Henry VIII: September 1528, 1-10

Pages 2036-2046

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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September 1528

R. O. St. P. II. 145. 4688. IRELAND.
Instructions to be shown to the King, Wolsey, and the Council, on behalf of the Deputy and Council of Ireland.
1. The earl of Kildare's brethren and kinsmen can do more harm to the King's subjects than any others, as they have a great retinue, and inhabit the county of Kildare, in the heart of the English country. 2. The King should write to Sir Walter Delahid, Kildare's steward, to deliver to the Deputy the ordnance and artillery supplied to Kildare and his father when deputies. 3. Kildare's adherents will have no peace with the Deputy and the King's subjects without pardon for their offences, and exemption from being called to any council or hosting. 4. They have compelled the Tyrrelles, Daltones, Dyllones, Petites, Tuytes, and Ferollis, the King's tenants, to take their part against all men. 5. They and O'Conor lay in wait to attack the Deputy and his son, at their coming into the English Pale. 6. There is much surprise here that they should rebel so openly, unless they had privy procurement of some persons. Kildare should be kept safely in England until the land is quieter. 7. Their attacks on the King's subjects were made when Ossory was far off, punishing the earl of Desmond. 8. When Gerot Delahide gave O'Conour the King's letter, he said that the King's grace greeted him well. O'Conour asked, what King? He said the king of England. To which O'Conour replied, with pomp, that he hoped that in one year the King would have no jurisdiction or intromitting in Ireland, and that there would be no more mention of him there than of the king of Spain. 9. The King should write to persuade O'Donyll to make war on O'Nele if he attempt to hurt the King's subjects. 10. Considering the misdemeanor, both of English rebels and Irishmen, it is impossible for the King's subjects to resist or maintain forces for a quarter of a year at their own cost, unless the King will send an army, with ordnance and other necessaries, till he can provide otherwise. 11. The army should consist of Northumberland spears, light footmen fit for labour, like the marchers of Scotland. 12. Kildare's daughter, Ellis, came from him in England, three weeks before the 28th August, and rode straight to O'Connor's house, soon after which he made the said invasions.
Headed: Copia. Endd.
1 Sept.
R. O.
Yesterday there was a marvellous high tide. The jetties are much hurt or broken, and the sea has run over the highest bank. Unless some remedy be provided, the next spring-tide will prove so outrageous that nothing can prevent the water from deluging the surrounding country. There is no money here to set men to work. Calais, 1 Sept. 1528. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Sept.
R. O.
4690. THOS. BYRD, Priest, to CROMWELL.
The reigning sickness troubles my lord Cardinal's college. Mr. Clerke's brother and another scholar died about three weeks ago; last week, Mr. Summer, that was accused; and on Monday last, Mr. Clerke. "Jesus pardon their souls! They were buried in Christian sepulture, but the Sacrament was denied them by the dean." Hears that they were penitent, but confessed no erroneous opinions. The other three, who are still alive, remain in their old custody. "The university is little infect but there. Our Lord preserve it!" It is said the other three will be released on sureties. Begs Cromwell to get him speedy payment of the five marks due of his last pension; and, if God send him something to live on meanwhile, will reward Cromwell on his return from Ipswich. Desires also a letter from Mr. Marcus Anthonius and Jacobus to Mr. Bygges, for payment of the other five marks for the half year ending at Michaelmas. Cromwell may retain a noble for his pains. "God knoweth how gladly I would be at rest in Oxford at my learning." Oxford in Hynxsey Hall, 1 Sept.
Begs to know his mind this week, else on Monday he must go to his uncle, for pure need, either to beg or to borrow.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Thomas Crumwell, one of my lord Cardinal's good Grace's council. Endd.
1 Sept.
Fiddes' Coll. p. 130. Strype's Mem. II. 139. Ib. II. 140.
Sends them a grammar for the use of their scholars. "Ex ædibus nostris," kal. Sept. 1528.
ii. Scheme of the studies and mode of instruction to be used in the different classes. In the fifth class the mode of instruction is left to the discretion of the teachers, with a caution against severity, even in looks, which is apt to discourage the learner.
1 Sept.
Er. Ep. p. 1099.
Has received by Quirinus his two letters. According to his advice follows the example of St. Augustine in revising his writings. Defends his Colloquies and other works at some length, and exposes the malevolence and ill faith of the monks. The Dominicans and Franciscans have been more bitter of late, and were proceeding to exercise their tyranny on an innocent man, for saying that the expence laid out on a monastery had been better bestowed on the poor; and on two others, for merely eating flesh in Lent. Thinks it would be conducive to the concord of the Church if the immense diversity of rubrics, vestments and rites were done away with, and monks were brought more completely under the authority of the bishops. Professes his adherence to the Catholic Church against Lutheranism. Your friend Aldridge has undertaken much labor on my account in collating MSS. Begs the Bishop will repay him. Basle, 1 Sept. 1528.
2 Sept.
R. O.
Master Governor saw yesterday Ric. Harman's letters from England, with four letters of certain persons: two from London, and two from Cranebroke in Kent, where Harman was born. The first is from Ric. Hall, ironmonger, of London, dated 14 Oct., desiring two books of the New Testament in English. The second is from John Saddelere, dated 3 Sept. 1526, stating that the news in England was that the English Testaments should be put down and burnt. The third is from Thos. Davy, of Cranbrook, urging Harman to have patience in the true faith in Christ, and stating that no man may speak in England of the New Testament in English on pain of bearing a faggot. The fourth is from John Andrews, of Cranbrook, dated 20 Feb. 1527, about the New Testament. The said Andrews is in prison in the Fleet. The Governor tells him that those who have the custody of Harman's letters "made many great cracks to Master Governor, and many high words, and Richard's wife also." Advises him to get a letter from the lady Margaret to have the letters delivered.
The priest that is in prison is sick of the ague, and has no refreshing of meat or drink. Therefore I pray you that he may have some, for I would he should not die here. by a letter of your hand to the Margrave, I trust to catch another priest, come out of England, called Constantinus, who dresses like a secular. Will send them both to England. I have spoken to Francis Brykman, bookbinder, of this town, and he tells me that Petygnele, Roye and Jerome Burlowe, friars of our religion, and Hucthyns, otherwise Tyndall, made the last book that was made against the King and my lord Cardinal; and that John Scott, a printer of Straysbourg, printed them. There is a whole pipe of them at Frankfort; and he desired me to write him a letter whether he should buy them or not. If so, he intends to send Roye with the other two to Cologne, to receive the money for the books, where I and Herman Ryng, of Cologne, shall take them. Our convent at Antwerp, 2 Sept. 1528.
P.S.—Mr. Crane took shipping for England on Tuesday se'nnight.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
2 Sept.
R. O.
Received his letter on Aug. 28, asking him, by friar John West's advice, to view all the books in Ric. Harman's house here. Has done what he could, though may crafty delays have been made to prevent him. Hacket's letter to the Margrave was delivered on the same day, and he immediately ordered the scout to tell the Skepyns, who had the keys of Harman's counter, to be ready to show the books to Style; but in the afternoon the scout came, saying that he could not get the Skepins together. The next day, Saturday, he came again, saying that the Margrave had left the town, and the Skepins did not wish to be present at the visitation, but he would return on Monday and compel them. At 2 o'clock on Tuesday went to Harman's house with the scout and one of his own servants. Found there the commissary and Arte van Vellycke, merchant, with four or five other persons, but the Skepyns sent word they could not come, as they had so many matters to attend to. Found that the seals on the counter door had been plucked off, and that it had been lately opened. It was then opened by Van Vellycke. Began to look at the writings in a great box on the board, when Van Vellycke and the others said it was a great shame for the Emperor and for the town that the king of England's commissaries should visit any merchant's house; but the scout took Style's part so soberly that he saw all the writings in the box, whether they would or no. Those in Dutch the scout read; those in English Style read himself. Found four letters mentioning the New Testament: one from Ric. Halle, ironmonger of London, dated 10 Oct., no year, asking Harman to send two books of the New Testament, as those he had before were gone; another from John Sadler, of London, 3 Sept. 1526, saying that the news in England is that the New Testament is fordone,—which God forbid; another from Thos. Davy, of Cranebroke, exhorting Harman to take his tribulation patiently, for so the children of Christ must do in adversity, and that no man may speak of the New Testament under pain of a faggot; and another from John Andrewe, of Cranebroke, dated 20 Feb. 1527, concerning the New Testament.
Cannot be sure of all the circumstances of the said letters, for they would not allow him to copy them nor take them. These letters remained in the counting-house by themselves, sealed with the seal of the commissary. As to those in Dutch, the scout said they related to nothing but feats of merchandise. All the other books in Harman's house at the time of his attaching are in the Margrave's keeping. "Wretyn layserles at Andwerpe," Wednesday, 2 Sept. 1528.
Harman's wife is a mischievous woman of her tongue, and as ill of deeds. Has given West 10s. Fl.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To the right honorabille John Hacket, ambassatur of the kyng of Yngland our soverayn Lorde, in Meygghelyn. Endd.
3 Sept.
R. O.
Since his arrival, has received all the "yoores goten owtt of the grownd," by command of Joachim Hochster, and put it on board ship to be conveyed to Coommartyen. Hopes it may prove as good as reported. Has paid Joachim 75l., "which, in mine opinion, may scantly despatch him out of this town." Hopes Wolsey will be satisfied with his services, but "I fear myself more in this business than in all other services to which your Grace heretofore hath commanded me." Brystowe, 3 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.: "To my lord Legate's grace." Endd.
3 Sept.
R. O.
Asks her to send two bucks next Lady Day to the College at Ipswich, for the entertainment of Drs. Stevyns and Lee, whom he is sending thither for the induction of certain priests, clerks, and children for the maintenance of God's service there. Hampton Court, 3 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
3 Sept.
R. O.
Asks for orders for the "fynours" of Durham, whose stay here is to their great cost, and hinders the works there. Incloses the yearly values of the lands Wolsey has purchased in Yorks. and Bucks, and also of the late monastery at Wallingford. Asks in whose name the college at Gipswiche is to be dedicated, and what the masters and fellows shall be called. Has caused the bills already signed to pass the privy signet and private seal, and will write the patents for the broad seal, so that after the three months Wolsey may give the lands at his pleasure. Reminds him of the appropriation of the benefices to his college in Oxford. Has spoken to Mr. Babington, now lord of Kylmayne, about the exchange to be made between him and the college as to Saundforde. Asks whether Wolsey's counsel shall speak to him about it further.
Encloses instructions for Mr. Holgill, devised by the judges. They should be sent him directly. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord's grace. Endd.
ii. Instructions to Mr. Wm. Holgill for taking possession, livery and seisin in the parsonage at Rudby, Cleveland.
To cause lord Conyers to search his evidence touching the advowson, whether it be appendant or in gross, and to receive the said evidence. To find out whether it is entailed, and to receive the deed of entail or fines. The attorneys mentioned in the deed of feoffment must enter into the acre of land, and deliver seisin to Holgill by a turf, and then by the ring of the church door. They must then deliver him possession of the parsonage. The deed of feoffment must be read in all these places, and thirty or forty witnesses present; as many young children as possible.
P. 1.
At his coming to this country from London he was sworn to the King, and then sent by my Lord (fn. 2) in commission to Cockermouth, where he found some silver ore. Sent some to Thos. Trewe, in London, to be tried. He said it was very fine, and worth 4s. 8d. Sent a servant with this information to the Council; but my lord of Northumberland had him taken at Durham, saying that the ore would cause the King to have Cockermouth. Mr. Ingraham Percy has one of the pieces of ore, and he and John Graye, of Alnewick, have a quantity of old nobles. The person who showed him the place where he found the ore told him he would find some gold ore. The names of the places are mentioned in his letter to Lister, as Worme's servant knows, who was imprisoned a year and a quarter (?) Sir John Lamplught knows of the ore, and one Hodeson showed it to Worme.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: "The bill of William Worme, made at Newcastle."
3 Sept.
R. O.
4699. The DE BARDI.
Indenture, dated 3 Sept. 1528, between Wolsey, Sir Hen. Wiat and Sir Andrew Windsor, master of the Great Wardrobe, in behalf of the King, and John Francis de Bardi, Reynerio de Bardi, and Francis de Bardi, merchants of Florence; witnessing that the said De Bardi are indebted to the King in 3,154l., by 19 several obligations, for payment of which they, by their indenture dated 29 April 11 Hen. VIII., were bound to deliver yearly into the King's great wardrobe cloth of gold and silk to the value of 300l. till it was all paid. 10 of these obligations remain due, containing the sum of 3,154l., the last payment to be made in 1539. The said De Bardi are also indebted to the King in 7,294l. and 14d. for customs and subsidies by 16 several obligations, the days of payment being yet distant. These sums amount in all to 10,294l. and 14d. (sic), contained in 26 obligations, which are now cancelled, and payment provided for by 26 new bonds, as the terms of payment were remote, and the King has occasion for a larger quantity of cloth of gold and silks. The annual payments are now to be at the rate of 400l. a year for 25 years, beginning in 1529, and on the 26th or last year 294l. 14d., which is to be delivered in cloth of gold and silk to Sir Andrew Windsor at the Wardrobe beside the Blackfriars.
Signed by the De Bardi, whose seals were formerly attached.
4 Sept.
Add. MS. 4133, f. 6. B. M.
Minute of four petitions presented by Francis I. to the Scotch ambassador.
In addition to the charge committed to him, the Scotch ambassador presented four requests in the French king's council; to which, after consultation, the King gave the following answers: 1. His intention remains the same about the marriage mentioned in the treaty of Rouen, and he trusts that the Scotch king means to fulfil his promise. 2. As to the confirmation of previous treaties between their predecessors, he is not less well disposed to Scotland than his predecessors, but circumstances have rendered it necessary to enter into treaties with England, which he cannot infringe, but he will not refuse any new treaties which do not interfere with his treaties with England. 3. The King will use his influence with the duke of Albany to obtain the delivery of Dunbar Castle to the Scotch king. 4. He will try to prevent the Duke returning to Scotland. St. Germain en Laye, 4 Sept. 1528.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
5 Sept.
Acts of Parl. of Sc. II. 321.
Edinburgh, 2 Sept. 1528.
3 Sept.—Lords of the Articles chosen. Safe passage assured to Archibald earl of Angus, George Douglas, his brother, Archibald Douglas, his uncle, and Alexander Drummond, who are summoned to appear in this Parliament on Friday, 4 Sept., to answer upon certain points of treason.
Proclamation that as the King is to leave Edinburgh on Monday next, for Haddington and the Merse, for pacifying the country, all persons in Edin- burgh who have been previously summoned, and all "fensable persons" within the bounds of Lothian, Merse, Haddington, Tevidale, Selkirk and Tweeddale, make ready to attend upon him for fifteen days.
4 Sept.—John Ballentyne, secretary to Archibald earl of Angus, appeared and gave in a set of reasons why the Earl, his brother George Douglas and Archibald Douglas, of Kilspindy, should not be compelled to answer the summons of treason against them:—first, because they are not men of law, and can get no advocate to speak for them; and secondly, because it is holiday time, when no courts can be held without a dispensation of the superior, and there is no superior to the King, to dispense with him, for a man cannot dispense with himself; therefore, by all laws, civil and canon, the King can no more hold his Parliament in this holiday time than he could do so on Easter or Christmas Day. Further, without departing from this process, they may reply to the special charges:—first, whereas the Earl is accused of having passed north of the Spey, and having entered his brother and uncle in ward in the castle of Edinburgh, "ilkane to freith uthir," they say that the King was moved by their enemies to charge them to do things dangerous to their lives, the non-performance of which ought not to be counted treason. 2. As to the charge of making an assembly against the King's coming to Edinburgh, it was only to do him service. 3. They know nothing of the laird of Johnistoun's doings, and never stirred him up to spoil the country. They believe it was a private feud between lord Maxwell and the laird of Johnistoun. 4. As to the charge of treasonably stuffing the House of Temptalloune, Colbrandspeth, Newerk and Douglas against the King, all their houses have been always ready to do him service. 5. They deny having had the King in their rule, contrary to the order of the Council. 6. As to the debates made at Melrose and Linlithgow, touching their bearing towards the King, they have a declaration of Parliament that they committed no crimes.
The same day John Ballentyne offered, in Angus's name, that he would come in person to undergo the sentence of Parliament, provided the master of Argyle, lord Maxwell and Sir James Hamilton were delivered to his friends as sureties.
5 Sept.—This day Lion king-of-arms appeared and gave in a summons from the King, dated 3 June 15 James V., requiring him to summon the earl of Angus and George and Archibald Douglas on their allegiance at the Crosses of Edinburgh, Lanark and Haddington, to appear before the King in the next Parliament on the 4 Sept., of which summons he proved the execution. On this Parliament pronounced judgment of treason. Judgment was also pronounced after similar process against Alexander Carnok for assisting Angus.
The King in Parliament absolved Sir Walter Scott, of Branxhelme, of the charge of treason imputed to him on account of his gathering at Melrose, as he had repaired thither by the King's command.
18 Sept.—The Parliament was continued to the 1 Sept., and then to the 18 and 22 Jan., but nothing very important occurs under these dates.
[6 Sept.]
R. O.
The King is in good health, and glad that he shall shortly meet with your Grace a-hunting. Master Norice has had no convenient time to show the King the writing you sent concerning the stewardship at variance betwixt Bacon and him. I have spoken with Master Bell for the priest of Wilton. He says he has not seen him since the King was at Easthampstead. If he come to Court, I shall not fail to order him according to your Grace's commandment. Oking, Sunday. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
6 Sept.
R. O.
Master Hennege showed me it was your pleasure to know of the repairing to Court of the priest, the importunate suitor for the preferment of Dame Elinor Care. He has been here at divers times,—at Windsor, Easthampstead, and Ampthill; but what he is soliciting I cannot discover. He avoids my sight. The last time I saw him was at Easthampstead, when I begged of him to know his business, offering to serve him, but the fellow craftily used me, saying he had business with Mr. Nores. He is most frequently with Dr. Vaughan. I told him he had been too busy in Dame Eleanor's matter, and hindered her suit in divers ways, and that I was well aware of his unlawful suits. Since then I have not seen him. If he returns, I will send him to your Grace. It were a gracious deed to punish him according to his demerits. 6 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add. Endd.
7 Sept.
R. O.
You promised, at your last being in this town, to send a commission of sewers hither. On the faith of this promise I undertook to cleanse certain watercourses, and make a new dyke two miles long and 12 feet broad. If great things be not done within a month or six weeks, great harm will ensue. Begs a commission may be sent to himself, the corporation, constable, Sir Ric. Wheethill, and Th. Prowde. Calais, 7 Sept. 1528.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add. Endd.
7 Sept.
R. O.
Wrote on the 1st. Sent with it a letter to Wolsey. Sends another by this. Has heard from Thomas Tychett of Tuke's good health, and his journey to Hampton Court. I am glad that you are with my lord Legate, as I expect to have answers from you, especially respecting money. Has heard that Sir Francis Bryan rode on Thursday last to Orleans, bearing that Campeggio would be there, as yesterday. Lautrec is dead, and the French affairs in Italy are far from prosperous. Calais, 7 Sept. 1528.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Sept.
R. O.
4706. IPSWICH.
Presents sent by various persons, among others the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, lady Oxford and Sir Philip Boothe, for a dinner given at the college. 7 Sept.
Pp. 5. Endd.
8 Sept. 4707. ST. MARY, BYLSYNGTON.
Writ to the escheator of Kent for restitution of the temporalities of the Augustine monastery of St. Mary, Bylsyngton, Canterbury dioc., on the election of John Tenterden, canon, as prior, whose fealty is to be taken by John Loff, LL.D. Hampton Court, 8 Sept.
Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
8 Sept.
R. O.
Has been several times at Peterborough, and sent many letters thither for the matter the Abbot there hath given to the buildings of your college. After much difficulty, has got it sealed this day, and now sends it under the conventual seal. Begs Wolsey's indulgence if the words are not well couched, for he was afraid to take any one to counsel in drawing it, but trusts it is sufficient in the law to bind them and their successors. Could not obtain better terms from them. Would have had 500 marks paid at All Hallowtide, and 500 at next Easter, but could not bring it to pass. Desires Wolsey to write letters of thanks to the Abbot and Prior. Cannot yet bring the matter of Spalding to pass. The Prior will not resign, though all legal means have been used. Has taken an inventory of all their goods, "bearing him on hand to be put to a coadjutor." He has promised to give answer the second day post Exaltationem Crucis. There is a rumor that the prior of Tynmoo is to be the prior, "and they do much fear that man." There will be much difficulty to bring him there. Would have written ere this, but has been troubled with sciatica, and unable to leave his chamber these fourteen days. Is now well, but dares not yet labor. Returns the congé of Spalding. The date is past. Thanks him for a mule. Ludington, 8 Sept.
Is grieved he cannot ride on the King's commissions, but hopes to perform some of them.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate.
8 Sept.
Cal. B. I. 29. B. M. St. P. IV. 509.
"The copy of the second letter sent to my lord [Northumberland] from his steward Roger Lassels, the 8th day of September."
Parliament at Edinburgh closed Saturday last. Angus and his party have been attainted on the charge of keeping the King against his will these two years. His lands have been given to the lords Bothwell, Maxwell, Buccleuch, and the sheriff of Ayr. The King selected for his trial six bishops, five earls, and others his greatest enemies. The King moves from Edinburgh to Haddington with 8,000 men to drive the Earl into England, and lay siege to Tentallon, Coperspeth (Cockburnspath), and Coldingham. The Homes have refused the Earl's lands in the Marches, to the King's great displeasure. On Saturday, 6 (fn. 3) Sept., had a visit from Angus and the abbot of Holyrood, desiring to know what the Cardinal intended; also that he might have a chamber for his daughter, and the young earl of Huntley, and the wife of Archibald Douglas to wait upon them; another chamber for himself, the abbot of Holyrood, George and Archibald Douglas. If he be driven to necessity, he wishes his friends may be sheltered at Norham till the King withdraw. Does not fear his enemies. Has consented to his desire, on condition that he do no harm to Scotland while there. The thieves on both sides of the Borders "never did steal so fast," expecting open war. If not stopped promptly it will be past redress. The King's company and the friends of Angus rob each other. Desires to know his Lord's pleasure shortly, for Angus will be driven into England on the morrow of Our Lady Day, or Thursday, at the latest. Norham, "this Lady's Day," 8 Sept.
Pp. 2. Add.: "To my lord Legate's good grace." Endd.: "From Roger Lassels, my lord of Northumberland's steward."
Was glad to learn from Wolsey's servant Forest, whom she met on Lady Day while going in procession to her parish church, that Wolsey was in good health, and none of his servants dead, though some had been sick. Begs to be informed if he catches the sweat, and she will send Hogon and William Hastingis, who will keep him "as well as is possible after the temperate fashion." Has daily experience in her house of all manner of sorts, good and bad, and none have miscarried yet. Neighbours send to her when they are ill; "and if they be sick at heart I give them triacle and water imperial," which has saved many who have swooned repeatedly, and received the Sacraments. "And divers doth swell at their stomachs, to whom I geve setwell to eat, the which driveth it away from the stomach; and the best remedy that I do know in it is to take little or no sustenance or drink unto 16 hours be past." Wolsey should not let those who have had it come near him for a week after. "Vinegar, wormwood, rosewater, and crumbs of brown bread is very good and comfortable to put in a linen cloth to smell unto your nose, so that it touch not your visage." Hears that my lord of Norfolk has had the sweat, and several in his house are dead,—through default of keeping, as she believes. Hears that the King has given the two daughters and heirs of Master Broughton, the one to Master Cheny, the other to Wallop. "My Lord, I never saw people so far out of the way in no disease as they be in this; and about 12 or 16 hours is the greatest danger. There be some that sweateth much, and some that sweateth very little, but brynneth very sore; but the greatest surety is in any wise to keep your bed 24 hours." Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
9 Sept.
R. O.
Requests to have the captainship of Norham, if given up by my lord of Northumberland. Will find good sureties for its custody; and, if he may have it for life, will engage to spend 100 marks a year for five years on its repair. This will make it so strong it will have few fellows. Few repairs have been done there since the "departure" of my lord of Durham; and, as no man was in surety to continue, the arable lands belonging to it have not been well managed. Agrees to pay, besides, the same sums of money and barrels of salmon as my lord of Northumberland. If it be objected that an officer of Berwick should not be captain of Norham, Ric. Chamley was both, and the castle was never in such good case as in his time. Berwick is more secure, having an officer who can command so many men. Berwick, 9 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace. Endd.: "Mr. Strangwise of Berwike, ixa Octobris" (sic).
10 Sept.
R. O.
The bearers, baron Hales and the King's solicitor, will tell him of the order they have taken at Guisnes. Both of them have ordered themselves wisely, and taken much pains. Calais, 10 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
10 Sept.
Vit. B. X. 109. B. M.
4713. JOHN CASALE, the Prothonotary, to WOLSEY.
Thinks Wolsey may have heard of the recent disaster to the French in the kingdom of Naples, from the ambassador sent to the king of France by the Pope. No messenger has yet brought the news from our party. Fears the defeat may have been such that they cannot send messengers. Lautrec is dead. Suspects the generals did not foresee the evils that might happen. The marquis of Saluzzo was detained by slight illness; and Guido Rangone, count Hugh de Pepulis, and the Proveditor-General of the Venetians, by severe illness. The enemy knew this, and watched their opportunity. No preparations had been made for removing the army, and everything was in confusion when the enemy attacked them. The marquis of Saluzzo went to Aversa, where the enemy besieged him with the guns they had just taken. He was obliged to surrender on a promise of safety for himself and his soldiers, on condition of procuring the surrender of the towns and castles of Naples. There are various reports. Sends the last letters he has received from Viterbo. Has advised the Signory to send St. Pôl, or some one else in authority, to collect the remains of the army. They said they would do all they could, but have yet determined on nothing; for the reports do not seem to them certain, and they fear for themselves and for the duchy of Milan, which they will gladly protect. Thinks this a more serious defeat either than the capture of the King or the sack of Rome, for the Venetians and the Pope are exhausted. Venice, 10 Sept. 1528. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
10 Sept.
Galba, B. IX. 180. B. M.
Wrote last on the 20th ult. Was sent for yesterday by the Council. Found the burgomasters and pensionaries of Antwerp making great complaints of Hackett, for having kept their burgess, Harman, so long in prison, contrary to the statutes of the town, and that the people are daily crying out for his liberation "upon caution," or for his examination. Told them that he was daily expecting to hear from the King. They have now granted him a new term of 12 days, beyond which time they cannot delay the administration of justice. Asked them to deliver Akerston and the other rebels, who have no privileges here, without delay. They answered that their offences ought to appear as clear to them as to us, without which they ought not to deliver any prisoners. Alleged that the intercourse makes no mention of giving such particular knowledge, but only that the King's letters should mention the names of those who are born in England, declaring them his fugitives, and that they should deliver them, at our costs, with sure conveyance through the Low Countries; that these acts were concluded before Harman was a burgess of Antwerp, but, even if it were of later date, no privileges can alienate him from being a subject of England. They answered that the probation ought to be before the condemnation, and that when the instructions come from England, they will make such answer that Hackett shall have no cause to complain.
There is no certain news here, but that Hoghstrate has letters from France that Mons. de Lettrecht (Lautrec) is dead of pestilence, and that St. Pôl is retiring. Has had very familiar conversation with the governor of Bresse, great master of hows[hold], who came from Bourgoigne, and departed yesterday to Seland to take ship for Spain. Finds him very honest and discreet, and that he knows the great honor, kindness and pleasure that the King and Wolsey have shown to the Emperor aforetime, which have not been recompensed as they ought to have been. Told him of the difficulty about the prisoners. He said he doubted not that, if the Emperor were here, no such difficulty would be made; he will do his best in the matter, and desired to be recommended to Wolsey. Machlyng, 13 Sept. (fn. 4)
Hoghstrat told him today at dinner that he had received letters from France that Wolsey has sent 60,000 angelots to refresh the French army at Naples against the Emperor, saying, "Ce n'est pas le vray chemyn pour garder amour et amyte intre le prynssis." Said he had not heard of it, and he thought it was a report spread by the French.
P.S.—Has received Wolsey's letter by friar West, Observant. Supposes Wolsey has received letters from Mr. Governor and friar West about the visitation of Harman's letters, but he encloses their letters to himself in case he has not heard from them.
Wished to have the four suspected letters that were found in Harman's counter, but the Council will not consent to it, saying that when he is examined, all such letters "ought to be per ... actum." 13 Sept. 1528.
The cardinal of Liege is here, and, next my Lady, may speak boldest of all in the court; yet Hoghestrat governs as he was wont to do.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.: 13 Sept.
10 Sept.
R. O.
4715. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
Has received his letters and loving counsel by Patrick Sinclair. Sends his mind at length to the King by the bearer, Lyon, herald. Hopes Wolsey will help to prove James's innocence with respect to the unkindly information made to his uncle, and solicit the speedy despatch of the bearer touching the meeting of the commissioners on the Borders for peace. Edinburgh, 10 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Sept.
R. O.
Have seen his writings sent to the King by Patrick Sinclair, which they regard as conceived of great kindness and wisdom. The King immediately called the three Estates together; and the matters against Archibald sometime earl of Angus being examined without partiality, he was found guilty, as James has written at large. Edinburgh, 10 Sept. 1528.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Sept.
R. O. St. P. IV. 505.
Has received his letters, dated Ampthill, 9 Aug., to himself and king James. Caused the letters to be delivered, hoping by his true service and offers of gifts to have obtained justice; but was the worse heard for appealing to Henry, and a "pretendit dome" has been given against him and his friends, though he never committed the crimes imputed to him, as Henry will learn by a friend of his, whom he will send after one part of this business is done. Hopes the earl of Northumberland will be instructed to receive him in England, and cause the borderers to ride with him when he commands them. Coldingham, 10 Sept. Signed.
Add. Endd.: Therle of Angwishe of the 10th of September 1528.


  • 1. Or Fisher, bishop of Rochester ?
  • 2. Wolsey ?
  • 3. An error for "5."
  • 4. See his letter of Sept. 12.