Henry VIII: April 1515, 1-14

Pages 89-104

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 2, 1515-1518. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1864.

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April 1515

1 April.
Vit. B. XVIII. 138. B. M.
"Pleaseth your Grace [to understand that on the ... day of last] month, I wrote my last l[etter unto the same from the] village of Medyllwoolde in Bavier ... hath come to my knowledge, for it was [said that the Emperor] came to this town and this day at eight in [the morning he desired] that I should attend upon him in the cathed[ral where I was] above with him in a new oratory to which he ma ... lodging by a secret gallery new edified." His majesty came thither soon after, and Wingfield congratulated him on being delivered "out of the shackles of Insbr[uck and] of mountains. It pleased him to shew me in this ... Though my good friends of France have in time of ... rejoiced, saying the fox is taken, blessed be God, th ... in that case that the thing which was wont to ... too full is now asswaged, and for his pastime in th ... to have slain with his hawks of 'mylons' herons ... above fifty, and a hart to boot. And therefore what[ever] the French say, blessed be God, I am not so tied but th[at I can do them] harm and they search it. Which words spoken and ... made as I thought meet, he asked me if I had recey[ved letters of] late from your Grace, or how your ambassadours ha[d succeeded] concerning the Queen your sister." To which Wingfield replied, that he had heard nothing more since he spake with his majesty on the subject in Ins[pruck]. "Then he said, I hear tidings often out of [France, but] because I am experimented in their practices I ta[ke little account] of them, saving that I know well that the[eir purpose is] chiefly to deceive, and that thereupon is forged [the rumors] of marriages and many other things ... and devices they might as in time ... and there were no contra[ry] ... I trust (some lines lost) ... made none answer he made a little ... hus I am sure ye write often to my brother [of England; to] which I answered that I wrote not so often, as I was [out] of matter worthy writing." "Then he said I pray [you when] ye shall write next to say, that I recommend me right [graci]ously unto my said brother, and I desire him not to think [it str]ange in that mine embassade cometh not so quickly toward him [as] I was determined." This was owing first to the death of the French King, secondly to an accident which happened to the Bishop of Brescia whom he had intended to send, and thirdly to the advice of his Council not to send another in his place, till it was known what arrangement had been made between Henry and Francis for the Queen, Henry's sister. His Council think too great intimacy between England and France injurious to the amity between himself, Henry and the house of Burgundy, "as hath been proved more times than one." After mass the ambassadors of the Pope, Arragon, Portugal and the Archduke, who had been in a reserved place in the choir, came to the Emperor, who was thus prevented from resuming the conversation with Wingfield ... (Some lines lost)" ... also it is said ... wherefore it is thought that ... causes he shall also treat those of ... the aforesaid Duke of ..." Desires to be despatched [before] the last day of May ensuing, and to be provided with [money], or have leave to return. If the latter be granted, will gladly sell his chain to be his conduct. Augsburg, [1] April 1515.
Hol., pp. 3, badly mutilated. Add. Endd.: Sir Rob. Wingfield, primo Aprilis.
1 April.
Calig. B. VI. 77. B. M.
On Thursday last took a boat, with six Scotchmen in it, in the Fyrth. It had been sent from the Lord Hewm of Fastcastell to descry what ship he was. One of them who was with his servant told Coo they had mistaken him for a Frenchman returning with the Duke of Albany, whom his master and the South party intend to make King. The Queen is at Stirling. There is a quarrel between the Earl of Angus and Alexander Hume, whom they have made lord warden. They have divers times assembled, but never fought. There is no ship in Scotland rigged for war: all are in France, for "their Lord Protector, as they call him." If he be so strong as they say he is, Albany will come, "mawgre all the ships now being in the sea," for he comes in The Great Michael, "a ship as much as The Sovereign and The Margaret, and another ship called The Jamys, ships of 200 the least," with Robert of Barton and others appointed by the French King to accompany him. Heard this from a Frenchman who left Depe within these eight days. Had he met with any of them "ye should have had better news." Palm Sunday, in the rode of Holy Elonde.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right honorable, &c. my Lord of York. Endd.: Coois lettre dated primo Aprilis.
1 April.
[Calig. E. I. II.?] I. B. M.
Urges every effort to provide finances. The King has great pleasure in hearing of the state of the army. He is continually reproached with the descent of the Swiss, of which they have heard no news. Has just heard from Boursigault confirming it. Hopes he shall never be employed again in soliciting money: he never was so ill treated before. The King is the Marshal's best friend. Has more reliance on him and the Admiral than on all the rest of France, and every day at his table speaks marvels of it. Madame is still unwell. The King has told him that the army that was at Fontarabia is entirely dispersed, but he thinks it is that the King Catholic may be better provided for Italy. Bloys, Palm Sunday.
Copy, Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
1 April. 289. For the MONASTERY of MALMESBURY.
Assent to the election of Ric. Camme as abbot. Westm., 1 April.
Pat. 6 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 31.
2 April.
R. O.
Most urgently requests him to send over to her a relic of St. Thomas of Canterbury as soon as possible. Town of Oden, 1515, the next day to Palm Sunday.
Danish, p. 1.
2 April.
R. O.
Wrote last on 31 March. A friend at Bruges received letters from Paris, 29th ult., stating the Bishop of Murray had arrived at Lyons. He had borrowed money at Rome, and because of his hasty departing into Scotland, Albany intended to send a post to Bruges. The French have great trust in the Savoyan being nuncio apostolic in Scotland. Alliance between France and this Prince [Charles] has been concluded, and the marriage between the Duke of Lorraine and the sister of the Duke of Bourbon and of the Lord of Nassau with the Prince of Orange's daughter. French troops have been sent into Burgundy and Dauphiné to resist the Swiss. The Pope's brother and his wife have left the Duke of Savoy for Florence and Rome by sea. By reason of the expiration of the truce three Spanish merchants have been taken by the French "for good price" (lawful prizes?). Lewis Carottz, ambassador in England, has written for a Zealand ship to be sent to Plymouth to convey him to Spain. Encloses a letter to the Privy Council from Lord Berghes. He advises the King to keep Tournay safely till he knows how he stands with the French, and offers to provide troops for it from Cleves under the conduct of Turke. A new treasurer has been appointed at the pleasure of Chievres, to the discontent of Fenys. The French King is urgent to marry his daughter to the Duke of Gueldres. Mons. Doroys, lord steward of St. Omer, has been sent prisoner to the Prince, charged with wishing to betray the town to the French. Gaunt, 2 April 1515. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
2 April.
S. B.
292. To the ABP. OF CANTERBURY, Chancellor.
For letters of dedimus potestatem to the Bp. of Salisbury and Sir Henry Long to take the fealty of Richard Camme, elected by the King's foundatory licence abbot of Malmesbury. Richmond, 2 April 6 Hen. VIII.
2 April.
S. B.
293. For ROGER DARLEY, clk.
Presentation to the church of Mansefelde, Chich. dioc., void by death. Del. Westm., 2 April 6 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 6 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
3 April.
Vit. B. XVIII. 140. B. M.
Wrote last on the ... [from] ... Bavier [to their lordships], and to the King from Augsburg on the 1st [April]. Hopes they will remember him; complains of being forgotten. Has spent all his money. Wishes to be discharged of his office, but can get no remedy. Has made many requests to the King and to their lordships, but none are complied with. Does not suppose they would care whether he "do sink or flete so that to the former twain if I ... adjoin many kinsmen and few friends than I a ... disarmed, that flight is more necessary till new [provision] be pourveyed, than to die desperately like a beast un[der a hedge], the rather because it is well known that th[e many a] time I have complained, and me seemeth that so many ex ... my complaints hath appeared unto and hath had the ... other of the King's servants as hath been in these co[untries ...] appear that 12 or 14 horses with as many servants ... with 20s. by the day, for I assure you and w[hat with] ... horse and man with shoeing and [other] their things ... (Some lines here lost.) ... as well in array for myself and ... nt also in meat and drink with rewards ... ellis, marriages and christenings, with so many ... passage of English pilgrims toward Rome, sending [of the] King's letters to the postmaster with rewards as well to the [ma]sters as to the messengers." In addition to all this, Wingfield has spent nearly 250 marks in purchasing horses and mules, which, to be paid for out of 20d. sterling a day, may be likened to the five loaves and two fishes spoken of in the Gospel. "And for a botchement" the imperial cortege will, it is said, stop in this city, the dearest in all Almayne. His lodgings cost 3s. 4d. sterling a day, and he must give rewards to trumpeters, minstrels and fools. This declaration will clearly show the state he is in, and he hopes their lordship will send him succor, and "that in this good time of Easter all [the h]oll Christendom will be piteous and bounteous." Has received from the Marquis Casmyrus of Brandenbourg a sword and a dagger for Henry, which Wingfield will send by Derrick, a servant of ... Suggests that a letter be written by the King to the said Marquis in Latin, thanking him for the gift, as well as to show that Wingfield has not been negligent in the matter. Augsburg, 3 April ...
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To the Right Excellent, Reverend, Noble and Honorable Lords and Masters of the King's Council. Endd.: Sir Robert Wingfield, 3 April.
3 April.
R. O.
Hears that West, one of the ambassadors at Paris, has been made Bp. of Ely. Begs that her servant, John Palgrave, M.A., may have Egylsfeld in the diocese of Durham or the archdeaconry of Derby, now to be vacated. Paris, 3 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord of York.
3 April.
Calig. D. VI. 220. B. M.
On the 2nd inst. Suffolk received his letters, whereupon this day they had an audience of the King, and showed him that Henry was content to conclude a peace for both their lives and to comprehend the Scots under the same conditions as last time, if the French King would by his letters apart promise not to send the Duke of Albany into Scotland. "Whereunto he answered that if the King would not pass the peace with him as it was last concluded, he thought he should esteem him much less than the King that dead is." They had remonstrated about the Duke of Albany's going for two hours, and his final answer was that he had promised the Scots to send him and could not now stop him with honor. They urged "that he was the most suspect person that might be sent for the surety of the two young princes and the Queen, for he not only pretended title to the crown of Scotland, but also he was called thither by the young King's adversaries and also made himself party with them, as it appeared by such letters as [we] had showed him on Saturday last past. Whereunto [he] answered that he would jeopard his h[ead and] bind him by the censures of the church, [by] oath or by pledges that the said Duke s[hould do] nothing contrary to the surety and hon[or of the] said King of Scots, his brother or the Q[ueen], but only appease the variance within th[e realm] and cause them to sue for peace to the King's highness, which if he brought not about [within] three or four months to the uttermost he would [bring] him home again. And of all this, he said, [he had] ascertained his ambassadors there, and sent [them] his instructions to show the King." Nor would he even consent to delay Albany's departure, saying that if he were not there within 15 days he should do little good. "And undoubtedly, my Lord, yesterday betw[een .. and] 5 of the clock at afternoon, the said Duke of [Albany] departed towards Orleans, and from [thence] goeth to Toures and so down by wa[y of] Bretaigne. Moreover we showed the Ki[ng that] he had sent both money and artille[ry]; and he said he had sent none other thi[ng than he] was bounden to do by the promise of [the King] that dead is, but and he had not been bounden he said they should have had none of him. As touching Tournay he made no great contradiction in it. We moved him also to know the certainty when the Queen should depart, and he said that he was contented that she should depart at her liberty the Saturday next after Quasimodo geniti, and he himself woll depart the Monday next after that. Moreover, my Lord, on Sunday at afternoon the amity betwixt the French King and the Prince of Castile was published and sworn in Our Lady Church, and the marriage made; and yesterday was solemn procession and fires made at night through Paris for triumph of the same." Paris, 3 April. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my Lord Archbishop of York. Endd.: A letter from the ambassadors in France.
3 April.
Calig. D. VI. 220. B. M.
Is informed by some of his fellows at Calais that the King has at this Parliament resumed into his hands all patents and annuities granted since his coronation. They desire his intercession in their favor, considering that they are commanded to abide in Calais till the coming of the Queen's grace. Such suits as this have always been made by head officers there and allowed. He has not permitted them to repair in a body to the King and Wolsey in this case, for the town would have been left bare at the arrival of the Queen, but will send a deputation of one or two persons with a letter. "It should grieve me shrewdly that in mine absence I should lose mine office and my fellow [West] to win a bishopric, though he is much worthy of the same." Paris, 3 April 1515.
P.S. (in his own hand.) "I kannot wryt your lordschype the grett [ease] and confort that my Lord of Suffolk [hath] taken as well opone the syett of your [gracious] and frendlye lettre, as also of the cred[ence gran]ted fro yow by Sir Wyllame Sydnaye. [With] owt dowbt he covytethe (as he m[ay well do)] to have of yow as assured a gud lord h[as] ever hade man, wyche he reken[eth] the grettest tresore after hys m[aster and] mastresse in thys world ... he have most bound hym and all hys to be youres durynge there lyves. Thys daye whe have hadd a grett day with the Kynge for kepynge of the Dewke off Albanye; but by as far as we kanne perceyve there ys no remedye but that he schall kepe hys voyage, in so myche as he ys departed yesterdaye towards Orleance and fro thens to Saynt Malo with all dylygence, as mor at lengthe your lordschype schall know by our letters. I praye God that the sayd unhappie Dewke be not occasyon of to grett evell and inconvenyence." Signed.
Mutilated. Add.: [To the] most Reverend Father [and] my singular [good] lord, my Lord of York.
3 April.
R. O.
On Monday, 2 April, received a letter from Wolsey stating that the King had nominated him to the bishopric of Ely. Thanks the King and begs the royal letters for his bulls. Paris, 3 April. Signed.
P.1. Add.
3 April.
R. O.
299. WEST to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for his promotion. Without further help cannot purchase his bulls, as he has no money. Begs Wolsey's assistance. Sends John Archer to do what is necessary in this behalf. Drs. Taylor and Clyffton are his proctors. Encloses a letter of thanks to the King. Paris, 3 April.
Begs that he may have certain minutes sent him, as he is to tarry there after the Queen and my Lord for confirmation of the peace. Wishes to have the instrument of the submission made when he was last there and other documents. The King and the Queen go to Blese on Wednesday in Easter week [11 April]. Apprehends he shall have to follow them. Will require a commission for demanding and receiving the obligations for the money. Paris, 3 April.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.: My Lord Archbishop of York.
4 April.
S. B.
Commission to Thomas Archbishop of York, Thomas Duke of Norfolk, Richard Bishop of Winchester and John Yong, LL.D., to renew with Francis I. the treaty of peace of 7th Aug. made with Lewis XII. Westm., 4 April.
Fr. 6 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18.
5 April.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 476.
Treaty of peace between France and England, arranged by John de Selva and Peter de la Guiche, on behalf of Francis I., and Thomas Abp. of York, Thomas Duke of Norfolk, Richard Bp. of Winchester and John Yonge, on behalf of Henry VIII., during the life of the two princes.
Permission to be granted to the Venetians and Florentines for free resort into both countries: neither parties to maintain those disaffected to either: prisoners to be released—injuries redressed—mutual defence against invasion—England to lend France 5,000 archers—France to lend England 5,000 lances. Lists of confederates included. Arrangements for Scotland. Conservators of the peace on the part of France, sc., De Piennes for Picardy, the Duke of Alençon for Normandy, Lord Rieux for Britanny, Lautrec for Aquitaine, Bourbon for Languedoc, De la Tremoille for Burgundy, Dorval for Champagne: for England, the Chancellor, the Treasurer, the Privy Seal, &c. London, 5 April 1515. Signed by the French commissioners.
Fr. 6 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
Calig. D. VI. 261. B. M. 2. Copy of the same.
R. O. 3. Abstract of the same.
5 April.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 487.
Obligation by his ambassadors John de Selva and Peter de la Guiche to pay the arrears of one million g. c. due from Lewis XII. to Henry VIII. London, 5 April 1515. Signed and sealed.
R. O. 2. Draft of the above.
5 April.
R. O.
Wrote last on the 2nd. Yesterday came a post from France to the Prince, signifying the amity with France and the alliance of marriage; also the marriage of the Duke of Suffolk and the French Queen. A post is come from the Emperor of Sir Rob. Wingfield's arrival at Augsburg. Understands that Albany will go to Scotland with a small company to be mediator for the peace of the realm. The Bp. of Murray [Forman], now Abp. of St. Andrew's, will go with him, with a commission from the Pope. The nuncio apostolic in Scotland is in great authority there. Hears that Tournay is in great danger from the French, notwithstanding the new treaty. The steward of St. Omer, being kinsman to Chievres, will come off easily. Gant, 5 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. and endd.
6 April.
Calig. D. VI. 222. B. M.
On Wednesday the 4th inst. they had an interview with the Chancellor for the recovery of the costs of the Queen's traduction. The Chancellor thought so much money should not have been spent in seven or eight days; but the King, he said, was willing to make a composition without asking for the 'particulars. They replied that the hiring and manning of the ships had occupied a much longer time, and that it had been necessary to scour the seas both east and west beforehand that no enemy might impeach her passage. As to composition, they said "it, was in[cluded] by an article in the treaty, and other power we [had none?]"; but, if the King had determined on the sum he was willing to give, they would either accept it or refer it to the King their master. To which he replied that the King had not determined upon a sum, but next day he would give them answer. He then of himself began speaking of Albany's departure, who, as they wrote on the 3rd, left on Monday afternoon. "He said he knew well we were willing to the peace; and though we [had] none authority to commune therein, yet he would g[ladly] devise with us for some mean way touching the [departure] of the said Duke;" and as they had asked the King the day before to stay his departure three months, he asked "what surety his master should have that the King should ... nor do anything against them that favor his master there, for he might not forsake his old friends nor suffer them to be oppressed." They replied "that, the treaty of peace once concluded, he should have the King's sign and his seal, and also his oath, which his grace would not break for to win both France and Scotland. For the Scots, keeping certain conditions, should have liberty, as we supposed, by the treaty to declare themselves comprehended within three months, within which time the King ne might ne would do anything against them."
Here the Chancellor made a counter proposal that for three months the French King should stop the Duke of Albany, Henry, in the meantime, giving no countenance to the Queen of Scots against the other party, and my Lord of Suffolk remaining in France during the same period. They replied that they had no authority to make such an agreement and would not do it if they had; but if the French King sent the Duke to aid the one party, undoubtedly Henry "would send another as big as he" to aid the Queen his sister, whom it was natural that he should not allow to be oppressed. The Chancellor then told them the King his master was informed of ships being prepared by Henry, which "they thought [could not be intended against] France, and therefore they supposed it could but "be to invade the Scots"; to which the ambassadors replied that they knew of no such preparation, but that if there were any it must be to intercept the Duke of Albany.
Here they changed the subject and spoke about Tournay, which the Chancellor said was not profitable to Henry and expressed his surprise that the King was not willing to give it up honorably. They replied that Wolsey and Suffolk would arrange that matter at the interview between the Kings; on which he remarked that like promise was made by Wolsey at the last treaty. They answered, they supposed it should have been performed if the King (Lewis XII.) had lived.
On their speaking of the ambassador of Spain's safeconduct the Chancellor laughed, "and said that the [King?] had made him rich and charged him with gold. When he passed this way towards the King's grace [he] had but six horses; and now to return with twenty hor[ses and] six mules charged, it seemed a great alteration. H[owbeit], he said, it should be sped; but for ought that we [know], they wol grant the said safeconduct but for two mo[nths], to begin at his first entry into France. For th[e King,] having now war with his master, wol [have] no such spies by color of so long a safeconduct [harbored] within his realm.
"Item, we spake to him for the King's subjects S ... Orleans, which were troubled there, and for ... er troubled at Rouen and Bordeaux, and in thies [mat]iers he gave us a good and reasonable answer, promising fair, wherefore we trust good effect shall follow. And thus Jesus preserve your good lordship." Paris, 5 April.
P.S.—After the letter was dated the Chancellor sent for them to his lodging by the Dean and Deputy, and told them he had spoken with the King on the expences of the traduction, who had commanded him to make an end with them in that matter. He therefore, by the advice of the Council, offered 30,000 francs, which he afterwards increased to 20,000 crowns of the sun, equal to 39,000 francs or 6,500 marks sterling. On this they said they would take counsel with my Lord of Suffolk.
Meanwhile the Queen and my Lord of Suffolk, "being at the Mathelyns (Madeleine?), adjoining fast to h ... lodging, to hear divine service, the French King came in to take pardon, and spake not past two or three words with [the] Queen, but came over to my Lord and showed him [as far] as he could understand, as my Lord showed [unto us] that he had stopped the said Duke of Albany's going [into] Scotland, and that he would send another ambassador that should come through England and sh[ow the King and his] Council his instructions and all his changes ... else desire of the King, but that if the Scots ... within three months the King should not admit ... to his amity without he received the other also ... at his mediation and instance, so that it might [assure] his friends there that he forsook them not. And [moreover] he said that he had sent this day by post to his [am- bassador] in England all this his mind, by whose overture [you will] soon perceive whether my Lord unde[rstood] the King well or not."
On consulting together about the offer of 20,000 crowns, considering that they could obtain no more "and in [what] necessity the Queen was, not having one penny to pay her charges," while the merch[ants] and other victuallers and her servants were clamorous for their debts and wages, they thought it best to agree and pray Wolsey so to advise the King. Paris, [6th] April, in the morning.
P.S.—This day, about 7 o'clock in the morning, they have received by Richmond the King's letters dated at Richmond the 2nd [inst.], the contents whereof they have in part answered by their letters dated here the 3rd inst. and by these presents. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add.: To my Lord Archbishop of York. Endd.: Letters from the King's ambassadors in France dated vjto Aprilis.
6 April.
R. O.
305. WEST to WOLSEY.
Will know the news by their common letters. Had sent his servant with letters to him and the King. Begs Wolsey to help him in the attainment of what the King has granted him. Paris, 6 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. and endd.
6 April.
R. O.
Begs his help in attaining his promotion. Sends his servant John Archer, and has desired Master Clyfton to wait upon him. Paris, 6 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Decanus de Wyndesor. vjto Aprilis.
7 April.
Giust. Desp. I. 59.
Arrived at Boulogne on the 4th; was prevented crossing on account of the state of the weather. Heard from the governor, M. de la Feuillade, that peace had been concluded between England and France, and was sworn at Richmond, Monday after Easter. He showed the letters of Pierre de la Guiche, the French ambassador. Boulogne, 17 April 1515.
8 April.
Vit. B. XVIII. 142. B. M.
"Pleaseth your grace ... month I wrote my last letter [unto the same]; and where in the same I advertised your [grace ... that the] Emperor's niece accompanied with the Cardinal [of Gource] ... from Vienna to pass into Hungary he that in[formed me was not] best instruct, for of truth the said lady remain[eth ...] and the said Cardinal is in Hungary accompanied ..." The King of Poland is coming here with a great company to treat of matters in variance between him and "the Great Russ of Russia," "who has [ambassa]dors there." This day the Emperor heard mass at the great church: the Spanish ambassador, the Pope's ambassador [and the other] ambassadors were in the choir. In the evening the Emperor sent for Wingfield and asked him if he had heard from Henry since his last audience; to which Wingfield replied in the negative: whereupon Maximilian replied that since he last spake with Wingfield he had received news displeasing to him, and said, "I am advertised that my nephew's e[mbassadors] now being in France have concluded a marriage to b[e between] my said nephew and the Lady Renate (Renée), sister to the French [King ...]; and because that I am advertised for certain of the rum[or in] Frànce and in many other places, by the malice of the Fr[ench, the] said conclusion hath been communed and treated by ... and consent to put such as ought to be my friends ... the Pope, the King of Arragon and the Swiss and I [also hear that] they have not failed to fain in likewise to my br[other of England]: wherefore I pray you that by the next post ye do [advertise him] that he may be sure their sayings to be untre[w ...] and doubt not but in short time it shall be ...
"And likewise I am advertised that the King of [Denmark] ... done or written something ... consent ... I think verily mine enemies will ... use their old custom: howbeit whatsoever [mine enemies may] say, my brother, your master, may be sure that I neither [have nor] will procure anything with the said King of Denmark or [any o]ther that may be to his harm or displeasure, for I have the [surest] trust in him. And also, where out of France I hear many [th]ings which I take no great heed to because I know them [so] well; as touching the Queen, his sister, I doubt not but it [i]s well known I was never of other desire or opinion but the marriage betwixt my nephew and her should have taken effect, notwithstanding that I desired a delay to be made in the same for such certain reasonable respects as appeared to me right necessary at that time; and yet again, as the case standeth, to the entent of the King my brother may understand that I desire right intentively that coligation of kin and affinity might be made more straight and perfect betwixt the houses of England and Oostryk than it is, that my said brother, your master (if the said Queen his sister be not yet destinate and determined to some other) will be content that my nephew Duke William of Bavier (which at this day is the mightiest prince of the empire) "may make suit and have his favor, and that it will like my said brother to let me know his pleasure in this my desire by you or otherwise, as he shall think best." Wingfield replied that he would do as he wished. After a few words more from Maximilian of not much importance, the audience ended, and Wingfield wrote the above premises, as nearly as he could, word for word. Augsburg in Swave, 8 April 1515.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
8 April.
P. S.
309. For CHRIST. ROCHESTRE, groom of the Chamber.
To have the corrody in the monastery of Glassonbery when vacant, in the same manner as William Lynche. Lambeth, 3 March 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 April 6 Hen. VIII. (fn. 1)
9 April.
S. B.
Collation to the next vacant prebend in St. Stephen's, Westminster. Del. Westm., 9 April 6 Hen. VIII.
10 April.
Er. Ep. VIII. 38.
When at Dover had shown his Mæcenas (Mountjoy?) the poems of Ammonius. (fn. 2) He was not entirely satisfied with the preface, as he hates anything like compliment, and told Erasmus that if he edited them he should omit the preface. Points out an objectionable passage. If Ammonius alter the preface Erasmus wishes he would say something of his eclogue (fn. 3) dedicated to his patron. Will wait his letters which Ammonius is to send to Jodocus Badius. Compliments to More. Congratulations to Linacre, of whom he heard something at the Archbishop's not without pleasure. More is to send to Colet the books Erasmus left in his chamber. Dover, 4 id. April 1515.
11 April.
R. O.
Could not have fallen ill at a more inopportune time, when it was important for him to visit Wolsey. Has received letters from the Bp. of Worcester with news of the recall of the Bp. of Murray (Moroviensis), which the Pope did not wish to be intimated to the Bishop until the King had been informed by briefs directed to Wolsey and Fox that the Bishop had been acting against him. Has intelligence in cipher to be communicated to Wolsey apart, and other for himself and Fox. Will reserve writing till tomorrow. One special information is that the Pope has a particular regard for Wolsey and is considering how he can increase his honor with the safety of his oath. Hopes he will be able to do it sooner than Wolsey thinks.
Has seen certain letters from Polydore Vergil, dated London, 10 Feb., abusing Wolsey, and doubts not that Cardinal Hadrian is as abusive of himself. If he catch him he will make him suffer: wishes the letters of Polydore and Hadrian to be intercepted. Desires Wolsey to be well informed of news at Rome, as Ammonius will write more fully tomorrow. Begs that Wolsey will use his good offices with the King in securing his appointment as collector. All know that he is indebted for it to Wolsey's favor. Hears that an arrangement has been made for the Pope to write to the King to retain Hadrian in the office of collector, Ammonius to have the profits and title of subcollector. This would be derogatory. Begs he will prevail upon the King to tell Polydore that as Cardinal Hadrian will not be damnified, the King wishes Ammonius to hold the office in his own name. Thinks he can prove that Hadrian and Polydore have granted numberless forged dispensations. Sends a list. Westminster, 11 April.
Hol., Lat., pp. 3. Add.: Rmo. &c. domino meo D. Archiepiscopo Eboracensi. Endd.: Litteræ domini Andreæ Ammonii, regii secretarii.
12 April.
Vit. B. XVIII. 143. B. M.
Salutem plurimam dicit.
... indignari pene ... regum delectu, qui nunc Pisonii non procul a ... semper jejunas ad te literas darem; sed re vera ... ut præter hominum variorum mores cultusque nihil fere a ... Hungarorum natio satis prius tibi cognita, vidisti enim Constan ... incederent, verum nunquam in memoria hominum cultiores fuisse ... sunt, quod Cæsarem adfore existimaverunt Regem Polonorum dive ... los et ritu et habitu adduxisse secum, habet enim potentissimum re ... tus fuit suis. Ex captivis etiam complures Moschos, Tartaros, im[o] ... utriusque regis apparatus auro, argento gemmisque fulgeret, quemad[modum illor]um mos est. Nostros tamen Austriacos, qui Cardinalem secuti dunt s[i vid]isses, profecto non pares modo illis sed superiores aliquanto arbitra[res ... ] De reverendissimi nostri humanitate prudentia, gravitate, qui ita se gess[it ut ocu]los in se unum verteret. Illum admirantur, et merito quidem; non cr ... ex hoc majestas Cæsarea aucta sit, quem ut numen venerari c ... quanto desiderio expetitur ille; et nisi venerit nescio quid ... tunc emergi possit; eo autem præsente omnia plane pro arbitrio s[uo ... ] si erit, ut spero, actum prorsus de Venetis, omnibus reliquis ... si volet poterit ex Europa ejicere, Terram Sanctam recuper[are] ... bene pacatum religioni nostræ subjicere, et sic rerum victorem fa ... omnes anteire, cœlosque tandem petere deceret. Sed hæc tu meli[us ... car] dinalem a latere effectum pontificis legatum, habereque facultates p ... in quibus specialiter Cæsareæ majestatis familiares con ... me ut Cæsar me illi commendet, poteris tam non ... ignotus Cardinali, sed nisi singulari quadam gratia fiat ... orum obstacula, noli quæso reverti in patriam me in tanta misera ... tenta prius, ut paulo saltem clementius mecum decernatur, spopond ... erum promitto, quicquid boni et tu et Cæsar in me contuleritis ben ... Vale, vir nobilissime, patrone observandissime. Viennæ, 12 Aprilis 1515.
Addressed: Generoso ac magnifico Domino Roberto Vuingfeldo, Serenissimi Domini Regis Angliæ, Franciæ, &c., apud Cæsaream majestatem oratori, &c.
12 April.
Giust. Desp. I. 60.
Left Boulogne on the 10th; reached Dover after having been mercilessly buffeted at sea 24 hours. Visited the French ambassadors; heard that the peace between the two kingdoms was proclaimed on Tuesday the 10th, and that Venice had been included in the arrangement. Spain is not mentioned by either. The difference with Scotland has been adjusted on these terms: that if the Scotch invade England with a force exceeding 300 horse, by consent of their governor, the aggressors shall be excluded from the peace. Tournay is left to England. Canterbury, 12 April 1515.
12 April.
S. B.
315. For TH. ABP. OF YORK, JOHN ABBOT OF WESTMINSTER, SIR WM. COMPTON and JOHN CHAMBRE, clk., Dean of St. Stephen's, Westminster.
Presentation to the next vacant prebend in St. Stephen's. Del. Knoll, 12 April 6 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 6 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 30.
12 April. 316. For TH. OTELY, chaplain.
Presentation to the chantry of Overeytyngton, Worc. dioc., void by death. Knoll, 12 April.
Pat. 6 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 30.
14 April.
Vit. B. XVIII. 144. B. M.
"Pleaseth your grace to un[derstand that on the .. of this] month I wrote my last letters to [the same; and] sythe I have not been partner of any matter ... As yesterday the Emperor departed from this city ... as with his nephew the Duke William of Bavier and ... son to the Duke Henry of Brunswick that w ... in Fryse before Grwnynge, and the Emperor had the ... riding before him with his company of falconers. [And the] number of hawks of all sorts were 25 caste an[d ... ] I had good commodity to tell them, for they passed before [me ... ]: howbeit whether he intendeth to pass the time abou[t ... ] for a season and return, or otherwise, is not yet k[nown]." No reliable news from France and the Low Countries. "Where in my last letters I advertised your grace of the be[ing here of the kings] of Hungary and of Poole, and also of the Cardinal of Go[urce ... ] for such cause as I signified in my said letters, so it w[as that the] said kings for right urgent causes (as it is said) ... sklesia named the Duke Barthlomey of Moustirbo[n ... ] to the Emperor, and came to him in his journeying t ... and this city, and also had his dispatch or the Emperor ... which Duke returned with great diligence and the ... quick passage by water, that is to say, from Insbro[ke by a river] named Ene (Inn) which runneth to the city of Pasha (Passau) ... there falleth into the Dwno, otherwise called [the Danube]; and from thence he passed to the city of Vienn[a, situated upon the] said river of Dwno, and from thence to ... [from which place] he departed by night passing ... was day the ... (Some lines here lost) ... [exce]pt some mariners were perished and ... the said news from thence his body was not [found] (fn. 4) ... so though his charge was of great importance yet [the matter] must now rest till new despatch may be made."
It is said that Julyan the Magnifique, the Pope's brother, entered Rome the last day of last month, and was much feted. No more news worth writing. Augsburg, 14 April 1515. Signed.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add. and endd.
14 April.
R. T. 137.
Order of Francis I. for the payment to her of 20,000 gold crowns, her travelling expences to Abbeville at the time of her marriage; to be paid in two years, 10,000 crowns a year. Paris, 14 April, "après Pasques," 1515.
14 April.
R. T. 137.
Receipt of 200,000 gold crowns, including 20,000 paid for her travelling expences, returned as the moiety of her dowry which had been already paid. Abbey of Clugny, Paris, 14 April 1515. Attested by John Boyvin and John Lermite, notaries.
14 April.
R. T. 137.
Authorizes his wife, Mary Queen Dowager of France, to receive and give receipt for the jewels, &c., which formed part of her dowry. 14 April 1515, après Pasques.
14 April.
[Calig. E. I. II.?] IV. 54. B. M.
Had answered, by Thos. Inge, his letters dated from Calais, the _ Jan., received by Tarabin. Had by the King's order gone with him to Lyons, as per letter enclosed. Had gone to Fontaine to consult the Admiral, and to Moullins to Madame de Bourbon. Had obliging letters from both. The latter asked him much of Queen Mary and of the Deputy. Visited the King, who ordered him to attend the Chancellor and the Grand Master, who accused him of sending French news to England. Told them no one had more desire for the good of the two kingdoms than he, and that he stayed in France to recover a debt of 7,000 livres. Was delayed two months, in consequence of the Grand Master having the gout. Was well treated by Madame de Bourbon and the Admiral, which is the best proof of his innocence.
Had not been able to send any news, because Mons. de la Fayette at Boulogne is very inquisitive. Has deferred sending Tarabin, who knows the country. He may be trusted. Begs his expences may be paid, and will spare no money to procure news; the sum promised him may be paid to George Hardisson at London. Refers him to the Duke of Suffolk his cousin, who had promised him payment when last in France. Encloses a cipher. Has written to the Treasurer and has sent him a camp bed as handsome as he has sent to Wingfield. Has been paid for it through Thwaites. He is to let him know if he is to send anything to his nephew. A servant of Mons. Dufresne comes with the bearer, sent by his master to Queen Mary and the Duke of Suffolk. He will testify that the expences incurred by Du Fresne were no greater than necessary to take possession of the dowry of the late Queen Anne. He is in great credit with the court, and has done more with the Swiss than the Duke of Savoy, the Bastard of Savoy and all the others. Passed by Marcouissez; found the Admiral as young as he was ten years ago. The son of the late Grand Master of Chaumont is a handsome young man; is to be married into a noble house, and will be one of the third personages of the King. Written at [...], 14 April. Signed.
Fr., pp. 6, mutilated. Add. and endd.
14 April.
R. O.
His cousin Sir Thos. Culwen, to whom a privy seal was issued at the suit of Geo. Lamplieughe in Hilary Term last, was then excused by affidavit before Wolsey and the Council on the group a of age and impotence, as Magnus's letter to the Dean of the chapel at that time shows. The excuse was not made in time; and Lamplieughe has obtained another privy seal for his appearance in Easter. The matter concerns a farm hold my Lord of Wiltshire in this country called the half domain of Harrington. Begs Wolsey to obtain his discharge, as he can neither go nor ride. Carlisle, 14 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My Lord [Archbi]shop's Grace of York. Endd.
14 April.
R. O.
Account of Peter Wildanck in March and April 6 Hen. VIII. for wages, journeys, convoy, &c. in Antwerp and elsewhere.
*He was employed by the Archduchess and Thomas Spinelly.
Pp. 10.
14 April.
S. B
Lease for 41 years of two corn mills in Denbeigh, Wales, at an annual rent of 6l. 16s. 8d. on expiration of the lease by which the premises are held by Joan Salysbury, widow and executrix of Sir Thomas Salusbury, to whom they were leased for 31 years from 4 March 1 Hen. VII. Del. Knoll, 14 April 6 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 6 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 30.


  • 1. Inserted by mistake in Vol I., No. 4949.
  • 2. Probably, therefore, the letter in Vol. I., No. 1017, erroneously dated 1511, belongs to 1515.
  • 3. In the British Museum.
  • 4. See Bartholini Hodoep, Gurcensis Episcopi, in Freher, S.G. II. 625.