Letters and Papers: September 1539, 6-10

Pages 39-43

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 2, August-December 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1895.

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September 1539

6 Sept.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 S. iii.,
133. RIC. LAYTON, Priest, to CROMWELL.
This Saturday, 6 Sept., we put the duke of Norfolk's servant in custody of Clerkenwell, and have fully dissolved it to the contentation of the prioress and her sisters. It is judged the bp. of London will depart this Saturday at night; he has made his executors Mr. Recorder of London, Mr. Baker the King's attorney, Mr. Horewoode, and one Ewer his chaplain. He has declared he owes the King but 200l., and has but 500l. in ready money; men think he has more. His plate is good; and his carpets also.
Adam Traves, residentiary at Exeter, lies here at Garter's house in point of death. He is archdeacon of Exeter and has a prebend and benefices there. If you wish to prefer any of your chaplains to them write to the Bishop. To-morrow night I will be at Reading, and from thence repair to your Lordship with speed. London, Saturday at night, 6 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
6 Sept.
R. O.
St. P. VIII.,
Wrote last on 24th ult. After leaving Castel Novo and Cataro, Barbarossa went to Valona to refit, His navy has been seen at Strada Bianca, not far from Corfu. Puglia is too dangerous to attempt, the Viceroy of Naples being there. Andrea Doria was at Tarento. The Venetian navy is divided between Corfu and Lesina. The Venetians have lately "cassid" ... foot which they raised for fear of Barbarossa. Letters from Constantinople, of the 6th ult., mention the death of Lorenzo Gritti—a great loss to Venice. The Venetian ambassador was at Adronopoli on the 5th and would be in Constantinople by the 10th.
A man of the French king's came hither lately from Constantinople and another from France going thither, and both have practised with the Signory. It is evident that the French king procures the Emperor's ruin by the Turk and all other possible means, and labours to make this State his enemy. The greatness of the Emperor offends the Venetians, and they are exceeding greedy of peace, being exhausted of money and their town decaying for lack of industry, and the dearth of corn in most part of Italy.
It is rumoured that the French are making men at Mirandula and elsewhere, and that 3,000 Almains have come to Turin for the French king, and many horsemen from France. The Marquis of Guasto is therefore raising men on the State of Milan.
It is said that the bp. of Rome will come this month to Loretto and Bononye. Don Diego de Mendosa, the new ambassador here, speaks greatly in the King's and Cromwell's honour, and intends to send Cromwellsome jennets from Spain. He offers Harvel all kinds of assistance. Venice, 6 Sept. 1539.
P.S.—Letters from Corfu of the 26th ult. state that Barbarossa passed on the 25th with 100 galleys towards Constantinople. The Turkish victory at Castel Novo was very costly. He is expected to invade Italy next year. It is newly divulged that the Emperor will not leave Spain this year.
Hol. Add. Endd.
7 Sept.
R. O.
Is sorry his causes go as they do. Advises him to find some means to slip away or hide himself, for he hears that he will be shut up shortly. The chief cause is but for presenting "our sufferayns gracios patent and apelacion." Advises him to make some provision to absent himself, or else that some other may go, as Mr. Browne. Was told yesterday by a friend that letters had come for the Turcopolier, from England and Mesena, and that the Lord Master had opened the packets and delivered only what pleased him. They say that, as soon as the Turcopolier is shut up, Lamberd will come out.
Would gladly stop here two years if he could be gone. Begs him to take all in patience, and take no manner of thought of the writer. In the tower in the castle of Malta, 7 Sept. 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: Right worshipful good Mr. Turcopler. Endd. in Sir Clement West's hand: Yt may plezse yow to loke on thys.
8 Sept.
R. O.
I arrived at Reading on Saturday about 4 p.m. and joined Mr. Vachell. We two began to "peruse" the house, and next day at noon Mr. Dean of York came thither. We find all according to the inventory, and certain plate have attained that was conveyed to other houses, and more trust to find. As we were to certify what stuff were meet for the King: there is a chamber hanged with meetly good tapestry, which would hang a mean little chamber in the King's house, and this is all the household stuff meet to be reserved. There is a chamber hung with six pieces of verdure with fountains, but the ends are foul and greasy. The other hangings are of say and other coarse things. There be seven feather beds and four of them furnish four trussing bedsteads hung with silk like bawdekyn. In the church are eight goodly pieces of tapestry, but of no depth, 13 copes of white tissue, and 10 of green, which are meet to be preserved. We guess we shall make, besides the plate in the inventory, 200 marks and more, which will not be enough, by 100 mks., to despatch the house. The debts appear to be over 500l., but we purpose not to meddle much with the payment of them, unless it be small sums to very poor men. 230l. a year will serve for the pensions. We beg to know the King's pleasure soon, for here is a chargeable house with no provision. Meanwhile we will be despatching them as far as our money will extend. Who is to have the custody of the house and reserved goods? Reading, 8 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. "A breviate, as well of such pieces of cloth of gold, tissue, and bawdkyn, as also remnants of the same of divers colours, taken out of the monastery of Reading," to the use of the King, by Ric. Pollard and John Williams, commissioners, viz., one piece of cloth of gold with "pyrled pound garnettes," four of tissue, four of bawdkin, and four remnants, all described, followed by a list of vestments also received.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. The parcels of gold, as well broken as whole, received to the use of the King at the abbey of Reading by John Williams and Ric. Pollard, esqs., appointed by commission for the same, viz., gold plate, silver plate, gilt plate, and white plate. The gold, 89 oz.; the silver, gilt, and not gilt, 2,645¼ oz.
P. 1. In the same hand as § 2. Endd.: Plate received from Reading.
8 Sept.
R. O.
St. P., III.
Danger from the Geraldines greater than ever; for O'Donell, who took the King's side in the last rebellion has, through his wife's working, joined O'Neill and they have allured to them Clane e Boy, O'Roryk, McCoglin (?), O'Cahan, Magwyre, Nele Conelagh, McDermot, and many others; so that there was never seen such a host of Irishmen and Scots. On the other side the pretended earl of Desmond has united the forces of the West and they were to meet 1 Sept.; but the Deputy, aided by Dublin, Drogheda, and a few of the Pale, has vanquished the Irish and Scots and prevented their meeting. Trusts the new earl of Ormond will do something, in spite of the great power of the pretended earl; for at his own expense he has engaged O'Brien, McWilliam, and others to serve the King.
There are in wages 350 men, but the Deputy had not with him at this great need above 140. Seyntlow keeps his men in a corner, neither serving with the Deputy nor against Desmond, but pillaging and oppressing the country. He and his men might be discharged and the liberty of Wexford dissolved. There should be a clerk of the check to survey the army, and Cowley's fellow, John Broke, might have the office; he was one of the best in this skirmish, and his farm of the house of Novan, with the whole town there, is burnt down.
The alleged cause of this treason is that the King is a heretic and obeys not the bp. of Rome and has no title to this land. These traitors should be extirpated. Though an army would be costly, it would, if well employed for one summer, redubbe the cost in few years. Affection of those of the English pale for the Geraldines. Need of good captains.
The bp. of Meath in this skirmish gave no assistance, but fortified his house and sent certain kine and sheep to the lord Deputy. Begs Cromwell to favour him if no more heinous matter is objected against him. Necessity of those who have farms finding men for defence. Dublin, Our Lady's day of Nativity.
My lord Chancellor played a hardy man's part in the skirmish. Except his, the bp. of Meath's, and the dean of Dublin's, not a house in the English pale was warded.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
8 Sept.
Balcarres MS.,
Adv. Lib.,
Edin. II. 8.
In reply to her letter, thinks she has no great occasion to send a gentleman to her uncle. (fn. 1) He says he is sure of her affection without her sending one on such a long voyage. It is now three months since his loss. You wrote him a letter of condolence, and the King also made him some recommendations, of which he was very glad. He left this by night with all his suite. The Marquis is going to Court, "et Monsieur de Mez en Allemaigne; ne demeura avec luy que Mademoyselle que je vous aseure est toujours bien honneste, mais non sy belle que je vouldres. Monsieur vostre pere et moy et avec set de nos anffans sommes ycy pour dancer a nostre feiste quy est demain;" which being past, our scholars will return to Paris; "ne demoura que l'ordynayre des petis ou le vostre (fn. 2) a le credit." The bearer will inform you, but he cannot sufficiently assure you "combien il est beau, jolly et en bon point." Since I sent him (i.e. the bearer) to you he has grown big, but he is very well; and so are all the rest, except François who has been three days ill, but I trust it is nothing serious. I am glad you are pleased with the masons, and hope you will be so with the miners. Please let me know if the King has set them to work and how he likes them. Joinville, 8 Sept.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. Add.
9 Sept.
R. O.
Receipt, 9 Sept. 31 Hen. VIII., by Hugh Barnston, chaplain to Dr. Brereton, of 7l. 10s., from John Menwarynge. Signed and sealed.
P. 1.
9 Sept.
R. O.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender of the monastery and all its possessions in co. Salop, or elsewhere in England, Wales, and the marches thereof. 9 Sept. 1539, 31 Hen. VIII. Signed by Thos. the abbot, John Colfox, prior, and 9 others [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. II., 22].
Seal slightly mutilated.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 3, No. 40] without mem. of acknowledgment.
9 Sept.
Rymer, xxv.
R. O.
Surrender (by Dorothy, the prioress, and the convent) of the priory and all its possessions in England and the marches thereof. 9 Sept., 31 Hen. VIII. No signatures [See Deputy Keeper's Eighth Report, App. I. 43].
Seal injured.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 3, No. 31] as acknowledged, same day, before John Uvedale and others, King's commissioners.
9 Sept.
R. O.
Cromwell's letters to them, dated 5 Sept., willed them to get the advice of the Master of the Rolls in the "surmised matter" of late commenced by one Courteney alias Senoke and John Foster. Have done so and enclose the opinion of the Master of the Rolls, begging to know Cromwell's further pleasure. Dover, 9 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
9 Sept.
R. O.
I have received your letter touching the piteous complaint of an Irishman for the death of Roche, whose cruel death I abhorred as much as any man. It is not true that his goods, to the value of 500l., came to my hands and to my son's servant, George; but on the arrival of Swadell to land, I took him and George, and sent the former, as commanded, to your Lordship, keeping the latter for surety till your pleasure be known. Never meddled with the ship, but let my lord Admiral's officer take an inventory. My lord Admiral's servant is now in these parts mending the ship. From my house, 9 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
9 Sept.
Vatican MS.
Note that in Consistory, 9 Sept. 1539, the Pope gave the title of St. Stephen in the Caelian Mount to David cardinal of St. Andrew's.
Latin. From a modern transcript in R.O.
10 Sept.
R. O.
According to Cromwell's letters, have examined the reckoning between Hen. Dolphin, of London, draper, and his servant, Thos. Adams, and find that the latter owes the former 231l. 15s. 1g. Flemish money = 173l. 16s. 4d. st. Adams is also to discharge a debt of 58l. 10s. Fl. to John Gowre. Adams asks for years of payment. London, 10 Sept. 1539. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Ao xxxj.
10 Sept.
R. O.
C.'s Letters,
Has received his letters for the preferment of Dr. Petre to Dr. Wotton's room of the Faculties, when void by his preferment. Would be glad of Peter's preferment, but has promised it to his commissary, Dr. Nevynson, who has 20 marks a year from him, with condition to surrender it when Cranmer gives him a benefice, so that if Cromwell will provide one for him, will do as he wishes. Has many to provide for, and little to provide them of. Will not strive with the King, but supposes the gift should appertain to himself, considering that Wotton has it only at his pleasure. Forde, 10 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
10 Sept.
R. O.
Rymer, XIV.
Surrender (by Christina Burgh, prioress, and the convent) of the priory and all its possessions in England, Wales, and the marches thereof or elsewhere. 10 Sept. 31 Hen. VIII. No signatures. [See Deputy Keeper's Report, App. II. 36.]
Stained. Seal broken.
Enrolled [Close Roll, p. 3, No. 32] as acknowledged, same day, before John Uvedale and others, King's commissioners.


  • 1. The duke of Lorraine.
  • 2. The infant duke of Longueville.