Henry VIII: December 1527, 26-31

Pages 1653-1672

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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December 1527

26 Dec.
R. O.
At his first coming to Yorkshire, went to my lord of Richmond, then at Pomfret Castle. Was so well received that his dulled wit cannot disclose how much he was gratified with the Duke's good qualities. Showed Magnus Wolsey's articles, who said they were so well devised that it was hard for him to find that anything had been omitted likely to advance the object of the Duke's charge. After leaving him, however, Magnus sent him a little memorial, which he encloses. Went, as instructed, to Newcastle. Arrived on St. Thomas' Even, and was met by lord Dacres and those whom Wolsey had appointed to be of the Duke's council. Declared the King's pleasure to the gentlemen, who promised to advance it to the utmost. Caused proclamations to be made throughout Northumberland, and took recognizances of every gentleman and headsman. Sent Sir William Evers to make proclamation in Riddisdale, and Thomas Erington in Tynedale, for their coming in within eight days. Came to Alnwick on Christmas Eve. Desires Wolsey to send thanks to Master Chancellor, Sir Thomas Tempest, and Master Bowes, who have remained with him, studying what was to be done for the reformation of justice. Has not yet heard from Leonard Musgrave. Does not send the book of the fees that he should give within this country, because he has set every gentleman where he can do most annoyance to the King's outlaws. Will make the book as he sees how they acquit themselves. Alnwick Castle, 26 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
26 Dec.
R. O.
3690. LEE to WOLSEY.
The time has not yet served to speak of your pensions. If De Bouclans had not helped, your Grace's money of Palence could not have been levied. I shall need a special proxy for the 30,000 ducats for the King from Milan. There will be no necessity to speak to the Emperor if Francis Sforza be restored. In the proxy to be sent, let my lord of Worcester's name be inserted. Wishes to know if the peace be concluded. Burgos, 26 Dec.
Hol., cipher, deciphered by Tuke, p. 1. Add.
26 Dec.
Le Grand, III. 73.
Is awaiting the coming of De Brosse. On Tuesday Sansac arrived with his three tercelets and a falcon, which have evidently been admirably trained. Yesterday the Legate had much company at dinner, but Du Bellay had a cold, and could not go. Sansac was present, and after dinner made your recommendations, and got leave to go today and present the birds. Carvoisin also returned four days ago. He will go to Cainet (Kent ?), and afterwards take his departure with his beasts, which he has had great difficulty in obtaining, there are so few.
Expects news both from Spain and Italy. Wolsey heard six days ago of the Pope's liberation by letters of Dr. Kenit (Knight), written at Rome on the 2nd inst. You know what importance he wishes to attach to this matter; and I think it would have been well, if, in communicating this news, you had made demonstration of joy. The ambassadors here are very anxious to hear from Spain, hoping for peace. Those of Venice never go to the Legate without consulting me, and I think it as well to entertain them as best I can. After your departure I began to lay the foundation of a negociation (chaffaulder ung propos) with the Venetian secretary, and have got him to confess to me that, the Signory not being compelled by the treaty which was made in Spain to give the Emperor, besides the arrears of 60,000 crowns a year, a considerable additional sum, for which the Emperor had pressed them, he is sure they are not bound to deny Francis a loan for the deliverance of his children. He suggested 100,000 crowns, and showed himself willing to go still further.
Has mentioned in other letters the arrival of Staphileus, who was very well received by the King and Wolsey, and has done good service in promoting the amity with France. Believe they will send him to Rome. He will return to you after these feasts. I hear Master Rousset (Russell) will go shortly to Rome. There are not many noblemen at present about the King, most of them being at home, keeping order in the country. The earl of Northumberland has gone against this banished man, (fn. 1) who has done so much mischief. I fear he is terribly young, and little experienced in arms. There is some talk of making viscount Rocheford duke of Somerset. Sansac takes your book to him. The marshal of Calais is put in the chamber (mis en la chambre). Bryand is not yet replaced (remys).
Does not write to the King or Madame, that his despatch may not excite too much attention. Sends a cipher which he has come upon by accident, to which Nicholas doubtless will be able to find a key. London, 26 Dec.
P.S.—After closing his letters this evening Carvoysin returned from Greenwich. Sansac remains till tomorrow to exhibit the flight of the birds, which the King has been much pleased to see, and has shown to the ladies.
French. Add.
R. O.
St. P. I. 188.
Sends the minute of a letter to be written in Henry's own hand to the French king, in answer to those he lately wrote to Henry. Thinks as things stand the King should not write to him otherwise. Requests that on being written it be sent to Wolsey, for the expedition of the French king's servant. Westminster, Friday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To the King's most noble grace, Defensor of the Faith.
ii. [Henry VIII. to Francis I.]
St. P. I. 188. Has received by the bearer the birds sent by Francis pour le vol du heron. Thanks him for remembering his pleasures. Will endeavour to recompense his good will, Francis being so well disposed to the continuance of the amity.
Draft, Fr., p. 1.
27 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 29.
In my other letters by Taddeo, I have instructed you fully of the King's wishes and the dispensation to be obtained, of which I send you a clean copy in the form in which it is to be expedited. I also send you a clean copy of a commission directed to me in the form and style you will see by the copy. They will require nothing more than the Pope's signature. How you are to conduct yourself, you will learn from my letter, taking with you the King's and my letters to the Pope, to the bishop of Verona, and the cardinal S. Quatuor (Pucci). The King considers how important it is in these proceedings to avoid all occasions of suspicion and scandal, and exclude all evil reports. For this reason he thinks it would be advisable, and confer some additional gravity on the process, if Campeggio, Trano or Farnese were sent into England with sufficient commission to determine this cause. So all objection which might be urged by the Queen against me as the King's subject, and all evil surmises, might be avoided; and I doubt not but his Holiness, for various prudential reasons, will consent, considering especially that, in the state in which this kingdom now is, the King could not be in equity compelled to have his suit referred to a place to which none of his subjects could have safe access. Moreover, the proofs must depend upon witnesses, who must be examined in England. I cannot believe that his Holiness will offer any obstacle; wherefore the King and I earnestly request that, whether the previous commission directed to me, and other matters sent by Taddeo, be granted or not, the Pope will by all means send some legate hither.
Should it so happen that you have made no motion to the Pope of the first commission before you receive these, then first of all propose to him to send the legate. If there be any delay on the part of the Pope or the Cardinals, or an intention to send one not favourable to the King, then urge the prior commission. Tell the Pope that haste is of the utmost importance, and delays are dangerous. If you have got the first commission, send it with all speed, and urge that a legate be sent without revocation of the prior commission. So it will be in the King's power to proceed according to the speed of the legate or otherwise. He intends to put off till the coming of the legate the final decision, which can then be given conjointly with me according to the form of the commission; and this mode of proceeding appears more honorable and impartial, and satisfactory to all parties, and the King is much inclined to follow it, except it occasion great delays. Consequently, unless you have already obtained the former commission, urge that the legate be sent with all speed. But get the commission by all means, and send it here, and write frequently, sparing neither money nor couriers. But do not let an Imperialist cardinal be sent, but ask that the legacy be given to Campeggio, or some one like Trano or Farnese. Assent to no other.
If the Pope proposes to send a legate to inquire of the facts, and reserve sentence to himself, without conceding a commission, tell him that the cause has been duly discussed and examined already, and the King cannot assent to this course without the greatest prejudice to the jurisdiction of the Church. You must follow strictly these instructions, and avoid delay. Urge the Cardinal, who is appointed, to make diligent speed, and tell him he shall be liberally provided for. Let him not excuse himself for want of money. The despatch now sent to you has been sent also to Knight and the prothonotary Gambara, that either may act as he sees his opportunity. Strive who can do best, and by all means get the dispensation, of which I again send you a copy. If you cannot obtain an interview with the Pope, consult with Gambara.
London, 27 Dec. 1527. Signed.
P.S.—Suggests other cardinals who might be sent,—as De Cesis, De monte and Sienna, as favorable to the King.
Lat. Add. Endd.
Vit. B. XII. 178.
B. M. Burnet, IV. 48. (fn. 2)
3694. The DIVORCE.
Bull proposed to be submitted to the Pope for his signature, touching the dispensation. As the King of England 18 years ago was married to Katharine at the persuasion of the councillors, and on the force of a pre- tended Papal dispensation; on a further examination of the ecclesiastical canons, and as the dispensation was granted on false pretences, and for this and other reasons appears to be invalid, &c. &c., we, considering these things, the anxiety of the King's conscience, and his services to the Holy See, appoint cardinal Wolsey for his justice and his virtue, with—_ (fn. 3) to proceed conjointly in this cause, with a proviso that if one cannot act the other may. You are to proceed summarily sine strepitu et figura judicii to inquire into the said bull, and if you jointly or severally are satisfied of its invalidity, to declare the marriage between Henry and Katharine null and void, allowing the parties so separated to enter upon a new marriage citra omnem recusationem aut appellationis interpositionem. By authority of this present you are to override all canonical defects and objections, declaring the issue of the first marriage legitimate, if you think fit, as well as that of the second. Whatever is done in this matter by you, judicially or extrajudicially, we shall ratify in the most valid and efficacious form, and never infringe it.
Lat. Draft.
27 Dec.
R. O.
Has received divers of his letters, dated Greenwich, 30 Nov., for the apprehending of Sir Wm. Lisle and others. Will do what he wishes, as he has written at length by Leonard Musgrave. Edinburgh, 27 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: The king of Scotts, 28 Dec. 1527.
27 Dec.
R. O.
Has received his letters of Nov. 30. Has caused his wardens and officers to take pains for the apprehension of Sir Wm. Lisle and his accomplices, but they have not been successful, as they do not make continual residence in Scotland, and are favored by the people of the English Border. Will cause the officers to make fresh efforts. Edinburgh, 27 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: The King of Scots, 26 Dec. 1527.
27 Dec.
Titus, B. I. 227. B. M.
Received on St. Thomas's Day, 21 Dec., his letters, dated 31 Oct., at Greenwich, with his answer to letters from Luther, which were sent from Cologne by Herman Rinck. Thanks him for his approval of his plans. Intends to do what he can to preserve religion against the Lutheran heresy. Is glad the King has not listened to his endeavors to draw him into his sect. Many of them will change their opinion when they see that he cannot be persuaded, and so zealously opposes them. Sent the King's answer to Luther at Wittenberg, on the 23rd Dec., with letters from himself. He merely answered that he had nothing to write back. Hopes this impious doctrine will be removed or restrained. Dresden, St. John the Evangelist, 27 Dec. 1527. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
27 Dec.
R. O.
Wrote of the peace he had taken between his brethren-in-law, Sir Jas. Fitz piers and Thos. Butler. Six days after it was taken, Sir Jas. practised with Desmond. Would not believe it, till he heard that some of Desmond's retinue were in Sir James's country. On trying the matter out, found a gentleman of the Earl's in a pile of Sir James's. Took him prisoner, and commanded Sir James, on his allegiance, to deliver the rest; which he refused. He then began to break the peace with Thos. Butler, notwithstanding the King's command. Expects he will soon take open part with Desmond, with whose kinsmen he daily communicates, promising that the Earl will abide his award between him and them. He receives letters from Kildare, who says the King is better lord to him than ever. Sir James expects Kildare will be deputy, when he will be sure of pardon. Kildare's privy councillors have been soliciting Ormond's friends of the Irishry to make war on the English pale, "in hope that he should the rather come home." This some of them confessed to the writer in presence of my Lady, the baron Grace, and Sir Philip Grace. If so, "it is but folly to you or any other t[hat] intentes to do the Kinges grace trew servyce to dwel[l out of this] land." Kildare, before he went to England, took oaths of each of the Council apart, none of them knowing that the other was sworn, to write in his favor; but till his balance weigh up or down no one will testify the truth. Cannot write for shame the reports they make of Ormond in Kildare's country. "The cause of my coming into this country was prevented afore, specially in to[w things] that consernyd therll of Desmond, by whos means y[e may] judg as pleasse you. How be yt the Observant Frere ... that was in England with therll of Kildare at my comyn[g] was sethens at Asskyttyn with therll of Desmond." His business is hard to make out, except by conjecture from the example of friars in past time. "Your lordship knows what I mean." Begs him to remind Wolsey of his instructions sent by Jas. Whytt. Waterford, St. John's Day after Christmas.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To my right honorable lord and father the Earl of Ormond. Endd.: Jamys Butler, the 24th (fn. 4) day of December 1527."
28 Dec.
R. O.
In revenge for his sundry roads upon the earl of Desmond, the latter on the 4th Dec. invaded his father's land, and took away a great number of cattle. Some of Butler's retinue pursued and skirmished with Desmond's rear. On hearing of it, Butler rode to intercept the Earl's retreat, who took flight into the castle of Dongarvan, "a large strong garrison," and barely escaped him. Laid siege to the castle, hoping to starve them out. "And thither came to me Cormoge Ooge, and Sir Thomas and Gerot of Desmond." The castle is invincible, without a great army and great ordnance; nevertheless Butler and his retinue daily assaulted it, and skirmished with those within. One day his horse was shot dead under him. Another night went privately reconnoitering with five others, when he intercepted a party attempting to escape, took their captain, Desmond's uncle's son, and another horseman, prisoners, and chased the rest back into the castle, taking from them most of their horses and harness, and slaying their footmen. After this Desmond and 40 of his company managed to escape by sea to Youghal. The rest offered to surrender the castle to Sir Thomas of Desmond, the Earl's uncle, but by advice of his council Butler refused; on which Sir Thomas left him and went to the Earl. Heard next that Desmond had procured the Brenes to come over the Shenyn to destroy his father's lands, so that he was obliged to remove the siege. The Brenes are the strongest band of Irishmen in the land, and would desist if the earl of Kildare wished them, being his "waged men," but it is evident he means them to remain in confederacy with Desmond. Has never been assisted by Kildare, but the reverse, in these enterprises against Desmond. Sir Jas. Butler, whom the King commanded to desist from his confederacy with Desmond, is now more troublesome than ever, owing to Kildare. He receives Desmond's spies and guides in his castles. Found some of them in a pile of the said Sir James, and has proved against him the succouring of others, whom he refuses to deliver. Waterford, 28 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add. Endd.
28 Dec.
R. O.
To the same effect. Desires credence for Jas. Wite and Rob. Cowly. Begs Wolsey to move the King to despatch his father home without reproach. Waterford, 28 Dec.
Hol., pp. 4, mutilated. Add. Endd.: "Jamys Butler, the 28th of December 1527."
28 Dec.
Nero, B. VII. 79. B. M.
3701. JOHN CASALE, the Prothonotary, to WOLSEY.
From his brother's letters Wolsey will see what answer the Pope gave to him and Paulus Camillus. He thinks he cannot avoid making the first payment to the Imperialists, as the money is already in their hands. About the rest he said nothing certain, except to promise his aid for treating of peace; from which they conjecture that he is still afraid of declaring himself more openly, as he does not see that Lautrec has advanced further, but, if Lautrec will do this boldly, that he will obtain all he desires from the Pope, and gain the victory. The Venetians (hi) are displeased that Lautrec will not proceed as he ought, not knowing the cause of his slowness, and earnestly desire the kings of France and England, and Wolsey, to urge him on. He says he means to wait for the Almains coming out of France, who, it is said, have come by the Po to Bondeno, near Bologna and Ferrara, where they will disembark, and immediately receive their wages. He wishes also to have with him Camillus Ursinus, a noble Roman, and leader of the Roman troops, on account of his knowledge of the neighbourhood of that city; and wishes him to be general of the soldiers with him, "sub his D. pmo merentes." These Lords, however, refused this, as they are using his assistance in Lombardy, but Casale has obtained it from them. As an agreement has lately been made with the duke of Ferrara and the marquis of Mantua, and a garrison has been left at Milan, there is nothing left but for Lautrec to proceed. In his last letters he said he wished to wait for Frederic de Bozolo, who was in the camp of the duke of Urbino in Tuscany, to consult with him, and it is expected he will arrive during these festivities.
Hears from Hungary that the Vaivode has a triple army, composed of Tartars and Valachs, but that he was delayed by the death of the king of Poland, who left him protector, and he therefore went to see the sons of the said King and the kingdom. The Archduke has returned from Buda to Possonia, a state on the borders of Germany. Many of the Hungarian nobles daily desert him. Venice, 28 Dec. 1527. Signed.
Pp. 2, Lat. Add. Endd.
R. O. 3702. NORFOLK to WOLSEY.
Transmits a letter received 15 days ago from Sir John Heydon, on which Norfolk wrote him his mind how he should order himself. Sends also another letter just received from him, "after I had sent forth certain does to your Grace," by which Wolsey will see how many of the thieves are taken. Learns from Thos. Leche that there are 12 still untaken. Has written to Heydon to attach them all, and expects most of them will be had within five days. Thinks if two were sent to London, and put to pain in the Tower, Wolsey would hear of a good number. Leche thinks two of the King's guards, having a groat a day, are of the band. Advises him to grant Sir John a gaol delivery, that, when a good number of the thieves are taken, they may be put to execution; all but those Wolsey would like sent up. Heydon has done his part well. Wolsey should order Elys, baron of the Exchequer, to apprehend his servant, Robert Coke, so that he may be examined. He knows several of the thieves, and enticed some to rob his master's own house. Stoke, this Saturday.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
29 Dec.
R. O.
Has received the commission addressed to himself, the abbot of Bury, and others. Sent this day for Sir Rob. Drury and Sir Will. Walgrave to consult what should be done about it. Examined under oath of secrecy seven of the most substantial men of Laneham, whether there were any persons in that neighbourhood who used seditious words or secret assemblies. They all said they knew of none who had misbehaved himself since Norfolk was there last, except one John Porter, whom they had put out of the town. They had never known the young people better conducted or better set in occupation, and they trusted no misorder should ever again be heard of. Sent, as directed, serjeant Wentworth to the vicechancellor of Cambridge, for the priest, Sir Lewes, that dwelled some time with Colt; who sent word that he had fled to Wales. Will endeavor to find out who were in his company "at the lewd deeds done." Will also send for Porter, and, if he find him culpable, send him up to Wolsey. Begs him to send "an enlargement of the last restraint for butter, cheese, red herrings, sprats, tallow, and tallow candle" to the customers of the ports in Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk; otherwise many a poor man will be undone. Tells those who complain that Wolsey meant the restraint only for grain. Stoke, St. Thomas's Day in Christmas.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
29 Dec.
R. O.
Has received his letters, dated Greenwich, 30 Nov., and has heard the report of Leonard Musgrave, by which he learns the King's desire for the repressing of trespassers and the preservation of peace. Will do as he wishes about Sir Wm. Lisle. It is reported that Albany is trying to procure a safeconduct from Henry to return to trouble Scotland. James desires him to inform Henry that he does not wish him to return. Edinburgh, 29 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: The chancellor of Scotland, 29 Dec. 1527.
29 Dec.
Cal. B. VII. 93. B. M. St. P. IV. 484.
3705. ANGUS to WOLSEY.
Has received his letters, dated Westminster, 5 Dec., commending his good will towards amity, as, now that perpetual peace is established with France, they who would sow discord between James and his uncle are the enemies of all three kingdoms; and desiring reformation to be made touching the Lisles. Will follow in the steps of his ancestors, who have always fostered peace. Has little cause otherwise to favor France, where he only found collusion and deceit. Albany is said to be soliciting Henry for a safe-conduct to return to Scotland, pretending he has James's consent; whereas the contrary is true, as James has declared before Leonard Musgraiff. Assures Wolsey he will do his utmost in the matter of the Lisles, simply for the King's sake, and leave the reward to his Highness. Holyrood House, 29 Dec. 1527. Signed: Ard Chancellar.
Add. Endd.
29 Dec.
R. O.
Is glad to hear of his having come to the Borders, considering the great amity between their ancestors and his late acquaintance with the Earl at London, which may well continue now they are such near neighbours. Hopes to put good order on the Borders. Will observe any diet he pleases for good rule. Desires credence for the bearer, Leonard Musgrave. In the King's palace beside the abbey of Halyrudhouse, 29 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
29 Dec.
R. O.
3707. [WOLSEY] to GHINUCCI and LEE.
Hears from Wm. Dickinson, late of Bourdeaux, and others, that one Wm. Yerdylley, late of London, merchant, has fled from Bourdeaux, intending to go to Spain. He owes large sums to several Englishmen, and about 800l. to one Ric. Reynolds, of London, who says he cannot pay certain debts to the King till he recovers his money from Yerdylley. Asks them to speak to the Emperor for his arrest if he arrives in those parts. Yorks Place beside Westminster, 29 Dec.
Pp. 2. Add.
29 Dec.
R. O.
After sealing his letter, these news came by the ambassador of Florence, which impute great blame to the Venetians, for letting 2,000 Spaniards escape from Milan and take Navar (Novara). The Venetians were against Lautrec's marching forwards till he had recovered all the territory of Milan. Paris, 29 Dec. Signed: Jo. T. Mr. of the Rolls.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate.
29 Dec.
Vit. B. IX. 213. B. M.
3709. ITALY.
Extract from a letter of the duke of Ferrara, dated 29 [Dec.]
The Duke, on hearing of the Pope's liberation, immediately sent a nobleman to congratulate him, to declare his fidelity, and ask for a ratification of his treaty with the League. Lautrec has asked the Duke for the stipulated money and men, which he has promised to supply when the other articles are performed. His houses at Venice and Florence have not yet been restored to him, nor have those conditions been observed which the Pope was bound to perform on his liberation, nor have the signory of Florence given the ratification. He begs for the influence of the King and Wolsey in obtaining his due. He supposes they will send some one to the Pope now that he is liberated, and requests that the envoy may speak in his favor. It was reported that the Imperialists intended to leave Rome on the 20th Dec., and go to Lombardy. The French fleet has suffered much from the weather. It is not known where the greater part of it is. The same is said of the Venetian fleet. The prince of Orange has returned to the Imperial camp, and the marquis of Guasto, who was in Naples, would not return, as he did not wish to be under the Prince. The Pope insists that the forces of the Holy League shall leave the States of the Church. Lautrec wishes to go towards Orvieto. Scarcity of bread increases.
Lat., pp. 3. Endd.: Ex literis D. ducis Ferrariæ, 9 Dec. 1527.
30 Dec.
R. O.
3710. HENRY VIII. to LAUTREC, Lieutenant General of the Army in Italy.
For the better transmission of news sends Sir John Russell to reside with Lautrec. Begs credence for him. He may also be employed in any other manner that the times shall demand. Will be happy to do whatever is necessary to advance the common cause. Greenwich, 30 Dec. 1527. (Not signed.)
Fr., p. 1. Add.
30 Dec.
R. O.
Credence for Russell, whom he is sending to Italy, and who will declare his charge to her and her son.
Draft, Fr., p. 1. Endd.: Matiers in French.
30 Dec.
R. O.
3712. CORN.
Session held at Marham, in the hundred of Nass Burgi (Peterborough), Northt., 30 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII., before Sir William Fitzwilliam, sen., John Turnor, and George Quarles, the King's commissioners, for the view of corn, &c. Here follow four lists of constables.
ii. Certificate of the above commissioners and John Mollesworth and Edward Grenehall, for the two hundreds of Nesse of Burgh, and Wyllowbrock, giving a list of the owners of grain in those districts, notifying the total amount in each owner's hands, allowing him a certain amount for seed, and for the consumption of his household for 36 weeks (which consumption is reckoned at 2 qrs. 2 bushels for each person), and showing how much remains to be sold weekly during 32 weeks following. The number of owners in the Nesse of Burgh is 54. The total amount of corn to be sold is 1626½ qrs. and 1 bushel. Three persons are presented as engrossers and regraters of corn, by the constables of Helpston, Makesey, and Peykyrck. One of them is the vicar of Makesey. Signed by Fitzwilliam, Turnor, and Quarles._The number of owners of grain in Wyllowbroke is 38, and the amount of corn to be sold is 310½ qrs. 1 bushel. Signed by Molesworth and Grenehall.
The commissioners have made the night search in all inns and alehouses with the utmost secresy, and examined and punished all suspected persons. They have commanded officers and other discreet persons to search twice a week or oftener, in inns, "blind hostryes and suspect houses," and bring suspect persons before the commissioners. They have enquired if any suspect persons have gone away without being apprehended. They have punished and expelled all valiant beggars and idle persons. They have bound all keepers of blind and suspect inns to keep good rule in their houses, and not receive any persons but such as they shall answer for. They have enquired of all offenders against the statutes about keeping hand guns, crossbows and greyhounds. They have searched all barns and garners; and after deducting the amounts necessary for the sustenance of the owners' households, have commanded them to bring their corn to market within the county in which they reside, or near to it. They have examined all head officers as to grain they supposed to be concealed.
Pp. 29.
31 Dec.
Vit. B. IX. 201. B. M.
3713. [WOLSEY] to LAUTREC.
Congratulates him on his success. The King is determined to give him all the assistance possible. He sends Sir John Russell to remain with him. Westminster, 31 Dec. 1527.
Fr., p. 1.
31 Dec.
Theiner, p. 559.
Expresses his regret at the troubles of the Pope, and his delight that the Pope has escaped his enemies. Details the sufferings of the niece of the duke of Urbino, Albany's relative, who has been expelled from Florence. The family of Douglas have taken the king of Scots prisoner, and killed many of the Scotch nobles, applying the state revenues to their own purposes. Has explained the state of affairs to cardinal Salviati and count de Carpi, for whom he begs credence. Paris, prid. kl. Jan. 1527.
31 Dec.
Vit. B. X. 195. B. M. Pocock, I. 37.
3715. The DIVORCE.
"Ex gifris D. Gregorii, u[Itimo Decembris], (fn. 5) ex Orvieto."
The Pope has expedited the second commission, with which the Secretary was content, as we write fully to the Legate. Great labour had to be used to get the Pope to grant it; not because he does not wish to please the King and the Legate, but because he never was in greater fear of the Spaniards, who hold all the lands of the Church, "et suo judicio Ga[lli] non videntur quicquam boni velle agere." The Friar General forbade the Pope to grant this to the King. [He fears] that when the Emperor knows of it, the Imperialists will ruin and even kill him, unless the King helps him. When he was advised not to hesitate, and to put himself entirely into the hands of the King and the Legate, he replied that he did so, for he had exposed himself to death, unless the King helped him; that is, if the Emperor is allowed to possess more of Italy than the kingdom of Naples, he will be master of everything. The present is the best opportunity for resisting him, and the French will take it, if the King will help them. The Pope thinks that, if it is determined to act, money must be contributed, on condition that the French proceed to liberate the States of the Church, and do not hesitate at the crossing of any river, or at the siege of any town, saying that they have not a sufficient force. In that case, Sir Gregory would not advise the contribution to be paid. For the sake of more security, and to show the Pope that nothing is omitted in his favor, it would be advisable to do nothing without consultation between him and the French. Truly it is a pitiable thing to leave this miserable Pope "in potestate canum." Unless Lautrec does all that he has so often been warned to do, the Pope and all Italy will be immediately in the Emperor's power. Advises that a reward should be given to card. SS. Quatuor, who acts most kindly, and has great influence with the Pope. "Ait quod postquam res fuerit confecta ... quascunque dispensationes declaratoria[s quas] voluerimus petere, et omnia efficiet, modo ... extra manus Hispanorum, et omnia intellige ... a secretario tum de cardinalis SS. Quatuor con ... tum etiam de cæteris omnibus."
Promises to do all he can to serve Wolsey, and asks assistance for himself and his family in their misery. If peace is made, the Pope [wishes Ravenna] and Cervia to be restored, and also Modena (Mu[tina]), as he will not ratify the capitulation with [the duke] of Ferrara. He begs the King not to compel him to give up these towns, on the plea that it is for the good of peace. During the day, spoke only of this; but at night, lest the Spaniards here might suspect anything, conducted the Secretary to his Holiness.
Desires his correspondent to tell the Legate that he can have the commission brought by the Secretary, under lead, if he wishes.
The Pope will remit to the King his difference with the Florentines. Although he cares much about it, he says it is not of great importance. About the other towns, he earnestly asks the King's help.
The Pope, before granting this brief, had many altercations about it; and said, weeping, that it would be his ruin, for he was living at the mercy of the Imperialists, who hold all the State; he had but little hope from the French; the Florentines desired nothing more than his destruction; his sole hope of life was from the Emperor, which will now be destroyed, and the Imperialists will seek a cause to destroy him; they will say that he moved the King to this from hatred to the Emperor, (fn. 6) in support of which he produced many reasons. Answered and encouraged him as well as he could. He then asked Casale to swear to him whether the King would desert him or not. Satisfied him about this, and then he granted the brief, saying that he put himself in the King's hands, and that he knew he should be drawn into perpetual war with the Emperor, in whom he will never more trust.
His Holiness desired him to write separately to the Legate, that he had incurred this danger, trusting in his goodness, otherwise he would not have dared; and that in all things Wolsey might dispose of his Holiness and the Papacy as if he were Pope himself. Is a useful assistant in this, for the Pope considers that he has done good service in the wars.
Lat., pp. 5, mutilated. In Vannes' hand.
31 Dec.
R. O.
"Reverendo Monsignore," you shall send, with all diligence, by the couriers of the Signory, to the proveditor of Pisa 2,030 scudi, with orders that they be given to Marco Antonio Giustiniano, with whom we have left orders for its disposal. Orvieto, 31 Dec. 1527.
Ital., p. 1. In the hand of Sir Gregory, who has also signed for Knight. Endd.: A bill of Doctor Knyght and Sir Gregory de Casalis.
31 Dec.
Cal. D. X. 415. B. M.
* * * "... [au Roy m]on maistre, et pareillement a madame vostre ... ayses d'en entendre le contenu, et m'ont commande expres[sement vous dire quilz vous] remercient si tres affectueusement qu'il leur est possible de la [bonne et] loyalle affection et amytie qu'ilz congnoissent que continuellement [vous avez portees, tant] a eulx que au bien, repos, honneur et augmentacion de leurs affai[res]... que vous vueillez estre contant de perseverer a leur faire entendre to[ut ce que vous] congnoistrez qui pourra servir a la conduicte de leurs dites affaires. C[ar en toutes les] autres choses qui leur pourront toucher et cy apres survenir, ilz [desirent] surtout d'avoir vostre bon conseil et advis, plus que d'homme qui soit [au monde] vivant, pour selon cela eulx conduire et gouverner. Et de ma part ... [je] vous supplye qu'il vous plaise me faire tant de grace et d'honneu[r] ... ordinairement de ce qu'il vous semblera que je devray faire pour lentre[tenement et] conservation de l'amytie de ces deux princes. Enquoy faisant oultre lobl[igation que j]auray perpetuellement envers vous, vous povez estre sceur, Monseigneur, [de] mon vray et loyal devoir, tout ainsi que si cestoit pour gaingner Parad[is] ... de combien importe et est utille et prouffitable a toute la republique chr[estienne] ... dentre lesdits deux princes, estre sur toutes les choses mortelles en ce mo[ment] ... et inviolablement gardee et observee; vous suppliant, Monseigneur, que s[i jamais] vous voyez que je vous puisse faire service qui vous soit agreable en ... que vous me vueillez faire ceste grace que de m'y employer, et vous ... le feray d'aussi bon cueur que homme de mon estat qui soit vivant ...
"Au demourant, Monseigneur, quant a ce quil vous plaist me [demander la raison du sejour] que a fait Mons. de Lautrec a Parme, lequel sejour le [Roy vostre maitre et vous] trouve et trouvez tres estrange, pour les causes et r[aisons qui sont la dessus dites] et declairees en vostre dite lettre, entendez mo * * * ... que si ledit sieur de Lautrec, durant le te[mps que les ennemis tenoient] nostredit St. Pere en leurs mains, eust fait sem[blant de marcher en av]ant avec son armee quil na fait la finalle et derniere ... [e]stoit pour eulx mieulx asseurer de la personne de sa dite Sainctete et le ... de despence de le mener dedans Gayette, et si cela eust eu lieu v[ous pouvez tenir] Monseigneur, pour chose veritable que la delivrance et liberte dicell[uy Saint Pere] ne se fust pas ensuivye si facillement quelle a fait; laquelle liber[te nostredit Saint] Pere ne recongnoist ne tient estre venue ne procedee ainsi que avez pe[nse] ... ledit brief, sinon des deux roys nos sieurs et maistres, et pour la ... craincte que lesdits ennemys ont eue deladite armee. Et quant a faire ... ledit sieur de Lautrec en avant, je vous advertys, Monseigneur, que en cela i[l]... heure ne temps, comme il a dernierement escript au Roy mon maistre, e ... sinon responce de nostredit St. Pere de ce que sadite Sainctete luy manderoit ... Paul Camille de Trevolce et par Messire Gregoire de Casal quil avo ... devers elle, car vous savez, Monseigneur, quil est requis sur toutes ch[oses que] ledit sieur de Lautrec se conduise et gouverne en partie doresennavant [selon ladvis] et oppinion de nostredit Sainct Pere, actendu mesmement qu'elle est a present .. . Et quant a envoyer argent audit sieur de Lautrec pour le fait de son empr[inse, entendez,] Monseigneur, quil a toujours este fait jusques icy, et se fera de sor[te] ... faulte de cela il ne tumbera en aucun dangier ne inconvenient. E ... lon est presentement apres pour luy envoyer 120,000 escuz e ... que en actendant le demourant de largent qui luy est necessaire, leque[l] ... nen puisse avoir aucune necessite, et ay ceste ferme esperance en ... t yssue de ceste dite emprinse sera telle que noz sieurs et mais[tres] ... s, dont ilz rapporteront gloire et louange pe[rpetuelle] * * * choses.
"[Au] surplus, Monseigneur, nous navons encore riens ... que lesleu Bayard y est arrive, mays nous en actendons [nouvelles] et de ce qui en viendra serez incontinant adverty, et ce p[orteur] ... recommanderay tres humblement a vostre bonne Grace." St. Germain-en-Laye, ... Dec. 1527.
Mutilated. Add. Endd.: From the Great Master, 31 Dec. 1527.
Cal. D. X. 420.
B. M.
3718. FRANCIS I. to [WOLSEY]. (fn. 7)
* * * "... [h]ostel du Roy dAngleterre ... vous dyre toutes les [paroles que] jaye eues avecques Monsye[ur de B]athe et luy, je ne vous feray [pour c]este foys plus longue lettre, may[s] ... que y fayre fyn vous mercyray [tres] cordyallement de la peyne que [vous] avez prynse et prenez, non seule[ment]a lentretenement de la bon[ne amy]tye, fraternyte et aly[ance] * * *
"Vostre bon amy, Francoys."
Memorandum of the bond for 1,000l. between the marquis of Dorset and lord Hastings, to abide by the award of Wolsey, the duke of Norfolk, bishop of Bath, lord Rocheforde, the two chief justices of either Bench, the chief baron of the Exchequer, Sir Humfrey Conysby, justice of the King's Bench, and Sir Thos. More, chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, to be given on the morrow of Ascension Day; and an account of the arrangements of the keepers, &c. in Beamondeles, Frithe, and Birdesnest, Barneparke, Toly Parke, and Hethely Lodge, until the award is made.
Two copies; each one page. (fn. 8)
Wishes to see him about Thos. Somer's debt, who is anxious to come to a point with Cromwell.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To Mr. Crumwell. Endd.
Add. MS.
27449, f. 23. B. M.
3¾ yds. black satin for a jerkin with sleeves, 8s. a yd.; making it, 20d. 1 yd. black velvet for shoes and slippers, 10s. 6d. 7 yds. white satin delivered to Master Peryent for a kirtle for my Lady, 7s. 6d. the yd. Translating a black velvet gown for Mr. Barkeley, 20d. 2 yds. of buckram to line the upper sleeves, at 6d. a yd. 1½ q. purple satin for my Lady's garters, 5s. 3 yds. black satin for a doublet, 8s. a yd.; lining and making, 3s. 4d. 3 yds. tawny satin for a doublet, at 8s. 4d.; lining and making, 3s. 4d. Making a new partelet of a tawny velvet gown. 1½ yds. black satin for a partelet, at 8s. 9 yds. kendal for a coat for my Lord, at 16d. 8 yds. taffata sarcenet for a gown, at 8s.; making the gown with Burgundian guards of black velvet, 5s. 3¼ yds. of green cloth for a riding coat, at 5s. 4d.; for making the coat, bordered and welted, three borders in the middle of the base, and three on the skirts, 4s.; 3½ yds. green velvet for bordering it, at 12s.; 4½ yds. of cotton for lining the base, at 6d. 1½ yds. black satin for a hat, at 7s.; for a felt, and making the hat, 2s. 4d.;½ yd. of sarcenet for lining it, and for a tippet, 2s. 3½ yds. gray cloth for a base and a short coat, at 6s. 8d.¾ yd. Lukys black velvet for a bonnet, at 16s., &c.
For Mr. Barkeley: 2½ yds. black satin for a doublet, at 7s. 1¼ yd. of black satin for the placard and foresleeves, at 7s. Fustian for lining 2 skins for a partlet, 6s., &c.
Total, 42l. 18s. 7½d.
Pp. 7. Endd.: Mawltes bill. Alloc. super compotum Georg. Peryent. ao xix. H. VIII.
Account of Roger Basyng of money received from the King by way of prest, for the purchase of 90 tuns of Gascon wine at Bordeaux, during Sept., Oct., Nov. and Dec. 19 Hen. VIII., and of its expenditure.
The purchasing prices are from 17 to 21 crowns and 40 to 48 franks a tun. Total for purchase, 4,509 franks 6 sous 3 deniers. Costs at Bordeaux, 172 franks 5 sous a month=390l. 3s.; at London, 89l. 18s. 6½d. a month. Total (monthly), 480l. 1s. 6½d.
Pp. 6. Endd.
—Dec. 3723. MONASTERY OF WENLOK, Heref. dioc.
Assent to the election of John Bailey as prior. Addressed to Thomas cardinal, &c., archbishop of York. Le More,—Dec.
Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
1. Money paid by Ric. Bank, Ric. Ward, and others, to Sir John Husy, of the revenue of lord Monteagle's lands, from 14 to 19 Hen. VIII. Total, 1,641l. 13s. 1d.
Various sums in the hands of lord Darcy.
Pp. 4.
R. O. 2. Revenue of lord Monteagle's lands in 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19 Hen. VIII. Total, 2,244l. 9s. 4½d. Paid thereof to Sir John Hussy, 1,768l. 17s. 8½d.
Pp. 6.
R. O. 3725. RICH. CURWYN.
Bond by which Ric. Curwyn, of St. Katharine de Caton, Lanc., Esq., is bound to keep the peace for one month after Easter.
Jas. Jerrard, London, gent., and Wm. Deland, of Spaldyng, Linc., gent., sureties. Westm., Monday, "in quindena Sci. Johannis Baptistæ, 19 Hen. VIII.
Lat., copy. Endd.
Bail given by Wm. Hogekynsun, John Barlow, Wm. Morcok, and others, for their appearance before my lord Cardinal or his council, before the "next" day of March next coming, to save harmless Master John Varname (Vernon), sheriff of Staffordshire, for the return of a writ against them.
P. 1.
Petition to the Lord [Chancellor] by John Maryng, showing that twenty-eight years ago Edmund Dudley, now deceased, attainted of high treason, craftily attempted to disinherit him of certain lands in Newport and Norwood, in the Isle of Wight, and a place called Manwod, in Sussex, by covin between him, Sir _ Fowler, and John Wynsor, by inducing Fowler to lend the plaintiff 10l. on mortgage to be repaid within a year; shortly after which he was imprisoned in the Tower; and Dudley, being at that time in high favor with Henry VII., redeemed the lands out of the hands of John Wynsor, although the plaintiff had the redemption money ready himself. Also during his imprisonment Dudley obtained possession of the title deeds, which the plaintiff had left in the keeping of his brother-in-law, William Beverle, and forged a conveyance of the lands in the name of the plaintiff. After his release the plaintiff was unable, by reason of poverty, to sue Dudley, who was still in high favor; but Dudley, after his fall, wrote a supplication to the King to do him justice. This writing, however, the plaintiff mislaid, and could not prosecute his suit before the Council for fifteen years, until within these two years, and Sir John Dudley has all along kept possession of the lands as inherited from his father.
Pp. 9, large paper.
Ahsm. MSS.
No. 1547.
"Articles of the agreement made by Wolsey, betwene Thomas Vis. Rochford and his comparceners, and Sir Pyers Butler, for the inheritance of the earldom of Ormond."
R. O. 3729. STORES.
"... anno 19o [regni regis Henrici] VIII."
"... [T]he stuff that is remaining at the ... unto John Haykyn, purveyor, at the ... Count[roller] of the King's works [and] his debyties."
Stuff remaining in the Storehouse:—Wainscots, new batens gilt with antique work, great and small gilt balls, old and new plate locks, with and without keys, pulleys, robynettes with braces, gyns, "gables," basten ropes, wainscots ready sawn for "selyng borde," doors of wainscot ready made, iron "balous" (bellows), weights of lead, old kettles of i[ron], iron sko ..., iron wyn ..., cokes of bra[ss], an old organ ... and leade, an old sound board [for the] same organ, pipes ..., batens ..., old hokes ... for a dore .., ... the other pair ... old hinges ... iron ladles, old cases of iron, clappoll, lathes and lime. "In the Painters chamber in images, which is set forth to be gilt for the White Tower in the Great Garden, 4." In the "plumry," lead, soldering irons, soldering knives, an old coffer full of old glass, two pair of scruces and old hardells.
Stuff remaining in Thos. Forster's chamber "by the banes":—Painters' gold, quires of silver, "byste" and other colors, great bolyens gilt, small balls gilt, gilt antique works ... wrought with byste and gold, which contey ... two foot of length and a foot and a half of breadth, &c.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
Receipt by Wm. Wyntryngham, deputy to Oliver Frankelyn, receiver general of lady Salysburyes lands, to John Stanton, woodgrave of my Lady, for 4l. 4s. 11½d., due to my Lady for 19 Hen. VIII.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser. I. 160.
Is utterly undone without his help. He is so much in debt that he is obliged to absent himself from his wife and family. If Wolsey will assist him in the bill he is laboring for, it will set him out of debt. Would rather be in the King's service at the furthest end of Christendom than live thus wretchedly. Were he a poor man's son, might dig and delve, which he cannot do now without shame to all his blood. Would be glad to be employed in the expedition to be made to Newfoundland, and so find his wife and children meat and drink. Would have visited the Cardinal, but dares not stir abroad.
Hol. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
Is so sore oppressed with poverty, and the execution of the King's laws, that he dare not go abroad to urge his suits to Wolsey, but is obliged to send his wife to his learned counsel, whom he begs Wolsey to hear. The protection granted to him by the Cardinal is of no use against a writ of execution upon a statute staple. Would have been arrested last term in the hall if he had not been warned. Unless Wolsey help him, will have to take sanctuary or fly the realm.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
Complaint of Philip Brayne, of Exeter, to "your mastership" [Cromwell], against Sir John Rede, abbot of Bocffast (Buckfast), Devon, who, when Sir John Cleugger, vicar of Dene, fell ill, and was shriven on Whitsun Eve 1527, sent some of the monks to his house, who bound him to a bier with cords, and carried him to the abbey, where he died in three days. The abbot now withholds the goods of the deceased from Richard Cleugger, his brother and heir, pretending that he holds them by a deed of gift. Witnesses have been examined in my lord Chancellor's name. Begs [Cromwell] to help his petition in the Star Chamber.
P. 1 (large paper). Endd.
R. O. 2. A second petition on the above subject. Sir Will. Corttney and Sir Thos. Denys, who were commissioned to investigate the matter, would do nothing for fear of the Abbot.
P. 1 (large paper). Endd.
R. O. 3734. HORSES.
A bundle of documents relating to horses.
Expences of 200 horses brought to Aylesbury, Sunday, 7 May 6 Hen. VIII., to the sign of the King's Head, and for conveying them to Sandwich and Dover. With warrant by Wolsey to Daunce for its payment. N.B.—Signature, "T. Lincoln," but not in Wolsey's hand.
R. O. 2. Expences of the King's horses, taken at Henley, Monday, 24 May, 4l. 1s. 1d. for the night; and at Reading, for those taken in Berkshire, Thursday, 26 May, 4l. 4s. 11d.; paid by John Wheler, auditor of our conduct money.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. Expences of 312 horses provided in Oxfordshire, and for 558 in Oxfordshire and Berkshire, lying at the seaside till they were shipped.
P. 1.
R. O. 4. Extracts from certain bills of expences connected with the horses and stables [of lord Abergavenny], including several entries for dressing the wounds of particular horses.
For the black genet, "for all (oil) and butter for ys legges whan rened (when he ran ?) agaynt Mr. Karey geldyng for a wager," 2d. Mending a saddle for Davy when he went into Devonshire, 4d. Mending a pair of velvet reins for my Lady, the covering of her saddle, Mrs. Constance's pillion, and Mrs. Jane's saddle, 8d. Hire of a horse at Howselowe, riding to Windsor for my Lord's robe against St. George's feast, 17d. For my Lady's horse meat, 13 March, when she was with my lady Princess at Richmond, 6d. For going and coming between Grynnysches (Greenwich) and Soakelle. For a man helping to break open "the bordes and gyches yn Mr. Perce stable to brynge to the Sowenne (the Swan ?) at Grynnysches," 4d. For a boat from Greenwich to London and back, 2d. For shoeing horses from 8 June to 10 Oct., 83 horse shoes, at 2d. each. For "butter, all (oil), and egges for Morell coursar legges agaynt the comyng of the Franche ybassadours at Grynnysches," 4d. For shoeing horses from the time the King came to Greenwich to the 26 Jan. To Pety John, 21 Dec., when he went to my Lady in Devonshire with two great horses, for their charges by the way, 6s. 8d. For horse meat at Paris Garden, when my Lord took horse to ride to the King at Croydon, 4d. My Lord's horse meat in Southwark, 31 Jan., 14d. 4 Jan., for horse meat when my Lady went to Halywell, 6d. For baiting my Lord's horse at Retlyff when the King and my Lord went to Waltam Forest, 3d.
Ellis' bill.—9 Sept., for cleaning the stables at Birling against the King's coming, 6d. For 9 doz. horse bread for the King and other strangers, 9s.; horse hire from Rochester to Byrlyng for bringing it, 8d. 15 Sept., for baiting at Dartford, bringing horse cloths from Byrlyng to Greenwich, 4d.—Another bill of Roger Ellys, dated 22 Sept., of expences at Basingstoke, Salisbury, &c., when my Lord went into Devonshire.
Accounts of Rich. Paulet.—Payments to Toller, of Lewsham, 4 Dec. 18 Hen. VIII., for hay; for building my Lord's stable at Greenwich; and payments made by Master Dawbeney, by commission of Sir Will. Paulett. Bill for oats, 18 and 19 Hen. VIII., &c.
A file of 9 separate papers.
R. O. 5. Account of John Walynger and Brian North, commissioners for taking horses in Buckingham and Hertford shires, showing the price and color of each horse, and of whom it was bought.
The following numbers were bought and marked for the King: in the three hundreds of Bucks, 16; in the three hs. of Cottyslowe, 65; in the h. of Bornam, 32; Dysborowe, 46; the three hs. of Asshenden, 16; the three hs. of Aylesbury, 51; the three hs. of Newportpanell, 42; Brawghyng, 57; Hertford, 20; Edmystre, 64; Hechen, 20; Dacorum, 42; Odsey, 52; liberties of St. Alban's, 69.
Pp. 25.
R. O. 6. Expences incurred in the provision of the King's horses in Buckinghamshire.
For horse meat, dinners, &c., at London, Saturday 5 May, Sunday 6th, at Oxbryge, and Monday to Wednesday at Aylesbury, where 53s. 4d. was paid for the meat of 160 horses on Tuesday; Thursday [10th], at Uxbridge.
Pp. 2.
Receipts of the bursars for one year.
Pp. 2, fragment, mutilated. Endd.: The names of the books called Doomsday, belonging to the monasteries suppressed, and now united unto Cardinal's College in Oxford.
Indenture dated _ 19 Hen. VIII., between Wolsey and John Higden, dean of his college, of the delivery to the said Dean of all evidences connected with the suppression of St. Frideswide's, Littlemore, Lesnes, &c.
Draft, corrected by Cromwell, pp. 6.
Lease by Wolsey as commendatory of St. Alban's, and the prior and convent there, to John Gostwyk, of the manor or priory called Bedlowe, Beds. Dated _, 19 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2, with corrections in Cromwell's hand.
R. O. 3738. The GOLDSMITHS.
"The names of the quest of goldsmythes that were upon the quest, ano xixmo"
Sir John Moundy. Wardens: John à Deane, Robt. Trappis, John Palterton. Jury: John Pykke, Wm. Brokett, Roger Moundy, Nic. Bull, Thos. Wastell, Thos. Calton, Robt. Spendley, Robt. Draper, Hen. Averell, Rauffe Latheham, Heugh Waltshe, Gerrard Hewis, John Frende, Roger Horton, Thos. Sponner, Robt. Redde.
Edmonde Lee, general surveyor of the citie of London.
P. 1.
R. O. 3739. WM. KEBYLL.
Order from Sir Henry Wyat to John Jenyns for the payment of fifty ... to Wm. Kebyll, towards making New Year's gifts.
2. Similar order for the payment of two hundred [pounds] to Robt. Fenroder and Vanutryth's wife.
Hol., mutilated.
Fragment of an indenture between Lord Scroope on one side, and Sir Thomas Audeley, Bryan Tuke, Thomas Crumwell, Christopher Hales, and Baldwin Malet, on the other side.
Your Lordship's sister (fn. 9) has desired me to be of counsel with her husband, Sir Rob. Clere,* in a dispute with lady Feneux, widow of Sir John F., late Chief Justice of the King's Bench. A writ of execution has been issued against Sir Rob., also directing the sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk to extend his lands in satisfaction of a debt of 400l. to the late Chief Justice; whereas it appears by indentures made between Sir John Paston, deceased, and the above parties, that the "said" statute staple was only for assurance of a jointure to Eliz., now widow of the said Chief Justice, and late wife of Will. Clere, Sir Robert's son and heir at that time. Sir Robert has always been ready to fulfil the covenants, though Sir Jo. Paston in his life, and now his son Sir William, have refused to pay him a sum therein agreed on. Sir Robert, however, has no remedy at common law, unless your Lordship will move my Lord's grace (Wolsey) to grant a writ of injunction to lady F. no further to prosecute the execution; and to allow no writ of liberate to go out of Chancery till the whole matter be heard.
Draft, pp. 2, with corrections in Cromwell's hand.
R. O. 3742. JOHN KEALL, priest, to CROMWELL.
Desires him to get "the indentures out of Mr. Westcote's hands, one of the executors of Sir Richard Fowlers." The dean of St. Frideswide's, Oxford, will require them by Michaelmas, else he will make no indenture to the writer. If the matter of our college go not forward, "I have a matter of mine own, that ye shall have as much money for, if ye bring it to pass." At Stoke College, in haste.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Master Cromwell, by the Awsten Freors in London.
R. O. 3743. THOS. BENET to WOLSEY.
Sends to him one Maturyn Bensart, a Frenchman, who has been practising physic in Shyrborn for four or five months, and is suspected of necromancy, for divers reasons, and especially because his servant had caused four images of men and women to be cast in metal. Searched his house for them and his books, which he had sent away to another house, where they were found with certain knives and divers instruments. Examined him before some of the canons resident at Sarum, but he would not answer, either in Latin or French, except that he confessed that he had made aurum potabile in France, and intended to do so again. His practise in physic is with distilled waters, which are still at Sherborne. His servant has fled.
Hol. p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.: Dr. Benet of Sarisbury, in a matier consernyng nigromancie and arte magike.
Bond given by Chr. Jenye for payment to Chr. Coo, of Saham Tony, of 230l., according to a pair of indentures. Dated _ 18 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
R.O. 3745. HACKET to WOLSEY.
Would not advise Wolsey to allow any money to be sent from England to Hungary, or to any other place, this winter.
Hol., p. 1. Cipher, deciphered by Tuke. A postscript. Add.: To my lord Legate.
* * * A carkeyn, blue and yellow, with an emerald, a ruby, a lozenge [diamond], and a hanging pearl. A black carkeyn, with a blac[k] ... having in his breast a rose of diamonds, a pointed diamond, "which was the price (prize ?) in Flanders at the justs, and a fair hanging pearl thereat." A carkeyn of gold. * * * Pointed and table diamonds. A balas hanging by a lope. A balas set in a paunce, with three hanging pearls. A cross of diamonds. An ouche of gold, with a man garnished with diamonds and white and red roses. A Saint Andrew's cross, with a rose of diamonds in the middle, four table diamonds, two rubies, and two hanging pearls. Upon a fingerstall, seven rin[gs, one] a ruby, another an emerald, and a turquoise, another a table diamond, another a triangular diamond, another a rocky diamond. Bagues with diamonds, a ruby, emeralds, pearls, and a crown of diamonds. A goodly bague, set with a diamond holden by angels and three hanging pearls.
On the first page, in a different hand: [Delivered to the] King, the 20 day of June, ... table diamond."
Imperfect, pp. 2.
Dec./GRANTS. 3747. GRANTS in DECEMBER 1527.
2. Arthur viscount Lisle, vice-admiral of Henry duke of Richmond and Somerset and earl of Nottingham, great admiral, Robt. Norwich, serjeant-at-law, Ric. Lyster, attorney general, John Tregunwell, LL.D., Chr. Middleton, bachelor-of-law, and Ric. Clerke. To make inquisition concerning and punishing all treasons, murders, piracies, &c. committed at sea within the jurisdiction of the Admiralty. Westm., 2 Dec.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8d.
3. Ric. s. and h. of Roland Bukeley. To be sheriff of Carnarvon, N. Wales, with the usual fees payable by the chamberlain of North Wales; on surrender of a patent 26 March 15 Hen. VII., granting the office to Sir Hugh Vaughan, then squire of the Body. Del. Westm., 3 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.
3. Chas. duke of Suffolk. Grant of the reversion of the hundred of Wayneford and Blythynge, Suff., which were leased to Hugh ap Howell, yeoman of the King's chamber, for 21 years, by patent 27 July 2 Hen. VIII. (p.2, m.3). Del. Westm., 3 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—Pat. p. 3, m. 27.
3. Maurice Birchinsha. Lease of lands in the village of Arlloid, comote of Ughalett, lordship of Denbigh, Wales, lately in the tenure of Hoell ap Jevan ap Teg, Bleth ap Jevan, Bleth ap Atha ap Jorum, Jevan ap David ap Grono and others. Del. Westm., 3 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
3. Rob. Rydley, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Symonborn, Durham dioc., vacant by the resignation of Geo. Stafforth. Del. Westm., 3 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Roger Boland, late of Chepsted, Kent, tailor. Pardon of all outlawries and sentences against him at the suit of Ric. Dacres alias Bakers, merchant tailor of London. Del. Westm., 4 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
5. Tho. Wren and John Waterhouse. To be auditors of the county of Merthyr, Wales, vice Jo. Turnor and Jo. Wren, deceased. Del. Westm., 5 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
6. John bishop of Exeter. Grant of lands in the lordship of Sutton Colfield, Warw. The boundaries and extent of the property are fully described, and tenants mentioned are Wm. Alen, Ric. Depyng and Simon Mounfort. Del. Westm., 6 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 5.
6. Wm. lord Dacre, of Graistock. To be constable of Bewcastle and lands, chief forester of Nicol forest and the park of Plompton, Inglewood forest, Cumb., in reversion, formerly belonging to Sir Jo. Middelton, with an annual rent of 40l., on vacation by Tho. Musgrave. Westm., 6 Dec.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18.
10. Jasper Pen. Confirmation of a deed, 12 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII., by which Sir Hugh Vaughan, governor of Jersey, granted to Jasper the office of bailiff of the island during the said Hugh's tenure of office. Greenwich, 4 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
12. John Plumer, of Hide, Kent, tailor, alias horse-seller. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Hampton Court, 8 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Le More, 12 Dec.—P.S.
16. Tho. Derby, clk. of the signet, and John Almain. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of clerk of the council, vacant by decease of Adrian Dyer. Del. Westm., 16 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
22. John Cary, groom of the Privy Chamber. To be seneschall of the lordships of Lammershe and Colne Wake, Essex, and Bassingborne, Camb., vice Sir Wm. Tyler, deceased, with wages of 6l. 13s. 4d. Richmond, 5 Oct. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 Dec.—P.S.
23. John Drews, of Bristol. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 25 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Dec.—P.S.


  • 1. Sir William Lisle.
  • 2. The references are taken from Mr. Pocock's edition of Burnet. It will be seen that I differ both from Burnet and his recent editor as to the dates of some of these documents.
  • 3. Blank in MS.
  • 4. St. John's Day, however, was the 27th.
  • 5. Supplied from modern marginal note.
  • 6. f. 189 b.
  • 7. Probably this refers to the beginning of the year. See No. 2800.
  • 8. See vol. III. p. 108.
  • 9. Alice, daughter of Sir William Boleyn, was second wife to Sir Robert Clere.