Henry VIII: August 1542, 21-25

Pages 364-379

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 17, 1542. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1900.

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August 1542, 21-25

21 Aug.
Dasent's A.P.C., 21.
646. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 21 Aug. Present : Southampton, Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letters sent to Rutland to accept Hugh Whalter into the King's service on the Borders; to Sir Chr. Morres to ship 1,000 bows, 2,000 sheaf of arrows to Calais, and other artillery, shot and powder for Guisnes and the bulwarks in the Maresses; to the mayor and aldermen of Bristol to stay sale of fish in a French ship stayed there; to the Surveyor of Calais to view certain trenches the French had made nigh Arde.
21 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 31. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 122.
647. The Privy Council to Sir Thos. Wharton.
The King has received his sundry letters (the last dated 17th inst., about the king of Scots setting forth to Pebilles), and thanks him for his vigilance. If the king of Scots or his lieutenant enter the realm with any great force, Wharton shall not hazard his people, but furnish Carlisle, besides a sufficient number to guard the town, with 3,000 good men to issue out and cut off the Scots from their victuals, and keep them waking at nights; keeping the earl of Rutland, lord Warden of the Marches, whose orders he shall follow, informed of his doings. He shall call the gentlemen and other good subjects, who have served him in his charge, and thank them on the King's behalf. His device for certain of the country to remain assembled in places convenient is good, but this is no time to constrain men; he is therefore to win them to it by good means, or else defer it to a more propitious time. Hampton Court, 21 Aug. Signed by Southampton, Hertford, Russell, Tunstall, Gardiner, Browne, and Wyngfeld.
Corrected draft, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to Mr. Wharton xxijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
21 Aug.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 52.
648. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
The man he sent to the Privy Council to inquire for news (as mentioned in his last), reported that they had news of the surrender of Tourneham and La Montoire castles; at which they were much grieved, and had sent orders to the governor of Guisnes to communicate with Du Rœulx. They have sent Chapuys word of some insurrection in Bretagne, whether for taxes or because they wish the duke of Orleans for their lord. Believes that Chancellor Poyet's imprisonment has something to do with it, the Bretons fearing annexation to the Crown of France. The Chancellor has been taken to the tower of Borgez (Bourg en Bresse?) and on the way wrote two letters, copy enclosed. (fn. 1) Even the French ambassador here knows not the cause of his disgrace. He went yesterday to Antompton (Hampton Court?), but did not remain long. Has not yet been able to ascertain what made him go, and will have fewer opportunities of knowing what he is about in future, now his man is gone.
Soldiers are continually recruited and equipped for war, which does not sound well in French ears; the French merchants are fast leaving the country and selling their goods. The Scottish ambassador is still in London, but has been recalled in haste—apparently because the Irish, who are now under the rule of this King, have just made a raid on the Scots, with whom Henry is at present very angry, knowing that what they lately did was at the instigation of the French. The bp. of Westminster arrived at Vervier (Bermeo?) on the 19 July, and George on the 23d. There is no talk yet in Biscay of war. Letters from Lyons of the 10th say that Alba was encamped near Saulces (Salces) and Perpignan with 5,000 or 6,000 men, and that considerable levies were being made in Spain. London, 21 Aug. 1542.
From the Vienna Archives.
21 Aug.
R. O.
649. Wallop to the Council.
Yesterday received their two letters of the 16th, "one mentioning order to be taken with the lord Graye concerning my lord of Oxford's 100 men, with the return of their captain and petty captain unto them again," and the other to advertise whether the Clevoyez have joined Mons. Dorleance, &c. Since those letters were written, has despatched at least four letters to them, and sent Awdely to the King with a letter to them, and one from the Great Master to Wallop, mentioning assaults on Yvoire and death of Mons. de Guise's eldest son and Mons. Disdayne, &c. Yesterday received a letter (enclosed) from Mons. de Torsey, captain of Ardre, in answer to Wallop's about disorder between his footmen and some of the Pale, the day before. He says Orleans has gotten Yvoire by assault, &c. (as in the letter, No. 645), but makes no mention of De Guise's son or Mons. Disdayne. The gentleman that brought the letter said the Clevoyes had not joined Orleans; and indeed Wallop thinks they could not pass through the country without meeting the prince of Orrenge and Count de Bure, hearing that the Regent assembled 25,000 footmen for that purpose, of whom 12,000 were lanceknights, besides horsemen, as he has before written; howbeit a bruit has run here this six or seven days that they had joined, which Wallop could not believe, and therefore did not write. Is not sure where the prince of Orrenge and Mons. de Bure now are, but heard that the Prince should join the Great Master, as he has written. Trusts to know all by to-morrow night.
The French camp lies between Hesding and St. Pol, the 300 hacbuttiers having returned to Arde, and the footmen of Bullonoiez returning home, so that all will be broken up by the end of this month, "being paid to no longer day." They begin now to fear Mons. de Rieulx, and confess that a great number of men are coming to him.
What with their glory and the hot weather, with much drinking, two Frenchmen challenged two of Wallop's men to "fight in camp;" which was gladly accepted, and one of the French demanded the camp before Wallop, who was content, and sent a gentleman with a letter to Mons. de Torsey. When the "said French" was brought before Mons. de Torsey, he utterly refused his sayings, "like a very Frenchmen and a drunkard;" and while De Torsey communed with him, another Frenchman challenged Wallop's man, saying in English, "you Englishmen be all naughtz; wishing that they two might try it, with many brave words." This being declared to Mons. de Torsey, he was in great choler, and sent his man to prison, writing to Wallop that he "should there remain until he had news from me, although it should a (sic) whole year." Has thanked him, and desired that the man may be liberated if he will execute his challenge; and, if not, kept in prison until Wallop sends for his deliverance, which shall not be till next summer, to prove whether De Torsey is a man of his word, who says to every man, "Je suis homme de ma parole."
As to my lord of Oxford's captain and petty captain, reckons this day to speak with lord Gray. Guisnes, 21 Aug. Signed,
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
22 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 33. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 123.
650. Henry VIII. to the Earl Of Rutland and his Council.
Encloses letters from Sir Thos. Wharton, showing that the king of Scots approaches his forces to the Borders as if he minded some sudden exploit. Thinks it meet therefore to send instructions as follows : 1. To be vigilant. 2. If the Scots enter with a main army, with field ordnance, Rutland must furnish and victual Norham, Wark, Alnwick, and such holds as may be kept, store victuals in Berwick and Carlisle, and repair to Berwick to cut off the Scots from their victuals, and keep them waking with nightly alarms, which will require 3,000 over and above a sufficient number to guard the town. Has written to Wharton to provide in like manner for Carlisle, and be ready to aid him. 3. Some skilful workman of Berwick must go immediately with Robt. Roke to Holy Elande, to make two bulwarks of earth, one to beat the road the other to defend the Elande, Roke to command until a captain is sent. A piece of ordnance to beat the road and some small iron pieces must be sent from Berwick. The Dean and Chapter of Durham are written to to cause the inhabitants of the Island to assist. 4. Wark must be furnished with ordnance and gunners from Berwick. The President and Council at York are written to to have the country under them ready at an hour's warning; whose coming forward, with Rutland's quick stirring behind, will doubtless cause the Scots to retire with loss. Posts are laid to convey news. If the Scots enter some men should be sent into unguarded places in Scotland to burn and destroy all they can.
Draft with corrections in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 12. Endd. : Minute to th'earl of Rutland and the Privy Council there, xxijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
22 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 40. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 124.
651. Henry VIII. to the President and Council In The North.
Letters from Sir Thomas Wharton show that the Scots seem to intend no small enterprises upon the Borders. Commands them to put all subjects in those parts in readiness at an hour's warning, and, if so required by letters from the earl of Rutland, march with them towards the Borders, where they hear the Scots to be most busy, keeping, however, out of danger of them until further instructed.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to the President and Council in the North, xxijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
22, 23 Aug.
Dasent's A.P.C., 22.
652. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 22 Aug. No attendance or business recorded.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 23 Aug. Present : Southampton, Hertford, Russell, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letter sent to Sir Chr. Morres to get ready for shipment to Berwick 1,500 bows, 300 hagbuttes, 1,000 sheaff of arrows, 3,000 bills, 23 "basses for the felde," ½ last of corn powder, and 1 last of serpentine powder.
23 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 42. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 125.
653. Henry VIII. to James V.
Regrets and marvels to "understand of" the great attemptates (and entry of James's wardens) done daily, contrary to the amity, which his credence sent by Mr. James Leyrmonth professed; but imputes this dissimulation to evil counsellors, as appears by letters from some of them, which have come by chance to his hands, declaring their rejoices at this business. Wherefore if he minds to continue the amity, it were convenient that he caused his subjects and counsellors better to follow his purpose.
Corrected draft, pp. 3. Endd. : Minute to the king of Scots, xxiijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
23 Aug.
Kaulek, 452. (Almost the whole text.)
654. Marillac to Francis I.
Received by an English courier the despatch of the 10th, and immediately asked audience of the King. At the day assigned, at Hampton Court, the King said nothing worth writing, save that in reading Francis's letters (at the place where he mentions that if the Emperor will make reparation he will accept any means of accord) this King said, smiling, that the Emperor's affairs were not such that he was reduced to seek an appointment; making a long discourse on the difficulties of the enterprise of the county of Roussillon and the great number of men in Perpignen, and adding that, as for Luxembourg, he was freshly informed that Orleans had been twice repulsed from Ivoy, and had there lost 10 or 12 of the chief lords of his company, and was likely to raise the siege, considering the strength of the place and that there was no hope of Longueval's band joining him, which was enclosed at the passage of the Ardaynes and hard pressed. This news Marillac has since learnt to be false, and that Longueval, after damaging all Brabant, without meeting with resistance, had joined Orleans, as certified both by Du Bies and by letters which several Genevoys, who are great Imperialists, have received from Antwerp. It is indeed mentioned that the Queen of Hungary, as a pretext for drawing 300,000 fl. from the town of Antwerp, pretended that she would send new reinforcements of men to fight the Clevoys (whom she kept so closely besieged), and she hoped that that band, which was already in want of food, would be easily broken and defeated; and this information, probably, caused the King to speak as above. In the end, this King complained of bad treatment of his subjects at sea by Normans equipped for war; which is only a pretext for damaging them with his ships. They have begun badly, and Marillac perceives from the language used here, that they mean to treat all the French ships of war which they can capture as pirates. Writes this more amply to the Admiral, as concerning his charge and as requested by the English, who are so indignant against French subjects that, if these scatter and do not keep in troops, the English will enfeeble Francis's sea forces, for they spare no armed ship that they can catch. They keep most of their ships upon the way to Scotland to prevent Francis sending succours thither, and already they have taken the ship which had brought the Cardinal of St. Andrew's on pretext of having attacked one of this King's great ships, which is as likely as if a brigantine should board a galley to take her.
From the language held to Marillac by the Council, and the order given to every man to be ready, there is great appearance that a great effort is intended on the side of Scotland; for besides that the earl of Rotelan is already gone towards Barvich with 5,000 or 6,000 men, Norfolk has soon after followed him with the intention of leading thither a greater force, so that it is said 18,000 men are drawing to that frontier. The lords of the Council did not refrain from saying that they had cause to prepare since the Scots speak much evil of them, for which they are determined to have reparation; adding that, without the counsel and aid of France, the Scots execute nothing, nor are able to resist them, so that they guess that Francis is in accord with the Scots. As they have determined on war against the Scots it must lead to war against Francis, who is not one to desert his ancient allies. As to preparations towards this end, can add nothing to what he has before written, save that all England is in arms. To-day are the musters of the men raised by the lord of Chesné in Caint, and the King's command has been published that until the 13th of next month all those of his Household should hold themselves ready to make musters wherever commanded, and moreover that, within that term, all the inhabitants of the country should furnish, by twos or threes or more, an army of footmen. The governors of countries have already made choice of those whom they will arm in the English fashion, which is to furnish the arms to a certain number while the King [furnishes] the pay. The bruit continues that Chesné passes to Guynes and the Privy Seal or Suffolk to Calais. Already have passed thither 500 or 600 light horse and 1,300 or 1,500 men. Little is said of the journey which the Grand Esquire was to make to the French Court, and Marillac thinks that the English will reserve such a commission until they are quite ready. It remains to write of their great indignation at Vendosme's demolishing of the forts around Ardres and Therouennes, particularly of Montoire, which Marillac hears was fortified at their expense, as they thought to use it to the prejudice of Ardres. Great and little speak of it in such a way that the Burgundians themselves could not show more grief; and French subjects could not be more rigorously treated than they are without having open war. The ambassador of Scotland yesterday promised to dine with Marillac; but he heard that a herald of the King, his master, who was with him had been arrested in the Court, and therefore went thither this morning, not being himself out of the same danger.
French. Headed : [London,] 23 Aug. Marked as sent by Maître Rommain.
23 Aug.
Kaulek, 455. (The whole text.)
655. Marillac to the Admiral Of France.
Is requested by this King and his ministers to write to the Admiral certain complaints which they have made in place of remedying the much more just complaints which Marillac made to them. The Admiral has already heard how they will not permit French ships of war to remain in their harbours and roadsteads, meaning to guarantee Flemings when they have freighted them, saying that the disagreement we have with them is no reason why they should not make use of the ships of their friends. They have since added, with as little show of reason, another proposal, viz., that it would be well to withdraw the French armed ships not paid by Francis, as they must live either upon their friends or upon their enemies, with the result that English subjects are vexed; of which they give particulars. To this Marillac partly replied and partly waited further information. They say that an English ship, because partly laden by Spaniards, was taken and carried to Fecan; which is true, but, as most of the merchandise was good prize, the ship was taken [thither] because her captor was not capable of carrying her prize. They say also that two or three other English vessels have been chased; that Frenchmen have robbed some poor English fishermen, and, upon pretext of seeing charter parties, so as to find goods of enemies, the Dieppois and Normans steal money, &c., as is stated to have been done by a ship of Dyeppe supposed to be that which took the Cardinal of St. Andrew's into Scotland; but this is probably a calumny, like other informations which Marillac has proved false by the confession of the complainants themselves. The English pretend that all French ships of war which they can catch are pirates, for they are so indignant that they think to do God service if they can oppress a Frenchman. In fact, their ill treatment of them is notorious, for, besides the ancient "villenyes et injures," they publicly call the French king Turk, and jostle and beat his subjects wherever they find them alone. When Marillac's couriers are at Dover they must listen while the Flemings tell them that they are waiting to take them (the couriers) as soon as they embark, and if this is resented (si l'on faict semblant de s'en plaindre) everyone present turns false accuser against them. Only yesterday were brought prisoners five poor mariners, apparently of the aforesaid ship of Dieppe, which was taken on pretext of attacking the King's ships, which is neither true nor likely. As a crowd assembled to see them, and the prisoners asked if there was no Frenchmen who knew where Marillac was, one merchant dared to say only that Marillac was gone to Court, whereupon arose so great a tumult that they began to strike and take prisoners as traitors all the Frenchmen, and put eight of them in prison, who are there still in irons, without knowing why, unless it were that they chanced to be at the place. It would be too long to add other examples as hard to hear as miserable to see. The indignation is so great and increasing daily, that in the end this boil must burst; but as Marillac has been requested to write to the Admiral to forbid excesses he begs the Admiral to certify the English ambassador that he has done his duty in it; and, at the same time, say that it is unreasonable to exclude from their ports, or take for pirates French ships of war because they are not paid by Francis; and if, when taken, they produce a licence to sail from the Admiral's deputies, they should not be treated as pirates, as fifteen prisoners at Dover have been, and others who have been taken since; at all events, if they have permission to sail Marillac should be called to the process against them, so that they may have some one to show their innocence, otherwise the English would show themselves as suspect judges as their people are most often false accusers. It is not neutrality to permit the Flemings to be at Dover watching all the passages, and command the French to leave it within 24 hours as soon as they arrive; and, as for their not wishing Frenchmen to sojourn in their roads and ports, he who reads the extract which Marillac sent in his last will know if by right that can be prevented. Considering the gentleness and good justice used towards them in France they should not treat Frenchmen with this extreme rigor. Begs the Admiral to write to those under him to warn ships of war leaving port to keep together, being assured that if found by this King's ships, they will be ill treated if they are the weaker party.
Since writing this, has heard that another ship armed for war has been taken about Anthonne (which was there by stress of weather and not accused of wrong doing), and the crew made prisoners.
French. Headed : [London,] 23 Aug.
23 Aug.
Egerton MS., 742, f. 4. B. M.
656. Marillac to Mons. De L'aubespine.
Your last despatch since your return to Court was much better than I had long been expecting, and I am glad our negociation has given satisfaction to the Master. I am sorry I cannot give you equally good news in return, for what there is to report from hence is not much for our good, as I suppose you will learn from others. I pray God preserve us from anything worse—at least that He will keep it for another season. "Aufort, si je ne puys asseurer que le papegaue soit pour le tems en sa cage, tant y a que jese (je scay) bien que se sera merveille si ses papillons ne prenent le vol aultre part," for it seems by the movement of their wings they are determined to see what their nearest neighbours do. For the rest, if I had thought news could not have been received otherwise than through me of "la bende de Mons. de Longueval," I would have mentioned it in all my despatches. Now my news from the quarter where he is will be superfluous, for I hear he is joined with M. d'Orleans, though it was said his troop was broken, as other disagreeable news is spread now about the siege of Yvoy, where they say Domale is killed or mortally wounded, and that our men have been twice repulsed. But these news have come from the English ambassador. London, 23 Aug.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add,
23 Aug. 657. The Bishop Of Arras to Bonner.
See No. 669 (2 iii.).
23 Aug. 658. Bonner to Thirlby.
See No. 669 (2 ii.).
24 Aug. 659. War Against Scotland.
See Grants In August, No. 19.
24 Aug.
Dasent's A.P.C., 22.
660. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 24 Aug. Present : Norfolk, Southampton, Hertford, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letters sent to the lord Chancellor to send out commissions for musters throughout the realm; also to Sir Ant. Kingston to cease mustering men within the Forest of Deane. Letter directed to Gennyns, vice-admiral of the ships now on the sea, for the ordering of men of war who seem to be robbers on the sea, or to have been busy within the King's streams, or to hover before the coast.
24 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 44. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 126.
661. The Privy Council to the Lord Chancellor.
The King has determined to send the duke of Norfolk with a main force against the Scots, and has appointed him to levy and take with him the whole powers of Yorkshire, the bpric. of Durham, Cumberland, Westmoreland and Kendall, Northumberland, Lancashire, Cheshire, Notts., Derbyshire, Staff., Norf., Suff., with the tenants of the late earl of Northumberland, and of the late Queen in Norfolk and Suffolk. He shall cause a commission of lieutenancy to be made, out of hand, giving power to levy people in the places aforesaid, and not only defend the realm against the Scots but invade Scotland. The commission must be written by some very honest man, sworn to secrecy, and sent hither with a warrant to be signed for the sealing of it.
Draft, pp. 5. Endd. : Minute to my L. Cha., xxiiijo Aug. ao xxxiiijo
24 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 48. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 127.
662. Sir Wm. Eure to the Council.
At their last meeting, Sir Robert Bowis asked him, with Angus and Sir George Lawson, (fn. 2) to aid him in a journey into Scotland, at time and place by his appointment, without enquiring more of his scheme; promising like aid if Angus or Eure would make any journey. Whereupon he wrote two letters, one to Eure and the other to Angus, Douglas and Eure (copies enclosed), and they accomplished his request. As far as yet known, he and Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff put forth their forays into Scotland, burnt certain towns and recoiled homeward; when the Scots prickers, with "showttinge" and crying, pursued and overthrew them. Bowes and his brother Richard, Sir John Witherington, marshal of this town, John Carr, captain of Wark, John Tempaste, and John Herron of Chipchace, are taken, with others of the garrison and countrymen to a great number, and Sir Cuthbert Ratcliffe also. George Bowes, nephew to Sir Robert, and the captain of Norham, who were there, say that Riddisdaile with Sir Cuthbert Ratcliffe's company were the first to fly, "and my lord of Angus lighted like a noble man, with the said Sir Robert and the other gentlemen that is taken, and gat away with great debate of himself, and the rest of his company did naught." Berwick, 24 Aug., 7 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
24 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 98. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 146 (1).
663. George Bowes and Brian Layton to Rutland.
Describe the raid into Teviotdale lately devised by Sir Robt. Bowes, Angus, Sir C. Ratcliff, lord Ogle, Sir G. Douglas, John Heron and others, which burnt Maxewell Heugh, Hetone of the Hill, Syndelais and Grymesley. When the foray returned to the bushment, closely followed by 2,000 Scots, the men of John Heron (all of Ryddisdaill), Angus and Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff (Alnwick lordship) took the gate and fled; and so caused all men to flee save Sir Robert Bowes and his brother and Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff, with about 30 household servants, who slew divers Scots. Sir Robt. Bowes, Ric. Bowes, Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff, Sir John Wetheringtone, John Heron, John Tempest, John Car of Wark, and 400 or 500 others are prisoners. The writers escaped by speed of horse. Beg him to advertise the King with diligence, for this country has "found such a guise in fleeing" that they will not defend themselves. Norham castle, 24 Aug. Signed.
Found here his letter to Sir Robert Bowes, which they were bold to open but cannot answer. Beg some more aid of men for Norhamshire.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
24 Aug.
R. O. St. P., III. 404.
664. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to Henry VIII.
Have received his letters by the earl of Desmond, dated Hampton Court, 5 July last. Will advertise how O'Neil behaves, but meanwhile beg that his pardon may be sent, for which he has long expected. Enclose bills for the creation of Sir Thos. Butteler as baron of Cahir, and for the pardon of James Garnon, which the King has granted at their suit. Thank him for his clemency to the Abp. of Dublin and noble entertainment of Desmond. For the reformation of Laynster and assistance of Desmond they will do their best, but explain that the lack of monthly payment of the soldiers and repair of castles is a great hindrance. Send the clerk of the Ordnance to solicit munitions of war. Of the acts transcribed hither, all that touch the King's honor or profit were passed except (1) the bill for dividing Mith and erecting the Annayly into a shire; which they of Mith opposed but which, they expect, will pass next session. (2) The bill for the continent living of priests, which would be executed only against those under the law who are already of far more honest living than the rest. Next session a reasonable act shall be penned; for this, as penned after the Act of England, is not beneficial. (3) The bill for repealing an act of last session authorising leases that were passed by the Commissioners' warrant. Explain that this bill was not certified hence, as required by Poyninges Act, that the leases were for the King's profit, and that the statement in the bill that sundry persons have more leases than convenient is misleading, as there are not past one or two such persons, and they have done the King long service, as the Vice-treasurer, who has no other living than his stipend and the profit of such farms, and has never sued for reward, "as others have done, and obtained the same.
Wrote that Travers had gone to the aid of McGuylyn against a proud Irishman named Ocathan. Travers has returned, having taken Ocathan's castle on the Ban, which was an obstacle to the fishing there, and killed more than a hundred Scots of the Out Isles for certain traitorous deeds by them committed. Beg the King to remember Travers's service, who had with him John Brereton, son to Sir Wm. Brereton, captain of 150 foot archers, who "is a grave, active young gentleman and a good conductor of his men," and has done good service here. Dublin, 24 Aug. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Brabazon, Travers, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth, and Basnet.
P.S. in Alen's hand.—Oneyle repaired to them, saying that if he had money he would go to the King. As this good inclination is beyond all expectation, will do their best to furnish him, although sterling money is scant to be had here. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne and Lutrell.
Pp. 7. Add. Endd.
24 Aug.
R. O.
665. Deputy and Council Of Ireland to the Council.
Have answered the King's letters of 5 July, as, doubtless, their "lordships" will see. Thank them for their noble entertainment of Desmond. If Irishmen's promises are to be trusted, Obryen, Oneyle, and others will repair shortly to the King. Will endeavour themselves for the reformation of Laynster, but are hindered by lack of money to pay the retinue, who are fain to sparple abroad where they can get credit. If the King would use the half of what he has often exhausted "upon journeys commenced in other foreign countries" in paying the retinue monthly but for one year, "his Highness should then see what service should be done." Explain that it is scarcely possible to bring Laynster to obey the laws immediately, but that if there were no lack of money they would leave few inhabitants there that would oppose the King's laws. Remind them of the necessity of repairing castles, the cost of which must come out of the revenue here. Beg them to further the sending of artillery, and to certify what has been sent from time to time since Skeffington was deputy, that they may bring the receivers to account. Have sent the bill for James Garnon's pardon, and beg them to further its signature. Dublin, 24 Aug. 34 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Abp. Browne, Edw. bp. of Meath, Aylmer, Brabazon, Lutrell, Bathe, Cusake, Justice Houth, Castell, and Basnet.
Pp. 3. Endd. : The Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Council.
24 Aug.
R. O.
666. Adrien De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
The Queen Regent has ordered him to deliver an English prisoner at Nieuport, who is put into the hands of the Sieur de Vendeville, captain of Gravelinghues, to be delivered on payment of his expenses. As to Wallop's desire to hear about the enemies and the Clevois; the latter were, two days ago, about Mazieres, intending to join Mons. de Vendosme to besiege Bappalmes, which can defend itself. This night arrived near Douay 4,000 good footmen, High Germans. Had he had them 20 days ago, he would have asked no help against Mons. de Vendosme. "Cest grand peine d'estre avecq peuple non aguerry." Before the war ends hopes to take from the enemies four times as much as they have taken. Does not write back to the Imperial ambassador, because he hopes the news will reach him otherwise, and he has no leisure. It is true that Ivois is surrendered to the French, but it was not taken by assault, and could have held out longer. Arras, 24 Aug. '42. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. : Captain of Guisnes.
24 Aug.
Kaulek, 457. (The whole text.)
667. Cardinal Tournon to Marillac.
Yesterday received his letter to the King of the 16th, and, being charged to view all letters passing to the King, had it deciphered, and learnt all the news he sent, which is the greatest service he can do at present. Forwarded the letter, and thinks that if Mr. Bron comes the King will not forget to do as Marillac writes. Seeing, by his letter to Mons. de Sassy, that he is doubtful whether all his letters, since L'Aubespine's return, have been received, certifies that they have, and the reason why he has not sooner had answer to the despatch which L'Aubespine brought was that, at L'Aubespine's return, the King, then in Burgundy, wished first to speak with the English ambassador who had come before to this town. Which he did as soon as he arrived here, and by this time Marillac will have received the despatch.
Perpignan is now so enveloped, and Marshal d'Annebault holds it besieged with such a force that I hope soon to send you as good news of it as you have had of Yvoy.
French. Headed : Saint Just sur Lyon, 24 Aug.
24 Aug.
R. O. St. P., IX. 133.
668. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
In his last, of 29 July, from Francfort, wrote that Saxony and Hesse, in the name of the Confederates, had gone to repel Duke Henry of Brunswick's attack on Goslar, also one of the Protestants. At the Diet of Ratisbon the Emperor enjoined peace upon all subjects; and the people of Goslar, mistrusting Duke Henry, and because there was a ban of the [Imperial] Chamber against them, got themselves specially mentioned by name. Nevertheless, Duke Henry robbed and killed their people and they appealed for help to the confederates. It is now a month since the war began, and, contrary to expectation, all Duke Henry's country has fallen into the hands of the Protestants, including Wolffenbutel, which was thought impregnable, and in which Duke Henry had placed his two sons with 50 nobles and 400 soldiers. Duke Henry is at Nurnberg with King Ferdinand, doubtless to ask aid of the other confederate princes and prelates. The Saxon and Hessian have published the reason (described) for this war.
The Diet makes little progress. Except King Ferdinand and Frederic Palatine no prince is at Nurnberg. Brunswick was, but went away to the Bavarians. The Turk, advancing with very great forces, is only delayed by the floods. The Diet has decreed an additional 24,000 foot for Hungary. The German army has done nothing yet. Two days ago came news of the slaughter of some Turkish cohorts. A German baron named Truchses lately came in post from Rome to Nurnberg, who, by command of the Bishop of Rome, solicits in the Diet the indiction of the Council at Trent, "hoc tranquillo tempore scilicet."
The Emperor wrote to the Diet at Nuremberg that business of Spain and Italy, and sickness, prevented his sending aid against the Turk, but he would keep the Turkish fleet occupied, and so distract some of their strength from Hungary. He promises to come to Germany in eighteen months, to settle disputes; and now the place and time for a Diet at his coming is under discussion.
In Luxemburg the duke of Orleans has captured a little town and slain everyone. He has now been a whole month besieging Ibis. Count William a Furstenberg lately went to the Landgrave. The brother of Baron ab Heydec is now with the French king. Spire, 24 Aug. 1542.
Latin, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
24 Aug.
R. O. St. P., IX. 131.
669. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Since the departure of my lord of Westminster from Saragosa, to which Bonner accompanied him, the Emperor prepares to resist the Frenchmen; who have accelerated their coming, having passed Salsas, seizing cattle and burning certain mills, and are now at Perpignan. The duke of Alva has provided for Perpignan, and is himself at Girona, 7 or 8 leagues off, to furnish other parts and wait for the army of Castilla. Perpignan, besides the strength of its castle and townsmen, holds 6,000 good fighting men and is well trenched to "bide a very great brunt" until the Emperor's army assemble, when, if the Frenchmen tarry, there will be foughten a cruel battle. The declaration of war came to the Emperor very late. Received it from Mons. de Arras, and has sent it to my lord of Westminster, with a letter to be shown to the King. Writes in haste, hoping to convey this to my lord of Westminster before he leaves Bilbao. Barbastro, St. Bartholomew's Day, 4 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
R. O. 2. Copies of three letters, each with descriptive heading in Bonner's hand, viz. :—
i. Bonner to Henry VIII., St. Bartholomew's Day. [See §1.]
ii. Bonner to Thirlby.
On Bartholomew's even, at midnight, I received your packet from Victoria, brought by a poor man whom the master of the posts, with his letter dated at Monson, 23 Aug., 7 p.m., sent to me, containing your letters dated Tudela, 18 Aug., and Victoria, 21 Aug. I was glad you had so far forth passed, and had so gently received your passport and other things necessary, and shall not fail to execute the device contained in your letters. The same night, Eve of Bartholomew, about 7 p.m., having sent to Monson to Mons. de Arras, to know the Emperor's going to Saragossa, and touching a declaration of war against the Emperor by the French king, which was spoken of, I received very gentle letters from him, with all the declaration of war in French, "noted by Mounsr. Grandeveles hands." I send the letters and copy of the declaration, of which I was bound in honesty to return the original, but this copy agrees with the original, "if you can read my naughty hand in French." Undoubtedly there will be extreme war; for the French, numbering 20,000, have passed Salsas, and burnt certain mills there, "wherein I do remember Mr. Haynes and I in a morning did break our fast," (fn. 3) and should be now besieging Perpignan. The duke of Alva has made good provision for Perpignan and Salsas; and there are 6,000 men in Perpignan besides the townsmen, who are numerous and hardy. The Emperor daily assembles great numbers of Castilla and these parts; so that, unless the Frenchmen recoil, there will be "cruel battle," upon which both the French king and the Emperor seem bent. The duke of Alva is in Girona. Since your departure the Frenchmen have made courses in the frontiers of Navarre, Aragon and Cathalon within 10 leagues of this town, and when Alva sent to the governor of Bayone (corrected in margin to Narbona) to know what they meant, he answered that they were thieves and if taken should be punished, and "meanwhile marched forth the army" from Narbone towards Salsas and Perpignan. The Emperor will go shortly to Saragosa with the Prince and the Court, which is now small.
I trust the Emperor has so instructed Mons. de Curriere that all shall be well. Many posts have passed towards you since your departure, specially one sent, upon "this declaration and hasty coming of the Frenchmen," to hasten Mons. de Currier, who, I trust, will do more than Grandevele or others would agree to, "either else, declaring but the same which already we have had, the King's Majesty to determine as shall seem best to his great wisdom." Desires to be humbly commended to the King and Council. Barbastro, vigilia Bartholomei post mediam noctem inter tertiam et quartam.
P.S.—"Yesterday Don Luys de la Cerda, maiestro sala del Principe, which here hath assembled people, departed hence to visit the ports or straits of the mountains, it is to wit La val Duran, Vela, Castel Leon, Benasco, Gistan, Belsa, Torla, Brot, Jacca, Cafranco; and there are also other for the same appointed and the country to assist and aid them, especially Don Pedro de Luna, conde de Morata." In case I do not write to the King, I beg that this letter may be shown to his Highness. "I am my own secretary at this time."
Headed : The copy of my letters sent to my lord of Westm., vigilia Bartholomei.
iii. The Bishop Of Arras to Bonner.
Has received his letters asking for the proclamation of war by the French king. Has only one copy, which he sends. It shows how proudly the lightest dare to slander the best Prince, but God, who sees all, never deserts those that trust in Him. Let them look that they are not bringing evil to themselves on their own pack horse. "De die profectionis sue Majestatis nichil adhuc certi est constitutum(?) . . . tamen . . . . componunt, ut cum volet Cesar nichil sit more." Offers services. Montissoni, vigilia Bartholomei, 1542. Signature (copied) : Perrenottus, episcopus Atrabatensis.
Address copied. Headed : "The copy of the letters of Mons. Granvelle's son.
Pp. 3. Endd.
R. O. 3. Declaration of war by Francis I. against the Emperor (because of the murder of the ambassadors Cesar Fregozo and Anthoine Rincon, going to Venice, and of other the King's servants, and the expulsion of his subjects from the Low Countries). Addressed to the Admiral for publication in the ports of Normandy. Ligny, 10 July 1542, 28 Francis I.
Copy in Bonner's hand. French, pp. 2. Headed : "The copy of the publication, sent to me by Mons. de Arras. Endd.
ii. Memoranda on the back, all crossed out :—"Benasco, La val Daran y Vela. Castel Leon. Benasco con su castillo. El puerto de Gistan. El puerto de Belsa. Torla. Val de Brot. xxijo Augusti circa noctem ad Buil. pro colligendo excercitu. Die sequenti ad la Graws, cubit., &c. Don Luys de la Cerda maestro sal. del Principe a soccorrer a Don Petro y Don Petro a el. De Jacca y Cafranco es Don Petro de Luna conde de Morata y Visrey de Aragon. De ambassre Cesaris in Francia qui redit (?). De rebus impressis Luterie. Circa indictionem belli. The Duke of Cameryn departing."
25 Aug.
Dasent's A.P.C., 23.
670. The Privy Council.
Meeting at Hampton Court, 25 Aug. Present : Norfolk, Southampton, Hertford, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Wriothesley, Sadler. Business :—Letters sent to the mayor of Norwich to deliver to Diego Estudillo the goods of his factor George Aytonale, dec.; to the mayor of Bristol to do justice in behalf of Sir Thos. Arundel's servant, keeper of Sande Park; to the lord Chancellor to proclaim upon the sea coasts that no man commissioned to levy men should take up mariners; to Ric. Lee, surveyor of Calais, to view trenches lately made by the French near Arde.
25 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647. f. 52. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 129.
671. Henry VIII. to Norfolk.
Albeit in his commission (fn. 4) to repair to the Borders of Scotland, the powers of certain shires are assigned to attend him, he shall, for his better furniture, take out of Suffolk Sir Wm. Drury, Sir Wm. Walgrave, Sir Thos. Germyn, John Spring and Henry Doyle with the men they can make, together with his own tenants and others not appointed by the King's former letters.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Minute to my L. of Norff., xxvo Aug. ao xxxiiijo.
25 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 53. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 130.
672. Rutland and his Council to Henry VIII.
Encloses letters received this morning from the captain of Norham, showing what chance has happened. Although it appears there is little trust to be put in the subjects of the Borders, and that Sir Robert Bowes and others are prisoners, will hasten to Newcastle and take order for defence. Begs the King to appoint someone to supply the room of Sir Robt. Bowes, who, for his experience and knowledge, was to be one of his Council here. Darneton, Friday morning, 25 Aug. at 9 a.m.
Has caused such as be here of the King's Council to sign this. Signed : Thomas Rutland : John Haryngton : John Markham : Jo. Uvedale.
In Uvedale's hand, pp. 2. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo.
25 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 50. B. M. Hamilton Papers, No. 128.
673. Angus and Sir George Douglas to the Council.
The captains of the garrisons of the White Coats, Mr. Retlyfe, vice-warden of the Middle March, with the rest of the gentlemen of Northumberland, and John Herroun, with Tendell and Ryddisdaille, made a raid in Scotland this St. Bartholomew's day in the morning, in all 3,000 men. Describe leaders, &c., of two "forrays," which they shoved forth, and which burnt sundry places and met at Hyetoun on the Hill, betwixt Kelsoche and Jeduarte, where they had a great ground to ride to return to the main body, Meanwhile, the Scots of the Mers and Tavydaille and out of Kelsso with the earl of Huntly, the King's lieutenant, who has 1,000 men of the incountry of Scotland to wait on him, came betwixt the forray and the bushment. Fearing for the forray, Bowes rode to meet them, and they came fairly riding all together to the bushment, with the Scots hard after them and Huntly and the footmen following. The nowt and sheep taken by the forrays were sent away, and Tyndaille and Ryddysdaill, seeing this, galloped out of the host after them, whereupon Mr. Retlyfe's men began to trot, and shortly fell to galloping, and the rest of the host brake rule and fled. Sir Robert Bowes lighted, and a small number with him, the writers being at the other end of the field, a good space from him. Not above 40 men lighted with Mr. Bowes, and all the host fled save twenty, "that stood with us about our pensell." Kept the small number they had together, and defended themselves with difficulty (for, of the twenty, eight are slain or taken) and tried to stop the chase, but could not. Have lost 70 of their company.
Sir Robert Bouys is taken "with" John Davysoune of Dennerlaw and George Davysoun within Tavydaille; Ric. Bowys in the Mers "with" John Dyksoun of Beltschester; John Tempest "with" a servant of the laird of Sefuyrdis (?); John Herroun by a servant of the laird Edmestounys; John Car, captain of Wark, by Richard Car, Lans Carr's son; Thos. Foster of Edderstoun by Stein Davysoun, and his brother-in-law, laird of Craisthorne. The marshal of Berwick is taken, but they know not "to what place."
This Friday Huntly has commanded all the Mars and Tavydaill to meet him at Jeduart and bring their prisoners. The King of Scots will have 500 men in Coudygaime and 500 in Douns and Langtoun, in the Mers, paid by the bishops and men of the shire. The Scots are very wanton, and this misfortune makes them the prouder, but if the King send a power to give them "ane gryt snap thay wyll be gentyll inewche efteruart." It was not they that won the field, but we that lost it with our misorder. Sir Cuthbert Retlyfe is taken to Buinjeduart, Berwick, 25 Aug. Signed : Ard erl of Angus : G.D.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : ao xxxiiijo
25 Aug.
Add. MS., 32,647, f. 56. B. M. St. P. v., 207.
674. James V. to Henry VIII.
Wrote, in answer to Henry's letters, that it was his stable mind to send ambassadors and conform to the writings and credence sent to him (James) from his "maister houshald," ambassador there. To stop all riding within England, sent the earl of Huntly, his lieutenant, to the Borders, in peaceful manner, with but 40 attendants, to charge the wardens to appoint days of meeting, and staunch further inconvenients until the ambassadors' coming. At his command, they wrote to the English wardens, who not only gave no answer, but, the morning after his coming to Kelso, Henry's warden of the Middle Marches, starkly accompanied with the captains and chieftains sent to the Borders, and the Douglasses, James's rebels, and a host of 10,000 men, with five splayed banners, came into Scotland and burnt sundry towns, intending to burn Kelso and destroy the abbey. Doubtless Henry knows how "it has chanced." If he minds to keep the peace, desires him to send safe conduct for the ambassadors and strait command to his lieutenant, wardens and officers of the Borders to desist from further invasion of Scotland. Credence for his master of Household, to whom he has written further. Halirudhous palace, 25 Aug. 29 James V. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
Royal MS., 18 B, VI. 143. B. M. 2. Contemporary copy of the preceding, in a letter book, from which it is printed in St. Papers.
Pp. 2.
25 Aug.
Royal MS., 18 B, VI. 143b. B. M. Epp. Reg. Sc., II. 150.
675. James V. to John, King of Portugal.
His letters by his alumnus, Gaspar Apalha, and the writer's by Snawdoun herald, show his friendly mind, but no valid reason against the letters of reprisal of which James wrote. Will not, however, licence them until he hears again. Edinburgh, 25 Aug. 1542.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
25 Aug.
R. O. Kaulek, 458. (Abstract.)
676. Francis I. to Marillac.
Has received his letter of the 10th inst., describing his assignation at Hoynzors (the Emperor's ambassador having the like), and the duke of Norfolk's declaration. Marillac replied well thereupon, and likewise upon their complaint of the Dieppois ship, which took a Flemish heurque laden with salt. Has far more cause to complain of their treatment of the poor Dieppois. They have put forward two points, which are not only unreasonable and prejudicial to France, but totally contrary to the neutrality which they profess and to the treaties, viz., (1) that French ships of war may not lie upon their coast, although the treaties expressly say that such ships may go and come and remain as long as they think good, provided that they exceed not the number of 100 men of war, and (2) that Flemish ships may be safe when freighted by the English, a thing contrary to every observance of war, and which would enable the Flemings to hurt France with impunity, because every Fleming would say he was freighted by the English. Marillac shall again remonstrate to the King himself, graciously and dexterously, and learn whether he will maintain the treaties, which Francis wishes to observe, who would not have English subjects molested by this war but rather care for them like his own. Understands by what Marillac writes, and by the great preparations there for war, that the English bear him very ill will, and will execute it when they they see their opportunity; but does not see that for this year they can make any descent in his realm that may do much hurt, because winter is near, and he has two good armies in those quarters, viz.; those of his son of Orleans and his cousin of Vendosme, who will unite if requisite. Marillac shall always report what is done, and especially if Maistre Chesnay has come over, and with what company. It will be well also to find means, if possible, to warn the king of Scots, Francis's son, of the preparations against him. He will know from Du Bies the taking and rasing of Tournehan and La Monture, and seven or eight little forts which annoyed Therouenne and Ardres, and also the defeat of the Sieur du Reux. Orleans has likewise taken Yvoy, the strongest town of Luxembourg; and the Dauphin has now surrounded Perpignan, of which Francis hopes soon to send good news. Marked as countersigned : Bochetel.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 3. Headed : Pesenas, 25 Aug.
25 Aug.
Add. MS. 28,593 f. 132. B. M.
677. Charles V. to Paul III.
Has received from the Nuncio the copy of the bull despatched 1 June last, indicting the Council at Trent for 1 Nov. next. Compares himself to the obedient son in the Parable of the Prodigal, and thinks that His Holiness, in reviewing the quarrel between him and the French king, treats the latter too favourably. Omits reference to the origin of past wars, which, when last in Rome, he recounted publicly to His Holiness; but details, in order, Francis's unreasonable dealings with him since the truce of Nice. Francis has confederated with the Turk, fomented the religious disorder in Germany, and opposed the celebration of the Council; and the Pope ought to declare openly against him. Monçon, 25 Aug. 1542.
Lat. Modern copy, pp. 25. See Spanish Calendar VI., Part II., No. 54.
*** A copy (probably the original draft) of the above in French, will be found printed in Granvelle Papiers d'Etat, II. 633, as dated 28 Aug.


  • 1. See No. 567.
  • 2. So in MS., although, by the context and otherwise, it may be supposed that the name "Lawson" is a slip of the pen for "Douglas."
  • 3. In July, 1538, on their return from Spain. See Vol. xiii., Pt. ii., No. 59.
  • 4. See No. 714 (19).