Folios ci - cx

Pages 218-238

Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: D, 1309-1314. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1902.

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Folios ci - cx.

Acknowledged and enrolled on Saturday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March] the aforesaid year. Paid for enrolment. 2s. 6d.

Afterwards, viz., on Saturday after the Feast of Ascension [24 May], 6 Edward I.I [A. D. 1313], [the said Thomas] acknowledged before John le Mazelyner, the Chamberlain, that he had received from the aforesaid Robert the said £40. Nevertheless the said Robert acknowledged himself responsible for 49s. 6½d., arrears of a tallage made before Midsummer for a gift at the Coronation in case of default by the said Thomas, &c.

De Abrocariis.

Brokers of wine elected by the Vintners and sworn before the Mayor and Aldermen on Thursday the morrow of the Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310] :-William de Portesmue, Peter Drinkwater, William Tubbyng, John de Kinggestone, Arnald Barage, Ponce Wynnegod, John de Neuport, John de Wincestre, Peter de Pampeloygne, John de "Vilers."

John Child elected loco Wynnegod, deceased.

John de "Filers" admitted loco Neuport, deceased, on Monday the morrow of Clausum Pasche, anno 3.

Henry de Basyngges presented to the office of broker of wines, Friday before the Feast of St. Thomas, Ap. [21 Dec.], anno 9 [Edward II.].

Hugh de Attelborgh and Geoffrey Scot sworn before Stephen de Abyndone, Mayor.

Regulations for Brokers.

No broker shall by himself or another on his behalf traffic with goods and merchandise which appertain to the trade of which he is himself a broker. And forasmuch as certain brokers of wines often buy wine to the use of certain foreigners their friends in the absence of the same, and send those wines to taverners living in divers towns outside London to be deposited in their cellars, it is forbidden that any one in future shall presume to do such thing under pain of imprisonment and forfeiture of the wines so bought. Also that no broker be host or harbourer of merchant strangers nor meddle with the brokage of any business other than that of which he is sworn a broker, &c. Also that no broker shall bring a stranger to another stranger for the purpose of buying or selling anything, under penalty of loss of office and forfeiture of the goods so bought and sold. Also that no broker in future presume to go to la Pole (fn. 1) or elsewhere by land or by water to buy or attempt [to buy] any wines or other goods before they come to land and are exposed for sale, under penalty aforesaid. Also every broker shall tender good advice, that honest men of the trade in which he is a broker may sell their wares to trustworthy and sufficient buyers who have the wherewithal to satisfy their creditors: and if he shall put forward any insufficient purchaser to trustworthy men of the City or other merchants to purchase their wares, so that by reason of the fraud of such broker the purchaser (emptor) lose his wares, the broker shall answer therefor, if he have the wherewithal, and if he have not the wherewithal shall be committed to prison until, &c., and he shall no longer be a broker.

Arnald Picard admitted broker of wine before the Mayor and Aldermen and sworn, &c. For enrolment 2s. 6d.

John de Rokesle admitted broker of woad before the Mayor and good men of that trade on Thursday after the Decollation of St. John Bapt [29 Aug.], 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1309].

Henry de Banneberi and Benedict de Burgo elected brokers of peltry by good men of the trade, and presented before J[ohn] de Gysors, the Mayor, and Aldermen, on Saturday before the Feast of St. Thomas, Ap. [21 Dec.], 6 Edward II. [A. D. 1312].

Andrew de Salop' elected loco the above Benedict, deceased, and sworn before Nicholas de Farendone, the Mayor, and Aldermen, on Monday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 8 Edward II. [A. D. 1314].

Folio ci b.

Breve Reg' E pro Jacobo Fisshe.

Another writ addressed to Nicholas de Farendone, late Mayor, and to William de Basyng and James le Boteler, Sheriffs of London, on behalf of James Fisshe. (fn. 2) Dated Westminster, 3 March, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1309-10].


Return made to the effect that pursuant to another writ they had attached Conrad Flore, Lodekyn de Holdyngstede, John Pape, Godfrey de Tupstede, and Frederick le Platmakere by their goods and chattels found in the bailiwick at the suit of the above James Fisshe, who had charged the said Conrad and the rest with being accomplices of Herman Steydinge. The accused had denied on oath the charges brought against them, and demanded a jury. A day had been given, when the said James Fisshe failed to prosecute and the defendants were allowed to go sine die, &c.

Catalla capta super Rog'm de Rokesle de liberata Steph'o de Offintone.

Wednesday before Easter [19 April], 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], Stephen de Offintone, attorney of William Canoun, came before the Mayor, &c., and acknowledged he had received from James de St. Edmund, one of the Sheriffs of London, the following chattels, viz., three brass pots of the value of 30s., a bolster worth 20s., three tablecloths worth 20s., a shalloon (chalonem (fn. 3) ) of Reyns worth 5s., a cauldron worth 5s, the sum total amounting to £4, taken upon Roger de Rokesle for 60s., which sum the said William had proved (disracionavit) against the said Roger in the court of the lord the King before John de Lincoln, late one of the Sheriffs of London. The said chattels to be restored to the Sheriff in case of error, for which restoration Simon de Abyndone, draper, becomes surety.

Folio cii.

Inspeximus Charter of Edward I. to the Weavers of London. (fn. 4)

Carta Regis Edwardi fil' Reg' Henr' facta Telar London' de Gylda sua.

Edwardus dei gracia, etc., Archiepiscopis, Episcopis, Abbatibus, Prioribus, Comitibus, Baronibus, Justiciariis, Vicecomitibus, Prepositis, Ministris et omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis salutem Inspeximus cartam quam bone memorie dominus H[enricus] quondam Rex Anglie progenitor noster fecit Thelariis London' in hec verba. Henricus Rex Anglie &c. Episcopis, Justiciarus, Vicecomitibus, Baronibus, Ministris et omnibus fidelibus suis London' salutem Sciatis me concessisse Telarus London' Gyldam suam habendam in London' cum omnibus libertatibus et consuetudinibus quas habuerunt tempore Regis Henrici avi mei. Et ita quod nullus nisi per illos se intromittat infra civitatem de eorum ministerio et nisi sit in eorum Gylda neque in Suthwerk neque in aliis locis London' pertinentibus aliter quam solebat fieri tempore Regis Henrici avi mei. Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod ubique legaliter tractentur et habeant omnia supradicta Ita bene et in pace et libere et honorifice et integre sicut unquam melius, liberius, et honorificencius et integrius habuerunt tempore Regis Henrici avi mei. Ita quod inde singulis annis reddant michi duas marcas auri ad festum Sancti Michaelis. Et prohibeo ne quis eis super hoc aliquam injuriam vel contumeliam faciat supra £x forisfactura. Testibus T[homa] Canc[ellario] (fn. 5) et War[ini] filio Ger[oldi] Cam[erario] apud Wyntoniam. Nos autem concessionem predictam Ratam habentes et gratam eam pro nobis et heredibus nostris quantum in nobis est concedimus et confirmavimus prout carta predicta racionabiliter testatur. Hiis testibus Venerabili patre A[ntonio] Dunelmiensi episcopo, Thoma Comite Lancastrie, Humfrido de Bhoun Comite Hereford' et Essex', Willelmo de Cantilupo, Roberto de la Warde Senescallo hospicii nostri, Philippo de Vernay, Johanne de Merke et aliis. Datum per manum nostram apud Lenton' (fn. 6) viij die Aprilis Anno Regni nostri xxxj° [A. D. 1303].

Breve R' pro marinariis et aliis capiend'.

Writ of Privy Seal to the Mayor and Sheriffs enjoining them to make search for all seamen and arbalesters who had lately been chosen for the King's service to go by sea to Scotland qui recesserunt a partibus Scocre and had returned without the King's leave, and to keep them in safe custody until further orders; and further to arrest the ships that had returned to London. Dated at Feltone, (fn. 7) 12 Sept., 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

The above writ was delivered by Thomas Romeyn, late Mayor, to Richer de Refham, the present Mayor, 30 March the year aforesaid.

Folio cii b.

De cartis et scriptis lib'atis Agn' de Frowyk.

Be it remembered that on Tuesday next after the Feast of Annunciation B. M. [25 March], 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], fourteen deeds and writings of divers purchases (perquisitis) made by Henry de Frowyk, late citizen of London, in the county of Middlesex, were delivered to Agnes, wife of Reginald, son and heir of the said Henry, by the Mayor and Aldermen, as in this indenture more fully is contained, for redelivery of the same, as is therein contained, &c., viz., by mainprise of Roger de Frowik, John le Luter, and John de Cherletone, &c.


Commissio pro vicesima quinta concessa a° iij° asse denda et taxanda.

Letters patent from the King to the Commonalty of the City notifying the appointment of Master Richard de Abyndone, John de Crombewelle, and Master John de Everdone, and any two of them, to be commissioners of assessment of the twentyfifth part of movables granted to him at Michaelmas last by the barons, knights, freemen, and the whole commons of the realm (fn. 8) in aid of the war in Scotland. Dated at Westminster, 1 April, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Breve clausum pro predicto tallagio.

Close writ from the King to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London to similar effect. Dated at Westminster, 1 April, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Folio ciii.

Breve pro Will o de Pontefracto et.

Elenaux'e ejus pro habenda custodia Christiane fil' Will'i de Hundesdiche

Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen to the effect that William de Pontefract and Elena his wife had complained that whereas they had been appointed guardians of Christiana, daughter of "William" (fn. 9) de Hundesdiche and of the said Elena, (fn. 10) and of a messuage belonging to the said Christiana situate in the parish of St. Botolph without Bisshopesgate, according to the custom of the City-that custom being that the nearest parents (parentes) of children under age, to whom the property of the said children would not descend at their death, should be appointed their guardians-the said Mayor and Aldermen had taken the said child from their custody and had committed her to the custody of others who were not her parents without reasonable cause. The King commands the said Mayor and Aldermen to restore the custody of the said Christiana to the said William and Elena, taking sufficient security for their rendering due account according to the custom of the City, as already before commanded. Dated at Westminster, 1 April, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Breve pro eodem.

Another writ to the same purpose. Dated at Windesore, 8 April, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].


Return to the above:-We shall be prepared on the day named in the writ according to the commands therein.

Folio ciii b.

Custodia car tarum de terr' et tenem' Nich'i le Brun.

Be it remembered that on Thursday after the Feast of St. Dunstan [19 May], 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], at the suit of Isabella, daughter of Nicholas le Brun, goldsmith, deceased, there came Robert de "Certeseye," moneyer, and Robert, son of Robert le Treiere, executors of the said Nicholas, and Thomas de Flete, uncle of the said Isabella, and delivered for safe custody to Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, and Richard Poterel, the Chamberlain, a deed whereby John Abel, son of Abel the Goldsmith, granted to the said Nicholas land and houses in the parish of St. John Zakary which the said Nicholas devised to the said Isabella in tail, as in his will enrolled in the Husting of London, anno 34 [Edward I.], (fn. 11) more fully appears.

And be it remembered that certain deeds enclosed in a leather case touching lands and tenements formerly held by the said Nicholas at Cesterhunte and Enefeld remain in the custody of Robert de "Cherteseye," "meneter," under seal of the Mayor, of John de Brynkele, and Thomas le Chapeler de Flete, to keep to the use of Giles, son and heir of the said Nicholas, during his minority, which deeds had formerly been entrusted to the said Thomas de Flete by the executors of the said Nicholas and of Isabella his wife, &c.

Breve Regis de licencia dn'i Reg' data Com' et Baron' com'orand' in London' pro ordinacionibus suis faciendis.

Edward by the grace of God, &c., to the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen of London greeting. Whereas we have given permission to some prelates, earls, and barons to set in order the state of our realm, and have granted, at their request, that they may reside in our City of London to make there their ordinances, We command and charge you, straitly enjoining that you cause the said City to be well, safely, and surely guarded to our use, and in such manner that no evil or hurt be done to the said Ordainers nor any others residing in the said City. Dated at Wyndesore, 29 May, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. (fn. 12)

And be it known that this writ was delivered to the Mayor and Aldermen by the hands of the earls and barons on Sunday after the Feast of the Ascension [28 May] the year aforesaid, and was read before the said T[homas] Romain, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, Richard de Gloucestre, Henry de Gloucestre, Simon de Paris, William Servat, Richer de Refham, William de Coumbemartyn, William Trente, John de Wyndesore, Nigel Drury, William Cosyn, Nicholas Picot, and Thomas Sely, Aldermen, and Roger le Palmere, Sheriff.

Folio civ.

Breve pro Vascon'.

Friday after the Feast of the Ascension [28 May], 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], Peter Biger, Gassalin Pagan, and other merchants of Gascony brought a certain writ of the King in these words, &c. :-

Edward, &c., to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London greeting Whereas the lord Edward of famous memory, late King of England, our father, by his charter granted for himself and his heirs to all merchant vintners of the Duchy aforesaid coming into our realm with wines and other merchandise, that they should enjoy divers liberties, immunities, and acquittances in our realm, which they have ever since used and enjoyed, as they declare, We command you, as we have commanded you before, that after examination of the said charter you permit the said merchants to use and enjoy the said liberties, &c., in the aforesaid City as they have been accustomed reasonably to enjoy the same since the making of the charter, not molesting nor grieving them in any way contrary to the said charter, otherwise to signify the cause why you have not obeyed our command. Dated at Wodestok, 9 May, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Return to the above writ :-Before the lord the King Edward, father of the lord the King that now is, made his charter to merchant strangers of divers liberties and acquittances in the said charter contained, the merchants of Gascony were not quit of murage or pontage, but afterwards by the said charter they became for a time quit thereof, until the lord the King that now is ordained in his Parliament at "Staunford" that the custom for which these liberties had been granted should cease at his will. (fn. 13) And therefore we now exact murage and pontage as before the making of the said charter they used to be exacted and paid. (fn. 14)

Scriptum Avicie ux' quondam Will'i Jordan.

Deed whereby John "Jordan" acknowledges himself bound to Avicia, late wife of the said [sic] William "Jordon,' in the sum of £600; to be paid at her house in the parish of St. Michael de la Crokedelane within the quinzaine of the Feast of the Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June], 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. Dated Wednesday the eve of the Ascension [28 May], 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. For enrolment 2s. 6d.

Folio civ b.

Scriptum Emerici de Friscobaldis.

Acquittance by Edmund de Gernemute (Yarmouth), master of the ship called "la Margareta" of Yarmouth, to Emeric de Friscobald', (fn. 15) Constable of Bordeaux, for £70 11s. 8d., viz., £69 12s. 6d. for the freight of 112 tuns and 6 pipes of wine carried in the said ship to the City of London for the King's use (being 13s. per tun, reckoning 21 tuns for 25 pipes de avantagio), and 19s. 2d. for safe conduct of the said tuns. (fn. 16) This acquittance he had caused to be sealed with the seal of the Mayor of the City of London, his own not being well known. Dated at London, 11 April, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. Witnesses, Elyas Pieres, under-butler to the King, "Duchio de Sak'" de Florence, William de la Rye, and others [not named].

Dimissio parve balancie Lond' de serico facta Ric'o de Redyng'.

Writ of Privy Seal addressed to the Mayor and Aldermen of London that they accede to the Queen's request and grant the small balance for silk (la petite balance de soye) in the City to Richard de Redynge. Dated at Windesore, 14 April, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Letter of Queen Isabella to the same on the subject. Dated at Westminster, 20 March.

Thereupon the small beam for silk (parva statera de serico) was granted by the Commonalty of the City, in the presence of T[homas] Romain, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, John de Windesore, Henry de Durham, William Trente, William Servat, John "Gysorce," Geoffrey de Conduit, William Coumbemartyn, and Thomas Seely, Aldermen, to Richard de Redynge for one year.

Afterwards, in the quinzaine of St. Michael [29 Sept.], (fn. 17) the beam (statera) was taken into the City's hand, and remained in the Chamber until Friday after the Feast of St. Edmund, Abp. [16 Nov.], when it was delivered to the aforesaid Richard in the presence of John de "Gysorce," Mayor, Richer de Refham, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, William de Coumbemartyn, John de Lincoln, and Richard de Willehale.

Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday before Easter [15 April], 6 Edward II. [A. D. 1313], the said Richard came before J[ohn] de "Gisorcio," the Mayor, John de Wengrave, Nicholas de Farendone, John de Wyndesore, Roger de Frowik, Henry de Gloucestre, John de "Nicole" (Lincoln), William Trente, Henry de Durem, Richard de Gloucestre, Roger de Paris, and William de Coumbemartyn, Aldermen, in the presence of good men of the City, viz., Roger Hosebonde, John de Paris, John de Sellynge, Matthew de Essex, William de Hacforde, John de Cherletone, Hugh de Gartone, Andrew de Staunford, John de Caustone, William de Bray, Henry Gubbe, Ralph de Storteford, John de Wymondeham, Thomas Prentiz, Simon de Abyndone, Simon de Swanlonde, Adam Ludekyn, the Sheriff, William de Flete, Richer de Refham, taverner, Roger Palmere, Roger Poyntel, William de Derham, William de Lutone, Robert de Keleseye, Simon de Matham, Elias le Callere, Geoffrey de Brandone, Laurence le Botoner, and other good men [not named]-and said that, owing to purchasers of silk and cendals of weight (cyndones de pondere) having ceased to care to have their goods weighed at the balance, he was unable to pay the ferm, &c. (fn. 18)

Folio cv.

Breve d'ni Regis directum Joh'i Crombe welle Consta bular' Turris Maiori vicebus et Alderm' London' per Ingelar dum custodem Garderobe Regis pro mercatoribus de Wascon' quod

Writ of Privy Seal addressed to John de Crombewelle, Constable of the Tower, the Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen of the City, touching outrages committed on Gascons coming to the City, and charging them to act therein as Ingelard de Warle, the Keeper of the King's Wardrobe, shall command on his behalf. Dated at "Cantorbery," 24 June, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

On the Saturday after the Nativity of St. John [24 June], the same year, the said Sir Ingelard came to the City with the above writ, and declared the King's commands that no one should injure the Gascons coming to the City by word or deed quid' breve remanet penes predutum Constabularium. under pain of imprisonment, and at the same time named some old offenders for arrest to await the King's further orders, viz., Thomas de Brackele, Roger de Shireburne, "skyrmisour," John de Clintone, John Fayti (?), Nicholas the valet of John de Suffolk, Thomas de Beauflour and James his valet, Thomas Pounz "le caretter," Peter Drinkwatre, Walter le Benere, Robert le Chaucer, Benedict de Suffolk, Thomas de Suffolk, Simon Beauflour, Henry le Gaugeour, and Higecok Trente.

Proclamacio facta super breve pre dictum.

Thereupon proclamation was made throughout the City enjoining peace to be kept between the inhabitants of the City and the Gascons. (fn. 19)

Proclamacio facta quod mercatum de cetero non teneatur in vico de Chepe post Nonam.

Also it was ordained and commanded on behalf of the King that no man nor woman should be so daring or so bold as henceforth to hold a common market of any manner of merchandise in the highway of Chepe after the hour of noon (noun), (fn. 20) as formerly they have done, nor in any other place in the City save only upon Cornhull, (fn. 21) and that from matins until the hour of noon and not later, on pain of forfeiture of the goods carried there to sell by way of holding a common market there. (fn. 22)

Folio cv b.

Breve escaetoris Regis vic' London' directum.

Writ addressed to the Sheriffs of London by Walter de Gloucestre, the King's escheator this side the Trent, for an inquest to be held at the church of St. Bride without "Lutgate" on Saturday after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], by eighteen good men of the venue (de visneto) of Scholane, in the Ward without Lutgate, touching a tenement in Scholane which the Abbot of Rievaulx (de valle Regali (fn. 23) ) is said to have appropriated without the King's licence. Dated at Westminster, 8 July, 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Conservacio indempnitatis pro vice bus.

And because the above writ was executed contrary to the custom of the City, it was therefore adjudged by T[homas] Romayn, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wengrave, John de Wyndesore, William Coumart[in], Simon de Paris, Simon Bolet, Nicholas Pikot, William Trent, and John de Gisors, Aldermen, [and] James Fitz Fulk, Sheriff, that return should be made "it came so late, &c." And they agree to keep the Sheriff harmless, &c.

And be it known that the above writ was delivered to the Sheriff on the Thursday preceding. (fn. 24)

Littera missa d'no Regi pro Will'o de Fynchingfeld.

Letter from the Mayor and Commonalty to King Edward II., complaining that the echevins and good men of the town of Gynes (fn. 25) had ignored the King's command to see justice done to William de Fynchingfeld, to whom a sum of money was owing by John Payner, Eustace Kyde, and Eustace Everwyn, merchants of Gynes, and praying a remedy. Dated 20 June, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

The above letter was sealed with the common seal on Wednesday the Feast of the Translation of St. Swythin [15 July], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Folio cvi.

Breve pro Will'o de Pontefracto et Elena ux'e eius pro custod' Christiane fil' Will'i de Hundesdiche h'enda.

Writ to the Sheriffs of London to distrain the Mayor and Aldermen, and to have their bodies in the King's Court in the octave of St. Michael, to receive judgment touching the custody of Christiana, daughter of William de Hundesdiche (fn. 26) and of Elena [his wife], now wife of William de Pontefract. Witness, R[oger] le Brabazoun, (fn. 27) at Westminster, 11 July, 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Breve Reg' pro Canonicis Sancti Pauli de protectione.

Writ of protection in favour of the Canons, Vicars, and other ministers of the church of St. Paul, London. Dated at Westminster, 18 July, 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. (fn. 28)

Manucapcia Ed'i fil' Joh' is de Stratford.

Wednesday the morrow of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 4 Ed ward II. [A. D. 1310], William de Finchingfeld and Gilbert le Hurer came before Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, William de Leire, William Servat, William Trente, John de Lincoln, and Thomas Sely, Aldermen, and Roger le Palmere, Sheriff of London, and mainprised Edmund, son of John de Stratteford, attached at the suit of Pasca, late wife of Master Thomas Guillim of St. Jean d'Angély' (de villa Sancti Johannis Angelica), for a debt of [£]156 10s., to have him before the Mayor, &c.

Tuesday before the Feast of St. Edmund the King and Martyr [20 Nov.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], Roger Hosebonde and John Dode, ironmongers, elected Wardens of the murage issuing from the whole City, and sworn before Richer de Refham, the Mayor, and other Aldermen [not named] and the whole Commonalty. So that all money issuing therefrom they shall well and diligently cause to be collected, and shall faithfully expend on the repair of the walls of the City, &c.

Folio cvi b.

Scriptum Hamonis Gode chepe factum per Johannem de Middelton'.

Lease granted by John de Middletone to "Hamond" Godchep mercer, of a tenement formerly held by Henry de Canterbirs, baker, in Bassinggeslane, in the parish of St. Mildred de Bredestrete, for a term of six years from Midsummer, anno 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], at an annual rent of 70s. 4d. Witnesses, Thomas Romain, the Mayor, James de St. Edmund and Roger le Paumer, Sheriffs of London, Henry de Durham, Alderman of the Ward, (fn. 29) Richard de Welleford, Henry de Gildeford, Raulyn le Taillour, Geoffrey le Brochere, John Amys, clerk, and others [not named]. For enrolment 2s. 6d.

The above deed acknowledged before Richard Potrel, the Chamberlain, on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Folio cvii.

Lease by Walter Myles and Agnes his wife to Robert de Ware and Johanna his wife of a house near "le Brokenwarfe," in the parish of St. Mary de Somersete, and of a shop near the tenement formerly belonging to Stephen Bernard, and situate in the same parish near the highway leading from Lambardeshull up to "le Fisshewarfe" on the west. To hold the same for their lives and the life of the survivor, rendering annually for the next twelve years from Michaelmas, anno 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], a clove of gillyflower, and afterwards the sum of 20s Witnesses, Thomas Romain, the Mayor, James de St. Edmund and Roger le Paumer, the Sheriffs, Richard de Holmes, Richard de Berkynge, Robert Gauge, Robert le Coupere, Thomas the Tailor, Robert le Brewere, Robert de Gunthorp, Robert de Barsham, clerk, and others [not named]. Dated at London, 5 Aug., 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. For enrolment 2s. 6d.

Breve pro mercatoribus de Vascon'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs of London notifying that the King had taken vintners and other merchants of the Duchy aforesaid [sic], coming into the realm to trade therein, under his protection. Dated at Westminster, 6 July, 3 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. (fn. 30)

Breve pro Vascon'.

Writ to the Mayor and Bailiffs of the City that they permit Gascon vintners and merchants coming to the City to enjoy the franchises granted them by King Edward I. (fn. 31) and confirmed by Edward II. Dated at Northampton, 2 Aug., 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. (fn. 32)

Folio cvii b.

Breve R' protest'o Albrici de Finching feld probando.

Writ to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs that they forthwith admit to probate in the Husting, according to the custom of the City, the will of Albric de Finchyngfeld, which they had hitherto refused to do. (fn. 33) Dated at St. Albans, 26 July, 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Deed whereby William de Dene, Knt., acknowledged himself bound to Matilda de Rothinge in the sum of 12 marks. Dated at London, Tuesday before the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

The above acknowledged and enrolled on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Matthew, Ap. [21 Sept.], the year aforesaid.

Concessio facta Joh'i de Wen grave de c's perciprend' annuatim.

Saturday before the Feast of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, Richer de Refham, John de Wyndesore, Nicholas Pikot, William Cosyn, William "Servad," Thomas Seely, Simon Bolet, John de Lincoln, Nigel Drury, Simon de Paris, William Trente, and William de Leire, Aldermen, ordained and granted that John de Wengrave should have and receive by the hands of the Chamberlain of the Chamber of the Guildhall yearly, at the Feast of the Nativity of our Lord, 100s. beyond his fee which he receives for the office of Recorder, (fn. 34) &c., so long as he should be Recorder (donec recordator fuerit), and this at the pleasure of the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being, &c.

Folio cviii.

Commissio cus toaum pro Nundinis de Sancto Bo tuipho de anno R' E' fil' R' E. iiij to.

Be it remembered that on Friday after the Feast of St. Laurence [10 Aug.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], William de Combemartyn, Alderman, Simon de Abyndone, Simon Corp, William de Wyndesore, and William de Bidik, citizens of London, were appointed Wardens of St. Botolph's Fair, and had with them a commission under the common seal, (fn. 35) dated Tuesday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 4 Edward II.

They had also the King's writ to the bailiffs of John de Brittany, Earl of Richemond.

Proclamacio facta contra cissores et pelliparios.

Ordinance made with the assent of the King's Treasurer and on the King's behalf that no tailor nor fripperer (pheliper (fn. 36) ) scour furs except at night in the highways of the City, or in some by-way by day, under pain of imprisonment, lest the nobility and others be inconvenienced whilst passing.

Proclamacio facta provad' capt' super ho mines civil' pro arreragiis di versor' tallag' acquietand'.

Saturday before the Feast of St. Martin [11 Nov.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], proclamation made throughout the City that all who had been distrained for arrears of divers tallages, &c., come to the Guildhall within the next fortnight and redeem their pledges; and precept by the Mayor and Aldermen for the sale of all unredeemed pledges after that time, &c.

Folio cviii b.

Breve pro David de Cotes brole et Roes' ux'e eius ad habendum cus todiam liber orum Rob'i "le Convers".

Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen enjoining them to commit the custody of the children of Robert "le Orfevre" and of their property to David de Cotesbroke and Roesia his wife, formerly wife of the said Robert and mother of the said children, (fn. 37) taking security from the said David and Roesia according to the custom of the City. Dated at Northampton, 3 Aug., 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Writ to the same to similar effect, in which the names of the children of the above Robert and Roesia are given as Nicholas, Henry, and Katherine [imperfectly recorded].

Folio cix.

Ordinacio Maioris et Alderm' de tenementis dimissis pervir os et eorum ux'es de jure ux'is quod ux'es teneant term' dimis sum licet ear' maritus obierit an' term' finitum.

Roger de Evre complains before the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain that whereas Roger Sayer and Agnes his wife had demised to him for a term of years a certain house in the parish of St. John Zakary, formerly belonging to the Abbot and Convent of Wardon, (fn. 38) the said Agnes, after the decease of her husband on the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], had re-entered forcibly. Thereupon precept was issued to the Sheriffs to summon the said Agnes to show cause, &c. The said Agnes made default; and inasmuch as it seemed to the Mayor and Aldermen that acknowledgments here made on paper by husbands and their wives, as above, would be of no effect unless the grantees of tenements for a term of years were permitted to enjoy the term, it was adjudged by T[homas] Romain, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, J[ohn] de Wengrave, J[ohn] de Lincoln, W[illiam] Servat, Simon de Paris, Nicholas Picot, J[ohn] de Wyndesore, William de Leire, William Trent, Thomas Sely, and Simon Bolet, Aldermen, that she should be removed, and that the said Roger de Evre should be reinstated, saving the right of any, &c.

Dimissio muragn de Billinggesgate Joh'i de la Barre a° iiij to.

The murage of the City of London arising out of Candelwikstrete, from the house of Fulk de St. Edmund as far as the postern towards the Tower, and of the said postern and from the Hall of the Danes as far as "la Yenlade," together with the pontage issuing from London Bridge as well over the bridge as under the same, was granted and delivered by Thomas Romayn, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wyndesore, Richer de Refham, John de Lincoln, Richard de Gloucestre, and Nicholas Picot, Aldermen, and Richard Potrel, the Chamberlain, to John de la Barre from Wednesday the morrow of St. Michael [29 Sept.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], until the end of one year next ensuing, for £30 sterling, (fn. 39) viz., every month 50s.; the same to be paid to the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain by mainprise of Thomas Cros and William Symond, who undertook to pay the said money on his behalf, &c.

Deliberatro carte Waltero de Stebenheth.

Friday after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], came Walter de "Stebenhet" before R[icher] de Refham, the Mayor, and John de Wengrave, and asked that a deed whereby Adam de Wyrle and Margery his wife had enfeoffed him of a certain tenement might be delivered up to him. Thereupon precept issued for delivery on his finding sureties of indemnity for purchase-money, &c. Sureties found, viz., Hugh de Stebenheth, Richard the Cook, Adam in the Lane, William de Rothinge, and John de Betoygne, &c.

Folio cix b.

Breve Reg' pro Joh'e Sturmy et Juliana ux'e eius.

Writ alias to the Mayor and Aldermen of the City to deliver to John Sturmy de Dromondeby and Juliana his wife, daughter of John de Middlesburgh, mercer, the patrimony bequeathed by the said John de Middlesburgh to John and Alice his other children, deceased Dated at Westminster, 19 July, 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Secta Joh'is Sturmy et Julian' iix'is eius pro deliberac'.

Thereupon came Roger de Springwell, uncle of the said Alice, and Thomas de Springewell her executor and claimed the portion of the said Alice, on the ground that she had been compos mentis and of full age and had made a will. And forasmuch as the above John Sturmy and Juliana supposed that the said Alice had died under age, precept was issued to the serjeant to inquire as to her age at the time of her death by twelve good and true men. Afterwards, viz., on Wednesday after the Feast of St. Peter ad Vincula [1 Aug.], it was found, on the oath of Seman de Waldene and others [not named], that the said Alice was thirteen years of age at the Feast of Pentecost, anno 3 Edward II. And because it appeared to the Mayor and Aldermen that by the custom of the City the said Alice was not of full age and able to make a will, it was adjudged that Richard Potrel, the Chamberlain, should pay the money claimed to the said John Sturmy and Juliana, they giving an acquittance in form as set out, and dated Tuesday after the Feast of the Decollation of St. John Bapt. [29 Aug.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Folio cx.

Breve domini R' pro Will'o Trente.

Writ to the Mayor and Aldermen to pay the balance due to William Trente, late Butler to the King's father, of a sum of 1,000 marks assigned to him by the late King out of the sum of £2,000 granted to the King by the citizens in satisfaction of a twentieth part of their goods; for the payment of which sum of 1,000 marks aforesaid a tally had been taken out of the Exchequer and delivered to the said Mayor and Aldermen by way of acquittance. They are to appear in person before the Treasurer and Barons of the Exchequer at Westminster on Monday next to show cause why the said 1,000 marks had not been paid, &c. Witness, W[illiam] de Carletone, (fn. 40) at Westminster, 14 Oct., 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310]. Per Barones.

Breve escaetoris ad faciend' venire Inquisicionem apud ecclesiam Sancte Brigide.

Writ of Walter de Gloucestre, the King's escheator this side the Trent, to the Sheriffs of London to cause eighteen good and true men of the Ward of Fletestrete to assemble in the church of St. Bride without Ludegate, on Thursday after the Feast of St. Edward the Confessor, to inquire on oath as to a certain tenement in Scholane, once the property of Matilda de Caumpeville, which the Abbot of Rievaulx (de valle regali) is reported to have appropriated. (fn. 41) Dated at Westminster, 10 Oct., 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310].

Custoaia conductus.

Saturday the eve of All Saints [1 Nov.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], came William Hardy before Richer de Refham, the Mayor, and the rest of the Aldermen and swore that he would well and faithfully cause the conduit in Chepe to be guarded so that brewers and fishmongers shall not use the water thereof; nor would he sell water to any one by night or day on pain of losing his freedom, &c. (fn. 42)

24 Nov., 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], Luke de Haverynge elected Chamberlain by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, and sworn, &c.

Folio cx b.

Common Memoranda, temp. Richer de Refham, Mayor, anno 4 Edward II.

Ballivi Tixtorum.

Wednesday the Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], came good men, weavers of Candelwykstrate, before Richer de Refham, the Mayor, John de Wengrave, Alderman, and Luke de Haverynge, the Chamberlain, and presented Bartholomew "le" Cheyham and John de Grascherche, their bailiffs for the coming year, and they were sworn, &c. They also presented Simon de Eltham, serjeant, &c.

Recognicio Maioris facta Will'o de Coumbe martyn.

Monday the morrow of St. Nicholas [6 Dec.] came William de Combemartyn before R[icher] de Refham, the Mayor, Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wengrave, William de Leire, Richard de Gloucestre, William Trente, William Servad, Nicholas Pikot, John de Lyncoln, and Thomas Sely, Aldermen, and delivered up a certain writing obligatory under the seal of the Commonalty containing £10, in which John le Blound, the late Mayor, and Commonalty of the City were bound to him, &c., of which sum he had received 76s. 8d., as he personally acknowledged. And the present Mayor and Commonalty acknowledge themselves bound to him in the remaining sum of £6 and 40d., and they agree that he shall be paid out of the next tallage to be levied in the Ward of Tower, &c.

Afterwards satisfaction was made, and the recognizance is cancelled.

Scriptum Sabine que fuit ux' Will'i de Hendone.

The Feast of St. Katherine [25 Nov.], 4 Edward II. [A. D. 1310], there was acknowledged a lease by Henry Bokeler de Essex and Juliana his wife to Sabine, late wife of William de Hendone, of an annual quitrent of 1 mark issuing from houses at the corner of "Elde Deneslane" within Newgate, opposite the Friars Minors, and situate near the tenement of William de Harwe, goldsmith, for a term of six years. For enrolment 2s. 6d.


  • 1. The Pool, a part of the Thames extending from the Tower to Limehouse.
  • 2. Cf. writ, supra, p. 216.
  • 3. A blanket or counterpane, so called from having been made on ginally at Chalons sur Marne. This particular one appears to have been manufactured either at Rheims in the department of Marne or at Rennes in Brittany, the latter being the more probable. See 'Liber Albus,' Glos sary, s. v. 'Reynes.'
  • 4. The original charter of Henry II. (here confirmed by Edward I.) is preserved among the archives of the Weavers' Company. Two copies of it appear in the 'Liber Custumarum' (Rolls Series, i. 33, 418), both of them varying in certain points from the charter as here recorded. From the names of the witnesses to Henry's charter, and from the evidence of that king's Itinerary, the date of the charter appears to be of the year 1155. In September of that year the King is known to have held a great Council at Winchester, when Thomas Becket was his Chancellor and Warin Fitz Gerold his Chamberlain. The King was again in Winchester circa August, 1158, but by that time Warm Fitz Gerold appears to have been suc ceeded in the Chamberlainship by Henry Fitz Gerold. See Eyton's 'Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II.,' pp. 12, 13, 37, 39.
  • 5. One copy of the charter recorded in the 'Liber Custumarum' has "T' Cantuar'" and the other "T' Cant' ." If this version be correct, the witness would be Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury (who died in 1161), and not (as the editor of the 'Liber Cus tumarum' supposed) Thomas Becket, his successor in the see. The on ginal charter has "T' Canc'," as in the Letter-Book, referring no doubt to Thomas Becket as Chancellor, an office that he filled from 1154 to 1162.
  • 6. The 'Liber Cust.' (fo. 259) has "Lond'," as if the charter had been dated in London, whereas it appears to have been dated from Lenton, co. Notts.
  • 7. Co. Northumberland.
  • 8. This grant had been made by the Parliament which sat at Westminster from 27 April to 13 May, 1309, on condition that the King would reply to a schedule of eleven articles of redress in the next Parliament Stubbs, 'Const. Hist.,' ii. 323.
  • 9. "Geoffrey," supra, p. 181.
  • 10. Vide supra, p. 187. Cf. 'Cal. of Wills, Court of Husting, London' (i. 186, 187), where the wife of William de Hundesdich is recorded as "Elisia."
  • 11. See 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 182.
  • 12. The writ (in French) will be found printed in 'Chron. of Edward I. and II.' (Rolls Series, No. 76), i. 174.
  • 13. A clause in the "Statute of Stam ford" (so called from its having been promulgated in a Parliament which met at Stamford in July, 1309) is as follows: "E quant a les customes, qe le roi prent par ces ministres, cest asavoir de chescun tonel de vin ii souz...... veut le roi, a la requeste de sa dites bons gentz, qe les dites cus tommes de vyns, de dras et de aver de poys, cessent a sa volunte." 'Chron. Edward I. and II.' (Rolls Series), i. 161. Cf. 'Statutes at Large,' i. 171. The exactions on wine, cloth, and merchandise belonging to aliens were suspended 20 Aug., 1309, but renewed on 2 Aug., 1310. Stubbs, 'Const. Hist.,' ii. 325 n.
  • 14. Writ and return printed in full in Delpit's 'Collection Génerale des Documents Français qui se trouvent en Angleterre' (p. 42) from the Letter Book.
  • 15. Among the proposals for regu lating the King's household made by the Ordainers in 1311 was one to the effect that "Emeri de Friscombaud" should be banished and his property taken into the King's hand. 'Chron. of Edward I. and II.' (Rolls Series), vol. i. p. 200.
  • 16. Pro wyndag' supradictis tonellis Under 'Winagium' in Migne's 'Lexi con' we find the term explained as "prestatio quæ domino ex solvitur pro securo transitu," and as being synonymous with "Guidagium."
  • 17. What follows is entered by a dif ferent hand, and must be of the fifth or sixth year of Edward II., Gisors having been Mayor from Oct. 1311 to Oct. 1313.
  • 18. This record of proceedings touch ing Richard de Redynge and the small beam (omitting, however, many names of Aldermen and others) has been translated and printed in Riley's 'Memorials,' pp. 72-4.
  • 19. Writ and proclamation set out by Delpit, 'Collection Generale des Documents Français qui se trouvent en Angleterre,' p. 43.
  • 20. A Fair known as the "Nane feyre" was held in the afternoon in Soper Lane (the site of the present Queen Street, Cheapside), which became frequented by so many bad characters that an order went forth in 1297 to abolish it. (See 'Cal. Letter Book B,' p. 236.) If this be the Fair alluded to here, the order for its sup pression can have had little effect.
  • 21. A Fair known as the "New Fair" (la Novele Feyie) appears to have been held towards the close of the thir teenth century near Cornhill in the parish of St. Nicholas Acon. See the will of Gilbert de Chippestede, 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 133.
  • 22. Printed in 'Memorials,' p. 75.
  • 23. Rivaulx or River, near Helms ley, co. York.
  • 24. Printed in 'Memorials,' p. 75.
  • 25. Guisnes (Pas de Calais).
  • 26. Cf. supra, pp. 187, 223-4.
  • 27. Justice of the Bench 1289; Chief Justice 1295-1316. Died 13 June, 1317; buried in St. Paul's 'Chron. Edward I. and II.,' i. 102n., 280.
  • 28. Set out in 'Memorials,' p. 76.
  • 29. Charente Inferieure, France.
  • 30. Bread Street.
  • 31. Printed by Delpit, op. cit., pp. 43, 44.
  • 32. In 1293 the merchants of Gas cony succeeded, after much opposi tion from the City, in obtaining from the King the same privileges as those enjoyed by merchants of Provence. 'Rot. Parl.,' i. 87-99. See Introd., 'Cal. Letter-Book C,' p. xii.
  • 33. Printed by Delpit, p. 44.
  • 34. The will was proved and enrolled in the Husting in the following October. 'Cal. of Wills,' i. 214.
  • 35. He was sworn Recorder in Janu ary, 1304, with an annual salary of £10 and an allowance of 20 pence for all deeds and wills enrolled in the Husting. See 'Cal. Letter-Book C,' pp. 132, 133.
  • 36. The terms of such commissions are set out in 'Liber Cust.,' i. 180, 181, &c.
  • 37. The editor of the 'Memorials' (p. 77) translates "pheliper" by "pelterer," i. e., a skinner, being misled probably by the skinners (pel liparii) being named in the margin; but the scouring or cleaning of furs was no doubt frequently practised by fripperers, or second hand clothes dealers, as well as by tailors.
  • 38. Cf. supra, pp. 184-186.
  • 39. Co. Beds.
  • 40. The same murage had been granted to John de la Barre in 1308 for one year at £10. See 'Cal. Letter- Book C,' p. 162.
  • 41. Appointed in 1287 a Justice of Jews. 'Chron. Edw. I. and II.' (Rolls Series), i. 95.
  • 42. A writ to similar effect had been previously issued in July. Vide supra, pp. 229, 230.
  • 43. 'Memorials,' p. 77.