Letters and Papers: June 1539, 6-10

Pages 494-502

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 1, January-July 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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June 1539

7 June.
R. O.
I send by the bearer, Gyllame, three carpets, dimensions given. They are to be returned as soon as possible; as a view of such stuff shall be taken after midsummer. I hear nothing of Harryce or the 20l. I spoke today with Mrs. Whalley, now Mrs. Karkett, who says she sent you one dozen cramprings. She will pay for the velvet bonnet if desired. I have paid Clare the 40s. today. London, 7 June.
Cosworthe says the velvet cost 26s. 8d. the yard, so that six yards is 8l., and two yards satin of Brygges 3s. 8d. You will also receive by the bearer the bible lady Husee sends you.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
See Vol. XIII., Part I., No. 1145, which may be of this year, as suggested in Notes and Errata to that volume, note to Part I. No. 613.
At Jan de Lachere's return hence to Calais I will send your work. I could not send it before as I had other work to finish for Spain, and the ships wished to leave. Bruges, 7 June 1539.
Fr. Hol., p. 1. Add.: a Calays.
8 June.
R. O.
Grant of messuage in Candlewyk Street, London. Westm., 8 June, 31 Hen. VIII.
Copy from Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., pt. 3. [See GRANTS in JUNE, No. 8.]
8 June.
R. O.
I have received your letter dated in this month with a schedule of articles preached by one Adam Damplipe, as it is alleged, by permission of the Commissary, which Damplipe you judge to have been an author of the erroneous opinions which have lately appeared at Calais. I have perused those articles and find them very pestilent. I wonder they were not objected to him before, when he was accused of the matter of transubstantiation; but if he taught them he taught most detestable heresy, and if the Commissary consented to it he is unmeet for his office and deserves great punishment. For his examination therein, and in other matters laid to his charge in the depositions you lately sent me, the King's pleasure is that you deliver both the Commissary and the parish priest who hath been the preacher, (fn. 1) to this bearer, who will see them conveyed hither. In answer to the points of your said letters, what I wrote before about appeasing such slanders discreetly and charitably I now repeat, being the counsel that I would follow myself, not seeing but offenders may as well be punished without too great a tumult. This is not prejudging the truth of your advertisements, but showing a mean how if they be good and just you may by honest circumstance make them better. As to the second point, touching the occasioners of the bruits, I only meant to ascribe them chiefly to the first setters forth of any erroneous opinions. Yet, to be plain with you, dangerous diseases, if seen in time by a good physician, may be remedied; but if the physician wink till the infection be more deeply settled, all his cunning may not be able to restore the sick man; and we be no less in fault who labour not to avoid evil from our neighbours. I have informed the King of all your letters and your book of depositions, and he has already taken order for the examination of all those matters. The evil, as you truly write, will labour to pervert the good, and he that neither fears God nor esteems the King's injunctions is no meet herb to grow in his Majesty's most Catholic and virtuous garden. If therefore you know any more of that sort, I doubt not you will immediately inform the King. And where I wrote the matter deposed against the Commissary not to be most heinous, you reply that he is the maintainer of all this evil, bringing in the foresaid matter of Damplip in justification. If he is found so great an offender, I will not only help to have him removed, but to get him further punished. As to the vintners and constables, who have been noted as men of greatest trust under you, if they have offended, it will be better that you show the King secretly your old ordinance for their punishment than put men generally in fear of losing their livings. It might lead to serious consequences. Do not doubt that the wisdom of the King will shortly arbitrate among us. St. James', 8 June. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
8 June.
R. O.
I have sent by Gylliam one long carpet and two short ones, which, when your purpose is served, should be speedily returned. You will also receive a bible from lady Husee, sent for a token. I have written to my lord to send Mr. Pollerd 10 dozen quails, for I told him my lord and you had sent him 10 dozen, by Jas. Roberts' wife, which were taken by my lord Prince's taker; and this should be stated in the letter. "For a cause that may not be written, this must not be slept." I have delivered Clare 40s. for your affairs in Kent. I hope the quilts, say and kirtles have arrived safe. "From London, in haste half without heart," 8 June
Hol., p. 1. Add.
8 June.
R. O.
Is commanded by the King to certify the evil behaviour of certain persons in the town of Calais, in consequence of a letter from lord Lisle and the Council there to the lord Privy Seal. Was informed by the latter, on Corpus Christi day, (fn. 2) that Lisle had given this information, and he was surprised that, as the King had appointed Lisle to keep order there and to punish the wrong doers, he should trouble the Council with these matters. Is now preparing a book to be laid before the King of the persons by whom these riots have been provoked. The King is not a little displeased with such erroneous opinions and acts as are used in Calais, and I expect you will have a commission shortly to inquire of such persons as have eaten flesh in Lent and disobeyed the King's injunctions. I am making a book that shall not please a great sort of them. The King knows great part of my mind already. Trusts Calais will be set in great quietness. Lord Lisle has many enemies here, who say he loves not those that favour the Word of God. Heard one say to Thos. Broke that Lisle was a Pharisee. I replied he was "a falce knave and a nerytyke" that so said, and that it was because you rebuked seditious and erroneous persons that they could not abide you. "I said you should be tried like an honorable man, and they that hath so reported shall be tried like themselves; and throughout all the Court I have reported your lordship as the truth is." A scandalous rumor had arisen that most of those in Calais were heretics; but my book will do your lordship and divers of the Council good and no hurt. Begs him to show this letter to my lord Chamberlain, Sir John Wallop, Master Porter, and Master Treasurer, as he is too busy making the said books to write to them.
No news worth writing about the Parliament, except that the King has given Mr. Norris' son the inheritance of his father's lands and 50l. a year. On the 8 June the goodliest solemnities were done for the Empress at Paul's and in every church in London. All Paul's was hung with black cloth with the arms of the Emperor and Empress, and there was made in the church a goodly rich hearse with arms of the Empire. My lord Chancellor represented the King; the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk with 9 earls were mourners; and there were 10 bishops with their mitres. The bp. of London sang mass. "There was no preshyng (preaching ?), but the bells ryngyng thorow all the paryshe chyrchys from Satterday at none tell Sonday at nythe. The Kynges Majeste wylhave the sarwyse of God honorably mayntaynyd, contary to the sayyngs of dyvers malycius parsons in Calyce." London, 8 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
8 June.
R. O.
Thanks for his kind letter. Can get no more indicted but two, viz., Thos. Futman and Harry Pudsay. The former is in sanctuary at Westminster, and, if you will command him to ward, I doubt not he will confess the truth of the matter "and who did teach him unto my servants," for they never saw him until that day. It will appear that John Stratforth, of Cleve, who lodged him all night before, came with him to Cheltenham, the day after, with this company and supported him to do this murder. He was the next person to Futman when my servant was slain, and walked up and down the market in harness, after my servant was murdered, with him and one Edward Walwen. He was also at evensong with him the Wednesday before, and at mass that day, when Futman left his coat behind at Stratforthe's house and Stratforthe lent him a cloak that his privy coat of fences should not be seen. Sir John à Bryges maintains the said Stratforthe and all his company, and they threaten men so that they dare not give evidence for the King. Unless Cromwell see a remedy, no man can venture out of his own door, but he shall be murdered. Sowtham, 8 June.
I send you a book of their demeanour. Moreover, Roland Morton and Ric. Rede let the said Stratforthe and all his men to bail, contrary to law, and in spite of your Lordship's letters, for I had lodged them in Gloucester gaol by your command.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
8 June.
Poli Epp., II.
Wrote on the 2nd inst., from Avignon, how he had gone to meet Card. Farnese, and had spoken with him at length about the affairs of England, which hitherto are prolonged without any resolution. If Card. Farnese's going to the Emperor does not bring out some conclusion, Pole knows not what more to expect from men. As to what Contarini wrote in his last, of 19 May, of his conversation with the Pope upon the affairs of Germany and his remembrance of Pole; thanks him, and will neither seek nor refuse such an undertaking, but in all things obey the Pope. Wrote in his last but one, 24 May, that he would have been pleased if the Pope had sent a post to Spain, and reminded him that the abbot of San Saluto was suitable; but now there is no need, as Card. Farnese has gone thither. The Abbot should now come hither. Farnese's letters from Spain will declare the deliberations there. They and Sadolet and all his people are well, and send commendations. Salutes the Father Master, (fn. 3) M. Galeazzo and M. Danesio. Carpentras, 8 June 1539.
P.S.—Hears with grief that a diet is indicted at Nuremberg, kal. Oct., to settle affairs of the Church in presence of ambassadors of the Emperor and French king, where six Lutherans and six Catholics shall dispute, and this under a recent decree of the diet at Frankfort, in which no mention is made of the Pope, or of any one being present on the part of the Holy See. Contarini may see whither things tend. Though the attempts of the king of England are to be withstood, they are not what can most hurt the Holy See. What he fears is that unless these private diets are stopped there may arise a greater split in the Church than has been for ages. Heard of this first by letters from the Nuncio in Spain, and then from Card. Farnese. His love for Contarini, who, he knows, likes case, does not prevent him wishing that he (Contarini) might be put to this business as most worthy and suitable for it. What to expect, both of the German business and of the English cause, Card. Farnese's letters will soon show.
Letter in Italian, P.S. in Latin.
9 June.
R. O.
London 9 June.—No news since he wrote last, on the 20th ult, except that the Parliament was expected to end at Whitsuntide or be prorogued (remis) to September; but immediately after the holidays the King ordered it to be kept sitting (l'a prorogé) till St. John's day, to make some conclusion of the great number of things proposed; some of which, especially touching religion, have been settled; for instance, the Holy Sacrament, about which the bishops have had great, altercation, some for entirely [abolishing] (fn. 4) the mass, others for making a new one, and the majority "pour y semer" (qu. "pour conserver"?) in its entirety the ancient custom and celebration. The latter party prevailed, and the King, as chief of that party, has declared that the Holy Sacrament is to be adored and reverenced with the ceremonies so long kept inviolable by the Church, with threats of death to all who say the contrary. They have also decided that priests cannot marry, at which the ambassador of Saxony was little satisfied; and he left two days ago as ill content with this King as possible.
These people have still to determine what to do with the property of so many abbeys, of which they have ousted the religious, and taken the revenues; this the issue of this Parliament shall decide, as also what the King will do with the ladies who are prisoners, namely, the mother of Cardinal Pole, the wife of the late Marquis, and others of inferior condition, who have been declared by Parliament attainted of high treason; their property, according to the custom of the country, confiscated, and their bodies reserved for the King to punish or pardon as he will. At Portsmouth, 10 miles from Southampton, are said to be 90 ships fully armed, and the King's ships, about 25, are being got ready here to be sent thither. Ramparts and fortifications are well advanced. Received yesterday the King's letter of 31 May. Yesterday service was made for the late Empress, and the writer attended in mourning with all his company. Will wear his mourning as long as this King does his.
French. Two modern transcripts, pp. 3 each. An extract is printed by Kaulek, p. 101.
9 June.
Add. MS.
33,514, f. 22.
B. M.
Thinks the order to keep Parliament sitting (la prorogation de ce parlement) till St. John's day was caused by the news of the Levant and of the Council, of which they make as much noise here as if the things were concluded; and for this fear, although before Pentecost every one had leave to return home, the King immediately after the holidays re-assembled Parliament. The people show great joy at the King's declaration touching the Sacrament, being much more inclined to the old religion than to the new opinions, which are sustained only by some bishops who are little content at the refusal of their request to marry in order afterwards to convert the property of the Church into patrimony and succession. At this last these German lords seem sorry, having done their best that priests should marry. Thinks they make this a pretext to hide their grief at not receiving the answer they came for, and the money; being put off to another time, they take it as a refusal, knowing, as others have discovered, that it is too difficult to draw money from the English unless under compulsion. The King's Council were much dissatisfied with them. Wrote in his last of the English preparations on land and sea:—They have now 90 ships ready at Portsmouth, and are lading artillery daily on the King's ships here; and they have lately bought seven or eight Venetian, Ragusan, and Florentine ships of 400 or 500 tons. They are also busy on the ramparts and fortifications to be prepared—far in advance, for they have no great apprehension for this year. The King, who in some former years has been solitary and pensive, now gives himself up to amusement, going to play every night upon the Thames, with harps, chanters, and all kinds of music and pastime. He evidently delights now in painting and embroidery, [having sent men to France, Flanders, Italy, and elsewhere for masters of this art, and also for musicians and other ministers of pastime]. (fn. 5) All his people think this a sign of his desire to marry if he should find an agreeable match. The Emperor's ambassador is marvellously curessed for having written to the queen of Hungary to allow 3,000 "alecretz" and as many harquebuses and some ammunition to be brought from Flanders to this King, which he obtained with the offer of more if required. The said ambassador confessed to Marillac his astonishment that she should have so easily consented. The obsequies of the late Empress were celebrated with great ceremony, and attended by the noblest of the kingdom, as the dukes of Norfolk, Suffolk, Admiral, Cramvel, Chancellor, and 15 or 20 bishops. Mourning will be worn for 15 days. Was invited by the King and Imperial ambassador to attend, and so could not do less than dress himself and his company (consisting of 12 men) in mourning like the others, according to the custom here.
A passage relating to private matters crossed out by a modern hand. London, 9 June 1539. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Two passages in cipher. An extract from this despatch is printed by Ribier along with the latter part of Marillac's letter to Montmorency of the 20th June, but with the date of this letter (9 June) at the end. The extract cut out from the original letter of the 20th June with Ribier's corrections for the press is at f. 24 of the same MS. volume.
* A modern transcript is in R.O., from a MS. which contains all the above except the last paragraph. An abstract from this MS. is printed by Kaulek, p. 102.
9 June.
R. O.
Has received this day at 2 p.m. the enclosed letter, purporting that all such witnesses as have said anything against Ralph Hare or the Fleming (fn. 6) must be sent here at once. The bishops will examine the matter before they leave; and that speedily, as the Parliament will be prorogued at the latter end of this week. Some think the witnesses will scarce be able to justify what they have deposed. London, 9 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
9 June.
R. O.
There are no lewd fancies or fashions among the people here: all speak well of your Lordship. Our secular priests be as proud in apparel as ever, but gentler in their behaviour and more chaste, for they flee "lewd and suspect places of resort of light women," for fear of the King's injunctions. Many desire a law that churchyards be more cleanly kept, for the greedy priests put cattle in them, which pollute them and lie in the very church porches. There was a great doubt among the people whether they should make their oblations, as accustomed, in Sowthewell church at Pente-cost last; so it was a very "mere" offering. To Lincoln few or none sent their oblations. The people pray that the tolls may this Parliament be mitigated, thinking these hurt them more than anything (mortuaries in their old fashion taken only except), and for one great man who shall lose thereby thousands shall be holpen. The abbots and priors of the religious houses yet standing have sold all up against the King's visitors come; and now they think the visitors long, for they be without provision but at the market and their satchels of silver wax fast empty. Sowthe Carleton, 9 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 June.
R. O.
1095. THOS. JEFFRYES, mayor of Bristol, to CROMWELL.
Accusations have been made before me by Sir John Kerell, dean of Bristol, deputy of the bp. of Worcester, against George Wiseharde, a Scotchman, who was lately before your Lordship. I send a copy and desires credence for the chamberlain and dean of Bristol. Bristol, 9 June, 31 Henry VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 June.
R. O.
Owing to the death of their late abbot, Will. Malverne, desire Cromwell's advice how to proceed in petitioning for a new election. St. Peter's, Gloucester, 9 June xxx[j] Hen. VIII. Signed: "Gabryell Morton, prior and presydent, in the name and consent [of] all the covent."
P. 1. Add.: lord Cromwell, Privy Seal. Slightly mutilated. Endd.: Ao xxxj.
10 June.
Royal MS.
B. M.
Estimate of the charges for one month of 28 days, of 36 ships now in the King's wages at Portsmouth, beginning the 4th of this present month, written 10 June. Headed: "Junio R.R. Henr."
A separate estimate is given for each ship under the headings of (1) Wages of mariners and gunners at 5s. each; (2) Victuals at 6s. 8d. each man; (3) "Dedshaires" at 5s. the share; and (4) "Reward to gunners." The names of the ships are:—the Great Galyon, the Less Gallyon, the Swepestak, the Prymerose, the Venyshian, the Great Arrog[osy], the Nicholas of Bristowe, the Savyour of Bristowe, the Great Hulk, the Trinity, the Mathew Gonson, the Mary Burde, the Marye Concepcyon, the George Lower, the New Ship of Torre, the Mary Bullyn, the John Evangelist, the Thomas Tipkyne, the Vallentyne, the Christopher Benet, the Mabell, the Mary Christoffer, the Jesus of Brystowe, the John Baptiste of Bristowe, the Anne Francis of London, the Mary of London, the Andro Pr'ons (?) of Opsame, the Antonye Torryng of Dartmouth, the Osye of London, the Thomas Mawdelyn of London, the Trinity of Carlyon, the Fraunces of Hampton, the Rossemus (?) of London, the Mary Holland of Dartmouth, the Trinity Harrye and the King's Little Gallyon (the last has only 2 mariners).
Number of the men 1613. Total of money required 1,425l. Os. 10d.
Further, under the head of "the King's garrison" 76l. 10s. 5d. paid to Sir Thomas Sperte and 50 gunners and one "drunselate."
A paper roll of four sheets written on one side only.
10 June.
R. O.
I have received two letters from you, one dated May 14, about your letter written to Mr. Harrys in Devon, concerning Esthagyngton, to whom I have also written with instructions to him about Mr. Bassett's title, and to give credence to your servant John Bury. There is no need to make any labour to Daubeney. I wrote to Mr. Harrys concerning the award touching your weir at Umberlegh. There is no doubt you may fish with Antony Acklond in half the water without danger of the award, and so may I as far as my ground extends there. I will do the best I can at my coming home at Lammas to reform the trouble that John Piers is put to by Poynes. I have paid Hussey 10l. for the last half year of Frystoke. Allowing myself what I laid out for my lord at Christmas, and the fees of Mr. Pollard and Mr. Harrys, I will pay him the rest this next term, though I have no word of the receipt of Mr. Wyddeslade's rent; and as to the rent due last Lady Day for the parsonage of Frystok, my lord is likely to attempt the law against Sturgeon before it be recovered. It will hardly be done, because he was a dead person in the law before this present Parliament. (fn. 7) I have written to the bailiff there and to my servant to admonish the tenants there to make no further payment of their tithing corn money now payable at Lammas next for last year. This has always been the custom there, but 1 trust you will soon have more brief payment.
I have also received a letter from you dated 20 May. I will take the advice of Mr. Degory Graynfeld, John Davy, and others, concerning the sale of your woods. I have been twice in communication with my lord of Bridgewater, and each time he is farther off. I have obtained from his counsel the whole value of his lands, as well his own as those that shall descend to Mr. John Bassett. I delivered the book 10 days ago to Hussey to inform your ladyship. The whole sum which concerns Mr. Basset amounts to 352l. odd. Would God the possession were in Mr. Bassett. I doubt not, though my lord and you suffered for a time, it would be levied shortly. Within two years, lord Bridgewater said, he would sell all the woods on any of the said lordships; Hugh Stucley would buy Warham Wood, Roger Gyfford, Begynholte, and Ric. Coffyn, the wood and deer in Heaunton park; and he would take down the house and sell it. Yet I think it was his brag, and so I showed him, saying that his conscience would not so serve him. However, I have no trust in his deeds to the contrary if he may get merchants to his mind. My wife desires to be recommended. London, 10 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
10 June.
R. O.
By your letter of 1 June, I perceive that your benevolence and goodness towards me is no less than ever it was. Next to the King I acknowledge myself most bounden to you. I have of late been in such case that I thought I should never have seen you, but your gentle letter has recomforted me, as I perceive that you tender my inquietness, causes, and griefs, which I doubt not you have perceived, both by my letters and by those from the Council here, and will provide remedy and redress for them. Calais, 10 June.
In our last letter we sent certain erroneous articles preached by one Adam Damlyp. We know now from his own letters that he is retained with the bp. of Salisbury. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Draft of the preceding, without the P.S., and dated 9 June.
P. 1. Endd.: To my lord Privy Seal.
10 June.
R. O.
I have been lately informed by those of the country "de l'Angle" (fn. 8) that the foss between your Pale and their said country is almost all dug (est quasy tout fossilliet et releve), and they wish me to remind you of your promise to make those of your Pale contribute to the extent of 6 livres gr. I beg you to deliver the amount to the bearer, to pay the laborers. I beg you will grant a passport to a merchant of Malines who has lately been at Calais, to procure some quantities of grain notwithstanding the ordinance. Gravelinghes Castle, 10 June 1539. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
10 June.
Balcarres MS.,
Adv. Lib.
Edin. II. 17.
The bearer has come to inform me he is returning to you. He will be able to assure you that we are all well, especially our petit fils. (fn. 9) "Je suis apres pour le vous tirer de sa grandeur en toille, mais je ne trouvons point bien ouvrier a mon gre que bien que mal il sera fait et vous sera envoyé par les myneurs" who promised to leave this St. John's day, as I wrote more fully to the King and you by a Scottish priest who has been long here and is returning to see his relations. Since that letter was written we have heard of the death of your aunt (fn. 10) 15 days ago yesterday. Her last illness was a fleux de rentre which lasted to the ninth day without any fever; but you know she was enfeebled by long sickness. She received all the sacraments with constancy and desired pardon of every one. She would not see her children after Friday morning, and hardly even her husband; but he saw her on Whitsunday morning after she had received God (reçu Dieu). She died next day at 10 p.m. Further particulars. Her loss has been a great grief to all the house. Your uncle takes it honnestement. I had just returned from my journey from Picardy. I set out again for Nency where your father was, when I arrived on Friday after the death. On Saturday your father returned, and I on Tuesday. The interment and service are to be on St. John's day. Your father is returning to Burgundy. I think by the end of the month when the estates (fn. 11) have concluded he will return hither. I expect also at the end of this week Mons. de la Mest (?), Pusguyllon and Rouvray will be here. They are all at Paris for the affair of Laval. They will write to you what gentlemen are taken for our son, (fn. 12) and what will be done there, for the bearer says "il pastra (passera ?) par eus." "Lostel Dieu d'Estrepaigny est vacque ses (ces) jours ycy il en a este fait sellon vostre memoyre et la eu Rouvray pour son nepveu mais quy soye tous ycy nous regarderons a vostre estat et affaires de nostre filz" and you shall be informed of what is done. I think he will be heavily burdened this year. Anxious to hear of her and the King. 10 June.
P.S.—I have returned from Nancy to Pont, where I have seen the Queen, my mother-in-law. (fn. 13) She is very well and has written to you by the priest of whom I spoke. Your aunt will be buried at the Cordeliers face to face with the late King (fn. 14) on the left.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: Madame de Guise.
10 June.
R. O.
Wrote by Sir Oliver; and also, since, with a letter of my lord Privy Seal. Will let Mr. Wyndsor have the brewing utensils. Does not know what has become of Mr. Bonham. Bearer says "he met with a pursuivant toward your Lordship; whereof I heard not." Trusts the saddles, harness, and two Spanish skins have arrived. It is thought the Parliament shall be prorogued at the latter end of the week, when he will send the Acts. Wishes to know Lisle's conclusion with my lord Admiral touching Porchester and Beare. Hopes soon to write of the establishment of the Sacrament of the Altar. The King's gests have been altered, as they die in those parts. Let not Mr. Pollard's 10 doz. quails be forgotten. He must proceed circumspectly in his doings and sayings, for there are more at Calais that fear than love him. London, 11 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.


  • 1. William Smith, curate of Our Lady church, Calais.
  • 2. 5 June in 1539.
  • 3. Thomas Badia, master of the Sacred Palace.
  • 4. Word omitted. "Preserving" suggested by Kaulek.
  • 5. This clause is not in the original letter, but appears in Kaulek's abstract, p. 103. It was doubtless contained in an original draft of the letter.
  • 6. The barber of Mark.
  • 7. See No. 867, cap. 6.
  • 8. A place called "the Hok" (the Hook) is laid down in the old map of Calais engraved in the Chronicle of Calais, edited by Nichols for the Camden Society. The ditches here form an angle or hook at the meeting of the two Pales.
  • 9. Francis duke of Longueville, the Queen's son.
  • 10. Renée de Bourbon, duchess of Lorraine.
  • 11. At Dijon. See No. 528, p. 206.
  • 12. Francis duke of Longueville.
  • 13. Philippine de Gueldres. See Vol. XIII., Notes and Errata, referring to Pt. ii., No. 132.
  • 14. René II. duke of Lorraine, who died in 1508, claimed to be king of Naples, Sicily, Jerusalem, and Arragon. This explains the title of Queen given to his wife, supposed in the last volume to have been a mere sobriquet. See the reference in the preceding note.