Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.
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|1407. LANOY to MANUEL MALVERSIN.|
|Has changed his plan because the king of France is very desirous of coming to an agreement with the Emperor. For this purpose various galleys have been supplied for the conveyance of Francis into Spain; and a capitulation entered into with the French fleet not to molest the passage of the prisoner. You will tell his Majesty that I think it good to leave Naples for Spain, and I will defer information of what Francis intends to do until I see the Emperor. I shall leave the King of France at Taragona, and wait for instructions; for it is not desirable to enter Barcelona or Valencia without the Emperor's sanction. You shall tell his Majesty that I wish to wait upon him as soon as Francis is landed. For this flotilla 10,000 scudi will be required. Villafranca, 11 June 1525.|
Galba, B. VIII.
|1408. SIR ROBT. WINGFIELD to the DUKE OF NORFOLK.|
|Received on the 9th, by the Duke's servant Barton, his letter of the 3rd. Was with my Lady yesterday evening, and presented the letters of Wolsey and Norfolk, with one from Bevers and another from the President, through which he hoped Norfolk's wish would have been obtained without difficulty. Was told by Barton that the Duke had been promised by the President that his sureties should be discharged for the caution, and that he should receive 400 crowns for his costs. Insisted upon these terms with my Lady and the Council, but they said the President's letter was not of such effect, and caused it to be read. Its purport was that Wolsey and Norfolk had often applied to him on the matter, and wondered that my Lady did not see the Duke's sureties discharged and his costs paid, considering what she had written to Wolsey and declared to Knight before he left, adding that if my Lady were pleased to do so it would be well bestowed, considering the favor Norfolk had always shown to the Emperor's affairs.|
|Told my Lady it appeared by the letter that she had promised to perform what was requested, both by mouth and writing, and that he supposed the President had received her commands to make an agreement with Norfolk. She said she had promised to do her best endeavor, but had not bound herself to discharge Norfolk's sureties, or pay the costs, as she could not be answerable for matters that depend in law. Did not know what to answer. The Council wished the Duke's servant had waited till the President's coming, that he himself might have declared his meaning. Said that he was under command to return immediately if not satisfied, and desired that he might have letters from my Lady to Wolsey and Norfolk; which she granted. Malines, 11 June 1525.|
|Hol., mutilated, pp. 3. Add. Endd.: "Flandria: From Master Wingfield, dat. 13 Junii."|
|1409. HENRY VIII. and CHARLES V.|
|"Copy of the King's letters of credence being in this paquet, marked under the seale thus, A."|
|According to his last letters to Charles by the commander Penalosa, has written to the bishop of London, Ric. Wingfield and Sampson, resident with him, concerning Penalosa's charge. Desires credence for them. Will omit nothing that may conduce to their common interests. Windsor, 11 June 1525.|
|Fr., p. 1.|
|Vesp. C. III. 62.
|2. In reply to the charge of Penalosa, who told the king of England of the request of the Emperor's subjects that he should marry the king of Portugal's sister if Henry could not deliver the Princess shortly, that she might remain here during the Emperor's absence, as well as for other reasons,—the English ambassadors have declared that although the King desires above everything the completion of the marriage, it cannot take place now, on account of her tender age; but as the demands of the people seem reasonable, the King, intending always to preserve the amity with Charles, will consent to this Portuguese marriage on three conditions: 1, that peace shall be first treated with France so as to satisfy him, since he has had no profit, as yet from the war; 2, that the Emperor shall pay all his debts to the King; and, 3, that the treaties of Windsor and London shall be annulled.|
|In answer to this the Emperor has declared to the English ambassadors that his intention has always been to perform the marriage with the Princess, but he must consider the urgent requests of his subjects, and their fear that it will not be completed before he leaves Spain, at the request of the Pope and Archduke, to go to Germany, now in great danger from the Lutherans, who have rebelled against all authority, and expelled bishops and prelates; that a marriage is the only means by which he can leave these kingdoms without danger; that the conditions proposed by the King are not unreasonable, but to wait for the conclusion of peace, and the payment of his debts, would increase the danger of his affairs, and would render peace and the procuring of money more difficult. The chances of a profitable peace are not so favorable as the King thinks, for it depends upon the French estates, who, if they saw Charles wanting money, would leave their King in prison for some time to get better terms. The best means to procure a good peace is to show the French that the King and the Emperor have the same purpose, whether for peace or war, and that the Emperor has money enough to continue the war if necessary; which cannot be done without the conclusion of this marriage with Portugal. Without that, Charles will get no money either from Portugal or his subjects; and even if the marriage be concluded, he cannot pay the King so promptly, for his revenues will not come in for four years, and the dowry will be paid at certain terms.|
|If the treaties of Windsor and London were simply abolished, it would be supposed that all friendship had ceased between them, and the common cause would suffer. He has therefore requested the ambassadors that, as the King is inclined to consent to the marriage with Portugal, and the only difficulty is about fulfilling the conditions before or after, the former being impossible, they will treat at once on the subject, and he will promise not to negotiate with France, except in their presence and by their intervention. He will have as much regard to the King's affairs as his own, will consent to the abolition of the treaties of Windsor and London, and arrange for the payment of his debt, by reasonable terms, knowing that the King, when he is informed of the circumstances, will not delay his consent, and thus put the Emperor and all Christendom in perplexity.|
|The ambassadors replied that they had no power to conclude anything, but only to report what the Emperor said. Will therefore wait for the King's answer, and, if it is such as to cause greater delay, hope the King will take in good grace what he will be compelled to do, as it will not prejudice his affairs.|
|Fr., pp. 7.|
Vit. B. VII. 149.
|1410. RUSSELL to WOLSEY.|
|"Pleasith your Grace to understand that Sir Greg[ory arrived] here the thirde day of this monneth, of whome [I received a letter] from your Grace," of the 18th May. Heard also from him Wolsey's message. Has presented the King's and Wolsey's letters to Bourbon, who was well pleased with them and with Casale's charge. Casale told Russell that he was to find out how Bourbon was minded toward the King. He is as well inclined as ever to carry out the enterprise, and trusts the King more than the Emperor, except that he is looking forward to this marriage with the Emperor's sister.|
|The Viceroy left Genoa with Francis to go to Spain, on the 8th. He did not tell Bourbon till the day he left, when he wrote to him that the reason for his going thither was the unhealthiness of Naples. He caused Francis to send for six galleys, so that they will have 24 galleys, fuistes, and brigandines. The French king has always wished to go to the Emperor, but for all that it had been determined that he should proceed to Naples. The V[iceroy] is taking him to Spain of his own mind, without any orders from the Emperor, for Bourbon and the Council here have today received letters from the Emperor of x ... 28th May, mentioning nothing of his going to Spain, and saying that he had sent a gentleman to the King asking to be assured of the marriage with my lady Princess, and to borrow 200,000 ducats; and if the King will not conclude this marriage, he will marry the king of Portugal's daughter, for he will be no longer unmarried.|
|... "advertised by his saide letters th[at the King's amba]ssadeurs be arrived in Spayne, and that fro ther l ... they jornyed 24 dayes or they came to themperor;" wherefore many of the Imperialists think this enterprise will not be followed, saying that in England peace and not war is desired; and that, if the enterprise does not proceed, the King, and not the Emperor, will be in fault. Told them of the King's promptitude; that the artillery is ready on this side, with horsemen, wagons, and horses, and that his foot and horse in England are prepared to march at an hour's notice, and he wished the Emperor's forces were as ready. Bourbon fears lest the French king's going to Spain will produce peace, and disappoint him of his marriage; for the Viceroy said to him, in the King's presence, that he should beware lest the King should take away the queen of Portugal; to which Bourbon answered that he did not think he need distrust the Emperor's promise.|
|It is thought here that the Viceroy does all he can to bring it to pass, and treats Bourbon very badly. Bade the Duke be of good cheer, for the King and Wolsey favored him, and, if he would be ruled by them, he would find that they would do more for him than all the friends he had, for the King never failed of his promises. The Emperor is deceived if he thinks he will have more money here, for it is not possible. The Viceroy departed without making a conclusion with the Venetians, and asked Bourbon to conclude the best he could with them, "and so they be contented to give ... the Viceroy wold synse they shold have come ... which they wold none of, saying that they have ... nowise and wol kepe the liege that was made a ... graunte to none other."|
|The Archduke is holding a dy[et] at Isebroke touching the Lutherans, and has requested Bourbon to send a gentleman thither to see what shall ... and communed of there, which the Duke has done. Bourbon, the marquis of Pescara, and the other Imperialists are writing to the Emperor to ask for the punishment of the Viceroy for taking the French king to Spain without orders, and they wish Henry to write to the same purpose. Knows the Viceroy bears Wolsey no favor. As much money as possible is being levied in France, and yet they ... of their men-of-war, but they say they keep their mo[ney] till they are invaded. Milan, 11 June. Signature pasted on.|
|Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: [To my l]ord Legate's [grace]. Endd.|
|1411. BRIAN HIGDON to ROBT. TONEYS, Clerk of the Hanaper.|
|Wm. Hall, master of St. Christopher's guild, has transgressed an ordinance of archbishop Bowet by preceding Reynold Beysley, procurator of [Wolsey's] court here. Hall has appealed to Rome. Wishes to know Wolsey's pleasure in the matter. York, 11 June. Signed.|
|Pp. 2. Add.|
|1412. JOHN BISHOP OF LINCOLN to WOLSEY.|
|Cannot attend on Wolsey now, as he has been laid up for five weeks with a pain in his left hip from cold "(your Grace nott offendyd that I soo rudely doo expresse the thinge unto you)." The pain is now gone, but he is not yet strong to labor. His greatest grief was that he could not do his duty to the King at Whitsuntide and at the "noblyng" of these great men. Will attend on him as soon as he can ride, and will do anything he desires about his college or otherwise. Bugden, 13 June.|
|Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinall. Endd.|
Galba, B. VIII. 175.
|1413. SIR ROBERT WINGFIELD to WOLSEY.|
|Wrote last on the 9th. On the 11th advised Tuke that a gentleman of France was expected, who arrived that night, and had audience yesterday and again today. Was sent for by my Lady after 6 o'clock, and, being called apart, jestingly apologised for not having paid her due obeisance as the French queen. After a few jokes on that subject, she said a gentleman of the French king's privy chamber, named Perott du Warty, had come from Louise, from whom she had received a letter of credence, and a right amiable letter from the duchess of Alençon, both letters written with the ladies' own hands. Louise regretted the captivity of her son, and begged her advice how to obtain his liberty. The duchess of Alençon's letter seemed to be "a very comment of her mother's mind given in charge to the said gentleman," and begged her to have compassion upon the valiant prince and his dolorous mother, as well as upon herself, who had no comfort night or day.|
|After reading the letters and hearing his credence, my Lady said she asked the gentleman if he had any further charge, and he said, No; on which she wondered the King's mother sent him so far on such a slender charge as to desire her help without showing any ground for it. He replied Louise was aware how difficult it was for a prince of so great courage as her son to condescend, for the sake of liberty, to any conditions derogatory to his estate, and that the Emperor had great cause to rejoice in his good fortune, and to be obstinate in his demands, as appeared by his instructions to Beaurain, and by the vehement words used by the latter about Bourbon, which she can never forget. She therefore thought the mediation of other persons, more tender and piteous than the two princes, was most necessary, and desired her counsel how to mitigate the Emperor's mind.|
|My Lady said she would be glad to show pity to all who desired her help, but in this case she would beware how she urged the Emperor unless she saw better grounds, for she knew the bishop of Dambrune and others had gone towards the Emperor, whose charge, if she knew it, might be a means to ground some process on, but, in ignorance of that, she might sing too high or too low, and thus only make the matter worse. With all this my Lady could not get him to acknowledge that he had any further charge, and they parted; but, thinking he had not showed all, she ordered Hochstrate and master Nicolas to speak with him this morning. They found him the same man my Lady left him, and on Hochstrate saying he wondered that he had come so far with so slight a message, he grew half ashamed of it himself, and said he thought he had best take his leave, that he might tell the Regent how he had sped, and return with more ample instruction if she thought right. My Lady was glad that he left so soon, by his own request. He was despatched the same day, and will return tomorrow.|
|My Lady has had a safe-conduct for a month past for Nicholas de Pyrowe, one of her Council, who was with Hochstrate, to pass through France to the Emperor, but has always delayed his passage till she should hear this gentleman's charge. Now that a month is expired of the time granted in the safe-conduct, she has sent for a fresh one. Hannart, who obtained a safe-conduct by his own suit for himself and De Praet, would have set forward by this time but that De Praet's wife is dangerously ill of a pleurisy. It is supposed that Hannart will not wait for him longer. To-morrow my Lady leaves for Hochstrate and Breedaw. It is uncertain whether she will go on to Bolduke and Holland, for the Estates to meet at Breedaw at the beginning of next week. Malines, 13 June 1525.|
|Hol., pp. 5, mutilated. Add. Endd.|
|R. O.||1414. MARGARET and LOUISE.|
|[Extract of letters of Margaret of Savoy to her ambassador.]|
|The gentleman of the Regent of France only asked Madame in general terms to endeavor to make peace between the Emperor and the king of France, without proposing any means of doing so; and when Madame pressed him to declare the Regent's intention, he answered that he had no other charge. She, therefore, bade him tell the Regent that she knew the demands of the Emperor and the king of England; and if she thought them excessive, either the King or she must make a reasonable offer; and she offered, if the Regent would send her word, to help to remove any difficulties that might arise. On this the gentleman returned. Madame writes that the Viceroy has taken the French king to Naples, at which, she hears, the French are displeased, as they hoped to recover him; that the count de St. Pol has escaped from prison by bribing four of his guards for 8,000 ducats, and is now at Lyons; that she has received a petition from several subjects of the Emperor belonging to Hesdin and Artois, who are prisoners at Calais, and that she asks for their deliverance. Wolsey is requested to send letters for this purpose to Jerningham and Wallop at Calais.|
|Fr., p. 1.|
Galba, B. VIII. 174*.
|1415. SIR ROB. WINGFIELD to TUKE.|
|Wrote last on the 11th from Malines. Encloses a letter and packet from Sir John Russell. The French gentleman who was looked for when he last wrote came that night with a gentleman of the marquis of Arscot's, and divers of his folks. He is a Gascon, named Perott de Warty, one of the French king's chamber, and had audience yesterday afternoon. Had a letter today from Innsbruck, stating that the archduke Ferdinand had appeased his subjects in the Tyrol without bloodshed, by some concessions, of which the principal is that he shall never suffer the bishops of Trent and Bryxsyno, and Salamake his treasurer, who fled for fear of his subjects, to come about him again, and that they may take all manner of beasts and birds on their own ground, and fish in the common river.|
|It is said the duke of Lorraine having violated his promise to confer with the commons amicably, and caused several of them to be slain, they have assembled a greater company than ever, joined by many of the Swiss, and intend to destroy the Duke utterly. Desires him to tell this to Wolsey, as he has not mentioned it in the letter to him. Tomorrow my Lady leaves for Holland. Must ride to Antwerp to seek friends, or money for plate, as he gets no remittance from England. Malines, 13 June 1525.|
|Hol., p. 1. Add.: "To the right honorable and my very wellbeloved friend, Mr. Brian Tuke, one of the King's council, and his secretary in the French tongue."|
15,387, f. 160.
St. P. VI. 448.
|1416. HENRY VIII. to CLEMENT VII.|
|Is greatly delighted at the Pope's breve, and his solicitude for Christendom. Has been informed of his Holiness's intentions by the bishop of Bath. Windsor, 14 June 1525.|
|1417. WOLSEY to CLEMENT VII.|
|Hears from the bishop of Bath how zealously the Pope labors in fulfilling his functions. Thinks there is great cause for desiring a general peace in Christendom, and proffers his services. Will not fail to justify the expectations of his Holiness, conveyed by Melchior Langus. Hampton Court, 14 June 1525.|
Vit. B. VII. 151.
|1418. CLERK to [WOLSEY].|
|On the 29th ult., the Viceroy, having the French king with him, took shipping from Genoa, towards Naples as it was supposed. He had 15 galleys and six brigantines, which remained four or five days at Porto Fino, 20 miles from Genoa, and sailed on the 5th for Corsica en route for Spain. The Pope complains sorely of the Viceroy and Imperialists, who have deceived him about the French king's passage into Spain, pretending that he would be sent to Naples, and obtained from him a large sum of money for the removal of their soldiers from his territories, which they have not yet done. Moreover, they have sent the Emperor the worst possible reports of him, so that he would be driven to despair, but for his confidence in Charles's goodness. He says Francis has been sent to Spain at his own request, trusting to his own wit and eloquence to obtain favorable terms from the Emperor; that the Viceroy, Bewrayn and other Imperialists here are in favor of making peace with France, without regard to England or his Holiness, but the Emperor would, doubtless, regard their interests as his own.|
|By letters from Toledo of the 8th May, when they were expecting the King's ambassadors, the Pope showed me that Charles was bent on prosecuting the war; yet his agents here had permitted Francis to send for six of his own galleys to accompany the Viceroy and himself to Spain for fear of the Moors, who come in great multitudes from Barbary. The Pope is in great perplexity, both about this and about Luther, and is anxious that Wolsey should study some way of peace as the only remedy for these great evils, otherwise princes will be compelled to submit to the rule of their own subjects, to the destruction both of the Church and of themselves, as the demeanor of the commons of Almain clearly shows.|
|Told his Holiness that Wolsey had foreseen and warned him of these evils, which he might have prevented by timely helping the confederates; and the only thing still to be done was to help "the enterprise of France," which, with his aid, would soon end prosperously. The Pope made no answer, but that God knew his intent was good, and that if he entered into war, besides being ill prepared for it, he should gain nothing but hatred. This he said with a sigh. Perceives that he is in such fear about Luther, that if the Emperor were to come in person to oppress his sect, which he must do for his own interest, the Pope could not but consent to any offer made to him by the Emperor, with the King's concurrence, touching France. The Emperor's army in Lombardy remained as it was when he last wrote, except that they have diminished the number of foot to 10,000, and of light horse to 500, distributed in various places.|
|It is now certain that six French galleys met the Viceroy by the way, and that he manned them with Spaniards, and took them all to Spain. Rumors of a peace are general, owing to letters both from the Viceroy and from Lyons. The Pope is in great dread of it, and Francis complains of him as bitterly as of any man. The Imperialists speak fair, but their deeds Wolsey already knows. The Venetians have agreed with the Viceroy for 80,000 ducats, much to the dissatisfaction of the Pope, who has paid much more, and, as he thinks, given far less offence in breaking the league.|
|P.S.—Master Secretary (Pace) writes from Venice that he and I should make provision for payment of the remainder of 10,000l. to the Viceroy of Naples. If he could get more money here than he has done, would not have failed to do so; but from what is reported of the progress of the Emperor's army since the victory, thinks what they have received already has been very ill bestowed. Hears that the army in Lombardy "doth daily dissolve," and no one expects them to set forward this summer. Certainly nothing can be done without the Viceroy, who is now on his way to Spain. Every one expects that he will help much to conclude a peace for the Emperor's sole benefit. It is rumored that Bourbon and Pescara, who are now chief in the Viceroy's absence, have ordered both horse and foot to draw towards Piedmont, with a view to entering France; and the Pope says, some companies that were lodged in his territories of Parma and Piacenza have actually moved that way. Master Gregory has written from Milan that he will be here shortly. Hopes to learn Wolsey's pleasure by him. Has no doubt he and Russell will inform Wolsey of the state in which they find matters there. The merchants here have flatly refused to repay him the money, which they are bound to pay in England by their bills of exchange. Sends the bills accordingly to Wolsey, amounting to 7,000 crowns, the remainder of the 23,000 "first returned again into England by merchant strangers," of which only 16,600 have been taken up here. Rome, 14 June. Signed.|
|Pp. 8, mutilated.|
|R. O.||2. Copy of the same.|
Vit. B. VII. 155.
|1419. PACE to WOLSEY.|
|Received on Whitsunday his letter in cipher, dated 19 May, and having considered substantially the secret matter comprised therein, immediately on receipt thereof, in the most secret manner he could, according to Wolsey's letters, procured as of himself to keep the matter in suspense; wherein as yet no perfect conclusion is had. Notwithstanding the Viceroy, seeing he could not obtain the articles he demanded, has agreed to the Venetians' own offer of 50,000 ducats now, and 30,000 more in a year. The Emperor's ambassador here has a commission from the Viceroy to conclude accordingly with the Venetians, and he trusts to settle it in a br[ief] time, as the Venetians cannot deny their own promise, made by writing as well as by word of mouth. They have not as yet been pressed to enter the league lately made at Rome. The ambassador has been trying to get money from them for the confirmation of the league between the Emperor and th[em] when Pace was first here, pretending that they violated it by their delay in sending their army. The matter must be concluded soon, and passed as is aforesaid. Letters of the last month from Spain state that the King and Emperor do not well agree in all their affairs. Has been told this by two or three credible persons, but he would affirm nothing, nor show any diffidence.|
|News has come from prince Ferdinand's court that he, with the help of the League of Swave, and other nobles, had killed 15,000 villains, reduced 20,000 to obedience, and pacified all Tyrol; that the dukes of Loren and Bavier have offered to join him against the great band, but he has answered that he will try to reduce them to concord by godly persuasion, without more bloodshed. The French king and the Viceroy sailed on the 30th to Poort Fyne, 30 or 40 miles from Genoa. Six French galleys have arrived there, and have been manned with Spaniards by the Viceroy. It is, therefore, thought that the King will be taken to Spain to treat with the Emperor; but the ambassador here says he has word from Naples that the King's lodging is prepared there. Some say that the French galleys have come for defence against the Moors, of whom a great army was seen at sea, when they were at Poort Fyne.|
|Has provided 5,000 cr. of the sun, at the same price as the other, to be paid by Ant. Vivald's correspondent here to the Viceroy. 5,000 cr. now remain of the sum Clerk wished him to provide. Has offered Nic. Duodo what he first asked, but he will not undertake it. Has written to Clerk that he may provide the rest, if possible. The Duke and Senate have just sent him word that the Viceroy left Genoa towards Spain on the ... inst. The Great [Turk] has sent an ambassador here, under color of reforming abuses on his and the Venetians conf[ines], but really to spy out what is being done in Christendom. Venice, 14 June. Signed.|
|Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd. A decipher of the passages in cipher at ƒ. 155*.|
|15 June.||1420. HENRY LORD MARNEY.|
|His will, 22 Dec. 1524. Proved, 15 June 1525. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 609.|
Vesp. C. III.
|1421. TUNSTAL, WINGFIELD and SAMPSON to [HENRY VIII.]|
|On the 9th the Chancellor sent for them to Nassau's chamber, and imparted to them certain articles brought by Moncada, who arrived three days since, containing overtures from Francis, made by him when he was to be taken to Naples. He had ordered them to be shown to his mother, by whom they were submitted to the archbishop of Embrum, ambassador here. Sends a copy in French, by which the King will see "that the French king's high heart begins somewhat to come lower, which, as we understand, did sore appaule, after he knew he should be had to Naples, and thereby be eloyned from the Emperor's presence, where his ardent desire was to be brought." He is willing to renounce the "resort of such lands" as the Emperor holds in France, and to put Bourbon's demands in the Emperor's hands. "As touching your Grace, he maketh most slender offers of all;" making no recompence for your excessive cost. They told us La Chawte had practised with the king of Portugal for delivery of the Emperor's niece, the dowager's daughter. The King "sticketh for to have surety for the redelivery of his said sister," and as he was walking in a secret garden with La Chawte, said, "There could be no better surety devised than that for one lady that the Emperor did demand, to let him take two," and therewith offered his sister Isabella, and with her a million of ducats. He offered to forgo the money the Emperor had borrowed for suppression of the rebellion, and the debt due for his Queen. He added, no other lady was so fit for him, or likely to be so acceptable to his subjects; and as a proposal had been made to marry the English princess to the king of Scotland, that union would be most conducive to the tranquillity of Christendom.|
|La Chawte had answered that the Emperor was under so many obligations to England, and so much bent on his marriage with Mary, that he durst not communicate to him the proposals of Portugal. In the end he contrived to obtain a respite for seven days before giving any answer, writing to the Emperor in the meantime, acknowledging his great obligations to England, and stating that if Henry could be induced to consent to this offer made by Portugal, it would greatly advance the Emperor's interests, and with the money thus obtained he might help the king of England's designs as much as his own. They showed us also the acts of the various Cortes, urging the Emperor to marry at once, and not go out of his kingdom till he had so done, for fear of insurrection, and desiring the Portuguese princess. To this the Emperor had replied by showing his obligations to England, his promise to wait, the advantages of the match, and the prospect, if Henry had no issue, of England being annexed to Spain and Flanders; that he was security to you for an indemnity, now three years unpaid, and other monies, &c.|
|In our reply we thanked them for their communication, saying we thought the Emperor's answer was as good as could be, and that we could say no more until we had your answer to ours of the 2nd, and to theirs of the 4th.|
|They told us that it was too late for the Emperor to do anything this year, and he proposed spending it in preparations for the next, and inquired if we had powers accordingly. We said that all our instructions were for invasion this year; on which they asked us to write for instructions, especially to hearken to the French offers in event of any being made. We desired copies of the articles delivered to Moncada, and of the Emperor's reply to the Cortes. On which they said they would take the Emperor's pleasure. They then showed us a letter from Francis to the Emperor, desiring his pity,—subscribed your good friend, brother, and slave, Fraunçoys. (fn. 1)|
|Visited the Emperor, Trinity Sunday, the 11th, and thanked him for his communications and friendly proceedings. He assured us he would hide nothing from your Grace, but study your affairs more than his own. You will thus perceive the integrity of his proceedings. It is clear that he desires your consent to his marriage with Portugal, as it is needful for his affairs. It stands with you what you will do, "since ye may have with much thank my lady Princess in your hand, which is a pearl worth the keeping;" as we wrote on the 2nd.|
|As they cannot go to war this year, the King may have a new capitulation for the next, provided Francis makes no satisfactory offer; should any come, will open their commission, which they have hitherto kept close. The president of Paris has not yet arrived. The Emperor intends, by sending Francis to Naples, to press him hard. As he will not make your demands to the French, your Grace must arrange these with the French ambassadors in England; for this purpose a truce for some months is desirable. It would save money, and make interchange of communications easier. By acting together you will get better terms; but if the French contrive to dissever you, they will think themselves well revenged. Enclose a copy of a letter sent from Ribadeo. Toledo, 12 June.|
|P.S.—Basing arrived here on the 12th, with letters in cipher from Wolsey, of May 22, with copy of a league between the Pope and the Emperor, two letters from Pace, and one from Russell concerning money. Your affairs are in good case, and we have compelled them to admit their present lack of money. We shall not, therefore, be compelled to retrace our steps. Had an interview on the 14th with the Emperor in a gallery apart. Complimented him, on your Grace's behalf, on the modesty he had shown in his victory, and stated that you had received letters from Italy informing you that Bryon and others had been sent to him from France with conditions of peace, and for that purpose you had sent us a commission to treat for peace; that in the event of any offers being made to us by the French we might be in a condition to receive them; begging him to keep this commission a secret. He approved of this, especially of keeping the commission a secret; and advised that we should pretend strangeness, in order to prick forward the French. When he learned that we had no commission beyond prosecuting the war this year, he urged that we should obtain one for the next. We said that your Majesty was ready to have advanced your army under Norfolk, but stayed only in case peace should be made. We then called his notice to the great insurrections of the Lutherans in various places, and their purpose to destroy the bishops and the nobility. He replied that 17,000 of them had been defeated by the duke of Lorraine and his brother M. de Guys, who had taunted him with their being his subjects, whereas he would have served them the same; and he prayed God he might have the grace to help in extirpating that heresy. He said the commons in Spain had the same intention, but not the heresy. Have perused the treaty between the Pope and the Emperor, and think the King is used only as a shadow, without regard to his honor or his interests. Advise the King not to confirm it. They think here that it is of great advantage for their affairs in Italy. Russell has written that Bewrayn told him that he had commission from the Emperor to offer the daughter of the dowager of Portugal to the Dauphin. Think this is a mistake, as they have been assured here that when Francis demanded the dowager for himself, and her daughter for the Dauphin, both were denied him. The duke of Milan has not yet received his investiture. In answer to their representation that his letters of 4 May appeared not to have arrived, the Emperor said he was sure that his courier had arrived on the 22nd, and went immediately to his ambassadors to Windsor. Toledo, 16 June. Signed.|
|Pp. 18. Headed: "A duplicate of the letters sent by Rogier Basyng."|
|1422. TUNSTAL, SIR RIC. WINGFIELD and SAMPSON to WOLSEY.|
|On the 12th, Basyng, the King's servant, and the bearer, arrived here with letters from Wolsey, to which the letters they wrote to the King on the 2nd will be an answer. Their last letters to the King were written before receiving the said letters, as appears in the postscript. The Emperor is favorable to the King's affairs, and has said expressly that he had rather any appointment with France was to the King's profit than his own. Have answered his Majesty about the divers reports in their letters of the 7th. Thinks they will do no harm, nor be taken in tam malam partem, as was believed by some here. Great part of the King's affairs depends now on the good mind of the Emperor, and he should therefore be so used that his good inclination may be augmented. Toledo, 16 June. Signed.|
|Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.|
|Cal. D. IX. 319.
St. P. VI. 445.
|1423. FRANCIS I.|
|Proposals for his liberty by Francis I. to the Emperor, sent by Hugo de Moncada.|
|R. O.||2. Contemporary copy.|
|Rym. XIV. 38.||1424. ABBEY OF ST. SAMPSON, MILTON, Sarum dioc.|
|Restitution of temporalties on the election of John Bradley as abbot. Westm., 16 June.|
|Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.|
Vit. B. VII. 157.
|1425. RUSSELL to [WOLSEY].|
|Since writing last, the Imperialists here, Be[aurain?, the] marquis of Pescara, the duke ..., the Papal and Venetian ambassadors with the ... of Italy, have requested Bourbon to go to the Emperor, and they will aid him the best they can, for they fear th ... will cause some wars to be moved in Italy. Bourbon spoke of this to Russell, who tried to dissuade him, saying that he (Bourbon) had heard from Sir Gregory how ready the King was for this enterprise, and Russell trusted he would not give it up, and follow the pleasure of those who wished only their own profit. He answered he would do nothing without Russell's advice. Knows well that the [Viceroy] will do all he can to make a peace, and that if Bourbon went he would do all he could to break it. "And if this inter[prise] goyth not forthe the next monneth or shortly after ... the tyme of yere shalbe ferr past, at which tyme ... presisely determyned to goo into Spayne and hath ... sent a gentilman of his to themperor desiering hym [for to] have the same galleiz which conveyed the Frenche k[ing] thither." If the enterprise is not continued, and Bourbon leaves, asks what he must do, for he does not think it necessary to go without a special commission, as the King has ambassadors there. The expense would be very great, for he could not take his horse and other necessaries, but would be obliged to buy new, which he is not able to do. Is, however, always ready to execute Wolsey's orders.|
|The gentlemen whom Bourbon sent to Switzerland are returned with letters from the principals of Fribroke, Barne, and other places, stating that they will hold a diet to consider the demands of the Emperor and his allies. Bourbon hears that the Viceroy has written, and caused others to say that he took the French king, and was the cause of the victory; which is nothing so. Whereupon, M. de la Motte, who took the French king, has gone to inform the Emperor of the truth, with an offer to fight the Viceroy; and since then, another gentleman has gone thither, who saved the King's life, and says he was prisoner half an hour before the Viceroy came up, which he will prove in like manner. Never was man so evil-beloved as the Viceroy here. No one speaks well of him. Milan, 17 June. Signed.|
|Pp. 2, mutilated.|
Lanz, I. 155.
|1426. LANOY to CHARLES V.|
|I have despatched Malversin to inform you that I was in the way towards you with the king of France. This morning I hear that Emanuel has been taken ill, and therefore I send Peralte. I beg credence for Don Hugo, and ask for instructions. If you decide on making war this summer it is time to begin. The war in Italy is very expensive, and you already owe 800,000 crowns. The king of France is ready to do whatever is agreeable to you, and I shall keep him in my own charge. Palamos, 17 June 1525.|
Calig. B. VI.
|1427. [SIR W. EVERS] to the EARL OF ANGUS.|
|Has this Saturday received his letter, whereby he learns that he has such business that he cannot keep the "day trowe, which should have been the said Setterday," but will be glad to keep it on Thursday next, which will be the 22nd of June, "theis instaytt monthe," which the writer will not fail to keep. "The inhabitants of Scottland from the strett west, of evere surnam, a sertten feew surnams exseptt," have often "entreprysed with the reballes of Ingland" since the last abstinence, and robbed, murdered, and burnt, especially on the last day of May and the 13th of June, when they made the incursions described in the last letter. Trusts that, according to old Border customs, Angus will have the prisoners delivered within the strength of England before the day of meeting, when he hopes he will see such redress done to the "rassedew" as may be an example to other misguided persons for the future; and, according to the Earl's writing, the writer will see good rule kept on his parts.|
|P. 1. Contemporary copy. Headed: "The coppe of a letter to therll of Angwes."|
Calig. B. VI.
|1428. [SIR W. EVERS] to MAGNUS.|
|Has received a letter from Angus, the 16th June, informing him that he has such business at Edinburgh that he cannot keep the "day trew" appointed, and has changed the meeting to Thursday the 22nd of June, when the writer will not fail to meet him. Four hundred Scots with the "raballe of Tendall" came to Tersett Hall and Heslesyd, where the King's garrisons lay, and there took 55 horses and prisoners, and "kylled and brount" on the last day of May; and on the 13th of June came six hundred Scotsmen with the "raballes of Tendall" to the same places, and took 40 prisoners and 40 horses, and "brownt and kelled dyvers men." Sends articles enclosed, to which he prays answer "befor day trow be wryttyng; for I insuer yow I shall mak my lorde of Angwes holl radres for all manere of attemptates that hes beyn commytted or doyn be ony Inglysman to ony Scottesman sens the ferst abstinens was takyn at Noraham be my lorde of Northfolke and ye lord Hamylton, so that I may have the counterpayn of Scotland;" which he desires Magnus to declare to the Lords of the Council of Scotland. Rothbarre (Rothbury), 17 June.|
|P. 1. Contemporary copy, on the same paper as the preceding. Headed: "The coppe of a letter to Master Mangnus."|
|R. O.||1429. TYNDALE MEN.|
|"The saying of Sir Edward Todd, priest, concerning the order of Tynedale men on Good Friday last past," viz., that on that day Hector Charlton declared in his presence, and that of Sir John Alde, priest, "that he (Hector?) did no thing sithen the departure of the lord Dacre his master, but that it was his pleasure and commandment;" that Hector kept company with Gerard his brother, and other felons of Tynedale, "to espy bowrdes that he may cause the lord Dacre laugh when he comes home;" that Hector, with Henry Pluck and Nich. Charlton, took the blessed Sacrament forth of the Sepulchre in Bellingeham church, and one firkin of wine and 800 breads, and carried the same into a place called Tarsett Hall," but next day brought them back to Bellingham, where they got a Scotch friar to give the Sacrament to a number of evil-disposed people.|
|1430. HIERONYMUS NIGER to MARC' ANTONIO MICHELI.|
|On 30 April the Pope rode bravely on a Turkish horse from the palace to St. John's Lateran. On his return he was entertained by us in the palace of the Colonnas, built by pope Julius, where cardinal Colonna received him in pontifical array, and where he passed the night. Next morning a solemn mass was celebrated by cardinal Colonna in his church of the Holy Apostle; all the cardinals, prelates, and ambassadors being present except ours. The oration (sermon) was made by the archbishop of Sipontino, but was very dry. "In fine initium (fn. 2) fœdus." The confederates are the Pope, the Emperor elect, the king of England, the archduke (Ferdinand), and the duke of Milan. The treaty is similar in substance to that made in Adrian's time, against the Turk professedly, but it is commonly believed to be against France; and would to God it be not against the liberty of Italy! After the mass, a magnificent banquet was given in the said palace. The Pope was there with fourteen cardinals, and the duke of Sessa, the Imperial ambassador.|
|Letters from the Imperial court at Toledo, of the 28th ult., state that "our" ambassadors had arrived, and were awaiting those of France and of England, who were already in Spain. The Emperor is believed to be inclined to peace. It is reported that the captive King is to go to Barcelona, and that he goes very joyously, considering himself to be already reconciled [with the Emperor]. God grant that this their concord may be beneficial to Italy. Sadoleto is very well. Yesterday many of our academy were with him at the vineyard,—Savoia, Pindarus, "rosor acerrimus," and many others. Write to him; you need not trouble to show your proficiency in Latin. Rome, 18 June 1525.|
|18 June.||1431. HENRY FITZROY.|
|1. Grant of the earldom of Nottingham, with an annuity of 20l. out of the issues of cos. Notts and Derby. Witnesses: Thos. card. of York, Will. abp. of Canterbury, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Charles earl of Worcester, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Thos. West lord De la Warr, Will. lord Sandes of Vyne, Sir Thos. Boleyn, and Sir Hen. Guldeford. Bridewell, 18 June.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 42.|
|2. Grant of the dukedom of Richmond and Somerset, with annuity of 40l. out of the issues of cos. York, Somers. and Dorset. Bridewell, 18 June.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 42.|
|R. O.||3. Copy of the preceding.|
|R. O.||4. Grant, in addition to his creation as duke of Richmond on the 18th inst., of pre-eminence over all other dukes, except the King's legitimate issue. Date as above.|
|R. O.||5. Charges for creation as duke of Richmond and Somerset, earl of Nottingham, &c.:|
|For the King's largess, 5l. To the office of arms for his creation as earl, 10l. To Sir Thos. Garter king-of-arms, for his apparel, _ (fn. 3).|
|To the whole office for his creation as duke, _†. (Mem., a duke of the blood royal pays 20l., every other 20 marks.) Rewards to officers and trumpets _†.|
|ii. Charges for his installation at Windsor:|
|To the canons, for setting up his banner, helm, and crest, 10l. To Garter, the gown with which he enters the chapter-house. "To the vicars of the vicars of college," (sic) 26s. 8d. To the registrar, 2 old nobles. To the verger, 6s. 8d. To the office of arms, 40s. To the sexton, 6s. 8d. To the choristers, 13s. 4d. To the officers of the King attending, "upon a common purse," not more than 40s.|
|P. 1. Endd.|
|S. B.||6. For Henry duke of Richmond and Somerset and earl of Nottingham. To be keeper of the city and castle of Carlisle, with the same privileges, &c. as in the time of Ric. II., and with the appointment of subordinate officers.|
|R. O.||7. Extracts from the Patent Roll 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, concerning the creation of Henry Fitzroy as earl of Nottingham and as duke of Richmond and Somerset on the 18 June; also the custody given to Francis Poyntz, esquire for the Body, of the forests of Kingswood and Filwood, Glouc.|
|P. 1, in a modern hand.|
6113, f. 61.
|8. The creation of these noble lords at Bridewell, 16 June 17 Hen. VIII.:—|
|Henry Fitzroy was first created earl of Nottingham, as follows: First, he was clad in the habit and state of an earl, and so led between the earl of Arundel on the right and the earl of Oxford on the left. Before them went the earl of Northumberland, bearing the sword in the scabbard by the point, garnished with the girdle. The said earls were in their robes of estate. Before them went Garter, carrying the patent, and his company, and before them lords, knights, and esquires. He was thus conducted from the long gallery into the King's chamber, where the King stood under the cloth of estate, well accompanied by lords spiritual and temporal, my lord Cardinal, &c. The young lord then kneeled to the King, who commanded him to stand up. The King then received the patent from Garter, as the lord Chamberlain was absent, and "took it" to Sir Thos. Moore, who read it aloud. On coming to the words gladii cincturam, the young lord kneeled down, and the King put the girdle about his neck, the sword hanging bendwise over his breast. When the patent was read, the King gave it to the young earl, who returned, as he came, into the gallery, and was led out again in the habit of a duke, between the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk. Before him went the earl of Arundel, carrying he "cape" of estate with the circlet on it; the earl of Oxford, carrying the rod of gold; the marquis of Dorset, bearing the sword by the point; and the earl of Northumberland, carrying a duke's robes of estate. Garter and his company led the way as before. The patent was read, the robe, sword, cape, and circlet were put on, and the gold rod and patent handed to him.|
|The earl of Devonshire was also created marquis of Exeter. He was led in, in a marquis's robes, between the duke of Suffolk and the marquis of Dorset. The sword was borne by the earl of Northumberland, and the cape and circlet by the earl of Oxford. The earls of Lincoln, Rutland, and Cumberland were also created. Lord Fitzwater was created viscount Egremont. He was led in by the earl of Shrewsbury and lord Abergavenny, and the mantle borne by lord Dacres of the North. Lord Bulleyne was created viscount Rochford.|
|18 June.||1432. HENRY COURTENAY, EARL OF DEVON.|
|Grant, in tail male, of the title of marquis of Exeter, and the lordship and manor of Dertyngton, Devon, the adowson of Dertyngton, &c., in support of the said dignity. Bridewell, 18 June.|
|Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.|
|R. O.||2. Copy of the same.|
|18 June. (fn. 4) S. B.||1433. For HENRY LORD CLYFFORD, WESTMORELAND and VESEY.|
|Creation as earl of Cumberland, with 20l. a year to maintain his title, out of the issues of the cos. Cumb., Westmor. and York. No date of delivery.|
|1434. For ROBERT RADCLIF, LORD FITZWAUTER.|
|Creation as viscount Fitzwauter. (No date of delivery. (fn. 5) )|
|1435. HIPPOLYTO DE NOBILY to WOLSEY (?)|
|Wrote last on the 5th by Master Choo. Set out from Ry Chamera, on the 8th, for the coast of Britanny. Met a fleet of Portuguese, Spaniards and Flemings, laden with salt from Lisbon, which he examined one by one for contraband goods, but found nothing. Then met a wreck of a Portuguese carvel which the French had boarded;—then a bark of Master Ghili Forte, laden with hides and corn, bound for Dieppe; looked at her safe-conduct, and let her go. Remained at anchor all night. Next day the wind rose so high he was forced to return to Ry Chamera, where he arrived on the 9th, Saturday (fn. 6) morning. Had to repair the fusta, which was leaking. On Sunday morning arrived a Portuguese carvel, pretending to take refuge from French corsairs, on which he issued out to encounter them, but found it was a trick to prevent his taking certain loaves of sugar from them. Met an empty Breton ship, coming from London to Britanny for a cargo of salt for John Chavalchanti, with a safe-conduct from the King. Next morning gave chase for five hours to a French armed vessel, which at length took refuge in Normandy. Retired to Guernsey on Wednesday the 14th, where the captain, Mr. Uvaston's (fn. 7) lieutenant, gave him a mutton and a fine salad (uno moutone e una bella insalata). Gives an account of the capture of the galleon of Morlaix by a Biscayan ship. Went to St. Malo's, but was driven back to Jersey by stress of weather. Went to burn the town of Carterell in Normandy, but left to pursue four sails. Drove them to land at Sciototo (?) and sent a body of men, including eight English bowmen, to attack them. Put them to flight, and took three wagon-loads of cannon balls, and all their harness and horses and guns. Burned three villages, containing about 40 houses, in the face of their cavalry, but they had carried most of their goods up the mountain. Returned safe on board with all his men, except one, who had not left the ship, and was wounded in firing the ordnance. Came to "il Rossel" of Normandy, where he found a ship lying high and dry, which he burned, to the honor of St. George and the king of England, and returned to Jersey. Jersey, 18 June 1525.|
|Hol., Ital., pp. 4. Add.: Al Remo Mons. el Cardinale Vighorniense (fn. 8) [Leg]hato di N.S. gran Canciellieri de Inghilterra. Endd.|
Vit. B. VII. 158.
|1436. HIPPOLYTO DE NOBILY to HENRY VIII.|
|A similar letter of the same date.|
|Hol., Ital., mutilated, pp. 4. Add.|
Galba, B. VIII.
|1437. SIR ROB. WINGFIELD to WOLSEY.|
|Wrote last on the 13th from Malines. Dined today with Hochstrate in his fair new house. While my lady was dining, he took Wingfield into every corner of it. It is "as costly builded of brick and stone as I have seen; also as well cast." He then took me to my Lady, who said she had no news of importance since leaving Malines on Tuesday last, except that the viceroy of Naples had exacted a promise from his prisoner Florange that he should present himself to my Lady as her prisoner before the 20th of this month; she to order him at her pleasure, but not give him his liberty without the Viceroy's consent. Heard that Floranges came to this village last Friday, and yesterday was admitted to her presence,—that he had used much humble demeanor, urging her to remember the pity which became noble ladies, and set him at liberty, either freely or for a reasonable ransom. She answered that though she was glad of his coming in that manner, she would have been better pleased to have had him in the same state for three years, when he could not have sent her defiance, and caused so much bloodshed,—that she could for her own part willingly grant him liberty, but he was aware the Viceroy's consent was necessary, and she advised him to be patient. Wingfield asked where he was to be kept, and was told that when my Lady was at Brussels it was determined to place him in the castle of the Sclewse, of which count de Gavyrs has charge. Has no more news, except what Hochstrate told him today,—a copy of which he encloses. Hoowstrate, 19 June 1525.|
|Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.|
Cal. B. II. 109.
|1438. MAGNUS to SIR WILLIAM EVERS.|
|Has received his letter dated Rothbury, the 17th of this month relative to Scotch depredations and the unlawful taking of Englishmen; which he not only delivered to Angus, but caused it and his own letter with Evers' instructions to be read before the Chancellor and Privy Council. The bearer was present. A promise of redress was made in answer. Angus will not fail to keep the appointment on Thursday next. The lord of Boclough was called to this matter; trusts he will do his duty. Marvels that the business is mooted at this time. If there should be a war, it is not good that Tynedale should be enemies to England, the waste land being refuge to the thieves of Scotland and their cattle all summer time. It was reported here four days before anything was attempted, so that the thieves had time to shift for themselves. Lies here to put Scotland in dread, notwithstanding the garrison kept to overawe Tynedale. Edinburgh, 19 June.|
|P.S.—Wonders he does not hear from him what he will do for "Sir Rolland my priest's cattle." Signed.|
|Add.: To the right worshipful Sir Wm. Evers, knt., lieut. of the Middle Marches of England foreayeinst Scotland.|
Vesp. C. III.
|1439. TUNSTAL, WINGFIELD and SAMPSON to [WOLSEY].|
|News has come that the Viceroy has brought the French king to Barcelona. Dined with the Chancellor, and informed him of our commission to hearken unto peace. He said that the Emperor had told him of it, and he would use his knowledge for the King's interests. On asking the reasons of the French king's arrival, he told us that when he came to Genoa, and saw he should be had to Naples, he desired to come hither, offering to remove all difficulties, and commanding certain of his own gallies to be at the Viceroy's disposal. We said, "Had not the Viceroy express command to have him to Naples?" He replied that the Emperor had always wished for the French king to be brought to Spain, but could not see how it could be accomplished; that the Viceroy and Bourbon are not on good terms, for the Viceroy is anxious to hinder the Duke's marriage with the queen of Portugal, and that she should be given to Francis. He thought the Emperor would keep his promise, unless his sister absolutely refused to take the Duke. We said the Duke, though absent, might make sure of it by affiancing her by his proctor, and so the King be excluded. He said, if M. La Chaux were here, he might be avaunt-parlor to the Dowager. Francis will be kept at Chatea in Valentia, the strongest hold belonging to Spain.|
|Had a visit from Mokeron, sent by the Emperor to tell them the news. De la Mote, Bourbon's servant, has arrived, claiming for the price of the French king's person against the Viceroy. It is clear that Bourbon knew nothing of the King's coming. The Chancellor said that Francis had offered to allow the Dauphin to be brought up by the Emperor, if he would give him the daughter of the dowager of Portugal in marriage. Toledo, 20 June. Signed.|
|Pp. 4. Headed: "A duplicate of another letter sent after Rogier Basyng."|
Vit. B. VII. 160.
|1440. CLERK to [WOLSEY].|
|Wrote last of the French king's departure from Jean on the 9th inst. Since then letters have come from Jean, saying that he arrived at Missa on the 10th. Waited there for a wind till the 12th; left that night, and if the wind continued, must have been long before this in Spain. At ... certain knights of Rhodes came to him, saluted him in the name of their religion, and desired him to remember the state of the religion, and be good to them. It seems that he behaved like a prince, and with high and glorious words made them large promises of what he would do for the religion himself, and cause the Emperor to do;—to whom he said he was going to order and redress his own affairs, and he asked the Knights to send one with him, as he doubted not to set their matters at some good end with the Emperor. Should not have thought this worth writing, but the Pope says it shows that he is assured of the Emperor, or else has great presumption and temerity.|
|It seems that the Emperor is determined to continue the war both from Spain and Lombardy, though there is no actual outward demonstration of either, except that he is levying large sums for that purpose by consent of his commons and nobles. In Lombardy the demonstrations made by the Viceroy and others sound rather to peace than war. The Pope and many others, to Clerk's surprise, still think that the Viceroy has taken the King to Spain without orders. Many suppose the [contra]rye, for the matter has doubtless been long debated, as appears by the coming of the French galleys, of which there was no word till they met the King in the large se[a]. As the matter has been so long debated with secretness, it is likely enough that the Emperor has had word thereof, especially as the King wished it. The Emperor can hear from Lombardy every week through France. It is not likely the Viceroy would be so presumptuous. They try here to lay all to the Viceroy, and clear the Emperor; and the Pope is contented, for some men's satisfaction, to believe it, but Clerk thinks he really believes that the Viceroy would not have done it without the Emperor's commission. He will not say so, for he is always cautious of saying anything that might engender suspicion between the King and the Emperor.|
|Hears of no more special commission, either from the Emperor or Viceroy, for setting forward the army in Lombardy. Knows that nothing could do more to the King's purpose than to hear that this army should do well; and no one can be sorrier than Clerk for the evil opinion men here have taken thereof, but he can do no less than tell Wolsey how men talk, and how "the scholys do rone heir in Rome." By letters from Master Gregory, it seems that Bourbon was in good hope, and Gregory seems to be waiting for another commission from Wolsey. There are letters from Almayne that the cardinal of Magu[ntia] has consented to the marriage of his priests. The Pope continues in marvellous perplexity. He showed Clerk secretly that either this demeanor of the Viceroy is by the Emperor's commission, or else he has indu[ced] the French king to consent to the articles he thinks will please the Emperor. Otherwise he dared not have acted thus, for there appears an express commission that he should take the King to Naples. The Legate, who should have crossed the mountains to treat of peace, is still in Lombardy. Does not fail to urge his going; and the Pope says he shall go forwards, and gives good words. They are now disputing whether he should go to Spain by land or sea. If he goes first to Spain, it will be long before he does any good for us in France. The Pope is at his wit's end by the suspicious dealing of these princes. Rome, 20 June. Signed.|
|1441. CHARLES V. to FRANCIS I.|
|On his arrival in Spain.|
|1442. CHARLES V. to LANOY.|
|I have received your letters of the 10th, and am satisfied with the instructions given to Malversin. I desire that the king of France shall be well treated; better, if possible, than he has been, provided he is well secured. Of Patina, Chinchilla and Mora, it seems to me that the first, being in an agreeable part of the country, and near Saulo, would be best for the King's residence. If any other place seems more desirable, I leave it to you. I am desirous of your presence, and the sooner you come the better; and when you are here, we will determine on the affairs of Italy.|
|I have sent a courier to Bourbon, begging him to wait where he is till he hears further; also to the marquis of Pescara. Francis and his attendants must have no lack of horses, that he may be sensible of our desire to treat him honorably. I have written to the marquis of Brandenburgh, who is now at Valencia, to visit him. I will advise with you about the fleet. You must arrange with the king of France that his fleet do the Spanish coasts no damage for 15 days. I have ordered you 10,000 ducats for the fleet. You shall make the King satisfied with his removal to Patina, telling him of the honorable treatment he may expect, and not to consider it as unkind, but as only intended until we can come to some resolution. Toledo, Tuesday, 20 June.|