Henry VIII: December 1534, 11-15

Pages 569-576

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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December 1534, 11–15

11 Dec. 1523. De Beaujeu to [Lord Lisle].
R. O. I have presented your gift to the Admiral, who is much pleased with it. For my part I thank you for the horse you lent me, which I return. Boulogne, 11 Dec. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Monsieur.
11 Dec. 1524. Jehan de Moucheau to Lord Lisle.
R. O. The Admiral sends compliments to you and my lady, and thanks you for the present you sent him. The President also sends his respects. I have despatched the letter of Mons. de Langet for your wine (enclosed). It was signed and sealed by Langet on 11 Dec. Langet is sending to Calais three tons of stone to build at Paris. Desires Lisle to ship them in the vessel which he will send to Rouen for the wine. The Admiral leaves Boulogne today. Boulogne, Friday 11 Dec. 1534.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.
11 Dec. 1525. Sir Robert Wingfield to Cromwell.
R. O. I have not written since the 24th ult., and was sorry that urgent necessity compelled me to trouble you then, especially when you had a new accession to your continual business; but I beg you to consider the displeasure I have sustained, which, if it proceed, will be the undoing of the King's tenants in the East Pale and the decay of his haven. By the King's authority and my simple industry that Pale has flourished these four years past with abundance of corn and grass, where four or five years before the King's tenants were fain to go upon planks and hurdles to their beds. The change was made at my great cost, in manner to mine undoing. It is above 24 years since I was first sworn of the King's Council, and after of his private Council, being his vice-chamberlain. Furthermore I have been his ambassador for many years, right far from home, and also held office in this town, first as marshal, then as lieutenant of the castle, and lastly as deputy of the town and marches, “being his lieutenant in all such justice as is to be administered within this his town and eschevinage of the same.” My perplexity might drive a far wiser man to despair, though no one ever served his prince with a truer mind; now by the sinister information of him whose demeanour I am ashamed to rehearse, I am thus extremely handled both to my loss and shame; for those who know not the King's goodness and the long service I have done both to his father and him, may well think me to be his rebel rather than his true servant. Yet all who will may know that my zeal to do good to this town and marches has caused me to remain here. I have been removed from all my offices without buying or selling, but simply by the King's command. I left the deputyship in which I labored right intently as one who doubted much to fall under the burden, to lord Berners, and it pleased the King, without any suit made to him, to order that Berners should pay me during his deputyship 100 marks, which I enjoyed during his life, though it has not been continued since, and I have made no suit for recompence, because if the service I have done is not worth considering, I know that the service to be done by poverty and age deserves no new reward. Nevertheless I think the King's commissioners might have forborne such rigor against me as they have shown in executing their charge, for it could not be the King's intention that I should be so dealt with in the thing which is yet mine by his gift.
Forbears to add much, for fear his former letters to Cromwell have somewhat touched the quick. Calais, 11 Dec. 1534.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
11 Dec. 1526. Henry Earl of Essex to Cromwell.
R. O. Hears from his servant Nicolas Orrell that Mr. Treasurer complains that the Earl, in the case of a felon at Newpett, has taken away the King's inheritance. The felon was taken four miles from Newport, and was suspected three months ago. A friend of the owner seized the goods, and Essex delivered them to him, taking a recognizance that he would proceed according to the King's laws. Hears from his steward that Cromwell has sent to the bailly of Sandwich to keep one Thos. Danyell. Wishes to have Daniell, that he may examine him with others whom he has here. Will send both the examinations and the parties to Cromwell. Did not hear of the King's coming to Cromwell until Friday.
What he sends is small, but the short warning is his excuse. Asks him to be good master to Wm. Orrell. Stansted, 11 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Mr. Secretary.
11 Dec. 1527. Henry Lord Methven to Cromwell.
R. O. Desires him to inform the King of his devotion to him above all princes except his master. Edinburgh, 11 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Sacriter.
12 Dec. 1528. Queen Margaret to Henry VIII.
R. O. St. P. V. 10. Has received his loving letters and tokens by master William Barlow, councillor, and Thos. Holcroft, sewer. Concerning the meeting, her son desires her to write that he is most anxious to visit Henry, and will not fail on his part. He refers time and place to Henry. Hopes an enduring love is now well established. Notwithstanding the impediments she formerly met with in setting forth this matter, and the unkind reports made of her by misavised persons, she will always continue his loving and faithful sister. Edinburgh, 12 Dec.
Hol., p. 1 (broad sheet). Add. Endd.
12 Dec. 1529. Queen Margaret to Cromwell.
R. O. St. P. V. 12. Has received the King's letter, by Barlow and Holcroft, and a token from “our derrest cistir” the Queen. Wrote about the King's credence to the King her son, “quhilk was of schort convolest of infermyte of pox and fevir contenow,” but who, at her desire, repaired hither on the 15th day, making a journey of 140 miles in eight days, and when he came within 20 miles wrote to her to send the ambassadors to him. This was done, she and her “sad spous” writing to James to give them audience. Next morning in most troublous weather we travelled to join our son, who by our sole advice agreed to the meeting. When the Chancellor and the rest of the spirituality heard it they were wonderfully moved, but durst not attempt the contrary. They, however, devised that it should be obscurely alluded to in a sermon by a Black Friar, whom we shall remember as cause requireth. Has been diligent about this matter every since lord William's (Howard's) departure, as there is nothing earthly she desires so much as to bring the King and her son together. Begs Cromwell to hasten the arrangements for the meeting, and sends him a token to wear for her sake. Edinburgh, 12 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
1530. Queen Margaret to the Duke of Norfolk.
R. O. St. P. V. 10. Has used such diligence “anent the directions” sent with Barlow and Holcroft that they have obtained a favorable answer. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
12 Dec. 1531. Sir Adam Otterburn to Cromwell.
R. O. St. P. V. 14. Was unable to do your King's ambassadors due service, owing to a soreness in my knee, but I did all I could. Although we are unable to agree about the authority of the Pope and churchmen, my king will keep his kindness and I will not fail to promote the interests of peace. Edinburgh, 12 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To the richt honorable Thomas Crumwell, Cheiffe Secretar, &c. Endd.
12 Dec. 1532. Lord Lisle to Cromwell.
R. O. I received today the great packet enclosed from Mr. Penyson, with other letters to the King, and one from Sir John Wallop, who desired me to see them forwarded to you. Mons. l'Admiral arrived here on the 9th after a rough passage, between two and three p.m., and departed toward Boulogne on the 10th at 11 a.m. I made him such cheer that I trust he and his company were satisfied. Calais, 12 Dec. 1534.
As young Whettehyll has gone to England to complain of my not admitting his grant in the spear's room, I beg you to remember that he and his allies are my extreme enemies, and I would rather be seven years in prison than he should have any room here. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
12 Dec. 1533. Anthony Barker to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Spoke with little Mr. James Basset, your son, and as you desired proved his wit and towardness, which is far beyond your estimation. He is as fit to go to France as any young thing that went thither these many years, especially as you intend to commit him to the tuition of so substantial a master. His master, who has heard him, is glad to have him, and if you had searched all France through, you could not have found a more suitable master. I rejoice at the contentment it will give you and my lady, and for the profit of that sweet babe, who shall have both a master and a father of this gentleman. There is in France very sharp execution of heretics, as I think you have heard. “I pray God continue them in that good purpose.” London. 12 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
13 Dec. 1534. Sir William Goryng to Cromwell.
R. O. I received yours dated 5 Dec., with orders from the King that I should apprehend Matt. Marche and Ric. Sall. I have sent up Ric. Sall, taken by my servant at Portsmouth; but I made secret inquiries about him, and when I knew where he was at Portsmouth, I wrote to the mayor. Sall was glad to wait upon you, but said he would rather die than appear before my lord of Norfolk, he is so extreme; and he trusts you will hear him, and if he has been guilty of any fault, punish him as an example to others. He desires to give security and not be imprisoned, otherwise his credit will be lost. I asked him how, dwelling at Hull, he was found at Portsmouth, and he said by a licence he bought of Geo. Grene of Beverley, for 40 tuns of wine, which was in the custody of Mr. Palshed, customer there. I can hear nothing of Matthew Marche, but by the help of my cousin, John Palmer, I have one Matthew Curtmyll, who was with Sall in Palmer's ship last summer. I wait to know your further pleasure. As I hear that the King shall have Dunketon and Sutton in Petworth, I beg you to have me in remembrance. Bortton, 13 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary.
13 Dec. 1535. T. Batcock to Cromwell.
Vesp. C. VII. 46. B. M. John Wynter of Bristow has sent him word that the King desires him to send information what ships were making in this country, and also of other things, but he has written no letter, and Robt. Leyzton, to whom he gave the message, remembers nothing more. In this town they have made a galleon of 700 or 800 tons; and another at Gettary, four leagues off; and in March another will be made in San Sebastians.
The Emperor has commanded 24 galleys to be made at Barsalona, and 20 in Andolozia. Last summer the earl of Desmond sent a servant of his, called Shark, to the Emperor, for his aid and counsel. He returned to Ireland, and has now come back to Spain. If he had wherewith as when Dr. Lee was here, would find out all about him, but it cannot be done without cost. Has done so much for ambassadors and the King's servants that he has no penny left for himself. If the King wishes him to do anything for his service he must send [money] to maintain him, and a horse for him to ride, one of a yard and a half and two inches of height. Otherwise he cannot “pas” in this country. Horses from Castile cost 40 or 50 ducats. The Rendre, 13 Dec. 1534.
Asks him to give the answer to Wm. Pratt, who will deliver this to him.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
13 Dec. 1536. Stephen Vaughan to Cromwell.
Galha, B. X. 49. B. M. The bearer is a servant of my lord of Barrowe and lieutenant of the town, an honest and wise man of good estimation. His errand is to devise some means with the English merchants for the furtherance and renewing of the marts at Barrowe, which have decayed.
The merchants used to keep two marts, the Pasche Mart and the Colde Mart, but now there is hardly any mart at all. This is caused partly by the new rule at Antwerp that payments are retarded for three months after the time fixed, so that if a merchant sell at the Synxson Mart at Whitsuntide, to be paid at the Balmes Mart at Michaelmas, he does not get his money till after Christmas. By the time they get to Barrow the Cold Mart has begun, and by reason of the short time the freedom lasts, must return to Antwerp in a fortnight or three weeks, so that they do not spend more than six weeks in Barrowe at both marts, living all the rest of the year at Antwerp, to the great advantage of one and decay of the other. As the people of Antwerp have injured some of the merchants, the lord of Barrowe has proposed to them to return to his town, for even if he could allure other merchants, and not obtain the goodwill of the English, it would do him little good.
He has asked me to write to you to further his wishes, as he has always shown favor to the King and his subjects. I think it would be well to help forward the town, as the lord is a great person and a man of honor, who might do the King and his no small pleasure here: while the Antwerpians, who became rich by the traffic of the English, now despise them. Advises Cromwell to show his envoys some cheer.
My lord of Palermo and I have put Hacket's goods to sale. The vilest th[ings were the] best sold. The best of his garments I will not sell. The best of his napery and plate I will bring with me.
Bernardo de Pigli makes suit for the debt he claims from Hacket, but both my lord and I answer that he shall not have it, unless it be given him by justice. Gives particulars of the obligation concerning an account between the Frescobalds and Hacket, on which it is claimed, and of a memorandum showing that Hacket owed nothing on it. Hacket's servants say he owed nothing, and there is no claim but this. He confessed to the Emperor's secretary, who wrote his testament, that he owed nothing but to the King and one other, who is paid since his death. There are many letters of Pigli's in which he demands no debt. The matter at my request shall be decided before the Council, and not in any common court. Friscobald's book would soon show the truth. There are Italians enough in London who will take great pains for you, but you must handle the matter secretly, for Pigli is a crafty knave. I will put him in surety to answer his demand or depart.
I will try to get a passport for the conveyance of the plate. Flegg, a merchant residing in Antwerp, has promised me to be surety to answer de Pigli.
My charges here are great, so I will haste home, trusting to be despatched in a week. Bruxelles, 13 Dec. 1534.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
14 Dec. 1537. Archbishop Lee to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received letters from you in favor of a canon named Sir John Scolaye. I believe if you knew the man you would rather write to me to punish him. He has been a whole year in apostacy, wandering about without licence or dispensation; was commanded by my chancellor to return to his monastery, and cursed for disobedience. He has confessed before me simony, and in spite of being cursed, has said mass. Wherefore I had a significavit against him. Notwithstanding all this, as he brought me your letters, although I saw they were written “at instance,” I offered to absolve him for all his past faults, if he would return to his monastery, and said I would write to the prior to receive him; but this he refused to do. I am therefore constrained to constrain him by virtue of the significavit. I do not meddle in the matter between Bayldon and him; but where as he pretends that Bayldon put him out of a chantry, my chancellor put him out for the cause above mentioned. Mr. Wolman and Mr. Sulyard can tell you farther. Cawood, 14 Dec. 1534. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
14 Dec. 1538. Thomas Godsalve to Cromwell.
R. O. According to your letter delivered to me on the 12th, I repaired to Binham and delivered your letters to the prior, who said he would gladly accomplish your pleasure. He has done so openly in the chapterhouse before his brethren, who are only three in number. They were unwilling he should resign, and gave him high commendation for charity and wisdom in the government of his house; and so he is reported of all his neighbours. He desires a competent pension, and will be contented with 10l. per annum. He wishes that one of the monks of St. Alban's should succeed him, if it stand with the King's pleasure and yours. I send you a copy of the inventory taken by me. The ornaments and plate of the church are small. The husbandry is well maintained. The number of brethren is not sufficient to bear the charge of the choir; wherefore it shall be necessary that the abbot of St. Alban's should send more, as the prior has written to him already. Norwich, 14 Dec.
The house is not ruinous, as was supposed.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
14 Dec. 1539. Sir Thos. Palmer, Porter of Calais, to Cromwell.
R. O. Is in despair because every other person's suit in this town has been despatched, except his own; if any one has made report so as to bring the King's displeasure on him they have lied. The King may say my predecessor (fn. 1) was “a honeste man and no beggar as I am;” and with reason, for the King gave him a “wedow with 300 mark londe, and a 1,000 pownde in her pours, and she had 500 marke in plate,” a wardship with 800l., and 30l. land in a grant. Now his Grace has given his room to Palmer, who is 500 marks in debt. The reason is that he equipped horsemen in the King's livery to take the field with the duke of Norfolk, and, the year after, with the duke of Suffolk, when he had an arm and a leg broken; then in the garrison of Guysnes he lost horses, and was taken prisoner, and had to ransom himself. Moreover, when the French king was taken prisoner master Treasurer commanded him to raise 100 horse for that year.
When the wars were over he came to the King, who gave him a forfeit of 100 marks of Sir Godfrey Fuljame, but he had a suit of two years at the cost of 40l. to get it. Would like this shown to the King. Cales, 14 Dec. Signed.
Postscript, in Palmer's hand: “And further I beseche yow answer for me that I woll serve hys Grace with as good wyll as ony pore wreyche withyn hys ralme whennsomeever he comandys.”
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
14 Dec. 1540. Will. Popley to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I have received divers letters from you; but my master (fn. 2) has been so busy, both with the ambassador of France being here, and with matters concerning this parliament, that I have had no time yet to open your matter touching my lord Steward. I am desired to write to you in favor of the bearer, Will. Pole, who is in good favor with my master. My master has written to you in favor of Rob. Whetill. I see he reckons on your giving him Hifild's room, which he has promised his father. If you do not, he will think that the malice it is reported you bear them is true. An act is passed here that the clergy shall pay first fruits and tenths to the King on all benefices over eight marks. I will send your lordship the bill at the end of the parliament. The temporality are to pay 12d. in the pound from 20l. upwards. Will. Pole will give you news from Ireland. London, 14 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 14 of December 1534.
14 Dec. 1541. Sir William Fitzwilliam to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Thanks him for a wild swine. Westm., 14 Dec.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1534.
15 Dec. 1542. John Graynfyld to Lord Lisle.
R. O. My lady marquis Dorset and one Luckener have you in suit in the Comen Place; on which his lordship desired me to write a letter in his name to stay, or else he would enjoin them to stay. He will do you whatever pleasure he can in any matter, and has commanded me from time to time to ask his counsel. I have made a commission for your provision out of many ports in England, and have bought salt fish for your household, but can get no ling at a reasonable price. Master Dudley has sold the manor of Hynnyngforth Graye to master Cromwell. I send three protections, of which one is blank, for a friend of mine. My lord Cobham and Burgavenny have promised me some venison for you, which shall be with you Saturday after Christmas Day, and if I be alive, I will be with you four days after Twelfth day. London, 15 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord deputy of Calais. Endd.
15 Dec. 1543. Sir Francis Bryan to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Of late suit was made for a spearship in Calais by one Whettyll, who was disappointed of his purpose by you and your friends. Advises him, if another fall vacant, to give it to Whettyll; else he may displease the King. York Place, 15 Dec. Signed.
Desires him to remind Hussey about some wine he promised Bryan.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: The 15th in December 1534.
15 Dec. 1544. Hugh Abbot of Reading to Cromwell.
R. O. We have sent you by the bearer an annuity of 20 marks, to be taken in our manor of Aston, Herts. Reading, 15 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Scaled. Endd.
15 Dec. 1545. Sir Henry Penago to Cromwell.
R. O. I send you a present of 300 wardens. I am not able to do the King such service as I would. Aynesford, Kent, 15 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
15 Dec. 1546. Eliz. Ryprose, Abbess of Romesey, to Cromwell.
R. O. I have received your second letters, and am sorry I cannot fulfil your request, for my grant is passed under my seal for the term of my life, as is known to master Stafforton. Romesey, 15 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
15 Dec. 1547. Nicolas de la Chesnaye to Cromwell.
R. O. Has left his man in England to urge his suit, and to procure expedition of the letters of marque against the English, which the Admiral has asked Cromwell to cause to be given him. It has been agreed that each of the two kings ought to recompense their subjects in cases where the robbers have no goods. Was robbed in time of peace, of which he has a sentence. Begs Cromwell to do him justice, otherwise will be obliged to put the sentence in execution. Rouen, 15 Dec. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Thomas Cremouel, notere et secretere de, &c. le roy dAngleterre. Endd.


  • 1. Sir Christopher Garneys.
  • 2. Cromwell.