Henry VIII: March 1523, 16-31

Pages 1222-1233

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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March 1523

16 March.
R. O.
2895. MUSTERS.
Muster for the whole shire of Southampton, certified into the Star Chamber, quindene of Easter 14 Hen. VIII., containing full lists of names, with an account of the armour possessed by each person, and the prest money levied.
ii. Prest money levied in Hampshire upon musters taken there 16 March 14 Hen. VIII. Signed by Sir Arthur Lysley (Lisle) and Stephen Coope; and in other hundreds by Lionel Norres and Wm. Dysney. At page 602 is the assessment of the household servants of St. Swithin's and other religious houses, and of Fox bishop of Winchester.
iii. Musters in the county of Southampton by Sir Geo. Puttnham and Ric. Norton (p. 616).
iv. Musters of the hundred of Menestoke, &c., by Thomas Lisley and Nicholas Ticheborne (p. 722).
v. Musters in the hundred of Reddbrigge 15 Hen. VIII., by John Thochette lord Audley, Peter Philpotte, Rob. Bulkeley and Thomas Welles (p. 799).
vi. Sum total of all the able men in all the hundreds, &c., except the town of Southampton and the Isle of Wight; sc., able men, 6,706; of whom, archers, 2,508; billmen, 4,099; harness, 3,176; goods, 20,801l. 4s. 2d.; prest money, 2,048l. 19s. 5d.
Pp. 821.
16 March.
R. O.
Expenses of five ships for conveying the King's ordnance from the Tower wharf to Newcastle, by Sir Edw. Ryngeley, 14 Hen. VIII., for one month. The Mary of Andwerpe, 90 tons, from 28 Feb., Antony Burnell, master, 10s.; 6 mariners, at 5s.; victualling at 5s. a man; tonnage, 12d. a ton, 8l. 5s. The Barbara of Maklen, 70 tons, from 3 March, Gylys Fox, master, and 5 mariners, 6l. 15s. The George of Baroo, from 3 March, George Paterson, master, and 6 mariners, 8l. 5s. The Valentine of Blakeney, 36 tons, from 2 March, John Acres, master, and 6 mariners 5l. 11s. The Michell of [Da]rtmouth, 30 tons, from 11 March, John Wheler, master, and 5 mariners, 4l. 15s. Total, 33l. 11s.
Receipt of Ryngeley for the amount from Daunce, 16 March 14 Hen. VIII. Not Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
17 March.
Vit. B. V. 171*. B. M.
Has long looked for an opportunity of serving Wolsey. Sends the lord de Rave, his kinsman, with 12 horses for the King. Wishes to know if he can do anything for him in Italy. Naples, 17 March 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
18 March.
Vesp. C. II. 116. B. M.
Bewreyne arrived on the 12th of March. On the 17th visited the Emperor, who is very assiduous in deliberating with his council, except one day in each week, when he hawks or hunts. He promises the King the indemnities, and will write to the King, by Mons. Monstron, of his proposal to employ the Almaynes against Brittany. He has no fresh news of the duke of Bourbon, and does not believe the news lately sent to Henry by Wyndesor. Beaurayn will write a letter to Mons. de Caris, that so it may come to the said Duke. Valladolid, 18 March. Signed.
In Sampson's hand, pp. 2.
18 March.
R. O.
2899. CABLES.
Receipt by Thos. Spertte, master of the Harry Grace Dew, for ropes from Ric. Gresham, mercer of London, by the hands of John Orcharde, ropemaker, Bridport; viz., 40 small hawsers, weighing 84½ cwt. 12 [1b.]; 19 [cabull]etts, weighing 84 cwt. 1 qr. 27 lb. 18 March 14 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Mutilated, p. 1.
18 March.
P. S.
2900. For SIR TH. MOORE.
Wardship of Giles, son and heir of Sir John Heron, with the profits of his lands from Mich. last. Greenwich, 7 March 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 March.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26.
[19 Mar.]
Lambeth MS. 245. f. 260 b.
2901. INSTRUCTIONS to PACE for his Mission to the SWISS.
When the commands sent to him and the elect and postulate of Bath at Milan are executed, Pace is to go to Switzerland, taking with him a commission under the Great Seal authorising him to be the King's ambassador to the Swiss; and also letters from the King addressed to them, both of which he will receive from Doctor Cheeke (Clerk), with copies of the letters lately sent to Mr. Thos. Hanniball, ambassador at Rome, and Sir Thos. Boleyn and Sampson, ambassadors with the Emperor, which will give him better information of the state of affairs. At his first audience, is to declare the King's good will to them, &c. Afterwards, to discover by secret means what mind the Swiss or any particular canton have to the French enemy, and whether any of his ambassadors or commissioners have of late been with them, or brought any money to them, in order that Pace may be guided in disclosing his further charge, taking care that the matters of which he has to treat are not disclosed to the enemy by any of them. It would be well to consult the Emperor's ambassadors, and to join with them "in all such things as may concern the points and articles hereafter specified, these only excepted, which be mentioned to be kept to himself."
At the next audience is to show them the grounds of the present war with France. No one has been more anxious for peace than the King, and no one did more to bring about an agreement than he, until there was no hope, and the French began to spoil and take prisoners the King's subjects and merchants. They refused to pay the pension and annual fees due to him, made depredations on the marches of Calais, sent Albany with men and money to Scotland to make war upon England, and broke every treaty which they had made. Being thrice required by the Emperor, by his letters patent, he declared against the French, as the treaty bound him to do. Considering all the wrongs which he has suffered, as well by detention of the countries and patrimonies which duly belong to his rightful inheritance, and by the continual infringement of treaties, "as it is evidently known the manner and custom of France is not to observe any friendship or amity with any prince or nation longer than shall be to their own profit and advantage," the Emperor and the King are determined, with the help of God, to endeavor to mitigate the insatiable ambition of the French, that Christian princes and nations may hereafter remain in more surety and tranquillity than they are like to do if he attain his purpose.
As the Swiss are in as much danger as any one, Pace is to propose to them a treaty offensive and defensive, between the Pope as patron, the Emperor, the King, the duke of Milan, the Swiss and other Italian princes, as well for protection of their own territories as for an invasion of France by Languedoc next year, and subsequently, if successful, for an expedition against the Infidels. He is to show the danger the Swiss would be in if Francis recover the duchy of Milan, which would be the direct way for him to subdue all Italy. It is easy to be discerned whether he would "attempt any novelties against them or not," as he has before had them for enemies, and would fear their interruption in his enterprise. The promises and offers he makes them are but deception "and colour to win their favor and assistance till such time as he may be out of their dangers, and that done they may be sure that he will sing another tune than now he doth," as they experienced in the days of the last French king.
On the other hand, no greater benefit can happen to them than joining the Emperor's part, as doing so "shall sound unto the weal of Christendom, and consequently unto the pleasure of God," and it will also be to their own advantage. For, first, they will have many powerful princes for their friends; and, secondly, they will be protected from annoyance from the French and also from the Turk. They will gain much more booty by invading France than by serving the French king. Pace is authorized to conclude a special article for the general expedition, wherein no small number of them will be entertained. If they agree to a treaty, Pace is to join himself with the Pope's and Emperor's ambassadors, and commune with them upon the same, taking such direction as he may be advertised from time to time what resolution and towardness the Pope and other princes of Italy shall be of in this matter. If they will not join a treaty for the invasion of France, Pace is to endeavor, with the assistance of the other ambassadors, to make a treaty restraining them from the French service. All the confederates are to contribute to their entertainment. If they will invade France, the entertainment is to be greater; if they will only abstain from helping the French, it is to be less. Pace is to refer the ordering of this to the ambassadors of other princes, who will bear the charges; he is only to interpose and add the King's authority, and give advice. He is authorized to conclude either treaty in the King's name, without charging him to any contribution, as his expenses are now double those of any other prince, owing to the war with Scotland, &c. He is to show them the clauses written by Boleyn and Sampson, containing the King's charges and provision against Scotland, which will convince them that he ought not to be called on to contribute. If, however, there is danger of the treaty coming to nothing without the King's contribution, he is to continue the communication until he can advertise the King of the points at which they stick; and then, rather than fail, he will bear part of the expense, "albeit the realm of England was never pensioner to any outward realm." The King commits the "handling" of the premises to the wisdom and circumspection of the ambassador. He is to inform the lord Legate from time to time of his success.
"These instructions be signed with the King's own hand, and sealed with his seal."
Modern copy, pp. 22.
19 March.
R. O.
Thanks him for a patent of the lieutenantship of the Middle Marches and a right comfortable letter. Desires a place to lie upon the Middle Marches, and to have 100 horsemen in garrison wages. Is but as a younger brother, so long as his father is alive. Begs therefore a continuance of Wolsey's favour. Witton, 19 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's grace." Endd.: "Sir Wm. Ivor, of the 15th day of March." Sealed.
21 March.
Vit. B. V. 173. B. M.
Received last night his letters, with the instructions and other expeditions, and the King's letters, which he gave with Wolsey's to the Pope today. As to the great instructions, was ordered to go to him two days after. He will show Wolsey all the favor he can about Durham. Told him what a cost it was to defend the bishopric in time of hostility. Writes but a short letter, as the courier is ready to depart. Will write more at large by a courier whom the Pope will send in four days. Wrote on the 14th all he thought Wolsey should know. Thanks the King and Wolsey for "that great room" to which he is appointed. The card. De Medicis is not come, but "we" will have all his friends ready when mention shall be made for "relaxation or detraction" of the tax. Has sent the King's and Wolsey's letters to him by John Matheo. Campeggio and the Auditor will not fail to assist in Wolsey's matters. Rome, 21 March.
Hol., pp. 2.
21 March.
Vit. B. V. 174. B. M.
Has received his letters of the 17th. Congratulates him on obtaining the see of Durham. Will do all he can with the Pope and Cardinals for the expedition. Thanks him and the King for thinking of him for the vacant see of Bath.
The surrender of Rhodes has caused great consternation here. In the states of the Church a tax of two tenths has been imposed on the clergy, and two ducats for every hearth among the laity. Card. Flisco is appointed to superintend it. The bull is not yet sent out. Will send a copy when it is. If the Pope can settle the discords of Christian princes, he will beg aid from those beyond Italy and the jurisdiction of the Church.
Peace is not yet made between the Emperor and the Venetians, but it is thought matters will be soon brought to an end, as the only difficulty is in the arrangement of the terms. They offer 200,000 ducats, soldiers for the defence of Milan, and galleys for Naples. Campeggio's brother is there as nuncio. Rome is full of embassies. While conversing with the Pope about the discords in Christendom, said the best remedy was a union between him and Henry, of which he seemed to approve. Rome, 21 March MDXXII[I]. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
21 March.
R. O.
Has complied with his request to ask all the cardinals friendly to Wolsey to use their influence in his behalf in the matter of the bishopric of Durham. Has been diligent in doing it, as his own master is above all desirous to serve Wolsey. Can never sufficiently express his thanks for Wolsey's courteous letters and for the King's letters to the Pope in his commendation. These letters, however, have been of no service as yet, although the ambassador has done much for him. Sends the news from Rhodes to Peter Vannes, that Wolsey may hear it with less trouble. Rome, 21 March 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
21 March.
R. O.
2906. ALEX. KYNGHORNE, Ambassador of the KING OF DENMARK, to WOLSEY.
Writes to intercede for two noblemen, "Regiæ Majestatis vicariis in castro Londinensi," who have insulted him. They have asserted on oath they did not know who he was, and their servants have exaggerated the affair. Thanks Wolsey for his protection, but he should have thought nothing of it, especially when he understood it was not done to insult his master. Would have read his letters to them but that they besought him not to do so. Though his embassy is weighed in an unequal scale by many, his master's intention will be truly shown to all in time. Has not come as the avenger of a small offence, but to establish a bond of unity. Begs that the affair may be pardoned before it comes to the ears of the King. London, 12 kal. April 1523.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.
22 March.
Galba, B. VIII. 19. B. M.
Wrote last on the 19th, from this town, of the detention of the duke of Albany's servant at Valentiens, and that my Lady had sent for him. He arrived here on the 20th, and yesterday my Lady sent for me, and in presence of Bevres, Hochstrate, and Berghes, caused Marnix her treasurer to show me the letters taken upon him, and first to read letters in Latin from the archbishop of B[arry], papal legate in France, to her and to you; then a French letter to you from the duke of Albany; an instruction also in French, signed by him; and divers presentations of benefices, in Scotch, which I read, as there was none other who understood the language. Marnix said that neither he nor the president of Malines could find any variance in the Scot's tale; but he said that Albany had sent him to you, and that for his sure address the Archbishop had written to my Lady. As appears in one of the Archbishop's letters to you, he has a brief of the Pope for the King, which he showed to the examiners; but as it was the Pope's, they left it in his hands. When asked where he left his master, he said at his place in Auvergne. They enquired about De la Pole, but he said he did not know where he was. They then asked if the Duke was making any preparation of ships and men to go to Scotland. He answered that the Duke "intended not to Scotland ward," and would not go thither till he had an answer of his charge. They said they knew well he feigned in that, for it is well known that the French king had appointed soldiers to go with him, if they are not already gone, which they though was the case. The Scot then answered that the French promise many more things than they intend, and that the Duke had no hope of any such aid. My Lady then asked what I thought of the matter. I said I thought it only a feigned matter to bring about some other great treachery; that the Legate's letter, after a few flourished words to induce peace, was to induce her to inform you of the Scot's coming hither, and to forward his own letters to you in order that you might send a safeconduct for the said Scot; and meanwhile, till an answer came, he might remain here, and do some other secret business; or perhaps it was only a ruse for his own security, and if he could have passed the frontier untaken he would have gone to Denmark, and so to Scotland.
I found a great "leasing" in the Duke's instruction, which could only be meant to sow suspicion. It stated that Clarencieux, when sent to Scotland, declared that if the estates promised never to allow Albany to come to Scotland, the King would make a truce with them for 16 years, and deliver Berwick to the king of Scots, and the princess Mary, if he pleased. I said it was not to be supposed the King loved his daughter so little, and he would as soon think of delivering Calais to the French as Berwick to the Scots. My Lady agreed with me, and said there was a clause in the instructions, desiring that the overture might be kept secret from the French king, which she thought would not have been if it had been a true purpose. It was determined to send all the papers to the Emperor's ambassador, to be shown to the King and you till the King's pleasure be known. The Scot and his servant will be kept asunder in the castle of Villeforde, examined apart, and brought in view of the torture to make them sing another note.
My Lady told me she is in hope the estates will consent to the demands made for 4,000 horse and 10,000 foot for six months, but the estates of Flanders had not yet come, at which she was surprised. As soon as they come to a conclusion, the King will be informed, in order that he may give his advice how the war is to be conducted this summer. My Lady says that, through the medium of the duke of Lorraine, peace has been made between the French king and Bourbon, who is now in Picardy, with the duke of Vendome, the earl of St. Pol, and lord Tremoyle and his company. They make a great assembly, [seemingly] for the victualling of Terouenne, but some say to lay siege to Guisnes. My Lady says the French king's council, desiring to withdraw his attention from Italy, have advised him to conquer these countries, which would be more profitable and more easily kept. She has received letters from Rome of the 5th, written by the Pope's command, stating that Rhodes is in the hands of the Turks. It surrendered on condition that the Christians should depart with life and goods; but as soon as the Turk entered he broke his promise, and did his pleasure with the Great Master and others. I cannot believe the Christian religion would yield the city by pact to one that is without faith; and though the news was written by the Pope's order, a letter from Rome of the 4th came by the same post to a merchant of this town, that one Fra Bernardin, a notable man of war, had entered Rhodes with 3,000 men, after which the Great Master informed the Turk that he could not keep such appointments as he had made, for the religion had deposed him, and made a new Grand Master. On this the Turk caused an assault to be made, which was firmly resisted, to the Turk's great loss. I enclose a letter sent me by John Dymok, showing the news about Rhodes received at Antwerp. All things considered, I know not what to say. Of the years I have seen, this hath no fellow in fables.—I have sent a new messenger from Cambray to the French court, who, if he escape, will, I hope, bring news within a few days. The postmaster here desires me to say that the King's posts are 15 months in arrear. They have pledged and borrowed all they could. They have sent so often to Calais for money, that he is compelled to mention it to you. The cardinal of Liege came here last night. Malines, 22 March 1522.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 6.
* The endorsement of this letter is pasted on the back of f. 23.
23 March.
Vesp. C. II. 117. B. M.
2908. SAMPSON to [WOLSEY].
The treasurer [Boleyn] has received letters of recall. Left on the 18th for a pilgrimage to St. James, as he had vowed during the danger of his voyage. Visited the Emperor this day, hearing that on the next Montfort and John de la Sauche should leave for England. He has contradicted the report of the death of Francis, and does not believe in the capitulation of Rhodes. The Swiss will remain neutral. The marquis of Piskera is here, and the ambassadors of Milan and Florence. Don John Manuel has returned from Rome. Hears that Pace has been very active. The Emperor will write to the King. Discussed with the lord Chancellor the proposal for the 4,000 Almains. He thinks the King had better send his troops into Spain, to join the Emperor's, who would number 14,000 or 15,000, exclusive of horse. They intend to take Bayonne. Owing to the scarcity, he says Henry should send wheat and grain with his troops, but the rest would be found sufficiently. They wish to have 7,000 or 8,000 men. The ships will be sent next month to join the King's in the Narrow Seas. Montfort is going into Almain to raise 4,000 foot, and Monstron will go to Flanders with the "flote" that came with Beaurain, with the exchange of 1,000 ducats. The zeal for the war that was felt after the revictualling of Fontarabia has abated, and everything depends on the King's pleasure. Begs Wolsey to remember his poverty, and that 20s. a day will not support him, for he will receive nothing from England for a year. Valladolid, 23 March.
Hol., pp: 6.
23 March.
Tit. B. I. 336. B. M.
Has written to him by the last courier, and has heard from the sieur de Beaureins a proposition made by the king of England, to which he has replied under his own hand, "y metant le singne d'entre luy et moy comme pour choses que j'ay a ceur." Valladolid, 23 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: A mons. le Cardinal, mon bon amy, legat, &c.
23 March.
R. O.
2910. JULIUS CARDINAL DE MEDICI, Vicechancellor, to WOLSEY.
Wolsey's dignity cannot be increased. Congratulates him on his preferment to the see of Durham. Wishes he could be at Rome, for causes that Wolsey must understand from Hannibal's letters; but has done what he could, being absent, in writing to all the cardinals who are his friends. Knows they will favor Wolsey, for it is a matter that concerns the cardinals that this Pope's party should not be large. (fn. 1) Believes, however, his Holiness will not depart from the footsteps of his predecessors in this matter; nor should Wolsey's services to the Holy See be forgotten, which are added to daily. Florence, 23 March 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. and Endd.
24 March.
Calig. B. III. 67. B. M.
2911. ALBANY.
"The confession of Kate Ormston, the Scottish woman, the 24th day of this present month of March, before Richard Bellysis, Sir Will. Jhonson, Sir Chr. Richardson, Will. Sothron, John Stapilton, Thos. Hogeson," &c. That Albany had sent her as a spy into England, and she had spoken with the lord Treasurer at Newcastle; that she was a kinswoman to lord Brothyke (Borthwick), recommended by Mons. Greyssell (Gonzolles); that one Thos. Stowerd alias Haswell, told her he trusted "the Duke his brother should have good speed on the land," as the Duke had good speed on the sea; that the Duke complained that Dacre deceived him, because his messengers sped so ill with the King; that he intends to put out the nuns of Coldstream, and place "sowgears" there soon after Easter when the war will begin; that he is daily preparing ordnance, and scouring harness, intending to attack Carlisle; that the commons dislike the Duke, as do many of the lords, of which number is Borthwick; that Davy Home, of Wedderburn, the lord of Buccleuch, and Mark Karre, are his best friends; that the Duke says he will "make the King a train as well as he would have made him one by the false mean of my lord Dacre;" that Hector Gray, of Woller, sent news of the Borders to the lord of Buccleuch, desiring him to be his good master. Signed by the three first commissioners.
Pp. 2.
25 March.
R. O.
Is informed that he is come to the Borders. Requests him to protect the prioress of Coldstream, a servant of her own, as she is nearest the skaith, and that place has been troubled before. Hopes he will be the more kind to her, as Margaret has not been "cummynsum" (troublesome) to him in her requests. 25 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Letters of my lord of Surrey.
Calig. B. III. 10. B. M. 2. "The copy of the letter sent to the queen of Scots" [by Surrey]. Will give the prioress of Coldstream the protection she asks for, provided she do not receive Scotch men of war. The King his master entered on this war only for the protection of her son against Albany. The Prioress has a protection from the King.
In the hand of Surrey's clerk; pp. 2.
26 March.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 783.
2913. ADRIAN VI.
Bull appointing Wolsey to the see of Durham. Rome, 7 kal. April 1523, 1 pont.
Lat., vellum, sub plumbo.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 784. 2. Bull allowing him to hold the same in commendam. Same date.
Lat., vellum, sub plumbo.
27 March.
Galba, B. VIII. 22. B. M.
My last letters to you were dated the 23rd (22nd) inst., but they were not written until the 33rd (23rd). This year seems so founded in fables that I confess my error. My news is like to partake of the influences of the year. This morning the cardinal of Liege showed me some extracts from a letter sent to him by a friend at Paris within these six days, stating that the French king was at St. Germain's, where all his captains were to assemble; that he had rifled every place and person of money, and of everything that money could be made of, yet the men of war were not paid; that he intended strengthening his garrisons on these frontiers and towards Spain, and to lead the great band into Italy himself or under Bourbon, and will employ all his force there and against the king in Scotland; that Albany and Ric. de la Pole have departed by sea to Scotland with 400 spears and 9,000 foot; and that the news at Paris was that Rhodes had not surrendered, and Mons. de Guise was going to relieve it. I then rode to court, and spoke with Hochstrate, who has been confined to bed by the gout for the last three days. He says the surrender of Rhodes is still spoken of in letters from Rome of the 12th and 13th, but by no new authority; that the Emperor's ambassador at Rome has written to my Lady that he had received letters from the Emperor, dated the 13th ult., stating that he was at Valladolid in good health, and as much beloved by his subjects as ever was king of Spain; that Fontarabia had been revictualled by land, and the Emperor's army had been on the point of withdrawing for lack of victuals, but he hoped within a few days to hear good news. Went next to my Lady's chapel, and after hearing the sermon spoke with her grace, who told me the same tale of Rhodes and Spain; but those who brought the news to the Pope must have left Rhodes at noon the same day that the Rhodians had agreed to deliver the town at night, which was Christmas day. I trust, therefore, the truth is not yet known.
My Lady says lord Fiennes has had much ado to accord the estates of Flanders, for the commonalty would not agree to the demand unless the spiritualty bore a part. The Estates of the other countries have therefore remained here seven or eight days waiting for them, but they will not fail to be here well agreed on Monday next. Forgot to mention the death of the king of Navarre was part of the news shown me by the cardinal of Liege. Malines, 27 March 1523.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 3. Add. and Endd.
27 March.
R. O.
Thanks him for his advice. Desires to see Mr. Bowyer of York, as without him his "poor act" cannot be established and finished. Sends a lease of his new park at Brierley. Can give no answer to Darcy's request for the farm at Shafton occupied by Ric. Holme. Has made Darcy one of his most trusty executors, with Sir John Hussy and others; "and in you is my most trust and confidence for the well of my son and heir; and as father to him I must beseech you, for surely, my Lord, there is no long time for me to tarry; I feel myself under that manner God knoweth." Desires him to call upon Sir Richard Tempest for money entrusted to him, as it is due to the King through certain actions commenced by the King against Monteagle. Horneby, 27 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
28 March.
R. O.
The Kyng's Greatt Bark, one month's wages of Wm. Gonson, captain, at 18d. a day; 100 mariners, soldiers and gunners, at 5s. a month; 17½ dedshares to be divided amongst the mariners, 5s. each. Rewards: to the master gunner, 5s.; his mate, 2s. 6d.; 4 quarter-masters, 2s. 6d.; 10 gunners, 20d. The surgeon, 10s. a month. Victualling, 16d. a week each man.—Total, 60l. 12s. 4d.
The Margarett Bonaventure, Edw. Water, captain, with 40 men and 20 dedshares, tonnage 9l.—34l. 15s. 4d.
The Cryest of London, 40 men, 10 dedshares, tonnage 9l.—32l. 13s. 4d.
The Christover Davy, 35 men, 10 dedshares, tonnage 8l.—29l. 1s. 8d.
The Mary Bona Speransa, 30 men, 10 dedshares, tonnage 5l. 10s.—24l.
The Christover Bek, 35 men, 10 dedshares, tonnage 8l.—29l. 1s. 8d.
The George of Fowey, 30 men, 10 dedshares, tonnage 6l.—24l. 10s.
The Mary of Armwe, Garbrand Clayson, master, 10s.; one lodesman, 10s.; 4 mariners, 5s.; 1 boy, 2s. 6d.; tonnage, 4l. 10s.—8l. 7s. 6d.
The Jamys of Armwe, Cornelos, master, one lodesman, 4 men, 1 boy, tonnage 4l.—7l. 17s. 6d.
The Rosamus of London, Thos. Cooke, master, 1 lodesman, 4 men, 1 boy, tonnage 40s.—5l. 17s. 6d. Total, 256l. 16s. 10d.
Gonson's receipt for the said sum from Daunce, as wages for the month from 18 March to 14 April ao 14 Hen. VIII., the said ships being engaged in carrying ordnance and artillery to Portsmouth. 28 March 14 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
30 March.
R. O.
Has done his best about the bishoprics of Durham and Bath, which he lately wrote that he would attend to, as Henry will learn from the letters of his ambassador. The Pope said much was due to the merits of the King and Wolsey. Though it was hard for the College to abate anything of their rights, yet the splendor of Henry's name has overcome the difficulty. The aid of cardinal De Medici, both present and absent, has done much for this result. Rome, 30 March 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
30 March.
Vit. B. V. 175. B. M.
Wrote in his last that he would take care of the affairs of Durham and Bath, in the absence of De Medici. On the 26th the matter was proposed in the presence of all the Cardinals, and agreed to. Took no little trouble about the taxation. It was thought a great thing to ask the College for such a remission of their right in these difficult times; but the influence of the King and Wolsey prevailed. Medici, though absent, assisted. Supposes Wolsey will have had an account of it already. Rome, 30 March 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
31 March.
Galba, B. VIII. 24. B. M.
Wrote last on the 27th, from this town. Yesterday the Estates here agreed to raise 4,000 horse and 10,000 foot for six months. There were some obstacles in this duchy of Brabant; but, by the unity lately repaired amongst the great men, matters have taken a good course. The cardinal of Liege, the earls of Beure and Gavyrs, lords Berghes, Bevres and Ravenstein, and the bishop of Utrecht will remain here all this Easter, to put the matter in form. When they have drawn up a plan it will be sent to the King. The news of Rhodes is still doubtful; but most people believe it has been delivered on promise of life, goods and artillery, and that the Turk has kept his word, except as to the artillery; that the Great Master has left with great riches, but that the inhabitants remain under a tribute of a ducat yearly for every h[ouse]. This news came by France, by one who was at Apa ... on the 26th, at which time Albany and De la Pole were both at St. Germain's, suing for their despatch; yet the news written from Paris to the bishop of Liege, mentioned in my last, was not three days earlier. Know not what to think; but, as I have said before, I had rather write fables than be blamed for not writing.
From Denmark the news is, that Jutland has renounced the King, and put itself under his uncle, the duke of Hulste; that the Easterlings are preparing an army of 30,000, "so that this summer the unbridled King is like enough to pick herbs." The duke of Gueldres is making an assembly, which he could not well do without the French crowns. Francis Sicken hopes for rescue out of France, else he is undone; for the archbishop of Treves, the count Palatine, the duke Frederick, elector of Saxony and the landgrave of Hesse will besiege two of his castles on the 10th prox. His agent here was taken yesterday, and sent to Villefort Castle. It seems ill-spun wool will out, though it be kept in a long while. Malines, 31 March 1523.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 2.
31 March.
R. O.
Expressing the thanks of the Signory for the release of the Venetian galleys. Ducal Palace, 31 March 1523.
Lat., on vellum, badly mutilated. Add.
31 March.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 270. B. M.
2921. BORDERS.
Warrant by Wolsey to Richard Candishe to deliver to Dacre what bows and arrows he shall think necessary for the King's garrisons. Greenwich, 31 March 15 Hen. VIII.
R. O. 2922. _to [WOLSEY].
"Articles right necessary to be reported to the King's highness and your grace."
The great ship of France is in no further readiness than last year. On the 22nd March last we were at the New Haven by night, where the great ship lies, and during high flood sounded the haven from side to side, drawing 2½ fathoms and little more; while the great ship, as reported by prisoners taken both last year and this, draws 3¼ fathoms. There is no navy in the French havens, except what is mentioned in the letter of Ric. Butt in Depe, sent to Wolsey through John Flettchere, and twenty-four ships ready to go to Scotland, laden with ordnance, as reported by prisoners of Traporte, Depe and Saynehede, and divers of our neighbors of Rie, lately prisoners in France. Those taken at Saynehede, examined on oath, say that Albany is at Hunflete, where Francis was on Passion Week, and gave him four great galleys and two barks for his passage to Scotland with the said twenty-four ships. John Fese, of Normandy, who has been several times taken prisoner by John Fletchere, of Rie, and has lately, for the truth found in him on former examinations, been permitted to return to France on pledges for his ransom, is sworn to make espials about their men of war and navy, and when Ric. De la Pole and the duke of Albany shall take their voyage, and come again to Rie, to make report. Begs Wolsey to remember the many voyages and expenses of John Tompson, priest of Rie, and of John Fletcher, undertaken at Wolsey's command.
P. 1.
March./GRANTS. 2923. GRANTS in MARCH 1523.
3. John Rogers, clk., M.A. To be warden of the hospital of St. John the Baptist at Tenby, vice Wm. Bowen, clk., resigned. Greenwich, 25 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 March.—P.S.
3. Ric. Jonys, clk., LL.B. Presentation to the guardianship of the hospital of St. David, Swaynesey, St. David's dioc., vice Wm. Jonys, resigned. Greenwich, 24 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 March.—P.S.
8. Martin Dillyngham, of Hengrave, Suff., clk. Revocation of the protection granted to him, as he has not gone abroad in the suite of Sir Edw. Willoughby. Westm., 8 March.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
9. John Gage, squire for the Body. Grant, during the life of Sir Rob. Wotton, controller of Calais, of 2s. a day out of the revenues of Calais. The same, with 20 marks a year, was granted to Sir Humph. Banaster, deceased, vice-chamberlain to Mary queen of France, by patent 16 Dec. 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 March 14 Hen. VIII. Endorsed: "Apud Richemount," 8 March 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Anth. Johnson, foreigner, of London, bladesmith, alias cutler. Pardon for the murder of John Anthony, a foreign sailor. Greenwich, 27 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
14. Wm. Jones, yeoman of the Guard. To be keeper of Oosty (?) park, lordship of Denbigh, North Wales, vice Wm. Lloid, deceased. Greenwich, 1 March 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 March.—P.S.
14. Davy Meller, captain and owner of the Wensent. Protection for Wm. Myddylton, of the parish of St. Stephen's in Colman Street. Signed by Meller. Del. Westm., 14 March 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
14. Davy Meller. Protection for John Cokke, of Hoddisdon, Herts, alias of Wryckyll, Essex, "coorser." Signed. Del. Westm., 14 March 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
14. Christ. Morres, captain. Protection for John Crosse, of the parish of St. Peter's in Cornhill, London, woolman. Signed by Morres. Del. Westm., 14 March 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
16. Edw. Forest and Miles Forest. Lease of the falcage and focage of the meadow of Wyseynges, and Geldepole and "le Moderyng" during winter, and one parcel of meadow called "le Modre," in the lordship of Middelham, York, for 20 years; rent 33s. 4d., and 4d. of increase. Del. Hampton Court, 16 March 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
18. Th. Flectton, merchant of the staple of Calais, alias of London, alias of Katterin, Northt. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Signed and sealed by Berners. [Del.]—-, 18 March 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
20. Ric. Gilman. Lease of a pasture called Warth and Newelese, in the lordship of Slymbryg, Glouc., late of the marquis of Barkeley, except woods, mines, &c., for 21 years; at an annual rent of 6l. 13s. 4d., and 6s. 8d. of increase. Del. Hampton Court, 20 March 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
21. Memorandum that a writ of statute staple, dated 21 March 14 Hen. VIII., was delivered to Ric. Welles, deputy sheriff of Norfolk, to arrest Thos. Leche, of Walcot, for a debt to John Eston, mercer of London, and Joan wife of Edw. Skelton, of London, widow and executrix of Ric. Coke, of Walcot, which he acknowledged before Sir James Yarford, mayor of the staple of Westminster.—Enrolled on Pat. Roll 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
21. David Lloid ap Pell. Lease of the lands called Bathavern Park, late in tenure of John Thelwall, in lordship of Ruthyn, for 21 years; rent 40s., and 10s. of increase. Del. Westm., 21 March 14 Hen. VIII.-S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
21. John Tregian. Lease of four acres of waste land in Goenvre, near Portchapell, in the lordship of Trewarnhayle Maner and Trewarnhayle Tyas, Cornw., portion of the waste lands of the duchy of Cornwall called "Coopercioners landes," for the building of "knakkyng" and "scoffe" mills, and of places for washing and purifying tin; for 21 years; at a new annual rent of 12d. Del. Westm., 21 March 14 Hen. VIII.-S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
22. Simon Whythrede, of Harwich, Suff., butcher. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Del. _, 22 March 14 Hen. VIII.-P.S. b.
23. James Askue, yeoman for the King's mouth in the Pantry. To be bailiff of Kyrbishire, York, vice John Standishe; at the King's disposal by the minority of Edw. Stanley, son and heir of Thomas earl of Derby. Bishop's Hatfield, 21 Nov. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 23 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
23. Roger Chaloner. Grant of the 8l. which Th. Brightman pays yearly for the farm of the office of gauger in Bristol, leased to him for 10 years by patent 1 Feb. 10 Hen. VIII.; on surrender by Chaloner of an invalid patent, 12 Jan. 13 Hen. VIII., granting him the same office from the death of Sir John Sharpe. Also, grant of the office in reversion. Richmond, 4 March 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 March.—P.S.
23. Hugh Tryvanyon, squire for the Body. Licence to marry, though under age and in the King's custody, without any fine. Greenwich, 27 Jan. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 23 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
30. Th. Lowe, clk. Presentation to the prebend of Sirescote in the collegiate church of Tamworth, Cov. and Lich. dioc., vice John Lichefeld, resigned. Under the Signet, Richmond, 27 March 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 30 March.—P.S. b.
30. David Lloid ap Tuder ap Jevan, sen. Lease of lands in the lordship of Denbigh. Hampton Court, 30 March. Vacated because enrolled in the 13th year. (fn. 2)Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21.


  • 1. "Nam ea res est, quæ maxima ex parte ad Cardinales spectet, ut Pontificis ipsius partes non magnæ sint."
  • 2. See p. 918.