Henry VIII: May 1540, 21-31

Pages 325-349

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 15, 1540. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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May 1540, 21–31

21 May. 697. Marillac to Montmorency.
R. O.
Kaulek, 183.
(Almost the
whole text.)
[London,] 21 May:—These days past of Whitsuntide, Marillac went to the King at Greenwich, to assist at the divine service at these annual feasts which are of such solemnity, and still more to learn about certain information hereafter contained. The Parliament heretofore commenced was to finish (en termes d'estre faict) before the said feast, inasmuch as the articles proposed in it were all concluded, even the King's demand for money according to the ability of each of 2s. in the pound payable in three years, and four-tenths of the Spiritualty, and the conversion to the King of the revenues of the knights of St. John, who are compelled also to resign the White Cross they carried as the badge of their Order, and other conversions to the Crown amounting in all to double what Marillac wrote on ths 8th, or 3,000,000l. of gold, as Suffolk, Norfolk, and others affirm. All the King's demands being granted without contradiction, they would have dismissed those who had been summoned and closed the said Parliament, had it not been for the question of religion in which the bishops are not yet agreed, but rather seem inclined to put things in greater doubt, were it not that the King holds them so close, examining reasons and deciding for himself. The ministers say a book will shortly be issued under authority of Parliament, in which will be determined all that is to be held in religion; not according to the doctrines of the Germans or of the Pope, but of the ancient Councils of the Church; by which this King shall be known, and known to Francis, as a searcher and lover of Truth only. Certes, they may now do what they like with their churches, for nothing more remains to be taken, which point was the principal cause of their innovations. The duke of Saxony and other German lords of his league have sent this King a printed pamphlet (cahyer) of the articles decided upon in their diets, (fn. 1) with an invitation to adopt them; but it is thought their request will have little effect, and it is even said publicly that the said pamphlet contains several erroneous doctrines.
Two days ago, at 10 o'clock at night, lord Lisle, deputy of Calais, uncle of this King, was led prisoner to the Tower, where previously three of his servants (fn. 2) had been sent, and similarly to-day a chaplain of his who came in a ship from Flanders. Has not yet learnt the cause; although it is commonly said he is accused of secret intelligence with Cardinal Pole, who was his near relation, and of certain practices to deliver the town of Calais to Pole. However, the said lord Lisle is in a very narrow place, from which no one escapes unless by a miracle. There had already been brought to the same place 10 or 12 “mortes payes” of Calais, who charged the said Deputy with words contrary to honour and fealty.
It is understood also that another great personage is to be taken; but the writer has not heard the name nor the cause, except that all accusations here are called treason. About ten days ago they confiscated all the goods and the person of one of the richest London merchants, named Fermail, (fn. 3) much loved and regretted both by foreigners and Englishmen “qui l'estiment pour … (fn. 4) chassa ung sien fermier pour aultant que sur ses propoz il avoit voulu oultraiger ledict chappelain lequel comme par sa grâce singuliere ayant la vie saulve est en prison perpetuelle” for having had a chaplain who maintained the Pope's authority, and not having revealed it; whom (the chaplain) afterwards being in prison he had succoured with food and money, moved thereto by compassion because the priest had been his household servant (domestique). Thinks the principal cause of Fermail's ruin, although the above is pretended, is that the year past at the Parliament he spoke too boldly (haultement) in prejudice of this King's rights and prerogatives. Two other burgesses acted more cunningly; for, having secretly paid their debts, they have quietly left the Kingdom with all their goods to the value of 50,000 crs. Fifteen days ago a gentleman called Mr. Ly, having dwelt in Italy and elsewhere 10 or 12 years without returning, was taken to the Tower on the day of his arrival here, also for having had acquaintance with the aforesaid Cardinal Pole. Others are taken every day; but it is for other reasons, such as for having eaten flesh in Lent contrary to the King's proclamation, or for not having “faict leurs Pasque.” Although for this latter the punishment is lighter, still even for the least they have their feathers plucked (ilz y laissent la pleume).
It is said that on the frontiers of Scotland are 20 or 30 ships well armed, and it is supposed the king of Scots is going, either to Ireland to make himself lord of those who refuse obedience to this King and have appealed to him, or to France, as the common saying is. The English are diligently arming and equipping ships so as not to be taken unprepared.
The lord Chamberlain, lord Sandes, having taken “des amys (sic)” of various fortresses in Italy, has gone to fortify Guisnes because Francis says Du Biez is doing as much at Ardres, at which the English have, to Marillac, shown no sign of discontent. Does not write to the King as he has no certain news until Parliament is concluded.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 6.
21 May. 698. King's Hall, Cambridge.
R. O. Proceeding of John Edmonds, D.D., Thos. Harewood, M.D., and Barnard Sandeforth, B.C.L., 21 May 1540, under a commission dated 12 May, to examine the complaint of Ant. Knyvett against the master of the college called the King's Hall in Cambridge, for evading the King's privy seal nominating Knyvett to a vacant fellowship, and admitting one in his place who had agreed with him before.
Interrogatories to be ministered on Knyvett's behalf. 1. Whether the King directed letters under the Privy Seal to the master that Knyvett should have the next fellowship void. 2. Whether the master took his chamber and ordered his servant to say that he was asleep, and so hid himself when Knyvett, on the death of John Horsley, late fellow of the College, came to exhibit the King's letters. 3. Whether Knyvett is excluded by craft of the said master, admitting one who was then at London. 4. Whether the person admitted had agreed with the master beforehand.
To these Knyvett desired that other interrogatories should be added, viz., 1. Whether he had admitted any fellow to the said room on or before 30 April, and if so, whom? 2. Whether he was admitted in person or by a proctor, and, if by a proctor, by whom? and whether he brought the proxy and really exhibited his privy seal. 3. How many were by at the admission, and who? 4. What day and hour the admission was made? 5. Whether Dr. Stansbye's privy seal and proxy or either of them was in custody with Mr. Thos. Blythe, then at London, and how the proctor came by them without breaking locks or sending for the keys? 6. Whether the master took any money for his goodwill for admitting any fellow within these four years, and his name and how much? 7. Whether he has not said to divers men. “None can come to this college without my licence and goodwill, and I may do my friend pleasure and am a good fellow, for I will take 40s. or 20s. for my kindness.” 8. Whether Mr. Bramston gave him 20 nobles for his goodwill, and made him swear on a book never to tell. 9–17 And various other questious about Knyvet's coming with Dr. Glyn and presenting his privy seal upon May Day last, and whether Dr. Stansby had promised him a coat for his goodwill.
Answer of Dr. Blithe, master of the King's Hall, 21 May 1540, in St. Mary's Church beside the market in Cambridge. He denies the 1st, 7th, 8th, 12th 15th, and 16th. To the 2nd he replies By a proctor whose name was Wm. Davy, parson of St. Benet's in Cambridge, who exhibited both his proxy and his privy seal. 3. Mr. George Bewmond and Mr. George Cowper, fellows of the college, were witnesses. 4. The admission was between 5 and 8 o'clock in the morning, 1 May last. 5. Cannot depose. 6. No, but only to the college use, &c.
Thirteen further articles put in by Knyvett, on which further witnesses are examined and further interrogatories administered.
A roll of six sheets of paper stitched together, written on one side.
21 May. 699. — to Nic. Forsewylle.
R. O. (1.) Whereas by proclamation it was forbidden to carry anything out of the land of Gelre, now on Tuesday last in the town of Gelre that prohibition was publicly withdrawn. (2.) The burghers of Venloe have held a meeting in the monastery. (3.) A general diet is to be at Arnem on 24 May '40, of all the towns great and small, and all the nobility and gentry, in short all the deputies shall there assemble with duke William of Guylich, Gelre, Cleve, and Berge, to consult together. I pray that God may be with them. (4.) Christopher has informed me of very dangerous business between duke Hans of Broenswick and the town of Homborch. Those of Homborch have altered the abbeys within the town [and expelled the gentlemen and priests to the number of 200 within 11 or 12 days in this month. Those of Homborch arrested five or six subjects of the Duke, who were within the town at a wedding feast, and were taken together with the abbey people. A good retainer (eeder man) of the duke of Broenswick, seeing these, his lord's subjects, said, That is ill done to take the Prince's subjects. For these words the nobleman (sic, eedel man) was also handled like a prisoner; for which cause the Prince is much ruffied. 21 May 1540, in haste.
P.S. in Michael Mercator's hand: Mr. Nicolas Forsewylle, will you advertise the earl of Essex, Great Chamberlain of the King.
Dutch, p. 1. Add. in Mercator's hand: An Meister Nicolaes Forsevyelle tot London in dat korto Zuedvercko vonenden (?).
21 May. 700. Anthony Duke of Lorraine to James V.
Balcarres MS.,
ii. 150.
Adv. Lib.
Has received his letters by the maitre d'hotel of the Queen, his niece, and heard the news, especially of her being in the family way, of which he is very glad. Neufchastel, 21 May 1540. Signed: “vostre humble cousin Anth'e.”
Fr., p. 1. Add.
701. Anthony Duke of Lorraine to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.,
ii. 83.
Adv. Lib. Edin.
Expresses his satisfaction on hearing that she is enceincte. Refers to bearer for his news, which are all good, and for those of the Court. Signed: “vostre humble et bon oncle, Anth'e.”
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.: M. le Duc de Lorraine.
22 May. 702. Sir Geo. Lawson to Cromwell.
R. O. The King's works here go forward with diligence, though the rain hath letted much these 10 days. Remember the despatch of my servant, John Burton, with your pleasure on the articles I sent you; also the warrant for payment of the pensioners (fn. 5) at Midsummer, because Mr. Teshe always says he has no money. Please also remember my own causes. Berwick, 22 May. Signed.
1. Add.: Earl of Essex, Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
22 May. 703. James V. to Henry VIII.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi., 90.
B. M.
S. P. v. 177.
Signifies that “sen it hes liket God of his great gudnes to have send unto ws, yis xxij day of May instant, ane sone and prince fair and liflik to succeid to ws and yis oure realme, we think it accordis ws weill to mak zou participant with ws of sic joyus gud novellis, and yat we have of oure blude to succeid to yis oure realme quhilk may hereftir do plesure to zou and zourris.” Our abbey of Sanctandrois, 22 May 27 James V.
Copy, p. 1.
22 May. 704. Barth. Warner to Sir John Wallop.
R. O.
St. P. iii. 211.
On coming hither, I sent my solicitor in St. Malo to learn how the brother of Thomas Fylzgarethe was conveyed out of Ireland and of his arrival here. One Allen Governors, dwelling in St. Malo, says he was with his ship on merchandise in Ireland, near where Great Adonel abides, when Adonel with certain (as men call them) religious persons came to him and he made an agreement, signed by a notary, for the passage of Fylzgarethe to St. Malo. Could not learn names of the place and the notary. Fylzgarethe came on board at night in a small cock, wearing a saffron shirt and bare headed like the wild Irish. With him were three persons, one a priest, (fn. 6) his schoolmaster, who has governed him since his father's death, and keeps him so under that at the slightest rebuke he trembles for fear; the second they called Robert, (fn. 7) and the third (fn. 8) was not named. Leaving Ireland, they came to Murles, where the captain received him well and “led him through the town by the hand.” Tarried there three or four days, and the captain sent word of their arrival to Mons. de Chateaubriande. A young man of Waterford, who is here, says that at Murles certain English merchants went to see him, but the captain would not suffer them. Coming thence to St. Malo, he was well received, and Jaques Quartier, the pilot, whom you spoke of at Rouen, led him to the captain's deputy. There he tarried five or six days at Alen Governor's house where the English merchants usually lodge, where Chateaubriande's post met him with horses as I suppose; for he brought no horses from Ireland and had to give his silver vessel for his passage. On Easter Tuesday at night he rode towards Chateaubriand and arrived here with the post, Jaques Quartier, Alen Governor, and others. In all this country he is named king of Ireland, whom the King our master has disinherited of his right; but this is due rather to them of St. Malo than to Garethe and his, who “could speak scant a word of French.” Next morning, Wednesday, the procurer of the burgesses welcomed him, and desired him to tarry and see the town; but Chateaubriand's post said “he was commanded to bring him straight thither, where he was received well” and lodged like a man of estate. From thence he went towards the Dauphin, some say to desire aid, others to beg his intercession with the King. I marvel he was not at Court before you left Roune. Perhaps he has gone to the bp. of Rome, fearing the treaties of peace between the King and the French king, which they of St. Malo who brought him also fear. Pity he is so ill counselled as to act thus against his prince, for I hear “he is a proper young gentleman.”
Your servant Wm. James of Hampton begs commendations; had he known you were in France he would have written you from Nantes. He will advise you of opprobrious words which are there spoken against the King and the justice of England. 22 May 1540 in Rennes.
Hol., pp. 3. Add: l'ambassadeur d'Angleterre. Endd.: to Mr. Wallop, 17 May.
22 May. 705. S. Micguel Mercator R., to Cromwell.
R. O. Delivered your letter to the count of Bueren and advertised him of everything, as his letter herewith will show. The count Doistfryse, Enno, has written me to send him three or four good English hackneys. Please despatch my man the bearer, whom I have commissioned to buy them. Anvers, 22 May l'an 40.
Hol., French, p. 1. Add.: “conte Dexsex, grand chambellain du Roy Dengleterre.”
[23 May.] 706. Leonard Cox to Cromwell.
R. O. A little before Whitsuntide I received a letter from Mr. Berthelet, the King's printer, informing me of your acceptance of my poor book (fn. 9) and admission of me into your service, for which I am most bounden. Pardon me that I have not ere this given attendance on your Lordship, but I trust ere Michaelmas to bring you a far better work than that which I have dedicated to you already, to be entitled Erotemata rhetorica; and once every year I intend to send abroad one thing or other to the perpetual praise of your Lordship and common profit of students. Caerlion in Wales, Trinity Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
24 May. 707. Deceased Knights of the Garter.
R. O. “Contribution money” received by the dean of Windsor from the knights of the Garter for alms, as mending of highways, or such other works of charity, for the souls of certain knights “lately departed out of this transitory life.” 24 May 32 Hen. VIII. (fn. 10)
For the earls of Essex [Bourchier] and Oxford, from the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, 10l. each; the earls of Arundell, Westmoreland, Sussex, (fn. 11) Rutland, Cumberland, and Southampton, 5l. each; the earl of Essex [Cromwell] for the earls of Wiltshire, Essex, and Oxford, 7l. 10s.; lord viscount Lisle for Essex and Oxford, 4l. 3s. 4d.; lords Ferrers, Sands, and Russell, 3l. 6s. 8d. each; Sir Thos. Cheyney and Sir Wm. Kingston, 33s. 4d. each. Total, 70l.; moreover 16l. 13s. 4d. to be received from the King, and 5l. from the earl of Sussex.
ii. “The stalls now ordered.” Names in two columns linked together, i.e.:—
(1.) The Sovereign, the Emperor. (2.) The French king, king of the Romans. (3.) King of Scots, — (blank). (4.) Duke of Norfolk, Duke of Suffolk. (5.) — (blank), the earl of Arundel. Earls of (6.) Southampton, Westmoreland; (7.) Sussex, Essex; (8.) Rutland, Cumberland. (9.) Lord Audley of Walden, Viscount Lisle. (10.) Constable of France, admiral of France. (11.) Lord Ferrers, lord Sands. (12.) Lord Russel, Sir Thos. Cheyney. (13.) Sir Wm. Kingston, Sir Ant. Browne.
Pp. 2. Numbers not in original. Endd.
24 May. 708. George Gyffard to Cromwell.
R. O. At the beginning of Easter term last you were pleased to ordain between Sir John Bawldwyne, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and Dame Eliz. Tame, widow, that Sir John should give to Mary, widow of William Bawldwyne, son and heir apparent of the said Sir John, 20 marks yearly for life and 100l. in money. This award the said Dame Eliz. refuses to obey unless it is put in writing. Begs him to do this. Cleidon, 24 May. Signed.
1. Add.: Earl of Essex.
R. O. 2. Deposition of George Gyffarde.
Thomas Brudenell, of Dene, Northt., upon his requesting him to further a marriage between Gyffarde's son-in-law, James Gedge, and Mary Bawldwyn, widow of Wm. Bawldwyn, informed him that, upon communication of the marriage between the said William Bawldwyn and the said Mary, the executors of her father, Mr. Tyrryngham, of Tyrryngham, Bucks, deceased, viz., the lord Brudenell, father to the said Thomas, and Dame Eliz. Tame, widow, gave to the said Sir John Bawldwyn, now knight and Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, 200l., besides the charges of the bride's apparel and of the meat and drink at the marriage. Also that lord Brudenell required Sir John to make an indifferent book between them for the assurance of the jointure, and, when it was made, told him that if he were not an honest man her assurance for it was very slender, noting the indenture in various places; which indenture is now found to be of little effect in law unless the King's Council provide a remedy.
Thomas Brudenell also informed him that William Bawldwyn had at his death 4,000 sheep, besides other cattle and stuff, and that he left Sir John and his wife Mary his executors, whereupon Sir John sold and carried away all the goods, and left Mary nothing; and has moreover misreported the said Mary “to be th' occasion of her late husband's death,” and “light of her living and conversation.”
— Veynar, who was servant to Sir John Bawldwyn at the death of the said William, told me, in my chamber in the Temple, that he could depose “that that the lord Bawldewyne would not hear of again for 100l. or 200l.”
25 May. 709. Thomas Dacre (fn. 12) and Others to Wharton.
R. O.
St P. v. 179.
On receipt of Wharton's letter by his servant Miles Scaif they sent spies into Scotland, who, returning yesternight, reported that the king of Scots' journey by sea from Leith was deferred from 14 May till about St. John's Day next, and the beer laid in ships for his first going is soured, and new beer and provisions are hastened for his later appointment. At first only certain lords were appointed to attend the King, but now almost all the nobility, i.e., the earls of Argyle, Huntley, and Athell, and the Earl Marshall in a ship called the Unicorn, and the earls of Arran, Arrell, Murray and Castelles in another ship. Lord Maxwell goes in one of these ships. It is not known what ship the Cardinal shall pass in; but he takes 500 men at his own charge. The King passes in the Salamandry, which the French king gave him. Five more ships are appointed for the household, one of them a “howk” with the baggage. Merchant ships are appointed for other lords and gentlemen, three ships carry victuals only, and a well-trimmed bark is to be “scurior before all the fleet,” which will number 16 ships, as strongly armed and gallantly trimmed as has not been seen in Scotland. There are 3,000 or 4,000 picked men. Few are from the Borders. The King will land at Humflew in Normandy, and go to Paris. How long he will stay is uncertain. In returning he will pass by the West Sea to the North Isles of Scotland to make one of his bastard sons lord of the Isles. The queen of Scots was delivered of a prince on Friday night last.
Send by bearer a book of the horsemen (fn. 13) within Wharton's rule on the Borders which he (Wharton) wrote for. As to how many could be spared to serve the King, there are too few to furnish this Border, for Scotland has more “indignation” at this than any other part of the Borders. But the Border is quiet. Karleill, 25 May. Signed: Thomas Dacre—Edward Aglionby—John Thomson.
Enclose a letter just received out of Scotland by John Thomson.
Add.: Deputy Warden of the West Marches. Endd.
710. Brian Layton to Cromwell.
Calig. B. i.
B. M.
S. P.,
v. 178.
The morrow after Trinity Sunday, was at the day of truce with the captain of Berwick; and made all means to learn the news of Scotland, because of the voice of the King there going to sea with so many ships and men, provided with ordnance and victual for three months. Learnt from a Scotsman that the King would take shipping on 29th May, if the wind served, and not two men in Scotland knew where he would go. The saying openly was into France; but his informant thought it would be into Ireland, for when in Court at Lent last he saw eight gentlemen of Ireland who brought writing, sealed by all the great men in Ireland, promising to take the King as their king and to come to Scotland to do homage, “and that he should have more profit yearly than ever the King's grace our master had of them.” He said further that he heard the King say to lord Maxwell that he trusted to get that profit never king of Scots had “or yt shulde coste hym the best wed he hade to leysse.” He said, the earl of Morraye would come and lie on the Borders with 500 men until the King's return; and that the King had with him 15 ships and 2,000 of the best tried men in Scotland, and would not leave 10 pieces of ordnance behind him. Their Queen was delivered of a Prince. Indeed, the writer saw the Scots make fires in divers towns on Trinity Sunday night, which they said was for the birth of their prince. Signed.
3. Add.: My lord of Essex. Endd: Brian Layton to my 1. P. S.”
26 May. 711. W. Warham, Dean of Chester in the Strete, to Cromwell.
R. O. Has given aid to a man named Waughan, who said he had secret matters to disclose to the King and Council. Has told what he said to the bearer. Coley, 26 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
26 [May]. 712. News from Rome.
Vit. B. xiv.,
B. M.
“Ex literis Romæ datis die xxvj. [Maij] (fn. 14) :—
“Superioribus his diebus allatum est nuncium quod … mensis habebitur conventus in Germania in oppido Sp[ira, ubi tractan]dum est de rebus fidei inter Episcopos et Evangelicos, … manus meas nonnulli articuli illinc ad me missi, sup … quod determinandum erit inter Germanos, eos ut accepi ad ve[stram dominationem mitto].
“Nuper Pontifex creavit legatum, qui intersit huic conventui … Marcellus Secretarius, qui cum esset in Gallia cum Cardi[nale Farnesio] creatus fuit Cardinalis, voluissent mittere alium qui esse[t in literis theolo]gicis eruditus, sed temporis brevitate crearunt legatum dic[tum Mar]cellum, ut pote propinquiorem illis partibus, ad eumque exp[ediverunt tabella]rium summa cum diligentia. Tamen audio hunc legatum non … tum ad acceptandum quicquam quod determinetur circa negoc … forsan quia hic satis probe intelligunt quod si inter se Germani [facient] aliquam compositionem non erit cum lucro et commodo hui[us Sedis].
“Quod ad res Perusinas attinet, hi coegerunt exercitum, eumque [miserunt Peru]sium versus; sed nihilominus Perusini perstant in sua obs[tinacia, et Hispa]ni qui numero circiter tresmille venerunt e regno Neapolita[no] … expeditionem, ubi ad quendam locum pervenissent unde oste[nsi essent] pedites et acies instructæ Perusinorum, retrocesserunt, et una … ubi nullum inveniunt obstaculum foris devastant agros co[lonorum] destruendo quicquid possunt. Certum est quod si Perusi[ni habuissent auxilium] et opem alicunde, possent ingens inferre bellum Pontific[i] … auxilio sunt longe inferiores, nam solum præstant … est inexpugnabilis. Quod autem ad concordiam li … hactenus actum est. Imo dominus Rodulphus Balionus, qui in [servit]io Florentino ad instantiam Pontificis intertenebatur ne iret Peru[siam] quæ est ejus patria, tandem illuc intravit, et ita Perusini nunc [ha]bebunt capitaneum.
“[Au]dio principem Doriam ægre tulisse, quod Hispani qui venere ad servitium [Pon]tificis exierint ex regno Neapolitano, ubi illis opus est propter [Tu]rcicam classem, quæ vicina est Italiæ, tamen Vicerex videtur se excu[sar]e quod eos promiserit Pontifici solum pro toto hoc mense, quo tempore [a]dhuc durat treugua cum Turcis; dictus princeps Doria jam dis[c]essit Janua cum classc Messanam versus.
“Quod dominus Rodulphus Balionus ingressus sit Perusium pro certo habetur, nam dux Florentiæ scripsit Pontifici se intertenuisse quousque potuit dictum dominum Rodulphum ne ad suam defendendam patriam iret, [s]ed quum eum diutius retinere nequiverit, coactus fuit, licet invi[tu]s, facere ei potestatem habeundi.
“[P]ost scripta.—Cardinalis Contarenus Venetus, vir magnæ existimationis, et in literis theo[lo]gicis valde doctus reputatus, creatus fuit legatus, ut ipse quoque una [c]um altero intersit conventui Spiræ futuro, tamen is nondum dis[ce]ssit, dicuntque intra octo dies eum discessurum; nescio quid habebit [in] mandatis. De Perusinis scire debetis quod perstant in pertinacia, [et de] concordia nihil dicitur, inter eosque fiunt quotidie prælia et incur[siones], quæ res maxime angit Pontificem, &c.”
Mutilated. Endorsed at f. 294 b.: Extracts of letters from Rome.
ii. “Articuli ex Germania Romam [missi].
Baptisma.—Cedat Ecclesiæ examen sectarum in negotio bapt[ismatis].
Eucharistia.—Cedat Zuinglius cumsuis Ecclesiæ. Ecclesiastici … corosos abusus, et stolidas superstitiones, amputetur sac … tudo ob numulos usque adeo impie sacra vendentium illorum … entia, nimia ingens turba quotidie missarum propter sagina[m] … duntaxat amputetur. Non admittantur sacra concubinaru[m] … enim paucas missas fieri cum fructu, quam multas non sin[e] … verum etiam cum peccato horrendissimo, et cum sca[ndalo] … Reliquæ ceremoniæ circa missam non sunt abolendæ, nec … reformetur, ab utraque parte missæ ordinariæ prohibeantur … [in utraque] specie permittatur communio.
Confessio.—Confessio in Ecclesia maneat, sed remittatur nonnihil d … anxietate, et de tortura conscientiarum.
Excommunicatio.—Excommunicatio una cum satisfactione et pœmtentia mane[at; sed] restringatur ac limitetur aliquo modo excommunicandi pote[stas].
Conjugium.—Permittatur sacerdotibus conjugium.
Unctio.—Extrema unctio mancat in Ecclesia, sic tamen ut gratis … cum declaratione eorum quæ ibi dicuntur, ne populus nil … quam liquorem ibidem esse.
Ordo.—Ordo clericorum maneat cum omni politico regiminum gradui … caveant tamen episcopi ne tanto gregi inutilium juvenum … pateat, sed hiis duntaxat, qui ætate, probitate, erudi[tione apti] sint, et quos poscat ecclesiarum necessitas, non sine …
… maneat in Ecclesia, sic tamen ut non superstitiose tractetur … pauperes nequeant tam lautas mensas habere quam divites.
“[Oratio.—Or]atio maneat in Ecclesia, sic tamen ut superstitiosæ orationes tollantur, [et p]auperibus e bonis Ecclesiæ ac monasteriorum subveniatur.
“[Cantus.—Ca]ntus in Ecclesia maneat, sic tamen ut Germanus cantus cunctis in [l]ocis non denegetur.
“[Horæ Canonicæ].—Horæ canonicæ maneant, sic tamen ut decentius et lentius decanten[t]ur. Legendæ non habentes ortum authenticum amoveantur, quo loco [sa]cra succedat scriptura.
“[Festa.—F]esta habeantur, sic tamen ut in illis Deo serviatur, non Mammonæ, pluralitasque prudenter rejiciatur.
“[Imagines].—Imagines habeantur sed sobrie.
“[Reliquiæ].—Reliquiæ custodiantur, sed in hiis tollatur superstitio, nec spes salutis in eis ponatur.
“[Scholæ].—Scholæ habeantur, sed doctæ, et quæ literas et mores, tam Christianos quam politicos, doceant.
“[Episcopi].—Episcopi visitent suas diœceses, aut per se, aut per integerrimos et peritissimos viros.
“[Monasteria].—Monasteria habeantur, sed pauciora et mundiora,
Magistratus.—Magistratus habeantur.
“[Clerus].—Clerus reformetur, tam in capitibus quam in membris.
“[Restitutio. Re]stitutio in hoc quæratur, ob pacem et concordiam, ne propter tamen resti[tutionem] impediatur concordia. Sic tamen ut Lutheranis dictæ uxores per[mittantur].
Humana Constituitio.—Nulla humana constituitio obliget quemquam sub … tionis, contemptum, et offendiculum semper excipio.
Matrimonium.—Impedimenta matrimonii juris positivi existentia tollan[tur, sed] tota juris divini prohibitio servetur.
Delectus ciborum.—Delectus ciborum maneat, sub pœna tamen temporali non [spirituali].
Beneficia.—Circa materiam beneficiorum jus commune observetur ita, u[t] … habeat beneficium, in quo personaliter resideat, nec locus sit…
Jurisdictio.—Quantum ad jurisdictionem ecclesiasticam pertinet, in hoc … cos, et imperii proceres fiat collatio, et reducatur ad jus … modum, ita ut per hoc non inferatur laicis gravamen, nec … priventur jure.
Plebani.—Plebanis sufficiens deputetur portio, ut plebi eo diligentius p … citra incommodum subditorum, omnia sacramenta, et alia ec[clesiæ … gra]tis populo danda sunt, gratis accepistis, gratis date.
“Verbum Dei frequentius quam antea denuncietur populo pur … et approbatis literis.”
Mutilated. Endorsed.
28 May. 713. Sir John Byron.
R. O. Corrected draft of the patent to Sir John Byron, of Newstede priory, &c., 28 May 32 Hen. VIII. (No. 733 (66)).
Pp. 2. Stained and mutilated.
28 May. 714. Sir John Borthwick.
Foxe, v. 607. Process against Sir John Borthwike, commonly called Captain Borthwike, at St. Andrews, 28 May 1540, in presence of Gavin, abp. of Glasgow, Chancellor of Scotland, Wm. bp. of Aberdeen, and many others (named), setting forth twelve articles of heresy alleged against him, with his answers to each, (fn. 15) in which at some length he defends himself by Holy Scripture.
The gist of the articles is that (1) he denied the Pope's supremacy and (2) the efficacy of pardons; (3) accused the Pope of simony, and said it was lawful for bishops to marry; (4) persuaded people that the heresies of England, or most of them, are good and just. [In his answer to this Borthwike notes “the blindness we have now presently in our luxurious cardinal of St. Andrews and his adherents, who accused religion of heresy which in the year of Our Lord 1540 was had in estimation in England, at which time they proclaimed me an arch-heretic, although they esteem the same religion for most Christian; for what religion at the time was used in England the like the whole realm of Scotland did embrace, in this point only the Englishmen differed from the Scots that they had cast off the yoke of Antichrist, the others not.”] (5) Preached that the Scottish nation was blinded and had not the true Catholic faith; (6) affirming the errors of Wickliff and Huss which were condemned in the Council of Constance, he preached that the temporal possessions and the jurisdiction of the clergy should be taken away. (7) Affirmed that the King should take to his own use the Church possessions, and many times wrote to the King persuading him thereto. [To this he answers, “It is no marvel though these mad dogs do so bark against me, whom they think to have counselled the King's Majesty (I would to God I had also thoroughly persuaded him) that he should take away from these unjust sacriligious possessors the riches wherewithal they are fatted and engreased like swine. For this is the nature of dogs, that if any man go about to take away the bone out of their month, by and by to snatch at him and tear him with their teeth. It is out of all controversy unto such as have any wit at all that such were very childish, that is to say, ignorant of all learning and judgment, who did so fat and feed with their possessions these belly-beasts,” &c., — likening the clergy to the prophets of Baal and Jezebel in their bleating and bowing before images, burning incense, and falling flat before their altars, and pointing out that, whereas Elias cast the prophets of Baal into the brook Kedron, he has only asked that their riches should be taken from them]. (8) Prayed that the Church of Scotland might be brought to like ruin as that of England; (9) preached that the laws of the Church were of no force [Answers, God forbid that he should say the laws approved by the Holy Catholic Church were of no force, but that he condemned those made by the bishops of Rome]. (10) Held that religion should be abolished, as it is in England [Answers that the cardinal of Scotland and his adherents when they confound the Christian religion with their wicked monkery are under the curse which Isaiah pronounced upon those who call evil good and good evil and are wise in their own eyes. Altogether excepts the monkery which St. Augustine and others mention, in which the monks led a chaste and godly life, &c., and passes over the blasphemy of comparing monastical confession to baptism; “but if a man may touch the manner of these our monks, what shall I call the cloisters in these our days otherwise than brothel-houses, swine styes, and dens of discord,” consecrated not to God but to the Devil?]. (11) Has books of heresy condemned by Papal, regal, and ordinary authorities and prohibited by law, viz., the New Testament in English, Œcolampadius, Melancthon, divers treatises of Erasmus and other condemned heretics, and a heretical book called “Unio Dissidentium,” and has read and taught them to others to divert them from the true Christian and Catholic faith [Answers “O good God! who can suffer so great a blasphemy? With what a filthy, cankered stomach do these Romish swine note the New Testament with heresy? Who would not judge it a most venemous tongue which dare pronounce and utter such contumelious words against the holy gospel of our Saviour Christ?” Wonders how such serpents shall escape the judgment of everlasting fire. Will not take upon himself to defend Œcolompadius and the others who are learned enough to defend themselves]. (12) That he was obstinate in the aforesaid heresies and refused to be persuaded from them by friends and others who “did dearly love and favour him.”
ii. Sentence of condemnation pronounced by David Cardinal and Abp. of St. Andrews, primate of Scotland, with advice of a council of divines and lawyers, upon the said Borthwike, who, being convicted of the aforesaid errors, has fled from justice. Confiscating his goods, ordering his picture to be carried through the city and burned at the market cross, and himself, if he be apprehended, to suffer punishment without hope of mercy, and forbidding any person to harbour him.
28 May. 715. Aguilar to Charles V.
Add. MS.
28, 592 f. 108.
Revocation of Spanish infantry by the viceroy of Naples. Card. Contarini named as legate to the diet at Spires. The Venetians and the Turk. Death of the Card. of Portugal. Duke Cosmo. Rome, 28 May 1540.
Enclosure: Card. Borja has arrived. What he wants in age he makes up in discretion, and he is very affectionate to the Emperor's service.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 14.
29 May. 716. [Sir] George Somerset to Cromwell.
R. O. Was shown of late that Sir Edmund Kneveth did purchase a college (fn. 16) beside Thetforde. If colleges are to be obtained, requires Cromwell's promised favour to get him the preferment of Stoke College, within 4 miles of his house, with its lands as mentioned in a bill enclosed. Will give 100 mks. for Cromwell's good will. Has never obtained anything, whereas there is no gentleman of reputation in these quarters but has “obtained by gift, lease, or purchase.” Since he got his lands, has been at great charges; and has always sued Cromwell to be mediator for him to the King, since the time that his Lordship wrote to him for the house of Kaio, when his first suit was for his small manor of Durston which Cromwell's servant, Mr. Gyfford, has in farm. His expenses tarrying in London and following the Court in that suit stood him in 200 mks. Prays pardon for not coming up; is so pained that he cannot ride. 29 May. Signed.
2. Add.: Earl of Essex. Sealed.
31 May. 717. Cromwell to the Bishop of Salisbury.
R. O. Desires him to admit a clerk presented by John Walgrave, patron of the parsonage of Hilperton, Wilts, upon the death of the late incumbent. At my house in London, 31 May. Signed: Thomas Essex.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
31 May. 718. Chancellor and University of Oxford to Cromwell.
R. O. Received his letters intimating the King's desire that they should choose two or three persons to discuss in a friendly way with their neighbours the question of their privileges. Cannot induce their neighbours to consent to such a discussion. Write also to the King, and send a copy, desiring advice whether to present it. Oxford, prid. cal. Junii.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Essexiæ Comiti, &c.
719. Ralph Sadler to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. i. 627.
When I declared to the King how the bp. of Chichester was committed to the Tower and had denied the chief points laid to his charge, his Majesty said little, but that he liked both him and the matter the worse, perceiving by the examinations that there were witnesses sufficient to condemn him. Touching Latimer, his Majesty would have him remain in the Bishop's house until he can devise with you what to do; saying “he was sure ye would not yet dissolve the Busshoppes house.” I said you had sent Mr. Pollard to take an inventory of the same so that nothing should be embezzled. With this the King was well content, and also that the Great Master (Suffolk) should have the use of the Bp.'s mule, and, if finally the Bishop's goods are confiscated, have the mule as the King's gift. From the Court.
Hol. Add.: Earl of Essex and lord Privy Seal.
720. Memoranda from Ambassadors' Letters.
Caligula, E.
ix. pt. ii. f.
B. M.
i. “Of [… 's letters].
“The discomfiture of the bishop [of Rome's] captain against the Perusians. The stay of the 3,000 Almains at … The denial of the Spaniards. The recommendation of the cause of the Perus[ians] made by the Emperor to his agents at Rome. The great fortifications made by the French king in Piemounte.”
ii. “Of Mr. Pate's letters.
“The like news of the discomfiture of t[he] Bishop of Rome's captain. The conference with Gregory Botolph with h[is] fear that he should be sent home.” His denial of having been at Rome, though since his first apprehension he has confessed it. “Chapuys being sick in Antwerp of the fe …” Grandvela is almost recovered. After the Emperor has been to Bruges he will go to Holland. Certain Spaniards and soldiers conveyed [into] Missena by Andrew Doria. The assembly of certain men in Frise.
iii. “Christofer Mounte.
“His return according to his commission. The adjournment of the diet to Hage[nau]” * *
iv. [Of Mr. Wallop's letters.]
“The French king's gentle answer touching … Touching the king of Scots. The state of affairs between h[im and] the Emperor. The desire of a gelding to bear [him] easily and the gift of that which … Sir John Wallop rode on presented [in] the name of my lord of Norf[olk]. The confirmation of the not coming of the king of Scots by Mons. Daub[igny's] nephew, now captain of the Guard by his resignation. The taking down of the eagles [at] Fontainebleau. Touching the Admiral. The Constable's coming to the Court. The French king sent him half an h …”
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2.
721. John Legh to the Council.
Cleop. E. vi.
B. M.
Since being here I have recalled the practises I had with Polle at Rome over and besides what I wrote to your lordships. He asked if I had not heard that the King “had not a payllyd hym selffe from the Jenyrall Cownsell,” and I replied that Frogmortun, his servant, was the first that told me of it. When F. asked me what I thought of it, I said I had little understanding of such matters, but had heard that the King did but as all Germany did, refusing a council called in a country where the matters were judged before they came in argument. He then said he “would put an order for to come to the hospital for to limit Borbryg to his pension,” as I wrote before. At which time I went to him with Borbryg, who desired me before he resigned to get his pension assured to him, which was done Polle then disannulled him of the mastership of the house (fn. 17) and made one Hellyear master and one Goldwell (fn. 18) custos. Then after the constitutions he made brethren of the hospital and would needs have me one, saying divers worshipful men of England were brethren as Dr. Charke (sic), bp. of Bath, a great benefactor to the house, Dr. Wotton and Dr. Benet. The ceremonies over, we dined at Borobryg's cost, and after dinner Polle said the hospital was founded in the name of Thomas of Canterbury, whom the King had pulled out of his shrine. I answered it became never a servant to be better clothed than his master, and I had seen the sepulchre of our master Christ and also the sepulchres of all his progeny which was nothing in comparison with that shrine. He said there was no devotion in those countries, and I replied that there was honest devotion not used with abusion. He said I was not learned and could not judge therein. I said I judged by experience. “He axyd me then wat experyens I had in thyengs off the schyrsche: I told hym no nother then the wytshe was oppyn to all the world.” He talked then of More and Rochester, and said he would have died with them. I said no man should refuse death in God's quarrel, but the common saying was that they died more in obstinacy. He “honsvyryd” that most “commun sayengs ever were wntrew” and asked what stories I had read in the Italian tongue. I replied that as yet I had no leisure for going about from place to place to see countries, but that shortly on going home I would get some and read them. He warned me against reading the story of Nicolo Matchauello, which had already poisoned England and would poison all Christendom, and said he would do all he could to cause it “to be dystynkyd and put down howt off remberans.” Protests these are all the communications of importance he ever had with Polle. As to being a meddler in matters of state, I will call to witness my life in England which my lord Privy Seal knew partly of in my lord Cardinal's service, and to my life abroad many of our countrymen whom it were too tedious to name can testify. What ability either of kin or substance have I to maintain malice with? “And as for the yownyversall a qvantans and knolyge, by the rason off so long myn absens, I dowt not but that yowar honorabyll wysdoms dothe consyder that I have yt here Jesse in my nown contry then in many other.” In the Tower.
Hol., pp. 4. Endd.: John Leghe, prisoner in the Tower, to the lords of the King's Privy Council.
722. Tithes in London.
R. O. “A humble supplication” to be made to the King to establish payment of tithes and oblations of the Church within the city of London according to the award made by Thos. abp. of Canterbury, Sir Thos. Audeley lord Chancellor, Thos. Crumwell, Earl of Essex, the bp. of Winchester, and other:
That tithes shall be paid at the rate of 2s. 9d. in the pound on all rents over 10s. in the city and suburbs (7 items adapted to the different forms of tenure); that wives, children, servants, and prentices, and householders paying less than 10s. rent shall pay 2d. at Easter on taking communion; also, as the King will not have the laudable customs of the church violated, that wax candles offered on the day of Purification of Our Lady, and chrism cloths upon the purification of women shall be converted to the profit of the parson or vicar; that offerings made at exequies, marriages, purifications &c., shall go to the parson or vicar of the parish; that the citizens may be compelled to pay their tithes and offerings as above, and the decrees of the spiritual judges enforced by the mayor and sheriffs.
Pp. 5.
723. Henry VIII. to [Sir William Brereton].
R. O.
St. P. iii., 221.
Has seen his and the rest of the Council's letters of the 2nd inst., and his private letters to “our right trusty,” etc., the earl of Essex of the 3rd, with their desire for succour and “brief declaration touching the late journey into Munster, the sending away from thence of sundry soldiers, the being of our ordnance at Galway, and the carrying away of all the trumpets.” Approves his determination not to invade the rebels until he is stronger. Promises speedy aid and meanwhile encourages him to be vigilant and circumspect.
Headed: “By the King.” Endd.: Minute to the Council of Ireland.
724. Nic. Drowyn, “alyant,” to Cromwell.
R. O. Petition showing that on Saturday last he was coming from a ship lying in the Pool upon the Tamys, when the bailey of St. Katharine's took him, brought him to a house, and took from him 7l. 10s. on pretext that petitioner would have gone beyond sea with it; but it was not so, for the ship did not leave till the Sunday night. Begs him to call up the bailey and make him redeliver the money.
P. 1. Add.: Earl of Essex, lord Privy Seal.
725. Thomas Gyles to Cromwell.
R. O. Petitions for a continuance of his goodness to his poor kinsman, Philip Clarke, on whom Cromwell has shown pity already, and to put him to be a soldier in Calais.
Hol. p. 1. Add. at the head: Thomas Earl of Essex, Lord Privy Seal, and High Chamberlain of England.
726. Richard Morysine to Mr. Denye.
R. O. Mr. Chancellor has promised to be very good to him in his suit, which is, that the surrender may not be reversed, “but that I may be bound for ever, as these men shall die, to take new and to be as much charged as I was, the house being in the former estate.” All men who had livings in either (fn. 19) have the same now and shall have for ever. It will be a great shame to him to be compelled to buy all the household and chapel stuff again, which is now sold. A word from Mr. Denye would hasten the Chancellor in carrying out his intentions. Would like to see him at Cheshunt if convenient. Wishes he would “cast out a word to the King's Majesty, and so know whether you might, with his pleasure, have me with you to Cheshunt. If I have not some ende, some stay of my living,” may perchance prove the text false, which says, “Seek and ye shall find.” “My lord Admiral is my good lord. My lord Privy Seal hath so bought me by his noble courtesy that I am all his, and I were a thousand mo, the King's highness and my lord Prince reserved.” Does not owe more to any man. Would like to know if he wishes him to accompany him.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
727. Lord Lisle.
R. O. A paper endorsed “Touching the lord Lisle.”
(1.) “Wm. Stevens' complaints against the Lord Lisle and others of Calais.” (2.) Bill delivered by Stevens to the earl of Sussex and the other commissioners at Calais touching communication between Lisle and Adam Damplip. (3.) Tichet's declaration touching letters wriiten by him at Lisle's command. (4.) Ph. Herbert's declaration touching letters written by him at Lisle's command “to Madame Barboroug[h] at Gravelyns” to receive Sir Gregory (fn. 20) his chaplain until she should hear further. (5.) Copy of a letter sent from Lisle to the Emperor. (6.) Declaration made by Lisle at Greenwich, 17 May 32 Hen. VIII. (7.) Declaration of Philpot touching communication between him and Sir Gregory at Barborogh, 8 April. (Details the chief points in the 2nd paragraph of No. 478.) (8.) Another declaration of the said Philpot 8 April touching the means Sir Gregory would use for the surprising of Calais, &c. (as in No. 478.)
Pp. 3. Numbers not in original.
728. Calais.
Memoranda, perhaps from the Commissioners' letters, touching lord Lisle and Calais.
1. “That my lord Deputy gave passport to Sir Gregory (fn. 21) and letters of recommendation.” 2. “That the lord Lisle gave 5s. to Damplip, as Stevens affirmeth, and my lady Lisle gave unto him 15s.; nevertheless the lord Lisle denied that he had any knowledge that he had been with Pole.” 3. “That they heard two letters to the Emperor read, but they understood them not but by interpretation.” 4. “That they knew not of Guisnez going till he was returned.” 5. “That Philpot pretended to have heard from Sir Gregory the day of his detection of the matter, where indeed he had his advertisement from him 8 days before.” 6. “That Corbet is a man of sense and was in good credit with the said Gregory.” 7. “That they marvel that Calais hath not been surprised or this time, for no law is there kept, 200 of the retinue boys and inhable to do service; almost all my lord Deputy's men and sundry others being such as for insufficiency must be avoided; all strangers permitted to be in the town without order, yea to go to the walls and to peruse all the brayes, &c.; and the watch in the nights evil kept and ordered.” (Opposite this article in the margin is the note “Md. Monsieur de Rue.”) 8. “That my lord Chamberlain and Mr. Wallop hath either of them with him where he is 16 or mo of the King's Majesty's ordinary.” 9. “That all the Council is to be avoided but only the Vice-treasurer, the Porter.” 10. “The barre (?) and jetty.” 11. “Arde, Cowbrige, the banished men.” (fn. 22)
In Paget's hand, p. 1. Endd: Touching the Lord Lisle.
729. Calais.
R. O. Copies of documents relating to Calais.
i. Petition of the “poor bourgeoisie and commonalty” of Calais, who are in great decay, as shown by the ruinous mansions and vacant houses there, that they may enjoy the liberties granted them by the King's predecessors. And first, that all merchandise from abroad may be free to enter or leave the port of Calais, paying the due customs, and that no restraints be made for the victualling of the town, but every householder commanded to provide by a certain day victual for his household for the period fixed. 2. That strangers be dismissed the town and none henceforth sworn English before the mayor upon the Deputy's warrant without the King's letters patent. 3. That the “burgesie” and commonalty may use the common of the town according to the proclamation of the King's father.
ii. “The interruptions of the liberties and privileges of the Charter.”—Items relating to the Mayor's authority in criminal and civil cases (of late the Mayor's officer was imprisoned on the walls by the Marshal for six days for arresting a foreigner “being no soldier”), the Staplers, jurisdictio capitanei, the mayor as escheator and admiral in the town, the restraint lately made in England against sending victuals to Calais, the serjeants of the Scunage, the Exchequer and Staple Inn neglecting to “bear” watches, and persons not burgesses keeping “herbigage.”
iii. Copy of privy seal directed to the Treasurer and Comptroller of Calais dated Westm., 25 May, enclosing a copy of ordinances, viz.:—1. That no officer taking fee for his office shall stand in wages; 2. That no merchant or other having benefice of the Staple shall have wages; 3. That no burgess that hath competent living stand in wages; 4. That no man holding open shop, except bowyers, fletchers, armourers, smiths, and gunmakers, stand in wages; 5. That no minter stand in wages while occupied in the King's mint; 6. That no man who has once been put out for stirring to anything tending to misgovernance, such as congregations or fellowships, shall ever take wages within the town or be suffered to dwell therein; 7. That no common debater or brawler stand in wages; 8. That all men bringing goods customable into the town, by whatever gate, present it truly to the King's Customer or Controller at Lanterngate, under penalty of 10s. stg.; 9. That any man finding “wracke of the see” present it truly to the officers of the Exchequer, on pain of 10l. stg.; 10. That no man carrying any merchandise going or coming take any byeway, but only the old way, on pain of forfeiting the goods.
iv. Inspeximus and exemplification, reciting a petition, filed in Chancery, presented to the Parliament held at Reading, 6 March 31 Hen. VI., by the mayor and poor burgesses of Calais, to have it enacted that patents procured under the Great Seal to lands in Calais to which the King has no title may be held void, and those who procure them punished. Reciting also the assent of the Commons and Lords in Parliament to that petition. Westm., 26 May, 32 Henry VI. Examined by John Faukes and Thos. Ive, clerks (signatures copied).
v. The effect of the petition lately presented to the King and Council by the deputy and council, mayor, mayor of the Staple, burgesses and commonalty of Calais, parcels of which have been agreed to by the King.
Eight articles, after each of which is written the King's answer and decision about the same, viz.:—1. That 300 houses and more are now vacant at Calais, and many fallen down for lack of inhabitants, because the retinue established by Edward III. was lately diminished. Ordered, that process be made out of the Exchequer there against the parties that suffer their houses to fail into decay, and monitions sent forthwith at the coming to Calais of Sir Thomas Lovell, treasurer of the King's household. 2. That although the merchants of the Staple of Calais heretofore agreed to give 4d. on every sack of wool and every 100 fells shipped to the Staple (which they are still compelled to pay) towards the countermuring of the town, the work has been suspended for many years. Ordered, that the money be applied to the countermuring by one whom Lovell shall appoint. 3–8. The remaining articles refer to the import of Gascon wines for the town, a recent exaction of 40 days' wages from the retinue (which is ordered to be laid down), wages of spies passing into France or Flanders, leaves of absence to go to England, freedom of marriage of “mere English” with natives of Calais, and that soldiers should not lose their wages on being appointed aldermen, as there is a deficiency of burgesses of ability to “furnish their rooms.” At the end comes a note that whereas these eight articles were delivered to “me Sir Thomas Lovell,” to declare to the town of Calais, I have subscribed my name in presence of Sir Gilbert Talbot, the King's Deputy; Sir Hue Conway, treasurer; Sir Ric. Carew, lieut. of the Castle; Sir John Digby, Sir John Whilshire, comptroller; Robt. Wotton. &c. (named), 1 July 2 Henry VIII.
vi. A letter from the King, dated London, 5 Feb., [temp. Hen. VII.] renewing all charters of his predecessors. With a note in the margin: This letter was sent to Sir Ric. Nanfan, deputy at Calais, and the Council there.
vii. Letter from the King to Sir Robert Wingfield, deputy, and the mayor and town of Calais, dated Hampthill 26 Aug. [1530], (fn. 23) saying he has received their answer to his letters in favour of John Barklett to have the Calais and Dover passage, and, perceiving that Barklet was put out of that room on good grounds, gives them leave to appoint whom they will.
Pp. 16.
730. Cromwell's Remembrances.
R. O. First, to remember Fermer. Item, to remember the gunners. Item, the lord Sands. The bishops and clergy. Sir Thos. Wharton. Lord Ferres' licence to go home. Touching Sir Ant. Lee for Quarynden. The “prisoners in the Fleet which came from Calais.” Of the dispatch to Calais. Of the dispatch to Sir Will. Ewre. Of the dispatch to all the ports.
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd: Remembrances of my Lord's writing.
May 731. Diet at Spires.
xxxii. 536.
Brief compendium of memoranda for the future diet at Spires, May 1540.
May 732. Diet at Hagenau.
xxii. 537.
A disquisition by John Faber, bishop of Vienna, upon the first proposal to the Lutherans. Hagenau, 1540, May.
733. Grants in May 1540.
May./Grants. 1. Geo. Lassells. Grant in fee, for 434l. 10s., of the manor of Sturton, Notts, with appurtenances in Sturton, Wiseton Wheteley, and Littleburgh, Notts, which belonged to Thos. ld. Darcy, attainted. Greenwich, “xx die Maii” 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Wallden, “primo die Maii” 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 4. m. 24.
2. Edw. Rogers. To be keeper of the chief mansion or house of Pilton, alias Pulton, Somers., belonging to the late monastery of Glastonbury; and keeper of Pilton park, with the herbage and pannage of the same park and of Parkhill, Anstyes, and other parcels of land (named) lying within the said park: all which came to the King by the attainder of Richard, the late abbot: with 2d. a day in each office. Del. Westm., 1 May, 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 50.
3. Will. Rycheman, alias Webbe. Grant in fee, for 232l. 13s. 4d., of the site and chief messuage of the manor of Over Wroughton, Wilts, now in the tenure of Thos. Mydwynter and William, his son; and two messuages or tenements called Turneys and Uffcote in Over Wroughton; which belonged to the late monastery of St. Mary, Tewkesburye, Glouc.; as fully as John Wakeman, the late abbot, held the same. Rent 26s. Del. Westm., 1 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7. m. 18.
4. John Zouche. Grant in fee, of the site and chief messuage of the manor of Encombe, Dorset, lately leased to John Vyncent, which belonged to the late monastery of Shaftysbery, Dorset; with appurtenances; as fully as the late abbess held them. Rent, 13s. Del. Westm., 1 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat p. 7. m. 8.
5. Thos Ardern and Simon, one of his younger sons. Licence to alienate the manor of Brerewood Hall, and the rectory of Crudworth, Warw., which belonged to the late monastery of St. Mary De Pratis Leycestr', and all appurtenances in Crudworth and Sutton Colfeld, Warw., to Simon Broke, vicar of Aston, John Arden, Thos. Fowler, Thos. Lysley, Hen. Morgan, and John Harmon, and their heirs to the use of the said Thos. Arden for his life, with remainder to Will. Ardern, with remainder in default of issue to the right heirs, &c. Westm., 2 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7. m. 29.
6. Sir Will. Sandys, knight of the Body. Constat and exemplification (in consequence of the loss of the original) of pat. 8 Feb. 1 Hen. VIII. appointing him keeper of Fremantill park, Hants, and parker of the same. Westm. 3 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 28.—Vacated on personal surrender on the 5 May of this year in order that another patent might be granted to the said Sir William and one Sir Humph. Foster.
7. Ric. Stevyn, one of the gentlemen of the Chapel Royal. Life grant of the tenement in New Rumney, within the liberties of the Cinque Ports, Kent, called “Seynt John's House,” with appurtenances in New and Old Rumney, Rumney Marshe, Wallonde, and the parish of Lydde, Kent, at the accustomed rent. Westm. Palace, 24 April, 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 30.
8. Wilts. Commission to John Bonham, Charles Bulkeley, and Will Button, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Anne Danvers. Westm. 4 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 1. m. 24d.
9. Edw, Fetyplace. Grant in fee, for 394l. 15s. 10d., of the manor of Fernburgh, Berks, which belonged to the late monastery of Abingdon, Berks, with the reversion and rent reserved of 9l. on a lease of the site and demesnes thereof, to one John Wardram, by the late convent, and the portion of tithes of the rectory of Fernburgh, lately in tenure of Geoff. Phylypp; also the reversion of a messuage and six acres of land in Esthenred, Berks, belonging to the late priory of Crutched Friars, in Donnyngton, Berks, and late in the tenure of one Ric. Dalinge, with the rent of 8 qrs. 1 bushel of malt and 1 bushel of wheat reserved on his lease; and six acres of arable land in Esthenred, called fhe “Churche house land,” late in the tenure of one Agnes Dalynge, which also belonged to the priory; with reservations of advowsons. Rent, 44s., free of charges except an annuity of 13s. 4d. to John Eyston, collector of the rents of the manor. Del. Westm., 4 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1. m. 25.
10. John Gostwyk and Joan his wife. Licence to alienate the manor of Eckton alias Egton, Northt., to Will. Nycollys. Westm., 4 May.—Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 28.
11. Jasper Horsey. To be keeper of the mansion of the manor of Dardyngton, and keeper of Dardyngton park and of the deer therein, with the herbage and pannage of the said park, which manor, &c., came to the King by the attainder of Henry late marquis of Exeter; with 2d. a day in each office. Westm. Palace, 1 May 32 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 4 May. — P.S. Pat. p. 5,m. 29.
12. Geo. Vyncent. Grant in fee, for 240l., of the manor or lordship of Potters Merston, Leic, belonging to the late monastery of Coventry, in the city of Coventry, and now in the tenure of the said George; as fully as Thos. Camswell, the late prior, held it. Rent, 26s. 8d. Del. Westm., 4 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 42.
13. Sir Edw. Don. Grant of an enclosure in Princes Rysborowe, Bucks, called Rysborowe Parke, lately enclosed by the Crown as a park of deer. Westm. Palace, 24 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 8.
14. Chr. Roper. Lease of the site of the manor of Tonge, Kent, and a field called “le Dulley”; for 21 years; at 21l. 6s. 8d. rent. On surrender of a 31 years' lease granted to him by the late Queen Consort Jane, 2 March 28 Hen. VIII., for which he paid 20l. fine. Del. Westm., 5 May 32 Hen. VIII. — S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
15. Thos. Meyre, of Walsall, Staff., smith. Pardon for having killed Eliz. Rennet in self-defence, as appears by a record and process at Walsall before Barnaby Clerke, one of the coroners in said co.; the said Thomas having surrendered to the Marshalsea prison, as certified by Sir Edw. Mountagu, chief justice of the King's bench. Westm., 5 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 30.
16. John Rydley, groom of the Long Bows. Annuity of 10l. out of the customs aud subsidies in the ports of Exeter and Dartmouth. Westm., 5 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 30.
17. Geo. Hals, of Newenham, Devon, commonachus of Richard, late abbot of St. Mary's, Newenham. Pardon for the assaults and robberies committed by him and John Hals, also commonachus of the said abbot at Hemburyford, Devon, 6 April 26 Hen. VIII., on the persons of John Galye, John Foster, and Will. Mawdytt. Westm. Palace, 30 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 14.
18. Will. Traford, of Wylmeslowe, Chesh., and Margery his wife. Grant in fee, for 88l. 10s., of the grange of Swythernley in Leke, Staff., and with divers closes, &c. (specified), and all appurtenances within the bounds and limits following, viz.: beginning at Dan Bridge, thence along the water of Dane to the “High forest,” thence along the hedge between the said forest and Dane Wode to the “Hey Ryge,” and so beside the “Heyryge hedge” to the “Ports weygate,” thence successively to the lands in tenure of Margaret Hulme, widow, Ric. Farnyhalgh, Will. Downes, and John Higginbothum, and thence to Dane Bridge aforesaid, Staff.: also the meadow and lands (named) in Leke, late in the several tenures of John Whytney and Helen Fytton of Syddington, all which belonged to the late monastery of Delacres, Staff.; rent, 10s. Westm. Palace, 30 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 May.—P. S. Pat. p. 5, m. 9.
19. Edw. Skipwith, jun., of Heyburgh, Linc., and Margaret his wife. Grant in fee, for 400 mks., of the house and site of the late priory of Nonnecotham, Linc., the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof, &c., a wind-mill, and the demesne lands (specified) in Nonnecotham, Heyburgh, Brokkellesbye, Keylbye, Roxston, and Stallingburgh, Linc. Yearly value, 14l. 16s. 4d.; rent, 29s. 8d. Del. Westm., 5 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 47.
20. Sir James Strangways, of Westharlesey, Yorks. Grant in fee, for 722l. 13s. 4d., of the reversion and yearly rent of 13l. 19s. 8d., reserved upon a 21 years' Crown lease, dated 16 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII., to John Cheny, of Drayton, Bucks, of the house and site of the late priory of Mountgrace, Yorks., and divers lands there (specified) which were in the personal occupation of the late prior. Also the church, steeple, and churchyard of the said late priory; and divers lands, &c., in Mountgrace, Estharlesey, Ingleby, Arneclyffe, and Osmoderly, Yorks., which belonged to the said late priory.
Also, the manor or grange of Moreton near Estharlesey, and divers lands, &c. (particularly specified and the names of tenants given) in Estharlesey, which belonged to the late monastery of Rivalls, and were leased to the prior and convent of Mountgrace, 1 Apl. 1506 for 97 years from the Invention of Holy Cross, 1509. Also the rent of 3s. 4d. due on these premises and yearly paid at the wapentake of Brydforth. Westm. Palace, 6 May 32 Hen. VIII. Rent 4l. 4d. Del. Westm., 7 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 4.
21. Thos. Hourde, of London. Pardon for all felonies and trespasses, particularly those of which he was found guilty by the court of King's Bench, viz., that he, with Geo. Hourde, of London, and John Dale, of London, yeoman, stole certain articles belonging to John Hulkott or Halkett, at the parish of St. Clement Danes, without the New Temple, London, and likewise certain articles belonging to Sir Will. Essex, at the said parish. Westm. Palace, 24 April 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 53.
22. John Shire, priest, scholar of the university of Cambridge. Licence to go beyond the sea, for his “further increase of virtue and conynge,” with two servants, and one horse. Del. Westm., 7 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
23. Sir Edm. Bedyngfeld. Licence to alienate the manor of Brandeston, Suff., to Hen. Bedyngfeld and Katherine his wife, and heirs male, with remainder in default of issue to John Bedyngfeld. Westm., 8 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3.
24. Rob. Foster. Licence to alienate the manor of Colchester Hall, and all his lands, &c., in Takeley, Ellysnam, Whyterodyng, Kyngyshatfeld, and Stanstedmountfichet, Essex, and Sabriggeworth, Herts, to Ric. Higham and Mary his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder in default of such issue to Thos. Lysle and the heirs of his body, with remainder in default of such issue to the right heirs of the said Mary. Westm., 8 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 28.
25. John Zouche. Licence to alienate the site and chief messuage of the manor of Encombe, Dorset, which belonged to the late monastery of Shaftesbury, to Sir Thos. Arundell. Westm., 8 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 5.
26. Thos. Grynne, chaplain to Sir Rob. Tyrwytt, and rector of the parish church of Ferebye, Linc. Licence to be non-resident so long as he requires to attend upon the said Robert. Westm. Palace, 30 April, 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 7.
27. Ric. Holt, chaplain. Presentation to the chantry in the church of St. Mary Belton, in the isle of Axholme, Linc., dioc., void by death and at the King's disposal by the minority of Edm. Sheffeld. Westm., 8 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 26.
28. Thos., earl of Essex, lord keeper of the Privy Seal. Licence to alienate the manors of Paynestwyke and Morton Valence, Glouc,, to Sir Will. Kyngeston, K.G., comptroller of the Household, and Mary his wife. Westm., 9 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 29.
29. Sir John Horsey, of Clyfton, Dorset. Licence to alienate the manor or grange of Creche, in the island of Purbek, Dorset, belonging to the late monastery of Byandon, Dorset; 7 acres of meadow in Estholme Mede, 2 acres of meadow in Westholme Mede, and 2 acres of meadow in Russheton Mede; and all messuages, &c., in Creche and Stypull in the said island belonging to the said manor or grange of Creche; to Oliver Laurence. Westm., 9 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 29.
30. Will. lord Sandes and Sir Humph. Forster. Grant in survivorship of the office of parker or keeper of Fremantill park, Hants; in as full manner as Sir Thos. Brandon, knight of the Body, held it. On surrender of pat. 8 Feb. 1 Hen. VIII., granting it to Sandes alone. Del. Westm., 9 May, 32 Hen. VIII. — S.B. With endorsement by Nich. Hare. Pat. p. 5, m. 52. Vacated on personal surrender by the said Humphrey, who survived the said William, on the 8 Nov. 33 Hen. VIII.
31. John, baron Russell. Licence to alienate the manor or grange of Clopton Hall, Suff., belonging to the late monastery of Bury St. Edmunds, and two parts of the tithes proceeding from the said manor, and all appurtenances in Clopton Hall and Ratlesden, Suff., to John Smyth, jun., and Anne his wife. Westm., 9 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 5.
32. Edm. Pope. Livery of lands as 8. and h. of John Pope. Westm., 24 Feb. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. 10 May 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
33. Will. Lock, mercer, London. Grant in fee, for 301l. 10s., of the messuage and tenement now in the tenure of the said William, in the parish of St. Mary-le-Bowe in Westchepe, London, belonging to the late monastery of Clerkenwell, Midd.,; a tenement there lately leased to Will. Carkett, at the end of Bowe Lane, belonging to the late priory of nuns of Kylborne, Midd.; two tenements there lately leased to John Edwards, of London, belonging to the late priory of Elsyng Spittell, and to the late monastery called the “Mynoresse,” without Algate, London; and two tenements there lately leased to Nic. Chune, haberdasher, and Thos. Aborough, also belonging to the “Mynoresse.” At stated rents. Westm. Palace, 7 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del., Westm., 10 May.—P.S. (mutilated.) Pat. p. 3, m. 32.
34. Thos. Brakyn, a marshal of the Hall. Grant, in fee, for 762l., of the manor of Chesterton, Camb., which belonged to the late monastery of Barnewell, Camb., with full rights. Rent, 4l. 4s. 8d., and exemption from annual pensions of 13s. 4d. to the master and scholars of King's Hall, Cambridge, and 4l. 6s. 8d. to the sheriff of Cambridgeshire, and all other charges. Del., Westm., 10 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 7, m. 1.
35. Constat and exemplification, at the request of Leonard Bekwith, of pat. 23 Nov. 20 Hen. VIII., granting to John Wellysburne certain messuages, land, &c., in Naburne, Yorks., which belonged to Francis, late viscount Lovell, who was attainted in 1 Hen. VII. Westm., 11 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 19.
36. Hen. Broke. Custody of two messuages, &c., in Wistaston, Chesh., late in the tenure of John Minshull and John Coper, and a water-mill and certain meadows (named) in Wrynehill, to the yearly value of 9l., which belonged to John Egerton, deceased, during the minority of Ralph Egerton, s. and h. of the said John; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Westm. Palace, 6 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 May. P.S.—Pat. p. 4, m. 16.
37. Clement Smyth, Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer in the Exchequer. Lease of divers marshes (named) in the lordship of Fobbyng, Essex, and a windmill there; parcel of the lands late of Edw. duke of Buckingham, attainted, for 21 years; at divers stated (old) rents, and 7s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 11 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 14.
38. Alan Kynge, yeoman purveyor of the King's wines. Lease of the site of the manor of Flamburgh, Yorks.; and divers lands (named), customs, &c.; parcel of the possessions, late of Sir Rob. Constable, attainted; for 21 years; at the yearly rent of 24l. 14s.; on surrender of patent 3 July 31 Hen. VIII., granting the said Alan a similar lease of the greater part of the premises. Del. Westm., 11 May.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 14.
39. Thos. Edgar. Lease of a rent of 60 qrs. of corn and 70 qrs. of barley, being part of the rent by which Ric. Plott holds the site of the manor of Blewbery, by virtue of an 80 year's lease by the late abbot and convent of the monastery of Redyng, Berks; in the King's hands by the attainder of Hugh, the late abbot; term, 21 years; rent 26l. 10s., viz.: for each quarter of corn, 5s. 4d., and for each quarter of barley. 3s. Del. Westm., 11 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 15.
40. Michael Stanhop. Lease of divers parcels of land, &c. (specified and names of tenants given) in the lordship or manor of Lenton, Notts, which belonged to the late monastery of Lenton, and are in the King's hands by the attainder of Nich. Heth, the late prior; for 21 years; at stated rents. Del. Westm., 11 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B.—Pat. p. 7, m. 2.
41. Leicestershire: Commission to Sir John Villers, Geo. Sherard, and Geo. Vyncent, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of John Fowler. 12 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 24d.
42. Ralph Rowlett, sen. Grant, in fee, of the site, circuit, &c., of the late priory of Praye, Herts; the manors of Praye, Sandruge alias Sanruge, Newneham, Caldecott, Radwell by Baldock, Westwyke and Gorham alias Gorhambury, and Apsa alias Apsabury, Herts; the rectory of Newneham appropriated to the late monastery of St. Albans, Herts, and the advowson of the vicarage of Newneham; the advowsons of the rectories of Radwell and Caldecott; certain acres of wood in a field called Potterswyke in Sandruge, and other woods in Sandruge called Bechebottom, Langleywood alias Langley Grove, Wryggeswoode, … eslandegrove and Hylkendegrownde; the woods in the parish of St. Michael, in the town of St. Alban's, Herts, called Parkewoode, Brokewoode (?), and Westewykehille, the wood in “le Breche,” Conyworth, the wood in Freardenfelde, Evesdenbusshes and the wood in Lyttelbroke Felde; the woods in the parish of St. Peter, in St. Albans, called Smalcroftsprynge, Grubbesgrove, the wood in Westhille and Hastelersgrove; the wood called Praywoode in the said parish of St. Michael; and all other messuages, lands, &c., in the parish, town, and fields of Sandruge, which belonged to the late monastery of St. Alban's; and all other messuages, lands, &c., in the parishes, towns and fields of Praye, Sandruge, Newneham, Caldecote, Radwell by Baldok, Baldok, St. Michael and St. Peter's in the town of St. Alban's, Shelney, St. Stephen's in the hamlet of St. Alban's, Redborne, Langley, Colney and Whethampsted, Herts, or elsewhere in England belonging to the said site and manors. To hold in as full manner as Ric. Bourman, the last abbot of St. Alban's, held the same.
Also the manor of Mynchonbury, Herts; the advowson of the rectory of Mynchonbury; and divers parcels of wood in Barley, Herts; and all the messuages, lands, &c., in Mynchonbury and Barley, in cos. Herts and Camb. and elsewhere in England, belonging to the said manor of Mynchonbury, or reputed to be parcels thereof at the time of the dissolution of the late monastery of Chatteras, Camb.; the premises having been surrendered by Anne Gayton, the late abbess, and the convent of the same late monastery.
Also, the tenement in the parish of St. Alphage in Philip Lane, London, now in the occupation of one Henry Awdeley, and an empty parcel of land there in the tenure of one Thos. Brydges belonging to the late priory of Elsyngspyttell in the city of London; in as full manner as the same came into the King's hands by virtue of an act of the parliament holden 21–27 Hen. VIII. and by the dissolution of the said monastery.
Also, the messuage and 2 virgates of land and 2 tofts in Wheston, Leic., late in the tenure of Ric. Grene, and now in the occupation of one John Davy; the horse mill in Wheston in the tenure of one Ric. Andrewe; and the free rent of 4d. which the said Ralph Rowlett, sen., used to pay to the Crown for a tenement in Wheston; which premises belonged to the late monastery of Garadon, Leic.
Also, the messuage, toft and 2 virgates of land in Theddyngworth, Leic., in the tenure of Thos. Norton; the cottage and croft in Theddyngworth in the tenure of John Cartwright; another cottage and croft there in the occupation of Edm. Lovet; another cottage and croft there in the tenure of Edw. Brabson; and a small toft there in the tenure of one Thos. Mathewe; which premises belonged to the late monastery of Soulby, Northt, and were surrendered to the Crown along with the same monastery by Randolph Arnolde, the late abbot.
Also, the rectory of Wheston, Leic., appropriated to the late monastery de Pratis, Leic.; and the advowson of the vicarage thereof, and all glebes, pensions and portions of tithes of corn and hay in Wheston belonging to the said rectory and vicarage.
Also, the rectory of Theddyngworth, Leic., appropriated to the said late monastery de Pratis, and the advowson of the vicarage thereof; a yearly pension of 13s. 4d. issuing from the said vicarage; the messuage and two closes of land in Theddyngworth in the tenure of one Rob. Sturges; another messuage and an enclosure of land there in the tenure of Ric. Chesworthe; and all other lands and tenements in the same place formerly “manurecta” and now decayed: a free rent of 2s. 6d. paid by … for lands there; and 12d. a year for a common fine there; and all other messuages, lands, &c. in Weston and Theddingworth, which belonged to the late monasteries de Pratis, Leic., Garadon and Soulby; in as full manner as Thos. Syeston the last abbot of Garadon, John Bowchier, last abbot de Pratis, and the said Randolph Arnolde, last abbot of Soulby held the same. To hold by the yearly rent of 24l. 18s.d., by way of tenth, free of all charges except the following, viz.:—40s. a year allowed to the collector of the rents of Newneham, Caldecote, and Radwell; 30s. payable to the collector of rents of Westwyke; 40s. payable to Thos. Maydewell for the collection of rents in Sandruge; a yearly rent of 18s. payable to Thos. Maydwell for his yearly allowance of 3 cart-loads of hay at 6s. a cart load; a yearly rent of 10s. allowed to Chr. Dowman for his gown; a yearly rent of 6s. 8d. to the farmer of Caldecote for a gown; a yearly rent of 6s. 8d. allowed to Hen. Pownte for his gown; a yearly rent of 40s. for the fee of the steward of the manors of Praye, Sanderuge, Newneham, Caldecote, Radwell, Westwyke, Gorham, and Apsa; a yearly pension of 4l. to the vicar of Newneham in augmentation of his vicarage; a yearly pension of 20s. payable to the vicar of Wheston in augmentation of his vicarage; 11s. 3d. a year payable to the archdeacon of Leicester for synodals and procurations issuing from the rectory of Theddyngworth; and a yearly rent of 5s. for the pay of rent collectors and farmers in Wheston and Theddyngworth. Westm., 12 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII., p. 2. m. 8.
43. Ric. Combes, of Hemyll Hampsted, Herts. Grant in fee, for 108l., of the reversion and yearly rent of 4l. reserved upon a 60 years' lease granted to John Waterhouse and the said Richard by Thomas, late rector, and the house or late college of Assherudge, Bucks, 14 May 27 Hen. VIII., of the “Deyrie” of Hemyll Hampsted, with the meadows and stock, i.e., a bull and 12 cows, a boar and a sow.
Also, the site or chief messuage of the manor of Hempstedburye, alias Hemelhampsted, Herts., and divers meadows, &c. (named), in Hemelhampsted; the water-mill called Bury myll, with the water course and fishery of the same, which belonged to the said late college; rent, 12s. Del. Westm., 12 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 4, m. 5.
44. John Candysshe, of Westbutterwyke, in the island of Axholme, Linc. Grant in fee, for 348l. 8s. 4d., of the house and site of the late priory or Carthusian house in the said island; the church, &c., thereof; and divers fields, &c., in Oweston, in the said island, which belonged to Michael Mekenes, the late prior, in right of the said late priory; the messuage, &c., now in the tenure of Nic. Medley in Overburneham, in the parish of Hawxsey in the said island, a close of land now in the occupation of Ric. Nicholson in Hawxsey; and divers woods in the parishes of Oweston and Hawksey; which belonged to the said late prior.
Also, the messuages, &c., in Saxbey and Glentworth, Linc., now in the several tenures of Rob. Holme, John Lee, and Rob. Dighton, which belonged to the late prior of St. Katharine's, near Lincoln; and the rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Saxbey, &c.; all which belonged to the late priory of St. Katherine's.
Also, the lands, &c., in Glentworth, Glentworthorppe, Harpeswell, and Cotes, Linc., now in the tenure of Rob. Dighton, which belonged to the late prior of Catley, Linc., in right of his monastery; rents stated. Del. Westm., 12 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (mutilated). Pat. p. 4, m. 6.
45. John Rydley. Licence to alienate the messuage or farm, &c., and all lands, &c., called Uxmere, two tenements now in the tenure of Andrew Ledall, and a yearly rent of 10s. in Ipesden, Oxon.; and the lands called Nuttyngs, late in the tenure of Ric. Eton in Tuffeld, Oxon.; to Andrew Ledall. Westm., 12 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 7, m. 28.
46. Ralph Hopton. Lease of the demesne lands of Aysbury or Aishebury, Berks., and the grange, cow-house, barton, stable, and house in the outer court, and certain lands and liberties specified, parcel of the lands lately belonging to the monastery of Glastonbury, and now in the King's hands by the attainder of Ric. Whytyng, the late abbot; for 21 years, at the yearly rent of 12l. 6s. 8d. On surrender by the said Ralph of a lease granted by the said abbot to one Clement North, alias Hardyng, and payment of 20 mks. fine. Del. Westm., 13 May 32 Hen. VIII. —S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 38.
47. Hugh Jones. Lease of the site of the manor of Colnewake, Essex, and a mill called Walkemylle, in Colnewake, and two mills called Sharneford mills (one corn and one fulling) in the lordship of Lanmershe, Essex, with a little moor belonging to the said mills, and certain lands in Lycheholme and other “holmes” in Lammershe, parcel of “Richemoundes landes”; with reservations; for 21 years; at certain stated rents. Del. Westm., 13 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 16.
48. John Carleton, of Walton - upon - Thames, Surrey, and Jocosa his wife. Grant in fee (in exchange for a messuage called Wynterhouse, with appurtenances in Essher, Surrey, the manor of Morehall, alias Sylkysmore in Haversham, in the parish of Walton-on-Thames, and lands and woods, specified, at Burwode in Walton and Haversham, Hatche in Haversham; and for 160l.) of the manor of Milton, Surrey, belonging to the late priory of nuns of Kylborne, Midd., and appurtenances in Milton and Dorkyng, Surrey.
Also, the messuages, &c., called Bradlecourte, alias Westbradley, in the parish of Cheveley, in the lordship of Welforde, Berks., belonging to the late monastery of Abendon; with all tithes of corn and grains upon the said lands. Annual value 27l. 10s. 8d.; rent, 55s. 1d. Westm. Palace, 5 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 May—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 33.
49. Will. Clerc, serjeant-at-arms. To be keeper of the castle of More end, bailiff of the lordship of the More end, keeper of the woods called Plumpton Parke and Ferrys or Ferris Woodes within the said lordship, and keeper of the parke adjoining the said castle of More end, Northt., with wages and fees usual in the said offices, and the herbage and pannage of the park of the said castle. Westm. Palace, 24 Nov. 31 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 May 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
50. Sir John Raynforth, of Bradfelde, Essex. Grant, for 502l. 3s. 4d., of the manors of Manytre, alias Schidinghoo, Essex, and Goddellesforde, Suff., which belonged to the late monastery of Canonleigh, Devon; “le Crane, le Key and Keyhowse” in Manytre; and all possessions of the monastery in Manytre, Schedinghoo, Mystleigh, Lawforde Parva, Bromeleigh, Ardeleigh, and Bradfelde, Essex, and in Goddellesforde Parva, Belstede and Whestede, Suff., as fully as the last abbess held the same. Rents for Manytre and the premises in Essex 40s., and for those in Suff. 15s. 10d. Del. Westm., 13 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Marked as is inrolled, though no inrolment found, and noted in the margin at the bottom: “This bill was stayed at the seal by my desire, because the money was not paid. (Signed) Ric. Ryche.”
51. Will. Tidder or Tider, of Newport, Salop, yeoman. Protection going in the retinue of Arthur Viscount Lyssle. Westm., 13 May 32 Hen. VIII.—P.S. writ. Signed by Lyssle.
52. John Dawtrye, of Bosam, Sussex, and Joan his wife. Annuity of 18l. during the said Joan's life, out of the issues of the honor of Petworth, Sussex, and of the King's lands in Petworth; granted in consideration that the said John and Joan (the latter of whom was lately wife of one Ric. Assheby, deceased, s. and h. of Elizabeth, one of the daughters and heirs of John Pelham, deceased), being seized, in right of the said Joan, of the park called Reverparke, alias Treverparke, Sussex, and that part of the manor of Rever, alias Trever, and all lands, &c., in the parishes of Ludgarshale, Tyllyngton, and Lodysworth, Sussex, which descended to the said Richard by inheritance, did by indenture, dated 18 March 31 Hen. VIII., sell the same to the Crown. Del. Westm., 14 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
53. Will. Ibgrave, of Langley Abbatis, Herts. Grant in fee, for 460l. 10s. 10d., of the rectory and church of Langley Abbatis. A yearly pension of 20s. due from the vicar of the parish church of Langley Abbatis to the rector, and the advowson of the vicarage, a water-mill called Nasshe mill there, and lands and woods (named) in Langley Abbatis and Cayesho, in the parish of Watforde; also a messuage, &c., in the street called the “Malte Markette” in St. Albans, Herts, now in the tenure of John Purs and Alice his wife, between the tenement of John Grene on the north and that called “le Cheker” on the south, one end abutting on the said street and the other upon Monke ditch; all which premises belonged to the late monastery of St. Albans, Herts. To hold as fully as Ric. Boreman, last abbot, held them, at 51s. 2d. rent. Del. Westm., 14 May 32 Hen. VIII. —S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 37.
54. Will. Riggs, of London. Grant, in fee, for 456l. 12s. 6d.; (1) of the rents and services due from Will. Shoeres, John Snaynton, Rob. Sutton, Thos. Marwoode, Hen. Bradley, and John Slater, for lands and tenements in Stragylthorp and Fulbek, Linc., all the lands in their several tenures and the grange in Stragylthorpe, lately leased to John Snaynton, which belonged to the late priory of Sempringham, Linc.; (2) the grange lately leased to Will. Thompson and John Thompson in Wellingore, Linc., belonging to the late priory of Haverholme, annual value, 33s. 4d.; (3) the manor of Ledenham, Linc., belonging to the late priory of Hevenings, Linc.; and all rents and services in Ledenhame due from John Tynmane and John Olyver; and the lands severally leased to John Kirton, Rob. Londestale, John Taylor, John Clerk, and Geo. Goland, and to John Slater in Ledenhame, also belonging to Hevenings; annual value, 9l. 12s. 10½d. Also, (4) the manor or grange of Wellingore, Linc., belonging to the late priory of St. Katherine without the walls of Lincoln; and all lands severally leased to Ric. Whyte, Edw. Lyle, Edw. Thompson, Will. Thompson, Thos. Martin, Rob. Thompson, Rob. Whyte, and Chr. Thompson in Wellingore, Linc., belonging to the said late priory of St. Katherine; and (5) the grange, late in the tenure of John Mydleborough in Harmyston, Linc., belonging to the same late priory. Rents (1) 9s.d., (2) 3s. 4d., (3) 19s.d., (4) 10s.d., (5) 8s. Westm. Palace, 3 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 39.
55. Anne Cobhame, widow. Grant, for 391l. 10s., of the manor of Wormyngherst, Suss., with the advowson of the church of Wormynghurst, the site of the manor or tenement of Barhamwyke, Sussex, parcel of the manor of Eglesden, Sussex, lands called Sir John's Lands and Barmestake in Pachyng and Brokemeade Torreys and Hurston meade in Wygenholt, Sussex, and the fishery in Wygenholt; all belonging to the late monastery of Syon, Midd. To hold to the said Anne Cobhame for life with remainder to Edw. Shelley of Fyndon, Suss., and Joan his wife. Rent 62s. free of charges except the fee of the “beadle” (bedellus) of Wormynghurst. Del. Westm., 14 May 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 5, m. 40.
56. Edm. Shakerley, of Watton Attstone, Herts. Pardon. Westm., 18 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 4, m. 12. Enrolled in wrong year.
Vol. XIV. Pt. I., No. 1056 (40).
57. Rob. Chester, one of the gentlemen ushers of the Chamber. Licence to alienate the manor of Newhall and Hodenhoo, and certain messuages, lands, &c., in Bukland and Tharfeld, Herts, to John Gille and Margaret his wife. Westm., 18 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 32.
58. Martin Balkysky, a servant of the king of Scots. Licence to purchase within this realm for the use of the said King, 500 qrs. of wheat, 20 tuns of Malmesey or other sweet wine, 100 bows, and 20 dickers of leather. Greenwich, 15 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 20 May.—P.S.
59. James Laignell, a native of Houumflute in parts beyond sea. Pardon for the murder of Will. James, late of Exeter, Devon. Greenwich, 19 May, 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 29.
60. Sir Edw. Mountagu, chief justice of the King's Bench. Grant, in tail, of the manor of Barnewell, Northt., which belonged to the late monastery of St. Mary, St. Benet, and All Holy Virgins, Ramsey, Hunts; annual value, 34l.; rent 3l. 8s. 1d. Greenwich, 21 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 39.
61. Hen. Knevett and Anne his wife. Grant, in tail male, of the house and site of the late monastery of Kyrkeham, Yorks.; the church, steeple, and churchyard, &c.; the manors of Kyrkeham and Whitwell, Yorks.; and the church and rectory of Kyrkeham, with the advowson of the church; rent, 13l. 4s. 4d. Greenwich, 21 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 May.—P.S. Pat p. 8. m. 32.
62. Thos. Lloyd, clk. Grant of the deanery of the collegiate church of St. Mary, in the town of Shrewsbury, vice Will. Vaughan, clk., resigned. Del. Westm., 26 May.—S.B. Endd.: “to be dean of the college of St. Mary's within Salisbury (sic) at the suit of Mr. Knevytt.” Pat. p. 6, m. 29.
63. Commission of Peace and of Oyer and Terminer.
Cheshire.—Thos. ld. Audeley of Walden, C., Thos. duke of Norfolk, treasurer, Charles duke of Suffolk, president of the Council, Will, earl of Southampton, keeper of the Privy Seal, R. bishop of Cov. and Lich., Sir Will. Devereux ld. Ferrers, Sir Edw. Croft, Sir Peter Dutton, Sir Riseus Maunsell, Sir Will. Bruerton of Bruerton, Sir Will. Standley, Sir Will. Venables, Sir Hen. Delvys, Sir Edw. Fitton, Sir John Done, Sir Ranulph Maynwaring, Sir John Helford, Roger Wygston, John Pakyngton, John Vernon, John Russell, Edw. Waren of Peynton, John Holcroft, Thos. Holte, Hugh Starkey, John Massy, Edm. Savage, Urian Bruerton, Will. Moreton, Ric. Hassall, John Byrkynhed, Rob. Tatton, Roger Wygston. 27 May. Pat. 32 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 5d.
64. Thos. Wrothe, of Enfelde, Midd. Grant, in fee, for 292l. 3s. 4d., of (1) the manor of Beymondehall, Herts, belonging to the late monastery or hospital of St. Mary without Busshopes gate, London; with appurtenances in Chesthunt and Wormeley, Herts; (2) the chief messuage in Endfeld, Midd., belonging to the late monastery of Thorney, Camb.; and (3) the lands called Brekenoks in Chesthunt, Herts, belonging to the late monastery called “le Mynores” without Algate, London; with full rights. Rents 10s. 8d., 15s. 2d., and 6s. 8d. Greenwich, 23 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 37.
65. Michael Asshefelde, of Northlache, Glouc. Grant in fee, for 532l. 4s.d., of the manor of Thormerton, Glouc., belonging to the late monastery or house of Edington, Wilts, and the advowson of the parish church of Thormerton, as fully as the last rector of Edington held them. Also the yearly rents and services due respectively from Helen Hale, wife of Will. Hale, and d. and h. of John Kyrkbye, and Nic. Marten, one of the heirs of Thos. Alen, of Stowe, dec., for lands (specified) in Clopton and Burghton, Glouc.; and certain messuages, &c. (particularly specified, and names of some of tenants given), in Clopton, which belonged to the late monastery of Evesham. Rents 33s. 2d. and 4s.d. Greenwich, 22 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 39.
66. Sir John Byron, of Colewyk, Notts. Grant, in fee, of the house, site, &c., of the late priory of Newsted, in Sherewode forest, Notts; the church, steeple, and churchyard thereof, &c., and divers lands (specified) and a water-mill, in Paplewyke, Notts; the brook, &c., in Paplewyke, with the fishery of the “mylne damme” there, and of the brook called Rownsefen; and the common at Ravenshede and Gighill in the said forest; all which premises lie in Newsted, Paplewyk, and Lynby, in Sherwood forest, and were in the personal occupation of the late prior; lands (named) in Paplewyk and Lynby, late in the several tenures of John Blake, John Fullwoode, James Ellys, and Alex. Meryng; and certain woods (named) in the parish of Paplewyke, aud in the forest of Shirwode; the rectory of the parish church of Paplewyke, and the advowson of the vicarage; the manor of Paplewyke; and all possessions of the priory in Paplewyke. Also the lands in Harstoft, Derb., in the tenure of John Walker; and in Thersell, Yorks., in the tenure of John Ferneley; an annual rent of 2s. due by the heirs of John Watton, in Colwyk, Notts; the wood called Bullwell wood, and lands late in the tenure of John Curteys, in Huknall Torkerd, Notts; all which belonged to Newsted. Also the grange of Warborough called Normanton graunge alias Plumtre graunge, Notts, now in the tenure of the said Sir John, which belonged to the late priory of Haverholme. Rent 4l. 10s., free of charges, except 53s. 4d. for the stipend of a chaplain in the church of Paplewyke, 3s. to the abp. of York for the synodals of the rectory, and 4s. 2d. to the archdeacon of York for procurations. Westm., 13 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. 28 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 4, m. 7.
67. Sir Marmaduke Constable, jun., of London. Grant, in tail male, of the house and site of the late priory of Nonne Eton, Warw.; the church, steeple, and churchyard of the same, &c.; the lordship and manor of Nonne Eton, and all manors, messuages, &c., called Wykey, Burton Hastinges, Attilbridge alias Attilborough, Stokynford, and Hoorston, Warw.; the demesne lands of the said late priory in Nonne Eton, Burton Hastings, Stretton, Shirforde, Attilborough alias Attilbridge, Hoorston, and Hoddenhull, Warw.; the rectory and church of Burton Hastinges, Warw., and the advowson of the vicarage there; all which premises belonged to the said priory. Rent 60l., free of charges except 40s. a year for the fee of the bailiff of Nonne Eton. Westm., 26 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. 29 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 36.
68. Sir Ric. Riche, Chancellor of the Court of Augmentations. To be bailiff of the lordship or manor of Northwelde, and keeper or parker of the park there; with fees of 20s. a year as bailiff, and 60s. a year as parker. Del. Westm., 29 May, 32 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 36.
69. Will. Wall, clk. Grant of the prebend of St. Michael and canonry in the collegiate church of St. Mary in Warwick vice Thos. Lesonne, deceased. Westm., 25 May 32 Hen. VIII. Del. 31 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 32.
734. John Butler to Bullinger.
Original Letters
Soc.), 631.
Expects Peterson daily, for in his letter dated March he expected to be here about Whitsuntide. If he do not come he must have been apprehended in France. If so we English will take care that Schentzius does not suffer loss, unless I be deprived at the same time of all I possess in England. For England is now in a very disturbed state; but Peterson will tell you all from his own mouth. Three of our best ministers (fn. 24) are in the Tower. Will go to Frankfort to comfort exiled brethren. When he returns will write more.


  • 1. See No. 509 (2).
  • 2. Probably Philpot, Corbet, and Woller.
  • 3. Richard Farmer.
  • 4. Kaulek appends a note that this is blank in the MS., and that the whole passage seems corrupt.
  • 5. The Border pensioners.
  • 6. Thomas Leverous.
  • 7. Probably Robert Walshe.
  • 8. Probably Darby Gynnyng. See No. 498 (58).
  • 9. See No. 614.
  • 10. This date stands by itself, a little below the heading, and is somewhat strange, as the document is clearly referred to in No. 644, which is a letter of the 11th May. The endorsement of that letter and that of this document are in the same hand.
  • 11. Amount not given.
  • 12. Misread “Eure” in St. Papers.
  • 13. This is not unlikely to be the paper in Vol. XIV., Part I. No 653, assigned doubtfully to the year 1539.
  • 14. Supplied from modern marginal note.
  • 15. In a brief preface Borthwick himself explains that he had received a copy of this process from a friend, and thought it right to supply answers to the articles.
  • 16. Thompson College. See No. 611 (2).
  • 17. The hospital of St. Thomas at Rome.
  • 18. Thomas Goldwell, attainted in 1539, bishop of St. Asaph under Mary.
  • 19. See Nos. 691, 695.
  • 20. Gregory Botolf.
  • 21. Gregory Botolf.
  • 22. See Nos. 460, 473.
  • 23. The King was at Ampthill in August 1530. The undated letter in Vol. IV. No. 6134 has been placed a few months too early.
  • 24. Barnes, Garrard, and Jerome.