Henry VIII: December 1525, 16-31

Pages 811-824

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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December 1525

16 Dec.
R. O.
Forgot to mention in his last that he spoke, as desired, a word to the lady Regent for a mule for Wolsey, who promised to send him two as fair as can be found, and gorgeously trimmed. Begs Wolsey will remember his coming home, for he is dangerously ill. Lyons, 16 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
16 Dec.
Calig. D. IX. 97.
B. M.
The bishop of Bath arrived at Lyons on Thursday the 14th inst., and on consultation with Fitzwilliam and Tayler, whom he there found resident, thought it advisable to salute my Lady. They all waited on her next day, when she asked the Bishop how the Pope did, and how he liked the charge of Greg. Casale. Told her his Holiness was in good health, that he rejoiced much at the amity now passed between England and France, and liked marvellously well the charge of Sir Gregory, so that if her power had been received there on Sir Gregory's arrival, "all things concerning the same had been concluded incontinently." She said she had been informed that the Pope delayed the conclusion "by [saying that] he would have the King's highness enter this l[eague] now at this present time." The Bishop said she had been misinformed, for [before] he left he had declared to the Pope the King and Wolsey's mind that the league should be concluded between France and the powers of Italy, leaving a place for the King's Highness, who would not fail to enter it in time conve[nable], when there should be more occasion to break with the Emperor;—that the Pope was much pleased with this declaration, and waited for nothing but a p[ower] from my Lady, who had not yet sent any commission to her agents there for that matter.
"With this she withdrew herself into [an] inner chamber somewhat more close from the [eyes] of people, and had us all three with her, [and] she demanded very earnestly of me, the [said] bishop of Bath, what I thought of [his] Holiness, and of divers other his ministers, and wh[ether] I thought that his Holiness would do and deal substantially in this matter against the Emperor or not, showing that the Venetians seemed greatly to doubt of his Holiness." Clerk assured her the Pope meant well,—that it was his own interest so to do, and to do otherwise would be his utter ruin,—that he had heard the Pope repeatedly complain of the slackness of the French in not resolving themselves, and that the only obstacle to these affairs was that her agents in Rome had no commission. She said her powers were despatched long ago, so she trusts if that be the only difficulty all things are by this time perfected. She asked if any one was spoken of at Rome, as meet to be captain-general of the army against the Emperor in Italy. Clerk said they had come to no decision when he left, but that one would be chosen by common consent of the confederates. "She said that the duke of Ferrar, who is (whose) passaig... unto the Emperor by your Grace's advice and coun[sel] she had stopped, should be a very meet man,"—that she had promised him the post as a means of inducing him not to go to Spain,—and that if disappointed "he might easily fall to a like room of the Emperor's part," as the Imperialists were destitute of a captain by the death of the marquis of Pisk[are], and were daily holding out inducements to him to join them. They replied that the Pope would hardly consent until the dispute between him and the Duke was settled. She said he ought to prevent the Duke going over to the Emperor, and hoped the King and Wolsey would back her up. Think the matter of great importance, and that Wolsey should write about it to the Pope.
She said the Emperor had sent to the King her son, the viceroy of Naples, Don Hugo de Moncado, and the secretary John Allaman, to confer with him about his deliverance, but her daughter, the duchess of Alençon, is on her way home, and will keep her Christmas in France; that "her said son was fully resolved that whatsoever they spake or offered unto him he would never... nor deliver one foot of land in his possession, [nor would] grant to no nother conditions than he had o[ffered] unto them afore." Inquired of her what they had offered, and whether they had "motioned any further of the marriage between her son and Madame Eleanor." She could not tell if they drew near any reasonable point, but expected news every hour. She said her son would not listen to any further motion for the marriage,—that B[ourbon] had arrived in the Emperor's court, "and had dem[anded] of him to have his order, which as yet he co[uld] not obtain,"—that the Emperor called him to no council, nor had given him more than 5,000 or 6,000 ducats since he came to Spain, so that most of his servants had deserted him, and asked their pardon of Francis,—that De Prat (De Praet) had told her he hoped to see a peace between his master and the King her son; but she knew he said it only to put her in comfort thereof, so that she might slack the setting forth of the matters of Italy, where his master's affairs stand in very evil case by the death of the marquis of Pescara.
This morning Robert Tete came from my Lady, to know if there was anything in France Clerk had "appetite unto;" and delivered a book, which they send, of the sums of money the king of Portugal must pay to the Emperor with his sister in marriage. My Lady says she will write to Wolsey by Clerk, but she would forward their letters sooner if they wished. Thought it best to write and despatch their letters now, as it will be long before Clerk reaches England. Lyons, 16 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 8, mutilated.
17 Dec.
Calig. E. I. 20.
B. M.
Has heard from the bishop of Bath, on his return through France to England, of the good disposition of the Pope towards the Italian league. She considers that league as concluded. Begs Henry to write to Gregory de Casalis to persuade the Pope to give it effect. St. Just sur Lyon, 17 Dec. Signed.
Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "A Mons. le cardinal d'Yort, legat," &c.
18 Dec.
Eras. Ep.,
App. 334,
p. 1711.
1826. MORE to ERASMUS.
Has received one or two letters from him, and seen those which he sent to the bishop of London. Is sorry to hear that he has suffered from the illness that was fatal to Linacre. Is exceedingly anxious to see his Hyperaspistes completed, and should be sorry if he has abandoned it from fear of consequences. If the Lutherans had intended anything, he would have had notice of it before, especially on the publication of the first book, in which he had painted the Lutheran monster in such vivid colours. Luther is afraid of Erasmus and his superior learning. Your painter (Holbein) is a wonderful artist, but I am afraid he will not find England so fertile as he expected, although I will do the best, as far as I am concerned, that he may not find it altogether barren. Greenwich, 18 Dec. 1525.
18 Dec.
R. O.
In behalf of Alonce de Civille, a merchant of Rouen, who says he has obtained a judgment in his favor, of which execution has been deferred by sinister means. Paris, 18 Dec. Signed.
Fr., p.1. Add. Endd.: From Mons. Brynon, the vj. day of December.
18 Dec. 1828. For ST. AUSTIN'S, near BRISTOL.
Writ to the escheator of Somerset for restitution of the temporalties, on election of Wm. Burton as abbot. Richmond, 18 Dec.
ii. Similar writs for Dorset, Glouc. and Devon.
Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p.2, m.8.
Writ to John Alen, mayor and escheator of London, for restitution of temporalties on election of Ric. Anscelm as abbot. Richmond, 18 Dec.
Similar writs for Glouc., Oxon, and Warw.
Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p.2, m.8.
Cal. D. IX. 124.
B. M.
1830. FRENCH NEWS. (fn. 1)
* * * The Regent is at Bordeaux with the Dauphin and the duke of Orleans, accompanied by the Princes and Lords of France, and 1,000 or 1,200 men-at-arms. The treaty between the Emperor and the King has been published at Paris; but the Parliament would not speak of it, and there was only the provost of Paris at the publication. Those of Rouen and Normandy have refused the money the Regent ordered them to send. She has several times ordered those of Paris and Normandy "qu'ilz ce assemblassent [dans] leurs maisons, les gens de bien d'icelles... assemblés avec ceulx des dits parlemens ... qu'ilz eussent a passer l'obligation [pour le roy] d'Engleterre de la somme d'a ... La dite Regente luy est a ... [tot]allement refusans d ... * * * [obli]gacion disant qu ... [e]lle fiance ausdits Engloys en maniere [quelconque], et que tout ce qu'ilz font n'est que pou[r] ... et decepvoir le royaulme de France." To increase his credit with them he has given out "qu'il a esté et entré parmy le conseil d'Angleterre," and learned their secrets; "et la declaration de ce que dit est a ... par ledit de Sainct Martin faicte avec les seigneurs des comptes et seigneurs de Parlement et les gra[nds] personnages de Paris." Saint Martin's words have been repeated [to] great personages by M. Chaunet, an "ancien" of Paris, and officer of the said Chambre des Comptes. When the Normans assembled at R[ouen] to know if they should pass the obligation, they gave no [answer]. * * * "fort en six sepmaines de destruyre [le roy]aulme d'Angleterre, et en faire le Roy ... ou fugitif," and that it was great cowardice to have come to terms with the English, "et qu'ilz [ne] povoyent plus."
Those of Paris offered Francis half their goods to carry on the war with England, but would sooner die than bind themselves to them. Saint Martin often converses with Mesg ... one of the treasurers of France.
Fr., pp. 3, mutilated.
21 Dec.
p. 552.
Expects great advantages from this peace. If all Christian princes were like Henry, there would be no difficulty in advancing the tranquillity of Christendom. It is to be hoped that the Emperor will concur. Richmond, 21 Dec. 1525.
21 Dec.
Galba, B. VIII.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 13th. Howstrate returned the same day. On the day following De Humières arrived, and was received by Mons. de Lovyrgan and divers gentlemen of my Lady's house. Next day, the 15th, he had audience between 4 and 5 in the evening, and though many great Lords were present none were called to hear his charge. He talked a long time with my Lady in a low voice. Cannot find that he brought letters for any but my Lady and Howstrate. He had another audience next day equally private. The day following being Sunday, abstinence of speech was kept. On the 17th he dined with Ravenstein and all the great Lords; and in the evening, about 5, had audience again of my Lady in the same manner as before. On the 18th he dined with Fiennes and all the great Lords, and had audience after supper, about 8 o'clock; when, after a long talk, he took his leave, and departed next afternoon, with an honest reward, it is said. His charge is believed to have consisted of two points: 1st, to desire prorogation of the abstinence for two months; and, 2nd, to obtain my Lady's assistance to qualify the Emperor's demands. Suspects it had some further object which he cannot discover; otherwise, he would have sought to speak with Wingfield, considering the things lately agreed between France and England. Is as well pleased that he did not; for though he trusts none of the nation, he does not pretend to compare with them in finesse.—Has obtained an order from my Lady to allow the discharge of 300 barrels of saltpetre belonging to the King at Armewe, in Zealand, which were brought by a ship of Aragose (Ragusa), in Sclavonia, compelled to put in there by stress of weather. Brussels, 21 Dec. 1525.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
21 Dec.
Grant of the sites, &c. of the suppressed monasteries of St. Leonard Thobie, St. Laurence Blakamore, St. Mary Magdalene Stanesgate, St. Nich. Typtre, St. Mary Wykes, Essex; St. Mary, Dodnesh, and St. Mary, Snape, Suffolk; with lands in Thobie, Gyngemonteney, Blunteswalles, Cubfolde, Wyndhul, Parva Wareley, Marses, Nosells alias Nortselles, Rome, Maylonde, Mowland, Runwell, Bobyngworth, Springfeld, Hertford, Stoke Pachyng, Shenfeld, Ingraf, Raureth, Colchister, Borham, Standon, Writtyll, Shellowe, Gyngemargarete, Cubfaunt, and Shenfelde, Essex;—in Blakemore, Wyllyngale, Bowells and Bromefeld, Essex;—and Hormede, Herts;—Marybourne alias Tybourne, Middx., and in London;—also in Shelowe, Norton, Southweld, Keldon, and Standon, Essex;—in Stanesgate, Tyllyngham, and Totham Magna, Essex; Steple, Totham Parva, Ramesey, Wodham Mortimer; in Tiptre, Mesyngs, Tolleshunt Tregos, Tolleshunt Darsey, Tolleshunt Magna, and Maldon, Essex; Brackestede, Wycham, Witham, Fairstede, Goldanger, Messinges, Inworthe, Stanwey, Keldon, Essex; Wykes and Wormyngford, Essex; Chettisham and Swilland, Suff.; Purley, Essex, Tanswell Hall, Essex; Lanan and Preston, Suff.; Westburhold, Boxsted, Warbnes, Tendryng, Fratyng, Misteley, Bradfeld, Tolleshunt Major, Norton, Essex; Bilstone, Hyntlesham and Waysbroke, Suff.; in Dodnesh, Falkenham, Bentley, Taddeston and Bergholt, Capell, Stuston, Holbroke, Braham, Wenham, Copedocks, Stratford, Raydon, Ramysden, Gypswyche (Ipswich), Suff.; in Snape, Friston, Scotts, Tastards, Bursawes, Bedyngfeld and Alderburgh, Buxlowe, Pesynhale, Sternfeld, Bedyngfeld, Hasylwode, and Orford, Suff. Greenwich, 10 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Richmond, 21 Dec.
Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20.
R. O. 2. Letters patent for the same.
R. O. 3. Draft of the preceding in Wriothesley's hand, corrected by Cromwell, and including the suppressed monastery of St. Peter, Horkesley, with lands in Horkesley Parva and Magna, Wythermoundeford, Fordam, Ardeley and Occley, Essex; in Nayland, Stoke Nayland, Wyston, Bures, Raydon, and Shelley.
Pp. 10.
R. O. 4. Another draft, with the additions in § 3 struck out, and corrected according to the privy seal, which was dated 10 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.
1. Foundation grant by Wolsey to Cardinal's College, Oxford.
R. O. 2. The customs and demesnes of the following manors:—sc. Stanesgate, Thoby, Bluntzwalls, Little Warley, Typtre, Tolsont Darsey, Blakeamore, Bowells, Bromefelde, Willingale, Gyngmargarete, Horkesley, Wiston, Boxsted, Wykes, Wormyngforde, Chatesham, Otteley, Fratyng, Tendryng, Tolson Major, Maldon, Porley, Norton, Bradfeld, Bylston, Est Bertfolt, Otley, Swillond, Wasshbroke, Hyntylsam, Romsey, Churchehall in Wormingforde, Dodnessh Charlez, Snape (blank), Bedyngfeld.
ii. Terrier of the suppressed monasteries for the Cardinal's College at Oxford, made by Rob. Carter clk., Thos. Cannor clk., Thos. Crumwell gent., Edw. Leyghton clk., John Smyth auditor, commissioners for Wolsey, sc. Snape, Friston, Alderburgh, Mylle Hille, Marlingfelde, Langelonde, Crowebetfelde, Bromestedle, Southith, Hasylwoode, Mellefelde, Burstonhaugh, Bedingfelde parsonage.
Pp. 274, partly in Wriothesley's hand.
23 Dec.
Vit. B. VII. 219.
B. M.
Knows that the ambassadors write him all the news and rumors. The last envoy from the Emperor, Michael H ... brings a charge tending towards peace, "sive potius ad liberandam susp[icionem];" that the Emperor will confirm F[rancis] in the duchy of Milan, and give him his investiture in a year, and, if he die in the interval, appoint a successor agreeable to the Pope; "rebusque his sic firmatis et compositis ex It[alia exercitum] deducturum, stipendiis tamen militibus persolutis, qui capiunt fere bis ... nummum, quæ proportionatis rationibus exigantur a Venetis, a Ducat[u Mediolani,] a Florentinis et Senensibus, a ceteris Italiæ regulis, a Majestate sua et a Po[ntifice pro] Gallorum rege liberando multa postmodum consideranda esse, rationem ha ... interim non abnuere se, quæ omnia ante Moroni detentionem ita se h[abe]bant, nunc ne subsistant hie dubitatur," for the Imperialists know from Morone's confession that the Duke was concerned in these new confederations; and therefore, Milan and the other towns having being accepted into the Emperor's allegiance, they are besieging him in the castle. For this reason the neighbouring states all think they intend to occupy Italy, and the Venetians are eagerly treating with the Pope for a new alliance; but since the arrival of the aforesaid envoy the Pope has promised, the Emperor to suspend all action for two months, from the 12th inst.; and any disturber of the peace during that time is to be resisted by them. Each to contribute 400 men-at-arms and 4,000 foot. The Venetians can enter in twenty days, and the captains of the castles of Milan and Cremona in three days after hearing of it.
As the French and Venetians are much opposed to it, some think that the Pope will never allow the duke of Milan to be expelled; others that the Emperor will never bear him, and that therefore there will never be a firm concord between them. Others think this is the commencement of the Pope's taking the Emperor's part altogether. Campeggio believes he only wishes to keep clear of war. No one doubts that in these intricacies Wolsey will have great influence. The marquis of Pescara is dead. There is yet no general in his place.
"Hanc duorum mensium morulam plerique ea ratione a Cæsare inter[positam censent] quoniam hujus rei rumore voluerint Gallis persuadere eum ita ... ac propterea ad duriores conditiones illos trahere, quo facto eadem ... Italiæ quoque quas voluerint leges et conditiones ponant utcun[que] ... quietis spem aliquam propius videmus." Rome, 23 Dec. M.D.XX[V]. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
23 Dec.
R. O.
A memorial of such copes and vestments as Stephen Humble and Thos. Yonge, vestment makers, have delivered unto my lord Cardinal, 23 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 3. Endd.
24 Dec.
Calig. D. IX.
B. M.
This is the fourth letter we have [written to you] since our coming hither, two of which we sent to Robert Te[te] to be conveyed by their post. Since the last was written, there has been a rumor that peace was almost concluded between the Emperor and the French king; on which they went to my Lady to see if she would tell them anything about it. She told them the Pope still scrupled to enter the league, and rather more since the coming to his presence of Arrere than before; that the king of Navarre had escaped from prison, and was on his way hither; and that she had sent to her daughter, the duchess of Alençon, to hasten her coming. On being asked if she had any other news from Spain, she said, No. Told her it was rumored in Lyons that peace was almost concluded between her son and the Emperor. On which she smiled, and said, we might be sure, if she had had any such news, we should have been the first informed of it.
Today she sent for us, and said she had letters from her ambassadors in England reporting the kind answer they had received from the King, both "concerning the money, and the respiting for the perfecting o[f] the bands of the town of Paris and others," and also touching Henry's entry into the league of Italy; with which she and her Council are very much gratified. As Fitzwilliam was informed that a gentleman had lately come out of Spain with news that the Emperor and the French king were almost at a point, they urged her, considering that the King had dealt fair with her, to be frank with him. On which she desired them, for the love of God, not to believe "that she should be so mechient [as] to keep anything from his Grace," for "she had liever [die]" than do anything to his displeasure. Cannot write of the bruits as true, but hopes to know by next post from Spain. She said my lady Margaret of Savoy had demanded an aid of the people of Flanders, and been refused; on which she declared to them "in what es[tate the] Emperor's affairs stood, saying they should shortly have p[eace with France], and all their laws from henceforth executed in Flanders, [and resort] no more to Paris for the same." To this they answered that they would be glad of peace; but as to the execution of their laws, they would still go to Paris, where justice was administered without delay, which they could not have in Flanders "by reason of so many great partialities." They also said they knew peace was concluded between England and France; and if they could not have right, they would apply to those two realms for remedy.
We have now everything perfect concerning our charge, except my Lady's obligation and treaty, which we have often demanded, and which they promise to send to their ambassadors in England, to be delivered to the King when he takes his oath. The Chancellor says it shall be despatched next post. Wish to know if the King is satisfied.
The king of Navarre has just arrived here. On Wednesday my Lady goes to Tournon, where the duchess of Alençon will meet her. Lyons, 24 Dec. [Signatures burnt off.]
Pp. 3, mutilated.
24 Dec.
R. O.
"Triplicata sub data xvj. Decembris.
"Illustrissime ac reverendissime, &c. Papa concordavit cum Cæsare. Non potui scire omnia capitula, sed inter alia est quod modernus dux Mediolani remaneat dux; item quod exercitus Cæsaris, qui est in Lombardia, dissolvatur eo modo de quo superioribus diebus scripsi. Et quia Cæsarii dicunt Cæsarem tempore missionis hujus nuncii nescisse dictum ducem conspirasse contra eum, et propterea dubitatur de sufficientia mandati, promittunt quod Cæsar intra duos menses omnia capitula approbabit, et interim nec ex parte Papæ, Venetorum, nec dicti ducis debet aliquid innovari. Dictum est etiam mihi inter dicta capitula esse quod Cæsar non debeat intra certum tempus venire in Italiam, et tunc non nisi cum certo numero militum. Papa innuit potissimam causam hujusmodi suæ resolutionis fuisse quod non vidit Gallos secum libere procedere, nec potuit Sanctitas sua de illis, nec etiam de rege Angliæ, id sibi promittere quod necesse erat. Quæ volui significasse, non ut copiosus et instructus ad unguem relator, sed ut fidelis et debitor Majestatis Regiæ et D.v.R. servitor, atque eo animo ut per priorem cursorem sim plenissime scripturus de integro negotio quantum intelligere potero.
"Quæ superius scripta sunt, scripsi etiam per alias binas datas xvi. hujus mensis, unde non est opus ea legere si aliæ literæ istuc pervenerunt.
"Duplicata sub data xx. hujus mensis viz. id quod sequitur:—
"Post dictas ultimas scriptas nil aliud de novo ad mei notitiam devenit, nisi quod a fidedignis accepi Papam affirmare potuisse exnunc firmare tractatum supradictum initum cum Cæsare secum colore i[n]sufficientiæ mandati procurationis agentium pro Cæsare, voluisse rem ad duos menses suspensam tenere, ad hoc ut Galli et Angli, qui in præteritum frigide in his processisse videntur, si escitari velint, possint intra id tempus id facere et significare Sanctitati suæ; quod si fecerint, asserit velle cum ipsis Gallis et Anglis se unire, etia[m] si Cæsar hunc ultimum tractatum ratificaret.
"Dixi quod accepi; utrum autem verum sit quod Papa habeat intentionem de qua dixi, non audeo (audio?), et cum a Sanctitate sua hoc non acceperim, puto quod D. v. R. aliunde poterit veritatem scire, quia Sanctitas sua, a me incitata ut D. v. R. de omnibu[s] copiose certificaret, se id facturam promisit.
"Quod scribo in hoc ultimo capitulo non est prius scriptum ad D. v. R., sed solum ea quæ supra illud scripta sunt. Commendo me semper D. v. R., ei humillime supplicando dignetur me commendare S. R. M. quam et D. v. R. felices diu manere cupio. Ex Urbe, die xxiiij. Decembris M.D.XXV.
"E. V. Ill. et R. D.
"Humill. mancipium,
Hol.; chiefly cipher, undeciphered. Add. Endd.
25 Dec.
R. O.
Wrote last to him from Brussels, and sent with it a letter to Wolsey. News has come that since the marquis of Pescara's death the king of Navarre has escaped from the castle of Pavia by assent of his keepers. The marquis, before his death, made all the captains promise obedience to his nephew the marquis of Sa.. till they know the Emperor's pleasure. The Emperor's marriage is deferred, on account of the sickness at Seville, till the middle of Jan., when it will be celebrated near Toledo; but doubtless this news will have reached England already through France. Guillaume de la Barre was despatched to the Emperor on the 23rd. Now that the King and Wolsey will be together at Christmas, begs Tuke to get a warrant for his diets. Has written to Wyott and Gresham, so that he hopes to be relieved of the disease of which he has complained to Tuke so often. Malines, Christmas day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.; Master Bryan Tuke, one of the King's Council and Secretary.
25 Dec.
Er. Ep. p. 901.
There is a manuscript of Seneca in Queen's College library (Collegio Regali), from which Erasmus extracted several readings. In consequence of the dishonesty of a German, and his carelessness, begs Aldridge to collate the manuscript with the edition of Seneca by Frobenius, and send the copy to More. Begs his commendation to Phaunus (Phrierus?), Humphrey, Vachan (Vaughan), Gerard, Nicholas, and John Siburg, the booksellers. Basle, 25 Dec. 1525.
Er. Ep. xxii. 23. 1841. ERASMUS to TUNSTAL.
Admires his zeal for the Church. Hopes he will not be like some who, in their earnestness, pull up the wheat with the tares. Wishes that Luther's writings were examined by some good men, as there are certain truths in them from which the world has too much degenerated. Speaks of the errors of the times, which are increased by the discords among rulers. Basle, 1525.
27 Dec.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 113.
1842. TREATY of the MORE.
Obligations of Francis I. for the observation of the said treaty. _ 27 Dec. 1525. Signed.
Fr., vellum.
27 Dec.
R. O.
1843. BERWICK.
Receipt by George Lawson of 450l. for wages of gunners at Berwick, from Edmund abbot of York, according to Wolsey's letter of the 8th inst. York, 27 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII. Signed.
30 Dec.
R. O.
Thanks him for giving his mind to the articles sent lately by the lords of James's council for peace. Edinburgh, 30 Dec. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd. by Wriothesley (?): "From the king of Scots the last day of December."
30 Dec.
R. O.
Book of accounts of the manor of Begham, commencing 27 Nov. to 30 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII., containing receipts and a note of the weight of the bells of Sandwell, Poghley, Littlemore, and one sent to St. Frideswide's.
Party in Cromwell's handwriting. (Part loose.)
ii. Valor of Tunbridge.
iii. Rents of Stanford, Langporte, Pepyngburye, and other places.
iv. Rents as settled by Tho. Cromwell and John Smyth, 29 Nov. 17 Hen. VIII., in Bullokestowne. Rental at 6s. 4d. per 100 acres; in another place 10 acres pay 2s. 10d.; in another, 30 acres at 6s. 6d.; 20 acres pay 40d.; 3 acres, 4½d.
With other memoranda connected with Wolsey's Colleges.
Several leaves at the end loose and badly mutilated.
31 Dec.
R. O.
The Lords here have received his letters by Thos. Magnus, and have heard his credence. They are rejoiced to see that he regards his nephew's honor, as if he were his son. Magnus can show the King that the Archbishop has done all he could to promote peace since the matter was first treated. He will endeavor to augment the mutual kindness between Henry and James, and to satisfy the former in all matters that occur between the realms. Edinburgh, 31 Dec. 1525. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
31 Dec.
R. O.
Have received by Magnus his letters dated Windsor, 6 Dec., agreeing to their last articles. Have arranged accordingly with Magnus for a meeting at Berwick. Edinburgh, 31 Dec. Signed: Patricius Secretarius, de mandato Dominorum, &c.
P. 1. Add.
31 Dec.
Calig. B. I.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 425.
The lords of the Council chosen in Parliament have received by Magnus his letters, dated Windsor, 6 Dec., expressive of his friendly greeting towards his nephew and his realm. Has used his influence in the Council for peace, to which many are opposed. They have arranged with Magnus days of meeting with the English wardens for redress on the part of the Scots, to which there have been obstacles hitherto. Will go himself to make redress in person at the next days of truce. Begs no credit be given to any sinister reports of him by his enemies. Edinburgh, 31 Dec. Signed.
31 Dec.
Calig. B. VI.
B. M.
1849. ANGUS to WOLSEY.
Has received his letters from Thomas Magnus, dean of Est Ryden, for redress on the Borders. He has been appointed by the King his master to meet the English wardens for that purpose. Has written more at length to king Henry. Edinburgh, 31 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lorde cardinalis grace of Zorke, &c.
31 Dec.
R. O.
Since writing last, received his letter by Rysbanke, on the day of Innocents. The same day my Lady left to meet her daughter, the duchess of Alençon. Will, at the time appointed, declare their charge to my Lady in Joachim's presence (who did not arrive till after she left). Joachim came to their lodging the morning after he arrived, and said that as the Chancellor and Robert Tete had remained in the town, he would go to the latter and return to them. On doing so, he said he would visit my Lady, and advise her to go no further till she had heard their charge.
He returned from her the same night, and said that she could not stop longer in the place where she then was, as the sickness had lately been there. She wished them to meet her on Tuesday, but would not stop till that day; He had spoken to her about the truce, as to which she says she will follow the King's and Wolsey's advice, and will not grant the prolonging thereof.
Enclose letters they have received from Gregory Cassell. Have heard no more of the report of a conclusion being almost passed between the Emperor and French king; and no post has yet come, though looked for every hour.
Doubt not my Lady will show them all the secrets of the affair, for no woman ever spoke better words or made better countenance to them than she does. If she does dissemble, she does so very craftily. Fitzwilliam, whom the King has licensed to return, will send his train before him, and remain with her till she meets the duchess of Alençon that he may hear the news from Spain, that is, if she comes in five or six days. Thanks the King for the said licence on account of the debility of his body and his purse. Taillor will stay. Lyons, 31 Dec.
Since writing, Joachim has shown them his charge from the King and Wolsey for my Lady; which accords with their instructions. Tuke writes that they must ask my Lady to send on their letters to Rome. Sent them to Robertet, who has promised to do it. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
31 Dec.
R. O.
Has received his letters in favor of the grand master of Rhodes, who is now here. Is very anxious to promote the restoration of the Order, in which he trusts Henry will join him. Toledo, 31 Dec. 1525. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
Declaration by Ric. Coton, clerk comptroller of the duke of Richmond, of expences from 16 June to 31 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.
Corn, bought, 430 qrs. 7 b., 172l. 11s. 8d.; spent, 102 qrs. 7 b. Wheat, bought and spent, 7 qrs. 6 b., 2l. 3s. 6d. Flour, bought and spent, 32 qrs. 7 b., 11l. 19s. 1½d. Bread, 146½ doz., 8l. 6s. 6d. Ale, bought, 136 tuns, 119l. 6s. 8d.; spent, 131 tuns. Beer, 563 q., 135l. 10s. 8d.; spent, 30 q. Hops, 572 lb., 53s. 8½d.; spent, 296 lb. Oxen, 110, 116l. 15s. 8d.; spent, 93. Sheep, 520, 73l. 18s. 11d.; spent, 469. Lambs, 81, 4l. 14s. 6d. Calves, 116½, 16l. 6s. 11d. Pigs, 85, 14l. 9s. 6d. Boars, 11, 5l. 5s. 8d. Wine, 21 tuns 3 hhd. 2 b., 134l. 11s. 8d.; spent, 14 tuns 2 hhd. 2 b., 98l. Salt fish, 1,603, 49l. 0s. 11d.; spent, 903. Lings, a hundred (120), 6l.; spent, 5 score, 100s.; remainder, 20, 20s. Salt salmon, 6 barrels, 108 fish, 11l. 10s.; spent, 12 fish, 10s. Spice, 92l. 6s. 1½d.; spent, 76l. 4s. 9½d. Salt, 31 qrs., 10l. 6s. 8d.; spent, 25 qrs. Vinegar, 6 hhd., 113s. 11d.; spent, 3½ hhd. Verjuice, 184 flasks, 64s.; spent, 124 fl. Mustard, 150 flasks 1 pt., 56s. 8½d. Fresh victuals, 269l. 6s. 5d. 2½ q. Wax, 23l. 12s. White lights, 12l. 8s. 9d. Rushes, 4l. 16s. 11d. Charcoal, 48l. 2s. Firewood 14l. 7s. 3d.
Total of purchases, 1,372l. 6s. 0d. 3½q. Total consumed, 999l. 15s. 11d. 3½ q. Remainder, 372l. 10s. 0¾d.
Oxen and sheep for presents, 43l. 4s.
Necessaries for the household, 114l. 2s. 11½d. Rewards, &c., 57l. 14s. 10d. Expences at the installation at Windsor, 22l. 6s. 8d. The wardrobe of Robes, 87l. 9s. 2d. Commons of the Council and servants, 346l. 14s. 3d. Expences of the Duke and his council from Merton Abbey to York, 25 days, 91l. 14s. 7d. Fees and wages for half a year, 440l. 15s. 5d. Carriage by land, 75l. 2s. 2½d.; by water, 15l. 18s. 2d. Washing, 7l. 14s. 4d. Lord Ogle, for keeping Tyndale, 20l. Expences of Sir Edw. Semar, Master of the Horse, 91l. 9s. 10d. To Edw. Forest, for repairs, 234l. 4s. 1d. Total, 2,648l. 6s. 5d., 3½ q.
Pp. 3.
To Wm. Gonson, for wages, victuals, deadshares, and rewards of 150 soldiers, mariners, and gunners in the Newe Barke and the Barbara Vin- cent of London, with the tonnage of the said ship, for a month, beginning 6 March ao 13, 104l. To Chr. Coo, for the same number in the Margrett Bonaventure and Kateryn Prowe, 113l. To Ric. Gibson, for conveying the King's tents to Calais Aug. ao 14, 4l.
Victualling of the army under the Admiral, anno 14:—1,062 pipes of beer. Empty foists and conveyance to Calais, 464l. 18s. 11d. To the bakers of London and Stratford, 3,969 doz. bread, at 11d. a doz.; 586 barrels of flour, at 10s. Making of 758 bows, at 7d. each. Stuff provided for the duke of Richmond, 120 cases for 120 sheaves of arrows, with girdles, 5l. One day's wages for three fletchers trimming the arrows into their cases, 18d. 20 gilt javelins, with leather cases, 4l. 47 other javelins, 54s. 10d. Carriage from the Tower to Shakilwell, 8d. A new chariot with four shod wheels and seven horse-draughts, 10l. 14s. 2d.
P. 1. Headed: "Solutiones for."
Arrears for which Charles duke of Suffolk is accountable to the Exchequer, viz.:—
(1.) In his account as general receiver of Warwick's and Spencer's lands, for monies received 1–6 Hen. VIII., from the issues of Chedsey, Corbett, and Kybworth, 633l. 15s. 5d. (2.) In his account as receiver of Bromefeld, Yale, and Chirk, arrears of the 8, 15, and 17 Hen. VIII., 3,323l. 7s. 2½d. (3.) In the account of Sir Jo. Huse, Chief Butler of England, for a tun of wine in the port of London, 10l. (4.) In the war expences book of Sir Jo. Daunce, conduct money for 1,224 soldiers from various parts to Dover, 6 Hen. VIII., when the war was discontinued, 757l. 8s. (5.) In the same for the 15th year, prest for coats and conduct money, 840l.
Pp. 2, large paper; mutilated.
"Interrogatories to be examined of the part and behalf of William lord Dacre."
1—3. Whether Thos. lord Dacre was seised in fee of certain parcels of land called Akschewe, &c., in Bowcastell Daile, till his death, and Wm. lord Dacre after him till the time of his trouble? 4. By whom was he disturbed? 5—7. Whether John Stapiltone, of Stapiltone, in Cumb., was seised of certain grounds called Comcroke, &c., and whether Will. lord Dacre purchased them of him, and was seised thereof in consequence?
Witnesses examined: Will. Bowman of Kirkoswald, Roger Moses and Richard Hall of Fenton, in Gillisland, Thos. Wilson bailiff of Askerton, Alex. Rouchych of Harper Banke, Cumb., and Humph. Farlhame of Farlham, Dacre's servant.
Pp. 11, mutilated. Endd.: Inter dom. Dacre quer., et Willielmum Musgrave et Johannem Musgrave def.
Some notes concerning the lands occur on a fly-leaf in a different hand.
R. O.
* * * Item. Received of Haydon ... to my Lord's youse ... Item. Received by the hands of my brother Sir Wm. Paulet, Dec. 17 Hen. VIII. ... Remainder in my hands, on my account of last half year ... Received of Thos. Wauter for board wages of six of my Lord's horse-keepers for 11 weeks ... Total, 240l. 6s. 6½d.
Total of the receipts, 593l. 16s. 6½d.
P. 1. A fragment.
"Feys and annuetys goyng owt of my lands."
My brother Sir Christopher, 300 mks. My brother Sir John, 40l. My brother Thomas, 50l. My brother George, 20 mks. My brother Sir Robt. the priest, 10 mks. My lady of Oksynforth (Oxford), 50l. Sir Thos. Lovell, 10l. The King's chamberlain, 5 mks. My solicitor, 40s. My cousin John Jenney, 4l. My cousin Chr. Jenney, the Queen's attorney, 40s. My attorney, 40s. Thos. Russh, receiver of my lands in Suffolk and Norfolk, 10 mks. Chr. Herman, surveyor of the same, 5l. Edm. Place, 5 mks. Hen. Doyle, 4 mks. Edw. Rowse, 4 mks. Rauffe Ball, keeper of my old park of Parham, 3l. Robt. Covel, keeper of my new park, 3l. Thos. Base, keeper of Benall Park, 3l. John Woddowis, keeper of the game there, 5l. Thos. Colman, overseer of my woods, 4 mks. Larman, keeper of my orchard and gardens, 40s. Roger Huntyng, bailiff of my husbandry, 40s. Bryan, my auditor in Suffolk and Norfolk, 5 mks.
Lincolnshire.—Jaffrey Panell, 4 mks. John Robinson, 4 mks. Palmer, keeper of my courts, 5l. John Hastyngs, keeper of my manor and park of Erysby, 5l. Wm. Woddforth, keeper of my manor and park of Hellow, 5l. Nycoll Smyth, 3l. Thos. Smith, keeper of Toyngton Park, 3l. Sir Fras. Stoner, surveyor and receiver of my lands in Lincolnsh., 20 mks. Wallez, auditor there, 5l. Thos. Delalande, 5 mks. John à Loo, overseer of my woods, 1 mk. John à Lee, my lord Cardinal's cook, 5l. Paying for my Lady my mother's debts, 20l. a year. Total, 502l., beside fees of bailiffs and household servants; and so there remains about 1,000 mks. of my lands.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Certificat made by certayn noblemen of the value and extent of their lands.
Memoranda in lord Darcy's hand, on three leaves of paper, of the numbers of certain cattle. One leaf, headed "Neat of the lord Dacre's," has the following totals: Bulls 12, calves 147, oxen 282, bullocks 110, "stirks" 116, "kien" 330, "heckfords" (heifers) 104. Total 1,021 (sic).
Pp. 4.
R. O. 1859. To THOMAS CARDINAL OF YORK, Legate and Chancellor.
Letters patent directing him to have a new great seal engraved with the following marks; viz., 1. A border inscription on both sides in Roman letters, "Henricus Octavus Dei gratia Angliæ et Franciæ Rex, Fidei Defensor et Dominus Hiberniæ." 2. On the one side, where the King's figure is graven "sitting in majesty in a chair, crowned with a crown imperial," scutcheons of the royal arms are to be introduced on either side of the chair, "crowned also with a crown imperial and the fashion of garters about the same." 3. On the other side, where the King's figure is graven on horseback holding a sword in his hand, a rose is to be graven under the sword, and under the horse a greyhound running. The great seal now in use to be cancelled. Dated _, (fn. 2) 17 Hen. VIII.
Draft, pp. 2.
Dec./GRANTS. 1860. GRANTS in DECEMBER 1525.
5. John Traunsfelde and John Robinson. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of a gunner in the Tower of London; with 6d. a day, vice Deryk Henry, deceased. Windsor, 1 Nov. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Richmond, 4 Dec.—P.S.
5. Ric. Turnour, clerk of the Privy Seal. To be bailiff and woodward of the hundred of Assheryge, Wilts, in the earldom of Warwick. Reading, 19 Nov. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Dec.—P.S.
10. Thomas marquis of Dorset. To be steward of the lordship of Chellismore, Warw., and master of the game there, vice Rauff Swyllington, attorney-general, deceased. Hatfield, 23 Aug. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Richmond, 10 Dec.—P.S.
11. Rob. Bone, clerk. Presentation to Swyneshed church, in the King's hands by the minority of Charles, son and heir of Sir Richard Wyngefeld, deceased. Del. Richmond, 11 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
14. John Mores. Lease of the lps. of Burcetur and Midlyngton, Oxf., in the King's hands by the death of Thomas Stanley, and the minority of Edward Stanley earl of Derby, from the time of the said Thomas Stanley's death for so long as the premises shall be in the King's hands, at the annual rent of 35l. 8s. 6½d., and 8s. 3d. of increase, at which amount the premises were valued by inquisition before Thomas Unton, escheator. Del. Westm., 14 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
15. John Dawes, merchant, of Maldon, Essex. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Eltham, 15 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
15. Wm. Seyntpeire, merchant tailor alias merchant-venturer, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Endd.: Apud Eltham, 15 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
16. John Rumbalde, of London, corswever, native of Brabant. Denization. Richmond, 16 Dec.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 23.
16. John Varvare, of Peplyng, in the county of Guysnes, native of Gelderland, smith. Denization to him and his children born in the marches of Calais. Richmond, 16 Dec.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 23.
27. Clement Wiltshire, merchant, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Eltham, 27 Dec. 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.


  • 1. This and other letters of French news in this volume are in the same hand as the letter of Sir Richard Wingfield's spy, Beaughienville, in Vol. II. No. 2745.
  • 2. Blanks for place, day, and month.