Henry VIII: January 1526, 11-20

Pages 831-849

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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January 1526

11 Jan.
p. 553.
Dr. James Criton, who has been long known to the Pope, has been appointed to express his good wishes to the King. Is rejoiced at the King's resolution to extirpate Lutheranism. Rome, 11 Jan. 1526, 3 pont.
11 Jan.
Calig. B. II.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 430.
1. Magnus to Wolsey.
Wrote on the 1st that the commissioners were to meet at Berwick on Saturday next, the 13th, and that the 16th and 17th were appointed as days of true. Hopes the meeting will take effect, but the days for redress must be deferred for a season. Lord Hoome, Dan Carre of Cessforth, and Dan Carre of Farnehirst, hearing by the proclamation that the King would support Angus, and compel them to make redress, have gone to the earl of Arran at Linlithgow, waiting for the earl of Moray, who is coming out of the North with the Queen, and 500 or 600 men, to prevent the conclusion of the peace. They spread rumors that Angus, Argyle and Lennox mean to convey the young King to England. The Chancellor and the bp. of Aberdeen labor that Arran may be subdued. Has encouraged them to be diligent, declaring that the King does not desire to promote discord but peace among the nobles here. Hopes Angus will repair to the Borders when this matter is settled. Intends, therefore, himself to remain at Berwick a season.
Encloses copy of a letter from the three Earls to the earl of Westmoreland, showing how much they are inclined to peace. As soon as peace is concluded will send the Queen a copy of the article drawn up by the King and Wolsey for her entertainment, and for payment of her conjunct feoffment. If Angus can lay claim to any of the Queen's goods or lands, "if her Grace can find any lawful cause of divorce to be between them, though it be sore against the said Earl's mind, he will apply him thereunto;" but if no such cause be found he will submit to the judgment of the King and his master touching her property. Mentions this because the Queen has repeatedly sent to him for an answer to a letter she lately wrote to the King.
Has not yet received the safe-conduct he wrote for to Wolsey, and hoped to have had by the 12th. Edinburgh, 11 Jan.
P.S.—Has just received word from the three Earls that the opposite party have spread a rumor of the king of England's death, to discourage the Earls. It will now appear who are the enemies of peace. Signed.
Cal. B. VIII. 3.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 433.
2. Answers made by the lords of the Council of Scotland to certain articles and qualifications shown them by Magnus.
1. They beseech the King to believe their sincere desire for peace. 2. They agree "that all safe-conducts pass upon the supplication of the prince," or, if refused, that the supplication of either prince be a valid safe-conduct to the persons to return to their own realm. 3. They object to the article of the Debateable Ground as a novelty. 4. Albany has been already excluded from the Government by Acts of Parliament; and as he is second person of this realm in near possibility of succession, my Lords pray the King to pretermit all needless articles, "quhare throw indignacioune or thirlage may rise." 5. The Lords are bound by law of God and man to be true to their own King, but will not make bands to other princes in things that concern their honor. 6. They desire the peace for three years with general comprehension of confederates and the condition made in Latin, and shown by Magnus. Their proposal that James should be at liberty to help the king of France within France was according to the precedent of the treaty between James IV. and Henry VII., which has hitherto been allowed. But Magnus's qualification, that each should be at liberty to help his confederates, provided it was not against the other, would cause them utterly to abandon their allies. 7. If this answer be not acceptable, they are content, on being shown by authentic documents, as rehearsed by Magnus and the late lord Dacre, that a peace has been contracted between France and England, with such unfruitful conditions as are contained in an article shown thereupon, to contract the peace for three years, with a general comprehension of confederates and the condition proposed by England. 8. They have not been accustomed to appoint conservators, but will themselves see that the lieutenants and wardens do justice. 9. They are content that the Queen enjoy her dowry, and agree to the other articles in a book, signed by Henry, and shown to them by Magnus, of which he has given them a copy signed by himself. Signed: Jacobus Primarius et Cancellarius Scotiæ—Gawinus Archiep's Glasg.—Gawinus Aberdonen.—Ar. Erl of Angus—Erl of Ergyle—Erl of Lennox.
Pp. 5. Endd.
R. O. 3. "A memorial of two articles to be put in the truce."
1. As there is a ground called the Debateable Ground, lying on the West Marches, to which offenders on both sides resort, it is thought right that it should be "equally bounded in two parts," and the officers on either side have jurisdiction over one half. If this be not agreed to by the commissioners of the king of Scots, it is proposed that the English officer for the West March shall answer for English fugitives, and the Scotch officer for Scotchmen that fly thither. 2. As the borderers are in the habit of felling timber, and carrying it off from one realm into the other, it is thought good that no Scotchman enter England, or Englishman Scotland, to fell timber without consent of the owner, and redress shall be made in such cases, as for other attempts, on the owner swearing the value of the injury done. (fn. 1)
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. T. 137.
R. O.
Louise would have followed the advice of England, and commanded her ambassadors, the count de Carpy at Rome, and the bp. of Bayeulx at Venice, to arrange with the Pope and Signory a defensive and offensive league, with a view to universal peace and the deliverance of Italy. Articles had already been drawn up, and an army was to be got ready of 30,000 foot, 2,000 men-of-arms, and a good band of artillery; to which Madame was to contribute 40,000 ducats a month, 500 men-of-arms paid by her, 6,000 foot paid partly out of the 40,000 ducats; for the navy, 12 galleys, paid by herself at the rate of 72,000 livres a month, and 500 men-of-arms, 16,500 livres; in all, 168,500 livres a month,—besides the renunciations made of Milan and Naples. These articles were ready to have been signed when a gentleman from Spain arrived at Rome, who, with the duke of Saxony and the abp. of Capua, induced the Pope to put off the conclusion and signature for two months, which will expire on the 14 Feb., and promised that meanwhile the Emperor would give up the duchy of Milan to the duke of Bar, and withdraw his men-of-arms in Germany, Naples and Sicily against the Infidels, with a view to a universal peace. But the French and Venetians were not satisfied with these conditions, considering how easily the Imperialists might be defeated in Italy, where they have now lost their head, and are hated by Guelphs and Ghibellines alike. The Signory have, therefore, proposed to Madame a league with France and England. Madame has laid the terms of this proposal before the English ambassadors, and hopes England will consider the danger now apparent of liberty being extinguished and great princes subjugated by the Emperor attempting to make himself monarch. He now holds in his hands the king of France, who has refused certain offers made by him, which show clearly his aim, and he has endeavored by all means possible to prevent the formation of a league in Italy for universal peace. And, though not altogether successful, he has contrived to delay the negotiations for two months, during which he means to provide another head for his army, and reinforce it from the lands and money he hopes to have by his Portuguese marriage.
Madame knows, by the despatch of Casal to Rome and the letters written by Wolsey to the English ambassadors there, that England takes their part. If, for his own protection, as well as other reasons, Henry will enter into the league and contribute one third, the Emperor will have to be content with his own, set Francis at liberty on honorable conditions, and promise not to go to Rome, except in simple state, like Sigismund and Frederic. Casal says the Venetians will spend 25,000 ducats a month, and Henry could not lay out his money better.
Fr., copy, pp. 4. The original is endorsed: "Memoire fait par Monseigr le Chancellier, et baillé du commandement de Madame à l'ambassadeur d'Angleterre," &c. "Vienne en Daulphiné, Janvier vc xxv."
12 Jan.
Calig. D. IX.
B. M.
* * * "that my Lady had appointed us to come to her presence as on Tuesday ... was, was seven nights for the declaration of our charge." The day before, going to meet her daughter at Roussillon, she fell sick of the gout, and has kept her bed ever since. Found her in bed, "having her hands and feet, by reason of the said disease, right sore swollen, like as, in especially, greatly appeared in her said hands." Declared, in the presence of John Joachim, the King's consolation at hearing the joy she and her son took at the treaty, &c., according to our instructions. We told her also we had other things to show her, the effect of which the King had verbally delivered to Joachim. Stated we thought convenient that Joachim should now deliver his charge. This he did as well as if he had been the King's own subject. She said she was sorry we had tarried so long * * * She had had no word out of Spain for twenty-three days past, and not a little marvelled; "howbeit she perceived well by her said daughter, the duchess of [Alençon], who came to her presence as on Wednesday last past, that s[he should] have no news nor other thing of reason from thence; and at th[is] point excused the going of her said daughter thither." On this we roundly declared to her that if the league of Italy had been concluded, and her daughter revoked, "her son had been much nearer his del[ivery] at this hour."
She informed us she had news from Rome and Venice, and betwixt this and Monday next she would not only show us all the letters she had received, but despatch Fitzwilliam to the King, for a clear resolution of her affairs, and do nothing without his advice. On our inquiry, she said she would set forth the affairs of Italy with all diligence, and keep the day already limited for sending the "bands," which were not yet concluded. The Emperor's ambassador here has assured us that peace has been concluded * * *
Being so far off had no time to communicate with the duchess of Alençon beyond mere compliments. Another day she would show us more. Vienne, 12 Jan. Signatures burnt off.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
12 Jan.
R. O.
"Broder Crumwell," I understand how my lord Cardinal intends to have the priories of Tykford and Ranston for his college at Oxford. Wherefore I desire you to help me to retain the ferme of Tykford, which I now have, and obtain the other priory, "likewise in farm, giving therefore as ye will adjudge me." Tyltey, 12 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Thos. Crumwell, dwelling besides the Frere Austyns in London.
12 Jan.
R. O.
Lease by John abbot of Oseney, to Edw. Standish, of Oxford, gent., and Ric. Newman, late of London, fishmonger, of their portion of tithes, with all houses, &c. thereto belonging, in Westbury, Bucks, for 21 years, at 26s. 8d. a year, and of their "mese or tenandry" in Westbury for the same period, at 7s. At the chapter house at Oseney, 12 Jan. 1525, 17 Hen. VIII. Sealed by the Abbot.
Mem. on the back that the lessees will pay all quit rents, &c. Signed by the Abbot.
12 Jan.
Vit. B. VIII. 6.
B. M.
Wrote on the 8th. This day he and Gregory have in their joint letters mentioned the receipt of letters of the King and Wolsey, their presentation to the Pope, and his answer to what they were commissioned to show him. Supposes Wolsey is aware of the duke of Milan's refusal to ratify the peace with the Emperor. This has made things worse than before, and the Milanese have been compelled to swear fealty to the Emperor. The Imperialists in Lombardy, however, have shown symptoms of fear, and sent 1,000 foot for the safeguard of Cremona.
"De concordia inter Cæsarem et Gallum nil aliud novi ad S. D. N. adductum est. Cæsarei idem affirmant, quod per ultimas scripsi, sed tepidius. Stis D. N. videtur sentire quod verus fuerit tractatus, et quod solum steterit per Cæsareos et præsertim per Cancellarium. Laudant in hoc Regem Gallorum qui talem concordiam proposuerit cujus effectus, juxta Stis suæ opinionem, quoad veritatem, hic solus fuisset, quod Cæsar loco personæ Gallorum Regis filium cum aliquibus nobilibus habuisset, reliquis in concordia contentis nullo modo effectum habituris.
"D. v. R. ex tenore literarum communium videbit quod nobis responderit S. D. N. ad ea quæ nomine S. Regis nostri et D. v. R. Sti suæ diximus. Ego quidem nullum alium responsum puto nos a Ste sua habituros, nisi velle se intelligere utrum Rex Angliæ tandem hoc fœdus sit intraturus; quod si ei promittatur, cum ex hoc Stas sua præsuppositura sit Gallos etiam fœdus intraturos, non despero eum ab his quæ cum Cæsare conclusit discessurum, alioquin nullo modo aliquid spero, tum ex eo quod judicio meo Papa non audet intrare bellum, tum ex eo quod sine Rege Angliæ non confidat de Gallis, inter quos et Papam, ut scit D. v. R., non est naturaliter bona amicitia, et inter quos, ut alias innui, plura vidi signa suspitionis tam postquam ad Urbem veni quam dum eram in Gallia. Puto itaque nisi apertissima et certissima sibi victoria ostendatur in illa resolutione Sanctitatem suam perseveraturam, per quam putet non deveniendum ad discussionem utrum audeat vel non. Bene verum est quod dato quod concordia inter Cæsarem et Papam facta procedat, non despero si Veneti cum Gallis etiam sine Papa conveniant, prout quamplures credunt Papam (fn. 2) aliquid auxilii illis impartiturum. Alia non occurrunt," &c. Rome, 12 Jan. 1526.
Hol., Lat., cipher undeciphered, mutilated, pp. 2.
Vit. B. VIII. 7.
B. M.
2. Duplicate of the above, also in cipher, with slight verbal differences. Mutilated.
13 Jan.
Vit. B. VIII. 8.
B. M.
"Illme ac Rme, &c. Heri habuimus literas D. v. Ill. [et] R., quibus de cyphra in Latinum resolutis, quod non citius quam hac nocte fieri potuit, hodie fuimus cum S. D. N., præsentavimusque Sti suæ tam illius S. Mtis quam D. v. Ill. et R. literas et alias scripturas transmissas, factisque injunctis commendationibus, quæ Beatitudini S. gratissimæ fuerunt, exposuimus E. Sti S. quæ nobis per literas D. v. Ill. et R., tam suo quam Regiæ Majestatis nomine, demandabat; et quoad fœdus defensivum et offensivum quod nomine Regis Angliæ et D. v. R. Pontifici persuasimus noluit Papa statim se resolvere, sed dixit se velle super hoc cogitare, et quod respondebit. Verum est quod audiens nos velle hoc sero scribere dixit quod poteramus scribere Pontificem cupere intelligere quid possit istinc sibi polliceri si fiat hoc fœdus et Cæsar tentet Pontifici nocere." Rome, 13 Jan. 1526. Signed.
Lat., cipher with modern decipher, mutilated, p. 1.
13 Jan.
Vit. B. VII.
B. M.
* * * [Comes de Car]pis et orator Vene[tus] ... egerunt apud Pontificem ut iniretur fœdus, quod [propter] duas causas percutere recusavit. Prima est quod ... nisi cum Ser. Rege Angliæ se nolle dixit [intrare; secunda] quod petit securitatem aliquam a Gallis de præsta[ndo auxilio] et de quatuor mensium solutione; quo respons[o] ... dicti oratores rogarunt D. Gregorium ut qu[ibuscumque posset] rationibus fœdus Pontifici suaderet. Super quo [cum D.] Gregorius pontificem adiit, et liberrime et veh[ementer] de hoc egit, ad idque respondit quod petebat ut ... Rex iniret, scilicet quum jam S. D. noster ma[xima] parte cognoverit animum Regiæ Majestatis in hoc neg[otio] illi acquiescere, præsertim quod ea præstiterit quae ... sunt ejus Sanctitati, subjunxit illa statim quod liber [erat] Serenissimus D. Rex fœdus nunc inire cum Cæsar ... principissa cum Rege Portugalliæ, conjugium in ... responditque idem D. Gregorius alia adhuc esse [maxima] negotia cum Cæsare componenda, de obligatio[ne] ... debitisque pecuniis; quæ res quum non exigui sit [momenti] non est tam aperte periclitanda, nec usque q... esse videtur, ut Regia Majestas adhuc fœdus ing ... et alia adjecit quæ expedire tunc judicavit, quod ... pecunias debitas exsolvere et cautiones dare ... rit, Regemque Gallorum pro bono publico liber ... verit, poterit tunc Ser. Regia licite et ab [omni] prorsus imputatione hoc fœdus inire, et ut no ... Italicis rebus opem ferre. Ad quæ pontifex nes ... respondere et quamvis ad majorem, securitatem fe ... cuperet Regiam Majestatem induci, tamen quam commode fieri po[sset] ... hæc res adaptabitur, nec admodum de Gallis dabit * * *... quod semper secuti ... Regis et Ill. D. Legati quæ ad aliud nil ... si ut is dumtaxat ageretur modus qui est ... pro Gallorum regis liberatione."
There was no need to provide the money, for, perhaps, there would be no use for it after the conclusion of the treaty. After many altercations and protestations, Sir Gregory told the Pope that he did not perform his office diligently, for he ought to procure a treaty, and showed him that his fear was unreasonable, for he doubted whether the French king would commit himself to fortune by making war on the Emperor when Italy and the king of England were on his side. Casale showed him also the danger of delay, telling him that every one would suspect his Holiness of secret practices with the Emperor, and asked him what he desired from the French. He answered that he wanted security for the performance of their promises, and for the payment of money for four months when necessary.
"Interim asseruit D. Gregorius fœdus fieri debere et capitulationes concludi declarariq[ue] in omnia observentur pro irritis habeantur et quod hujusmodi * * * per D. Albertu[m] ... illius exemplum poterit mitti ad D. Ma[rgaretam] . . dubie cuncta præstabit, præsertim quod sæpius ... sit pollicita cuncta, quæ cum illa egerit, observa ... et sic in his colloquiis fuit dictæ Sanctitati valde ... tum, ventumque est ad capitulationes pro quibus . . [D. Alber]tus non potuit adire Pontificem, impeditus ab ægr[itudine] ... sed Pontifex nihil se velle perficere ait nisi S ... Majestas pro Gallis fidem suam adstrinxerit, qu[ae quidem] fieri posset in aliqua forma quæ non præjudicar ... et admodum necessaria esset et utilis, et Pontife[x] [dixit] fœdus hoc non nisi necessario publicatum iri, t ... verendum est ne pontifex antea se resolvat quam ... ex Anglia responsum fuerit allatum, quod avidi[ssime] expectatur."
The duke of Milan will send a man to obtain an answer from the Emperor, and meanwhile the nobles and people of M[ilan] will take the oath to the marquis of Pescara, which they have already taken to the Duke. As to the treaty, there is need of nothing except for the [King] ... to enter it. It is thought that the King has received an answer from Spain "de ... quod si Cæsar illi satisfecerit, bene tunc res hab ... [pote]ritque liberius procurare liberationem Regi[s Franciæ] * * existimand ... aliquid allatum nam diu est ex quo pontifex ... mandavit ut cum Angliæ et Gallorum oratoribus co ... et de hujusmodi liberatione ageret." For this cause Sir Gregory thinks it would be well to treat of what is contained in his more secret instruction, and to send word so that the King may be able to do what is best about Italian affairs. He thinks the French will grant terms which the King will be contented to accept. It is thought that the gentleman whom the Emperor determined to send into Italy two days after the last letters from Spain will bring large offers and commissions, and will try to make an agreement with Italy, for the Emperor sees that he cannot agree with France, and that the King of England is alienated from him. It is probable that he will make great offers to the Pope, and it is to be suspected that his Holiness will accept them.
Lat., pp. 4. Vannes' hand. Mutilated.
13 Jan.
R. T. 137.
R. O.
Was very glad on her return from Spain to find such a sure bearer to communicate her news. Is now four or five days' journey from Madame, stayed by a fall, in which she hurt herself above the knee ("ou je mesclate la peu dessus le genoul de pres dung enpan"), but it is healing. Is not without hope that matters may turn out better than they could expect. Has had to do with the greatest dissemblers, men of the least possible honor, sometimes offering good words, when immediately afterwards all was changed. Has taken great trouble to obtain peace, and the deliverance of Francis. Was forbidden to remain in his company with three women, and, when compelled to return, was refused a prolongation of her safe-conduct, except one which was devised that they might find a pretence for keeping her in their country till the end of the truce, and afterwards not allow her to go. Was thus obliged to make such diligence that she was a month on horseback from six in the morning till night. Immediately after her departure they began again entering into practices, as you may have heard. We expect daily the conclusion which was to be brought by Montmorency. Has been a month without news, which occasions great anxiety to all this company. Has left the King in good spirits, though every one but herself had despaired of his life. Rossillon, 13 Jan.
P. S. in her own hand.—Has found Madame here highly satisfied with their services, and believes Francis will be so too. The alliance with England is his greatest comfort, for, he says, if his body be prisoner to the Emperor, his heart is prisoner to the king of England.
Fr., pp. 2. Add.
13 Jan.
Vit. C. I. 67*.
B. M.
When Ferrers, the bishop of Exeter, president of the Princess's council, and the other commissioners, were appointed, they were given to understand that no one should be called up to London out of Wales or the Marches by subpœna. Proclamations were made to that effect in Westminster Hall, and within the precinct of their commission. Subpœnas, however, are served in Carmarthen and Cardigan shires on many of the King's poor subjects to appear at Westminster, the 15th day after this St. Hilary's day. The inhabitants have been accustomed to pay the King 1,400 marks at his entering, and 700 marks a year ever after at Candlemas; but both the shires refuse to do so next Candlemas if they are denied their old liberties. This is the most serious thing that has occurred since he first knew Wales. Charteley, St. Hilary's day. Signed.
P. 1. "To my wellbeloved nephew Thomas Arundell, with my lord Legate's grace."
14 Jan.
R. O.
1888. REVELS.
Gibson's accounts.
14 Jan. ao 17. Painters' tools, 24 lb. bristles, at 4d.; and 17 Feb., 20 lb. Coals, 4½d. to 7d. a qu. A qu. faggots, 10d. 8 pr. shears, at 9d. 12 pr. scissors, at 2d. 2 gouges, 8d. 6 hammers, 15d. 6 whittles, 16d. Flour, 16d. a bushel. 108 ft. of timber, at 2d. 327 ft. elm board, 2s. 8d. the 100. Verdigris, 10d. a lb. Gray and brown paper, 8d. a bundle. Orsade, 14d. a lb. Green paper, 2s. 8d. a ream. Horn glue, 2½d. and 3d. a lb. Spanish white, 8d. a doz. Gum arabic, 4d. a lb. Gold foil, 3d. a doz. 11 doz. and 3 earthen vessels, 6s. 5d. Green foil, 4d. a doz. Vinegar, 2d. a pottle. 1 broom, 1d. 6 gals. 1 qt. pink. Cotton candle, 1d. the lb. White and pack thread, 11d. and 5d. a 1b. Vermilion, 16d. a 1b. Russet, 8d. a lb. Sanders to temper russet, 1d. Senaper, 12d. an oz. Senaper paper, 12d. a doz. Fine silver paper, 2s. 4d. a doz. Gold paper, 12d. a doz. Nails of various sorts, ashen hoops, 464¼ ells. Linen cloth, at 6d. and 5½d. Canvas, "2 bales vetre vandles of halff cros," 9l. 220 ells canvas, for Greenwich. Spleters and sagbrochys, 2d. and 3d. a 100. Hay, 8d. Size, 4d. a gal. White lead, 2d. a lb. Grease and oil for moulds, 7d. Red lead, 1½d. a lb. Spruce ochre, 1d. a lb. Generrall, 6d. a lb. Black, 1d. a lb. Orpiment, 2s. 4d. a lb. Spanish brown, 2d. a lb. 12 treen platters and candlesticks, 2s. Pillars, 23s. 10d. "Serryng kandy" and wax, 3 lb., 2s. 8d. 64 yds. white cotton, at 6½d. 61 yds. white sarsenet for the garments, at 4s. 8 yds. purple velvet for 8 bonnets. "Yhavelen" (Javelin?) stuffs, 6 doz., 18s. Lyer, 17 pieces, at 2d. Founders' earth, 3d. Brassell, 5d. a lb. Bice, 4s. a lb. Dry florry, 3s. 4d. a lb. 4 pasteboards, 13d. Party gold, 2s. a 100. Silver beaten, 8d. a 100. Bolts, locks, &c. Rushes, 5d. 7 knots "lyen," at 4d. 8 basins of fine austreche laten, silvering them, 2s. each, weight, 280 lb., at 7d. Fine gold, 5s. the 100. 12 lb. stars, at 6d. 2,000 pins, 12d. 6½ yds. wire, at 4d.
For 8 ladies: 8 black velvet and 8 purple velvet bonnets; "8 hers hyred;" coifs; bases for their gowns, which are cloth of gold and tinsel; 7 yds. cloth of gold for foresleeves.
For lords: 8 fine sarcenet coats covered with tissue; 8 black satin mantles bound with velvet; 8 black velvet bonnets. For 6 lords at the barriers: bases out of the King's store. A meskeler of 6 gentlemen in gowns of cloth of gold and silver, the other side black tinsel satin, with great hoods of tinsel satin and tippets of cloth of gold, with buskins of black velvet, and visors bearded with silver.
8 maskelers: 8 long taffata gowns and hoods; 8 coats of cloth of gold and tinsel satin; 8 dark purple velvet bonnets; 8 pair of black velvet buskins; 8 visors bearded with gold; 9 bonnets over and above the number.
For purple velvet, 14l. 17s. 2d. 61¾ yds. sarsenet, at 3s. 10d.; 37 yds. at 2s. 4d. Cloth of gold, 40s.
Pp. 15. In Gibson's hand.
14 Jan.
R. O.
1889. [CHARLES V. to MARGARET OF SAVOY.] (fn. 3)
Since her letter by the Portuguese courier, his ambassadors have so well succeeded with the French king and his ambassadors, that on the 13th instant the King concluded, took his oath to and signed the treaty of peace. Encloses a summary of the articles. As it is to be published on the 15th February by both parties, sends the bearer to order its proclamation and the release of the seigneur de Florenge, and all such prisoners, without ransom. She is to convoke the States General on the 22nd May, not for asking any aid, but to inform them of what he has done for their surety and quiet, and of the conclusion of peace.
Copy, in Sir Rob. Wingfield's hand. Fr., p. 1.
14 Jan.
Vesp. F. v. 65.
B. M.
Rym. XIV. 308.
Toledo, Sunday, Jan. 14, 1526.
14 Jan.
R. O.
Abstract of the articles of the peace concluded between the Emperor and the French king at Madryle, in Castill, on Sunday, 14 Jan. 1525.
The French king, "as well for the making of a good and perpetual peace as for to see the time of his deliverance," gives up Naples, Milan and Genoa, Tournay and Arras; allows the resort and sovereignty of Flanders, Artois and other countries of the Emperor within France; will restore the duchy of Burgundy in all the sovereignty as held by the late duke Charles, the county of Charloys and Hedinge; will reinstate Bourbon in all his property, and pay him the profits during his absence; and deliver the prince of Orange. All prisoners on both sides are to be set free. All confiscations on both sides shall be revoked, and every one return to his property, except in Italy, "where it shall be proceeded by justice." The King shall also abandon the duke of Wirtemberg, and take away his order from Robt. de la Marche. The duke of Gueldres may remain in his country during his life, on condition that the French king will promise the Emperor that the duchy shall be put into his hands after the Duke's death, or else help him to con- quer it. If the former is done, the Emperor will provide elsewhere for any legitimate children the Duke may leave. Francis shall lend the Emperor his navy, and furnish him with 600 lances and 6,000 foot, with half a year's wages, for his voyage into Italy or elsewhere. The marriage is concluded between the King and Elynore, queen dowager of Portugal, who, on condition of renouncing all successions, shall have 200,000 cr. g. and the counties of Masconnoys, Auxerroys, and Bair-sur-Seine, to her and the heirs of her body. As the King cannot restore Burgundy and carry out other parts of the treaty while absent from France, he shall return, leaving as hostages the Dauphin and his second son, or the Dauphin and 12 of the chief princes of France, to be at Vittoria 10 March. This peace is to be published 15 Feb.
Pp. 3. Endd.
2. Another abstract of the same, in the same hand.
Pp. 3.
Egerton MS.
990, f. 324.
B. M.
3. Copy of the treaty of Madrid, dated 14 Jan. 1526.
Add. MS.
2103, f. 80.
B. M.
4. Contemporary copy of the treaty of Madrid, dated—Jan. 1526.
Harl. MS.
4994, f. 158.
B. M.
5. "Apologia Madricianæ conventionis dissuasoria."
Calig. D. IX.
B. M.
6. Francis I.'s answer to the articles offered him by the Emperor.
Add. MS.
2103, f. 216.
B. M.
7. Difficulties and differences arising between the Emperor and king of France about the treaty of Madrid, 14 Jan. 1526.
Fr., pp. 32.
15 Jan.
Add. MS.
15,387, f. 172.
B. M.
Theiner, p. 548.
In favor of Francisco Corbo, of Venice, of the King's household, who is going to Italy on business of his own. Eltham, 15 Jan. 1525.
Lat., pp. 3, copy.
15 Jan.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 115.
Scotch counterpart of the treaty of peace between England and Scotland.
Commissioners for Scotland—Archibald earl of Angus, George abbot of Holyrood, and Adam Otterburn; for England—Rauf earl of Westmoreland, Brian Higden, dean of York, and Tho. Magnus. Berwick, 15 Jan. 1525.
16 Jan.
R. O.
No news since he wrote on the 12th, except that he hears the Venetian ambassador has received a letter from the Imperial court of the 15th ult., confirming what he wrote in his last that the Pope had heard from his Legate, dated the 11th ult., about the treaty of peace between the Emperor and French king. The prothonotary Casale has left today for Venice to carry out the orders of the King and Wolsey, as Wolsey will probably hear from him and Gregory. Rome, 16 Jan. 1526.
Hol., p. 1, Lat. Add.
Vit. B. VII. 217.
B. M.
* * * "ex Urbe datis.
"Etsi Pontifex mirum in modum avet ad omnia quæ in [proximis meis] literis de ipsius mandato perscripsi sibi sedulo a vestra R. [D.] responderi, nihil tamen ardentius expetit aut ardentius ... quam sibi ad eam partem respondi quæ circa res suas cum [Rege] Gallo versatur, videlicet si contingeret quod ob aliqua ... tas dicti regis petitiones quominus inter se conco[rdes] remanerent, ob eamque rem idem Rex Franciscum ... et alios Ecclesiæ rebelles, ut alias fecit, clam, qu[od] non facturum existimat, adversus suam Sanctitatem incitaret, a ... refulciret, quodnam sibi adhibendum huic rei rem[edium] anque Ser. Rex noster in eundem Regem [Gallum] ut pote in fœderis violatorem, cujus se autho[rem] et conservatorem profitetur, esset insurre[cturus] idque sibi displicere ostenderet, et quantum in se ess[et] minime pateretur; quibus super ut dixi succ ... et Regiæ Majestatis et v. R. D. responsum cons[ilium] et præsidium, si accideret, quantocius potuerit [maxime] exoptat.
"Deinde Camerarius ille Regis Gallorum quem h ... cum multis et maximis mandatis advenisse d ... nihil adhuc cum Pontifice tractat, cum dicat a S[anctitate sua] se quoddam responsum prius expectare, quo pos ... agentur curabo ut sciam et de omnibus vestra R. [D.] certior fiet."
Wolsey's last letters were very pleasing to the Pope, especially that he and the King did not approve of the French king's coming to Italy. He was very much surprised to hear from France that the king of England would protect the realm while Francis went to Italy, as Wolsey's letters were quite contrary. Thinks he will agree with the French. Negociations are begun between Albert de Carpi and de Saynt Marche.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated. Vannes' hand.
16 Jan.
R. O.
St. P. IV. 437.
Have delivered the castle of Carlisle and ordnance to Henry earl of Cumberland. The ordnance is too small for its defence; the walls of the outer ward much decayed, "and so narrow for defawlte of flayke stone that two men cannot go in arme about the wall for defence of the same." The Earl thought he should not be charged with the prisoners, but that they should be delivered to the officers of those countries for execution. Have also delivered to him the keys of the outer gates of the city, one of which will not shut. The Mayor keeps those of the inner gates, and the Earl thinks he should not be responsible for the city unless he have them too; but Dacre's counsel refused to deliver them. Carlisle, 16 Jan. Signed.
Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Sealed.
16 Jan.
R. O.
Writes, at the request of the earl of Lennox, for a safe-conduct to his kinsman, Adam Stuerde, the bearer, a merchant of Edinburgh, in whose behalf the Scotch king also writes to Henry, and to divers Scotchmen, at this time suing for safe-conducts. All the commonalty are glad of the peace now concluded. Berwick, 16 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: [M]y lord Legate.
16 Jan.
Cal. B. III. 303.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 436.
We two met here on the 12th, before the coming of the Scotch commissioners, viz., the abbot of Holyroodhouse and Adam Otterbourne, who kept their appointment on Saturday the 13th, and remained till Monday. Have concluded the peace, which was proclaimed at Berwick on Monday, and exchanged writings and seals in presence of much people, as Magnus will declare at his coming to Wolsey. Found the Scots well inclined to redress, which will be made shortly, else no little business is likely to ensue, "being at the very point of winning or losing." Berwick, 16 Jan. Signed.
17 Jan.
Vit. B. VIII. 9.
B. M.
"Ill. ac R. in Christo, &c. Heri vesperi scripsi ultimate and D. v. R. Hodie autem, quia heri non fuerat locus loquendi cum S. D. N., Stem suam alloquutus sum, quæ in discursu sermonis dixit mihi quod mirabatur in capitulis inter Regem Angliæ et Gallos, quæ ei præsentavimus, esse expressum quod nullus susciperet protectionem alicujus subditi alterius, et tamen suscipiebatur protectio Ducis Ferrariensis (?) (fn. 4) et Ducis Urbini, subditorum suorum, ex quo sequebatur quod acceptato per Stem suam illo fœdere quoad eam non servabatur illud capitulum. Dixit etiam quod mirabatur Regem nostrum reddere se difficilem in intrando fœdus quod per Mtem suam ei persuadetur, præsertim quoad defensionem, cum ratio ex parte ipsius Regis nostri assignata, quod, viz. nolit se declarare contra Cæsarem ad hoc ut amicitiam cum Cæsare servans posset tanquam non suspectus se intromittere in concordia aliqua tractanda, non videatur in multa consideratione, attento quod hoc non obstante Rex Angliæ fecit concordiam cum Gallis per quam plus est Cæsari præjudicatum quam fieret in hoc novo fœdere. Dixit etiam quod Rex noster non debet mirari, si Stas sua non omnino confidenter procedit cum Gallis, cum notorium sit quod ipsi, dum superioribus diebus magis instarent apud Sanctitatem suam ut se cum eis declararet, tunc magis sollicitabant concordiam cum Cæsare, et quod per eos non stetit; unde si Stas sua se cum eis declarasset et tractatus inter Cæsarem et Gallos habuisset effectum, prout possibile erat, Stas sua invenisset se deceptam et loco amicitiæ quæxisset inimicitiam, quia Galli videntes Papam læsisse ex consequenti sibi inimici fuissent. Hæc et alia in hunc sensum dixit, expresse ostendens quod potissima difficultas in hoc negocio erat quod ipse non videbat posse confidere de Gallis propter pignus quod habet Cæsar, voluitque ut ego hæc ad D. v. R. scriberem, eique significarem quod Stas sua diligenter ponderavit prudentissima consilia Regis nostri et D. v. R., cognoscitque esse verissimum quod ipsi dicunt, et quod nil aliud cupit quam eam capere viam quam ipsi laudant, quæ omnino est melior, sed velle ita facere ut esset securus.
"Ego videns hanc difficultatem, postquam conatus fui persuadere Sti suæ quod Rex noster pro nunc non poterat se detegere, tentavi Stem suam si alia via dari posset qua Stas sua se secure dictum fœdus inire posse putaret absque eo quod Rex noster se detegeret. Non potui aliquid ab eo evellere nisi quod sine Rege nostro non videbat se securum; unde adivi Comitem de Carpi (fn. 5) cum quo magis domestice locutus rem longo sermone examinavi, nec etiam ab eo potui aliquid certi elicere, nisi quod innuit mihi ex suo judicio et opinione se credere quod Papa procederet ad faciendum fœdus, quod sibi persuadebatur etiam si Rex noster ipsum fœdus non intraret, dum tamen inter ipsum Regem nostrum et Papam fieret particularis unio et confœderatio, per quam Papa posset expectare favorem et auxilium, si unquam Cæsar vellet ei in aliquo nocere. Visum est mihi omnia significare D. v. R. cui me ex corde commendo, &c. Ex Urbe, die xvij. Januarii MDXXVI."
Hol., Lat., cipher undeciphered, pp. 2.
17 Jan.
Vitell. B. VII.
B. M.
She has heard the state of affairs by his letters of the 7th, and the copies of letters from the duc de Sesse. Sends other letters which he has just received from him, and a copy of his (Lanoy's) answer to the Pope's brief, of which he sent her a copy before. Practices for an appointment are still going on. The Pope still trusted, as if he had done nothing with Francis. Believes his Holiness loves the Emperor, but the Datary has made him act thus. All Italy knows now that the Emperor wants Milan for himself, and not to leave it to the duke Francisco. Hearing of this, he has sent the investiture to Lanoy, bidding him conclude matters with the Duke, to recompense him for his expences. The Duke has promised Lanoy to do what the Emperor pleases, and wishes him to keep the investiture till the war be finished. As the Venetians might neglect their duty if they thought that the Emperor wanted the duchy for himself, has sent the investiture to the prothonotary Caratzole and Alo[nce] Sanchez, the Imperial ambassadors, that the Seignory may see the Emperor's goodness. It will then be returned to him for safety.
Bourbon [is] here. Seven days ago came the count of Samme, with the men whom Monsieur sends, and Messire George de Vronspairg, with the rest of the Almains. Considering the great expence of the army, and the good will of the Spaniards and Almains, have determined to take the field on the 21st or 22nd, and to give battle to the French. Every one in Italy takes the Emperor's cause as his own. They say it shall not be their fault if he need money. Bourbon is also anxious to do some service. Will do him all the honor possible, as he is worth it. Lodi, 17 Jan. '25.
Fr., copy, pp. 2, mutilated.
17 Jan.
Cal. D. IX. 139.
B. M.
Will remain here for the time, as Wolsey has called home Mr. Treasurer (Fitzwilliam (fn. 6) ), though he will feel his loss, "for doubtless he is a wise, discreet, and sober man, and circumspect, with great diligence in causes to him committed. If I we[re] a young man, and toward the world to do service, I would not [for] much good, but that I had come with him. He hath the language of t[he] French tongue, with the experience of their manners, and acquaintance with many of the court, which daily did resort to him, and oftentimes did advertise him of secret news that were in the court." Fears now he will have much ado to get knowledge of many things. Begs frequently to hear from him that he may have opportunities of going to court, which will confirm the impression that Mr. Treasurer was sent by the King, and Tayler by Wolsey.
Card. Bourbon, brother of Vendôme, treats him so familiarly, he is often ashamed. He gives Wolsey great lauds, and expresses great desire to gratify him. He says he will write to the Cardinal with his own hand, to ask to be admitted as his chaplain. Were visited by the legate of Avignon, with whom Tayler was not acquainted, at the coming of the duchess Valançon (sic) to the Regent at Roussillon. The Legate also desired to do Wolsey service, and told us that Fra Bernardyne, the pirate, had taken a rich prize of goods of the Turks, in a Venetian ship coming from Constantinople. It was taken on the coast of Italy, and the goods brought to Marseilles, where Barnardyne gave the Legate "a peece of ryobarbe as muche as my hed," which the Legate has presented to Madame d'Alençon. On Tayler saying that there had been no good "ryobarbe" brought to England or Flanders for a long time, the Legate promised to send to Barnardyne for some for Wolsey. The least word of recommendation from Wolsey would be of great use with these men. The Legate said he had letters of thanks from Wolsey when the bulls of Durham were sped for him gratis. Mr. Treasurer will inform Wolsey what provision of mules is made for the King and him. Lyons, 17 Jan. Signature nearly burned away.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal. Endd.
18 Jan.
Calig. D. IX.
B. M.
The Pope has not only refused to conclude the league between himself, France and Venice, but at the coming of Arriere from the Emperor has confirmed the treaty made with him against France on the captivity of Francis I., with the intention of forming a fresh league between himself and the Emperor. Though he pretends to do this for universal peace it is suspected that there is a stricter intelligence between the Pope and the Emperor than is generally known. The King, pondering the danger of such an alliance to French affairs, has consulted with Wolsey and the Council, and it is thought there is no other remedy except to conclude the league between the lady Regent and the Venetians in the manner proposed:—the King to be named Protector, with liberty to accept it at his own convenience, with such pensions out of the duchy of Milan at the time of his declaration as have been heretofore mentioned. If speed be used, whilst the Emperor is now engaged in marriage festivities, and has not yet been able to provide for his army, his and the Pope's purposes will be defeated, and he become moderate in his demands for the French king's redemption.
On Saturday last, when the proposition was made by the King to the Venetian ambassador, he received it coldly as having no commission for that purpose; but on Monday he returned to say that he had since received letters from the Signory, who found the King's advice so good, they were willing to conclude the league with my Lady alone. The King proposes that, dividing the whole expence into four parts, the French should bear two parts; the Venetians a third part; and as for the fourth part, although the interest of France is mainly concerned, the Venetians, at the King's mediation, are willing to take one third if she take two. The French ambassador is convinced of the importance of this, and is writing to my Lady and John Joachim. They are to urge her, therefore, if she tenders her son's safety, not to defer concluding the league, saying that by advice received from Sir Gregory Casalis the King is assured when the Pope hears of it he will suspend his negociations with the Emperor; and if the Spaniards once be overthrown in Italy the French power will be greater there than ever it was.
It is to her advantage that the Pope is not a principal party in the league, for he would have required remuneration for Milan and Naples. They are to confer with John Joachim, exhorting him to use his influence with my Lady. At present the King has no sufficient ground to break with the Emperor, and it is more for their common interest that the Emperor should be in doubt of his intentions, hesitate in his course, and listen to the King's mediation. "If the King's highness, also upon comfort of a pension had out of Naples or Milan, (fn. 7) should without othe[r cause] break with the Emperor, it might be said his Grace was a merchant, and regarded more lucre and profit" than the weal of Christendom. A sudden breach with the Emperor would damage the King's subjects, who have many goods in the Imperial dominions; nor has any arrangement been made between England and France how such a war shall be prosecuted. But the King will certainly prevent the Emperor from climbing any higher. "And albeit the Pope's holiness, by the solicitation of the archbishop of Capua, is for the time (fn. 8) circumvented and seduced, yet finding once comfort ... French partie, considering how much his Holiness upo[n just] cause and ground desireth the liberation of Italy fro[m the] Spaniards, it is not to be doubted of his entry and adh[esion] to the said league in most effectual manner, which wol ... come better to the French king's purpose than now for av ... the renunciations as is aforesaid." Has accordingly [written] to Sir Gregory de Cassalys. Sends copy of his letter to be shown to the lady Regent. Trusts it will prevent the Pope from listening to any overture from the Emperor, and induce him soon to declare himself. The speedy conclusion of this will be a haven of refuge to France and restore its prosperity.
As the King has undertaken that my Lady shall accomplish all conventions touching this league, they are to speak to John Joachim to get from her a bond to the King for their observance. Eltham, 18 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 6. The leaves are disarranged. The original address is wanting, but has been copied in a modern hand on the last page.
18 Jan.
[Calig. E. I.
B. M.
Hears from Vuiguyllen (Fitzwilliam) and De Vaulx the pains Wolsey takes to preserve the alliance. Thanks him for it. Desires credence for Vuyguyllen. Lyons, 18 Jan.
Hol., Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Mons. le Cardynal.
[Calig. E. I.
B. M.
To finish the praiseworthy work which he has commenced with De Vaulx, sends the chancellor of [A]llençon, the bearer, and desires credence for him.
Fr., Hol., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
18 Jan.
Calig. D. IX.
B. M.
The French regent, by counsel of the king of England and Wolsey, would have sent to her ambassadors the count de Carpy at Rome and the bishop of Bayeux at Venice to negotiate a league for the deliverance of her son and the emancipation of Italy. Articles had already been agreed on either side, and an army was to be got ready of 30,000 foot and 2,000 men-at-arms with a good band of artillery and another army at sea. Madame was to contribute 40,000 ducats a month, 500 men-[at-arms] paid by her, 6,000 foot paid with part of the above sum, and 12 galleys with 72,000 livres a month for their pay. When these articles were ready to be signed, a gentleman from Spain would have arrived at Rome, who, with the duke of Saxony and archbishop of Capua, would have induced the Pope to put off the conclusion and signature for two months, which will expire on the 14th Feb., promising that within that time the Emperor would give entire possession of Milan to the duke of Bari, and withdraw his men in Naples and Sicily against the Infidels; after which a universal peace might be attempted; and if the Emperor did not keep his promise, the Pope should conclude the league with France and Venice. These covenants were disapproved, both by my Lady and Venice, as an opportunity offered itself of defeating the Emperor's army at little cost, seeing that they had lost their chief, their pay was much in arrear, and they were hated by all the people of Italy, both Guelfs and Ghibellines. The Signory, therefore, sent to Madame, offering to conclude a league with her and England on the terms they have sent, begging them to consider that without their help liberty will soon be extinct,—that the Emperor refuses to deliver the king of France, and has been trying to break the league that was to be made in Italy for universal peace, and that he only seeks delay to reinforce his army. Madame is aware that England sees the importance of these things, as appears by the sending of Casal to Rome, and the letters of Wolsey to the English ambassadors there.
If, therefore, England will enter the proposed league, and contribute one third, the Emperor will have to be content with what is his own, and deliver the French king under honorable conditions. Has no doubt Henry will so declare himself, having already promised the Pope that he would abide by whatever Madame agreed to. He will certainly not grudge the expence, and will be recompensed by the results. Casal, moreover, said that, as he had heard from Venice, the King would willingly spend 5,000 ducats a month. St. Just-sur-Lyon, 18 Jan. 1525. Signed: Loyse.
Fr., pp. 8, mutilated.
18 Jan.
R. O.
1906. The WARDROBE (New Year's Gifts).
Shirts and other stuff delivered to the hands of Harry Norres by Sir Wm. Compton, 18 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.
A shirt with a high collar wrought with black and white silk of freres knots; 3 similar borders in each sleeve, wrought with open seams of black silk. A shirt with gold lozenges of Spanish work at the collar and hand. A cambric shirt, the collar and hands wrought like "jelofers." 10 shirts, with clouds at the collars and ruffled at the hand. 9 shirts of white work, square-collared. A Milan shirt, wrought at the collar and hands with gold, and open-seemed with black silk. 2 shirts, one with clouds, the other of white work, with a surfull of black silk. 11 square-collared shirts with clouds of black silk. 9 linen coifs for the night. 3 ruffled shaving cloths. 2 high-collared shirts of Spanish work, of the new fashion. 2 night shirts, one white, one wrought with black and white silk. 65 handkerchers, broken and whole. 6 night coifs, broken; 4 rubbers. 5 Milan shirts; the collar and hands wrought with gold and silk and open seams with black silk and gold; others, the collar wrought with gold and pyrled with pomegranates and roses; with pyrles of gold on red silk; with a border on the collar and pyrles of silver, &c.; in all, 94 shirts, 13 fair coifs, 3 being of pyrles piped with gold. A little silver bottle for "nesing powder, and a pipe belonging to it." 3 bundles of Awdre laces. A fair greyhound's collar, wrought in the school with gilt tyrretts. A round case with wooden trenchers. A bag with cramp rings upon a yellow lace. A button with a gold calle and a tassel of red silk and gold, with a purse.
New Year's Gifts, anno 17o.
A bonnet trimmed with 4 pair of buttons, a gold brooch and 2 images, one of mother of pearl, given by the marquis of Exeter. Shirts given by the lady Marquis, ladies Hastings, Shelton, Wynkefelde, and Guldeforde, Mrs. Norres, Sir John Waloppe and Sir Edw. Baynton; pieces of cambric by ladies Salisbury and Fitzwater; bonnets by lady Kingston, Sir Ant. Browne and Mr. Wm. Care; aglets by Mr. Palmer of Guisnes; a brooch by Byrche; a shirt, 6 coifs and 6 handkerchiefs by Mrs. Phillipps; and a piece of linen cloth by the duchess of Buckingham.
Pp. 7.
18 Jan.
Royal MS.
14 B. XLIII.
B. M.
1907. JEWELRY.
1. Jewels delivered to Master Henry Norres, at the King's manor of Eltham, 18 Jan. ao 17.
A carkayne of hearts, with a hand at each end, holding a device of a goodly balasse garnished with five pearls and three diamonds, and a hanging pearl. Another carkayne, with a balasse, set with diamonds and pearls. A black carkayne whereat stood the eagle. Another of rolls, enamelled white and black, with a ruby, an emerald, &c. Another of blue and green hearts, with a balasse, five pearls and three diamonds. Another with 22 diamonds, 43 pearls, and a device at the end, set with a ruby, an emerald, 14 diamonds, and a hanging pearl. Another, with one link black enamel, and the other gold. Another, with six great emeralds and 18 pearls. A tergat, enamelled black, garnished with two diamonds, a ruby, an emerald, and a rose of diamonds standing in an eagle, with three great orient hanging pearls. A black carkayne "whereat hing the ziphus of D, was garnished with diamonts, and the jacincte in it." A ziphus of diamonds garnished with 11 fair pearls and three hanging pearls. A chain of Spanish work, red and white, with a great balasse. Two gold towsons. A gold brooch, with an aggot. Another with Venus and Cupids. A gold garter, with nine diamonds and a pearl, in a black velvet box garnished with silver. 12 pair of gold aglets, enamelled black and white. A silver casket full of aglets, buttons, &c. A buttoned cap of black velvet, with a diamond and a brooch of Paris work of St. James. A black velvet bonnet with feathers, double turfed, with eight buttons. A black Milan bonnet, double turfed, with 17 pair of rolls enamelled with white, black, and purple, and a brooch of a handful of feathers. A black single turfed bonnet, with 11½ pair of small aglets, a brooch of Paris work, and an espoier. A crimson velvet bonnet, double turfed, with a brooch of St. Michael, set with diamonds and a white rose on one side, and a red rose on the other. Two russet hats with russet sarcenet feathers. A black sarcenet hat with feathers. A scarlet nightcap, embroidered with gold. A black velvet bonnet, with 16 pair of small aglets and a brooch with feathers. Two single turfed bonnets, with aglets; one with a brooch of three men and a pearl in the back of one of them; the other with the brooch of a lady leading a brace of greyhounds. A black velvet bonnet, double turfed, with aglets and buttons, and a brooch of St. George. Another, with 25 small rolls enamelled white, and a brooch of Hercules. Another, with a brooch of St. George. Another, with a brooch of a ziphus. Another, with a brooch of a lady holding a heart in her hand. Another, with seven pairs of rolls, with letters in them, and a brooch triangled. Another, with 21 rolls, enamelled white, black, and purple, with a brooch of a lady holding a crown. Another, with a demy turf and a brooch "having a face in it of a camye," and a hanging pearl. Another, with 30 pair of rolls, enamelled with black, white, and purple, and a brooch with a man and two women in it, Another with a brooch of a man standing in a faggot of fire. Another, with a brooch of a handfull of feathers. Another, with the brooch of a gentleman in a lady's lap. Signed: Harry Norrys.
A vellum roll. Endorsement illegible.
Royal MS.
7 C. XVI. f. 38.
B. M.
2. Parcels of jewels delivered to Robt. Amadas, master of the King's jewel-house at the King's-manor of Eltham, 18 Jan. anno 17.
A gold bawderick, with nine fair balasses standing between angels, and 36 pearls, 98¾ oz. A collar of Spanish work, with 16 fair balasses and the following diamonds: 16 great pointed diamonds; 2 great rocked; 2 great table, square lozenged; one long table, square; one heart-fashioned; one table, six-squared; a great triangle; a long lozenge; and the Great Mirror, 88 oz. Another collar, with 12 fair balasses, and 5 table, 2 pointed, 4 rocks, and 1 triangle diamond with 36 pearls, 55½ oz. A collar of garters with St. George on horseback, one triangle diamond on the horse's buttock, and a shaffron of diamonds, 48 oz. 1½ q. A blue and green enamelled girdle, with 12 balasses, 63½ oz. A gold chain, gable fashion, 124½ oz. Signed by Amadas.
P. 1. Endd.
19 Jan.
Calig. B. II.
B. M.
In conjunction with my lord of Holyrood House, has delivered Magnus's part of the indenture, and his Sovereign's commission to the Lords here, who desire the confirmations exchanged between the two Princes. Arran, Eglinton, lord Home, the laird of Farnihurst, and others, Magnus knows, were at Linlithgow at his departing. The Queen and Murray and the bishops of Ross and Murray, to the number of 200 persons, were coming this Wednesday from Stirling to Lithqw, but dispersed sundry ways on the approach of the King, who, with Angus, Argyll, and Lennox, left Edinburgh this same day with 4,000 men or more. The Queen has gone back to Hamilton. The earl of Murray came to Lithgow on "souerans," and offered to serve the King; has come with him to Edinburgh; whether he will take "an afald part or not here, I cannot say." Since coming here has urged strongly upon the Council the necessity of redress. The Lords have written to Magnus for continuation of the meeting. My lord Chancellor has said in council that the borders of the March and Tevidale have offered pledges for redress. Edinburgh, 19 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. at ƒ. 307: "To ane recht honorable clerk and my gud lord, the archdene of Estridein."
20 Jan.
R. T. 137.
R. O.
Letters patent, declaring his acceptance of comprehension by Francis I. in the treaty made with England at Lyons, 26 Sept. 1525. St. Just by Lyons, 20 Jan. 1525.
Lat., pp. 2.
20 Jan.
Calig. B. II.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 438.
Being desirous to hear from the council of Scotland when redress should be made, wrote three letters: 1. to the Chancellor; 2. to the bishop of Aberdeen; and 3. to the earls of Angus, Argyle, and Lennox. Before they arrived, received three others (sent herewith) from the Council, from Angus, and from Adam Otterburn, which were in effect an answer to his own. The Council are urgent to have the peace confirmed by the King, and promise to send their own King's confirmation, which should be exchanged within two months after the date of the treaty, viz., the 15th inst. Does not see how the treaty is to be conveyed to the King, except by himself, as he can explain everything, though the King bids him stay here till redress is made, and the earl of Westmoreland made acquainted with the Scotch warden.
Heard on coming out of Scotland that men were gathering to go to lord Hoome and Dan Carre of Farnehirste, who were then with Arran. Having promised the three Earls that none who fled out of the Marsh or Teviotdale should be received in England, called the officers of Berwick, and ordered all men on the East and Middle Marches to be ready at an hour's warning. Sent a message to Dan Carre of Cessforth, to warn him not to stir, and others to Teviotdale and his acquaintance in the Marshe, with "privy bruits," which put the countries in such fear of the English coming in upon them that there passed not forward 200 men. Dan Carre sent me word he was willing to make redress to my lord warden and me, as others are also, but they will not do it at the command of Angus. Thinks redress will be made. Little hurt has been done in England since watches were laid; but much to the proudest thieves in Teviotdale, for which the Scotch council is nothing sorry. Has written frequently to the earl of Cumberland. The peace is proclaimed on the West Marches; but Cumberland complains that Maxwell will not keep days of meeting with him. Angus wrote of this to the King and Council, who have ordered Maxwell to appoint a day of meeting, or else appear before them. The Council desire the earls of Cumberland and Westmoreland to write to them freely at all times. The young King, when Magnus left, was as well inclined to his uncle as could be.
Sir Chr. Dacre writes, with a token from Wolsey, that he is to meet Magnus in Northumberland, and Magnus to write to the earls of Westmoreland and Cumberland, lord Ogle, Sir Will. Heron, Sir Will. Eures, Sir Thos. Tempest, and Sir Chr., to be before Wolsey on such a day as Magnus himself can be at London. Thinks it not safe to call so many out of the North at a time, though there is now good rule in the Borders. Berwick, 20 (fn. 9) Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd.: XXo Januarii.
20 Jan.
Cal. B. II. 294.
B. M.
i. "Copy of a letter sent from T. Magnus to the bishop of Aberdeen; the bearer not yet returned with answer."
Has sent forward his letters, and will do his best to effect their object. Westmoreland and Magnus are here for the express purpose of seeing the day of truce kept, which should have been this week past. Begs that this matter be remembered. A peace without redress is but a vain thing. Berwick, 20 Jan.
P. 1.
f. 295. ii. "Copy of a letter sent from T. Magnus to the chancellor of Scotland; the bearer not yet returned with answer." To the same effect. Berwick, 20 Jan.
P. 1.
20 Jan.
Cal. B. II. 297.
B. M.
i. James [Beton], chancellor of Scotland, Gavin archbishop of Glasgow, the bishop of Aberdeen, and the earls of Angus, Argyll and Lennox to the English ambassador [Magnus].
Regret that so many diets for redress have been unkept. The fault is not with them, but in certain business, the King being under age, for which they hope to make provision shortly. Request he will solicit my lord of Westmoreland to have patience for fifteen days, when a diet will be appointed to terminate all differences between the realms.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lord ambassador of England." Copy of the signatures at ƒ. 296.
f. 298. ii. Angus to Magnus. To the same effect with the preceding.
Also since the departure of Magnus, Argyll, Lennox and Angus left Edinburgh with the King this last Wednesday, attended by 700 men on foot and horse, and went towards Linlithgow to resist the conspiracy of Arran, Eglinton and Cassillis, the lords Ross, Sympil, Avandale and Hume, the abbot of Jedworth, the master ..., the laird of Farnyhirst. Lodged that night at Linlithgow, the others retiring on their approach. The Queen, with the earl of [Murray], the bishop of Ross, and other Northland men, coming from Stirling to Linlithgow, met them, and hearing what had happened, was obliged to return to Hamilton. Murray and a Northland man, "seeing that they might not make their party ... and the earl of Arran had made wrang information to the Queen and him, left them, and come to the King to Lithgow that night, and was received by me a mile outwith the town." They offered their service to Angus, and are now here in Edinburgh with the King. If Angus do not agree with the Queen shortly, it shall not be his fault. Begs to be recommended to Westmoreland. Edinburgh, 20 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To ane recht honorable man and his wele belovit maister Thomas Magnus, archidene of Est Ryden, councillor to the King's grace of Ingland."
20 Jan.
P. S.
1. Grant to Wolsey of the sites, &c. of St. Mary de Caritate and St. Augustine Daventre, Northt.; St. Augustine Raveneston, St. Mary, Thyckford, Bucks; St. Mary Sandewell, St. Giles Canwell, Staff.; St. Nicholas Litlemore, Oxf.; St. Margaret Poughley, Berks; also of the manors and appurtenances of Daventre, Westhaddon, Welton, Saundford, Dedford, Walgrave, Everdon Parva, Thorp, Drayton, Bugbie, Northampton, Watford, Preston Magna and Parva, Westhaddon, Starton, Norton, Colde Assheby, Daventre, Thorp-Monwell, North.; Foxton, Lobenham, Scalford, Donton-Basset, Rakedale, Leyre, Leic.; Bysbroke, Rutland; Ravenston, Stoke Goldyngton, Thukford Chicheley, Thickethorne, Newport-Paynell, Bradwell, Astwood, Wyllyn, Calcot, Gothurst, Lynford Magna, Wolston, Sulburye, Lowton, Bodyngton, Shevyngton, Ekeney, Thornborowe, Lyscombe, Felgrave, Blyston, Lathburye, Elsburge, Bucks; Sandewell, Westbromwiche, Dudley, Tybenton, Magna Barr, Parva Barr, Horborn, Wernell, Coston, Womborn, Wuddesbury, Feccham, Canwell, Drayton, Hyns, Wyfford, Pakynton, Bytterstone, Tomworth, Whytlyngton, Ellesford and Farysley, Staff.; Aston, Bromwyche, Hull, Little Sutton, Sutton Colfylde, and Whytacre, Warw.; Lytlemore, Forstall, Sydenham, Saundford, Wodepery, Kenyngton, Clyston, Benston, Whateley, Brightwell, Cuddesden, Laurence, Baldon, Church Cowley, Woode Eton, Tacley, Goddestowe and Garsyngton, Oxon; Sonnyngwell, St. Mary's Abyngton, Lyverton, Heywood, Esthenred, Sowthe Moorton, Betterton, Peesmare, Cusserigg, Badgenore, Chadelworthe, Kyngeston, Poughley, Wesshenred, Chesley, Alderburie, Compton, Wardenam, Mygham, Esthannye, Upletcombe, Sparfold, Ergaston, Iseburye, Bokyngton, Lye, Maydencote, Abbyngton, Bryghtwalden, Chaddelworth, Faryngton, Hampsted, Benham, Okense, Isden, Hampsted, Nores, Ove and Lamborne, Berks; Estridge, Knyghton and Raunesbourne, Wilts; and Faccombe, Farnamdene, Colmere and Colthorpe, Hants. Greenwich, 13 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Jan.
Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21 and 22.
P. S. 2. Grant of the sites of the suppressed houses of St. Thomas Liesnes, St. Mary Magdalene, Tonbridge, St. Mary Begham, and St. Bartholomew de Calceto, Sussex, with manors and appurtenances, in Liesnes, Fauntes, Bawdwynes, Ocholt, Tonbridge, Langporte, Shurbourne, Nysells, Legh, Holland, Speldherst, Brynchisley, Lomewood, Newington, Marden, Erith, Dartford, Plumstead, Greenwich, Luddenham, Tewdley, Yalding, Barden, Stanford, Hadlowe, Twyfford, Terstane, Henherst, Marden, Lokeley, Wisted, Chessynden, Orchynden, Geldryge, Langfeld, Westham, Oxstede, Redge, Lymmefelde, Pepynburie, Levishod, Cranbroke, Brokeley or Westgreenwich, Wichiham, Horsemonden, Swatlyndon, Netlestede, Detlyng, Lamberherst, Matfeld and Herceley, all in Kent; Thorney and Donnerston, Suff.; Begham, Rockeland, Oteham, Telton, Haylesham, Hellingley, Fryston, Excet, Bullockyston, Kychyngham, Horselay, Lamporte, Bourne, Cortisford, Borham, Britlyng, Echyngham, Farnt, Cowherst, Wertlyng, Hethefeld, Causway (de Calceto), Sulham, Bourne, Lymister, Arundel, Pollyng, Warmyngham, Hampton, Houghton, Tangmere, Brugham, Gene, Southstoke, Bynderton, Offynton, Petworthe, Byllynghurste, Pachyng, Madhurste, all in Sussex; Alnetheley, Benflete, Elmonden and Reynham, Essex; Bodesham and Gamlynga, Camb.; Goddestone and Holt, Surrey; and in London. Also pensions from the prior of Christchurch, London, and St. Mary Leedis, Kent. Greenwich, 13 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Jan.
Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.
R. O. 3. Copy of § 1. Undated.


  • 1. A clause to this effect was inserted in the treaty of 15 Jan. 1526.
  • 2. eam clom in f. 7.
  • 3. "Madame, ma bone taunte."
  • 4. Z6
  • 5. h4
  • 6. He was treasurer of the household.
  • 7. Altered by Wolsey, "had out of Milan."
  • 8. f. 138.
  • 9. The date in the document is "xxiiij" corrected into "xxo."