Henry VIII: September 1538 1-5

Pages 101-116

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 2, August-December 1538. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1893.

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September 1538 1-5

1 Sept. 255. Sir Bryan Tuke to Cromwell.
Titus B. i.
B. M.
St. P. i. 584.
Informed Cromwell by his last of the payment of 400l. "in elect angels" to the Imperial ambassador Mendoza, for which he has an acquittance in Spanish. He was singularly well contented. Wrote also of his liberal reward of 21 angels given to Tuke's clerks and servants, while he detained Tuke with other pastimes. Did his utmost afterwards to decline it, but means now to get him a horse worth 9 angels more. As the abbey of St. Austin's, Canterbury, is now surrendered, and his Majesty in those parts, mentions a claim his father had to some lands beside Hithe and Sandwich, including Norborne, which the abbot of St. Austin's had, and another lordship that the prior of Christchurch had. Would be glad to buy the former. London, 1 Sept. 1538.
Hol. Add.
1 Sept. 256. Thomas Thacker to Cromwell.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 S.,
iii. 100.
"One Basset, servant to my lord of Canterbury, hath, by your Lordship's commandment, as he saith, brought to your place by Friar Augustines in London the image of St. Anne of Bukston, and also the image of St. Moodwyn of Burton-upon-Trent, with her red cow and her staff, which women labouring of child in those parts were very desirous to have with them to lean upon and to walk with it." Have bestowed the images by our Lady of Ipswich. One Mody's ship, with goods of merchants of London, "from the mart," is taken by pirates of Norway, to the loss to Sir Ralph Waryn, good Mr. Lock, Rowland Hyll, and others, of 10,000l. London, 1 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My Lord my master. Endd.
1 Sept. 257. Sir Wm. Penison to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. i. 583.
My lady of Montreuill arrived here with her gentlewomen and the French ambassador on Friday at 6. The Master of the Rolls met her half a mile out of the town, and the mayor and sheriffs in the town. The prior, the Master of the Rolls, and the mayor and sheriffs presented her with fish, wine, fruit, wax, &c. Told her of Cromwell's letter of the 28th, and she is content to stay till the King comes to Dover. Showed her the church and St. Thomas' shrine, at which she marvelled. The prior showed her St. Thomas' head but she would not kiss it. In the afternoon the prior sent her fowls, &c., which she desired him to come and help to eat. She supped with the ambassador. Canterbury, 1 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
1 Sept. 258. Sir Fras. Bryan to Cromwell.
R. O. Dr. Myhell arrived here last night and showed me your Lordship's letter to him, authorising him by the King's command to come to me in my extreme sickness. I had before Dr. Cromer, who has taken great pains with me, but I must abide the will of God. Your great kindness and the coming of the Doctor have revived me, and I desire to live to do you some service in recompense. I would write more but for extreme pain and lack of good remembrance. This gentleman, who has taken great pains with me, both beyond the seas and here, will report more fully. Beningdon, 1 Sept.
Entirely in a clerk's hand, p. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
1 Sept. 259. Wm. lord Sandys to the Keeper of Cromwell's House at the Austin Friars.
R. O. Has received the King's command, by letters of the lord Privy Seal, to pull down the image at Basingstoke and send "the seyd idoloe" to his house at the Austin Friars. Sends it accordingly. Motesfount, 1 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Sept. 260. Fordham, or Bigyng Priory.
R. O.
Rymer, xiv.
Surrender (by prior and convent) of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Camb. and Suff. and elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 1 Sept. 1538. Signed by Wm. Baynton, prior, and three others.
[See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II. 21.]
Seal perfect.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 2, No. 49] as acknowledged same day before Thos. Legh, LL.D.
R. O. 2. Names and pensions of the late prior and canons of Fordham alias Byggyng, Camb., which surrendered 26 Aug. 29 (sic) Hen. VIII., viz.:—
Wm. Baynton, prior, 13l. 6s. 8d.; John Culey, Ric. Browne, and Wm. Taylor, 5l. 6s. 8d. each. Signed: Phylyp Parys.
P. 1. Endd.: Warrant.
[1 Sept.] 261. Bonner to Cromwell.
Foxe v. 152. Barnaby arrived 29th ult. with your Lordship's letters dated Eutrecht (Ewrige) the 24th. Supposing that the bp. of Winchester, Thirleby and I had all been lodged together, he went straight to the bp.'s lodgings while Thirleby and I were in the fields, and in reply to inquiries (not as to how the King did, which the Bishop did not ask) said his Grace was at Berlin (Birling?) (fn. n1) and Brian and Wallop were at the Court at his departure; that he had no letters to him from them or any other; and that the King had given Bonner the bpric. of Hereford. At this last the Bp. "cast down his head, making a plaice mouth with his lip, and afterwards lifting up his eyes and hands (as cursing the day and hour it chanced), seemed so evil contented therewith that he would neither bid Barnaby drink or tarry supper," but reported the tidings to one Master Medowe. He takes everything heavily that is for Bonner's preferment. Barnaby then went in search of Bonner, who, while walking with Thirleby, had been advising him not to be deceived by the bp. of Winchester, "who, I said, made him, not for any hearty love I thought he bare unto him, but either in despite of me, to whom he thought it should be greatly displeasant, either else under colour thereof, and by familiarity, for to grope him, and to serve his own crafty purposes by him." After Thirleby had left him, Bonner returned to his lodging, where he was met by Barnaby, "whose salutation was after that sort that it caused me to wonder at it, especially I having no expectation or hope of such thing as he rehearsed unto me. And surely, my good lord, I would not believe him in the thing he told, till I perceived the same by the superscription of your Lordship's letter, which he afterwards delivered unto me." Keeping Cromwell's letter unbroken, went to communicate the news to Thirleby, but not finding him read the letter and sent it to him afterwards. As Barnaby had other letters to deliver to him secretly, went with him to his lodging where he read both Cromwell's second letter to himself and the other sent to Wyat.
1 Sept. 262. Anthoinette de Bourbon (Duchess of Guise) to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
ii. 20.
Adv. Lib.
Rouvray has been here some time helping me in the matter of you and your son, in which we shall do the best we can. Nothing is changed since I wrote by an argentier françois except the death of the bailly of Dunoys. His son has got his place of the Great Council and is seeking hard to obtain the said bailliage. Your father has written to me for advice in the matter, and I have told him to write to the President at Chateaudun to know if the son is capable or whether he knows a better man. I said also I did not know the son but I had heard much praise of the avocat of Chateaudun. Rouvray is returning by Paris and will know what has been done, and write to you of everything. He can tell you nothing more agreeable than of the health of our grandson, who is as well as I ever saw him; "toujours bien rongnous mais il nen leyse a bien dormir, combien que quelque fois il vouldret estre grate, mais cella se pase legerement, et sy mange fort bien. L'on le mayne souvent a l'esbat quy me senble ly fait grant bien. Je le vous souhete souvent." I think you would find him grown and become plump. As to the others, your sister is still ill of the fever and has had this last week a fleux de venire, which has weakened her much. "Il y a bien huit jours elle [ne] bouge pleus du lyst." Since yesterday the flux has begun to abate, but I see no great amendment of the fever, although the physicians think it will be shortened owing to the flux. Your brother Claude has also been ill, even to death, of a "fleux de sanc" with continued fever, "dont il lest rencheut par deus fois," and being on the way to return hither where his father sent him, has thought best to remain at Aultun, where he still is. I have sent my litter to bring him. I am informed he is quite out of danger and is ready to come. Your sister Anthoinette is also ill of a fever and of a rheum, but I think she will do well. Your aunt is sent for to be at Court at the coming of the queen of Hungary, who is to be presently at Compiegne, where the King and all the Court will be in a few days. It is but two days since the gentleman of the king of England who was at Havre and the painter were here. The gentleman came to me, pretending that he was going to the Emperor, and having heard that Louise was ill would not go without seeing her, that he might report news of her to the King his master. He saw her (it was the day of her fever) and talked with her as he had done to me. He then told me that being so near Lorraine he wished to go to Nency to see the country. "Je me doute (doubtai) in contynent il y allet voir la demoyselle. (fn. n2) pour la tirer comme les aultres;" for which reason I sent to their lodging to see who was there, and found the said painter was there. In fact they have been at Nency, where they spent a day, and were well entertained, and at every meal the maître de hôtel came to eat with them, with plenty of presents. "Vella se que jen ay encore seu; au pis alle sy navyes pour voysine vostre seur se pouret estre vostre cousine." There is some proposal that the Emperor should give compensation for the duchy of Gueldres and a marriage should be arranged between the daughter of Hungary and the Marquis, (fn. n3) "Mons. Vostre pere entent bien, se fesant avoir sa part en la dite recompence. Je vouldres il en fuset bien recompenses." That is all the news since I wrote. I write so many letters á l'aventure that I hope some will reach you. These I deliver to Rouvray to give them to the banker of Paris to forward to you. I doubt you will not be equally diligent in despatching them, for I know well you take after your father and are lazy about writing, unless the air of Scotland has changed you. I have only received your first letters. I long to hear how you have been since. 1 Sept.
Hol., Fr., pp. 3. Add. Endd.. Madame de Guise.
1 Sept. 263. The Cardinal of Lorraine to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
ii. 118.
Adv. Lib.
Understands that the King her husband has imprisoned de par luy in Edinburgh, one Hue Cambel of Laudon. (fn. n4) Is asked by many good men to write that the Queen may intercede for him and procure his return to France, and that his men and goods meanwhile may be put in safety. Bloys, 1 Sept. 1538. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A la Royne d'Escosse ma niepce.
1 Sept. 264. John Frederic, Duke of Saxony and Philip, Landgrave of Hesse, to Henry VIII.
Corp. Reform.
iii. 577.
For the substance of this letter see No. 427. 1 Sept. (fn. n5) 1538.
265. Petrus Taschius to Georgius.
Corp. Reform.
iii. 580.
Comforts him in the persecutions to which their sect (the Anabaptists) is exposed. In England the truth silently but widely is propagated and powerfully increases; God knows for how long! The brethren have issued a printed book De incarnatione Christi. I have read it and congratulate ourselves for such a gift. Reading it I felt that God was with them. I myself might have gone to England if conscience had not compelled me to come hither; but God may yet give the opportunity of going thither.
* * * *
Lat., translated from the German by Melanchthon.
2 Sept. 266. [Sir] Hew Trevanyon to Cromwell.
R. O. Received his letter on the last day of August 30 Hen. VIII. by the hands of John Recounger, a Breton, about the arrest of Lyly and his fellows. One Thos. Lyllyck, John Kebell, and Jas. Browne were stayed by means of a Breton at Penryn within Falmouth, and brought to him three or four days before the assizes at Launceston on Aug. 2, where they were examined and discharged by Sir Thos. Willoughby, justice of assize. In consequence of Cromwell's letter has taken Lyllyck and Kebell, but cannot find Browne. Sends their examinations. Has caused the merchandise sold at Penryn by the said Wm. Skarlott to be got in safety so that what remains unsold will be forthcoming. Sends the names of the buyers. Will keep Lyllyck and Kebell till he knows the King's pleasure. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
ii. The confession, 12 July 30 Hen. VIII., of those who bought wares of Wm. Skarlett at Penryn, within Falmouth, viz., Wm. Carvanall, John Taylour, John Jakes, Wm. Carnesew, and John George. The goods were nails and other hardware, books called "Abseis" (i.e., A B C's), playing cards, penners and ink horns, matins books for children, painted papers, "two pyctures of yerth," lanterns, &c.
John Tresithny, gentleman, constable of Penryn, has a coffer bound with iron plate, sealed by the customer, containing things to the value of 16s. 8d.
Pp. 3.
iii. The examination of Thos. Lyllyck and John Kebell, taken at Caryhas, 2 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. before Sir Hugh Trevanyon, knt., sheriff of Cornwall, in presence of Thos. Chamond, Esq., J.P., John Flamak, usher of the King's Chamber, and others.
Answers to 10 articles concerning the "Clement" of London sent into Ireland, a-fishing, by Wm. Skarlott, with Thos. Lyllyck as master and 20 persons (14 named) in the crew, all from London. Committed no robbery, but bought from a Flemish man-of-war at the Isle of Wight a crayer laden with goods, which he had taken by course of war. Skarlott sent the crayer eastward and took the goods into his ship. Signed: Hew Trevanyon— Thomas Chamond—JohnFlamank.
Pp. 2.
2 Sept. 267. Sir Thos. Denys to Cromwell.
R. O. Encloses the sayings of a Breton priest named Gulphinus Abevan whom Mr. Rowe and he have examined. Has sent the priest to Exeter gaol, and warned the officers of the western ports to suffer no suspect person to pass under any disguise, either as monk, friar, beggar, hermit, pilgrim, palmer, or such like. 2 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
R. O. 2. Examination of Gulphinus Abevan, priest, a Breton, taken before Sir Thos. Denys, knt., and John Rowe, serjeant-at-law, 29 Aug. 30 Hen. VIII.
Abevan was acquainted with Raynolde Pole at Paris, and was his chaplain there four years. When he went to Italy, accompanied him as far as Avignon and fell sick and stayed there. Pole found him on his return, three months later, gave him money, and bade him come to the University of Louvain, where he went in about a month and stayed with Pole two years. Thence they departed to Depe and took shipping for Rye, where they landed on a Sunday in Sept. last. Did not know that the King had Raynolde in displeasure till he came to England. Raynolde often said that his intent in coming was to attempt secretly amongst his friends to obtain the King's favour, and if he could not he would leave the realm "before Michaelmas now next," at either Dartmouth or Plymouth. Leaving all his servants except the deponent and Ric. Pynye, he went to a little parish three miles from London. Thence he sent Pynye with a letter to a lord in London, who came to his lodging, not very far from the Tower, with six servants whom he left outside. Hearing the said lord speak both French and Latin, asked Pynye who he was, and he said he was the lord Marquis. He had a long beard and a great cut upon his cheek, as with a sword, and another upon his nose. After a little communication the said lord departed to the King at Greenwich. Knowing that the King was displeased with Raynolde, durst not abide with him. and went to service to Geffray Pole for seven months and three weeks, but having nought for his labour, departed. Heard since that Geffray Pole has lost his head. Sued to lord Montague to be his chaplain, but he would not meddle with him, knowing him to have been his brother's chaplain. Being examined where Raynolde was all this while, answered that first he lodged with his brother Geffray, and then with his mother, "where he saw him once kiss her," and that he lodged not in one place above one night. Does not know where he is now, but thinks he is in England, because he said to him at their last departing about eight months past, that if he sped not the intent of his coming, he would depart over seas before Michaelmas next coming. Signed by Denys and Rowe.
2 Sept. 268. [Black Friars], Haverford West.
R. O. Surrender by the prior and convent of Harford West of their house to the lord Visitor for the King, 2 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Lewys Johns, prior, Moris Johns, and by friars Hugh Says, Ric. Wade, Roger Rogers, John Baker, and Dd. Perkyn.
P. 1.
2 Sept. 269. Bonner to Cromwell.
Foxe v. 150. Cannot possibly requite Cromwell's great benefits, who lately procured him the office of legation to the Emperor and the French king, and then the bpric. of Hereford. Yet if Cromwell be not more liberal to him than he can ask, does not see how he can meet the charges of this promotion; for from many of his benefices, viz., Leicester, Blaydon, Dereham, and Cheryburton, the first fruits, tenths and charges borne, he has not yet received one penny. Fears, too, that the late bp. stands bound for the first fruits or other charges. Has 40 cr. remaining out of 500 cr. bestowed on horses, &c., remaining debtor nevertheless to Mr. Thirleby and Dr. Heynes for 100 marks. Divers of his servants also have fallen sick, and other servants in England for whom he has written have not yet come. Will pack and follow the French king tomorrow, who yesterday left Shambour (Chambord; and makes haste towards Paris. Blois, 2 Sept.
2 Sept. 270. Bonner to [Cromwell.]
Petyt MSS.
Vol. 47, f. 9.
Inner Temple.
Is sorry to "mislike anything in such an excellent wit as Mr. Wyat hath, with singular and many good qualities;" but as he is bound to serve the King sincerely and to advertise Cromwell when commanded so to do, will "briefly touch diverts things wherein I cannot commend, but mislike the doing of Mr. Wyat," not doubting but Mr. Haynes has already fully declared the same. But if Cromwell perceive that Mr. Wyat's good qualities may be so "purged from faults" as to serve for the Kings honour, begs this "may be taken but for the discharging of my duty and the profit of that gentleman, who surely I do love well for his good qualities, and am sorry that, by evil company and counsel of that unthrifty body Mason, he is thus corrupted."
1. In their second audience with the Emperor ("where Mr. Heynes and I declared de potestate Pontificis et de Concilio"), Wyat discouraged them greatly, saying, "Ye shall do no good with the Emperor, I know it; and I have told the King myself in my letters that he lanceth the sore before it be ripe." And when the Emperor gave them answer, "Wyot nothing earnestly stake in it, nor desired effectually the Emperor to hear us further, or to commit the matter to other, and they to make relation to his Majesty," but before the Emperor had utterly discouraged them, Wyat said, "Sire, albeit here your Majesty giveth us but small hope touching our requests, yet the King's majesty, having protested eftsones not to be at any Council to be indicted by the bishop of Rome, Mill repose nevertheless in your Majesty's former promise. And thus leaving the Emperor," he told them by the way: "Ye have spun a fair thread. I knew well enough how ye should speed." He spoke "as though he rejoiced that we had not sped, lest our speeding should have been a dispraise to him who, speaking afore therein, could not prevail."
2. When he sent letters from England to Mr. Mason, he wrote "that he was made a god here with the King and his Council, and bade Mason speak boldly, for he was in commission as well as we." He did not wish the letter to be shown them.
3. At his return from England and arrival at Marseilles the 12th July, after he had dined with them in the galley, he went alone to Grandevile and the Emperor, and did not make them " privy what he would say." This was not plain procedure, "but doing things after this sort, they may tell after what they list." Wyot and Mason desired to have them gone, and represented they were not ambassadors, "but only to tell the Emperor de potestate Papœ et de Concilio, and having his answer to depart."
4. On receiving letters by Barneby from the King, just before they left Barcelona, to expostulate with the Emperor for his "unkind handling" of the King in the late truce, he went alone to Grandvele. At his return he told them: "I have procured with Grandevele that tomorrow, St. James's Eve, you shall have audience and liberty to take your leave;" and he pretended he would go with them. The next day he told them the Emperor had sent for them (though they saw no messenger), but did not want to see him then. On St. James's Day Wyat himself went to the Emperor's lodging and thence to Jonkeres (?), a place of nuns, where the feast was kept, "talking with the Emperor all the way, and after such merry sort and fashion that expostulation was turned to oblivion." Were told this by Barnabie. Wyat shoots at a great mark, viz., to please the Emperor and Grandevele. Suspected he was not proceding sincerely from his being loth to tell them what he had said.
5. In his communication with the Emperor he often calls to mind his imprisonment in the Tower, "which seemeth so to stick in his stomach that he cannot forget it. And his manner of speaking therein is after this sort: God's blood, was not that a pretty sending of me ambassador to the Emperor, first to put me into the Tower and then forthwith to send me hither? This was a way indeed to get me credit here. By God's precious blood I had rather the King should set me in Newgate than so do."
6. When talking of his expenses, he "seemeth greatly to charge the King," saying he has spent his goods and sold his land in the King's service, "not having of the King's highness to bear it; where in very deed (if he were a good husband) the diets of 4 marks "would keep his house better than it is kept. "But the truth is, himself is given all upon pleasure and spending unthriftly upon nuns there, that all the world knoweth there. And Mason and other of his house spend upon harlots on the other side, so that all will come to nought; his honest servants greatly pitying him and lamenting to other."
7. He is very anxious to bring to pass the Emperor's overtures of marriages; and, because the King "will not roundly accept them, and out of hand join with the Emperor (semblably as he coveteth and travailed in England, putting the Emperor in great expectation and hope thereof), he forbeareth not to make exclamations and after this sort: By God's blood, ye shall see the King our master last (sic) out at the cart's arse; and if he so be served by God's body he is well served. And, as far as I remember (Mr. Heynes, Blagge, and Mason being at the table), the words were also with a more bitter addition, it is to wit: By God's body I would he might be so served and then were he well served. He was so hot herein and so often spake at the table hereof (the same day, as I remember, that we came from Barcelona) that (by the charge of my soul) my stomach boiled and I could not keep in, but said: No, sure, quoth I, it were not meet that his Grace should so be served. 'Not so served!' said Mr. Wyat; 'why not so served?' 'Marry, quoth I, because the King our master hath heretofore showed so much kindness both to the Emperor and the French king that they cannot with their honour cast him out at the cart's arse.'" Wyat, perceiving he spoke earnestly (and Bonner thinks he could be content that his labour should not yet take effect), "began to call himself home and to speak of another sort." Mason sate "as quiet as one at a sermon, taking (as I took it) that we two suffered to commune together should have greatly fallen out, which could not have been but to his great comfort." Mr. Heynes also said nothing; and, when Bonner spoke to him of it, he said Wyat was a mad man to use them as he did, and so foolishly speak before them, but he was "loth to enter in contention and brabling," especially at his departure, and wished Bonner had said nothing. "Now, by St. George, quoth I, I could not abide him and I repent me nothing."
8. Wyat picked a quarrel against Heynes and Bonner, saying that, when Nicholas was despatched afore Aguemortes (fn. n6) into England, they wrote secretly by Mr. Thirleby, which was either imagined by himself ("finding himself culpable in that "he and Mason acted alone, and he would not let them know what he did "till the very dispatch of the courier") or forged by Mason. He wrote to Thirleby to know whether Bonner had given him any letters.
9. "In all his facts and doings, he useth Mason as a God Almighty, who is as glorious and as malicious a harlot as any that I know, and withal as great a papist where he dare utter it."
10. When Bonner and Heynes departed, he would not "bring us forth of the town ne yet lend us of his horses," though "he knew well we could have no post horses then in Barcelona, because of the Emperor's train departing;" and he "suffered us to ride on such spitell jades as I have not seen."
"To make an end of this man." "Witty he is and pleasant amongst company, contented to keep and make good cheer; but that he will either forget his imprisonment or more regard the affairs of the King than his own glory, yea, or so to consider the affairs that he will earnestly displease the Emperor or Grandvele, the great papist, hitherto have I nothing seen to make me believe it." Hopes he may think wrongly of him. Mr. Heynes can tell Cromwell somewhat of Wyat and Mason; "as also Mr. Brian, of whom surely I can say nothing, but of the mouth of Germayne, who, coming to Villa Franca, told me that Mr. Brian had received a letter from the King our master, not making the Bishop (fn. n7) privy of it. And where he was commanded by the said letters to make an overture to the French king touching money—and that but in case—Mr. Brian (as he reported of him to me) did make that overture [in] simplicity; your Lordship knoweth Mr. Brian well enough." If he finds out anything further, will inform Cromwell, "though it were against mine own brother." As he wishes "to have witness" of all his doings, desires his colleague, whoever he be, may be sent; and, as Cromwell says he shall be one of the Privy Chamber, would like the company of Philip Hobye, formerly his Lordship's servant. Blease, 2 Sept.
Hol., pp. 6. Headed in Bonner's hand: The copy of my letters sent from Blese by Barnabie, secundo Septembris. Endd.: This packet of letters doth concern th' accusation of Sir John Wallopp, &c.
2 Sept. 271. English Merchants in Spain.
R. O. "A true copy of a paper book remaining with Mr. Thomas Wilford, President, intituled 'A translation truly and faithfully taken out of a privilege of king Henry of England, confirmed by the Emperor, and a privilege of the duke of Medina Cidonia, with the translation of the sentence given in favour of Hugh Tipton, who was named consul for the English nation." The privilege of king Henry is dated 14 July 11 Hen. VIII. (see Vol. III., No. 379, where it is dated 13 July). The Imperial confirmation is dated Valladolid, 2 September 1538.
Pp. 45. MS. in a seventeenth century hand.
* * * Other modern copies of the Imperial confirmation will be found in MS. Cott., Vesp. C. VII. 596, and Harl. MS. 36 f. 25.
3 Sept. 272. Chateris Abbey.
R. O.
Rymer xiv.
Surrender of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. Camb., Hunts, Herts, Norf., Suff., and elsewhere in England and Wales and the Marches thereof. 3 Sept. 1538 30 Hen. VIII. Signed by Anne Gayton, abbess, Ellen Smythe, prioress, and nine others. [See Eighth Report of Deputy Keeper, App. ii. 15.] Seal slightly injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 2, No. 48], as acknowledged same day before Thos. Legh, LL.D.
3 Sept.
R. O.
273. Black Friars of Haverford West.
Md. that this 3 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII., in the Friars of Harford West, in the presence of the King's Visitor, Mr. Hewe Helis, mayor there, John Sotton, Lewis Thomas, and Henry Bowen, the stuff of the house was sold, as appears by bill. The Visitor paid the debts, 9l. 10s. 7d., took away a chalice, 18 oz., and delivered the house to the mayor. There remains: In the choir, a table at the high altar, 12d.; the new stalls, 26s. 8d.; in the church, candlesticks and an alabaster table; and in the hall the tables and forms. Md. the payments here due are 6l. 19s. 10d., and so remains with the visitor 50s. 9d. Two bells in steeple. Signatures copied of Hugh Herys, John Sotton, Harry Bowen, and Lewis Thomas.
Copy, p 1. Headed: The Black Friars of Harford West.
3 Sept. 274. Wm. Rooper to Sir Ric. Ryche.
R. O. Consults him upon a doubt arisen by the dissolution of the monastery of Feversham, of which he is steward. The abbot and convent had among their liberties the right of appointing as mayor one of three persons elected by the mayor, jurates and commonalty the morrow after Michaelmas; and the mayor took an oath given him by the abbot or his steward to do true service to the King and the monastery. Asks what he is to do about it now. Eltham, 3 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Chancellor of the Augmentations. Endd.
3 Sept. 275. Dr. Thomas Legh to Cromwell.
R. O. I have been at the priory of Fordeham, taken the surrender, and left Mr. Parys in charge. There is not a poorer house in England. I have also taken the surrender of the abbey of Chateris, and sent them both by Mr. Polsted, and have put Mr. Walter Crumwell in possession for the King. Here be 14 households which kept their parish church in the abbey, but there is another parish church in the town where, me thinketh, it were best they went. Please let us know your pleasure. The late monastery of Chateriz, 3 September. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
3 Sept. 276. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. In the marches and in Wales, in the wild parts where I have been, is order and quiet such as is now in England. I am now at my poor house, for urgent business, and on Monday, the morrow after the Nativity, (fn. n8) I return to Wales, to Montgomery; where is no small charge. I would one of the auditors might hear the accounts, one comes every year to Montgomery, and there my husbandry shall appear to the confusion of some who say I take the King's money to my own use. I thank you for your goodness to the bearer, who was ready to serve the King with 40 tall men. He and his kindred be good men, and, at the insurrection in the North, made covenant with me for 100 men. At Beudeserte, 3 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Sealed.
3 Sept. 277. Imperial Ambassador in France (fn. n9) to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28,590, f. 205.
B. M.
Abstract of his letters of the 14th and 22nd August 1538.
Has communicated to Francis what the Emperor wrote 28 July about his conferences with the English ambassador; which Francis and the Constable heard with great satisfaction. First, the Constable (and afterwards the King) replied that Brian had expressed surprise that they had agreed with the Emperor when they held such a good game; for the king of England would have got them the amity of Flanders and removed the fair of Antwerp to Rouen. The King replied, asking why this had not been said during the war; for now he had a sincere amity with the Emperor, and although Brian had said at Aigues Mortes that the truce would not last six weeks he would be no true prophet. To this Brian, surprised, said, "Sire, is my master no longer your friend?" The King answered, "Yes, certainly, but also friend of the Emperor."
Afterwards Brian said his master desired an alliance with Francis, and would come to Calais if Francis would send thither the queen of Navarre with seven or eight damsels of royal blood, especially of Lorraine, Vendôme, and Nevers, of whom he would choose one. The King replied that it was not the custom of France to send damsels of such houses to be passed in review like hackneys for sale; but if Henry asked for any one he would have a favourable answer. Brian then proposed that they should have a meeting since his master was coming to Calais. The King said he saw no cause for them to take the trouble. Frightened by that, Brian said, if his master came in post would Francis shut the door in his face? The King replied he was not accustomed to do so to his friends; it Henry came he should have good cheer, but Francis would not negociate with him. Brian afterwards asked if Francis refused to pay his master's pension. The King answered there was no question of that; if he would not pay it Henry could not compel him, but he wished to remain at amity. As Brian seemed afraid something had been concluded against his master, the King reassured him.
The King says this proposed meeting was only to put jealousy between him and the Emperor, and that he answered thus because Brian spoke so proudly. The Constable says that Brian complained to him that the king of England was not expressly comprehended in the treaty; he replied by referring to the fourth chapter of the Emperor's letter about the king of Portugal, and said that it could do him no harm.
The King says that on 12 Aug. he despatched the ambassadors of the new king of Denmark, the Elector of Saxony, and the Landgrave, (fn. n10) who came asking him: First, not to consent to the Council; to which he replied that by his oath he was bound to promote it, and they ought to desire it also. Secondly, they asked for money for the defensive war, which the King also refused.
The King says he has news by a servant called Marillach, who left Constantinople 17 June, that the Turk was well pleased at the peaee between Francis and the Emperor, and desired to remain friends with France. He would be glad to make peace with the Emperor, with Francis as mediator, excluding the Venetians, whom he wished to chastise. Marillach also gave news of Barbarossa's failure, in an enterprise against Candia, and of the war between the Turk and the Sophi. The Turk in person was about to go into Hungary with 200,000 men. Proposed meeting with the Queen dowager of Hungary at Compiegne in August.
22 Aug.:—The Constable said that among the ladies Brian asked them to bring to Calais was the daughter of Vendome, who is a nun; and he was sure the king of England, who considers himself Pope in his own kingdom, would have chosen her in preference to all others. The Constable added that neither the English nor any other would alter Francis' affection for the Emperor. Francis will not help the duke of Cleves to the proposed marriage.
Restoration of places on the Flemish frontier. Later news of the Turk, who left Constantinople 10 July, with 200,000 men. Duke of Savoy.
31 Aug.:—The Constable told the bp. of Winchester when he left for England that if his master desired to marry in France he could choose from those of the royal blood, but as for the nun he could nowise have her, meaning one of the daughters of the duke of Guise; as to the daughters of Lorraine and Vendôme they were in the hands of their fathers. With that Winchester left, but will probably delay at Paris to see how the interview of Francis and the queen of Hungary turns out. Marriages proposed by the French queen for the prince of Spain; Margaret, daughter of France; the duke of Orleans, &c.
The Lutherans have ambassadors in England, and they preach in German; they destroy many churches and abbeys. The said King is sending to King John of Hungary, to notify the amity between your two Majesties, and advise him to make peace with the king of the Romans, if he has not yet done so.
2, 3, Sept.:—The King has delayed meeting the queen of Hungary. Proceedings against those who ruled under the Admiral. The Constable has asked if he had a reply touching Philip Strozzi, and the [proceedings] of the Admiral with the Senor de Rye. The four galleys which accompanied the queen of Scotland had returned, and were going to the Levant. Talk of reinstating the Admiral. The King still determined to meet the Queen at Cambray and Champigna; and has ordered stuffs from Portugal, Germany, Paris, and other places to make presents to her ladies as the Emperor did to his.
Spanish, pp. 13. Modern copy from Simancas. [See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 4.]
4 Sept. 278. Ric. Bishop of Chichester to [Cromwell].
Cleop.E. v.
B. M.
Strype's Eccl.
Mem. I. ii.
No. 92.
Hears Cromwell is not only not his good lord but speaks openly against his honesty. Knows not how he has offended. Cromwell has many times been his good lord. Begs to be admonished of his fault. As to his preaching, if there has been any sinister report of his little sermon at Chichester on Lady Day the Assumption, he will gladly answer it. Spoke nothing but what Cromwell would have been content with. If he hears of any other man's evil preaching within his diocese, will endeavour to reform him or else correct him to the example of others. Has been negligent in not resorting to his diocese as often as he might, but will use himself to the King's pleasure. If the King wishes to set forth any doctrine he will have no trouble in the writer's diocese. Is not very friendly to novelties unless necessary; but as to worshipping images, &c., trusts Cromwell will hear that in his diocese they know their former faults and leave it. It was part of his sermon at Chichester on Assumption Day, and he will now send one to Rye and those parts to declare it.
Hears he is charged with favouring the bp. of Rome. Knows not "what the Germans meaneth in their late writings;" but Cromwell knows that no man is in more obloquy with his friends beyond sea than the writer. Durst adventure his life with any man in England or Germany that he is no more Papist than he. As to other complaints, appeals to Cromwell, as the King's chief counsellor, to let him know the specialties. Was sure some of Rye and Lewes would complain, and yet he never meddled about Lewes, and at Rye he has used them charitably. Begs Cromwell not to prejudge him. There is none in England (after the King) whose advice he would more gladly follow. Trusts Cromwell will defend him. Prays God for Cromwell's welfare as he would for his own father if he were alive. London, 4 Sept.
Hol., pp. 4. Commences "My very good lord."
Cleop. E. v.
2. "A brief and short instruction given the curates and clergy of the dioc. of Chichester by Richard, bishop of the same."
B. M. After a preamble in which he points out the responsibility of their ministry, explains that every good Christian man and woman ought to obey the King's ordinances, (1) because he is God's minister and (2) because he is their King; and that they should pray for the good estate of his Grace and their noble prince Prince Edward.
Pp. 3.
4 Sept. 279. Clatford.
R. O. "The inventory of certain stuff, corn, and cattle remaining at Clatfforde," 4 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII.
Item, a trussing bedstead and some plain bedroom and kitchen furniture, among which are "a table with crucifix with 11 tapers of wax" and 2 brass potts which John Ellyard (fn. n11) bought. Three kine and 49 wethers. Corn unthreshed: 29 qr. wheat, 70 qr. barley, 8 loads hay, 20 loads wood, 2 qr. oats, and 10 weight, each 21 lbs., of wool.
Small paper, pp. 2.
5 Sept. 280. Castillon to Montmorency.
Add. MS.
33,514, f. 1.
B. M.
Ribier i. 204.
Has as best he could contented this King about the marriages and put off the interviews which he requested. Thinks he would willingly have had the religieuse; for upon Castillon saying she was professed he said, "I know, then, that we shall do nothing." He took it all very well, and seems still to be better disposed towards Francis than to the Emperor. He has resumed his old talk (propos), and made the lord Privy Seal show me a copy of the Emperor's power sent to the queen of Hungary. To hear him speak—and he says it with the utmost assurance—it is only owing to himself that his daughter is not duchess of Milan, contracted to Don Louis, Infant of Portugal. Asked him to say as much to M. de Lassigny, which he did, and Lassigny can relate it. The substance of the treaties of marriage, viz., his own with the widowed duchess of Milan and that of the Infant with the lady Mary of England, is that the Emperor shall give the widow 100,000 ducats on marriage, with 15,000 ducats a year as dower, assigned upon Milan, and he shall give other 100,000 ducats with lady Mary, to be rebated on the 100,000 given with the widow, and 20,000 ducats a year, assigned in Milan or Flanders at his choice; and that he will aid in the defence of the Duchy if attacked, the Emperor bearing half the expense, the king of England a third, and the king of Portugal the other third (sic). Has feasted the Emperor's ambassadors and spoken with them very privately. They confessed the said power, and said the queen of Hungary wrote to them to dissemble in speaking of this affair as much as possible. However, this King told Lassigny and the writer that they had pressed to know his intention, which he himself is dissembling until he knows that of Francis. When all is said, the said ambassadors always entertain him well enough; he seems, however, to make no "grand cas de ce costé-la." Asks for the King's pleasure, which this King awaits "a grande devotion," being now as humble and gracious as could be desired. I think my last remonstrances have frightened him; I dare not speak further, for the assurances which you have of the said Emperor: look, however, Monseigneur, "ou vous en voudres tumber, je prendray peins de le conduire et mener."
(fn. n12) As to the return of Maistre Bryant, he got such a bad reception from his master that he is quite ill in bed, as the King himself told me, who said he was a drunkard, whom he will never trust; "et garde une bonne pensee à Mons. de Wincestre incontinent luy retourne." Has not seen Bryant, but told the lord Privy Seal that he left the King (Francis) very hastily and at a place so inconvenient that Francis could not make him any present, but that you had written it would be sent to him in England. The rest you will learn by Lassigny, especially the good reception given by this King to Madame de Monstreuil and her company.
Thanks for money. Has not yet received his wages of the King and Queen. Dover, 5 Sept. 1538.
French, pp. 2. Add.: Mons, de Montmorency, Connestable et Grand Mitistre de France.
5 Sept. 281. Cromwell's Injunctions to the Clergy.
R. O.
Burnet iv.
Wilkins iii.
To keep all injunctions heretofore given by him. To provide on this side the feast of All Saints (altered from Christmas) (fn. n13) next a bible of the largest volume in English to be set up in the church. To admonish their parishioners to read the same. To recite publicly the Paternoster and the Creed. To examine their parishioners upon them every Lent. To preach one sermon at least every quarter. To take down images, and not allow any tapers to be burned before them. To appoint curates in case of non-residence, &c. To keep a register of weddings, christenings, and burials. Not to alter any order enjoined for divine service; and other regulations. Signed: Thomas Crumwell.
Headed: "Exhibit' quinto die mensis Septembris, A.D. 1538."
5 Sept. 282. Mayor and Aldermen of Norwich to Cromwell.
R. O. Understand that on 29 August the Austin Friars in Norwich was dissolved. Suppose the other three orders will be dissolved likewise. Asks him to procure them a grant of the house of the Black Friars which stands in the middle of the city and in the church of which they have been accustomed to meet in common council. Norwich, 5 Sept. Signed by Thomas Pykerell, mayor, Edw. Rede, Robt. Ferrer, Austen Styward, and Robt. Rugge.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Sept. 283. Nicolas [Shaxton], Bishop of Salisbury, to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks for his letters. Has accomplished the King's request in sealing both instruments. Stayed, before, only because the thing was past him, and he thinks it against reason to do and undo again. The King thinks it ingratitude that he did not attempt to get the advowson from Dr. Townesende. Asks Cromwell whether his conduct deserves to be called so. It is a common proverb in England, "Give a thing and take a thing and be the devil's darling." What office of a friend is that towards such a friend as Dr. Townesend is? Has been in an hell since he received Cromwell's second letters and heard of the sore letters he wrote to the Chapter; nor have the King's letters comforted him. Cromwell's honourable letters have indeed somewhat revived him. Asks him not to be grieved with the letter he wrote on 2 Sept., and if anything is written amiss, to forget it and impute it to his exceeding pensiveness, which would have killed him but for Cromwell's gentle letters. There is no note of the advowson that Dr. Townesend had made in his registers, for he did it as secretly as he could. Kemmesbury, 5 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Sept. 284. John late Abbot of Chester to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letters complaining that I refused to pay the debts of the monastery before my resignation, although I have a pension of 100l. and the finding of a chaplain, three secular servants, and five horses, at the charges of the monastery, granted on that condition, besides profits of two granges and the debts due to the monastery. I have discharged above 400l. of the debt since my resignation, and yet cannot get true payment of my pension, but 10l. is detained for the tenth to the King and other sums for payment of debts for simony and usury, with which I am not charged. Begs him to write to the present abbot to perform his part. Chester, 5 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.: The abbot of Chester to my lord Privy Seal.
5 Sept. 285. R. Ferrar, Prior of St. Oswald's, to Cromwell.
R. O. Asks him to intercede with the King for the house of St. Oswald, to which his Highness has preferred him, to be established as a college for the nourishment of youth in virtue and learning to the increase and advancement of the lively Word of God, diligently, sincerely, and truly to be preached to God's people and the King's in these parts, which are right diligent and with glad hearts desirous to hear and learn the same. Wishes to know his pleasure by the bearer his chaplain, by whom he sends a token. St. Oswaldes, 5 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
5 Sept. 286. John Over and Wm. Claye to Cromwell.
R. O.
S.P. viii. 42.
John Hutton, the King's ambassador and our governor, died this morning. Have caused his counter here to be locked and have the keys. After his burial next Saturday, will repair to Brussels and take measures to keep safe his writings there on the King's affairs. Antwerp, 5 Sept. 1538.
Signed for the Company of Merchants Adventurers.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Inventory of all goods and chattels of Mr. John Hutton, lately deceased.
1. In two coffers of black leather barred with white iron that came from Brussels (45 items, gowns, doublets, &c., among them a shooting doublet of black fustian, a comb case, a box for sand, two brushes, a night cap, and a ball of sealing thread, a book written in French, and a book of "Espoir de discipline," a book of recueil of letters between the Emperor and French king, a book of the "Image of Ypocrecy," and one of clean paper, a book of the birth of Noble Prince Edward, a pair of white boots with spurs, &c.). 2. In a great yellow chest barred with white iron in the English House of Antwerp (38 similar items of apparel, &c., among them a sword with gilt hilt and pummel and a sword varnished black). 3. In his house in Barowe (furniture in 10 chambers and stables. Amongst the items are—in the hall two "cloths of the triumph, one of Absolon and one of Judithe," the description of Italy, and a ship hanging in the roof; in the Red and Blue Chamber, pictures of the King and Emperor, a painted cloth of the woman of Canany; in the garret, a painted cloth set in wood of the Samaritan, a painted cloth set in wood in each of the two servants' chambers; in the stables four geldings and a "curtail" that came from Calais). 4. In the English House of Baro (18 items).
Total of Mr. Hutton's debts, 1,097l. 19s. 8d.
In the same hand as the preceding, pp. 6.
5 Sept. 287. Nicolas de Monfort to the Queen [of Scotland].
Balcarres MS.
iv. 34.
Adv. Lib.
The Sieur Donville (?), one of her subjects as regards the duchy of Longueville, has raised a process against Nicolas de Frye, one of her Serjeants of the duchy, for having delivered articles to the late Monseigneur complaining of attacks made by the said Sieur Donville upon the duchy. Longueville, Wednesday, (fn. n14) 5 Sept. 1538.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.: La Bailly de Longueville.
5 Sept. 288. Fontpertuys to the Queen, in Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
iv. 103.
Adv. Lib.
Found here at Dover the king of England with Madame de Montreul, to whom the said King "a fait grant chose," and has presented both her and Madame de Bron each with a diamond worth 300 cr. [with] a token (ensaigne) to be put in the bonnet, and each of the other ladies a pair of paternosters and a token (ensaigne). I arrived when the King was with the said ladies, and being told by Castillon, in answer to his inquiry, that I was one of your maîtres d'hôtel, he embraced me and asked how you were. I said you made very great cheer, and would certainly have given me a message for him if you had expected he would hare done me the honour to speak to me. Supposes Castillon has written to her as he shows great desire to do the King and her service. The king of England lives in great fear of war, and is fortifying the harbour here, and spends most of the day there himself. The writer hopes to be in France today, for he is just about to embark. Dover, 5 "de seen bre (sic)."
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: A la Royne en Escosse.


  • n1. The King might have been intending to go to Birling in the end of August when Barnaby left, for he was in Kent during September. He was at Ewrige (Eridge Park) from the 23rd to the 25th August and at Bedgebury on the 28th. He was probably at Birling about the 31st. See No. 233.
  • n2. Anne, daughter of Anthony duke of Lorraine, who in 1540 married the prince of Orange.
  • n3. The marquis of Pont a Mousson.
  • n4. Apparently Sir Hugh Campbell of Loudon, hereditary sheriff of Ayr.
  • n5. This letter, of which an extract is printed in Seckendorff, iii. 181, is said to have been composed by Melanchthon, but apparently it was only a first draft. The date and signatures in the copy printed by Bretschneider (which is among the Weimar MSS.) are added by another hand. The letter actually sent was dated 25 Sept., and some alterations were made in the text. See Bindseil's Melanchthonis Epistolæ, 119; also No. 427
  • n6. Sic.
  • n7. Of Winchester.
  • n8. The Nativity of Our Lady, 8 Sept.
  • n9. Cornelius Scepperus.
  • n10. That is to say, of the Princes assembled at the diet of Brunswick in the spring. The names of the ambassadors are given by Seckendorff (Book in., p. 178) as "Escheldus Bild, eques, et Petrus Suavenius, Dani; Jodocus ab Hayn et Basilius Monnerus, Saxones; Ludovicus Baumbachius, Hassus."
  • n11. Is this John Hellyer, the rector of Warblington, and vicar of East Meon?
  • n12. This passage was crossed out by Ribier or by his editor, Mr. Belot, as unimportant when the original MS. was prepared to be put in the printer's hands, and is accordingly not printed.
  • n13. The date was left blank in the copy from which Burnet printed.
  • n14. An error, as the 5th September was a Thursday.