Henry VIII: August 1517, 21-31

Pages 1144-1156

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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August 1517

21 Aug.
Wrote on the 18th and 19th. Intended to have sent a letter from Benard Stekker, factor to the Fukers, which he has now found. Attributes the oversight to the pain he has in his legs. If it does not mend, will only be fit for the hospital. Wenham Hall in Suffolk, 21 Aug. 1517.
Hol., p. 1. Add. and endd.
21 Aug.
R. O.
Encloses a letter from the Cardinal of Arragon, who sends his servant to excuse him to Wolsey for not being able to visit him. Thinks he has received news from Rome which compels him to. forbear going to Spain or into England. He is charged to procure for his master certain "hobbyns" and amblyng horses. He begs licence to ship them from England with certain greyhounds. Wingfield advises he should be presented with the latter; he is so noble and potent a prelate. Calais, 21 Aug.
P.S—The bearer desires John Dyker, Wingfield's servant, to help him.
P. 1. Add.: [My Lord] Cardinal of York, [Chancellor] of England.
As he is not able to return to those parts where he intended, but must hasten to Rome, is compelled to send Antonio Scaglione, his chamberlain, to make his excuses to the King. Has written to the Cardinal and Andrew Ammonius to bespeak their good services. Signed and sealed.
Ital., p. 1. Add.
21 Aug.
Otho, C. IX. 35. B. M.
3611. DAREL, NEWPORT and others to HENRY VIII.
Have received his letter touching the business of John Rauson, Prior of Kilmainham, to which they will gladly yield obedience. Rhodes, [21] Aug. 1517.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
22 Aug.
P. S.
3612. For JOHN CHAMBER, clk.
Presentation to the church of Grefford, Cov. dioc. Windsor, 18 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 Aug.
22 Aug. 3613. For JOHN OLYVER.
Presentation to the church of Wynforton, Heref. dioc. Westm., 22 Aug.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 2.
23 Aug.
Er. Ep. App. 164.
Knows Frobenius too well to be astonished at him. If he is tired, Asolano, the father-in-law of Aldus, has written to Erasmus to say he is ready. Wonders why Faber should have attacked him so weakly. Is on good terms with Dorpius. The Carmelites have some purpose in their heads. The King (Charles) is abandoned by the good. His confessor is one Briselotus, suffragan of Cambray, a vain man, who rails at Erasmus over his cups. The winds are adverse, and the Prince has not yet left. He was preferred to Iodocus Clicthovæus, who had been sent for without knowing why: but his bald head and lean person did not please the courtiers, and he has been sent back to Paris. There is a mob called "The Black Band," who do incredible mischief and plunder in all directions. They have committed great atrocities. Complaints have been made by the townspeople, who are badly used; and some have been thrown into prison for merely saying that, "if the courtiers loved the King as I love him," the town would not be so treated. At the intercession of the Duchess they were barely liberated after three weeks. Has received 300 fl., not from the Prince's treasury, for no one receives money from that quarter, but from the plunder. The Chancellor, who makes great promises, is going to Spain. Has been invited himself, but refuses to go. "Theatinus Episcopus spe fortunæ se suosque omnes sumptibus exhausit et delatus est apud regem litterulis per notulas scriptis, quod ipse nondum nevit." Dares not warn him. Louvain, 23 Aug. 1517.
23 Aug.
3615. PACE to WOLSEY.
News has come from Florence of a battle between the Duke of Urbino with 6,000 men, and a body of the Swiss amounting to 2,000, in which the latter have slain 4,000 of their assailants, and wounded two captains, Frederick de Bozolo and Charles Baglioni. The secretary of Lorenzo had sent these tidings to Veroli, into Switzerland; who has been commanded by the Pope to pay the Swiss their wages which he had revoked. Card. Colonna arrived yesterday, and speaks highly of his reception in England. He told Pace he wondered the King could bear so patiently with the Emperor and King Catholic as he had done. The lanceknights are entering the Pope's service in greater numbers than the Emperor likes. Constance, 23 Aug. 1517.
Hol., part cipher, deciphered; pp. 2. Add. and endd.
23 Aug.
Has received the King's letters, and thanks him for his good opinion. The Bp. of Worcester can testify his zeal for the King's service. Rome, 23 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
24 Aug.
R.O. Rym. XIII. 598.
3617. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Appointing him apostolic collector of one entire disme, with full power to punish all offenders. Rome, 7 non Sept. 1517. 5 pont.
24 Aug.
Vit. B. III. 165. B. M. Rym. XIII. 596.
3618. LEO X. to the BP. OF EXETER.
Enjoining him to collect one entire disme of all persons in his diocese, to assist the Pope in his wars against France. Maria de Ruuere, Duke of Urbino, the son of iniquity and child of perdition. Rome, 24 Aug. 1517, 5 pont.
Ib. f. 164. 3619. ii. The SAME to the BP. OF COVENTRY AND LICHFIELD.
To the same effect.
Ib. f. 166. 3620. iii. The SAME to the BP. OF WINCHESTER.
To the same effect.
24 Aug.
On the return of his ambassadors understands the answer they have received touching the affair of the Prince of Chimay, which he recommends to Wolsey's notice, as he has written to Helna to tell him. Middelbourg, 24 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
24 Aug.
R. O.
Recommends some affair of his. Middelburg, 24 Aug. 1517. Signed.
P.S.—The Grand Bailly of Hainault has informed him, on his return, of Wolsey's exertions on his behalf.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
24 Aug.
Galba, B. V. 303*. B. M.
Recommends a son of his servant, Jacques de Baudreughie, for the first vacant prebend in Tournay. 24 Aug. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Monsr le chancelier et vicar pour Monsr le Cardinal d'Yorcke en leveschie de Tournay, Messr Richart Sampson.
24 Aug.
P. S. Rym. XIII. 597.
3624. For TH. LYNACRE, clk.
To have a canonry and prebend in St. Stephen's, Westminster, vice Andrew Ammonius, deceased. Windsor, 19 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Aug.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
24 Aug.
P. S.
3625. For ANTH. COTON, sewer of the Chamber.
To have the custody of the ferry between Barton upon Humber and Hassill, vice Roger Salesbury, deceased. Windsor, 13 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Aug.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6.
Er. Ep. App. 241. 3626. ERASMUS to MORE.
Supposes he is very busy, as he has heard nothing from him. Learnt from Tunstal that he was prospering. Stayed with Tunstal as long as possible: finished the collation of the New Testament together. When they had finished, and Erasmus was considering how to thank him, Tunstal gave him 50 French crowns. Petrus Ægidius has never recovered: his wife miscarried on her return from England. Has taken up his abode at Louvain. The Chancellor has paid part of his pension out of his own pocket. At his departure he bade Erasmus be of good cheer, and promised him a bishopric: it is so much easier here to make bishops than to pay debts. His dispute with Faber is not ended. Has sent More's Utopia and Epigrams, &c., to Basle. Has not yet determined where to settle. There is much cry here, and little wool. Does not like Spain or Germany: "et Angliæ motus timeo et servitutem horreo." The Dominicans and Carmelites are encouraging the mob to pick up stones: nowhere worse than among his own countrymen. Louvain, 1517.
25 Aug.
Er. Ep. App. 169.
Had always a high opinion of More, but feared his friendship for him might have warped his judgment. Now he sees that opinion confirmed by all the learned. What might not such genius have accomplished had it been trained in Italy, or been devoted exclusively to study? When quite a boy More composed epigrams: yet he has never been out of England more than once or twice on an embassy to Flanders. Besides the care of a wife and family, state and legal employments, he is so much occupied it is a wonder he can find time for books. Sends his Progymnasmata and Utopia for Frobenius to print. Louvain, 25 Aug. 1517.
25 Aug.
3628. PACE to WOLSEY.
Sends such letters as he has received from Cardinal Sion out of his country. Jacobus Gambarus departed from Cure for the Pope's field on the 16th, with reinforcements. The Pope fears to take lanzknechts lest the Emperor should use them against him. He and the King Catholic are much afraid of a great amity being established between England and France. He can then pill no more money, and the King Catholic will lose Naples. Pace has answered to all questions that his master will do nothing prejudicial to the league. Cardinal Colonna told him that the Council of the King Catholic had resolved to have one part of it always opposed to the King, or they will not obtain their designs in England. Constance, 25 Aug. 1517.
A Spanish nobleman is reported to have gone to England to arrange a peace between the Pope and the former Duke of Urbino.
Hol., part cipher, with decipher interlined, pp. 2.
25 Aug.
Vat. Trans. XXXVII. 60.
3629. ALBANY to LEO X.
Received in May the Pope's letters dated Rome, 21 April. Combats the Pope's claim to nominate to the abbey of Abirbrothok. Has referred the question to the States of Scotland, who unanimously have resolved to oppose any infringement on the rights of the crown. Requests the Pope to comply, and expedite the nomination of the Chancellor to the abbey aforesaid, and of Alexander Stewart, Albany's brother, to the priory of Whitherne. Rouen, 25 Aug. 1517. Signed.
25 Aug.
Vat. Trans. XXXVII. 58. B. M.
3630. ALBANY to LEO. X.
James, the natural son of James IV., who by the resignation of the Abp. of St. Andrew's held in commendam the abbey of St. Thomas of Aberbrothok, intends to resign it. Begs the Pope to allow the resignation, and confirm in his room James Abp. of Glasgow, the Chancellor. Rouen, 25 Aug. 1517. Signed.
25 Aug.
Vat. Trans. XXXVII. 64. B. M.
3631. ALBANY to LEO X.
Begs credence for James Cottes, canon of Glasgow, in the matter of the Abp. of St. Andrew's. Rouen, 25 Aug. 1517.
25 Aug.
R. O.
Presentment of a jury of the Cinque Ports at Romney, on Tuesday after St. Bartholomew's Day, 9 Hen. VIII., before Sir Edward Ponynges, Warden of the Cinque Ports, touching certain wainscots found on the sea shore, a drift boat found on the high sea, 200 herrings, price 16d., stolen from the nets of Richard à Fourde in 5 Hen. VIII., cutting of nets on the sands, &c.
With Ponynges' commission and panel of jury attached.
25 Aug. 3633. For WM. BULLOCK, chaplain.
Grant of the perpetual chantry in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, vice Adam Ap Thomas, clk., deceased. Westm., 25 Aug.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
26 Aug.
Calig. D. VI. 317. B. M.
Draft commission to settle disputes in Calais between the merchants of the two kingdoms. London, 26 Aug. 1517. Countersigned: Throkmarton.
Corrected by Wolsey; pp. 8, mutilated; wrongly bound.
26 Aug.
R. T. 137. R. O.
Treaty concluded by Charles Duke of Alençon on the part of France and John Duke of Albany, on the part of Scotland. Neither party to favor or give passage to the enemies of the other, but to assist each other against all enemies. If the King of England attack Scotland, France will send 100,000 cr. of the sun, 1,500 lansquenets, 500 foot soldiers and 200 archers; the two former to be paid by France only until they arrive in Scotland, the archers to remain in the French pay. If he attack France, the Scotch are to invade England. In case of an invasion of Scotland, France is to attack the English possessions on the continent, in addition to sending the above-mentioned aid. Whenever war is made against France, Scotland is to send 6,000 men to her assistance. If the French gain possession of all the English places on the continent, they are not to abandon the war, but send an army into England till it be finished, by a treaty or otherwise, to the satisfaction of Scotland. If this treaty with England be subsequently broken, the above-mentioned conditions to come again into force.
For corroboration of the alliance, it is agreed that if the French King's promise of his younger daughter to the King Catholic or his brother do not take effect, he will try to obtain the Scotch King for her husband. If the promise to the King Catholic does take effect, if God please to give the King another daughter, she shall be betrothed to the Scotch King, if Holy Church permit. Albany promises to procure the consent of the estates and parliament two months after his return to Scotland. Alençon promises, in the name of the King, that the said ratification shall be presented to him. (Here follow the powers granted to the respective ambassadors to conclude the treaty. That to Albany is in Latin.) Rouen, 26 Aug. 1517. Signed: Charles—Jehan.
Fr., pp. 8.
26 Aug. R.O. 3636. CINQUE PORTS.
Inquisition taken at Lydde on the seashore, on Wednesday after St. Bartholomew's Day 9 Hen. VIII., before Sir Edward Ponynges, Warden of the Cinque Ports.—... fined for an assault on Walter _ (blank), and the said Walter for an assault on the said ...; John Buntyng of Romeney and Edward Hewette for assaulting each other; John Co ... for assaulting _ (blank) Wylson, alias Jokye, of Romeney. John Crowde, Peter Trippe, Robert Robyn, John Bocher and others named, found various articles on the seashore.
26 Aug.
P. S.
3637. For JOHN OVERTON of London, pewterer.
Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Richard Wingfeld, Deputy of Calais. Windsor, 22 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Aug.
27 Aug.
Giust. Desp. II. 126.
His majesty is at Windsor with his physician, Dionysius Memo, and three favorite gentlemen. No one is admitted, on account of the disease, which is now making great progress. The Cardinal has been ill until now, which is the fourth time. The Scotch affairs are settled. The Catholic King is in Zealand. Saw a letter from the King's ambassador with the Swiss, by which it appears the understanding between the Emperor, the King and the Swiss is not so good as before. Thinks it arises from their craving for money, which is not agreeable to those in authority here, as they now think it prudent to husband their resources, contrary to their previous custom. London, 27 Aug. 1517.
27 Aug.
Sends an extract of a letter from the King's spy, received yesterday by the accustomed priest. Desires to know Wolsey's pleasure, how he shall meet his demands for money. Has paid him and the priest, since Easter, 92 crowns of the sun; could never worse afford to disburse money. Calais, 27 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord Card. of York, Chancellor of England. Endd.
27 Aug.
Galba, B. V. 309 b. B. M.
In behalf of James Semel, who had been thrown into prison by John Bernuel, advocate of the city of London, on a false information. Middleburgh, 27 Aug. 1517.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
27 Aug.
Galba, B. V. 304. B. M.
John de la Souche has returned, and makes report of his good reception. Has received the writings of the confirmation, of which he thinks Wolsey must have known by his letter of the 24th July. The Count Palatine has departed, to the astonishment of all, as he was ready to sail with the King, and in high favor. Spinelly writes of it. His friends think that Chievres was the cause of it, who wishes to obtain for his nephew, Count Porsenne, the daughter of Gondisalvo Ferdinando, who was promised to the Count Palatine. It would have been hard to break this betrothal, as the lady had sent the Palatine tokens by a religious man. Porsenne is small of growth, and not like the other in birth or body. The Emperor has written in behalf of him. Others say Chievres was jealous of his favor with the King. His enemies say that he wrote a letter to Lady Eleanor, the King's sister, asking her to marry, "which letter the King found in my Lady Eleanor's bosom himself, saying that the said Count had shrewdly recompensed him for the good choice that he hath had, to demand of his sister marriage, not making him privy." The King would listen to no intercession in his favor, whether of his own mind or not, Tunstal cannot say. He is much regretted. Does not think the King will leave, as the wind is so contrary and the moon is waning: though the King asserts he will go even if it be in winter. Chievres pretends not to care about the marriage. Cardinal Croy has the archbishopric of Seville, lately void, worth 20,000 ducats. There is great talk of the sweating sickness, which he is glad to hear Wolsey has escaped. Many urge this as a reason for staying the King, as he could not land in England if overtaken by a storm. Mydelborgh, 27 Aug.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
27 Aug.
Presentment of a jury of the Cinque Ports at Rye, on Thursday after St. Bartholomew's Day 9 Hen. VIII., before Sir Edward Ponynges, touching wainscots and nets called "flewys" found on the sea-shore; assaults; a collision of boats; and accidental drowning.
With Ponynges' commission and panel of jury attached.
27 Aug.
P. S.
Assent to the election of John Stoke as abbot, vice Wm. Sprowton, deceased. Windsor, 16 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Aug.
Pat. 9 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
ii. Petition for the above. 6 Aug. 9 Hen. VIII.
Commits to writing what he was too busy to tell him. Ten days since received his recal from the Pope. Went to the Bp. of Winchester, administrator of the see of Bath, requesting a supply of money from the revenues of that see, as he had come on the business of that Cardinal. Winchester told him he had never expended any of the money without a requisition from the Bishop. Could obtain nothing from him: returned to London: heard the Bp. of Bath was suspended by the Pope, and the bishopric given to Wolsey. Begs Wolsey will order him some provision. Has now been twenty months away, without any fulfilment of the promises made him. Requests testimonials from him. London, "exædibus nostris."
Hol., Lat., pp. 3. Add.: Carli Ebor.
28 Aug.
Er. Ep. App. 170.
On his leaving England for Rome to avoid the sweating sickness, touched at Antwerp and heard that Erasmus was staying with Petrus Ægidius, secretary to the municipality of Antwerp. On calling heard that Erasmus had started the day before for Louvain. The Venetian ambassador and Sagudino, who have had the sickness, desire their remembrance. Ammonius would have done the same, but was carried off by it in eight hours. Antwerp, 28 Aug. 1517.
28 Aug.
Galba, B. v. 312. B. M.
Since his last writing a post has come from the French court, showing that the French were in hand for the despatch of the Scots homewards, but no mention was made of Albany. Chievres has promised Spinelly that the ambassador shall make further inquiry. The French are jealous of the amity between England and this house, shown in the reception of Daussy, and are ill-pleased at the report of La Guiche, that the Burgundians call Henry protector of these countries. The Audiencer told him that an offer had been made by the French that if Charles would abandon England they would give him Gueldres, and the Duke both, with leave to hang him. The Count Palatine is gone home in disgrace on account of the letter written to the Lady Eleanor. "Though the said letter was but honest, concerning matters of love and her marriage," Charles is displeased that he was not consulted. The Archduchess, Chievres and the Prince of Orange first interceded, but he refused to see him. "Wherefore upon this his constancy into a like affair many do conject in him good stomak and cowraggy, and that he shall not lightly forget the offences, and how he wyll be fast in his determynacions, and muche extyme the honnor of the worlde."
News has come from Sicily of an insurrection at Palermo against the governors, 10 of whom have been killed. A similar insurrection took place in other towns, but was suppressed at the coming of the new Viceroy. They are incensed against Don Hugh de Moncayta, his predecessor. The King is resolved to make an example of them. Don Louis Carroz has been sent with the ambassadors of Naples, and, with the Viceroy, will find some means to satisfy them. The diet at Augsburg has refused the Emperor assistance from the league of Swabia, against the Duke of Wirtemberg, saying he had made an agreement with Francisco Sekkym without their knowledge. He has left for Innsbruck, and, it is said, will go to Austria to see the young King of Hungary and his realm well ruled. Felynger has received half the 100,000 crowns due for Verona. Gives the news about Gueldres. The Archduchess has granted the Prince of Orange the government of the county of Burgoyne, with 1,000 francs pension. He is to marry the second daughter of Mons. Dorvalle. The wind is S.W. The King is at the abbot's place waiting for the weather. The Chancellor of Burgoyne is supposed by this to be at Biscay. Spain is quiet. The Abp. of Seville is sick, not likely to recover. His archbishopric, worth 20,000 ducats, is given to the Cardinal of Croy, his brother. The 1st Oct. there will be a diet at Mantua, of the Emperor's deputy, the French and Venetians, to arrange between the Emperor and the Venetians. Has visited the Lord Berghes, who is on good terms with Chievres. A ship of Britanny is arrived, with two Florentines, who have been at Brest, and seen the great ship of Scotland, and say there is no preparation for war. Middleburgh, 28 Aug. 1517.
Hol., pp. 7, mutilated. Add. and endd.
28 Aug.
Galba, B. V. 308. B. M.
Montany and others have gone towards Utrecht to settle the business of Gueldres, where Nassau has burnt 46 good villages. The Emperor has written, desiring the King to defer the voyage to Spain, and go by Germany and Italy, but no mention is made who is to bear the charges. When it was proposed to the King to delay, he said those who were afraid might stop at home. Bannisius says the Emperor has written to the Venetians in behalf of Cardinal Hadrian. "The Cardinal of Arragon is arrived in the French court, and oftentimes goeth in habit secular, as he did at Antwerp, where he went in cloak, with a swerd to the side. Her he made rowne (run) and lep a horse; wherfor your grace may conyecte what manerre of man he is." Chievres begs that Wolsey will "leave apart the pension offered to him by the King my master, saying if his highness will remember him with some gratuity, he will not refuse it. The Audiencer saith the two pensions shall be sent unto your grace, and that the King his master is of a condition that he woll promise little and keep much." He has assisted in settling the difference between the English merchants and the tonellars, and Spinelly thinks he ought to be remembered with some gracious reward. "Mr. Meaultis, your French secretary, hath begynne sens a wylle (since a while) to writte lesse degrey unto this King than he dyde before, and that the reason de requyre. And thow at my beyng there, as Mr. Bryan Tuke knowe, we two togydre by a good man[ner] shewed the materre unto the sayd Meaultis, yet he was obstynate in his opinion, saying he wrotte never before unto this King but treshault ct trespuissant and not excellent; and sawing his reverence, it is not so, as the Master of the Rowlles and I both do well remenbre. Lykewise, when he writte for your grace unto the Lord Chevres, he do no[t] observe the ryght stylo; for your grace shulde not call him lesse than the King mi master doythe." Middleburgh, 28 Aug. 1517.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
28 Aug.
Galba, B. V. 311. B. M.
According to the King's command to buy up horses, sends him eight by the bearer. Retains the ninth on account of an accident. Has sent the bill of expences to the Grand Escuyer. Hensdein in Holland, 28 Aug.
28 Aug.
R. T. 142.
Complaints have been made to the King Catholic by the English ambassadors resident with him, that although in times past a toll of 8 gros was exacted at Zealand for every sack of wool, irrespective of weight, brought by English merchants from the North, and it was agreed in the treaty of intercourse concluded five years since that tolls, &c. should remain as before, but, notwithstanding this, the toll collector at Zealand has the sacks weighed, maintaining that two "waghes" make a sack. The King therefore orders that the ancient toll of 8 gros per sack, irrespective of weight, shall be in future demanded. Middleburg, 28 Aug. 1517.
Copy, Fr., pp. 3.
28 Aug.
Presentment of a jury of the Cinque Ports at Winchelsea, on Friday after St. Bartholomew's Day 9 Hen. VIII., before Sir Edward Ponynges, warden of the Cinque Ports, touching nets called "flewys" and "tramells," fish called "cowngers," and a bale of "macez" found upon the seashore; a Flemish vessel unlawfully taken by John Morea; nets of fishermen maliciously cut; an assault; ballast thrown into the harbor; and extortion by Rauf Roo, searcher of merchandize.
With Ponynges' commission and panel of jury attached.
30 Aug.
Er. Ep. App. 172.
Will be rejoiced to hear that Asolano has printed the Old and New Testament in Greek, a specimen of Nazianzenus, Strabo, Plutarch, Pindar and others. Oh that he could grow young again! Ammonius is dead. More is coming. Is on good terms with the theologians. Louvain, 30 Aug. 1517.
30 Aug.
Vit. B. III. 167. B. M.
Thanks him for his letters recommending John Galeazzo Boschetto, though it was needless, as he had never been displeased with him. The goods belonged to Modena, and are not in his jurisdiction. Hopes the Pope will restore Modena, when he will be able to entertain more favourable proposals about them. Ferrara, 30 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
31 Aug.
Er. Ep. App. 173.
Is most grieved to hear of the death of Ammonius, but is comforted with the assurance that More will soon be in his neighborhood. Has taken up his abode at Louvain, and is on good terms with the theologians. Is staying with Paludanus, his ancient friend, but wants to find more room for his books. Sends his Apologia in answer to Faber. Budæus says not a word more of the King's offer. Frowick, who has come from Rome, has brought news of Greek books at the press. Some of "The Black Band" have been hung. Wishes all had been. Louvain, 31 Aug. 1517.
31 Aug.
Er. Ep. III. 26.
Had not written with a view of thrusting his friend (?) John upon Tunstal, but to oblige him if agreeable. Encourages him to continue his studies. Louvain, prid. kal. Sep. 1517.
31 Aug.
Giust. Desp. II. 128.
Sent his secretary to Wolsey several times for an audience. Could never get one; so at length, as Wolsey is going on a pilgrimage to fulfil a vow at a shrine (Walsingham) some hundred miles hence, resolved at any rate to speak to him. Found him with a troubled countenance and bent brow. Told him of the Turkish news, which he said he had heard already. "Perceiving that he said nothing at all to me on this or any other topic, I then offered to accompany his right reverend lordship on his journey with an honourable train, at my own cost; but without appearing flattered even by this proposal, he said he had no need of any additional company beyond his own retinue, which was both honorable and numerous. He has been ill of late; and really his appearance, in addition to his mental perturbation, indicates this, although the profuse perspiration endured by him has not yet quite carried off his wrath." Has been assured by Albany's secretary that the truce between England and Scotland has been prolonged for a year after St. Andrew's Day. Albany is in the French court, and is not expected to return this year. London, 31 Aug. 1517.
31 Aug.
Galba, B. V. 315. B. M.
Wrote last on the 28th. News is come that my Lord of Norfolk, my Lord Marquis and other great noblemen of England are dead of the sweating sickness. Spinelly told Chievres he thought it was not true. Encloses a letter from the latter touching the Duke of Albany. Sicily is quiet. Is informed "that the bruyte of the grett successe made the seknesse in England, comme of the Frenche ambassador," who had heard the King (Charles) say, at dinner time, if the wind served he might go to England. The wind has returned to the S.W. Bannisius has heard that Cardinal Hadrian is still at Venice. Middleburgh, 31 Aug. 1517.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated. Add. and endd.
The Pope and cardinals have heard with great grief of the sweating sickness in England, and are glad to hear that the King and Wolsey have escaped the danger. Much laments the death of Andrew Ammonius, who was the King's faithful servant and the ornament of the Latin tongue. He had no fellow. The Popewould be glad to see the writer installed in the vacant place of collector in the same way as held by Hadrian, considering the same has been held by the family of De Gigli, and especially by John de Gigli, his uncle. Has accepted the office with pleasure, believing it would be agreeable to the King. Begs he may have the King's patent for it. Has fixed upon a person to execute the duty of collector there, who, he hopes, will be agreeable. Recommends highly Peter Vannes, Ammonius' cousin, a man of good family and education, who served under Ammonius for four years. Rome, 31 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Lat., pp. 5. Add.
31 Aug.
** ... "illius etiam cupidus sim nisi quantum regiæ majestati et d. vestræ reverendissimæ gratum esse cognosco, et ut indies honorificentius eisdem inservire valeam, tamen si quando ea dignitate, favore et intercessione regiæ majestatis et d. v. reverendissimæ ornatus fuero, præter egregiam et immortalem laudem quam consequentur, illos honoribus et dignitatibus augendo quod eisdem fideliter et diligenter serviunt." This will be his greatest honor. Is sorry to be so troublesome in requesting repayment of the sums he has laid out in the King's service. The Pope sent for him while tying up this packet, and told him that the agreement between himself and the Spanish captains who served under Francesco Maria had been concluded on their leaving the Duke's service. Although the Catholic King favoured the arrangement, the said soldiers were not willing, until they heard that certain Swiss and Germans were on the march to support the Pope; and the taking of the ports, that Francesco Maria had promised, was far from easy. The Pope paid a large sum out of his own finances rather than run the risk of battle, because these captains are bound by the towns to restore to him the State of Urbino, and he would rather incur this expense than have recourse to the French. (fn. 1) The treaty is not yet concluded, but will be. The Pope bade Worcester write that he would shortly ratify the treaty, and the more so as he has heard from France that the King Catholic has taken ship, at which he is much pleased. Will not forget the bull for Tournay. Rome, 31 Aug. 1517. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3, imperfect at beginning. Add. and endd.
Er. Ep. App. 250. 3659. MORE to ERASMUS.
Has spoken to Urswick about the horse. He says he has none fit to send at present. Sent Erasmus some time since Maruffo's bond, which, he says, is in more liberal terms, though neither More nor Lily, who is a good Italian scholar, could read it. Palgrave goes to Louvain to study law, but will continue his Greek and Latin. He asked More for an introduction to Erasmus, and carries letters sentto the latter from Basle, and which More has had some time. Is anxiously waiting for the result of his Sicilian affair. Has heard from Tunstal. Is in the clouds with the dream of the government to be offered him by his Utopians; fancies himself a grand potentate, with a crown and a Franciscan cloak (paludamentum), followed by a grand procession of the Amauri. Should it please Heaven to exalt him to this high dignity, where he will be too high to think of common acquaintances, he will still keep a corner in his heart for Erasmus and Tunstal; and, should they pay him a visit to Utopia, he will make all his subjects honor them as is befitting the friends of majesty.—The morn has dawned and dispelled his dream, and stripped off his royalty, plunging him down into his old mill-round at the Court. London, 1517.
Vit. B. XIX. 377*.
B. M.
The substance of a league lately entered into by the above.
[According to the tenor] of a league formerly made between the Pope and the late Ferdinand [of Arr]agon for the preservation of the Church, assistance to be given; each of the contracting parties to furnish ... heavy horse and 3,000 foot. Protection to be given to the subjects of each. The enemies of each [not] to be supported in the territory of the other, except in the city of Rome, "quæ omnium communis patria est." The treaty to last the life of both. Former treaties of both powers to remain intact where they do not contravene this.
"[Civitas] Florentina qualis nunc consistit, S.D.N. unita et adeo juncta est ut ejusdem conservati ... e vel ecclesiæ conveniat intendere; unde eadem cum regimine ejusdem quale nunc est pe ... m per S.D.N. quam Cath. Mtem conservanda per omnia ut supra, eadem alteri partium [h]orum præmissorum debet in eventu præstare."
"... n adeo agitaretur proprio quo non posset præstare auxilia præmissa et propterea excusat ... per hoc quoque indulties et concessionibus concessis alias vel contrectatis inter partes ... [S]D.N. conservabit et juvabit Ser. R. Cath. ejusque regna favoribus prosequetur, ... [Ma]tis libero arbitrio pendentibus. Et si Catholicus Rex premeretur gravibus bellis S.D.[N] ... nas recuperandas Serenitati Regis Cath. sustinendis bellis, &c."
"... et specifice persona Ill. D. Laurentii Medices, ducis Urbini et status ... naculis Florentiæ conservetur necnon dominiis habitis recuperandis."
Lat., p. 1, mutilated. In the hand of Sion's clerk.
2. Substance of a treaty between the King Catholic and the Florentines according to the tenor of the one formerly made with Ferdinand King of Arragon for the preservation of the Pope and the States of the Church.
Lorenzo di Medici Duke of Urbino is specifically included, and the Swiss serving on both sides. The treaty to be kept secret from all others.
Lat., p. 1. A cipher key at the bottom.


  • 1. Struck out, and a cipher written in the margin.