Henry VIII: April 1528, 21-30

Pages 1848-1866

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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April 1528

21 April.
R. O.
Pocock, I. 160.
As often as he remembers the King's goodness, it pierceth his stomach that any charge committed to him should not be performed according to the King's pleasure, as chanced at his last voyage. If he had not acted as a true servant, would be ashamed to return into England. As the King wishes him to remain here, begs him to consider that the matters of which he has written to Wolsey require one or two great personages of authority and wisdom. Blese, 21 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
22 April.
Calig. B. II.
B. M.
"Please it your Grace to be advertised that yesterday I received a [packet of letters from] Scotland, some addressed from the king of Scots unto your Grace ... King unto me, with a letter unto me from Patrick Singcler w ... have unto your said Grace by this bearer, my Lord's messenger ... I doubt not but your Grace hath in remembrance that of late I wrote unto ... advertisements and communications, and ascertained her touching ... of ... the same time there were ambassadors sent unto the King's highness [from the Pope's] Holiness and from all Christian princes, Scotland excep[ted] to ... co ... means of the King's said highness there mought be an universal peace had w ... all Christendom, by occasion whereof and that great bruit renneth into Scotland [of the] solemn ambassadors that be with the King's highness, I conceive the young [king of] Scots and his counsel are desirous to have knowledge and advertisement [from] the King's highness or your Grace of some causes for their comfort, for of my opinion few matters of importance touching the universal w[eal] of Christ[endom come] to their intelligence. Albeit I hear there is one come or to come to Scotland out of France in manner of an ambassador noted to bring to the said King from the [French] king certain harnesses for his own person, with many ships loaded with wine and [corn] for relieving of that realm. The certainty thereof, if it so be, [I make no doubt] but [it] shall come unto the knowledge of your said Grace.
"Of late I and other of my Lords counsel were at Newcastle ... causes, and have put that country in a reasonable good order, ... at Riddesdale, as at our coming up to your said Grace wha[t] ... the next term the ... shall not only ... but also ... wh ... three Marches with other, the which part ... lords ... oold bind t ... this time.
"There were put to execution of late at York 12 offenders, and also 12 at Newcastle, whereof there was a gentleman called Blenkinsop, another called Nikson ... and his father reput ... yd fet up again to the assize at Lammas, all thieves of N ... t ... Rowly Dodde and William Stokhall, two great thieves and of the great s[urnames of] Tyndale, Edward Hedele, and William Pott, principal thieves and of the great surnames of Riddesdale with other moe of Northumberland.
"The young king of Scotts of late being advertised from my lord of R[ichmond and me] that great hurt was done to the King's subjects by the thieves of ... and[no] redress made for the same as is done in every other [of] the borders ... the parts ... nt into those parts, the earl of Angwisshe, who b ... country, wherein the said thieves be inhabited, and did slay xviii. of th[em], and hung upon a bridge xiiii. and ... of them he conveyed with him to Edinburgh for execution to be done there upon them.
"There are xlvij. of the Niksons of Bewcastledale and one Will ... two or three mo[re] of Tyndale gone into Scotland, and as my ... hurt ... laid w[ait] and espial for taking of the same thieves and offenders un[to ... the] s[aid lor]de of Richmond's grace hath written to the ... young king of S[cotland] ... also the taking of the said thieves and delivery of them ... between both the realms. In that matter ... said lord's Grace shall have ... but that the queen of Scots and the archbishop of St. Andrews ... earl of good service and specially out of trust and credence. And God have your said Grace in his most blessed tu[ition] ... At P[on]t[e]fr[ac]t, 22 April."
Hol., much faded. Add.
22 April.
R. O.
Is much better in health. Thanks Wolsey both for his comforting letters and words. According to commandment, has sped the elections of Nottley and Burcestre. Sends the prior of Burcestre, who has been elected to Nottley, and the prior of Yppeswiche, who has been elected to Burcestre, to offer their thanks to Wolsey. The Abbot is a suitor for the King's assent in this matter. Holborn, 22 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
22 April.
R. O.
Asks them to decide the matter between Wm. Cheke, his bailiff of Croydon, and the duchess of Norfolk's servants. Will not be at Lambeth for some time, and the matter must not go unpunished, or officers will be loth to serve the King's writs if they are in danger of being laid in wait for as Cheke was.
Was told on Sher Thursday (fn. 1) that a number of the yeomen of the country intended to come and ask him to petition the King to return them their loan money. Sent some of his house to stop those whom he thought likely to be persuaded, but on Tuesday (fn. 2) in Easter week about a hundred came to Knoll. Sent to ask them what they wanted, and told them to send five or six to speak with him; which they did,—and said that their poverty compelled them to ask him to get their loan money returned; that they caused most of their neighbours to stay at home, and only came two or three from a parish, lest by meeting in great numbers they might displease the King. Told them they had not chosen a good time, considering the great expences the King would incur if war ensued, which was still doubtful; and asked them, who advised them to assemble. They said, poverty only, and they and their neighbours lacked meat and money; that no one counselled them, except their own minds, when complaining to each other. Was told, however, that some acted as summoners, and would have made inquisition about them but for fear of incensing the multitude; for commonly the greater part of the multitude lack wit and discretion, and yet will take upon them to rule the wiser. Reminded them of a similar gathering two years ago, with which the King was not well pleased. They said they hoped he would not be displeased, as they were his true subjects, and that he would pity their poverty. Asked why they came to him; they said because he was the chief of the commissioners, and most of all had practised the loan.
Promised, that if they would abstain from unlawful assemblies, and would make their petition in writing, he would offer it up, and speak in its favor. They said they had no wit to do this, and could get no man to write for them, and asked if some of the Archbishop's men might do it; which he refused. Sir Edw. Wotton, Thos. Willughby, serjeant-at-law, and Ric. Clement, of the Mote, Esq., were present.
They departed content with his answer, but he hears that some spoke unfitting words after they had been in the town and drunk their full. Does not know what else they will do. Wishes to know what answer to give them if they come again. Hears that those who came have threatened those who promised to come and did not. Otford, 22 April. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Rocheforde and Sir Henry Goldford, comptroller of the King's house, &c.
Cott. App. 28.
B. M.
My Lord, I send by the bearer a copy of my letters to my lord of Canterbury. Since his Lordship's departure, has been told by many people coming from Suffolk and through Essex that the demand for the repayment of the loan, and my lord of Canterbury's [answer] thereunto, is in every man's mouth, and is right pleasant to the people. It should be repressed at once, lest it grow worse. Doubts not that he and Mr. Comptroller will use their accustomed wisdom.
Hol., mutilated, p. 1.
Cott. App. 12.
B. M.
4190. [WOLSEY to WARHAM.]
My Lord, I have lately written to lord Rochford and Mr. Guylford, comptroller of the Household, a letter containing matter of weighty importance, necessary to be looked to for the King's honor and surety, lest by the evil example of those who lately assembled to demand their loan money, and the spreading of the report thereof and of your answer, many others may be emboldened to do the like. After deliberation, the King "doth now [send u]nto you the said lord Rochford and Mr. Comptroller," instructed as to the manner of ... and demands, and also to tell you what is further to be done. Must appease and put them to silence.
Hol., draft, mutilated, p. 1.
Cott. App. 26.
B. M.
4191. WOLSEY to LORD _.
Since the bearer, his Lordship's servant, arrived here with his letter, news has come that by the good policy of John Erneley, J.P., and the Mayor of the Vyes (Devizes), the light persons assembled there have returned home. But to prevent the people from making any like attempts, and to notify to them what order the King intends to take for the "... ntyng, bying and sellyng of ther clothys hereafter," he [direc]tyth letters to his Lordship and others in Wiltshire and Berkshire, for the good order of the parts near to them, and he wishes them effectually executed. "[And] for as muche as hys Grace intendyth to send undyr your ... with all dyllygens above the ... of the hunderd horsemen by yow to be provyded viij. or ix. [hund]erd fote, hys Grace desyreth yow with dyllygens to advertyse ... the seyd nomber ye may and can be contentyd ... to thyntent that apon knowledge of your ... y [c]ause the rest to be provyd of suche perso[ns] ... as y[ou shall] thinke most me[et]" * * *
Hol., mutilated, p. 1.
23 April.
R. O.
Learns from his servant Whight that the King and Wolsey wish him to remain in these parts all the month of May. Hopes Wolsey will also command Oxford, Essex and Fitzwalter to remain at their houses in Essex in case any "business should chance." What little power he can make is not within 24 or 30 miles of this house, but he will do his best if needful. Would like to have a joint commission to assemble the King's people if necessary;—my lords of Suffolk and Barnes to be included. Desires credence for his kinsman, Sir George Wyndham, the bearer. Stoke, St. George's day.
P.S.—Has just heard that divers of Kent have come to my lord of Canterbury, demanding the loan money. "I pray God your Grace by your high wisdom may so provide that no more speech be thereof, for that is more to be feared than any other thing; there be so many that would fain have again their money, that it is hard whom men may trust in that case."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
23 April.
R. O.
According to the King's commandment, seventeen days past, sent two ships to Hunflewe, with Alan Kyng, to waft certain French ships to the Thames. Wanders up and down the narrow seas with two ships. Meets daily with French and Dutch ships of war seeking prizes. On Sunday last brought from Rye ten French ships, kept there by three Dutch men-of-war, who grumbled at the act. On Monday sent Morette from Dovor to Boulogne. Yesterday, as soon as the French ships were in the Thames, out of danger, steered for Boulogne to convey certain French ships laden with wheat to London. Met with three Dutch men-of-war intending to intercept them. Victuals are scanty. Scribbled in The Minion, between Dovor and Calais, the 23rd day of April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's Grace. Endd.
23 April.
R. O.
Received these letters from Jernyngham on the 22 April, and for lack of a messenger was fain to send them to Master Deputy of Calais. Thinks the news contained in them was anticipated in the last letters sent to Wolsey by Tayler and my lord of Bath, viz., that Lotrek prospered in Naples, and used great cruelty at the taking of Melphe, sacking the city, and slaying all the inhabitants, except the prince of the town and certain captains. This has caused other towns and castles to be yielded; and Lautrec is now going straight to Naples. Are informed that 12,000 Almains have arrived at Trent to join the Spaniards in Milan. Hears that Tuke is to succeed to Wyat's office; begs him, therefore, to see to his diets, which have expired long ago. Has spent much more than they amount to. Paris, 23 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Bryan Tuke, counseller and secretary to the King's highness. Endd.
R. O. 4195. CLERK to TUKE.
"The successes of Naples maketh us here on horseback." If we may be assured of concurrence, we will not be so quick in our offers. Therefore such reasons as do exclude concurrence, except upon reasonable offers, are to be stuck to. "He shall have Christ's blessing, and the bishop of Bath's, that first opened that window."
"The French king is meetly well; durat tamen tumor in facie, et quod erat in summa parte genæ nunc videtur propinquior naso. Hiis diebus quibus abfuit videtur alio modo se curasse quam dieta, nam est pinguis, et satis bonæ habilitatis, nisi quod pallet."
P. 1, in Tuke's hand. Headed: The clauses in cipher in my lord of Bath's letter to me. Endd. by Vannes: Clausula domini Bath. ad D. Brianum.
Cal. D. x. 188.
B. M.
"[Please it] your Grace to under[stand] ... [on St.] George's Even, (fn. 3) which ... [be]ing 3 leagues from Blese, whe[re] ... strange building full of new ... reporteth much honor of the K[ing] ...and of the loving acceptation of ... The King returned hither upon ... [and] did celebrate the feast at evensong ... in his chapel, hanged through o[ut] ... his self wearing his garter an ... [but] not in his robe, as the King and [other knights are wont], not of any negligence, but rather la[cking knowledge] ... done, he called Mr. Taylor and me unto [him] ... had seen many knights of the Order ... but we never did see any that did [wear the] garter with truer heart and better affection [than he. He bade] us that we would be with him the next day, for he had certain things to show unto us. The next [day] ... and the ambassador of Venice in communication ... the King entered into a privy chamber ... to whom he said, that albeit at our l[ate being there] he showed unto /??/ that it was not [expedient to send] De Bayonne unto Rome, because Mons. ... and also he was ascertained by the ... the Pope was minded to go into [Spain] ... for as much as the passing of themp[eror] ... supposeth to be fully determined ... he will as soon as he h ... [Mon]sieur de Bayon[ne] * * * ...[Spa]gniards that descended at ... until now of late they have b ... [mi]zt enter into Milan, but in the ... th, they passed the Po at Placence [with the consent o]ff the governor of the town, which is ... [as Mons.] de Bayonne saith, but the Legat ... they passed in the confines of the Placentyne ... [ca]lled Arena, by side the Castle of Saint ... [without the] knowledge of the Placentines or the Governor [knew that] ever they passed or how. In this all agreeth, th[at they have e]ntered into Milan. The Legat supposeth ... that the Emperor passeth, and that because of [knowledge that] the Pope's servant that should have come hither to re[ceive the Kin]g's consent for passage is revoked. His Lord[ship has had] no word from Rome these 28 days.
"[Th]e King showed unto us at our departing that he ... for Master Russell, and hopeth well upon some ... by him. Sir, we wrote unto you in our last [to ask how] your Grace would have the affairs here mayned ... and advise, he that should persuade it had ... n of authority, albeit whatsoever your Grace ... yt unto me, Secretary, for time of my being here .. glad should not be long, I shall say and s ... Grace will have me to do it.
"... know how letters may be conv[eyed]" * * *
Hol., mutilated.
24 April.
R. O.
The abbess of Wilton died today, and Prioress and Convent will shortly write to Wolsey for their congé d'élire. Most of the convent favor dame Isabell Jordayn, the prioress, sister to the abbess of Syon, who is ancient, wise and discreet. There will also be great labor made for dame Eleanor Carye, sister to Mr. Carye of the Court. (fn. 4) The substance of the house consists in wool to the value of 600 mks.
There is but little money. Wishes to know Wolsey's pleasure. Wilton, 24 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.: From Doctor Benet of Saresbery, 23 April.
25 April.
R. O.
Has written to the chapter of St. Paul's for the admission of David Vincent, one of the grooms of Wolsey's privy chamber, to the office of verger in the said church. Salisbury, 25 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.: Dr. Benet of Sarisbury, 25 April 1528.
25 April.
R. O.
At 10 o'clock on St. George's day, received his letter about the coming of several secretaries from my lady Margaret, with such charges as are not unlikely to further peace, and saying that it was considered that 100 horse and 200 foot would be sufficient to accompany him to Guisnes. Did not receive the King's letters till 7 a.m. yesterday. Sent forth 41 to the best places for procuring the 200 footmen, as he will see by the enclosed list. Has the horse already furnished.
Hears from the bishop of Winchester that, contrary to Wolsey's promise that he should only furnish 10 men, the King's letter commands him to furnish 50. If all the other letters are similarly increased, he has sent out many more than necessary. The shire is so scant of tried men that he does not know where the Bishop would find so many. The day appointed is near, being the 5th of next month, and it will be very difficult to keep it. Will be at Westminster on Friday or Saturday next. The Vine, 25 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.: My lorde Chamburlayn, 25 April 1528.
ii. List enclosed of 41 letters directed from the King, sent by Robt. Bayard and Ric. Denys to the bishop of Winchester, earl of Arundel, lords Montague, Fitzwarren, Sowtch, Stourton and Berkeley, the abbots of Reading, Abingdon, Beawley and Waverley, the prior of St. Swithin's, Sir Giles Strangwishe, Sir John Rogers, Sir Edw. Baynton, Sir Chr. Bayneham, Sir Wm. Denys, Sir John Welsh, Sir Thos. Lisle, Sir Wm. Pawlett, Sir Thos. Inglefeld, Sir Adrian Fortescue, Sir Ant. Willoughby, Sir Wm. Berkeley, Sir Geo. Forster, Sir Wm. Uvedale, Sir Wm. Barentyn, Sir Edm. Bray, Sir Petre Philpott, _ Marten, Ric. Lister, Wm. Tracy, the towns of Gloucester, Chyppenham, Wilton, Salisbury, the Vyes (Devizes), Alton, Reading, Abingdon and Guildford.
P. 1.
Requesting him to make his excuse to the King for nonpayment of a prest of 100 marks to be delivered by Assumption day. Has been at great charge in repairing his ruinous houses in Southwark, and in building and keeping up the church of Hyde these two years past and more.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "To Thomas Stokys of the Receyte."
25 April.
R. O.
Roger Richardson, mintmaster of Wolsey's coin at Durham, is dead. As the continuance of the coinage is profitable and necessary for the country, and its cessation would injure Wolsey's rents, desires Cromwell's favor that the bearer, John Richardson, son of the deceased, may be appointed to the vacant place, for he had the charge of the Mint in his father's life, and is very expert in fining, trying and coining. There is no one else in the country fit for the post. Wolsey's ship of Tynemouth has been set forward, and has been very costly, as Stokall will tell him more at length. He shall have the promised gelding. Durham, 25 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Jo. Bellyssis.
25 April.
R. O.
Had received my Lord's letters and Arundel's on Shere Thursday, "at my mandy." On Easter day fell ill, both of his old disease and of a swelling at the stomach with extreme ague. Expected never to have seen him again. Encloses copy of his letters to my Lord, which he requests Arundel to deliver, "for in you doth rest mine earthly comfort only." Is still very ill. Sends a chalice and a sacring bell for a memorial; "and son after shall send you all belongyng to the speretually for you necessary," in case God call him to his mercy. Sends also two layrs (?) for a token to my Lord's grace, and a pot for green ginger to Tuke, as he loves fasting. Hopes at the coming of the judges my lord will be satisfied. 25 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my bedfellow Arundell.
26 April.
R. O.
Executed five of the Riddisdale offenders on Tuesday, 21 April, in presence of most of the gentlemen of Northumberland; on which "the Redisdale men in great number submitted themselves, in their shirts, with halters about their necks, upon their bare knees, unto the King's mercy," and begged the Earl to get Wolsey to intercede for them. Has received a letter from the King, with one from Master Pallett, to examine Cuthbert Harbotell, said to be an idiot, and next heir to Wygeard Harbotell, deceased. Finds he has really little discretion, but he has his living of Sir Ralph Fenwick, and they say he fulfils his trust wisely. He has no claim to lands of the Harbottles, which descended by heirs general, and now remain to two sisters of the Harbotell last deceased. Alnwick Castle, 26 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
R. O.
St. P. IV. 487.
4204. TUKE to WOLSEY.
Was informed last night that one of the 16 who came in with Sir Will. and Humph. Lisle with halters about their necks is a younger son of Sir William's, not more than 12 or 13 years old, who never offended, except in being out with his father. Writes from pure compassion, having children of his own. "The remembrance of this innocent hath caused me that in my bed this night I could not forbear to water my plants, having in fresh remembrance what I knew in king Henry the VII.'s days was considered and alleged touching the difference between the King's laws and an instinct or law that is in nature, when Sir James Tirel and Sir John Wyndham were put to death, and their sons upon that consideration pardoned."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
26 April.
R. O.
4205. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
Requests him to write to the Pope for the promotion of Alex. Douglas, "natural son to our traist counsalour and thesaurar, Archibald Douglas," to the bishopric of Murray, which is deferred "through default of his mature age, or rather through solicitation and means of our eme the duke of Albany." Strivlinge, 26 April 15 Jac. V. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
26 April.
Le Grand, III. 92.
Besides what he has written to Francis, has little to say, but that Wolsey is continually crying that for God's sake, seeing he has the peace and the French king's children in his hands, you will not allow your confidence in him to be shaken, for he would sooner be hacked in pieces than do a bad thing. He would give a finger off his hand to have a two hours' talk with Francis and Madame, the queen of Navarre, and Montmorency; and there is no fear that if the towns are placed under obligation to the Emperor he will fail in his promise. He would give his head in surety for it. If he were to do so the King his master, and all his subjects, would cry murder upon him, and all Christendom would rise against him. He went on thus for a whole day; and you may be sure you never saw such passion in any man. For my part, I can only say that if his advice is not good, it is not out of ill will to you; on that I will stake all that I am worth. The King also is stedfast in his affection, and rejoices in our good news as his own. He has sometimes said to me, while the blood mounted to his face, "Think you, Mons. l'Ambassadeur, that the King my brother ever had better or more loyal councillors than we are to him; and where his own would be the ruin of him, we would [preserve] him. (fn. 5) We would gladly hazard our goods and person for him, but not for his councillors, when they manifestly wish to lead him wrong." Such language he has used several times, and did partly when Morette was here; but he always speaks highly of Montmorency, saying that but for him the affairs of Francis would go badly, and no one would know whom to address, especially when Madame is ill and cannot endure business. You may be sure there is nothing said or done at the Court, or even out of it, of which he is not informed.
I assure you I have discussed everything with Wolsey half a dozen times, and pressed him so close that I believe if you had been present you would have pulled me back by the coat. Morette, who witnessed part of our discussion, though he did not understand all our Latin, saw by our faces how strenuously we fought; and you need not hope to gain anything more than we have done. I wish you had been behind the tapestry when I spoke with him tête à tête that you might have judged whether I had studied my lesson well.
Thinks nothing but trouble can arise from Francis adhering to the course he mentioned in his letter of the 19th. Yesterday the King returned to Greenwich. Thinks he will not begin his progress till he has news of our resolution. The matters treated at Rome are in good train; and Henry expects his demands shortly to be conceded. The Cardinal comes here on Tuesday for the term. I intend to remove a mile hence for some time, as the plague is in the neighbourhood, though not from any great fear of it; for God knows in this trouble I would accept death with pleasure, seeing there is no rest in doing the best I can, and I am only regarded as a troublesome fellow. Excuse me to Madame that I do not write to her. If I wrote without asking for my congé, she would think I had changed my mind; and if I asked for it, I fear I should be troublesome. Desires him to obtain the King's letters for a relation of Peter Vannes, according to a memorandum sent to Robertet. London, 26 April.
Fr. Add.
26 April.
R. O. St. P. VII. 66.
Since the capture of Melf, Lautrec has advanced, and on Thursday last encamped within 1½ miles of Naples, where they have remained till now. Tomorrow they intend coming nearer the town, wherein is the whole army of the enemy. Last Friday the enemy made a sortie with their main power, but were met by 4,000 foot and 500 horse of our men, who forced them to retire, and chased them to the gates of Naples. Took two pieces of their artillery, and killed two of their chief captains. Signor Egmond, a kinsman of the Emperor, was taken prisoner. Yesterday the enemy assembled; and Lautrec, being warned, sent the marquis of Saluce with 500 men-of-arms and 200 hackbushes to lie in wait for their return, took from them 800 horse and slew 200 of their foot. They are worse discomfited than when they fled at the town of Troye; so that we hope soon to see an end of the enterprise. Lautrec requests that the King will not attempt war elsewhere until affairs are settled here. From the camp of Naples, Sunday, 26 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
26 April.
R. O.
To the same effect. Same date. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
26 April.
Vit. B. X. 84. B. M.
Similar letter to that to the King under date 28 April;—q. v. The camp near Naples, 26 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. and endd. at ƒ. 87 b.
26 April.
R. O.
Wrote, in answer to Wolsey's letters by his (Wallop's) servant, John Brooke, that his health would not permit him to return before Easter, but he was not well enough at that time. Is now perfectly whole, and writing only for licence from the French king. Has asked the Chancellor two or three times when he can take leave of the King; but he will give no answer, and allows none of the ambassadors to see him. Thinks he is sick again. Has sent to the Great Master to ask when he can come to the court to take leave, or, if not, whether he may have leave to depart. Will tell Wolsey, when he arrives, the chief cause of his infirmity, and meantime Dr. Fox can inform him.
Supposes he has heard the Italian news. Paris, 26 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
26 April.
Cal. B. III. 212. B. M.
Sends such news as he has received from Scotland by a letter from Carlisle. Will be glad to know what is to be done for the defence of Carlisle. Skipton, 26 April. Signed.
P. 1.
27 April.
R. O.
D. Andreas Rossi, secretary of the Signory, is being sent to France to beg more assistance against the arrival of the Germans, who number 18,000, as the troops promised by the Signory, the duke of Milan and the French king, number only 15,000, and they suggest hiring 3,000 Swiss. The Signory wishes also that Francis should write to urge the King and Wolsey to send advice and assistance, for success in Italy is more important than success in Flanders. If the first attack is resisted, Lautrec will have finished the affairs of Naples, and be able to assist, and the yoke of the Emperor will be thrown off.
Lat., pp. 2. Headed: Copia literarum D. Prothonotarii Casalii ad R. D. Bathon. die xxvij. Aprilis. Endd.: A prothon. Casalio die xxvij. Aprilis ex Venetiis.
27 April.
Nero, B. VII. 83. B. M.
4213. JOHN CASALE, the Prothonotary, to [WOLSEY].
Wrote in several letters directed to Peter Vannes that it was reported that great levies were being made in Germany of horse and foot, but that as they would not be paid till the middle of April, they could not be ready to descend into Italy before the end of the month. This news came by several messengers, but the lords here are informed that already some of them are on the road, although they do not hear that they have had wages. Their number is 12,000 foot and 1,200 horse, with baggage, artillery and all necessaries. It is said that a levy is also being made on this side the Italian boundaries. The lords have not ceased to consult, and to prepare everything necessary to resist this attack. They have determined to levy 8,000 Italian foot, and the duke of Milan 4,000, and they will send for 6,000 Almains or Swiss, if necessary. Two months ago they signified to the French king to choose 3,000 Almains in their name, and send them to Italy. Great exertions must be made; for, if the Germans find no one to resist them, they will burn up and lay waste all this part, will take the places that are not well fortified, burn all the crops, and reduce everything to such a state of poverty that the country will be obliged to surrender. If Lautrec turns aside to resist this attack he will leave to the Imperialists Naples and all that part of Italy; if he stays, these newly arrived Germans will come on to Naples, and, joining those already there, will doubtless be able to fight with him. Another army must therefore be provided for this neighbourhood. The lords here have therefore resolved to send Andreas Rubeus, one of the chief secretaries, to show this to the French king, and urge him to assist them, and to persuade the king of England and Wolsey to do the same. Makes the same request on their behalf. If this present invasion of the Germans is repressed the Emperor will be easily induced to take conditions of peace. If the contrary, all Italy will be subdued, and the Emperor become so insolent that it is more likely he would enslave all Christendom than ever come to peace. Venice, 27 April 1528. Signed.
Lat., pp. 4.
27 April.
R. O.
Has always the same subject, his kindness, to write about. The bearer is in haste. Apologises for his rude and unpolished letters, but will write better every day, as he is diligently learning Latin and other things. Will do with the greatest eagerness whatever he thinks will please Wolsey. Paris, 5 kal. Maias.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: R., &c., Card. Ebor. Angliæ Primati, a Latere Legato, &c. Endd.: A D'no Decano Wellen., 5 kal. Maias 1528.
28 April.
R. O. St. P. VII. 67.
Since Jernigam's last letter on Sunday, the 26th of April, he is dead, after a sickness of eight days. Asks to have the offices held in Suffolk by Jernigam of the late duke of Buckingham's lands. Naples, 28 April. Signed.
Add. Endd.
28 April.
R. O.
Fox left in such a hurry that Lupset could not write what he intended, and so gave him a verbal message about the Dean's mode of life. Will send an account of their expences. If they seem excessive it is not Lupset's fault, but owing to the necessities of the time and place. Paris, 28 April.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: R. &c. Card. Ebor., a Latere Legato, &c. Endd.
28 April.
R. O. St. P. I. 288.
Since war has been proclaimed by him and Francis against the Emperor, and the success of the peace is still uncertain, ships should be prepared for the war, for various reasons, grounded on the treaty of offence. Apart from that, it is necessary to have some ships at sea to conduct those bringing corn and other goods to London, and to guard the passage for couriers and letters, and for Mr. Fox and the Legate. Advises that orders should be given for the victualling for two months more of those already at sea, by which time it will be seen whether they should be reinforced or revoked. Hampton Court, 28 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
28 April.
Strype's Mem. I., Pt. II. p. 50.
Confession of John Tyball of Bumstede ad Turrim, before Cuthbert bishop of London, in his chapel at London House, 28 April 1528; which he afterwards signed; viz., that seven or eight years ago he had of one Holy John, certain books of the Four Evangelists, in English, which he burned the day Sir Ric. Fox was attached. From a chapter of the Corinthians, which he does not now remember, he was led to think the Sacrament of the Altar nothing but bread and wine. He had asserted, on Paul's authority, that every priest and bishop ought to have a wife; that it was as good to confess to God alone, or to a layman, as to a priest (which error he taught to Rob. Faire of Bumstede); that a layman might minister the Sacraments; that pilgrimages were unnecessary; that men should not kneel to images, or set candles before them. He had sometimes doubted the Pope's power to pardon, and thought mitres and crosses, &c. might better be given to the poor. He thinks the souls of good men (except saints like Peter and Paul) do not go to Heaven till the general resurrection, but remain in some place of joy and pleasure unless helped to Heaven by good prayer; while the souls of sinners remain in purgatory unless delivered by prayer. He had, however, held for a while, and disputed with Sir Richard Fox, that there was no purgatory. He had held that fasting was unprofitable; that sea water was as good as holy water (because when Christ first made the world and the water, &c., he blessed them, which was enough). He had conversed on these matters with Old Father Hacker alias Ebb, with Sir William Stryngar and Sir Arthur, parish priests of Bumstede, John Smyth of Bumstede, and Sir Ric. Fox, curate there; with Mother Beckwythe and Wm. Beckwythe at Colchester, old Christmas of Bockyng, and Wm. Pykas. Sir Ric. Fox had read to him from a book called The Wicket, in Johnson's house at Boxstede. Thinks Johnson and his wife are of the same sect; also John and Wm. Pykas, John Gyrling, and John Bradeley. Cannot tell about Thos. Mathwe's wife. He had refused to go on pilgrimage to Ipswich with his godmother Alice Gardiner, telling her it would be better to give her spare money to the poor. Had talked with Thos. Parker of the Gospels in English. Thos. Hilles, tailor, John Chapman, John Wyggan of Wytham, Rob. Fayre, and John Smythe of Bumstede are of the same sect.
About Michaelmas last was twelvemonth this respondent and Thos. Hilles came to London to buy a New Testament of Friar Barons at the Freers Augustines; found Barons in his chamber, with a merchant and two or three others; and, after a conversation about Sir Ric. Fox, curate of Bumstede, to whom Barons promised to write, the latter delivered to them an English Testament, for which they paid 3s. 2d., and he desired them to keep it close. Barons likened the Latin Testament to "a cymbal tinkling and brass sounding." Half a year ago he delivered the New Testament to Frear Gardyner, and never got it back.
Elene Tyball, his mother, and Alice, his wife, are guilty in all the foresaid articles, except his wife about the Sacrament of the Altar.
Five years ago he assisted one Friar Meadow, a Grey Friar of Colchester, to whom he had confessed, to abandon his religion; who has since gone to Amersham, and married a maiden of Colchester. He has also conversed often with Edmund Tyball. Signed by John Tyball with a mark.
ii. Tyball's abjuration follows in the next leaf of the MS.
28 April.
R. O.
4219. For HUMPHREY son and heir of THOMAS LEE.
To have (on surety of Will. Horwood, of London, and Thos. Moorton, of Engleton, Suff.) the custody of the messuage of Cotton Hall, Salop, mentioned in an inquisition p. m. taken at Wenloke Magna on Monday after the Exaltation of Holy Cross 18 Hen. VIII. Westm., 28 April 20 Hen. VIII.
Copy, with the following note at the bottom: "Examinatur et concordat cum posterioribus literis patentibus; per J. Lambart."
28 April.
R. O.
Inquisition taken at Stortford, Herts, 28 April [20 Hen. VIII. before John A]leyn, escheator, touching the possessions of the Benedictine Nuns of Pray, otherwise called St. Mary de Pratis, Linc. dioc., of which Eleanor Barnarde, the last prioress, died on 4 June 19 Hen. VIII., there being then three nuns under her, who therefore deserted the place. Their possessions were the church and churchyard, site and precinct, &c. of the monastery, the manors of Pratis, Playdell, and Beaumond; tithe rents in Redburn, Sarette, Dolowe, Codycote; lands in the town of St. Alban's and without the bars of the same, and in Pray, Playdell, Beamonde, Hempsteade, Bacheworth, Berkehamsted, Westwyk, Whethamsted, Redburn, Sarette, Watford, Childewyk, Lechworth, Flaunden, Dagnale, Hexton, and Hexam. Clear yearly value of the whole, 33l. The convent had, by charter, dated 5 Aug. 6 Hen. VIII., given the office of steward of the priory to Thos. Stepneth, learned in the law, with a rent of 20s. for life out of the issues of their lands in Herts and Bucks.
Lat., pp. 5.
28 April.
R. O.
As visitor of the Order, consents to the alienation of a tenement in London, of the gift of Sir Robt. Reede, late Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, in exchange for other lands more profitable to the monastery; the London house having made petition to that effect under the signatures of Edmund Gilibronde, vicar, John Howghton, sacrist, and Edmund Hord, proctor. Shene, 28 April 1528. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
29 April.
R. O.
4222. ITALY.
Extract from letters of the Apostolic Nuncio to the Pope's secretary, from the camp, 29 April.
Lautrec has heard of a fight between six Imperial galleys, two "fustæ," and four brigantines, and the French fleet, yesterday, about the twenty-first hour. Two galleys were taken on each side, and the Imperialists fled. During the pursuit the French took the General's galley. It is said that Moncada and the marquis of Vasto are prisoners. Lautrec had sent to the fleet 300 arquebusiers, who arrived an hour before the battle. He complains strongly of the Pope's not writing or sending to him.
Lat., pp. 2.
29 April.
Vesp. F. I. 67. B. M.
Doubts not that he knows from his ambassador here that, after the death of Lewis, John was elected, and crowned king of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, &c.; and that Ferdinand, king of Bohemia, by the unjust use of arms, and by the corruption of persons in whom king John trusted, invaded the kingdom. Ask for assistance to free themselves from his oppression. There are but few who do not take their part. John has justly and lawfully obtained the crown; but Ferdinand has no right, and seeks to increase his dominions, to the danger of Christendom. This letter is sealed by Francis de Frangepani, archbishop of Colocz and Bath, and by Stephen de Werberecz, the King's secretary and chancellor. Tharnow, 29 April 1528. Signed: "Prælati, barones, ac nobiles regni Hungariæ fidem veri et legitimi regis sequuti."
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
30 April.
R. O.
Wrote last that he had sent Le Crocq with 300 harquebusiers to serve in the galleys. An hour after they were embarked, the enemy, knowing that they were badly furnished with men, attacked them with six galleys, four "fustes," four brigantines, and sixteen or eighteen frigates, and other small vessels, containing full 1,200 men. The fight lasted four hours, but the French were victorious. Don Hugo de Moncada was killed, and the marquis du Goast, Escanyo Coulonne, constable of Naples, comendador Ricardo, captains Machin, Jehan Dyvart, Gobo, captain of the galleys, Jehan Gaytan, Regnard de Montanes, and Salines, with six ensigns, and many others, were taken prisoners. Two galleys with Coradin and the lansquenets escaped. Heard this news yesterday, and has told all the ambassadors. Deferred writing till today, that he might have better information. Le Crocq is the cause of the victory, for the galleys were so badly manned that they must have been lost without him. He returned today, and says that count Philippin (Doria?) fought very well. They both deserve praise and reward. Sends Mons. de Montepesat to explain more fully. Sends a copy of his last despatch to Mons. de Conserans. Asks him to provide for the galleys. Thinks four will be sufficient to guard Genoa. The camp at Naples, 30 April. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: Mons. de Lautrec, 30 April 1528.
30 April.
R. O.
Requests him to prefer Sir William Swalowe, his old chaplain, to the village of Fremyngton in Devonshire. The vicarage being in the Duke's gift, the Duke lately presented him; but, as Magnus, the bearer, will show, he is likely to lose it, without Henry's favor. Pomfret, 30 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 2. Modern copy.
30 April.
R. O.
Has received his letters dated Hampton Court, 25 April, by lord Rocheford, and Mr. Guldeforde, the comptroller, and heard their credence. Has endeavored to do what was thought most expedient, as Rocheford and Guldeford will inform him, for it is too long to write. Otford, 30 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c. my lord Cardinal of York and Legate. Endd.
30 April.
P. S. b.
4227. NUNNERY OF WILTON, Salisb. dioc.
Petition of Isabella Jordayn, prioress, for election of an abbess in the place of Cecilia Wiloughby, deceased. 30 April 1528.
30 April.
R. O.
4228. LADY LUCY.
Receipt given by dame Eliz. widow of Sir Thos. Lucy to Roger Baker her bailey of Lapworth, for her rents due at the Annunciation of Our Lady, amounting to 7l. 7s. 6d. Dated 30 April 20 Hen. VIII.
1. Draft of a bull of Clement VII, appropriating to the college the parish churches of St. Peter, St. Nicholas, St. Mary ad Clavem, St. Clement, and St. Matthew, in Ipswich; of Whersted, Cretingham, and Thurlston, Suff.; Snape, Freston and Bedingfeld, Norw. dioc.; Dodnesh and Falkenham, Felyxstowe or Felchestowe, in Walton; Walton and Trymley, Wysset and Elmeham; Bromhill, Wetinges, Oteringhit and Croxton; _, which belonged to the monastery of Mountjoy; Wykes, Wormyngford, Chettysham and Swyllond or Swynysland, Norw. dioc.; Horkesley Parva, and Boxsted, London dioc.; Stanesgate and Steple; Typtre and Tolshunt; Blakamore, Gynge Margaret or Margaretyng, Hormede, Maryborne or Tyborne, London dioc.
Pp. 6.
R. O. 2. "Memorandum of certain plate gone that was longing unto St. Peter's Church in Ippiswiche, the which the late master, Thomas Alverde, had in keeping to the church's use;" viz. "a cross of silver and gilt with Mary and John, that cost 34l.;" 4 silver chalices and 2 silver cruets, parcel gilt; a pax and a pyx, both silver gilt; a silver censer and a silver ship, both parcel gilt. Total value, 72l. 10s. The seats and stools of the church have also been broken up and sold by the Dean and Subdean. The making thereof will cost 20 marks. Also 371 lb. wax of the sepulchre light, and certain towels, curtains, &c. specified, and "two trones with the lamps hanging before the high altar and the rood loft," value 33s. 4d. Total loss, 99l. 16s. 8d.; which "your orators," the parishioners, remit to your Lordship's consideration.
P. 1.
R. O. 3. A list of church vestment and plate, the latter nearly the same as that described in § 2. Signed: Thomas Alvard.
P. 1. Endd.: Mr. Thomas Alvard's writing delivered unto the parishens of Saynt [Peter's] in Ipswich.
R. O. 4. Note of the proposed disposition of certain lands, viz.:—Sites of the manors of Begham and Causay (Calceto), &c., to the treasurer of the Household; the monasteries of St. Peter's, Ipswich, Dodnesh, Wykes, Typtre, Horkesley and Rumburgh, to coparceners; lands in Thobie, &c., to Sir Ric. Page; in Raunston, to Sir Fras. Bryan; Chesthunt, to the earl of Worcester; Kexbie, Lepington, and Barthorp, with reversion of lands of Rob. Ughtred, to Sir Anth. Ughtred and Sir Edw. Seymour; Wyng, to John Pen.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 5. Inspeximus and confirmation of the bull of Clement VII., dated at Orvieto, prid. id. Maii 1528, (see Rym. XIV. 241,) for suppressing the monastery of St. Peter's, Ipswich, and founding a college.
A roll of paper.
R. O. 6. Ratification, by Wolsey, of the gift made by John Higdon, S.T.P., dean of his college at Oxford, to Will. Capon, S.T.P., the dean, and to the college of St. Mary, Ipswich, of the lands of the suppressed priories of Typtre, Wykes, Dodnesh, Snape, &c. Hampton Court, 4 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.
Lat., draft, paper roll.
R. O. 7. "Things already done for and concerning my Lord his college in Gipswiche," sc. an enumeration of the patents obtained for suppression of monasteries, and erection of the college, and the private grants from my lord (Wolsey) and others.
ii. "Remembrances to be done for my Lord his college in Gipswiche;" sc. to call upon Mr. Holgill for the evidences of Sayes Court and Chesthunt; to send for the heir of St. John, and agree with him; to get a deed made by the dean and canons of Cardinal's college, Oxford, to the dean and canons of Cardinal's coll., Ipswich; arrangements to be made with the bp. of Dublin, my lady of Lincoln, &c.; livery and seisin to be taken in the monasteries of Felixstowe, Rumburgh, &c.; a book of liberties to be drawn for the college, and the King's confirmation thereof obtained; and to speak with my Lord Chief Baron for the manor of Poundes besides Gipswich.
iii. Remembrances of "things to be done within my lord's Grace his bishopric of Durham;" sc. a lease of all the minerals of the bishopric to be made to Mr. Thomas Wynter; a lease to be made of the salmon, and to see to the fine and certain barrels of salmon to be paid yearly to my Lord; certain wards to be disposed of; an end to be taken between Wolsey and my lord of Rutland for Hartilpole.
Pp. 7.
R. O. 8. "A rate of the charges of wages, commons, and liveries for the master, fellows, conducts, scholars, and bedemen, to be maintained in a college intended by my lord Cardinal's grace to be established within the town of Ipswich;" viz. for a president, 12 fellows, 8 clerks, a master in grammar, 2 ushers, and 12 old men. Total charge, 409l. 7s.
Pp. 4.
R. O. 9. "Expence laid out by Thomas Crumwell about the charges of my Lord his college in Gypswyche, anno Henrici Octavi, (fn. 6) as hereafter it doth appear."
28 skins of vellum "for drawing and flourishing letters in the same, as well for the King's patents as for my Lord's deeds and charters," at 2s. each. To Garrard, for writing 12 deeds, viz. the originals and duplicates, 4l. 19s. 2 doz. parchments, 6s., and one ream of paper, 3s. Fees to clerks of the Privy Signet and Privy Seal, 4l. 13s. 4d. 18 boxes for the evidences, 20s. To the clerks of the Petty Bag, 23s. 4d.
Payments at the finding of the office (i.e. the inquisition) of St. Peter's in Ipswich. To the escheator of Suffolk, 40s. To the under-sheriff, 6s. 8d. To the escheator's clerk, 3s. 4d.; 5 bailiffs, 6s. 8d. The jury's dinner and horse meat, 23s. 7d.
Similar charges for finding the offices of Bromhill, Rumburgh and Felixstowe.
Personal expences of Cromwell, about the finding of these offices, riding to the installation of the Dean, suppressing the monasteries, and taking possession. For a chest "to put in the common seal of Ipswich," 20s.; for carriage of silks to Hampton Court, for the college, 8s. 4d.; for carriage thither and from thence to London of "grayles, antiphoners," 6s. 8d. To two of his servants who surveyed the lands of Rumburgh and Bromhill, for 15 days, 45s. For "my costs at Hampton Courte, and for my horses at divers times in the sweating season," 26s. 8d.
"Debts paid at the late monastery of Bromhill the 20th day of September, anno H. Octavi_;" at the late monastery of Rumburgh, 11 Sept.; to the late prior there, 11 Oct., 6l. 13s. 4d.
Payments: Mrs. Judde, for laces of silk and gold; fees to the sealer for green wax, and to the secretaries of my lord of Norfolk, and of the French queen and duke of Suffolk. To my lord of Norfolk's secretary, for a letter for the corn of Felyxstow, 2s. To the officers of the Exchequer, for the entry and enrolling of my Lord's patents, 13s. 4d. For Hugh's costs to Oxford twice, fetching deeds sealed for Ipswich college, 12s. To Brabazon, to take possession in Blakamore, Stanesgate, Felyxstowe, Rumburgh and Bromhill, 40s. "For costs riding in surveying the lands of Gypswiche, Rumburgh, Felyxstow, Bromhill and St. Peter's, by the space of 39 days," 22l. 12s. 5 weeks' physic and surgery for Brabazon, my man, lying sick at Walton, 4l. 13s. 4d. For 2 geldings, 6l. 13s. 4d. For taking down the lead at Bromhill, 4l. 13s. 4d. To the vicar of Croxton, his year's pension, 53s. 4d. Same to the quondam [prior] of Bromhyll, 40s. To Page when he went for Candishe, 5s. 6d. To Dr. Capon, 30l. 8s. 4d.
Pp. 9.
R. O. 10. Rents received of the revenues of the late monastery of St. Peter's, Ipswich, 19 to 21 April, 19 Hen. VIII.; viz., from Philip Barnard, Thos. Vesy, Nich. Marten, Thos. Cadye, Sir John Godingham, Thos. Manser, Rob. Kene, John Campell, Rob. Canon, Roger Payne, Thos. Cowper, Chr. Ungle, Will. Stance, John Smyth, John Payne, Robt. Neve, Anne Causton, John Woodroste, John Ryvere, Robard Goodwyn.
Rumburgh: Thos. Russhe. Bromhill: Dr. Lee, anno 20. Mr. Jermyn, William Webstare, John Rudland and John Yonge.
Pp. 5, mutilated.
R. O. 11. A note of the number of oaks to be felled in various places for the building of the college at Ipswich; with the distance of each place from Ipswich, and the names of the persons to whom the woods belong. The owners are the Master of Eton College, Sir Andrew Windsor, William Spencer, late portman and customer of Ipswich, Lionel Talmage, Doyle of Hadley, Sir John Awdley, Sir Ric. Wentworth of Netylstede, the late monastery of St. Peter's, the prior of Christchurch, Sir Philip Bothe, Master Germy, Roger Woodhowsse, Master Latemer, Master Wolverston, William Hyll of Barfolte, and Master Harman.
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 12. A rental of certain lands of the priory of St. Peter, Ipswich.
P. 1, with some memoranda on the back.
30 April.
Fiddes' Coll. p. 172.
Inquisition taken at Oxford, 29 March 19 Hen. VIII., of the smaller monasteries suppressed for Wolsey's colleges. Delivered 30 April, 19 (sic, for 20) Hen. VIII., by the hands of Thomas Cromwell.
April./GRANTS. 4231. GRANTS in APRIL 1528.
1. Jo. Maknellys, a Scotch tailor. Licence to take two journeymen, being aliens, besides the two allowed by the Act of 14 & 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Del. Hampton Court, 1 April 19 Hen. VIII.
1. Sir Jno. Byron and Wm. West, groom of the Privy Chamber. Grant, in survivorship, of the custody of the manor, castle, &c. of Clipstone, Shirwood, Notts, on surrender by West of pat. 14 July 12 Hen. VIII. (No. 933, Vol. III.) Del. Westm., 1 April.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.
1. John Gibbe, of Calais, tyler, native of Autoyle, in the French dominions. Denization. Hampton Court, 1 April.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
6. Rob. bp. of Chichester. Licence to alienate (with the consent of the dean and chapter of Chichester) lands in Ferryng, Sussex, to Wm. Shelley, justice of the Common Pleas.—S.B. Del. Hampton Court, 6 April 19 Hen. VIII.
6. John Bishop, of Becles, Suff. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Del. Hampton Court, 6 April 19 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
7. John Holland of London, yeoman, Wm. Sentlowe of Gloucester, and John Berewyke of London, yeoman. Pardon for robbing Joan Dene, widow, at Stoke Talnage, Oxon, and Thos. Dene, her servant, and for mortally wounding Wm. Pangbourne. Del. Westm., 7 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
8. Wm. Holme, groom of the Cellar. Licence to export woollen "thromes." Del. Westm., 8 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
10. Tho. Wygge, of the parish of St. Peter, Southelmeham, Suff., tailor. Pardon for the theft of 30s. from the house of Edm. Russhebroke at Southelmeham. Del. Westm., 10 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
10. Avery Wyvell of London, goldsmith. Pardon. Del. Hampton Court, 10 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25. The petition states that he had bought a wedge of gold from Tho. Lee, goldsmith, who, he afterwards found, had made it of "clippings of gold," and that he had been in sanctuary three years.
11. Nich. Frechewell, sewer of the Chamber. Licence to import wine and woad. Del. Hampton Court, 11 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Wm. Bowman, groom of the Buttery, and Rob. Troughton, groom of the Chamber. Custody of the person and lands of John Freshmer, br. and h. of Tho. Freshmer, dec., during his idiocy; on surrender of patent 12 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII., which was invalid. Del. Westm., 12 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
13. Henry Blounte. Grant of the free chapel or hospital called "le Spyttell," near Stafford. Richmond, 8 April 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 13 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
14. Katharine Odell of Harald, Beds. Protection for property and person. Del. Hampton Court, 14 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
14. John Edwards. To be bailiff of les Trayans de Nanthedoy, with the bailiwick of Moghaunt, in the lordship of Chirkeland, marches of Wales, on surrender of pat. 14 Oct. 3 Hen. VIII. by Jo. Glynne, yeoman of the chamber to the Queen. Del. Hampton Court, 14 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
17. John Underhill, clk., dean of the college in Walyngford castle. Lease of two water mills, Walyngford Mills, Berks, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 8l., and 6s. 8d. of increase. Del. Westm., 17 April 19 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
20. David Morgan, sewer of the Chamber. To be bailiff of the lordship of Stakpole, Pembroke, in the King's gift by reason of the minority of Tho. Vernon, s. and h. of Rich. Vernon. Richmond, 20 March 19 Hen. VIII. Teste Hampton Court, 20 April, anno 19.—P.S.
Rob. Ascugh. Lease of the warren in the moors of Frothringham and Scompthorp, called Frothringham Estmor and Scompthorp Estmor, parcel of the duchy of Cornwall, Linc., for the term of 21 years, at the annual rent of 20s., and 6s. 8d. of increase.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 7.
John Tregian. Lease of the manor of Tibest, Cornw., and all messuages, lands, &c. in Tibest, with advowsons, escheats, &c. thereto belonging, for the term of 21 years, at the annual rent of 30l., payable to the receiver general of the duchy of Cornwall.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
Sir John Russell. Licence to export within 3 years 200 sacks of wool of English growth from the ports of London, Southampton and Sandwich, through the straits of Marrok, without paying the customs of Calais or other dues.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
Gilb. Smyth, archdeacon of Northt. and prebendary of Leighton manor, Hunts. Licence to found a chantry of one chaplain for the good estate of the said Gilb., and for the soul of Wm. Smyth, late bp. of Lincoln, at the altar of St. Katharine, in the parish of St. Mary, Leighton Bromswold (Hunts, Linc. dioc.); with mortmain licence to endow the said chantry to the annual value of 6s.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
Randell, or Ralph Laurence, of Reading. Pardon for the murder of John Goodgame, clk.—S.B.
John Higdon, dean, and the canons of Cardinal's college, Oxford. Licence to appropriate the prebend of Blewbury, Berks, belonging to the cathedral church of Sarum—S.B. b.
John de Colyn, goldsmith, a native of Germany. Licence to retain two apprentices and four journeymen or "covenant servants," of foreign birth, notwithstanding the Act of 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Tho. Elyott. To be clerk of the Council, with 40 marks a year, and the usual summer and winter livery, as enjoyed by Rob. Rydon, John Baldiswell, &c., and other profits, as enjoyed by Ric. Eden or Rob. Ridon; on a conditional surrender of pat. 21 Oct. 4 Hen. VIII. granting the office to the said Ric. Eden.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
Sir Nic. Vaus and Anne his wife, d. and one of the hs. of Sir Tho. Grene. Pardon for ruins and decays of dwellings, &c. in Burcote, Pokesley, Carcewell and Potcote, Northt., contrary to the stat. of Hen. VII.—S.B.
Simon Dygby of Estgrenewich, Kent. Pardon.—S.B.
Tho. Lawe, groom of the Chamber. To be bailiff of the lordship of Olney and keeper of Olney park, Bucks, vice Sir Francis Brian, who held by grant 2 March 8 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
Sir Edm. Bray. Wardship of Ralph Verney s. and h. of Sir Ralph Verney.—S.B.
John Le Mayre, surgeon, of Hanover. Licence to practise in England.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23.
Ric. Crokes of London, goldsmith. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield.—P.S.
Tho. Butt, clk. To have the pension which the abbot of Peterborough gives to a clerk of the King's nomination, for his exhibition, until he be promoted to a benefice by the abbot.—S.B.
Sir Piers Butler. Creation as earl of Ossory in Ireland, with succession in tail male, and 20l. a year, in support of the title, out of the issues of the manor of Newcastle, near Lyons, ("de Novo Castro de Lionnes"). Dublin.—S.B. Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
Jo. Cavalcanti and Peter Frances de Bardi, merchants of Florence. Cancel of 39 obligations, amounting in the total to 11,250l. Add. to Sir Hen. Wiat, treasurer of the Chamber.—S.B.
Sir John Gaynesford. Wardship of Wm. s. and h. of Wm. Aylove.—S.B.
Francis Frobisher. Pardon for acquiring, without licence, from Richard Fletcher and Ursula his wife, the manor of Herreby, and 2 messuages and 530 acres of land in Herreby and Grantham, and regranting the same to the said Richard and Ursula, in survivorship, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Ursula. Westm., _.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18.
William Cartwryke. To be serjeant-at-arms, vice Robt. (or Richd.?) (fn. 7) Twyford, deceased. Westm.,_.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
Calais. Authority to the mayor, &c. to collect the customs granted to them at various periods, and lately confirmed by the King, notwithstanding a recent proclamation that there should be a free market at Calais, subject only to the same dues which were exacted in the Netherlands.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8d.
John Pope, of Petiwales, in the parish of Berkyng, London, native of Gelderland, Denization.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
John Gyfford, serjeant-at-arms. Inspeximus and confirmation of an indenture made, 26 May 8 Hen. VIII., between queen Katharine on the one part and the said John Gyfford, then yeoman of the Crown, on the other, whereby the said Queen granted him a lease of the manor of Steplecaydon, Bucks, with reservations, for the term of 61 years, at the annual rent of 22l. 6s. 8d.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
Wm. Skevyngton. To be gunner in the Tower, vice Hen. Pykeman, deceased; with 6d. a day. Westm.—Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
23. Brian Annesley, yeoman for the mouth in the office of the King's cellar. Grant of possessions in Bradwell by the Sea, Essex, whereof John Skynner was seised in his lordship as of fee; which reverted to the Crown by reason of a fine levied without licence, on the morrow of St. Martin 12 Hen. VIII., to the use of James Browen alias Thrumbyll, a born subject of James king of Scots. Del. Hampton Court, 23 April 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
24. Roger Ratcliff, gentleman usher of the Chamber. To farm the manor, castle, lands &c. of Okeham, Rutland, at the annual rent of 38l. 17s. 4d., on surrender of three patents, one granting an annuity of 10l., another of 20l., and the third the stewardship of the above. Del. Westm., 24 April 20 Hen. VIII.—Pat. p. 1, m. 28. S.B.
26. Jas. Welles alias Ganne, husbandman, of Long Melford, Suffolk. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Robt. Wingfeld. Greenwich, 28 Oct. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 26 April 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
26. Roger Shepe, of Long Melford, Suff., wheelwright. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Robt. Wingfeld. Greenwich, 30 Oct. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 26 April 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
28. Anthony Mynyon, of All Hallows, Barking, in Tower Ward, London, Italian, alias one of the King's gunners. Pardon. Del. Westm. (?), 28 April 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.


  • 1. i.e. Maundy Thursday, 9 April in 1528.
  • 2. 14 April.
  • 3. 22 April.
  • 4. Married to Ann Boleyn's sister, Mary.
  • 5. As the passage stands in Le Grand, there seems to be a word omitted.—"et que là où les sienes le vouldroyent faire perdre, nous le voulsissions [conserver?] ne encores nous perdre quant et quant pour eulx."
  • 6. So in MS.
  • 7. "Quod quidem officium Robertus Twyford defunctus nuper habuit." Again: "a tempore mortis dicti Ricardi Twyford."