Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 2, August-December 1544. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1905.
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September 1544, 16-20
|16 Sept.||238. The Council with the Queen to the Council with the King.|
|R.O.||Enclose letters and advertisements received this day from the North. Where, "by the letters of Sir George Douglasse and by other espial news," it appears that the Cardinal or Arreyn, or both, will pass into France with the ships now ready about Lithe, Dundee and Aberdyn; the writers have written thereof to the vice-admiral in the Narrow Seas, and the King may take further order therein. Send also a letter delivered this day to the Queen from the late abp. of York's brother, showing that the abp. is dead. Where he asks instructions concerning the Scottish hostages, have written to him to keep them safely until the King's pleasure is known, and also to levy to the King's use the rents of the abpric. due at Michaelmas. Oking, 16 Sept. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Thirlby and Petre.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|R.O.||2. Corrected draft of the above in Petre's hand. Undated.|
|P. 1. Mutilated.|
|16 Sept.||239. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.|
32,655, f. 188.
II., No. 323.
|Send letters received yesternight from the Wardens of the West and Middle Marches. As Wharton seems to desire allowance for the charges he is at with prisoners and pledges, and the Warden of the Middle Marches has Papers, heretofore written to Shrewsbury for like allowance, trusting that Shrewsbury will give him as large allowance as Suffolk did, the writers desire instruction therein. On Saturday last died the abp. of York, and we think that if the King were to bestow that benefice upon the bp. of Landaphe, president of the Council in these North parts, his Majesty should promote an honest and painstaking man and save the charges of the president's diets, amounting to nigh 1,000l. yearly, besides having the first fruits and gift of Landaphe. The archbishopric with the small things he enjoys in this country would enable him to maintain the office of president. Darneton, 16 Sept. 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.|
|Pp. 2. Add. Endd.|
|16 Sept.||240. The Council with the King to Lord Cobham, Deputy, and the Council of Calais.|
283, f. 278.
|Bearer, Octavian Bosso, who was lately in trouble in England, has certain stuff arrested in Calais, thought to be in custody of John Knight. As his imprisonment was only at the request of the Lady Regent, for a crime whereof it appears by her letters patent that he is absolved, order is to be taken that every parcel of his said stuff may be restored to him, including any that may have been embezzled, without delay, he having suffered great loss by his imprisonment. Boulloyne, 16 Sept. 1544. Signed by Suffolk, Hertford, Browne and Paget|
|In Mason's hand, p. 1. Add.|
|16 Sept.||241. Norfolk, Russell and Cheyney to the Council.|
|R.O.||Since the despatch of Nycholas, Mons. de Bewers, after being desired to order that the Frenchmen now come from Boleyne should take no hurt by his company, said that his 800 horsemen in the King's wages complained that, notwithstanding his promise for their entertainment as well as the other Almaynes lately come, the others had better entertainment than they, and that he had promised, if the King would not so pay them, to pay it himself. Forbear to rehearse the faults which he and they find of the dying of their men and horses. Desire to know the covenants with these new-come men; "praying God we may make an honest departure with all these strangers, who are 'queysie' people to 'medde' withall."|
|Candische says that the 20 last of powder now received, with all that was here already, will not last the ordinance here for four days' battery; and therefore no more great pieces should be sent unless powder and bullets come with them. Send Candische with this letter to answer questions. Camp before Monstrell, 16 Sept. Signed.|
|Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|16 Sept.||242. The Bishop of Arras to Paget.|
St. P., x. 71.
|Has just at 4 a.m. received his packet containing the letters in the King's hand for the Emperor, the capitulations with them of Bologne and the packet for the English ambassador. Was anxiously awaiting them because of the want of time for his return to report the resolution of his charge to the Emperor. Camp at Montreul, 16 Sept. 1544.|
|French. Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.|
|17 Sept.||243. Nic. Ellis to the Treasurer of the Ordnance at Boulogne.|
5,753, f. 34.
|Three several brief notes dated Folestone 6 and 17 Sept. intimating the despatch of shot to him in ships of Laur. Williams, Barth. Bogsam and Ric. Harre.|
|Each small paper, p. 1.|
|17 Sept.||244. Norfolk to Suffolk.|
|R.O.||An espial who has been as far as Amyas has just come to say that, four days ago, he saw the Emperor at Mewse Anbrye, going towards Paris, out of which a great number of merchants and scholars are fled, insomuch that he saw at Abbeville above 100 scholars. The French king, he says, assembles his ban and rereban. The truth must be known soon.|
|In his own hand:—Mons. de Bewers sends word that he had dead in his camp this night 30 persons, and since this rain began has every day 20 dead at the least, adding that "if this weather continue, we shalbe inforced to break up this camp without force of enemies. These strangers find so many faults that we here like nothing their doings; notwithstanding we be enforced to handle them pleasantly with fair words. Our chief fear is they shall find fault for lack of forage; for, where we make provision with gathering forage to be kept in store, by no means they will be brought so to do, as I doubt not Mr. Treasurer showed you at his late being there. I pray God, the next war his Majesty shall have, he may be served with horsemen his own subjects." From this camp, 17 Sept. Signed|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|17 Sept.||245. Prince Philip of Spain to Chapuys.|
28,594, f. 8.
|Has received two copies of his letter of 10 July, and hears all that he writes to the Comendador Mayor. Thanks him for the care he takes to send news of the progress of the Emperor's army and the King of England. These realms are quiet. Lately it was said that Don Enrique de la Brit was come to Bayonne to lead men upon some enterprise on this side; but it is learnt that he has no foreigners, without whom he could do nothing of importance, and the season is late. Has written to the Viceroy of Catalonia to make some attack on the side of Narbonne, so as to divert the enemy's forces. Desires Chapuys to visit the Princess on his behalf. Of the present which the Emperor writes that he has made Chapuys of the abbey of Sant Angel the writer is glad, and also hopes that greater presents will be made him as he deserves.|
|Spanish, pp. 3. Modern copy from Simancas, headed: Copia de minuta de carta al embaxador de Englaterra, del Comendador Mayor, fecha en Valladolid, a xvii de Set. de 1544.|
|18 Sept.||246. The Plague.|
442, f. 207.
|Proclamation by Katharine, Queen and Regent, that, whereas the plague reigns in sundry parts of London and Westminster, no person whose house is infected, or who has been where plague is, shall come to Court or permit attendants at Court to resort to his house; to avoid danger to the Queen, the Prince and other the King's children. Oking, 18 Sept. 36 Hen. VIII.|
|Modern copy, p. 1. Headed as addressed to the mayor and sheriffs of London.|
Procl., ii. 140
|2. Another modern copy.|
|18 Sept.||247. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.|
32,655, f. 190.
Papers, ii., No. 324.
|Enclose letters from the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches of intelligences out of Scotland and exploits by the garrisons. Darneton, 18 Sept., at night.|
|P.S.—Mr. Taverner is arrived with 3,000l. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.|
|In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add, Endd.: 1544.|
|18 Sept.||248. Norfolk to the Council.|
|R.O.||Mons. de Vervyne and all the chief Frenchmen are past both waters and will be tonight at Abbevile, leaving their baggage and a good number of their folks at Estaples, including the coffers of Mons. de Vervynes and Madame de Pharmyseles. Could have no safeconduct from Vandosme, who is "at his own house a Lafare"; and, as for hostage, "the slothful Italian trumpet of the King's camp was 10 hours in riding between this and Estaples, being but 5 miles hence," with my letters to "Sir John Fogge and others having rule there, by reason whereof the rest were departed before his arrival there." Will despatch "the rest here". when the wagons return.|
|As the Council have sent hither "a great sort of Almaynes, horsemen, pioneers and Flemynges," who will call for money (as divers of the pioneers already have done, saying that their last pay "determines this day"), money should be sent, for here is little or none. The pioneers have brought no tools, and there are none here. Camp before Monstrell, 18 Sept. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|18 Sept.||249. Charles V. and Francis I.|
iv., ii. 279.
|Treaty of Crespi, 18 Sept. 1544, passed between the Emperor Charles V. and Francis I., by Dom Fernando de Gonzaga and the Sieur de Granvelle on the part of Charles V., and Claude d'Annebaut, marshal and admiral of France, Charles de Neuilly, maitre aux requêtes, and Gilbert Bayard sieur de la Font, secretary of state and controller-general of wars, on the part of Francis I., providing for:—|
|(1) Perpetual peace. (2) Free intercourse. (3) Restoration of places occupied since the making of the truce of Nice, including those of the Duke of Savoy, the widow marchioness of Montferrat and the Duke of Mantua. (4) Francis to restore Stenay to the Duke of Lorraine and renounce all claim to Gorze, give as hostages for the said restoration on his part, within one month, the Cardinal of Meudon, Duke of Guise, Count of Laval and Seigneur de la Hunaudaie, and also to restore Charolois within the said time. (5) Reunion of Christendom: Francis to give aid (specified) against the Turks. (6) Francis to renounce all claims to the kingdoms of Arragon and Naples, the county of Flanders (including Lille, Douay and Orchies, Tournay, Mortaigne and St. Amand), the county of Artoys (but not Terouenne, nor the churches of Artois which lie in France outside the county, nor the places, named, in the Boulognois which used to contribute to the "composition d'Artois"), the duchy of Gueldres and the county of Zutphen. Charles to renounce his claims to the duchy of Burgundy and viscounty of Auxonne, and to Peronne, Mondidier and Roye, and the counties of Boulogne, Guisnes and Ponthieu, and the towns upon the Somme. (7) Rights of private property affected by the war. (8) This treaty to be ratified by the Dauphin and the various parliaments of France, and by the Emperor's Councils of the Low Countries, within three months; and the Emperor's renunciation of Burgundy, &c., to be ratified by the Prince of Spain within four months. (9) The marriage of Charles duke of Orleans either with the Infanta Mary, eldest daughter of the Emperor, or with the second daughter of the King of the Romans, at the Emperor's option, to be declared within four months (conditions in either case detailed). (10) Differences between Francis and the Duke of Savoy to be settled peaceably, the county of St. Pol restored to the lady of Vendome, and Hesdin to remain French. (11) And, because the Emperor's commissioners have always insisted that their master would not make peace unless the King of England might agree with the French king and be comprehended, and the King of England has intimated to the Emperor that he was content to agree, and they are already in treaty, and, moreover, because the French king offers, if they cannot agree, to submit to the arbitrament of the Emperor; the Emperor has accepted that submission, and, as far as concerns him and touches the King of England, has passed the present articles with the comprehension of the King of England. (12) The claim of Henry Seigneur d'Albret to the kingdom of Navarre not to be supported by France. (13) Position of the Queen of France in the event of her surviving the King. (14) The protest which the daughter of the Seigneur d'Albret has made against her intended marriage with the duke of Cleves to be delivered to the Emperor within six weeks, therewith to satisfy the said Duke and his friends. (15) Commissioners to meet at Cambrai at Martinmas next, to settle the question of boundaries between France and the Low Countries and the county of Burgundy. (16) To be comprised in this treaty, as principal contrahents, the king of the Romans and the electors and states of the Empire; and, as confederates, the Pope, the kings of Poland and Portugal, the elect of Denmark, the signory of Venice, &c., (named), and others to be named within two months. (17) This treaty to be ratified by the Emperor and the King within eight days.|
|French. Numbers not in original.|
990. f. 390.
|2. Modern copy of the treaty, with certain additional articles (not given in §1), as to the Principality of Orange and other matters, conceded by Francis I.|
|Calig E. in.
|3. Later copy of the 11th article of the above treaty.|
|Much mutilated, pp. 2.|
|250. The Peace of Crêpy.|
d'Etat, iii. 26.
|[A justification of the peace of Crêpy addressed to the Emperor (by Granvelle).]|
|Touching the treaty of peace with the French, I always opposed and deferred it until I saw the departure against Soissons; which the enemy might have taken for a retreat, and so been encouraged to cease his suit for peace and seek to hinder it, a course more honorable to him than his long suit for peace and his coming to treat it at your Majesty's camp. If it be said that in the retreat the country might have been burnt; there might have been danger and confusion, and there would have been no fruit but the perpetual enmity of the French. Supposing that your Majesty had done it, you would have returned into the Low Countries, after great expense, with no other fruit than burning and destroying and the gain of three places which it would have been costly to keep and shameful to lose, leaving Christendom in war and like to become a prey to the Turk, and your own realms and those of the king of the Romans desperate. And as to saying that the King of England may be displeased, and pretend that you have thereby contravened the treaty; the retreat, also, could not, by the treaty, be made without his consent. It is a maxim to regard the reality of treaties in conjunction with what is possible, and not to run risks for the sake of groundless scruples. Taking the principal treaty and that afterwards passed between the King of England and Don Ferrante, it is clear that from the commencement England has not fulfilled them, for he promised to enter France by 20 June and did not do so until 15 July; and, instead of marching in the common enterprise he has halted with his whole army (although he informed your Majesty that, at the least, by 10 July, he would march 30,000 men into France to co-operate with your army, and retain the rest to besiege some place in his frontiers), leaving you alone in the principal enterprise. As to the practice of the peace, it is clear that the King of England entered it first; and you may remember what the Queen of Hungary wrote of her fear that he might do us a bad turn. Moreover, you may remember how he sent to ask what you intended for the said peace, as wishing to make himself the arbiter of it;—and the treaty of peace which your Majesty makes is justified in that you comprehend him in it, with the French king's submission to your judgment of all that the King of England can claim as due by the treaties between them "qu'est ung poinct notable et pour la bourse audict roy d'Angleterre et a tout le monde." Also, having advertised him in confidence, by my son of Arras, of your position, and that the thing could not bear delay, reason would that he should have answered forthwith. And, as to saying that the taking of Boulogne will make both kings disinclined to peace; that cannot be imputed to you, since, of the one you have your right, and, in virtue of the said submission, you will be able to make the other have his. There is, therefore, no cause to fear the enmity of England (and this is not the first time that he has causelessly made himself your enemy without being able to hurt you); and, as for joining with France against you, he did it once before without doing you great harm, and this success of Boulogne renders it the less likely. Besides, it will be difficult for them to trust each other, or agree touching Scotland and the debts claimed; and it is unlikely that the French king will break this treaty, he hoping for one or other of the marriages for Orleans, and knowing that, when he has surrendered what he withholds from you, both on this side and beyond the Mountains, you will be stronger than he; and he has taught you too well the road to France, and has seen how little is to be hoped from the assistance of England.|
|19 Sept.||251. The Council with the Queen to Shrewsbury.|
A., p. 147.
Lodge, i. 65.
|The Queen, having this night advertisement by Sir William Herbert, of the Privy Chamber, that Bulloign is in the King's hands without effusion of blood, Shrewsbury shall cause thanks to be given to God, by "devout and general processions" in all the towns and villages of the North, and also signify to the Wardens of the Marches this great benefit which God has "heaped upon us."|
|Yesterday arrived Sir Peter Mewtas and Thomas Bisshop, with full declaration of the incredible treason and falsehood of Glincarn and the Master of Kylmawres; and were immediately despatched to Bulloign to inform the King. Write to lord Wharton to stay any more sending to get information of that matter; and to all places in those parts where any Scottish hostages remain, for their sure keeping. The enemies must be annoyed, and therein George Douglas remembered, who has not been behind in working towards these treasons. Oking, 19 Sept. 1544.|
|Signed by Cranmer, Wriothesley, Westminster and Petre.|
|P. 1. Add.|
|19 Sept.||252. The Council with the Queen to the Council with the King.|
|R.O.||These bearers, Sir Peter Mewt[e]s and Thomas Busshopp, being at this present arrived with the letters herewith, we despatch them to your good Lordships, praying you to signify the King's pleasure touching the contents of Wynter's letters. "We have taken order that the Mr. of Kyllmawres son, now remaining here with my lady Marget, shall in the meantime be well seen unto, and have also written that that like respect be had to such other Scottish pledges as remain in the North." As the bearers think that the earl of Lynoux is, or shortly will be, in England, is he to remain here or to repair to the King's camp? Oking, 19 Sept. 1544. Signed by Canterbury, Wriothesley, Westminster and Petre.|
|P.S.––Desire to know the King's pleasure "touching the two surveyors Burgate and [Petit] which went with th'erle of Lynoux."|
|P. 1. Stained and faded.|
|19 Sept.||253. The Council with the Queen to the Council with the King.|
|R.O.||Enclose letters received from the North and a schedule of the order taken for the sending of the 4,000 soldiers footmen, whereof a good number should arrive at Bulloign before these letters. They are all paid conduct money and prest for 10 days. Forbear to appoint any to be shipped at Dover or Rye, hearing "that they die sore at both places." Oking, 19 Sept. 1544. Signed by Canterbury, Wriothesley, Westminster and Petre|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|R.O.||2. "The number of such persons as be sent at this time to the King's Majesty, with the several counties from whence they be had, and the days and ports appointed for their shipping," viz. Kent 400, at Sandwiche, 20 Sept; Midd. 400 and Surrey 200, at London, 18 Sept; Essex 600 and Herts 300, at Harwiche, 20 Sept; Suff. 400, at Ipswich or Harwiche, 24 Sept; Norf. 400, at Ipswich or Yarmouth, 24 Sept; Sussex 200, at Sandwiche, 24 Sept; Southt. 200, Wilts 200 and [Berks?] 300, at London, 24 Sept; Bucks 400, at London, 20 Sept.|
|P. 1. Stained and faded.|
|R.O.||3. Another copy of § 2 with the dates in the first column and with a fifth column of names of persons (mostly with sums of money written over them or the word "money" after them), viz.:—|
|20 Sept., Kent, 400, Sandwyche, my (sic) Comptroller (200l.) and money.|
|18 Sept., Midd., 400, London, Sir R. Gressham and Mr. Recorder.|
|18 Sept., Surrey, 200, London, Sir John Gressham.|
|20 Sept., Essex, 600, Harwiche, Cranwell (200l.) and money.|
|20 Sept., Hertf., 300, Harwiche, Cranwell (100l.) and money.|
|24 Sept., Suff., 400, Ipswich or Harwich, Smyth money (200 mks.).|
|24 Sept., Norff., 400, Lynne, Ipswich or Yermowth (substituted for Harwich), Mr. Dr. Leson money (200 mks.).|
|24 Sept., Sussex, 200, Sandwich, Mr. Sackfeld (80l.) and money.|
|24 Sept., Southt., 200, London, Mr. Kerne money (40l.).|
|(fn. n1) 24 Sept., Wilts, 200, London, Mr. Broxholme.|
|20 Sept., Bucks, 400, London, Parry money (80l.).|
|24 Sept., Berks, 300, London, Mr. Broxholme.|
|P. 1. Endd.: Nombres of men wt their shippeng places.|
|19 Sept.||254. Richard Robinson to the Justices of the Peace at Cowlam|
32,655, f. 195.
ii., No. 325(2).
|Here before Brydlingtone Kay this morning are six ships of war of Scotland, viz., the Lyon, Marywillibie, Androwe, and three French ships. They have taken a hulk in our sight and "hang the sea" as though intending to "doo some displeasure of shore." In haste, 19 Sept.|
|Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the King's justices of peace delyver this at Collome. Endd.: 1544.|
|19 Sept.||255. Robert Bishop of Llandaff to Shrewsbury.|
32,655, f. 194.
ii., No. 325(1).
|Learns from Wm. Cunstable of Sherburne, one of the justices of peace of the East Riding, that sundry Scots and French ships were seen near Bridlington, as appears by a letter (enclosed) to the said justices from Ric. Robinson, bailiff of Flaynburgh. The justices have ordered nightly watch to be kept, in case the ships intend any invasion. Will tomorrow draw nearer them. Oldmaltone, 19 Sept., 4 p.m. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.: The President in the North, &c.|
|Sept.||256. Robert Bishop of Llandaff to Shrewsbury.|
32,655, f. 212.
ii., No. 329(2).
|Has been in the East of Yorkshire near Holderness and Bridlington to have more knowledge of the Scottish ships of which he advertised him on the 19th inst.. They burned the hulk after taking away her tackle. They took Henry Stores' ship the Valantyne of Scarbourghe, laden with fish, took out the stuff and ransomed the men, and then sank the ship. They said that they were 25 sail, Scots and French, and used great threatenings. Mr. Governor of Hull showed me that they were 18 sail at least. Watch is laid in Holderness and at Flamburghe by Mr. Governor, at Bridlington by Robert Lacy, J.P., deputy steward there, and the East Riding is warned. I caused a merchant man named John Browne, who has houses both at Beverley and Whitby, to ride along the coast, to learn further; and expect his return. I spoke to Graye of Beverley for your provision, and he is busy about it. The King's palace at York,–––––––(blank), Sept. 1544. Signed.|
|P. 1. Add. Endd.|
|19 Sept.||257. The Scotch War.|
|Indenture witnessing receipt 19 Sept. (fn. n2) 36 Henry VIII., by Sir Ralph Sadleir, high treasurer of wars against Scotland, from Ric. Taverner, of 3,000l. sent by the Queen, Regent of this realm during the King's absence, and the Council attendant upon her, for wages of garrisons upon the Borders and for other affairs in the North. Signed: Richard Taverner.|
|Small paper, indented, p. 1. Seal broken.|
|R.O.||2. Like indenture, of the same date, for l,400l. received from Edw. Shelley. Signed: By me, Edward Shelley.|
|Small paper, indented, p. 1. Seal broken.|
|19 Sept.||258. The Council with the King to the Council with the Queen.|
St. P., x. 75.
|God having granted the King victory of this town, and no further journey being necessary, preparation is to be made (but kept secret as yet) for the King's return into the realm. As many hoys and other ships as can be gotten at London, Dover, Rye, Harwich and other places of Suffolk, Kent and Essex and the coasts adjoining, as many as possible of them being crayers to transport horses, should be sent to Boulleyne and Cales on pretence of bringing wheat or beer and other provisions; and, upon some other pretence, the ways should be searched "by which his Majesty might, most safely for sickness and most commodiously for his travail, return within the realm." Desire to know the number of ships that shall come thence, so that "the want may be supplied in Flanders." The King wishes 8,000 shovels, spades and mattocks (1,200) sent hither with all possible speed. Order is taken that soldiers repairing into England with passports signed by any one of the Privy Council are not to incur the penalty of the late proclamation; and this is to be notified to the ports. Boulloyne, 19 Sept. Signed by Suffolk, Essex, Hertford, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wyngfeld and Paget.|
|Pp. 2. Slightly mutilated.. Add.: attending upon the Quenes most noble grace. Endd.: 1544.|
|19 Sept.||259. Norfolk, Russell and Cheyney to the Council.|
|R.O.||Answer to two of their letters, whereof the last came yesternight by Candysche, that, as to this town being shortly won, Boleyn (which was approachable and the siege well furnished, and a great battery made to it, and mines and a tumbling trench) was expected to be won much sooner than it was, and this town being ill to approach, and no battery made to it, nor mine nor tumbling trench begun, the writers dare not undertake to say that it should be shortly won, but only that no men will take more pains to win it than they. As suggested in the letter which Candysche brought, there seems no likelihood that it will be had except by famine. To win the bulwark before Abbevile gate, will set the pioneers now come to work, when tools are sent for which they "have written afore now." "Where the Council write that the King wishes Mons. de Bewers to lie on that side of the water, the camps here would be in danger, he lying 2½ miles off with only a way across the water and marsh by which only "one horse may go on front." Will provide for that side of the water by laying Nevill and his band in a bastilion which they have begun there with some of De Bewers' men if they may be had. As to the lodging of Sir Francis Bryan and the new-come horsemen, will accomplish the Council's letters as soon as they can get the horsemen to come to this camp; which will not be afore their wages are paid, as appears by their own saying and by Chamberlaine's letter received from Estaples this night. Have no money to pay the new come Almaynes (who say they are unpaid for two months), or Nevill's band (who says they are unpaid for 15 days), or the new-come pioneers. Need drink and meal. "Very few of this army hath eaten bread these ij or iij days past. His Majesty hath good subjects that so often have had great lacks with so little murmuring." With the money must be sent such as can reckon with the Almaynes; also the days and pay of them and of Nevill's band. This weather is so terrible that it is impossible for men to work in the trenches. It is pity to see such numbers fall sick and die daily in both camps. This night "is fallen sick in my camp, the lord Privy Seal, of my lord Powys company 50 and of Mr. Stranguyshe 40." The decay of carriage horses for the ordnance appears in the master of the ordnance's bill herewith. De Bewers says that he is weaker in horsemen since coming hither by 700. Richemount, the bearer, can report the state of this army better than they can write. Camp before Monstrell, 19 Sept. Signed.|
|Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1544.|
|19 Sept.||260. Francis I. and Charles V.|
990, f. 414.
|Promise by Francis I., upon his treaty with the Emperor of 18 Sept. 1544, to aid in the reformation of schism in the Church, by council or otherwise, aid the Emperor and King of the Romans in pacification of the religious discord in Germany, and, if it should be needful to use force, allow the troops which by the said treaty he promised against the Turks to be used against the heretics. As to the Council, he consents to its celebration at Trent, Cambray or Metz. He will aid the King of the Romans to recover what the Turk has seized in Hungary, and will have no dealing with the widow of King John and her son; and will also procure the recovery of Maran from the Venetians. To settle his differences with the Duke of Savoy he will endeavour to recover the country which the Swiss have seized from that Duke, and reduce it and the Imperial city of Geneva to the old faith. Also he promises henceforth to make no treaty of peace with the King of England without comprehending the Emperor; and, if because of their treaty, the King of England should wish to quarrel with or make war upon the Emperor, he will assist the Emperor and declare himself enemy of the King of England. Meudon, 19 Sept. 1544.|
|French. Copy, pp. 4.|
|20 Sept.||261. Sturbridge Chapel.|
|Note of a lease by Thos. bp. of Ely, 20 Sept. 36 Hen. VIII., to the mayor and burgesses of Cambridge, for 60 years, of the chapel of Sturbridge (Chr. Fulneby, incumbent).|
|In a later hand, p. 1.|
|20 Sept.||262. Shrewsbury and Others to the Queen and Council.|
32,655, f. 192
ii., No. 325.
|Enclose letters from the Warden of the West Marches, with others to him from Lenoux and Sir Rice Manxell, letters and writings from the Warden of the Middle Marches (showing what offers the laird of Sesford and certain Carres and others of Tevidale make for the assurance of their goods and the relief of the laird of Farnyherst), and letters from the lord President of the Council in these North parts, whereby it appears that certain of the Scottish ships of which we lately wrote are off Bridlington. If these ships continue there they may harm merchants and victuallers, for no ships of war can be made out here against them. There is no fear of their attempting a landing. If they pass towards France we could wish them to fall into the King's hands. Darneton, 20 Sept. 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.|
|Pp. 2. Add. Endd.|
|20 Sept.||263. Sir John Fogges and Others to Norfolk.|
|R.O.||Since we wrote "of th'overthrow of the wagons of the French folks' convoy, here hath one of the Almaines stricken an English soldier with a boar spear in the throat, without any occasion given of the Englishman, in sight of Mr. Fogges; and so ran into a house among other of his countrymen, who have conveyed him." We desired the captain of his band and the other captains or ritmasters to see justice ministered, but there will never be order among them until your Grace call them to the camp and make them a chief, as the Countie Bueren. Here, seeing themselves "biggest of power," they waste victuals that would serve double their number at the camp "and set nothing by no man." Victuals from England should go straight to the camp without selling here: for "ingraters" buy them aboard the ships, and here is great waste "by resorters that haunt hither and lie and drink drunk and pilfer and steal one from another, keeping evil rule and making wrangling every hour with other nations." Estaples, 20 Sept. 1544, towards night. Signed: John Fogges: Rec. Wyndebank: T. Chambrelain.|
|Pp. 2. Add. Endd.|
|20 Sept.||264. The Queen of Hungary to De Courrieres and Chapuys.|
|This morning arrived the Sieur de la Voesane with letters from the Emperor, of the 19th inst., advertising her how he had concluded peace with the King of France (having deferred it until the return of the Sieur d'Arras in order to know the King of England's final resolution) and that the King of England is comprised therein. But, as at De la Voesane's despatch the articles were not yet written nor signed, the Emperor has not sent her the particulars of the treaty. Nevertheless, she would not omit to advertise them of the above, to be imparted to the King, with good discretion, together with information that the Emperor has concluded the the said peace, after hearing the answer made to D'Arras, and makes his utmost endeavour for the observation of the closer amity between them, which he (the Emperor) on his side wishes to observe. Requires them to note the King's countenance upon the declaration of the said news. De la Voesane says that in passing by St. Quentin he heard that the King of France was sending a part of his army straight towards Monstruel; indeed it was bruited that the Dolphin was marching thither. Although not certain of it she would not, for the amity which she bears the King, omit to advertise them of it, in order that they may also impart it to him if they find it convenient. The English ambassador here resident has just advertised her of the surrender of Boulogne, upon which they shall congratulate the King, on her behalf, as news very agreeable to her. He also thanked her for releasing the Italians for the said King's sake, which is not worth thanks, as she desired to do more than that for him. As to the ships of war equipped here, she understands that they are at sea, but as the sea is large she could not tell where; only she would advertise them that the men of war, at their last return from sea, complained that they were made to abide upon the coasts of Dover without doing service; which she then found reasonable on account of the King's passage. Under the treaty of closer alliance they ought not to abide between Calais and Dover, but sail upon the coasts of the enemies; which she ordered them to do, and hopes that they will accomplish, whereby it may well be that they do their duty without the King's hearing of it, or her being able to render any account until their return. They (De Courrieres and Chapuys) shall accordingly make the most gracious excuses they can think of.|
|Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, pp. 2. Original headed: "faitle xxe Septrembre 1544."|
|20 Sept.||265. Victualling in the Low Countries.|
|R.O.||Account by Pierre Boisot, councillor of the Emperor, master of his accounts at Brussels and commissary for the sending of victuals to the camp of the king of France and England.|
|Received from Mr. Paiget, the King's first secretary, by the hands of Mr. Masson, 40 cr. of the rose.|
|Paid for messengers sent throughout Holland, Zealand, &c., with the Emperor's placards (six small sums specified). Paid in pursuance of the conclusion taken before Boulogne with the King's Council, 4 and 5 Aug. 1544, for renewal of the placards, viz.:—for a post sent to the Queen for new placards, the copy of which was sent to the duke of Noorfort and to Mr. Paiget, and for another post sent after the conclusion to send victuals no longer by Saint Thomer but by Gravelinghes, for messengers carrying letters into Holland, &c., about this, for twice sending men with the first convoy of victuals to show the way to Boulogne and Monstroeuil, and (since the return of Mr. Quentin Bruynincke from the camp after the capture of Boulogne) for sending into West Flanders to renew the proclamation for sending victuals.|
|Certificate that these payments amount to 56 cr. of the rose 12 pattars, dated 20 Sept. 1544. Signed.|
|French, pp. 5. Endd.: Touching sums of money to be paid to the conductors of the wagons, the commissaries of the victuals, &c.|
|20 Sept.||266. Vaughan to Paget.|
|R.O.||Encloses a letter received to-day from London from his wife's brother, showing that she is in great danger of her life, and begs Paget's suit to obtain him the King's licence to go into England. "I have many young children which, wanting a mother and lacking the presence of a father, may soon tumble into many displeasures. I have also young daughters and many other folks whose youth is no trusty guardian to itself."|
|Received his letters by Francis the post on the 18th, with bills of Ant. Bonvyce, which he at once took to the house of Bonvyce and asked if they would, thereupon, prolong their credence. They promised answer next day, which was "that till Jasper Dowche were in town, who lately is gone to Valencia to the lady Regent and is looked for again to-morrow, they could make me no certain answer." Expects that they will easily grant it. By Jasper Dowche, who has promised, immediately upon his return, to repair to the King, money matters will be best compassed; but he must be "recompensed for his herrings that were taken in England, for so we have promised him, upon my lord Chancellor's letters, he should be." Will despatch Francis with the Bonvyces' answer upon Dowche's return.|
|Earnestly begs favour for his going home; and sends this bearer at his own cost, who promises to be with Paget on Monday night. Will leave things here with Thos. Lock and John Dymock. Andwerp, 20 Sept.|
|Sends a letter from Chr. Mounte. Will return my lord Chancellor's letter by Francis.|
|P.S.—Pray aid me in this sorrowful time with good counsel. Lately sent Paget in a ship to Bulleyn 2 hogsheads of Gascon wine, and with it a little truss of his own bed and bedding (mark given) which he begs to have taken out of the ship (master named Spuddill) and kept for him. Eftsoons begs him to return his post with diligence.|
|Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1544.|
|20 Sept.||267. Wotton to Henry VIII.|
St. P., x. 76.
|The Emperor's army went along the Marne, towards Paris, to Chasteau Tierry, which was sacked, and then, turning homewards, sacked Soissons; and, after tarrying there three or four days, went towards Crespy en Laonnois, and "now goes the next way home in divers companies." The 11th inst. the French Commissaries were with the Emperor again; and after that the army forbare burning, and all talked of peace. The 13th or 14th the Admiral came to an abbey without Soissons and treated with the Emperor's Council, and from thence is come with the Emperor. The day of departure from Soissons, 17th inst., the Viceroy and Granvelle sent for Wotton and said that the French offered reasonably for peace and pressed for answer, having tarried three or four days for it, and they marvelled that Mons. d'Arras came not. Replied that the French were to blame to require answer before Arras came, knowing that the Emperor would conclude nothing without Henry's agreement. The Viceroy said that the burden of the wars lay on the Emperor's shoulders, against whom the French king had assembled all his power, and Henry's army did not march forward as was agreed with him (the Viceroy). Answered that Henry had as puissant an army in France as the Emperor had and would have marched forward if the necessary towns could have been taken, but the frontiers of Picardy were the strongest in France, and, since the Viceroy was in England another order had been taken. Granvelle said that was true, but it was agreed that part of the 30,000 men should march forward. "So it should have done," Wotton said, "and shall, I suppose, as soon as the town is taken." But that could not be left behind. The Viceroy magnified the French army, saying that it was within six leagues and must have divided had Henry marched forward, and the Emperor was without victuals and money, which he might have obtained from the Low Countries had Henry's army marched forward. Replied that Henry could not know where they were; and for victuals and money they themselves should have taken order. They said that Darras's tarrying hindered the Emperor's affairs, seeing that the French were impatient and they marvelled that Henry detained him. Wotton said that the way was long and the matters such as required consultation, but the term of his safeconduct was not yet expired. The Viceroy pretended that the term was expired, but Granvelle would not affirm it. Finally they concluded to bring the Admiral to the Emperor, who had not yet spoken with him, and induce him to follow the Emperor to next lodging, to see if Darras would return; but the writer thinks that this was concluded already.|
|Next morning, (fn. n3) spoke with the Emperor, who said that the French pressed him to swear the peace that day, but he would neither swear nor promise until he knew Henry's pleasure by Darras, who was coming. Reminded him that Henry would never agree with the French king unless he was first satisfied, and expected the like of him. The Emperor answered that he would regard Henry's affairs as the alliance, amity and parentage between them required; and Wotton departed better satisfied.|
|"That day arrived here Mons. d'Orleans, whereof th'Emperor had advertised me before and also that your Highness had taken Boleyn, but willed me to keep both secret till Mons. d'Arras were come, who came that day also, and that evening sent me your Highness's letters by Granvele's secretary Bonet, himself being occupied with th'Empereur."|
|Next day, (fn. n4) arrived Vendome, and (every man speaking of the peace as made) Wotton showed the Emperor the effect of Henry's letters. He said that he thanked Henry for his advice and in agreeing with the French king he had more respect to the commonwealth of Christendom than his own commodity, and was glad to know how Henry would for his part be satisfied; in agreeing with the French king he reserved the league and amity between them. The chamber being full of gentlemen going out and in and talking "and, the Emperor using to speak very softly," Wotton could not well hear him; and, marking this, the Emperor referred him to Granvelle for a further answer. Was, accordingly, in the afternoon with Granvelle, who gave great thanks for Henry's favour to him and his son of Arras, and said that the French offers were to the commodity of Christendom, since the French king should not only forsake confederation with the Turk but give a great aid against him and so deserve thanks of the Empire, and these offers were to the Emperor's honor, who had so victoriously passed through France and brought the French king to agree with him, and thereby the Emperor's friends, the duke of Savoy, the marquis of Montferrate and the duke of Lorayne should be restored to what the French king occupies of theirs, and the French offer to agree with Henry or, in case of difficulty, to stand to the Emperor's arbitrament. Granvelle also reminded Wotton how, for lack of money, the Emperor's soldiers were prone to sedition, and how, the Emperor had much ado to stay the Frenchmen until Darras's return, and now could not defer going through with this peace, seeing that Orleans and Vendosme were come hither already. When Granvelle had done, Wotton answered that thus the Emperor shall be agreed with the French king and Henry still in war, whereas they were to conclude nothing unless both were satisfied; and, although the French did offer to agree, it was to be thought that, once agreed with the Emperor, they would perhaps not stand to the offers they had made to Henry. Granvelle answered that the Emperor had earnestly spoken to the Admiral and would within two days send Arras to the French king purposely for that matter, and at the worst it was at the Emperor's arbitrament, who would "never declare his mind upon the alternative of the marriages" till the French king agreed with Henry, and "would not forsake his old approved friend for a new reconciled friend." Wotton answered that he himself saw no cause to mistrust the Emperor's arbitrament, and had no commission to speak therein, but it were better to delay concluding the matter until Henry and the French king were also agreed, or at least that the Emperor should agree conditionally. Granvelle replied, "somewhat hastily," that he had already shown why the Emperor could not defer it longer, and if our army had marched forward the Emperor might have conveyed his money hither, but now he had no other shift unless he would both forsake such large offers as were made him and put his army in danger. Wotton said that it was not to the King's honor to depart from a siege once laid, no more than it had been for the Emperor to depart from St. Digier. "I do not say so, quod Granvele, but yet if your army had marched, as we trusted it should, we had not been driven to this necessity; and, besides this, quod Mons. de Granvele, the King's Highness hath showed my son of Arras that he will see to agree with the French king's commissaries that are with him, reserving ever the treaty and amity betwixt th'Emperor and his Majesty, and advised also th'Emperor to do the like here with these men that treat with him." This saying Darras, who was present, affirmed. Replied that Henry had not written so to him. Finally, after long reasoning, could not obtain but that the Emperor would go through with it and would not declare his mind upon the alternative of the marriages until the French king and Henry were agreed; both Granvelle and his son would travail to obtain Henry's purpose in the agreement.|
|Unless Henry has already gone through with the Cardinal de Belay and his fellows, this hasty agreement may make them more "difficile," and yet, if Henry may shortly have his intent, it shall be more to his honor that the Emperor has agreed. Darras makes good report of his entertainment with Henry. Supposes that Vendosme is come as hostage for the French king's offers. On the 19th inst. the Emperor despatched a post to Flanders without the writer's privity, who, indeed, could not have advertised this last resolution, as the post left in the morning and he only had the answer in the afternoon. That day we came from Crespy in Laonnois to Ribenmont upon Oyse, 3 leagues from St. Quentines, where the duke of Guise came to salute the Emperor and then departed to prepare to receive him at Guise. Ribenmont upon Oyse, 20 Sept. 1544. Signed.|
|Pp. 6. Add. Endd.|
|20 Sept.||268. Wotton to Paget.|
|R.O.||Thanks for the change of his money. Mons. d'Arras cannot speak too much of his good entertainment, especially by Paget. "I also heartily thank you for Bonet, Mons. Granvele's secretary, with whom I trust that, for my letter, I may be somewhat the bolder from henceforward."|
|The Emperor, by proceeding further into his enemy's country than some thought expedient at such a time of the year, is, by necessity, driven to accept such conditions as are offered him, which he says are honorable and profitable. He makes haste to go through with them (if not through already) and will, Wotton fears, leave his friend behind, pretending nevertheless "to save all the amity upright"; but yet "I pray God you may have concluded with the Frenchmen before they have knowledge of it, for else I fear you shall find them not very easy to agree withal, howbeit that these men think and speak otherwise." If the King has said toMons. d'Arras as he reports, they have, peradventure, more colour to do as they do, but, else, I see.not that all promises are observed. Granvelle shows me that he has so long stayed the conclusion of this matter that some of the Emperor's Council reproach him. It is time to draw homeward, for certain pieces of ordnance stick so fast that a hundred horses will not draw them out, and the weather is such that more will be lost ere we come home.|
|"The Compaignardes and lanzknechts agree very ill. The arrogancy of the one party and the barbarousness of the other are both intolerable." Frenchmen come hither thick. Here were this day three dukes, Orleans, Vendosme, and Guyse. They stick not to say that they have their purpose. Within three days we shall be at home, peradventure at Landrissy; for all shall be restored save Hesdin, which the Emperor can nowise obtain. Astenay shall be restored to the duke of Lorayne. Ribenmont, 20 Sept. 1544.|
|Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.|