Parliament Rolls of Medieval England. Originally published by Boydell, Woodbridge, 2005.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Introduction Autumn 1295
Autumn parliament (November-December)
The autumn parliament of 1295 was initially summoned to meet at Westminster on 13 November, (fn. foot-1295n-1) but on 2 November the opening of the session was prorogued until 27 November (the Sunday before St Andrew's day). (fn. foot-1295n-2) The king did not reach Westminster until the following day. Those summoned to this parliament included prelates and representatives of the lower clergy, initially summoned on 30 September; (fn. foot-1295n-3) magnates initially summoned on 1 October, (fn. foot-1295n-4) and representatives of the shires and towns, whose writs of election were issued on 3 October. (fn. foot-1295n-5) One original writ of prorogation survives. It is addressed to the sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk and has attached to it a return of those elected for those counties and their towns. (fn. foot-1295n-6) Copies of similar writs and returns for thirty-five other counties were in the custody of the King's Remembrancer of the Exchequer in the seventeenth century when they were transcribed by William Petyt. (fn. foot-1295n-7) Parliament certainly continued in session until 4 December when an eleventh and seventh were granted to the king, (fn. foot-1295n-8) and may have lasted until 11 December when commissions were issued for the collection of clerical taxation, (fn. foot-1295n-9) or even later.
The writs of summons issued to the clergy mention the threat of French invasion and this must have been one of the topics discussed at parliament. (fn. foot-1295n-10) It also seems likely that there was some discussion of the military situation in Scotland for it was at or shortly after the end of the session on 16 December that individual summonses were issued for a muster at Newcastle on 1 March 1296 for service in Scotland. (fn. foot-1295n-11) It was also probably in the light of the military situation that the king was able to persuade his lay and clerical subjects to grant him subsidies, apparently on 4 and 11 December. (fn. foot-1295n-12)
Other, more routine business may also have been conducted at this parliament. A number of individual inquisitions ad quod damnum for enquiries into proposed mortmain alienations were made returnable to this parliament and those with interests in the alienation told to be present there, but only one is known for certain to have been considered and approved there. (fn. foot-1295n-13) A similar enquiry into a proposed alienation by a tenant in chief was made returnable into this parliament but was in the event licensed before parliament had met. (fn. foot-1295n-14) A mandate of 20 October 1295 to the exchequer seeking confirmation of the claim made by Sibyl, widow of Philip Taylor, that her late husband had been amerced for contempt for refusing to appear in the exchequer to take the office of sheriff of London despite possessing a lifetime exemption from taking office against his will was also made returnable to this parliament (as the 'next parliament after Michaelmas') for the council to take further action there and the exchequer told to suspend all action on levying the amercement in the interim. (fn. foot-1295n-15) The mandate issued on 29 November 1295 for the sheriff of Lincolnshire to hold an inquisition ad quod damnum into a proposed grant by John of Harrington to the hospital of St Katherine outside Lincoln, returnable at the next parliament, was probably authorised at this parliament after consideration of an initial petition since the writ is noted as being authorised by a 'petition of council' ( per peticionem de consilio ). (fn. foot-1295n-16) The king is, however, recorded as having ordered that no petition be determined at this parliament. (fn. foot-1295n-17)
There is no surviving official record of business done at this parliament.