang up men in this country." He then asked where the duke of Norfolk lay, and deponent answered at Sheriffhutton or at York, and that he dealt so cruelly in these parts that he wished him hanged on the one side of a tree and lord Cromwell on the other; adding that if the king of Scots had invaded England five months before, he and many others would have gone with him, and conducted him to London. As they were talking a little from the seaside, deponent said, "Lo! here is as good and as ready landing for men as in any place in England." Sundry persons dwelling at or near Hartley in Nthld. were on board in divers of the ships at the same time and carried them victuals. Signed.
P. 1.
3 Aug. 423. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Delivered his letter of the 28th to my lord Privy Seal with the news, which is too old to be regarded. The letter has been left at Billingsgate. Is daily expecting my lord Privy Seal's determination concerning Lisle's long suit, and will return if he does not get it. Begs he will not take so earnestly the sharp and taunting letter which Cromwell wrote to him, as he is no wise culpable and has not merited it. Answer him according to the truth and think no more about it. This will be most for your honour. If my lord Chamberlain and other lords there pay the subsidy Lisle must do the same. Richard Cromwell is very glad to hear that his horse is so ready, "but to sue for your check it shall not be best, he saith, till such time as it shall be laid to your charge." No man, he thinks, will dare attempt it. The sudden truce has occasioned great astonishment. St. Katharine's, 3 Aug.
My lord Privy Seal's son is married to my lady Owtrede, the Queen's sister.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 Aug. 424. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O. When the King was at Sonninghill I delivered your tokens to Lady Sussex and Mrs. Lystre. I think lady Sussex is with child. They long to hear of your ladyship being brought to bed. My lady Sussex thinks your daughters should be here before the Queen takes her chamber, because her Grace would see them before then. As to the priest, neither Mr. Horen nor the abp. of Canterbury can do him any good, for the examination is to be before my lord Privy Seal; but I fear not but he will do well—much better than the other. They may thank one of their own brethren for their penance. Mr. Bassett's chamber shall be kept for him. Your ladyship may entreat Chr. Campion at his coming over. As to your weir, Mr. Popley has been sick these 14 days, but I hope the worst is past. I have done nothing and said nothing that can offend Mr. Treasurer; but I am glad you have found the 50l. There is no woman of Lady Rutland's dead. It was a gentleman of hers that died between her house and the Court; so I think it will be no danger to take her woman. The sooner you make ready your daughters the better, for it is thought Mrs. Parre will shortly marry. I sent by Stephen your cushion with sampler and silk. I am promised small dishes. My lord Privy Seal's son is married to lady Owterede, the Queen's sister. St. Katharine's, 3 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 Aug. 425. Nicholas Wilson, Priest, to Wriothesley.
R. O. The benefits W. has conferred upon him embolden him to trouble him further. Hearing that my good Lord had come to Mortlake last night, would have wailed on him but for his tarrying in London, though he trusts he has been in no place where he could have taken anything "that might be peril to other." Desires to know his mind by bearer, whom the writer wishes released from the charge not to go past 10 miles from London, so that he may see my Lord. Supposes Dr. Day, now master of St. John's College, Cambridge, has shown my lord what was done there. They first chose Wilson, to his no small grief, knowing what my Lord had written to them both of the King's mind and his own. Protests he no more expected it than to be made bp. of Rome; but, thank God, it was soon amended according to the King's pleasure. Was in the country making merry when Dr. Day returned, and could not learn how my Lord was pleased. Is glad of his appointment. Doubts not W. will remember the King's letter for the discharge of the writer's first fruits.
Means within three weeks to go to Wimburn "for some discharge of my duty." Will write to my Lord beforehand if he must not see him. London, 3 Aug.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at Mortlake. Endd.
3 Aug. 426. Edmund Pekham to Lord Lisle.
R. O. In favour of Nich. Sharpe, the bearer, who has obtained the King's bill signed for a room of 8d. a day in the retinue on the first voidance. Windsor, 3 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
3 Aug. 427. Robert Pakenam to Sir Thomas Dingley.
R. O. Cousin Dyngley, Mr. Rogers of your Order has been a great suitor to the lord Privy Seal and other noblemen, but has had small comfort. He has boasted he will have his pennyworth of you, "but I take it spoken but of a young man." Mr. Kneven is gone, 2 Aug., to France, and will shortly return. The siege of Turwyn is raised by composition and a 10 months' truce. The King goes from Windsor to Ampthill and Grafton Wednesday, 8 Aug., and will be at Windsor with the Queen again, 2 Oct. Mrs. Skewes is dead. Commend me to Mr. Welche and my lady. Windsor, 3 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Sir Thomas Dingley, knight, at Sir John Walchis place in Sadbery. Endd.
3 Aug. 428. Sir Brian Tuke to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I thank you for a piece of French wine, which I keep in store for special company. My fellow Baker, who is of the retinue there by your promotion, does not agree very well with the Calais air and is often in danger. By sending him now and then to England on your messages, if thereby he may save his check, you would do a kindness both to him and his poor wife. I beg you to tell me what hope you have about your debt to the King. Commend me to my Lady. From my poor house, 3 Aug. 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 Aug. 429. Dr. John London to Thomas Bedell.
R. O. Perceives by my lord's (Cromwell's) letters that he is accused of being a great papist and hinderer of good learning. No man has more openly spoken against papistical abuses, and to set forward the youth of his college in learning made Mr. Knyzt (whom Mr. Wrosley knows) dean of art this year and caused him to be elected one of the proctors. (fn. n1) The youth, however, are given to such liberty in study they would let pass all good order in learning. Because Duns and such barbarous dreamers are set apart they object to meddle with Archyrople, Faber, and Melancthon's logic, or with Aristotle in Greek. Wishes to enforce the order of study prescribed to him by my Lord when visiting the "New College beside Winchester. Describes what he has done for the reformation of studies. Explains how he is prevented from giving the farm to Mrs. Coke by a former grant made to Legat at the request of the King and my lord Privy Seal, lord Norwich and the present Master of the Rolls. Would be glad still to gratify my Lord if he could be discharged; but Legat has obtained my lord Chancellor's letters, enclosed, which were delivered to the writer in the beginning of his sickness. On return of his servant, will call home his company which be abroad for the sickness, and use his best policy to win their good wills. If he can get their consent, will send the indenture or bring it next term as Mrs. Coke must seal her part before she receive ours. Is sure to have disfavour of the other side—my lord Chancellor and the Master of the Rolls. Would have come himself but the election at Winchester is instant and, after, that of the college. Is still so weak that he can hardly ride 10 miles and these late news have nearly killed him. Oxon, 3 Aug.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Mr. Thomas Bedell one of the King's most hon. Council. Endd. inaccurately: B. of London.
3 Aug. 430. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Has just received a letter from the captain of Berwick saying that the abbot of Arbroath arrived there on Tuesday last. Thinks he will not come this way; but if he does he will be here on Sunday next. Desires to know by bearer if he is to go to the King as he last wrote; meanwhile will be ready to do so. The abbot should be warned of the infection in London so that he may not repair thither. He has 24 persons with him, some of them Frenchmen, and 6 horses "laden with carriage." Has despatched the bearer his servant only to show Cromwell of the abbot's coming. Sheriffhutton, 3 Aug.
Hears the abbot has no great "affection" to speak with him (Norfolk) before going to the King. Has just received the King's "gests" (enclosed) from Thomas Hatteclif, and perceives that if he is to repair to the King at the coming of the said ambassador he will find His Highness at Ampthill or thereabouts. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
2. Thomas Hatteclyff to Norfolk.
R. O. "The King's jests made the 22nd day of July."
Thursday St. Anne's Day 26 July from Esthamstede to Sonnynghall, and there the King and the Queen and the Household to Windsor, 7 days, 4 miles. Thursday 2 Aug. from thence to Windsor and there 5 days, 5 miles. Wednesday 8 Aug. thence, the King apart, to Mysildyn, and there that night 1 day, 12 miles. Thursday 9 Aug. thence to Dunstable and there Friday 2 days, 13 miles. Saturday the 11th to Ampthill, 8 miles, and there 6 days. Friday the 17th to Grafton, 15 miles, and there 10 days. Monday 27th to Ampthill, 15 miles, and there 5 days. Saturday 1 Sept. to Dunstable and there all Sunday, 8 miles. Monday 3 Sept. to Misildyn and there that night, 13 miles.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 Aug. 431. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. James Crane fearing (as he says) by his absence from France to lose his wages, desires licence to depart, and, as he cannot name any of those he has accused, I have licensed him to return to you. I have sent Sir Thomas Hilton to apprehend them, and, unless they are in Shotlond a fishing, I trust soon to have them. Who they were can only be learnt by knowing what boats were on board the vice-admiral's ship, and of "one other with a black turry head and a sanslyme face." Shrifhoton, 3 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Aug. 432. Richard Pollard to Cromwell.
R. O. Received his letter ordering him to have the leads in his survey melted into sows and marked with the King's mark. Began at Gervaux, but was soon weary thereof, as the finer was unskilful. The cloister leads took five days, and that is little to the whole. Is sure they are worth 1,000l. and little worse at Byrlyngton. At Whalle there is small leads beside the church. Sends information about Sir Robt. Constable's fees and offices. Understands by Sir George Darcy, the bearer, that Comwell is good lord to him. According to his request encloses the value of the late lord Darcy's lands. Has left all the lead, melted and unmelted, in safe keeping. Makes an end in Yorkshire today, and goes towards Berlynges in Lincolnshire. Doncaster, 3 Aug.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Aug. 433. Melancthon to John Æpinus.
Reform. iii.
The Church is an exile in this world, and we, as members of it, ought to assist exiles. Applauds therefore his liberality to Duncanus Hybernicus. The messenger brought "sex aureos moneta Megapolensi," which Melancthon handed over to Duncanus. Indicates suspicion that the messenger did not account truly. Duncanus has no need at present of the other two Joachimica which Æpinus writes about. Marriage of Matthew Delius. Rejoices that Antonius Anglicus is released from danger, and begs Æpinus, when he writes, to salute him from Melanchthon and command him to remember his old friends. 3 Aug.
4 Aug. 434. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. i. 561.
Letters 344.
You will receive by the bearer a bible in English both of a new translation and of a new print, dedicated to the King. Likes it better than any other translation, and wishes Cromwell to obtain a licence that it may be read freely till the bps. can set forth a better, which he thinks will not be till after Doomsday. God will one day requite Cromwell's pains in setting forth His word. Forde, 4 Aug. Signed.
Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.

4 Aug.
435. Cranmer to Sir Ric. Riche.
R. O. Sorry that he cannot comply with his request, and write to his clerk, Thos. Argall, for the revocation of the letters ad colligendum granted to White and Foxley. They must be revoked by his officer, the Dean of the Arches, master of his prerogative, who, he thinks, is absent from London. If he were there he would not revoke them without a citation of the contrary side, which cannot be, as the term has expired. Sir Richard's friends can take no harm by these letters, as the parties are bound to deliver the goods by sufficient inventory at a day appointed by the Court. Concerning the administration, whereby his friends may be saved harmless, and for the true deliverance of the said goods, they shall have his lawful favour. Forde, 4 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
[4 Aug.] 436. Heresy.
R. O. First, William Sennes, Thos. Frauncys, and John Padley were taken at Rotheram, 4 August, through a complaint made to the earl of Shrewsbury by which "we were defamed of heresy." Sennes was brought before my lord of Shrewsbury, who said, "Come near, thou heretic, and kneel near, ha, thou heretic, thou has books here!" And Sennes said, "Yea, my Lord, the New Testament I have." My Lord said, "The New Testament nought thou has," and repeated very often that it was nought, adding "Thou art an heretic, and but for shame I should thrust my dagger into thee." After this Sennes durst say no more and was put in the dungeon 7 days. Frauncys was brought up and put in prison for the same time, and, by reason of friends, released. Padley also was brought before my Lord, who said, "Thou art an heretic and a loulere." Padley said. "Nay, my Lord, it is not so." Then my Lord inquired what he had learned and he said, Humanity. "That is well" said my Lord, "what has thou spoken?" "Nothing" said Padley "but that that shall become a Christian to speak," and said he had only spoken upon the commandments of God, which were to "love God above all things, and my neighbour as myself." Then my Lord accused him of speaking against the sacrament and referred to the bailey of Rotheram, who said he had not heard him speak so. Padley was sent to prison for the same time as Sennes, and from the prison my Lord sent them to the duke of Norfolk, who delivered them to the Bishop's officer and they are now in the Bishop's prison.
The cause of Sennes' trouble is this:—He has always spoken against the rebels, and when they rose in Lincolnshire, a priest, Sir Thos. Holdyne alias Thomas Alexandere, said "God was in Lincolnshire for those was good lads, for they would put down these heretics Cromwell, Cranmer, and Latimer," and also "We dare not stir, but let them rob us of our money." Sennes said they were rebellious that withstood the King. Then another priest, Mr. Drapper, said he trusted in the earl of Shrewsbury, as a favourer of the commons, but Sennes said the Earl would not favour the commons, for he had been always true to the King: Drapper said that in that case, the Earl was "nought." "Why," said Sennes "is all nought that doth hold with our King? Yonder is Mr. Markame, he hath put out the abbot of Roughforthe and his convent according to the King's commandment." Drapper said "He is a heretic," and further said he might resist if the King tried to take away his chalice, which was for the service of God. On this Sennes called him a "Sir John Lack-learning," and Drapper replied "Whoreson knave." "I" showed Mr. Provost of it and he bade me show it to Mr. Bailey. The bailey asked the provost if he could not rule his own house, and the provost called Sennes and threatened, if he complained again, to expel him the house.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Indictment of Will. Senes of Rotherham, in the West Riding, master of the "song scole" of the college of Jesus of Rotherham, for showing to Thos. Holden, chantry priest of St. Katharine's in the church of All Saints, Rotheram, on Sunday after Corpus Christi, viz., 8 (should be 3rd) June 29 Hen. VIII. some printed ballads against the prayers of the church used in the hallowing of water, the blessing of bread and of bells, and touching purgatory, which Holden said were not authorised by Parliament; in reply to which he observed "that such books as were sent down to the curates was made by heretics, and none of them true," and moreover that the soul after death went straight either to Heaven or Hell, and no prayer could avail.
Further that Will. Yngram, parish clerk of Rotheram was present in the church on Friday, 4 May, hearing mass when Thos. Pylley, priest, said mass for the soul of Henry Carnbull, and finished by sprinkling water upon his tomb as the custom is. On which the said Will. Sennes ridiculed the act, and when Yngram said he believed as his father had done, replied "Thy father was a liar and is in Hell, and so is my father in Hell also; my father never knew Scripture and now it is come forth." Moreover on Sunday before St. John Baptist's day, viz., 10 [17?] June, Yngram had a conversation with him in the church, in which Senes asked him "When didst thou see God?" Yngram replied, every day at mass in the priest's hands. To which Senes rejoined, "Thou sawest but bread." He also, 24 June, told Ric. Wade, who along with Katharine Bretton was reading a Life of Christ in the said church of Rotheram that the Blessed Mary was not the mother of God, and that prayer to her could do no good, and that the sacrament upon the altar was not the body of Christ; for "God is here upon my hand, in my body, in this stulpe and everywhere." He also used similar language to one Cutler of Rotheram, on St. Thomas the Martyr's day, 6 July.
Lat., pp. 5. At the head is written in another hand: "A Cirsiorare corpus cum causa, out of the King Bench."
4 Aug. 437. Geo. Alysbury to Cromwell.
R. O. I have sent herein written the names of all such infusions as I have made at this time of roses after the description of Mesni, oil of roses, vinegar of roses, rose water, damask water, made chiefly with roses, dried roses. Of all these I was commanded by Dr. Buttes and the surgeons to have store for the King. Would have made other if commanded, as conserve of roses, syrup of roses, mel rosarum, julop of roses, &c. Have me in remembrance to the King about the manor of Oschirche in Warwickshire. The King has sent for me to Hampton Court, or I would have come to you. Southwark, 4 Aug.
Hol., (fn. n2) p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal.
438. Geo. Alysbury to Cromwell.
R. O. I beg your Lordship to have your old servant in remembrance to the King, for some living to do his Grace service. I have been with his Grace this year and a quarter, and had never penny allowed me for meat, drink, horse, or boat hire for bringing such things as his Grace commanded, wheresomever he did lie. This has been a great charge to me in my sickness.
P.S.—I would have waited on your Lordship, but have not been out of my chamber this 12 weeks, and but for your water, which master Broke stilled for the King, I should have died. I have taken a surfeit with bread not baken, which lay in my stomach two days like a piece of lead, but it burst as soon as I drunk the water.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
[4 Aug.] 439. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
R. O. Since yesterday at noon has heard that the Imperials and French have taken a truce for 10 months. Trusts the King knows the occasion of it, "or hels it wold trobull my brayns to think of it." Asks what is best now to do with Sir John Dodlay and his company at sea. Wishes to stay here till the King's coming from Hamtell, and asks whether the King would prefer to have him with him. Waverlaye, Saturday.
Hol., pp. 2, Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
4 Aug. 440. William Lord Dacre to Cromwell.
R. O. Has written to the King concerning certain tithes he has by lease. Begs Cromwell's favour in the case, because the King will have him remain here, where the country is very barren of corn for his house. Naward, 4 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
4 Aug. 441. Sir Thomas Tempest to Cromwell.
R. O. Finds by Cromwell's letter of the 17th July, in answer to his of the 10th, that he considers Sir Thomas would not have shown his mind about Norfolk's abode in these parts without his privity; otherwise he must have offended the Duke in preferring him to the thing to which he so strongly objected. It is true that after Sir Rob. Constable's execution at Hull, Norfolk made him and others privy to that part of Cromwell's letter and his own answer to it; on which they advised him to consent to the most part of Tempest's letter. He replied that he could never willingly abide in these arts except in time of necessity. Stated, nevertheless, his own opinion that the Duke's authority would still be useful here, though he were absent this winter. Norfolk was not privy to what he wrote, which was against his mind; and Tempest finds him so resolved that he forbears to press him further. Remains of opinion that some other nobleman should be sent on his recall, else Tynedale, Redesdale, and the unruly borderers with Lidersdale will give trouble this winter. At this day they do not much esteem their keepers; as shown by the death of Roger Fenwick. 4 Aug.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
4 Aug. 442. John Hutton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
Wrote of the ten months' truce to my lord Privy Seal. Cannot yet be sure of the conditions, but it is supposed, the French made the first offer and are to pay 200,000 cr. to the Emperor's charges. Neither party is to invade on pain of being taken prisoners notwithstanding the truce. Cannot tell how it will be between the princes but the Regent is at war with most of her nobles. The card, of Liege is gone to visit his diocese and will probably come no more to court. The Almains were in such a rage at the truce that they would have sacked St. Omer's. The Regent departed suddenly to Bruges, but Hutton will stay a while till the fury of the men of war who rob everywhere be over past. Hopes at Bruges to get a true copy of the truce. Hears divers lords have refused to sign it, as the card, of Lewke, duke of Ascot, the Great Master, the lord of Breid Rood, and the lord of Leny: and the whole commonalty exclaim upon the Queen, Molembeis and Lekerke. St. Omer's, 4 Aug.
Hol., pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
4 Aug. 443. Hugh Typton to William Sprat.
R. O. "Jesu in the Rendry," 4 August 1537.
"Right worshipful master and mistress," on 27 July departed hence the Trinity and the Marybryd; in the former I send your cable, in the latter ij guns. You shall receive in this ship, the Saviour of the Rendry, master, Domingo do Sobjeta, a gun the companion of that in the Marybryd. Would send two more but cannot have them under 30 "dos." the piece, which is dear.
I depart within four days for Bylbow with cloth. The lading of this ship is strangers goods. Treat Domingo and his brother well and meddle little with the others, "for they have not ordered our nation well this year." The other ship is a prize laden with salt.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: merchant, in Bristow.
444. William Speratt to Cromwell.
R. O. Copy of No. 443, headed "Jesus in the Rendry," 4 August 1537.
This is the true copy of a letter my servant sent me, who has been in Spain this seven or eight years. Do not let it be known that this news came from my servant, else he shall lose his life and I my goods. I have delivered the letter itself to Mr. Mayor and the recorder.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Aug. 445. The Garter.
Anstis' Order
of the Garter,
ii. 407.
Chapter of the Order of the Garter held in the King's closet at Windsor, Sunday 5 Aug. 1537; present, with the King, the marquis of Exeter, earls of Sussex, Rutland, and Cumberland and Sir Nic. Carew. It was decided to choose a knight instead of lord Darcy, convicted of high treason, but that the other stall then vacant should be kept for the prince they hoped for in due season. Statement of the names voted for, the "princes" being the earls of Derby, Huntingdon and Worcester, and the marquis of Dorset, the "barons," unanimously, lords Beaucham, Cromwell, and Delaware, and the "knights" Sir Wm. Paulet, Sir Thos. Cheyny, Sir John Russell, Sir John Wallop, and Sir Ant. Browne in various combinations of three. The sovereign, running this list hastily over, said he thought fit to choose Sir Thomas Cromwell, his principal secretary and lord Privy Seal; to which all with joyful looks and words agreed. He being immediately summoned fell down before the Sovereign, giving with all the eloquence he was master of (and certainly he was master of the best) infinite thanks for the honour conferred upon him, &c. Being kindly ordered by the Sovereign to stand up, he had the Garter and collar of George put upon him.
5 Aug. 446. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O. The abbot of Westminster has the executor of Baylye at issue. He has refused to give me any answer, and if the. verdict is in his favour the 30l. must be paid. He has, however, consented to take one tun of wine now and one at Easter, as you desire. An answer must be sent within 12 days, or the inquest will give judgment. St. Katharine's, 5 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.

5 Aug.
447. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
No suit has yet been made to him for the induction of a certain person in St. Quintines in Spelake in the Marches of Calais, but he will stay it if it is made. Canterbury, 5 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Aug. 448. Thomas Bedyll to Wriothesley.
R. O. Encloses letters just received from Dr. London, warden of New College, Oxford, showing how he taketh to his cure the speeding of Mrs. Cook's cause. His servant who brought them is ridden into Essex to speak both with Legat and her. His master is much troubled in mind upon my lord Privy Seal's letters, and his servant says unless he has some comfort he will not long continue. Begs him to move my Lord to write to assure him he bears him no grudge till he has heard him. Thinks he has done more good in the King's visitation than all the others. Sends also copy of a letter of my Lord Chancellor to Dr. London in Legat's favour. Begs to have both letters again. Otford, in Kent, 5 August.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
5 Aug. 449. Sir William Fitzwilliam to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Perceives by my lord Privy Seal that he would fain have Thos. Apovhell "sarved of is rovme." Waverley, 5 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: The King's [Deputy] at Calais. Endd.: My lord Admiral.
5 Aug. 450. Marriage of Priests.
R. O. Examinations before the mayor and jurats of Rye, 5 Aug., 29 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
1. Of Adam Lewes, a teacher of grammar, who says he never took orders, and was married at Totnes two years ago; came thence at Shrovetide following to Mailing, Kent, where he taught grammar till the beginning of July, 29 Hen. VIII., and then came to Rye, 3 Aug. The woman whom he has brought with him is Eleanor, daughter of Michael Steffe of Totnes.
2. Of Eleanor Lewes, who says she was married to one Adam Lewes in the p. church of Medysham, Suff., "a month next after St. Bartyllmew now a year past." Her father's name is Michael Steffe, dwelling in Hadley, in said county. Immediately after their marriage they came to Mailing, in Kent, where they remained till the beginning of August last; then came to Rye.
Being called again before the mayor, she said her husband was born at Mendham, in Suff., and is a priest; which the husband then confirmed, saying he knew a hundred priests married.
Pp. 2.
5 Aug. 451. Sir Brian Stapilton to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received Cromwell's letter dated Mortlake, 4 August, certifying that he might and may still accomplish Cromwell's desire in conferring the said benefice. Had presented his nephew William Pierpount at the desire of his neighbour George Pierpount, eldest brother of William, and cannot recall his grant unless Cromwell obtain Pierpount's good will to the same. Is ready to give it to any chaplain of Cromwell's, or of Mr. Richard Cromwell, who has written for it, so that Mr. Lawe have it not, whose kinsmen have not been friendly to the writer's family. Burton Jorce; 5 August. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.

5 Aug.
452. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O. The bearer, the abbot of Warden, having promised the Earl of Rutland to resign to one whom he should appoint, has accordingly done so in favour of Thomas London of his house on certain conditions agreed between them; but London, in breach of the agreement, has procured the repair of Doctor Peter for the taking of his resignation. Begs favour for the said abbot, who was by Norfolk's means preferred to the abbacy. Shrifhoton, 5 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Aug. 453. The Deputy and Council of Calais to Cromwell.
R. O. Yesterday the mayor, burgesses, and aldermen elected as mayor lord Edmund Haward, the King's controller here, which we thought strange and not meet, as the mayor has to account before the controller for all royalties and forfeits by sea and land. Moreover, as many of the council are not resident our bench would be diminished, so I refused the said lord Edmund his oath till I hear the King's pleasure. When Whetehill and Wingfield were mayors they more "aproched" against the King's deputy and the retinue than had been done for 100 years. Is bound by his oath to oversee the mayor and aldermen. Bartelot's ship arrived that same day in the Rode ready towards London, and would have been attacked by three French ships of war if I had not caused the guns of Ryssebank and Beauchamp tower to shoot at them. Calais, 5 Aug.
Answers a possible allegation of the mayor and aldermen. Lust night Catillon arrived out of France and took shipping to-day for Dover. Signed by Lord Lisle, Sir Ric. Graynfeld, Sir Thos. Palmer, and Win. Sym[pson].
Pp. 2.
5 Aug. 454. Anthoine Brusset to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I was informed last night that two or three French ships had that day taken a ship of Flanders before your haven at Calais notwithstanding the truce lately made between the Emperor and the French king, but I suppose that the Frenchmen were not informed of it. I therefore send a copy of the said truce that you may assist in the deliverance of the Emperor's subject. I thank you for the two crampings you have sent me. Gravelines, 5 Aug. 1537. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
5 Aug. 455. Tokewith and Bylton, Yorks.
R. O. Survey of Tokewith, Yorks., taken 5 Aug. 29 Henry VIII.
Fourteen tenants at will named, with the extents of their tenures, whose united rents amount to 16l. 2s. 10d. There are no outrents, customs nor services. The wood upon the common is worth 4l. The ground is all in tillage and little pasture, and "there is no commodity of waters nor delves or mines." There is very good common of pasture.
The following have lands within the lordship of Tokewith:— Sir Oswald Wilstrop, lands worth 6l. 6s. 8d., the late prior of Heley 40s., and late prioress of Synnyngthwayte, 9l. 16s. 8d., (in margin: "in manu Regis"), Sir Brian Stapleton, 32s.; Oswald Tomlynson 40s.; and Wm. Thwaytes, 21s. 4d.
Pp. 4.
R. O. 2. Survey of the manor of Bylton, Yorks., taken 7 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII.
Fifteen tenants at will are named, whose united rents amount to 27l. 11s. 8d. The woods in the park and West Hagge, about 120 acres, are worth 200 mks. "There be two ponds or stews well stored with fishes
nigh to the manor place, and a great water within the said park called a mere or stanke," and no other waters nor "delves of stone" nor other commodities. There is good common of pasture.
Rents "resolute" to Sir Jas. Strangways, 9l. 8s.; the prior of Heley 100s.; and prioress of Synningthwate, 8s. (these two being "now in the King's hands"); and the vicar of Bylton, 53s. 4d. Leaving clear value to the lord, 10l. 2s. 4d.
Pp. 3. In the same hand as the preceding.


  • n1. Thomas Knight, proctor of the university of Oxford in 1537, coll. 11 April. See Wood's Fasti, i. 104.
  • n2. Probably in the hand of his clerk, as the writing is quite different from that of the next letters, which is more careless. The name is spelled "Aleysburye" in this letter, but "Alysbury" in the next.