Mansion House Place - Margaret (St.) Pattens Parsonage

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Mansion House Place

On the east side of the Mansion House, in Walbrook Ward (L.C.C. Streets, 1912).

First mention : O.S. 1848-51.

Former name : "George Street" (Horwood, 1799-Elmes, 1831).

Prior to the erection of the Mansion House the site was occupied by the Stocks Market, etc., and is shown as an open space in O. and M. 1677.

Mansion House Station

On the south side of Queen Victoria Street at No. 53A, near to its junction with Cannon Street (P.O. Directory). In Cordwainer, Queenhithe and Vintry Wards.

The District Railway Station.

It occupies the site of Holy Trinity the Less Church, and of several small courts and alleys.

Mansion House Street

West from the corner of King William Street to the Poultry opposite the Mansion House (P.O. Directory). In Broad Street and Walbrook Wards.

First mention : Horwood, 1799.

Widened and lengthened under Met. Improvements Act, 1863. Completed 1871.

Length 3390 ft., width 70 ft.

Maps of London

There are no maps of London extant earlier than the 16th century, but from that time a regular series exists, some of which are of the utmost value and interest.

The largest and most comprehensive are as follows : Agas' map, c. 1561-70 ; Hogenburg, c. 1578 (various states) ; Porter's map, c.1660 ; Faithorne's map, 1658 ; Leake, 1666 ; Ogilby and Morgan, 1677 ; Rocque, 1746, 1755, 1763 ; Strype's maps, 1720 and 1755 ; Horwood, 1799 ; Greenwood, 1827-9 ; O.S. 1848-51, 1875, 1880, 1894, etc.

Agas' map is interesting on account of its early date, but it is not an accurate delineation of the City, and its representations have to be accepted with caution. The Guildhall copy is the more useful of the editions published.

Hogenberg's map is good, but small. There are several different editions of it, in different states.

Porter's map is useful as showing the City before the Fire, but not large enough for practical purposes.

Faithorne's map is not accurate to scale.

Leake's map, containing Hollar's survey after the Fire, is most interesting as showing the devastation wrought at that time, and the state of the City prior to the rebuilding.

Ogilby and Morgan's Survey on the scale of 100 ft. to the inch is the first really accurate survey of the City that has come down to us. It is indispensable to a careful study of the streets and buildings as they existed immediately after the Fire and before the rebuilding was entirely completed. The reproduction of this map by the L. and M. Arch. Soc. is a useful piece of work.

Rocque's maps are very valuable and detailed, but not strictly accurate in measurements. The scale is 26 in. to 1 mile.

The ward maps in Strype's Survey are useful, but the maps of 1755 have to be used with caution as they do not always record the alterations that had taken place in the City subsequently to 1720, when the plates were originally engraved.

Horwood's map of 1799, also on the scale of 26 in. to 1 mile, is a splendid monument of skill and industry, and the numbering of the houses makes it possible sometimes to identify property with marvellous accuracy.

Greenwood's map, 1827-9, is useful, but it is not on so large a scale as some of the preceding ones, and is, therefore, not so valuable for detailed work.

The Ordnance Survey maps produced in and since 1848 are beyond all praise and are indispensable to the student of London Topography. It is much to be regretted that it has not been possible to adhere to the earlier methods of engraving employed in the editions of 1875 and 1880.

Amongst the smaller maps, of which there are countless numbers from 1666 onwards, mention may be made of Norden's map, 1598, Ryther's map of 1608, and Faden's and Carey's maps published in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Margaret (St.) Bridge Street

See Margaret (St.) Fish Street Hill.

Margaret (St.) Croked Lane

See Margaret (St.) Fish Street Hill.

Margaret (St.) de Brugge

See Margaret (St.), Fish Street Hill.

Margaret (St.) de Froscherche, by London Bridge

See Margaret (St.), Fish Street Hill.

Margaret (St.) Fish Street Hill

On the east side of Fish Street Hill, opposite to Crooked Lane (Leake, 1666). In Bridge Ward Within, the parish extending into Billingsgate Ward.

Earliest mention : "Sci margaret' us Pont," 1199-1211 (Harl. Ch. H. 40).

Forms of name : "S. Marg' de froscherch," 13th cent. (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, W.D. 12). "St. Margaret by London Bridge," 10-11 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1893). "St. Margaret in Breggestrate," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 20). "St. Margaret the Virgin prope piscariam," 12 Ed. I. 1284 (Cal. P.R. Ed. I. 1281-92, p. 112). "S. Margaret, near Rederesgate," 1284 (Ct. H.W. I. 69.) "Sanctae Margaretae ad Pontem," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229). "St. Margaret in Fhistrete," 11 Ed. II. (Cal. P.R. 1317-24, p. 79). "St. Margaret de Brugge," 1349 (Ct. H.W. I. 584). "St. Margaret, Croked Lane, 1 Ed. IV. (Cal. P.R. Ed. IV. 1461-7 p. 458). "St. Margaret on Fishstreete hill" (S. 214).

Its usual appellation down to the 16th century was "St. Margaret, Bridge Street."

It was provided by the City's ordinances that lampreys brought over from France ought to be exposed for sale immediately after arrival under the wall of St. Margaret's Church in Bridge Street (Riley's Mem. p. 83).

The church was destroyed in the Fire 1666 and not rebuilt, the parish being united to St. Magnus the Martyr (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 180).

A Rectory. Patrons : Abbot and Convent of Westminster until the dissolution of the monasteries, after which time it was given to the Bishop of London (Newcourt, I. p. 407).

The dedication is to St. Margaret the Virgin of Antioch, as she is called.

Margaret (St.) Friday Street

See Margaret (St.) Moses.

Margaret (St.) in Breggestrate

See Margaret, Fish Street Hill.

Margaret (St.) Lane

A footway passed by the south side of the Church of St. Margaret, Fish Street Hill, leading from Fish street Hill into Rother Lane (S. 214).

Earliest mention : Rents in the lane of "S. Margaret near Rederesgate," 1284 (Ct. H.W. I. 69).

Stow does not name the footway, and it is shown in Leake's map 1666, likewise unnamed.

The site is now occupied by the southern side of Monument Square.

Margaret (St.) Lothbury

On the north side of Lothbury at No. 6 (P.O. Directory). On the ancient course of Walbrook. In Broad Street and Coleman Street Wards. The parish extends into Cheap Ward.

Earliest mention : "St. Margaret de Lodebure," c. 1197 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 15).

Other forms : "St. Margaret of Lohdeber," 1241-52. "St. Margaret of Lothebery (Anc. Deeds, A. 10391-2). "St. Margaret de Lodebyre," 1273-4 (Ct. H.W. I. 17). "St. Margaret de Lotheberi," 1282 (ib. 60). "St. Margaret upon Lodingeberi," 1286 (ib. 78). "St. Margaret de Lotheburi," 1288-9 (ib. 86). "St. Margaret de Lodebiri," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229). "St. Margaret de Lothebiry," 1307 (Ct. H.W. I. 191). "St. Margaret de Lodebury," 1311-12 (ib. 226). "St. Margaret upon Lotheburi," 1312 (ib. 234). "St. Margaret de Lodeburi," 1315 (ib. 256). "St. Margaret de Lothebury," 1335 (ib. 409).

Newly built 1440 (S. 284).

Robert Large, Mayor, gave £120 for ornaments, etc. (ib.).

Repaired and beautified 1621 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 57).

Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt, consecrated 1690.

A Rectory. Patron : Nuns of Barking until the dissolution of the monasteries when it fell to the Crown, in whose hands it has since remained.

The parishes of St. Christopher le Stocks, St. Bartholomew by the Exchange, St. Olave Jewry, St. Martin Pomary, St. Mildred Poultry, and St. Mary Colechurch have been united to it.

Margaret (St.) Lothbury, Churchyard

Graveyard disused shown to the north of the church (O.S. 1880).

In Rocque, 1746, but not named.

Margaret (St.) Moses

On the east side of Friday Street at its junction with Little Friday Street (Pissinge alley) (Leake, 1666).

First mention : St. Margaret at Fridai-strete," 3 John (Anc. Deeds, A. 2182-3). "St. Margaret Fridaistrate," 1251 (Cal. P.R. H. III. 1247-58, p. 90). "St. Margaret de Fridaystrete," 1283 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 71). "St. Margaret Moysy in Frydaystrate," 1299 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 181). "St. Margaret moysi," 1241-59 (D. and C. St. Paul's, W.D. 9, f. 48). "St. Margaret Moysi," 1302-3 (Ct. H.W. I. 157). "St. Margaret Moyses," 1349-50 (ib. 631). "St. Margaret Moises," 1486-7 (ib. II. 589).

So called (as seemeth) of one Moyses, that was founder or new builder thereof (S.353). Although this does not agree with the earliest forms, "Moysy," "Moysi." Yet Moyses the priest is one of the witnesses to a deed belonging to St. Paul's of the 12th century, and he may have been connected with this church as a builder or founder (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 68).

Repaired and beautified 1627 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 205).

Burnt in the Fire 1666 and not rebuilt.

The parish united to St. Mildred Bread Street.

A vicarage. Patrons : Monks of Horsham in Fulk Basset's Register, 1241-59, in MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's W.D. 9, f. 48. The King in Arnold's Chronicle, 16th century, pp. 77 and 252.

Margaret (St.) near Rederesgate

See Margaret (St.) Fish Street Hill.

Margaret (St.) Pattens

At the south-east corner of Rood Lane at No. 23 (P.O. Directory). In Billingsgate Ward. The parish extends into Tower Ward.

Earliest mention : "St. Margaret Patynz," temp. K. John (Dugdale VI. 624). "St Margaret' de Patins," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 20).

Other forms : "Sanctae Margaret' Patyns," 10 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m.). "Sanctae Margaret' Patines," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229). "S. Margaret del Patynes," 1291 (Ct. H.W. I. 96). "S. Margaret atte Patyns," 1300 (ib. 148).

See Margaret (St.) versus Turrim.

Old church taken down and new built 1538, partly out of the oblations made to the Roode set up in the Churchyard (S. 211). Building delayed by fire (ib.).

Repaired and beautified 1614,1632 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 170).

Burnt in the Great Fire and rebuilt, completed about 1687 (ib.).

After the Fire the parish of St. Gabriel Fenchurch was united to it.

A Rectory. Patron : J. de Nevill, 10 Ed. I. and until after 1392. In 1411 it was given by Whittington and others to the Mayor and Commonalty, in whose hands it has remained ever since (Newcourt, I. 407).

It has a tower and lofty wooden spire, and there is some fine wood carving in the church.

The inventories commence in 1470, and there are churchwardens' accounts.

Stow says it was so called of Pattens made and sold there of old time (S. 211).

Kingsford suggests the family of "Patin" mentioned in 12th century deed of St. Paul's (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 62, 63) (Kingsford, ed. Stow II. 310), and this agrees with the early forms set out above.

Margaret (St.) Pattens Churchyard

East of the Church (O. and M. 1677).

Margaret (St.) Pattens Lane

See Rood Lane.

Margaret (St.) Pattens Parsonage

Mentioned by Stow as on the western boundary of Tower Ward (S. 132 and 135) on the north side of the Church (ib.).