Henry VIII: April 1540, 21-30

Pages 251-300

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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April 1540, 21–30

21 April. 557. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. Desiring you to know the King's pleasure concerning the goods of David ap Howell, of Elvell, lately executed for the murder of Richard Johns. I would employ the same in repairing the castle of Ludlowe, which has need thereof, as I lately wrote your Lordship. All quiet in these parts. Wigmore, 21 April. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 April. 558. Wm. Sayntlo to Cromwell.
R. O. In ordering and quieting the affairs of Ireland, the lord Deputy has done very good service, and Cromwell's declaration thereof to the King might procure him comfortable thanks. Begs his mediation with the King for the augmentation of the soldiers' wages. The county of Wexford daily spoiled by the Kavanaghes. Within these three days they have wasted the King's lordship of the Karycke. They come through the Fasaghe of Bentre, which Mr. Sentleger and the other Commissioners let to farm to Mr. Richard Butler; and are there succoured by the Irish judges alias “brewys” and rymers, who are suffered to be there on the pretence that they “manure” the King's lands under Mr. Richard. Dare not follow them unless he has power to match both the manifest Irishmen and the pretensed tenants. Pensioners to my lady of Ormond and others, between Arclo and Kylklogan, disobedient to the King's laws. No doubt the Commissioners, my lord Chancellor, and others, will have reported this. Begs as he has no wages, to have the late dissolved priory of Selsker (fn. 1) in farm. Roscarlon, 21 April. Signed.
1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
22 April. 559. John Mograf to Cromwell.
The letter in Vol. XIV. Part II., Appendix No. 19, appears to be of this year. See Nos. 570 and 630.
23 April. 560. The Order of the Garter.
Anstis' Order
of the Garter,
ii. 413.
On St. George's Day, 23 April 32 Hen. VIII., were at the Royal Palace at Westminster, with the King, the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, earls of Arundel. Westmoreland, Cumberland, Southampton, and Essex, Viscount Lisle, lords Ferreys, Sandys, and Russell, Sir Thos. Cheyney, and Sir Wm. Kyngston, assembled to keep the feast of St. George. A chapter of the Order of the Garter was held by the Sovereign, assisted by the other knights of the Order. It was resolved to fill up the stalls then vacant, and Lord Walden and Sir Ant. Browne were chosen. The nomination itself was as follows:—
Detailed statement, each of those present naming three princes, three barons, and three knights. The princes named are the Prince of England, Duke of Cleves, and Duke of Bavaria, by all except lord Ferreys, who names the Prince of England, Marquis Dorset, and Earl of Worcester. The barons are lords Walden, Delaware, Cobham, Maltravers, St. John, Monteagle, Dacres of the North, Wentiworth, and Windsor, in various combinations of three, Walden being named by all except the earl of Arundel. The knights are Sir Ant. Brown, Sir Ant. Wingfield, Sir Giles Strangwishe, Sir John Wallopp, Sir Fras. Bryan, Sir Thos. Hennage, in various combinations, Brown being named first by all, and Wingfield named by all but lord Ferreys and the earl of Rutland.
The feast was ordered to be kept at Windsor, 9 May, by the earl of Cumberland, as the King's deputy, joined with Viscount Lisle and Sir Thos. Cheyney; but, because neither the earl nor the viscount could be present on that day for approved reasons, the earl of Southampton and lord Ferreys were sent with charge to install the forenamed elected knights.
Harl. MS.
6074, f. 42.
B. M.
2. Order made at a chapter held at Westminster, 23 April, 32 Hen. VIII., that, on the death of a knight, the rest of the Order, strangers except, shall pay a certain sum to the Registrar or Dean, to be employed in alms, as mending of highways or other works of charity, as the King shall appoint. The sums vary in amount according to rank from the Sovereign, who shall pay 8l. 6s. 8d., to the bachelor knight who shall only pay 26s. 8d.; and rules are laid down to ensure punctual payment.
Pp. 4.
Harl. MS.
158 f., 113b.
B. M.
3. Order of the knights in their stalls in Westminster Palace on St. George's Day, being Friday 23 April, 32 Hen. VIII., viz.:—
The Sovereign.
On the left:—The duke of Norfolk, the earls of Arundel, Westmoreland, Rutland, Cumberland, lord Cromwell being earl of Essex, lord Lyle, lord Russell, and Sir Wm. Kyngston.
On the right:—The duke of Suffolk, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam “being earl of Hampton,” lord Ferys, lord Sandes, and Sir Thos. Cheyne, treasurer of the King's house.
The following knights were elected, viz., lord T. Awdlay, chancellor of England (who was fetched in by the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk), “and after him was fetched Sir Anthony Broune as followeth”—
P. 1.
561. Hatchments.
Harl. MS.
6074, f. 72b.
B. M.
“An. xxxj for the offryng up of the hachementz of therlle of Shrusbury and therle of Wiltshier.
“Therle of Essex (fn. 2)
Therle of Rutland the, banners of armes.
the banners of armes.
“Therle of Rutland
The lord Russell
the swerd.
“Sir Thomas Cheney
Sir William Kingston
th'elme and crest.”
P. 1.
23 April. 562. Bishop Roland Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. I send the King's tenths of my diocese by the bearer, Mr. Strete. I desire your favour for his despatch and your remembrance of my former suits declared unto your Lordship by my servant, Robert Browne. Wigmore, 23 April. Signed.
1. Add: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.: Bp. of Coventry and Lichfield.
R. O. 2. Bill of remembrance from the bp. of Chester to his surveyor, Richard Strete, for certain causes to be moved to the earl of Essex.
First, to have the commissions for this Council and a new book of instructions signed with the King's hand.
Item, to have his Lordship's pleasure in writing touching the goods of Dd. ap Hoell Dd. Lace, who murdered Richard Johns, of Elvell, for the repairs of Ludlow castle. They amount to 40l. or 50l., besides relief out of the same to the said Dd's wife and children.
Item, to have the warrant for the diet money directed to Mr. Gostwike, to be paid by him, and so save the cost I have been put to heretofore through the payment by Sir Bryan Tuke.
Item, Sir Thomas Tye, priest, of Herford West in Wales, had preached sedition, which, by the justices of assize at their late being here, was thought to sound much to treason. As the words were spoken in Wales, this Council and the said justices, “being here in the shire ground,” could not proceed to the trial of the same, as we wrote to his Lordship and the lord Chancellor; for remedy therein and to know what shire the town of Beawdeley is in. The justices reprieved Tye to the gaol of Hereford, and the sheriff, by his deputies, allowed him to repair to Herford West, 40 miles out of his sheriffwick, and afterwards have taken him to London, without the knowledge of this Council. Which is a shrewd example of a good officer to act so apertly against the laws; this Council thinks it should be punished.
Item, I wrote to Sir George Griffith in Staffordshire to put away a woman the county speaks slanderously of. He answered that my lord of Essex knew of his divorce, and allowed him to have a woman to keep his house. I pray you learn his Lordship's pleasure.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my surveyor, Mr. Richard Strete, at London. Sealed.
23 April. 563. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 177.
Abbey of Bec [Hellouyn], 23 April:—All your despatches, including that of the 10th, are received and the King satisfied, as you will see by what he writes. As to the talk there of the delay of the journey of the cardinal of Lorraine and Constable; if it is delayed it is by no means on account of a coolness between the King and Emperor. To-day the King celebrated here the feast of “M. Saint Georges” with the ceremonies of the Order of the Garter, in which the writer took part. He continues as well inclined as possible to the amity with England, which shall not be infringed on this side. Marillac may sometimes let this be known, and also how glad the King is to have news of his good brother. The King takes advantage of the peace to fortify Ardres and the frontiers.
As to what Marillac writes touching himself, has not forgotten him. He shall have 1,000 crs. this year as last, besides his ordinaries. The King is well, and leaves shortly for Fontainebleau.
French. Two modern transcripts, each pp. 3.
23 April. 564. Card. Sadolet to Card. Pole.
Poli Epp.,
iii. 10.
Would have answered his letters, of the month of February from Rome, sooner, but has been very ill. Has read Pole's dialogues with the Pope with great pleasure. Kindness of Contarini and Casulanus. Has read Pole's book in great part and much approves it. Carpentras, 9 kal. Maii 1540.
24 April. 565. Katharine Howard.
See Grants in April 32 Hen. VIII., No. 12.
24 April. 566. Marillac to Francis I.
R. O.
Kaulek, 178.
(The whole
London, 24 April:—Since Marillac's letters of the 10th, this King has despatched the archdeacon of Lincoln (fn. 3) to reside with the Emperor as ordinary ambassador in place of Hoyet, who comes hither in a few days in company with the prince of Salerno, who comes to see the country as other great lords have done, or upon some charge from the Emperor. Joy of the English that the duke of Cleves has settled his differences with the Emperor. Deeming themselves out of danger, they have turned all their designs to the making of ordinances, having begun Parliament three or four days ago, without, however, this King making his entry with the solemnity accustomed; for this Parliament is called a prorogation and fulfilment of last year's, to finish what was then left undecided, and especially the case of the prisoners taken since Easter for religious matters, of whom some have been released without punishment, and of others, as the doctors, (fn. 4) the process is not decided on account of the contention which has arisen among the bishops about their doctrine. The lords and gentlemen of this Court who are not summoned to Parliament are preparing for the jousts and tourneys to be made all next month.
No other news, except that the English seem “trop plus contens” with the fortification of Ardres; although they talk coolly enough, and make no sign of wishing to prevent it.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
24 April. 567. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 179.
(Almost the
whole text.)
London, 24 April:—Refers to the King's letter for news of the coming of the prince of Salerno with Hoyet and the agreement of the duke of Cleves with the Emperor by the marriage of the duchess of Milan. Both the Emperor's ambassador and the common report here say he will marry her. Montmorency can imagine the pleasure of the English at this (for the fear they were in of war on account of their new ally), which is incomparably increased by a report that affairs between France and the Emperor have cooled, and that now war is more likely than a continuance of this fervent amity. In confirmation of this, some merchants of Rouen and Dieppe have written that in France war is shortly expected. It seems great temerity in private merchants to give such information, which seems rather false than true; however, the English are so well informed of it from elsewhere, that they hold the thing indubitable and wonder Marillac has not like news. Continues, according to Montmorency's last instructions by Pandolfe, to say the contrary. Thinks that if the English are to be entertained he ought to have news to give them sometimes.
Since he wrote on the 10th, Cromwell has been made earl of Pecy (Essex) and Grand Chamberlain of England, and is in as much credit with his master as ever he was, from which he was near being shaken by the bp. of Winchester and others, of whom Marillac wrote in his said last letters. A muster has been held of about 400 harquebusiers to be sent to Ireland in place of those who were sent last year, most of whom have been killed by those who will not have this King for their master.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
24 April. 568. Sir Richard Ryche to Mr. Skydmore.
Add. 11,041
f. 18.
B. M.
Requests him to appoint to Jas. Lewson the five bells remaining at the late monastery of Wenlocke on his giving to the King's use like weight of bell metal, or on his paying at the rate of 20s. per cwt. for the performance thereof. London, 24 April, 32 Hen. VIII. Signed.
1. Add.: To my right loving friend Mr. Skidmore, receiver-general unto the King's Majesty of the dissolved possessions in the county of Salop.
24 April. 569. Anth. Birks to Thos. Larke.
R. O. I have received your letters by Master Robynson and perceive you long for mine. I have sent you over six letters directed to my lord Deputy and you, in March last, by sundry mariners of Calais. My letter addressed to lord Lisle and you on receipt of your last I could get no man to carry. I see you have not entered upon my office at Calais as you should have done on 6 April, according to my bargain with you. This will prejudice both of us. While the Commissioners are there procure that Rogers, in their presence, may have all the cause of his “dimission” laid to his charge. Also procure that Rogers meddle not with my last half year's salary, and if you can get it, send it hither. Westminster, 24 April 1540.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Calais.
24 April. 570. John Heron, of Chipchace, to Cromwell.
Calig. B. I.
B. M.
Has received his letter of the 8 April. The number of horsemen in Redisdaill is nigh upon sevenscore, and in Tendall ninescore or thereabouts “of small light horses after the use of the Middle Marches, for the ground is soft and all mosses.” Thinks twenty horsemen may be spared from the other parts of Tendyll and Redisdaill, but it will be against their minds to go out of the country except he send one of his friends with them. There have been certain gentlemen of English Ireland with the king of Scots, and there are four or five ships with ordnance at Leith ready to sail, for what purpose he knows not. Some of lord Dacre's tenants, footmen of Gillsland, have taken John Crosser of Ledirsdale, a Scotchman, on English ground at a place called Keldir, “the most notable thief and most noisome and hurtful of any Scotsman to England” and principal resetter of English rebels. The rebels are joined together “and hais beldid schilles in the ground of Yngland att a place callid Lowsbornholms, wheche is a strong ground of woid and marres,” but they shall be proved ere long. Chipchis, 24 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 April. 571. Lamberde du Flos (fn. 5) to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I have received your letter. Mesdames de Riou, Bours and Langier have determined not to visit you at this time. They left at noon to-day for Montreuil. Mons. de Villencourt was with them and has left to go and see you. I perceive by your letter that you have had news that your husband is ill, for which I am sorry. Boulogne, 21 April.
Hol., Fr. p. 1. Add.: a Calles.
24 April. 572. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 177.
Neufbourg, 24 April:—Approves his diligence in reporting events. Is very well and will go soon to Paris and Fontainebleau. As to affairs with the Emperor, it is true that, for some great occasions which have offered themselves, matters are a little prolonged and the journey of the Cardinal and Constable deferred; but the amity is still in as good terms. Gives Marillac 1,000 crs. besides his ordinary.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2.
24 April. 573. Francis I.
Ribier, i. 509. Instructions to the bp. of La Vaur and Hellin, his ambassadors with the Emperor, how to reply to the answers made by the Emperor brought by the Sieur de Peloux upon the articles which La Vaur last brought when he left Aumale to return to Flanders.
1. That, although Milan ought to be promptly and unconditionally restored, and although the Emperor will not give up his Low Countries, county of Burgundy, and Charolois to Francis or his children, but give them in marriage to his daughter the princess of Spain with the duke of Orleans, who will have no right himself to those countries, but they will remain the heritage of the said lady to return to the Emperor if she die childless; yet Francis, for the sake of peace and to confirm the friendship between them, will, on the Emperor delivering those countries to the duke of Orleans, raise no claim at present to the duchy of Milan.
2. That he agrees to the condition of those countries returning to the Emperor if the Princess die childless, provided the Emperor agree for his part, that on the restitution of the same, or in case Orleans die first, whether he have children by the said marriage or no, the right to the Duchy of Milan remain to Francis and his children, and its restitution shall then be treated of. And if the Princess die first without children, the Duke shall continue to possess those counties till Milan be given up.
3. Francis does not intend to ratify the treaties of Cambray and Madrid, for causes frequently set forth, but is willing to confirm by a new treaty such of the articles as it lies within his right to dispose of, &c. Abbaye du Bec, 24 April 1540.
26 April. 574. Wallop to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. viii.,
Wrote on the 18th, by Nicholas the courier, of the good news the French king had from the Emperor, who had requested him to stay in those parts to await further communication. According to my said letters, one Pilloowe came from the Emperor in post to this town and took the Emperor's ambassador with him to the Court. Next day I sent my secretary to the Court to the Queen of Navarre, (fn. 6) and Madame d'Estampes (fn. 6) and other friends to learn the news. First he spoke with Madame d'Estampes, who, when I was last at Court, promised to let me know the said news when it came. She said Pilowe's news were so uncertain that she could not tell what to say to them; she, however, required me to write to the King that when she could do him a pleasure she would not fail. And so she left my secretary without showing further news.
Then he went to the Queen of Navarre, who shewed him of Pillowe's coming and the great bruit of the good news he had brought. “She, shaking her head, said” the news were much more gracious than before; but were “with such proper conceits” that she liked nothing and was sure the French king would not accept them; the Emperor would give Mons. d'Orleans the county of Flanders and Franchecountie provided the French king would surrender what he held in Savoy and Piedmont, and she would not say but that something might be concluded; but it would be very little. She would never be persuaded that, after the long delays and the great untowardness of the Emperor hitherto, the conclusion would be worthy of thanks. She said the Dukes of Cleves and Bromeswyke and other princes of Germany were with the Emperor at Gaunte, where the Duke of Cleves had settled the things at variance between them. She thought the King (Henry) should likewise step in and make his appointment amongst them. Now compare these sayings with the counsel of the Queen of Navarre which I lately wrote, i.e., that the King should not agree too openly with the duke of Cleves and Princes of Germany or he would drive Francis to agree with the Emperor against him. The French king thinks no less, hearing that the Duke and Princes are with the Emperor. And, further, “the bruit runneth here that the (sic) (fn. 7) should marry the duchess of Milan.”
Francis suspects that the King with the Duke of Cleves and the Princes of Germany will agree with the Emperor and wishes to anticipate them in doing so even to his pain. He has been more in council since these news arrived than for a long time before, and whereas he used only to consult the cardinal of Lorraine and the Constable, he has now called to him cardinals Turnowe, Belly and Mackon with the bp. of Soyson. Moreover, Cattillion would inform my secretary of nothing but that they had received good news from the Emperor, of which he would tell me the details when I came to Court, and I am sure he would have imparted them freely if they had been for the French king's purpose. Francis would also have sent the Constable and Lorraine into Flanders, of which now there is no talk. Pillowe is despatched again with all diligence. Francis and the Constable kept the feast of St. George very honourably at the abbey of Becke, not wearing the habit, but only the collar. Rouen, 20 April. Signed.
lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 April. 575. James V. to the Officers of the Danish Coasts and his other Allies.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi., 89b.
B. M.
Desires protection for David Herald and Thos. Ramsay, his falconers, who are going abroad to buy falcons. Falkland, 26 April, 1540.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
26 April. 576. Christian III. to James V.
iv. 160.
Acknowledges letters by Charles Murray. As James has sent him “sechs Engellische wynde,” has allowed Murray to procure for him some horses for tournaments. Odennsehe, Monday after Cantate, anno 40.
26 April. 577. Captain Juan de Vergara to Francisco Duarte.
Add. MS.
28,592, f. 70.
B. M.
Account of his negociations with Barbarossa at Constantinople, and news of Turkey. Messina, 26 April 1540.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simanca, pp. 10. See Spanish Calendar, VI. i., No. 107.
27 April. 578. Henry Whyght to Gregory Botolfe.
R. O. Complains of not having had an answer to 4 or 5 letters. Your brother has been in London and promised to your friend Robert Rose and me like an angel, but he deceived us. He told Rob. Rose and me he would pay it every farthing, but was gone before we knew, no man can tell whither. Desires to know his mind by the bearer. London, 27 April. Signed: Sir Henry Wyght.
Hol., p. 1. Add.:To Sir Gregory Botolfe, in Calles, schaplen to my lord Lyle. Endd.
27 April. 579. Dame Anne Skeffington, Widow, to Cromwell.
R. O. Hears he has obtained the whole town and lordship of Loddyngron, Leic., whiche belonged of late to Lande abbey and will let the “lordship place” and a little pasture called Scellton to farm. Desires to have them on lease, for she is so straitly handled by her husband's children that she has no house. Credence for bearer, John Foster, her servant. Collyweston, 7 April.
Hol. p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 April. 580. The Council of Scotland to Sir Wm. Eure.
Royal MS.,
18 B. vi., 89.
B. M.
We have received, from our Sovereign, your letters brought by bearer, with command to make all goodly expedition to your contentment. Your desire is that two bills filed “as” (qu. at ?) a day of truce held at Coldstreme between you and Sir Adam Otterburn of Ridhall, then having commission of our Sovereign, take now such effect that you be relieved by redeliverance of your bond given upon a bill filed by John Ker, of Werk, “or yan yat Thomas Mosman, in Bridgham, and Johnne Aikinsoun, quha wer bund unto ye said Johne Ker for ane fylit bill of Scotland, mak payment of ye sauserc yairof, ellis to enter yame self for ye samyn accordingly to yair bandis quhilkis ze reherse be made in yt behalve.” This is a matter which requires examination by our Sovereign's officers of the Borders. Further, our Sovereign has commanded us to receive complaints from you or other your Sovereign's officers on the Borders, in his absence “at solace or other business in far parts of his realm”; wherefore please in future to direct your writings to us resident in Edinburgh. Edinburgh, 27 April. Subscribed: Our sovereign's council resident in Edinburgh.
Copy, p. 1. Add.. “To the richt wirshipfuil Sir Williame Evyris, knight, wardane of the marchis of England foranentes ye Merse.”
27 April. 581. Wotton to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P.
viii., 330.
The duke of Savoy arrived here on the 24th with about 200 horses. There rode to meet him, the cardinal Balme of his own country, the duke of Brunswick, the Great Master, the marquis of Marignan, count Philip and others. His coming is not thought agreeable to the Emperor. Francis has recalled count Guillaume of Furstenburch and given him charge to gather lanceknights. On the French borders people sell all they can, expecting war. Is informed for a great secret that the Emperor will not give up Milan, but offers, with the three marriages, that Francis shall retain what he has in Savoy and Piedmont, and the Emperor will deliver him the rest, giving the duke of Savoy compensation. Thinks, however, he would not like to see Francis stronger in Piedmont. Hears from the duke of Florence's ambassador that the Perugians are in rebellion against the bp. of Rome, because both he and his predecessor, Clement, have violated their privileges. The family of the Balions bear chief rule there, of whom the principal were Horace and Malatesta when Wotton dwelt there, and Gentile Balion, their cousin, whom the said Horace procured to be slain. They are now all three dead; but their children remain, and a son (fn. 8) of Malatesta, about 21 years old, is bolder than ever was his father, as he has shown against the Foruscites of Florence, who, with Philip Strozza, thought to have restored Florence to her old liberty. The Duke has accordingly taken him into wages, and will gladly let him go to the Perugians out of spite against the Pope. The Florentine ambassador was told by Granvelle that the Emperor could not help his Holiness against them, as all his men were required against the Turk. The duke of Cleves has delivered to the king of the Romans a declaration of his right to Gueldres, of which Wyatt had a copy at his departure. The Emperor only made answer thereto on Sunday, and the king of the Romans caused the Emperor's answer, written in Dutch, to be read before the Duke and his Council, but would not give a copy, saying the case was so clear, he had better follow the Emperor's mind and deliver Gueldres to him. The Duke said he could make very good answer, but if the Emperor must needs have Gueldres it was needless to reason further, and seeing that he could do no more without the consent of the Duchess, his mother, to whom he had not spoken when he left the country, said he would return home to have her advice and that of the country. The King said all the points in the case were known to them long before, and urged the Duke to make answer at once what he would do; but when the Duke refused, said he would be a mean to the Emperor to convey further representations. Yesterday the duke of Brunswick came to the duke of Cleves, sent from the King, and it was agreed that the Duke should make answer to what had been read. And Brunswick delivered him a copy of the things read the day before, which was denied at the time. It was arranged also that he should make answer by word of mouth, and this day the duke of Cleves went to the King and did so. The King said he would take deliberation, and send for the Duke again. Gives particulars of the Emperor's claim as reported to him, and of the Duke's reply. Sends copy of the last book made for the Emperor's part delivered to the Duke on Sunday, on which these answers were made. Had no time to get it translated from the Dutch. Henceforward they are to discuss things by word, and not in writing. The Duke's council think it will appear at their next interview what way the Emperor intends to take, as the King leaves shortly. Pelowe is looked for this day. Ghent, 27 April 1540.
P.S.—Olesleger has just sent him a letter (enclosed), stating that the king of the Romans has sent for the Duke again this afternoon.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
27 April. 582. Pate to Henry VIII.
R. O. On the 23rd (sic) the duke of Savoy arrived here, “symplie araid as one without currage and in maner rent,” met a mile out of the town by the card. of Balme, his own subject, and at the “port” by Mons. de Roeulx, the Grand Master, and Monfalconet and sundry marquises and counts of Italy, who conducted him to the Emperor. After half an hour's interview he departed to his lodging. Every man lamented him much, saying, as a proverb, diviserunt sibi vestamenta mea, &c. His reason for coming seems to have been the likelihood of some conclusion between these two princes and the fear lest he should be forgotten. It is said the Emperor did not want him, and does not wish him to remain. This day the foundations of the castle have been laid, on which 2,000 labourers are at work, to be increased, it is said, to 5,000 that it may be soon finished. Much white stone has been landed for it, and what houses have been thrown down and compensation given, “with the translation of the Canons,” Mr. Wyatt doubtless can inform you. The foundation will be as costly as anything, there are so many springs throughout the plat; but in four months the castle will be far advanced, and it is to be so large as to afford good lodging for a prince. The Venetian ambassador last sent to the Turk has been well received in Constantinople, and is expected to obtain the desired peace, as he offers Naples in Romagna, with 200,000 ducats. “The Emperor's letters of the same are not yet disclosed.” The matters of France are still sleeping, and some think the duke of Cleves will have no final answer but upon the news thence. Mons. de Pelou is not yet returned. Is informed that his despatch was written by the Emperor's own hand for secresy, who would communicate none of it to any ambassador except the English, and, though Granvelle knew not all his secrets, Pate hears that the French king has sent one of his principal captains into Germany to “describe” 15,000 soldiers. Francis lately thought himself so sure of Milan that the duke of Orleans had already disposed of divers fees and offices in Italy. There is no certain news of the Turk's coming, but three of his captains of so many provinces are making musters as if against king John of Hungary. Andrew Doria, about 15 May, intends to sail from Genoa to Sicily and Naples. It is said that he goes rather to intercept pirates than to fight Barbarossa, for there is more likelihood of debate between Christian princes. If that happen, the one party will pursue it earnestly, having received such a mockery, and the other regard the Almaius “and in comparison thereof to refuse no kind of honest condition offered.” Does not believe any promise was made of the Duchy. The Perugians remain rebels against the Bishop of Rome, and are strongly encamped with 3,000 men within the town, expecting the aid of the Venetians, and the duke of Urbino if necessary. The captain's son (fn. 9) that resisted Bishop Clement in defence of the liberty of Florence, seeing now a good opportunity of revenging his father's death, would have been glad to help the Perugians, but the duke of Florence, who has kept him hitherto, will not allow him without the Emperor's knowledge. He has now sent to his Majesty to complain. At the beginning of next week the Emperor goes to Antwerp and Brussels for the creation of certain lords and rulers of those cities, meanwhile parting with his brother, who will take his journey towards Spires to the diet, the Emperor after his necessary business returning hither where his court remains. The French ambassador diligently attends the Regent, even in the fields. Ghent, 27 April.
When the king of the Romans, with the nobles supposed to be authors of your said brother's coming down, sat with him in council of late they were very assiduous; whatever they meant I doubt not your Grace will learn the conclusion from this messenger. I do not believe he will do anything against your pleasure. Chapuys has just come to inform me that the Emperor wished to send him to your Highness again, but he pleaded age and ill health, and Granvelle, knowing both his good mind to serve you, and his principal disease, though he is wonderfully brought low by sickness, bade him put in writing such plate and other things as he required for his master's honour, and he would obtain it for him. I also encouraged him, and he seemed to lack no good will if he were properly furnished.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
27 [April]. 583. Pate to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P.
viii., 336.
The duke of Savoy's train does not exceed 200 persons. The king of the Romans' guard on horseback accompanied his own person from the port of the town to the Court. On Sunday the Emperor was accompanied to and from the Church by the king of the Romans on the right and the boy legate Frenuse on the other side, with the dukes of Brunswicke and Savoy and the marquis of Brunsinberge in front and the duke of Cleves in the midst, followed by the card. of Balme, the Nuncio, and the ambassador of France coming somewhat late at pleasure with the residue of Italy and other parts. Pate was absent, having no notice of it, and his train not having come. Was asked by Signor John Bandin if Chapuys did not go to England to treat on the Emperor's behalf; with whom he thought alliance could be much more easily made than with the French, who must count us enemies while we claimed title to their realm, “although it passeth not 24 years of our last reconciliation and peace concluded at Ardes, whereat he was, as he said, present.” Has received letters from Sussex and the other commissioners at Calais for the apprehension of a late chaplain (fn. 10) of lord Lisle. By Wotton's counsel sent on the messenger to Louvain, whither he has probably fled, with letters to Mr. Stokes, my lord of Bath's kinsman, to be used if necessary. The men of Artois, bordering on France, sell their goods for fear of war, and are preparing. Granvelle and Chapuys were three hours with the Emperor on Friday, who on St. George's Day wore neither the collar nor garter of our Order, but this may be imputed to his mourning. Since Wyatt's departure strict orders have been given against the sale of horses by any belonging to the Court, and one of the archers has been highly rebuked for procuring his fellow's horse to be sold. The French ambassador, “as one knowing where he is,” broke out of his array on Sunday last, accompanying the Emperor towards church, asked for the grand master Mons. de Roeulx, and, finding him not in that company, went to see him at his lodging, as having hasty affairs with him. Received a letter from the author of most of his news of the compositions made between the bp. of Rome and the Perusians, but it is only about salt. Ghent, 27 of this present.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal and earl of Essex. Endd.: 27 April.
28 April. 584. Archbishop Cranmer.
See Grants in April 1540, 32 Hen VIII., No. 32.
28 April. 585. Charles Duke of Suffolk to Cromwell.
R. O. Desires him to call Gruffith Johns, cik., before him, who has obtained the benefice of Eskyveoke by an old udvowson which had expired 20 years ago, but of which he altered the date, in prejudice of the rights of Dr. Bulkeley, presented by the present bp. of St. Asaph. 28 April. Signed.
1. Add.: My lord of Essex. Endd.
28 April 586. Edmund Knyghtley to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your letters and perceive you are informed that my brother Stafford has written to me to come to London this term for matters which, he thinks, require to be concluded. He never told me of his going up nor wrote to me; lately he sent for my sister, and she advertised me to come up, but I, as I supposed, satisfied her therein. Where your Lordship writes to me to come up or else show reasonable cause: my wife has been long sick, as my brother-in-law and sister know well, and is now in great danger; for her disease which fell into her leg is gone again into her body; wherefore, in her necessity, I trust your Lordship will be content that I may give her attendance. Fallesley, 28 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Earl of Essex.
28 April. 587. Prayers for the Dead.
R. O. On the 28 April 32 Henry VIII., Wm. Baker and John Cooke sat at Richard Tokor's at Halle wosse, when he told Cooke he had been with my lord President, (fn. 11) and when Cooke asked what tidings, said he heard the bellman of Wegmore pray for the King, the Queen, the Prince, and all his Council, and for all the burgesses of the town, and for their fathers' and mothers' souls, and all Christian souls, and at Newnham there was a dirge for a soul that was departed. Then John Cooke said, What availeth to pray for them that be departed? you will never leave your beggarly ceremonies for your advantage. Baker replied that the King held an obit for the Empress's soul. Cooke said, It availeth nothing for salvation; adding, “What availeth your babbling and your singing at matins? By God's blood, no more worth than Tokyr's wife's cow to low or else that my bitch should take Richard Tokyr's sow by the ear.” Baker said the King and his Council and all his clergy hath “myted us matins to sing and to say.” Then said John Cook, “Why, what availeth it to me without it may be sung or said in English?” Baker answered, “Nother y dyd mever (never) se Cryste souer (suffer) hys passyon, but we must beleve as the cherche taycheyth us,” With that came in the parish priest and John Hewys, and bade us hold our peace. Witnesses, Ric. Bruton and Wm. Coldwell.
P. 1. Headed: “The saying of William Baker.”
28 April. 588. Sussex and Sir John Gage to Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cromwell.
R. O. Received this day their letters of the 26th, and have secretly apprehended Thos. Titchett, whom, with such writings as we found in his house, we send to your lordships; and also Wm. Stephens, in such surety that neither shall speak to other. Calais, Wednesday, 28 April. Signed.
1. Add.: The dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk and the earl of Essex, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
28 April. 589. [Dr. Udalricus] to Sir Thomas Wyatt.
Vitell. B.
xxi., 194.
B. M.
“Magnifice Domine … non potui committere, … heserit, et non sciverim … paucioribus igitur oportet quod si quid scriptu dignum habeam … possim non habeo quum dicatur Coryceos … literas. Proximis autem literis quas etiam per … recepi ni fallor me scripturum D.T. quid Wittenberge actum … convencrant prima Martii legati Prostestantium et diutius quam cogitassent … eos coegit expectatio responsi Cesaris; promiserat enim legatis nostrorum [ad ipsum] missis, quum urgerent ut conventum suporiore anno Francfordie promiss[um quo] controversie religionis tandem decidi, et Germania pacificari possit, [tenere] vellet, viz. quod cum fratre deliberare vellet, et brevi liquidum dare c[onsilium] (quemadmodum non dubito D.T. id jampridem intellexisse). Hoc ergo liquid[um] responsum Wittenberge expectatum est a Saxo, Landgravio et ceteris legatis, sed frustra usque [in] medium Aprilis, ita ut conjici liceat, conventum hujusmodi, propterea quod in tot comiciis decretus et superiore anno diserte promissus sit, Cesarem non audere aperte Protestantibus negare, nec etiam ilium concedere posse propter Pontificem qui reformationem nullam ferre potest, neque etiam de reformatione justam deliberationem; et interim instantibus Papistis et Brunsuicensi, qui nihil omittit quo bellum in Germania excitet, sperat enim se ea occasione potentia et opibus Cesaris crescero posse: … (fn. 12) [c]onjici inquam licet Cesarem, in hoc dubio, dum neutri parti satisfacere adhuc statuit, subornasse Grandvelam suum qui, tanquam sua erga Protestantes benevolentia et pacis studio motus, Cesare non jubente quidem, consentiente tamen, singularem commentationem cum Protestantibus institueret, in qua, preter id quod tho (thesauro) interim Cesari lucrifaciat, Protestantium eciam animos cerlius exploret. Hic ergo Grandvela scripsit ad duos comites religionis purioris amantes et tamen adhuc in aliqua gratia apud Cesarem herentes, Theoderico a Mandrscheid et Guilielmum a Nova Aquila, viz., Cesari placere et se optare ut ad Saxonem et Landgravium, tanquam capita Protectantium, proficescerentur (nam et duo isti antehac eciam cum Protestantibus nomine Grandvele et aliorum egerant) et significarent quam optime Protestantibus cupiat ut eciam Cesar per se ad pacem propendeat; quominus autem hanc Protestantibus concedat, vel eciam conventum promissum instituat, has obstare causas:—Primum quotidie deferri ad Cesarem querelas de Protestantibus quod invaderent djtiones et bona ecclesiasticorum, unde Cesar suspicari cogeretur Protestantes non querere reformationem ecclesiarum sed opes earum [et] ditiones. Secundo quod antehac eciam essent habiti conventus et … tentata concordia, Protestantes autem sic perstitisse ut irritus conatus [omnis confi]ciende concordie fuerit, inde esse non paucos qui Cesarem persu[aserint … co]nventum nihil aliud querere quam ut Cesarem ludi … non enim ex animo petere ullam con[cordiam] … quam non fido et equo auimo erga … principibus et apertum bellum secum … et contra ipsum molitos esse et opis aliquod … igitur Cesari metum incutere et dubitationem … ent neque reformationem querant ii se … dare consilium, ut qui Protestantibus et Germanie bene velit … invasione bonorum ecclesiasticorum Protestantes se liberent, et … retinere, queque concedere vellent aperte sine ambagibus replicare (?) sibi, cum se bonum intercessorem apud Cesarem fore. Ista comites ad Protestantes Wittenbergie pertulerunt; et illud est id liquidum responsum quod expectarunt, viz., nihil aliud, mea sententia, quam quod Cesar instituit tempus velle extrahere, et nostros naso suspendere adunco. Protestantes decreverunt Grandvele respondendum esse, et datum est responsum, cujus copiam tamen non possum jam mittere quia legati Argentine intra quadriduum primum redierunt, et nondum retulerunt acta ad senatum, ideo adhuc videre non licuit; tamen intra octiduum certo possem habere, et D.T. mitterem si scirem per quem. Optarem autem a D.T. mihi nominari aliquem mercatorem Antuerpie ad quem mitti possent littere, fortasse cum litteris mercatorum hujus reipublice, aliquando tuto hujusmodi illo mittere liceret, si postea mercator Antuerpie, is certo ad D.T. transferendas curaret.” Would send also another answer given by the Landgrave to Granvelle apart from the public reply of the Protestants. The Divines at Wittenberg are agreed about doctrine, the use of the sacraments and the keys; “et in eo perstant quod doctrina ipsorum declarari quidem possit, sed de ea remitti nihil. De ceremoniis, vero, mediis et bonis ecclesiastic is pacisci quidem licere, sed tamen cum iis qui ilia priora jam receperunt, et ne quid detrahatur libertati Christiane aut emolumentis ministerii 31 scholarum et pauperum. Apud nos alioqui nihil novi est. Dicitur Electores Rhenanos jam iterum convenisse; an urgere velint Cesarem ut comicia indicat, expectatur. De Geldro nihil scribo, nam Gandavi dicitur esse et agere quod semper suspicatus sum futurum. Miror autem quod Brunsuicense illo bono viro in quo nec fides nec pietas interprete utatur. Ego me D.T. ut paratum servulum absque exceptione commendo; non frustra Christopherum nostrum Mont hic jam bis fuisse puto et comes Guilielmus dignus est qui serviat Regi tuo.” Wishes he himself could be of service too. “Ex hospitio nostro, raptim 28 Aprilis.”
Lat., pp. 2. Mutilated. The names in italics are in cipher, deciphered by Wyatt. Add.: Magnifico et generoso domino, D. Thome Wiat, equiti aurato, Sereniss. Regis Anglie consiliario et apud Cesarem legato.
28 April. 590. Guillaume Rousselet to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
iv. 70.
Adv. Lib.
Is aware it is no news to tell her of the victory gained by the Duke, her son, against the late Mods. de la Val. Has had charge of the whole production necessary for the process, and has devoted his whole attention to the business for two or three years at Paris. Does not write for reward, but requests to have the office of maître des reguestes ordinaire of her house, without wages. Chateaudun, 28 April. Signed.
Fr., pp.
2. Add.: A la Royne d'Escosse. Endd.. le Bailly Roussellet.
29 April. 591. Aguilar to Charles V.
Add. MS.
25,592, f. 76.
B. M.
Received his letter of the 11th, by Andalot, who, after speaking with Madame, communicated to Aguilar the despatch which he brought; which was so apt that, with his dexterity, it is to be hoped that it will have the desired effect. Andalot presented the Emperor's letter in his own hand to the Pope, who was much consoled and satisfied; and Madame, understanding the Emperor's wish, will not fail (non ha da faltar) in her duty as an obedient daughter. The Pope asked whether Aguilar had written to the Emperor his answer regarding Camarino. Replied, Yes, adding that he thought, since the Emperor was content that the estate should be bound for the 150,000 ducats for the daughters in default of sons, that the Pope ought to agree to it. He answered that all should be well, and that he would take another means to satisfy the Emperor. Understands, by the duke of Castro, that the Legate is instructed to propose that the estate of Novara should be bound for the 150,000 ducats. Told the Duke that that was absurd, as in Novara daughters were able to succeed, and advised them rather to offer that the house of Farnese, jointly with that of Camarino, should be bound for the money.
The Pope has received from the Legate the Emperor's answer to the heretics, which Aguilar was ordered to communicate, and thinks the Emperor and king of the Romans have begun well. Hearing that a diet was granted at Spires, at which the king of the Romans should be present, the Pope said he would send a representative to it other than Cardinal Farnese, who was sent only to be present at the treaty of peace; and would write to Farnese to take leave. The deposit of the 50,000 ducats of Germany the Pope has provided in Antwerp, because he found no exchange here to place them in Augsburg. As for the mandate to enter into the Catholic League; after Aguilar wrote last that he had resolved to send it, his Holiness brought the matter before the College, where the French party, to hinder it, urged him not to send the mandate until he saw the chapters of the league he was to authorise (otorgar). Aguilar pointed out that the mandate was as much to settle the said chapters as to authorise them, and his Holiness, yesterday, promised, in Andalot's presence, to send it.
Statement of negociations for resistance against the Turk. About the resignation of the legacy of Avignon, his Holiness says great instance has been made by the French ambassador and Mons. de Rodes, who (Aguilar wrote) had come to visit the Pope. His Holiness answered them that he was Pope and a gentleman born, and would not be forced to do anything, and would not not do this for the reasons which he had before told them. The said Mons. de Rodes remains as ambassador, and the other is leaving. It is said that this man who remains is a thing (cosa) of the Great Master; and apparently his coming was for this. The export (trata) of grain. Is glad to have received from the Emperor such full particulars about the establishment of peace. As for Milan, the Pope thinks that the Emperor's desire for the peace of Christendom most laudable, but that it is prudent to consider well the importance of the matter. The agreement between Don Gaston and Don Juan de la Cerda. Has done his best to maintain the abbess of Romaricamonte (fn. 13) in possession, for there has been much solicitation against her on the French king's behalf. The dispensation for the Comendadors. The business of the prince of Salmona has been delayed, the Pope says, only by the cavils of Ascanio Colona. At Aguilar's request the Pope sends the hat of the Cardinal of Geneva by this courier, to be at his choice whether to receive it there or in Burgundy.
The Pope proceeds to the punishment of Perugia. The viceroy of Naples has promised him 3,000 or 4,000 Spaniards. The Pope is now making 5,000 Italians, and has sent to Trent for 2,000 Germans. Aguilar has had no opportunity yet to write to them of Perugia urging submission; but thinks that any means should be taken to save money, which would be better employed against the Turk. Stephen Colona would not serve in this enterprise, and Alessandro Vitello is to undertake it if the Emperor or viceroy of Naples will give him leave. Reminds the Emperor to thank the Comendador Valençuela. Rome, 29 April 1540.
P.S.—The Cardinal, my brother, arrived here three days ago.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 12.
30 April. 592. Rumored Taxation.
R. O. Information laid by Richard Venycom, one of the constables of Boston, 30 April, 32 Henry VIII., before John Reeyde and Nich. Robertson, justices of the peace in Holland, Linc., that Sir Andrew Hedlay, priest of Boston, told him that one Nich. Smyth, weaver of Boston, had told him that one Rabdyke of Boston, mariner, brought news to the town that he heard say at Louth that the King should have the tenth penny of every man's goods within this realm. The said constable examined the weaver, who confessed the words which he said Rabdyke told him at his shop window, and he repeats his confession before the justices with further particulars.
Agnes Whetley, his servant, aged 14, confirms the statement.
P. 1.
30 April. 593. George abp. of Dublin and Others to Henry VIII.
The letter noticed under this date in the Carew Calendar (No. 145), upon the subject of a grant to Patrick Barnewall of the constableship and mill of Balymore, is really of the year 1537; but reference to it was accidentally omitted in Vol. XII.
30 April. 594. Council of Ireland to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. iii., 197.
We, the Chancellor, Abp., Vice-treasurer, and Master of the Rolls, were above the Barrowe on the King's affairs when bruit came that the Deputy would leave for England within six days. Thereupon the Tooles spoiled and murdered the subjects of the King's lands, and the Kavenaghes those of Wexford. Had, with Ormond, appointed a parley with James Fitz John, of Desmond; but, four days before, a letter came summoning them to the Deputy. Left Ormond to parley with Desmond and hastened towards the Deputy, receiving by the way a copy of the King's letters to him—the first news they had of his licence to repair to England. At Dublin found the Deputy ready to take ship. After two or three days the dean of Dublin arrived and delivered the King's and Cromwell's letters for the Chancellor and Vice-treasurer to repair to the King. The Deputy before the obtaining of the King's letters had some privy knowledge of his licence and was prepared; but they cannot be ready so soon, as they must provide for their expenses, and also, by custom, must be present at the election of the Justice who shall supply the Deputy's room. Also there are certain parleys fixed with Irish captaius, and they will wait till they can bring news of the results.
OConnor has now invaded Kildare, and ONeyle is never at peace. Have most trust in OByrne and ORayly. Beg that the Chancellor and Treasurer may be excused for a season and they shall be there about Pentecost. Dublin, 30 April. Signed: John Alen, Ks. Chunceler—James Orm. and Oss.—George Dublin.—Wili'm Brabason—Robert Cowley.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
30 April. 595. Richard Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. Wrote last April 16, and gave the letter to the earl of Sussex to be sent by his servant. By it, informed Cromwell of the news of Arde and that he has begun to go forward with Becham's bulwark, which will employ all the money he now has. When next month's wages are paid, there will be very little left. Wishes to know the King's pleasure. It would be a great pity to leave the bulwark unfinished this year, as the earl of Sussex and the other commissioners will show the King. There are also other things needful to be done. Calais, 30 April. Signed.
1. Add.: Earl of Essex, Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
30 April. 596. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O. Dr. Olesleger came to me to-day from the Duke his master, to show what had been done in his matter in the last two days, viz., that the Duke, being sent for, came to king Ferdinand, who, by his vice-chancellor, told him that he wished to see some good end between him and the Emperor and had examined the claims of the Emperor and the Duke to Gueldres with the reasons alleged on both sides; that though he would not take upon him to pronounce as a judge, he would shew him his mind as a friend; that he thought the Emperor had better right to the Duchy than he and that he recommended him to follow the Emperor's mind. When the Vice-chancellor had explained all this, the King himself expressed his approval of it and urged the Duke not to give too light credence to advocates and proctors who could easily find cavils for lucre. He also represented the danger of having such an adversary as the Emperor. The Duke caused answer to be made confuting the reasons alleged on the Emperor's part and confirming his own; he did not follow the advice of advocates and proctors, but of princes of great wisdom, and did nothing against his conscience and wished the matter judged according to law; he desired the King to help him to make some good end or else have the matter tried by law. The Duke has been again with the King since, when the King told him that the Emperor wished him to deliver possession of Gueldres, not as to the duke of Burgundy but as to the Emperor, and then he would be glad to enter into reasonable communication with him. To this the Duke said as he had done before, that he could not consent till he had spoken with the Duchess his mother, and with the country. The King said the Emperor insisted on having possession before any end was made, and as they could not agree they parted. But the duke of Brunswick has since come to the Duke, saying he had no doubt if he would give up possession to the Emperor the latter would give him more than he should have by law, and, for more assurance, desired him to put his mind in writing that he was willing to put the Emperor in possession of Gueldres, and what he wished of the Emperor in return, and if the Emperor would not agree he should be free. But the Duke's council, suspecting subtlety, persisted in their former answer. Brunswick then suggested that he should deliver possession to the king of the Romans, the bp. of Cologne, and the Elector Palatine; to which the Duke replied that it was not his private matter or he would do so, but if the Emperor would let him have Gueldres peaceably, and after his death everyone should stand to his right as the law would, he thought this might be satisfactory. Brunswick did not think the Emperor would be content, but coming to the Duke again, he said the king of the Romans, the Queen Regent and he had spoken with the Emperor, who said plainly that he would enter into no conference till possession was given up, and that the Duke, in entering into possession of Gueldres without the Emperor's authority, deserved to be deprived of all the rest he holds of the Emperor. The Duke said he marvelled that the Emperor was so stiff when he was content that the last duke of Gueldres, who was continually his enemy, and had done him more hurt than any other prince, and had no right in the world to Gueldres and never kept promise with the Emperor, should have Gueldres for him and his posterity if God had sent him any; whilst he, the duke of Cleves, who never did him hurt and never brake promise, who had a just title to Gueldres and whose ancestors had always been friends to the dukes of Brabant, could not obtain to be in rest even for his life alone. Brunswick said he knew not the cause, but the Emperor's mind was set on it.
Finally Olesleger told me that the Duke, seeing matters not going so well as he expected, intends to go home as soon as he can, and, to get leave to do so, will make as though he would not stick to do what tbey shall ask him, but will say he must first speak with the lady Duchess and his people. I said that though I doubted not but that the Duke would be suffered to leave, yet it would be not unwise to have horses ready in divers places and 2 or 3 ways; so that in case it chanced otherwise they might be able to save him. Olesleger said the Duke was perhaps in more danger than I thought; for the duke of Brunswick showed him one day it was come to the Emperor's ears that the duke of Cleves' men said the Emperor would not lightly make war against the Duke, who, besides his own great power, was so allied with the king of England, elector of Saxony, and other princes, that he could well enough resist the Emperor. The Emperor was offended that the Duke should suffer his men to speak so. The Duke, on enquiry, found that none of his men had spoken such words; so that this seemed “to be half a picking of a quarrel.” I said, no doubt the Duke would write thereof to the King. He replied that the Duke and his council thought it better to write to no one till he was back in his own country again, and wished me to certify your Highness that he was like to have no such end here as he looked for, and therefore intended to return home, from whence he would write fully, and willed me to write no more of these matters till the Duke was over the Mase again. As there was watch kept to know who resorted to him, the Duke desired me to forbear coming to his house until he had leave to depart, but Olesleger or some other would keep me informed how matters went.
Pelow arrived here on Tuesday last. This day the Emperor gave sentence against the town of Gand for their rebellion, a sentence so severe that it will go nigh to undo all the town. Gand, 30 April, 1540.
Hol., pp. 7. Add. Endd.: Doctor Wotton.
30 April. 597. Wotton to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. viii.,
The duke of Cleves, finding things here not as they were promised, will return home as soon as he can get leave. Pelow returned to the Emperor on Tuesday last. The Emperor offers that the duke of Orleans shall marry the Emperor's daughter and have Flanders, provided the French king return all that he holds on this side the Some. The Emperor's son shall marry the daughter of Navarre and have all the king of Navarre holds under Francis. One of the king of the Romans' sons shall marry the French king's daughter and be duke of Milan. But, seeing that the Emperor has but one son, it is unlikely that the Spaniards will suffer the eldest daughter, who may chance to inherit all Spain, to be married in France. This day the Emperor gave sentence against the town of Gand, taking away their privileges, reducing the 53 crafts to 21, and confiscating their common goods, stopping payment of the 550l. “greate,” which he was bound yearly to pay to the town, and condemning them to pay all damages due to their not cooperating with the other towns when the siege lay before Terwyn, and all losses sustained by the burgesses who fled in the last insurrection. Besides this, a certain number must come with halters about their neeks to ask the Emperor and Queen for forgiveness; they must wear no weapons. Will send the first copy I can get. The Emperor is this day gone to the Chartrowse, where he causes the Empress' anniversary to be kept this evening and to-morrow. Gand, 30 April, 1540.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Sentence given by the Emperor against the town of Gaunt, upholding the agreement made by the three estates of Flanders of 400,000 carolus and disallowing their appeal made upon three privileges granted to them by counts Guy and Luys de Nevers, and Madame Marie, and subjecting them to severe penalties. “Prononcé en présence de sa M. a Gand ce derrain jour Davril 1540.”
French. Copy, pp. 3.
R. O. 3. English translation of the above.
In Soulemont's hand, pp. 4. Endd.: Translated by Mr. Soulemont out of French into English.
598. Cromwell's Remembrances.
R. O. To remember the bp. of Sarum, the ambassador of duke Lewys, Jobn Heron's letter of Chipches, and Jack of Musgrave's letters. Letters to be written to John Heron, Sir Wm. Evers, and others. For the translations of the Neapolitan's device for a castle to be new made. The articles for the Religion. The bill for the Parliament, to be drawn against Giles Heron, for his abominable treasons. Touching Brown, the sergeant. To remember Wm. More and Manchester. The book of the city of London for Southwark. Money for Ryee, Calshot and others. Touching the young lord of Oxford's will. Dr. Powell and Fetherstone. Abell in the King's Bench. The mending of the act for cloths going out. Touching Richard Fermour.
In Cromwell's hand.
ii. On the same paper in another hand:—The whole number of workmen in wages at the tower at Winchelsea, the 16th pay, is 1,272, consisting of masons, carpenters and sawyers at the tower and at Knell wood, scavill men, labourers at Hastings and Farly quarries, “small cowrtes,” &c. (numbers of each given).
Pp 2. Endd.: Certain remembrances of my lord's own writing.
R. O. 2. Fair copy of § i. of the preceding, with the following additions in Cromwell's hand: — To send for the mayor of the Staple to make prest payment at Calais. To send to Calais with all speed and diligence. To despatch my lord Chamberlain.
P. 1.
599. The King's Household and Armoury. (fn. 14)
Cott. Appx.
xxviii. f. 76.
B. M.
An estimate of the expenses of the King's Household from 1 Oct. 31 Hen. VIII. to 1 Oct. next following, and also of such ready money as shall be received by the cofferer, within the said term, for the payments of the same.
First, the expenses from 1 Oct. 31 Hen. VIII. to 1 April next following as, by view thereof made, it may appear, 14,936l. 17s.d. Expenses for April, May, and June, by estimation, 8,500l., and for July, August, and September, by estimation, 7,500l. Item, provision of wheat, wax, beefs, muttons, lings, cods, salt, wood, coals, hay, and oats, to be provided for the year to come, by estimation, 4,000l. Surplusage owing for the 30th year, ended Mich, last, 1,771l. 15s.d.
The cofferer has received of the King, by way of loan, at two sundry times, 20,000l. 12s. 7d., and expects to receive before 1 Oct. next, 8,000l., so that the charges exceed the receipts 7,708l., besides the expenses of St. George's Feast, holden at Windsor, 17 May, 31 Hen. VIII., viz., 78l. 12¾d.
Memorandum—there remains to receive of the 19,394l. 16s. 4d. assigned for the expenses of the Household, 11,394l. 16s. 4d., “which shall not be received before Candlemas term, towards the charge of the next year following.”
Pp. 2. Endd.
Cott. Appx.
xxviii., 73
B. M.
2. The charges of the King's own armoury, for a year. Fee of the Master of the Armoury, paid by the customer of Chichester, 31l. 11s. The clerk and yeoman, 22s. a month, paid by the treasurer of the Chamber, Erasmus, the chief armourer, 26s. 8d. a month. Old Martyn, 38s. 10d. Matthew Dethyke, 24s. Hans Clinkedager, 24s. Jasper Kemp, 24s. The gilder, 40s. a year. Two lockyers, 20s. each a month. One millman, 24s. The apprentice, 6d. a day. Eight bundles of steel a year at 38s. Costs of the house at 7l. a month. Total, 308l. 8s. 4d.
2. In the same hand as the preceding.
Cott. Appx.
xxviii., 74.
B. M.
3. The wages of 12 armourers at 24s. a month, two locksmiths at 20s., and four apprentices at 6d. a day, to be divided into two shops. Two millmen at 24s. Sixteen bundles of steel, to serve both shops, at 38s. Four loads of charcoal a month to each shop, at 9s. A hide of buff leather a month for both shops, at 10s., and a cowhide at 6s. 8d. A hundred of iron a month, at 6s. 8d. 15 lb. of wisp steel, at 4d. a lb. 12 lb. of wire at 4d. Nails and buckles, 5s. Liveries of the men, 4 yds. broadcloth at 5s., and 3 yds. kersey at 2s. Total [for a year], 303l. 4s. 4d.
These men will make yearly 32 harnesses complete, from the abovementioned material, to be rated at 12l. each.
Of the 12 armourers to be divided as above, four will be taken from Erasmus' shop, wherein the King will save yearly 68l.
3. In the same hand as § 1 and § 2. Endd.. Certen charges of the Armorye.
600. Lay Subsidy.
R. O. Account of receipts for the subsidy granted by the laity ao 14, and the 15th and 10th, granted by the laity ao 3 and ao 26 Hen. VIII. Giving under terms the receipts from the hundreds or other divisions with the names of counties in the margin. The total for each term is signed by the receiver.
Easter term, 21 Hen. VIII., subsidy (fourth payment) from Papworth, Arnyngford, and Stow, Camb., [and Wotton, Oxon], (fn. 15) received by Brian Tuke, Esq., treasurer of the Chamber. Mich. term, 21 Hen. VIII., subsidy (fourth payment) from Humlyard, Lynne Bishops, Febrege, Marshland, &c., Norf., Lewes, Suss., Bruton, Soms., received by Sir Brian Tuke, “knight,” treasurer of the Chamber. Easter, 21 Hen. VIII., 15th and 10th (second payment), from West Riding, received by Brian Tuke. Mich., 21 Hen. VIII., subsidy (first payment) from Litell and Lesnes, Kent, received by Sir B. Tuke. Mich., 21 Hen. VIII., subsidy (second payment) from Steynclyf and Yoweros, in the West Riding; Larkfeld, Chetham, Gillingham, and West Mailing in the Island of Grene, Kent; Mansed, Beds; Skyrak in West Riding; received by Sir B. Tuke. [Easter, 23 Hen. VIII., of the second half of the second tenth of the second tenths (“ijde metis ijde xme ijarum xarum”) granted by the clergy in the archdeaconry of Richmond, 6l. 8s. 11d.]. (fn. 16) Easter, 21 Hen. VIII., subsidy (third payment) from Layland, Lanc., received by Brian Tuke. Mich., 22 Hen. VIII., subsidy (third payment) from the West Riding, received by Sir B. Tuke. Easter, 22 Hen. VIII., subsidy (fourth payment), from Lewes, Suss., Eastflegg and Westflegg, Norf., received by Sir B. Tuke. Mich., 22 Hen. VIII., subsidy (fourth payment) from Lynne Bishop, Frebrege, &c., Norf., Chippenham, Wilts, and Abdyk, Soms., received by Tuke. Mich., 23 Hen. VIII., subsidy (fourth payment) from Bruton, Soms., received by Tuke. Easter, 28 and 29 Hen. VIII. (heading only).
Mich., 29 Hen. VIII., whole 15th and 10th granted in 26 Hen. VIII. by the laity, from 86 districts (such as hundreds, wapentakes, &c.); total, 2,511l. 11s. 4d., received by Tuke, and also signed bv Thomas Carmarden. Also [Easter, 30 Hen. VIII.?] from 43 districts; total, 2,970l. 8s. 10d., received by Tuke, signed also by Carmarden. Paid to and received by Antony Denny, 4,000l. Mich., 30 Hen. VIII., from 93 districts, received by Robert Fouler, vice-treasurer of Calais, 2,500l.; also from nine other districts, received, 26 Nov. 30 Hen. VIII., by John Gostwyk, treasurer of First Fruits and Tenths, 1,000l. (fn. 17); from 11 other districts, received by Ant. Denny, 1,072l. 13s.d.; and from 40 districts, received by Tuke, 1,454l. 6s. 10d.
Easter, 31 Hen. VIII., from 24 districts, 700l., received by William Gonson for the Navy. [Mich. 31 Hen. VIII., Northt., Ant. Catysby, sheriff, out of the issues of his baileywick, 15l.] (fn. 18). Mich., 31 Hen. VIII., from 22 districts, received by Tuke, 452l. 2s. 4d., also signed by Thos. Carmarden. Easter, 32 Hen. VIII., from 14 districts (incomplete).
* * * The amounts signed for as received by Gostwick, Denny, &c., are not the whole receipts from the district immediately preceding their entry, but seem to be entered by Tuke, during the progress of the book, as paid out of the total money in hand.
Pp. 90, of which 38 are blank.
601. Sir Wm. Ayscugh to Cromwell.
R. O. Has received Cromwell's letter and, according to the tenor thereof, has restored the chaunter to the chantry of St. Helen's in Croft, notwithstanding good reasons for expulsion, as Cromwell shall know hereafter. Where Cromwell marvels that Ayscugh has not, at the King's command, repaired unto his Majesty and the Council: from a long time before the receipt of Cromwell's first letters he has not been able to go except he is borne on two men's shoulders, and even in bed he requires two men to turn him. As all the country knows, his flesh is clean decayed and wasted. If he only knew how, he would gladly resort to the Council. Signed.
1. Add.: Earl of Essex and Lord Privy Seal.
602. Katherine Champernon to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for his goodness to her. Hears the Prince will have many more officers. Asks for the place of yeoman of the bottles for a friend of hers, or some other place, if the grant of that is passed. There is no honester man, which is well known in this house.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord of Essex. Endd.
[April?] 603. John Copynger to Dr. Bellious.
R. O. I beg you will remember me to my lord (Cromwell) “if you perceive cause of Rochester, or anything out of that to be gotten at this time.” If not, there be many parsonages belonging to Leedes Abbey, and one called Bordon, near Sethyngbourne, which lies very commodiously for me. I shall deserve it both to my Lord and you. I have great need of something for my long service this 40 years, and my long sickness has been very chargeable. Written this Monday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Written apparently on the flyleaf of a letter addressed:
To my very good lord, the bp. of Landaf, lord president of the King's Council in the North parts.”
604. Wm. Coke to Cromwell.
R. O. Is utterly undone without Cromwell's aid. Was steward of Calais Custle under Sir John Wallop, and served the King there for nine years. Refused that service only because my good lady, who was always my heavy lady and mistress, caused my said master to do little for me, his poor kinsman. Has been afraid to resort to Cromwell without his late master's letters, which he might have had but for his (Wallop's) journey into France. Begs Cromwell's letters to Calais, or any other place to appoint him a living.
Hol., p. 1. Add. at the head: The right honourable earl of Essex and Lord Chamberlain of England.
April. 605. Ri. Gwent to Cromwell.
R. O.
Doctor Smyth, of Northamptonshire, (fn. 19) an aged man, is at the point of death. He is archdeacou of Northampton, which is 100l. de claro, and prebendary of Leyton Bromswold, which is 10l. The bp. of Lincoln is patron of both, and will not “stycke” with Cromwell, now being at hand in the Court. “It will be worth your boat-hire home if you remember your beadsman subscribed.”
Hol., p. 1. Add.: lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Robert —, April.
606. Antony Knyvet to Cromwell.
R. O. Without Cromwell's help he is undone. Has had a long suit to the King for a piece of land worth 20l. a year, and the King was once content to give it, for Knyvet to pay his debts; but the matter is stayed because Mr. Pollard has not informed the King of “the said lordship.” If Cromwell will speak to Mr. Pollard to inform the King of “the said lordship,” and will move the King to give “it,” or any other, Knyvet will be most bound to his Highness. Is outlawed at two men's suits, and not yet able to come to Court, but trusts to be shortly. Begs help.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Earl of Essex, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
607. Anne Owen to Cromwell.
R. O. Thanks him for his favour to little Owen, (fn. 20) his servant, and asks him to put him in the governance of Master Pollart, so that he may learn to do his duty. Apologises for not having paid Cromwell the 40 mks. due for two years' arrears at Lady Day. The lord Chancellor and lord Admiral have promised her that Cromwell shall have it. Neither they nor she knew but that he had received it. That done, hopes he will remember the receipt of 80 mks. for 4 years' payment. Asks that the child might have the said 40 mks., to be the more able to serve Cromwell, as other gentlemen do, to find himself and his servant. Signed: “Pore Anne Owen.”
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To, &c., my special good lord. Endd.: Anne Owen to my lord P. S.
608. Calais.
R. O. “A book of the wages of the King's Council of Calais.”
Lord Viscount Lisle, the King's deputy, 2s. a day; 20 mks. annual reward; wages of one spear at 18d. a day, 2 archers and 19 soldiers at 8d., and 19 soldiers at 6d., whereof one day's wage is deducted for the King, and the 18th part for victual money; and 204l. for spial money. Total, 680l. 13s. 10d.
Sir Ric. Grandfylde, high marshal, 2s. a day; 20 mks. reward; wages for 16 soldiers (5 at 8d. and 11 at 6d.): total, 198l. 16s. 2d. Sir Edw. Ryngeley, comptroller, 18d. a day and wages for 3 soldiers at 8d., 4 men at 6d., and clerks, 181l. 4s. 2d. Sir Thos. Palmer, porter, 12d. a day, 20 mks. in reward and allowances, 193l. 19d. Wm. Sympson, under-marshal, 18d. a day, &c., 63l. 0s. 6d. Sir John Wallopp, lieutenant of the Castle, 2s. a day and 20l. reward, with wages for 49 soldiers, 558l. 19s. 1d.
The High Treasurer's room as it was in the time of Sir Hugh Conway, the now lord Sandes, and Sir Richard Weston, as follows:—Wages of 5 men at arms on horseback, 12d. a day, and 20 mks. reward; 5 archers on horseback, 8d.; 5 men at arms on foot, 8d.; 5 archers on foot, 6d.; 18 arbalysters, 10d.; 22 arbalysters, 8d.; 15 masons and 20 carpenters, one plumber and one tiler, a master of artillery, and a purveyor of stuff, 8d.; master mason, master smith, master carpenter, 12d.; the pension of the Carmelite Friars, 20 mks.; and allowances for his deputy going to London, fees to surveyors, &c. Total, after deduction for victual money, 1,526l. 18s. 4d.
The Vice-treasurer's room:—4 men at arms at 20l. a year; one archer on horseback, 8d. a day; one constable, 10l. a year; the treasurer's deputy, 12d. a day; 4 men at 8d.; 3 men at 6d.; 4 men at 8d., Calais money; also 27 men at 6l. 13s. 4d. a year; 6 men at 8d. a day by the King's grants, viz., Wm. Rycarsbye, Stephen Lylley, Ric. Gybson, Tybote Parroche, John Wylliams, and John Everyngham alias Butcher; master mason, master carpenter, and master smith, at 12d.; a warden of the masons at 11l. 3s. 10d. a year; 14 masons at 10d. a day; 20 carpenters at 9l. 4s. 9d. a year; a plumber and a tiler at 7l. 10s. 5d. “Jesus and St. George, in both churches, for the Exchequer Company, which be in the King's petty wages, 4l. 2s. 8d.” The Friars, yearly, 13l. 6s. 8d. St. John. Baptist, yearly, 13l. 6s. 8d. For the costs of the Vice-treasurer's deputy going to London, &c., watches and banquets in herring time and Christmas, &c., 40l., and other allowances. Total, 1,064l. 18s. 3d.
And so remains to the King yearly of the High Treasurer's room, 462l. 0s. 1d., beside the wages of 6 men and 3 masons, granted by the King's warrant, amounting to 73l. 2s.
6, with title on fly leaf as above.
Cott. Appx.
xxviii. 13.
B. M.
2. The yearly fees of the deputy and other the King's officers at Calais, with a note of their retinue, giving the same particulars as the preceding, but without the names of the officers.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 3. “Names of officers and other extraordinaries, as annuities and fees, in Calais and in the marches.”
Hen. Palmer, bailiff of Guisnes, at 2s. “st. table” by the day, by patent. John Sandys, bailiff of Colne, at 12d. “merst.” (?) by the day, by patent, Lord Sandys, sometime receiver of Guisnes county, at 18d. “merst.” by patent. Thos. Fouler, receiver of Marke and Oye, at 20l. “merst.” per ann., by patent. Rob. Poole, collector of the quit rents, at 8d. st. a day, by patent. John Barthelet, searcher at Calais, at 12d. “merst.” a day, by patent. John Hussay, searcher at Marke, at 8d. st. a day, by patent. Edw. Peyton, customer at the Lanterngate, 12d. “st. table” a day, by patent. Vincent Fynche, bedel and serjeant royal of Marke and Oye, at 8d. a day, by patent, and annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d. “st. t.” Sir Chr. Morryce has 2 men at 8d. a day each, by warrant, for overseeing the King's ordnance. Geo. Browne, master of the ordnance at Calais. 12d. a day for himself, and 6d. for a man under him, by patent. Two men under Mr. High Marshal at 5d. st. t. a day, for looking to the town dykes. Will. London, keeper of the Staple Inn, at [4d.] (fn. 21) a day, by patent. Ric. Lee, surveyor of the King's works, at [30l.] (fn. 21) “merst.” a year, by patent. The clerk of the Council for fuel for the Council Chamber, 4l. st. t. a year. Henry Palmer, keeper of the forest of G[uisnes], 4d. “merst.” a day, by [patent]. Will. Flower, pursuivant at arms, alias G[uisnes], at 8d. “merst.” a day, “by the King's letters w… Gilbert Dethicke, alias Hampnes pursuivant, at [8d.] (fn. 21) “merst.” a day, by patent.
My lord Deputy for spial money, 204l. st. t. a year, by patent. Sir Thomas Palmer, annuity of 50l. “merst.,” by patent. Geo. Gruffythe, ann. of 50l. till he be furnished with a spear's room and 3 men in wages under him. John Myddleton, ann. 13s. 6s. 8d., in exchange for the toll at Marke, whereof he had yearly 12l. 10s. 11d. st. t., by patent. Sir Edw. Ryngeley, controller, for sustentation of his clerks, 86l. 13s. 4d., by patent. Ric. Long, ann. 20l. stg., by patent. Tho. Tate and Ralph Broke, ann. 50 marks st., by patent. Tho. Tutchet, ann. 100s., by patent,
ii. “Wages of men extraordinary under [the] spears.” Rob. ap Reignoldes for one man under him [8d.] (fn. 21) a day. John Rawllyns for 2 men under him 8d. a day each. Ralph Broke, one man at 8d. Edw. Ponynges, one man at 8d., who was late under Nich. Sampson. Ric. Long, 2 men at 8d. by patent. Tho. Tate, one man at 8d. John Highfylde, one man at 8d. till he be furnished with a room of 8d. Tho. Nete alias Pynnour in his own wages at 6d. till he be in like wages in the King's retinue. Christiane Sackvyle for rent of a house occupied by the King's ordnance, 17l. 6s. 8d. st. Ric. Parker for rent of a house occupied by the King's ordnance, 6l. 13s. 4d. “merst.” “Also three great store-houses called Multons place, taken to the King's use for his ordnance and occupied with some part of the same by appointment of Sir Christopher Morryce at 6l. 13s. 4d. st. t. by the year, and due for three years ended at Michaelmas last past, not paid for lack of a warrant which the said Sir Christopher promised to obtain at the first taking of the same.” [Most of the payments in this section are by writ of privy seal, one by patent and one by letters under the signet.]
Pp. 6.
R. O. 4. “Offices and fees extraordinary in Calais” which my lords of the Council think must needs be continued.
The bailiffs of Marke and Oye, Guisnez, Sandgate, and Scunage; the receivers of Guisnes county and of Mark and Oye; the collectors of the “Quyterents in Calays,” the “Wollebeame” and the Customs; the searchers of Calais and of Marke and Oye; the serjeant royal and beadle of Marke, the master of the ordnance and his man; 2 dike keepers; the surveyor; fuel for the Council chamber; the forester of Guisnes; Guisnes and Hammes pursuivants; the 204l. which my lord Deputy has as “spiall money,” and 80l. for the Comptroller's clerks. (Fees and amounts specified.)
ii. Things respited until the King shall “determine his pleasure” therein.
Sir Chr. Morres has 2 men at 8d. a day as Sir Wm. Skevington had. Wm. London has 4d. a day for keeping Staple Inn, which “might he saved seeing the Deputy lieth in it.” Sir Thos. Palmer has an annuity of 50l., “who is poor, and an old servant having none other living but only his office.” George Gruffith has an annuity of 50l., is poor and feeble, and has no other living and was servant to Henry VII. John Myddelton has 13l. 6s. 8d. annuity in lieu of the toll of Marke which he had by letters patent, and which is now worth to the King 40l., “wherefore my lords think of conscience he should enjoy it for term of his life.” Ric. Long has an annuity of 20l. and owes the King upon the same by warrant 50l., it were good to “extinct the warrant and forgive the debt.” Thos. Tichet, the post, has 100s. annuity, “who is but a poor man.” Houses are hired for the ordnance at 30l. a year; if the King has not suitable houses for it they should be purchased.
iii. “Things which my lords think meet to be extincted and have clearly crossed out.”
John Ruckwood's annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d. for purveying timber. Lord Sandes' annuity of 56l. as treasurer of the wars. Vincent Fynche's joint patent with Ant. Pelham, in annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d Ric. Long's aunuity of 20l. Thos. Tate and Ralph Broke, annuity of 50 marks. Robt. ap Reynolds has a man under him at 8d. a day, John Rawlyns has two, Ralph Brooke one, Edw. Poynenges one, Ric. Long two, Thos. Tate one, and John Hieghfeld one. Wm. Poole and John Vaughan have each 8d. a day, and Thos. Nete alias Pynner has 6d. a day.
Pp. 3. Endd.: A book of the extraordinary of Calais.
609. Calais.
Faustina E.
vii. 75.
B. M.
Muster roll and regulations.
Le Vynteyne.—John Burner, vintner, and Hugh Abell, his companion, at 6d. each a day, of which for victual money after the rate of the 18th part, 20s. 2d., one day for the King, 12d. = 17l. 3s. 10d. Bowen Williamson, Wm. Garret, John Ernesbie, Asswerus Skarbrough, John Burdock, Nic. Squyer, John Worthe, Jarvys Harryson, John Kele, Wm. Porter, John Rogers, Robt. Marshall, 8l. 11s. 11d. each. Total 120l. 6s. 10d. “st. table.” (fn. 22)
John Gavell, vintner, and Thos. Capman, his companion, with Hen. Salisburie, Thos. Woodvall, Wm. Mason, Loy Valentyne, Ric. Hudson, Barnerde Borroughe, Hen. Banester, John Forley, Thos. Canck, John Neeles, 103l. 3s. “st. t.” (fn. 23)
John Sheparde, vintner, and Davie Johnes, with Roger Browne, Thos. Wylloughbie, Fras. le Criante, Newell Chamberlayn, Edw. Newton, Wm. Wilson, John Dybden, Rauffe Walshe, Nic. Sharpe, John Whytewaie, Robt. Horner, John Hancock, Hen. Conwaie, 137l. 10s. 10d.
Thos. Howard, vintner, and Wm. Tewe, with John Oxen, John Harding, John Thorneton, Thos. Gybbys, Denys Carlier, Wm. Gawton, Gylbert Clark, Nic. Towers, Edw. Malpas, Robt. Shepey, Thos. Henley, Thos. Dolingcorte, John Brok, 128l. 18s. 9d.
John Gelders, vintner, and John Sympson, with Petur Bequethe, Ric. Staunton, Walter Kydwalley, Thos. Turtell, John Smythe, Thos. Walkeley, John Tymberlacke, Thos. Essex, Wm. Browne, John Stewarde, John Cradocke, 111l. 14s. 11d.
Wm. Stephyns, vintner, and Edm. Massey, with Wm. Tyson, John Forde, Edw. Mayghelyn, John Frodsome, Thos. Coplonde, Jas. Belingham, Ric. Cowchey, Rowlond Stafforde, Wm. Fletcher, Hamlet Rider, Thos. Hudlestone, 111l. 14s. 11d.
Fras. Itchingam, vintner, and John Bull, with Wm. West, Thos. Larke, Robt. Clare, Thos. Marble, Thos. Oswolde, Geo. Kinge, Godfrey Arnold, Jas. Mychell, Peers Edge, Wm. Kennerdaye, Robt. Smythe, 111l. 14s. 11d.
Hugh Phylcockes, vintner, and Thos. Haynes, with Vincent Tucker, Edm. Prestwiche, Rowland Jacson, Wm. Page, Humfrey Bowthe, Wm. Chidlo, Randall Damport, John Russell, 94l. 11s. 11d.
Hen. Harper, vintner, and Ellis Furnys, with Wm. Fuller, Edm. Davie, John Forde, Hen. Sadlington, Thos. Sommer, Thos. Acort, Wm. Talbote, Ph. Creyer, Nic. Rowlande, 94l. 11s. 1d.
Ric. Rippley, vintner, and Wm. Birch, with Hen. Snowdon, Geo. Pemberton Walter Edwards, Robt. Burgent, Wm. Dyer, John Hudson, Robt. Williams, John Hopkyns, Ric. Harwood, Robt. Bonde, Ric. Lynche, Edw. Wilson, Ellys Gruffithe, Ric. Moune, 137l. 10s. 8d.
Sampson Norton, vintner, and Thos. Benet, with John Byrtcham, John Davie, Barthelmew Garret, Henrie Porter, John Calverley, George Carie, George Hewet, Wm. Assheton, Gyles Sedewyek, John Chaunce, Jas. Thatcher, Wm. Barre, 128l. 18s. 9d.
Wm. Marche, vintner, and Peter Locker, with Edw. Faunte, Nic. Edmede, Robt. Amorgan, Nic. Mykilton, Wm. Godbalde, John Philips, Robt. Chamberlayn, John Hollonde, John Lawrence, Hugh Colton, Nic. Lannoye, John Fraunces, Nicholas, 127l. 10s. 1d.
Total of the Vynteyne, being in their own wages with two persons under the Surveyor, and one under John Sheparde, 164 persons, 1,408l. 5s. 8d.
Le Constablerie.—Jerome Wright, constable, at 8d. a day, whereof victual money, 13s. 6d., and one day in the year for the King, 11l. 9s. 2d., with John Mershall, Robt. Cledder, Thos. Barnebie, and John Ferme. Ric. Pelham, constable, Thos. Wells, Ric. Swyft, Edw. Page, Wm Haulle, Thos. Lowers. John Bennet, Ant. Pykering, Ric. Benet, Wm. Hollingworthe. Ric. Ussher, constable, John Ratliffe, Wm. London “and his man in vj,” Robt. Poole “and his man in vj,” Thos. Johnes. Ric. Hutchyns, constable, Ric. Waulle, John Wenlock, John Swete, Hen. Dove. John Broke, constable, Wm. Vicarie, Thos. Chayney, Ric. Turpyn, Robt. Haulle. Bawdwyn Poncherton, constable, John Amorgan, John Ayleworthe, Ric. Berworthe, John Hussaye. Wm. Smyth, constable, Robt. Garnyshe “and his man,” Randall Revell, John Barthelet, Ric. Smythe, Walter Poole, John Harrys. Geffray Don, constable, John Aborroughe, Thos. Mellodye, Thos. Tutchet. Hen. Haycomplaynt, constable, John Nycholas, Wm. Burdon, Thos. Clyfton, Thos. King. Geffray Bocher, constable, John Davie, John Massingberde, Hen. Frowick, Robt. Nethersall. John Smythe, constable, Walter Fortune, Thos. Buckwood “and his man,” Hen. Staunton. Ric. Gybson, constable, Hen. Mountney, Ric. Baker, Hen. Boundye, Robt. Thatcher, John Long. John Kene, constable, and Ruysbanke, “portyvaunte.” Wm. Leche, constable, John Henbierie, John Chayney, Robt. Bruges, John Gittons, Roger Waltho. Thos. Saunders, constable, Peers Amynshewe, John Backhouse, Chr. Chayney. John Fitzwilliams, constable, Thos. Vaughan, Ph. Tylney, Hen. Torney, Wm. Poole, Ph. Davie, and John Haunce (the two last bracketed with the name Ric. Lee, surveyor, in the margin). Almost all at 11l. 9s. 2d.
[Paid for the ordinary reparations of the town and squoynage of Calais for one year, ending 24 Sept. 17 Hen. VIII., 674l. 16s.d. gr.] (fn. 23)
Total of the Constablerie, 1,002l. 12s. 4d.
Banner Watch.
—Wm. Prysley and his man, Thos. Rogers and his two men, Ric. Dudstone. 60l. 3s. 3d.
Porters.—Ric. Parrys, John Dowze, Olyver Forde, Gregory Faune, Humfrey Medlycote, Ric. Vaugban, Wm. Wilson, Randal Aderton, Robt. Dodde, John Moreton, Gilbert Assheley, Wm. Browne. 103l. 3s.
—Davie Selley, Thos. Lewis, Thos. Baker, John Clare, Wm. Lake, Ric. Cole. 68l. 15s.
Day Watches.
—.John Lukes, Humfrey Persons, Thos. Holmer, Edw. Hopton. 28l. 14s.
—John Cokeson, Walter Jhones, Wm. Petley, Hugh Jhones. 45l. 16s. 8d.
—John London, Wm. Clyfforde, Ric. Judson, Thos. Bradfeld, John Turren, Humfrey Butler, Hugh Giles, Lawrence Justice, John Edall, Thos. Aphowell, Huthe Bowthe, John Prowde, Wm. Grene, Robt. Donyngton, Thos. Walshe, John Cleget. 183l. 6s. 8d.
—Geo. Browne, at 18d. with three men at 8d. and one at 6d., victual money, and a day for the King deducted, 68l. 15s. Fras Hall, Ric. Cokeson, Rauffe Broke, John Medleton, Ric. Blunt, John Browne, Robt. ap Reynolde, Hen. Paulmer, Jas. Bourger, Fras. Hastinges, Leonard Hollonde, Ric. Wynebancke, Geffrey Lovedaye, John Ruckewood, Geo. Gainsford, Thos. Tate, Ric. Long, John Raulyns, Edw. Poynynges, at 18d. or 12d., and each with one or more men under him. 947l. 10s. 9d.
Le Counsaill.
—Viscount Lysle, deputy, with 2s. a day, 20 mks. per annum in reward, one spear at 18d., 2 archers at 8d. and 19 at 6d. = 106l. 20d., of which one day for the King of every man's wages, 27s., victual money, 18l. 10d., and so rests 476l. 13s. 10d. Sir Ric. Graynfylde, high marshal, with 16 soldiers, 198l. 16s. 2d. Sir Edw. Ringley, comptroller, 18d. a day, and 4 men, 94l. 10s. 10d. Sir Thos. Paulmer, knight porter, 12d., and 13 soldiers, 193l. 1s. 7d. Wm. Sympson, vice-marshal, 18d., and 3 men, 63l. 6d. Sir John Wallop, lieutenant of the Castle, 2s. a day, and 49 soldiers, 158l. 19s. 1d. (fn. 24) Sir Geo. Caro, lieutenant of Ruysbanke, 12d., with one man and 16 soldiers, 289l. 9s. 6d. Mr. Lieutenant of Newnham Bridge, with 4 dead pays, one constable and 11 soldiers, 140l. 15s. 3d. Lord Graye, lieutenant of Hampnes, 12d. a day and 24 soldiers, 285l. 10s. Lord Chamberlain, lieutenant of Guysnes, 2s. a day, with spiall money, and 99 soldiers, 1,085l. 1s. 8d. Total, 3,385l. 18s. 5d.
Total of the Great Retinue, 7,234l. 4s. 9d.
Retinentia Thesaurarii.—Spears.
—Ric. Lee, Ric. Carie, Ric. Cole, Thos. Massingberde.
Archers.—Tybote Parroche, Thos. Broke, John Williams, John Everingham, Thos. Fowler, Thos. Rogers, Thos. Tyms, Vincent Fynche, John Rogers, Wm. Richarsbie, Petur Brake, Stephen Lylley, Humfrey Bowthe, constable, Edm. Peyton, Ric. Staveley, Ric. Loughton, John Gilbert, Hen. Lyon, Nic. Lambrught, John Lethom, Hugh Geffraye, Roger Waddys, Nic. Mylington, Robt. Clayton, Hugh Counsaille, John Savage, Thos. Mychell, Davie Vaughan, Ric. Jacob, Ric. Lendall, Edw. Fowle, Robt. Englosbie, Thos. Southerne, Hen. Warton, Poll Skot, Roger Bristowe, Robt. Westley, Thos. Witworthe, Robt. Dont, John Anwyck, John Rydgeley, Richard Edgar, Nic. Baker, Hugh Dolingcort, Nic. Damport, Adam Andro, Wm. Newton. Total of the Treasurer's company, 51 persons, 469l. 2s. 2d.
—Wm. Baker, master mason, 12d. st.; Wm. Burgate, warden, 8d. st.; John Busshe, Robt. Pyxe, Thos. Baker, Nic. Thomson, Stephen Baker, Hen. Shererd, Edw. Close, Nic. Tubbert, Wm. Shererd, Thos. Sprot, Thos. Sowne, John Burgate, John Chesman, Hen. Englishe, at 10d. gr., 162l. 13s. 4d. st.
Carpenters.—John Burde, master carpenter, 12d. a day; Robt. Gander, warden, Wm. Atwood, Wm. Pullyn, John Denhyn, John Love, Wm. Benet, Wm. Leonarde, Wm. Sarret, Wm. Fyer, Nic. Geffraye, John Springfelde, Ph. Blechenden, Chas. Rowse, Hugh Lyche, Lawrence Lull, John Bradley, Wm. Lawrence, Geo. Andro, Robt. Crust, Wm. Peers, 208l. 11s. 8d.
John Dossen, master smith, 12d.; Robt. Robynson, plumber, 8d. “Jesus and St. George, in both churches, for the Exchequer company, which be in the King's petty wages,” 4l. 2s. 8d. The annuity some time paid to the Friars Carmelites and now granted to lord Lisle, deputy, 6l. 13s. 4d. Total of the whole book for a year, 8,117l. 11s. 9d. st.
ii. “What gates shall be opened every day, and how often.”—There are four gates, the Lanterne gate, the Mylke gate, the Bulloigne gate, and the Water gate. It is ordained that the Lanterne gate shall be opened every day, unless three gates are opened, in which case the Lanterne gate shall only be opened to two wickets till the third gate is shut. From Monday after Candlemas day to Michaelmas it shall be opened twice every forenoon. On Sunday, Christmas day, Candlemas day, Good Friday, St. George's day, Ascension day, Corpus Christi day, and the Assumption of our Lady it shall be opened thrice before noon. The first opening is in summer at five o'clock, and in winter “immediately after the first striking down of the watch bell, which is when he may see his mark, to clear the gate of such as will go out.” It is then shut till six o'clock, while they hear mass, and then open again till nine, when it is shut till after the sakering of high mass. It is then opened for those that will pass out and immediately shut again, “and so remaineth till the watch bell ring to the shutting of the same, and be seassed.” During herring time (Michaelmas to St. Andrew's tide) the gate is opened every Sunday only twice before noon, and every Monday and Friday, if they are not principal holidays, the Milk gate is opened. On Tuesday and Thursday, if not principal holidays, the Water gate is opened, and the Bulloigne gate on Wednesday and Saturday, if not principal holidays. During herring time no gate shall be opened but the Lantern gate without special orders from the Deputy.
“The Opening of the Gates.”—When the watch bell in the morning has struck three times, which is called the striking down, 10 porters shall resort to the Market with the phipher and drum and the whole ward appointed for that day (40 in number); then go to the Deputy's lodging for the keys of the gates he orders to be opened, and return to the Market, where the Master Porter or Gentleman Porter, or both, shall meet them. They shall then all go to the Lantern gate, and the porter who bears the keys shall put the key in the lock of the inner gate, but shall not unlock it till he is commanded by the Deputy, Master Porter, Marshal, Under-marshal, or Gentleman Porter, when the whole ward is seen to be present. First the wicket shall be opened, at which eight porters only shall go out to open the middle gate and let down the drawbridge. Then the whole ward shall enter, and one of the porters shall open the wicket of the outer gate, out of which 10 or 12 of the ward shall go to see if all be clear and to keep off persons outside, until the persons and carriages at the entrance inside are gone out. The Master Porter then shall order the great gates to be opened and shall see that the two skeurers shall first go out. The Master Porter, or in his absence the Gentleman Porter, shall then go to his accustomed place, and all who will go out of the town shall follow him. Between Lady Day and Michaelmas the gate, after the first opening and clearing, shall be shut, but the bridge not drawn up, and the keys, with the ward shall resort to the Friars, where there is a mass ordained for them by the King, after hearing which they shall again open the gate as before. Whenever the Lantern gate shall be opened twice in the forenoon, which is from the Monday after Candlemas to the Monday after Michaelmas, if two gates are opened, the second gate shall not be opened till the second opening of the Lantern gate. Then the porters shall divide themselves at the Friars' gate; five, with the Master Porter and half the ward, shall go to the Lantern gate, and the other five, with the Gentleman Porter and the other half of the ward, shall go to open the other gate. The keys shall be locked up in a coffer in the porter's lodge till the gates are shut. Between St. Andrew's day and the Monday after Candlemas day, on days when two gates are opened, the second gate shall be opened by five of the porters and half the ward immediately after the Lantern gate is opened. From Lammas to Lady Day in Lent, if the said out gate is opened again at 1 p.m., it shall be shut at 3, and from Lady Day to Lammas at 4. During the herring time and misty weather no out gates shall be opened without special orders from the Deputy. At 11 o'clock the gates shall be shut and the keys taken to the Deputy, or the person he appoints to receive them. They shall be covered with a cushion or some other thing, so that no man shall see the secrets of them, and at one the porters and ward shall fetch them and open the gates with the same ceremonies as in the morning, except that the skourers shall not go out.
“The shutting of the Gates.”—When the watch bell has rung half an hour to the shutting of the gates, and is ceased, the whole ward being at the gate, one of the porters shall knock with his staff on the outer gate to give warning, and immediately shut the outer gate and open the wicket. Two of the porters shall then shut the inner gate, leaving the wicket open. The porters and ward shall stand between the two gates, and so keep the wickets open till Marshal or his deputies have set the scoutwatch without, and is returned. The Master or Gentleman Porter shall then order the “other” (outer) wicket to be shut, and himself see that gate and wicket are surely locked and barred. He shall then command the ward to go into the town, and to remain before the inner gate. The two porters who have charge of the keys shall draw up the drawbridge and shut the inner gate and wicket. The Master Porter, Gentleman Porter, with 10 porters and the whole ward, shall accompany the keys to the Market place. The Master Porter may then depart, but the Gentleman Porter and the others must bring the keys to the Deputy to be locked up in a coffer which stands by his bedside. The Comptroller's clerk of the check shall be always at the opening and shutting of the gates, and shall call the names and mark and check defaulters.
“The order how report shall be made for strangers' lodgings in the town.”—Those who keep free lodgings, who ought to be burgesses and sworn the ordinary oath, must, every night at the shutting of the gate, declare to the clerk of the reports how many strangers are come to lodge in their houses, and whence they come, and what strangers remain from the night before. The clerk shall make out four bills, (fn. 25) one to be given to the tipstaff who charged the scout watch, two others to the tipstaff of the wall (one of which is to be delivered to the High Marshal), and the fourth to the Deputy. When the strangers' bell is ceased, the tipstaff of the wall shall search the free lodgings and any other lodgings he pleases. If he finds more strangers than are named in the bill, he shall report it to the Deputy, and the house offending shall pay a fine. Strangers lodged anywhere but in the free lodgings shall be taken to the prison until the Deputy and High Marshal have examined the matter, and the host shall pay a fine to the King, and be punished at the discretion of the Deputy. If the tipstaff finds any stranger abroad after the bell has ceased, without his host, he shall have him to prison.
“The order of the watches within the town and without.”—Eight of the 12 vintners with their companies shall keep the stand watch upon the wall, that is, every night one vintner and his company. Four vintners shall keep the scout watch without the gate, that is every night 10 of them, whereof the vintner himself shall watch the first night. The 18 constables shall keep the search watch, that is, every night one constable and his company in the east house and another in the west house. The second day after their watch night they shall come to the market to keep their ward day in the morning after the watch bell has stricken down.
“The order of the Scout Watch.”—Before the gate is shut, the High Marshal or his deputy shall see that one vintner and nine of his fellows are present to keep the scout watch. They shall take with them the keys of the Braye and Torne pyke. One tipstaff must be there, who in the Marshal's presence, if he be there, shall call the vintner and his fellows who are appointed to watch and give the vintner the watch word. If any of the vinteny be absent without licence, though he have a sufficient man for him, he shall next day be committed to the walls. If any man lack and there is no sufficient man in his room, the soldier so lacking shall pay 18d. to the Under-marshal, who shall pay the watchman set in the soldier's place. If the High Marshal is not present, the tipstaff shall report to him how the watch is furnished. The scout watch shall then go to their watch house near the west gate. At 8 or 9 o'clock the vintener shall send two of his vintenye to the east, and two to the west round the town. When they come to the west house on the wall they shall ring a bell which hangs in the house and has a cord over the dyke, and those within shall look out and ask if all be well. When they return the other four of the watch shall go out. The one that goes southward shall take the keys of the Brayes and one that goes eastward, the keys of the Turnpike. They shall see the gates locked after them, and when they meet in their course, exchange keys. If they meet enemies, they shall throw the keys into the ditches if they cannot save them otherwise, and give warning to those upon the walls. When the watch bell has stricken down they shall come to the gate and remain until it be opened and cleared. When they enter the vintner shall give the porters the keys of the west gate, the Turnpike, and Brayes. If any fray be done by any of the watch, the party offending shall lose his life. If any keys are broken or any fault found needful to be amended, the vintner shall present it to the Deputy or one of the Council.
“The order of the Stand Watch at the wall.”—When the watch bell begins to ring for the shutting of the gates the Under-marshal and his clerk shall go to the Castle Hill to see if the tipstaff called the officer of the Hill, and the vintner with his 19 fellows are there. If absent without reasonable excuse, the day's wages are to be forfeited, for the first offence; for the second, two days; and for the third, to be punished at the Deputy's discretion. Further directions for ensuring the presence of the watch. The Marshal or officer of the Hill shall give the vintner the watch word, and when the castle bell begins to ring, the company shall go to the side of the town which is appointed for them. The vintner shall place one man in each ward and give him the watch word. Directions for supplying the place of any man who is found to have stolen away or be lacking, and for his punishment.
“For the Burgess Watch upon the Castle Hill.”—While the Under-marshal has charge of the said vinteyne, the officer of the Hill shall cause the mayor's serjeant to call the book of the burgess watch, which is 23 in number. Defaulters are to pay 12d. gr. to the tipstaff, who in case of non-payment may distrain on the ground assigned to the watch. The watch word is to be given to the serjeant, who shall place the men. Any person coming on the walls after the stand watch is set, and not having the watch word, is to be stopped, and if he resist and is killed, the watchmen are not to blame.
“The order of the Search Watch in the East [and] West houses.”—The tipstaff who has to charge the constable watch in the East and West houses, shall receive the watchword in the Council chamber from the clerk of the Council, which is commonly given at 3 p.m. At the latter ringing of the Flemish bell, which hangs under the great hall, two tipstaves shall go to the East and West houses, there to meet two constables and their watch, each being 10 in number, and give them the watch word. The tipstaves then shall go to the market and knock with their staves upon the stones, which the Under-marshal shall answer, so that one may find the other, and report to him the furnishing of the watch. At 9 o'clock two men shall be sent out of each of the houses to search the stand watch on the walls. They shall look out twice in every ward, and when they come beside the Water gate at the loop in the wall over against the Scout watch house, they shall call to the Scout watch, “Round, round,” and the watch shall answer, “Yea, yea,” or “Well, well.” They shall not tarry by the way, but haste to their own house without playing at dice or other games, so that they may be back by 11 o'clock. Five such courses are to be made every night. They may depart when the watch bell strikes down in the morning, so that they are at the first opening of the Lantern gate. If the search watch find any of the stand watch not having the watch word perfect, he shall instruct him therein. If he find any man out of his ward, or using ill-language to the search watch, he shall present him. If any of the said search watch [find any of the stand watch (fn. 26) ] sleeping three times in the night and so take him by the nose the offender on the next market day shall be hanged in a basket over the wall, 10 or 12 feet from the water, with a loaf of bread, a pot of drink, and a knife to cut the rope when he will. The dyke keepers must be present with their boat to take him up when he falls. He shall be kept in the mayor's prison till next market day, and then banished the town for a year and a day. The watchman shall not suffer man, woman, or child to pass without the watch word, except those who have lodgings in the towers, and they must come up at the nearest stair. No one having the watchword must depart until the relief in the morning, nor give the word to any person on pain of death. The stand watch are to report any thing that they see prejudicial to the town, to the search watch, and one of them must inform the Deputy. If the case is very perilous, he must make an outery as he goes. Any watchmen making a fray are to lose their lives.
“Order of the Banner Watch and when it shall begin.”—As soon as herring mart, is proclaimed by the Mayor, the searcher of the herring boats or his clerk shall daily view the herring boats of strangers and take all their weapons, harness, and artillery, to be returned when they leave. Every night before the shutting of the gates the searcher shall give the Deputy a bill with the number of boats and persons. When there are 15 strange herring boats in the haven, the Deputy shall give knowledge to the Treasurer, who shall direct 6 mandates to six councillors appointed to keep the banner watch and appoint the names of the spears, archers, and soldiers to attend on them nightly. The watch is to be ordered in turn by the Comptroller (for the King), the Deputy, the High Marshal, the Treasurer with the Constable of the Exchequer, the Master Porter, and the Under-marshal. One tipstaff, the trumpet, the phipher, and the dromslade shall also attend.
“The Comptroller's Watch.”—When the Comptroller has received his mandate, he shall command the tipstaff to warn his company to be at his lodging before 8 p.m. with their weapons and to send their harness to the chamber where the watch shall be kept. When the clock has struck eight the trumpet shall blow at the four corners of the Market to give warning that the banner watch begins. The trumpet, fifer, and drum shall go to the Comptroller's lodging. The Comptroller and his company shall then go to the Market, and thence to the chamber on the Lantern Gate, where the banner shall be charged. He and his spears shall go up on to the leads to see that there is sufficient light in the lantern, and command the trumpet to blow. On their return to the chamber, the tipstaff shall call the bill of names, and when the Comptroller has given the watchword and commanded the watch bell to be kept, and due search made, he may depart. From 9 o'clock till the relief in the morning two of the watch shall go round the walls. They shall not depart until the keys of the Lantern gate, with the ward, are come to the gate.
“The residue of the Councillors banner watches in the herring time.”—These watches are to be kept in the same manner as the Comptroller's watch.
“The Order of the Mayor and Aldermen's watch in herring time.”—Two of them, by course, are to keep watch in their council chamber in the Market with a sufficient company of commoners. A cresset shall be hanged out of their chamber at 8 o'clock; and at 9 o'clock, four men shall be sent, two each way, round the streets for an hour. Suspicious persons are to be taken to the aldermen of the watch, or the Marshal's prison. This is to be done until they are relieved by the day watch.
“The Order of the six Councillors' watches in the Christmas season.”—The six councillors named in the banner watch are to keep similar watches at Christmas. The spear having the watch word is to send two men to the Castle Street, “giving one of them [the watchword, from the] (fn. 27) Castle to our Lady in the Wall, and shall search the back streets on both sides of the Castle Street.” Two others shall be sent to the West House, and shall search the street till they come to the Milk gate, and shall search the cross streets on both sides of Mylke Gate Street. These rounds are to be repeated until relieved by the day watch.
“The Order of the Mayor and Aldermen's watches in the Christmas season.”—They shall keep watches in their council chamber on the Market, as in the herring time.
“The Ward at the Gate.”—The vintner who keeps the standwatch, and the two constables who keep the search watch in the East and West houses upon the wall, must keep the wards in person, unless they have lawful excuse, when they shall find a substitute approved by the Deputy or Council. The second [day] after the night watch when the day watch shall strike down, the vintners and constables with their companies shall meet the porters of the gate in the Market and accompany them to the Deputy's lodging, where the porters shall receive the keys. They shall all go to the gates together, and during the time the gates are opened, only five of the vinteney and three of the constablerie shall depart at one time, and not tarry more than a reasonable time, on pain of fines. If the vintner or constable allows more to be absent, they shall be punished. The companies shall accompany the keys wherever they go during the day. In herring time the whole ward shall keep their ward in their harness, and each of the six councillors in turn, the second day after the banner watch, shall attend in person at the first opening of the gate with their appointed company, with harness and axes, who will accompany the keys for that day with the ward.
“The order of the Ward in the Market Place every day.”—The vintners and their companies, the second day after they have made the Scout watch without the gate, shall be in the Market at the striking down of the watch beil, and remain there till 7 o'clock in summer and 9 o'clock in winter. If he that keeps the day watch shows the Marshal or Under-marshal that the mist is so great that he cannot see his mark, the vintner and his company shall go and walk about the walls till 11 o'clock, and then to be relieved by the two day watches of the walls. They shall walk about the walls till the opening of the gate, and if the day be not clear then, the vintner and his companion shall return to the wall till the day clear or the gates are shut. On market days all the vintners and constables except those that ward the gates shall be in the market at 8 o'clock; and the spears with their pages, with their axes, and the archers on horseback at 9 o'clock to furnish the Market till the gates are closed at 11 o'clock.
“The Ward of the Council in the Passion Week.”—On Maundy Thursday the Deputy and Master Porter with their companies assigned for the banner watch shall be in the Market Place at the opening of the gate and remain there till the shutting at noon, and also while the gate is open in the afternoon. Similar ward shall be kept on Good Friday by the High Marshal and Under-marshal; on Easter eve by the Treasurer; and on Easter day by the Comptroller, till the gate is shut at noon, when he may depart.
“The order of the Ward abou[t]e the walls, how many be of them, and how they shall be furnished in skries and laroms,”—Whereas there are 42 wards assigned for the stand watch about the walls, it is ordained that in skries and laroms they shall be divided into 17 wards as follows. The first to go from the tower in the Castle Corner in the north side of the town, eastward to the stonecross in the walls. The 2nd eastward to the stair head at the Water gate. 3rd. Thence, eastward, to the cross on the wall. 4th. Thence, eastward, to the cross in the midst of the Lantern gate. 5th. Thence, eastward, to the cross in the wall. 6th. Thence, eastward, to the cross in the midst of the Bacham's tower. 7th. Southward to the cross in the wall. 8th. Southward to another cross in the wall. 9th. South and west to another cross in the wall. 10th. West to another cross in the wall. 11th. Westward to the cross in the wall in the east end of the Staple Inn. 12th. To the next cross on the wall westward. 13th. Westward to the cross upon the draught house on the east side of Northumberland tower. 14th. Westward to the cross in the wall against Cowe Lane. 15th. Westward to the cross on the Avail against the Bullen well. 16th. West and north to the cross in the wall between the draught house and the Under-marshal's tower. 17th. Northward to the cross on the wall, on the south side of the Castle by the West watch house. These wards shall be furnished alternately by a vintner and a constable. The wards shall be divided into six parts, 1st from Beacham's tower to Milk gate, assigned to the Deputy. 2nd. Thence to the Prmcin tower, to the High Marshal. 3rd. Thence to the Bullen gate, to the Comptroller. 4th. Thence to the Castle, to the Treasurer. 5th. Thence to the Lantern gate, to the Under-marshal. 6th. Thence to the Beacham's tower, to the Master Porter.
“The orders for the escries by night or by day.”—If any escrie is made at night, the Council, with all the spears and archers on horseback, and four vintners with their companies, shall repair to the Market Place armed and weaponed. Six tipstaves with their harness and weapons shall attend on the Deputy and Council, with all their constables and the vintners not assigned to the Market Place. All the other soldiers of the retinue shall go to the walls in harness. The Deputy and Council shall have with them none other of the retinue, but the spears, archers, tipstaves, vintners and other companies shall attend on the Deputy for safe keeping of the Market Place. The Deputy shall send one or two tipstaves, with the Comptroller's clerk of the check to the East and West houses to see how they are furnished with their watch and report defaulters, who will have 40 days' punishment and lose a quarter's wages. The clerk must therefore have his book of the check, and the vintners and constables the bills of their companies.
“For watch in the New Brais and Serche Tower in the time of war, and in the herring time in the said tower.”—The two gunners that are appointed to the Braie in time of war shall keep the Search Tower in herring time. When the bridge at the Lantern gate is drawn up at night, the gunners shall shoot one gun to warn strangers to resort to their ships, and another when it is let down in the morning, that they may leave their ships.
“For two guns to be laid in the Lantern gate the herring time.”—Two guns with sufficient powder and shot shall be laid in the Lantern gate on Michaelmas eve and lie there till St. Andrew's tide, and one gunner shall wait on them daily.
iii. “A device made by the King's highness at his Grace's being at his town of Calais, in the xxiiijth year of his reign, for the fortification of the said town.”
[This is a copy of ff. 33–38 of the same volume, which has already been described in this Calendar. See Vol. V., No. 1495.]
Pp. 62.
610. Shipping of Calais.
R. O. “The number of ships repairing to this town of Callis in a year, as well strangers as English, for we can make no certain division of them,” amounts to 600 ships, besides the wool fleet usually here, 80 ships. Md. these are not all separate ships, but some come 10 or 12 times a year with wood, English beer, &c., from London, and malt.
ii. Anchorage:—6d. gr. for all ships not belonging to the town, or fishing boats between Michaelmas and St. Andrew's Day, or lighters bringing in merchandise from the road, on entering the haven.
iii. Ships, with their burdens and owners, belonging to Callis:—Twenty-four ships described, the owners being Thos. Fowler, John Bartlet, Collen Clabolt, stranger born, Philip Crayer, Ric. Harwoode, Hubert Prince, stranger born; John Aborrowe, Robt. Johnson, Thos. Milles, Hen. Vernam, John Orliance, Hen. Newton, Davie Johnes, Wm. Kennerday and George, his partner; John Malyn, Wm. Spende, Gillam a Frenchman; Thomas Holland, John Keale, Thos. Wellis and Ant. Meter; John Lambe and his partners; Ric. Berworthe and John Galand and Piers Marten, a Fleming, dwelling without the Gates. Some of these have several ships (as Bartlett and Aborrowe), others only shares. Burthens range from 15 to 60 tons.
Fisher boats:—Ten of from 8 to 20 tons and three of four tons which fish in herring time; owners:—John Neelis, Robt. Asbye, Wm. Borchman, Th. Rudder, Roger and And. Robertson, Laur. Gilbert, Nic. Johnson, and Godfrey Byck.
Herring boats of strangers repairing here yearly:—340 at least.
Pp. 5. Endd.: The number of ships repairing yearly to Calais.
611. Grants in April 1540. 31 Hen. VIII.
April./Grants. 1. Rob. Foster. Grant, in fee, for 513l. 6s. 8d., of the manor of Parva Berdfelde, Essex, with the advowson of the parish church of Berdfelde Parva; the manor of Colchester Hall, Essex; the messuages, lands, &c., called Parmentors and Chambyrs in Stanway and Leyre de la Haye, Essex, now in the tenure of the said Robert; and those 4 acres of wood in Chesten Woode in Leyre de la Haye, Essex; with messuages, lands, &c., in Parva Berdfelde, Magna Berdfelde, Takeley, Ellesnam, Whyteroodyng, King's Hatfeld, Stansted Mountfychett, Stanley and Leyre de la Haye, Essex, and Sabryghtswotth, Herts; which possessions belonged to the late monastery of St. John, Colchester, in the King's hands by reason of the attainder nf Thomas, the last abbot. To hold at certain stated rents. Del. Walden, 1 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: “At the suit of the lord Privy Seal.” Pat. p. 3, m. 2.
2. Thompson College. Licence to Rob. Audeley, master of the chantry or college of Thomeston alias Thompston, and his fellows, chaplains of the same (which chantry was founded in the church of Thomeston by Thomas de Shardelowe and John his brother, by licence of Edward III. for the souls of that King's progenitors and of John de Shardelowe and Agnes his wife, then deceased), to communicate upon the right, title and possession of all manors, lordships, lauds, &c., belonging to the said chantry or college, the yearly value of which is 47l. 10s. ¾d., “with Sir Edm. Knevet of Buckenham Castell, Norf., his heirs, &c., and to sell, give, or grant the possessions of the same to the said Edmund his heirs and assigns for ever; with reservation of a yearly rent of 105s.d., payable to the Crown as a tenth of the premises. Del. Walden, 1 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 24.
3. Rob. Foster. Licence to alienate the manor of Parva Berdfelde, Essex, and the advowson of the parish church of Berdfeld Parva, to Wm. Chisshull, his heirs, &c. Walden, 3 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 2.
4. John Rustone, native of Germany, in the Emperor's dominions. Denization. Westm., 5 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 34.
5. Sir Th. Pope. Licence to alienate the site, circuit and precinct of the late priory of Trentham, Staff., and the rectory of the parish church of Trentham, with tithes, &c., thereto belonging; the church or chapel of Barleston, Staff., formerly belonging to the said late priory, with all tithes, &c., thereto belonging; the farm or grange called Walgraunge, in the parish of Leke, Staff., belonging to the said late priory; and all his possessions formerly of the said late priory in Trentham, Blorton, Longton, Toft, Cokenage, Barleston, Hanchurche, Newstede, Chalden, Clayton Griffith and Leke, Staff.; and all his lands in Newcastle-under-Lyne, Staff., to Jas. Leveson, of Wolverhampton, his heirs and assigns for ever. Westm., 8 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 2.
6. Peter Monens, joiner, native of Brussels, in the Emperor's dominions. Denization. Westm., 8 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 34.
7. John Goodwyn. Grant in fee, for 1,025l. 7s. 10d., of the manor of Waddesdon, alias Wodeseden, Bucks, the advowson of the church and rectory of Waddesdon; and all appurtenances of the manor in Waddesdon, Wescote, Warmeston, Hame, and Quaynton, Bucks, belonging to the said manor of Waddesdon; all which came to the King's hands by the attainder of Henry late marquis of Exeter. Hampton Court, 8 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Apr.—P.S. Pal. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 38.
8. Thomas lord Crumwell, K.G., keeper of the Privy Seal. Grant in fee (in fulfilment of a certain indenture between the King and him, dated 1 March 31 Hen. VIII.) of the site, circuit, and precinct of the late monastery of Seynt Osythes, Essex, with all houses, &c., within the said site, &c., in Chyche and Seynt Osythes, Essex; the manors or lordships of Chyche, Seynte Osythes, Barnton, Coketwyke, Wygbarugh, Erles Hall, Westwyke, Howyke, Lewyke, Wyershall alias Withstonhall, Canonhall alias Canhall, Abbott's Hall, Costhall alias Costedhall, Myle-Endehall, Brokehall, and Birchehall cum Horseye, Essex, belonging to the said monastery; Chalwedon alias Chalvedon, Essex, belonging to the late new hospital of St. Mary without Bisshopps-gate, London; Tollesburye, Highall, Abbes Hall, and Hockley, Essex, late of the monastery of Berkinge, Essex; Gorewells and Prentise in Tollesbury, Essex, belonging to the late monastery of Byleigh, Essex, and Wyleghe, Bryghtlyngsey, commonly called Brykylsey, Pychesaye, Mondon, and Grynstede, Essex, belonging to the late monastery of St. John, Colchester, Essex; the messuages or farms called Brayswyke, in Myle ende, Essex, and Estnewlande, in Seynte Lawrence, Essex, likewise belonging to St. John's, Colchester; the manors or lordships of Dedham and Langham, Essex, and Stratford next Higham, Suff., lately granted to the King by Charles duke of Suffolk; the site, circuit, and precinct of the late priory of Friars Minors, commonly called the Graye Freers, in Yermouthe, Norf.; a “mastehouse,” now in the tenure of Rob. Peyrs, and a parcel of land or ground called the “Yerde plott,” in Yermouthe, Norf., belonging to the same; the messuage or farm of land and marsh in Southmynster, Essex, called the Raye, with tithes in Southmynster, now in the tenure of Wm. Levet; likewise all messuages, lands, &c., called Plomptons and Downeland in Chyche alias St. Osith's, and all messuages, lands, &c., in Shalford, Essex, likewise belonging to St. Osith's; all fresh and salt marshes in Essex, called Clameflete marshe, likewise belonging to Berkyng; the manor or farm called Boneshall, in Tollesbury, belonging to the late monastery of Newarke next Guldeford, Surrey.
The great and little parks of St. Osith's, likewise belonging to St. Osith's; Wyly parcke and Grynsted park, Essex, belonging to St. John's, Colchester; and Langbam park, Essex, late of Charles duke of Suffolk.
The rectories appropriate of Chyche alias St. Osithes, Clacton Magna, Clacton Parva, and Holland Parva, Essex, belonging to St. Osith's, and Monden, Essex, belonging to St. John's, Colchester. The advowsons of the churches and vicarages of Chyche alias St. Osith's, Clacton Magna, Clacton Parva, and Holland Parva, Essex, belonging to St. Osith's; of the church or rectory of Tendering, Essex, belonging to the same; of the church of Wygbarowe Magna, Essex, belonging to Berkyng; of the church of Langham, Essex, lately belonging to Charles duke of Suffolk; of the churches of Wilegh, Pvchesey and Greynstede, Essex, belonging to St. John's, Colchester; of the vicarage of Mondon, belonging to the same; and certain yearly pensions of 6s. 8d. from the rector of Wyleigh, 20s. from the rector of Tenderyng, and 13s. 4d. from the vicar of Clacton, belonging to St. Osith's.
And all other possessions in Chyche alias St. Osythes, Barnton, Coketwyke, Wigbarough, Erles Hall, Westwyke, Howyke, Levewyke, Wyershall alias Withstonhall, Canonball alias Canhall, Abbott's Hall, Costhall alias Costedhall, Myleendehall, Brokehall, Birchehall, Shalford, Wighbarough Magna, Clakton Magna, Clakton Parva, Holland Parva, Wyleghe, Tenderynge, Kyrkby, Myleende, Tolleshunte Knyghts, Tolleshunt Busshes, and Brentwoode, Essex, and elsewhere in said co. which belonged to St. Osith's; in Chalwedon alias Chalvedon, Pychesey, Southbenflete, Northbenflete, Newenden, Bowers Gyfford, and Bastyldon, Essex, which belonged to the late hospital of St. Mary without Bysshoppsgate, London; in Tollesbury, Tolleshunt Knights, Wigbarugh Magna, Salcote, and Hockley, Essex, which belonged to Berkyng; in Tollesbury and Tolleshunt, which belonged to Bylegh and Newarke; in Wylegh, Bryghtlyngsey alias Brikkylsey, Pychesey, Mondon, Grynstede, and St. Lawrence, Essex, which belonged to St. John's, Colchester; and in Dedham and Langham, Essex, and Stratford next Higham, Suff., which were granted to the Crown by the said duke oi Suffolk.
With reservation of the rectories appropriate of Ramsey, Ugle, Shopland, Elmestede, Mayland, Southmynster, and Althorne, Essex; the advowsons of the parish churches and vicarages of the same; the manors of Mayland and Ramsey, Essex; a yearly pension of 13s. 4d. issuing from the parish church or vicarage of Southmynster, and all woods and underwoods in Purlegh, Essex; a messuage or farm called Edlyns, in Mystley, Essex, with the lands, &c., thereto belonging; all tithes and portions of tithes in the hamlet of Mulsham, in Chelmesford, Essex, and all other lands, &c., in Chelmesford, and all such manors, messuages, lands, &c., in co. Essex which Thomas lord Audeley of Walden, the Chancellor, now holds by grant, bargain, or sale of the late abbot and convent of St. Osith's; and all farms, lands, &c., called Sampsons, in Peldon, which Th. Tey now holds, all which belonged to St. Osith's; also with reservation of a meadow called Highmede, parcel of the manor of Grynstede, and lately belonging to the same.
Also grant of the site, circuit, and precinct of the late priory of Launde, Leic., with the church, chapel, steeple, &c., within the said site, &c., in Launde and Lodyngton, Leic.; the manors or lordships of Launde and Lodyngton; the water-mill, with the close and pasture called the “Lantorne yerde,” thereto belonging adjoining the site; the close or pasture called Whadburgh alias Whateborough in Lodyngton and Tyleton; and certain lands, tenements, &c. (specified), in Launde and Lodyngton, Leic.; the woods, underwoods, and pastures in Launde and Lodyngton called Launde parcke, Westewoode, and Redyshe Copies; and the rectory appropriate of Lodyngton, Leic.; formerly belonging to the said late priory of Launde. Also the tithes on the lands in Launde and Lodyngton above mentioned; and all lands, &c., enclosed within the said close called Whadborugh belonging to the late priory of St. James next Northampton. In as full manner as the last prior of Launde and the last master or prior of St. James held the same.
Also, the three gardens in the parish of St. Stephen, Colmanstrete, in the city of London; and a little messuage or tenement in one of the said gardens; belonging to the late monastery of Rewley, Oxon.; which little messuage and two of the said three gardens are now inclosed within a new brick wall surrounding the great garden of the said Thomas lord Crumwell, belonging to his chief messuage or mansion in London, and the other garden lies adjoining the said wall on the south and west side.
All advowsons reserved except the above named. Yearly values are stated for portions of the premises, and rents at which all the several portions shall be held
The grantee to be discharged of all burdens, except the stated rents, and those due to the master and fellows of All Souls' College, Oxford, for lands in the said close of Whadborongh; all procurations and synodals issuing from the above rectories; and certain yearly stipends and salaries of the parish chaplain and curate of Chyche, the priest or chaplain in the chapel of Brentwood, Essex, and the vicar of Clacton Parva; an annual rent of 6l. issuing from the manor of Bryghtlyngsey payable to the hospital of Magdalene in Colchester; an annual rent or pension of 10s. payable to the vicar of Tylton alias Tyleton, for tithes in the said close of Whadborough; and an annual rent of 10l. granted by the late abbot and convent of St. John, Colchester, to the said Thomas lord Crumwell for life. Del. Westm., 10 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, ms. 3 to 7.
9. Sir John Copuldyke. Annuity of 10 marks issuing from certain lands and tenements in Waplod, Linc., which belonged to John Partriche, deceased, during the minority of Geo. Partriche, s. and h. of the said John, with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 10 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Enrolled (in error) on Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 12.
10. John Penne, a groom of the King's privy chamber. To be chief steward of the lordships or manors of Saham alias Saham Tony, Panworth Hall and Cressingham Parva and the hundreds of Weylond and Grymshowe, Norf., parcel of Warwykes lands, now in the King's hands by the death of Thomas, late earl of Wiltshire; with the appointment of an under-steward or clerk of the courts of the said lordships or manors, and fees of 6l. 13s. 4d. a year. Del. Westm., 11 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 6, m. 10.
11. Sir Ric. Houghton. Grant in fee, for 180l. 15s. 4d., of the manor of Wheleton, Lanc., and 5s. rent issuing from lands in Wythinhyll, Lanc., called “Brandwoods lands,” in the tenure of James Brandwood, and certain houses and closes of land there and in Stanworth, in the several tenures of Jas. Wylkynson, Thurstan Thornebarr, Ralph Gorton, Jas. Wawmesley, Rob. Ferclough, Wm. Clayton, Geo. Garston, and Rob. Haydok. All which belonged to the late monastery of Whalley, Lanc., and came to the King by the attainder of John Paslowe, the last abbot there. To hold by a rent of 18s. 7d. Del. Westm., 12 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 14.
12. Nich. Uppeton. Lease of divers parcels of the demesne lands of the manor of Stokenham, Devon, viz.:—closes, &c., (specified) late in the occupations of Walter Pope, John Talbye, John Golde, Mich. Andrewe, and Wm. Durranne, John Vele and Mich. Vele, Th. Crosseman, Mich. Tawe; the meadows of Stretemede “cum ruanno ejusdem” late in the occupation of the tenants of Bykerton; and the farm of the mullets caught at Estprall and a third part of those caught at Helyslands or Helysands, the warren of coneys on the south side of the chapel of St. Laurence, late in the occupation of Hen. Strete; and the osiers (salices) called “le ferne in le Greate Wayne,” parcel of the lands of the late countess of Salisbury attainted: for 21 years. at divers stated rents. Hampton court, 8 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del., Westm., 12 April—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 11.
13. John Bradill. To be bailiff or collector of the rents of the manor of Whalley and of all lands, &c., in Whalley, Claiton, Penhulton, Wiswold, Padyham, Chatborne, Clyderhowe, Colcotts, Acrynton, Rostendale, Harrisshebanks, Rybchester, and Byllyngton, Lanc., belonging to the monastery of Whalley, Lanc., in the King's hands by the attainder of John, the late abbot; and keeper and overseer of the woods there; with 4l. a year as bailiff; and, ns keeper of the woods, the profits of all windfalls, “lopps and cropps,” &c. Hamptoncourt, 6 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 38.
14. James Shurlock, James Woodlock, and John Neele. Licence to export 100 weighs of wheat, 60 weighs of barley, 60 weighs of malt, and 100 weighs of beans, for the better victualling of the soldiers, crew, and other true subjects in the city of Waterford, Ireland. Hampton Court, 9 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 April.—P.S.
15. Bishopric of Rochester. Restitution of temporalities on the election of the King's chaplain and almoner Nich. Hethe, S. T. P., as bishop, confirmed by Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury. Hamptoncourt, 30 Mar. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 28. Rym., XIV. 656.
16. Nich. Luke. To be, during good conduct, Third Baron of the Exchequer. Westm., 12 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 14 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 1.
17. Th. Knyght. To be one of the four ordinary clerks of the Signet, vice Th. Wriothesley promoted to the office of one of the King's principal secretaries. Addressed to Th. Wriothesley and Ralph Sadleyr, the King's principal secretaries. Del. Westm., 14 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 38.
18. Anth. Brakenbury, a gentleman usher of the King's chamber. To be bailiff of the lordship of Gaynesforthe in the bishopric of Durham, and collector of Gaynesforthe, Pereebridge, Hedelem, and Langton, in the said lordship; with 2d. a day as bailiff and the usual fees as collector. On surrender, by Geo. Warcop, of patent 3 Feb. 4 Hen. VIII. granting the said office of bailiff to Rob. Warcop, one of the gentlemen ushers of the King's chamber, and the said George, his brother. Hampton Court, 1 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 37.
19. Alinxus, John, Anthony, Jasper, and Baptista de Basam, brothers in the science or art of music. Grant of the following stipends, viz.:—to Alinxus, 50l. a year; to John, 2s. 4d. a day; and to each of the others, 20d. a day. Hamptoncourt, 6 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 38. Rym., XIV. 657.
20. Sir John Brugges and Elizabeth his wife. Licence to alienate the manor of Luggewardyne, Heref., to Ric Warmecombe and Anne his wife, and the heirs of the said Richard. Westm., 14 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 28.
21. Thos. Walker, of London, vintner, and Will Garard and John Bynekes, of London, haberdashers. Licence to export 100,000 “weight” of bell metal “of our owne.” Westm. Palace, 18 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 Apr.—S.B. Countersigned by Sir Ric. Ryche and endorsed Mr. Brocke.
22. Wm. Stafford and Mary his wife, daughter and heir of Thomas, late earl of Wiltshire and Ormond, deceased. Livery of lands, viz., of the manors of Southt alias Southtboram and Henden in Henden park, and all lands in Hever and Bradsted, Kent, which belonged to the said earl. Hamptoncourt, 17 Mar. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 28.
23. Wm. Stafford and Mary his wife. Livery of lands, the said Mary being d. and h. of Thomas, late earl of Wiltshire and Ormond, and kinswoman and heir of Marg. Boleyn, widow, deceased, late wife of Sir Wm. Boleyn, deceased. Hampton court, 20 Mar. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 Apr.—P.S. Pat p. 7, m. 31.
24. Denizations. Nicholas Galyard, born subject of the king of France.
Simon Girrell, born subject of the king of France. Westm., 16 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 34.
25. Martin Bowes, alderman of London. Grant, in fee, for 491l. 19s. 6d., of the tenement and garden, and 2 acres of land lately leased to Sir Edward Boughton, in Wolwyehe, Kent, belonging to the late monastery of St. Mary Overey's, Surrey; and the lands and pastures called Whetefelde, next Longelane, in the parish of St. Mary Magdalene, Barmonsey, Surrey, now in the tenure of Adam Boston, belonging to the late monastery of Barmondsey; the messuage or tenement called Blake Fenne, with appurtenances in Bexley and Wellinge, Kent, late in the tenure of Th. Colyn; the 4 pieces of land and pasture called “Cristeansbroke,” “Christeans Wynchams Crofts,” and “Sectoursbroke,” in the parishes of Bexley and Crayforde, Kent, late in the tenjure of John Owtred; and woods (extent given), called Ladie Wood, Pathes Grove, Horners Grove, Gooseland Grove, Cley Grove, Emmehall Grove, Orley Wood, Howgrove, Hanley Pathes, Halyox Grove, Westleys hedgerows, Harrylands hedgerows, Brometon hedgerows, Wanley Grove, and Christeans Grove, in Bexley, Wellinge, and Creyforde, Kent; which messuage, lands, and woods belonged to the late monastery of Dartford; the manor or messuage of Plumstede, Kent, with 10 acres marsh inundated by the Thames, the lands called Upplonde, and other lands of the manor lately leased to Rob. Bendlowes, Wm. Tompson and Elizabeth his wife; the marshes inundated by the Thames in the parish of Plumstede, lately leased to Stephen Birde; and the fisheries in the said marshes; the parcel of land called Maggettesnest, in the parish of Plumstede, late in the tenure of Wm. Tompson; and woods (extent given) called Parcevall Grove, Giles Squyers Coppes, High Grove, Claystrete Grove, Wickham Bern Coppes, and Browninge Wood, in Plumstede; which manor, &c., belonged to the late college of Acon, in London; the tenement and lands, &c., in the tenure of Ric. Dwarehows, in Wikham, Kent; and woods (extent given) called Panesfelde Grove, Kingesheld, Horseles Grovetts, and Shudcrofte, in Wikeham, belonging to the late monastery of St. Peter, Westminster; the tenement with shops, cellars, &c., lately leased to John Gaunte, in Bridge Strete, in the parish of St. Magnus, London, belonging to the late Carthusian priory near London; the tenement lately leased to Nich. Coke and Agnes his wife, and 2 other tenements in tenure of the said Nich., in the parish of St. Mary, Wolnothe, London, belonging to the late priory of Hallywell, near London, Midd.; a messuage or tenement lately leased to Ric. Staverton, in Shirborne lane, in the said parish of St. Mary, Wolnoth, London, belonging to the late priory of St. Helen, in the city of London; and the advowson of the rectory and parish church of St. Mary, Wolnoth, London.
To hold by certain specified yearly rents. Del. Westm., 16 Apr. 151 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 9.
26. Wm. Whorwood, the King's Solicitor General, and Margaret his wife. Grant in fee (as below) for 918l. 20d. of the reversions and yearly rents reserved upon the following leases, viz.:—
(1.) By the Crown, 10 May 29 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Skevyngton, of Wolverhampton, Staff., of the house and site, &c., of the late priory of Brewoodde alias of the Nuns, alias of St. Leonard, Brewoode, Salop; term, 21 years; rent, 10l. 9s. 6d.
(2.) By the Crown, 20 June 29 Hen. VIII., to Th. Bulker, of Donyngton, Salop, husbandman, and Margaret his wife, of a tenement called Nechlees, in the lordship of Donyngton, Salop, then in the tenure of the said Thomas, which belonged to the said late priory; term, 21 years; rent. 12s.
(3.) By the Crown, 27 April, 29 Hen. VIII., to Th. Tedstyll, of Tedstyll, Salop, husbandman, and Wm. Tedstyll his son, of the messuages, &c., in Tedstill then in the tenure of the said Thomas, which belonged to the said late priory; term, 21 years; rent, 20s.
(4.) By Joan Shyrley, formerly prioress, and the convent of the said late priory, 10 Jan. 11 Edw. IV., to Wm. Lowe, of Hugley, of a messuage in Overton, Salop; term, 99 years; rent, 6s. 8d.
(5.) By the same, 1 Feb. 1 Ric. III., to Ph. Stawhton and Sibilla, his wife, of a messuage and buildings in Howmefreston, in the lordship of Albryghton, Salop; term, 81 years; rent, 7s. 8d.
(6.) By Margery, formerly prioress, and the same convent, 20 Sept. 15 Hen. VII., to Wm. Barbor, of Bugge, of a messuage and lands, &c., in the parish of Patengham, Staff.; term, 70 years; rent, 15s.
(7.) By Marg. Sandford, formerly prioress, and the same convent, 16 Oct. 21 Hen. VIII., to Th. Lowe, of a toft, a garden, a croft, and 15 acres of land in Over Mathefelde, Salop; term, 61 years; rent, 6s.
(8.) By the same, 10 March 11 Hen. VIII., to Th. Bulker, of a tenement or messuage in Sutton Madoke, Salop, with appurtenances in Broketon; term, 31 years; rent, 16s.
(9.) By Stephen, formerly abbot, and the convent of Croxden, Staff., 30 May 1 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Holyes and Elizabeth his wife, and John their son, of the site, manor and grange of Oken, Staff., with a horse mill there, and the farm of a certain small pasture called “Le Cowe Leez,” in Oken; for life in survivorship; rent, 73s. 4d.
(10.) By John, late abbot, and the same convent, by 17 May 22 Hen. VII., to Wm. Throwley alias Throweley and Margaret his wife, and John his brother, of a messuage in Oken, Staff.; for life; rent, 25s.
And the following similar leases of messuages in Oken by the same:—
(11.) 2 May 16 Hen. VII., to John Colman, Katherine his wife, and Thomas their son (a messuage late in tenure of John Wyldecote), rent, 28s.
(12.). 5 June 18 Hen. VII., to Th. Hyll, Joan his wife, and John their son; rent, 16s. 2d.
(13.) 17 May 22 Hen. VII., to Ric. Hosyer, Margaret his wife, and John their son; rent, 19s.
(14.) 31 Oct. 15 Hen. VII., to Wm. Hykmans, Katherine his wife, and John their son; rent, 43s. 8d.
(15.) 17 May 22 Hen. VIII., to Wm. Bathe, Alice his wife, and Thomas their son; rent, 32s.
By abbot Stephen:—
(16.) 16 Sept. 4 Hen. VIII., to Th. Shenton, Katherine his wife, and George their son; rent, 35s. 4d.
(17.) 17 Aug. 6 Hen. VIII., to John Browne, Emmota his wife, and William their son; rent, 21s. 2d.
By abbot John:—
(18.) 9 Nov. 13 Hen. VIII., to Hen. Jamys, Margaret his wife, and Thomas their son; rent, 33s. 4d.
(19.) By John, late abbot, and the convent of the late monastery of St. Mary, Bordesley, Worc. on the feast of Annunciation, 27 Hen. VIII., to Humph. Luce, of the lands and pastures called “Harvyes Croftes,” with the meadows called “Harvyes croftes medowes,” and a small coppice (copia) of wood adjoining them; the manor or grange called “Le Lye graunge” alias “Le Newe graunge,” the common highway and lane called “Le Lye lane”; 4 bushels of salt to be delivered yearly at Bordesley; the pasture called “Le Lye Woode,” with arable land therein, and 2 closes adjoining the said pasture between “Le Lye acres” and part of “Le Lye Scrubbes”; the abbey's parcel and part of “Le Lye Scrubbes,” in the tenure of Th. Foxe alias Martyn; and the whole coppice (copia bosci) called Godfrydes Haye, with the pasture of the said wood and Shortewood lane there adjoining; all which are in the parish of Terdebyg and adjoining, and extend as follows, viz., lengthwise, from the water of Arrowe called “Le Lye Broke” by a hedge called “le medowe hedge” of one Wm. Stafford, and along a hedge called “le nether Lye hedge” to a gate called “le Over Lye gate,” and along a hedge called “le Over Lye hedge,” to a hedge called “le Lye acres hedge,” in the tenure of John Menks, and so along the same hedge to the part of Le Lye Scrubbes, in the tenure of Ric. Harryson, and so along the same hedge to the end of a lane called Shortewoode lane, and so by the ditch and hedge of “le Shortewodez copies” to “le Chaundelers Sale Yende,” and so by the same to the hedge called “Le Blakeston Greves Hedge,” and so to the water of Arowe, and thence tuning by the same water, to a parcel of land in the tenure of Wm. Myller, and then again by the same water to the aforesaid stream. Also the pasture or herbage of the coppice called Shortewoodez copies in the said parish of Terdebyg, (fn. 28) extending from the furthermost part of “le Shortwoode” to a croft called Ruddyng Crofte, in the tenure of John Gylbert, and so by a hedge called “le Ruddyng hedge” to “Mynyngers pytts,” in the tenure of Th. Chambour, and so by the hedges of “le Mynyngars pytts,” and the field of the new grange to the ditch of “le Hewell grove downe” by the end of the ditch at “le gutter” called “le Dompes,” and so by the same gutter “downe” to the further end of the said lane called Shortewoode lane; with uppurtenances; for the term of 61 years at the several yearly rents of 33s. 4d.; 4l. 10s.; and 6s. 8d.
The above to the said William and Margaret and the heirs and assigns of the said William for ever.
ii. Also grant to the said Wm. Whorwood and one George Kenaston of the manor of Newton next Ellysmore, Salop, belonging to the late monastery of Haughmond, Salop; and all messuages, mills, lands, &c., in Newton next Ellysmore, which belonged to the said late monastery of Haughmond: These to the said William and George, their heirs and assigns for ever.
iii. Also grant to the said Wm. Whorwood and Wm. Walter and Katherine, his wife, of the manor or lordship of Wasperton alias Wasparton, Warw., which belonged to the late priory or cathedral church of St. Mary, Coventry; and the reversions and rents reserved upon leases by that convent of the said manor, to Wm. Warde, rent, 4l. 4s. 4d.; of two messuages and four virgates of land in Wasperton, Warw., to John Nycolls, rent, 22s.; and the fishery in the water of Aven, Warw., late in tenure of one Th. Robyns, belonging to the same priory, aud all possessions of the priory in Wasperton. These to the said Wm. Whorwood, Wm. Walter and Katherine and the heirs and assigns of the said William and Walter for ever.
The grantees to hold at certain stated rents and to be discharged of all other burdens, except a yearly rent-service of 9s. 8d. issuing from the site, &c., of the late priory or house of Brewoode; a yearly rent-service of 10s. issuing from parcel of the premises belonging to the same late priory; a yearly rent or fee of 13s. 4d. issuing from the possessions of the same late priory due to Humph. Swymerton, bailiff of the same possessions; a yearly rent or fee of 13s. 4d. issuing from the manor of Oken and other premises in Oken for the fee of the bailiff or collector of rents there; a fee or annuity of 43s. 4d. issuing from the manor and other premises in Wasperton, payable to John Hill for the term of his life only for the fee of the bailiff and collector of rents of the said manor of Wasperton and the manor of Honyngton, Warw. Del. Westm., 16 Apr., 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, ms. 23 to 27.
27. Geo. Blenerhasset. Licence to enfeoff Th. Blanerhassett, clk., and Laurence Taylor, of the manor of Boylandes, Norf., and a moiety of the same manor, Suff., to the use of the said George and Margaret, his wife, and the heirs male of the body of the said George. Westm., 16 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 28.
28. Edw. Elryngton and Grace, his wife. Licence to alienate the manor of Strowde Temple, and two messuages, two wharfs, and certain acres of land, &c., in Strowde Temple, Kent, to Sir Geo. Broke lord Cobham, and his heirs. Westm., 16 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 28.
29. John Cheyne, of Wallyngford, mercer. Pardon for having accidentally killed Th. Clerke, his apprentice or servant, as appears by the coroner's inquest taken at Wallyngford, Berks, before Th. Pollyngton, mayor and coroner of that town or borough, on the 15th Nov. last. The names of Hen. Grenewood, Wm. Brodesheyf, other servants of the said John, are mentioned in the inquisition. Westm., 17 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 2; also on p. 6, m. 1.
30. Ric. Manchestre, (fn. 29) clk., rector of the parish church of Drye Drayghton, Ely dioc. Grant of the office of King's chaplain; and licence to hold two or three other benefices besides those which he at present has, without personal residence. Westm., 17 April. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 34. Rym. xiv. 657.
31. Th. Holcroft, esquire of the Royal Body. Grant in fee, for 650l. 5s. 4d., og the messuages, cottages, lands, &c., in Cadysewalhed, Magna Wolden, and Parva Wolden, Lanc., and the manor or lordship of Willaton, Chester; all which belonged to the late monastery of Whalley, Lanc., and came to the King by the attainder of John Paslowe, the late abbot; also the site of the manor of Wygglesworth, Yorks., and its demesne lands (named) in Wyglesworth, which belonged to Sir Steph. Hamerton, lately attainted. To hold by a rent of 41s. 3d. as a tenth of the said possessions of Whalley. Del. Westm., 17 Api 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5. m. 13.
32. Sir Th. Hennege and Kalherine, his wife. Grant in tail, in exchange for the manors of Estyngton and Alkerton, Glouc., of the manor of Overton, Yorks., belonging to the late monastery of St. Mary without York, the advowson of the church of Sesey, Yorks.; and all possessions of the monastery in Overton, in as full manner as the last abbot held the same; also, the grange called Ryddyng Graunge in Ellerton, Yorks., belonging to the late priory of Ellerton, and certain lands (named) in Ellerton, and a parcel of meadow called the “North Hyll” in the fields of Westecottyngwithe, Yorks., in as full manner as the last prior of Ellerton held the same; also, the house and site of the late priory of Henyngs alias Hevenyngs, Linc.; the church, steeple, and churchyard of the same; and divers lands, &c. (named) in Hevenyngs, Knathe, Kexby, Upton, and Wyllynghame, Linc., which were in the personal occupation of the late prioress of Henyngs:—To hold by the yearly rent of 5l.; with liberties. Del. Westm., 17 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 10.
33. James Gage. Licence to alienate the following lands (granted to him by patent 20 Mar. 31 Hen. VIII.) to Sir Arth. Darcy and his heirs for ever, viz.:—The house and site of the late priory of Helaugh, in co. city of York; the church, steeple, and churchyard of the same; and numerous closes (of which one is said to have been formerly in the tenure of the late wife of Th. Bisshoppe, and another is described as being near the water of Warfe) in Helaugh, Hagney, Hagneby, and Tadcaster, in co. city of York, which belonged to the said late monastery; the rectory of Helaugh, which belonged to the same late monastery, and all messuages, lands, &c., belonging to the same rectory; and the advowson of the vicarage of the parish church of Helaugh (except the woods called Braythwayte, Catterton Parke, Horsewoode, Sheroks, and Wandhagg); and the close of land and pasture called Hagnay lying among the said lands, which belonged to the late priory of Clementhorppe, in co. city of York. Westm., 17 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 3, m. 1, also p. 6, m. 3.
34. Sir Th. Seymour. Licence to alienate the manors and granges called Chylderdyche Hall and Tyllyngham Hall in the parishes of Childerdyche, Warleye Parva, and Westhorndon, formerly parcel of the possessions of the late monastery of Coggeshall, Essex, and the rectory of Childerdyche, Essex, formerly belonging to the said monastery; and all messuages, lands, &c., in Childerdyche, Tyllyngham, Warleye Parva and Westhorndon, which are held of the King in chief:—to Sir Richard Riche, Chancellor of the Conrt of Augmentations, for life; with remainder to Hugh Riche, one of the sons of the said Richard, and the heirs of his body; with remainder, in default of issue, to the right heirs of the said Richard. Westm., 17 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 37.
35. Sir Richard Riche, Chancellor of the Court of Augmentations. Licence to alienate the manor of Maylandhall, Essex; and the rectories of Mayland, South Mynster, and Althorn, with the advowsons of the vicarages of the parish churches; and 6 acres of wood called Byrchewood in the parish of Purligh, which belonged to the late monastery of St. Osith, Essex; and all messuages, lands, &c., in the above places belonging to the said manor; and two messuages, two cottages, and 600 acres of marsh in Burneham, South Mynster, and Althorn, Essex, which belonged to the late monastery of Halywell, Midd.; To Th. Worth and Walt. Pharre: to the end that they may, before Mich, next, re-convey the premises to the said Richard for life, with remainder to one Wm. Riche, one of the sons of the said Richard, and the heirs of his body; with remainder to the right heirs of the said Richard. Westm., 17 April. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 38.
36. Edw. Elryngton. Licence to alienate the rectory of Byddenham, Beds, which belonged to the late monastery of Denny, Camb., with the advowson of the church or vicarage thereof; and all messuages, &c., belonging to the said rectory and vicarage: to Wm. Butler and Anne his wife, and the heirs of the body of the said William; with remainder, in default of issue, to Wm. Lyghtfote, son of Edw. Lightfote, and the heirs of his body; with remainder, in default of issue, to John Lyghtfote, brother of the said William, and the heirs of his body; with remainder, in default of issue, to Rog. Lyghtfote and the heirs of his body; with remainder, in default of issue, to Joan Lyghtfote, sister of the said William; with remainder in default to the right heirs of the said Wm. Butler. Westm., 17 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 38.
37. Thomas lord Crumwell. Creation as earl of Essex, with an annuity of 20l. out of the issues of the county of Essex. Del. 17 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
38. Thomas earl of Essex, K.G., Keeper of the Privy Seal. To be Great Chamberlain of England, vice John Veer, earl of Oxford, dec, who held it by patent of 19 Dec. 18 Hen. VIII. T. 18 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
39. Edw. Vaughan. Grant, in fee, of the messuage or tenement called “Le Inner Dagger,” with shops, &c., thereto belonging, in the parish of St. Mary Le Bow, London, lately leased to Ric. Poynter, draper, of London, formerly belonging to the late college of Acon in London; and the tenement called “Le Utter Dagger” in the tenure of John Peke, in the same parish; and that part of a messuage or tenement called “Le Dagger,” lately leased to the said John Peke in the same parish, belonging to the late monastery of Halywell, Midd. To hold by a rent of 28s. 4d. Del. Westm., 19 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 22.
40. Ric. Bell. To be “a soldeour on horseback” in the retinue of Barwycke, with 6d. a day, vice Randulphe Carocke, dec. Westm., 19 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 42.
41. Anth. Ellys of Greate Pawnton, Linc., merchant of the staple of Calais, and Ric. Ward, of Wingfeld, Berks. Grant, in fee, for 263l. 5s., of the messuage, &c., in the tenure of Ric. Raskell, in Stoke, Linc., belonging to the late priory of nuns of Styxwold; the annual rent of 12s., due from the said Anthony and his heirs for lands in Swyneshede, and formerly paid to the said late priory; the manor of Wingfeld, Berks, and all lands in Wingfield belonging to the late monastery of Abingdon; the manor of Stoke, Linc., belonging to the late priory of Huntingdon; a messuage lately leased to John Langer, clk., rector of Kyrkestok, in Northstoke, near Grauntham, Linc.; and a tenement, &c., late in tenure of Eliz. Dalbye, in Muston, Leic., belonging to the late monastery of Owlston alias Olveston, Leic. To hold by rents of 16s.d. for Wingfield, and 12s. 8d. for the rest. Del. Westm., 20 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 18.
42. Rob. Lorde, paymaster of the King's works. Commission to procure and retain at reasonable hire in the King's name as many “carts courts,” cart horses, hackney and other horses, hoys, crayers, boats, &c., as he shall think necessary for the conveyance of the King's treasure and other necessaries from place to place, with a view to the expedition of the King's affairs and great buildings:—all persons refusing to give up their “carts courts,” cart horses, &c., to be liable to imprisonment without bail or mainprise until the said Robert, with the advice of the mayor, bailiffs, constables, and other officers of the city, town, or village where the parties shall be apprehended, shall think fit to enlarge them. Del. Westm., 20 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 6, m. 4.
43. John Kyngesmyll, of Whytchurche, Hants, and Constance his wife. Grant, in fee, for 976l. 5s. 10d., of the manor of Sydmanton, Hants, belonging to the late monastery of Romsey, Hants, the pasture called Donymeade and Pontesdowne in Sydmanton; and all appurtenances in as full manner as the last abbess held the same.
Also the manor of Sandeford, Hants, belonging to the late monastery of Godstowe, Oxon, water mills called Gales mylle and Swaynes mill in Kyngesclere, Hants, and all appurtenances in cos. Hants and Berks, in as full manner as the last abbess of Godstowe held the same.
Also the yearly rent of 13s. 4d. issuing from the manor of the said John Kyngesmyll, called Ludeshulff, Hants, which belonged to the late monastery of Hyde, Hants:—
With reservation of a yearly rent of 55s. issuing from the lands of John Cheny called Pigeons in Esteendborne, Berks, and all advowsons.
To hold by the yearly rent of 5l. 8s. 6d., free of all charges except the fees of the bailiffs and collectors of the manors of Sidmanton and Sandeford. Del. Westm., 20 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 32.
44. Thos. Hochynson and Will. Hochynson. Grant, in fee, for 177l. 13s. 4d., paid by Thomas Hochynson, of Colson Bassett, Notts, of the rectory of the parish church of Owthorpe, Notts, belonging to the late monastery of Thurgarton, Notts, 12s. annual rent issuing from tenements of the said Thomas in Owthorpe, 4s. from lands … [in] Owthorpe, and the messuages in the several tenures of John Browne, Eliz. Kerne, widow, Rob. Bykarstaff, Thos. Johnson, John Byrde, Ric. Byrde, Hugh Byrde … in Owthorpe, and all possessions of Thurgarton in Owthorpe, in as full manner as the last prior held them. To hold at a rent of 20s.; the grantees exonerated from all pensions, &c., except 10s. 8d. payable by the rectory to the abp. of York for the procurations and synodals of the said rectory, the stipend of a chaplain and priest officiating in the church of Owthorpe, and 2s. to the prior of St. John of Jerusalem in England. Del. Westm., [20 ?] … 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (faded).
45. Th. Bowyer, of London, grocer, and Joan his wife. Grant, in fee, for 660l. 15s., of the manor of Rougeton alias Rounton commonly called Romton, Sussex, belonging to the late monastery of Brewton; the rectory appropriate and church of Rougeton, and the advowson of the vicarage thereof; and all appurtenances in Rougeton, Northmondham alias Northmondam, Pegham alias Pagham and Culham, Sussex, and all possessions of the monastery in Rougeton, and tithes on the premises, in as full manner as the last abbot of Brewton held the same. To hold by a rent of 73s. 6d.; with liberties. Del. Westm., 21 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 19.
46. John Cokks, of London, Salter, and Eleanor his wife. Grant, in fee, for 240l. 7s. 6d., of the house and site of the late priory of Redborne, Herts, belonging to the late monastery of St. Albans, and the manors called the “Pryory,” of Redborne and Beymonds, Herts, belonging to St. Albans; in as full manner as Ric. Boreman, the late abbot, held the same. To hold by a rent of 26l. 9d. Del. Westm., 21 April 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 21.
47. Sir John Horsey, of Clynton, Dorset. Licence to alienate the chief messuage or mansion called Longleyte, Wilts, belonging to the late priory of Hynton, Soms., and the lands, &c., in the parishes of Deverell Longbrygge, Longleyte, and Hornyngeham, Wilts, with common of pasture for 200 sheep, certain acres in the parishes of Hornyngeham and Mayden Bradlegh, Wilts, a close called Chaunterye close and 50 acres of lands in Estfelde in the parish of Deverell, which belonged to the late monastery of Hynton; to John Thynne, of London, his heirs and assigns for ever. Westm., 21 Apr. Pat. 31 Hen. VTII., p. 5, m. 28.
48. Wm. Gybbys, a yeoman of the Guard. To be bailiff of the hundred of Whytestone, Soms., belonging to the late monastery of Glastonbury, Soms., which came to the King by the attainder of Ric. Whytyng, the late abbot; in as full manner as John Horner held the same. Westm. 17 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 21 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 42.
49. John Benolde, clk., rector of St. Andrewes Undershaft in the city of London. Licence to hold the said rectory and the other benefices he has or shall obtain in England, Calais, or the marches thereof, without personal residence. Westm., 16 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 21 Apr.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 5.
50. Geo. Eastcote, a yeoman of the Guard. To be bailiff of the hundreds of Harydge, Devon, in the King's hands by the attainder of Henry, late marquis of Exeter; with fees of 26s. 8d. a year. Del. Westm., 21 Apr. 31 Hen. VIII. — S.B. Pat. p. 7. m. 28.
612. Undated, 31 Hen. VIII.
1. William earl or Southampton, Great Admiral of England. Lease of the manors or lordships of Chalton, Hants, and Crokeham, Berks; and the agistment, herbage, and pannage of the great and little park of Crokeham; all which premises belonged to Margaret late countess of Salisbury, attainted; with reservations; for 21 years, at rents of 75l. 0s.d. for Chalton, and 27l. 5s. 10d. for Crokeham. Vacated on personal surrender, 12 July 32 Hen. VIII. Undated.—S.B. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.
2. Hen. Coke. Lease, for a fine of 40s., of the site and demesnes of the manor of Bercombe, Suss., and fishery in the brook there, parcel of “Beaumont's lands,” law in the hands of Sir Nich. Carewe, attainted; with reservations; term, 21 years; rent, 12l. for the site, &c., and 4d. for the fishery. Undated.—S.B. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 30.
3. John Hamond and Elizabeth his wife. Grant, in fee, for 91l. 16s., of the great tenement in which the said John now dwells, with a certain little tenement there in which Ric. Yarowe dwells; which tenements the said John holds by indenture for a term of years, and are situated in the parish of St. Martin Owtwiche, in the city of London; also, two other tenements in the said parish of St. Martin, now leased to Alan Hawte,—all which tenements belonged to the late priory of St. Helen, in the city of London. Yearly value, 5l. 13s. 4d.; rent, 11s. 4d. Undated.—S.B. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31.
4. Denizations—
John Bawden, carpenter, born subject of James king of Scots. 4 … (fn. 30)
Nicholas De La Mere.
Ant. Godfrey.
John Hunter.
John Nycoll.
Rob. Richardson, clk., born subject of James king of Scots. 28 …. (fn. 30)
Pat. 31 Hen. VIII, p. 2, m. 34.
5. John Jenyns. Grant, in fee, for 100l., of the house and site of the late priory of St. Oswald, near Gloucester, in co. town of Gloucester, and the churchyard of the same, &c.; and all messuages, houses, &c., in the parish of St. Oswald, in the suburbs of the said town, and in the parishes of St. John the Baptist, St. Michael, St. Aldatus, St. Owen (Aldeonus), St. Mary of All Saints, St. Mary Graselond, Holy Trinity and St. Nicholas, in the town of Gloucester, which belonged to the said late priory or which Wm. Jenyns, the late prior, held in right of the same; also, the meadow lying in Sandeherste mede, in co. town of Gloucester, and all tithes of corn and hay and other fruits of a large meadow called Meneham medowe, near the site of the said late priory, which belonged to the same late priory. Clear yearly value, 16l. 12s.d.; yearly rent, 33s. 4d. S.B.—Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 34.
6. Thomas, lord Audley, of Walden, the Chancellor. Licence to alienate the rectory of Southmymmys, Midd., and all lands, &c., thereto belonging: and the advowsons of the rectory and church of Southmymmys and of the vicarage thereof; and the manor of Hadlegh Monachorum; to Fran. Godere, of Hadlegh Monachorum, Midd., Hen. Godere and Th. Godere, sons of the said Francis, in survivorship; with remainder to the heirs of the body of the said Francis; with remainder, in default of such issue, to Anne Cok, wife of John Cok of Broxbourne, Herts, and the heirs of the body of the said Anne; with remainder, in default of such issue, to Hen. Godere, sen., of Southwerk, Surrey, and the heirs of his body; with remainder, in default of such issue, to Wm. Godere of Eggeware, Midd., and the heirs of his body. Westm. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 41.
7. John Williams. Grant in fee, for 526l. 19s. 2d., of the house and site of the late priory of Elsyngspytell in the city of London; a messuage or tenement, with garden adjoining, in the tenure of John Danyster; another tenement,with a garden adjoining, in the tenure of Th. Jeffrey; and another tenement in the tenure of Agnes Vaughan, widow, within the close of the priory; the long messuage or house in which the late sisters of the said late priory now dwell, near the said site extending from the priory church on the east, by the common way from Creplegate to Byshopisgate on the north, to a lane called Philipp lane on the west; also the three tenements severally in the tenures of Th. Baxster, Th. Herman, and Anne Goldsmyth, widow, adjoining the site and garden of the same late priory, viz., in Philipp lane, London; the two tenements severally in the tenures of Wm. Wilson and the company of “Playsterers,” of London, adjoining the site of the said late priory, viz., in Aldermanbury, abutting on the garden of the said late priory on the west, and on the common street leading from Aldermanbury to London Wall on the east. All which premises belonged to the said late priory. Clear yearly value, 18l. 11s. 4d.
Also the closes and fields of land and pasture called Welfelde, alias Brill closes, now in the tenure of the said John Williams in Brill Mounte, Bucks; and all the lands late in the tenure of Th. Shurley in the fields of Brill and Ocley, Bucks; all which belonged to the late monastery of Notley, Bucks.
To hold by the yearly rents of 37s. 2d. for the premises in London; and, for the rest, of 29s. 8d.—S.B. Undated. Endd.: John Williams of the Jewel Houge. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 45.
8. Th. More, an officer of the King's cellar. Lease of the site of the manor of Medmenham, Bucks, with certain fields, closes, &c. (specified), parcel of the lands of Sir Hen. Poole, late lord Montacute, attainted; term, 21 years; rent, 15l. 8d.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 47.
9. Wm. Whery, a yeoman of the Crown. Grant, in reversion, of 6d. a day as fee of the Crown, on the next vacancy.—S.B. Undated. Endd.: “The fee of the crown in reversion for William Whirrye, mariner; at the suit of the lord Admiral.” Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 35.
10. Urian Brereton, a groom of the Privy Chamber. To be keeper of the “Black parke,” in the lordship of Chirke, marches of Wales, lately held by Matthew Hanmer; with the usual fees, herbage, and pannage.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 5.
11. Ralph Eyre, a groom of tho Chamber. Grant, in reversion, of the office of one of the walking foresters of Galtresse forest, Yorks., with 4d. a day out of the issues of the lordship of Sherifhoton, granted by patent, 24 Feb. 11 Hen. VIII., to John Wyghell, one of the pages of the Chamber; the reversion of which was granted by patent, 8 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII., to Ric. Agmondesbam, page of the Wardrobe of Robes, since deceased.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 12.
12. Special commission of the peace.
Northern Circuit:—Robert bishop of Llandaff, president of the Council, Ralph earl of Westmoreland, Henry earl of Cumberland, William lord Dacres of Gyllesland, Sir Chr. Jenney, John Hynde, King's serjeant-at-law, Th. Magnus, clk., archdeacon of the East Riding, Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Th. Tempest, Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun., Sir Marmaduke Constable, sen., Th. Fayrfax, serjeant-at-law, Rob. Bowes, Rob. Chaloner, Wm. Babthorp, Ric. Bellices, and John Uvedale.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 13.
13. Northern Circuit:—Commission to Robert bishop of Llandaff, president of the Council, and John Uvedale to receive recognizances for appearances before them and other justices of the circuit, and for good conduct and the keeping of the peace.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 14.
14. Special commission of the peace.
Northern Circuit:—Sir Th. Audeley, Chancellor, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Chas. duke of Suffolk, Thos. lord Crumwell, keeper of the Privy Seal, C. bishop of Durham, Ralph earl of Westmoreland, Hen. earl of Cumberland, Rob. earl of Sussex, Wm. earl of Southampton, Great Admiral of England, Wm. lord Dacre of Gillesland, John lord Scrope of Bolton, John lord Latymer, Chr. lord Conyers, Geo. lord Lumley, Sir Chr. Jenney, John Hynde, King's serjeant-at-law, Th. Magnus, clk., Sir Th. Tempest, Sir Chr. Dacre, Sir Th. Clyfford, Sir Wm. Eure, Sir Marmaduke Constable, sen., Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun., Sir Hen. Sayvell, Sir Cuthbert Ratclyff, Sir Th. Wharton, Sir John Constable of Holdernes, Sir Edw. Gowre, Sir Rog. Cholmeley, sen., Sir Th. Curwen, Sir Geo. Lawson, Sir Jas. Strangwayes, Sir Nich. Fayrfax, Sir Wm. Fayrfax, Sir Wm. Copley, Sir John Lowther, Sir John Wetheryngton, Sir John Lampelewe, Sir Jas. Laybourn, Sir Reg. Carnaby, Sir Chr. Hilzarde, Wm. Parre, Th. Fayrfax, serjeant-at-law, the mayors of York, Newcastle, and Hull, Rob. Bowes, Wm. Babthorp, Rob. Chaloner, John Dawney, John Norton, Geo. Conyers, Rog. Lasselles, Wm. Malori, John Pulleyn, Rob. Creyke of Beverley, Ambrose Middelton, Rob. Colyngwood, Ric. Dukette, Ric. Bellices, John Uvedale, Fran. Frobsher, Geoff. Lee, and Gervase Clyfton.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 14.
15. Ric. Manours. Grant, in fee, for 400l., of the house and site of the late priory of Newsted next Stampford, Linc.; the church, steeple, and churchyard of the same, &c.; the manor of Newsted called “le Priours manor of Newsted” with appurtenances n Linc., Northt., Leic. and Rutland; and certain lands in Offyngton, Linc., in the personal occupation of the late prior; and all possessions of the priory in Newsted juxta Stamford, Offyngton, Stampford, Braunston, Kneverth, Badryngton, Ketton, Greynham, Battellesford alias Botyllesford, Clo[se]worth alias Clottysworth, Casewyke Paiva, Casterton, Thakwood and Thakwoodclose, Braunstonfeld, Beryfeld, Falclyff, Denys furlong and Le Bere, Linc., Northt., Leic. and Rutland or elsewhere, in as full manner as John Blakett, the late prior, held the same. To hold by a rent of 4l. 20d.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 24. Partly illegible.
16. John Goderd, of Alburne, Wilts. Grant of all lands lately leased to the said John in the towns and fields of Wanburgh and Uppham, Wilts, belonging to the late monastery of Lacoke, Wilts, [Unfinished:] Vacated because elsewhere. (See Grants in April 32 Hen. VIII., No. 20.) Pat. 11 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 37.
17. Edw. Welden and Eliz. his wife. Lease, for a fine of 66s. 8d., of the site of the manor of Swannescombe, Kent, and all granges, stables, &c., thereupon; and the garden or orchard called the “Chery garden,” belonging to the said site; and 11 acres yearly of the underwood growing upon the said manor; with reservations; for 21 years; at rents of 14l. for the site, &c., and 6l. 13s. 4d. for the 11 acres:—the said site and garden having been leased to the said Edward and Elizabeth by the late Queen Jane, 1 Aug. 28 Hen. VIII., for 31 years.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 8.
18. Alan Coke alias Bertyn, clk., LL.D., rector of the parish churches of Bygrave, Linc. dioc., and Boxworthe, Salisbury dioc. Licence to hold a third cure or otherwise incompatible benefice. — S.B. Undated. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 21.
19. Sir Edw. Baynton. Licence to alienate 1 messuage, 1 cottage, 1 dovecote, and lands in Assheton, in the parish of Welles, Soms., to Rob. Ballar, his heirs and assigns, for ever. Westm. Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 29.
20. Michael Stanhope. Lease of all the booths. stallage and all other profits of the market at Lenton, Notts, called Lenton fair, which belonged to the late priory of Lenton and which is in the King's hands by the attainder of Nich. Heth, the late prior; for 21 years at 26l. 13s. 4d. rent. Del. … 29 … 31 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
613. Grants in April 1540, 32 Hen. VIII.
1. Sir Ric. Longe. Reversion and yearly rent of 17l. 10s. 6d. reserved upon the preceptory or lordship of Shyngay alias Shenggeye, Camb., which the said Sir Richard now holds in tail male by virtue of an Act of the Parliament of 31 Hen. VIII.
Also grant of the said preceptory or lordship, with all manors, lands, &c., in Shyngay alias Shenggeye, Eversholte, Shawston, Wendey, Clyfton, Gratford, Temmesforde, Overtondon (sic), Netherstondon, Shefforde, Tynegeythe, Husbond Crawley, Mylton Bryen, Prestley, Stepyngley, Temple (fn. 31) Mylbrok, Maldon, Fletwyk, Sylso, Flette, Grenefeld, Pollokes Hylles, Mepersall, Bedynghoo, Eston, Hennelowe, Stotefold, Wrastlyngworth, Dunton, Mylnehowe, Barunehyl, Hanger, Lymbury, Staneford, Turvey, Cuperhull, Willyngton, Podyngton, Ravensden, Wotton, Bedford, Okeley, Kempston, Barforde, Milton Harnes, Clophame, Merston, Wodehyll, Stondon, Pyllynge, Hardewyke, Gyldon Mordon, Steple Mordon, Habyngton, Lytlyngton, Bassyngborne, Knesworthe, Waddon, Melrethe, Melborne, Sheperythe, Royston, Tadlowe, Clopton, Crawdon, Esthatley, Wympole, Orwell, Eversdon, Burne, Stowe, Comberton, Barton, Whytwell, Grauncetor, Cambridge, Harston. Maddyngley, Trumpyngton, Drayton, Hyston, Sawston, Babraham, Gyrton, Harlingfeld, Calcott, Chesterton, Horssed, Burowe, Westley, Doylyngham, Wytford, Arvyngton, Duxworthe, Foxton, Abyngton, Chysshull, Magna Buntyngford, Russhedon, Wabendon, Tetworthe, and Canon, in cos. Camb., Beds, Essex, Herts, Hunts, and Bucks, and elsewhere in England, belonging to the said preceptory or lordship. Del. Westm., 22 April, 31 (sic) Hen. VIII. — S.B. (slightly mutilated). Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 34.
2. Walt. Chaundeler, citizen and merchant of Winchester. Grant, in fee, for 383l. 20d., of the grange and site of the manor and grange called Abbotts Barton alias Hide Barton, in the parish of St. Bartholomew, near the late monastery of Hyde, Hants, belonging to the said late monastery, with meadows, &c. (named), and all tithes, in as full manner as the premises were leased to John Barnabe and Margaret his wife, or held by the late abbot.
Also grant of the lime-kiln near Wayeward marks, and the privilege of digging clay in a place called Coningar within the said lands. To hold by the yearly rent of 42s. 7d. Westm. Palace, 21 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 April 31 (sic. but should be 32) Hen. VIII.—P.S. Inrolled on Pat. 31 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 34.
3. Ric. Morysyn. Grant, in fee, of the following parcels of the possessions of the late priory or new hospital of St. Mary without Bisshoppisgate, London, viz., the messuage, mansion, or building called “le Farmerye,” within the site of the said late priory, the buildings called “le Dorter” (90 feet long), and the hospice and building called the “toure” thereto adjoining; and the parcel of waste ground leading from the churchyard of the said late hospital to the said “Farmery,” the gardens called “le Pryours gardeyn” and “le Covent garden” within the enclosure of the said hospital; and the stable in the Pryour's garden, and the waste ground adjoining the same garden; and the two tenements, parcel of the tenements and buildings of the said late priory, called “le Crowne rents,” in the parish of Shordiche, Midd., on the east side of the common street leading from London to Shordiche and between the great barn of the said hospital on the south and the said “Crowne rents” on the north; which premises are in length from north to south 544 feet, and in breadth from east to west at the north end 50 feet, and the said gardens contain in breadth at the south end, from east to west, viz., from the “Busshopps Fyldes” to the said Farmery, 174 feet.
Also two tenements and a curtilage lately leased to James Wylson in Fryday Strete, in the parish of St. Margaret Moyses, London; and two tenements lately leased to Cuthbert Becher or in his tenure in Fryday Strete, parcel of the possessions of the late monastery of St. Mary of Graces, next the Tower of London.
Also a messuage, with houses thereon built, lately leased to Sir Edm. Bedingfeld, in Hony lane, in the parish of All Saints in Westchepe, London, viz., between Hony lane on the east and a messuage belonging to London Bridge on the west, the common way called Westchepe on the south, and a messuage or tenement in the tenure of the churchwardens of All Saints, Hony lane, on the north, which messuage belonged to the late monastery of Halywell, Midd. To hold by certain stated rents. Hamptoncorte, 9 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 April 31 (sic, but should be 32) Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat inrolled in 31 Hen, VIII., p. 6, m. 9.
4. Ric. Bell. To be a soldier on horseback in Berwick with 6d. a day, vice Ralph Carocke, deceased. Westm. Palace, 20 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 April 31 (sic, but should be 32) Hen. VIII.—P.S.
5. Francis Southwell. Lease of demesne lands in the manor of Whytechurche, parcel of the lordship of Sought, in the manor of Sully and in the lordship of Nethe Burgus; and the farm of lands at Kyngesbrydge, Pembroke, and the agistment of the park of Seynt Florence, Pembroke. All which premises are parcel of the lands of Jasper, late duke of Bedford; for 21 years; at stated rents. Westm., 22 April 32 Hen. VIII. Inrolled on Pat. 33 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 13.
6. Sir John Brydges, of Blunesdon, Wilts. Grant, in fee, for 2,193l. 2s. 6d., of the manors of Chuselden and Burythropp, the grange called Monkebaron, Wilts; the rectory and church of Chuselden and the advowson of the vicarage there, with all appurtenances in Chuselden, Hoddesdon, and Badbury, Wilts, which belonged to the late monastery of Hyde alias de Hyda, Hants.
Also the manors of Nonne Eton alias West Eton and Brode Blunesden, Wilts, belonging to the late monastery of Godstowe, Oxon. Del. Westm., 23 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (badly mutilated). Pat. p. 7, m. 6.
7. Rob. Dacres, of Chesthunt, Herts, and Elizabeth his wife. Grant, in fee, for 308l. 16s. 6d., of the manor of Brantfeld, Herts, which belonged to the late monastery of St. Albans, Herts; the advowson of the rectory and parish church of Brantfeld, a yearly pension of 2s. issuing from the said church, and all other possessions of St. Albans in Brantfeld. To hold at a rent of 33s. 1d. Del. Westm., 23 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 18.
8. Sir James Bulleyn and Elizabeth his wife. Licence to alienate the park of Hevyngham, parcel of the manor of Hevyngham, Norf., to Will. Bulleyn, clk., Westm, 23 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 28.
9. Thos. Wroth. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Rob. Wroth, dec. Del. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 1.
10. Thos. Teryngham. Livery of lands as bro. (fn. 32) and h. of Rob. Teryngham, s. and h. of Thos. Teryngham. Del. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 2.
11. Will. Lydbeter, sen. and jun., both of Wassyngton, Sussex, yeoman and husbandman. Pardon for the murder (described) of Ric. Bolokherd, of Hyden, Suss., as found before Philip Cooper, one of the coroners in said co. Del. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B., with several erasures and alterations. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
ii. S.B. addressed to the Master of the Rolls to reform and amend the above pardon. Dated, Westm. Palace, 10 May 32 Hen. VIII.
12. Katharine Howard, servant of the Queen Consort Anne. Grant of the goods and chattels of Will. Lidbeter alias Ledbeter, sen., of Wasshyngton, Sussex, yeoman, and of Will. Lidbeter alias Ledbeter, jun., of Wasshyngton, husbandman, who stand indicted before Philip Cooper, one of the coroners in said co., for the murder, on the last of Feb. last in the highway between Wasshyngton Church and the said Richard's house at Hyden, Suss., of Ric. Bolokherd, and for having fled and eloigned themselves, as they still do. Del. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.
13. Austin Whytehed. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Geo. Whytehed, deceased, and of Joan his wife, now wife of John Stanney. Westm., 24 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
14. John Gostwyk and Joan his wife. Licence to alienate the messuage or house of the Friars Minors called the “Gray Freares,” in the town of Bedford, in the said town; to Will. Borne and Elizabeth his wife, and the heirs of the said William, Westm., 24 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 28.
15. Will. Hosyer, of St. Giles in the Fields, London. Licence (he having had his house burnt down 9 Oct. last and lost all his goods therein to the value of 200l.) to collect alms in England and Wales for his relief. T., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (In English.) Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 14.
16. Will. Blitheman, of Burton, alias Monkebreton, Yorks. Grant, in fee, for 892l. 3s. 4d., of the house and site of the late priory of Monkebreton; the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof; the manor of Breton alias Burton alias Monke breton; the demesne lands (named) of the priory, divers woods (specified) in Monkebreton and in the parish of Rouston or Rowston, Yorks., the grange called Newlathes, a chapel called Elyns Chapel, and certain fields (named) in Rowston; all of which belonged to the said late priory.
Also the site of the house or late priory of the late Friars Preachers, called the Tofts in the city of York, &c.
Also a messuage, &c., now in the tenure of the said William in Thorpe Underwood, Yorks.; and a cottage and certain lands, &c. (specified), lately leased to Francis Manne and Peter his son in Thorpe Underwood; all which belonged to the late monastery of Fountains, in the archdeaconry of Richmond. Rent 4l. 19s. 2d. Del. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4 m. 23.
17. Rob. Phelippes, of London, leather seller. Grant, in fee, for 82l. 15s., of the 7 messuages or tenements in the parish of St. Martin, Ludgate, London, in the ward of Faryngdon Without, which were lately leased to Ric. Cavarde, belonging to the late new hospital of St. Mary without Bisshopisgate, London. Rent 12s. 4d. Del. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 24.
18. Sir Humph. Wyngfelde and Richard his son. Lease of the manor of Lalford alias Lalfford Says, Essex and Suff., with appurtenances in Lalforde, Ardelegh, Colchester, Milend, or elsewhere in Essex and Suff.; parcel of the lands of Henry late marquis of Exeter and Gertrude his wife (in right of the latter), who were attainted; for 21 years; at the yearly rent of 30l. and 10s. of increase. On surrender of a lease of the same to Sir Humphrey by the said Henry and Gertrude, 28 Feb. 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 15.
19. Thos. Savell, of Clyfton, Yorks Grant, in fee, for 114l., of the rectory and the advowson of the vicarage of Myrfeld, Yorks., belonging to the late priory of nuns of Kyrkeleys, Yorks. Annual value, 6l. 6s. 8d.; rent, 12s. 8d., Del. Westm., 24 Apr: 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 47.
20. John Goderd, of Alburne, Wilts. Grant, in fee, for 328l. 10s., (1), of all lands lately leased to the said John in Wanburgh and Uppham, Wilts, and in Wegglescote, in the parish of Wroughton, Wilts; the rectory and church of Clyff Pypard, Wilts, and the advowson of the vicarage thereof; all which belonged to the late monastery of Lacoke, Wilts. Also (2) the lands, &c., lately leased to Rob. Baylie, in North Tudworth, Wilts, belonging to the late monastery of Bradstock, alias Bradnestock, with full rights. Rents (1), 36s.; (2), 6d. Del. Westm., 24 April, 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 18.
21. John bp. of Bangor. Licence to lease his messuage or house in the parish of St. Andrew, Holbourn, in the suburbs of London, adjoining the churchyard of the parish church, parcel of the demesne lands of the bishopric of Bangor; to Walter Hendle, attorney of the Court of Augmentation, for 89 years, at the yearly rent of a red rose, if demanded. Westm., 25 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 29.
22. Ant. Rous. Licence to alienate the chapel of Chockesmythe, and a messuage, &c., thereto adjoining in Wellvetham Magna and Parva, and Bradfeld Combusta, Suff., which belonged to the late priory of Cruched Friars, London; to John Skott and Joan Cokerell, and the heirs of the said John. Westm., 26 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 28.
23. Bartholomew Pygott, of Aston Rowant,Oxon. Grant in fee, for 413l. 7 s. 6d., of the manor of Chalkeforde, Oxon, belonging to the late monastery of St. Alban's; with divers lands, &c., specified (including 5½ acres lately leased to Rob. Heyster) in Chalkeforde, Kyngeston Blunt, and Aston Rowant, Oxon, belonging to the manor, and certain tithes.
Also, the manor of Ikford, alias Magna Ikforde, Bucks; the pasture called Edgecrofte, and all appurtenances; which belonged to the late abbey of Bysham, alias Bustelesham, Berks.
Also, 2 messuages, &c., leased by copy of court roll to Isabella Bodenham, in Churche Ikforde and Parva Ikforde, Bucks; and to Thos. White, in Wightham, Berks; the latter called ”Our Ladyes House.“ All which belonged to the late monastery of Godstowe. Rents, 19s. 7d., 23s. 5d., and 3s. Del. Westm., 26 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (badly mutilated). Pat. p. 4, m. 9.
24. Rob. Metcalf. To be bailiff of the lordship or manor of Rydlyngton, Rutland; with 2d. a day, from the death of Henry late duke of Richmond, since which time he has held the office. Westm. Palace, 16 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 April 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 14.
25. Ric. Daryngton, one of the King's footmen. To be bailiff of the town or manor of Market Orton, Rutl., with 2d. a day. Del. Westm.,26 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 51.
26. Thos. Nanfan, of Byrtysmorton, Worc. Pardon for having killed Thos. Sawndres, of Byrtysmorton, jun., servingman, in self-defence, as appears by an inquisition taken before Will. Jeffereis, one of the coroners in said co., the tenor whereof was transmitted to Chancery under the seal of Edm. Merveyne, serjeant-at-law, and one of the justices of gaol-delivery for Worcester Castle. Westm., 26 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 29.
27. Commission of gaol-delivery.
Derby county gaol: at Bollysover: Sir Hen. Sacheverell, Geo. Vernon, John Vernon, Matthew Knyston, German Pole, Humph. Bradbourn, Thos. Powtrell, Francis Poole, Rouland Babyngton, Peter Fretchewell, John Boswell, and Geo. Fyndern. 26 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 12d.
28. Eleanor Kyrkeby, widow, and John Senhouse. Annuity of 5l. 7s. 5d. out of lands in Butle and Bolton, Cumb., which belonged to Hen. Kyrkeby, dec, during the minority of Rouland, s. and h. of the said Henry; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 27 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 16.
29. Elias ap Howell and Thos. Salisbury, bastard son of Thos. Salisbury, of Flynt, Marches of Wales. Custody (on sureties given by Roger Chalanour, of London, and David Lewes, of the parish of St. Sepulchre, London, inn-holder) of 3 messuages and certain acres of land, &c., in the township of Colsell, Flint; and 3 messuages and certain acres of land, &c., in the lordship of Hawarden, Flint, near the ”Woper Broke mynes,“ and 2 acres of meadow in the occupation of Thos. Plasyngton, John Asheton, and others; in the King's hands by reason of an inquisition p.m. before Thos. Raynescrofte and Thos. Salisbury by virtue of a commission to them directed 27 Sept. last on the death of Thos. Salisbury, late of Flynt; to hold until the determination of a plea between the King and the said Thos. Salisburye, according to the form of the statute 8 Hen. VIII. Westm., 27 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 4, 42.m.
30. Thos. Paston, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber. Annuity of 46l. 13s. 4d.Del. Westm., 27 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
31. John Bruyn. Livery of lands as uncle and heir of Thos. Bruyn, deceased, viz., brother of Will. Bruyn, deceased, father of the said Thomas. Westm., 24 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 28 April 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
32. Thos. archbishop of Canterbury. Grant (in exchange for the manor of Aldyngton alias Alyngton; and the manors, messuages, and farms of Wylop, Northsture Superior, Northsture Inferior, New Church Northre, Southre, Walda and Oxney, members of the same manor of Aldyngton; and the manors of Saltwood and Cheyne alias Chene Court; and the manors of Lemynge, with farms, rents, &c., collected from Geffryston, Estbridge, Somerfeld, and Sybertysnoth, Kent; and the said archbishop's park in Croydon, called Croydon park; and a wood called Nokestuble in Croydon, Surrey; and the appropriated rectory of Cranebroke, Kent; and all castles, messuages, lands, &c., parcel of the premises; the lands, tenements and marshes called Wylope and Backarde, Kent; and the office of bailiff of Hyth, with all the said archbishop's lands in Hyth, Kent; and all the said archbishop's castles, messuages, lands, &c. in Aldyngton alias Alyngton, Saltwood, Lymynge, Wylop, Northsture Superior and Inferior, Northre, Southre, Lydde, Bocard, Newenden, Isle of Oxney, Lymne, Newe Romney, Newchurche, Ivechurche, Mydle and Cranebroke, Kent; which premises the said archbishop, by his deed dated 4 Mar. 31 Hen. VIII., granted to the Crown, with reservations (inter alia) of lands belonging to the manor of Westgate, land granted to him by pat. 31 July 30 Hen. VIII., and lands, &c., which belonged to the iate priory of St. Gregory, without Canterbury) of—
The site of the late abbey of Mallyng, Kent, &c.; the manors of Westmalling, Ewell, Estmallyng, Parroke, and Leyton alias Lecton, Kent; the rectories of Westmalling and Estmalling, lately appropriated to the said late abbey; and all messuages, lands, &c., in the towns, fields, &c. of Westmallyng, Estmalling, Ewell, Parroke, Westwell, Estpekham, Wrotham, Woldham, Luddesdon, and Cuttleston, Kent, or elsewhere in said co., belonging to the said late abbey of Mallynge; the manor of Magna Cornard, Suff. and Essex, and the rectory of Magna Cornard, Suff. and Essex, lately appropriated to the said late abbey; and all messuages, lands, &c., in the said manor or elsewhere in said cos., belonging to the said late abbey, which were leased by the last abbess or any of her predecessors to Thos. Danyell; and all lands, &c., in the borough of Southwerk, which belonged to the said late abbey. The manors and rectories of Chystlet and Northborne alias Norborne, Kent, lately appropriated to the monastery of St. Augustine, without Canterbury; and all messuages, lands, &c., in Chystlet and Northborne alias Norborne, Rypple, Estlangdon, Westlangdon, Betsanger, Oxney, Deale, Sholdon, Tenterden, and Wahner, Kent, and elsewhere in said co. belonging to the said manors and rectories. The manor of Layborne, Kent, and all messuages, lands, &c., in Layborne, which belonged to the late abbey of St. Mary of Graces next the Tower of London. The manor or messuage of Selhurst alias Selherst, Surrey, and all lands, &c., in the parish of Croydon, Surrey. Except advowsons, and lands called Thorn in Aylysford, Kent, leased by the late abbess of Mallyng to Sir Thos. Wyatt, by the name of Thos. Wyatt. To hold to the Abp. and his successors by the yearly rent of 65l. 13s.d.; with such liberties in the premises as Thomas late archbishop of Canterbury used to enjoy in the said manor of Aldyngton by virtue of pat. 15 Apl. 3 Edw. IV., &c. Westm., 28 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 6.
33. John Dakcombe, of Stepleton, Dorset. Grant, in fee, for 580l. 13s. 4d., of (1) the site and chief messuage of the manor of Nottesforde, Dors., now in the tenure of Rob. Gardyner and Agnes his wife; (2), the site and chief messuage of the manor of Hampforde, Dors., and fisheries in the water of Stowre, now in the tenure of John Seymer; and (3) the rectory of Hampforde; which premises belonged to the late monastery of Tarraunte, Dorset. Rents, 24s. 8d., 20s., and 20s. Westm. Palace, 26 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 2.
34. Emelina Petyfen, wife of Arthur Petyfen, of Dartmouth, Devon, spinster. Pardon for certain treasonable words spoken 28 Oct. 29 Hen. VIII., viz.: ”The Dyvyll take the King and his ladie bothe.“ Westm. Palace, 24 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 16.
35. John Wyseman. Licence to alienate the grange called Rynglethorp Grange, in Scalford, Wykeham, Waltham, Thorpe, and Melton, Leic., to Will. Brokesby and Matthew, son [and heir] apparent of the said William, Francis Repyngton, and Thomas, son of the said Francis. Westm., 28 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 42.
36. Rob. Ive, of Ansty, Herts. Lease of the site and demesnes of the manor of Ansty, parcel of the lands of the late Queen Consort Jane; for 21 years, at 10l. rent. On surrender of a 37 years' lease of the same, 14 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII., by the late Queen Jane, and payment of a fine of 40s. Del. Westm., 28 April 32 Hen. VIIL—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 18.
37. Will. Coppyn, of Canterbury, yeoman, and Anne his wife. Grant in fee, for 49l. 10s., of the gardens in the several tenures of John Stoke and Will. Nasshe, and 1 rood 8¾ perches of land in tenure of the said Will. Coppyn next the lands (in tenure of the said Nasshe) which belonged to the late monastery of St. Augustine, near Canterbury on the east, a tenement of the prior and convent of Christchurch, Canterbury, on the north, the lane leading to the gate of the manor of Langporte on the west, and the said gate on the north. Also another parcel of land which is part of Babb's Hill, in the tenure of the said Will. Coppyn, adjoining the land of St. Augustine's on the south and east and a garden of Ric. Laurence, Will. Nasshe, Will. Kynder, Hugh Ramesfeld, and a croft of land of Will. Kynder. Also the two parcels of land called the Olde Parke,“ and the “Newe Purchase” in the tenure of the said Will. Coppyn. Which premises are all in the manor of Langporte, near Canterbury, and belonged to the said late monastery of St. Augustine. Rent, 5s. 6d. Del. Westm., 28 April, 32 Hen. VIIL—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 36.
38. Thos. Josselyn, of Newhall Josselyn, Essex. Grant in fee, for 314l. 4d., of the manor of Cowykebury, Essex, with appurtenances in Shering, Essex, belonging to the late monastery of Barmoundesey, Surrey. Rent, 34s., free of charges except 40s. a year to Ric. Higham, for life, as understeward of the manor court. Del. Westm,, 28 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 43.
39. Sir Thos. Speke. To be chief steward of the lordship or manor of Glastonbury, Somers., and of all the possessions of the late monastery of Glastonbury, in the King's hands by the attainder of Richard, the late abbot; also keeper of Wyrall park, within the said manor; master of the hunt of deer in all parks within the said manor of Glastonbury, with the herbage and pannage of Wyrall park; keeper of the manor of Glastonbury and of the chief mansion or house of Glastonbury in the said manor or lordship, and gardener and keeper of the garden or orchard within the said manor; also keeper of the chief mansion or house of the manor of Mere, Somers., and keeper of the fishery of the said manor of Mere called “le mere,” and keeper of the cygnets in the said manor,—all which offices are in the King's hands by reason of the attainder of the said Richard. Fees stated. Westm., 17 April 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S. (slightly mutilated). Pat. p. 5, m. 49.
40. Hen. ap Harrye, of Llanhassa, Flint, and Peter Mutton, of Melleden, Flint. Grant, in fee, for 280l. 11s. 8d., (1) of the reversion and yearly rent of 11l. reserved upon a crown lease, dated 14 May 29 Hen. VIII., of the site of the late monastery of Basyngwarke, in the bishopric of St. Asaph's, with land and granges (specified), to Hugh Starkey for 21 years. Also the house and site of the said late monastery, the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof, &c., granges, lands, and woods (specified) thereto belonging in the parishes of Holywell and Whitforde, Flint. Yearly value, 14l. 3s. 4d. (2.) Also the house and site of the late priory of Friars Preachers, called the “Blake Freers,” Ruthlan, Flint, the church, &c., with divers closes, &c., specified, in Ruthlan, and small parcels of land there lately leased to Peter Griffith ap David ap Ithell and Hen. Conway, belonging to the said late priory. Except the wood called “le Great Wood,” near Middle Grange in Holywell, and the grange called Gelthy Grange, in tenure of Griffith ap Jevan ap Robert. Rents, 28s. 4d. and 2s. 10½d. Del. Westm., 28 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 19.
41. Rob. Gybbes, of Honnyngton, Warw. Grant, in fee, for 786l. 7s. 6d., of tho reversion and yearly rent of 8l. reserved upon a 21 years' Crown lease to Thos. Grey, of Meryden, Warw., and Will. Gennyns, of Coventry, Warw., draper, 20 Jan. 31 Hen. VIII., of the rectory of the parish church of Honnyngton, and chapel of St. Denis, in Honnyngton, then in the tenure of the said Thomas and William, which belonged to the late priory or cathedral church of Coventry, with a tithe barn in Honnyngton, the cemetery of the said chapel, and tithes; except the advowson of the vicarage, the woods, and the tithes of the chief messuage of Honnyngton. Also the manor, rectory, and church of Honnyngton, with the advowson of the vicarage, rents (specified) from a number of persons (named) in Honnyngton, and the messuages, mills, lands, &c., in the tenure of others (also named) in Honnyngton, and all appurtenances, in as full manner as Thos. Caneswell, the late prior, held the same. Rent, 4l. 7s.d. Westm. Palace, 27 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April.—P.S. Pat, p. 7, m. 44.
42. Walter Paslew, of Ryddelysden, Yorks. Licence to alienate all the messuages, lands, &c., in Cullyngworth, Yorks., now in the several tenures of Edw. Fether, Edw. Elenson, Will. Rodley, and Hen. Wylson, belonging to the late monastery of Ryvallys, Yorks., to John Tempest.—Westm., 29 April. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 28.
43. John Wheler. To be keeper or door-ward of Berkhamstede Castle, Herts, with 2d. a day. Del. Westm., 29 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 11.
44. Thos. Carewe, of Bykley, Devon. Grant, in tail male, of the house and site, circuit, &c., of the late hospital of St. John in Exeter, and the site of the church and the churchyard of the same, &c., the messuage called “Ankeresse Howse,” in Exeter, and the orchards, &c., called Southinghey, in the parish of St. Sativola, without the East gate of Exeter, and in Hevy tre, Devon, belonging to the said late hospital. Also the reversion and yearly rent of 60s. reserved upon a 58 years' lease granted by the said hospital, 20 Sept. 6 Hen. VII., to Edm. Colchett, of a grange, a garden, and five closes of land called Hopern. Rent, 23s. 4d. Del. Westm., 29 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 48.
45. Lancelot Laton, s. and h. of Thos. Laton, dec. Livery of the lands of the said Thomas, with reversion of those whereof — (blank), widow of the said Thomas, is seised. Del. Westm., 30 April 32 Hen, VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
46. Sir Thos. Henneage, one of the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, and John Cotton. Grant of the next presentation to the free chapel or hospital of St. Katharine in Bedminstre, Somers. Del. Westm., 30 April 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: “Cotton for a free chapel of Bymynstre” and “Exped. apud Westm., 27 April 32 Hen. VIIL per Godsalve.” Pat. p. 4, m. 14.
47. Thos. Edgar. Lease, for a fine of 20s., of lands specified in Momby, Linc., late in the several tenures of Rob. Holote, Thos. Morfett, Rob. Wyter, John Gybson, Andrew Byllesby, and Margaret Kyrkeby, which belonged to the late abbey of Barlyngs, and are in the King's hands by the attainder of Matthew, the late abbot; for 21 years, at 11l. 3s. 4d. rent. Del. Westm., 30 April 32 Hen. VIIL — S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 11.
48. John Busshe, of Dulton, Wilts. Grant, in fee, for 405l. 15d., of the manor of Dulton, Wilts, which belonged to the late monastery of Edyngton, Wilts, with the water fulling-mill in Dulton, now in the tenure of Will. Adlame; the water corn mill in Dulton, now in the tenure of Rob. Wheteacre; a yearly rent of 40s. from the tenements late of Rob. Leigh, near Westbury, Wilts; and all appurtenances; in as full manner as the last rector of the said late monastery held the same. Rent, 45s. 1d., free of charges, except the bailiff's fee. Westm. Palace, 24 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 April. — P.S Pat. p. 7, m. 44.
49. Arnold Buckelt, a native of Gueldres. Denization. Westm., 24 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. 30 April.—P.S.
614. Leonard Cox (fn. 33) to Cromwell.
R. O. Has often been ashamed that he had nothing whereby to show his gratitude for Cromwell's kindness, when he was waiting in the Court on Sir John Wallop, and afterwards in Cromwell's presence at Thornbury. Has at last made a comment upon a book of grammar made by Lillie and corrected by Erasmus, (fn. 34) which is much set by in all schools both here and beyond sea. Has dedicated it to his Lordship.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
615. Cromwell's Remembrances.
R. O. “For Richard Fermour. For the lord Lisle and the town of Calais. The bishop of Sarum. Wm. More and Manchester. The lord of Oxford's will. Dr. Powell and Fetherston. For the bill of Fines this day put into Parliament. For Sergeant Brown. For John a Lee, and what the King's pleasure shall be therein. For St. George's feast.”
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd.: “Remembrances of my lord's writing.”
616. The Challenge. (fn. 35)
R. O. It having pleased God to establish between Christian princes more concord than ever there was, so that in the idleness of peace there is danger that noble men may themselves fall into idleness or give occasion of idleness to others; and as, in the past, feats of arms have raised men to honor, both in God's service against his infidel enemies and in serving their princes; and as there are six gentlemen and six aids, naming themselves knights of blood and name, who, without pretending to excel all others, feel bound to do what they can to further this object, they intend, by the grace of God, Our Lady, Mons. St. George, and all the Court Celestial, and licence of their Prince, to keep the articles following:—
Fourteen articles detailing the conditions of the tournament (which is to commence 1 May next and continue for a year and a day), the weapons to be used, &c. A castle is to be placed where the challengers think fit, and, in front of it, a pomegranate tree, upon which shall be hung the escutcheons with the arms of the six challengers, and beneath them three escutcheons, viz., grey, gold, and white, and under each of these shall be a table hanging, upon which intending competitors shall, upon presenting their escutcheons of arms, have their names entered for the lists, the tourney, or the barriers respectively.
French, pp. 8.


  • 1. Dissolved 23 March 1540. See Morrin's Calendar, 1. 137.
  • 2. Over this name is written in another hand “Cromwell tradetor” (sic).
  • 3. Richard Pate.
  • 4. Barnes, Garrard, and Jerome. See No. 485, p. 206.
  • 5. A lady, as appears by her signature.
  • 6. These names are written throughout in cipher.
  • 7. No doubt the Duke of Cleves was intended.
  • 8. Ridolfo.
  • 9. Apparently confounding Ridolfo Baglione with a son of Filippo Strozzi.
  • 10. Gregory Botolph.
  • 11. Of the Welsh Council, viz., bp. Roland Lee.
  • 12. An illegible word seems to be interlined before conjici.
  • 13. Remiremont (Romaricus Mons).
  • 14. The first of these three papers may be taken in connection with the Act passed at this time (32 Hen. VIII. cap 52, see above, p. 213); but the other two are only placed here because of the identity of the handwriting.
  • 15. Crossed out.
  • 16. Crossed out with the note in the margin, “Vac. quia sol. Hasilwod pro dietis.”
  • 17. Opposite this is stitched in the letter from Cromwell to [Tuke], Vol. XIII,, Part ii., No. 902.
  • 18. Crossed out.
  • 19. Gilbert Smith, S.T.P. He outlived Cromwell. See Le Neve ii. 541.
  • 20. John Owen. See Vol. XII., No. 106.
  • 21. Supplied from § 4.
  • 22. These letters are appended to almost all sums here mentioned.
  • 23. This item is written by a different hand, on a slip of paper pasted on f. 80.
  • 24. So in MS. but the sum should be 558l. 19s. 1d. See No. 608.
  • 25. The documents calendared in Vol. xiv., i. 1340 and ii. App. 34, are probably examples of such bills. Perhaps the concluding words of them, which have been printed as written, might be expanded respectively “12 infra [portam], 2 extra [portam]. Clare, Serjeant, quinto die, extra portam. Remanent 40,” and “5 infra [portam], 20 extra [portam]. Melody, Serjeant, octavo die, extra portam. Remanent 71.”
  • 26. These words are omitted, but must be supplied to make sense.
  • 27. Words apparently omitted.
  • 28. The name here is transcribed “Tenderbyg” in the enrolment.
  • 29. Enrolled in the wrong year. The Privy Seal for it is dated 30 Hen. VIII. See Vol. XIV., Part i., No. 904 (19).
  • 30. Illegible.
  • 31. As there are no commas in the original signed bill and patent, it is not clear whether “Temple Mylbrok” is one place or two. There is a Millbroke in Bedfordshire, but no place seems to be known either as “Temple” or “Temple Millbrook.”
  • 32. He is first mentioned as “son,” but afterwards repeatedly as “brother,” in pat. roll.
  • 33. Author of “The Arte or Crafte of Rhetoryke,” printed by Robert Redman (1524?), dedicated to Faringdon, abbot of Reading.
  • 34. “Commentaries on Will. Lily's Construction of the Eight Parts of Speech,” published in 1540. Wood's Athenæ, I. 123.
  • 35. This challenge must of course have been issued at a much earlier date than the day on which the tournament began. Among the King's payments for the year is one upon a warrant dated 10 March for provisions for this tournament.