Henry VIII: February 1546, 21-28

Pages 123-153

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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February 1546, 21-28

21 Feb. 259. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 336.
Meeting at Greenwich, 21 Feb. Present: Canterbury, Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker. Business:—Letters to the Lord Admiral to write to the King's captains not to molest vessels of Erasmus Sketes, of Antwerp, bringing grain out of the East Parts to Dover or elsewhere; nor any vessels laden with wares of James and Nicholas Fournestran, merchants of Lisle in Flanders, for France, Flanders, or Spain, provided that such wares are not of prohibited kinds or French, as the Emperor's ambassador promises they shall not be. To Sir Edward North, chancellor of Augmentations, enclosing three letters of the Lord Lieutenant and Council of Boulogne in favour of three maimed persons, to place the same persons as almsmen. To the mayor of Dover to assist Mr. Gressham and Mr. Wingfeld, commissioners there. Warrant to the treasurer of ————— to pay Mr. Arnold, for himself and retinue at Quynborough, in prest, 240l. Warrants to the Exchequer to pay money "imprested to the King's use at Bulloigne," viz.: 100l. to John Baldewyne, 500l. to Thos. Malage, and 990l. to John Flynte. Letter to the Lord Lieutenant of Boulogne to cause Thos. Dutton and Hen. Wyrbourne to be secretly arrested and sent hither. Warrant to the Exchequer to pay Gerarde Gore, money imprested to the King's use at Boulogne, 200l. Letter to Wotton, treasurer of Calais, that Signor Scipio, who heretofore served there, should again have his wonted pay and be allowed eight horsemen, men of arms, at 10 cr. each per mensem. Letter general to admirals, vice-admirals, &c., that whereas the King granted safeconduct to John Sadler, alderman of London, Henry Emerson, Roger de Pratte, Arnalt de Sala Nova, John Reconger, Peter de Peche, John Boysson and John Boursier, to import or export merchandise, which safeconduct was afterwards revoked and eftsoons continued in force till 1 Feb. 1545; and because the said Emerson has suffered great loss by his long imprisonment and restraint of his goods in France by means of Monsieur de Castel, a lord of Britanny, the King renews the said safeconduct as regards him and Boysson, from the 1st of the present February until further orders. Richard Worsley, captain of Wight, had warrant to Williams for 20l. 11s. 6d., surplusage of his account for a pinnace and certain gunners. Antenorye, Italian, appointed to serve about Marke in the Marches of Calais with 200 Italians, had warrant for 100l. One Clerk, goldsmith, who haunts Boulogne, being robbed at Dover, pursued the thief to Calais, where certain goldsmith's work worth 10l., which he brought thither by negligence, was seized; letters to the Treasurer and Comptroller that the King remits the forfeiture, in consideration of the poor man's former loss, and that no fraud was intended.
21 Feb. 260. The Subsidy.
R. O. Assessment of Hugh Rogers. See under 16 March.
21 Feb. 261. Paget to Lords Cobham and Grey.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 351.
B. M.
The King thanks you for your sundry letters. As it is likely that the Frenchmen will now at their next revictualment of Ardre make some incursion upon the East Pale, you must advise with the Council there and see that "they may be let to do any great hurt." If they come not very shortly, the King trusts that, upon letters now written to his ambassadors with the Emperor and Regent, they "shall not be suffered to enter by his country." In case they enter upon the King's ground, his Highness is to be advertised of their number, both of horsemen and footmen. Greenwich, 21 Feb. 1545.
Hol. (except the date), p. 1. Add. Endd.
21 Feb. 262. Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O.
Howard, 209.
This day a spy who has long lain upon the frontier brought news "that the victuals for this fortress set forth by sea tomorrow," and by land likewise (whereof we have advertised the Vice-admiral of the King's fleet); that in France is great bruit of the descent of the King's army here, and therefore the revictualment of this fortress and of Ardres is hastened and their army assembles about the end of March; that the Rincrofte shall bring 24 ensigns out of Almayne to reinforce the old bands, and 6,000 Gascons and 6,000 pioneers shall be levied, besides 4,000 Egipsians to serve as pioneers, "whom it is thought the French king, minding to avoid out of his realm, determineth before their departure to employ this year in that kind of service, and that, by their help, before their despatch, he hopeth with a tumbling trench to fill the dikes of this town"; that "Mons. du Byes shall repose this year, much blamed for his advice for the placing of the fortress"; that Mons. de Tayes shall have charge of the army, as lieutenant during the duke of Vandosme's sickness, who came from Court in post within these four days and returned, and will be here again shortly; that the navy is ready, save for men and victuals; and that the French king intends to fortify at Estaples and "make a mole there for his galleys, whereof Salcedo, the captain of Hardelow, shall have the charge."
Hitherto this spy has not failed, and, although they give no great trust to his news, it seems their duty to advertise it that order may be taken for more speedy sending of victuals and fortification of this town. Bouloyne, 21 Feb. 1545. Signed: H. Surrey: John Bryggys s.: Hugh Poulet: Thom's Palmer: Rychard Caundysshe.
P.S.—We would know the King's "resolution for the entertainment of the two new captains Arbanoyes" (fn. n1) wherein my lord of Hartforde promised to move his Highness. An Italian captain called Belazo, despatched to Calais to "make his company," seems, according to "the Coronell," whose letter you shall receive herewith, " rather to embezzle the soldiers from hence than seek for any new." Such diligence is made that the vessels which are arrived here with the King's victuals shall by tomorrow night be discharged and ready to depart.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
21 Feb. 263. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has concluded with Jasper Dowche (conditionally upon the King's pleasure and the Regent's sufferance) that the Fugger shall deliver here 30,000l. Fl. and in London fustians at 19l. st. the bale (as described in a bill of Jasper Dowche's declaring the bargains) to the value of 10,000l. Fl., the whole 40,000l. Fl. to be repaid in six months, viz. on 15 Aug. next. The Fowgger's factor, Chr. Haintzell, has about 179 bales of fustians now in London, and the rest shall be sent from hence and from Hanborow; and herewith the Fowgger sends an open letter to be read and delivered to his said factor. It is agreed that the pound sterling shall be rated at 25s. Fl., as exchange now goes. The Fugger requires two obligations of London, one for 31,800l. Fl., so made to include the interest at 6 per cent, for the 30,000l. Fl., and the other for 10,000l. Fl That these may be made in the same form as before, Vaughan sends copies of the former obligation of London and the King's promise, but gilderns are not to be named,—only "to pay xljml viijc li. Grossorum Flandrie without making any mention of any kind of money." Pending the coming of the obligations and royal assent, the money will be received by Vaughan and remain in a chest in the Fugger's hands.
Jasper Dowche has eftsoons moved Vaughan for a "continuance of paying no more custom than strangers now pay," for which he offers great sums; and he has proposed other devices profitable to himself, such as, this day, to have the sole transporting of hides from Ireland. Thinking that neither of these would much please the King, Vaughan "devised another talk," asking what the Emperor would do with the "new bands which he now prepareth." He answered that they were prepared against the Emperor's going into Almain, not as though "he would violently do anything amongst them but to have them about him, like as he (going thither) was ever wont to have." And Jasper said that he "had charge presently to make money here" for those bands and to aid the Duke of Savoy to recover his duchy, to whom the Emperor would also lend certain Italians.
"Other things I hear not meet to be written to your Majesty." I have this day paid to Mr. Brende and Mr. Brygendyn, your commissaries, by command of your Council, 10,000 cr. of gold for 3,000l. st. I could not do it sooner as the bills of exchange were made payable at eight days' sight; and I had to give ¼ per cent. to get crowns (no other money serving in Estlande) both for them and Mr. Dymok. The sooner the obligations for the Fugger come, the sooner I shall have the money. Andwerp, 21 Feb.
P.S.—Heard today that at Lyre, 2 leagues from Andwerp, are certain gentlemen, the King's subjects, lately come from Bulleyn, and that one of them, named Small or Smalles, was a petty-captain there, and that they make good cheer.
Hol., pp. 6. Add. Endd.: 1545.
21 Feb. 264. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Has concluded with Jasper Dowche that the Fugger shall emprunt to the King 30,000l. Fl. in money and 10,000l. Fl. in fustians, the money at 6 per cent. interest, to be repaid 15 Aug. next. "He must have th'obligations of London, made as the last were; but ye must cause them to be made to pay 41,800l. libras grossorum Flandrie, and not to pay in gilderns nor any other special coin. But what soever coin ye pay ye must make them to pay in money after the present value, but yet not in valued money; for so should ye bind the King's Majesty to pay valued money, which would be hard to get and costly also, and ye may remember that he will not now pay me in valued money." Writes more at large to the King, and therefore spares to kill himself with writing and doing so many other things without help. This bargain is conditional on the King's pleasure and the Lady Regent's sufferance, as appears by Jasper Dowche's writing sent to the King.
"Ye have so feared and dumped me with your last letter sent by Nicholas that ye have made me make more haste than was meet for the King's Majesty's advantage. Ye may well think if I should use over much haste in such like bargains I should both hinder the bargain and raise the interest. If the King's Majesty think that I alone, upon my credit, can make him so great sums of money as the same would be served with, his Majesty may be disappointed. Again, may it be thought that men will disburse so great sums of money without a substantial advisement? Do ye think the Fugger's factor here would conclude this bargain till he had twice or thrice written into Almayn to his masters there, to know how they would agree thereto? As these be no trifling sums, so be they not in every man's coffers here. I dare promise you that all the banks in Andwerp will not emprunt so great a sum upon the obligations of London; like as I dare say, to you only, that, having bills of good credence here, I am well assured to make the King's Majesty a million of crowns. But such bills I hear not of. London will be taken by no man besides the Fugger. Your noblemen will be taken for no sum, neither of the one nor the other. May it not be thought that men have many things to doubt in the bonds of noblemen? In conclusion, I will from henceforth earnestly regard my saying and writing to the King's Majesty."
Jasper Dowche pretends that he will serve the King with 1,000,000 cr. Will not believe it, but do his best with him, "all promises set aside." Has noted much the coming of Nicholas and also Paget's good favour;" and prays God that he (the writer) please the King in his "most sweaty, chargeable and painful service." Andwerp, 21 Feb.
The alum is laden in a hulk and two Portugal ships, as I wrote long ago. I am perpetually troubled while other men get pleasant livings. "If the King's Majesty had given me the treasurership of his chamber I had been much bounden."
P.S. (outside).—"It is told me that one Smal with other Englishmen which lately served at Bulleyn lie at Lyre, ij leagues from Andwerp, making good cheer."
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O. 2. Bonds required.
Upon Jasper Duchy's offer to furnish Stephen Vachan for the King's service 30,000l. gr. at 6 per cent. to be repaid at the payment of Pentecost fair and 15 Aug. 1546, next coming, provided that the Queen permits it, Duchy requires obligations of the town of London and the King's letters of assurance, like the others, to pay the same Seigneur Anthoine Fuggers and nephews, including interest, 31,800l. gr. at present valuation; and moreover like obligations for other 10,000l. gr. to pay at the same time and to the same Fuggers, who will in return at their own risk deliver in London 421 bales of fustian, each bale containing 45 pieces and all of the kind of "vischorne," of which Chr. Haintzel has now in London about 132 bales white, 27 bales unbleached (blanches crues), and 20 bales black, and here in Antwerp are 46 bales white and 60 bales black, and the remaining 136 bales shall be sent by ship from Hamburg. The price is 19l. st. the bale, counting 25s. gr. to the pound sterling, and the Fuggers expect a promise that they will not be sold at a reduced price or distributed for the King's soldiers.
French, p. 1. Endd.: An agreement or contract between Mr. Vaughan and Jasper Duchy touching the emprunture of 40,000l. Fl.
21 Feb. 265. Stephen Vaughan to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 222.
B. M.
"I have received both your Lordship's and my lady's letter, and as to any admiral of France coming hither I hear not of." I sent the news of Almain lately, with letters from Chr. Mount. No news but that the duke of Savoy, with the Emperor's help, will essay to recover his duchy. If my lady will give me "a 'letle spaeyes,' I will send her both her silk and spice. The vj lb. of synammon I will send by my lady Bruges, if she have any chest to carry it in. Her caffa I must seek for." I have received Sir Edw. Wotton's letter, but can find no Venice black satin. Any other satin I can send. "I must know how much caffa my lady would have in her gown. Velvet I can always buy him good of double Jeane." Pray Mr. Wotton to pardon me that I write not, for "I am overlaid with most painful service." Look for no money from me a while. Andwerp, in haste, 21 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais.
21 Feb. 266. Scepperus to Schore.
viii., No. 200.
Sends the duplicate of the two articles which the English ambassadors say that the King has accepted; and instructions for the Commissioner must now be drafted. Rumor says that he is to be Mr. Adrien Van der Burgh. He will need patience and a steady brain to endure the clamor of the people who will daily trouble him. Will aid in the matter if permitted; but the articles provide for only one person to cooperate with the resident ambassador. Will send by a safe hand the original treaty and the ratification signed by the English ambassadors. Bruges, 21 Feb. 1546.
22 Feb. 267. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 339.
Meeting at Greenwich, 22 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker]. Business:—Letter to Rogers, surveyor of Boulogne, to make 100 small tumbrels able to carry "oone hogesheddes tight," meet to be drawn by men if necessary, and advertise Sir Richard Leigh when they will be ready. Warrant to Williams to receive of Thos. White, treasurer to the bp. of Winchester, 800l., parcel of money received by the bp. from Mr. Vaughan in Flanders, give an acquittance to White and deliver it again to Sir Ric. Leigh. Letter to White to pay the said 800l.
22 Feb. 268. Don Diego Hurtado de Mendoza to Charles V.
viii., No. 201.
With regard to the Pope's aims, can only refer to former letters; but one thing is sure, that if the Pope desires more power, spiritual or temporal, he will try to do it in this Council by the votes of the bishops, who do exactly as he wishes, "and really disgraceful things take place." Sends herewith his opinion, drawn from both ancient and modern Councils, that the Council is superior to the Pope. Touching the second point, thinks a beginning should be made on the general ground of the Faith; and after this the special doubts taken;—as hitherto. Venice, 22 Feb. 1546.
23 Feb. 269. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 340.
Meeting at Greenwich, 23 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker]. Business:—Two several warrants to Sir Thomas Seymour, master of the Ordnance, to deliver powder, etc. (specified) for Portsmouth and for the Isle of Wight. Francis Flemming had warrant to Williams for 150l. for carthorses; Lewis Lopes, "Portugal," warrant to the Exchequer for 300l. prested to the King's use at Boulogne, and 22l. for fine corn powder at 8d. the pound; Sir Thos. Clere, warrant to Williams for 225l. 5s. 4d. for his service (specified); and Thos. Nicolson and John Oxley, gunners at Carlisle, warrant to Uvedale for arrears of wages at 8d. the day.
23 Feb. 270. Stephen Vaughan to Lady Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 239.
B. M.
I have received your letter and, by my lady Bruges, this bearer, I send you 6lb. of synamon. It is very good and cost 29s. 5d. Fl., which is 4s. 10d. the pound and 5d. for the box. I will send your caffa, but you write not how much I shall send. Pray tell my lord that there lies at Lyre, beside Andwerp, one Small that was a petty captain at Bulleyn with two or three Englishmen. I have written of them to the King. I will deliver 100 cr. by exchange for Venice for my lord's son. The Admiral of France comes to Cambrey; and our news here is "that the king of Pole, the duke of Prusse and the count Palatyne have all received the doctrine of the Protestants." In great haste, 23 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
24 Feb. 271. Brende and Brigantyn to Paget.
R. O. Although we have as yet heard nothing worthy advertisement, and done nothing in our charge, we signify our arrival here, "whither we resorted to get fellowship in our journey, from hence with company to pass as it were in manner of a convoy according to the usage of the travellers of that country." We had gone hence to Breame by sea had it not been altogether frozen; and in coming hither had difficulty because of ice, "upon the which in divers places we have been drawn in sleddes. Now have we but three days' journey to Breame, purposing to travel the nights likewise because we will not stay in any place for being known. Here we found Mr. Dymmok. Mr. Watson was departed a little before our coming to Lubek, to whom, from Breame, we shall send him such letters as you sent to Mr. Vaughan to be conveyed to him." Amsterdam, 24 Feb. Signed: Jo. Brende: Jhon Brigantyn.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
25 Feb. 272. Paget to Mont.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 59
The King, Queen, Prince and all the rest of Mont's friends are well, except Mr. Butt, who, "after a long and grievous sickness of a double fever quartane, is departed in an honest and godly sort to God." Is commanded to write the King's thanks for Mont's letters, and to pray him to learn certainly what has been done at this Diet at Frankforde, what aid "they" intend to give one another and whether they mean only to defend or to invade, and how they agree; for it is reported that Duke Maurice is at variance with the rest, and that Marques Albert of Brandenburghe levies horsemen against them, bruiting that it is for the King, which is not so, as Mont may tell the Lantgrave. The King has not appointed any man to levy horsemen, intending for a season to have only the bands entertained all this winter, viz.—1,000 Almaynes, and 1,000 Italians and Albanoys. Later he may have 1,000 from thence, whereof Mont shall be first advertised. Curtpening is sent to levy 6,000 footmen, who are looked for towards the end of next month; for by the 20th of next month the King's army will be in the field, viz.—16,000 Englishmen, 2,000 Italians and 2,000 Spaniards (the 6,000 Almaynes within 10 days after) and 4,000 horsemen; to be increased when the year is more forward. "The earl of Hertforde shall be lieutenant of the army, the Marquis Dorsett captain of the foreward, and the earl of Surrey, who is yet captain of Bolloyn, shall lead the rearward. This is a meetly good army, our cause is good, men all favourers of God's word have the leading and the doing of the war; wherefore we trust God will help His servants in their good quarrel. Howbeit His will be done in all thing! And upon the sea Mounsr. Admiral, God's own knight, with 16,000 mariners and men of war, for the which company there is no more prepared but forty ships, the least of 800 tons, and xxv others vessels, like galleys, to row, saving that, where the galley shooteth but from the prore, these shall shoot from all sides, like another ship, and from the prore also. The last year his Majesty had but iiij of them, and yet did they beat at a fight xiij (fn. n2) of the French galleys; which I saw with mine eyes at Portesmouth, and the reason is apparent."
Mont must also enquire, now the Palsgrave is come into the League, how he stands with the king of Denmarke; and whether the bp. of Mens is come in. One thing offends the King, that, seeing the French king is in league with the bishop of Rome and will in no point join with the Protestants, they suffer him to levy men in their countries, and so put him
Mont must also enquire, now the Palsgrave is come into the League, how he stands with the king of Denmarke; and whether the bp. of Mens is come in. One thing offends the King, that, seeing the French king is in league with the bishop of Rome and will in no point join with the Protestants, they suffer him to levy men in their countries, and so put him and the King in one degree of amity, when the King is "in the same predicament with them touching the supremacy of the Pope and the General Council, and, for a further communication of amity with them hath done as much as he may do with his honour," sending the Queen's Secretary and Mont thither for that purpose, who could get "but a sleeveless answer." And yet, in calling Mr. Bucler home, the King did not utterly renounce the former practice; but looks for them to send to him next if they mean anything with him. Mont may tell them that they lose by suffering the King to be made weaker, when their enemies may at anytime bring "their ancient friend (as they call him), the French king, in their necks with his drawn sword in his hand to overthrow those heretics" (as he calls them, in his Council). You may talk hereof with Sor Brewno, to whom I now write a letter, which see delivered. Help that the King's guns stayed by the Landsgrave may be released. The satisfaction of the King by the Landsgrave and others might do wondrous well. If the Diet at Woormes continue, the King may, if anything occur in the meantime, signify his pleasure therein. Pray "communicate these letters to Brewno, and commend me to John Sturmius and Sleidanus, desiring Sleidanus to hold me excused, for my great business, that I write not to him at this present. 25 Feb.
Draft, pp. 4. Endd.: To Mr. Mownte from Mr. Secretarie Paget, xxvo Februarii 1545.
25 Feb. 273. Convocation of York.
iii. 877.
This council by the King's writ prorogued to 16 Oct. and thence by another writ, dated 22 Sept., to 24 Nov., was on that day celebrated in the metropolitan church of York and the sermon preached in Latin by Mr. Marshall, and George Palmes elected prolocutor. It was then prorogued, by authority of the Abp's commissary, to 26 Jan. Meanwhile the proctors of the clergy were summoned to meet on 14 Dec, and agreed to give the King a subsidy or subsidies after the rate granted in the province of Canterbury. The synod was then continued through eight sessions, viz., 22, 24 and 31 Dec, 7, 14, and 26 Jan., 4 and 25 Feb.; and then prorogued to 24 Nov.
25 Feb. 274. George Davell and Others to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 353.
B. M.
Upon letters from the Privy Council, dated Hampton Court, 16 Jan. 1545, commanding them with speed to provide transport for Signor Gamboa and his Spaniards, about 1,300, from hence to Calais, ballasting the ships with coal and providing victuals for 30 days, the writers made diligence to set forth 11 ships for that purpose, with money out of their own purses. If, at their arrival at Calais, the King has not appointed some officer to reckon with the pursers for the charges of the Spaniards and remainder of the victuals, this is to desire him to appoint such a person, and also to help that the owners of the ships may be paid for the transport and the coal, with a reasonable allowance of victuals for their return home. Newe Castell upon Tyne, 25 Feb. 1545. Signed: George Davell: Herre Anderson: Robert Brandlyng: Marke Schafto.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "Newcastell l'res touching coles."
25 Feb. 275. Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., iii. 551.
As required by their late letters, enclose a dockett of the names of the nobility here meet to serve the King this year in any foreign country. These noblemen are more meet to lead horsemen, "unless the number of footmen to them appointed were the greater." Scots resort hither daily out of the North parts of Scotland "without either money or raiment," for whose transportation and table, and conduct to and fro, the writers disburse the King's treasure without warrant. Desire instructions how to act in such cases, and a warrant for their discharge. We have now despatched certain Scots with letters from us and them of the Insulans to your honors., purporting their further goodwill to serve. With them the base son of the lord of the Out Isles repairs to you, whom the lord Elect of the Isles here affirms that his said father "in his extremes" bequeathed to the King's service. The lord Elect and Patrick McClane and their servants continue here at the King's charges. Dublin, 25 Feb. 1545. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Dublin, Meath, Aylmer, Bathe, Cusake, Travers, Basnet and Lokwod.
ii. [The "dockett" above referred to]. The earl of Ormond or his brother Richard. The earl of Desmond or his brother Maurice. The lords of Cahir, Delvyn and Lowthe.
The lord of Ybrecan; the lord of Dungennan; Hugh Orayley son to Orayley; Ochonor; Dowlyn Obirne; Teg Okarell brother to Callogh; MacCarty Reagh or his brother. "We dare not affirm that these men will go in person but send men."
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
25 Feb. 276. [Gardiner and Thirlby] to Brende and Brykenden.
R. O. We received your letters dated Andwerpe, 12 Feb. As to the passage of such footmen as Captain Courtpenyng should levy for the King, we have, by the King's commission, spoken with the Emperor and his Council, who grant that they may pass in small numbers, but desire that Captain Courtpenyng should himself repair to the Lady Regent's court to appoint with her Council for the passage. That done, there shall be no delay; and Courtpenyng shall come and go safely. "If there, upon consideration of the haste of the matter appointed by your instructions, or that the said Captain Courtpening will not come, his repair hither shall not take effect, ye must, for the time, understand that otherwise we cannot obtain the passage"; for they say that, albeit the soldiers go in small companies, more may arrive at one town together than were expedient. Whether Courtpenyng may be spared in the musters, whether he shall think it expedient to come, or to what time he has covenanted, we cannot tell; and if you require further aid in this Court you may by bearer, whom we sent for that purpose, write to Sir Edw. Carne, ambassador to the Lady Regent, "for the Emperor, as we think, and with him we also shall be departed these parts before ye can return any answer in the premisses." Mastrike, 25 Feb.
Copy, pp. 2. Headed: To Mr. Brende and Mr. Brykenden.
25 Feb. 277. Count of Tecklenburg to Henry VIII.
R. O. Has received the resolute answer about levying soldiers which the King promised by the 1st of March. Peter of Gelders, with his army collected in the King's name last year, did the writer's country much damage, which has never been compensated; for, although he bound the said Peter to compensation, when he came to know that it was the King's affair he did not exact it. Secondly, when Henry duke of Brunswick lately made war upon him and the other states of the Evangelical Union, he had denuded himself of soldiers at the instigation of the King's servant Leuchtemacher, and therefore suffered much loss. Lastly, with what expense he and his captains, horsemen and footmen, moved to the Rhine beyond Cologne upon contract with Matthew Luchtemacher, he thinks that the King has heard from his captains who went into England for that cause. Neither he nor they have received any adequate recompense. But since the King's mature decision is that he does not need the writer's service the latter cannot change it. Thanks for his good will. In arce Teclaburg, 25 Feb. 1546. Subscribed: Chunradus comes et dominus in Teckelnburg, Linge et Rede, etc.
Lat. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: The countye of Teklenburghe to the K's Mate, xxvo Martii 1545.
26 Feb. 278. Paget to Bruno.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 62.
Writes (in Latin, because his French would be worse) to congratulate him on his safe return to Germany and thank him for his letter from Frankford —— (blank) inst., sent by Mont, by which it seems that Bruno's friends (vestrates) have the same goodwill to the King as to the French king. The King has their enemy the Bishop of Rome for common enemy. The French king is in close amity with that Bishop and keeps an ambassador with him practising their destruction. The King condemns the Council of Trent as a Papistical conciliabulum. The king of France sends proctors and bishops thither, and thereby condemns them (its opponents) as heretics. And yet they weigh the two Kings equal, and will not see that to lessen England makes their cause worse! The Pope has spies about the Landgrave, viz. Rickrode and Basfonteyn, who see and know everything; for their King, if it makes for his purpose, takes care to tell the Pope's ambassador with him, or his own ambassador with the Pope. As to Bruno's mention of his Prince's desire to arrange a peace; does not sufficiently understand him, nor has he signified what he did in France after his departure from Paget, and therefore has deferred speaking of it to the King until, by next letters (which may be given to this bearer), Bruno signifies what he has done with the French, what they stick most to, and to what they may be brought, and what the Princes will do. The sooner, the better. Communicated his news to the King, who thanks him. Has ordered Mont to communicate to him the doings here. Salutations to Jo. Sturmius and Sleidanus. Brandenburg has no charge to levy horsemen or footmen for the King. Greenwich, 26 Feb. 1545.
Memorandum that since, before this mediation, they were more friendly to the King than to the French king, they ought not now to become equally friendly.
Latin. Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd.. Minute. To Brewno [Mercii primo die], (fn. n3) 1545.
26 Feb. 279. Queen Katharine to [the University of Cambridge].
Corp. Ch. MS.
108 p. 457.
Parker Cor-
Annals of
i. 430b.
Dr. Smythe, their learned advocate, has presented their letters written in Latin, albeit the vulgar tongue were aptest for her intelligence. The letters move her to be a maintainer of the learned state, and she thankfully accepts their "document." Understands that all kinds of learning flourish among them as at Athenes long ago; and she desires them not so to hunger for the knowledge of profane learning as to forget "our Christianity," since the Greeks only attained to moral and natural things, but rather to study those doctrines in order the better to set forth Christ's sacred doctrine; for this Latin lesson she is taught of St. Paul Non me pudet Evangelii, to the sincere setting forth of which she trusts they will always apply their gifts, so that Cambryge may be accounted "rather an University of divine philosophy than of natural or moral as Athenes was." And in that confidence she, according to their desires, "attempted my lord the King's Majesty" for the stay of your possessions, and found that, notwithstanding his property and interest through the consent of Parliament, "his Highness being such a patron to good learning, doth tender you so much that he woll rather advance learning and erect new occasion thereof, than to confound those your ancient and godly institutions, so that learning may hereafter justly ascribe her very original, whole conservation and sure stay to our Sovereign Lord." Greenwich, 26 Feb.
Lansd. MS.
1,236 f. 11
2. Draft of the preceding (undated) in the Qneen's own hand.
Stype's Eccl.
Mem., II. ii.
P. 1.
26 Feb. 280. John de Salerno.
See Grants in February, No. 58.
26 Feb. 281. Council of Ireland to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., iii. 553.
Wrote, 5 Jan., of their intention to hear the griefs of the lord Deputy and the earl of Ormond; but at the Earl's repair hither these were found to be such as the writers cannot, "by both their consents," end here. Nevertheless they are both content, meanwhile, to suspend their variance in order that the King's affairs may proceed, and things that are amiss be amended. As to tumults which have lately chanced in the county of Waterford between Lady Katharine Butler and her son lord Power and Sir Gerald Fitz Johne of Desmounde; the writers persuaded the Deputy to stay advancing to the redress thereof until the said Earl's coming hither (to avoid brawls between his servants and the Earl's, and because victual is there very scarce), and now the Earl and Mr. Robert Sentleger, constable of Doungarvan, are appointed to take order therein and send the parties hither. Dublin, 26 Feb. 1545. Signed by Alen, Dublin, Meath, Aylmer, Lutrell, Bath, Cusake, Houth, Basnet, Lokwod and Travers.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Feb. 282. Council of Ireland to the Council.
R.O. Sundry complaints being bruited against Robert Sentleger, brother to the lord Deputy, the said Robert was divers times before the Council in presence of the earl of Ormounde and Walter Cowley, the King's solicitor, who refused to lay their charges against him, on the ground that, being the Deputy's brother, the Council were not indifferent. Report this at the instance of the said Robert. Dublin, 26 Feb. 1545. Signed by Alen, Dublin, Meath, Aylmer, Lutrell, Bath, Cusake, Travers, Basnet, Lokwod, and "Eingham" (Echingham).
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Feb. 283. Vaughan to Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 247.
B. M.
Wrote lately by Dr. Marten that he sent to Calles, to Sir Edw. Wotton, treasurer, 15,725½cr., 1 karolus gildern and 12 styvers. Begs him to send Sir Edward's receipt. Enclosed in the same letter a little clout with needles for Cobham's daughter, whom he has heard wish "she might somewhere find good needles." In Seeland lie five Scottish ships which lately came out of Scotland, well armed and trimmed, and go shortly into France. A French ship is lying midway between the Landes Ende and Seeland waiting to take ships between England and Seeland. "It were well done that our ships looked abouts, for this year wolbe a busier year than the last year." Out of Depe will be sent five small ships of war that may run into every creek and wait for our merchants' ships. A rich ship which they have already taken, laden with powder and ordnance of the King's and rich merchandise of our merchants, has given them an appetite for more. The King's ships should be well appointed with men, "for surely they provide otherwise for this year than they provided for the last. Many rumors here are of war with the French king, but I believe the French king to be a Prince of that wisdom that will not have to do with us and th'Emperor both." Be sure the Frenchman will be earlier both at Bulleyn and your marches than last year. There is no credible news here. Andwerp, 26 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: deputy of Calais.
26 Feb. 284. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 63.
Sends his Councillor, the Sieur Decke, to visit the King on his behalf and, with his ambassador there resident, to say certain things for which he begs credence. Maestrecht, 26 Feb. 1545. Signed. Countersigned: Bave.
French. Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Feb. 285. Charles V. to Van der Delft.
viii., No. 202.
Received his last letters at Arnhem when about to despatch D'Eick to the king of England about communications which had passed with the bp. of Winchester and the other English ambassadors. Refers him, for information, to the letters now written to D'Eick; and requests him to notify what he can learn about the confessions of the Spanish prisoner, and to press for restitution of the property captured by Renegat, for particulars of which the Emperor has written to Spain. Maestricht, 26 Feb. 1546.
26 Feb. 286. Charles V. to Scepperus.
viii., No. 203.
On consideration of his letter of the 16th inst. to Granvelle, and the document therein referred to touching the discourse of Winchester and the other ambassadors, caused Granvelle and President Scors to confer with the English ambassadors, upon pretext of their request for the passage of Conrad Penninck's troops, and for licence to export certain leather, saltpetre, harquebuses and pikes. Granvelle and Scors, after listening to the ambassadors' instructions and subsequent observations upon the Emperor's journey, replied that, desirous as he was to accommodate their master, the Emperor must neither let his own countries suffer injury nor contravene his treaty with France; and, further, must obviate similar requests by the French; Penninck must first come in person to explain his plans, and, being in the King's service, might come hither with security. (But the real reason is to get from him an undertaking to do nothing to the Emperor's prejudice, in which Martin Van Rossen thinks that he will raise no difficulty.) As to the leather, &c., the answer was that licence was given to export it quietly without arousing French jealousy. The ambassadors, making no allusion to the aid they had demanded, were then told of Scepperus' proposed voyage to England in pursuance of what had been said at Utrecht. They replied that his going could not fail to do good, his object being to inform the King of the Emperor's departure for Germany and discuss the marriage of his niece with the Prince of England. They were answered that Scepperus indeed went to announce the Emperor's departure; but, as for the marriage, it had not been mentioned for some time, and the Emperor did not know whether it had cooled. Winchester said that he had no letters from his master, but was daily expecting instructions touching his return. He was then asked if the Emperor should delay his departure until these letters came; and to that all the ambassadors answered at once that they thought not. Winchester asked whether the Emperor would pass through Metz, and was told that at Luxemburg his Majesty would decide what road to take. He also asked if the Conference went forward, as he heard that the Council was progressing. The answer was that the Conference was now assembled, and all parties seemed to desire a peaceable understanding, the Emperor would, at Ratisbon, see what could be effected; as for the Council, the matter now under consideration was whether reformation should first be proceeded with, or whether the subject of errors should be treated together with it; and the ambassadors might rest assured that the Emperor would see that Papal authority was not enlarged and no more power conceded to the Council than it might fairly claim. The English then asked if there were not great war preparations in France and the French people utterly tired of the expense of the war. The answer was that there was indeed much talk of preparations, but the anxiety seemed to be to provision the forts near Boulogne, Ardres and Therouanne which were in great need; also there were rumors in France of an agreement with their master. They replied that they had no recent news, their last was of the preparations.
The ambassadors made no allusion to the aid. When they were leaving, Grandvelle took Winchester aside and said that it would be in the interests of the alliance to communicate any fresh news that might come from England; hoping that he would exert his good offices. This he took in good part.
Scepperus should proceed to England as speedily as possible; for, although there are evidently close negociations for peace between France and England, both parties are raising troops, and the "differences and claims on both sides" are too great to be easily settled, and perhaps Scepperus' going, with the recent settlement made by Granvelle with Winchester at Utrecht, may so assure the King of the Emperor's friendship as to prevent negociations to his prejudice. Scepperus shall, in confidence, tell the King that the French intend to suggest a marriage of the Prince his son with the daughter of Scotland, and so effect a peace or long truce and recover Boulogne; persuading the Queen Mother that, the King being schismatic, her consent therein will be annulled by the Pope, and further that a secret protest might be made in the name of the girl. Having discreetly learnt the King's inclination towards a marriage of the Emperor's niece with the Prince, Scepperus shall address him more or less significantly, saying, in any case, that both the Emperor and the King of the Romans were much gratified to hear from the ambassadors of his goodwill to such a match. If there is any mention of dowry, the King must be satisfied with such dowry as Ferdinand gives to his other daughters, and not make any larger demand either from him or the Emperor,—for reasons which Scepperus heard discussed. If the King or his ministers insist on a larger dowry and still evince goodwill to the marriage, Scepperus shall say that he has no further instructions on the point and cannot believe that so great and wealthy a King will stick at such a matter; but that he will gladly report it, although without the slightest hope that Ferdinand will give more, or that the Emperor will help him to do so. Finding the King well disposed to the match, he shall learn whether the negociation of it will be entrusted to his ambassadors at Ratisbon, which seems the most suitable way, as the girl's father will be there with the Emperor. If on the other hand the King does not wish it, or is already treating for a Scottish marriage, Scepperus shall say that it was mentioned merely through the Emperor's desire to reciprocate the King's proposals for a closer alliance and Winchester's remark at Antwerp that his master would willingly listen to the marriage of the Emperor's niece; in any case the Emperor desires to remain on terms of sincere friendship with him, his son and the realm. If the Councillors press for the aid he must repeat the arguments used to explain why it was not accorded; not blaming Winchester and the other ambassadors too much, although it is inexcusable that for three weeks before the ratification they never mentioned it,—nor even afterwards until they received letters from England. That alone exonerates the Emperor, and there are other reasons why it cannot be granted. If the King or his ministers still insist, Scepperus shall say that he had no idea that the matter would be pressed, or that the King would make a point of such a trifle; and, having learnt the nature and duration of the aid they want, he may signify that it could not be given except during the continuance of the invasion formally specified in the treaty, and then only after notification "in the form often discussed," but he will (he shall say) convey the claim, and believes that the Emperor will do everything in reason. He may speak of the Diet and the Council as is written above; and, to the King, may add the substance of the Emperor's reply to the ambassadors upon the other points, reconciling it with his instructions.
This letter is also for the resident ambassador. Every effort must be made to secure redress for the Emperor's subjects, Flemings and Spaniards, and restitution of what Renegat captured. Has ordered 400 cr. to be advanced to Scepperus for expenses, and at his return the Queen will provide for the rest. Maestricht, 26 Feb. 1546.
26 Feb. 287. City of Lubeck to Henry VIII.
R. O. Have received his letters and heard his ambassadors; and, as for buying grain, they would gladly aid him; but that there is such scarcity among themselves, as the ambassadors have found, who will relate the rest of their answer. Sealed 26 Feb. 1546. Subscribed: obsequiosissimi, consules et senatores reipublicae Lubicensis.
Latin. Parchment. Seal lost. Add. Endd.: xxvj Martii 1545.
27 Feb. 288. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 341.
Meeting at Greenwich, 27 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker], Business:—Anthony Aucher had warrant to Williams for his diets, etc. (specified), in the order of the victuals, from 4 July to 11 Feb., 318l. 6s. 11d.
27 Feb. 289. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 204.
Takes advantage of this courier to write that a few days ago the King sent one of his secretaries to ask about a rumoured prohibition at Gravelines of the passage of victuals to the English, which seemed to be against the treaties. Replied that he had heard nothing of it, but knew that there was great scarcity there. The secretary then asked for news of D'Eick, whom they were daily expecting. Replied that all he knew was the talk of this Court that D'Eick was coming, and also a commissioner to settle complaints of subjects. War preparations are well advanced, especially by sea, and the King has made eight galleasses, which he prefers to galleys, as each will carry two guns at the bows, three or five on each side and one on the poop. A great number of Irishmen are expected here for Boulogne. The Marquis and the Earl of Essex will command the troops. No foreign soldiers remain on the Scottish Border, the German cavalry being all dismissed. Hesitates to report that here are rumours of a new Queen. Some attribute it to the sterility of the present Queen, while others say that there will be no change during the present war. Madame Suffolk is much talked about and in great favour; but the King shows no alteration in his demeanour to the Queen, although she is said to be annoyed at the rumour. Can discover nothing about the mission of the Polish ambassador. It is publicly asserted to have been for a marriage of his master with Lady Mary, whom the Queen has twitted about it. The King knighted the Polish ambassador and placed a golden collar round his neck. London, 27 Feb. 1546.
27 Feb. 290. Alen and Aylmer to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., iii. 555.
The rest of the Council here have signified to the King's Council the contention betwixt the Deputy and Ormond, but the writers, as the King's oldest servants here, think it their duty to signify their opinion. Ormond, by occasion of letters which he says came from the King's Council to the Deputy (and which he has promised in open Council to send to the King) and of a report of the King's servant Cantwell, has conceived that the Deputy has "hindered" him to the King. Upon this, and other displeasures with Robert Sentleger (whom he affirms to be a man of small discretion), Ormond wrote of his griefs to the King and Council letters which, after they were shipped at Waterford, Robert Sentleger's servants intercepted and brought to the Deputy; whereupon they entered in so deep a malice the one to the other as is like to cause great inconvenience. Advise the King to send for them both, and in their absence send some noble grave man to examine their proceedings; for, the Deputy being governor of the realm, few will speak against him, and the Earl is universally favoured of English subjects here; so that if both were here it would be hard to learn the truth, and if one were absent the other might undo him. At the same time, it should be enquired what is the state of the realm, how much in these five years the revenues are increased, how far the King's writ runs more than before, how the Irishmen ennobled by the King demean themselves, what is the strength of the Pale more than it was five years past, and whether Leynster is reformed (for that matter rests betwixt the Deputy and his brother and the Earl). Dublin, 27 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
27 Feb. 291. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. On the 21st inst. I despatched Nicholas, the King's post, with my agreement with Jasper Dowche for 30,000l. Fl. in money and 10,000l. Fl. in fustians to be emprunted by the Fowker, at 6 per cent, interest, for six months—being unable to get it for a longer time, as declared in my letter to the King herewith. Yesternight Francis arrived with a letter from the Council, also answered in mine to the King. Though I wrote to you of Jasper Dowche's offer of 600,000 cr., and the gift of a jewel therewith, if he might "enjoy still the present custom of strangers in England," I wrote it only as his device. Consider what a heap of money it is, "and ye shall see that it is not he, nor no house else in all this land that can furnish such a sum but the Fugger alone, and then had not he spoken with him. And what his answer now is, by my letter to the King's Majesty ye may more largely apperceive."
I received also by Francis a letter to Watson and Dymok. The former is at Lubeck or Dantzik and the latter in Amsterdame, to whom I sent the letter by express messenger. Pray help me to the post money of my other voyage. I also sent express to the countie of Tekelenbergh with the King's letter. Unless you help me to a discharge by the King's commission for my accounts I am undone and, after my "stormy labours," turned to beggary. "Those ij. holpen, and my book for the fee simple, then am I quieted. Ye see what it is to serve out of the King's Majesty's sight; whiles I am here Candisshe getteth a good office."
"Sir, now have I to discover unto you a wooing matter. I have promised to have a wife, and a wife promised to have me, the widow that I wrote you of, of Brynklow. I pray you send for her one day and let her be acquainted with my lady; and make the poor wife some cheer, for she is like to have none of me awhile. I promise you she is but poor. I take her only for her honesty. Ye see in what case my house is in mine absence. I am forced to have one to look to my things or else to hazard all. I never prayed so heartily for a good end of war as I pray for this, that I might in mine old days live in rest." Andwerp, 27 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
27 Feb. 292. City of Hamburg to Henry VIII.
R. O. Enclose a petition of certain of their citizens, owners of a ship (Alardus Freso, master) now out of the King's service, for eight months' pay still due. Moved his commissary, William Watson, to speak therein, and think it their duty also to write earnestly desiring that the eight months' payment may be made to John Elrendorp. Sealed 27 Feb. 1546. Subscribed: Consules senatoresque civitatis Hamburgensis.
Latin. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Seal lost. Endd.
27 Feb. 293. Lope Hurtado de Mendoza to Prince Philip.
viii., No. 205.
* * *
The king of Portugal learns from France that no peace negociations with England are proceeding, and there is small hope of peace. Letters of marque given by the French king against the Portuguese. Armed English ships are doing great damage. They have captured many ships laden with wheat for Lisbon. The King has sent an envoy to the king of England. Even Spaniards will be molested by the numerous armed ships that are out. Almerim, 27 Feb. 1546.
28 Feb. 294. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 341.
Meeting at Greenwich, 28 Feb. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Durham, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche, Baker], Business:—Robert Rooke, who trained the labourers at Berwick for war, had warrant to Mr. Uvedale for arrears of his wages at 2s. the day from 29 March, in consideration of his charges by being taken prisoner in Scotland.
28 Feb. 295. George abp. of Dublin to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., iii. 557.
Controversy has arisen between the Deputy and Ormond which is likely to turn to the total destruction of this realm, especially of the "mere English," some of whom he supposes to have procured this controversy. Here reigns insatiable ambition and continual quoyn and livery called extortion. Ormond, when sent for by the Council, came to Dublin with such a company of galloglas as damaged the writer's tenants and others, and he is more like a prince and governor than a subject. What "toye" he has in his head the writer knows not; but, at departing, he commanded the Council, the Deputy being present, not to report the state of this land although the Deputy required the contrary. Thinks that such words "came of a stout stomach," and that he would rather have his matters examined among his own countrymen; whereas the writer prays God to preserve the King and save his English subjects "from the trial of this country (expertus loquor)." Before the King gave Ormond lands on this side the Barrowe the "countrye" of Dublin and Kyldare were defended by ten soldiers, but within eight weeks after the Earl had them the writer's poor tenants lost 12 score kine and eight horses, and have since lost the value of 1,000 mks. The country here had rather given 100l. yearly than have the earl so nigh; for, although he repairs to the Council in English apparel, there is more Irish rule and stealth in his said lands than in the Geraldines' time. Knows not but that the Deputy has followed the Council's advice, but "they be weary of us all that be Englishmen here." The King should send for both the Deputy and Ormond. Although this realm has been these four or five years past in better quiet than for many years before (and there is not in it all so much war as is under Ormond's rule between his sister lady Katharine Butler and Sir Gerald Fitz John) this matter between the Deputy and Ormond will encourage evil disposed persons. Dublin, 28 Feb. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
28 Feb. 296. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O. Yesternight arrived Francis the post with a letter from the Council showing that the King marvels that Jasper Dowche should once receive the patent for the fee of 1,000 cr. and afterwards refuse it. Conjectured, by what he said at the time, that it came from the Emperor or Seigneur Score; and, devising again to "wind him to that stop," found that he had signified to Score his receipt of the patent and asked whether, with the Emperor's favour, he might use it. Two things prove that it could not be otherwise, the "man's glory" (who boasted of it all the town over) and "his insatiable thirst to money." He desires to serve the King, but often devises things which he cannot bring to pass; as this day, when brought to talk of his offer of 600,000 cr. and the jewel, he said it was a great sum, and to be had of no house but the Fowggers, who had finally resolved not to emprunt any such sum upon any more obligations of London and would only be satisfied with an Act of Parliament binding the whole realm. After that he devised that the King should have a factor here, as the king of Portingal has, accredited to the magistrates; and then great sums of money would be brought to the factor to be emprunted upon interest. Then he talked of enjoying, to himself alone, "the custom that presently is taken of strangers"; but would not declare offhand what he would do therein.
Lately signified, by Nicholas, on the 20th inst., his bargain with Jasper Dowche for the emprunture of 30,000l. Fl. in money and 10,000l. Fl. in fustians. Explains it (as in Nos. 263-4). If it is to be accepted, Vaughan should know where the money will be employed, so as to provide the kinds which will best serve and avoid giving interest for the change of more than is to be carried to Calles and Bulleyn; for current money would take long to receive and be evil to carry, and less commodious than French or Imperial crowns. Finds that he must give the Fugger ⅓ per cent. to be paid in crowns.
Has finished the bargain of corn with Erasmus Schetz and his son and arranged for him to tarry until 20 March for the 1,333l. 6s. 8d. Fl. payable beforehand. Will, by the next, send copy of the obligation. Also received, by Francis, the Council's letter to Watson and Dymok; which is today sent by special messenger to Dymok at Amsterdame, for Watson is at Hamborow or Dantzik. "The Italian captain that ran away and deceived your Majesty at Bulleyn or Guysnes, called Aguyre, was lately slain by another Italian that lately served your Majesty, at Lyons." A great ship of the French king's, coming from Burdeaux, discharged 500 barrels of gunpowder in a cellar at Rochell, "where with fire the same was burnt with 200 houses in the town, and a great piece of the wall of the town thrown down." The Emperor goes to Luxemburg, and will "there take an order for the country of Lege to be joined to this." Andwerp, last of February.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.: ulo Febr. 1545.
28 Feb. 297. Philip Count Palatine to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 64.
Received the King's letters by his servant, Master Gerardus, on the 26th inst. joyfully, and will accordingly come to him with all speed. Heydelberg, last of February, 1546. Signed: Philippus.
Latin. Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.: Duck Philip to the King's Mate, ulo Febr. 1545.
28 Feb. 298. The Duke of Longueville to his Mother the Queen [Mary of Guise].
Balcarres MS.
ii. 54.
Adv. Lib.
Thanks her for her letter sent to him by Mons. de la Brossé. Glad to hear of her health. Is here with Madame in pursuit of her process of Laval, of which he hopes for a good result. Paris, 28 Feb. 1545.
Excuses himself for not writing with his own hand, as the bearer leaves so suddenly. Signed: Francoys d'Orleans.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
Feb. 299. The Universities.
R. O.
published by
i. 105.
Returns made by the Commissioners for the survey of the Colleges, etc., in Cambridge. General heading illegible except the marginal words "Collegia, aule et cantarie infra villam et univers' Cantabrigie." The return for each college or house is headed "Status sive declaracio, tam proporcionis sive oneris dicti collegii sive domus, ordinat' et assignat' per fundatores et benefactores ejusdem quam omnium et singularum possessionum," etc., delivered by Matthew Parker, S.T.P., John Redman, S.T.P., and William Mey, LL.D., the King's Commissioners thereto assigned, in the month of February, 37 Hen. VIII. (fn. n4) The name of the original founder, the date of his charter, and the establishment which he appointed are first given; then the names of other benefactors with the annual value of their provisions; then the various regular expenses of the house; and, lastly, the annual value (gross and nett) of all the several possessions, spiritual and temporal, with a memorandum of advowsons, if any, in the gift of the house. Expenditure nearly always exceeds revenue. The return for each house is signed by the Commissioners. After the returns for the colleges is a valor for the six chantries, also signed. Then come tables giving the total amount for each college, &c., of the proportions or burdens, gross revenues, reprises, clear annual values, and the number of persons in each college (676 in all). Lastly there is a table comparing the values in the "liber decimalis" and in this.
The list of the houses with the onus or necessary expenditure of each is as follows:—
House or college of St. Peter, 187l. 18s. 2(?)d. Mem. that three fellows are wanting (desunt) for some months by reason of great expenses in repairs last year, but they are soon to be elected.
College of St. Michael, 143l. 18s.
College of Jesus, 140l. 15s. 8d.
College or hall of St. Katharine, 59l. 14s. 6d.
College or hall of Pembroke, 185l. 15s. 2d. Mem., two fellows wanting for want of revenues, etc.
King's Hall (Aula Regia), 263l. 16s. 7d.
College or hall of Holy Trinity, 139l 16s. Mem., three fellows and one discipulus wanting because of the absence of the bp. of Winchester, master of the college, and the expenditure on the college walls this year.
College of St. Mary Magdalen, 33l. 10s. 8d. Mem., two fellows wanting—to be nominated by the King.
College of St. John the Evangelist, 607l. 19s. Mem., four fellows wanting, but soon to be elected.
College of Corpus Christi and St. Mary, commonly called Benet College, 190l. 2s. 9d.
Christ's College, 297l. 2s.
Queens' College (Collegium Reginale), 273l. 4s. 7d.
College of the Annunciation of St. Mary, commonly called Gunvill Hall, 155l. 6s. 10d.
Royal College of St. Mary and St. Nicholas, 1,058l. 19s. 4d. Mem., four scholars wanting, but soon to be elected.
College or hall of Clare, 163l. 3s. 2d. Mem., two fellows wanting, but soon to be elected.
The chantries with their annual values are:—Chantry in the church of St. Sepulchre alias the Ronde Churche, 4l. 14s. 4d. Chapel of the University, nil. Chantry in the church of St. Mary without Trumpyngton Gate, 38s. 2½d. Chantry of St. Clement, 7l. 9s. 8d. Free chapel of St. Mary Magdalen commonly called Sturbrige chapel, 118s. 2d. Chantry in the church of the University called "the Greate Saynt Maries," 7l. 19s. ½d. "Memorandum, ther ben no mo chauntryes, frechappelles, hospitalles, ffraternyties or guyldes wherunto anye landes doth belong within the said towne and universitie of Cambrige than is before specified."
Latin. Large parchment, 181 pages.
R. O.
2. Similar returns for Oxford, the general heading almost wholly illegible except the words "per Ric'm Coxe, Theologie Doctorem [et ejusdem] D'ni Regis elemosinar' [ac alios] com'issionar' dict' D'ni R' adtunc ib'm existen', virtute," etc., anno 37o.—The returns in this case are not signed (nor are the Commissioners named), the revenues are given first and the valors of the several manors, etc., are more minutely detailed than in §1, the distance of a place from some other place being often given. The expenses, too, are more minutely classified; but the founders and benefactors are not here named. The return for each college ends with a list of advowsons belonging to the college. College expenditure almost always exceeds revenue, which is explained in one case (f. 46) as owing to dearness of victuals, especially bread; and there is in all such cases a note that the deficit is usually made up by legacies and donations, by table economies in years of plenty and by absence of some of the fellows in accordance with one of the College Statutes, and partly sometimes by fines. After the colleges come chantries with notes in English about each. Then follows a "brief declaration" giving in columns (1) the names of the colleges, etc., with founders' names and dates of foundation, (2) annual value of possessions, (3) reprises, (4) remainder, (5) cost of victuals and clothing, (6) excess of the said cost (over revenue), (7) number of persons, 589 in the twelve colleges. Lastly comes a brief comparison of the values given in the "liber decimalis" and this book.
The list of houses with their expenditure is as follows:—
College of St. Mary Magdalen, commonly called Marye Magdalene Colledge, 796l. 5s. 8d.
College of St. Mary of Winchester, commonly called Saynt Marye Colledge of Wynchester in Oxford, 844l. 12s.
College or house of scholars of Marton, 299l. 5s. 4d.
College of the Souls "Omnium Fidelium Defunctorum" commonly called All Solen Colledge, 366l. 7s. 8d.
Corpus Christi College, 389l. 9s. 11d.
House or hall of St. Mary commonly called Orryell Colledge, 152l. 6s. 4d.
Collegiate hall of the Scholars of the Queen, 182l. 18s. 11d.
"Kynges Halle and Colledge of Brasennose," 116l. 2s. 6d.
College of St. Mary and All Saints of Lincoln, 128l. 18s. 4d.
House of Scholars of Balliole, commonly called Ballyol Colledge, 83l. 5s. 6d.
Great hall of the University, commonly called Unyversitie Colledge, 69l. 15s. 6d.
Hall of Stapledonne commonly called Exetor Colledge, 81l. 13s. 6d.
Hospital of Lamborne Woodlandes, Berks, annexed to the said college of St. Mary of Winchester, 26l. 14s.
Hospital of St. Julian in Southampton, annexed to the same, 105l 3s. 11d.
Chapel of St. Mary the Virgin on the south side of the parish church of St. Mary Magdalen, 6l. 12s. 8d.
Service in the parish church of St. Michael in Borial', 59s.
Chapel of St. Mary the Virgin within the parish church of St. Giles, 44s. 2d.
Chapel of St. Nicholas within the parish church of St. Mary, 53s. 4d.
Chantry founded within the parish church of St. Aldat, 58s. 4d.
Latin. Very large parchment, 246 pages.
Feb. 300. Boulogne.
R. O. "Totalis of the garrison serving the King's Majesty within his Highness' town of Basseboloigne and the fortress called the Old Man," February 37 Hen. VIII., viz:—
Bassebolloigne: Englishmen under Sir Thos. Wyat 317, Capt. Compton 257, Capt. Trobulfild 287, gunners to the great ordnance 17. Italians under Coronello Selarno 140, Capt. Latino Dati 103, Capt. Antonyo 102, Capt. Moreto 111, Capt. Clemento 120, Capt. Napoleto 120. Albonoyse under Caveliro Thomas Boa 148, Capt. Jan Delanzano 106, Capt. Antonyo 58, Capt. Nicolao 70.
Th' Oldman: Sir Thos. Pallmer 155, Capt. Bowes 175, Capt. Dudley 160, gunners to the great ordnance 24.
Pioneers: ordinary 640; sent hither for the army 1,061.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. "The totall of all the garrison serving the King's Majesty in the month of February last" in Highe Bolloign, viz., under Capt. Gylby 287, Capt. Ardeyng 306, Capt. Callarde 302, Capt. George 291, Sir John Brydges 319, Sir Henry Palmer, master of the ordnance, 113, Sir Ralph Ellerker 51 men at arms and 74 light horsemen, Hen. Dudley, captain of the Guard, 125, Win. Goddolphyn 64.
P. 1.
Feb. 301. Documents Signed by Stamp.
R. O. Abridgment of bills, &c., which the King caused "me William Clerc" to stamp at sundry times in February 37 Hen. VIII., in presence of Sir Ant. Dennye.
1. Instructions for Brende and Brigantyne. (fn. n5)
2. "Tharticle brief." (fn. n5)
3. A letter commendatory. (fn. n5)
4-9. Letters to the towns of Hambrough, Breame, Lubeck and Dansike, the earl of Teklingburgh and the countess of Embden. (fn. n5)
10. Mr. Hobbye. Licence to export certain bells at Newcastle "which he brought out of Scotland," together with ten thousand weight more. G. 16 Feb. (fn. n5)
11. The searchership of Calais for William Poole upon the surrender of John Barthelett. (fn. n5)
12, 13. Mr. Secretary Paget. Wardships. Subscr. by my lord Great Master. G. 20 Feb.
14. Sir Francis Dawtrie. Office. Subscr. by my lord Chancellor. G. 8 Feb
15. Sir Ant. Browne. Office. G. 16 Feb.
16. My lord Deputy of Ireland. Licence. G. 16 Feb. (fn. n5)
17. John Bekensawe. Pension. G. 24 Feb. (fn. n5)
18. A placard for Nicholas Oursewe, your Majesty's clockmaker. (fn. n5)
19. Dr. Wotton. Licence. G. 23 Feb. (fn. n5)
20. Angelo Mariano. Pension. G. 20 Feb. (fn. n5)
21. Mr. Secretary Peter. Licence. G. 18 Feb. (fn. n5)
22. The late abbot of Anwike (W. Harrison). Presentation. G. 24 Feb. (fn. n5)
23. "A passport for Sir Stanislius Lasotta, knight, the king of Pooles ambassador." (fn. n5)
24. "A bill for the same Sir Stanislius Lasotta, knight, his arms, whom your Majesty hath dubbed knight." (fn. n5)
25. John Leweston to be lieutenant and captain of your isle and castle of Portelande, Dors., with 16d. a day from 31 Dec. last for life. Subscr. by my lord Privy Seal.
26. "A letter to the dean and chapter of Lichfelde to accept William Bretten, late one of the children of your Majesty's chapel, to be a singingman there. At the request of Mr. Hare."
27. Dr. Oking and John Fisher. Non-residence. Subscr. by my lord Great Chamberlain. G. 4 March.
28. Edw. Whaffer. Pardon. A previous bill, because addressed to my lord Audeley, "taketh no effect." At suit of Sir Maurice Barkeley. G. 7 March.
29. Sir George Somersett. Office. G. 21 Feb.
30. William Hunt. Pardon. Examined by Mr. Hare and at the suit of Roger Hunt, Mr. Bryan's servant. G. 20 Feb.
31. Letter to bp., dean and chapter of Exetour to lease the manors of Bisshops Cliste and Tawton, co. Devon, for 50 years to my lord Privy Seal at "th'used rent."
32. Wm. Cavendishe. Office. Subscr. by the General Surveyors. G. 19 Feb.
33. "A like warrant for the receipts and payments belonging to that office as Mr. Rous had." Subscr. by General Surveyors.
34. Wm. Gravys. Pardon. G. 18 Feb.
35 to 41. Letters to the Duke of Venece, Gonzago, the Duke of Mantua, the Duke of Farrare, the Duke of Florence, the Marquis of Vasto and the Duke and Governors of Genney. (fn. n5)
42. Thomas Boa, "captain of the Albonoys, and his horsemen." Licence. G. 26 Feb. (fn. n5)
43. John de Salerno. Licence. G. 26 Feb. (fn. n5)
44. "The letters patent to the Fockers for the repayment of 41,800l. at Antwarpe the 15th day of August next ensuing." (fn. n5)
45. Letters of commission to Thomas Boa to be captain and "cronell" of th' Albonoys horsemen. (fn. n5)
46. Joan Edling. Pardon. Subscr. by my lord Chancellor. G. 26 Feb. Parchment, two membranes, signed: W. Clerc.
302. Grants in February, 1546.
1. John Wynde. To be comptroller and surveyor of the exchange of the coinage and mint within the city of York; with 40l. a year from St. John Baptist's Day last. Westm., 31 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 16, m. 43.
2. David Martyn or Marten, comptroller of the King's Works (by pat. 20 May 26 Hen. VIII., granting him the reversion after George Lufkyn) and Sir Richard Benese, priest, surveyor of the same works (by pat. 30 Hen. VIII.). Warrant for payment to them of diets and riding costs at 2s. a day,—the comptroller from 15 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII., since which time he has exercised that office, as long as he remains busied about the King's works, and the surveyor from the said 15 Sept. 30 Hen. VIII. to 31 Dec. 33 Hen. VIII. This because of their expenses and pains taken and to be taken about the King's works, not only in England but beyond sea, and in Scotland and elsewhere. Hampton Court, 25 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. P. 16, m. 44. In English.
3. John Wright, the King's servant. To be chief mason of the King's works of Calais and its marches; with the usual fee and profits as enjoyed by Wm. Baker, payment to date from the death of the said Baker. Westm., 30 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. P. 16, m. 45.
4. Thomas Barwell, the King's servant. To be clerk or surveyor and provisor of the King's works in Calais and its marches as amply as Thomas Shetford, dec., held the office; with 12d. a day and profits and fees from the day of the death of John Burgate. Westm., 30 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 16, m. 45.
5. Thomas Petite, the King's servant. To be surveyor of the King's works in Calais and its marches; with 20l. a year and so many men in wages as Richard Lee and Wm. Lelegrave or any other had in that office; with payment of expenses and grant of a house in the parish of St. Nicholas, Calais, beside Boleyngate, which Lee and Lelegrave had, at the accustomed rent; with authority to take up, for the works, wood, timber, boards, iron nails, chalk, stones, spars, coals, billets, carts and ships for carriage, and other necessaries. Fees to date from the time of the death of John Burgate. Westm., 30 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 16, m. 46.
6. Henry Parker alias Saunder Parker, late of Kinston or Kingeston, Surr., yeoman. Pardon for the murder of Thos. Sexten of Kingeston, yeoman, and all offences connected therewith before 24 Dec. 35 Hen. VIII. Hampton Court, 10 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 35.
7. Dame Mary Carewe, widow. Custody of the body and possessions of Dame Anne Baldwyn, widow of Sir John Baldwyn, dec., who is lunatic. Westm., 29 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 48. In English.
8. Richard Brydges and John Knyght. Grant, in fee, for 515l. 8s. 4d., of the manor, the rectory and the advowson of the vicarage of Falley, Berks,—Ambresbury mon., Wilts; and the manor of Crosbye. Cumb.,—Henry, earl of Northumberland. Also woods called Kyblettes Border and Falley Comen (18 ac) in Falley and all appurtenances of the said manors and rectory in Falley parish, Berks, and in Croscannabye, Cumb., and all other possessions of the earl of Northumberland in the parish of Croscannabye. Also lands in tenure of Robt. Blynche, Thos. Pargytter and Chr. Lyght in Halse, Ntht., and all other possessions of Godstowe mon., Oxon, in Halse,—Godstowe; a messuage in tenure of Ric. Pavyr in Southorne, Oxon, and all other possessions of Donyngton priory, Berks, in Southorne,—Donyngton; messuages (specified) in Newbury, Berks, in tenure of Wm. Coke, Evan Galcion, Edw. Fetyplace, and Nic. Cosyn,—Charles duke of Suffolk; a messuage and lands in tenure of John Chokk in Denforde alias Shortes next Hungarforde in Kyntbury parish, Berks, and all other possessions of St. John's of Jerusalem in Kyntbury,—St. John's of Jerusalem. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII—SB. (signed by Essex, Browne, Baker, North, Sir Robt. Southwell, Duke and Chydley). Pat. p. 16, m. 14.
9. Clement Harleston. To be one of the King's "osteringers"; with 12d. a day payable, by the treasurer of the Chamber, from St. John Baptist's Day last. Greenwich, 9 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. Pat. p. 17, m. 10.
10. Sir Anthony Nevell, the King's servant. Annuity of 20mks., out of the manors of Welle and Estmerkeham and lands in Cayburne, Welle, Burton and Estmerkeham, Linc., Yorks. and Notts, in the King's hands by the minority of Ric. Topclif, s. and h. of Robt. Topclif, dec.; with wardship and marriage of the said heir. Westm., 28 Jan. 37 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 19.
11. William Westhall. Custody of the body and possessions of Edward Inkersell, who has been an idiot from his birth, cousin and next heir of Henry Inkersell, dec., as appears by inquisition taken at Pomfreitt, Yorks., 28 Sept. 31 Hen. VIII. Westm., 29 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.. 29 Jan—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 40.
12. George Woode. Annuity of 10l. out of the manors of Drayton, Hereley and Kenley, Bucks and Salop, in the King's hands by the minority of Roland Laken, s. and h. of Ric. Laken, dec.; with wardship and marriage of the said heir. Westm., 30 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 47.
13. James Johnson, mayor of Kingeston upon Hull, and the burgesses there. Fiat for their farm of the office of King's gauger in that port, from Mich. 37 Hen. VIII., for 21 years; at 16s. present rent and 4d. increase, and more if any other, without fraud, offer more, Del. Westm., 5 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Norfolk, as Treasurer, with note that Chr. Smyth and Thos. Moryson, of London, are sureties).
14. Francis Browne and Dorothy his wife. Livery of lands of the said Dorothy as d. and h. of Sir John Villars, dec. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII—S.B. (signed by St. John, Hynde and Sewster). Pat. p. 6, m. 32.
15. John Biesbie, jun. Warrant for livery of lands in Lincolnshire to him, as kinsman and heir of John Biesbie, sen., dec., who died seised of lands in Hemmyngbie and elsewhere (specified) worth 4l. 9s. yearly. Dated 3 Dec. 36 Hen. VIII. Del. 6 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Hynde and Sewster).
16. Thomas Cludd. Fiat for livery of lands to him as s. and h. of Richard Cludd, who died, 5 May 37 Hen. VIII., seised of the manor of Erleton holden of the King, lands in Rookwarden holden of John Stile, in Arleston holden of John Bythewey, in Willington holden of the heirs of Sir Chr. Garneis, in Watersupton and Alscott holden of Hen. Froget, in Clotley and Chelton holden of Geoff. Oldborn, worth (value of each given) in all 11l. 3s. 4d. a year. Dated 1 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 Feb.—S.B. (signed by St. John. Sewster and Beamount).
17. John Catcott, a yeoman of the Guard. To be bailiff and collector of the manors of Estbrent, Mere, Northlode, Southbrent, Berghes, Lympsham, Ham, Sevynghampton Dennys, Westmounton and Brente Mershe, Soms., which belonged to Glastonbury abbey; with 10l. 18s. 4d. a year. Greenwich, 4 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 21.
18. Lord Chancellor Wriothesley and Sir Francis Dawtrey. Constableship of Southampton castle, in survivorship, with 10l. a year. On surrender of pat. 8 Jan. 32 Hen. VIII. granting the office to Wriothesley alone. Del. Westm., 7 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—SB. (subscribed by Wriothesley). Pat. p. 18, m. 41.
19. Robert Wyngfeld. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir Humphrey Wyngfeld. dec. Del. Westm., 8 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Hynde and Beamount). Pat. p. 6. m. 35.
20. Sir William Paget, one of the two Principal Secretaries. Annuity of 40l. out of the manors of Uleghe, Kingesweston, Marsden and Stoke Giffarde, Glouc., in the King's hands by the minority of Richard s. and heir of Sir John Barkeley, dec., with wardship and marriage of the said Richard. Del. Westm., 8 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (subscribed by Lord St. John). Pat. p. 17, m. 33.
21. Sir William Paget, one of the two Principal Secretaries. Annuity of 401.out of the manors of Dutton, Preston, Weston, Arrowe, Moldesworthe Parva and Acton, Chesh., in the King's hands by the minority of John Dutton, kinsman and next heir of Sir Piers Dutton, dec, viz., s. of Hugh, s. of the said Sir Piers; with wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 8 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (subscribed by Lord St. John). Pat. p. 18, m. 24.
22. Thomas Barnardiston of Kedyngton alias Ketton, Stiff. Grant, in fee, for 144l., of the chantry of Kedyngton alias Ketton with all its possessions, and all lands in Kedyngton, Suff., and Stunner, Essex, which the said Thomas granted to the Crown by charter dated 29 Nov. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII—S.B. (signed by Russell, Paget. Riche, Sir Robt. Southwell, North, Bacon and Duke). Pat. p. 16, m. 7.
23. Edward Cooke. To be keeper of the park called Hide, Midd., holding the office from 27 Aug 37 Hen. VIII., on which day Edw. Free, late keeper there, died.
Also grant of a fee of the Crown of 6d. a day vice Wm. Guisnam, dec., the King's servant. Greenwich, 3 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 Feb.—P. S. Pat. p. 17, m 11.
24. Katharine Freyston, wife of Fras. Freyston, of Columpton, Devon. Pardon, she being indicted for having, 7 June 37 Hen. VIII., at Holdysworthye, Devon, in the highway, attacked David Blackedon and taken from him a purse containing 13s. Westm.. 12 Feb. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII. p 14. m. 44.
25. Andrew Corbett, of More ton Corbett, Salop. Grant, in fee (for 553l. 6s. 8d. and in consideration that he with others is bound in statute staple for payment of the whole value of the woods upon the lands hereunder specified), of the manor of Redcastell, a meadow in tenure of Wm. Cotten beside Passagelane in Losseforde, Salop, a messuage and lands formerly in tenure of Ric. Pole and now of Ric. Pette in Weston and in the parish of Hodnett, Salop, a messuage in tenure of Anne Dodde, widow, in Losseford, and all appurtenances of Redcastell manor in Redcastell, Weston, Marchombeley, Losseford, Hawkeston, Kenson, Grenehunger, Wykehill and Le Brokehurst and in the parish of Hodnett, Salop, and elsewhere, and all other possessions in these places which the King purchased of Sir John Tuchett lord Audeley. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—SB. (signed by Browne, St. John, Paget, North, Baker, Sir Robt. Southwell, Staunford and Bacon). Pat. p. 16, m. 11.
26. Christopher Hagat. Lease of the mansion of Estbrent, Soms., with buildings, gardens, and a close of 2 ac. now occupied by the steward there, parcel of possessions of Glastonbury mon.; for 21 years from Annunciation of St. Mary next at 16s. 8d. rent. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Southwell and Moyle). Pat. p. 18, m. 20.
27. Sir Edward Wootton, treasurer of Callays, Sir Edward Braye, lieutenant of the castle there, and Francis Hall, comptroller of Calais. Commission to take the account of Sir Thomas Palmer, treasurer of Guisnes, and to charge and discharge him by the warrants of the King's captains general, deputy of Calais or Council, or of Wm. Burgate, Thos. Barwell, and Thos. Petyt; also to accept his declaration as to victuals lost by long keeping or accident, and, if it be found that money is due to him upon his account, to make precepts to the Treasurer of Augmentations to pay him the same. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 18, m. 41. In English.
28. Sir Ric. Southwell, the King's Councillor. Annuity of 200l. out of the customs and subsidies in the ports of London, Exeter, Dartmouth and Bristol. Greenwich, 10 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 18.
29. Richard Blount, a gentleman usher of the Chamber. Reversion of the office of keeper and paler of the new park of Wakefeld, Yorks., and bow-bearer in the same, with enjoyment of the herbage and pannage; after Ric. Lyster, to whom the premises were granted by pat. 10 Feb. 8 Hen. VIII., vice Thomas Compton, one of the grooms of the Chamber. Greenwich, 2 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 19.
30. Commissions for the survey of chantries.
Norf., Suff., Norwich, Ipswich and Yarmouth.—Commission to Wm. bp. of Norwich, Sir Rog. Townesend, Sir Wm. Paston, John Godsalve, John Gosnold, John Eire and Nich. Myn (in consideration that by Act of Parliament of 37 Hen. VIII. the King is empowered to take into his hands, at pleasure, ail chantries, hospitals, colleges, free chapels, fraternities, brotherhoods, guilds and salaries of stipendiary priests "having perpetuity," and all their possessions, and he wishes to act therein to the glory of Almighty God and the wealth of the realm) to enquire what chantries, etc., there are. to what intents they were founded and how their revenues are expended, which of them are parish churches, and how far each stands from the parish church; that the King may determine which of them shall stand as they are or be dissolved, altered or reformed. Also to make a full survey of the lands which pertained to them at any time since 4 Feb. 27 Hen. VIII., what chantries, etc., have since that date been dissolved or acquired by any of the King's subjects without special licence, what is the yearly value, what goods and ornaments there are, and what yearly deductions. And, to prevent embezzlement, to make inventories indented with the masters, rulers, governors or incumbents of the said chantries, etc., of all plate, jewels, ornaments, goods and chattels, commanding the same to be safely kept. The certificates, surveys and indentures made as above to be returned into the Court of Augmentations. Westm., 14 Feb.
Like commissions, of the same date, as follows:—
Camb. and Hunts.—John bp. of Lincoln, Thomas bp. of Ely, John Sewster, Robt. Aprice, Robt. Chester, and Brian Tailour.
Essex, Herts and Colchester.—Edm. bp. of London, Sir Ric. Legh, Sir John Smyth. John Cocke, Nic. Bristowe, and John Goldyng.
London, Westminster and Midd.- Sir Martin Bowes, mayor of London, Edm. bp. of London, Thos. bp. of Westminster, Sir Rog. Cholmeley, Sir Ric. Gresham, Wymond Carewe, Robt. Broke Wm. Stampford. Nic. Bacon, and Thos. Mildemaye.
Chesh., Lanc., and Chester.—John bp. of Chester, Sir Thos. Holcrofte, John Holcrofte, Robt Tatton, John Kychen, and Jas. Rokesby.
Yorks, York and Kingston upon Hull.—Robt abp of York, Sir Mich. Stannop, Sir Leonard Beckwyth, Wm. Babthorp. Robt. Chaloner, Robt. Hennage, Ric. Whalley, Thos. Gargrave, Ric. Norton, and Humph. Bowland.
Linc., Lincoln and Boston.—John bp. of Lincoln, Sir Wm. Wylloughbye John Hennage, Ric. Goodrike, Robt. Gouge, and John Hanbye.
Beds, and Bucks.—John bp. of Lincoln, Sir John Seynt John. Hen. Bradshawe, attorney general, Robt. Drurye, Geo. Wryght and Hugh Fuller.
Berks, Hants, Winchester, Southampton, New Windsor and the Isle of Wight.—Steph. bp. of Winchester, John bp. of Salisbury, Sir John Wellesborne. Walt. Hendley, Ric. Worsley, Geo. Pawlet, Ric. Pawlett and John Hamond.
Kent, Canterbury and Rochester,—Thos. abp. of Canterbury, Hen. bp. of Rochester, Sir Thos. Chenye, Sir John Baker. Sir Thos. Moyle, Sir Ric. Long, Sir Wm. Fynche, Sir John Guldeford, Ant. Awger, Ric. Modye, Wm. Sydley, Thos. Watton, Thos. Spylman. Paul Sydnor, Thos. Grene, and John Wylde.
Surr., Suss., and Southwark.—Stephen bp. of Winchester, Geo. bp. of Chichester, Sir Robt. Southwell, Sir Thos. Pope, Sir Thos. Carden, Sir Chr. More, Sir John Gresham, Thos. Darrell, Ric. Sakvyle, Wm. Saunders, Robt. Wyngfeld and Jas. Skynner.
Wilts. and New Sarum.—John bp. of Salysburye, Sir Thos. Seymour, Robt. Chidley, Thos. Legh, and Wm. Grene.
Staff., Salop and Shrewsbury.—Ric. bp. of Cov and Lichfield, Sir Ph. Dreyco (sic), Edw. Lyttelton, Ant. Bowcher, and Wm. Sheldon.
Denbigh, Flynt, Carnarvon, Anglesey, Mountgomery, Merionneth and Monmoth.—Wm. bp. of St. David's. Arthur bp. of Bangor, Ant. bp. of Llandaff, Robt. bp. of St Asaph, Sir Robt. Townesend, Sir Rice Maunsell. John Scudamore, Thos. Holt, Ric. Hassall, John Aprice, Adam Mylton, Jas. Gunter and Thos. Wren.
Carmarthen, Cardigan, Pembroke, Brecknoc, Glamorgan and Radnor—Wm. bp. of St. David's, Arthur bp. of Bangor, Ant. bp. of Llandaff, Robt. bp. of St. Asaph, Sir Rice Maunsell, John Pakyngton, David Broke, Ric. Hassall, John ap Rise, Adam Mylton, Wm. Dyx, and Geo. Wall.
Westmld. and Cumb.—Robt. bp. of Carlisle. Wm. lord Evers, Thos. lord Wharton, Sir Robt. Bowes, Sir John Loder, Cuthb. Horsleye. and Edw. Edgare.
Nthld., Bpric. of Durham, city of Durham and town of Newcastle.—Cuthbert bp. of Durham, Wm. lord Evers Thos. lord Wharton, Sir Robt. Bowes, Sir Fras. Leeke, Robt. Menell, Hen. Whytreason and Ric. Hochenson.
Notts., Derb., Nottingham and Derby — Robt. abp. of York, Ric. bp. of Co. et Lich., Sir John Markham. Wm. Cowper, Nic. Powterell, and John Wyseman.
Oxon, Ntht., Rutl. Oxford and Northampton.—Robt. bp. of Oxford, John bp. of Peterborough, Sir John Wyllyams, Edw. Gryffyn, solicitor general, John Doylye, John Marshe and Fras. Southwell.
Dors., Soms., Wells and Bath.—Wm. bp. of Bath, Paul bp. of Brystowe, Sir Giles Strangwys, Sir John Horsey, Thos. Denam, Robt. Carye and Rog. Kentsey.
Devon, Cornw., and Exeter.—John bp. of Exetour, Sir Ric Edgecombe, Sir Hugh Srevanyon (sic), Sir Gawen Carrewe, John Greynfeld, John Arscott, Nic. Adams, Ph. Lentall, and John Ayleworth.
Glouc., Gloucester and Bristol.—John bp. of Glocetour, Paul bp of Bristowe, Sir Ant. Kyngston, John Carrell. Nic Arnold, Ric. Pates. and Edw. Gostwyke.
Worc., Heref., Worcester and Hereford.—John bp. of Hereford, Nic. bp. of Worcetour, Sir Robt. Acton, John Pakyngton, Thos. Burgoyne, Geo. Gyfford, and Ric. Cowper.
Leic., Warw., Coventry and Leicester.—John bp. of Lincoln. Ric. bp. of Co. et Lich, Sir Ric. Mannors, Sir Ric. Catesbye, John Beamont, Wm. Legh, Wm. Rygges and Clement Throkmerton. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII. p. 10, m. 1d.
31. William Gostwyk. Livery of lands as kinsman and heir of Wm. Gostwyk. dec. (exact relationship not stated). Del. Westm., 16 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Sewster and Beamount. Pat. p. 5, m. 43.
32. Margaret Coupledike, gentlewoman. Annuity of 10l. out of Tatteshall manor. Linc., and lands in Tatteshall in the King's hands by the minority of Henry duke of Suffolk, s. and h. of Charles late duke of Suffolk, dec. Greenwich, 8 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 19.
33. Sir Anthony Seyntleger, deputy of Ireland and one of the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Licence to repair to the King; William Brabazon, vice-treasurer of Ireland, to be justice of the same during the said Deputy's absence. Del. Westm., 16 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 18, m. 24. In English.
34. Sir Anthony Browne, K.G., Master of the Horse. To be warden and chief justice and justice in eyre of forests beyond Trent, and keeper and master of the hunt of the same, vice Thomas earl of Rutland, dec., with 100l. a year. Greenwich, 8 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 39.
35. Sir Philip Hobby, a gentleman of the Privy Chamber. Grant of five bells which he has lately found in the weigh-house in Newcastle, embezzled from the late priory of Leeson in Kent; and licence to export these and other bell metal to the weight of 20,000lb. Greenwich, 8 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 47. In English.
36. Stephen Reamys. Reversion of the office of clerk of the Court of First Fruits, after Thomas Godfray who now holds the office by pat. 18 May, 34 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 11 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 48.
37. Aphabell Rowlett and Mary his wife. Fiat for livery of lands in Hertfordshire, in right of the said Mary, for (pro) Dorothy, Anne and Eliz. Peryent, daughters and coheirs of Thos. Peryent, dec., who died seised of the manor of Lokley. worth 5l. a year. Dated 7 June, 37 Hen. VIII Del. Westm., 16 Feb. anno subscripto.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Hynde and Beamount).
38. Sir William Petre, one of the two Principal Secretaries. Licence to retain 20 men in his livery, over and besides household servants and daily attendants. Del. Westm., 18 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 17, m. 18 (undated). In English.
39. William Gravys of Westminster, Midd., bricklayer. Pardon for having, with Ric. Dixon, of Westminster, carpenter, on 26 Dec. 36 Henry VIII., broken into Westminster cathedral and stolen 200 oz. of silver gilt, worth 20l., the property of the dean and chapter. Del. Westm., 18 Feb. 37 Hen VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 17, m 35.
40. William Cavendishe. To be treasurer of the Chamber and of the Court of General Surveyors vice Sir Anthony Rous, dec., with profits as enjoyed by Sir Brian Tuke or any other, and fees payable from the time of the death of Sir Ant. Rous. Del. Westm., 19 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (subscribed by Sir Ric. Southwell and Sir Thos. Moyle). Pat. p. 2, m. 1.
41. John Pykes. Grant for 40 years, at 6s. 8d. rent, of all weeds called "see ore and kyppes" growing upon rocks along the seaside "within the full sea mart" from the point called Portshed, Soms., to the haven of Sainct Tyves, Cornw., and from the point called Pennart, co. Glam., to St. David's hed "in our marches of Wales." The preamble runs "where our well beloved subject John Pykes, merchant of our city of Bristoll, hath travelled the parts of beyond the sea and to his great costs and charges hath invented and attained the knowledge and experience for the making of white soap called 'Civile sope,' which never heretofore hath been made within this our realm of England; and whereas certain weeds called 'see ore and kippes' are very necessary for the making of the said soap, and for that he shall exercise and make the same, and instruct and bring up others under him to attain the knowledge thereof that the same may be a wealth and commodity to our subjects inhabiting within our said realm from henceforth" Greenwich, 13 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 46. In English.
42. Francis Savage. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Chr. Savage, dec. Del. Westm., 20 Feb. 37 Henry VIII.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Sewster and Beamount). Pat, p. 6, m. 33.
43. William Hunte of Maiden or Maldon, Beds, alias of Roxston, Beds, gentleman. Pardon for felonies committed between Mich. 36 Hen. VIII. and St. John Baptist's Day 37 Henry VIII., he being indicted for having, 2 Dec. 36 Hen VIII., broken into the close of Wm. Whitton at Whitfield, Oxon, and stolen a sorrel (coloris sorreld) horse. Westm., 18 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 16, m. 41.
44. Angelus de Marianis, of Cremona (? Camoneum). Annuity of 150l. payable from Christmas 36 Hen. VIII. Westm., 17 Feb. 37 Henry VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 10.
45. Katharine Adyngton, widow of Thomas Adyngton, dec., and Richard Brykett, of London, skinner. Grant of the office of King's skinner or serjeant of the "pelletrie," in survivorship, with 12d. a day; and because the said Katharine exercised the office since 13 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII.. when her husband died, she is granted the amount of the fee of 12d. a day from Mich. 35 Hen. VIII. "Apud palacium nostrum." 16 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 14.
46. Francis Walshe. Fiat for livery of lands to him as s. and h. of John Walshe, who died 24 June 33 Hen. VIII. seised of the manor, of Shellesley Gyldon, Worc., holden of the King's manor of Rychardes Castell. Dated 3 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Feb.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Sewster and Beamount).
47. Sir George Somerset, the King's servant. To be lieutenant or captain of the tower or castle of Ruysbanke in Picardy; with the number of soldiers and the fees accustomed (specified) as enjoyed by Sir John Petche, Sir Nic. Carewe, Sir George Carewe or Thomas Carewe. Payment from 1 Feb. last. Westm., 16 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 16: m. 42.
48. Nicholas Wotton, clk., the King's Councillor. Licence to keep a chaplain who may purchase licence to hold two benefices and be non-resident. Westm., 15 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 46. In English.
49. William Harrison, clk., King's chaplain. Presentation to the rectory of Botehall, Nthld., Dham. dioc., void by the death of Cuthbert Ogle, and in the King's gift by the minority of Robert, s. and h. of Sir Robert Ogle, dec. Westm., 20 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 44.
50. Nicholas Arnold. Livery of lands as s. and h. of John Arnold, dec. Del. Westm., 24 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by St. John, Hynde and Sewster). Pat. p. 6, m. 34.
51. Sir Richard Ryche, the King's Councillor. Grant, in fee for the manor of Parva Badowe, Essex, and for 1,587l. 7s. 5d.), of the lordships and manors of Myddelton alias Mylton, Southchurche, Lawling and Stysted. Essex, and all other lands in those places which formerly belonged to Christchureh cathedral, Canterbury,—Canterbury cathedral. Del. Westm., 24 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII—S.B. (signed by Russell, Petre, North, Sir John Williams, Bacon and Duke). Pat. p. 13, m. 46.
52. John Bekynsawe. Annuity of 25l. out of the Exchequer, payable from Mich. last. Westm., 15 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m. 10.
53. John Wynn ap Meredith and Dd Lloyd ap Thomas. Lease, by advice of Southwell and Moyle, General Surveyors, of the lordship with the stewardship of the town and lordship of Nevyn and the rents of assize of the towns of Crukenny and Nethern, Kyddio, Rosse, Vennassaph, Tresgarnet Boddronoll, Botagh, and the third part of the hamlet of Blythek, and the rents of assize of the town of Hiradreff in the commote of Dynllan and le Frith de Dolewothlan in the commote of Nanconwey, co. Caernarvon, parcel of the principality of North Wales; with reservations; for 21 years from Mich. next. Westm., 20 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII Del. Westm., 24 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 17, m, 13.
54. Anthony Bourchier, one of the King's auditors. Lease (by advice of Southwell and Moyle, General Surveyors) of a messuage formerly Stauntons, otherwise called Escheated Lands within the precinct of the lordship of Barkeley, and within the parish of Barkeley, Glouc., with two orchards (3 ac.), extending from the highway on the west to the land lately in tenure of Robert Sonyger, called Lugdowne, on the east, and from the land of Thos. Freme on the north to Lugdowne on the south) and other lands (names and extents given) there and also certain parcels of the demesne lands of the manors of Hynton, Alkington and Hame in Barkeley parish, all which premises are parcel of Barkeleys landes, Glouc., from Lady Day next for 21 years. Westm., 19 Feb 37 Henry VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Feb.—P.S. Pat p. 18. m. 21.
55. Elizeus Mores. Lease (by advice of Southwell and Moyle, General Surveyors) of the towns of Redonok Velyn and Gest in the commote of Evion, co. Caernarvon, parcel of the principality of North Wales; with reservations; for 21 years from Mich. next. On surrender of a 21 years' lease to him by pat. dated Caernarvon, 8 Jan 23 Hen. VIII. Westm., 20 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 18, m. 36.
56. William Forthe and Richard Goodrycke. Grant, in fee, for 145l, 11s. 10½d., of the reversion of Chesylford manor, Suff., which by pat. 20 Jan 32 Hen. VIII. was granted to Lady Anne of Cleves for life. Also grant of the said manor and all its appurtenances in Chesylford, Butley, Tunstall, Gyke, Redham and Orford, Suff.,—Butley mon. Westm., 26 Feb. Pat. 37 Hen VIII. p. 11, m. 6.
57. Joan Edlyng, spinster, alias wife of John Edlyng of London, purveyor. Pardon for having, 10 June 37 Hen. VIII. and at other dates, in a place called Westsmythfeld in St. Sepulchre's parish, ward of Faryngdon without London, clipped 60 angel nobles and 20 other gold pieces called "halff sovereyns," the money of her husband, so as to diminish them, the nobles by the value of 4d. and the half sovereigns 6d., and afterwards on 31 Aug. 37 Hen. VIII. uttered the coins so clipped to divers persons unknown, Del. Westm., 26 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (subscribed by Wriothesley). Pat. p. 17, m. 35.
58. John de Salerno, colonel of the Italian nation at Boulogne. Licence to export 500 unwrought woolen cloths. Del. Westm, 26 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 18. m. 25.
59. Sir Thomas Boa, Italian. Licence to export 1,500 unwrought woollen cloths. Del. Westm., 26 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 18, m. 25.
60. Robert Taylor, parson of Tyverton, Devon. Licence of non-residence for five years from Michaelmas last. Del. Westm., 27 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 1,
61. Robt. Gruffyth, mayor of New Sarum, Thos. Chaffyn. sen., and John Mounpeson. Commission to deliver by indenture the goods in the house which David Lewes, draper, dec., inhabited in New Sarum to Andrew Whytmaye, clk., and the other executors of Alice Lewes, dec., widow and executrix of the said David, and to command the tenants of all property of the said David in New Sarum to pay their rents to the said Andrew and his co-executors. The preamble states that there is a suit in Chancery between the said Andrew, etc., and Lewis and Hen. ap Jevan, which Lewis ap Jevan has claimed to be executor of the said David and alleged the will shown by the said Andrew, appointing the said Alice executrix, to be a forgery; but the said Andrew, etc., have produced the said will and the will of the said Alice under the seals of the ordinary, and the allegations of the said Lewis and Henry remain unproved. Westm., 27 Feb. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII. p. 5, m. 7.
62. Edmund Mounpesson, Henry Bodenham and Ric. Carrente. Commission (with preamble as in the preceding) to take an inventory of the goods and stock in the farm and rectory of Southe Newton, Wilts, and deliver them to Andrew Whytmay, clk. and the other executors of Alice Lewes, widow and executrix of David Lewes, of New Sarum, draper. Also to enquire what goods have been embezzled by Lewes ap Jevan and Hen. ap Jevan since the death of the said David. Westm., 27 Feb. Pat. 37 Hen. VIII. p. 5. m. 7.
63. Edward Gylbie, son of John Gylbye of Randoll, Linc., gentleman. Pardon for the robbery of John Almond-son at Skerbek in Holland, Linc., and Elizabeth his wife. Greenwich, 13 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.
64. Oliver Lawrence, the King's servant. Grant, in fee, for 698l. 16s. 9d., of the lordship and manor of Affepudell, Dors., a meadow called Buckemeade and a "hamma" and parcel of meadow (20 ac.) in tenure of Ph. Vanwylder, lying within the said manor, a wood called Inwood (80 ac.) in Affepudell and the advowson of the vicarage of Affepudell,—Cerne mon.; messuages and lands in tenure of Wm. Welles, Thos. Miller, John Clarke, Wm. Blake, and Thos Walshede, in Loverleigh and Boreswayne alias Barresfenne, in the parish of Gussage All Saints, Dors., and all other possessions of Mountague priory, Soms., in that parish,—Mountague; lands called Shepyn Ferme and a croft in tenure of Philip Stokes in the "forenna" of Henley Beawdsert alias Henley in Arderne, Warw.,—Richard late carl of Warwick, attainted; a messuage and lands (specified) formerly in tenure of Thos. Sherne and now of Hen. Dysoune in Morton Underhill, Worc., parcel of lands of Robt. Bonhull. lord of the town of Morton Underhill, seized by King Henry VI. because granted by the said Robt. Bonhull, without licence, to a certain chantry in that town; also a cottage and fourth part of a virgate of land in tenure of the said Hen. Dysoune in Yedesonglogg, Worc., which Walter Clehunger lately held, and which were seized by King Henry VI. because, without licence, given to find "unum aumenar'," in the church of Yedesonglogge. Del. Westm., 28 Feb. 37 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (signed by Russell. Paget, Baker, North, Sir Robt. Southwell, Duke and Chydley). Pat. p. 11, m. 9.
65. Licences to alienate (fn. n6) :—
Sir Wm. Knolles to John Goldewell. Manor of Wexham and lands in Wexham, Preston, Tunstall, Elley and Wyllerby in cos. York and Kingston upon Hull. To be regranted, the said manor and certain lands to the said Sir Wm. for life, with remainder to Joan his wife as long as she remains unmarried, and certain lands in Elley and Wyllerby to the said Sir Wm.: with remainder in either case to the heirs of the said Sir Wm. by the said Joan, and remainder in default to the right heirs of the said Sir Wm. (1st.) P. 5, m. 6.
Wm. Richman alias Webbe to Sir George Baynham. Site or chief messuage of the manor of Overwroughton, Wilts, in tenure of Thos. Mydwynter and Wm. his son, two messuages called Turneys and Uscote in Overwroughton, and all lands there granted to the said Wm. by pat. 1 May, 32 Henry VIII.,—Tewkesburye mon., Glouc. (1st.) P. 10, m. 5.
Thos. Love alias Egewyn to Hen. Over. Chr. Warreyn and Jas. Rogers. Messuages, etc. (specified) in the parishes of St. Lawrence and All Saints in Evesham, Worc., and in Hampton Magna, Worc.—Evesham mon. (4th.) P. 18. m. 9.
John Tufton and Steph. Reames to Thos. Argall, of London, and Margaret his wife, in fee to the said Thomas. Manor of Easte Sutton, Kent, and lands (extent given) in Easte Sutton in tenure of Edw. Spillett a wood called Easte Sutton Copies (8 ac.), and rents of assise of 8l. 3s. 9½d. in Easte Sutton,—Thomas Crowmwell earl of Essex; also the manor of Densted, Kent, in tenure of Paul Sednour with appurtenances in Chartham parish,—Leeds priory. (5th.) P. 18, m. 22.
Leonard Chamberleyn of Woodstock, Oxon, to Wm. Fletcher. Lands in tenure of John Coke in Hanborowe parish, Oxon,—Oxford cathedral. (6th.) P. 18, m. 19.
Lord Chancellor Wriothesley to Ric. Rede and Jas. Power. Lordship and manor of Foughlerton, Hants,—Hyde mon. (7th.) P. 13, m. 7.
Robt. Horderne to Sir Ralph Verney and Eliz. his wife, in fee to the said Sir Ralph. Two hospitals called le Overspitell House alias Seynt John Evangelyst Spy tell House and le Netherspittell House alias Seynt Leonard Spytell House in Berkhamstede, Herts, and all lands in Berkhamstede, Northchurche and Hamnelhamsted, Herts, granted to the said Robt. and Margaret his wife by pat. 26 May 36 Hen. VIII. (8th.) P. 10, m. 5.
John Edmondes to John Edmondes his son and Agnes Foxe. Manor of Clanfelde, Oxon,—Quenyngton preceptory, Glouc., and St. John's of Jerusalem; and the rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Clanfelde,—Elnestowe mon., Beds. (9th.) P. 14, m. 36.
Francis earl of Shrewsbury to Ric. Morton. Water mills called Padfordsmyth and Haughton Myll in Shuffenall parish within the lordship of Idsall in tenure of Robt. Morton or Moreton. (9th.) P. 17, m. 44.
Thomas Bell, of Gloucester, to Wm. Threheron, of Gloucester. Lands in St. Nicholas parish, Gloucester, in tenure of John Davies, glover. Robt. Foscerd and Hugh ap Richard,—Lanthony priory. (9th.) P. 18, m. 9.
John Jenyns, of the Household, to Thos. Bell, sen., alderman of Gloucester. Pardon for the acquisition by Bell from Jenyns, without licence, of two messuages in Brokestrete in the suburbs of Gloucester (the one between the tenements of St. Peter's mon occupied by John Fawkenour and John Compton on the east and west, Brokestrete on the north and the lands of St. Peter's occupied by Fawkenour on the south, and the other between the tenement late of Ric. Dekyns on the west and Whytefryers Alley on the east, Brokestreate on the south and the King's lands called le Whytefryers on the north, dimensions of each given), also a parcel of ground called le Lymeputtys with the watercourse flowing therefrom (between Brokestreate on the south and the King's land on the north) and a garden in Crudlane in the parish of St. Mary de Criste within the city of Gloucester (between the tenement of the service of St. Mary within the church of Crieste on the east and the tenement of the service of the name of Jesu within the church of Holy Trinity in tenure of John Huggins on the west, Crudlane on the north, and the tenement of Hugh Griffith, barber, on the south, dimensions given1,—St. Oswald's priory. (9th.) P. 17, m. 44.
Wm. Gostwyk to Wm. Wylshyre. Tenements called le Boreshed and le Frythe in Welwyn, Herts. (10th.) P. 6, m. 12.
John Dethycke to Barth. Plumstede. Site of Wyrmegaye manor called le Halle Yarde, a close of pasture called Halecrofte alias Halle Fene and a marsh with fishery therein called "the Laye" in Wyrmegaye, Norf. (8th.) P. 14, m. 36.
Edmund Harman and Agnes his wife to Edmund Sylvester. Lands in tenure of Hen. Cokker alias Cotteler in Oxfordshire which belonged to Bursford hospital, and lands in tenure of Simon Wysdome in Rysyngton Magna, Glouc., which belonged to that hospital. (10th.) P. 17 m, 43.
Sir Thos. Seymour to Sir Ant. Hungerford. Rents and lands (specified and tenants named) in Marston, Sevenhampton and Fresshedene, Wilts. (10th.) P. 18, m. 17.
Jerome Westall to Leonard Chamberleyne. Manor of Hensyngton, Oxon, and all his lands in Hensyngton, New Woodstoke and Olde Woodstoke, Oxon. (11th.) P. 14. m. 36.
George Wall to Sir John Talbot and Wm. Sheldon. Manor of Sallewarpe, Worc., and park called Sallewarpe Park, in tenure of John Ketilby, a watermill there called Sallewarpe Mill, and meadow called Parke Medowe, vessels called Shereves Vesselles alias Shreves Hales and eight leads of salt water in Wyche, Worc., the advowson of Sallewarpe rectory, wood called Sallewarpe Parke (124 ac.) within the said manor, a wood called Harres Hill (4 ac.) in Sallewarpe and 5 ac. of wood on the eastern side of Sallewarpe Park. (12th.) P. 10. m. 6.
Wm. Hatteclyff, son and heir of Thos. Hattclyff, dec., to Wm. Talbot of Stayne, Linc., merchant of the Staple of Calais. Manor of Bayons alias Beacons and Tevelby. Linc.—lands of the late viscount Beaumont which came to Henry VII. by the attainder of Francis lord Lovell. (12th.) P. 18, m. 17.
John Edmondes to Mich. Fox, grocer of London. Messuage, barn and orchard beside the parish church of Moreton Pynkeney, Ntht., and tithes there in tenure of John Cope. (12th.) P. 14, m. 36.
George Wright to Hen. Chyttyng. Manor, rectory and advowson of vicarage of Walsham Suff., and lands called Esthenselond there. (12th.) P. 17, m. 42.
Robert Swyfte and Wm. Swyft to Laur. and Ric. Cutler. Messuage and two oxgangs of land in Dodworth, Yorks.,—Pontefract priory. (12th.) P. 18, m. 18.
The same to John and Wm. Swyfte. Messuage and two oxgangs of land in Dodworth, Yorks.,—Pontefract priory. (12th.) P. 18, m. 18.
George Throkmarton of Derehurste, Glouc., to Robt. Moreton of Gloucester. Pardon for the acquisition by Moreton from Throkmarton, without licence, of a messuage in St. Aldate's parish, Gloucester, in Oxboddyelane (between the tenement of Thos. Lane on the east and that of the late priory of St. Oswald on the west, the tenement of the service of St. Mary of the church of St. Aldate on the north and Oxboddyelane on the south), in tenure of Adam ap Powoll,—Teukesbury mon. (13th.) P. 43, m. 17.
The same to the same. Like pardon for a tenement and garden in St. Oswald's parish, lately in tenure of Thos. Wynter—Lanthony priory, and a garden (dimensions given) in Herelane in the suburbs of Gloucester (between Herelane on the east and Powkelane on the west, the garden of the prior and brethren of the hospital of St. Mary Magdalen next Gloucester, in tenure of Nic. Barbour on the south and the garden, of Wm. Hoke on the north),—St. Oswald's mon. (13th.) Ib.
Thos. Onslowe of London, grocer, to John Warde of Newtowne in Baschurche parish, Salop, and Joan his wife, in fee to the said John. Tenement in which the said John Warde now dwells, two cottages in tenure of Thos. Harpar, and lands in Newtonbaschurch, Salop,—mon. of St. Peter, Salop. (13th.) P. 18, m. 12.
Wm. Sheldon and John Draper of Temple Graf ton, Warw., yeoman, to Wm. Wigston, of Wolston, Warw. Two messuages and 3 virgates of land, and a meadow in tenure of John Brian in Belgrave, Leic., — Kyrbybellers priory. (13th.) P. 18, m. 9.
Robt. Chester to John Dyxe. Messuage called le Starre in Royston, Herts lately in tenure of Thos. Noble,—Royston priory, (13th.) P. 18, m. 13.
John Jenyns, of the Household, to Robt. Morton of Gloucester, innholder. Pardon for the acquisition by Morton from Jenyns, without licence, of messuages, etc., in Gloucester (boundaries and extent given, and tenants named,—St. Oswald's mon. (14th.) P. 18, m. 16.
Thos. Badger, Thos Fowler and Robt. Dyson to John Hynde, jun. Messuage and lands in tenure of Barth. Hynde, father of the said John, in Stretton super le Fosse, Warw.,—Bordesley mon., Wor. (14th.) P. 18, m. 20.
George Chaldecote of Quarleston, Dors., to William Chaldecote his bastard son and the heirs of his body, with remainder in default to the right heirs of the said George. Manor of Bylley in Tysbery parish, Wilts, in tenure of Wm. Pacyence, granted to the said George by pat. 22 Aug. 36 Hen. VIII.,—Dertford mon., Kent. (15th.) P. 17, m. 44.
John Wilde to John Dymmock and Anne his wife. Tenement called le Crowne and three little tenements in the parish of St. Dionysius in Fanchurche Strete, London,—St. Augustine's mon. next Canterbury. (15th.) P. 18, m. 14.
Thos. Longe of Trobridge, Wilts, clothier, to Wm. Bayly of Kevell, Wilts. Manor or farm of Maddington alias Winterbourn Maddington, Wilts. (16th.) P 18, m. 15.
Wm. Sakevyle to Sir Matth. Browne, Edw. Belyngeham, Ric. Belyngeham, Fras. Shirley, Ric. Sakevyle and John Skynner to the use of the said Wm. and Elienor Browne, widow, in fee to the said Wm. Manor of Katerham alias Kateram and the site and lands thereof in tenure of John Beste, and the rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Katerham, Waltham won., Essex. (17th.) P. 8, m. 8.
George Lasselles to Thos. Smyth, clk. Two messuages and land (extent given) in Sterton, Notts. (17th.) P. 18, m. 15.
John viscount Lisle to Rog. Smyth of Brydgenorth. Grange and late cell of Morfeld, Salop, with all its possessions and the site of the said grange and cell of Melford (sic) aforesaid and all gardens, etc., within the site of the same grange and cell of Morfeld, and all Lisle's lands in Morfeld, Walton. Ley, Whetton Aston, Meodeley, Kindersley, Aldernam, Harpisford, Crofthaughton and Underton, Salop,—Shrewsbury mon. (18th.) P. 10, m. 7.
Walter Changton alias Shangilton to Wm. Wenman and Thos. Wenman, jun. Pardon for acquisition by the Wenmans from the said Walter without licence, of he manor of Shalbourne Wescourte, Wilts, (18th.) P. 10, m. 6.
Sir Thomas Seymour to Thos. Weynman. Manor of Water Eton alias Eton Hastynges alias Water Hastynges, Berks., a water mill there and the advowson of the rectory, and a wood called Eton Wood (38 ac. 1 ro.),—John earl of Oxford. (18th.) P. 10, m. 6.
Sir Edward North and Alice his wife to Sir Ric. Lee. Manor of Trynge, Herts, and lands in Trynge and the advowson of the church there. (18th.) P. 10. m. 7.
Robt. Browne, Chr. Edmondes and Wm. Wenlowe to John and Robt. Doyly (or Dolye). Rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Donington, Bucks,—Godstowe mon. (18th.) P. 18, m. 16.
Robt. Wright to Chr. Aleyn, mercer of London. Grange Denys or "Domus Deanes" in Depden, Essex, — Tyltey mon. (18th.) Pat, p. 18, m. 19.
Ric. Andrewes of Hayles, Glouc., to Wm. Cowper. House and site of the late Austin Friars in Newerke, Notts, with churchyard and gardens, etc. (specified) pertaining thereto; also the manor or grange of Combygge, another of them (alterum eorum) called Lleynykyllerd and the third called —— (blank) in tenure of John Thomas and Ll'n ap Jevan Lloyd in Combigga Arusteley in the parish of Treveglas, viz., between the rivers of Lloyd and Buga, co. Montgomery,—Comheyr mon., Radnor. (19th.) P. 10, m. 6.
Sir Thomas Pope to Paul Wythepoll and Edmund his son. Site and house of Holy Trinity priory. Ipswich, and lands (names and extents given) in Ipswich in tenure of Sir Humph Wyngfeld and Sir Thos. Rushe, the "Pryors Manour of Chrystchurche" in Ipswich, lands in Westerfeld and Tuddenham, Suff., parcel of Tuddenham rectory, in tenure of Thos. Man, and all lands in the parishes of St. Margaret, St. Lawrence, St. Mary ad turrim, St. Nicholas, St. Matthew, St. Mary at Elmes, and St. Clement in Ipswich in tenure of Thos. Notyngham, Thos. Lawrence, Thos. Whyttyng, Robt. Sillisden, Thos. Bovett, Ric. Riche and Nic. Jacobbe, the rectory of St. Margaret and the chapel of Cadwell within Ipswich, and the advowson of the vicarage of St. Margaret's, — Holy Trinity priory, Ipswich. (19th.) P. 10, m 5.
Thos. Key of Wakefeild, Yorks., to Robt. Key. Pardon for the acquisition by the said Robert from the said Thomas, without licence, of all his lands (certain closes named) in Crofton, Yorks, lately in tenure of Robt. Rawson,—St. Oswald's mon, Yorks. (19th.) P. 17, m. 43.
Sir Wm. Pagett to John Machell, of London, clothworker. Messuage etc., in Kayo, Surr. (19th.) P. 18, m. 12.
George Acworth and Edw. Buttler to Wm. Grome. jun. Hospital of St. John Baptist in Hocclyff, Beds, in tenure of Thos. Osborne, with appurtenances in Battelesden, Tebbeworthe, Tyllesworthe and Tuddyngton, Beds,—Dunstable priory. (20th.) P. 18, m. 10.
Paul Withipoll, merchant tailor of London, and Edmund Withipoll, his son, to Sir Ralph Sadleyr, keeper or clerk of the Hanaper. Lordship and manor of Highall alias Walkhampstowe Tony in Walkhamstowe, Essex, and woods called Helbrynkys (16 ac.) and Bakers Marsshe (4 ac.) there, granted to the said Paul and Edmund by pat. 5 July 36 Henry VIII. (20th.) P. 18. m. 10.
Thos Onslowe. John Coore, Wm. Mathewe, Wm. Lane, sen., Nic. Barker, Ph. Yorke and John Prist to John Lyon, of London, grocer. Their interest in the grange of Brantcliff called Brancliff Graunge, Yorks., in tenure of Wm. Peter, D.D., and in Roxeby manor, Linc., with its appurtenances in Roxeby, Wintterton. Wyntringham and Flixburgh, Linc.—Roche mon; also in Wynterton manor, Linc., and lands in Wyntterton, Fulstowe, Marshechaple, Boston, [and] Helpyngham, Linc., and the rectory of Winterton in tenure of Ric. Gering, — Malton mon., Yorks; also in Elton manor, Notts,—Blythe mon.; in Eureby rectory, Linc., tenant Edw. lord Clynton.—Kyme priory; and in the advowsons of Wynterton vicarage, — Malton, and of Eureby vicarage,—Kyme. (21st ) P. 18, m. 11.
Wm. Goodwyn of Wryttell, Essex, to Sir Thos. Pope and Wm. Blunt, to the use of the said Wm. Goodwyn and Helen Blunt and the heirs and assigns of the said Wm. Goodwyn. Manor of Sabridgeworth alias Sabrithford alias Sabrisford alias Sabbesford alias Sabrisforth, Herts. (23rd.) P. 10, m, 7.
Wm. Browne to John Browne. His interest in the manors of Sutton, Thrastrope and Beysbye, Linc.,—Hagnabye abbey, and in the manors called Abbes Hall and Caldecotes in Abbes Rothynge Essex, and woods called Abbattes Wood, Abbes Grove, and Tunfelde Grove within the manor of Abbes Halle,—Barkynge man., and in the grange of Howton in Howton, Linc., in tenure of Thos. Awdlyn, and the rectories and advowsons of the vicarages of Harmyston and Newton next Trent,—St. Katharine's priory next Lincoln. (24th.) P 18, m. 11.
Lord Chancellor Wriothesley to George Hennage, clk., archd. of Lincoln. Annuity of 120l. for life, out of the manors of Tychefeld and Northstonam, Hants. (24th.) P. 18, m. 13.
Robt. Browne, goldsmith of London, Chr. Edmundes and Wm. Wenlowe, to Ric Snowe. Manor and farm called "the Mannour Place in Ascotte." lately called "the Priorie of Ascotte," Oxon. in tenure of John Cannon,—King Henry VIII.'s College, Oxford; lands in tenure of Rog. Lee in the common fields called Whetefelde, Morefelde and Redfelde in Pychelesthorne, Bucks and Herts, the messuage called Crewkars in tenure of Thos. Sere in Chedyngton parish, Bucks and Herts, the messuage of Hudnall in tenure of Thos. Yonge in Edlesborough parish, Bucks and Herts,—Assheridge college. (25th.) P. 8, m. 8.
Joan Everard, widow, to Ric. Belyngeham and Mary his wife and the heirs male of the body of the said Mary, with remainder in default to the right heirs of the said Mary. A fourth part of the moiety of the barony and castle of Lewys and of the manors of Hounden, Kymer, Haldeleghand Cockfeld, Suss. (25th.) P. 18, m. 13.
Jas. Tutt and Nic. Hame to Sir Thos. Moyle. Manor of Kyngwardeston alias Kyngweston, Soms., and the advowson of the parish church there. Barmundesay mon. (26th.) P. 13, m. 1.
Sir Ant. Kyngeston to Wm. Stumpe. Messuages etc. (specified and tenants named) in Lorwynche, Oldebury, Oclecley-hunger within Camme parish, Stynchecombe., and near Perryfelde in Camme parish,—Stanley priory or cell. (Westm., — Feb.). P. 18, m. 14.


  • n1. Stasino and Crexia. See No 90.
  • n2. Misread "8" in St. P.
  • n3. These words appear to have been struck out by a later writer who has added the date "Febr. 26," The word "Febr." seems to have been first put in by the original writer and then cancelled.
  • n4. Dr. Lamb (Cambridge Documents, p. 59) prints a memorandum by Archbishop Parker of the appointment of the Commissioners who, with the help of eleven clerks of the Augmentation Court, engrossed all the particulars, and then carried to the King, at Hampton Court, a brief summary "written in a fair sheet of vellum (which very book is yet preserved in the college of Corpus Christi)." The King perused it and expressed to certain of his lords who stood by his surprise that so many persons were honestly maintained with so little, and asked what it meant that most colleges seemed to spend more than they received. The Commissioners explained that this arose partly of fines for leases and partly of wood sales. They sued for favour that no man, by his Grace's letters, should require them to exchange their lands for worse. The King "made answer, and smiled, that he could not but write for his servants and others doing the service for the realm in wars and other affairs; but, he said, he would put us to our choice whether we should gratify them or no; and bade us hold our own, for after his writing he would force us no further." Parker's memorandum is also printed in his Correspondence (Parker Soc), p. 34.
  • n5. All these "Preferred by Mr. Secretary Pagett."
  • n6. All are dated at Westminster. In this abstract the day of the month appears in parentheses before the reference to part and membrane of the Patent Roll of 37 Henry VIII.