Henry VIII: April 1534, 26-30

Pages 217-236

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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April 1534, 26–30

26 April. 540. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O. Letters, 286. Begs his favor for Rob. Markeham. Croydon, 26 April. Signed.
Add.: To my especial and singular good friend, Mr. Crumwell.
26 April. 541. John Bishop of Lincoln to Cromwell.
R. O. Sends now for his pardon, (fn. 1) which he has delayed doing hitherto, knowing Cromwell's “great continual business for the common weal.” Sends five marks in gold as a remembrance in part recompence of his pains. Begs that his payments may be less with longer days. His charges are so great he shall not be able to keep up his house and servants. Continues here “at commandment, in manner, all the year” at much greater expense than in the country. Holborn, 26 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my worshipful friend master Thomas Cromewell, one of the King's most honorable Council.
26 April. 542. Stephen Bishop of Winchester to Cromwell.
R. O. This evening at 10 o'clock I received your letter and determined to answer it at once, considering the advertisement in your own hand, which I take very friendly, and for the contentation of the King. As touching Canabe, it has been shown to be debateable land by three evidences:—1, by the depositions of old men examined by the lord Dacres; 2, by an evidence found among his writings; 3, by a drawing of the situation. This is all I know that makes for the King's part. The Scots will doubtless tell you what makes for them. I have caused my chaplain, Mr. Runcorne, to subscribe his name at the conclusion. Farnham, 26 April.
Hol., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
26 April. 543. Leonard Smyth to Lord Lisle.
R. O. My brother, your auditor, has written to Motley as you desired, to make wood sale at Paynswik. Rather than that the wood in the park should be cut down, Mr. Kingston would give you ready money for it, and my brother has desired Motley to value it. Your auditor is the Queen's surveyor, and must very shortly ride to survey her lands, which will prevent him going to Paynswick. I have sent your letter to Mr. Aylmer. My lord of Essex desires you, if you need beeves, muttons or billet, to send to him as you would do into your own pastures. He has billet at Salcot ready to be shipped for you ever since Candlemas, and has spoken with Mr. Cromwell that no stay shall be made by customers of beeves and muttons. He says he will send to you occasionally for a tun or two of wine, which I told him you had for him but had not yet secured shipping for. I think he bears you unfeigned love and you should accept his offer. He intends sending you a buck or two by next ship. I have moved Mr. Grenfeld for the protection, but he doubts if he can obtain it. I have promised a hogshead of wine to the lord Chancellor for it, as I have told Mr. Fowler today. London, 26 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
26 April. 544. John Husee the Younger to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I wrote in my former letters that Mr. Cromwell would take an end in Mr. Seymer's matter with my lord, to your ladyship's contentation, but that it could not well be till the King had removed 20 miles or more. Ralph Sadler has promised to keep his master in remembrance. I have written largely to my lord of all other matters, which I know will come to your ladyship's hands. I hope to be despatched in six days at the uttermost. London, 26 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
26 April. 545. Thomas Godsalve to Dr. Bonner.
R. O. I have received your letters by the bearer, who will declare to you the determination of my lord and master, (fn. 2) i.e., to remit 20l. of the whole tax of 73l. 6s. 8d. for the first fruits of East Dereham, the rest to be paid in hand, or else allow you five years for payment of the whole upon security, remitting to you the crop of this year, to which he is entitled, as the benefice fell void on Easter Day. (fn. 3) To more than this he cannot be persuaded, as I understand by master Chancellor. Full expedition could not be made in this matter, as your pleasure was not known. I have your proxy and presentation, and shall meet the Chancellor at Ipswich on Thursday se'nnight. You must decide whether you will pay the money or give an obligation to Ric. Belamy dwelling at St. Bartholomew's, who is my lord's attorney and kinsman, and send a certificate to that effect. Your servant goes this morning to East Dereham to certify you of the commodities thereof. I am glad you will have occasion to visit these parts, and trust to see you in my house. Your predecessor was my singular good master and friend. Norwich, 26 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful master Dr. Boner, chaplain to the King's highness. Endd. by Wriothesley.
[26 April.] 546. Martin Valles to the Comendador Mayor.
Add. MS. 28,586, f. 244. B.M. * * * * * * On the 21st inst., the Court being “en cusi” (at Coucy ?), a brother of the new queen of England and a treasurer of the King arrived in post. Next Tuesday they spoke with Francis “espacio de med . . . . camara.” He made them great cheer. On Wednesday . . . . . . for the feast of the Garter, and on Thursday “en la Misa . . . . . acompañado de sus yjos y de todos principales . . . . . conocia el Rey y el Gran Mestre vel . . . . . sogeto y enbaxador con la orden de la jaretera . . . . . ygoles comer consigo en su mesa y despues de comer . . . . los tres juntos. A otrodia Viernes comieron con su hermana . . . . . y partieron para Ynglaterra, dizen que les ha dado sendas copas de valor de ast. (?) mil escudos y sendas mulas.
The Papal and Venetian ambassadors yesterday asked the Grand Master what the said ambassadors [came for]. He told the Papal nuncio that it was to see whether the French would be of their opinion. To the Venetian ambassador he said it was to make sure of the intentions of the French king in the event of the sentence being executed by force, to which the French king replied that he would not fail to assist (Henry) with money and men and in person, having always desired to maintain their brotherly friendship. A few days ago an ambassador came from Scotland to ask for the eldest daughter of the French king in marriage. From Compiegne they have sent him to Paris. Hears in the Queen's household that they are trying to make the Scotch king marry the daughter of the duke of Vendôme instead, with a great dowry. * * * . . . 1534.
Sp., pp. 6. Modern copy. (fn. 4) The part in italics is in cipher.
Ib., f. 247. 2. Modern decipher of the ciphered passages in the preceding.
26 April. 547. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.
Add. MS. 28,586. f. 238. B. M. When the bishop of Paris was at Bologna on his way to France, he met an excusator of the king of England and another of his servants coming to Rome to appeal to a future council, so that the case might be stopped. The Bishop told them to return, as the Pope had given sentence, and they did so. The French ambassador here says that the Bishop wrote that these persons had a commission to appear (entender) in the case.
Neither story deserves much credit.
The French king desires the Pope to amend the sentence or suspend the executoriales, as the king of England will do all he can against the Holy See. The Pope will not do this as yet. Heard this from the Venetian ambassador, que ge lo embio a dezir el obispo de Monçon, the French resident here. Rome, 26 April, 1534.
Sp. Modern copy, pp. 2.
Ib., f. 239. 2. “Relacion de la carta del Conde de Cifuentes de xxvj. de Abril, 1534. Respondido a Toledo, a xxiiij de Mayo, 1534.”
Sp., pp. 10. With marginal notes. Modern copy.
27 April. 548. Cranmer's Visitation.
See Grants in April 26 Hen. VIII., No. 7.
27 April. 549. Nic. Shaxton, the Queen's Almoner.
See Grants in April 26 Hen. VIII., No. 8.
27 April. 550. A. Countess of Oxford to Cromwell.
R. O. Begs him to be good to her servant the bearer, who is in trouble from being surety for the house of Soffam priory to one Rowland Bakhowse for certain things delivered to the use of the house. The prioress promised to discharge him, but has not done so, though quite able to pay the debt, and Bakhowse commenced an action against him at common law. Her servant got the matter into the Chancery, where he has followed the suit two years, and can get no remedy, as the bishop of Chester can inform him. Campes, 27 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Cromwell, one of the King's most honorable Council. Endd.
27 April. 551. Dr. Thomas Bagard to Cromwell.
R. O. As soon as I came home to Worcester I delivered your letter to the abbot of Halesowen, who, though somewhat diseased at the time, fully intended taking his journey towards you in all haste, and will doubtless see you shortly. Worcester, 27 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: One of the King's Council. Endd.
27 April. 552. Ric. Palmer, Surveyor of the Earldom of the March, to Cromwell.
R. O. Reminds him of his late suit concerning the authority of his office. Has done what he could for the advancement of the King's lands in divers places where he has been at the King's courts since Easter last, but he had no new authority except the King's letters patents. It is notoriously known that the authority of “setting” is in the general surveyors, and the tenants are in doubt to “grow to any point” with him, as he has no new authority by commission or letter.
Asks Cromwell to obtain for him either a commission to exercise his office, or letters authorising him to let the lands of the earldom. Will undertake to bring in 100 marks in fines in A° xxvij., and as much yearly up to 500 marks, to see the King answered of all other profits within his office, and to repay Cromwell's trouble. Would have attended on Cromwell personally but his “demurre is farre,” and he intends to ride the lands of the earldom immediately on receiving an answer. “The xxvij. day of this last April.”
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Of the Privy Council. Endd.
27 April. 553. Richard Delahide to Cromwell.
R. O. Hears from the King's attorney that Cromwell has been informed that Delahide has spoken unseemly words of him. Denies that he has done so or had any occasion so to do. Knows that he is in as high favor with the King as any man, and would be most simple and indiscreet to esteem him unworthy. Repeats what he said in his letter of 10 Oct. about Cusake's office. If he had known Cromwell's pleasure, he should have enjoyed the office though it were rightfully Delahide's, for he knows Cromwell's favor is more available than the profit of that office. It is reported that labors are made there for his office of justiceship, wherein he has served truly for 20 years. Trusts no cause will be proved for the King to remove him. Will send a goshawk after Midsummer. Dulyng, 27 April.
Hol., p. 1. Adds: Councillor. Endd.
27 April. 554. Fras. Halle to Lord Lisle.
R. O. On coming hither, showed lord Mounttergyew lord Lisle's pleasure about his bill signed for Porchester castle. He had no leisure to talk of it then, and appointed another time, at the Court. He had news that lord Hastings' son-in law was fallen sick, and that on St. George's even, after bearing the sword before the King, he rode straight unbeware to anybody into Leicestershire to lord Hastings, where he still remains, though out of danger. Lisle's matter for Porchester castle is so well stayed that no man makes more suit for it. His bill signed and privy seal are to be searched for in this still time by Hussey and master Gryenfyeld. Certain Calysyens have showed him more tales and sayings than he hears of himself, but he will write only what he knows.
Thinks the King's attorney is not best contented that Bartyllmewe the surgeon had no more comfortable an answer, “but it is often seen that a man is angry for not doing the thing that he would not willingly do himself if he were in like case.” London, 27 April 1534.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 April. 555. Francis Halle to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I have delivered all your tokens and made your recommendations, attributing it to my fault that I brought not everybody a token. I thank you for the remembrance sent by Petley at the first opening of the gates, though it was the next day in the morning before I went. Lord Montague thanks you for your token. My brother Legh will thank you himself. The matter of Porchester castle goes well enough for my lord. I like England so well that I would my business were well done and I were back in Calais. Tomorrow Mr. Undermarshal and I ride into Rutland, and hope to be back before the term end. Recommendations to all the good ladies and gentlewomen, Mr. Mayor, Mr. Marshal, Mr. Porter and others as it shall please you. London, 27 April 1534.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
27 April. 556. Geo. Tayllour to Lady Lisle.
R. O. Thanks for lord Lisle's kindness to Geo. Gaynesford, and asks her to help towards its continuance. Sends cramp rings, two gold and six silver. Has had no more given him this year. The King and Queen are merry and in good health. The Queen hath a goodly belly, praying our Lord to send us a prince. Greenwich, 27 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
27 April. 557. Bishop Fisher.
R. O. Palatium Roffense. An inventory taken 27 April 26 Hen. VIII. of the goods and household implements of the bishop of Rochester, being in the said house, to the use of the King.
In his own bed chamber: A bedstead with a mattrass, a counterpoint of red cloth lined with canvas. A celer and tester of old red velvet nothing worth. A leather chair with a cushion. An altar with a hanging of white and green satin of Brydgies, with Our Lord embroidered on it. 2 blue sarcenet curtains. A cupboard with a cloth. A little chair covered with leather, and a cushion. A close stool and an old cushion upon it. An andiron, a fire pan and a fire shovel.
In the great study within the same chamber: A long spruce table, and other tables. 3 leather chairs. Fire-irons. 8 round desks, and shelves for books.
In the north study: Divers glasses with waters and syrups, and boxes of marmalade, which were delivered to his servants. A table, 4 round desks, and bookshelves.
In the south gallery: 50 glasses of divers sorts, with 8 curtains of green and red say.
In the chapel in the end of the south gallery: A cushion on the seat of the chapel, the altar cloths, 2 pieces of old velvet, and a superaltare. 4 gilt images with a crucifix.
In the broad gallery: Old hangings of green say. Old carpets of tapestry set under the said books. An altar cloth painted with green velvet and yellow damask. A St. John's head standing at the end of the altar. A pontifical book. A painted cloth of the image of Jesus taken from the Cross. 2 old sarcenet. In the stew, a counter and a chair.
In the old gallery: Certain old books pertaining to divers monasteries.
In the wardrobe: A kirtie of stamnell, a Spanish blanket, a pair of coarse blankets, a limbeck to distil aqua vit$oe, with divers old trash. A trussing bedstead, a pair of sheets. 6 boards. 2 pr. of trestles.
In the little study beside the wardrobe: Divers glasses and boxes with syrups, sugar stilled waters and other certain trash sent to my lord.
In the great chapel: The altar hung with white sarcenet, with red sarcenet crosses, and under it two hangings of yellow satin of Bridges and blue damask. 8 gilt images upon the altar. 2 laten candlesticks. A diaper cloth upon the altar and hanging over it. A pix with a cloth hanging over it, garnished with gold, with tassels of red silk and gold. At the end of the altar, two curtains of red sarcenet upon the desk where he sits, 2 pieces of tapestry and 2 cushions covered with dornexe. A mass book. An old carpet on the ground before the altar. Hangings of painted red say. An altar beneath, in the same chapel, hung with old dornexe, and a painted cloth of the three kings of Coleyn. 5 images of timber. A table of Domesdaye. A crucifix with the images of the Father and Holy Ghost.
In the little chamber next the same chapel: Hangings of old painted cloths, a great looking glass broken. An old folding bed. In the great chamber: A table and trestles, a bedstead &c. An andiron. In the old dining chamber: 2 leather chairs. A black velvet chair. A table and trestles. 2 cupboards, 2 carpets in the windows, 2 joined forms. In the hall: Hangings of old arras. 2 tables, 4 forms, 6 trestles. In the parlour: 5 pieces of very old green verdour, a table, 2 trestles, 3 forms. A very old carpet in the window. A joined bedstead, a turned bedstead and bedding. 2 chairs. In the next chamber: A chest with old evidences and accounts. In the clerk of the kitchen's chamber: A joined bedstead with a mattress, a great chair. In Wm. Smade's chamber: A mattress, basons of tin and lathen. “An instrument to height a bed with.” 3 dishes, with shelves and other trash. In master Wilson's chamber: A feather bed. In the brewhouse: Vessels of all kinds for brewing. In the cook's chamber: A feather bed and bolster. In the kitchen: Brass pots, a colebran, 16 pewter platters and other utensils. In the entry beside the kitchen: A beam balance and three half hundreds.
ii. An inventory taken 27 April 26 Hen. VIII., at the manor of Hawlyng, Kent.
In the brewhouse: A pair of quern stones, a furnace. 2 leads for a furnace. A brewing kettle. 2 tuns and a mashing tub.
In the dining chamber next the great chamber: Three tables and 2 pair of trestles, a little cupboard. A chair. In the steward's chamber: Nil.
There are 18 saints on little walls within the chapel. In the little chamber next the chapel: A bedstead and desk, with divers other implements, which still remain, and so doth all other bedsteads and desks in other chambers.
Pp. 10.
28 April. 558. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O. Letters, 287. Begs he will remember the writer's suit for his kinsman Hen. Hatfilde, surveyor of the Archbishop's lands. He has a covenant with the prebendaries of Southwell for exchange of certain lands, which he has to get mortmained. Begs Cromwell will assist him. Mr. Roodd has been at Croydon and subscribed the King's succession, and the conclusion that the bishop of Rome has no more power in England than other foreign bishop. Begs he may have a licence again to preach. Croydon, 28 April. Signed.
Add.: Of the King's Council.
28 April. 559. The Old Queen and the New.
R. O. Ric. Pynder of Kettering, co. Northt., and Rob. Lynne, ironmonger of the same, declare that Sir Geo. Clydrowe, parish priest of Kettering, curate to Dr. Griene, parson there and chaplain to the lady Katharine, princess Dowager, spake in Sept. last in the dwelling house of Ric. Drayton that it was a pity the King was not buried in his swaddling clothes, and whosoever would call the Queen that now is, queen, at Bugden, where his master dwells, should be knocked to the post. He said he hoped to see lady Anne brought full low, and we should have no merry world till we had a new change, “for the King will not leave while it is well.” He said he knew also what the bishop of Canterbury was; he was a hostler. 28 April 26 Hen. VIII. Signed by the above and 4 witnesses. Sealed.
Pp. 2. Endd.
28 April. 560. John Huttoft to Cromwell.
R. O. This day my father rode to the wood about the King's business, and I have heard that Palsched, one of the customers of this town, is dead. As I have great pain in my head and teeth and cannot wait upon you, I beseech your usual favor to my father. Hampton, 28 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
28 April. 561. Will. Symonds and Will. Knight to Cromwell.
R. O. We came this morning, 28 April, to Southampton, expecting to find the King's officers weighing the wools. At that time the mayor and his brethren were riding forth to their lawdays. We found one of the customers and the Controller, to whom we delivered your letter, and they produced the books of entry. We brought six pokes of wool to the King's beam. On reweighing them, we found in every poke 15 or 16 nails of wool more than the just counterpoise. We propose to proceed to others, but wait for your pleasure. All the pokes in the galleys are seemingly weighed after the same rate, being 1,200 or above. 28 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Of the Privy Council. Endd.: William Symons and William Knight, their letters from Hampton.
28 April. 562. Lord Sandys to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I thank you for your favor to my friends and servants in those parts. I beg that I may continue to be participator in your lordship's pewettes. I also desire licence to ship such French wines as my friend Mr. Vice-treasurer has bought for me at Calais. Commend me to my lady. The Vyne, 28 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
30 April. 563. William Glynn, Priest, to Cromwell.
R. O. When I last attended you in London in Feb. 25 Hen. VIII., I made a book of one half the temporalities belonging to the church of Bangor due to the King by the vacancy of the see at the feast of All Saints 25 Hen.VIII. and the names of those that received them. You have addressed your letter: to Sir Ric. Bulkeley, chamberlain of North Wales, saying how I have informed you that Sir Richard levied the money of the said temporalities. I made no such statement, nor was his name mentioned in my book, of which, as you have lost it, I send you a copy. Conway, 30 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Of the King's Council.
30 April. 564. Thomas Lord Lawarr to Cromwell.
R. O. I beg you to remember me at your leisure, and give credit to the bearer. From my poor house, 30 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my very good friend, Mr. Cromwell.
30 April. 565. W. Tresham to Cromwell.
R. O. According to the King's letters I have admitted Mr. Lacy and Mr. Howell proctors for this university, who I am sure will do as much to promote the expedition of the question de primatu as any two M.A.'s. The matter should be somewhat further opened in sermons before the question were sent to us. I have already for my part spoken and preached therein, and if Dr. Curren were sent down before Ascension day, it were well done. Oxford, 30 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Of the King's Council. Endd.
30 April. 566. John Bonde, Priest, to Lady Lisle.
R. O. I received your letter by Ric. Harres, and perceive your pleasure about Mrs. Gelberde. Mr. Basset's year's mind was kept before your letter came, as it has been in time past. “Tuchyn the pycters (?) of Mr. Bassettes tanne bith layde on by the hondes of Oliver Tomlyng.” Mr. Aclande has been paid 4l. For the rest he is content to have two colts run in your park, to be reckoned at 13s. 4d. a year, till the whole be paid. I sent you 20 gulls received by Ric. Harres, but never heard if they came to hand. I received your letter by Mr. Werthe. I sent my books of account of your fishing by John Bere (Berry). I now send the reckoning between us, and 5l. Your debt to me is 12l. 4s. 2d. The whole sum of the fishing last year is about 14l. I and John Dave thought best to send your money by John Bere, with my lord's colt which he desired sent him before Easter. Walter Cawsy desires to be your fisher. Gives an account of the cattle in Womberleh park. The repairs of your chapel will be a great charge. Timber at Edysleh. have received 12 ½ thousand of “schyndell” of Thos. Norys; and you are in his debt for this and other timber. Womberleh, 30 April.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
30 April. 567. Charles V. to his Ambassador in France.
Granvelle Papers, II. 100. * * * * * Supposes the French queen is informed of the sentence given at Rome in favor of Katharine against the king of England. Is to request her to use her influence with the King, considering matters have gone so far, to support the cause of Katharine and of the Holy See.
* * * * * Toledo, 30 April 1534.
568. [Cranmer] to —.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 43. B. M. C.'s Letters, 287. In behalf of the bearer, John Hutton, who has a suit to the person addressed. Owes as special favor to him as to any man of like state and degree.
From Cranmer's Letter Book.
569. [Anne Boleyn to the Lord Chancellor.]
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 77. B. M. Hears that there is a cause long depending in the court of Chancery between one Broke and A. B. Asks him to use such expedition as he may conveniently with his lawful favors. Greenwich.
Headed: By the Queen's grace.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book, p. 1.
570. [Cranmer] to —.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 43. B. M. C.'s Letters, 288. In favor of the bearer A. B.
From Cranmer's Letter Book.
571. Cranmer to —.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 43. B. M. C.'s Letters, 288. Richard S. has complained that the person addressed withholds from him an Enchiridion in English, supposing the same to be of no good authority or privilege. As the King and Council permit the book to be indifferently read by all his subjects, he is either to return the book to the said Richard or repair to Cranmer.
Headed: For inhibiting of Enchiridion.
From Cranmer's Letter Book.
572. Cranmer to the Vicar of Charyng.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 43. B. M. C.'s Letters, 288. Asks him to cease his suit in the Commissary's Court at Canterbury against W. S. for defamation, as he is right repentant, “specially in this cumbrous time.”
Headed: To the vicar of Charyng.
From Cranmer's Letter Book.
573. Cranmer to Dr. Cokes.
Harl, MS. 6,148, f. 43 b. B. M. C.'s Letters, 288. The bearer has been suspended, and thinks further process has been made against him for tithe that Cokes demands of him before the commissary at Canterbury. He says that he has always been conformable to agree with Cokes' farmer and deputy at Egerton, but now of late has been sued for things of small value. Exhorts Cokes, “specially in this cumbrous world,” to handle him and his other parishioners after some more charitable means, avoiding the obloquy of such enormities, wherewith the whole clergy is daily reproached and slandered.
Headed: To Dr. Cokes, my chancellor.
From Cranmer's Letter Book.
574. John Worth to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have been sore sick ever since I left Calais. Whenever I get better I will come back. It is reported in Devonshire that I left without your lordship's passport, and that your lordship would therefore give away my offices, and that I was in such debt I would not dare to go there again, but would sell my room. My lord, you gave me that living I have in Calais, and I will never sell it while your lordship is there, but if you depart, and my good lady, I will sell it to do you service. As for those who have complained of me, I trust at my coming to Calais “to please them according to their duties.” I only wait for some money promised me.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
575. Sir Thos. More to Margaret Roper.
More's Eng. Works, 1,428. Headed by the Editor: Sir Thos. More, upon warning given him, came before the King's commissioners at the archbishop of Canterbury's place at Lambeth (the Monday, 13 April 1534, and in the latter end of the 25th year of the reign of King Henry VIII.), where he refused the oath then offered unto him. And thereupon was he delivered to the abbot of Westminster to be kept as a prisoner, with whom he remained till Friday following, and then was sent prisoner to the Tower of London. And shortly after his coming thither he wrote a letter and sent it to his eldest daughter mistress Margaret Roper, the copy whereof here followeth.
When he was before the lords at Lambeth, was the first called in, though the vicar of Croydon and others were come before him. When the cause of his sending for was declared (at which he marvelled, considering that they sent for no temporal men but him), desired to see the oath, which they showed him under the Great Seal, and then the Act of Succession, which was shown him in print. After reading it to himself and considering the oath and the Act, said that he did not wish to find any fault either with the Act or any one who made it, or in the oath or any one who sware it, nor to condemn any other man's conscience. Would not refuse to swear to the succession, but could not take the oath offered him without jeoparding his soul to perpetual damnation. Offered to satisfy them on oath that he refused only from grudge of conscience and not from any other fantasy. If they did not trust that, why should they be better to give him any oath? If they trusted that he would swear true, he trusted that of their goodness they would not move him to take the oath they offered, as it was against his conscience. To this the Chancellor said they were very sorry to hear him say thus and refuse the oath, and they all said he was the first that refused it, which would cause the King to feel great suspicion and indignation against him. They showed him the roll, with the subscriptions of the lords and commons who had already sworn. Seeing that he refused to swear, not blaming any other who had sworn, he was commanded to go down into the garden. Tarried in the old burned chamber that looks into the garden, but would not go down because of the heat. Dr. Latimer came into the garden with other doctors and chaplains of the Archbishop, “and very merry I saw him, for he laughed and took one or twain about the neck so handsomely that if they had been women I would have went that he had been waxen wanton.” After that Dr. Wilson came forth from the lords and was brought by him with two gentlemen, and gentlemanly sent straight unto the Tower. Does not know when the bishop of Rochester was called in before them. Heard at night that he had been before them, but never heard where he remained till he was sent hither. Heard also that the vicar of Croydon and all the other priests of London who were sent for were sworn, and had such favour from the Council that they were not detained. The vicar of Croydon, either for gladness or dryness, or to show that he was known to the Archbishop, went to the buttery bar and drank “valde familiariter.” When they had played their pageant and gone out of the place, More was called in again and was told how many had sworn gladly without any sticking, since he went aside. Blamed no one, but answered as before. They accused him of obstinacy for refusing to swear, and asked him to declare any special part of the oath that was against his conscience. Had told them that he feared the King would only be further exasperated if he told his reasons, and he would rather abide all the danger that might come to him than give the King any occasion of further displeasure. Finally said that rather than be considered obstinate, if he had the King's licence or commandment, which should be sufficient warrant that his declaration would not offend the King or put him in danger of any of his statutes, he would declare the causes in writing, and give an oath that if any man answered them so that he thought his conscience satisfied, he would swear to the principal oath too. Was answered that the King's licence under letters patent would not serve against the statute. Replied that if he had them, he would trust to his honor for the remnant, but yet he thought that if he might not declare the causes without peril, to leave them undeclared was no obstinacy. The archbishop of Canterbury, referring to what he said that he did not condemn the consciences of those who swore, said it appeared he did not take it for a very sure thing that he might not lawfully swear it, but rather as doubtful; but it was without doubt that he is bound to obey the King, and therefore he should leave the doubt of his unsure conscience in refusing the oath, and take the sure way of obeying his prince by swearing it. This argument seemed so subtle, and coming with such authority from so noble a prelate's mouth, that he could answer nothing but that he thought he could not well do so, because this was one of the cases in which he was bound not to obey his prince, since, whatever others thought of the matter, in his conscience the truth seemed to be on the other side, after diligent search. If the Archbishop's reason was conclusive, it was a ready way to avoid all perplexities, for, in any matter in which the doctors stand in doubt, the King's commandment given on either side he pleases would settle it. My lord of Westminster then said that however the matter seemed to More he had reason to think that he was wrong, seeing the great council determined the opposite, and he ought to change his conscience. Answered that if there were none but himself on his side, and the whole Parliament against him, he would be sore afraid to lean to his own mind, but he thought he had as great a council, and a greater too, upon his side, and he was not bound to change his conscience and conform to the council of one realm against the general council of Christendom. At this master Secretary sware a great oath that he had lever that his only son had lost his head than that More should have thus refused the oath, for the King would now conceive a great suspicion against him, and think that the matter of the nun of Canterbury was contrived by his drift. Said that the contrary was true and well known, and whatever should mishap, he could not help it without the peril of his soul. Then the lord Chancellor repeated his refusal to Mr. Secretary, as to one who was going to the King, and said that More was content to swear to the succession. Whereupon More said that in that point he would be content if he could see his oath in that point framed so as to stand with his conscience. “Then said my Lord, Marry, master Secretary, mark that too, that he will not swear that neither but under some certain manner. Verily no, my Lord, quoth I, but that I will see it made in such wise first as I shall myself see that I shall neither be forsworn nor swear against my conscience. Surely as to swear to the succession, I see no peril, but I thought and think it reason, that to mine own oath I look well myself and be of counsel also in the fashion, and never intended to swear for a piece and set my hand to the whole oath.” Never withdrew any man from the oath nor advised any to refuse it, and never did nor will put any scruple in any man's head, but leave every man to his own conscience, and thinks it good reason that every man should leave him to his.
576. Sir Thos. More to Margaret Roper.
More's Eng. Works, 1,430. Headed: A letter written with a cole by Sir T. More to his daughter Mrs. Margaret Roper within a while after he was prisoner in the Tower.
Is in good health of body and good quiet of mind. Of worldly things desires no more than he has. Longed to talk with “you all” about the world to come, but trusts God will put it into their minds. “Written with a coal by your tender loving father, who in his poor prayers forgetteth none of you all, nor your babes, nor your nurses, nor your good husbands, nor your good husbands' shrewd wives, nor your father's shrewd wife neither, nor our other friends.”
Prays that God will keep him true, faithful and plain. Does not look for long life, and is well content to go if God call him hence tomorrow. There is no person living whom he would wish to have one “philippe” for his sake. “Recommend me to your shrewd Will and mine other sons, and to John Harris my friend, and your self knoweth to whom else, and to my shrewd wife above all.”
577. Peter Wattes to [Cromwell].
R. O. I beg you to obtain the King's consent for my capacity and discharge from the Charterhouse men; in which I have found our metropolitan favorable to me. My capacity was signed, and now that I should have enjoyed it, it is withholden because the King's licence is required under the Broad Seal. I would have put myself “in prece” to be a suitor to you, but feared “taching.” So by the counsel of Dr. Shaxton, almoner to the Queen, and Mr. Wodall, secretary to the same, I sued to my lord of Canterbury, thinking he should have sufficient authority. If the men of my order might get me, they would make me agree to their sprites, or else imprison me that I should never see the sun. They judged it extreme heresy to swear to maintain the King's acts against the Pope's power; so much that some of them said they would rather be exiled or suffer death as martyrs in the Pope's just cause.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
578. H. Latymer to Cromwell.
R. O. Latimer's Remains, 367. This gentleman shall tell you of the thing I moved to you at my departure yesterday (he is only slack for lack of calling on before); and perhaps he can tell you of others as far behind, if commissioners were always as mindful to advance the King's business as their own profit. If you might make a progress through England you would find how acts show hearts. It were not amiss that gentlemen of lands and arms should swear to the King's issue, and their oaths and names be registered.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
579. John [Bourchier] Abbot of Leicester, to Cromwell.
R. O. According to my promise I have labored with my brethren for their goodwill to seal the farm of Yugwordsbye for Mr. Richard, but they wilfully refuse, and therefore I have taken from them all their keys to the common seal, so that if it be your pleasure I shall seal it and send it up to you without their consent, trusting you will bear me harmless against their complaints, for I will never depart from any promise during my life. Whereas you marvel that against equity and conscience I compel my predecessor to pay his portion to the King's collection, I had nothing to do with it, for it is not in me to make him pay it, but it belongs to the bishop. The bishop may ease him if he will, but I cannot, except you wish me to pay it for him, which I am not able to do. The house is in debt 1,000l., which I must pay, and 100l. to the King during the next four years for my restitution, 100l. to my predecessor, and 42l. to yearly collectors for the King. I must pay wages to 200 persons in my house, and find them meat and drink. What a great thing is this for me to do, and pay my predecessor's debts also! He is but one man, and keeps one man and one boy, and is out of debt. I find him wood and coals and all implements to his house, horses and all their appurtenances. I have loved and cherished him as never did man in Leicester. I never had good dish but he had part of it. I never had thing to his pleasure but I gave it him. Every day I went to his lodging and did what I could for his comfort, and now unnaturally he has complained of me to you for that which it is not in my power to help. I sealed his indenture three days after my installation. I beg you to consider my intolerable charges.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Most worshipful. Endd.
580. John Laurens to Cromwell.
R. O. I beg your favor in this my instant necessity. I have so much endangered my friends of one party that I am not able to continue any longer as I have done, unless I may have some other relief. On the other side the Observants are in such displeasure with me, as were the Pharisees against Christ, because on Sunday last in my poor collation I did somewhat detect their pertinacity and proved their hypocrisy, proving by Scripture that the punishment for our transgressions was not only just but merciful, and that the King might justly have put us to temporal death by the authority given to him by God. I shall be out of their favor for ever. It may please you, therefore, according to your promise, to put me in the habit of a secular priest and give me some poor living, where I may preach the gospel. I will make no supplication to the King without your advice.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
581. Sir W. Goryng to Cromwell.
R. O. You promised you would do me a singular pleasure. I therefore beg you will help me. My lord of Northumberland will sell here in Sussex certain manors, among others that of Dunketon or Downton in Petworth, worth 18l. 6s. 8d. per ann. (fn. 5) If you could get me this for money and 20 years' purchase I will give you 40l. for your labor. This must be speedy, or else it will be gone. It adjoins my house and lands. At Borton.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My good master, Mr. Cromwell.
582. Ric. Cleybroke to Crumwell.
R. O. Asks him to obtain for him 20l. left him by his son Dr. Cleybroke, whose executor, master Mooke, will only pay him 4l. His son bought a corrody in the monastery of Grace Dwe, for which 7l. are unpaid, besides his bequest of 3l. to my lady and the convent. Fears if he does not help them they will have to beg from door to door.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To his right worshipful master, master Crumwell. Endd.
583. [Cromwell's] Remembrances.
R. O. To remember my warrants to be signed for money issued since the signature of the last warrants. For the signing of Dr. Benett's warrant for his uncle's revenues to be received for Michaelmas, and to take it with me to move the King for the despatch to be made by Stephen Vaughan. To take the copy of the number of the obligations due to the King by my lord of Norfolk, which are 11 in number. To declare to the King the effect of Sir Geo. Lawson's last letters and his opinion touching the Caw Milnes. To remember Sir John Dudeley to be Vice-chamberlain. For the payment of the Bryton. For Sir Jas. Carrys bill. Touching my lord Dacres' will of the South, and whether the King will have any end taken therein or not.
P. 1. Endd.: Remembrances.
584. Memorandum [by Paget?]
Titus, B. I. 495. B. M. To order all these writings as you think best. To send me word if it be the King's pleasure that I shall go to the king of Denmark, if any be shortly, which is not like, or no; or if I shall go to the duke of Holst, or to Monastery, which is like to be brought under for ever; or to Daventre, Swoll or Campe, which are under the Emperor and given to the Pope, and joining with the Hollanders. I shall prevail little there but only to certify them the truth, how the bishop of Rome has dealt with the King. Whether it be the King's pleasure that I shall come home that way or no.
Whether I shall solicit the Lubeceners to call all the Swedes together now, or the King will see first the conclusion with these to whom he hath sent, so that it may appear whether he may have the better part of them. It were better not to call them if they will not show themselves loving and friendful. If they are to be called, you must send a new letter, for the date of these is old, and also a letter to Lubeck to call them for that purpose, for this congregation was only for the peace inter Holandos et Lubicenses, wherefore I meddled not with them but only made them my friends. Whether it shall please the King that I shall come home when I have been with the duke of Meklinburg at Rostyck, Wysmer, Strolesunt, or tarry till he send me word to come home. I pray you show the King that I could not send letters to Wallop by any sure man. To remind the King to send a letter of thanks to George Lubicen burgimagister, for the man has a kind heart and has displeasure for doing as he doth toward the King. Call to remembrance the letter I brought the King, which my lord of Norfolk hath touching Denmark, and compare it with these instructions. Remember Islande and Copemanhaven in treating of this matter of Denmark. If it be thought good, the King and his Council to send money to the sum of — (blank) to Hamburg with articles before Pentecost, or else say all is marred. I think so they may have the money they will subscribe to any reasonable articles. A letter of thanks to the good prince of Lunenburg and licence for him and his brother for four geldings yearly to their own use. Remember a greyhound and a bitch I sent to you for and your man for your hawks. What is the King's pleasure further touching the duke of Lunenburg, as I wrote to his Grace. Also for Philippus, (fn. 6) what the King's pleasure is.
Pp. 3. Endd.
585. Wolfe Alarde to Henry VIII.
R. O. Narrative of his sufferings.—On Shrove Tuesday 1533[-4] as he was sitting in the house of John Henbery, one of the King's retinue, there came in John Fitzwilliam, a soldier of the castle. After they had sat for a time Henbery said, “Let us depart, as tomorrow is Ash Wednesday;” on which the writer inveighed against Ash Wednesday and ashes as a popish invention. Next day Fitzwilliam, who justified the observance, with divers priests and laymen (some named), among whom were Sir Roger Witton, chaplain to St. George in our Lady's parish, Sir Rob. Skeffe, chaplain to St. George in St. Nicholas' parish, Sir Alex. Flecton, priest of St. Nicholas' parish, called the writer to come and drink with them; when Witton demanded what words he had had with Fitzwilliam. On his replying he could not say,—“Yes, that you can,” said Witton, “for you spake to him of the Ashes;” on which the writer said, “Every day is Ash Wednesday to a Christian man.” “He axed me why I meddled with Scripture and did not understand it; and I said that I understood the Scripture as the Spirit of God did give me grace.” He said with a malicious voice it were alms to burn me. I told him that was no charitable speech, and so left them.
Gives an account of his denying, on another occasion, the free will of man, for Adam left that in Paradise, according to St. Paul. All of which was reported to the marshal of Calais, who sent the writer to prison on the walls for 15 days before the Commissary had knowledge of it. Was examined by the Commissary, Sir William Peterson. Desired that his accusers might be produced, but this was refused. Sir Rob. Wingfield, being present, suggested that the writer should have counsel, as he could not perfectly speak English. Denied that he had spoken against the sacrament of the Altar; but being urged by the Commissary, through fear of punishment confessed it, and was sent to prison for a week; and being brought before the Commissary was adjudged to go two Sundays in a white sheet about the churchyard of our Lady in Calais before the Cross in procession time; also for two Sundays in the churchyard of St. Nicholas with a faggot on his neck, standing before the people all the sermon time. This done he was put out of his place of fifer at 6d. a day. Has been the King's faithful servant for 15 years, as Sir Ric. Whethill can testify, with whom he was when he was taken prisoner at Boulogne. The week before Easter last met lord Lisle, who had the late published pardon in his hand. Sir John Butler, one of the King's chaplains, now Commissary, was standing by, and said “My lord, there is nothing in that pardon but Wolfe doth hold with it to the uttermost of his power;” and then said that Wolfe had had as great wrong as any man, and was falsely accused. Went then to Peterson and demanded amends for having been wrongfully punished, and said to him, “You have said that you would make me stink, but I trust to make you stink before I have done with you.” There was a grand dispute between Butler and the Marshal upon the subject, because of Butler's words. He does not understand the reason for this malice except it be that he is a follower of God's true word, and has published all such books as have been privileged by the King. Met with Sir Roger Witton, his accuser, and called him false perjured priest, and said to him, “You threatened to make me stink, but I trust to make thee stink.” Coming home from supper with John Henberie and Edw. Skell, met with one of the Marshal's servants named John Frier, who asked the writer for bill money for Rob. Garnysshe. Refused to pay it, saying he was exempted by the commissioners when Sir Rob. Wingfield was deputy. But he would not be contented. Was accused by Frier to the Marshal for certain words. Was brought by him before the Council and committed to prison, where he was kept 31 days and then banished the town for seven years. Begs the premises may be considered. Is obliged to write because he cannot speak English. Complains of Sir Will. Peterson for punishing him without authority from the archbishop of Canterbury. He has been guilty therefore of præemunire. The high marshal is a great persecutor of the truth of God's word and all that follow it.
Pp. 9. Add. at the head.
586. Cromwell's Remembrances.
R. O. Letters of themperours (fn. 7) intercepted. Letter to the King's highness from the town of Hamburg. A letter to the King's highness from Chr. Mount. A letter to the King's highness from Dr. Kerne. A letter to the King's highness from the bishop of Paris. A letter to the duke of Norfolk from Dr. Kerne. A letter from Chr. Mount to my master. A letter from Mr. Legh to my master. A letter from Dr. Kern to my master. A letter from the bishop of Winchester to my master. A letter to the King's highness from Marke Meger. A letter to my master from Marke Meger.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1.
587. Grants in April 25 Hen. VIII. 1534.
April. Grants. 1. Thos. Goodricke or Goderiche, the King's chaplain. Custody of the temporalities of the bishopric of Ely, in the King's hands by the death of Nic. West, last bishop. Del. Westm., 2 April 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 36.—Rym. XIV. 486.
2. Bishopric of Ely. Assent to the election of Thos. Goderic, S.T.P., as bishop, vice Nicholas, last bishop, deceased, agreed to in the chapter house of Ely cathedral on 17 March by Robt. Wellys, the prior, and the convent of the said cathedral. Del. Westm., 2 Apl. 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 15.
3. Bishopric of Ely. Letters patent to the archbishop of Canterbury authorising him to confirm and consecrate Thos. Gooderyke or Goderyk as bishop. Del. Westm., 3 April 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 7. Rym. XIV. 486.
4. Anthony de Naples and Will. Parker. To have, in survivorship, the place of one gunner in the Tower of London, forfeited by Luke de la Arche, who held it after Ric. Fissher, by patent 12 Aug. 17 Hen.VIII., with 6d. a day. Also to be the King's gunpowder makers, making one last of gunpowder for seven marks, and renewing a last of old gunpowder for 46s. 8d., the King supplying saltpetre, sulphur, “cole” and vinegar for making the same. Westm., 2 April 25 Hen.VIII. Del. 3 April.—P.S.
5. Ric. Walker, of Bristol, mercer or card maker or innholder or fishmonger or haberdasher. Fiat for protection for one year; going in the retinue of Arthur Plantagenet lord Lysle, deputy of Calais. T. Westm., 5 April 25 Hen.VIII.—P.S. writ. (Addressed to the keeper of the Privy Seal. Signed: Arthur Lyssle).
6. Will. Alesly, late of Donyngton-on-Bayne, Linc., mylner. Pardon for the murder of Eliz. Fyssher, at Donyngton, certified by inquisition taken at Hornecastle, Linc., 2 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII., before John Hennege, jun., and John Lytylburury (sic), justices of peace. Del. Westm., 6 April 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B.
7. Mons. Chatillion, ambassador of the French king. Passport, to return to the French king, with 24 horses and 24 servants, &c. Greenwich, 7 April 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B.
8. Mons. de la Pommeraye, ambassador of the French king. Passport, to return to the French king, with 4 horses and 4 servants, coffers, mails, money, &c. Greenwich, 7 April 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B.
9. John Wodhall, of Wodhall, Cumb. Pardon for the murder of John Curwen alias Culwen, of Camerton, Cumb. Del. Westm., 7 April 25 Hen. VIII.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.
10. Sir Thos. Audeley. Grant of the foundation, site, &c. of [the late monastery] of Christeschurch in London, and the church, monastery and all houses, &c. within the site of the said monastery, and all other messuages, &c. thereto belonging within these limits; viz., from the great gate of the city called Aldegate, along the north side of Aldegate Street to the parish church of St. Katharine Christeschurch, London, from thence to the great gate of the said late monastery, thence to the stone wall of the city, and so by . . . . . to . . . . . great gate . . . . . , with the rectory and advowson of the parish church of St. Katherine aforesaid; also the manors of . . . . . , Herts, and all the tithes of the manor of Milkeley aforesaid; and . . . . . lands, meadows and woods in . . . . . bury or elsewhere in said co., and all other messuages, lands, &c. in . . . . . bury, Milkeley, . . . . . Leyston, Buntyngford, Stondon, Brawhene or elsewhere in said co.; with views of frankpledge, court-leets, and other privileges thereto belonging, which Nich. Hancoke, the late [prior, and the convent of the said monastery] held by right of the premises. Westm., 9 April.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 37. Very illegible and stained with galls.
11. Monastery of Thurgarton, York dioc. Assent to the election of Thomas Dethyk, a canon regular of St. Augustine, as prior, vice John Aungier, late prior, deceased. Greenwich, 2 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
ii. Petition for the above by John Berwyk, sub-prior.—Dated 24 March 1533.
12. Henry Thomas. To be bailiff of the hundred of Carier, Cornw., with same fees as enjoyed by Thos. Penwaren. Del. Westm., 10 April 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 36.
13. Stephen Vaughan. To be clerk in Chancery. Del. Westm., 10 April 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 37. Vacated on surrender 10 May 26 Hen. VIII., in order that another patent might be granted to the same Stephen and Griffith Al Vaughan.
14. Bishopric of Bangor. Assent to the election of John Salcot alias Capon, S.T.P., as bishop, vice Thos. Skevyngton, deceased, Del. Westm., 11 April 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B.
15. Will. Worme, of Awnewyke, Northumb., alias of Pucklyngton, alias of Wresill, Yorks., gentleman. Pardon for the murder of Will. Tomson, late of Awnewyke, laborer. Greenwich, 8 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 April.—P.S.
16. Ric. Long, an esquire of the Stable. To be keeper of Eltham park, of the houses in the manor of Eltham, and of the Horn park, alias the New park, Eltham, Kent, vice John Rolte, deceased; with 3d. a day as parker of Eltham, 6d. a day as keeper of the said houses, and 4d. a day as keeper of the Horn or New park. Westm., 24 Feb. 25 Hen.VIII. Del . . . . . (fn. 8) —P.S. Westm., 11 April. Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 36.
17. Lawrence Owen, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Elvyngton, York dioc. Westm., 13 April.—Pat.25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 36.
18. Geo. Browne, prior of the Augustinian Hermits, London, appointed by the King provincial prior of the whole order of Friars Hermits in England, and John Hilsey, appointed provincial prior of the whole order of Friars Preachers, professors of sacred theology. Commission to visit the houses of all friars of whatever order; viz., Friars Minors of the order of St. Francis, Friars Preachers of the order of St. Dominic, Friars Hermits of the order of St. Augustine, Carmelite Friars of the order of St. Mary, and Crossed Friars;—to make inquiry concerning their lives, morals, and fealty to the King, to instruct them how to conduct themselves with safety, and to reduce them to uniformity, calling in, if necessary, the aid of the secular arm. Westm., 13 April.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6d.
19. Monastery of SS. Mary and Modwen, Burton-on-Trent, Cov. and Lich. dioc. Restitution of temporalities on the election of Will. Edys as abbot, vice Will. Boston, resigned, confirmed by Ric. Strete, archdeacon of Shrewsbury, and David Pole, LL.D., vicars general of Thos. abp. of Canterbury. Del. Westm., 13 April.—S.B. Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23.
20. Charles Bulkeley and John Wellysborne. Grant in survivorship of the office of ranger of Groveley forest, Wilts; on surrender of patent 20 Oct. 19 Hen. VIII., granting the office to the said John alone. Del. Westm., 14 April 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 35.
21. Thos. Hewes, late of Switheland, alias of Wigmouresland, marches of Wales, yeoman. Pardon for all offences committed before the 20 March 25 Hen.VIII. Greenwich, 11 April 25 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 17 April.—P.S.
22. Thos. Benet, LL.D. Presentation to the parish church of Fenny Sutton, Salisbury dioc., void by death of John Poote, elk., and at the King's disposal by grant of Wm. Benet, who had it by grant of Sir Walter Hungerford. Greenwich, 15 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 36.
23. John Cherington, merchant of Excetter. Licence to import 200 tuns of Gascon wine, and unlade the same in Brixham bay or any other port, from ships called the Katharine and the Mary of Penmarke in Bretaigne, and the Mary of Croswike in Bretaigne. Greenwich, 3 April 25 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 18 April.—S.B.
24. Thos. Hopper, late of Shipley, Northumb., husbandman. Pardon for the murder of Adam Arcle, of the same place; and for all crimes committed before the present date. Del. Westm., 19 April 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B.
25. John Harris, late of Hiberton, Dorset, bocher. Pardon, for housebreaking and robbery of John Butt at Gillyngham, Dorset, and of Thos. C . . . . . e (fn. 9) of Lidlinche, Dorset. Greenwich, 17 April 25 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 19 April.—S.B.
26. John Mason, late bailiff of the rape of Lewes, Sussex. Pardon for the liberation of John Dendy, late of Bekley, Sussex, a prisoner committed, by the constable of the hundred of Goldspore, to his custody, or that of Sir Roger Lewkenor, sheriff of Sussex. Greenwich, 17 April 25 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 19 April.—P.S. writ, signed by Cromwell and addressed to the earl of Wiltshire and Ormond.
27. Anth. Cley of London, yeoman. Pardon, for having on the 28 Oct. 17 Hen.VIII., along with David Hareson of London, tailor, and Juliana Cley of London, spinster, stolen certain plate, clothes and ornaments, value 26l., belonging to the parishioners of Feversham, Kent, in the custody of Thos. Hawskeswell, John Bolynger, Rob. Fale and John Barnard, churchwardens, found at Boughton subter le Blein, Kent; and for having feloniously received other stolen goods, the property of persons unknown.—S.B. (date illegible.) Pat. 20 April 25 Hen.VIII. p. 2, m. 33.
28. Bishopric of Ely. Restitution of temporalities, on the election of Thos. Goderike, S.T.P., as bishop, vice Nic. West, deceased. Greenwich, 20 April 25 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm, 21 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 35.
ii. Certificate of the new bishop's consecration, on the 19th April, by the archbishop of Canterbury. Croydon, 20 April 1534.
29. Morgan ap Griffith ap Enyon, servant of Francis Weston, gentleman of the Household. Pardon as accessory to the murder of Ric. ap Yevan ap Jenkyn, late of Landaph, S. Wales, committed by Ric. Lewes, late of Abergeyne, S. Wales, late servant of Will. Herbert, late gentleman of the Household, in the parish of St. Dunstan, ward of Faryngdon without, London. Greenwich, 11 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 April.—P.S.
30. Rob. Smyth, of Southampton, “brotherer.” Pardon for a burglary committed in the house of Ric. Tymmys, elk., at Avebury, Wilts. Greenwich, 3 April 25 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm. 21 April.—P.S.
31. Thos. Herberd alias Herbert alias Colyer, of the parish of le Temple, in the town of Bristow, yeoman. Pardon for robbing — (blank) Enderby, of Bristowe. Greenwich, 11 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 21 April.—P.S.
588.Undated Grants, 25 Hen. VIII.
1. Robert earl of Sussex. Grant, in tail male, of “the office of the sewer” at the coronation dinners of the King's heirs and successors, kings of England, and also at the the coronation dinners of queens.—S.B. [Doubtless before the coronation of Anne Boleyn in May 1533.] Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 41.
2. Monastery of Malmsbury. Congé d'elite to the prior and convent on the death of Ric. Camme last abbot.—S.B. [This must be before July 1533. See Vol. VI. 929 (51).]
3. Mons. de Beauvoir, sent hither by the French king. Passport to return to France. S.B. [Probably in the latter part of the year 1533.]
4. Fiats for protections to the following persons going in the retinue of Sir Arthur Plantagenet viscount Lisle, deputy of Calais (year uncertain), each signed by Lisle:—
Ric. Appowell alias Powell late of Wells, Soms., mercer.
Rob. Hodson alias Hodgeson, of Rye, Sussex, butcher.
Robert Joysse of Waldon, Essex, carver.
Wm. Partriche of Rye, Sussex, pewterer.
Ric. Grove of London, grocer.
S.B. b. Signed Arthur Lyssle. Addressed to the lord Chancellor.
5. Fulk Grevile. Appointment as feodary of all lands belonging to the King in cos. Warw. and Worc., with authority to take into the King's hands the persons of all heirs under age in the said cos., and deliver them to Sir Thos. Englefeld, one of the justices of the Common Pleas, and Sir Wm. Poulett, guardians or masters of such heirs.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 24.
6. Ric. Herbert or Harbart, of Abbesse Rothyng, Essex, alias of Parva Lauffre, Essex, alias of New Wyndesore, Berks, yeoman, s. and h. of Sir Will. Herbert of Colbroke, in Wales. Pardon for the murder of Rob. Archarde, who died, 3 Aug. 25 Hen.VIII., at the house of Rob. Surgen at New Windsor, of wounds inflicted on the 24th July.—S.B. (undated and not delivered to the Chancellor). Among Exchequer documents.
7. Ric. Hampden. To be yeoman and overseer of the King's horses, under Sir Nic. Carewe, master of the Horse, with fees of . . . . . pence a day for himself, 2d. a day for each of three servants, and 40s. a year for one . . . . . , and other allowances, out of the issues of the manor of Thornbury, Glouc. Also to be keeper of the stables, &c. in the manor of Thornbury, and to have 100s. a year for the carriage of fodder for the said horses from the park of Thornbury and the pasture called Woodescroft there. Westm., decimo . . . . . (fn. 10) —P.S.
8. John More. Beginning of a licence of alienation, with respect to the manor of Chalers, with appurtenances in Whaddon, Camb.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 43. (fn. 11)
9. Inspeximus [and exemplification] of—
i. Patent 27 May 38 Hen. III., granting to Gilbert de Sancto Laudo and his heirs free warren in the demesne lands of Boleby and Owneby, Line.
ii. Patent 20 Feb. 14 Edw. [ ], granting to Thos. de Sancto Laudo and his heirs free warren in the demesne lands of Claypoll and Skyllinton, Linc. The entry on the roll is unfinished; but in the margin are the words “De exemplificatione.”—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 30.
589. Grants in April 26 Hen. VIII. 1534.
April. Grants. 1. The abbey of Thornton, Line. Licence, in consideration of the damage done to the abbey lands by inundations of the Humber, Trent, Ankhelme, Ouse and Hull, to John the abbot, and his successors, to farm land up to 20 marks a year, for 50 years, notwithstanding the act of Parliament. Del. Westm., 22 April 26 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
2. Randolph Allet, sewer of the Chamber and Alice, widow of Ric. Gibson, late serjeant-at-arms. Annuity of 13l. 6s. 8d. in survivorship. Del. Westm., 22 April 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
3. Monastery of Wilton, Salisbury dioc. Assent to the election as abbess of Cecilia Bodenham, late prioress of Kyngton. Greenwich, 13 April 25 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Del. Westm., 25 April 26 Hen. VIII. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
ii. Significavit of the election by the prioress and convent of Wilton, nominating Thos. Benet, LL.D., and John Tregonwell, LL.D., as their proctors. 1 April 1534, 25 Hen.VIII.
4. Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the King's Chamber. Warrant and discharge for all payments made, on the King's behalf, since 1 Oct. 20 Hen.VIII., when he entered on that office, and for all payments that he shall hereafter make by the King's order if entered in certain books signed by the King's hand, the entry itself being sufficient till the King's signature is obtained. Del. Westm., 25 April 26 Hen. VIII—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
5. Will. More. Presentation to the parish church of Bradwell-juxta-mare, London dioc., vice Thos. Abell, attainted.—S.B. (undated).
6. Rog. Ratclif, a gentleman usher of the Chamber, and Wm. Gower. Grant, in survivorship, of the offices of keeper of Rokyngham park, Northt., with the herbage and pannage thereof, and keeper of the deer in Corby wood in Rokyngham forest, Northt.; on surrender of patent 20 May 1 Hen.VIII., granting the former office to Wm. Gower, then a page of the Chamber. Westm., 28 March 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 April 26 Hen. VIII.—Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
7. Thomas archbishop of Canterbury. Letters patent commanding all dukes, earls, barons, &c., to assist in the metropolitan visitation of his province. Greenwich, 24 April 26 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 April.—P.S. Pat.p. 1, m. 24.—Modern copy in Lansd. MS. 989, f. 172 b.
8. Nicholas Shaxton, S.T.P., almoner of queen Anne. Grant of a canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of St. Stephen in Westminster Palace, vice Thomas Goodric, created bishop of Ely. Del. Westm., 27 April 26 Hen.VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 28. Rym. XIV. 527.
9. John Benet, merchant tailor, uncle and executor of Wm. Benet, elk., and executor of Wm. Benet, elk., late the King's ambassador with the Pope. Pardon and release. Greenwich, 24 April 26 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 27 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
10. Thomas Walsshe, King's remembrancer of the Exchequer. Appointment as fourth baron of the Exchequer, vice William Elys, deceased. Greenwich, 23 April 26 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 27 April.—P.S. Pat. p, 1, m. 8.
11. Bishopric of Bangor. Restitution of temporalities on the election of John Salcote alias Capon, S.T.P., as bishop, vice Thomas Skevyngton, deceased. Greenwich, 20 April 25 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April 26 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Rym. XIV. 527. Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8.
ii. Abp. of Canterbury to Henry VIII., notifying that he had confirmed the election and consecrated the new bishop at Croydon, on Sunday, 19 April 1534. Croydon, 20 April.
12. Thos. Hynde, of Stanerdell, Somers., yeoman. Pardon for the murder of Thos. Stone, of Wymbourne St. Giles', Dorset, yeoman. Greenwich, 24 April 26 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
13. Yorkshire.—Commission to Sir Ric. Tempest, Sir Thos. Mecham, Thos. Slyngesby and Thos. Grice, to make inquisition p.m. on the lands and heir of John Durham. Westm., 28 April.—Pat. 26 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32d.
14. Margaret Lyle, of Shordyche, Midd., spinster. Pardon for thefts, 10 and 20 Jan. 13 Hen.VIII., of dress and linen, from Ric. Obyett at St. John's Street, and John Wylson or Welson at Shordyche. Del. Westm., 28 April 26 Hen.VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 26.
15. Humphrey Bowland, one of the elks. of the Exchequer. To be King's remembrancer of the Exchequer vice Thomas Walsshe, created fourth baron of the Exchequer, with the fees enjoyed by the said Walssh or by Wm. Essex and the Remembrancers of Edward IV. and Henry VI.; on surrender of patent 27 Jan. 15 Hen.VIII., by which the said Walssh succeeded Robt. Blagge as Remembrancer. Greenwich, 24 April 26 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
16. Luke de la Arke or Arche alias de Nadall, of London, gunner and gunpowder maker. Pardon] for the murder of Harman Cooke, beer-brewer. Greenwich, 28 April 26 Hen.VIII.—P.S.
17. George Grene, of Beverley, Yorks., merchant. Licence to import 40 tuns Gascon or French wine and Toulouse woad. Greenwich, 28 April 26 Hen.VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
18. Cecilia Flegg, of London, spinster. Pardon for the robbery 26 Oct. 1 Hen. VIII., of cloths, towels, shirts, &c. from Bartholomew Wale, haberdasher, in the parish of St. Margaret, Brydgestrete, Bridge ward, London. Del. Westm., 29 April 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
19. Morgan or Martin Fulke alias Fooke, of Croydon, Surrey, fletcher. Pardon for the murder of Geoffrey Flecher, at Croydon, as certified at Croydon before John Hunte, coroner, on the oath of Thomas Shyrley, Thomas Bankes and others. Del. Westm., 29 April 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
20. Thos. Waterton. Annuity of 10l. out of the manor of Fetherston and four messuages in Ayketon, Yorks., late of Joscelin Percy and Margaret his wife, deceased, during the minority of Edward Percy, son and heir of the said Jocelin and Margaret, with wardship and marriage. Del. Westm., 30 April 26 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
590. The Royal Supremacy.
Cleopatra, E. iv. 11. B. M. All the friars of every monastery in England must be assembled in their chapter house, and examined separately concerning their faith and obedience to Henry VIII., and bound by an oath of allegiance to him, queen Anne and her present and future issue. They must be bound by oath to preach and persuade the people of the above at every opportunity. They must acknowledge the King as supreme head of the Church, as Convocation and Parliament have decreed. They must confess that the bishop of Rome has no more authority than other bishops. They shall not call the bishop of Rome pope, either privately or publicly, or pray for him as such. They shall not presume to wrest the Scriptures, but preach the words and deeds of Christ sincerely and simply, according to the meaning of the Holy Scriptures and Catholic doctors. The sermons of each preacher must be carefully examined, and burned if not Catholic, orthodox and worthy of a Christian preacher.
Preachers must be warned to commend to God and the prayers of the people, first the King, as head of the Church of England, then queen Anne with her child, and lastly, the archbishop of Canterbury, with the other orders of the clergy. Each house must be obliged to show their gold, silver and other moveable goods, and deliver an inventory of them. Each house must take an oath under their convent seal to observe the above orders.
Lat., pp. 2.
591. The Bishop of Aberdeen to Cromwell.
R. O. St. P. iv. 669. Reminds him that they were to have spoken together on Friday evening or Saturday morning, and made final resolution; but Cromwell was too much occupied. Begs him to solicit his despatch of the King. Signed.


  • 1. See Grants in March, 1534, No. 10.
  • 2. The bishop of Norwich.
  • 3. Bonner was admitted to the living of East Dereham, according to Blomefield, in 1534.
  • 4. The original appears to be either mutilated or illegible in some parts.
  • 5. The conveyance was actually made 3 Feb. 26 Hen. VIII. (1535). See Statute 27 Hen. VIII. c. 38. But from the address, this letter was probably written about a year earlier.
  • 6. Melanchthon?
  • 7. Meaning, perhaps, of the Emperor's ambassador. See Nos. 457 and 530.
  • 8. Date and place of delivery illegible.
  • 9. Name obliterated by the file.
  • 10. Date illegible.
  • 11. See Grants in March, No. 27.