Pages 163-164

London Viewers and their Certificates, 1508-1558: Certificates of the Sworn Viewers of the City of London. Originally published by London Record Society, London, 1989.

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Binding joist. A joist carrying other joists.

Brases. Braces, usually timber.

Cabin. A small room, a bedroom.

Campshed, campshide. Campshot: the facing of the bank of a river with planks.

Causey, cawsey. Causeway: a paved area, the paving of a street.

Coyne, see quoin.

Defence. A fence.

Dog(g). A clamp, a device for holding two things together.

Dormant, dormaund. Fixed or stationary; ?dormer.

Draught house. A privy.

Entertise, enterteyse. A horizontal beam which acts as a connection between two upright ones.

Fillet gutter. A sloping gutter with a raised rim.

Fled (out). Fluctuating, wavering.

Foreign, foreyn. Short for foreign chamber, a privy.

Frame. The wooden structure of a building, composed of various beams etc. fitted together.

Gable end. The upper end of the wall at each end of a pitched roof.

Garner, garnar. A storehouse for grain.

Groundsill. The timber foundation for a building, usually a wooden building; the lowest horizontal beam in the plate.

Headland. A boundary.

Implements. Equipment, as household equipment.

Jakes. A privy.

Jetty (jetie). An overhanging upper storey.

Kennel. The gutter of a street.

Kytt. Obsolete past tense of the verb to cut.

Latten, laten. A yellow metal; an alloy of base metals.

Lattener, latener. A worker in latten; ?a brassworker.

Loupe (lowpe) lights, loop lights. Long, narrow windows, usually widening inward.

Malengin, malengyne. Fraud, malice.

Marstones. Moorstones, pieces of a kind of granite.

Met. Obsolete past tense of the verb to mete; measured.

Pale. A stake, a stake fence.

Paper wall. ?A thin or insubstantial wall.

Pentice, penthouse. A lean-to building; sometimes an elevated passage.

Plate(s). A timber used longitudinally at the top or bottom of a frame.

Plat, platt. A plot (of ground).

Principal post. A main post or corner post in a wood frame.

Putgally, putgaley. A device for lifting water from a well.

Quarter(s) (timber). A timber, usually 4"×4", used in building as an upright in a wall.

Quoin, quoyne, coyne. The dressed corner stones of a building.

Rasen, raisen, resyn, etc. The timber laid on top of a stone wall, to which roof rafters are nailed.

Release, relees or relief. Often used to mean the residue or remainder of a thing; a projection; more technically, the distance between the top of a parapet and the bottom of the ditch beside it.

Siege, sege. A privy.

Skew (of a buttress). Angle, or a line of coping, or a gutter-slate.

Solar. An upstairs room, often used as a bedroom.

Somer, summer. A horizontal bearing beam supporting the joists of a floor.

Spurs. Struts, placed diagonally against an upright to support it.

Standard. ?An upright timber, support; ?a large chest (see 226).

Tewel, tonell, to well. A shaft, a privy shaft.

Tresance, tresaunce. A corridor.

Trestle, trestyll. A support, a braced framework.

Trunk (window). A tunnel or shaft made to let in light; here, designed to let in light while cutting the view.

Wainscot. Panelling of wood, wood panels.

Wareboards. Boards, often projecting towards the street from a shop, for the purpose of setting out merchandise; part of the fixtures of a shop.

Water table. A horizontal ledge, along the side of a wall, to keep rain from the base of the wall.

Withdraught. A privy.