Henry VIII: October 1545, 11-15

Pages 266-276

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2, August-December 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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October 1545, 11-15

11 Oct. 568. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 256.
Meeting at Windsor, 11 Oct. Present: Norfolk, Essex, Privy Seal, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Ryche. Business:—Warrant to Williams to deliver to Mr. Brooke 200l. for the works at Dover, and to Pudsey, for the entertainment of certain of the King's cart horses, 37l. 18s. 10d. Warrant to Mr. Winter to pay Mr. Wyndam 16 days' wages for 95 men. Warrant to Tuke to pay Mr. Mann, who was appointed to oversee certain fortifications in the North, for diets of Anthonio de Bargamo and two servants from 1 May to 2 Oct. at 5s. and for himself and his two men and three horses from 1 May to 14 June and from 25 Sept. to 2 Oct. at 10s. a day, ––––– (blank).
*** Next entry is 14 Oct.
569. [Maurice Bourchier] to Anthony [Bourchier].
R. O. "Anthony, I heartily desire you, if I speak not with you before you ride to London, to be good to me." I have few friends but you. I find, as you wrote to me from London, that "poverty hath very few friends" and without you I should be in despair. I have left with your mother certain plate, which I desire you to carry to London and sell; and, of the money, when you come to Salybury, to pay Mr. Webb 8l. for a fardell of canvas that Thomas Bochar had of him. It should have been paid at Bartholomew tide last. And, if "there sobyr any money," to pay John Coryat for a butt of Malmesey he sent me. "I put yow to great charge but therys yn me no remedy. I pray yow give some credens unto yowr mothyr, and to consydyr that we be ordeynyd yn thys worlde by God oone to helpe an nothyr. God help us all, who all ways be yor guyd, Amen."
In Maurice Bourchier 's hand, p. 1. Not signed or addressed.
11 Oct. 570. Maurice Bourchier to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. "Right entirely beloved," the 2nd day after your departure from Barkeley there came a letter directed unto you from the Queen, and the "tender heart of the father" could not be contented till I knew whether it required speed; and so I was bold to open it, and you shall receive it enclosed. "I prey you remembyr, at Sarum, Mr. Webbe and my cosyn John Coryat." Barkeley 11 Oct. 1545. "With the olde hand of yor fathyr Moryce Bocher."
Hol. p. 1. Add.: To the Quenys Grace her audytor Mr. Antony Bocher delyver thys with speed.
571. [Maurice Bourchier] to [Anthony Bourchier].
R. O. "Ser, I prey to speke to Maser Barnest for the Kenges letteres patten of Sor Kerstover Hortones weche I to you, for het es a loudd in the Corte of Aggmentasyons. I schall mot reseve the mone tell I have the letteres paten. I and my wyffe, I thake God, are thes day well, but ester day and all n[y]tge we were vere seke as evere we coulde be wt lyfe. I hope the worste be paste."
P. 1. Not signed or addressed.
11 Oct. 572. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., v. 545.
By last letters to the Council, wrote that they had sent for Lord Wharton to devise for making some exploit in the West Marches and for obtaining Lord Maxwell's house of Carlaverok. Have now conferred with Wharton, who says that the West Marches of Scotland are such wild and waste ground that nothing is to be done nearer than Drunefreys, 20 miles within Scotland, unless it be to cast down the church and steeple of Annande (which is a thing of little importance), and the passages to Drunfreys are so strait that he thinks it too dangerous for a warden's raid. Devised with Wharton and Maxwell as to Carlaverok, wherein Maxwell shows himself outwardly very earnest, saying that, if he may go to Carlisle and send for the priest who keeps the house, it will doubtless be obtained. Hertford pointed out that the priest might as well come hither, and that if Maxwell went to Carlisle and then failed he would incur the more suspicion; but he said that he was content to be suspected, being sure that the matter would take effect within six days of his coming to Carlisle. As he is as safe in Carlisle as in London the writers thought it not amiss to prove him, and have despatched him with Wharton. Robert Maxwell, who had appointed the priest to keep the house, was called to this matter and showed himself also desirous to serve the King, and has written to the priest to enter at Carlisle for discharge of his bond (because he is a prisoner and Robert Maxwell bound for his entry) and has also written another letter to be delivered by his father to the priest in proof that he (Robert Maxwell) consents to the delivery of Carlaverok. It is devised that a convenient number from Carlisle go with the priest in the night time to receive the house. Robert Maxwell goes hence to the Court with Mr. Knyvet and Mr. Hobbye.
Have despatched the Italians and Alboyonoys towards London, fully paid up to the 29th inst.; and Morgante and Muscovite, who made great suit, saying that they were in debt, had prests towards their next month's wages, to begin 29 Oct., of 100 cr. and 200 cr. respectively. Will send the declaration when the charges of the army and this month's wages of the garrisons are paid; if our money will go so far, as we believe it will not. Newcastell, 11 Oct. 1545. Signed.
P.S.—Hertford and Tunstall yesterday received writs to repair to the Parliament, and with them like writs for lords Evre and Wharton. Considering the state of the Borders, Paget might well procure licence for the said wardens to be absent. Send intelligence received yesternight by the Warden of the Middle Marches (who is here) from the laird of Ferniherst and John Carr his son, agreeing with what Hertford "received by mouth this morning from the lard of Langton."
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
12 Oct. 573. The King's Payments.
R. O. Commission to the Privy Council (named) or any six of them to make out warrants for payments under the King's stamp in their custody. Westm., 12 Oct. 37 Hen. VIII.
Copy, large parchment, p. 1. Signed as examined by T. Powle. See Grants in October, No. 20.
12 Oct. 574. London.
The city security for a Crown debt. See Grants in October, No. 19.
12 Oct. 575. Convocation of Canterbury.
iii., 871.
Convocation of the province of Canterbury, prorogued to 16 Oct. was by writ of 22 Sept., prorogued again to 24 Nov. at Eton college, which writ was followed by another dated 12 Oct. appointing "S. P. L." (St. Paul's, London) as the place. The writs were immediately published by mandate to the bp. of London.
Lat. From Cranmer 's register.
576. Thomas Mompesson to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. On 4 Oct. received his letter dated 8 Sept. 1545, and accordingly warned accountants to attend him. Where you write that you will be at Ric. Markes; by command of Mr. Chan[cello]r I prepared for you at the George at Sarum, one of [his] servants, for so, he says, you promised him in London.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: auditor to the Queen's Highness.
12 Oct. 577. Thomas Mompesson to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. Received his letter of 8 Aug., for the Queen's audit to be kept at Ric. Markes at Sarum, as late as 4 Oct., the audit to begin on the 11th. Thereupon gave warning to the accountants; but the place was changed, by command of Mr. Chancellor, to the Gorge, where inhabits one of Mr. Chancellor's servants whom he would help. Desires to know with speed what day and hour to appoint the accountants to be there, "for I feyr theyr repayr to gether eftesonez wylbe dangerous." From the Gorge at Sarum, 12 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: auditor to the Queen, in Colman Street in London.
12 Oct. 578. Carne to Paget.
R. O. It is reported that Mons. Hanybaut, admiral of France, and the Cardinal of Turnon come shortly to the Emperor from the French king. Some say that it is for a new marriage; but Carne thinks it is because the Emperor would press the French king to perform his last agreement, "the conveyor whereof, the Admiral, was chief for the French king, as they say here." The Emperor removes on the 15th to Malignes, and thence to Gande, Bruges, Andwarp and Utright, where he will keep the feast of the Toison d'Or on St. Andrew's Day; and then goes straight to Almayn, and thence to Italy and Spain. Some think that he "will again to Argire." After his arrival in Spain the Prince of Spain shall come to this country and tarry here for a time. The Emperor's Council lately had before them the officers that provide munition, and warned them to prepare necessaries. Bruxelles, 12 Oct. 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
13 Oct. 579. John [Cheke] to Dr. William [Butts].
Harl. MS.
417, f. 177.
B. M.
A letter of consolation in illness. Harfordiæ, 13 Oct.
Lat., Hol., p. 1. Much mutilated. Add.: "[Ornat]issimo viro, D. Gulielmo [Butts], Regio Medico ac patrono [s]uo singulari."
13 Oct. 580. Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. A saddler's bill for saddles, stirrups, bits, &c., delivered 17 May and 13 Oct. 37 Hen. VIII. Total, 48s. 4d.
P. 1. Headed: To Master Bocheyr.
13 Oct. 581. Richard Markes to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. In Sarum, 13 Oct. 1545.—Yesterday I sent you a letter that Thomas Mompesson did warn all the accountants of Wiltshire of the Queen's baileys to appear before him the 12th, 13th and 14th inst.; "and, like a foolish gentleman, now he is here and maketh his receipt, and says that your letter sent unto him beareth the date of these days before expressed, and says that there is all the fault in you, and blames ye greatly, as ye shall know further at your coming," which is to be the 19th inst. as appears by your letter.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: auditor to the Queen, in Colleman Strete in London.
13 Oct. 582. Sir Thomas Palmer to the Lord Deputy of Calais.
Harl. MS.
283. f. 199.
B. M.
I perceive by the letters of my servant John Lord how much your lordship devises for his preferment, and albeit I promised my good will to Mr. Wallop (to whom pray help to make my excuse) long since for him, "considering the poor man's preferment by your lordship's good means, I am very well contented," so as he first see my account (fn. n1) made perfect and engrossed, "and to help his fellow Warner in the giving up of the same accordingly." Thanks for two partridges. At th'Old Man, 13 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To, &c., my lord Deputy of Callais.
13 Oct. 583. Bocholtz to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has been with his men of arms long ready to serve; and if others had been so likewise and had not used strange practises, the King would have been served long ago and at less expense, as bearer and some of the King's Commissaries and others will certify. Trusts that the King will not permit, still less ask, his ruin because of his loyal service. Written 13 Oct. 1545. Signed: Goiddrt van Bocholtz, herr zum Pechss &c. (?).
French, p. 1. Add. Sealed.
R. O. 2. Petition of Godefroy de Bocholts &c. (?) to the King to command his Commissaries to pay the remainder of petitioner's men of arms as well as those which they have accepted. The preamble states that at great expense he retained, all this summer, men who would otherwise have gone to the service of other princes, paying them partly with the money he received in England and partly with his own, and twice broke up assemblies which were made to go into France; but finally, receiving no letters from the King, he was forced, at St. John's Day last, to dismiss them. Afterwards, upon letters from Secretary Paiget, he anew assembled 1,200 horse, of which he retained 800 and gave the rest to Ryffenberch, and three ensigns of foot, for whom he asks only what the King pleases. The Commissaries compelled him to strike out 60 horse before they would pass the rest, who when passed were about 700 well equipped, with lances. Of these the Commissaries have paid only 550, saying that they have commission for only 500.
French, pp. 2. Endd.: Captain Buckholt to the K's M., xiijo Octob. 1545.
14 Oct. 584. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 256.
Meeting at Windsor, 14 Oct. Present: Norfolk, Essex, Privy Seal, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Ryche. Business:—Letter to Deputy of Calais, signifying that a certain "Savoysion" and one McGhil, Scottishman, are sent over to be entertained as horsemen.
14 Oct. 585. The Privy Council to Fane and Others.
Add. MS.
5,753, f. 153.
B. M.
The King has seen their letters and those from Riffenberge, and heard the credence of the bearer Lucas, which was Riffenberge's demand touching the 4th month and the allowance of a page for every twelve horses, besides the baggagers. Paget is commanded to write to Riffenberge as in the copy herewith. Meaning to entertain the men only for two months, and pay them the third for their conduct home, the King wishes the Commissioners to declare his pleasure as they have begun. Albeit the men are sworn for three months, the King is not bound to any term and might despatch the footmen in 10 days; and he might use the horsemen one month and despatch them with the wages of two months and the third for their conduct home. Here are "copies of bargains of the Emperor, the French king, and divers others with them, all agreeing as before is written." Albeit they say that no great exploit can be done unless they may continue three months, his Majesty wishes at two months' end to rid them away. Touching pages, etc., let them frankly have what they can demand upon their covenants; and, at Acon, above the sum needful for their wages and conduct, will be found 9,000 cr. or 10,000 cr. to satisfy all claims, so that they may not linger in the Emperor's countries, to whom the King has declared his proceedings.
Continued in Mason 's hand.—Whereas all other princes covenant for only fortnight's wages for footmen's conduct home, the King allows one whole month's wages, which Riffenberg ought to consider. Wyndesor, 14 Oct. 1545. Signed by Norfolk, Gardiner, Paget, Wingfield, Petre and Ryche.
P.S.—The King would wish that at the entering of this band into the enemy's country you, Mr. Fane, should be chieftain; but, desiring to be rid of them with as few quarrels as might be, he leaves you to consider whether that may be done without too great offending of their present leaders.
Remember at the breaking up of the army to send the King's ordnance home.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: Rec. by Lucas, 22 Oct. 1545, at Florines. Numbered outside: "5th."
14 Oct. 586. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 152.
Since D'Eick's departure the Emperor's letters of the 6th arrived here on the 12th, being delayed at Calais by the storm. Received them in London, while inspecting a house given him by the King and formerly occupied by the French ambassadors; and immediately came hither and informed the King that, on the penultimate despatch of D'Eick, the ambassador in France reported the King of France's consent to suspend hostilities for six weeks and send plenipotentiaries. The King replied that his Ambassador with the Emperor would deal with these points and the mission of D'Eick; the truce for only 6 weeks would be to his disadvantage when he had so many Germans engaged for three months. Replied that some of the French ministers thought it to their disadvantage, as they were prepared now by land and sea. The King replied that he knew otherwise; for they were suffering from plague and want of victuals and money, and their great ships had retired to Brest; he would tell, as a secret for the Emperor alone, that in a few days he hoped to capture their fort in the Boulognais; he would listen to a truce for six months and if before that time the thing known to the Emperor (fn. n2) could not take place he did not want a truce at all; as to the peace conference, if the power now sent to his ambassador was insufficient be would grant another.
As politeness demanded the sending of a fit personage to meet the Admiral of France, the writer afterwards mentioned this to Winchester and Paget, who spoke to the King again, and brought his reply that Winchester should be sent. Learns secretly that the Protestant ambassadors, who left here two days ago, only obtained promise that a deputy should be sent to them,—the object being to keep the matter in suspense until it is seen how it fares with the Emperor. Windsor, 14 Oct. 1545.
14 Oct. 587. Fane and Others to Thirlby.
R. O. No doubt the Emperor thinks that they abide long upon his lands; but their guides, bribed by some towns and villages, have led them far out of the way, as the Emperor's commissaries with them have seen. Now, before they "enter" they must provide victuals to follow them for two or three days, and can find no wagons for its conveyance. We would, therefore, desire your Lordship "to attempt the Emperor or the President to give us some commissary that may furnish us of xxx or xl wagons to carry such victual as we have provided," and we will reward him well and satisfy the wagons. The answer may be sent to this town; and the sooner the Emperor helps us, the sooner will his countries be quit of us. Beg him also to get Mons. de Bueren or Mons. Barbanson to lend them a trumpeter or twain, "pour la pareille (l 'appareil), among gentlemen," as their sudden departure from England gave them no time to provide themselves. Pray God that they may do some good exploit. Florie, 14 Oct. 1545. Signed: R. Fane: Fraunceys Halle: T. Chamb'lain: Tho. Averey.
In Chamberlain 's hand, pp. 3. Add.: ambassador with the Emperor, at Bruxelles. Endd.: The Commissaries for the musters of th'Almayns to the bishop of Westm.
15 Oct. 588. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 256.
Meeting at Windsor, 15 Oct. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Cheyney, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letter of appearance to Ph. Chewte, and three others to answer for a robbery by Wm. Woller, captain of a ship of theirs. Letter to Lord Wharton and Mr. Whitereason to permit the widow of one Thomson to enjoy the lease of a place called Abbottes Hall.
15 Oct. 589. Henry VIII. to Charles V.
viii., No. 154.
Being informed by the Imperial ambassador that the king of France send his Admiral to the Emperor to treat for peace or truce with England, and the Emperor thinks that Henry should likewise send envoys, has entrusted the mission to the bishop of Winchester. Windsor, 15 Oct. 1545.
15 Oct. 590. Henry VIII. to Mary of Hungary.
Ib., No. 155. To like effect. Windsor, 15 Oct. 1545.
15 Oct. 591. John Johnson to his Wife.
R. O. 1545, 15 Oct., at London.—Letter mentioning names of Donckerley, Ric. Preston, Mr. Harison and "my brother Otwell."
Hol. p. 1, much mutilated. Add.: at Glapthorne.
15 Oct. 592. Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. A tailor's bill of 15 items, amounting in all to 27s. 11d., addressed to Mr. Buccher and marked as paid at Stokwell, 15 Oct. 1545.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Furrier's bill addressed to Mr. Buccher for furring a "casak" of damask with three sable skins, viz. 22s.
Small slip, p. 1.
R. O. 3. Bill of money paid for horsemeat at Thornebury, Tetbury, Putney and Abraham, shoes for Nicholl, spurs "for yourself," a showle for the stable, wine, boat hire, &c. Total 13s. 4d., marked "sol. 15 Octobr. 1545. Burman."
P. 1.
R. O. 4. Bill of money paid for a dagger 5s. 4d., a pair of gloves 12d., a spear 10d., a brush 5d. and "dressing of your skeine" 4d. Marked in another hand: "15 Octob. 1545, sol. Burman."
Small slip, p. 1.
15 Oct. 593. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O. His letters to the King show "that they here be not yet acostomed to be ledde in a lighen. They fligh theyr touche and will not comme to the baight to declare them sylfe," as they must needs do when they come to talk of the treaty. Their words are friendly, but for their deeds he can only presume ea anteacta vita; and yet Grandevele, when visited according to the writer's first instructions, said that the Emperor was the King's assured friend and "that that was done was done for extreme necessity," and (being answered that factum infectum fieri non potest, but the points which remained to be observed must be kept or else the treaty is no treaty) that the treaty should be "perused and cleared and perfectly observed," and that he himself was ever the King's true servant. This afternoon Grandeveall said to me, being there first, "I would, said he, that you saw the articles of the peace that I first drew; and began to discourse in what a necessity th'Emperor was with his army. And or th'end of the same Skipperus came in, and so the tale broke; but, at the entry of the tale, he said that he had never said so much to no man as he would tell me. They would make me believe that th'Emperor taketh me for a great favourer of this amity betwixt the King's Majesty and him; and therefore, they say, it maketh mine evil French make a good tale. But I beshrew them and they favour not the same as they say I do."
Was earnest with Grandevell and Scory for wagons for our Almains; but Skipperus said that Mons. de Lire had told the Commissaries privately how to get wagons, which could not be sent from hence without the wagoners deserting. Was recalled ere he was out of Grandevell's yard and told by Scory that Quyntine who dwells in Bruxels (and served the King as a commissary for victuals last year, and has now done good service to our Almains) should go to the army and get wagons for them at Liege: Scory would send him to the writer this night; but he is not yet come. About 8 o'clock, after supper, I sent Honynges to Scory with a letter from the Commissaries (herewith), to declare the first part of it in French. Scory answered that their people would not go, having been so evil handled last year; and that I had had final answer this afternoon. Quyntyne told me this afternoon that a great personage had blamed him for serving our army, which, I guess, should be Scory. I fear lest the man dare not return; but I will call him in the morning and send him if I can. Bruxels, 15 Oct, past 11 o'clock, "God send my man forth of the gates of the town before day."
Wrote "the darklier" in the King's letters that his secretary might not perceive the meaning of the interview. I enclose a letter, received from the Emperor's secretary Joyse, to the ambassador there (writing, as I take it, of our talk this day) and another from Skipperus to the said ambassador. "I would that you would make us the articles of the peace or of the truce in forma. Ye know what an evil pen clerk I am. Even as I was closing up your letter Fraunces came; and so I unbooted my man. Here is no room to commend me to Mr. Petre."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 Oct. 594. Granvelle to Van der Delft.
viii., No. 153.
Upon D'Eick's report of the arrangement with the King of England, the Emperor, who had already decided to depart to-day, ordered the President, D'Eick and Granvelle to remain here for this day to communicate with the English ambassador. The Emperor thought that the most important point was to arrange a cessation of hostilities; but the English ambassador, on being told that the Christian King for the Emperor's sake accepted the latter's proffered intervention for peace and the arrangement of a truce, asserted that he had no authority to consent to a truce unless certain that the interview with the Emperor would take place. Told him that the Emperor, having intervened for peace by means of envoys sent by the Queen of Hungary, must persist in his efforts; but did not intend to neglect the elucidation of the points concerning his treaty with England and the other matters confidentially entrusted to D'Eick; in any case the first step was the truce (which D'Eick understood to be the King's intention) and they were authorised to urge it, both upon him and the French ambassador, as any signal advantage now gained in war by either side might render an agreement more difficult and the private settlement with the Emperor perhaps impossible; the Emperor was expecting letters from the king of the Romans and his ministers in Germany, on receipt of which he could give a more decided answer with regard to the private matter, especially whether he might defer his departure or arrange an interview. As the English ambassador persisted in his first reply, it was agreed that he should send a special courier to his master, and that they should speak to the French ambassador to obtain powers and instructions as to the truce upon the conditions demanded by England (recited). Brussels, 15 Oct., 1545.
15 Oct. 595. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. On the 13th inst. received their letter by Francis the King's post. Wrote that he was ready to send 50,000l. Fl., for the King's Commissaries, to Acon, but Mr. Avery has since declared that it need not be sent until the return of their Almains out of France, so that it is not yet sent; and Mr. Avery has received, at two several times, 28,000 cr. Will send to Acon, with those 28,000 cr., 47,000l. st., although he does not expect so much either from the Fowker or from the merchants of whom the Lord Chancellor lately appointed him to receive 60,000 cr. at 6s. As signified to the King, has received of the Fowker 82,333l. 6s. 8d. Fl., in full payment of his bargain; and he is to receive for the last exchange made by the Lord Chancellor with the Bonvice, Ancelyn Salvage and John Gyralde, 18,000l. Fl., less 385l. upon each of the three exchanges "for th'interest, their provision and brokerage"; total 99,178l. 6s. 8d. Fl., whereof is paid to the Duke of Lowenberghe's captain 1,000 gilderns (which is 166l. 13s. 4d.), to Mr. Avery 28,000 cr. (8,866l. 13s. 4d. Fl.), and sent to Calles by Thomas Gresham 31,827l. 9s. 11d. Fl.; leaving 58,319l. 10s. 1d. which he reserves for Acon, it being, with the 28,000 cr. already paid to the Commissaries, "fast upon your Lordships' sum" of 47,000l. st.
Despatched a servant in post with the King's letter to Ruffinberge and Buckhoult and the Council's letter to the Commissaries. Delivered the Count Palentyne's letter to his agent in Andwerp; and keeps the King's letter to the magistrates of Acon to be sent with the money, so as not to raise a rumor of the sending of money thither. Stays John Dymok, who lately arrived out of Estlande, to help him in receiving money and changing the valued gold, which the Emperor, by Jasper Dowche's means, will not suffer him to bring "to Acon, being a town in Brabant." Perceiving, also by Jasper Dowche's means, that he is driven to change valued gold, the crafty merchants make all other gold so scarce that where he used to gain ⅓ per cent. he is now like to lose; but, rather than be so handled to the King's dishonour, he will send the valued gold to Acon. Intends to send this money to Acon as fast as he can, by John Dymok, who will tarry there till the Commissaries return. Andwerp, 15 Oct. 1545.
The Commissaries were on Tuesday last (fn. n3) at Namure.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
596. Bills of Exchange on Antwerp.
R. O. Thomas Cavalcanti, John Giraldi and Barth. Fortini, merchants of Florence, and John Carolo delli Affaitadi and Company, resident in Antwerp. Promise, by letters patent in verbo regio, that a sum of 20,000 cr., in accordance with certain letters obligatory of the King's Councillors, shall be paid at Antwerp, 15 April next. The preamble states that the said merchants have agreed to provide the said money to the King's use, being in all 6,000l. Fl., taking as security the letters obligatory of Chancellor Wriothesley, Treasurer Norfolk, Privy Seal Russell, Sir Ant. Browne, master of the Horse, and Sir Richard and Sir John Gresham.
Lat. Draft, pp. 3.
R. O. 2. Notes for similar letters patent to Anthony Bonvisi, Benedict Bonvisi and Michael and Jeronimus Deodati, merchants of Lucca.
Lat., p. 1.
R. O. 3. Notes for similar letters patent to Henry and Acellin Salvaghus, merchants of Genoa, and Vincent Balthasar Guinighi, John Balbani and Company.
Lat., p. 1.
15 Oct. 597. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. On the 13th inst. received Paget's letters, by Francis, the King's post, together with one to Mr. Warham, which (knowing that Warham was departed from Loveyn to Cullen), he forthwith sent to Cullen; but, as it is 28 great leagues hence, does not expect answer these five days. Repeats the effect of his letter to the Council (No. 595) as to the letters for the Count Palentyne, the Commissaries, and the magistrates of Acon, the detaining of Mr. Dymok, and the letter to Riffenbergh and Buckhoult. Will sue for the Emperor's passport to bring the King's jewels with him, "but it wolbe yet xx. days or the basin be made an end of." Sent to Calles, by Thos. Gresham, on the 10th inst., 31,827l. 9s. 11d. Fl. "It is very fair money, and I am sorry ye have not all the rest there; but these Almayns be devourers of money." Christopher Haller lately wrote to my lord Chancellor and you, offering to emprunt to the King 80,000 cr., "so the same would take some jewels"; but it is only for a countenance while he sues for restitution of his woad. He would go into England to speak with you, but is a hard fellow and will take no sureties but here. "If ye will have him, he is a right honest man, and I will bring him, knowing your pleasure. He will not as yet release my bargain," and is the harder therein because of his woad. I told him that it would be hard to have his woad again, being scattered among soldiers. Andwerp, 15 Oct.
Pray dally with Haller till I be departed, which will not be for 20 days.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 Oct. 598. J. Dymock to Wriothesley.
R. O. Arrived in Andwerppe, 11 Oct., meaning to come into England; but Mr. Stephen Vaughan stayed him to help in the King's business, Mr. Damesell being sick, as Mr. Vaughan has written to Mr. Secretary Pagett. Left Hamborowe, 2 Oct., when the king of Denemarcke was at Bramestede, 6 leagues thence, with 10,000 footmen and 3,000 horsemen; who were to pass over the Elve, 3 Oct., and go against the Duke of Brwyneswycke, who upon the previous Monday (fn. n4) had taken Stenehurste (fn. n5) castle. It was not taken by force, but 400 "boures" who were therein compelled the 100 soldiers to give it up. Upon the following Thursday (fn. n6) the Duke laid siege to Wolefenbudell castle, wherein are 1,500 soldiers under Here Barent van Melant, who will keep it, for he was one of the chief captains that helped to put the Duke out of his land when the Lantgrave made war upon him. The Lantgrave was to take the field on the 7th inst. with the "corveste of Saxson men" (fn. n7) and the help of the cities of the Religion. Saw the copy of the letter sent to the King of Denemarke and lords of Lubecke, Hamborowe and Breame; which letter Courte Penyncke, captain of the King of Denemarke's footmen, showed him the evening before he left Hamborowe, declaring that, by the 18th inst., the Evangelical Bande should have 60,000 men in the field. The chief burgomaster of Breame, coming straight from the Lantgrave of Hesse, told the writer these things. The dukes of Luneborech and Scowenborech prepare to go with the king of Denemark's band; and the bp. of Mynster has sent the Lantgrave 1,500 horsemen. There will be a great fray if the Duke of Brwyneswycke abides their coming; which is unlikely, as victuals are scanty in his "leager," the country having carried theirs into the cities of Brwyneswycke, Gosseler, Cassell and Helychson. If the Lantgrave get the upper hand he will visit those spiritual princes who have set the Duke forward. "And the plain saying all those quarters is that the Eagle is the doer thereof, and that does cause him to seek now unto the King's Majesty for to renew his league and alliance, lest that at length he should be left as he has left other princes. My lord, I pray you heartily for to pardon me of my plain writing, for I can give no counsel, but, trust as much as you woll, give that you are not served by that man as the King's Majesty has been herebefore, let me be hanged like a traitor. You have him at the staff's end. Keep him there with fair words as the Spaniards can do full, and so doing you shall see what the Prodestantes woll do with him this next year; and for that cause he does so creep towards the King's Majesty, and because that a doubts that the Frenchmen should be at a peace with the King's Majesty in like manner. And the truth is that there was never no prince so hated as he is in all those parts whereas I have been."
Dr. Marten has shown me that your Lordship has enquired about my lord of Sowfolcke's lead. My lord commanded me to sell him in Flanders 140 fodders, and I advised him to deliver it in Andwerppe with all speed, and he should have a third of the price within three weeks and the rest within three months. It was sold at 10s. Fl. the "waege," which is almost 16 nobles the fodder, and the cause that his Grace has not been paid is that he has not sent the full amount of the lead, and the merchant insists upon the bargain, as I wrote to his Grace before going into Estlande, by letter dated 10 July. The merchant will not pay unless he have the full amount, "for he has put in surety the Welsher for the payment thereof." My lord's Grace owes a good deal of money, as I will show at my coming home. Andwerppe, in haste, 15 Oct. 1545.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.: To, &c., my lord Chancellor. At Court. Endd.


  • n1. As treasurer of Guisnes. See Part I. No. 1268.
  • n2. The interview.
  • n3. Oct. 13th.
  • n4. Sept. 28th.
  • n5. Called Stenbrucghe in No. 602.
  • n6. Oct. 3rd.
  • n7. The Kurfürst (or Elector) of Saxony.