Henry VIII: February 1525, 21-28

Pages 486-502

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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February 1525

21 Feb.
R. O.
Requests him to be good lord to her servant the bearer, passing on errands to Rome. "As to furderyng of mony to Rwm for my pensyon of Morrouz (Melrose), I pray you hartly, my Lord, to helpe it to be sped, for intyl Rome ze may dw me mykyl gwd." 21 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.. "To my lord Cardinal."
21 Feb.
Vit. B. VI. 5. B. M.
1107. PACE to WOLSEY.
Since he wrote last, the Signory have every day deliberated about the answer to the Emperor's ambassadors and to him, as to sending their army to join the Emperor's; and they evidently were waiting for news from Rome, which arrived on the 19th at night. In the morning Fole ... the Pope's ambassador here, went to the Senate with a brief, dated the day that Clerk and Sir Greg. Casale had audience of the Pope. Had answer this morning that the Pope informed them he wished to bring the armies to an agreement, and had sent the archbishop of Capua to Lombardy for that purpose; he desired the Signory to aid in that object, and cause solemn processions to be made through their lands for peace, as he would do in his; and told them they would disturb the peace if they sent out their army. He has spoken thus ever since his new amity with France. They said, also, that if they sent out their army, it could not be without the French king's know- ledge, who might, in a fury, attack the Emperor's army before theirs joined it; and if he defeated it, they would lose all their dominion.
Answered that the Pope acted like a good father in trying to procure peace, and that our princes were as desirous of peace as he, if a just peace could be obtained, which he thought could not be done by suddenly sending the Archbishop into Lombardy, without knowledge of the princes' minds, or commissions from them. To the other point, it was not likely that the French king would attack the Emperor's army, as he has so long abstained, and as he has lost, since the Emperor's army left Laude, 5,000 or 6,000 men, counting the Grisons. Asked them, therefore, to consider again, and to remember their confederation with the Emperor.
Had no reply to this but shrinking of shoulders after the Italian manner. The Pope and they are both in great fear of the success of the battle, and therefore labor to prevent it. The Signory say they are content to keep their army on the confines of Milan, and pay all the expences to which they are bound, but that a battle is not to their purpose; they would rather consume the French king by necessity; and say they hear that he cannot continue the war. The practices of Rome are so joined with theirs that a better answer cannot be expected unless the Pope change his opinion, which is not likely. Has not heard from Clerk, but knows by other letters that the Pope's answer to him was only fair and general words. He and the Emperor's ambassadors are compelled to give the Signory more fair words, and dissemble what they might reasonably speak, to avoid the ruin of the Emperor's affairs. Venice, 21 Feb.
The Signory hear that since the conclusion of the league, the Emperor tries to make his brother or Bourbon duke of Milan, which is one cause of their conduct, though they do not speak of it. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
22 Feb.
Vit. B. VII. 59. B. M.
1108. PACE to [WOLSEY].
Last night late, when he had completed his former letters, ready to send, he received one from Clerk, dated 17th and 18th inst., saying that he had declared to the Pope the contents of Wolsey's letters, and asked him to send a brief hither, as Pace wished, only to intimate that it would not be unpleasant to him if the Se[ignory] observe their league with the Emperor. This his Holiness refuses, and denies that he has made any practice here, or written, which he cannot do unless the brief is proved false. He has ordered his ambassador to speak to Pace on the subject. Can get from Rome for the King only words and colors; all effects are in favor of France. Clerk knows that the ambassador here has spoken in favor of France in the Senate, not without commission from Rome, but ma ... without the Pope's knowledge, by which Wolsey may see the crafty dealing in these parts. Supposes Clerk has written of the honorable entertainment of Albany at Rome, and that the Pope will not stop his going to Naples, unless the Imperialists leave Lombardy to Francis. Venice, 22 Feb. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
On Feb. 20, signor Alexander Be ... captain general of the duke of Milan, attacked lord John Lewis Palavicine, who was sent by Francis into the territory of Cremona with 2,000 foot and 200 light horse, at Casale, by the Po. All the French were slain and drowned. Palavicine was taken prisoner, and another great rebel was mortally wounded.
John de Medicis, after losing many men by a sally from Pavia, was wounded by a hand gun, and lies in Placence in danger of his life. Many of the captains in Pavia have met Bourbon, the Viceroy, and the marquis of Pescara, and determined on shortly attempting a secret feat. The Imperialists have taken from the French a passage named Stratello, of great importance for conducting victuals. When the Grisons left the French, one banner remained, which was attacked by some Spaniards and Almains, totally destroyed, and their captain taken. The Swiss banners have left the camp, and the rest mean to follow, if there is not a battle soon. The marquis of Pescara has taken a bastion adjoining the King's strength, which was defended by three banners, 500 of whom were killed, and the Swiss dared not come to rescue them.
(In Pace's hand, in Latin.) The Imperialists have every one against them in Italy, but God for their protector. The French are in difficulties. God might give them the victory, but no human means could.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
22 Feb.
Acts of Parl. of Sc. II. 288.
Edinburgh, 15 February: The King confirmed certain grants to Sir Jas. Hamilton of Fynnart, made in the previous session.
22nd February: Lords of the articles chosen. The Queen demanded instruments of their consent to the articles sent to her by them, and promised they should be ratified in this Parliament, &c. Enacted that the King be removed from Edinburgh castle to the abbey, where he had been placed for surety. Six or eight Lords to be chosen to have disposal of benefices. Persons to be chosen by the Council "to vaik" daily and nightly with the King. The Queen to resort to him at pleasure, provided he be not removed from the realm. Proclamation to be made on the borders that no one possess merchandise in England. All gifts of the King's property since his "coming forth of the castle of Stirling" to be null. That, as the Council, or the lieges in Edinburgh, may be troubled by "evil avisit persons" in the Castle by shot of gun, the captain of Edinburgh castle suffer no guns to be shot forth of it to the danger of the lieges, and none of the artillery or powder to be removed.
Summonses of treason declared untrue:—1. Against James earl of Blerton 28 March, 9 James V. (1522), for resetting David Hume and his brothers, and supporting Gawin bishop Dunkeld in his treasonable passing into England. 2. Against Archibald earl of Angus, John earl of Lennox, and others, for coming to Edinburgh by night, as it was only to offer their service to the King.
22 Feb.
R. O.
He is to show Albany her good will to him and to the kingdom of France. Though she has sent ambassadors from herself and her son to England, she will do nothing without comprehending France. She wishes to know his intention towards her, and what aid he will give her. He must ask the Duke to request the king of France to support her, if she takes his part against England. She has never intended to make an appointment with Angus. If the king of England helps him, she will take part with France against them; but if France wishes to have her and her son on their side, they must support them. Will prevent any peace being made till she hears from Cantely. England is working to reconcile Angus with her. If she were separated from him, she could do more against him. Would rather leave the country than agree with him. If the Duke will assist her, will promise to take his part against all except her son. Wishes the Duke to keep this secret, and not to allow her letters to be sent into England, as has been done formerly with letters in her own hand. Besides these points, he can tell the Duke what he thinks good. Edinburgh, 22 Feb.
Fr., pp. 2. Endd.: Double de la credence de la Royne, et memoire de Mr. John Cantely.
22 Feb.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 33.
Copy of the treaty for the restitution of Tournay, made at London, 9 Nov. 1518.
"Collatio fit cum originali die xviiia mensis Julii, a.d. 1519, &c.
"Collatio præsentis copiæ, &c. ab originali in camera compotorum Dom. nostri Regis, &c., 22 Feb. 1524. Chevalier."
(See Rym. XIII. 659.)
22 Feb.
Calig. B. II. 59. B. M. St. P. IV. 325.
On the coming of Angus and Lennox, St. Andrew's and the other Lords, to Edinburgh, they made proclamations of the cause of their coming, and gave sore injunctions to the Lords in the Castle that no artillery should be shot, else their lands and their friends would be made responsible. None was therefore fired, though five brass cannons and other "fawcons" were bent upon the town. The Queen sent her steward to Magnus, offering to take Angus into favor, if she might be sure of preserving her authority. Has conferred with Angus on the subject, who, by advice of the archbishop of St. Andrew's, desired her to put her pleasure in writing. She afterwards sent through Magnus a letter to the Lords, delivered on the 17th, and received an answer; of both which he sends copies. On the 17th, received the King's and Wolsey's letters to himself, the Queen, archbishop of St. Andrew's and others, which he had some difficulty in delivering, as the arrival of Sir Chr. Dacre's servant with the letters was known to the watch about the town and castle, and created jealousy on both sides.
The Queen accepts the King's letters "in reasonable good part." The Lords are most grateful to Henry. On the 17th, Cassillis and Eglinton came out of the Castle on assurance, to commune with the Lords in the town, and leave was obtained for all the Lords in the Castle to come into the town freely. Thus the King and Wolsey have, partly through Magnus, established an agreement, which was concluded yesterday, the 21st. Encloses the articles.
Has not yet received Wolsey's letter in cipher. Sent to Hexham to Sir Chr. Dacre for it four days ago. Sends copy of the Acts of the last Parliament, by which the Queen justifies her demands. Explains the different motives of each of the Queen's party. Thinks her power likely to be restrained. Hopes a good peace between the realms will be the first thing attended to. St. Andrew's is writing to Wolsey. Finds him well inclined to peace, if supported by Henry against Albany's resentment. He is grieved that the archbishop of Glasgow should have got himself exempted from the see of St. Andrew's through the King's procurator at Rome, as he is informed.
Wolsey will see by "the articles of the conclusion of the great business," how the Queen wavers. She will probably take counsel before Whitsunday what to do, trusting to get a divorce from Angus, through Mr. Cantelay, who has left to go to the French king, Albany, and Rome. Wolsey will see how Angus stands bound to the Queen; nevertheless he made protest previously that he was only bound subject to the king of England's consent. The Queen yesterday was satisfied, but now there is some variance. Edinburgh, 22 Feb. Signed.
Calig. B. III. 104. B. M. St. P. IV. 326, note. 1114. QUEEN MARGARET and ANGUS.
1. [Queen Margaret] to the bishops of St. Andrew's and Aberdeen, the earl of Argyle, &c.
Wrote to them, when they were at Dalkeith, that if they wished her to agree with Angus, she desired to have her authority secured. Requests, 1, to have the keeping of her son's person, with such noblemen as they shall appoint with her advice; 2, to have uncontrolled disposal of benefices under 1,000l. a year, and the principal voice, with the advice of the Lords that are most noble, as to those above; 3, wards, marriages, and reliefs to be disposed of by her principally; 4, that she be principal in all great matters between realm and realm, and in the disposal of great offices. On these conditions she agrees to receive Angus into favor. Desires credence for Dr. Magnus.
Copy by Magnus. Endd.: "A."
Calig. B. III. 103. B. M. St. P. IV. 326, note. 2. Answer of my lords of St. Andrew's, Aberdeen, Argyle, and others to the Queen's demands:—
1. They consent that the Queen be "one principal" with a Council of Lords about the King's person, provided he be removed from Edinburgh Castle. 2 and 3. Agreed to. 4. All great matters to be ordered by the Council, of which the Queen shall be one when she is pleased to be present. 5. They are willing to give her a pledge for the ratification of these things by Parliament. Signed by the above three Lords, in name of the others, now present in Edinburgh.
Endd.: "B."
Calig. B. III. f. 102. B. M. St. P. IV. 328, note. 3. "Thir ar the offeris of the Lordis maid to the Quenis grace after th'ansuer made afore."
1. That the King be removed from the Castle to the Abbey. 2. Benefices to be disposed of by six or eight Lords appointed by the three Estates, the Queen being with them as "principal and odd person;" those not elective under 1,000l. to be at the Queen's sole disposal. 3. A Council to be about the King, chosen by the three Estates, the Queen being principal keeper: the King not to be taken out of the realm on pain of treason. 4. Grants made by the Queen to be ratified in this Parliament. 5. Angus to be bound not to interfere with the Queen's person, goods or lands till Whitsunday.
The Lords bind themselves to ratify the above in Parliament; except the last articles in which Angus binds himself.
Endd.: "C."
The submission of Sir Rob. Constable, of Flaymburgh, Yorksh., to the award of the King and his Council touching his riotous taking and carrying off of Anne Grysacre, daughter of Edward Grysacre, and the King's ward under age, whom he took from the house of Ralph Rokysby, and contracted to _ (fn. 1) Constable, his son (?).
Corrected draft, pp. 4.
23 Feb.
Add. M.S. 15,387, f. 157. B. M. Theiner, p. 548.
Asks the Pope to grant the request of the Scotch king for the promotion of Robert Schawe to the bishopric of Moray, and of John Hamilton to the abbacy of Paisley. London, 23 Feb. 1524.
Lat., pp. 5, copy.
23 Feb.
R. O.
Has lately been with the dean of York by commission at Richmond for the assessing of certain lords. Lord Dacre was not present, being in London. Lord Clifford's lands were diminished by as much as his mother-in-law hath, 149l.; Lord Conyers' lands, by 300l., his mother's jointure and dowry, and by an annuity of 66l. 13s. 4d., which he says the King has in his own hands. He says also that Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam has 50l. 10s., the half of 101l. which his father had. Sends a list of the clergy in his diocese to be assessed for the subsidy this year, signed and sealed by himself; a certificate of the value of all lands, spiritual and temporal, and all manner of profits, for the first year of the subsidy, and another for this second year, in which he does not ask allowance for 5l. spent in repairs of his decayed mansions, and in ditching, quicksetting, and other defences about the house. The book with Wolsey's commission was delivered to him on Candlemas day, on which day his certificate would have been before Wolsey. Though in the extreme parts of the realm, "yet, on my fidelity, there is no day but I think of your Grace, and not many nights but I dream of your Grace. I write in faith, without flattery." Will come and see him in London soon after Easter. Desires to be recommended to the King. "From my poor Castle of the Roose," 23 Jan. (fn. 2)
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
24 Feb.
Cleopatra, F. II. 203. B. M. Fiddes, p. 177. Strype's Mem. vol. I. part II. App. p. 47.
Jane Roper, widow and executrix of John Roper, (fn. 3) is called to appear before Wolsey's commissaries at York Place, touching the validity of the will, and her rights as executrix. This cause was called before the commissaries deputed to examine such testamentary causes as concern the prerogative. The widow thinks she might have had justice done by Wolsey's commissaries and Warham's, and complains that she is again called before others. It is suggested that if Wolsey call all testamentary causes before special commissaries, the prerogative will be extinguished. Jane Roper desires nothing more than to be acknowledged his executrix. I would your Grace knew what rumour and obloquy is, both in this part and also in London, that no testament can take effect otherwise than your Grace is content; and it hath openly been showed me by divers men that it is a great trouble, vexation and inquieting to be called afore your Grace's commissaries and mine, and also to be called afore your Grace's special commissaries in your said chapel, or other where, at your Grace's pleasure." Many say it was a great oversight in me to make such a composition with you as has caused so much inconvenience to others. I beg this matter may be deferred till after Easter, when I will wait upon you; and I doubt not we shall find means to avoid these inconveniences. "I write plainly to your Grace, for I know right well your Grace will be best content with true and plain dealing." Charing, 24 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
24 Feb.
R. O.
On Thursday, 23 Feb., about 2 p.m., lord Bevers arrived here, and wishes to cross as soon as wind and weather will permit. Wrote before, but thinks this letter will arrive as soon as the former, for nothing has been able to cross. He came hither sooner than he had fixed. Tomorrow, Sunday, (fn. 4) he intends to ship his horses and baggage. He has with him 50 horses and 54 persons, many being gentlemen; but whether they will all cross, Berners does not know. Has written to the mayor of Dover to send any of the King's ships of war that may be there. Berners says he has ordered five Flemish ships of war to come, but they have not yet done so. Calais, Friday (corrected from Saturday), 24 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
24 Feb.
Hall's Chron. p. 693. (fn. 5)
"To advertise you of my unfortunate chance. Nothing is left but the honor and the life that is saved; and because some other news shall recomfort you, I have desired to write to you this letter, the which liberally hath been granted to me, beseeching you to regard the extremity of yourself, in ensuing your accustomed wisdom. For I hope that at length God will not forget me; to you recommending your little infants and mine, supplying you to give safe-conduct, to pass and return from Spain, to this bearer that goeth toward the Emperor, to know in what wise I shall be intreated; and thus right humbly to your good Grace I have me recommended. This subscribed by your humble and obedient son,
24 Feb.
Vit. B. VII. 64. B. M. Captivité, p. 66.
1121. [LANOY] to HENRY VIII.
Sends the seigneur ... to tell him that the French king has today been defeated, and is his prisoner. All the gentlemen with him are either killed or prisoners. The camp of the Emperor at St. Pol near P[avia], 24 Feb. 1525. (fn. 6)
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
24 Feb.
R. O.
1122. ITALY.
News from Italy, brought by a merchant of good estate and reputation, and devoted to the duke of Milan, now staying at Antwerp.
Has received letters from Milan of the 22nd Feb., stating that the French army is at Biagrasso, in great distress. Unless succored from France and Switzerland, they will be compelled to fight, and will be undoubtedly defeated. The duke of Milan, with 3,000 Milanese nobles and others, is with the army, which is close to the enemy. John de Medicis has crossed the Ticino to cut off the enemy from their supplies. He, the marquis of Pescara, and the duke of Urbino are in the vanguard, Bourbon and Milan in the centre, and the viceroy of Naples in the rear. The French boast that they and the Scots have made a treaty with England.
A letter from Mantua, of the 24th Feb., states that the camp at Cremona was surrendered to the duke of Milan on the 22nd, for want of victuals.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
24 Feb.
Vit. B. VII. 61. B. M. Bucholtz., (fn. 7) IX. 1.
"[Copie d'une] lectre escrite [en Allemand] a monsr. larchiducq par mess[ire George] de Frandsbourg capne general des lant[sknechs] estans en Ytalye pour lempereur cont[enant une] declaracion de la bataille faicte deva[nt la ville de] Pavye le jour St. Mathias xxiiije de Febvrier xvc xxiiij."
On leaving Lodes on the xxii[ii.] Jan., lodged with the whole army at Moran [Marignan], then at Capien and other places near. Several skirmishes took place. Meanwhile bridges of boats were being prepared. 3 Feb. approached the French camp, one side of whose park was in a plain, which they began to fortify, for fear of its being assaulted. The garrison sent them a letter in cipher, to say that they were not to run any risk by assaulting the French, as there was no need to hasten.
In answer to a request of the Imperialists, they sent Waldensteyn, a capt. of lanzknechts, to deliberate, and it was concluded that battle should be given the next day; that of the garrison a few foot should be left in the castle, and about 200, with some of the townsmen, posted on the walls; that the army should fire two guns when ready to attack, and they would give a similar sign, that they might meet "en la posses de Mirabelo dudict parcq." (fn. 8) Begged the garrison not to put themselves into too great danger.
About midnight the Imperialists began to make preparations. The baggage was sent to the rear to one side of the park. Appointed 2,000 lanzknechts and 1,000 Spaniards, dressed in white shirts, to go before, who, after taking the wall of the park, were to assault the French men-at-arms "estans la * * * ... gaign ... la dite mura[ille] qui estoit plus forte que ne [pensions,] ... laube du jour se leva, a cause de quoy l[emprinse] desdictz avant courreurs fust rompue et app[erceu] par lesdicts gensdarmes Franchoys qui se retiroy[ent] vers les aultres Franchoys pour se mettre en battaille e ... ordonnance." Immediately advanced against them, the light horse being with the vanguard, then the artillery and Marck Stick van Emps with his lanzknechts, with Frandsbourg's lieutenant Warnauer and 12 ensigns as a reserve; on Van Emps' right the chief body of Spaniards, and behind him Frandsbourg with his lanzknechts. The artillery was stopped, and the two signal guns were fired; and immediately a messenger came to Van Emps from the marquis of Pescara, who was with the vanguard, saying that he must march on hastily, and wait no longer, but Frandsbourg was to wait with the artillery till it was ready to proceed. While trying to get it over a ditch, some peasants and oxen were killed by the French horse, and they therefore left it "derriere aulcunes pieches." Notwithstanding this, [I returned to Van Emps]. The enemy [shot] their artillery at [my] band, as they had done at his. The French king then came out with all his men-at-arms, light horse, Swiss and lanzknechts. The artillery being in front shot terribly, but did not do much damage. As the garrison had not yet arrived, and the French horse were far the more numerous, sent 1,500 Spanish hackbutmen to help the horse, and Frandsbourg drew towards the left towards Van Emps, who was marching against the French. Met and defeated a party of French lanzknechts, taking some of their artillery. The French men-at-arms, attacked by our horse and hackbutmen, retreated, throwing the Swiss into confusion, who were also soon defeated. The troops from the town sallied out, and attacked the Gascons and French lanzknechts, and plundered the tents. The horse pursued eagerly until they came to the King, who was behaving as valiantly as possible, but to no purpose, on account of the crowd. His horse being wounded by count Nicholas de Stien, and he knocked down under it, he surrendered to the Viceroy in the name of the Emperor. Most of the pr[inces] and gentlemen of France were taken, and about 10,000 men killed. It has been a wonderful victory, as the French were considered to be far the more numerous. Have lost only 400 or 500 men.
Have gained 32 great guns. Took prisoners 4,000 Swiss, whom they released, and a great number of lanzknechts, whose captains, Langheman and Blanche Rose, were killed. 26 captains of the Swiss were killed, and two taken. (fn. 9)
Fr., mutilated, pp. 5.
B. VII. 80. B. M.
1124. PAVIA.
Pavia having been long besieged, it was determined by the Imperialists to attack the camp with rams and artillery. On the 24th, before daybreak, the army was divided into three parts. Three thousand German and Spanish foot were sent forward to take the wall and proceed to the "Mirabel," which the King held with some men-at-arms and foot. The second body was immediately sent to attack the men-at-arms and Swiss, who were a little below on the left, near a thick wood. This band seemed much too few for an equal combat with the French, but it was large enough to divide the French, and prevent their assisting each other until the rest and greater part of the army came up. This division marched straight to the camp. The French artillery did more harm than can be easily believed. The Imperialists turned to flee, but the marquis of Pescara sent to the Viceroy, who came to their aid with his cavalry, and the attack was renewed with greater spirit than before. The Spanish hackbutmen, who were dispersed for the purpose of doing more execution, assembled again and attacked the Swiss, whose disgraceful flight was suddenly followed by that of the cavalry. Meanwhile the garrison of Pavia made a sally, and attacked the French foot, routing them with the assistance of their artillery. It is thought that 4,000 were killed in the battle, and as many during the flight drowned in the Ticino. It is said that 2,000 Swiss and 1,000 horse have escaped towards Milan. The nobles are nearly all killed or taken. Some say the King could have escaped if he had wished. His horse was knocked down, and he received two wounds in the hand and the face. There is a discussion as to his captor. There are some who claim him as theirs, showing his sword and his gauntlet. He was pulled off his horse by the helmet, but the Viceroy, hastening to him, lifted him up respectfully, and freed him from the crowd of soldiers. The names of the prisoners are the King, the king of Navarre, Memorancy. (fn. 10)
Lat., pp. 3.
24 Feb.
R. O.
Mem. That Sir John Hussey claims as due to him from lord Mountegle, 24 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII., 400l. In payment of which Laurence Starkey and Ric. Banke will pay him 66l. 13s. 4d. at the feast of Vincula Sci. Petri, and 33l. 13s. 4d. at Candlemas, Lammas, Christmas and at Vincula 1527. The remaining 200l. is to be paid by those who have the marriage of my Lord. For these sums they are to have the lands in farm, with all other ferms and advantages, the benefice of Melling, &c., during my Lord's nonage.
P. 1.
25 Feb.
Lettere di Principi, I. 149 b.
1126. _ to _
It is reported that the Genoese, after the rout of their land forces and the loss of some vessels, on the approach of the French, resolved to defend themselves and be governed as a republic. Account of the battle of Pavia between the Spaniards and French on the 24th Feb., and of the capture of Francis, who was wounded in the hand and face, his horse being killed under him. From Rome it was reported that the duke of Albany had a slight attack of illness, and that the Pope had showed him so much honor as to offend the Imperialists. The Duke departed from Rome on the 17th, having confessed and communicated, but did not proceed far, because he was awaiting the issue of affairs in Lombardy. 25 Feb. 1524.
26 Feb.
Galba, B. VIII. 160. B. M. Ellis, 1 Ser. I. 257.
A battle was fought on the 24th inst. at the 18th hour, more Italico, at Sanctus Angelus, near Pavia, between the armies of the Emperor and the king of France, who was defeated and taken prisoner by De la Mota, maitre d'hotel of the duke of Bourbon. 14,000 French were slain. The bearer will tell him more. Inspruck, 26 Feb. 1525. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Feb.
R. O.
This Sunday, 26 Feb., received Wolsey's letter to himself and lord Sandys, dated at Bridewell the 20th. Lord Bevers had come before it arrived. Received him as well as they could, and are detaining him by various devices. He dined today with Berners and all the gentlemen here, and tomorrow will dine with the Lieutenant of the Castle. Sandys will obey Wolsey's orders about keeping company with him till he comes to London. Has written to Dover for ships to fetch him. Thinks the wind is keeping them in the Cambre. Sandys will write to Wolsey as soon as he arrives at Dover. Encloses a copy of a letter in cipher he received today out of France from Hector, to whom he has paid a new month's wages. Asks that the sum may be allowed to him as it was to Sir Ric. Wingfield when deputy, for he is as badly off as any who have been here before him. Calais, 20 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
27 Feb.
Calig. B. I. 77. B. M.
A ship arrived from France, 10 or 12 days ago, with one Gosailis, servant of the duke of Albany, who brought letters to various persons in Scotland. This will be little for the good of England. Is certain Albany regrets his departure. Dunbar Castle is well fortified and victualled "as ever was ony in ye yile of Bartane. The said lord takkes plane part with the frier yat seyks pensyoun apon my benefice of Dunkeld and seis largislie yat I sall repent yat evir I zeid yat gait in Ingland." Wolsey must take measures accordingly for the protection of the young King. The Lords of this realm are agreed. Edinburgh, "this penult. day" of February.
Add.: "To ane maist Rev. fad. in God archbp. of York and Durham, chancellor & legat of al Inglande."
P. 1.
27 Feb.
R. O.
Since the departure of the bastard Du Reux, by whom he has informed her of the successes in Italy, Bloix, who was present at the battle, has arrived bringing the same news as Du Reulx. He saw the French king a captive, in the hands of the Viceroy and Bourbon. He does not know how many were killed, as he left during the pursuit. Ysproug, 27 Feb. 1525.
Fr., p. 1, copy.
28 Feb.
Vit. B. VII. 66. B. M.
1131. CLERK to [WOLSEY].
For two days there has been a rumor of the defeat of the French, and capture of the King, without great effusion of blood on either side; but as accounts differ, leaves it for Casale to declare, who has today gone to the Viceroy by Clerk's advice. He has behaved very well, and as he is one of themselves they believe him here when he speaks of the King's virtues, much more than they would a stranger. As he will pass by the Emperor's agents he will hear what progress they make, and what they think best to be done; and he will also declare Clerk's communications with the Pope, having been present. The Pope and others seemed to fear the Spaniards by reason of their success. The Emperor's agents, by Clerk's advice, have therefore declared to him that they will be more obedient to him and stick faster to him than ever; and to comfort him the more, Clerk told them in his presence that it was their duty so to do, and if they did otherwise the King would interpose on his behalf, usque ad effusio[nem sanguinis] et spiritus. For this his Holiness thanked Clerk heartily.
Many here are right glad of the overthrow of the French, but sorry to be left a prey to the Spaniards, who for their cruelty are most hated of all nations. As the King is the only stay to their insolence, all their hope and comfort is in him; and if it were not for him, the Pope and other Italian powers would combine to defend themselves as well as they could; which would give the Emperor enough to do here for many months, and perhaps prevent him from continuing the enterprise in France, for which a chance like this would never occur again. Thought, therefore, it was necessary to keep the Pope in some hope of the King, and to try to establish matters between the Emperor and the Italian powers, who seem likely to follow the Pope. His Holiness has sent to his nuncio with the Swiss the bishop of Veruli, and, fearing chances, is spreading a report that he is raising men there. Has, therefore, told him, and the ambassadors of other powers, that he has communicated with the Emperor's ambassadors, who will be contented with reason, and intend to make peace in Italy that they may the better attend to France; that the King and Emperor have long expected such a victory, and have already determined what to do; that the King will not allow the Emperor to make any changes in Italy, but that the duke of Milan, the Venetians, Florentines and others shall possess their own. This being specially declared by Master Gregory has comforted many, not because he speaks more fervently than Clerk, but because he is of their own nation. He has behaved very wisely and discreetly.
The Emperor's agents have spoken to the Pope and Clerk for a defensive and offensive league between his Holiness, the Emperor and the King, not mentioning any one else, like the league between Leo and the Emperor, which the King entered. The Pope is not greatly discontented therewith, but wishes the Italian powers, especially the Venetians, to be included. To this the Emperor's ambassador will not consent; but Clerk has told him that to refuse it would make people suspect that he means to break with the Venetians. Told them that they should now most attend to the enterprise of France, as well for the benefit of the King and Bourbon, as of the E[mperor], who might have a far better part in France than was thought. As to the Venetians, who doubtless had offended, there were many ways for them to make amends,—as by paying ready money and contributing to the enterprise, which the Pope thinks reasonable, and will undertake for them to do. If they continue the war in Italy, it will be endless, as all the Venetian cities are str[onger] than Pavia, and all of them able to keep out a great army for many months; and, besides, the country is such that a small army acting on the defensive can keep out of the danger of a large army. This is the cause why wars in Lombardy are immortal, as has been lately seen; for though good fortune has helped the Imperialists, it was against reason of good war, and for very shame that they had kept idle so long, and because they had no money to continue any longer; if they had, they would never have risked attacking a superior enemy in their strength.
Has told the Emperor's ambassadors that it would be foolish to tempt God again, when there is no like cause of despair, and that their best course is to attend wholly to France, which settled, Venetian matters would be much easier. Told them to follow the Pope's example, who has refused the Viceroy's offer of turning the whole army against the duke of Ferrara, because he sees the chance of gaining France, when he could take Ferrara "withe a whitt rode;" but now that French matters are not all clear, the Duke might resist for a long time. All these matters Casale and he have sundry times debated with the Emperor's ambassadors, saying that without special commission he will never move the Pope to any but a universal league, and one that will rid them of all manner of business in Italy, for that is the only way to attain the long-desired purpose in France, which once attained all other matters must needs succeed. Does not know what they will do, for the Viceroy has as yet sent no resolution. The Pope has declared his mind to Casale, who will inform Wolsey thereof. Is much importuned for the King's money; thinks after such a victory that the King must keep his promise. Has a letter of every exchange, and, if the merchants will deliver it upon them, will do the best he can, putting the los[s] ... to the receivers. Fears the merchants will do nothing without the return of all their letters. Rather than fail, will bind himself in a good sum that they shall have them by a certain day. Asks Wolsey to send them. He must provide for my lord of St. John's and Fer[mer's] money.
Albany is in evil case; for the Columneisis, who have spent much money by reason of his expedition, intend to take h[im]; and cardinal Columpna says he has sent to his castles hereabouts, and the Duke cannot escape except by sea; and that he has written to the Emperor's agents at Jean to lay wait for him at sea. Rome, 28 Feb.
Sure word has come that the French king is taken, and an infinite number of his nobility; among them the king of Navarre, and La Rosa Blancha, Edmund de la Pole's brother, whom they call the king of Scots, to make up the trinity of kings taken in the field. There are slain the Grand Master, the Admiral, La Tremoyle, La Palice, D'Aubigny, and De le Scu. Almost all the nobles are either taken or slain. The King was taken in flight four miles from his camp. He is now in the Castle of Cremona. He yielded to the Emperor, and was taken by the Viceroy. Gregory leaves tomorrow. Signed.
Pp. 12, the last paragraph holograph; mutilated.
28 Feb.
R. O.
Received with Wolsey's other letters one to Lallemande, with a proxy, which he delivered. He was glad Wolsey thus remembered him, and is now writing to him. Asks that Wyat may pay 600 ducats at 4s. 6d., which Sampson was obliged to borrow from one Maliarde here. If it is not paid now, they will largely extend their interest, as he is bound by cambeo and recambeo. Has only received 2,300 ducats from Wolsey since he came,—2½ years ago. Whatever de Rieulx said in England, he very soon told Sampson that John Joachin's being there had greatly hindered the Emperor's affairs, by the report spread by the French that the King had made an appointment with them. Has omitted nothing that Wolsey commanded him to say in this matter. They are now talking about the Chancellor of the duke of Alençon, who, they say, is sent by the French king's mother as ambassador. Some would not wish Wolsey to be the chief means of a good peace, that they might have the honor of it themselves, while others wish well to Wolsey.
Was with the Emperor, Feb. 13, to ask that the King might know his pleasure speedily, for he had given him the writing on the 6th. He said he would send it, and had delayed it because he was only just recovering his health; but Sampson thinks he wishes to wait for news of success in Italy. He said also that he believes Wolsey loves him, and that he trusts him no less than his own Council; but he knows him to be choleric, and that for that reason he speaks "sometimes the more largely," but that it comes of a kind and loving mind. Assured him that Wolsey, in dealing with the common enemy, would have as much regard for his as for his master's honor. The Chancellor told him that De Rieux was displeased because he had not spoken to the King. Told the Emperor of the proxy sent to Lallemande, saying that the Cardinal would rather entrust the Emperor's servants with his affairs than any others, and asking him to allow Lallemand to accept the commission. Did this by Lallemand's advice, and thought that he could then make his suits to the Emperor the more boldly when necessary. Charles consented, saying he was glad any of his servants could help Wolsey. Congratulated him on his recovery. He said he had three times escaped the old quartan; and lately, when he had a double quartan, the last three were very slight, and the last he scarcely felt. De Rieux told him the same that the Chancellor had previously, and that the Pope said to him that he was of necessity forced to provide for himself, for he perceived that others of the Emperor's chief friends were going to do the same, as the king of England was practising with a Frenchman. He said also, "as a man sore moved against Joachin, that the villain was lodged in the same chamber where the Emperor was lodged at his being there." With this exception he made a good report.
Encloses Lallemand's letter. Of all people in the world, these men need authority, "and if it be such as may do them good or ill, they will rather kiss his feet than discontent him, and else they nothing esteem him." Madrid, the last day of Feb.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
28 Feb.
Vesp. C. XIII. 333. B. M.
Has received his proxy for the pensions of Palence and Badajoz. Wishes to know if the late bishop of Badajoz's brother, Bernard de Mesa, owes him anything. The bishop of Palencia is in arrears, owing to Wolsey's not having pursued his claim. The archbishop of Toledo promises payment in a few days. Madrid, last day of Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "Mons. le Legat et lieutenant-general d'Angleterre."
R. O.
Annual value, moieties, and fifths of all livings in the said archdeaconry above 8l., with the names of the incumbents; taken February 1524[–5.]
Sum total of the fifth part of the subsidy, 438l. 6s. 11¼d.
Signed by Thomas Dalby.
Preceded by a certificate from Dalby to Wolsey on parchment, dated 24 Jan. 1524[–5,] stating that he had made inquisition in conformity with Wolsey's mandate of 31 Aug. 1523.
Pp. 24.
R. O.
Grant by Wolsey (cardinal legate of Clement VII., bishop of Durham, &c.), as abbot of St. Alban's, to John Seyntclere, of the keepership of the manor of Tyteinanger, Herts, with 4d. a day.
Lat., corrected draft, pp. 2. Endd.
Feb./GRANTS. 1136. GRANTS in FEBRUARY 1525.
1. John Hall. Wardship of Wm. s. and h. of John Vavasor. Del. Westm., 1 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
1. Isabella Lowe. Pardon for alienating parts of the manors of Oxston, Chilwell, Adenbrough, and Bylbrough, and lands in Trowell, Ratclyff on Trent, Colson Bassett, Codgrave, Whiteley, Northleverton, Southleverton, Lewton. Herdeby, Muskam, Hampsall, Bramcote, and Stapulford, Notts, Langley and Hassok Lane, Derby, to Sir Edw. Willoughby, John Porte, and Ralph Sacheverell, who re-granted the premises to Isabella, with remainder to Wm. Sacheverell and Mary Lowe, and contingent remainder to the right heirs of Isabella. Westm., 1 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
1. Devon: Com. to Gilbert Seyntclere, Chas. Faryngdon, and Thos. Hatche, to make inquisition p.m. on the possessions and heir of Edw. Elyot; the inquisition before John Braton, Walter Alford, and John Coke, finding that the said Edw. had been seized of land in Wolley or Wolveley, which he held as of the manor of Bovytracy, belonging to the barony of Burstaple [Barnstaple], parcel of the duchy of Exeter; being insufficient. Westm., 1 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26d.
2. Commission of the Peace.
Essex: Thos. card. of York, C. bp. of London, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Thos. marquis of Dorset, John earl of Oxford, Hen. earl of Essex, John abbot of Colchester, Thos. prior of St. John's of Jerusalem in England, Thos. lord Roos, Rob. Radclyff lord Fitzwauter, John lord Marney, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Thos. Tyrell lord Hern, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, sen., Sir Ric. Fitzlewes, Sir Roger Wentworth, Sir John Grene, Sir Geoffrey Gatys, Sir Thos. Tey, Sir Giles Capell, Sir John Reynsford, Rob. Norwich, Humph. Broun, Brian Tuke, Humph. Wyngfeld, Thos. Bonham, John Barett, Wm. Pyrton, John Seyntclere, John Broun, Edw. Tyrell, John Smyth, Hen. Torell, Edw. Hales, John Josselyn, Walt. Frost, Thos. Audeley, Wm. Bradbury, Barth. Prows, Peter Baron. Westm., 2 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
4. Commission of the Peace.
Bucks: Thos. card. of York, J. bp. of Lincoln, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir Andrew Wyndesore, Sir Wm. Gascoigne, Sir Francis Brian, Sir John Mordaunt, Sir Wm. Rede, Sir Edw. Donne, Sir John Hampden, Sir Ralph Verney, jun., Geo. Throgmerton, John Cheyny, Wm. Bulstrode, John Baldewyn, Thos. Hampden, Thos. Darell, Rog. Gifford, Ric. Hampden, Wm. Lane, Wm. Marshall, Edm. Pekham. Westm., 4 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
5. Walter Blunt. Lease of the agistment of animals in the park of Elmeley Lovett, parcel of Warwickslands, Worc.; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 10s., and 10s. of increase. Del. Westm., 5 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
5. Laurence Hyll, merchant tailor, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Del. Westm., 5 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Fr., m. 4.
6. Edm. Knevett, sergeant of the King's gate ("serviens noster ad portas"). To be receiver of the lordship of Denbigh, N. Wales, vice John à Pylleston. Del. Westm., 6 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
7. Robt. Troughton and Humfrey Nevell. Licence to export 300 quarters of beans and 300 of malt. Del. Westm., 7 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Fr., m. 4.
8. Cornwall: Sir Peter Eggecombe, feodary of the duchy of Cornw. Com. to make inquisition p.m. on the lands and heir of Florence, widow of Sir John Bourchier. Westm., 8 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 10d.
10. Thomas lord Berkley. Livery of lands as brother and heir of Maurice late lord Berkley. Del. Westm., 10 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25.
11. Walter Devereux lord Ferrers and Charteley and Hen. his son. To be bailiff of Sutton Colfeld, Warw., in survivorship, and to hold other offices in that lordship, on surrender of Pat. 4 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Sir Hen. Guldeforde. Westm., 11 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32.
11. Commission of the Peace.
Cambridgeshire: Thos. card. of York, N. bp. of Ely, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, Thos. Lucas, Rob. Peyton, John Hudleston, John More, Anth. Hansard, Giles Alyngton, John Hynde, Philip Parys, Thos. Hutton, Thos. Chicheley, Anth. Haisildon, Thos. Castell. Westm., 11 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
11. Commission of Gaol Delivery.
York (City) Gaol and York Castle: Anth. Fitzherbert, John Porte, and Thos. Stray.
Bedford Castle: Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, and Thos. Fitzhugh.
Aylesbury, Ipswich and Bury St. Edmund's Gaols, Norwich, Cambridge, and Huntingdon Castles: The same.
Canterbury, Colchester, Hertford, Guldeford and Lewes Castles: Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, and Simon Fitz. Westm., 11 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31d.
12. Suffolk: Commission to Sir Wm. Walgrave, John Spryng, Edw. Walgrave, and Rob. Crane, to make inquisition p.m. on the lands and heir of Sir Ric. Corbett. Westm., 12 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26d.
12. Justices of Assize.
Home Circuit: Simon Fitz, Sir John Fyneux, and Sir John More. Westm., 12 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15d.
12. Justices of Assize.
Oxford Circuit: Rob. Brudenell, jun., John Weste, Sir Lewis Pollerd and Thos. Englefeld.
Western Circuit: Thos. Elyot, Sir John Fitzjames, and Thos. Norwiche. Westm., 12 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 39d.
12. Essex and Herts: Thos. Franke, to be feodary of the King's possessions, and to take charge of all minors in the said counties. Westm., 12 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 35.
12. Commission of the Peace.
Cornwall: Thos. card. of York, J. bp. of Exeter, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Hen. earl of Devon, Sir John Fitzjames, chief baron of the Exchequer, Rob. Norwich, serjeant-at-law, John Arundell lord De la Hern, Sir Peter Eggecombe, John Arundell of Talfern, Ric. Greynfeld, John Carmynowe, John Chamond, Rob. Vyvyan, Hugh Trevanyon, Ric. Penrose, Hen. Trecarell, Wm. Goodolghan, Nich. Carmynowe, Thos. [R]yntabyn, Christ. Tredennyk. Wm. Carnesewe, Nich. Opy, Rob. Langdon, Walt. Kendall. Westm., 12 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
13. Roger Payne, merchant tailor, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. 3 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—Del. Westm., 13 Feb.—P.S.
13. Justices of Assize.
Midland Circuit: John Jenour, Sir Humph. Conyngesby and Wm. Rudha[ll]. Westm., 13 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15d.
13. Bishopric of Lincoln. Inspeximus to Jo. bishop of Lincoln of grants and confirmations of grants of lands, privileges, licences, &c. Many of Hen. II.'s reign, and others of John, Hen. III., Edw. I., II., and III., and Ric. II. Westm., 13 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, ms. 15–20.
13. Roger Basyng of London, and John Barde, of Toulouse, merchants. Licence to import from France 200 tuns of wine, Toulouse woad, bay salt and canvas, and to export wool, tin, lead, and leather. Westm., 13 Feb.—Fr., 16 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
14. Thos. Colvyle. To be comptroller of customs and subsidies of wools, hides, and fleeces, and of tonnage and poundage, in the port of Yarmouth. Westm., 14 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 40.
14. Wm. Sabyne, serjeant-at-arms. To be weigher in the port of Ipswich, vice Thos. Baldry. Westm. 14 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 40.
15. Sir John Russell. To be keeper and porter of Newport castle, S. Wales, vice John Morgan, deceased. Del. Westm., 15 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 5.
16. Jno. Bourchier lord Fitzwaren. Pardon for the alienation of part of Haytorre and Fenne Oterye, Devon, to Baldwin Malet, Jno. Somaister, Rob. Brytt, Hugh Brusy, vicar of Wydecomb and Ilstyngton, Jo. Plumpton, sen., Wm. Roupe, Christ. Prous, and William Rysdon. The said lands were formerly held by Sir Ric. Wingfield, Sir Wm. Sydney, Sir Hen. Shernborne, Sir Ant. Wingfield, Wm. Shelley, Humph. Wingfield, Jno. Glemham, and Jno. Wattys, to the use of the duke of Suffolk. Westm., 16 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 37.
17. John Cokrell, of Buksale, Suff. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir William Fitzwilliam. 17 Feb.—P.S.
18. Commission of the Peace.
Berks: Thos. card. of York, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Chas. duke of Suffolk, Hugh abbot of Redyng, Sir Lewis Pollard, Thos. Inglefeld, Sir John Daunce, Sir Ric. Weston, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Sir Geo. Foster, Hen. Brigges, Wm. Yong, Wm. Fetyplace, Walt. Chalcote, John Latton. Westm., 18 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
22. Sir Rob. Constable, of Flamborough, York. Pardon of all offences touching the abduction of Anne Grisacre, daughter and heir of Edw. Grisacre.—S.B. (undated). Westm., 22 Feb.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26.
24. John Seynctclere. To be bailiff and woodman of the lordships of Colnewake and Lammershe, Essex, on surrender of patent 7 Oct. 9 Hen. VIII., granting the office to Christopher Rochester, page of the Chamber. Del. Westm., 24 Feb. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 25.
Copy of the preceding, altered as a grant to John Seyntclere and his son Aubrey.—R. O.
26. Commission of the Peace.
Herts: Thos. card. of York, C. bp. of London, J. bp. of Lincoln, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Hen. earl of Essex, Thos. prior of St. John's of Jerusalem in England, Thos. lord Roos, Wm. Blount lord Mountjoy, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Sir Wm. Say, Sir Francis Brian, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Sir Griffin Donne, Thos. Cade, clk., Hen. Frowyk, Hen. Barle, Thos. Perient, sen., Thos. Leventhorp, John Broket, Rob. Turbervile, John Peryent, sen., Humph. Fitzherbert, Ric. Druell, John Conyngesby, Thos. Knyghton, Ric. Baroa, Wm. Purdewe, Philip Butler, John Bolles. Westm., 26 Feb.—Pat, 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
1. Dissolution of the monastery of St. Frideswide, Oxford, by John bishop of Lincoln, as commissioner for Henry VIII. and Wolsey (fn. 11); the prior, John Burton, having surrendered it into his hands, 24 April 1524. Present: John Higdon, S.T.P., John London, LL.D., Rob. Carter, S.T.B., and Edw. Standisshe, notary public. Signed: Johannes Longlondus episcopus Lincoll.
Lat., pp. 17, on vellum.
R. O. 2. Dissolution of the monastery of Beigham, by Will. Burbank, LL.D., archdeacon of Carlisle, as commissioner for Henry VIII. and Wolsey (whose commission is dated Westm., 1 April 1524). Date of surrender blank. Present: Thos. Crumwell, John Clifton, chaplain, Roland Rokyn, John Lupton, and John Payn.
Lat., pp. 17, on vellum.
R. O. 3. Dissolution of the monastery of Blakamore, by John Alen, LL.D., canon of Lincoln, (Wolsey's commission being dated as in the preceding,) on the 10 Feb. 1524. Present: Thos. Crumwell, Anthony Husy, John Alen, notaries public, and Wm. Butler.
Lat., pp. 19, on vellum. Seal attached of the conservator of the rights of the Order of St. John in England.
R. O. 4. Dissolution of the monastery of Causay (de Calceto), by William Burbank, 11 Feb. 1524, on surrender by the prior Robert. Present: Same witnesses as in No. 2.
Lat., pp. 27, on vellum. Seal of Burbank attached.
R. O. 5. Dissolution of the monastery of Daventrie, by John Alen, 16 Feb. 1524, on surrender by the prior Alexander. Present: Same as in No. 3.
Lat., pp. 15, on vellum. Seal attached, as in No. 3.
R. O. 6. Dissolution of the monastery of Dodnesh, by John Alen, on 1 Feb. 1524, on surrender by the prior Thomas. Present: As in No. 3.
Lat., pp. 20, on vellum.
R. O. 7. Dissolution of the monastery of Horkeslay, by John Alen, 11 Feb. 1525. John Stanford, prior. Witnesses and seal, as in No. 3.
Lat., pp. 21, on vellum.
R. O. 8. Dissolution of the monastery of Liesnes, by Wm. Burbank, 13 Feb. 1524. William Tyseherst, prior. Witnesses as in No. 2, without Cromwell. Seal lost.
Lat., pp. 27, on vellum.
R. O. 9. Dissolution of the monastery of Litilmore, by John Alen,_Feb. 1524. Name of Prioress blank. Witnesses as in No. 3. Seal lost.
Lat., pp. 19, on vellum.
R. O. 10. Dissolution of the monastery of Poghley, by Burbank, 14 Feb. 1524. John Somers, prior. Witnesses as in No. 2. With Burbank's seal attached.
Lat., pp. 24, on vellum.
R. O. 11. Dissolution of the monastery of Ravenston, by Aleyn, (fn. 12) 17 Feb. 1524. Henry Cockys, prior. Witnesses as in No. 2. Seal lost.
Lat., pp. 12, on vellum.
R. O. 12. Dissolution of the monastery of Sandwell, by Burbank, 4 Feb. 1524, on surrender by prior John. Witnesses as in No. 2, except John Payn. Burbank's seal attached.
Lat., pp. 23, on vellum.
13. Dissolution of the monastery of Snape, by Alen, 1 Feb. 1524. The name of the Prior blank. Witnesses and seal as in No. 3.
Lat., pp. 21, on vellum.
14. Dissolution of the monastery of Stanesgate, by Burbank, 9 Feb. 1524. Thomas Marshe, prior. Witnesses as in No. 2. Burbank's seal attached.
Lat., pp. 19, on vellum.
15. Dissolution of the monastery of Thobie, by Alen, on 15 Feb. 1524. John London alias Hersy, prior. Witnesses and seal as in No. 3.
Lat., pp. 25, on vellum.
16. Dissolution of the monastery of Tonbridge, by Burbank, 8 Feb. 1524, on surrender by prior William. Witnesses as in No. 2. Burbank's seal attached.
Lat., pp. 24, on vellum.
17. Dissolution of the monastery of Tyckford, by Burbank, 5 Feb. 1524. Thomas Parker, prior. Witnesses as in No. 2. Burbank's seal attached.
Lat., pp. 21, on vellum.
18. Dissolution of the monastery of Typtre, by Alen, 3 Feb. 1524. Robt. Fynche, prior. Witnesses as in No. 3. Seal lost.
Lat., pp. 21, on vellum.
19. Dissolution of the monastery of Walingford, by Alen, on surrender by prior Geoffrey, 19 April 1524. Witnesses as in No. 3. Seal lost.
Lat., pp. 25, on vellum.
20. Dissolution of the monastery of Wykes, by Alen, on 1 March 1524, on surrender by the prioress Mary. Witnesses as in No. 3. Seal lost.
Lat., pp. 16, on vellum.
21. Appropriation of the rectory of Rudby, Yorks., to Cardinal's College, Oxford, in pursuance of patent 6 July 20 Hen. VIII. Date blank. Signed by Wolsey.
Lat., pp. 5, on vellum. Seal formerly attached.


  • 1. Blank in MS. The date is uncertain.
  • 2. Seems to be an error of the writer's for February, as Candlemas is referred to as past.
  • 3. See his will 27 Jan. 1524.
  • 4. Until he had finished his letter Berners was not aware of these mistakes.
  • 5. Hall states that "the very words were these."
  • 6. See another letter of Lanoy's to the Emperor, of 25 Feb., in the "Captivité," p. 66, note.
  • 7. The text in Bucholtz is in some places very corrupt; but it supplies passages lost in the MS. by mutilation.
  • 8. So in MS.: in Bucholtz the reading is, "en la poses, les la maison de Mirobes du dit parc."
  • 9. Here follows in Bucholtz a list of the French princes and lords taken prisoners and killed.
  • 10. See another account of the battle in "Captivité de François I," p. 70; and a list of killed and prisoners, p. 85.
  • 11. Wolsey's commission is dated Westm., 21 April 1524.
  • 12. Wolsey's commission at the beginning is, however, to Burbank.