BHO

Index

Pages 265-302

An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Westmorland. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1936.

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Citation:

Note.Reference to the exact half of the page is given by means of the letters "a" and "b," which signify respectively the first and second columns.

INDEX

Aaron, figure representing, Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.

Abbey Hall, Warcop (9), p. 239b.

Abbot Hall, Kirkby Lonsdale (29), p. 139a.

Abbot's Hall, Kirkby Lonsdale (8), p. 138a.

Abel, see Cain.

Absalom, panel representing death of, Middleton (5), p. 172a.

Ackenthwaite, house at, Milnthorpe (4), p. 175a.

Acorn Bank, Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226a.

Adamson, R., name on panel at School House, Winton (2), p. 247b.

Agnes Gill, Whinfell (8), p. 243a.

Agnus Dei, representations of: Kendal (1), p. 119b; Kirkby Stephen (1) (sedilia), p. 143a.

Alabaster Effigies:
-, Civil:
-,-, Women: 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-, Military:
-,-, 16th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.
-,-, 17th-century: Lowther (1), p. 159b.
-, Miscellaneous (In Shroud):
-,-, 17th-century: Kendal (1), p. 122a.

Alan, son of Count Eudo of Penthievre, estate in Yorkshire created by, p. liii.

Albini, Nigel de, barony of Kendal held by, p. livn.

Alexander Severus, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Alice Howe, Windermere (24), p. 247a.

Allen Knott, Windermere (30), p. 247a.

All Hallows Lane, Nos. 55 and 57, Kendal (57), p. 129a.

All Saints: bell dedicated to, Orton (1), p. 189a; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Alms-boxes, see Poor-boxes and also Collecting Trays.

Alms-dishes, see under Plate, Church.

Almshouses:
-, 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 12a; Kendal (44) (largely modern), p. 128a.

Alone, or Alione, possible identification of Roman fort at Watercrook, p. xlv.

Alphabetic inscription, on bell, Patterdale (1), p. 191b.

Altars:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxii; and under Roman.
-, Medival: Brough (2), p. 50a; Orton (1), p. 189a; Shap Rural (3), p. 207b.

Ambleside: pp. 14; Armitt Library, finds from Roman fort in, p. 3a. Roman roads near, pp. xliii, xliv.

Amounderness, division of N.W. England, p. xlviii; estate of Preston in, held by Tostig, p. lii.

Andrew, St.: bells dedicated to, Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Angel Hotel, see under Inns.

Anglo-Saxon (Pagan), grave furniture, Crosby Garrett (9), p. 78a.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 'Westmoringa land' mentioned in, p. li.

Animal Remains, Pre-historic: Ox (Bos Longifrons), Kirkby Lonsdale (37), p. 140a; Various: Haverbrack (7), p. 104b.

Anne, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications and Hospitals; And the Virgin, figure of: Brougham (3), p. 57a.

Anne, Queen, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

Antoninus Pius, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b; and Marcus Aurelius, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Appleby: pp. 414; included in bishopric of Carlisle, p. lvn; Norman barony of, p. xlviii; arms of town, Appleby (1) (painted), p. 6b; (sword-rest), p. 6b; (5), p. 12b.

Appleby Castle: Appleby (3), pp. lvi; 7b; founded by Rannulf de Briquessart, p. liv; forty shillings paid to be porter of, p. lv.

" Grammar School, Appleby (13), p. 14a.

Arbor Low (Derbyshire), p. xxxi.

Arms and Armour:
-, Morion: Late 16th or eartly 17th-century: Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-, Sword: Late 16th or early 17th-century: Kendal (1), p. 122a.

Arnside, pp. 1415.

" Tower, Arnside (1), p. 14b.

Arrow-head, flint, found in a mound, Kirkby Stephen (10), p. 144a.

Artlegarth, Ravenstonedale (10), p. 199a.

Asby, pp. 1520.

" Hall, Asby (7), p. 17a.

" Mask, enclosure at, Asby (19), p. 18a; mound on, Asby (26), p. 20a.

Ash Cottage, Undermillbeck (16), p. 232b.

Ashes, Staveley, Nether (4), p. 219a.

" The, Hutton, New (4), p. 116b.

Ash Fell: mound on, Kirkby Stephen (11), p. 144a; Ravenstonedale (6), p. 199a.

Ashfield, enclosure near, Ravenstonedale (34), p. 200b.

Ash Hill, Shap Rural (16), p. 209a.

Ashstead, Whinfell (13), p. 243a.

Ashton House, Beetham (21), p. 42b.

Aske:
-, Arms possibly of, before 1550, see Bellingham under Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial.
-, Margaret, see Bellingham, Sir Roger.

Askham, pp. 2028.

" Fell, earthworks and standing stones on, Askham (45), p. 26b.

" Hall, Askham (5), p. 21a.

Athelstan, King, submission of northern kings to, p. 1.

Athelwold, first bishop of Carlisle, p. lvn.

Atkinson, William, cup given to Morland church by, Morland (1), p. 177a.

Augustinian or Auston Canons, see under Monastic and Collegiate Buildings.

Augustus, coins of, Natland (1), p. 180b.

Auterstone, Barton (26), p. 39a.

Avebury (Wilts), stone circle and avenue, p. xxxi.

Backside Cottage, Troutbeck (23), p. 229a.

Bagot, Levens Hall in possession of family of, Levens (1), p. 151a.

Bainbridge:
-, Arms of, Middleton (6), p. 172b.
-, Dr., Hawking Hall perhaps built by, Middleton (6), p. 172b.
-, Reginald, pscudo-Roman inscriptions collected and made by, Appleby (13), p. 14a.

Bainbridge Gate, Clifton (4), p. 70a.

Bakehouse, Burton (14), p. 65b.

Balustrades:
-, 17th-century: Kendal (6), p. 124b; (61), p. 129a; Newbiggin (2), p. 184a.
-, c. 1700: Levens (1), p. 155a.

Bampton, pp. 2834.

" Grammar School, inscription only, Bampton (11), p. 29b.

" Hall, Bampton (18), p. 30a.

" Towtop Kirk, Bampton (73), p. 33b.

Bank, The, Barton (17), p. 38b.

" Foot, Rydal and Loughrigg (11), p. 202b.

" Hall, Kirkland (Cumberland), part of fireplace from, Newbiggin (2), p. 183b; Liverpool, roof from Beetham Hall said to have been removed to, Beetham (2), p. 40a.

" House, Martindale (25), p. 166b.

Bannerdale, barn in, Martindale (29), p. 166b.

Bannerrigg, Windermere (23), p. 247a.

Bannisdale Beck, bridges over, Whitwell and Selside (3), (4), p. 243b.

" Head, Fawcett Forest (5), p. 96a.

" High Bridge, Whitwell and Selside (3), p. 243b.

Barbara, St., figures of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a.

" Crag, Strickland Ketcl (6), p. 221a.

Barbon, pp. 345; attached to manor of Whittington, p. lii.

" Beck, bridges over, Barbon (2), p. 34b; (3) p. 35a.

Barden Tower (Yorks), repaired by Lady Anne Clifford, p. lvi.

Bardsey, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial.

Bareaye, Willym, canon, probably of Cartmel Priory, figure of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.

Barker Knott, Undermillbeck (19), p. 232b.

Barley Bridge, Staveley, Over (2), p. 219b.

Barns, Outbuildings, etc.:
-, 16th-century: Heversham (7), p. 111b; Rydal and Loughrigg (32), p. 203a.
-, Medival: Grasmere (26), p. 98b; Langdales (43), p. 150b.

Barnskew, Crosby Ravensworth (10), p. 81b.

Barrowfield, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (25), p. 231b.

Barrows, see under Earthworks.

Bartholomew, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Barton, Ormside Hall owned by family of, Ormside (3), p. 187a.

Barton (with Barton Fell), pp. 3440; Martindale church formerly a chapel of, Martindale (1), p. 165a; Patterdale church formerly a chapel of, Patterdale (1), p. 191b; mounds in, Askham (46), p. 28b.

" Church Farm, Barton (2), p. 37a.

" Hall, Roman finds from Kirkby Thore at, pp. xli; 145b.

Barwick:
-, Arms of, see St. Paul's Deanery.
-, John, Dean of St. Paul's, church founded by, Witherslack (1), p. 248a; hatchment with arms of, Witherslack (1), p. 248b; 1664, monument, Witherslack (1), p. 249a.
-, Dr. Peter, hatchment of, Witherslack (1), p. 249a.

Barwick Hall, Middleton (9), p. 172b.

Barwise Hall, Hoff (1), p. 112b.

Bateman:
-, Alice (Garthwait), wife of Roger Bateman, 1637, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Henry, 16823, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Roger, Blease Hall probably built by, Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (3), p. 117b.
-, Roger, 1684, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

Baxter, William, 1713, and George Fothergill, 1714, monument, Shap, Urban (1), p. 204b.

Baxton Holme, Strickland Roger (13), p. 225a.

Baylie:
-, Agnes, wife of Joseph Baylie, 1678, brass, Middleton (2), p. 170b.
-, Joseph, 17123, brass, Middleton (2), p. 170b.

Baysbrown, Langdales (28), p. 150a.

Beads: clay, found with cremation burial, Ravenstonedale (35), p. 200b; disc-shaped, found in cairn, Crosby Ravensworth (57), p. 90a; glass, found in a mound, Kirkby Stephen (10), p. 144a; Levens (17), p. 157a.

Beaker-burials, p. xxx.

Beamsley (Yorks), hospital at, completed by Lady Anne Clifford, p. lvii.

Beauchamp of Holt, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial.

Beaumont:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see under Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial.
-, Monsieur, gardens of Levens Hall laid out by, Levens (1), p. 155a.

Beck Head: Crosby Ravensworth (21), p. 83a; Witherslack (7), p. 249a.

Beckhead Farm, stoup at, Witherslack (1), p. 249a.

Beck Houses, house at, Grayrigg (4), p. 101a.

Beckside: Hutton, Old and Holmescales (8), p. 118a; Killington (5), p. 132b; Martindale (22), p. 166a; Shap, Rural (58), p. 210b; bridge at, Shap, Rural (11), p. 209a.

" Hall, Middleton (10), p. 172b.

Beckstones, byre at, Patterdale (15), p. 192a.

Beech House, Askham (18), p. 23b.

Bee-house, Lady Anne's, Appleby (3), p. 12a.

Beela, River, bridges over: Beetham (1), p. 40a; Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (2), p. 117a.

Beetham: arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; arms of, after 1550, see Lowther; Hall owned by family of, Beetham (2), p. 40a; monument with effigies of members of family of, Haverbrack (1), p. 103b.

Beetham, pp. 402; manor of, p. lii; held by Ivo Taillebois, p. livn; held by Roger of Poitou, p. livn; held by Tostig, p. lii.

" Bank, Strickland Roger (14), p. 225a.

" Church: see Haverbrack (1), p. 101b; Witherslack church formerly a chapel of, Witherslack (1), p. 248a.

" Hall, Beetham (2), p. 40a; cupboard now at Dallam Tower said to be from, Haverbrack (2), p. 103b.

" House, cottage and barn at, Beetham (5), p. 42a.

Belahbridge House, Brough Sowerby (3), p. 54a.

Belatucadrus, Roman inscriptions to, pp. xl, xli.

Bellart How, Witherslack (12), p. 249b.

Bellfounders:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxii.
-, Eldridge, William: Lowther (1) (?), p. 159b.
-, Hodson, Christopher: Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.
-, Norwich or Norwycs, William de: Appleby (2), p. 7b.
-, Nottingham Foundry: Orton (1), p. 189a.
-, Rudhall, Abraham: Killington (1), p. 131b.
-, Scott, W., of Wigan: Bolton (1), p. 43b.
-, Seller, William, of York: Witherslack (1), p. 248b.
-, Smith, Lancelot, of Penrith: Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Stafford, Thomas, of Penrith: Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, York Foundry: Kirkby Thore (2) (?), p. 147a.

Bell-frames:
-, 17th-century: Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Undated: Marton, Long (1), p. 169a.

Bellingham:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial; see also Middleton under Heraldry; after 1550, Asby (6) (key-block), p. 16b; Levens (1), p. 153b; achievements-of-arms of, Levens (1) (overmantels), p. 153a; cartouches and panels of arms representing alliances of family, Levens (1), pp. 152b, 153a, b; quartered arms of, Levens (1), pp. 152a, b, 153a; quartering Burneshead, Levens (1), pp. 152b, 153a; quartering Burneshead and impaling quartered arms of Curwen, Levens (1), p. 153a; badges of, Levens (1), pp. 152b, 153a; Manor of Burneside owned by family of, Strickland Roger (1), p. 223a; Levens Hall in possession of family of, Levens (1), p. 151a; town-house of family of, Kendal (18), p. 127a.
-, Alan, 1577, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Dorothie (Boynton) 16267, wife of Sir Henry Bellingham, monument, Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-, Sir James, initials and date 1602, on Heversham church, Heversham (1), p. 110a; Levens Hall reconstructed by, Levens (1), p. 151a; and Agnes his wife, initials and date possibly referring to, Helsington (3), 108a; Heversham (1), p. 111a; initials and various dates referring to, at Levens Hall, Levens (1), p. 152a.
-, James, church plate given to Heversham by, Heversham (1), p. 111a.
-, Sir Roger, Bellingham Chapel built by, Kendal (1), p. 119b; Sir Roger, 1533, and Margaret (Aske) his wife, altar-tomb, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Thomasin, see Thornborough.

Bellingham Chapel, in Kendal church, Kendal (1), pp. 119b, 121a.

Bellman Ground, Undermillbeck (21), p. 232b.

" Houses, Undermillbeck (20), p. 232b.

Bells:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxii.
-, 13th-century: Appleby (2), p. 7b; Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a; Mallerstang (1), p. 163a.
-, 14th-century: Appleby (2), p. 7b; Crook (1), p. 72b; Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a.
-, c. 1400: Marton, Long (1), p. 169a.
-, 15th-century: Brough (2), p. 50a; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Musgrave (1), p. 179a; Ormside (1), p. 186b; Orton (1), p. 189a; Patterdale (1), p. 191b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; Strickland Ketel (1), p. 220b.
-, c. 1500: Marton, Long (1), p. 169a.
-, Medival but undated: (?) Martindale (1), p. 165b; Strickland, Little (1), p. 222a.
-, Late 16th or early 17th-century: Bampton (1), p. 28b; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (1), p. 230b.
-, 17th-century: Barton (1), p. 36b; Bolton (1), p. 43b; Brough (2), p. 50a; Brougham (2), p. 55a; Dufton (1), p. 94a; Kendal (1), p. 121b; Lowther (1), p. 159b; Morland (1), p. 177a; Orton (1), p. 189a; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; Soulby (1), p. 215a; Troutbeck (1), p. 227b; Undermillbeck (1), p. 231b; Witherslack (1), p. 248b.
-, Early 18th-century: Bampton (1), p. 28b; Killington (1), p. 131b; Milburn (2), p. 173b.
-, Undated: Kentmere (1), p. 129b; Shap, Rural (2), p. 207a.
-, Sanctus: Undated, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

Ben Place, Grasmere (49), p. 99b.

Benson:
-, Dorothy, communion cup given by, Grasmere (1), p. 97b.
-, Isabella, see Curwen.
-, John, additions to Grasmere church under terms of will of, Grasmere (1), p. 96b.
-, John, house built by, Grasmere (18), p. 98a.
-, John and Ann, initials of, and date 1685, Langdales (17), p. 149b.

Bents Hill, Tumulus or cairn on, Crosby Garrett (9), p. 78a.

Berry Holme, Helsington (10), p. 108b.

Bewley, arms of, see under Vipont.

" Castle, Bolton (2), p. 43b.

Bibles, see under Books.

Bield, The, Langdales (10), p. 149a.

Biggins Hall, Kirkby Lonsdale (4), p. 136b.

Bigland, Jane, daughter of Thomas Bigland, 1712, monument, Kendal (1), p. 122a.

Bill, Charles, prayer-book printed by, Appleby (1), p. 5b.

Bindloss: arms of, after 1550, Helsington (2), p. 107b; see also Buskell.

Birchfield, Firbank (10), p. 96b.

Bird:
-, Arms of, on pewter paten, Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b.
-, James, Steward of Lady Anne Clifford, cup given to Brougham Chapel by, Brougham (3), p. 57a.

Birk Beck, bridge over, Orton (4), p. 189b.

Birkbeck:
-, Achievement-of-arms of, Brougham (6), p. 63a; Orton Old Hall owned by family of, Orton (6), p. 189b.
-, Edward, Hornby Hall built by, Brougham (6), p. 62b.

Birkett or Burkett:
-, Agnes, cup given to chapel by, Troutbeck (1), p. 227b.
-, George, initials of, and date 1626, Troutbeck (11), p. 228b.
-, Richard, 1699, monument, Martindale (1), p. 165b.

Birk Hag, Kendal (9), p. 125a.

Birks, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (9), p. 231a; Witherslack (15), p. 249b.

Black Bull Inn, see under Inns.

" Swan Inn, see under Inns.

" Yeats, Preston Patrick (5), p. 197a.

Bland, Margaret, (17045?), and Nathan, 1699 and Eleanor, 1709, her children, monument, Middleton (2), p. 170b.

Blea Beck, village settlement near, Shap, Rural (73), p. 211b.

Bleaflath, Ravenstonedale (7), p. 199a.

Bleamoss Beck, enclosures near, Langdales (47), p. 150b.

Blease Hall, Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (3), p. 117b.

Bleatarn Farm, Langdales (45), p. 150b.

Bleathgill, Stainmore (5), p. 216b.

Blenkinsop or Blenkynsop:
-, Arms of, quartering Salkeld, Vaux and Hellbeck, Brough (9), p. 53b.
-, [Thomas] and Katherine his wife, 1[4]74, brass, Brough (2), p. 50a.

Blindtarn Gill, Grasmere (34), p. 99a.

Blue Grass, outbuilding at, Mallerstang (8), p. 164b.

Blythe, John, 15623, brass, Morland (1), p. 177a.

Bolton, pp. 424.

Bomby Gate, Bampton (12), p. 29b.

" Waters, Bampton (14), p. 29b.

Bongate, St. Michael's church, Appleby (2), p. 6b.

Bonscale, Martindale (27), p. 166b.

Books:
-, Act for suppressing profane cursing (1689), Grasmere (1), p. 97a.
-, Bibles, Ambleside (2), p. 3b; Appleby (1), p. 5b; Bowness (1), p. 46a; Patterdale (1), p. 191b.
-, Defence of the Apology of the Church of England, Bowness (1), p. 46a.
-, Foxe's Book of Martyrs, Appleby (1), p. 5b.
-, Jewel's Answer to Harding, 1569, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Prayer-books: Appleby (1), p. 5b; Grasmere (1), p. 97a.
-, Prayers for special occasions, 1665, Grasmere (1), p. 97a.
-, Various, Haverbrack (1), (library given in 1705), p. 103a.

Booth, Joseph, initials and date I. and A.B. for, and date 1623, Kirkby Lonsdale (6), p. 137b.

Borderside, Crosthwaite and Lyth (21), p. 92b.

Bordriggs Farm, Bowness (3), p. 47a.

Boredale, barn on E. side of, Martindale (7), p. 166a.

Boredalehead, Martindale (32), p. 166b.

Boroughgate, Appleby (7), p. 12b; (8), (9), p. 14a.

Borrans, Whinfell (1), p. 243a.

" The, Windermere (10), p. 246a.

Borrans Field, Roman fort in, Ambleside (1), p. 1a.

Borrens, Middleton (8), p. 172b.

Borrow Beck, bridges over, Fawcett Forest (2), p. 95b; Tebay (4), p. 225b.

Borrowdale Beck, bridge over; Shap, Rural (13), p. 209a.

" Head, Fawcett Forest (3), p. 95b.

" House, Stainmore (10), p. 216b.

Borwick Fold, Staveley, Nether (9), p. 219a.

" Hall, Lancs. panelling and overmantel from, at Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 107b.

Boundary Bank, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (3), p. 231a.

" House, Helsington (16), p. 109a.

Boundary-stone, Barton (12), p. 38b.

Bousfield, House at, Orton (12), p. 190a.

Bowbank, Skelsmergh (7), p. 213b.

Bowber Hill, lynchets on, Waitby (19), p. 237a.

Bowderdale, Ravenstonedale (23), p. 199b.

Bowderthwaite, Shap, Rural (48), p. 210a.

Bowerbank, Barton (15), p. 38b.

Bowes (Yorks), Roman fort, p. xxxviii; Roman road from Brougham to, p. xlii.

Bowfield, Shap, Rural (60), p. 210b.

Bowland Bridge, Crosthwaite and Lyth (2), p. 91a.

Bowling-green, Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 81a.

Bowls, see under Plate, Church. Bronze, found in mound on Wiseber Hill, Kirkby Stephen (10), p. 144a; Ormside bowl, p. 185b.

Bowman, arms of, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (10), p. 252b.

Bowness, William, tablet recording bequest of, Bolton (1), p. 43b.

Bowness on Windermere, pp. 447.

Bowston Bridge, Strickland Ketel (2), p. 220b.

" Hall, Strickland Ketel (8), p. 221a.

Boynton:
-, Arms of, after 1550, quartering Old Boynton, Delsee and Monceaux, Helsington (2), p. 107a; impaling Tempest quartering Umfraville, Helsington (2), p. 108a.
-, Dorothie, see Bellingham.
-, Sir Griffith, monument repaired by, Heversham (1), p. 110b.

Boynton, Old, arms of, see Boynton above.

Brabin, Thomas, house at Beetham Hall built by, Beetham (2), p. 40a; initials of, and date 1653, Beetham (2), p. 41a.

Braboniacum, see Kirkby Thore under Roman, Forts.

Bracken, I., name on panel at School House, Winton (2), p. 247b.

Brackenber Hall, Murton (2), p. 178b.

" Moor, mounds on, Murton (8), p. 178b.

Bracken Hall, Lambrigg (1), p. 148b.

Brackenlowe, Shap, Rural (49), p. 210a.

Brackenrigg Side, Whitwell and Selside (8), p. 244b.

Brackets:
-, 13th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142a; Orton (1), p. 189a.
-, 15th-century: Barton (1), p. 36b; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142a.
-, Medival: Clifton (1), p. 69a; Orton (1), p. 189a.
-, 17th-century: Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a.
-, Undated: Warcop (1), p. 238a.

Bradley:
-, Cuthbert, 1624, floor-slab, Brougham (2), p. 55b.
-, I. and M., initials of and date 1687, Bampton (30), p. 30a.
-, Roger, initials of, and date 1686, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (3), p. 252a.

Bradley, Strickland, Great (7), p. 220b.

Bradleyfield House, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (4), p. 231a.

Braithwaite:
-, Arms of, after 1550, Strickland Ketel (3) (glass), p. 221a; High House formerly owned by family of, Hugill or Ings (3), p. 114b.
-, Sir Thomas, 1683, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Thomas and Margaret, initials of, and date 1692, Troutbeck (13), p. 229a.

Braithwaite Fold, Undermillbeck (17), p. 232b.

Brampton Hall, Marton, Long (3), p. 169b.

Brand, arms of, Ravenstonedale (3), p. 198b.

Brandreth Stone, Tebay (23), p. 226a.

Brandon, arms of, after 1550, see Clifford.

Brantfield Farm, Bowness (4), p. 47a.

Branthwaite Brow, Kendal (19), (20), p. 127a.

Brasses, Monumental:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiii.
-, Ecclesiastical:
-,-, c. 1500: Musgrave (1), p. 179a.
-, Military:
-,-, 16th-century: Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Inscriptions (with or without heraldry):
-,-, 15th-century: Brough (2), p. 50a; Lowther (1), p. 159b.
-,-, 16th-century: Morland (1), p. 177a.
-,-, 17th-century: Barton (1), p. 36b; Bowness (1), p. 46b; Grasmere (1), p. 97a-b; Kendal (1), p. 121b; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Middleton (2), p. 170b; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Ormside (1); p. 186b.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Brough (2), p. 50a; Kendal (1), p. 121b; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b; Shap, Urban (1), pp. 204b; 205a; Witherslack (1), p. 248b.
-, Palimpsest:
-,-, 16th-century: Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Indents: Asby (1), p. 15a; Barton (1), p. 36b; Brough (2), p. 50a; Morland (1), p. 177a; Warcop (1), p. 238a.

Brasswork:
-, Knocker: Early 18th-century: Patterdale (54), p. 193b.
-, Scutcheon: Early 18th-century: Patterdale (54), p. 193b.

Brathay Bridge: Rydal and Loughrigg (2), p. 201a.

" River: bridges over, Langdales (3), p. 149a; Rydal and Loughrigg (2), p. 201a.

Braysteads, Patterdale (51), p. 193b.

Bretherdale Beck, bridge over, Orton (5), p. 189b.

Bridge, Ravenstonedale (19), p. 199b.

" End, Bampton (35), p. 30b; Firbank (2), p. 96a; Longsleddale (7), p. 158a; bridge at, Longsleddale (3), p. 157b.

Bridgend, Martindale (17), p. 166a; Patterdale (22), p. 192b.

Bridge End Farm, Clifton (3), p. 70a.

" " House, Morland (4), p. 177b.

" Inn, see under Inns.

" Stone Cottage, Kentmere (9), p. 130b.

Bridges:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxii.
-, Dating from late 15th or early 16th century: Barbon (2), p. 34b; Kirkby Lonsdale (3), p. 136b.
-, Dating from the 16th century: Warcop (2), p. 238b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (1), p. 250a.
-, Dating from late 16th or early 17th century: Helsington (3), p. 108a.
-, Dating from the 17th century: Ambleside (5), (6), p. 3b; Asby (3), p. 15a; Askham (3), (4), p. 21a; Bampton (2), (3), (4), p. 29a; Beetham (1), p. 40a; Barbon (3), p. 35a; Crosby Ravensworth (5), p. 80b; Crosthwaite and Lyth (2), p. 91a; Fawcett Forest (1), (2), p. 95b; Firbank (1), p. 96a; Grasmere (2), (3), (4), p. 97b; Heversham (3), p. 111a; Hugill or Ings (2), p. 114a; Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (2), p. 117a; Kendal (4), (5), p. 124a; Kirkby Stephen (2), (3), p. 143a; Langdales (3), p. 149a; Levens (2), p. 155b; Longsleddale (2), p. 157b; Mallerstang (4), p. 164a; Musgrave (2), p. 179a; Orton (3), (4), p. 189b; Patterdale (2), (3), (4), (5), p. 191b; Rydal and Loughrigg (2), p. 201a; (4), p. 202a; Shap, Urban (3), (4), p. 205a; Shap, Rural (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), pp. 208b, 209a; Skelsmergh (1), p. 212a; Stainton (2), (3), (4), p. 217b; Staveley, Nether (1), p. 218a; Staveley, Over (2), p. 219b; Strickland Ketel (2), p. 220b; Tebay (3), p. 225a; Troutbeck (3), p. 227b; Undermillbeck (2), p. 231b; Whitwell and Selside (2), (3), (4), p. 243b.
-, Dating from late 17th or early 18th century: Ambleside (4), p. 3b; Orton (5), p. 189b; (21), p. 190a; Tebay (4), p. 225b.
-, Dating from early 18th century: Crosthwaite and Lyth (15), p. 92b; Langdales (2), p. 148b; Preston Patrick (2), p. 195b.
-, Undated: Longsleddale (3), p. 157b.

Briggs:
-, Cowmire Hall owned by family of, Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91a.
-, Phineas, of York, monumental brass signed by, Barton (1), p. 36b.

Brimmer Head, Grasmere (33), p. 99a.

Brinns, Shap, Rural (14), p. 209a.

Briquessart, Rannulf de, lord of Cumberland and Westmorland, p. liv.

Bristo, Agnes, 1702, and Henry, 1717, monument, Shap, Urban (1), p. 205.

Britannia, see under Inns.

British Museum: coins from Brough in, p. 48b; food-vessel from Askham in, p. 27b28a; finds from cairn on Bents Hill in, Crosby Garrett (9), p. 78a; urn from cairn on Gaythorn Plain in, Crosby Ravensworth (52), p. 90a; finds from cairn near Lane Head, Crosby Ravensworth (57), p. 90a; finds from mound on Wiseber Hill, Kirkby Stephen (10), p. 144a; Roman finds from Kirkby Thore in, pp. xli; 145b; incense-cup from Mallerstang in, p. 165a.

Broadhow or Wordsworth's Cottage, Patterdale (11), p. 192a.

Broadoak, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (15), p. 231a.

Broad Raine Mill, house at, Killington (10), p. 132b.

Brocavum, see Brougham under Roman, Forts.

Brockholes, Tebay (6), p. 225b.

Brockstones, Kentmere (13), p. 130b.

Brodgar, Ring of (Orkney), p. xxxi.

Bromfleet, arms of, before 1550, see Threlkeld under Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial; arms of, after 1550, see under Clifford.

Bromley Green, Ormside (5), p. 187b.

Brooklands, Holme (3), p. 114a.

Broomend of Crichie (Aberdeenshire), p. xxxi.

Broomgarth End, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (21), p. 231b.

Brothers Water, village settlement near, Patterdale (61), p. 194a.

Brough: pp. 4754; Roman road from Brougham to, p. xlii; Roman inscribed slab now in church porch, pp. 48b, 50b; S. Stainmore church formerly a chapel of, Stainmore (2), p. 216a.

" Castle, Brough (3), pp. lvi; 503; position in Roman fort, Brough (1), pp. 47b, 50b; stone from, used to repair Appleby Castle, p. 8b.

" Sowerby, p. 54a.

Brougham: pp. 5463; Roman roads in neighbourhood of, pp. xlii, xliii.

" Castle: Brougham (4), p. lvi; p. 57a; stone from, used to repair Appleby Castle, p. 8a.

" Hall: Brougham (7), p. 63a; Roman altar now at, p. xli.

Brougham and Vaux, Lord, Brougham Chapel restored by, Brougham (3), p. 56a; Brougham Hall largely re-built by, Brougham (7), p. 63a.

Broughton, arms of, before 1550, see Thornborough under Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial.

Brow, Langdales (9), p. 149a.

" Head, Rydal and Loughrigg (17), p. 202b; Troutbeck (13), p. 229a.

Brown Howe, Newby (16), p. 185a.

Browne:
-, Town End owned by family of, Troutbeck (4), p. 227b.
-, William and Jane, initials of, and date 1686, Troutbeck (23), p. 229b.

Bryan Houses, Undermillbeck (6), (7), p. 232a.

Buck, Samuel and Nathaniel, view of Brough castle by, p. 52b; view of Pendragon castle by, Mallerstang (3), p. 163b.

Buck Park, Shap, Rural (72), p. 210b.

Buckcess, Troutbeck (27), p. 229b.

Bull's Head, Bronze, Kirkby Lonsdale (37), pp. xxxiv; 140a.

Bull Flat, mounds on, Crosby Garrett (8), p. 78a.

Bullgill, Wharton (4), p. 242b.

Bullistone Bridge, lynchets near, Hillbeck (2), p. 112a.

Burials:
-, See Pre-historic and Roman Westmorland, pp. xxviii-xxx.
-, Cremation: Asby (29), p. 20b; Askham (45), (f), (g), p. 28a; Brougham (9), p. 63b; Crosby Garrett (9), p. 78a; (10), pp. xxviii-xxx; 78b; Crosby Ravensworth (51), (52), (56), p. 90a; Kirkby Stephen (10), (13), p. 144a; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b; Mallerstang (18), p. 165a; Ravenstonedale (35), p. 200b; Shap, Rural (79), p. 212a; Waitby (15), p. 236b.
-, Inhumation: Asby (25), p. 20a; (28), p. 20a; p. 20b; Askham (45), (h), p. 28a; Crosby Garrett (10), p. 78b; Crosby Ravensworth (25), p. 83b; (52), (56), (57), p. 90a; (58), p. 90b; Kirkby Stephen (12), (13), p. 144a; Levens (17), p. 157a, b; Orton (41), (42), (43), p. 191a.

Burn, Richard, reference to Shap Stones, Shap, Urban (26), p. 206a; see also Nicholson and Burn.

Burn Banks, cairn on fell-side above, Bampton (74), p. 34a.

Burneshead: arms of, before 1550, see Bellingham under Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial; arms of, after 1550, see under Bellingham; manor of Burneside owned by family of, Strickland Roger (1), p. 223a.

Burneside, church of St. Oswald, Strickland Ketel (1), p. 220b.

" Hall, Strickland Roger (1), p. 223a.

Burrells, barn and cow-house at, Hoff (10), p. 113b.

Burrow, Margaret, wife of Richard Burrow, 1700, brass, Witherslack (1), p. 248b.

Burton, pp. 636.

" in Kendal, Preston Patrick church formerly a chapel of, Preston Patrick (1), p. 195b.

" Hall, Burton (10), p. 65b; Warcop (5), p. 239a.

" House, Skelsmergh (6), p. 213b.

Burwain, King's Meaburn (9), p. 133b.

Burwens, village settlement, Crosby Ravensworth (28), p. 86a.

" Hill, Roman remains found on, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 144b.

Bushby Cottage, Martindale (21), p. 166a.

Busk, Langdales (11), p. 149a.

Buskell: arms of, after 1550, quartering Bindloss, Heversham (1) (glass), p. 110b; name inscribed on glass, Heversham (1), p. 110b.

Buskethowe, Orton (38), p. 190b.

Butterwick Bridge, Bampton (3), p. 29a; cottage near, Bampton (34), p. 30b.

Csar's Tower, Appleby Castle Keep, pp. lvi; 8a, b.

Cain and Abel, carved panel representing, Brougham (3), p. 56b.

Cairns, see Earthworks.

Calgarth Hall, Windermere (1), p. 244b.

Camden, William, reference to Shap Stones, Shap, Urban (26) p. 206a.

Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, bronze inscription from Brough now in, Brough (1), pp. xxxviii; 48b.

Camm, John, born at Camsgill, Preston Patrick (4), p. 197a.

Camsgill, Preston Patrick (4), p. 197a.

Cappleside Hall, Beetham (4), p. 42a.

Capplethwaite Hall, Killington (13), p. 133a.

Carhullan, Bampton (53), p. 31a.

Carlisle: conquered by William II, p. liii; creation of bishopric, p. lv; Bewley Castle built for bishops of, Bolton (2), p. 43b; organ formerly in cathedral, Appleby (1), p. 6a; Tullie House Museum, finds from Ewe Close in, Crosby Ravensworth (25), p. 83b; Roman finds from Kirkby Thore, pp. xli; 145b; Roman milestone from Hangingshaw, Long Marton, p. xliv.

Carmelites, see under Monastic and Collegiate Buildings.

Carnaby, arms of, see Crackanthorpe.

Carriers' Implements, represented in glass, Bowness (1), p. 46b.

Cartmel Priory (Lancashire): arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial; glass in Bowness church from, p. 46a.

Cartmell, Anne, daughter of Isaac Cartmell, 170(2), monument, Preston Richard (1), p. 197a.

Cartwright, Gervas, 17078, brass, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b.

Carus:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Middleton under Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial; after 1550, impaling Wyville, Windermere (1), p. 245a.
-, Elizabeth, see Curwen.
-, Katherine, see Philipson, Rowland.

Carvings, etc., not in situ:
-, See also, Crosses, Churchyard, Pre-Conquest, and also under Roman.
-, 12th-century: Barton (1), p. 37a; Bolton (1) (armed knights and inscription), p. 43b; Dufton (1), p. 94a; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Morland (1), p. 177b; Ormside (1), p. 187a; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; Shap, Urban (1), p. 205a.
-, 13th-century: Barbon (1), p. 34b; Shap, Urban (1), p. 205a.
-, 14th-century: Barton (1), p. 37a; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a.
-, 15th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a.
-, 16th-century: Barton (1), p. 37a.
-, Undated: Lupton (3), p. 162b.
-, Wooden (Foreign): Bowness (1) (St. Martin), p. 47a; Brougham (3), p. 56b57a.

Casterton, pp. 667; attached to manor of Whittington, p. lii.

Castle Bank, Appleby (14), p. 14a.

" Bridge, Mallerstang (4), p. 164a.

" Crag Fort, Bampton (68), pp. xxxii; 31b.

" Dairy, Kendal (10), p. 125a.

" Folds, Asby (22), pp. xxxiiin; 19a.

" Hill: Dufton (8), pp. xxxii; 95a; resemblance to Croglam Castle, Kirkby Stephen (9), p. 143b; Dufton, resemblance to Howgill Fold, Warcop (13), p. 240a; resemblance to Murton (7), p. 178b.

" Howe, Kendal (2), p. 122a; Tebay (1), (2), p. 225a.

Castlehowe Scar, stone circle near, Crosby Ravensworth (59), p. 90b.

Castle Roper, Stainmore (18), p. 217a.

Castles:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lx.
-, Dating from c. 1100: Brough (3), p. 50b.
-, Dating from the 12th century: Appleby (3), p. 7b; Brougham (4), p. 57a; Pendragon, Mallerstang (3), p. 163b.
-, Dating from the 13th century: Kendal (3), p. 122b.
-, Dating from the 14th century: Bewley, Bolton (2), p. 43b; Sizergh, Helsington (2), p. 106a; Lammerside Castle, Wharton (1), p. 240a.

Castleshaw, near Manchester, Roman fort II, p. xxxviiin.

Castlesteads: Lowther (2), p. 160a; Natland (8), pp. xxxii; 181b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (15), p. 253b.

Castlethwaite, House at, Mallerstang (5), p. 164b.

Castrigg Hill, enclosure on, Marton, Long (13), pp. xl; 169b.

Catherine Holme, outbuilding at, Ormside (8), p. 187b.

Caudalebeck: barns at, Patterdale (48), (49), p. 193b; house at Patterdale (49), p. 193b.

Causeway, Patterdale (18), p. 192b.

" Farm, Windermere (2), p. 245a.

Cautley (Cawtley) (Yorks), Mallerstang chapel endowed with lands in, Mallerstang (1), p. 163a.

Cavalade, Stainmore (4), p. 216b.

Caves, see under Earthworks.

Ceilings:
-, See also Sectional Preface under Plasterwork, p. lxv.
-, Plaster:
-,-, 16th-century: Brougham (6), p. 63a; Helsington (2), p. 107a; Kendal (10), p. 125b; Levens (1), p. 153a, b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250b.
-,-, Late 16th or early 17th-century: Barton (2), p. 37b; Strickland Roger (1), p. 224a.
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (4), p. 12a; Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (3), p. 117b. Kendal (36), (42), p. 128a; (55), p. 128b; Kirkby Lonsdale (11), p. 138b; Strickland, Little (2), p. 222a; Windermere (1), p. 245a.
-, Wooden Ribbed:
-,-, 16th-century: Helsington (2), p. 107a, b; Kendal (10), p. 125b.

Cellaron, Sockbridge (10), p. 215a; North Farm, Barton (9), p. 38b.

Celt, found near Hind Wood, Troutbeck (33), p. 230a.

Chairs, see under Furniture, and also Stools under Seating.

Challon Hall, Preston Patrick (9), p. 197a.

" " Bridge, Preston Patrick (2), p. 195b.

Chamber's Tenement, Levens (13), p. 156b.

Chambers, achievement-of-arms possibly of, Stainton (8), p. 218a.

Chapel Hill: Ambleside (10), p. 4a; Shap, Rural (46), p. 210a.

" in the Hause, Martindale (33), p. 166b.

" Rigg, lynchets at, Ravenstoncdale (37), p. 200b.

" Stile: Langdales (24), (31), pp. 149b150a; Langdales church in, Langdales (1), p. 148b.

" Street, Appleby, pseudo-Roman inscriptions in, Appleby (13), p. 14a.

Charles I, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

" II, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

Chert, triangular implement of, Orton (41), p. 191a.

Chester, Bishop of, in 1709, see Dawes, Sir William.

Chesters Museum, Roman finds from Kirkby Thore in, p. 145b.

Chests, see under Furniture.

Chew Green (Northumberland), Roman fort, p. xxxviiin.

Christ: Figures of: Haverbrack (1) (glass), p. 103b; Incidents from the Life and Passion of: Scenes from the early life of: Brougham (3), p. 56b; Adoration of the Magi, Brougham (3), p. 57a; Clifton (1) (pulpit), p. 69b; Circumcision: Brougham (3), p. 57a (reredos), p. 57a; Presentation in the Temple: Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a; Baptism: Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a; Entry into Jerusalem: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b; Brougham (3) (organ-case), p. 56b; Bearing of the Cross: Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a; Crucifixion: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a; Brough (2) (glass), p. 50b; Brougham (3) (glass), p. 56b; (organ-case), p. 56b; (reredos), p. 57a; Haverbrack (1) (glass), p. 103b; Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (1) (chalice), p. 117a; Descent from the Cross (see also Pieta under Mary the Virgin, St.): Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a; Entombment: Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a; Resurrection: Bowness (1) (?) (glass), p. 46b; Brougham (3) (locker), p. 56b; In Judgment: Kirkby Thore (2) (glass), p. 147a.

Church Street, House and shop in, Ambleside (13), p. 4a.

" View, Strickland, Little (4), p. 222b.

Churches and Chapels: See also Sectional Preface. p. lvii.
-, Pre-Conquest:
-,-, Dating from the 11th century: Crosby Garrett (1), p. 73a; Morland (1), p. 175a.
-,-, Post-Conquest: Dating from the 11th century: Ormside (1), p. 185b.
-,-, Dating from c. 1100: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 133b; Marton, Long (1), p. 167b.
-,-, Dating from the 12th century: Appleby (1), p. 4b; (2), p. 6b; Barton (1), p. 35b; Bolton (1) p. 42b; Brough (2) p. 49a; Burton (1), p. 63b; Cliburn (1), p. 67b; Clifton (1), p. 69a; Haverbrack (1), p. 101b; Heversham (1), p. 109a; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 146a; Lowther (1), p. 158b; Milburn (2), p. 173a; Newbiggin (1), p. 182b; Warcop (1), p. 237b.
-,-, Dating from late 12th and early 13th century: Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 78b.
-,-, Dating from the 13th century: Brougham Castle Oratory, Brougham (4), p. 60a; Kendal (1), p. 119a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 140a; Orton (1), p. 188a; Shap, Urban (1), p. 204b; Shap, Rural (3), p. 207a.
-,-, Dating from the 14th century: Brougham Castle Chapel, Brougham (4), p. 61b; Grasmere (1), p. 96b; Killington (1), p. 131b; Staveley, Over (1) (tower only), p. 219a.
-,-, Dating from the 15th century: Bowness (1), p. 44b.
-,-, Medival, but undated: Shap, Rural (1), p. 206b.
-,-, Dating from the 16th century: Sizergh Castle Chapel, Helsington (2), p. 108a; Shap, Urban (2), p. 205a; Troutbeck (1), p. 227a.
-,-, Dating from the 17th century: Appleby (4), p. 12a; Brougham (2), p. 54b; Brougham (3), p. 56a; Crook (1) (Tower only), p. 72b; Mallerstang (1), p. 163a; Martindale (1), p. 165a; Shap, Rural (2), p. 207a; Soulby (1), p. 215a; Witherslack (1), p. 248a.
-,-, Dating from early in the 18th century: Bampton (1) (1726), p. 28b; Helsington (1) (1726), p. 104b; Skelsmergh (3), p. 213a.
-,-, Rebuilt: Ambleside (2), p. 3a; Asby (1), p. 15a; Askham (1), p. 20b; Crosthwaite and Lyth (1), p. 90b; Firbank, p. 96a; Grayrigg (2), p. 101a; Hutton, Old and Holmescales (1), p. 117a; Hutton Roof (1), p. 118a; Langdales (1), p. 148b; Longsleddale (1), p. 157b; Middleton (2), p. 170b; Musgrave (1), p. 179a; Patterdale (1), p. 191b; Preston Patrick (1), p. 195b; Stainmore (2), p. 216a; Stainton (1), p. 217b; Strickland Ketel (1) p. 220b; Strickland, Little (1), p. 221b; Temple Sowerby (2), p. 226a; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (1), p. 230b; Undermillbeck (1), p. 231b; Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.
-,-, Rebuilt in the 18th century, incorporating 13th-century material: Ravenstonedale (1), p. 197b.
-,-, Modern, but containing ancient fittings: Ambleside (2), p. 3a; Barbon (1), p. 34b; Hugill or Ings (1), p. 114a; Lupton (1), p. 162a; Rydal and Loughrigg (1), p. 201a.
-,-, Uncertain date: Asby (2) (foundations only), p. 15a; Crosby Ravensworth (8) (no visible traces left), p. 81b; Dufton (1), p. 93b; Kentmere (1), p. 129b.

Circles, Stone, see under Earthworks and Rude Standing Stones.

Clady Halliday (Co. Tyrone), cremation burial at, p. xxix.

Claudius II, Emperor, coins of, Brough (1), p. 48b.

Clawthorpe Hall, Burton (2), p. 65b.

Cliburn, Richard, arms of, quartering Kirkbride, Cliburn (2), p. 68b; Cliburn Hall built by, Cliburn (2), p. 68a, b.

Cliburn: pp. 679; included in bishopric of Carlisle, p. 1vn.

" Hall, Cliburn (2), p. 68a.

Clifford:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial; shields-of-arms showing the descent of the house of, Appleby (1), p. 6a; arms of, after 1550, Appleby Castle, p. 9a; impaling Brandon, Appleby (1), p. 6b; impaling Bromfleet, Appleby (4), p. 12a; impaling Dacre, Appleby (4), p. 12a; impaling Russell, Appleby (4), p. 12a; Brougham (5), p. 62b; impaling St. John, Appleby (4), p. 12a; impaling Vipont, Appleby (4), p. 12a; Brougham (5), p. 62b; Kirkby Thorc (2) (carved stone), p. 147b; quartering Vipont, Brough (9), p. 53b; see also under Herbert and Sackville.
-, Appleby Castle in possession of family of, p. 8a; Beetham Hall owned by family of, Beetham (2), p. 40a; Brougham Castle in possession of family of, Brougham (4), p. 57a; Pendragon Castle owned by family of, Mallerstang (3), p. 163b.
-, The Lady Anne, Baroness Clifford, Countess of Dorset, Pembroke and Montgomerie (159016756), pp. 1v1vii; buildings repaired or re-built by, Appleby (1), p. 4b; (2), p. 6b; (3), pp. 8a, b, 11a, 12a; Brough Castle, Brough (3), pp. 52a, b, 53a; Brougham (2), p. 54b; (3), p. 56a; (4), p. 58ab, 60b; Mallerstang (1), p. 163a; (3), p. 163b; Castle Bridge built by, Mallerstang (4), p. 164a; St. Anne's Hospital founded by, Appleby (1), p. 11a; bell given to Brough church by, Brough (2), p. 50a; inscriptions with name or initials of, Appleby (2), p. 7a; (3), p. 9b; (4), p. 12a, b; Brougham (2), p. 54b55a; (4), p. 60b; (5), p. 62b; Mallerstang (1), p. 163a; (2), p. 163b; locks with initials of, p. 1vii; Asby (4), p. 15b; Kendal (6), p. 124a; monument to, Appleby (1), pp. lvii; 6a; monument to her mother erected by, Appleby (1), p. 6a; Countess' Pillar erected in memory of her mother by, Brougham (5), pp. lvii; 62b; Lady's Pillar erected by, Mallerstang (2), p. 163b; vault in St. Lawrence's Church built by, Appleby (1), p. 4b; George Sedgwick secretary of, pp. lvii; 124a; James Bird, steward of, p. 57a; Gabriell Vincent, steward of, pp. 1vi, 1vii; 50b.
-, Henry, 2nd Earl of Cumberland, Brougham Castle repaired by, Brougham (4), p. 58a.
-, Margarett (Russell), widow of George, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, 1616, monument and effigy, Appleby (1), p. 6a; Countess' Pillar erected and annuity left to be distributed by Lady Anne Clifford in memory of, Brougham (5), p. 62b.
-, Robert de, Pendragon Castle strengthened by, Mallerstang (3), p. 163b.
-, Roger de, Brougham Castle in possession of, p. 57a.
-, Roger, 5th Lord, additions and alterations to Brougham Castle by, Brougham (4), p. 57b; inscription probably referring to, Brougham (4), pp. 57b58a, 60b; Pendragon Castle restored by, Mallerstang (3), p. 163b.
-, Thomas, 8th Lord, Appleby Castle repaired by, p. 8a.

Clifford's Tower, Brough Castle, Brough (3), p. 53a.

Clifton: pp. 6970; glass in Swindale Chapel said to be from, Shap, Rural (2), p. 207a.

" Hall, Clifton (2), p. 69b.

Clocks, see under Furniture.

Close, Isabel, name and date 1693, Hartley (4), p. 101b.

" Houses, Marton, Long (11), p. 169b.

Clothworkers Company, arms of, Strickland Ketel (3) (glass), p. 221a.

Cock Hag, Crook (4), p. 72b.

Cockin, Whinfell (7), p. 243a.

Cockpit, The, Barton (28), pp. xxxii; 39b.

" Hill, Kirkby Lonsdale (2), p. 136a.

Cockpits, see under Earthworks.

Coffins:
-, 13th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b.
-, Medival: Orton (1), p. 189a; Shap, Rural (3), p. 208a.
-, Wooden, found in a mound on Wiseber Hill, Kirkby Stephen (10), p. 144a.

Coffin-lids:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiii.
-, Late 12th or early 13th century: Mansergh (1), p. 165a.
-, 13th-century: Appleby (2), p. 7b; Barton (1), p. 36b; Brough (2), p. 50a; Brougham (2), p. 55a; Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a; Dufton (1), p. 94a; Kendal (1), p. 121b; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Morland (1), p. 177a; Musgrave (1), p. 179a; Ormside (1), p. 186b; Orton (1), p. 189a; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; Warcop (1), p. 238b.
-, Late 13th or early 14th-century: Appleby (2), p. 7b; Barton (1), p. 36b; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142ab; Shap, Urban (1), p. 204b.
-, 14th-century: Appleby (1), p. 5b, 6a; (2), p. 7b; Barton (1), p. 36b; Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142a; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; Morland (1), p. 177a; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a; Ormside (1), p. 186b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; Warcop (1), p. 238b.
-, Undated: Barton (1), p. 36b; Marton, Long (1) (piscina), p. 169a; Shap, Rural (3), p. 207b.

Colby, parish, p. 70b.

" Bampton (59), p. 31b.

Collecting Trays or Shovels:
-, See also Poor-Boxes and Alms-dishes under Plate, Church.
-, 17th-century: Troutbeck (1), p. 227b.
-, Early 18th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a.

College, The: Lowther (6), p. 161a; building now part of Parsonage Farm, Haverbrack (3), p. 104a.

Collinfield, Kendal (6), pp. lvii; 124a.

Collingwood:
-, Professor R.G.: on Hill Fort on Allen Knott, cited, Windermere (30), p. 247a; on Maiden Castle, cited, Stainmore (1), p. 215b; Ambleside Roman forts excavated by, p. 1a; Ewe Locks examined by, p. 85b; on Howarcles village settlement, cited, Crosby Ravensworth (33), p. 88a; on Teutonic type of house, cited, pp. 83b; 89a; 195a.
-, W. G.: Bampton Towtop Kirk excavated by, Bampton (73), pp. 33b, 34a; excavation of Ewe Close by, p. 83b; on Watercrook Roman fort, Natland (1), p. 180b.

Columba, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Commandments, The, panel painted with, Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.

Commodus, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Common, The, Windermere (16), p. 246b.

Communion Rails:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiii.
-, 17th-century: Bampton (1), p. 28b; Barton (1), p. 36b; Brougham (2), p. 55b; Heversham (1), p. 110b; Lowther (1), p. 159b; Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Orton (1), p. 189a; Shap, Urban (1), p. 204b.
-, Early 18th-century: Brough (2), p. 50a; Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a; Shap, Rural (1), p. 207a.
-, Incorporating old material: Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a.

Communion Tables:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiii.
-, 16th-century: Haverbrack (1), p. 103a.
-, 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; Askham (1), p. 20b; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Kendal (1), p. 121b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Lowther (1), p. 159b; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; Shap Urban (1), p. 204b; Warcop (1), p. 238b; Witherslack (1), p. 248b.
-, Early 18th-century: Bampton (1), p. 28b.

Compston House, Undermillbeck (5), p. 232a.

Conishead (Lancs), St. Leonard's Hospital formerly the property of Augustinian Priory at, Scalthwaiterigg (1), p. 204a.

Constable, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial.

Constans, coins of, Brough (1), p. 48b.

Constantine I, Emperor: coins of, Brough (1), p. 48b; milestones dedicated to, p. xliv.

" II, Emperor, coins of, Ambleside (1), p. 3a.

" King of Scots, submission to Athelstan, p. l.

Cook's House, Levens (4), p. 156a.

Cooke, ..., c. 1700, headstone, Lowther (1), p. 160a.

Cookson, Isaac, initials of, and date 1689, Troutbeck (22) p. 229a.

Cooper's Green, Shap, Rural (65), p. 210b.

" Tenement, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (22) p. 231b.

Copeland (Cauplandia), division of N.W. England, p. xlviii.

Coppackhowe, Skelsmergh (8), p. 213b.

Copperwork: Weather-vane, Staveley, Over (1), p. 219b.

Cop Stone, Askham (45), p. 27a.

Corney, John, initials of, and date 1639, on panel, Orton (1) p. 189a.

Cote, Martindale (24), p. 166a.

" Garth, Hartley (5), p. 101b.

" How, Rydal and Loughrigg (13), p. 202b.

Cothow, Martindale (12), p. 166a.

Council Houses' garden, Roman remains in wall of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 144b.

Countess' Pillar, The, Brougham (5), pp. lvii; 62b.

Coupland, earthwork at, Warcop (12), p. 240a.

Court House, stone carved with shields formerly on, Brough (9), p. 53b.

Coverdale's Bible, painted text from, Bowness (1), p. 46b.

Cover-patens, see under Plate, Church.

Cow Bank, Ravenstonedale (22), p. 199b.

" Bridge, Patterdale (2), p. 191b.

" Green, village settlement, Crosby Ravensworth (27), p. 85b.

Cowholm, Whitwell and Selside (11), p. 244b.

Cowmire Hall, Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91a.

Cowperthwaite, Firbank (13), p. 96b.

Crackanthorpe or Crackenthorpe:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see under Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial; after 1550, Newbiggin (1), p. 183b; (2), p. 183b; Strickland, Little (2), p. 222a; (6), p. 222b; impaling Carnaby, Newbiggin (2), pp. 183b184a; impaling Carnaby quartering another coat, Newbiggin (2), p. 184a; impaling Sandford, Newbiggin (2), pp. 183b184a. Howgill Castle formerly owned by family of, Milburn (3), p. 174a; Low Hall said to have been built by member of family of, Strickland, Little (2), p. 222a; Newbiggin Hall owned by family of, Newbiggin (2), p. 183b.
-, Christopher, part of Newbiggin Hall built by, Newbiggin (2), p. 183b.
-, Henry, initials and arms of, Newbiggin (2), p. 183b; arms of wives of, Newbiggin (2), p. 184a.

Crackenthorpe, pp. 702; for Camp see under Roman.

" Hall, Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a.

Cracoe, Barton (16), p. 38b.

Crag, Staveley, Nether (6), p. 219a.

" Cottage, Grasmere (11), p. 98a.

" Farm, Hutton, New (14), p. 116b.

" Head, Rydal and Loughrigg (22), p. 203a; (25), p. 203a.

" House: Sleagill (6), p. 213b; Stainmore (12), p. 216b; house in garden of, Troutbeck (15), p. 229a.

Crag's Lane, house at corner of, Hutton Roof (2), p. 118b.

Crags Mill: Shap, Urban (25), p. 206a; bridge at, Shap, Urban (4), p. 205a.

Cragside Wood, village settlement, Lowther (31), p. 161b.

Crake Hall, Hutton, New (18), p. 117a.

" Trees, Crosby Ravensworth (7), p. 81a.

Crane, arms of, Mansergh (1), p. 165a.

Crane, oak, Helsington (13), p. 108b.

Credence Table, modern but incorporating old material, Helsington (1), p. 106a.

Creed, The: painted on panel, Appleby (4), p. 12b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.

Crispina, coins of, Brough (1), p. 48b; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 146a.

Croft Foot: Docker (5), p. 93b; Sockbridge (2), p. 214b.

" Head: Hugill or Ings (12), p. 115a; Kentmere (3), p. 130a.

" House, Shap, Rural (19), p. 209a.

Croglam Castle: Kirkby Stephen (9), pp. xxxiin; 143b; Waitby Castle similar to, Waitby (8), p. 234a.

Crook, parish, pp. 723.

" Whinfell (3), p. 243a.

Crookabeck, Patterdale (13), p. 192a.

Crookdale beck, bridge over, Shap, Rural (12), p. 209a.

" Bridge, Shap, Rural (12), p. 209a.

Crookdyke, Barton (24), p. 39a.

Crook End, Crook (11), p. 73a.

Crookfoot Farm, Undermillbeck (8), p. 232a.

Crook Hall, Crook (2), p. 72b.

Crosby Garrett, pp. 738.

" " Fell, village settlements on, pp. 748.

" Gill, dykes, Crosby Ravensworth (36), p. 89a.

" Lodge, Crosby Ravensworth (19), p. 83a.

" Ravensworth, pp. 7890.

" " Fell: cairn on, Crosby Ravensworth (50), p. 90a; enclosure on, Crosby Ravensworth (40), p. 89b.

" " Hall, Homestead moat at, Crosby Ravensworth (2), p. 80a.

Cross, No. 8, The, Kirkby Lonsdale (8), p. 138a.

Crosscrake: see Stainton, p. 217b; church of St. Thomas, Stainton (1), p. 217b; Stainton (7), p. 218a.

Cross Dormont, Barton (23), p. 39a.

Crosses:
-, Churchyard or Standing (mostly portions only):
-,-, Pre-Conquest: See also Sectional Preface, p. lxv. 8th-century: Heversham (1), p. 110b; similarity to one at Lowther, Lowther (3), p. 160b; Kendal (1), p. 121b; Lowther (3), p. 160b. 8th or 9th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a. 9Th-century: Lowther (3), p. 160b. 10th-century: Burton (1), p. 65a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a. 10th or 11th-century: Burton (1), p. 65a. 11th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1), pp. 142b143a; Lowther (1), p. 160a. Undated: Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.
-,-, Post-Conquest: 14th-century: Bampton (1), p. 28b. Late 14th or early 15th-century: Casterton (1), p. 66a. Medival: Bowness (1), p. 46a; Brough (2), p. 50a; Brougham (2), p. 55a; Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a; Haverbrack (1), p. 103a; Lowther (1), p. 159b; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a; Orton (1), p. 189a. 17th-century: Ormside (1), p. 186b. Undated: Ormside (2), p. 187a; Warcop (1), p. 238a; (3) (steps only), p. 238b.
-,-, Consecration: See also Altars, Medival. Medival: Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.
-,-, Gable: Medival: Brough (2), p. 50b.
-,-, Market: Medival, but undated: Ambleside (3), p. 3b; Brough (4), p. 53b; Kirkby Lonsdale (7), p. 138a. 17th-century: Appleby (5), p. 12b. 18th-century: Appleby (5), p. 12b; Burton, p. 63b; Milnthorpe, p. 175a.
-,-, Olive-wood (inlaid): Cliburn (1), p. 68a.
-,-, Wheel-head: Pre-Conquest: Burton (1), p. 65a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a. Medival: Ormside (1), p. 187a.

Crosthwaite and Lyth, pp. 902.

Crowdundle Beck, Roman inscriptions formerly in quarry near, Milburn (1), pp. xln; 173a.

Crown and Falcon, see under Inns.

Crucifixion, see under Christ.

Cumberland, Earls of, see under Clifford.

Cumbria, Westmorland part of kingdom of, pp. xlviii, l.

Cumpston, Miss, Roman finds from Kirkby Thore belonging to, pp. xli; 145b.

Cunswick Hall, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (2), p. 230b.

Cup and ring marks, on Shap stone, Shap, Urban (26), p. 206a, b.

Cupboards, see under Furniture.

Cups, see under Plate, Church.

Curwen:
-, Arms of, see under Bellingham, quartering Burneshead, and see also Preston. Thornthwaite Hall owned by family of, Bampton (5), p. 29a.
-, E., initials of, and date 1606, Kirkby Lonsdale (4), p. 136b.
-, Elizabeth (Carus), wife of Sir Nicholas Curwen, 1611, monument, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.
-, Isabella (Benson), wife of William Curwen, 16745, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

Cuthbert, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Dacre, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon see Armorial; after 1550, see under Clifford.

Dacre (Cumberland): possible site of submission of northern kings to Athelstan, p. 1n; English monastery at, p. xlix; lock with Lady Anne Clifford's initials at, p. lvii.

Dairy Farm, Sedgwick (2), p. 204a.

Dale Beck, footbridge over, Asby (3), p. 15a.

Dale End: Grasmere (18), p. 98a; Langdales (8), p. 149a; enclosure near, Langdales (48), p. 150b; Shap, Rural (62), p. 210b.

Dalefoot, Bampton (51), p. 31a.

Dale Head, Martindale (30), p. 166b.

Dalemain (Cumberland), lock with Lady Anne Clifford's initials at, p. lvii.

Dale Moor, field system on, Crosby Ravensworth (65), p. 90b.

Dallam Tower, Haverbrack (2), p. 103b.

Dalston:
-, Arms of, Newbiggin (2), p. 183b; Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226b; Smardale Hall owned by family of, Waitby (1), p. 233a; Temple Sowerby Manor-house owned by family of, Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226a.
-, John and Lucy, initials of, and date 1656, Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226b.
-, Sir John, 1692, brass, Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a.

Dalton, p. 93.

" Old Hall, Dalton (1), p. 93a.

Danes, settlement in Westmorland from Yorkshire by, p. l.

Danielhill, Orton (31), p. 190b.

David and Goliath, carved panel representing, Brougham (3), p. 56b.

" I, King of Scots, N.W. England conquered by, p. liv.

Davyes, William, 1674, monument to, Barton (1), p. 37a.

Dawes or Daws:
-, Achievement of arms of, Barton (2), p. 37b; Reagill Grange owned by family of, Crosby Ravensworth (8), p. 81b.
-, Frances (Fletcher) wife of Lancelot Dawes, 16734, brass to, Barton (1), p. 36b.
-, Lancelot, vicar of Barton, additions made to Church Farm by, Barton (2), p. 37a; Glebe Farm built by, Barton (5), p. 38a; initials of, and date 1637, Barton (5), p. 38a; and A., initials of, and date 1628, Barton (2), p. 37a.
-, Mary (Whelpdale), wife of Lancelot Dawes, see Fletcher.
-, Thomas, porch added to Church Farm by, Barton (2), p. 37a; and E., initials of, and dates 1693, 1701 and 1702, Barton (2), p. 37b; initials probably of, and date 1694, Barton (22), p. 39a; initials probably of, and date 1700, Crosby Ravensworth (8), p. 81b.
-, Sir William, Bishop of Chester, Selside chapel consecrated by, Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.

Dawgreen, Martindale (18), p. 166a.

Dawson:
-, Frances, wife of Jacob Dawson, 1700, monument, Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-, Robert, Bishop of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh, 1643, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Thomas, extracts from "Short Questions and Answeares," by, Bowness (1) (paintings), p. 46b.

Dead Tree Bank, Newby (15), p. 185a.

Deal House, Asby (10), p. 17a.

Dean's Biggin, Kirkby Lonsdale (6), p. 137a.

Dedications of Churches and Chapels:
-, All Saints: Bolton (1), p. 42b; Killington (1), p. 131b; Lupton (1), p. 162a; Orton (1), p. 188a; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (1), p. 230b.
-, Holy Ghost: Middleton (2), p. 170b.
-, Holy Trinity: Kendal (1), p. 119a; Langdales (1), p. 148b; Mardale, Shap, Rural (1), p. 206b; Undermillbeck (1), p. 231b.
-, Jesus: Troutbeck (1), p. 227a.
-, St. Andrew: Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 73a.
-, St. Anne: Ambleside (2), p. 3b; Hugill or Ings (1), p. 114a.
-, St. Bartholomew: Barbon (1), p. 34b.
-, St. Columba: Warcop (1), p. 237b.
-, St. Cuthbert: Cliburn (1), p. 67b; Clifton (1), p. 69a; Dufton (1), p. 93b; Kentmere (1), p. 129b; Milburn (2), p. 173a.
-, St. Edmund: Newbiggin (1), p. 182b.
-, St. Gregory: Preston Patrick (1), p. 195b.
-, St. James: see also St. Margaret and below; Burton (1), p. 63b; Ormside (1), p. 185b; Temple Sowerby (2), p. 226a.
-, St. John: Grayrigg (2), p. 101a; Helsington (1), p. 104b; Hutton Roof (1), p. 118a; (?) Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 140a.
-, St. John the Baptist: Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (1), p. 117a.
-, St. Katherine: Crook (1), p. 72b.
-, St. Kentigern: Askham (1) (or St. Peter), p. 20b.
-, St. Lawrence: Appleby (1), p. 4b; Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 78b; Morland (1), p. 175a.
-, St. Leonard: Asby (2), p. 15a.
-, St. Luke: Soulby (1), p. 215a.
-, St. Margaret: Staveley, Over (1), p. 219a.
-, St. Margaret and St. James: Marton, Long (1), p. 167b.
-, St. Martin: Bowness (1), p. 44b; Martindale (1), p. 165a.
-, St. Mary: Ambleside (2), p. 3a; Crosthwaite and Lyth (1), p. 90b; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 133b; Longsleddale (1), p. 157b; Mallerstang (1), p. 163a; Rydal and Loughrigg (1), p. 201a; Stainmore (2) (modern church), p. 216b; Strickland, Little (1), p. 221b.
-, St. Michael: Appleby (2), p. 6b; Barton (1), p. 35b; Brough (a), p. 49a; Haverbrack (1), p. 101b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 146a; Lowther (1), p. 158b; Shap, Urban (1), p. 204b.
-, St. Ninian: Brougham (2), p. 54b.
-, St. Oswald: Grasmere (1), p. 96b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 197b; Strickland Ketel (1), p. 220b.
-, St. Patrick: Bampton (1), p. 28b; Patterdale (1), p. 191b; Preston Patrick (1), p. 195b.
-, St. Paul: Witherslack (1), p. 248a.
-, St. Peter: Asby (1), p. 15a; Askham (1) (see also St. Kentigern above), p. 20b; Heversham (1), p. 109a.
-, St. Stephen: (?) Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 140a; Stainmore (2), p. 216a.
-, St. Theobald: Musgrave (1), p. 179a.
-, St. Thomas: Stainton (1), p. 217b; Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.
-, St. Wilfrid: Brougham (3), p. 56a.

Deepdale, village settlement in, Patterdale (62), p. 195a.

" Beck, bridges over: Patterdale (4), (5), p. 191b.

" Bridge; Patterdale (4), p. 191b; village settlement near, Patterdale (63), p. 195a.

" Hall, Patterdale (25), p. 192b.

Deepgill, Mallerstang (11), p. 164b.

Deepthwaite Bridge, Heversham (3), p. 111a.

" Farm, Heversham (10), p. 112a.

Deer How, Patterdale (9), p. 192a.

" Parks, see Park Pales under Earthworks.

Deerslack, Dalton (3), p. 93a.

Deincourt, arms of: before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, see Strickland.

Delsee, arms of, after 1550, see Boynton.

Dent:
-, Arms of, Ravenstonedale (3), p. 198b.
-, George, locks made for Lady Anne Clifford by, p. lvii.
-, John, 1709, monument, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.
-, Thomas, brass-inscription to, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.

Derwentwater, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Desks, see under Furniture.

Devil', 'The Bound, on pre-Conquest cross-shaft, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.

Devil's Bridge, The, Kirkby Lonsdale (3), p. 136b.

Dillicar, p. 93.

Dixon:
-, Isaac, initials of, and date 1681, Windermere (19), p. 246b.
-, James and Margaret, names and date 1707, Windermere (3), p. 245b.
-, Thomas, 1691, monument, Bowness (1), p. 46b.

Dobson:
-, John, 1712, headstone, Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b.
-, Lancelot and A., initials of, and date, 1706, Patterdale (54), p. 193b.
-, Reginald: additions made to Barwise Hall by, Hoff (1), p. 112b; and Elizabeth, initials of, and date 1681, Hoff (1), p. 113a; initials of, and date 1699, Sockbridge (6), p. 214b.
-, William, 17123, headstone, Brougham (2), p. 55b.

Docker, p. 93.

" Cottage, Docker (3), p. 93b.

" Garths, Docker (1), p. 93b.

" Nook, Longsleddale (6), p. 158a.

Dockwray, Grasmere (13), p. 98a.

Dodding Green, Skelsmergh (3), p. 213a.

Dog-gates:
-, 17th-century: Kendal (6), p. 124b; Middleton (6), p. 172b.
-, Early 18th-century: Crosthwaite and Lyth (7), p. 92a; Skelsmergh (5), p. 213b.

Dolfin, son of Gospatric son of Maldred, driven from Carlisle by William II, p. liii.

Domitian, coins of: Brough (1), p. 48b; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Doors, see Sectional Preface, p. lxiii.

Dorothy Bridge, Orton (5), p. 189b.

Dorset, Earl of, see Sackville.

Dove cottage, Museum, Grasmere (14), p. 98a.

Dressers, see under Furniture.

Droomer Cottage, Windermere (28), p. 247a.

" Stile, Windermere (27), p. 247a.

'Druidical Judgment Seat,' Murton (7), p. 178b.

Drummermire, Troutbeck (20), p. 229a.

Drybeck, Killington (6), p. 132b.

" Hall, Hoff (2), p. 113a.

Dryhowe, Whitwell and Selside (12), p. 244b.

" Bridge, Whitewell and Selside (4), p. 243b.

Dubhow, Patterdale (27), p. 192b.

Dubside, Hutton, New (5), p. 116b.

Duckintree, Kaber (3), p. 119a.

Duck Pool, Stainmore (15), p. 217a.

Dudley:
-, Yanwath Hall owned by family of, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a.
-, Edmund, alterations to Yanwath Hall by, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a.

Dufton, pp. 935.

" Church Bridge, mounds near, Marton, Long (14), p. 169b.

" Hall, Dufton (2), p. 94a.

Dumbarton, Westmorland ruled from, p. xlviii.

Dummah Hill, house on, Stainmore (11), p. 216b.

Dun Bull, see under Inns.

Dungeon Ghyll Hotel, house near, Langdales (39), p. 150a.

Dunloy (c. Antrim), cremation burial at, p. xxix.

Dunmail Raise: bridge at, Grasmere (4), p. 97b; cairn on, Grasmere (51), p. 99b.

Durham Bridge, Crosthwaite and Lyth (18), p. 92b.

" Cathedral, Kirkby Lonsdale church influenced by, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 134a.

Dykes, see under Earthworks.

Eagle Farm, Patterdale (55), p. 194a.

Eamont Bridge, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (1), p. 250a.

" River: possible ancient boundary between English and Cumbrian territory, p. li; bridges over, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (1), p. 250a.

Eardulf, 'princeps,' p. xlixn.

Earthworks or Rude Stone Monuments:
-, See Pre-historic and Roman Westmorland, pp. xxviiixlvii, and Sectional Preface, p. lviii.
-, Barrows Long: pp. xxviiixxix; Crosby Garrett (10), pp. xxviii; 78b; Crosby Ravensworth (46), pp. xxx; 89b.
-, Cairns, Mounds and Tumuli (see also Circles, Stone, below): pp. xxxxxxi; Asby (22), p. 19b; (24), (25), (26), (27), (28), (29), p. 20a; Askham (45), pp. 27a, b, 28a; (46), p. 28a, b; Bampton (69), p. 32b; (70), p. 33a; (72), p. 33b; (74), p. 34a; (77), p. 34b; Barton (29), p. 40a; Brougham (9), p. 63b; Casterton (5), p. 66b; Crosby Garrett (8), p. 78a; (9), p. 78a; Crosby Ravensworth (41), (42), (43), (45), (46), (47), (48), (49), p. 89b; (50), (51), (52), (53), (54), (56), (57), (58), p. 90a; (60), (61), (62), (63), p. 90b; Grasmere (51), p. 99b; Kirkby Stephen (10), p. 143b; (11), (12), (13), (14), p. 144a; Langdales (50), p. 151a; Levens (17), p. 157a, b; Mallerstang (18), p. 164b; (19), p. 165a; Martindale (34), p. 167a, b; Marton, Long (14), p. 169b; Middleton (12), p. 173a; Murton (8), (9), pp. 178b, 179a; Nateby (7), p. 180a; Natland (9), p. 182a; Newby (19), p. 185b; Orton (40), (41), (42), (43), p. 191a; Patterdale (61), p. 194b; Ravenstonedale (33), p. 200b; (35), (36), p. 200b; Shap, Urban (27), p. 206b; Shap, Rural (74), p. 211b; (79), (80), p. 212a; Troutbeck (34), p. 230a; Waitby (10), p. 235a; (15), p. 236a; (16), p. 236b; Warcop (14), p. 240a; Wharton (9), (10), p. 242b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (17), p. 255b.
-, Camps: Crackenthorpe (1), pp. xxxviixxxviii, 70b.
-, Castle Earthworks: Appleby (3), p. 8a, b, 11b; Brough (3), p. 50b, 53a; Brougham (4), p. 62b; Kendal (3), p. 122b, 124a; Pendragon, Mallerstang (3), pp. 163b, 164a.
-, Cave: Haverbrack (7), p. 104b.
-, Circles, Stone: pp. xxxxxxi; Askham (45) (f), p. 27b; Barton (28), p. 39b; (30), p. 40a; Brougham (4), p. 63b; Casterton (5), pp. xxxi; 66b; Crosby Ravensworth (44), p. 89b; (55), p. 90a; (59), p. 90b; Orton (39), pp. xxxi; 191a; Shap, Urban (26), pp. xxxi; 206a; Shap, Rural (77), (78), p. 211b; Troutbeck (33), p. 229b; (?) Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (12), (14), pp. xxxi; 252b, 253b.
-, Cockpits: Heversham (2), p. 111a; Middleton (3), p. 170b; Natland (2), p. 180b; Orton (2), p. 189a; Patterdale (6), p. 191b.
-, Dykes: Crosby Garrett (8), p. 74b; possible connection with dyke in Ravenstonedale (33), p. 200b; Crosby Ravensworth (36), p. 89a; Martindale (34), p. 167a; Nateby (6) p. 180a; Patterdale (62), p. 195a; Ravenstonedale (33), p. 200b; p. 89a; Stainmore (19), p. 217b; Waitby (8), (9), p. 234a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (16), p. 255a.
-, Dykes (Medival): Rydal and Loughrigg (35), p. 203b.
-, Enclosures: p. xxxii; Asby (18), p. 17a; (19), p. 18a; Bampon (71), p. 33a; (73), p. 33b; (75), p. 34a; (76), p. 34b; Crosby Ravensworth (37), (38), (39), (40), p. 89b; Kirkby Stephen (9), p. 143b; Langdales (47), (48), (49), p. 150b; (50), p. 151a; Marton, Long (12), p. 169b; (13), pp. xl; 169b; Murton (7), p. 178b; Newbiggin (8), (9), p. 184a; Ravenstonedale (34), p. 200b; Waitby (8), p. 234a; (19), p. 235a; (14), p. 236a; Warcop (10), (11), p. 239b.
-, Field System without Adjacent Settlement: Crosby Ravensworth (65), p. 90b.
-, Fish-ponds: Warcop (5), p. 239a.
-, Forts or Camps: see under Roman and also Earthworks, Camps, above, and Roman, below, p. xxxii; Castle Crag, Bampton (68), pp. xxxii; 31b; Natland (8) (?), pp. xxxii; 181b; Windermere (30), p. 247a.
-, Foundations of buildings: Shap (Rural) (76), p. 211b; Troutbeck (35), p. 230a; Waitby (14), p. 236a.
-, Foundations of early houses: p. xlvii; Crosby Ravensworth (25), p. 83b; (36), pp. 89a; 195a; Patterdale (65), p. 195a; Troutbeck (35), p. 230a.
-, Homestead Moats: Askham (2), p. 20b; Casterton (2) (dry ditch), p. 66b; Crosby Ravensworth (2), p. 80a.
-, Hut-circles and villages: see Village Settlements.
-, Lynchets: p. xxxiii; Asby (20), p. 18b; (23), p. 20a; Askham (42), (43), p. 24b; (44), pp. 24b, 26a; Bampton (78), p. 34b; Brough (11), p. 54a; Crosby Garrett (11), p. 78b; Crosby Ravensworth (64), p. 90b; Hillbeck (2), p. 112a; Kirkby Stephen (15), (16), p. 144a; Lowther (32), p. 162a; Nateby (8), (9), (10), (11), p. 180a; Orton (44), (45), p. 191a; Ravenstonedale (37), (38), p. 200b; Shap, Urban (28), p. 206b; Shap, Rural (81), (82), p. 212a; Waitby (17), p. 236b; (18), (19), (20), (21), p. 237a; Warcop (15), p. 240a; Wharton (8), p. 242b.
-, Medival but otherwise unclassified: Haverbrack (5), p. 104a; Lowther (2), p. 160a; Strickland, Little (11) (?), p. 222b; Tebay (2), p. 225a.
-, Menhirs: Crosby Ravensworth (10), p. 78b.
-, Motte or Mound: Kirkby Lonsdale (2), p. 136a.
-, Motte or Mound and Bailey: Appleby (3), pp. 8a, 11b: Kendal (2), p. 122a; Tebay (1), p. 225a.
-, Mounds, see Cairns above.
-, Mounds, Terraced: Langdales (46), p. 150b; Rydal and Loughrigg (36), p. 203b.
-, Park Pales: Crosby Ravensworth (3), p. 80a; Ravenstonedale (32), p. 200a; Shap, Rural (72), p. 210b.
-, Pillow-mounds: pp. xxx, xxxv-xxxvi; Mallerstang (19), p. 165a; Ravenstonedale (33), p. 200b; Waitby (9), p. 235a; (16), p. 236b; p. 200b.
-, Ring Earthworks: Levens (16), p. 156b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (13), p. 253a.
-, Roman: Ambleside (1), p. 1a; Brough (1) (Verter), p. 47b; Brougham (1) (Brocavum), p. 54a; Crackenthorpe (1), p. 70b; Grayrigg (1) (Low Borrow Bridge), p. 99b; Kirkby Thore (1) (Braboniacum), pp. 144a; Marton, Long (12) (?), (13) (?), p. 169b; Natland (1), p. 180a; Stainmore (1), p. 215b.
-, Standing Stones (isolated or insufficiently complete to be described as circles etc.): See also Menhir above and Milestones under Roman; Askham (45), (a), (c), (d), (g), pp. 27a, b, 28a; Bampton (72), p. 33b; Clifton (6), p. 70b; Langdales (47), p. 150b; Shap, Urban (26), pp. xxx; 206a; Tebay (23), p. 226a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (14), p. 253b.
-, Village Settlements or Hut-villages: pp. xxxii-xxxv; Asby (20), (21), p. 18b; (22), p. 19a; (24), p. 20a; Askham (44), p. 24b; Bampton (71), p. 33a; (73), p. 33b; Barbon (9), p. 35a; Crosby Garrett (8), pp. xxxiii; 748; 85b; 88a; 234a; Crosby Ravensworth (25), (26), pp. 83b, 88a; (27), p. 85b; (28), p. 86a; (29), (30), p. 86b; (31), p. 87a; (32), (33), p. 88a; (34), (35), p. 88b; Dufton (8), pp. 95a; 143b; 178b; 240a; Hugill or Ings (13), pp. 115a, 130b; Kentmere (18), pp. xxxiii-xxxiv; 130b; 19a; Kirkby Lonsdale (37), p. 139b; Levens (17), p. 157a; Lowther (31), p. 161b; Mallerstang (17), p. 164b; Martindale (34), p. 166b; Middleton (12), p. 172b; Nateby (6), p. 179b; Patterdale (61), p. 194a; (62), (63), (64), p. 195a; Shap, Rural (73), (74), (75), p. 211a, b; Stainmore (1) (?), p. 216a; Waitby (9), p. 234a; (10), (11), p. 235a; (12), (13), p. 235b; Warcop (13), p. 240a; Wharton (6), (7), p. 242b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (15), p. 253b; (16), p. 254a.
-, Village Sites (Medival): Crosby Ravensworth (4), p. 80a.
-, Unclassified: Asby (18), p. 17a; (24), p. 20a; Askham (45), p. 26b; Barton (27), p. 39a; (28), pp. xxxii; 39b; Clifton (5), p. 70a; Marton Long (15), p. 170a; Middleton (13), p. 173a; Murton (7), p. 178b; Shap, Rural (76), p. 211b; Stainmore (18), p. 217a; Troutbeck (35), pp. xlvii; 230a; Warcop (12), p. 240a; Wharton (11), p. 242b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (12), pp. xxxi; 253a; (14), pp. xxxi; 253b.

Easedale Beck, bridge over, Grasmere (2), p. 97b.

" House Cottage, Grasmere (32), p. 99a.

Eastward, Bampton (54), p. 31a.

Ecclerigg Farm, Troutbeck (32), p. 229b.

Eden, River: bridges over Kirkby Stephen (2), (3), p. 143a; Mallerstang (4), p. 164a; Musgrave (2), p. 179a; Warcop (2), p. 238b.

" Place, Hartley, pre-conquest stone in garden on, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a.

Edgar, King, submission of northern kings to, p. li.

Edmund, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Edward, Prince of Wales, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

Effigies, Funeral:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiv.
-, Civil:
-,-, Men: Early 18th-century: Lowther (1), p. 159b.
-,-, Women: 14th-century: Bolton (1), p. 43b; Warcop (1), p. 238b. c. 1400: Appleby (2), p. 7b. 15th-century: Haverbrack (1), p. 103b. 16th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1) p. 142b. 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-,-, Military: 15th-century: Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Kirkby Stephen (1) p. 142b. 16th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b. 17th-century: Lowther (1), p. 159b.
-,-, Miscellaneous (in Shroud): 17th-century: Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-,-, Busts: 17th-century: Lowther (1), p. 160a.
-,-, Unclassified (portions only): 14th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a. Medival: Milburn (2), p. 173b.

Elderbeck, Barton (19), p. 38b.

Eldridge, William, see under Bellfounders.

Elements, figure-subjects representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Elizabeth, Queen, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

Ellergill, Tebay (21), p. 226a.

Ellwood, I and S, initials of, and date 1691, Shap, Urban (8), p. 205b.

Elmgill, Mallerstang (15), p. 164b.

Elm House, Bolton (7), p. 44b.

Elmhow, Patterdale (53), p. 193b.

Elm Pot, Ravenstonedale (13), p. 199a.

" Tree House, Asby (11), p. 17a.

Eltermere, Langdales (17), p. 149b.

Elterwater, Langdales (17)(23), p. 149b.

" Bridge, Langdales (2), p. 148b.

" Farm and St. Martin's, Langdales (19), p. 149b.

Enclosures, see under Earthworks.

Engayne:
-, Arms of, after 1550, see Wybergh.
-, Eleanor, see Wybergh, William de.

England, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

Eric Blood-axe, King of York, killed at Stainmoor, p. li.

Eskew Beck House, Orton (34), p. 190b.

Esp Ford, Crosthwaite and Lyth (15), p. 92b.

Eugenius, King of Strathclyde, submission to Athelstan, p. l.

Eure, arms of, before 1550, see Pennington under Heraldry, for blazon, see Armorial.

Evangelists, symbols of, Musgrave (1) (brass), p. 179a.

Ewebank, Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (5), p. 118a.

Ewe Close, village settlement, Crosby Ravensworth (25), pp. xxxiii; 83b, 88a.

" Locks, village settlement, Crosby Ravensworth (26), p. 83b.

Fairfax, Colonel, Beetham Hall damaged when taken by, Beetham (2), p. 40a.

'Fairy Hole, The,' Haverbrack (8), p. 104b.

Faith, figure probably representing, Strickland Ketel (3) (glass), p. 221a.

Fallen Yew, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (13), p. 231a.

Far Easedale Gill, bridge over, Grasmere (3), p. 97b.

Farleton, p. 95.

" House, Farleton (1), p. 95a.

Far Orrest, Windermere (4), p. 246a.

Faustina I, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

" I or II, coins of, Natland (1), p. 180b.

" II, coins of: Ambleside (1), p. 3a; Brough (1), p. 48b; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Fawcett Forest, pp. 956.

Fell Edge, Crosthwaite and Lyth (22), p. 92b.

Fellfoot, Langdales (12), p. 149b.

Fell Foot, terraced mound near, Langdales (46), p. 150b.

Fellgate, Askham (34), p. 24a.

Fell Side: Crosthwaite and Lyth (17), p. 92b; Kirkby Lonsdale (35), p. 139b.

Fell View, Bolton (4), p. 44b.

Ferguson, R. S., Gamelands stone circle examined by, Orton (39), p. 191a.

Fern Bank, Beetham (12), p. 42b.

Ferris, arms of, see under Vipont.

Fibul: See also Brooches under Roman; Levens (1), p. 157a.

Field Head: Shap, Rural (47), p. 210a; Strickland, Great (6), p. 220b.

Field Tenement, Crook (9), p. 73a.

Firbank, parish, p. 96.

" Kirkby Lonsdale (25)(27), p. 139a.

" Fellside, Firbank (9), p. 96a.

Firebacks, see under Ironwork.

Fireplaces and Overmantels:
-, See also Sectional Preface, pp. lxi, lxiv.
-, 13th-century: Brougham (4), pp. 60a, 62a.
-, 14th-century: Askham (5), p. 22a; Murton (1), p. 178a; Preston Patrick (3), p. 196b.
-, 15th-century: Arnside (1), pp. 14b, 15a.
-, 16th-century: Askham (5), p. 22b; Brougham (6), p. 63a; Casterton (3), p. 66b; Cliburn (2), p. 68b; Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 80b; Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), pp. 107a, b, 108a; Hincaster (1), p. 112a; Levens (1), pp. 152a 153a, b; (3) pp. 155b, 156a; Middleton (4), p. 172a; Shap, Rural (44), p. 210a; Whitwell and Selside (5), p. 244a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 251a, b.
-, Medival, but undated: Kirkby Lonsdale (6), p. 137b.
-, Late 16th or early 17th-century: Brougham (8), p. 63b.
-, 17th-century: Appleby (3), pp. 9a, 11a; Askham (31), p. 24a; (38), p. 24b; Brougham (6), p. 63a; Burton (2), p. 65b; Cliburn (3), p. 69a; Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a; Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91b; Dallam Tower, Haverbrack (2), p. 103b; Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 107b; Hutton, New (1), p. 116a; Kaber (6), p. 119a; Kirkby Lonsdale (5), p. 137a; (6), p. 137b; Langdales (4), p. 149a; Lupton (2), p. 162b; Mallerstang (5), p. 164b; Middleton (4), (5), p. 172a; (10), p. 172b; Orton (6), p. 189b; Strickland Ketel (16), p. 221b; Strickland, Little (6), p. 222b; Strickland Roger (6), p. 224b; Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226b; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (3), p. 231a.
-, c. 1700: Haverbrack (3), p. 104a; Kaber (4), p. 119a; Levens (1), pp. 152a, b, 153a, 155a.
-, Early 18th-century: Hoff (2), p. 113a; Hutton, New (18), p. 117a; Hutton, Old and Holmescales (5), p. 118a; Kendal (55), p. 128b; Levens (6), p. 156a; Rydal and Loughrigg (11), p. 202b; Temple Sowerby (4), p. 226b; Troutbeck (20), (22), p. 229a; (23), p. 229b.
-, Made up of 17th-century material: Kendal (18), p. 127a; Newbiggin (2), p. 183b.
-, Undated: Newby (10), p. 185a.

Fisher:
-, Edward, 16767, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Joseph, M.A., vicar of Brough and Archdeacon of Carlisle, 1704, brass, Brough (2), p. 50a.

Fisher's Tenement, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (5), p. 231a.

Fish-ponds, see under Earthworks.

Fishwick, George, canon, probably of Cartmel Priory, figure of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.

Fitzalan of Bedale, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Fitzhugh, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; see also Parr under Heraldry.

Fitz Piers, arms of, see under Vipont.

Flagons, see under Plate, Church.

Flakebridge, Orton (28), p. 190b.

Flakehowe, Bampton (66), p. 31b.

Fleece Inn, see under Inns.

Fleming:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, Crosthwaite and Lyth (3) (fireplace), p. 91b; Rydal and Loughrigg (1) (communion cup), p. 201a; (4) (glass), p. 202a; impaling Kirkby, Rydal and Loughrigg (4) (glass), p. 202a; Rayrigg Hall owned by family of, Windermere (29), p. 247a; Rydal Hall built by family of, Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 201b.
-, Barbara (Fletcher), wife of Daniel Fleming, 1675, brass, Grasmere (1), p. 97b.
-, Sir Daniel, 1701, monument, Grasmere (1), p. 97b; memoirs of Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 201b.
-, Henry, parson, name and date 1687, inscribed on ceiling beam, Grasmere (5), p. 98a.
-, Richard, additions made to Cowmire Hall by, Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91a.
-, William, 1653, brass, Grasmere (1), p. 97ab; and Alice (Kirkby), his wife, arms of, Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 202a.

Fletcher:
-, Barbara, see Fleming.
-, Frances, see Dawes.
-, Mary (Whelpdale), wife first of Lancelot Dawes and second of Thomas Fletcher, 1711, monument, Morland (1), p. 177a; stand-paten given to Morland church, Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Thomas, stone inscribed with name of, Strickland, Little (1), p. 222a.

Flints, worked, see Implements.

Flodder Hall, Crosthwaite and Lyth (6), p. 92a.

Floor, stone, inscription cut on, Rydal and Loughrigg (23), p. 203a.

Floor-slabs, see Monuments.

Fonts:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiii.
-, 12th-century: Bampton (1), p. 28b; Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Ormside (1), p. 186b.
-, 13th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46a; Morland (1) (stem only), p. 177a; Patterdale (stem), p. 191b.
-, Late 13th or early 14th-century: Barton (1), p. 37a.
-, 14th-century: Patterdale (base), p. 191b.
-, 15th-century: Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Late 15th or early 16th-century: Crosthwaite and Lyth (1), p. 90b.
-, 16th-century: Burton (1), p. 65a.
-, Medival, but undated: Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Ravenstonedale (1) (stem only), p. 198a; Staveley, Over (1), p. 219b; Undermillbeck (1), p. 231b.
-, 17th-century: Askham (1), p. 20b; Bolton (1), p. 43b; Brougham (2), p. 55b; (3), p. 56b; Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Lowther (1), p. 159b; (3), p. 160b; Lupton (1), p. 162a; Morland (1) (bowl only), p. 177a; Musgrave (1), p. 179a; Orton (1), p. 189a; Stainton (1), (part only), p. 217b.
-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a.
-, Early 18th-century: Killington (1), p. 131b; Mallerstang (1), p. 163a; Patterdale (bowl), p. 191b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.
-, Uncertain date: Clifton (1), p. 69b; Witherslack (1), p. 248b.
-, Font Covers: 17th-century: Bolton (1), p. 43b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103a; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Lupton (1), p. 162a; Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Early 18th-century: Killington (1), p. 131b; Mallerstang (1), p. 163a.

Food-vessels, Bronze Age, Brougham (9), p. 63b.

Force beck, standing stones near, Shap Urban (26), p. 206b.

" Cottages, Levens (11), p. 156b.

Forest Side Cottage, Grasmere (50), p. 99b.

Forge, Langdales (13), p. 149b.

Forts, see under Earthworks and Roman.

Fothergill or Fothergell:
-, Arms of, Ravenstonedale (3), p. 198b.
-, George, Tarn House built by, Ravenstonedale (3), p. 198b; and Julia, initials of, and date 1664, Ravenstonedale (3), p. 198b.
-, George, flagon given to Ravenstonedale church by, Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.
-, George, 1714, and William Baxter, 1713, monument, Shap, Urban (1), p. 204b.
-, John, name and date 1656, inscribed on cup, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.

Fothergill, Shap, Urban (10), p. 205b.

Foulstone, Lupton (2), p. 162b.

Fountain, dating from the 17th or 18th century, Troutbeck (2), p. 227b.

Four Stones Hill, cairns and standing stones on, Bampton (72), p. 33b.

Foxe, John, Book of Martyrs, in Appleby church, Appleby (1), p. 5b.

Fox How Farm, Rydal and Loughrigg (16), p. 202b.

France, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

Frecton, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Friar Bottom, Ravenstonedale (31), p. 200a.

Friary, The, Appleby (12), p. 14a.

Friends Burial Grounds: Newby (1), p. 184b; Preston Richard (1), p. 197a.

" Meeting House, cottage perhaps used as, Windermere (18), p. 246b.

Frostwaite, Levens (10), p. 156a.

Furness, or Lancashire N. of the sands, p. xlviii.

Furniture:
-, Bed-recesses or cupboards:
-,-, 17th-century: Waitby (4), p. 234a.
-, Bedsteads:
-,-, 16th-century: Kendal (10), p. 125b.
-,-, 17th-century: Newby (16), p. 185a; Troutbeck (12), p. 228b.
-, Book-case:
-,-, 17th-century: Troutbeck (4), p. 227b.
-, Chairs: See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiii.
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (2), p. 7b; Barbon (1), p. 34b; Barton (1), p. 36b; Brough (2), p. 50a; Burton (1), p. 65a; Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Lowther (1), p. 159b; Stainmore (2), p. 216b.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Burton (1), p. 65a; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (1), p. 117a; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a.
-,-, Modern, incorporating earlier material: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b.
-, Chests: See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiii.
-,-, 15th-century: Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-,-, 16th-century: Bolton (1), p. 43b.
-,-, Medival: Brougham (2), p. 55a; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; Orton (1), p. 189b.
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (4), p. 12a; Bampton (1), p. 28b; Barbon (1), p. 34b; Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103a; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Morland (1), p. 177a; Shap, Urban (1), p. 204b; Shap, Rural (2), p. 207a; Staveley, Over (1), p. 219b; Troutbeck (1), p. 227b; Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.
-,-, Late 17th or early 18th century: Bowness (1), p. 46a; Lowther (1), p. 159b.
-,-, Modern, but incorporating earlier material: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b.
-, Clocks:
-,-, 16th-century: Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 251a.
-,-, 17th-century: Troutbeck (4), p. 227b.
-, Credence Tables:
-,-, Modern, but incorporating old material: Helsington (1), p. 106a.
-, Cupboards: See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiii; and also Spice-cupboards below.
-,-, With 16th-century linen-fold panels. Crosthwaite and Lyth (6), p. 92a; Kendal (10), p. 125b; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b.
-,-, 17th-century: Asby (12), (14), (15), p. 17a; Bampton (6), (14), p. 29b; (20), p. 30a; (31), p. 30b; (33) (door only), p. 30b; (55), p. 31a; (66), p. 31b; Barbon (1), p. 34b; (4) (part only), p. 35a; Barton (26), p. 39a; Beetham (2), p. 41a; (17), (19), (20), p. 42b; Bolton (5), p. 44b; Bowness (6), (7), p. 47a; (8), (9), p. 47b; Burton (19), p. 66a; Casterton (3), p. 66b; Crook (9), (11), p. 73; Crosby Ravensworth (15), p. 83a; (20), (22), (23), p. 83a; (24), p. 83b; Crosthwaite and Lyth (5), p. 92a; (18), (20), p. 92b; Docker (4), (5), p. 93b; Farleton (1), (2), (3), p. 95a-b; Firbank (10), p. 96b; Grasmere (8), p. 98a; (33), p. 99a; Haverbrack (2), p. 103b; (3), p. 104a; Heversham (8), p. 111b; (9), p. 112a; Hoff (7), p. 113b; Hugill or Ings (3), (4), p. 114b; Hutton, New (7), (8), (9), (14), p. 116b; (17), p. 117a; Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (7), p. 118a; Hutton Roof (4), p. 118b; Kaber (2); p. 118b; Kendal (6), p. 124a; (9), p. 125a; (18), p. 127a; (24), (33), p. 127b; (45), p. 128b; (60), (61), (66), p. 129a; Killington (8), (10), (11), p. 132b; (14), p. 133a; King's Meaburn (1), p. 133a; Kirkby Lonsdale (6), p. 138a; (29), p. 139a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b; Lambrigg (5), p. 148b; Langdales (7), p. 149a; (17), p. 149b; (28), (36), p. 150a; Levens (9), p. 156a; Longsleddale (4), (8), (12), p. 158a; Lowther (11), p. 161a; Lupton (5), (7), p. 162b; Martindale (11), (17), (18), p. 166a; (27), (30), p. 166b; Morland (4), p. 177b; Musgrave (3), (4), (5), p. 179b; Natland (5), (6), p. 181a; (7), p. 181b; Newby (10), p. 185a; Orton (8), p. 189b; (13), p. 190a; (22), (30), (32), p. 190b; Patterdale (8), p. 192a; (19), (21), p. 192b; (38), p. 193a; Preston Patrick (9), p. 197a; Ravenstonedale (3), p. 199a; (16), (20), p. 199b; (30), (31), p. 200a; Rydal and Loughrigg (10), (15), p. 202b; (26), p. 203a; Shap, Urban (13), p. 205b; (19), p. 206a; Shap, Rural (34), (37), (40), p. 209b; (69), (70), p. 210b; Skelsmergh (5), p. 213a; Sockbridge (6), p. 214b; Stainton (5), p. 218a; Staveley, Nether (2), p. 218b; (8), p. 219a; Staveley, Over (4), p. 220a; Strickland Ketel (6), (7) p. 221a; (10), (15), (16), p. 221b; Strickland Roger (1), p. 224a; (6), (9), p. 224b; (10), p. 225a; Tebay (7), p. 225b; (22), p. 226a; Troutbeck (4), pp. 227b, 228a; (7), (8), (9), (11), (12), p. 228b; (13), (14), (17), (19), (20), (22), p. 229a; (26), (29), (30), p. 229b; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (15), p. 231a; (21), p. 231b; Undermillbeck (9), p. 232a; (16), p. 232b; Whinfell (2), (9), p. 243a; Whitwell and Selside (6), (7), (8), (9), p. 244b; Windermere (2), p. 245b; (5), (7), (9), (11), p. 246a; (17), (19), p. 246b; (20), (21), (23), (24), (28), p. 247a; Witherslack (3), (7), p. 249a; (9), (17), p. 249b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (7), p. 252a.
-,-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Bampton (37), p. 30b; Barton (10), (13), p. 38b; Kirkby Lonsdale (21), p. 139a; Meathop and Ulpha (2), p. 170a; Shap, Rural (28), p. 209b.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Burton (8), p. 65b; Crook (3), p. 72b; (11), p. 73a; Crosby Garrett (6), p. 74b; Crosthwaite and Lyth (6), (7), p. 92a; (12), (15), p. 92b; Docker (4), (7), p. 93b; Grasmere (11), p. 98a; (23), p. 98b; (41), (42), (44), p. 99a; (47), (50), p. 99b; Hoff (2), p. 113a; (7), p. 113b; Hutton, New (13), p. 116b; (18), p. 117a; Kendal (61), p. 129a; Kentmere (11), p. 130b; Killington (3), p. 132b; Kirkby Lonsdale (14), p. 138b; Langdales (10), p. 149a; (31), p. 150a; Patterdale (36), p. 193a; Preston Richard (5), p. 197b; Ravenstonedale (22), p. 199b; Rydal and Loughrigg (5), p. 202a; (17), p. 202b; (23), (25), (27), p. 203a; (34), p. 203b; Skelsmergh (5), p. 213b; Sockbridge (2), p. 214b; Staveley, Nether (4), (5), (9), p. 219a; Staveley, Over (6), p. 220a; Strickland Roger (3), p. 224b; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (7), (8), (11), p. 231a; Undermillbeck (11), (12) p. 232a; (18), (20), p. 232b; Windermere (3), (8), p. 246a; (16), p. 246b; (27), p. 247a.
-,-, Undated: Arnside (2), p. 15a; Undermillbeck (5), p. 232a.
-,-, Modern, but incorporating earlier material: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b.
-, Desks:
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (4), p. 12b; Brough (2), p. 50a; Heversham (1), p. 111a.
-, Modern, but incorporating old material: Witherslack (1), p. 249a.
-, Dressers:
-,-, 17th-century: Bampton (6), p. 29b; Holme (1), p. 114a; Shap, Rural (33), (34), p. 209b.
-, Seats:
-,-, 17th-century: Skelsmergh (3), p. 213a; Stainton (8), p. 218a; Strickland Roger (1), p. 224a.
-, Sideboards:
-,-, 16th-century: Kendal (10), p. 125b.
-,-, 17th-century: Troutbeck (4), pp. 227b, 228a.
-, Spice-cupboards: See also Sectional Preface, pp. lxi, lxiii.
-,-, 17th-century: Bampton (14), (17), p. 29b; (22), p. 30a; (39), p. 30b; (49), (52), p. 31a; (57), (58), (66), p. 31b; Holme (1), p. 114a; Hutton, New (17), p. 117a; Langdales (4), p. 149a; (16), p. 149b; (26), (30), (34), p. 150a; (43), p. 150b; Longsleddale (1), p. 157b; (8), p. 158a; Lowther (25), (29), p. 161b; Martindale (3), p. 165b; (9), (12), (15), (22), p. 166a; (27), p. 166b; Newbiggin (3), p. 184a; Orton (11), (13), (21), p. 190a; (38), p. 190b; Patterdale (11), (13), p. 192a; (21), p. 192b; (49), p. 193b; (57), (58), (60), p. 194a; Ravenstonedale (16), p. 199b; Shap, Urban (8), p. 205b; Shap, Rural (15), p. 209a; (40), p. 209b; (51), p. 210a; (71), p. 210b; Skelsmergh (2), p. 213a; Sleagill (7), p. 213b; (8), p. 214a; Stainmore (11), p. 216b; Whitwell and Selside (8), p. 244b.
-,-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Rydal and Loughrigg (9), p. 202b; Sockbridge (2), p. 214b.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Bampton (41), p. 30b; Beetham (6), p. 42a; Hutton, New (7), (8), p. 116b; (19), p. 117a; Kirkby Lonsdale (14), p. 138b; Langdales (10), p. 149a; Newby (18), p. 185b; Patterdale (37), (40), p. 139a; Preston Patrick (7), (8), p. 197a; Rydal and Loughrigg (17), p. 202b; Shap, Urban (19), p. 206a.
-, Tables:
-,-, 17th-century: Bowness (1), p. 47a; Hugill or Ings (1), p. 114a; Killington (1), p. 131b; Natland (3), p. 180b; Troutbeck (1), p. 227b; Undermillbeck (1), p. 231b.
-,-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Bowness (1), p. 47a.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Middleton (8), p. 172b.

Fusethwaite Yeat, Windermere (5), p. 246a.

Gabetis, Thomas, 1694, monument, Brough (2), pp. lvii; 50b.

Gable: medival apex-stone of, Burton (1), p. 65a; crosses, see under Crosses.

Gaisgill, cottage at, Tebay (20), p. 226a.

" Row, Tebay (19), p. 226a.

Galava, possible identification of Ambleside Roman fort, p. xlv.

Galba, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Gallienus, coins of, Brough (1), p. 48b.

Gamelands, stone circle, Orton (39), p. 191a.

Gandy Nook, Milnthorpe (1), p. 175a.

Gardens, c. 1700, Levens (1), p. 155a.

Garnett, Anthony, Castle Dairy altered by, Kendal (10), p. 125a.

Garnett House, Strickland Ketel (7), p. 221a.

Garth Heads, Martindale (11), p. 166a.

Garthrow, cottage at, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (23), p. 231b.

Garthwait:
-, Alice, see Bateman.
-, Margaret, wife of Richard Garthwait, 1666, brass, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 135b.

Garton Slack (Yorks), barrow at, p. xxix.

Gatefoot, Bampton (16), p. 29b.

Gate Green, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (6), p. 252a.

Gatehouse, Rydal and Loughrigg (19), p. 202b.

Gatehouses and Gateways:
-, Dating from the 13th century: Brough (3), p. 52b.
-, Late 13th or early 14th-century: Brougham (4), pp. 57b, 60b, 61a.
-, 15th-century: Middleton (4), p. 172a.
-, Late 15th or early 16th-century: Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (2), p. 230b.
-, 16th-century: Wharton (2), pp. 241a, 242a.
-, Late 16th or early 17th-century: Strickland Roger (1), p. 224a.
-, 17th-century: Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 81a; Haverbrack (2), (3), p. 104a; Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (3), p. 117b.
-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Ormside (3), p. 187b.
-, Early 18th-century: Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91b; Levens (1) (stables), p. 155a; Lupton (3), p. 162b.

Gate Inn, see under Inns.

Gateside, Strickland Ketel (4), p. 221a.

Gawklands, possible cock-pit at, Middleton (3), p. 170b.

Gaythorn Hall, Asby (6), p. 16a.

" Plain, cairns on, Crosby Ravensworth (52), p. 90a.

Gelstone, Tebay (14), p. 225b.

George St., figures of: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a; Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a.

Ghyll, Firbank (6), p. 96a.

Giants' Graves or Pillow-mounds: pp. xxx, xxxv-xxxvi; Mallerstang (19), p. 165a; Ravenstonedale (33), p. 200b; Waitby (9), p. 235a; (16), p. 236b.

Gibson, Edmund, Bishop of London, birth place of, Bampton (27), p. 30a.

Gibsonhill, Crosby Ravensworth (23), p. 83a.

Gilbert fitz Roger fitz Reinfrey, lord of Kendal, Westmeriland referred to by, p. xlviii.

Gilbertine Canons, see under Monastic and Collegiate Buildings.

Gilemichel, land held in Westmorland by, p. lii.

Gill Bank House, Orton (19), p. 190a.

" Beck, bridge over, Bampton (3), p. 29a.

" Foot, Grasmere (38), p. 99a.

Gillhead, barn at, Bampton (38), p. 30b.

Gillhouse Stile Houses, cottages at, Killington (15), (16), p. 133a.

Gillside, Grasmere (43), p. 99a.

Gilpin, Kentmere Hall owned by family of, Kentmere (2), p. 130a.

Gilpin Bank, Strickland Roger (7), p. 224b.

Gilthwaiterigg, Skelsmergh (4), p. 213a.

Gilts, Crosby Ravensworth (18), p. 83a.

" Farm, village settlement near, Crosby Ravensworth (29), p. 86b.

" Lane, village settlement near, Crosby Ravensworth (32), p. 88a.

Ginshop, Hutton, New (16), p. 116b.

Glass:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiv.
-, Figure-subjects:
-,-, 14th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46b.
-,-, 15th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46a, b; Brough (2), p. 50b; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Shap, Rural (2), p. 207a.
-,-, Late 15th or early 16th-century: Haverbrack (1), p. 103b.
-,-, 16th-century: Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Foreign:
-,-, 14th-century: Brougham (3), p. 56b.
-,-, 16th-century: Brougham (3), p. 56b.
-, Heraldic:
-,-, 13th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46b.
-,-, 14th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; Bowness (1), p. 46b; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a.
-,-, Late 14th or early 15th-century: Killington (1), p. 131b.
-,-, 15th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; Bolton (1), p. 43b; Bowness (1), p. 46a, b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Staveley, Over (1), p. 219b.
-,-, Late 15th or early 16th-century: Haverbrack (1), p. 103b.
-,-, 16th-century: Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Kendal (1), p. 121b; Levens (1), p. 153a, b; Windermete (7), p. 246a.
-,-, 16th or 17th-century: Shap, Rural (24), p. 209b.
-,-, 17th-century: Brough (2), p. 50b; Heversham (1), p. 110b; Levens (1), p. 153b; Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 202a; Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a; Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226b; Witherslack (1), p. 248b.
-,-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Clifton (1), p. 69b.
-, Miscellaneous:
-,-, 14th-century: Brougham (3), p. 56b.
-,-, 15th-century: Brough (2), p. 50b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Middleton (4), p. 171b; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a.
-,-, 16th-century: Kendal (10), p. 125b; Windermere (7), p. 246a.
-,-, Late 16th or early 17th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46b.
-,-, 17th-century: Brough (2), p. 50b; Heversham (1), p. 110b; Strickland Ketal (3), p. 221a.
-,-, 18th-century: Witherslack (1), p. 248b.
-, Fragments:
-,-, Late 14th or early 15th-century: Killington (1), p. 131b.
-,-, 15th-century: Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Kendal (1), p. 121b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; Staveley, Over (1), p, 219b.
-,-, 16th-century: Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b.
-,-, 17th-century: Heversham (1), p. 110b; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a.

Glebe Farm, Barton (5), p. 38a.

Glenamara Park, village settlement in, Patterdale (64), p. 195a.

Glencoyne, Patterdale (60), p. 194a.

Glencoynedale, house-foundations of 'Scandinavian type' in, Patterdale (65), pp. xlvii; 195a.

Glen Rothay, Rydal and Loughrigg (10), p. 202b.

Glenside, Troutbeck (8), p. 228b.

Globe Hotel, see under Inns.

God the Father, panel with figure of, Brougham (3) (pulpit), p. 57a.

Godmond Hall, Strickland Roger (2), p. 224b.

Goggleby Stone, Shap, Urban (26) (d), p. 206a.

Goldrill Beck, bridge over, Patterdale (2), p. 191b.

Goliath, see David.

Goodcroft, Shap, Rural (31), p. 209b.

Goodhamscales, Whitwell and Selside (10), p. 244b.

Goodybridge Farm, Grasmere (25), p. 98b.

" House, Grasmere (26), p. 98b.

Goody Nook, Skelsmergh (9), p. 213b.

Goosemire, Shap, Rural (52), p. 210a.

Gospatric, son of Earl Uhtred of Northumbria, charter granted by, pp. ln, liiin.

" son of Maldred, estates round Dunbar given to, p. liii.

" son of Orm, Brougham Castle granted to, p. 57a; see also Thomas, son of.

Gowan Bridge, Staveley, Nether (1), p. 218a.

" River, bridge over, Staveley, Nether (1), p. 218a.

Graham:
-, Arms of, Appleby (1), p. 6b.
-, Miss, quern belonging to, Dufton (8), p. 95a.

Grahme, Col. James: Levens Hall owned by, Levens (1), p. 151a; Levens Hall altered by, Levens (1), p. 151a; gardens of Levens Hall laid out for, Levens (1), p. 155b; rainwater pipes and heads with initials of, Levens (1), p. 151b.

Grammar School, Kirkby Stephen (4), p. 143b.

Grange Farm, Bampton (6), p. 29b.

" Hall, Asby (5), p. 15b.

Grapes Inn, see under Inns.

Grasmere: pp. 969; St. Anne's chapel, Ambleside, a chapel of, p. 3b; Langdales church formerly a chapel of, p. 148b.

" Island, barn on, Grasmere (17), p. 98a.

Grassgarth: site of Hugill or Ings church, Hugill or Ings (1), p. 114a; house at, Hugill or Ings (7), p. 114b.

Grassthwaitehow, Patterdale (54), p. 193b.

Grayrigg, pp. 99101.

" Foot, Grayrigg (3), p. 101a.

Great Asby Scar, Castle Folds, settlement on, Asby (22), p. 19a.

" Eskrigg Farm, Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (7), p. 118a.

" Hawkrigg End, Hutton, New (2), p. 116b.

" House, Troutbeck (19), p. 229a.

" Strickland, p. 220.

Greaves Ash (Northumberland), village settlement, p. xxxiiin.

Green: Yews formerly belonging to family of, Undermillbeck (18), p. 232b; R. and M. G., date 1714 and initials, Undermillbeck (18), p. 232b.

Green, The, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (8), p. 252a.

" Bank: Hutton, New (17), p. 117a; Patterdale (41), p. 193a.

Greenbank, Patterdale (19), p. 192b.

Green Close, 17th-century porch from church at, Kirkby Lonsdale (30), p. 139a.

" Dragon, see under Inns.

" Dykes, Firbank (8), p. 96a.

" Head: Lambrigg (2), p. 148b; Hincaster (5), p. 112b.

Greenhead Cottage, Beetham (19), p. 42b.

Green Holme, Killington (11), p. 132b.

Greenholme Bridge, Orton (4), p. 189b.

Green House: Shap, Urban (16), p. 205b; Shap, Rural (23), p. 209a.

Greenlane End, Lupton (3), p. 162b.

Greenwell, Dr., cairns and mounds examined by: Asby (28), (29), p. 20a, b; Askham (45), p. 28a; Crosby Garrett (9), p. 78a; (10), pp. xxviii, xxix; 78b; Crosby Ravensworth (52), (56), p. 90a; Kirkby Stephen (10), (12), (13), p. 144a; Mallerstang (18), p. 164b; Orton (41), (42), p. 191a; Hard Rigg, Ravenstonedale (35), p. 200b; Rassett Hill, Waitby (15), p. 236b.

Gregory, St.: bells dedicated to, Strickland Ketel (1), p. 220b; buildings dedicated to, see Dedications.

Grey of Ruthyn, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Greyhound Inn, see under Inns.

Grimes Hall, Middleton (5), p. 172a.

Grisedale, Whinfell (12), p. 243a.

" Tarn, Seat Sandal or Sandulf's seat near, p. 1.

Grotto, The, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (10), p. 252b.

Grove, Windermere (21), p. 247a.

" Brae, Shap, Rural (51), p. 210a.

" Cottage, Windermere (22), p. 247a.

" Farm, Patterdale (30), p. 193a.

Guestford, Whinfell (9), p. 243a.

Gullon Holme, Milburn (4), p. 174b.

Gunner: Yorkshire Earl and father of Thored, p. li; estate at Newbald, Yorks, given to, p. li.

Gunnerkeld Bottom, stone circle on, Shap, Rural (77), p. 211b.

Gunpowder Plot, verses commemorating failure of, Bowness (1), p. 46b.

Gurney, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Gyves, see under Stocks.

Hackthorpe, Lowther (18)(24), p. 161a.

" Hall, Lowther (4), p. 160b.

Hadrian, coins of: Brough (1), p. 48b; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Hag, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (8), p. 231a.

Hagg, Hutton, New (11), p. 116b.

Hale, Kirkby Thore (4), p. 148a.

Halecat Cottage, Witherslack (18), p. 249b.

Hale Grange, Newbiggin (7), p. 184a.

" Green, Beetham (9), p. 42a.

Halfa Bridge, Bampton (2), p. 29a.

Hall Bank, Hutton, New (19), p. 117a.

" Farm: Morland (3), p. 177b; Shap, Rural (69), p. 210b.

Hallgarth, Strickland Ketel (14), p. 221b.

Hall Hill, Mallerstang (13), p. 164b.

Halligill, Asby (14), p. 17a.

Hallinbank, Martindale (15), p. 166a.

Halton, estate of, in Lonsdale, held by Tostig, p. lii.

Hang Bridge, Beetham (1), p. 40a.

Hangingshaw: Marton, Long (9), p. 169b; Roman milestone found near, p. xliv.

Harberwain, village settlement near, Crosby Ravensworth (34), p. 88b.

Hardendale, Shap, Rural (68)(71), p. 210b.

Hard Rigg, mound at, Ravenstonedale (35), p. 200b.

Harewood, Whinfell (11), p. 243a.

Harison, Chr., name and date 1682, inscribed on pew, Brough (2), p. 50b.

Harrington, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Harrison, Lancelot and Isabel, initials of, and date 1660, Patterdale (21), p. 192b.

Harrowing of Hell, possible represented on cross-shaft, Burton (1), p. 65a.

Hart Head, Rydal and Loughrigg (6), p. 202a.

Hartley, I. and K., initials of, and date 1693, Crosthwaite and Lyth (4), p. 91b.

" p. 101.

" Castle, Hartley (1), p. 101a.

Hartsop, arms of, after 1550, see Lowther.

Hartsop Hall, Patterdale (46), p. 193b.

Hastings, arms of, before 1550, see Grey of Ruthyn under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Hatch Box, Barton (6), p. 38a.

Hatchments:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiv.
-, 17th-century: Witherslack (1), p. 248b.

Hause Farm: Crosby Ravensworth (20), p. 83a; Martindale (14), p. 166a.

Haverbrack: pp. 1014; Beetham Church, Haverbrack (1), p. 101b; granted to St. Mary's Abbey, York, p. livn.

" Cottage, Haverbrack (4), p. 104a.

Hawes, Helsington (8), p. 108b.

" Water, village settlements near, Shap, Rural (73), (75), p. 211a, b.

" " Beck, bridge over; Bampton (2), p. 29a; Shap, Rural (6), p. 208b.

Hawking Hall, Middleton (6), p. 172a.

Haybanks, Hoff (4), p. 113b.

Hayclose, Hutton, New (13), p. 116b.

Hazelgill, Mallerstang (12), p. 164b.

Hazel Moor, Crosby Ravensworth (36), p. 89a.

Hazelslack Tower, Beetham (3), p. 41a.

Head Cottage, Kentmere (4), p. 130a.

Headstones, see under Monuments.

Hearing, Windermere (19), p. 246b.

Hearing, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Heaves Farm, Levens (9), p. 156a.

Hebscrag, Martindale (2), p. 165b.

Hegdale: house at, Shap, Rural (25), p. 209b; lynchets near, Shap, Rural (81), p. 212a.

Heggerscales, Kaber (4), p. 119a.

Hellbeck, arms of, see under Blenkinsop.

Helmet, see Morion under Arms and Armour.

Helm Farm, Bowness (5), p. 47a.

Helm Hill, earthwork on, Natland (8), p. 181b.

Helmside, Stainton (11), p. 218a.

" Farm, Stainton (10), p. 218a.

Help Pot, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (6), p. 231a.

Helsfell Hall, outbuilding, probably remains of, Strickland Ketel (13), p. 221b.

" House, Strickland Ketel (12), p. 221b.

Helsington: pp. 1049; Helsingetune, early form of, p. xlixn.

" Laithes, Helsington (3), p. 108a.

Helton, monuments at, Askham (27)(34), (40), (42), (43), p. 24.

Heltonhead, Askham (40), p. 24b.

Henhow, Martindale (5), p. 165b.

Henridding, Dalton (2), p. 93a.

Heraldry:
-, Arms, Shields-of- (before 1550; for blazons, see Armorial, p. 256).
-,-, Aske (?), see Bellingham below.
-,-, Bardsey Impaling Leyborne: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Beauchamp of Holt Impaling Musgrave: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142a.
-,-, Beaumont: Appleby (1) (glass), p. 6a.
-,-, Beetham: Haverbrack (1) (monument), p. 103b.
-,-, Bellingham: Asby (5) (carved panel), p. 16a; Kendal (1) (roof-boss), p. 121b; quartering Burneshead and impaling Aske (?) with quarterings, Kendal (1) (glass), p. 121b; see also Middleton below.
-,-, Bromfleet, see Threlkeld below.
-,-, Broughton, see Thornborough below.
-,-, Burneshead, see Bellingham above.
-,-, Cartmel Priory: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Carus, see Middleton below.
-,-, Clifford: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142a; Newbiggin (1) (glass), p. 183a; Impaling Vipont, Cliburn (3) (doorway), p. 69a.
-,-, Constable: Kendal (1) (Strickland chapel), p. 121a.
-,-, Crackanthorpe: Newbiggin (1) (tomb-recess), p. 183a; (2), p. 183b.
-,-, Dacre: Haverbrack (1) (monument) (?), p. 103b.
-,-, Deincourt: quartering Strickland: Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 106a; Kendal (1) (monument (3)), p. 122a; (10) (ceiling), p. 125b; Impaling Neville, Kendal (1) (monument (3)), p. 122a.
-,-, Derwentwater: Bolton (1) (glass), p. 43b.
-,-, Eure, see Pennington below.
-,-, Fitzalan of Bedale: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Fitzhugh: Kendal (1) (monument (5)), p. 122a; see also Parr and Roos below.
-,-, Fleming: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Frecton: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b; see also Harrington below.
-,-, Grey of Ruthyn quartering Hastings and Valence: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Gurney: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Harrington: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b; Haverbrack (1) (monument), p. 103b; impaling Frecton, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Hastings, see Grey of Ruthyn above.
-,-, Kirkby: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b; see also under Wharton below.
-,-, Lancaster: Barton (1) (chancel, nave, coffin-lid), pp. 35b, 36a, b; (?) Kendal (1) (roof-boss), p. 121b.
-,-, Lathom, see Stanley below.
-,-, Lawrence, see Washington below.
-,-, Leyborne, see Bardsey above.
-,-, Man, Isle of, see Stanley below.
-,-, Marmion: Kendal (1) (monument (5)), p. 122a; see also Roos below.
-,-, Middleton: Burton (1) (tomb-slab), p. 65a; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Kirkby Lonsdale (1) (buttress), p. 135a; Impaling Bellingham, Kirkby Lonsdale (1) (altar-tomb), p. 136a; impaling Carus, Kirkby Lonsdale (1) (altar-tomb), p. 136a; see also Unidentified below.
-,-, Middleton of Leighton Hall: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Musgrave: Haverbrack (1) (monument), p. 103b; Kirkby Stephen (1) (monuments), p. 142b; Impaling Ward, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142a; see also Beauchamp of Holt above.
-,-, Neville: Kendal (1) (Strickland Chapel), p. 121a; see also Deincourt above.
-,-, Parr: Kendal (1) (monument (5)), p. 122a; quartering Fitzhugh, Roos and . . .: Kendal (10) (ceiling), p. 125b; see also Roos below.
-,-, Pennington: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b; Impaling Eure, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Percy: Appleby (1) (glass), p. 6a.
-,-, Pickering: Killington (1) (glass), p. 131b.
-,-, Redmain: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Roos quartering Parr and quartering Fitzhugh and Marmion: Kendal (1) (monument (5)), p. 122a; see also Parr above, and also Vipont below.
-,-, Sandford (?): Kendal (1) (roof-boss), p. 121b.
-,-, Stanley quartering Lathom, the Whole quartering the Isle of Man: Haverbrack (1) (glass), p. 103b.
-,-, Stapleton, see Wharton below.
-,-, Strickland: Haverbrack (1) (monument) (?), p. 103b; Kendal (1) (Strickland Chapel), p. 121a; see also Deincourt above.
-,-, Swetenham: Bowness (1) (formerly in glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Thornborough: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a; Impaling (?) Broughton, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a.
-,-, Threlkeld: Crosby Ravensworth (1) (arch in chancel), p. 79a; Crosby Ravensworth (1) (coffin-lid), p. 80a; Kirkby Thore (2) (glass), p. 147b; Impaling Bromfleet quartering Vescy, Crosby Ravensworth (1) (arch in chancel), p. 79a.
-,-, Thwayts: Haverbrack (1) (monument), p. 103b.
-,-, Thweng: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Tunstall: Haverbrack (1) (monument), p. 103b.
-,-, Urswick: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Valence, see Grey of Ruthyn above.
-,-, Vescy, see Threlkeld above.
-,-, Vipont: Appleby (2) (effigy), p. 7b; impaling Roos, Appleby (2) (part of tomb-canopy), p. 7b; see also Clifford above.
-,-, Warcop: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142a.
-,-, Ward, see Musgrave above.
-,-, Washington (?) quartering Lawrence (?): Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Wharton: Kirkby Thore (2) (carved stone), p. 147b; (glass), p. 147b; (3), p. 148a; impaling Kirkby, Kirkby Thore (2) (tower), p. 146b; impaling Stapleton, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142a.
-,-, Unidentified: Barton (1), p. 37a; Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b; Cliburn (3), p. 69a; Haverbrack (1), p. 103a, b; Kendal (1) (roof-bosses), p. 121b; Staveley, Over (1) (glass), p. 219b; quartering Harrington with a Label, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b; Impaling Middleton, Kirkby Lonsdale (1) (altar-tomb), p. 136a.
-, Royal Arms:
-,-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxvi.
-,-, England (gules, three leopards or): Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a.
-,-, France (azure three fleurs de lis or): Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a.
-,-, Scotland (or a lion within a double tressure flowered and counter-flowered gules): Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a.
-,-, England and France, 1340, c. 1405 (azure powdered with fleur-de-lis or for France, ancient, quartering gules three leopards or for England): Appleby (1) (glass), p. 6a; Crook (1) (bell), p. 72b. England and France, c. 14051603 (azure three fleurs-de-lis or for France quartering gules three leopards or for England): Queen Elizabeth: Helsington (2), p. 107a; Levens (1), pp. 152b, 153a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250b. Sovereign not identified: Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (2), p. 230b; Windermere (7) (glass), p. 246a. With a label and a garter for Edward Prince of Wales: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-,-, Stuart, 16031707 (quarterly: 1 and 4 France quartering England; 2, or a lion within a double tressure flowered and counter-flowered gules for Scotland; 3, azure a harp or stringed argent for Ireland): Charles I: Crosthwaite and Lyth (16) (fire-back), p. 92b; Kendal (1) (bells), p. 121b. Charles I or II: Appleby (3) (fire-back), p. 11a. Charles II: Appleby (1), p. 6b; Mallerstang (1), p. 163a; Strickland Ketel (10), p. 221b. Sovereign not identified: Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a. William III: (Stuart Royal Arms with a scutcheon of Nassau); Orton (1), p. 189a. Anne, after the Union with Scotland, 17071714: (quarterly: 1 and 4, England impaling Scotland; 2 France Modern; 3, Ireland): Witherslack (1), p. 249a.

Herbert:
-, Arms of, impaling Clifford, Appleby (4), p. 12a.
-, Philip, 4th Earl of Pembroke, second husband of Lady Anne Clifford, pp. lv; 6a.

Hercules, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Herd, Hugh, Kentmere Hall said to have been built by, Kentmere (2), p. 129b.

Herefordshire Beacon, pillow mounds on, p. xxxvin.

Hermitage, The: Rydal and Loughrigg (12), p. 202b; Shap, Urban (8), p. 205b.

Herring-bone masonry, Brough (3), pp. 50b, 53a.

Heversham: pp. 109112; ancient settlement of, p. lii; early monastery at, p. xlix; Hefresham, early form of, p. xlixn; Crosscrake Church formerly a chapel of, Stainton (1), p. 217b; Church granted to St. Mary's Abbey, York, p. livn.

" Hall, Heversham (4), p. 111a.

High, The, Crosthwaite and Lyth (19), p. 92b.

" Bank House, Barbon (7), p. 35a.

" Barns, Hincaster (2), p. 112b.

" Barrows Green, parts of pinnacle and font-bowl in garden at, Stainton (1), p. 217b.

" Birk House, Langdales (4), p. 149a.

" Borrans, Windermere (17), p. 246b.

" Borrow Bridge: Shap, Rural (13), p. 209a; outbuilding near, Shap, Rural (53), p. 210a.

" Borrowdale, Tebay (8), p. 225b.

" Bracken Hall, Preston Patrick (10), p. 197a.

" Broadrain, Grasmere (37), p. 99a.

" Brow, Barton (8), p. 38a.

" Butterbent, Hutton, New (9), p. 116b.

" Carlingill, Tebay (5), p. 225b.

" Cartmel Fold, Crosthwaite and Lyth (8), p. 92a.

" Cleabarrow, Undermillbeck (11), p. 232a.

" Close, Rydal and Loughrigg (31), p. 203a.

" Colwith, Langdales (15), p. 149b.

" Commonmire, Preston Richard (4), p. 197b.

" Crag, Strickland Ketel (5), p. 221a.

" Dalebanks, Crosby Ravensworth (14), p. 82a.

" Dovengill, houses at, Ravenstonedale (11), (12), p. 199a.

" Drybarrows, Bampton (58), p. 31b.

" Dubbs, Ravenstonedale (25), p. 199b.

" Easedale, barn at, Grasmere (35), p. 99a.

" Fairbank, Staveley, Nether (11), p. 219a.

" Fell End, Witherslack (17), p. 249b.

Highfield Plantation, village settlement near, Askham (44), p. 24b.

High Flakebridge, Orton (29), p. 190b.

" Fold, Troutbeck (14), p. 229a.

Highgate: Kendal (3956), p. 128a, b; Martindale (16), p. 166a.

" House Hotel, see under Inns.

High Grassrigg, Killington (12), p. 133a.

" Green Farm, Troutbeck (24), p. 229b; Warcop (8), p. 239a.

" Grigg Hall, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (16), p. 231b.

" Hacket, Langdales (14), p. 149b.

" Hall, Strickland, Little (6), p. 222b.

" House: Bampton (23) (outbuildings), p. 30a; (62), p. 31b; Crook (5), p. 72b; Firbank (12), p. 96b; Helsington (12), p. 108b; Hugill or Ings (3), p. 114b; Natland (6), p. 181a; Sedgwick (3), p. 204a; Stainton (9), p. 218a.

" Howe, Bampton (49), p. 31a.

" Hullockhowe, Bampton (44), p. 31a.

" Hundhouse, Strickland Roger (4), p. 224b.

" Knife Farm, Bampton (26), p. 30a.

" Leys, Crook (3), p. 72b.

" Rough Hill, Bampton (40), p. 30b.

" Rowell, Milnthorpe (5), p. 175a.

" Rutter, outbuilding at, Ormside (7), p. 187b.

" Scarside, Bampton (21), p. 30a.

" Scorecrag, Grasmere (23), p. 98b.

" Scroggs, Staveley, Over (4), p. 219a.

" Shaw, Orton (30), p. 190b.

" Skelgill, Ambleside (17), p. 4a.

" Sprintgill, Ravenstonedale (16), p. 199b.

" Stangerthwaite, barn at, Killington (9), p. 132b.

" Street: pp. xliiixliv; earthworks near, Askham (46), p. 28a.

" Sweden Bridge, Ambleside (6), p. 3b.

" Swindale Head, Shap, Rural (43), p. 210a.

" Underbrow, Strickland Roger (9), p. 224b.

High Whinhowe, Orton (37), p. 190b.

" Winder, Barton (12), p. 38b.

" Woodfoot, Bampton (42), p. 30b.

Hillbeck, p. 112.

Hill Cottage: Hugill or Ings (6), p. 114b; Longsleddale (11), p. 158a; Strickland Roger (11), p. 225a.

" Farm, Hugill or Ings (5), p. 114b; Strickland Roger (10), p. 225a.

" House, Levens (15), p. 156b.

Hillside House, Newby (3), p. 185a.

Hill Top, Askham (16), p. 23b.

" " Farm, Crosby Ravensworth (13), p. 82a.

Hilton:
-, Arms of, Warcop (5), p. 239a; Burton Hall owned by family of, Warcop (5), p. 239a; Ormside Hall owned by family of, Ormside (3), p. 187a.
-, Cyprian, 1652, brass, Ormside (1), p. 186b.
-, Cyprian, 1693, brass, Ormside (1), p. 186b.
-, Cyprian, 1712, stand-paten given in memory of, Ormside (1), p. 187a.

Hilton Hall, Murton (5), p. 178b.

Hincaster, p. 112.

" Hall, Hincaster (1), p. 112a.

Hippo-Sandal, Kirkby Lonsdale, (37), pp. xxxiv, 140a.

Hird Wood, stone circle near, Troutbeck (33), p. 229b.

Hodg . . ., John, 1703, monument, Temple Sowerby (2), p. 226a.

Hodge Bridge, Barbon (2), p. 34b.

Hodson, Christopher, see under Bellfounders.

Hoff, p. 112.

" Bridge, outbuilding and house near, Hoff (6), (7), p. 113b.

Hog-back Stones, see under Monuments, Funeral.

Hogson, Thomas, canon, probably of Cartmel Priory, figure of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.

Holborn Hill, village settlement at, Asby (20), p. 18a.

Hole House, Barton (14), p. 38b.

Holes Farm, Orton (9), p. 190a.

Holeslack, Helsington (9), p. 108b.

Hollin How or Hall, Staveley, Nether (2), p. 218b.

Hollins: Docker (4), p. 93b; Hutton, New (12), p. 116b; Middleton (11), p. 172b; Preston Patrick (6), p. 197a; Strickland Ketel (16), p. 221b.

" Farm, Arnside (2), p. 15a.

Hollin Stump, Cairn at, Asby (28), p. 20a.

Hollow Bank, Kentmerc (14), p. 130b.

" Gate, Fawcett Forest (4), p. 95b.

Holme, A., initials of, and date 1675, Bampton (66), p. 31b.

Holme, pp. 1134.

Holmescales, see Hutton, Old.

Holy Ghost, The, buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

" Trinity, The: bell dedicated to, Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Home Farm, Newbiggin (3), p. 184a.

Homestead Moats, see Earthworks.

Hood, fragment of floor-slab with name, Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a.

Hope, Sir William, remains at Shap Abbey excavated by, Shap, Rural (3), p. 207b.

Hopgill Beck, bridge over, Shap, Rural (7), p. 208b.

Hordley House, Burton (17), p. 66a.

Hornby Hall, Brougham (6), p. 62b.

Hornsbarrow, Lupton (5), p. 162b.

Hospital Farm, Brougham (8), p. 63a.

Hospitals:
-, St. Anne's: Appleby (4), p. 12a.
-, Sandes': Kendal (44), p. 128a.

Hothfield, Lord: owner of Appleby Castle, p. 8a; owner of Brougham Castle, p. 57b.

Hottblacke:
-, A., initials of, and date 1690, Bampton (42), p. 30b.
-, E., initials of, and date 1674, Bampton (41), p. 30b.

Houseman Tenement, Strickland Roger (15), p. 225a.

Houses, Noteworthy or of Medival Date:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lx.
-, Dating from the 14th century: Asby (4), p. 15b; Askham (5), p. 21a; Beetham (2), p. 40a; Bolton (2), p. 43b; Helsington (2) (Sizergh), p. 106a; Heversham (4), p. 111a; Kendal (10), p. 125a; Kentmere (2), p. 129b, Kirkby Thore (3), p. 147b; Levens (1), p. 151a; Middleton (4), p. 170b; Milburn (3), p. 174a; Murton (1), p. 178a; Newbiggin (2), p. 183b; Preston Patrick (3), p. 195b; Strickland Roger (1), p. 223a; Whitwell and Selside (5), p. 243b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a.
-, Dating from late 14th or early 15th century: Crosby Ravensworth (7), p. 81a; Ormside (3), p. 187a; Wharton (2), p. 240b.
-, Dating from the 15th century: Asby (5), p. 15b; Killington (2), p. 131b; Skelsmergh (2), p. 212b; (4), p. 213a.
-, Dating from late 15th or early 16th century: Clifton (2), p. 69b; Helsington (3), p. 108a.
-, Dating from the 16th century: Barton (2), p. 37a; Brougham (6), p. 62b; Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91a; Helsington (4), p. 108b; Heversham (9), p. 111b; Levens (3), p. 155b; Morland (6), p. 177b; Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 201b; (12), (13), (19), p. 202b; Sockbridge (1), p. 214a; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (2), p. 230b; Witherslack (14), p. 249b.
-, Of Medival origin: Barton (3), p. 37b; Cliburn (3), p. 68b; Hartley (1), p. 101a; Haverbrack (3), p. 104a; Hillbeck (1), p. 112a; Kirkby Lonsdale (4), p. 136b; (6), p. 137a; Rydal and Loughrigg (3) (foundations only), p. 201b; Strickland Ketel (16), p. 221b; Temple Sowerby (4), p. 226b; Warcop (5), p. 239a; Windermere (1), p. 244b.
-, Later but Noteworthy: Appleby (3), p. 9a; Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a; Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 80b; Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226a.

How, The, Patterdale (31), p. 193a.

Howarcles, village settlement, Crosby Ravensworth (33), p. 88a.

Howard, Levens Hall in possession of family of, Levens (1), p. 151a.

Howe, Shap, Rural (59), p. 210b.

" The, Windermere (8), p. 246a.

Howenook Pike: cairn on, Crosby Ravensworth (41), p. 89b; enclosure near, Crosby Ravensworth (40), p. 89b.

Howestone, Whinfell (4), p. 243a.

Howe Top, Rydal and Loughrigg (33), p. 203a.

Howfold, Kentmere (15), p. 130b.

Howgate Foot, Bampton (25), p. 30a.

Howgill, Newby (14), p. 185a.

" Castle, Milburn (3), p. 174a.

" Fold, Warcop (13), p. 240a.

Howsteadbrow, Martindale (10), p. 166a.

Howtown, barn near, Martindale (23), p. 166a.

Hugh's Seat, Lady's Pillar erected on, Mallerstang (2), p. 163a.

Hugill or Ings: pp. 1146; possible side of former chapel, p. 114a, b.

" Hall: glass quarries said to be from, Windermere (7), p. 246a; house near, Hugill or Ings (9), p. 115a.

Hugill, village settlement: Hugill or Ings (13), p. 115a; entrance similar to one at Kentmere, p. 130b.

Hutton, William, library given to Beetham Church, 1705, Haverbrack (1), p. 103a.

Hutton, New, pp. 1167.

" Old, and Holmescales, pp. 1178.

" Bridge, Hutton, Old and Holmescales (2), p. 117a.

" Gate, now The Lindens, Shap, Rural (18), p. 209a.

" Roof: p. 118: attached to Whittington manor, p. lii; village of, granted to St. Mary's Abbey, York, p. livn.

Hyning: Grayrigg (5), p. 101a; Whinfell (2), p. 243a.

Images, see Statues.

Implements, Flint, chert, etc., Kirkby Stephen (10) (arrowhead), p. 144a; Orton (39), (41), (42), p. 191a.

Incense-cups: Brougham (9), p. 63b; Mallerstang (18), p. 165a.

Indents, see under Brasses, Monumental.

Ing Heads, Mallerstang (16), p. 164b.

Ings, see Hugill.

" Hall, Hugill or Ings (4), p. 114b.

Inns:
-, Angel: Kendal (56), p. 128b.
-, Black Bull: Nateby (3), p. 179b.
-, " Swan: Temple Sowerby (4), p. 226b.
-, Bridge: Brough (10) (now cottage), p. 53b.
-, Britannia: Langdales (23), p. 149b.
-, Crown and Falcon: Hoff (12) (now house), p. 113b.
-, Dun Bull: Shap, Rural (50), p. 210a.
-, Fleece: Kendal (39), p. 128a.
-, Gate: Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (7), p. 252a.
-, Globe: Kendal (23), p. 127a.
-, Grapes: Brough (8) (now cottage), p. 53b.
-, Green Dragon: Kirkby Lonsdale (14), p. 138b.
-, Greyhound: Asby (9), p. 17a; Shap, Urban (18), p. 205b; Strickland, Little (8), p. 222b.
-, Highgate House: Kendal (47), p. 128b.
-, King's Arms: Kirkby Lonsdale (11), p. 138b.
-, Mortal Man: Troutbeck (22), p. 229a.
-, New: Kendal (45), p. 128b; Marton, Long (5), p. 169b.
-, New Hall: Bowness (10), p. 47b.
-, Old Fountain: Kirkby Stephen (7), p. 143b.
-, Old White Lion: Langdales (24), p. 149b.
-, Punch Bowl: Askham (7), p. 23b; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (14), p. 231a.
-, Queen Catherine: Kendal (42) (now house), p. 128a.
-, Queen's: Appleby (16), p. 14a.
-, Red Dragon: Kirkby Lonsdale (13), p. 138b.
-, " Lion: Grasmere (10), p. 98a.
-, Rose and Crown: Kendal (37) (now house and shop), p. 128a.
-, Royal Hotel: Kirkby Lonsdale (15), p. 138b.
-, " Oak: Sleagill (5), p. 213b.
-, Sun: Kirkby Lonsdale (9), p. 138a.
-, Wateredge: Ambleside (16), p. 4a.
-, Wheatsheaf: Helsington (18), p. 109a.
-, White Lion: Kendal (36) (now house and shops), p. 128a.

Intake Village Settlements, Crosby Garrett (8), pp. 778; 234a. See also Waitby Intake.

Iron Hill, mounds at, Crosby Ravensworth (58), p. 90a, b.

Ironwork:
-, Firebacks:
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (3), p. 11a; Crosthwaite and Lyth (16), p. 92b.
-, Grates:
-,-, 14th-century: Kirkby Thore (3), p. 148a.
-,-, 16th-century: Cliburn (2), p. 68b.
-, Hinges:
-,-, 13th-century: Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-,-, Medival: Morland (1), p. 177a.
-,-, c. 1600: Grasmere (12), p. 98a.
-,-, 17th-century: Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (3), p. 117b; Martindale (30), p. 166b; Stainton (5), p. 218a; Undermillbeck (10), p. 232a; Warcop (4), p. 239a; Witherslack (11), (16), p. 249b.
-,-, Undated: Whinfell (5), p. 243a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 251a.
-, Knockers:
-,-, 16th-century: Levens (1), p. 151b.
-,-, 17th-century: Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (3), p. 117b; Orton (33), p. 190b; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (15), p. 231a.
-, Scutcheons:
-,-, 16th-century: Levens (1), p. 151b.
-,-, 17th-century: Ambleside (10), p. 4a; Barton (4), p. 38a; Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (3), p. 117b; Undermillbeck (14), p. 232b; Windermere (7), p. 246a.

Ivo Taillebois: made lord of Kentdale by William II, p. liv; Beetham granted to, p. livn.

Ivy Cottage, Burton (8), p. 65b.

Jackson:
-, Dr. J.W., cave excavated by, Haverbrack (8), p. 104b.
-, L. and T., initials of, and date 1679, Bampton (47), p. 31a.
-, T. and M., initials and date 1696 for, Bampton (6), p. 29b.

James, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications and also St. Margaret and, under Dedications.

James II, inscription with name of, Kendal (18), p. 127a.

Jesus, buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Jewell, John, Bishop of Salisbury, An answer to a book by M. Harding, 1569, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

John the Baptist, St.: buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications: figures of, Brough (2) (glass), p. 50b; Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a.

" the Evangelist, St., figures of: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a; Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a; Ravenstonedale (1) (painted panel), p. 198a; figures probably of, Haverbrack (1) (glass), p. 103b; Shap, Rural (2) (glass), p. 207a.

Jolly's Farm, Holme (1), p. 114a.

Jopson, George: 16967, monument, Staveley, Over (1), p. 219b; Low Scroggs said to have been the house of, Staveley, Over (5), p. 220a.

Jownie Wife House, Troutbeck (21), p. 229a.

Judethil, possible version of Jukil, p. lii.

Jukil Westmari, possibly ruler of Westmorland, p. li.

Julia, daughter of the Emperor Titus, coins of, Brough (1), p. 48b.

Julia Domna, Empress, coins of, Ambleside (1), p. 3a.

Jupiter Serapis, altar dedicated to, p. xl.

Justice, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153a.

Kaber, pp. 1189.

Kate Farm, Meathop and Ulpha (2), p. 170a.

Katherine, St.: buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications; figures of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a.

Keeper's Cottage: Barton (10), p. 38b; Beetham (11), p. 42a.

Keld: Shap, Urban (21)(23), p. 206a; bridge at, Shap, Rural (9), p. 208b.

" Chapel, Shap, Urban (2), p. 205a.

Keldhead: Askham (20), p. 23b; Bampton (50), p. 31a.

Kelker Well, Hutton Roof (4), p. 118b.

Kelleth, house at, Orton (27), p. 190b.

Kemphow, Shap, Urban (24), p. 206a.

Kendal: pp. 119129; barony of, pp. xlviii, livn; held by Gilemichel, p. lii; Church granted to St. Mary's Abbey, York, p. livn; churches formerly chapels of; St. Oswald Burneside, Strickland Ketel (1), p. 220b; Crook (1), p. 72b; Grayrigg (2), p. 101a; Helsington (1), p. 104b; Hugill or Ings (1), p. 114a; Kentmere (1), p. 129b; Longsleddale (1), p. 157b; Over, Staveley (1), p. 219a; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (1), p. 230b; Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b; Winster, Undermillbeck (1), p. 231b.

Kendal Castle, Kendal (3), p. 122b.

" Museum, Roman finds from Kirkby Thore in, pp. xli, 145b.

Kent, River, bridges over: Hugill or Ings (2), p. 114a; Kendal (4), (5), p. 124a; Levens (2), p. 155b; Staveley, Over (2), p. 219b; Strickland Ketel (2), p. 220b.

Kentdale, division of N.W. England, p. xlviii; see also Kendal.

Kentigern, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Kentmere, pp. 129131.

" Hall, Kentmere (2), p. 129b.

Kerry (Wales), pillow mounds at, p. xxxvin.

Kettle Crag, cairns and enclosures near, Langdales (50), p. 151a.

Kidshowe Beck, bridge over, Fawcett Forest (1), p. 95b.

" Bridge, Fawcett Forest (1), p. 95b.

Kidside, outbuilding at, Preston Richard (6), p. 197b.

Kilburn (Yorks) pottery found at, p. xxixn.

Killington, pp. 1313.

" Hall, Killington (2), p. 131b.

Kilns: remains of, Haverbrack (6), p. 104b; Natland (1), p. 180b; kiln for grain-drying, building thought to be a, Patterdale (32), p. 193a.

Kilnstones, Longsleddale (5), p. 158a.

King Arthur's Round Table, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (12), pp. xxxi; 252b.

King's Arms, see under Inns.

" " Inn, Shap, standing stone near, Shap, Urban (26) (e), p. 206b.

" Meaburn, p. 133.

" Well, house-foundations near, Crosby Ravensworth (36), p. 89a.

Kirfit Hall, Casterton (2), p. 66a.

Kirkbarrow, Barton (3), p. 37b.

Kirkbride, arms of, see Cliburn, Richard.

Kirkby:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial. ...., and wife (Fitzalan of Bedale), figures of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.
-, Martha, seats carved with name of, and date 1673, Skelsmergh (3), p. 213a.

Kirkby Kendal, see Kendal.

" Lonsdale: pp. 133140; held by Torfin, p. lii; church granted to St. Mary's Abbey, York, p. livn; font at Lupton from church, Lupton (1), p. 162a; porch from church now at Green Close, Kirkby Lonsdale (30), p. 139b. Churches formerly chapels of: Barbon (1), p. 34b; Hutton Roof (1), p. 118a; Killington (1), p. 131b; Middleton (2), p. 170b.

" Stephen: pp. 1404; included in bishopric of Carlisle, p. lvn.; church granted to St. Mary's Abbey of York, p. liv. Churches formerly chapels of: Mallerstang (1), p. 163a; Soulby (1), p. 215a; panelling in Appleby Moot Hall from, Appleby (6), p. 12b.

" Thore: pp. 1448; Churches formerly chapels of: Milburn (2), p. 173a; Temple Sowerby (2), p. 226a; Roman station, see Forts under Roman; altars perhaps from, Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a.

" " Hall, Kirkby Thore (3), p. 147b.

Kirket Nook, Witherslack (9), p. 249b.

Kirkhoven, Dorothy, see Stanley, Charles, 8th Earl of Derby.

Kirkland, Kendal (626), p. 129a.

Kitchen, Jenet, 17123, monument, Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.

Kitridding, Lupton (7), p. 162b.

Kitson, Thomas, initials and shield-of-arms of, at Killington Hall, Killington (2), p. 132a.

Kittycrag, barn at, Grasmere (31), p. 99a.

Kitty Hall, Langdales (18), p. 149b.

Knights Hospitallers, see under Monastic and Collegiate Houses.

" Templars, see under Monastic and Collegiate Houses.

Knipe, Tobias, name and date 1606, Crosthwaite and Lyth (6), p. 92a.

" Hall, Bampton (24), p. 30a.

" Scar, Lynchets on, Bampton (78), p. 34b.

Knockers: see also under Ironwork.
-, Brass, Early 18th-century, Patterdale (54), p. 193b.

Knott, Michael, additions made to Rydal Mount by, Rydal and Loughrigg (5), p. 202a.

Knott, Staveley, Nether (3), p. 219a.

" Houses, cottage at, Grasmere (46), p. 99b.

" " Farm, Grasmere (47), p. 99b.

Knotts, Windermere (11), p. 246a.

Lady's Pillar, Mallerstang (2), p. 163a.

Lagore Crannog (co. Meath), glass bracelets found in, p. xxxivn.

Laithwaite, Strickland Roger (6), p. 224b.

Lakethwaite, Firbank (11), p. 96b.

Lambrigg: p. 148; name Sti Coleman found in charter of, p. xlix.

Lammerside Castle, Wharton (1), p. 240a.

Lancaster:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, see Lowther, and also Wharton; Crake Trees owned by family of, Crosby Ravensworth (7), p. 81a; Howgill Castle formerly owned by family of, Milburn (3), p. 174b; Sockbridge Hall owned by family of, Sockbridge (1), p. 214a.
-, Cris[top]her de, coffin lid of, Barton (1), p. 36b.
-, Robert and I., initials of and date 1699, Patterdale (13), p. 192a.
-, Sir Roger de, part of dyke or fence constructed by, Rydal and Loughrigg (35), p. 203b.

Lancrigg, Grasmere (28), p. 98b.

Lane Head: Crosby Ravensworth (15), p. 82b; cairn near, Crosby Ravensworth (57), p. 90a; Helsington (5), p. 108b.

Lanehead, Patterdale (21), p. 192b.

Langdale Beck, bridge over, Langdales (2), p. 148b.

Langdales, pp. 148151.

Langrigg, house at, Musgrave (5), p. 179b.

Langton, Murton (6), p. 178b.

Larkrigg, Helsington (7), p. 108b.

Lathom, arms of, before 1550, see Stanley under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Laverock Bridge, Skelsmergh (1), p. 212a.

Law, Richard, name inscribed on Measand School, Bampton (60), p. 31b.

Lawrence, arms of, before 1550, see Washington under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Lawrence, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications; figure of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a.

Lawson, Thomas, 1691, gravestone, Newby (1), p. 184b.

Leacet Plantation, remains of barrow near, Brougham (9), p. 63b.

Leadwork:
-, Cistern:
-,-, Early 18th-century: Levens (1), p. 155a.
-, Rainwater Pipes and Heads:
-,-, 17th-century: Levens (1), p. 151b; Skelsmergh (3), p. 213a.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Asby (6), p. 16b; Levens (1), p. 151b; Milburn (3), p. 174a.

League, Tower of, Brougham Castle, Brougham (4), pp. 57b, 58b, 62a.

Leather, Stamped, rooms at Levens Hall lined with, Levens (1), pp. 153a, b, 155a.

Legion, The 20th, Roman inscription relating to, Milburn (1), p. 173a.

Leland, John: Beetham Hall mentioned by, Beetham (2), p. 40a; Pendragon Castle mentioned by, Mallerstang (3), p. 163b.

Leonard, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Levens, pp. 1517.

" Bridge, Levens (2), p. 155b.

" Hall: Levens (1), p. 151a; plasterwork similar to that at Helsington Laithes, Helsington (3), p. 108a.

Leyburne or Leyborne: arms of, before 1550, see Bardsey under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; Cunswick Hall formerly owned by family of, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (2), p. 230b; tower of Skelsmergh Hall built by family of, Skelsmergh (2), p. 212b.

Lickbarrow, Bowness (6), p. 47a.

Light Trees, Stainmore (7), p. 216b.

Lindens, The, Shap, Rural (18), p. 209a.

Lindeth: Undermillbeck (15), p. 232b; cupboard said to have come from, Undermillbeck (16), p. 232b.

Little Asby: barn in, Asby (17), p. 17a; cairn near, Asby (27), p. 20a; enclosure at, Asby (18), p. 17a.

" Ashes, Staveley, Nether (5), p. 219a.

" Ing, Mallerstang (14), p. 164b.

" Langdale, Langdales (4)(16), p. 149.

" Musgrave, house at, Musgrave (4), p. 179b.

" Ormside, cottage at, Ormside (6), p. 187b.

" Strickland, pp. 2212.

Littlethwaite, Stainmore (8), p. 216b.

Little Tullythwaite, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (19), p. 231b.

Littlewater, house at, Bampton (55), p. 31a.

Lockers:
-, 13th-century:
-,-, Brougham (4), p. 60a; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Late 15th or early 16th-century: Brougham (3), p. 56b.
-, Medival, but undated: Appleby (2), p. 7b; Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a.
-, 17th-century: Longsleddale (1), p. 157b.

Lockey, Thomas, name and date 1626, inscribed on bench, Heversham (1), p. 111a.

Lockholme, Ravenstonedale (8), p. 199a.

" Hall, Ravenstonedale (9), p. 199a.

Locks:
-, Wooden:
-,-, 17th-century: Asby (4), p. 15b; Hugill or Ings (1), p. 114a; Kendal (6), p. 124a.
-,-, Undated: Appleby (3), p. 11a.

Longcrag House, Stainmore (9), p. 216b.

Long Green Head, Windermere (9), p. 246a.

" House, Strickland, Little (5), p. 222b.

Longhouses, Kentmere (11), p. 130b.

Long Marton, pp. 167170.

Long Meg and her Daughters (Cumberland), p. xxxi.

Longmire:
-, ...., author of inscription on floor of kitchen at Mill Brow, Rydal and Loughrigg (23), p. 203a.
-, I, initials of, and date 1677, Troutbeck (19), p. 229a.

Longmire, Windermere (7), p. 246a.

" Yeat: Troutbeck (17), p. 229a; cottage at, Troutbeck (16), p. 229a.

Long Scar Pike, cairn on, Crosby Ravensworth (42), p. 89b.

Longsleddale, pp. 1578.

Longwell, Whitwell and Selside (7), p. 244b.

Lonsdale, Viscounts, see Lowther.

Lonsdale: division of N.W. England, p. xlviii; deanery of, of, p. lvn.; estate of Halton held by Tostig in, p. lii.

Lord's Prayer, The, painted on panel: Appleby (4,) p. 12b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.

Loscars, earthwork at, Newbiggin (9), p. 184a.

Loughrigg Fold, Rydal and Loughrigg (26), p. 203a.

" Holme, Rydal and Loughrigg (15), p. 202b.

" How, Rydal and Loughrigg (27), p. 203a.

" Terrace, barn near, Rydal and Loughrigg (32), p. 203a.

Lounthwaite, Milburn (6), p. 175a.

Low Biggins, tenements at, Kirkby Lonsdale (32), p. 139b.

" Birks, Crosthwaite and Lyth (20), p. 92b.

" Blakebank, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (17), p. 231b.

" Borrow Bridge: Tebay (4), p. 225b; Roman fort, Grayrigg (1), p. 99b; Roman road from, p. xlii.

" Borrowdale, Tebay (7), p. 225b.

" Bracken Hall, Preston Patrick (11) p. 197a.

" Broadrain, Grasmere (36), p. 99a.

" Brow, Barton (7), p. 38a.

" Brundrigg, Strickland Ketel (10), p. 221a.

" Butterbent, Hutton, New (10), p. 116b.

" Cleabarrow, Undermillbeck (12), p. 232a.

Lowclose, outbuilding at, Askham (41), p. 24b.

Low Colwith, Langdales (16), p. 149b.

" Common, Windermere (15), p. 246b.

" Crag, Bampton (36), p. 30b.

" Drybarrows, Bampton (57), p. 31b.

Lower Haverflatts, Heversham (8), p. 111b.

" Reston, Hugill or Ings (11), p. 115a.

Low Fell End, Witherslack (11), p. 249b.

" Fellside, Kendal (57), (60), (61), p. 129a.

" Fold: Ambleside (15), p. 4a; Staveley, Over (6), p. 220a.

Lowfold: Grasmere (24), p. 98b; Kentmere (10), p. 130b.

Low Greenholme, Tebay (18), p. 225b.

Lowgroves, Skelsmergh (5), p. 213a.

Low Hall: Killington (3), p. 132a; Strickland, Little (2), p. 222a.

" Hartsop, Patterdale (3), p. 191b; (28)(45), pp. 192b 193b.

" House: Helsington (11), p. 108b; Hutton, New (15), p. 116b; Patterdale (28), p. 192b; Troutbeck (9), p. 228b; Undermillbeck (13), p. 232b; Wharton (5), p. 242b.

" Howe, Bampton (48), p. 31a.

" Hullockhowe, Bampton (43), p. 30b.

" Hundhouse, Strickland Roger (3), p. 224b.

" Knipe, Bampton (30), p. 30a.

" Farm, Bampton (32), p. 30b.

" Lane, house, Ravenstonedale (26), p. 199b.

" Longmire, Windermere (6), p. 246a.

" Moor, Lowther (10), p. 161a.

" Plumgarths, Strickland Ketel (11), p. 221b.

" Raise, cairn at, Bampton (70), p. 33a.

" Rough Hill, Bampton (39), p. 30b.

" Sadgill, Longsleddale (13), p. 158b.

" Scarside, Bampton (22), p. 31a.

" Scorecrag, Grasmere (22), p. 98b.

" Scroggs, Staveley, Over (5), p. 220a.

" Side: Askham (8), p. 23b; (29), p. 24a.

" Sprintgill, Ravenstonedale (15), p. 199b.

" Stangerthwaite, Killington (8), p. 132b.

" Sweden Bridge, Ambleside (5), p. 3b.

Lowther:
-, Arms of, Appleby (1), p. 6b; Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 80b; on flagon, Lowther (1), p. 160a; impaling Thynne, Lowther (1), p. 160a; quartering Lancaster, Beetham and Hartsop, Barton (1) (porch), p. 36b; quartered arms of, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (11), p. 252b; Sockbridge Hall owned by family of, Sockbridge (1), p. 214a; Yanwath Hall owned by family of, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a.
-, Sir Christopher: Hackthorpe Hall built by, Lowther (4), p. 160b.
-, James, Earl of Lonsdale, Wharton Hall restored by, Wharton (2), p. 241a.
-, James, name on doorway at Cliburn Hall, Cliburn (2), p. 68b.
-, Sir John, 1637, monument with bust of, Lowther (1), p. 159b; Maulds Meaburn Hall owned by, Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 80b.
-, Sir John, 1675, p. lvii; monument with bust of, Lowther (1), p. 160a; Lowther school founded by, Lowther (18), p. 161a.
-, John, Viscount Lonsdale and Lord Lowther, 1700, monument with effigy of, Lowther (1), p. 159b; Lowther Castle built by, Lowther (3), p. 160b; church re-built by, Lowther (1), p. 158b.
-, John, name on doorway at Cliburn Hall, Cliburn (2), p. 68b.
-, Lady, drawing of Shap Stones by (1775), Shap, Urban (26), p. 206a.
-, Sir Richard, Lord Warden of the W. Marches, 16078, monument with effigy of, Lowther (1), p. 159b.
-, Richard, Lowther school founded by, Lowther (18), p. 161a.
-, Robert, 1430, brass, Lowther (1), p. 159b.
-, William, name on doorway at Cliburn Hall, Cliburn (2), p. 68b.

Lowther: pp. 158162; cross-shafts possibly from the church, Lowther (3), p. 160b; windows possibly from the church, Lowther (5), p. 160b.

" Castle: Lowther (3), p. 160b; brass to Robert Lowther now at, Lowther (1), p. 159b; worked stones from Shap Abbey now at, pp. 160b, 207b; Museum, grave-slabs and stone fir-cone from Kirkby Thore in, pp. xl; 145b; park, materials from pele-tower said to have been used in lodge of, Sockbridge (1), p. 214a.

" River, bridges over: Shap, Urban (4), p. 205a; Shap, Rural (4), (9), p. 208b; (10), (11), p. 209a.

" School, Lowther (18), p. 161a.

Low Underbrow, Strickland Roger (12), p. 225a.

" Whelter, Bampton (64), p. 31b.

" Whinhowe, Orton (36), p. 190b.

" Wood, Witherslack (4), p. 249a.

Lucilla, coins of: Kirkby Thore (1), p. 146a; Natland (1), p. 180b.

Luke, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Lune, River, bridges over: Firbank (1), p. 96a; Kirkby Lonsdale (3), p. 136b; Orton (3), p. 189b; Tebay (3), p. 225a.

Lune's Bridge, Tebay (3), p. 225a.

" " Farm, Tebay (9), p. 225b.

Lupton, p. 162.

" Row: cottage at, Lupton (6), p. 162b; boat-shaped piece of timber found near, Lupton (1), p. 162a.

Lydney (Glos.), figures used as votive offerings at, p. xli.

Lynchets, see under Earthworks.

Lyndesey or Lindsay, William de, part of dyke or fence constructed by, Rydal and Loughrigg (35), p. 203b.

Lyth, see Crosthwaite.

Lyvennet Beck: bridge over, Crosby Ravensworth (5), p. 80b; medival village site on banks of, Crosby Ravensworth (4), p. 80b; mound near, Crosby Ravensworth (62), p. 90b.

Machell:
-, Arms of, after 1550, Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a; Kirkby Thore (2) (carved stone), p. 147b; (font), p. 147a; see also Wharton; Bewley Castle owned by family of, Bolton (2), p. 44a; Crackenthorpe Hall owned by family of, Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a.
-, Hugh, repairs to Crackenthorpe Hall, Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a.
-, Lancelot, p. lvii; initials and date 1663, at Crackenthorpe Hall, Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a.
-, Thomas, rector of Kirkby Thore, inscription on communionrails, Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; drawing of Burneside Hall by, Strickland Roger (1), p. 223b; excavations at Roman fort, Kirkby Thore (1), pp. 144b, 145a, 146a; on the house of Gilbertine canons at Ravenstonedale, cited, p. 198b; on Watercrook Roman fort, cited, Natland (1), p. 180b; on Yanwath Hall, cited, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250b, repairs to Crackenthorpe Hall, Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a.

Mackereth or Mackreth:
-, Brian, 1712, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, I, initials, and date 1714, Grasmere (23), p. 98b.

Madgegill, Strickland Ketel (15), p. 221b.

Maggs Howe, Kentmere (8), p. 130b.

Maiden Castle, Stainmore (1), pp. xxxiv, xxxviii; 215b.

" Way: Stainmore (19), pp. xliii, 217b; hoard of coins found near, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Main Street, Kirkby Lonsdale (12)(21), p. 138b.

Malcolm III, king of Scots, lands in N.W. England conquered by, p. liii.

Mallerstang, pp. 1625.

Man, Isle of, arms of, before 1550, see Stanley under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Manor House: Burton (18), p. 66a; Hutton Roof (7), p. 118b; Kirkby Stephen (5), p. 143b.

Mansergh, p. 165.

Mansion House, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (3), p. 252a.

Marcus Aurelius, coins of: Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b; see also Antoninus.

Mardale, Shap Rural (46)(52), p. 210a; Castle Crag Fort, Bampton (68), p. 31b; Flakehow, Bampton (66), p. 31b; Riggindale, Bampton (67), p. 31b; bridges at, Shap, Rural (7), (8), p. 208b.

" Beck, bridge over, Shap, Rural (8), p. 208b.

" Church, Shap, Rural (1), p. 206b.

Margaret, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Mark Antony, coins of, (?) Kirkby Thore (1) p. 145b.

Market Crosses, see under Crosses.

" Hall, 17th-century: Shap, Urban (5), p. 205a.

" Place, Kendal (21), (22), p. 127a.

" Square, window-tracery in parapet of house in, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a.

" Street, Kirkby Lonsdale (9)(11), p. 138ab.

" Weighton (Yorks), pottery found at, p. xxixn.

Markham, F. R., Roman finds from Kirkby Thore belonging to, p. 145b.

Marmion, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Marsden Farm, Farleton (2), p. 95a.

Martin, St.; buildings dedicated to, see Dedications; figures of, Bowness (1), p. 47a; Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a.

Martindale, pp. 1657.

Marton, Long, pp. 167170.

Mary the Virgin, St.: bells dedicated to: Crook (1), p. 72b; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; Musgrave (1), p. 179a; Ormside (1), p. 186a; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications, figures of: Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; And St. Anne, figures of: Brougham (3), p. 57a; And Child, figures of; Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b; Brougham (3) (glass), p. 56b; Brougham (3) (organ-case), p. 56b; (pulpit), p. 57a; Haverbrack (1) (glass), p. 103b; Scenes from the Life of: Pieta, Brougham (3), p. 57a; Assumption, Brougham (3) (pulpit), p. 57a.

Masons' Company, arms of, Orton (6), p. 189b.

Masons' Marks: Appleby (1), p. 6b; (2), p. 7b; Asby (6), p. 16b; Brough (2), p. 50b; Brougham (3), p. 57a; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Helsington (2), pp. 107b, 108a; Kendal (1), p. 122a; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; (3), p. 136b; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a; Lupton (2), p. 162b; Mallerstang (3), p. 164a; Shap, Urban (2), p. 205a; Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226b; Warcop (1), p. 238b; Wharton (2), p. 242a.

Matson Ground, house at, Undermillbeck (14), p. 232b.

Maulds Meaburn, medival village site at, Crosby Ravensworth (4), p. 80a.

" " Hall, Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 80b.

Mayburgh, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (14), pp. xxxi; 253b.

Meaburn Hill Farm, Crosby Ravensworth (12), p. 81b.

Mealy Syke, Strickland, Great (8), p. 220b.

Measand Bridge: Bampton (4), p. 29a; earthwork near, Bampton (71), p. 33a.

" School, Bampton (60), p. 31b.

Meathop and Ulpha, p. 170.

" Hall, Meathop and Ulpha (1), p. 170a.

Melkinthorpe, Lowther (11)(17), p. 161a.

" Hall, barn near the site of, Strickland, Great (11), p. 220b.

Menhirs, see under Earthworks and Rude Standing Stones.

Metalwork, see Brasswork, Ironwork and Leadwork.

Methodist Chapel, part of Middleton Hall used as, Middleton (4), p. 172a.

Michael, St.: bells dedicated to, Appleby (2), p. 7b; Barton (1), p. 36b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Middlefell Place, Langdales (42), p. 150b.

Middle Lane, Kendal (58), p. 129a.

" Low Wood, barn at, Witherslack (5), p. 249a.

Middlerigg, Troutbeck (31), p. 229b.

Middleshaw Hall, Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (4), p. 117b.

Middleton: arms of: before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; mid 16th-century, Middleton (4), p. 172a; impaling Tunstall, mid 16th century, Middleton (4), p. 172a; effigy of member of family of, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Cappleside Hall owned by family of, Beetham (4), p. 42a; Middleton Hall owned by family of, Middleton (4), p. 170b.

" of Leighton Hall, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Middleton, pp. 1703.

" Hall, Middleton (4), p. 170b.

Midfield, Orton (26), p. 190b.

Midsummer Hill, pillow-mounds on p. xxxvin.

Midtown, Sleagill (4), p. 213b.

" House, King's Meaburn (3), p. 133a.

Milburn, pp. 1735.

Milestones, see under Roman.

Millbeck: Langdales (38), p. 150a; Shap, Urban (3), p. 205a.

" Stock, cottage at, Bowness (8), p. 47b.

Mill Brow: Kirkby Lonsdale (22)(24), p. 139a; Rydal and Loughrigg (23), p. 203a.

Millcrags, Bampton (20), p. 30a.

Miller Bridge House, cottage near, Rydal and Loughrigg (18), p. 202b.

Mill Flat, Sleagill (8), p. 214a.

Millgate, King's Meaburn (7), p. 133b.

Mill House, outbuilding at, Newbiggin (6), p. 184a.

" How, Martindale (19), p. 166a.

Mills:
-, 17th-century: Shap, Urban (3), p. 205a.
-, Early 18th-century: Patterdale (45), p. 193b.

Milnthorpe, p. 175.

Mint, River, bridges over: Skelsmergh (1), p. 212a; Whitwell and Selside (2), p. 243b.

Mire Foot, Strickland Roger (5), p. 224b.

Mires, Docker (6), p. 93b.

Mireside: Crosthwaite and Lyth (13), p. 92b; Patterdale (37), p. 193a.

" Cottage, Crosthwaite and Lyth (14), p. 92b.

Mirk House, Crosthwaite and Lyth (11), p. 92b.

Mislet, Windermere (18), p. 246b.

Mitchelland, Undermillbeck (10), p. 232a.

Moats, see Castle Earthworks and Homestead Moats under Earthworks.

Molineux, Mary, see Preston.

Monastic and Collegiate Buildings:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lix.
-, Augustinian or Austin Canons: remains of St. Leonard's Hospital, Scathwaiterigg (1), p. 204a.
-, Carmelite or White Friars: Appleby (12) (site of), p. 14a.
-, Gilbertine Canons: remains of house of, Ravenstonedale (2), p. 198a.
-, Hospitals: See Augustinian Canons above; Appleby, p. lix.
-, Knights Hospitallers: Temple Sowerby Manor house owned by, Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226a.
-, Knights Templars: Temple Sowerby Manor house owned by, Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226a.
-, Premonstratensian Canons: Shap Abbey, Shap, Rural (3), p. 207a.

Monceaux, arms of, after 1550, see Boynton.

Monk's Bridge, Crosby Ravensworth (5), p. 80b.

Monuments, Funeral:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiv, and Coffin-lids and Effigies.
-, Altar-Tombs:
-,-, 15th-century: Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b; Morland (1), p. 177a.
-,-, 16th-century: Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a; Kendal (1), pp. 121b122a; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; Askham (1), p. 20b.
-, Combined Altar-tomb and Wall-monument:
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a.
-, Floor-slabs:
-,-, Late 14th or early 15th-century: Lowther (1), p. 160a.
-,-, 15th-century: Lowther (1), p. 160a.
-,-, Late 15th or early 16th-century: Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-,-, Medival but undated: Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a; Ormside (1), p. 186b; Shap (3), p. 207b.
-,-, 17th-century: Asby (1), p. 15a; Barton (1), p. 37a; Brough (2), p. 50b; Brougham (2), p. 55b; Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a.
-, Foot-stones:
-,-, 17th-century: Lowther (1), p. 160a.
-, Headstones:
-,-, 17th-century: Lowther (1), p. 160a; Newby (1), p. 184b,
-,-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Lowther (1), p. 160a; Newby (1), p. 184b.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Brougham (2), p. 55b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Shap, Urban (1), pp. 204b, 205a.
-, Hog-Backs:
-,-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxvi.
-,-, 10th or 11th-century: Appleby (2), pp. 6b, 7a, b; Lowther (1), p. 160a.
-,-, 11th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a.
-, Slabs:
-,-, 14th-century: Burton (1), p. 65a.
-,-, 17th-century: Middleton (2), p. 170b; Staveley, Over (1), p. 219b.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b; Preston Richard (1), p. 197a.
-, Table-tombs:
-,-, 17th-century: Heversham (1), p. 110b-111a; Lowther (1), p. 159b; Mansergh (1), p. 165a; Martindale (1), p. 165b.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Lowther (1), p. 159b; Middleton (2), p. 170b; Temple Sowerby (2), p. 226a.
-, Tomb-Recesses:
-,-, 14th-century: Burton (1), p. 65a; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a. c. 1400: Appleby (2), p. 7b.
-,-, 15th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a.
-, Tomb-slabs:
-,-, Late 10th or early 11th-century: See also Sectional Preface, p. lxv.
-,-, 11th-century: Lowther (1), p. 160a.
-, Wall-monuments and Tablets:
-,-, 16th-century: Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; Askham (1), p. 20b; Barton (1), p. 37a; Bowness (1), p. 46b; Brough (2), p. 50b; Heversham (1), p. 110b; Kendal (1), p. 122a; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 147a; Lowther (1), pp. 159b, 160a; Witherslack (1), p. 249a.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Kendal (1), p. 122a; Killington (1), p. 131b; Lowther (1), p. 159b; Morland (1), p. 177a; Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.
-, Wooden Frame with Inscription on canvas:
-,-, Early 18th-century: Kendal (1), p. 122a.

Moorahill, Bampton (52), p. 31a.

Moor Divock, earthworks and standing stones at, Askham (45), p. 26b.

" End: Bampton (33), p. 30b; Wharton (3), p. 242b.

Moore, Grimes Hall owned by family of, Middleton (5), p. 172a.

Moorend, Barton (13), p. 38b.

Moorland Head, earthwork near, Newbiggin (8), p. 184a.

Moot Hall, Appleby (6), p. 12b.

Morland:
-, Anne (Ward) wife of Jacob Morland, see Ward, Joseph.
-, Elizabeth, 1672, and John, 16823, gravestone, Newby (1), p. 184b.

Morland: pp. 1758; included in bishopric of Carlisle, p. lvn.; Bolton church formerly a chapel of, Bolton (1), p. 42b; Little Strickland church formerly a chapel of, Strickland, Little (1), p. 221b.

" House: Morland (2), p. 177b; Roman finds from Kirkby Thore at, pp. xli; 145b.

Mortal Man Inn, see under Inns.

Mortality, Emblems of, Appleby (1), p. 6a.

Mortars: Crosby Ravensworth (25), p. 83b; Ormside (1), p. 187a.

Moses, figure representing, Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.

Moss, J., cairn excavated by, Crosby Ravensworth (57), p. 90a.

Moss End, Preston Patrick (7), p. 197a.

" Head, Hutton, New (3), p. 116b.

" Side: Grasmere (8), p. 98a; Patterdale (20), p. 192b; cottage near, Crosthwaite and Lyth (16), p. 92b; outbuilding near, Strickland Ketel (9), p. 221a.

Mossy Beck, bridges over, Askham (3), (4), p. 21a.

Mounds, see Earthworks.

Mounsey:
-, I. and D., initials of and date 1677, Patterdale (7), p. 192a.
-, R., initials of, Askham (36), p. 24a.

Mowbray, Roger de, barony of Kendal, held by, p. livn.

Muddy Gill Farm, village settlement at, Asby (21), p. 18a.

Mullender, Shap, Rural (38), p. 209b.

Murthwaite: Longsleddale (8), p. 158a; houses at, Ravenstonedale (17), (18), p. 199b.

Murton, pp. 1789.

Murton Hall, Murton (1), p. 178a.

Musgrave:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, Asby (7), p. 17a; quartered arms of, Soulby (1), p. 215a; Bewley Castle owned by family of, Bolton (2), p. 44a.
-, Sir Philip, Chapel at Soulby built by, Soulby (1), p. 215a.
-, Sir Richard, altar-tomb and effigy attributed to, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.
-, Sir Richard, 1464, Elizabeth his wife and Thomas his son, altar-tomb, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.

Musgrave, p. 179.

" Bridge, Musgrave (2), p. 179a.

Nab, The, Shap, Rural (67), p. 210b.

" Cottage, Rydal and Loughrigg (34), p. 203a.

" Scar, dyke or fence on, Rydal and Loughrigg (35), p. 203b.

Naddle Bridge, Shap, Rural (6), p. 208b.

" House, Shap, Rural (44), p. 210a.

Nateby, pp. 179180.

National Trust, buildings under the guardianship of, Ambleside (1), pp. 2b, 3a.

Natland, pp. 1802.

" Abbey, Natland (4), p. 180b.

" Hall, Natland (3), p. 180b.

Near Orrest, Windermere (3), p. 245b.

Nelson Farm, Shap, Rural (70), p. 210b.

Nero, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Nerva, coins of: Brough (1), p. 48b; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Nether Bridge, Kendal (5), p. 124b.

" Hall, Witherslack (14), p. 249b.

" Hoff, Colby (1), p. 70b.

" House, Longsleddale (9), p. 158a.

" Levens: Levens (3), p. 155b; overmantel now at Dallam Tower said to be from, Haverbrack (2), p. 103b.

" Staveley, pp. 2189.

Nettleslack, Martindale (8), p. 166a.

Neville:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; see also Deincourt under Heraldry; after 1550, see Strickland.
-, Katherine, see Strickland, Sir Walter.
-, Ralph, coats-of-arms possibly for three sons-in-law of, Kendal (1), p. 121a.

Nevinson, arms of, Newby (2), p. 184b.

Newbiggin, pp. 1824.

" Farm, Hutton Roof (5), p. 118b.

" Hall, Newbiggin (2), p. 183b.

" Old Hall, Hutton Roof (6), p. 118b.

New Bridge, Grasmere (2), p. 97b.

Newby, pp. 1845.

" End, Newby (12), p. 185a.

" Hall, Newby (2), p. 184b.

" Head, houses at, Newby (9), (10), (11), p. 185a.

New Field, Firbank (4), p. 96a.

" Hall, Stainmore (17), p. 217a.

" " Inn, see under Inns.

" Hutton, pp. 1167.

" Ing, Shap, Rural (57), p. 210b.

" Inn, see under Inns.

Newton, James, cup given to Ambleside by, Ambleside (2), p. 3b.

Niches:
-, 14th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b; Staveley, Over (1), p. 219b.
-, 15th-century: Preston Patrick (1), p. 195b.
-, 16th-century: Shap, Rural (3), p. 208a.
-, Uncertain Date: Brough (2), p. 50b.

Nicholson or Nicholson:
-, H. and M., initials of, and date 1707, Bampton (32), p. 30b.
-, William, Bishop of Carlisle, church plate given to St. Michael's church, Appleby, by, p. 7b.

Nicklethorn, Martindale (4), p. 165b.

Nicolls, Sir Augustine, Justice of the Common Pleas, 1616, monument, Kendal (1), p. 122a.

Nicolson and Burn, History of Westmorland cited, Kirkby Thore (1), pp. 144b-145a, 145b; Orton (43), p. 191a.

Nigel de Albini, barony of Kendal held by, p. livn.

Ninekirks or Ninekirkes: Brougham church formerly known as, Brougham (2), p. 54b; bell inscribed, Brougham (2), p. 55a.

Nineveh, Undermillbeck (3), p. 232a.

Ninezergh, Norwegian-Irish place-name, p. xlix.

Ninian, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Noah's ark and the dove, 17th-century carving representing, Appleby (2), p. 7b.

Noble:
-, John, initials, and date 1687, for, Bampton (14), p. 29b.
-, T. and A., initials of, and date 1715, Bampton (49), p. 31a.
-, T. and M., initials of, and date 1682, Bampton (39), p. 30b.

Nook, The, Askham (15), p. 23b.

" End Farm, Ambleside (7), p. 3b.

" Farm: Shap, Rural (71), p. 210b; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (10), p. 231a.

" House, Crosthwaite and Lyth (10), p. 92a.

" Lane, Ambleside (8), p. 4a.

Noran Bank, Patterdale (17), p. 192b.

North Farm, Cellaron, Barton (9), p. 38b.

" Fold, Troutbeck (12), p. 228b.

" House, Pool Bank, Crosthwaite and Lyth (5), p. 92a.

Norwich or Norwycs, William de, see under Bellfounders.

Nottingham, see under Bellfounders.

Numidia, tombstone of retired Roman officer in, Kirkby Thore, (1), p. 144b.

Nun's House, Beetham (20), p. 42b.

Oak Howe: Langdales (32), p. 150a; enclosure near, Langdales (49), p. 150b.

Oaks, Rydal and Loughrigg (29), p. 203a.

" Farm, Ambleside (11), p. 4a.

Oakwood Farm, Burton (5), p. 65b.

Oddendale: house at, Crosby Ravensworth (16), p. 83a; circular foundation or enclosure near, Crosby Ravensworth (38), p. 89b; stone circle near, Crosby Ravensworth (55), p. 90a.

Office of Works, H.M.: excavations at Brough Castle, p. 47b; monuments in charge of, Brough Castle, Brough, pp. 52a, 53b; Brougham Castle, Brougham (4), pp. 57b, 59a, 62b.

Old Cottage, Beetham (14), p. 42b.

" Fallbarrow, Bowness (9), p. 47b.

" Fountain, see under Inns.

" Grammar School: Heversham (5), p. 111b; Kendal (67), p. 129a.

" Hall, Brough (5), p. 53b; Burton (9), p. 65b; Casterton (3), p. 66b; Preston Richard (2), p. 197a.

" Heathwaite Farm, Bowness (7), p. 47a.

" Hutton, pp. 1178.

" Manor, Casterton (4), p. 66b.

" " House, Kirkby Lonsdale (23), p. 139a.

" Road, house in, Ambleside (14), p. 4a.

Old Warren, Silchester (Hants), p. xxxvn.

" White Lion, see under Inns.

" Widewath, Bampton (37), p. 30b.

Orchard House, Levens (7), p. 156a.

Organs:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiv.
-, Dating from the 16th century: Appleby (1), p. 6a.
-, Cases:
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a.
-,-, Modern but Incorporating Old Material: Brougham (3), p. 56b.

Ormside: pp. 1857; included in Bishopric of Carlisle, p. lvn.

" Bowl, p. 185b.

" Hall, Ormside (3), p. 187.

Orphan Crag, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (12), p. 231a.

Orrest Head, Windermere (26), p. 247a.

" " Farm, Windermere (25), p. 247a.

Orton, pp. 187191.

Orton Old Hall, Orton (6), p. 189b.

" Scar, cairn on, Orton (40), p. 191a.

Oslac, earl of York, p. li.

Oswald, St.: buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications; poor-box dedicated to, Grasmere (1), p. 97b.

Otho, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Otway, Beckside Hall formerly owned by family of, Middleton (10), p. 172b.

Ouds, Thomas, c. 1500, brass, Musgrave (1), p. 179a.

Outhgill: chapel at, Mallerstang (1), p. 163a; outbuildings at, Mallerstang (9), (10), p. 164b.

Overborough (Lancs), Roman fort, p. xxxvi.

Overcluegill, Tebay (13), p. 225b.

Overend Cottage, Kentmere (17), p. 130b.

" Farm, Kentmere (16), p. 130b.

Overmantels, see Fireplaces.

Over Staveley, pp. 219220.

Overthwaite, Farleton (4), p. 95b.

Pagan Tower, Brougham Castle Keep, Brougham (4), pp. lvi; 57b, 59a.

Painted Chamber, Brougham Castle, Brougham (4), p. 60b.

Paintings:
-, On Plaster:
-,-, Miscellaneous (Inscriptions, patterns, foliage etc.):
-,-, 16th-century: Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.
-,-, Late 16th or early 17th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46b.
-,-, 17th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46b.
-,-, Undated: Troutbeck (30), p. 229b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250b.
-,-, On Wood: In Houses: Langdales (26), p. 150a.

Panelling:
-, In Churches:
-,-, 17th-century: Barton (1), p. 37a; Bolton (1), p. 43b; Brough (2), p. 50b; Burton (1), p. 65a; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Lowther (1), p. 160a; Martindale (1), p. 165b; Morland (1), p. 177a; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; Witherslack (1), p. 249a.
-,-, Late 16th or early 17th-century Material Re-used: Brougham (2), p. 55b.
-,-, Undated: Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.
-,-, Modern, but incorporating old material: Brougham (3), pp. 56b57a; Orton (1), p. 189a.
-,-, In Houses: See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiv.
-,-, 16th-century: Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 107a, b; Levens (1), pp. 152a, b, 153a, b; Middleton (5), p. 172a; Newbiggin (2), p. 183b.
-,-, Late 16th or early 17th-century: Levens (3), p. 155b.
-,-, 17th-century: Appleby (3), p. 11a; Casterton (3), p. 66b; Farleton (2) (partition), p. 95a; Haverbrack (2), p. 103b; (3), p. 104a; Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 107b; Kendal. (6), p. 124a; Middleton (4), (5), p. 172a; Newbiggin (2), p. 183b; Orton (6), p. 189b; (19), p. 190a; Patterdale (38), p. 193a; Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 202a; (10), p. 202b; Staveley, Nether (7), p. 219a; Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a; Troutbeck (4), p. 228a; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (11), p. 231a.
-,-, c. 1700: Haverbrack (3), p. 104a; Levens (1), p. 155a.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Morland (3), p. 177b.
-,-, Linen-Fold: 16th-century: Helsington (2), p. 108a; Morland (2), p. 177b.

Parish Crag Bridge, Shap, Rural (5), p. 208b.

" Hall: Bampton (11), p. 29b; Grasmere (5), p. 98a.

Parke, John and Anne, initials of and date 1702, Rydal and Loughrigg (34), p. 203b.

Park End: Helsington (13), p. 108b; outbuilding at, Sedgwick (4), p. 204a.

Parker, Rowland, initials and date 1719, Heversham (9), p. 111b.

Park House: Heversham (7), p. 111b; Lowther (25), p. 161b; Stainmore (14), p. 217a.

Parkhouse, Barton (21), p. 38b.

" Farm, Stainmore (16), p. 217a.

Park Pales, see under Earthworks.

Parks, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (18), p. 231b.

Park Side, Milnthorpe (3), p. 175a.

Parkside, Beetham (15), p. 42b.

Park View, Holme (5), p. 114a.

Parr:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; maiden's head, badge of, Kendal (1), p. 121a.
-, Sir William, K.G., altar-tomb probably of, Kendal (1), p. 122a.

Parr Chapel, in Kendal Church, Kendal (1), pp. 119b, 121a.

Parsonage Farm, Haverbrack (3), p. 104a.

Passion, Emblems of the: Brough (2) (glass), p. 50b.

Pasture Beck, bridge over, Patterdale (3), p. 191b.

Patrick, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications,

Patterdale, pp. 1915.

" Hall, Patterdale (7), p. 191b.

Patton, p. 195.

Paul, St.: bells dedicated to, Ormside (1), p. 186b; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Pavement End, Grasmere (21), p. 98b.

Pease Beck, bridge over, Preston Patrick (2), p. 195b.

Peaslands, King's Meaburn (8), p. 133b.

Peatgate, Bolton (11), p. 44b.

Pele-towers and Tower-wings:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lx.
-, 12th-century: Mallerstang (3) (Pendragon Castle), p. 163b.
-, 14th-century: Asby (4), p. 15b; Askham (5), p. 21a; Beetham (3), p. 41a; Bolton (2), p. 43b; Helsington (2) (Sizergh), p. 106a; Kentmere (2), p. 129b; Levens (1), p. 151a; Strickland Roger (1), p. 223a; Wharton (1), p. 240a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a.
-, Late 14th or early 15th century: Staveley, Nether (2), p. 218b.
-, 15th-century: Arnside (1), p. 14b; Skelsmergh (2), p. 212b.
-, Late 15th or early 16th-century: Clifton (2), p. 69b.
-, Medival: Longsleddale (4), p. 158a; Strickland Roger (2), p. 224b.
-, 16th-century: Bampton (5), p. 29a; Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91a.
-, 17th-century: Casterton (2), p. 66b.
-, Incomplete and of Uncertain Date: Beetham (4), p. 42a.

Pembroke, Anne, Countess of, see Clifford.

Pendragon Castle, Mallerstang (3), pp. lvi; 163b.

Penhurrock, tumulus at, Crosby Ravensworth (51), p. 90a.

Pennant: view of Pendragon Castle by, Mallerstang (3), p. 163b; plan of Ring Work, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (13), p. 253b; on Mayburgh earthwork cited, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (14), p. 253b.

Pennington:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial ...., and wife (Eure), figures of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.

Percy, arms of, before 1550, see under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Peter, St.: bells dedicated to, Musgrave (1), p. 179a; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications; figure representing, Ravenstonedale (1) (painted panel), p. 198a.

Petty Hall, or Orton Old Hall, Orton (6), p. 189b.

Pews, see under Seating.

Pewter, see under Plate, Church.

Philip, Emperor, milestone dedicated to, p. xliv.

Philipson:
-, Calgarth Hall owned by family of, Windermere (1), p. 244b.
-, Christopher, 1629, name and date with verses commemorating failure of Gunpowder Plot, Bowness (1), p. 46b.
-, Robert, 1631, monument, Bowness (1), p. 46b.
-, Rowland, and Katherine (Carus) his wife, arms of, Windermere (1), p. 245a.

Pickering, or Pickeringe:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; Killington Hall owned by family of, Killington (2), p. 132a.
-, Sir Christopher, 16201, brass, Ormside (1), p. 186b; Ormside Hall owned by, Ormside (3), p. 187a.

Pigeon Houses and Dovecotes:
-, 16th-century: Bampton (18), p. 30a.
-, Late 16th or early 17th-century: Haverbrack (3), p. 104a.
-, Undated: Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (2), p. 230b.

Pillow-mounds, see under Earthworks.

Pilsdon Pen (Dorset), pillow-mounds at, p. xxxvin.

Pinder's Farm, Holme (2), p. 114a.

Pipe Rolls: receipts from, Westmorland in, p. liv; repairs noted in, Appleby Castle, p. 8a; Brough Castle, p. 52a.

Piper Lane, earthwork at, Kirkby Thore (1), pp. 144b, 146a.

Piscin:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxiv.
-, 13th-century: Appleby (2), p. 7b; Brougham (4), p. 60a; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Orton (1), p. 189a; Warcop (1), p. 238b.
-, 14th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a; (2), p. 7b; Barton (1) (re-used 12th-century capital), p. 37a; Beetham (2), p. 40b; Brougham (4), p. 62a; Burton (1), p. 65a; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; Morland (1), p. 177a; Newbiggin (1), p. 183a.
-, Late 14th or early 15th-century: Preston Patrick (1), p. 195b.
-, 15th-century: Heversham (1), p. 111a.
-, 16th-century: Burton (1), p. 65a; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Morland (1), p. 177a; Ormside (1), p. 186b.
-, Medival but undated: Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.
-, Pillar-piscin:
-,-, 12th-century: Newbiggin (1), p. 183a.

Place-names of Westmorland, see Special Article, pp. xlviii1.

Plasterwork:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxv; and also Ceilings.
-, In Churches:
-,-, 17th-century: Brougham (2), p. 54b.
-, In Houses:
-,-, 16th-century: Asby (6), p. 16b; Helsington (3), p. 108a; Levens (1), p. 152b; Windermere (1), p. 245a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a, b.
-,-, 17th-century: Brough (6), p. 53b; Crosthwaite and Lyth (4), p. 91b; (21), p. 92b; Fawcett Forest (3), p. 95b; Grasmere (42), p. 99a; Hutton, New (1), p. 116a; Hutton Old, and Holmescales (3), p. 117b; Kendal (6), p. 124a, b; (11), p. 125b; (36), (40), (42), (44), p. 128a; Langdales (19), p. 149b; Lowther (7), p. 161a; Marton, Long (3), p. 169b; Ormside (3), p. 187b; Orton (6), p. 189b; Patterdale (53), p. 193b; (60), p. 194a; Sedgwick (1), p. 204a; Staveley, Over (3), p. 219b; (4), p. 220a; Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a; (10), p. 221b; (15), (16), p. 221b; Strickland, Little (2), p. 222a; Troutbeck (23), p. 229a; (30), p. 229b; Undermillbeck (9), p. 232a; Windermere (1), p. 245a; (2), p. 245b; (17), p. 246b; (20), p. 246b; (26), p. 247a.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Crosthwaite and Lyth (14), p. 92b; Kentmere (11), p. 130b; Whinfell (5), p. 243a.

Plate, Church:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxv.
-, Pre-Reformation:
-,-, Chalice: 15th-century: Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (1), p. 117a.
-, Post-Reformation:
-,-, Alms-dishes: 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6b.
-,-, Cover-patens: 16th-century: Crosthwaite and Lyth (1), p. 90b; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Longsleddale (1), p. 157b. 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6a, b; Bowness (1), p. 46b; Burton (1), p. 65a; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Hugill or Ings (1), p. 114a; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b; Lowther (1), p. 160a; Milburn (2), p. 173b. Early 18th-century: Askham (1), p. 20b.
-,-, Cups: 16th-century: Brougham (2), p. 55b; Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Crosthwaite and Lyth (1), p. 90b; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Langdales (1), p. 148b; Longsleddale (1), p. 157b; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; Troutbeck (1), p. 227b. 17th-century: Ambleside (2) (secular), p. 3b; Appleby (1), p. 6a, b; (2) (secular), p. 7b; Asby (1), p. 15a; Barton (1), p. 37a; Bowness (1), p. 46b; Burton (1), p. 65a; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Hugill or Ings (1), p. 114a; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b; Lowther (1), p. 160a; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Morland (1), p. 177a; Ormside (1), p. 187a; Patterdale (1), p. 191b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a; Rydal and Loughrigg (1), p. 201a; Shap, Urban (1), p. 205a; Troutbeck (1), p. 227b; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (1), p. 230b. Early 18th-century: Askham (1), p. 20b; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Grayrigg (2), p. 101a; Musgrave (1), p. 179a; Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.
-,-, Flagons: 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6b; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Lowther (1), p. 160a. Early 18th-century: Askham (1), p. 20b; Barton (1), p. 37a; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.
-,-, Stand-patens: 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6b; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Lowther (1), p. 160a. Early 18th-century: Askham (1), p. 20b; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Morland (1), p. 177a; Ormside (1), p. 187a; Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.
-,-, Steeple-covers to cups: 17th-century: Ambleside (2), p. 3b; Appleby (2), p. 7b.
-,-, Tankards: Early 18th-century: Morland (1), p. 177a.
-,-, Foreign: Cups: 17th-century: Brougham (3) (secular), p. 57a. Patens: 17th-century: Brougham (3), p. 57a.
-,-, Pewter: Alms-dishes: Ambleside (1), p. 3b; Ormside (1), p. 187a. Bowls: Appleby (1), p. 6b. Cups: Ambleside (1), p. 3b; Hutton Roof (1), p. 118a. Dishes: Longsleddale (1), p. 157b; Morland (1), p. 177a. Flagons: Ambleside (1), p. 3b; Appleby (1), p. 6b; Bolton (1), p. 43b; Bowness (1), p. 46b; Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Dufton (1), p. 94a; Hutton Roof (1), p. 118a; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b; Langdales (1), p. 148b; Longsleddale (1), p. 157b; Morland (1), p. 177a; Ormside (1), p. 187a; Patterdale (1), p. 191b. Patens: Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Dufton (1), p. 94a; Hutton Roof (1), p. 118a; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b. Plates: Bolton (1), p. 43b; Bowness (1), p. 46b; Witherslack (1), p. 249a. Stand-patens: Appleby (1), p. 6b. Tankards: Bolton (1), p. 43b.

Pool Bank: North House, Crosthwaite and Lyth (5), p. 92a; South House, Crosthwaite, and Lyth (4), p. 91b.

Poor-boxes:
-, See also Collecting Trays.
-, 17th-century: Bolton (1), p. 43b; Brougham (2), p. 55b; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Kendal (44), p. 128a; Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (1), p. 117a.
-, Early 18th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.

Postlethwaite, Yews formerly belonging to family of, Undermillbeck (18), p. 232b.

Post Office: Appleby (9), p. 14a; King's Meaburn (4), p. 133a; Langdales (5), p. 149a; Levens (14), p. 156b; Lowther (22), p. 161a; Strickland, Great (3), p. 220a.

Potrigg, cairn near, Crosby Ravensworth (54), p. 90a.

Pottery:
-, Pre-historic: Askham (45), pp. 27b, 28a; from Ewe Close, Crosby Ravensworth (25), p. 83b; (57), p. 90a.
-, Roman: See under Roman.
-, 16th-century: Haverbrack (7), p. 104b.
-, 17th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.

Powley, R., initials of, and date 1677, Bampton (31), p. 30b.

Prayer-books, see under Books.

Premonstratensian Canons, see under Monastic and Collegiate Houses.

Preston:
-, Arms of, after 1550, Heversham (1), p. 110b; impaling Curwen, Heversham (1), p. 110b; impaling Westly, Heversham (1), p. 110b; Nether Levens owned by family of, Levens (3), p. 155b.
-, Mary (Molineux), wife of Sir Thomas Preston, monument, Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-, Thomas, arms and initials of, and date 1602, on fireplace, Haverbrack (2), p. 103b.

Preston, estate in Amounderness held by Tostig, p. lii.

Preston Patrick: pp. 1957; house of Premonstratensian canons founded at, p. 207a.

" " Hall, Preston Patrick (3), p. 195b.

" Richard, p. 197.

Pricket, Allan, 1675, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

Prick-spur, Brougham (2), p. 56a.

Publius Aelius Bassus, tombstone with name of, p. xlv.

Publius Licinius Agatopus, Roman Numidian tomb-stone to, p. xl.

Pulpits:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxvi.
-, 17th-century: Brougham (2), p. 55b; Burton (1), p. 65a; Martindale (1), p. 165b; Witherslack (1), p. 249a.
-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Lowther (1), p. 160a.
-, Early 18th-century: Bampton (1), p. 29a; Morland (1), p. 177a.
-, Uncertain date: Brough (2) (stone), p. 50b.
-, Made up of old material: Appleby (4), p. 12b; Brougham (3), p. 57a; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a; Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b.
-, Sounding-boards:
-, 17th-century: Brougham (2), p. 55b.
-, Early 18th-century: Morland (1), p. 177b.
-, Later 18th-century: Witherslack (1), p. 249a.

Punch Bowl Inn, see under Inns.

Purfoot, Will, canon probably of Cartmel Priory, figure of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.

Pye House, Langdales (35), p. 150a.

Quagg's House Farm, Levens (8), p. 156a.

Quakers, see Friends.

Quamps, The, foundations and remains found during excavation of, p. xxxiv.

Queen Catherine Inn, see under Inns.

Queen's Head Inn, stone re-set in drinking fountain at, Troutbeck (25), p. 229b.

" Inn, see under Inns.

Querns, Dufton (8), pp. xxxiv; 95a; at the Quamps, p. xxxiv; See also Roman.

Rabbits, introduction of, into Britain, p. xxxv.

Railway Cottages, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (9), p. 252a.

Rainwater Heads, see under Leadwork.

Raisbeck, house at, Orton (17), p. 190a.

Raise Howe, mound at, Crosby Ravensworth (53), p. 90a.

Raisgill Hall: Orton (21), p. 190a; cockpit near, Orton (2), p. 189a; mound near, Orton (43), p. 191a.

" " Bridge, Orton (3), p. 189b.

Rakehead, Nateby (1), p. 179b.

Ralfland Forest, cairns in, Shap, Rural (79), p. 212a.

Rampson, Stainmore (6), p. 216b.

Rannulf de Briquessart, lord of Cumberland and Westmorland, p. liv.

Rassett Hill, mound on, Waitby (15), p. 236a.

Rattlebeck, Patterdale (59), p. 194a.

Ravens Gill: village settlement, Crosby Ravensworth (32), p. 88a; village settlement near, Crosby Ravensworth (29), p. 86b; mounds near, Crosby Ravensworth (49), p. 89b.

Ravenstonedale: pp. 197200; dyked enclosure similar to that at Crosby Ravensworth (36), p. 89a; vill and rectory of, given to Gilbertine Canons, Ravenstonedale (2), p. 198a.

" Park: deer-park, Ravenstonedale (32), p. 200a; dyke and mounds in, Ravenstonedale (33), p. 200b.

Raw, Kentmere (5), p. 130a.

" Foot, Shap, Rural (28), p. 209b.

Rawgill, Hugill or Ings (10), p. 115a.

Raw Head, Langdales (36), p. 150a.

Rayne, house at, Orton (25), p. 190b.

Rayrigg Hall, Windermere (29), p. 247a.

Rayseat Pike, Long barrow on, Crosby Garrett (10), pp. xxviii xxx; 78b.

Raysholme, Kendal (8), p. 124b.

Rayside, Shap, Rural (33), p. 209b.

Reagill Grange, Crosby Ravensworth (8), p. 81a.

" School, Crosby Ravensworth (9), p. 81b.

Recesses:
-, See Tomb-recesses under Monuments, and Niches.
-, 13th-century: Morland (1), p. 177b.
-, 16th-century: Ormside (1), p. 187a.
-, Medival: Marton, Long (1), p. 169a.
-, Undated: Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Martindale (1), p. 165b.

Rectory, The: Asby (4), pp. lvii; 15b; Bowness (2), p. 47a; Marton, Long (2), p. 169a; Patterdale (8), p. 192a.

Redacre Gill, cairns near, Langdales (50), p. 151a.

Red Dragon, see under Inns.

" Lion, see under Inns.

Redmain, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry, for blazon, see Armorial.

Redman, Catherine, wife of Christopher, 16889, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

Relandsgate, outbuilding, King's Meaburn (6), p. 133b.

Rere Cross, Stainmore, p. liii.

Reredos; foreign, c. 1500, Brougham (3), p. 57a.

Rey Cross Camp (Yorkshire); p. xxxviii; similarity to camp at Crackenthorpe, pp. xxxvii, 70b; similarity to site at Kirkby Thore, p. 146a.

Richard de Rullos, mentioned in Pipe Roll, p. lv.

Richmond, I. A., on enclosure on Castrigg Hill, cited, Marton, Long (13), p. 169b.

Ridding House, Nateby (5), p. 179b.

Riddingleys Top, mounds in neighbourhood of, Askham (45), p. 28a.

Rigg, Langdales (35), p. 150a.

" End, Ravenstonedale (24), p. 199b.

Rigghall, Shap, Urban (17), p. 205b.

Riggindale, Bampton (67), p. 31b.

Rigmaden Park, Mansergh (1), p. 165a.

Ring of Brodgar (Orkney), p. xxxi.

Robin Gill, Langdales (33), p. 150a.

" Hood's Grave, Crosby Ravensworth (50), p. 90a.

" Lane Cottage, Troutbeck (11), p. 228b.

Robinson:
-, Arms of, Strickland Ketel (3) (glass), p. 221a.
-, Lancelot, 1709, and John 17123, monument, Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147b.

Robinson Place, Langdales (34), p. 150a.

Robinson's Place, Bowness (11), p. 47b.

Robson, arms of, Appleby (1), p. 6b.

Rodsfell (?), William, 168(7?), monument, Middleton (2), p. 170b.

Roger de Mowbray, barony of Kendal held by, p. livn.

" of Poitou, Beetham held by, p. livn.

Rokeby, Mildred, see Sandford.

Roman:
-, See Pre-historic and Roman Westmorland, pp. xxxvi-xlvi.
-, Altars: Brough (1), p. 48a; Brougham, p. xl; (2) (?), p. 56a; Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a.
-, Amphor: Kirkby Thore (1) (fragments), p. 144b.
-, Bath-buildings: Grayrigg (1), p. 100b; Natland (1), pp. xlv, 180b.
-, Brooches or Fibul: Brough (1), pp. xxxixxl; 48a; Kirkby Thore (1), pp. xli; 145a.
-, Burials: Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.
-, Camps: Crackenthorpe (1), pp. xxxviixxxviii; 70b; 146a.
-, Carved Stones: See also Gravestones and Inscriptions below; Dufton (1), p. 94a.
-, Coins: Ambleside (1), p. 3a; Brough (1), p. 48b; Brougham (1) (hoard), p. 54b; Kirkby Thore (1), pp. 145a, b; 146a; (hoard, p. 145b); Natland (1), p. 180b; Stainmore (1), p. 216a.
-, Columns: Brough (1), p. 48a.
-, Enclosures, possibly of Roman origin: Marton, Long (12), (13), p. 169b.
-, Forts: pp. xxxvixlii, xlv; Ambleside (1), pp. xlv; 1a; Brough (1) (Verter), pp. xxxviiixl; 47b; Brougham (1) (Brocavum), pp. xlixlii; 54a; Grayrigg (1) (Low Borrow Bridge), p. 99b; Kirkby Thore (1) (Braboniacum), pp. xlxlii; 144a; Natland (1) (Watercrook), pp. xlv; 180a; Stainmore (1) (Maiden Castle), pp. xxxiv, xxxviii; 215b.
-, Gravestones: Brough (1), p. 48b; Brougham (1), pp. xli, 54b; (4), p. 60a; Kirkby Thore (1), pp. xl; 145b; in Numidia referring to Braboniacum, Kirkby Thore (1), pp. xl; 144b; Watercrook, p. xlv.
-, Inscriptions (slabs, stones, etc.); Brough (1), pp. xxxviii; 48b, 50b; Brougham (7), p. 63a; Cliburn (1), pp. xlii, 68a; Clifton (2), p. 70a; Milburn (1), pp. xln; 173a.
-, Kilns: Natland (1), p. 180b.
-, Milestones: p. xliv; Middleton (1), pp. xliv; 170a; Temple Sowerby (1), pp. xlv; 226a.
-, Pavements: Grayrigg (1), p. 100b.
-, Pottery: Ambleside (1), p. 3a; Brough (1), pp. xxxviii; 48a; Brougham (1), pp. xli; 54b; Kirkby Thore (1), pp. 144b, 145a; Natland (1), pp. xlv; 180b; Stainmore (1), p. 216a.
-, Querns: Brough (1), p. 48a.
-, Roads: pp. xxxvi, xliixlvi; near Ewe Close, Crosby Ravensworth (25), p. 83b.
-, Sandals: Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145a.
-, Seals: Brough (1), pp. xxxviii; 48b.
-, Settlements: Stainmore (1), p. 215b.
-, Tiles: Kirkby Thore (1), p. 144b.
-, Tombstones: see Gravestones above.
-, Wells: Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145a.
-, 17th-century forged inscriptions: Appleby (13), p. 14a.

Roman Catholic Church, Dodding Green used as presbytery and chapel by, Skelsmergh (3), p. 213a.

" Tower, Brough Castle Keep, Brough (3), pp. lvi; 52a.

Roofs:
-, In Churches:
-,-, Collar-beam: 15th-century: Warcop (1), p. 238a. 17th-century: Brougham (3), p. 56b.
-,-, Flat: 17th-century: Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-,-, King-post: 15th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46a. 16th-century: Burton (1), p. 64b; Grasmere (1), p. 97a; Ormside (1), p. 186b. Medival: Shap, Rural (1), p. 207b. Late 16th or early 17th-century: Burton (1), p. 64b. 17th-century: Brougham (2), p. 55a.
-,-, Pent: 15th-century: Bowness (1), p. 46a. Late 15th or early 16th-century: Haverbrack (1), p. 103a; Orton (1), p. 189a. 16th-century: Burton (1), pp. 64b-65a. 16th or 17th-century: Brough (2), p. 50a. 17th-century: Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-,-, Tie-beam: Late 15th or early 16th-century: Orton (1), p. 189a. 16th-century: Brough (2), p. 50a; Burton (1), p. 65a; Haverbrack (1), p. 103a; Kentmere (1), p. 129b; Orton (1), p. 189a. Late 16th or early 17th-century: Crosby Garrett (1), p. 74a. 17th-century: Appleby (1), p. 5b; Heversham (1), p. 110b.
-, In houses:
-,-, Collar-beam: 14th-century: Kirkby Thore (3), p. 148a. 15th-century: Skelsmergh (4), p. 213a.
-,-, Crutch: 16th-century: Langdales (26), p. 150a; Martindale (12) p. 166a; Morland (6), p. 178a; Rydal and Loughrigg (12), p. 202b; (19), p. 203a. Medival: Barton (3), p. 37b; Strickland Ketel (16), p. 221b; Temple Sowerby (4), p. 226b.
-,-, King-post: 14th-century: Kendal (10), p. 125b; Kirkby Thore (3), p. 148a; Murton (1), p. 178a. 15th-century: Skelsmergh (2), p. 212b; (4), p. 213a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250b. Late 15th or early 16th-century: Preston Patrick (3), p. 196a. 16th-century: Levens (3), p. 156a; Longsleddale (4), p. 158a; Patterdale (46), p. 193b; Witherslack (14), p. 249b. Medival: Askham (5), p. 22b; Kirkby Lonsdale (6), p. 138a; Levens (1), p. 155a; Preston Patrick (3), p. 196b.
-,-, Tie-beam: Medival: Askham (5), p. 22b. 16th-century: Levens (1), p. 155a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250b. 17th-century: Kentmere (2), p. 130a.
-,-, Trussed-rafter: 16th-century: Helsington (2), p. 107b.
-, In Barns, etc.:
-,-, Crutch: 16th-century: Heversham (7), p. 111b; Patterdale (9), p. 192a; Rydal and Loughrigg (32), p. 203a. Medival: Grasmere (26), p. 98b; Langdales (43), p. 150b. 17th-century: Bampton (56), (59), p. 31b. Undated: Lowther (15), p. 161a; Martindale (23), p. 166a.

Rookby, house at, Kaber (2), p. 118b.

Rookhowe, Kentmere (6), p. 130b.

Rooking, Patterdale (12), p. 192a.

Roos or Ros:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; see also Parr and Vipont under Heraldry.
-, Margaret de, part of dyke or fence constructed by, Rydal and Loughrigg (35), p. 203b.

Rose and Crown, see under Inns.

" Castle (Cumberland) lock with Lady Anne Clifford's initials at, p. lvii.

" Cottage: Askham (10), p. 23b; Burton (4), p. 65b; Kirkby Lonsdale (19), p. 138b.

Rosgill: Shap, Rural (15)(24), p. 209; lynchets near, Shap, Rural (81), p. 212a.

" Bridge, Shap, Rural (4), p. 208b.

" Hall, Shap, Rural (24), p. 209b.

" Head, Shap, Rural (15), p. 209a.

Rossett, Langdales (40), p. 150a.

Rossill Bridge, Whitwell and Selside (2), p. 243b.

" " Farm, Whinfell (10), p. 243a.

Round Table, Stainmore (18), p. 217a.

Roundthwaite, house at, Tebay (10), p. 225b.

Rowan Park, Bampton (63), p. 31b.

Rowantree House, Killington (7), p. 132b.

Rowell Farm, Heversham (9), p. 111b.

Rowlandfield, Plantation, lynchets near, Lowther (32), p. 162a.

Roy, General: description of Roman camp at Crackenthorpe, cited, pp. 70b, 71a, 72a.

Royal Hotel, see under Inns.

" Oak, see under Inns.

Rudhall, Abraham, see under Bellfounders.

Ruken, L. and M., initials of and date 1670, Patterdale (11), p. 192a.

Rullos, Richard de, mentioned in Pipe Roll, p. lv.

Rumney House, Brough (9), p. 53b.

Rus Mickle, Crosthwaite and Lyth (23), p. 92b.

Russell:
-, Arms of, after 1550, see under Clifford.
-, Margaret, see Clifford.

Rutter, Hoff (5), p. 113b.

Rydal and Loughrigg, pp. 2003.

" Beck, bridge over, Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 202a.

" Hall, Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 201b.

" Mount, Rydal and Loughrigg (5), p. 202a.

" Old Hall, Rydal and Loughrigg (3), p. 201b.

Sabina, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Sackville or Sackvile:
-, Arms of, impaling Clifford, Appleby (4), p. 12a.
-, Richard, 3rd Earl of Dorset, first husband of Lady Anne Clifford, pp. lv; 6a.

St. Anne's Farm, possible site of former chapel, Hugill or Ings, (1), p. 114b.

" Hospital, Appleby (4), pp. lvii; 12a.

St. John, arms of, see under Clifford.

St. Leonard's Hospital, Scalthwaiterigg (1), p. 204a.

St. Michael's Fold, barn at, Grasmere (48), p. 99b.

St. Paul's Deanery, arms of, impaling Barwick, Witherslack (1), p. 248b.

Salkeld: arms of, Shap, Rural (24), p. 209b; Thrimby (1), p. 227a; see also under Blenkinsop.

Salterwath, Crosby Ravensworth (22), p. 83a.

Samson, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Sanctus Bells, see under Bells.

Sand Bed, Grayrigg (6), p. 101a.

Sanderhill, Crook (6), p. 72b.

Sanderson, The Reverend Randal: name inscribed on lintel at Grammar School, Appleby (13), p. 14a; Reagill School said to have been founded by, Crosby Ravensworth (9), p. 81b.

Sandes:
-, Arms of, Kendal (44), p. 128a.
-, Thomas, Sandes' Hospital founded by, Kendal (44), p. 128a.

Sandes' Hospital, Kendal (44), p. 128a.

Sandford:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, Askham (5), p. 22b; see also Crackenthorpe; Askham Hall in possession of family of, Askham (5), p. 21a; Howgill Castle formerly owned by family of, Milburn (3), p. 174a.
-, Anne, wife of Richard, 16056, brass, Milburn (2), p. 173b.
-, Mildred (Rokeby), wife of William Sandford, 1684, monument, Askham (1), p. 20b.
-, Thomas, additions made to Askham Hall by, Askham (5), p. 21b.
-, Thomas and Anne his wife, initials of and date, 1574, Askham (5), p. 22b.
-, Thomas, 16923, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

Sandford, outbuilding at, Warcop (7), p. 239a.

" Hall, medival stones said to have come from former chapel at, Warcop (6), p. 239a.

" Moor, tumuli on, Warcop (14), p. 240a.

Sandhill, Bampton (61), p. 31b.

Sandpot, Mallerstang (7), p. 164b.

Sandriggs, Strickland, Little (10), p. 222b.

Sands, The, inscribed stones in stables, Appleby (15), p. 14a.

Sandwath, Ravenstonedale (28), p. 199b.

Sandyhill, Staveley, Nether (7), p. 219a.

Sattury, Natland (9), p. 182a.

Savoy Caf, Kendal (27), p. 127b.

Scaife:
-, George, Raisgill Hall said to have been built by, Orton (21), p. 190a.
-, Robert and Arthur, names on panel on School House, Winton (2), p. 247b.

Scale or Greenholme Bridge, Orton (4), p. 189b.

Scalebeck, Asby (13), p. 17a.

Scalegate, Askham (38), p. 24a.

Scalegill, Orton (35), p. 190b.

Scales: Askham (39), p. 24b; Kentmere (12), p. 130b.

Scalthwaiterigg, pp. 2034.

" Stocks, Scalthwaiterigg (2), p. 204a.

Scandale Beck, bridges over, Ambleside (5), (6), p. 3b.

Scandal Beck, bridge over, Soulby (2), p. 215a.

Scandinavian-Irish, influence in N.W. England, pp. xlix1.

Scar Brow, Kirkby Lonsdale (36), p. 139b.

" Plantation, enclosure in, Crosby Ravensworth (39), p. 89b.

Scarside, Orton (14), p. 190a.

" Plantation, earthwork in, Bampton (75), p. 34a.

Scarth, Prebendary, rampart of Maiden Castle examined by, Stainmore (1), p. 215b.

School House, Crosby Ravensworth (11), p. 81b.

Schools:
-, See also Sectional Preface, pp. lixlx.
-, Dating from the 16th century: Kirkby Stephen (4), p. 143b.
-, 17th-century: Burton (6), p. 65b; Crosby Ravensworth (9), p. 81b; Grasmere (7), p. 98a; Heversham (5), p. 111b; Martindale (26) (building said to have been used as) p. 166b; Sockbridge (5), p. 214b.
-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Strickland, Great (5), p. 220a.
-, Early 18th-century: Measand School, Bampton (60), p. 31b; Shap, Rural (2), p. 207a.
-, Uncertain date: Kendal (67), p. 129a.
-, Rebuilt: Appleby (13), p. 14a; Grammar School, Bampton (11) (inscription only), p. 29b; Lowther (18), p. 161a; Winton (2), p. 247b.

Scotland, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

Scott:
-, Sir James, Bart., Yews enlarged by, Undermillbeck (18), p. 232b.
-, W., see Bellfounders.

Scout Green, Crosby Ravensworth (24), p. 83b.

Scratchings, see Masons' Marks.

Screens:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxvi.
-, In Churches:
-,-, 14th-century: Morland (1), p. 177b.
-,-, 15th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.
-,-, c. 1500: Appleby (1), p. 6b; Brougham (3), p. 57a.
-,-, 17th-century: Brougham (2), pp. 55b56a; Heversham (1), p. 111b.
-,-, Early 18th-century: Shap, Rural (1), p. 207a.
-,-, Modern but incorporating old material: Kendal (1), p. 122a; Shap, Rural (2), p. 207a.
-, In Houses:
-,-, 16th-century: Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 107b; Levens (1), p. 152b.
-,-, c. 1600: Strickland Roger (1), p. 224a.
-,-, 17th-century: Killington (3), (4), p. 132b; Musgrave (4), p. 179b; Natland (3), p. 180b.

Scroggs, Rydal and Loughrigg (30), p. 203a.

Scrope, arms of, Ravenstonedale (3), p. 198b.

Scutcheons and Scutcheon plates, see under Brass work and Ironwork.

Sealford, Hutton Roof (8), p. 118b.

Seal Howe, cairns near, Crosby Ravensworth (56), p. 90a.

Seasons, The Four, figure-subjects representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Seating:
-, See also Sedilia.
-, Benches, bench-ends, pews, etc.:
-,-, Late 15th or early 16th-century: Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-,-, 17th-century: Askham (1), p. 20b; Bampton (1), p. 29a; Brough (2), p. 50b; Brougham (2), p. 56a; Grasmere (1), p. 97b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Martindale (1), p. 165b; Strickland, Little (1), p. 222a; Warcop (1), p. 238b.
-,-, Incorporating old material: Appleby (1), p. 6b; Bampton (1), p. 29a.
-,-, Made up with modern work: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.
-, Stalls:
-,-, 16th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6b.
-,-, Modern, but incorporating old material: Brougham (3), p. 56b.
-, Stools:
-,-, 17th-century: Brough (2), p. 50b; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Kentmere (1), p. 129b.
-,-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6b; Longsleddale (1), p. 157b.
-,-, 18th-century: Warcop (1), p. 238b.

Seat Sandal, or Sandulf's seat, near Grisedale Tarn, p. l.

Sedgwick, George, Secretary of Anne, Countess of Pembroke, Collinfield acquired by, Kendal (6), pp. lvii; 124a.

Sedgwick, p. 204.

Sedilia:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxvi.
-, 13th-century: Appleby (2), p. 7b; Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a; Warcop (1), p. 238b.
-, 14th-century: Brougham (4), p. 61b; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a.
-, Modern Restoration: Heversham (1), p. 111a.

Seller, William, see under Bellfounders.

Sellet Hall, Stainton (5), p. 217b.

Selside, see Whitwell and Selside.

Selside Hall: Whitwell and Selside (5), p. 243b; chapel said to have existed at, Whitwell and Selside (1), p. 243b.

Selside Pike, cairns on, Shap, Rural (80), p. 212a.

'Sepulchre' enclosure, Langdales (49), p. 150b.

Setterah Park, Askham (35), p. 24a.

Severals village settlement, Crosby Garrett (8), pp. 76a, 88a.

Shackla Bank, Firbank (7), p. 96a.

Shap, Rural, pp. 206212.

" Urban: pp. 2046; church at Mardale formerly a chapel of, Shap, Rural (1), p. 206b.

" Abbey: Shap, Rural (3), p. 207a; worked stones from, at Lowther Castle, pp. 160b; 207b.

Shapbeck Gate, Thrimby (3), p. 227a.

Shap Stones and Circle, Shap, Urban (26), pp. xxxi; 206a.

Shap Wells Hotel, cupboard from Salterwath in, Crosby Ravensworth (22), p. 83a.

Sharp, arms of, Orton (25), p. 190b.

Shaw House, Beetham (18), p. 42b.

Shearman Dyers Company, arms of, Kendal (44), p. 128a.

Shepherd Green, Strickland Roger (8), p. 224b.

Shutt, Io., name on panel at School House, Winton (2), p. 247b.

Side House, Langdales (41), p. 150b.

Sight, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Simpson:
-, Canon, notes and excavations of cairns, etc., by: Askham (45), pp. 26b, 27b, 28a; stone circle, Crosby Ravensworth (55), p. 90a; cairn on White Raise, Shap, Rural (79), p. 212a.
-, Richard, name inscribed on barn, and initials on house, Bampton (22), p. 30a.

Simpson House, Patterdale (40), p. 193a.

Sisson, Cuthbert, Kirkbarrow largely re-built by, Barton (3), p. 37b.

Sizergh, Norwegian-Irish place-name, p. xlix.

" Castle: Helsington (2), p. 106a; Holeslack said to have been dower-house of, Helsington (9), p. 108b.

" Fell, settlement and mounds on, Levens (17), p. 157a.

Skelcies, Winton (7), p. 247b.

Skellaw Hill, mound on, Shap, Urban (27), p. 206b.

Skelsmergh, pp. 2123.

" Hall, Skelsmergh (2), p. 212b.

Skelton, arms of, Ravenstonedale (3), p. 198b.

Skettlegill, Stainton (8), p. 218a.

Skipton Castle (Yorks), repaired by Lady Anne Clifford, p. lvi.

Skirsgill Hill, village settlements on, Askham (44), p. 24b.

" Plantation, village settlement near, Askham (44), p. 25a.

Slack Head, cottage at, Beetham (16), p. 42a.

Slakes, Milburn (5), p. 175a.

Slapestone House, Appleby (10), p. 14a.

Slater's Bridge, Langdales (3), p. 149a.

Sleagill, pp. 2134.

" Head, Sleagill (7), p. 213b.

" House, Sleagill (1), p. 213b.

Sleddale Grange, Shap, Rural (56), p. 210a.

" Hall, Shap, Rural (55), p. 210a.

Smalwood, Gabriel, vicar, 16989, monument, Appleby (1), p. 6a.

Smardale, Smardale Hall owned by family of, Waitby (1), p. 233a.

" Bridge, lynchets near, Ravenstonedale (38), p. 200b.

" Demesne, village settlements in, Waitby (9), p. 234a.

" Hall: Waitby (1), p. 233a; village settlement near, Waitby (9), p. 234b.

Smell, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Smith:
-, Lancelot, see Bellfounders.
-, Thomas, name inscribed over doorway of Grammar School, Appleby (13), p. 14a.

Smithy Cottage, Bampton (7), p. 29b.

Sockbridge, pp. 2145.

" Hall, Sockbridge (1), p. 214a.

" House, now Wordsworth House, Sockbridge (6), p. 214b.

Soulby, p. 215.

" Hall, Soulby (3), p. 215b.

South House, Pool Bank, Crosthwaite and Lyth (4), p. 91b.

" Road: No. 33, pre-Conquest stone in yard of, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 143a; No. 89, Kirkby Stephen (8), p. 143b.

Sowermire, Middleton (7), p. 172b.

Spa House, Witherslack (2), p. 249a.

Spence, Dr. J. E., mounds excavated by, Askham (46), p. 28b.

Spenceley, R., name on panel at School House, Winton (2), p. 247b.

Spice-cupboards, see under Furniture.

Spinning-galleries:
-, 17th-century: Bampton (14), p. 29b; Patterdale (28), p. 192b; (37), (38), (40), p. 193a; Shap, Rural (46), p. 210a.
-, Undated: Troutbeck (12), p. 228b; Windermere (7), p. 246a.

Spout House: Crosthwaite and Lyth (7), p. 92a; Heversham (6), p. 111b.

Sprint, River, bridges over, Longsleddale (2), (3), p. 157b.

Squints:
-, 14th-century: Ormside (1), p. 186a.
-, Undated: Appleby (2) (remains only), p. 7a; Crosby Garrett (1), p. 73b.

Stabling:
-, c. 1600: Grasmere (23), p. 98b; Levens (1), p. 155a.
-, 17th-century: Appleby (3), p. 12a; Barton (1), p. 36b; (2), 37b; Shap, Rural (3), p. 208b.

Stack House, Shap, Rural (61), p. 210b.

Stafford, Thomas, see Bellfounders.

Stainmore: pp. 2157; Eric Blood-axe, King of York, killed at, p. li.

Stainton, pp. 2178.

" Beck, bridges over, Stainton (2), (3), (4), p. 217b.

" Bridge, Stainton (2), p. 217b.

Staircases:
-, See also Sectional Preface, p. lxvi.
-, 13th-century: Appleby (3) (spiral), p. 9a.
-, Undated, probably medival: Barton (3), p. 37b.
-, 16th-century: Asby (6), p. 16b; Barton (2), p. 37b; Helsington (9), p. 108b.
-, 17th-century: Appleby (3), p. 11a; Beetham (2), p. 41a; Burton (2), p. 65b; (10), p. 65b; Casterton (2), p. 66b; Colby (1), p. 70b; Crackenthorpe (2), p. 72a; Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 81a; Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91b; Grasmere (33), p. 99a; Helsington (8), p. 108b; Heversham (8), p. 111b; Hoff (1), p. 113a; Holme (1), p. 114a; Kendal (7), p. 124b; (21), (22), (23), p. 127a; (24), (26), (28), p. 127b; (48), p. 128b; Kirkby Lonsdale (29), p. 139a; Middleton (6), p. 172b; Milburn (3), p. 174b; Murton (2), p. 178b; Natland (3), (4), p. 180b; (7), p. 181a; Patterdale (46), p. 193b; Preston Patrick (6), (8), p. 197a; Sockbridge (6), p. 214b; Stainton (5), p. 218a; Strickland Roger (4), (6), p. 224b; Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226b; Windermere (2), p. 245b; (13), p. 246b; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (3), p. 252a.
-, Late 17th or early 18th-century: Askham (5), p. 22a; Barbon (4), p. 35a; Farleton (1), p. 95a; Haverbrack (3), p. 104a; Levens (3), p. 155b; Troutbeck (4), p. 228a; Wharton (3), p. 241b.
-, Early 18th-century: Barbon (7), p. 35a; Crosthwaite and Lyth (7), p. 92a; Dalton (2), p. 93a; Docker (4), p. 93b; Dufton (2), p. 94a; Kendal (7), p. 124b; (27), p. 127b; Levens (1), pp. 153b, 155a; Middleton (5), p. 172a; Morland (3), p. 177b; Preston Richard (5), p. 197b; Skelsmergh (3), p. 213a; (4), p. 213a; (5), p. 213b; Staveley, Nether (4), p. 219a; Strickland Roger (1), p. 224a; (3), p. 224b; Whitwell and Selside, (5), p. 244a.

Stalls, see under Seating.

Stamp Yat, Brough Sowerby (1), p. 54a.

Stand-patens, see under Plate, Church.

Stanegarth, Bampton (47), p. 31a.

Stanford, Michael, 1682, monument, Kendal (1), p. 122a.

Stanley:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; eagle and child badge of, Kendal (10), p. 125b; Beetham Hall owned by family of, Beetham (2), p. 40a.
-, Charles, 8th Earl of Derby, and Dorothy (Kirkhoven) his wife, arms of, Witherslack (1) (glass), p. 248b.

Stannerstones, Asby (12), p. 17a.

Stanton Beck, bridge over, Heversham (3), p. 111a.

Stapleton:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Wharton, under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.
-, Elionor, see Wharton, Thomas, 1st Lord.

Statue:
-, St. Mary the Virgin, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.

Staveley, Nether, pp. 2189.

" Over, pp. 219220.

" Park, Staveley, Over (3), p. 219b.

Steel Croft, Whitwell and Selside (9), p. 244b.

Stenkrith Hill, lynchets on, Kirkby Stephen (16), p. 144a.

Stephen, St.: buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications; figure of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a.

Stephenson, Robert, Dodding Green left to Roman Catholic church by, Skelsmergh (3), p. 213a.

Stepping Stones, Ravenstonedale (14), p. 202b.

Steps, Orton (32), p. 190b.

" Hall, Shap, Rural (66), p. 210b.

Stockbridge Farm, Staveley, Nether (8), p. 219a.

Stock Gill, house on bridge over, Ambleside (4), p. 3b.

Stocks:
-, 18th-century: Burton (leg-irons), p. 63b; Milnthorpe (gyves), p. 175a.

Stone Avenues: p. xxx; mentioned by Canon Simpson, Askham (45), p. 26b; Shap, Urban (26), p. 206a.

Stonecroft, Shap, Urban (13), p. 205b.

Stone Hall, Whinfell (6), p. 243a.

" House, Sockbridge (4), p. 214b.

Stool End, Langdales (44), p. 150b.

Stools, see under Seating.

Storehouse, modern, but incorporating windows perhaps from Lowther church, Lowther (5), p. 160b.

Storth End, Preston Richard (5), p. 197b.

Stoups:
-, 16th-century: Barton (1), p. 37a.
-, Medival but undated: Bowness (1), p. 47a; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Martindale (1), p. 165b; Shap, Urban (1), p. 205a.
-, Uncertain date: Clifton (1), p. 69b; Killington (1), p. 131b; Witherslack (1), p. 249a.

Stramongate, Kendal (1218), p. 127a.

" Bridge, Kendal (4), p. 124a.

Strathclyde, Westmorland part of kingdom of, pp. xlviii, lii.

Strawberry Bank, Hutton, New (1), p. 116a.

Street, Orton (16), p. 190a.

Streetside, Ravenstonedale (14), p. 199a.

Strickland:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; see also Deincourt under Heraldry; quartered arms of, after 1550, Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 107a, b; quartering Deincourt impaling Neville quartering Ward, Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 107a; impaling Tempest quartering Umfraville, Sizergh Castle, Helsington (2), p. 107a; Sizergh Castle owned by family of, Helsington (2), p. 106a.
-, Cecilia, Lady Strickland, alterations to Sizergh Castle made by, Helsington (2), p. 106a.
-, Thomas, 1678, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.
-, Sir Walter, 1528, and Katherine (Neville) his wife, altar-tomb, Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-, Sir Walter, alterations to Sizergh Castle made by, Helsington (2), p. 106a.
-, Walter, son of Sir Thomas Strickland, 1656, monument with effigy of, Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-, William, Bishop of Carlisle, Bewley Castle restored by, Bolton (2), p. 44a.

Strickland, held by Gilemichel, p. lii.

" Great, p. 220.

" Little, p. 221.

" Chapel, in Kendal Church, Kendal (1), p. 121a.

Stricklandgate, Kendal (2438), pp. 127b128a.

Strickland Hill, Witherslack (3), p. 249a.

" Ketel, pp. 2201.

" Roger, pp. 2225.

" Tenement, Crosthwaite and Lyth (12), p. 92b.

Stripple Stones (Cornwall), p. xxxi.

Stukeley, Dr. William: reference to Shap Stones, Shap, Urban (26), p. 206a; on King Arthur's Round Table, cited, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (12), p. 253a; on Ring Work, cited, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (13), p. 253a.

Sudwick, Sir John: shield-of-arms, date 1579 and initials of, Hoff (1), p. 113a; Barwise Hall probably built by, Hoff (1), p. 112b.

Suidbert, abbot of Dacre, p. xlixn.

Summer-houses:
-, 17th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (30) (re-erected church porch), p. 139b; Rydal and Loughrigg (4), p. 202a.
-, 18th-century: Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 81a.

Sunbiggin, cottage at, Orton (20), p. 190a.

Sundials:
-, Medival: Newbiggin (1), p. 183a.
-, 17th-century: Appleby (5), p. 12b; Brougham (5), p. 62b; Heversham (1), p. 111a; Ormside (1), p. 187a; Witherslack (1), p. 249a.
-, Early 18th-century: Lowther (1), p. 159b; Ravenstonedale (1), p. 198a.
-, Undated: Asby (1), p. 15a; Clifton (1), p. 69b; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b.
-, Scratch: Bolton (1), p. 43b; Cliburn (1), p. 68a; Haverbrack (1), p. 103b; Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; Milburn (2), p. 173b; Warcop (1), p. 238b.

Sun Inn, see under Inns.

Sunnybrow, Crook (8), p. 73a.

Sutton:
-, John de, Yanwath Hall built by, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a.
-, Thomas, S.T.D., Bampton Grammar School founded by, p. 29b.

Swarthbeck, Martindale (28), p. 166b.

Swetenham, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Swimmers, Witherslack (13), p. 249b.

Swindale, Shap, Rural (37)(45), pp. 209b, 210a.

" Beck, bridges over, Shap, Rural (5), p. 208b.

" Chapel, Shap, Rural (2), p. 207a.

" Foot, Shap, Rural (37), p. 209b.

" Head, Shap, Rural (40), p. 209b.

Swinstone House, Stainmore (3), p. 216b.

Swords, see under Arms and Armour.

Sword-rest:
-, Early 18th-century: Appleby (1), p. 6b.

Sybille, palimpsest brass with name of, Morland (1), p. 177a.

Syke, The, Kendal (59), p. 129a.

Sykeside, Patterdale (47), p. 193b.

Tables:
-, See Communion Tables, and under Furniture.
-, Stone: 17th-century, Brougham (5), p. 62b.

Tablets:
-, See Wall-monuments under Monuments, Funeral.
-, 17th-century: Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.

Tailbert Foot, Shap, Rural (34), p. 209b.

Tailbert Head, Shap, Rural (36), p. 209b.

Taillebois, see Ivo.

Talbot, Anne, see Wharton, Thomas, 1st Lord.

Tapestry:
-, 16th-century: Helsington (2), p. 107a-b.
-, 17th-century: Appleby (3), p. 11a.
-, 17th or 18th-century: Casterton (3), p. 66b.
-, Undated: Levens (1), p. 155a.

T(ar ?)dius, Robert, bell made for, Ormside (1), p. 186b.

Tarn, Ravenstonedale (21), p. 199b.

" Foot, Rydal and Loughrigg (24), p. 203a.

" House, Ravenstonedale (3), p. 198b.

Taste, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Tax Office, Kendal (48), p. 128b.

Tearnside Hall, Kirkby Lonsdale (5), p. 136b.

Teasdale:
-, I. and D., initials of, and date 1630, Bampton (24), p. 30a.
-, John, rector, Lowther school founded by, Lowther (18), p. 161a.

Tebay, pp. 2256.

Tebaygill, Tebay (12), p. 225b.

Tempest: arms of, after 1550, quartering Umfraville, Helsington (2), p. 107a; see also Boynton and Strickland.

Temple Sowerby, p. 226.

" " Manor-house, Temple Sowerby (3), p. 226a.

Tenter End, Docker (2), p. 93b.

Tenterhow, Patterdale (58), p. 194a.

Tetricus I, coins of: (?) Brough (1), p. 48b; Brougham (1), p. 54b.

" II, coins of, Brougham (1), p. 54b.

Teutonic type of house, foundations of: Crosby Ravensworth (36), pp. xlvii; 83b; 89a; 195a; Patterdale (65), pp. xlvii; 195a.

Thanet, Earls of: Appleby Castle in possession of, p. 8a; Brougham Castle in possession of, p. 57b; see also Tufton.

Thatchmoor Head, Lambrigg (3), p. 148b.

" ", Cottage, Lambrigg (4), p. 148b.

Theobald, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Theodosius I, Emperor, coins of, (?) Brough (1), p. 48b.

Thomas, St.: bells dedicated to, Marton, Long (1), p. 169a; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Thomas, son of Gospatrick, house of Premonstratension canons founded by, p. 207a.

Thompson, John, name on lintel, Morland (1), p. 177b.

" Fold, Lupton (4), p. 162b.

Thored, Gunner's son, 'Westmoringa land' harried by, p. li.

Thornborough:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.
-, Thomasin (Bellingham), 1582, wife of Sir William Thornborough, monument, Kendal (1), p. 122a.
-, William and wife (? Broughton), figures of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46a.

Thorne Farm, Shap, Rural (20), p. 209a.

Thorney Bank, Shap, Rural (63), p. 210b.

" Croft, Newby (13), p. 185a.

Thorneyfields, Undermillbeck (9), p. 232a.

Thorn House, Patterdale (38), p. 193a.

Thornhow, Patterdale (50), p. 193b.

Thornship, Shap, Urban (19), p. 206a.

Thornthwaite, Hillbeck (1), p. 112a.

" Hall, Bampton (5), p. 29a.

Thorny Hill, Beetham (17), p. 42b.

Thorny Howe, Grasmere (27), p. 98b.

Thrang, Langdales (26), p. 150a.

Thrangcrag, Martindale (6), p. 166a.

Threepow Raise, earthwork at, Askham (46), p. 28a.

Threlkeld:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; coffin-lid with shield-of-arms of, Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a; Yanwath Hall owned by family of, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a.
-, Sir Lancelot, 1512, altar-tomb ascribed to, Crosby Ravensworth (1), p. 80a.

Thrimby, p. 227.

" Thrimby (2), p. 227a.

" Grange, Thrimby (1), p. 227a.

" Mill, Strickland, Little (9), p. 222b.

Thringill, Nateby (4), p. 179b.

Thrythred, abbot of Dacre, p. xlixn.

Thunder Stone: Shap, Urban (26) (a), p. 206a; foundations in field near, Shap, Rural (76), p. 211b.

Thwaitehill, Barton (25), p. 39a.

Thwayts, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Thwaytts, Roger, canon, probably of Cartmel Priory, figure of, Bowness (1) (glass), p. 46b.

Thweng, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Thynne, arms of, see Lowther.

Till's Hole, Longsleddale (12), p. 158a.

Tilred, abbot of Heversham, p. xlix.

Tirer, Raulph, B.D., vicar, 1627, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

Tirril, house at, Sockbridge (8), p. 214b.

" Hall, Sockbridge (9), p. 215a.

Titus, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Toathmain, Shap, Rural (29), p. 209b.

Tobacco pipes and plugs, represented on quarries of painted glass, Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a.

Tolson:
-, Arms of, Strickland Ketel (3), p. 221a.
-, Thomas, tobacco-merchant, Tolson Hall built by, Strickland Ketel (3), p. 220b; initials of, on panels and quarries, Strickland Ketel (3), pp. 220b, 221a.

Tolson Hall, Strickland Ketel (3), p. 220b.

Tom Bank, village settlement on, Waitby (12), p. 235b.

Top of the Hill, Sedgwick (1), p. 204a.

Topthorn, Whinfell (5), p. 243a.

Torfin, land in Westmorland held by, p. lii.

Tostig, landowner in Westmorland, p. lii.

Touch, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153b.

Towcett, house at, Newby (17), p. 185b.

Tower House, Ravenstonedale (30), p. 199b.

Towers and Tower-wings, see Pele-Towers and also Castles.

Town End: Askham (17), p. 23b; (31), p. 24a; Orton (22), p. 190b; Troutbeck (4), p. 227b; cottage at, Witherslack (16), p. 249b.

" " Farm, Troutbeck (5), p. 228a.

" " Farm, Farleton (3), p. 95b.

Town End House, Troutbeck (6), p. 228a.

" Foot: Orton (23), p. 190b; Troutbeck (7), p. 228a.

" " Farm, Tebay (15), p. 225b.

" Head: Grasmere (41), p. 99a; Martindale (20), p. 166a; Patterdale (36), p. 193a; Tebay (11), p. 225b; cottage at, Troutbeck (26), p. 229b.

" Head Cottage, Grasmere (42), p. 99a.

" " Farm: Tebay (16), p. 225b; outbuilding at, Newbiggin (5), p. 184a.

" House, Hutton, Old, and Holmescales (6), p. 118a.

Townson, Robert, Bishop of Salisbury, arms of, Strickland Ketel (3) (glass), p. 221a.

Trajan, coins of: Ambleside (1), p. 3a; Brough (1), p. 48b; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Tranthwaite Hall, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (7), p. 231a.

Trays, see Collecting Trays.

Trinity, The Holy: bell dedicated to, Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Triptych, Flemish or German, Brougham (3) (reredos), p. 57a.

Trout Beck, bridges over, Troutbeck (3), p. 227b.

Troutbeck, pp. 227230.

" Bridge, houses at, Windermere (12), (13), p. 246b.

" Park: Troutbeck (29), p. 229b; cairns in, Troutbeck (34), p. 230a; (35), p. 230a.

Trowlesworthy Warren (Devon), p. xxxvn.

Truss Gap, Shap, Rural (39), p. 209b.

Truth, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153a.

Tudor Rose, Windermere (7) (glass), p. 246a.

Tudor Royal Arms, see Royal Arms, c. 14051603 under Heraldry.

Tufton:
-, Thomas, 4th Earl of Thanet, part of Appleby Castle re-built by, p. 8a.
-, Thomas, 6th of Thanet, demolition of Brougham castle begun by, p. 59a.
-, See also Thanet, Earl of, and Hothfield, Lord.

Tullie House Museum, see under Carlisle.

Tunstall, arms of: before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; mid 16th-century, see Middleton.

Turn Howe: Grasmere (40), p. 99a; cottage at, Grasmere (39), p. 99a.

Tympana, carved, Marton, Long (1), p. 168b.

Ubarrow Hall, Longsleddale (4), p. 158a.

Ulthwaite Bridge, Hugill or Ings (2), p. 114a.

Umfraville, arms of, after 1550, see Boynton, Strickland and Tempest.

Underbarrow and Bradleyfield, pp. 2301.

Underfell, outbuilding at, Barbon (8), p. 35a.

Underhelm, Grasmere (29), p. 98b.

" Cottage, Grasmere (30), p. 99a.

Underhill: Levens (5), p. 156a; Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (11), p. 231a.

Under Howe, Grasmere (12), p. 98a.

Undermillbeck, pp. 2312.

Undermount, Rydal and Loughrigg (9), p. 202b.

Underwood House, Roman inscription built into wall of, Milburn (1), pp. xln.; 173a.

Upper Bannerdale, village settlement in, Martindale (34), p. 166b.

Urns:
-, Bronze Age: Brougham (9), p. 63b; Levens (17), p. 157b.
-, Undated: Crosby Ravensworth (52), (56), p. 90a; Hard Rigg, Ravenstonedale (35), p. 200b; White Raise, Shap, Rural (79), p. 212a.

Urswick, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Urswick Stone Walls, enclosure at Ewe Locks similar to, p. 85b.

Valence, arms of, before 1550, see Grey of Ruthyn under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Valens, Emperor, coins of, Ambleside (1), p. 3a.

Valerian, Emperor, coins of, Brougham (1), p. 54b.

Vallombrosa (Tuscany), inlaid olive-wood cross said to have come from, Cliburn (1), p. 68a.

Vaugh Steel, Bampton (45), p. 31a.

Vaulting:
-, Ecclesiastical:
-,-, Barrel: 12th-century: Barton (1), p. 36a. 13th-century: Shap, Rural (3), p. 208a.
-,-, Ribbed (Seven-celled): 13th-century: Brougham (4), p. 60a.
-, Secular:
-,-, Barrel: 12th-century: Mallerstang (3), p. 164a. 13th-century: Brough (3) (springing only), p. 52b; Brougham (4), pp. 57b, 59a. c. 1300: Brougham (4), p. 60b. 14th-century: Asby (4), p. 15b; Beetham (3), p. 41b; Bolton (2), p. 44a; Brough (3), p. 52b; Brougham (4), p. 60b; Helsington (2), p. 107a, b; Kendal (3), p. 122b; Kentmere (2), p. 130a; Levens (1), p. 152a; Milburn (3), p. 174a; Preston Patrick (3), p. 196a; Strickland Roger (1), p. 224a; Wharton (1), p. 240b; Whitwell and Selside (5), p. 244a; Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250b. Late 14th or early 15th-century: Crosby Ravensworth (7), p. 81a; Wharton (2), p. 241b. 15th-century: Skelsmergh (2), p. 212b. 16th-century: Cliburn (2), p. 68b; Crosthwaite and Lyth (3), p. 91a. Medival: Hartley (1), p. 101a; Longsleddale (4), p. 158a; Staveley, Nether (2), p. 218b. 17th-century: Appleby (3), p. 11a; Brougham (7), p. 63a; Hugill or Ings (9), p. 115a.
-,-, Ribbed (Quadripartite): Late 13th-century: Brougham (4), p. 61a.
-,-, Miscellaneous: Undated: Kendal (3), p. 123a.

Vaux, arms of, see under Blenkinsop.

Vernon, Maulds Meaburn Hall owned by family of, Crosby Ravensworth (6), p. 80b.

Verter, see Brough (1), under Roman, Forts.

Verus, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Vescy, arms of, before 1550, see Threlkeld under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Vespasian, coins of: Brough (1), p. 48b; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b; Natland (1), p. 180b.

Vicarage: Askham (6), p. 23b; Kirkby Lonsdale (28), p. 139a; Kirkby Stephen (1) (window-head from church in garden), p. 143a.

Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington, panelling and overmantel from Sizergh Castle in, Helsington (2), pp. 106a, 107a.

Victorinus, (?) coins of, Brough (1), p. 48b.

Village Settlements, see under Earthworks.

Vincent, Gabriell, steward of Lady Anne Clifford, p. lvi; monument, 16656, Brough (2), pp. lvii; 50b.

Vintners' Company, arms of, Kendal (46), p. 128b.

Vipont: arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, Appleby Castle, p. 9a; impaling Bewley, Appleby (4), p. 12a; impaling Ferris, Appleby (4), p. 12a; impaling Fitz Piers, Appleby (4), p. 12a; see also under Clifford; Appleby Castle in possession of family of, p. 8a; Brougham Castle in possession of family of, p. 57a; Pendragon Castle owned by family of, Mallerstang (3), p. 163b.

Vitellius, coins of, Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145b.

Waitby: pp. 2327; lynchets surrounding hamlet of, Waitby (15), pp. 236b237a.

" Castle, Waitby (8), pp. xxxiin; 234a.

" Intake, village settlement, Waitby (13), p. 235b.

Wall End: Langdales (43), p. 150b; enclosure near, Langdales (50), p. 151a.

Wallend, Patterdale (26), p. 192b.

Walmgate Farm, Bampton (15), p. 29b.

Walm Howe, Bampton (17), p. 29b.

Walthwaite Cottage, Langdales (30), p. 150a.

" Farm, Langdales (31), p. 150a.

" House, Langdales (29), p. 150a.

Warcop: arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, Kirkby Thore (2) (corbel), p. 147a; Lammerside Castle owned by family of, Wharton (1), p. 240a; Smardale Hall owned by family of, Waitby (1), p. 233a.

Warcop, pp. 237240.

" Bridge, Warcop (2), p. 238b.

" Hall, Warcop (4), p. 238b.

Ward:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Musgrave under Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, see Strickland.
-, Joseph, 1707, and Anne (Ward) wife of Jacob Morland, 1712, monument, Killington (1), p. 131b.

Warehouses: early 18th-century, Ambleside (12), p. 4a.

Warton (Lancs), sword-pommel from, p. xli.

Wasdale Beck, village settlement near, Shap, Rural (74), p. 211a.

" Head, Shap, Rural (54), p. 210a.

Washington, arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry; for blazon, see Armorial.

Waskew Head, Tebay (22), p. 226a.

Watchgate, Whitwell and Selside (6), p. 244b.

Watercrook: Roman fort at, Natland (1), pp. xlv; 180a; house, Natland (7), p. 181a.

Wateredge Hotel, see under Inns.

Waterhouses, Asby (16), p. 17a.

Waterside House, Barton (22), p. 39a.

Wath Sutton, Preston Patrick (8), p. 197a.

Watton (Yorks), remains of cell of Gilbertine canons of, Ravenstonedale (2), p. 198a.

Wattsfield, Kendal (7), p. 124b.

Wayside, Rydal and Loughrigg (21), p. 203a.

Weather-vane, 17th-century, Staveley, Over (1), p. 219b.

Webster:
-, James, 1694, headstone, Lowther (1), p. 160a.
-, John, 1714, and four children, monument, Appleby (1), p. 6a.

Wellfoot, Longsleddale (10), p. 158a.

Well Heads, Hincaster (4), p. 112a.

Wells: Brougham Castle, Brougham (4), p. 62b; Cliburn (2), p. 68b; Kirkby Thore (1), p. 145a.

Weredun, Lurren (? Laurence) de, inscription possibly commemorating, Bolton (1), p. 43b.

Westgarth, Rev. T., Maiden Castle excavated by, Stainmore (1), p. 216a.

Westly, arms of, after 1550, see Preston.

Westmoringa land, early form of Westmorland, p. xlviii.

Westmorland, Thomas, 1712, headstone, Milburn (2), p. 173b.

Westow (Yorks), pottery found at, p. xxixn.

Wetheral: priory founded by Rannulf de Briquessart, p. liv; possessions of priory of, confirmed by David I, p. liv.

Wet Sleddale: Shap, Rural (55)(65), p. 210; bridge at, Shap, Rural (10), p. 209a; Buck Park, Shap, Rural (72), p. 210b; lynchets in, Shap, Rural (82), p. 212a.

Whale, Lowther (26)(28), p. 161b.

Whalemoor, Lowther (29), p. 161b.

" Head, Lowther (30), p. 161b.

Wharton:
-, Arms of, before 1550, see Heraldry: for blazon, see Armorial; after 1550, impaling Lancaster, Kirkby Thore (2) (corbel), p. 147a; impaling Machell, Kirkby Thore (2) (corbel), p. 147a; quartered arms of, Wharton (2), p. 242a; Kirkby Thore Hall formerly property of family of, Kirkby Thore (3), p. 147b; Reagill Grange owned by family of, Crosby Ravensworth (8), p. 81b; Wharton Hall owned by family of, Wharton (2), p. 240b.
-, Thomas, 1st Lord, Grammar School founded by, Kirkby Stephen (4), p. 143b; Ravenstonedale Park enclosed by, Ravenstonedale (32), p. 200a; additions to Wharton Hall made by, Wharton (2), p. 241a; 1568, and Elionor (Stapleton) and Anne (Talbot) his wives, altar-tomb with effigies of, Kirkby Stephen (1), p. 142b.

Wharton, pp. 240242.

" Farm, Waitby (7), p. 234a.

" Hall, Wharton (2), p. 240b.

Whasset Farm, Beetham (6), p. 42a.

" Gate, Beetham (7), p. 42a.

Wheatsheaf Inn, see under Inns.

Whelpdale, Mary, see Fletcher.

Whinfell, p. 243.

Whingill, outbuilding at, Hartley (4), p. 101b.

Whinny How, Firbank (3), p. 96a.

Whitefriars, see Carmelites, under Monastic and Collegiate Buildings.

White Hag, stone circle, Crosby Ravensworth (44), p. 89b.

" Hall, Killington (14), p. 133a.

" House: Patterdale (57), p. 194a; Ravenstonedale (29), p. 199b.

" Lion, see under Inns.

" Raise: mound or cairn, Askham (45) (h), p. 28a; mound near, Askham (45) (m), p. 28a; cairns on, Shap, Rural (79) p. 212a.

Whitestones Farm, Asby (23), p. 20a.

Whitewall, Asby (15), p. 17a.

Whittington (Lancs), ancient Westmorland manor of, p. lii.

Whittonstall (Northumberland), Roman fort, p. xxxviiin.

Whitwell and Selside, pp. 2434.

Wickersfield, King's Meaburn (10), p. 133b.

Wickerslack Moor, village settlement on, Crosby Ravensworth (35), p. 88b.

Wicker Street, mound near, Crosby Ravensworth (43), p. 89b.

Widewath, Askham (36), p. 24a.

Wildman Street, No. 5, Kendal (11), p. 125b.

Wilfrid, St., buildings dedicated to, see under Dedications.

Wilkes agitation, inscription probably cut at the time of, Rydal and Loughrigg (23), p. 203a.

Wilkinson, W., initials of, and date 1714, Bampton (52), p. 31a.

Willerby (Yorks) pottery found at, p. xxixn.

William the Conqueror, provisions made against attack from N.W. England made by, p. liii.

" II, Carlisle subdued and district colonised by, p. liii.

" III, arms of, see Royal Arms under Heraldry.

" the Lion, King of Scotland: Appleby Castle taken by, p. 8a; Brough Castle taken by, p. 52a.

Williamson, George and Agnes, initials of and date 1675, Windermere (23), p. 247a.

Willy Goodwaller Bridge, Grasmere (3), p. 97b.

Wilson or Willson:
-, Beetham Hall owned by family of, Beetham (2), p. 40a.
-, Daniel, Dallam Tower re-built by, Haverbrack (2), p. 103b.
-, Edward, initials and date 1613, on door at Heversham School, Heversham (5), p. 111b.
-, Edward and Dorothy, initials of, and date 1683, on gateway, Haverbrack (2), p. 104a.
-, Henry, church plate given to Kirkby Lonsdale by, p. 136a; name inscribed on reading-desk of pulpit, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.
-, Mary and Thomas, c. 1700, gravestone, Newby (1), p. 184b.
-, Rowland, church plate given to Hugill or Ings by, p. 114a.

Wilson Scar, stone circle on, Shap, Rural (78), p. 211b.

Wilson's Place, Langdales (7), p. 149a.

Winder Hall, Barton (4), p. 37b.

Windermere: pp. 2447; church, see Bowness (1), p. 44b; Jesus Chapel formerly a chapel of, Windermere (1), p. 227a.

Winderwath, Cliburn (3), p. 68b.

Windrigg Hill, mound on, Newby (19), p. 185b.

Windy Hill, mounds on, Kirkby Stephen (12), p. 144a.

Winster, church at, Undermillbeck (1), p. 231b.

" River, bridge over, Crosthwaite and Lyth (2), p. 91a.

Wintercrag, Martindale (3), p. 165b.

Winterseeds, Grasmere (44), p. 99a.

Winton: p. 247; lands and tithes in, granted to St. Mary's Abbey, York, p. liv.

" Hall (1), p. 247b.

Wisdom, figure representing, Levens (1), p. 153a.

Wiseber Hill, mound on, Kirkby Stephen (10), p. 143b.

Witherslack, pp. 2489.

" Hall: chapel formerly at, Witherslack (1), p. 248a; house near, Witherslack (6), p. 249a.

" Mill, cottage near, Witherslack (10), p. 249b.

Wood, Christopher, tablet recording repair of porch by, Kirkby Lonsdale (1), p. 136a.

Woodburn, George, 1713, and George 1733, sons of Thomas Woodburn, brass, Kendal (1), p. 121b.

Wood End, Kirkby Lonsdale (31), p. 139b.

" Farm, Troutbeck (30), p. 229b.

Woodfoot, Bampton (41), p. 30b.

Wood House, Strickland, Great (9), p. 220b.

" Nook, Shap, Rural (45), p. 210a.

Woodside: Barton (20), p. 38b; Strickland, Great (10), p. 220b.

Wordsworth, William: Dove Cottage formerly occupied by, Grasmere (14), p. 98a; lived at Rydal Mound, Rydal and Loughrigg (5), p. 202a.

Wordsworth House, Sockbridge (6), p. 214b.

Wordsworth's Cottage, or Broadhow, Patterdale (11), p. 192a.

Wray, The, Grasmere (20), p. 98b.

" Cottage, constructions near, Haverbrack (7), p. 104b.

" Farm, Docker (7), p. 93b.

Wraygreen, Ravenstonedale (20), p. 199b.

Wray House, Kentmere (7), p. 130b.

Wrenside, Kaber (6), p. 119a.

Wright, Richard, name inscribed on Measand School, Bampton (60), p. 31b.

Wybergh:
-, Achievement-of-arms of, impaling Engayne, Clifton (1) (slab), p. 69b; Clifton (1) (glass), p. 69b; manor of Clifton owned by family of, Clifton (2), p. 69b.
-, William de, and Elianor (Engayne), 18th-century slab recording the marriage of, Clifton (1), p. 69b.

Wyke, The, cottage and barn at, Grasmere (19), p. 98b.

Wythmoor, Lambrigg (5), p. 148b.

Wyville, arms of, see Carus.

Yanwath and Eamont Bridge, pp. 2505.

" Hall, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (2), p. 250a.

" Wood, settlement near, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (16), p. 254a.

" Woodhouse, Yanwath and Eamont Bridge (11), p. 252b.

Yews, clipped, at Levens Hall, Levens (1), p. 155a.

Yews: Staveley, Nether (10), p. 219a; Undermillbeck (18), p. 232b.

" The, Crosby Garrett (7), p. 74b.

Yewtree, Crook (10), p. 73a.

Yew Tree Cottage, Shap, Rural (68), p. 210b.

" " Farm, Orton (33), p. 190b.

" " House, Underbarrow and Bradleyfield (24), p. 231b.

York: bell probably cast at, Kirkby Thore (2), p. 147a; St. Mary's Abbey: Kirkby Stephen church granted to, p. liv; other churches in Westmorland granted to, p. livn; lands and tithes at Winton granted to, p. liv.

Yorkshire Philosophical Society, Ormside bowl in Museum of, p. 185b.