Henry VIII: October 1526, 16-31

Pages 1138-1152

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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October 1526

16 Oct. 2562. For PARSHORE ABBEY.
Restitution of temporalities on the election of John bishop of Polizz as abbot, whose fealty is to be taken by the prior of Worcester. Hampton Court, 16 Oct.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
16 Oct.
Vit. B. XXI. 8.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 8th by Jespar Westfelincke, a merchant of the Stillart. Encloses a bill concerning the King's death, with a list of the nobles slain. Sends also a mandment forbidding all persons to serve the Pope or the French king. Cologne on the Rhine, 16 Oct. 1526.
Hears that the 7 electors, 12 earls and lords of the empire, or their ambassadors, and the spiritual lords, will meet at Eslynge on Dec. 1, to consider how to resist the Turk, who is reported to have taken Vienna, and will not cease from his invasion during the winter; and also how to remedy the spread of the Lutherans, who on these tidings will probably be busier. Does not think the electors will have leisure to take so long a day for their determination. Signed.
P. 1.
17 Oct.
R. O.
Thanks him for his goodness when he was last with his Grace. Sent for Taverner, a singing man, to be "informator" of the children of Wolsey's chapel in his college at Oxford, but cannot induce him to give up his living at Tatessall, and the prospect of a good marriage, which he would lose by removal. Advises Wolsey to appoint some man of his chapel. "And it shall be meet for him that your Grace will appoint thereunto to have both his breste att will, the handling of an instrument, pleasure, cunning and exercise in teaching, and to be there four or five days before your appointed day, for the ordering of his children, to feel them, to know them, and to be acquainted with such songs as shall be the day of solemnity there sung." There is no doubt Wolsey will have a good choir. Reminds him to procure rectors' staves, and cross staves, and a good pair of organs; less than two pair will not do. Woburn, 17 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate.
R. O. 2565. RICHARD TURNER to _.
Would not allow the bearer to leave without a letter. Has much news to tell him. Last week the bishop of Lincoln was here with some of the Cardinal's attendants, by whom certain young men were admitted into St. Frideswide's College, with some excellent singers. The next day the bishop of Lincoln preached on the words "Sapientia ædificavit," &c. Then a declamation, followed by one who had formerly been a follower of Luther, well skilled in Greek, Hebrew, and Latin, and who is now reading St. Paul's epistles. Then a native of Greece, a good Greek and Latin scholar, who will deliver the Greek lectures. All are highly delighted. The only fault is that there is no place for the lawyers, on whom so much depends.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2.
17 Oct.
R. O.
2566. ITALY.
From letters of the Prothonotary, 10 Oct.
He writes that the Pope intends to take vengeance for his injuries, and only waits for answers about aid from England and France.
Does not know what is likely to happen now, since his Holiness has begun to recall his forces, to make good the promises wrung from him [by don Hugo]. Sending nuncios and ambassadors seems superfluous, if he wishes to be revenged. If, however, he intends to treat for peace on account of the Turks, it should be done after the recovery of Milan; but it is not likely the French king will make peace on account of the Turks unless he obtain the restoration of his sons, and the Venetians would never consent to peace while the Emperor holds the duchy of Milan. The forces of the League, after storming Cremona, went to Milan, and are now in good spirits, though the affairs at Rome had terrified them. The duchy must now be taken, and then concord can be treated for. Otherwise the Emperor will be so insolent that he will not come to any terms.
13 Oct.—The ambassador of the duke of Milan at Venice has received letters from the court of the archduke of Austria, stating that the Archduke has sent for the nuncio Rovarius, to commission him to persuade the Pope to concord. He intended to procure the removal of the Emperor's forces from the duchy of Milan, and its restoration to the Duke; for he needed the troops to serve against the Turk. The Doge answered that, unless the Archduke had a commission for that purpose, it did not much matter whether the news was true or not.
Letters have come from Spain saying that the Emperor was very much moved at the news of the treaty, had sent ambassadors, but recalled them on receiving the King's letters. The Venetian ambassador had written an abstract of the King's letters, and of the course of action to be pursued, which the Signory approved of. The ambassadors did not make the protestation enjoined, partly because the commission was directed to the Legate, who had at that time left the Emperor, partly because they did not think it of any use. Orders were again sent to them to make the protestation, for the Emperor did not seem to refuse a treaty, but to put it off by prudent words.
The Venetian ambassadors in Spain write that the fleet which the Emperor destined for Italy will not be ready for a long time. The Italians were in great fear of it.
Peter Navarra had great hope of victory with his fleet.
The Venetians are much vexed at the Pope's sudden entry into new alliances, and his observance of them; but it is said that, when he has received answer from France, he will not keep the terms, but assist the enterprise. If so, they will be well satisfied.
At Rome, on a sudden false rumor, a cry was made to arms, and the city showed itself so ready to defend the Pope that he is much rejoiced.
Nothing is determined about sending ambassadors, and it is thought the plan may be altered. There is great distress in Rome.
The nuncio with Ferdinand writes that the Turk will probably keep in Constantinople or Adrianople during the winter. The Turk has sent an ambassador to congratulate the Venetians on their victory, and they have determined to send one to him.
17 Oct.—On the 12th the forces of the League left Cremona for Milan. Some of them will go to Genoa. There is great scarcity and disease in Milan, and a small garrison. The army of the League has 24,000 foot and a great many horse; so that they do not think much of the recall of the Pope's troops, if he would only pay the wages he promised.
The Cardinals have given the Pope much money and plate to place his affairs in safety, and prepare for his journey to the French king and the Emperor, for which purpose the ambassador of Portugal is going to his master to accompany him to the Emperor, on condition that the Pope follows.
Lat., pp. 4.
17 Oct.
Calig. D. IX.
B. M.
Requesting indulgence for Anthony Cavalery respecting some guarantee of which he had offered Anthony Bonvix as joint security. Westminster, 17 Oct.
Hol., Lat., mutilated, pp. 2. Add.: Rmo. &c. Cardinali Archipræsuli Ebor., totius Angliæ bis legato, &c.
18 [Oct.?]
Calig. D. X.
B. M.
2568. [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
* * *
"... that the se ... ys he sent a jen[tleman] ... that the King was a[ssured how that your Grace] had a nephew here (Winter) in the ... that he had commanded him t ... to see how he was lodged, [and whether he was in want of] any thing, and desired me t[o send] ... unto him, for the King would in ... Whereupon I sent a servant of mine ... to master Dean, and the self-sam[e] ... the King should depart the morrow ... the King and my Lady and had m ... me, and I assure your Grace they both ... very lovingly and with great hum[ility inquired] of me of his pastime, study a[nd ... I] made such report unto them as I [have done to] your Grace that I could not make it so ... vithe much better. I said that he [knew your] Grace would reckon your self much [bounden to him] that he would vouchsafe to desire t ... also my Lady said that for your G[race's contentation] they would be glad to show him ... made very large offers.
"[I] beseech your Grace to * * * ... r your Grace ... e should let him ... [de]syre and hath a very ... eason thereof was somewhat ... he now, thanked be God." Paris, 18 ...
18 Oct.
Galba, B. IX.
B. M.
Supposes Tuke has showed him his letters. Two posts have passed from Italy to England. Touching the unquietness which the Card. Colonna and don Hugo de Moncada have done to the Pope, they went to find him in his palace before day on the 20th Sept., but he being warned had taken refuge in the castle of St. Angelo. The first news he had of it was by letters from London of the 4th inst., and now many "baken" letters come from Rome to confirm it, and saying that, as to the hostages to be given by the Pope, he and many cardinals gave "causio jurat ..." to fulfil all his promises, whereupon they licensed most of their men to leave the town, but don Hugo still remained there, well accompanied for his b ...
My Lady has received a letter from don Hugo, about his doings at Rome. Some consider his going secretly before day to the palace more an act of treason than a valiant or hardy feat of arms; but such things may not be so plainly said here, think what we may. The provost of Cassell writes that Wolsey told him that Cremona was surrendered by the Emperor's party. My Lady has had letters of 23 Sept., which do not mention it, but the merchants' letters say that the army which was before Cremona has left the town well furnished with men and victuals, and has gone on to Gennes, where they hope to have as good an answer.
By letters from Spain of Sept. 20., the Emperor was still at Granade, and the Viceroy's army at Carta Gennyas (Carthagena), waiting for wind and weather. He has 40 great ships furnished with 10,000 fighting men.
The princes of Duchland have agreed with don Fernando to raise men enough to resist the Turk. If he have money he will not want men.
The last news from Milan is that Bourbon is not half as well furnished with men and money as he would wish to be to save his honor. Don Fernando has enough to do about the frontiers of Hungary, to prevent him from succoring his neighbours of Italy. Hears that the prince of Orange is going to aid Bourbon with 6,000 foot and 300 lances, to furnish whom he has sold part of his lands.
A merchant from Antwerp says he heard there that Bourbon had come out of Milan half desperate, and had beaten the Venetians out of their field. Sends a copy of an article, in Latin, of news from Rome, received by a friend of his this morning. Sends the names of the principal men killed with the king of Hungary, and a little cipher of his own. Told my Lady the Scotch news he heard from Tuke. She marvels that the queen of Scotland could find it in her heart to shew unkindness to her brother, her son, or husband, and she is not surprised that God permitted some declination to her party, excusing the Queen, and blaming her councillors. Mechlyns, 13 Oct. 15[26]. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add.
19 Oct.
Harl. MS.
6989, f. 13.
B. M.
II. 46.
Was very glad at receiving his letters of the 4th Sept. from Betica, for not even Lee's priest had heard from him for some months. Has read the satires of "our German" (Germani nostri) against Lee. Was ignorant of most of them, not liking to read writings full of "canina loquentia." Told Lee that Erasmus wrote that he was grieved that his (Lee's) anger had not died away; but now that he knows how the quarrel began, he will, if Lee will give him more information, tell Erasmus the conditions of a reconciliation, and say he must make an apology as being the first offender. Will act cautiously as Lee advises. Lee writes that Vergil has insinuated himself into Erasmus' friendship, but Vergil's friendship is worth more to him than his to Vergil. Begs Lee not to vex himself "quod o ... dicta in te collata sint, quæ apud posteros autori ... fraudi quam ullo nomini tuo malo erunt." Will find out, if he wishes, whether peace or war with Erasmus would be preferable.
Was expecting an account of the men and places in Betica, as Lee says Spain is so changed, and such matters are worth knowing and safe to write. Things here are all well. He gives good advice about the dialogue. It is too important to be entrusted to couriers, who cannot make an easy journey in these times. Was expecting a longer peace. It was destroyed almost before it was ratified. The Turk will take his advantage from it. He is daily gaining ground. Supposes the report of the loss of Hungary has reached Lee. London, 19 Oct. 1526.
Lat., Hol., mutilated, pp. 2. Copy of the address in a later hand: R. &c. D. Edouardo Lælio, Regis Angliæ Eleemosinario, ejusque apud Cæsarem oratori dignmo in Hispania.
20 Oct.
R. O.
Requests the King to permit Sebastian de Saulis to import and sell in England for the behoof of the Holy See 13,000 cantaria of alum, "Tulfæ nostræ sanctæ Cruciatæ," notwithstanding that Philip de Senis had maliciously written that they should be detained at the Emperor's instance. Rome, 20 Oct. 1526.
Lat. Add.
20 Oct.
R. O.
On the same subject. Rome, 20 Oct. 1526.
Lat. Add.
21 Oct.
Camb. MSS.
1044. No. 5a.
2573. WOLSEY to LEE. (fn. 1)
The ambassador is instructed that the King is glad to hear of the Emperor's zeal for the "repose of Christendome, and the extirpation of heresies," and his desire for a "peac universal"; to require the Emperor to moderate his demands as the French king is likely to do; that there is not time before winter for a "convencion" or "diett" of kings; that the King (Henry VIII.) is willing to act as moderator between the several parties in Christendom to unite them against the Turks; that the duchy of Milan must first be put in impartial custody; to protest against the violence attempted on the Pope and the spoiling of the church of St. Peter; to exhort the Emperor to take the crown imperial without causing suspicion in Italy, and to assure him of the King's fair intentions in offering his mediation. "From my place besides Westminster the xxith day of October."
This long letter, occupying ff. 29–35, has been copied by Baker (MSS. xxxiii. p. 11), who, after noticing the frequent recurrence of the words "the King and I," adds "only the Cardinal's name and title are in his own hand; the letter is in Gardiner's hand, as far as I can judge."
21 Oct.
Ib. No. 5b.
2574. SAME to SAME. (fn. 2)
Wolsey declares his continued good mind towards the Emperor, and would have him moved to moderate his demands and consent to a peace. "At my place besids Westminster the xxith day of Octobre."
This, occupying ff. 38, 39, has the address (ƒ. 40): "To my loving frend Mr. Eduard Lee, the King's almoner, and his gracs ambassador to thEmperor." It is copied in Baker, Ib. pp. 11–13.
21 Oct.
R. O.
Arrived in Scotland 21 Sept. Visited the King at Edinburgh, Angus and other lords who have the guiding being in the country, except Geo. Douglas. Made the King and Wolsey's commendations to his master, and delivered the letters, requesting him to hear the answer of the instructions sent by James to his uncle, and the message sent by Wolsey. Was desired to remain till the coming of the Lords. Showed him, meanwhile, that evil reports had been made of him by his own lieges, as he had heard from noblemen of England, who regretted that he should have such vices. "His hienes hard me with hwm[il] contynance, sumquhat eschamyt witht litill ansuer, notht denyand his falt, bot ay myndit yat ye King's hienes his derrest onkill and yor graice wor gud on to his moder."
On the 13th October, Angus and his friends came to Edinburgh, when Sinclair presented Wolsey's letter to him, and next day declared his credence, how Angus had misguided the King's person, and held him against his will, not allowing the great men of Scotland to wait upon him, but surrounding him with broken men, dependent on himself, who stopped all justice. He replied he had done nothing but for the defence of his master, and to prevent broken men getting the entire control of him. On the 16th the King commanded Angus to hear the answer of the instructions aforesaid, and Wolsey's message. Which Sinclair thereon declared: 1st, that as to James's marriage, the King thought ambassadors should be sent to England for a perpetual peace, to whom Henry would open his heart more largely. The Lords deferred their answer till the parliament, which is to begin on the 12th November, and to redress many things, as forfeitures of those who opposed the Lords now about the King's person, and to form a Council. 2nd. As to the King's request for the removal of a young personage called Stewart from the Scotch king's mother, James says, his mother had done it already.
After the slaughter of Lennox, the King and the Lords with him, Angus being chief, took Stirling Castle, which was kept in the Queen's name, and Angus delivered it to the Queen, on condition of her putting Harry Stuart, and his brother James, "quha is notht knawin planlye witht hyr grace zit," out of her company. There is a final concord treated of, between the Queen and Angus, for which cause she follows greatly his desire, and binds herself not to solicit for the archbishop of St. Andrew's. Thinks if an Englishman were sent to settle their differences as Wolsey suggested, if he were sent to the King, "and war notht for his moder than war it his displesor," and if it were for the Queen's pleasure, they would get no audience. Coldstream, 21 Oct.
Hol., pp. 7. Add.: My lord Legate.
21 Oct.
R. O.
Has caused his counsel to search for the King's title concerning the mastership of St. Laurence Pountenay, and sends his cousin Skewys and his chaplain, Master Stephyns, (fn. 3) to show him that they have found assurance of the King's right. "How be hyt yn ther sarche makyng fur lake of fyndyng of an offyce before theschetor of London aftar the attaynder of the late duke of Boukyngam, before the grant of my patent, whyche by your Grace's meanes I had of the Kyng, as now standyth, voyd," and therefore his presentation for his said chaplain is of none effect. His counsel have, therefore, advised him to sue to the King for his presentation, which will stand good by reason of the office late found since the date of his patent, and also for the assigning of a new bill for the renewing of his patent, but he will not do so without making Wolsey privy to it. St. Alban's, 21 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
22 Oct.
R. O.
2577. WARHAM to GOLD.
Leonard Rede promises to attempt nothing prejudicial to the lady Rede, Warham's niece, without Warham's consent. He is content that the lands belonging to her jointure shall be found in his office, and Warham has promised that his niece shall bear part of the charges. Desires Gold to call the counsel on both sides together, on Wednesday next, about the finding of the office; and if Leonard cannot agree that the lands be found in his office, wishes his niece's counsel to prepare a new office for her lands, to be found the same day that the escheator shall sit for Leonard. Knoll, 22 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my chaplain, Master Gold."
22 Oct.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
Was greatly pleased, on the arrival of Sanga, to hear of Wolsey's good health. They have much confidence in the King as the author of peace between Christian princes, and the champion of the liberty of Christendom. The Pope's thoughts are all concentrated on the means of defending the Lord's flock committed to his charge. The fleet of the Viceroy is hourly expected from Spain, and if it comes, and finds the Pope unprepared, total ruin will ensue. The army of the confederates has compelled Cremona to surrender, and is now laying siege to Milan and Genoa. Rome, 22 Oct. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
[22] Oct.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
The news by Sanga would have given them greater hopes if it had not arrived when his Holiness did not look for hope, but results. Had aid arrived in time, as his Holiness desired, the pride of the enemy would not have increased to such an unheard-of extent as to threaten the Pope's destruction. He hopes, however, that the King's aid will now flow more fully the longer it has been restrained, and he doubts not that the King and Wolsey will be greatly incensed at the injuries done to the Pope, the Church, and God himself. The safety or destruction of Italy depends upon the King. They are closely pressed, and cannot wait much longer, and therefore the Pope anxiously expects letters from England as soon as the King shall have heard the wrongs he endures. If aid does not come speedily it will be of no use, as Wolsey will probably have heard fully already from Gambara. He is pleased to hear Sanga's confirmation of Wolsey's good wishes, expressed not only by his word but his countenance. Is grateful to find that Wolsey remembers him, and often speaks of him, and will take care to satisfy their wishes in all things. "In iis secretioribus ac majoris momenti tantum sibi polliceri potest D.V.R. de Smi D.N. voluntate quantum progredi potest auctoritas Sanctitatis suæ." Rome, x[xii.] Oct. 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Add.
Cal. D. X. 410.
[X. 170.]
B. M.
* * *
"... oir par ces[tes] de ... celle que je scay que vous la desirez, comm[e] ... vous pourrez plus amplement entendre, ensemb[le] ... autres choses que je luy ay pryé vous vouloir ... me gardera vous faire plus longue lettre, sy n'est [que je prie a] Dieu, monsieur mon bon et plus aymé frère, vous donne[r tout ce que] de bon cueur vous desyre.
P.S. in his own hand:—[Je vuei]l byen vous dyre [mon m]yeulx aymé frère, [l'hon]nesteté de ce porteur ... e byen que je le vous ... n de ce que je foys ... qu'yl m'est possible." Signed: Vostre bon frère, cousyn, compe[re et] perpetuel allyé, FRANÇO[YS].
Cal. D. X. 411.
[X. 171.]
B. M.
Desires credence for the sieur de Morete of his chamber, the bearer, whom he sends to the King.
Fr., hol., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Mons. le Cardynal [dYor]k, mon bon amy.
23 Oct. 2582. HERETICAL BOOKS.
See 3 Nov. 1526.
23 Oct.
R. O.
St. P. I. 184.
I have received letters out of France from the bp. of Bath, mentioning the French king's displeasure at the outrage committed on the Pope; also the despatch of Morette to England. I send the letters. I have received confirmation of the news from Hungary, and of the finding and burying of the King's corpse. A nobleman of great power there (John Zapol) has gathered a large army to oppose the Turk. I hear that Morette has already arrived, but desires rest before repairing to your Highness. The Venetian ambassador came with him. Westm., 23 Oct.
23 Oct.
Vat. Tr.
Add. MS.
15,387, f. 183.
B. M.
St. P. VI. 549.
Greatly regrets the evils of the times. Could not help shedding tears on reading the Pope's breve of 22 Sept. Wept over the loss of Hungary, which is owing to the dissensions of Christendom. When other princes have agreed, he will not be behindhand in joining the Crusade. Exhorts the Pope to bear up, trusting that the danger will disperse. Desires credence for Gregory Casale. Westm., 23 Oct. 1526.
Lat., copy.
24 Oct.
Vesp. C. III. 277.
B. M.
2585. LEE to [WOLSEY].
News came on the 18th, that cardinal Colonna and don Hugo de Moncada had entered Rome on the 20 Sept., and spoiled the Pope's palace with the "burgalett" adjoining. The Pope fled to Castle Angelo. Hears that the Emperor is "marvellously sorry that they have done so." Has not been to court for 14 days. News is come that the duke of Milan has received Cremona and discharged the Almains. Hears no word of Wolsey's pension, due Christmas last, "ne look after better speed, as long as John Almaigne shall meddle therewith." He is so rich he setteth not by your pension. It might be better disposed elsewhere. Granada, 24 Oct.
Hol., p. 1.
24 Oct.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
2586. LEE to [HENRY VIII.]
To the same effect. Don Hugo has written nothing of this affair to the Emperor. In his letters to the council of Naples he said he could not repress the violence of the soldiers. The enterprise against Barbarossa has been laid aside. Granada, 24 Oct.
Hol., p. 1.
24 Oct.
Calig. D. IX. 256.
B. M.
2587. CLERK to WOLSEY.
The bishop of Worcester arrived on the 20th, and brought me a letter from the Pope desiring my interest in his affairs. Worcester requested me to recommend him to your Grace. I have communed with him for reformation of the bulls for your college, which have now been despatched to Rome. The whole court is waiting the coming of the King, who remains at Orleans because of my Lady's relapse. Has urged the release of the imperial ambassador. Will learn more from the bishop of Worcester. Paris, 24 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Welsborne has arrived with the horses, and has done his part satisfactorily. "Your Grace's scholars doth excellently well." (fn. 4)
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
25 Oct.
Vesp. F. I. 10.
B. M.
2588. THE TURKS.
"Nova Turcica ex literis Rorarii xxv. die Octobris Augustæ datis."
The Turk had set out towards Peter Varadin, and sent artillery and an army towards Constantinople. He had on the Danube 3,000 boats laden with Hungarian spoil. Among other things, bells of brass and all kinds of iron goods, 5,000 Hungarian prisoners, and 30 ships laden with Jews. It is thought the Vayvode has agreed with the Turk, and that the latter intends to set him up as King, for the Vayvode's forces were marching towards Buda, and 300 men were occupying the castle. Ferdinand had gone to Hamburg to see his sister, who had set out for Possonia (Presburg), and the princes for Vienna, leaving a garrison of 5,000 foot at Hamburg. As Ferdinand was returning, a German burnt a crucifix. Ferdinand ordered him to be beheaded, and a great tumult was caused, but was at last appeased. News has come to Aragusia, of Oct. 14, from Samandria, a town on the Danube, two days, distance from Belgrade towards Constantinople, that the Turk had arrived there, leaving Hungary, as he had killed all the people except 100,000 whom he was taking with him, that he was returning to Constantinople because he had heard that one of his Sangiacs had been defeated on the confines of the Sophy. He did not wish the castle of Buda to be plundered, but gave it in custody to 60 Hungarians, making them swear to deliver it faithfully to their King. Of the 72 counties of Hungary, 12 have been plundered, and Buda and the other places visited by the Turk have been burnt.
Lat., pp. 2. In Vannes' hand. Endd.
Vesp. F. I. 34.
B. M.
2589. THE TURKS.
"Ex literis domini Cancellarii regni Hungariæ, datis Possonii, iij. Octobris, ad illustrissimum, &c., dominum palatinum et capitaneum Cracoviensem ac regni Poloniæ summum cancellarium (?)"
The Turk pitched his camp in the racecourse between Buda and Theles; has taken Buda and the castle, and returned to the camp. A few days after, he crossed the Danube, and pitched his camp at Rakosch, from which place he made inroads towards Nittria, Cremincia (Cremni), and Casthonia. He intends to pass the winter either at Grimimy or Nandoralba.
Buda was burnt against his wish, and the authors of the deed have been beheaded. The castle of Gran was deserted by the captain, and has been occupied by a few men under Matthew Nagh, who found a quantity of stores there, and has sent to the Queen for guns and powder, which she will forward. Doubts not that it can be held. Will send also to Komaron and Theta, and will not neglect the castle of Wishegradien. If these are fortified the enemy cannot ascend the river in boats. The Palatine and others are here, and the ban of Croatia is expected. Nothing certain is heard of the Waywode. It is reported that Nic. Herczik, Pileczki, and Maczieiowsky, the chamberlains, have been set free by the Turk, who thinks that the King is still living, and proposes an alliance with him, intending to retain only Sirmium and the country between the Save and the Drave, and offering to protect him against all his enemies. Imbraym Bassa told Herczik that the Turk intended to go to Peter Waradin, and to place some Janissaries in the castle of Buda to keep it for the King. Herczik was honorably treated. Thinks they took him for Thurzon, the treasurer. He says that the day after the battle 1,503 prisoners were brought before the Turk, and put to death, and then buried in a grave with 12,000 other corpses. The prisoners of importance, if they were recognized, were well treated. The head of the bishop of Colocz was fixed on a spear in front of the Turk's tent. He did not know if Dragfii was taken. At Buda, Imbraym asked him if the portraits of the King and Queen in the house of Carolus, master of the Queen's court, were good likenesses; and when told that they were, "Sunt certe, inquit, elegantissimi juvenes." Next spring the Turk intends to attack the rest of Hungary, which is without means of defence, and then Transilvania and the remainder of Europe. Can hardly hope for help, as Europe is in such discord.
Of bishops, the following are dead: Gran, Colocz, Funfkirchen, Varadin (of whom, however, there seems to be some hope), Javarin, and Bosna. Of the laity, Scepus, the brother of the Waywode, Dragfy, Corlaczky, Trepka, Gabriel Peryimy, Hampo, son of Thomas Jeechi, Fras. Orzaagh, Tarchay, Fekothe Mihal, Johannes Paxy, Podmanyczky, and an infinite number of the middle orders; many of the Bohemians, including Stephanus Slyk and Rotumbergh. None of the captains of infantry came back except Anibal, son or cousin of the true king of Cyprus, who led the Papal infantry. The King was persuaded to fight by the nobles and the soldiers, though some dissuaded him. It was said by deserters that the Turkish army, though large, was weak. The King behaved in the battle like a prince. His guard of nobles now all make excuses. Has himself lost everything but life.
Lat., copy, pp. 3. Endd.: Ex literis Dñi cancellarii Hungariæ. Octobris.
26 Oct.
R. O.
Wrote last from Malines on the 18th. Letters have since come from Venice, dated 11th, stating that Cremona was surrendered by the Imperialists on the 1st, saving body and goods of the garrison, the Dutchmen to retire to their country, and the Spaniards towards Naples. My Lady pretends not to believe it. The Viceroy is said to have arrived at Monych by Genoa, with 10,000 Spaniards in forty great ships, having left Cartagena on the 1st. Bourbon has lately gained some victory over the Venetians. The letters from Venice say that the Suffye has conquered the greater part of Egypt, and compelled the Turk to return to his own country. If so, Wolsey will know what to write to Wallop, who awaits his answer at Cologne. A hoy of Antwerp, coming from London, was lost upon the coast of Zealand on the 30th September. Hears there was an Italian in her who had stowed away 1,600l. of rose nobles and angelets; but this pack is not found; thinks if it were, it should be forfeited to the King. Encloses a letter from Wallop at Cologne, dated the 17th, received this day. Brussels, 26 Oct. 1526 Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
26 Oct.
R. O.
"For al that I can perceve in these partiis, yf it micht happen that the Emperor coud find the mennis wyt his honnour to make pece wyt France oncnowen to us, they schould tink here that they schould have XLV and a fault at tennis game agens us and tinckis like wyse yf that we would declare our self for them, that they schould have schiche like avantage of the French king onnis they would fain have the toen or the toder at their own (?) commandment, tincking wit the toen to mai compel the todder.
"They can bothe tinke and sai that there is no prince Cristin that keppis the Emperor is parte, but onli God and don Ferdinand, and that yf the French king had no comfort of England that he would be glad to plese the Emperor in al tinges. This be pondorous thochis and wourddis, to ere yt; they were not spoken to be rehersid, but your grac sal wei them better then I can siffir them." Brussels, 26 Oct. 1526.
Hol., cipher, p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
28 Oct.
R. O.
Has received his letters by William Hatherington the 20 October, dated Amptill, 30 Sept., expressing his satisfaction at the "congress and late meeting" of certain lords of Scotland, "that by force attempted divers things by way of commotion sounding to the danger of your nephew," [having been repressed]? Is glad Wolsey is pleased with his service, and will endeavor to promote justice, with the aid of Arran. He and Arran have taken great pains to resist the conspirators who intended to have transported James's person, and have been at great costs in divers "fields and journeys," and in keeping James's houses and castles furnished with victual and artillery, otherwise they would have been in danger of the duke of Albany and his adherents. Edinburgh, 28 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
R. O. 2593. ARRAN to HENRY VIII.
To the same effect as Angus's letter, and in the same words. Edinburgh, 28 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
28 Oct.
R. O.
2594. ANGUS to WOLSEY.
Has received his letters dated at More, the 4th September last, by Patrick Sinclair. Thanks him for his advice about the governing of his sovereign's person, which he will follow to the best of his power. Sinclair's mission to Henry on the part of James was without the knowledge of Arran or Angus, and directed only by private persons. The articles brought by him will be laid under the consideration of parliament, which begins on 12 Nov. Edinburgh, 28 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
30 Oct.
R. O.
30 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII. Verdict of Sir John Daunce, Sir John Mundy, John Kyme, and John Rudstone, aldermen of London,—Wm. Roche, Wm. Dokett, John Pyke, Robt. Draper, Thos. Calton, Wm. Brokett, Thos. Wastell, John Dale, Roger Mundy, Thos. Gadbury, Nic. Bulle, Robt. Trappis, and Hughe Walshe, citizens of London,—as to the fineness of certain coins, &c.
Mem. The oz. Troy has been heretofore divided into 20 dwt. of 24 gr. each, but it is now divided into 22½ dwt. of 24 gr. each.
The King intends, by advice of the Council, to order by proclamation that the angel, which weighs 80 gr. at 20 dwt. to the oz., and 72 of which make 1 lb. Troy, shall be current for 7s. 6d., the demy-angel 3s. 9d., the sovereign 22s. 6d., the demy-sovereign 11s. 3d., the royal 11s. 3d., the demy-royal 5s. 7½d., and the quarter royal 2s. 9¾d.
New coins. George nobles, of the same fineness as the angel, to be worth 6s. 8d. They shall weigh 3 dwt. 7 (?) gr., being 81 to the lb. Troy. Merchants shall pay to the Mint for coinage 2s. 9d. per lb. Troy. Half George nobles, worth 3s. 4d. Crowns of the double rose to be worth 5s. of 22 carats fineness, 100½ cr. to weigh 1 lb. Troy. Half crowns of the double rose to be worth 2s. 6d. 3s. per lb. to be paid for coinage.
Groats, half groats, pence, halfpence, and farthings, of which 1 oz. Troy make 10 groats, and 1 lb. Troy 40s., will be now made at 11 gr. 1d. to the oz., or 45s. to the lb. Troy. 1s. per lb. to be paid for coinage.
Double plakks or Carolus shall be current for 4d. as now. They lack the fineness of the sterling groat, 20d. in every 12 oz. Troy.
Heretofore merchants have paid for coinage 2s. 6d. for every "pounde Towre" (livre Tournois) of 11½ oz., but in future the lb. Troy of 12 oz. shall alone be used, and the payment be as before mentioned.
A vellum roll.
Add. MS.
18,758, f. 10.
B. M.
2. Modern copy.
Pp. 10.
30 Oct.
R. O.
2596. ITALY.
i. From letters of the Prothonotary, Venice, 30 Oct.
Nothing fresh has occurred. The Signory will send commissions to Spain when they see them sent by others. Italy needs assistance, for if matters turn out badly they will be forced to act according to the pleasure of the French, as the Pope seems already to have done.
If the King wishes the French alone to be the conquerors, and the Emperor to be forced into peace, that would be better than for the Emperor to waste the strength of Italy, and obtain possession of Milan; but if not, the Venetians must be assisted. The Emperor could not have answered more wisely for himself than he did; for if he is unsuccessful he will use fair words, and postpone his resolution; if successful, he will impose it upon all. It is expected that he will come to a resolution when he hears about the Turk. The Venetians are expecting some answer from him, and they have perhaps written to him, urging peace, and saying that unless the duchy of Milan is restored to duke Francis they will hand it over to the French king.
ii. From letters of Sir Gregory, 21 Oct.
Has been with the Pope, but could find out nothing except that he had determined to keep the treaty with the Emperor, and to have a guard about him. He says that unless France helps him he must either agree with the Emperor or flee. Does not cease to encourage him, telling him the princes will help him, and that he must be careful not to damage himself for ever. Fears that the French king, if he sees it is to his own benefit, will induce the Pope to go to Spain; and this is also likely to happen if the king of France will not help the Pope. It must be considered what effect this will have on the authority of the Church, when the Pope is wholly in the power of the Emperor. When the French king was urged to commence the war in Flanders, he answered that he was not bound to do so till the protestation had been sent to the Emperor. The Pope approves of Wolsey's advice for appointing a king for Naples, but does not know how it is to be done unless the French king will consent to its being conferred on the duke of Lorraine, who would be bound to pay for it. The French king is very irresolute, and has not yet paid the money for this month or the last.
Nothing is heard about the fleet at Marseilles.
Peter Navarre says that four large English barks have gone to Carthagena, and defeated the Emperor's ships. Has been asked by some at Rome to urge the King to allow Francis to take Milan. The Pope's galleys will stay at Leghorn.
Seeing that the Pope would not begin a war against Naples, which could not be done without collecting money by agreement with the Duke of Ferrara and the creation of cardinals, tried to induce him to commence war in Campania, and not break the treaty. It is difficult to persuade him, as he says he has no money. He has determined to send tomorrow orders to his nuncio in Spain, according to the form which the French have sent here.
Lat., pp. 4.
31 Oct.
Cal. D. IX. 258.
B. M.
Has received his letters of the 18th. On the 25th his commission was read, appointing Wingfield deputy, and he was put in possession. Thanks Wolsey for his advancement. Enters, in his usual style, on a description of his duties. Begs Wolsey will consider that for the space of a year and a month he served the King as ambassador to my lady Margaret, and he trusted to have received his half-year's wages of the castle, due 6 April last. Received nothing, although lord Berners, being the King's deputy, my lord Chamberlain, and Mr. Fitzwilliam were paid their wages. Begs he may be paid, as his property is much diminished. Calais, 31 Oct.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4. Add.: To my lord the Legate's most reverend Grace.
Royal MS.
14 B. XXVI.
B. M.
"... [t]hexpenss[es] ... monethis of Octo[ber] ... xviij. R. H. VIII. over and above ... monethis in ao xvij. precedente."
[Corn] wages out of court, &c.; ao 17, 32l. 11s. 7d.; ao 18, 55l. 17s. 11d.—Cellar and buttery: wine, ashen cups, empty pipes, purveyor's expenses, &c.; ao 17, 136l. 3s. 5½d.; ao 18, 153l. 9s. 8½d.—Spicery: wax, spice, linen, houses hired, wages, &c.; ao 17, 160l. 5s. 2d.; ao 18, 180l. 17s. 9¾d.—Accatry and kitchen: meat, fish, pasture, wages of persons being sick and out of the Princess's house, rewards, &c.; ao 17, 270l. 16s. 7d.; ao 18, 298l. 4s. 4½d.—Poultry: ao 17, 95l. 14s. 0¼d.; ao 18, 110l. 17s. 7½d.— Scullery: coals, herbs, changing of pewter vessel, &c.; ao 17, 36l. 10s. 7d.; ao 18, 41l. 13s. 11d.—Saucery and pastry: ao 17, 8l. 5s. 5¾d.; ao 18, 10l. 10s. 5d.—Woodyard: wood, rushes, and wages; ao 17, 34l. 3s. 9d.; ao 18, 20l. 13s. 11d.—Stable: ao 17, 21l. 15s. 3d.; ao 18, 36l. 0s. 7½d. Wages of gentlemen and yeomen, ao 17, 99l. 4s.; ao 18, 125l. 5s. 1d.
Total for October and ... ao 17, 895l. 9s. 10½d. The same in ao 18, 1,033l. 11s. 4¾d.
A paper roll. Endd.: ... p[rin]cesses ... t in the ... howsholde.
Oct./GRANTS. 2599. GRANTS in OCTOBER 1526.
1. Matthew Hanmer, page of the Butlery. To be keeper of the King's woods called Parke Glynn, in the 1p. of Bromfeld, marches of Wales, vice Thos. Alford, deceased.—S.B. Del. Hampton Court, 1 Oct.—Pat. p. 1, m. 19.
1. Wm. Newington, of London, mercer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 1 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
2. Bristol. Assent to the election of Tho. Broke as mayor, and John Edwards and Ric. Abyngdon as constables, of the staple of wools, hides, fleeces and lead at Bristol. Westm., 2 Oct.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2.
4. Ric. Coke, of London and Romford, late of the household of the emperor of Spain. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Stony Stratford, 22 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Oct.—P.S.
4. John Felex, of London, butcher. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Ampthill, 1 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Oct.—P.S.
5. Anth. Burgh, draper of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Monastery of Chertsey, 10 July 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
5. Percival Hert, one of the King's sewers. Licence to import Toulouse woad and Gascon wine. Del. Westm., 5 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Fr. 16–21 Hen. VIII. m. 6. (This membrane is wrongly endorsed as of the 20th year.)
5. Launcelot Lowther, gent. usher of the Chamber, and Tho. ap Hoell. To be constables of Caerlyon, alias Holte, in the 1p. of Bromfelde, marches of Wales, with 10l. a year and the usual fees, as enjoyed by Lowther alone. Del. Westm., 5 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B._Vacated 6 March 37 Hen. VIII. by Ap Hoell, the survivor, in order that a new patent might be made to him and David Dye.—Pat. p. 1, m. 18.
5. Hen. Norres. Wardship of Vincent, s. and h. of John Power. 18 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 5 Oct.—P.S.
8. Tho. Alen, gent. usher of the Chamber. Licence to import 500 tuns of wine and woad. Del. the More, 8 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Fr. 16–21 Hen. VIII. m. 6.
8. John Cicill. To be master sergeant of the 1p. and forest of Ewyas Lacy, marches of Wales. Del. Westm., 8 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
8. Edw. Cornewales, sewer of the Chamber. To be master forester of Bromfeld forest, marches of Wales, vice John Pillesdon. Del. Westm., 8 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Sir Edw. Beynton, squire for the Body. Confirmation of the offices of doorward of Devyse Castle, Wilts, and keeper of the park. Arundel, 4 Aug. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
12. Sir Edw. Beynton. Confirmation of the offices of steward of the 1ps. of Marlburgh, Rowde and Devyse, Wilts, and lieutenant of the forest of Pevesham and Blakamore. Arundel, 4 Aug. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
12. Tho. Englefeld, serjeant-at-law. Wardship of Katharine, sister and h. of Nicholas and d. and h. of Sir Tho. Fetiplace. Del. Westm., 12 Oct.—P.S.
13. Edw. Brereton. To be keeper of the park of the Cony in the marches of Wales, vice Rob. Wyse and John Robert, with 2d. a day. Langley, 3 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 Oct.—P.S.
13. Peter de Brisia. Licence to import 200 tuns of Gascon wine and Toulouse woad. Del. Westm., 13 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Fr. 16–21 Hen. VIII. m. 6.
15. Wm. Claye, mercer, and John Apowell, merchant, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Anth. Ughtred. Del. Westm., 15 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Copy of separate protections to each of the above two merchants in R.O.
16. Sir John Russell and Anne his wife, late wife and executrix of Sir Ric. Jernegan. Pardon and release. Westm., 16 Oct.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
18. Rob. Hilton, of St. Clement Danes, alias of Burton, Westmor., alias of Berwick- on-Tweed. Pardon for the death of John Atwell. Greenwich, 18 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
18. Margaret Walsingham, widow and executrix of John Jenyns, clerk of the receipt of the Exchequer, alias widow of Rob. Walsingham. Pardon and release for all matters touching the said John. Del. Westm., 18 Oct.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 8 (dated 8 Oct.)
23. Tho. Both, of Faller, Berks. Pardon for having killed in self-defence Wm. Gybbons, of Compton, clk., who assaulted him in the house of one Ric. Raff, of Wantyng, Berks. Westm., 23 Oct.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
23. Sir Anth. Browne. To be keeper of the manor and park of Wokyng, with 2d. a day and the usual fees for keeping the park. Del. Westm., 23 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
23. Henry Norresse. To be verger and to carry a rod before the King at the feast of St. George in Windsor Castle, with 12d. a day, the office having been surrendered by Sir Wm. Compton. Del. Westm., 23 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
24. Sir Oliver Maners, squire for the Body. Annuity of 50 marks. Del. Westm., 24 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
24. Sebastian Nudigate. Wardship of John s. and h. of Wm. Hampdon. Del. Westm., 24 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
24. Wm. Stroder, of Glendall, Northumb. Pardon for the murder of Ric. Tailor, of Glendall. Ramesburie, 30 Aug. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Oct. 17 (should be 18) Hen. VIII.—P.S.
24. Wm. (fn. 5) Thynne, chief clerk of the Kitchen. Annuity of 10l. a year out of the issues of the manors of Cleobury Barnes, in the 1p. of Cleobury, Salop, parcel of the earldom of March. Del. Westm., 24 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
26. Tho. Alen. Wardship of John s. and h. of George Staveley. Del. Westm., 26 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 7.
27. Miles Spencer, LL.D., and Bridget Stokes, widow. Wardship of Margaret and Elizabeth, ds. and hs. of Rob. Stokes. Del. Westm., 27 Oct. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
27. Ralph Vaux, of Swarford, Oxf. Pardon for having killed in self-defence John Clyston, of Hokenorton, Oxon, who assaulted him at Southorpe, in the parish of Hokenorton. Westm., 27 Oct.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 12.


  • 1. Taken from the Catalogue of MSS. in the Library of Cambridge University, vol. II. p. 138.
  • 2. Taken from the Catalogue of MSS. in the Library of Cambridge University, vol. II. p. 138.
  • 3. Gardiner (?)
  • 4. Meaning Wynter.
  • 5. Thrynne on the roll.