Elizabeth: June 1572

Pages 122-140

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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June 1572

June. 393. Memorandum by Lord Burghley.
That Home Castle be delivered to the Regent upon the King's bond under his Great Seal, affirmed and subscribed by the Regent and the Privy Council, and is not to be delivered to Lord Home until the Queen shall perceive that he be reconciled to the grace of the King, and the like of Fast Castle to the "party" whom the Queen shall be duly informed to have right, and to be a good subject of the King.
Holograph. Endd. P. ¾.
June 1. 394. Negociations with Count Mansfeld.
Summary of negociations between Sir Thomas Gresham and his agents and Count Mansfeld for the purpose of levying a loan of 300,000 gold florins and 400,000 dollars in Germany for the Queen of England, which Gresham declared took no effect on account of the Count's demand for additional security, and also through his telling Gresham's agents that he expected that the money should be laid out in Germany for the levy of troops. — 30 May 1572. Copy. Signed Thomas Gresham.
Answer to Gresham's allegations denying his statements, and declaring that the Count having been put to great trouble and charges in the matter, ought to be reimbursed both the sums that he has paid and the interest thereon accruing during so many years.—London, 1 June 1572. Signed by Count Mansfeld's agents.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.
June 1. 395. Charles IX. to M. De la Mothe Fenelon,
Thanks him for forwarding his despatches to De Croc, and for the order which he has caused to be taken for the two coffers containing the dresses for the Queen of Scots. Begs his protection for Marie Waher, the widow of a bourgeois of Paris, and her young children.—London, 1 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. French. P. 2/3.
March 4. 396. Charles IX. to M. De la Mothe Fenelon.
Directs him to favour and protect a certain Frenchwoman, [Marie Waher] a widow, whose affairs are threatened with ruin by reason of the importunities of a certain person in the English Court who is seeking her in marriage on account of her goods.—Blois, 4 March 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½. Enclosure.
June 3. 397. Memorial for Flanders.
To consider what is done upon the answer delivered to Swegenhem. To send to discover the intention and strength of the people of Flushing, Brielle, and other places in the Low Countries. Also to decipher Count Ludovick's intentions, and to obtain intelligence from Cologne. If from these and other intelligence it appears that the Duke of Alva is able to resist all attempts of the French, then it is like to be best for England to let both sides alone for a time. If, however, the French begin to possess any part of his master's countries, and especially the maritime parts, then it is like that they may be too potent neighbours for England, and therefore it will be good to use all convenient means to stay that course. If the French proceed to seek the maritime coasts, it were good that the Duke of Alva were informed secretly of the Queen's disposition to assist the King his master by all honourable means in the defence of his inheritance, so as it may appear to her that he will discharge his subjects of their intolerable oppressions, restore their ancient liberties, reconcile his nobility to him, deliver them from the fear of the Inquisition, and continue the ancient league of amity and traffic with Her Majesty. To bring these matters to a good and honourable end, the best way would be for the Duke, upon any entry made by the French into his master's dominions, to demand aid from the Queen, according to former leagues. 3 June 1572.
Endd. Pp. 1½.
June 4. 398. M. De Croc to Lord Burghley.
Asking him to deliver home despatches, forwarded for him by Sir W. Drury to M. De la Mothe Fénelon.—Leith, 4 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
June 5. 399. M. De Croc to Lord Hunsdon.
Requests that some letters be forwarded to the King of France, the Marshal Montmorency, and M. De la Mothe Fenelon, sent by the Lords of Scotland in answer to some letters addressed to them.—Leith, 5 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 2/3.
June 7. 400. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
Has received a packet from De Croc containing answers from both sides to letters from his master. Looks hourly for a discharge of the Earl, as he has slept few quiet sleeps since he had him, for as there is no strong or safe house to keep him in, he is fain to keep watch and ward round about the house day and night. He trusts that he (the Duke of Norfolk) shall not go alone, but that some of his associates shall follow.—Berwick, 7 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
June 7. 401. Sir Thomas Smith to Lord Burghley.
1. Has received his letter touching a deputy in his office of the Chancellorship of the Garter, and is willing to appoint any person whom Burghley thinks meet, and therefore sends herewith a deputation such as he could devise, being without books or precedents. If his son and his company be not yet gone, he prays that he will drive them away, as they do no good tarrying in England.
2. P.S.—On the 8th inst. the Lord Admiral (the Earl of Lincoln) was met by De Cosse and conducted to St. Denis, where there was a good dinner prepared. After dinner news was brought that the Queen of Navarre, of a hot ague, lay without any hope of life in Paris, whom the Queen Mother, the King, and all his brethren and sisters had visited and departed from without any hope to see her again. — Lusarche, 7 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 8. 402. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
1. M. De Croc is much misliked of the Castilians because he does not return. They have received 2,000 crowns from Lord Fleming through Leith, wherewith they make a pay at once, and they have informed the Regent that they shall very shortly receive some more the same way, "belike they have good means for all their lying about the town." Nicholas Elphinstone is appointed to go to the Court instead of Cunningham. One of the causes for which he is sent is already answered, namely their King's interest for the money. Truly he finds not in any of their dealings towards the Queen's Majesty, that they either deserve more, or what they have already is well bestowed. If their need be great, let them borrow the 2,000l. of the Laird of Lochleven, who had no cause to have more than a quarter of it, for the Earl of Northumberland avows that he never stood him in 200l. no kind of way, for he seldom or ever had a morsel of good meat. The King shall have no benefit in the delivery of Lord Home's houses, but only the Earl of Morton and his, who are already puffed up with such pride as their gains, that once in their hands the houses will never be gotten out again. Morton was the only cause of the putting away of Swinburne and the rebels; he was utterly against the delivery of the Earl, and he is the only hinderer of the delivery of the Irish bishop. If they will not deliver the man (the bishop), they might send his papers, which would utter as much as he.
2. The Castilians desire Her Majesty's reply to their last answer, being resolved to yield to no other, unless it be to join the Earl of Athole in equal government with the Regent, but they will never deliver the Castle. Has sent the Regent 2,000 lbs. each of corn and serpentine powder. Doubts whether De Croc will send Verac. Prays for some order for Mr. Marshall's diet. As this is the eighth day since Her Majesty has been advertised of the Earl being at Berwick, he marvels that he has had no orders for sending him up.— Berwick, 8 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp.2.
June 7. 403. Sir W. Drury to Lord Hunsdon.
1. The following are the proposals of De Croc to Dunfermline, to be communicated to the Regent with the Regent's answers: 1st. Whether he might spend seven days at Edinburgh, and afterwards as many at Leith ? If he would as an enemy go and remain at Edinburgh, he should be licensed, otherwise not. 2nd. That a guard might be placed at the entry of his house, that it might appear to the world he was stayed? He needs no such guard, using no conference with the King's enemies to the hindrance of the cause, but should if he would pass his time at Stirling or at the Regent's house (using the name of the King) according to the accustomed league and friendship of both the realms. 3rd. As to his departure ? As he came a passenger by safe conduct, so might he remain, or go at his pleasure.
2. Some merchants of Leith lately requested Verac to protect their houses in Edinburgh, and were allowed by the Regent, though loth to give relief to his enemies, to send two puncheons of wine to him as a reward. There lately arrived in the Forth a French man-of-war under the flag of the Prince of Orange, having taken a hulk bound for London, and he has moved Lord Morton for stay thereof. Some Frenchmen have come from the same ship, and are lodged in Leith, at the which they of the Castle have complained to De Croc. The Lady of Lethington had an interview with the Earl of Montrose, the principal cause of which was to procure some good composition for Lord Fleming her brother, and that she might for 20 days visit her children and friends, which the Regent would not yield unto, as the first was but to delay time, and the other to practice for friends and helps abroad. On Wednesday night four ships arrived at Leith from Bordeaux and Rochelle; those from the latter place reported that there were divers ships armed and in readiness for sea, which affirms the journey of Strozzi. The horsemen of Leith having intelligence that some of the forces of Edinburgh were abroad last Tuesday night to seek for victual, went after them, but they had retired to the town, five only shot, except who, by reason of the great mist, were appointed to remain without the walls, upon whom, unawares, came the horsemen and slew two, mortally hurt one, and took the other two, in revenge for which they of Edinburgh hurt, without hope of life, two of the inhabitants of Leith, not soldiers, and all the next day made some offers to provoke Leith to "issue and deal" but the same did not answer. Both parties lately have been very quiet, on account of the great heat and rain. Two more men and another woman were executed on Tuesday night last for carrying provisions to Edinburgh. De Croc's restraints and usage are with choler digested. They still continue in great league, nevertheless he will obey the Queen's wish to look into his doing. He thinks it strange that both in outward show and secret conference he should have met with such fair weather from all states in Leith. De Croc thinks the state of Scotland somewhat altered that a French Ambassador should be restrained, and an English one have free liberty. He (Drury) has full liberty to go and send where and to whom he pleases, finding his old rule still to serve him, "qui vadit plane, vadit sane." Receipt of 2,000 crowns by the Castilians through Lord Fleming. Nicholas Elphinstone will be presently despatched to the court chiefly to require that nothing be done this Parliament hurtful to the King's estate, to require more money, and to deal for the livings belonging to Home and Fast Castles. The news of the execution of the Duke [of Norfolk] has greatly contented the Regent and the rest, as also of the proceeding with the Scottish Queen; but better would they have been contented if they had heard she had drunk of the same cup. The greatest part of the nobles of Leith are desirous of peace. Lord Claud Hamilton has lodged some soldiers at Hamilton, and, by keeping away victual, causes a dearth at Glasgow; he has surprised the house of Kawdorne [Calder], made a raid about Paisley, and obtained a good booty from Lord Semple. Has declared privately to the Lord Morton that if he will deliver the Irish bishop it shall not be known openly to be his work, but he shall be secretly thanked for it. If there is no likelihood of his delivery in any other way, Her Majesty may allow some money to be disbursed. Morton said if the bishop were not delivered he would be dealt with as the Castilians did with other of Her Majesty's rebels, not to suffer them to remain in Scotland. The Castilians could be content if the government were in Athole and Marr.—Restalrig, 7 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 5. Enclosure.
May 28. 404. Lethington to M. De Croc and Sir W. Drury.
A duplicate of No. 382.—Edinburgh, 28 May 1572.
Fr. Copy. Signed. Enclosure. P. 1.
June 6. 405. The Castilians to Sir W. Drury.
It is not reasonable that they should be bound by promise, and the Commissioners always unbound. Whatsoever they have spoken was upon trust that they (the Commissioners) both had the means to make a good end, and the will to bring it quickly to pass; yet although their meaning be upright, have the Castilians cause to dread if they be able to bring their meaning to effect, for it may be that the adverse party will not yield to reason, and they be not able to rule them, in which case it is meet that they look to their own weal. If their will be good to make an end, then will the Castilians stand to what has been proposed touching the Crown, the Regency, and the Castle; but if there be delays then will they be at liberty to provide for their own safety the best way they can. They are not so simple but that they see what might be prejudicial to them, and if the Commissioners would that they remain bound, they must put them in certainty what they may look for at their hands.
Endd. P. 1. Enclosure.
June 10. 406. Count Louis De Nassau to M. De Torcy.
Their affairs are prospering, and they only want a few good soldiers to keep the places in the neighbourhood which are willing to receive them. Malines still keeps well disposed, and has besides the soldiers some companies of the inhabitants. They have here 1,000 soldiers besides the inhabitants, of whom some who are not well affected have left the town, and the rest are disarmed. Wants a good minister, also a surgeon, and some cannon founders, and desires that certain drugs may be forwarded. Cannot send him at present any more blank commissions.—Mons, 10 June 1572.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
June 10. 407. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Calder House, within four miles of Glasgow, has been taken by Captain Crawford, otherwise "by a bye name Gauntletts," holden both for manhood and skill as able as any of his coat in Scotland; victuals and powder have been taken by him therefrom. He has also taken from the Laird of Dunwharsell, and the Laird of Maynes, the greatest number of cattle they both had. The Regent has appointed the greater part of the troops that can be spared from Leith to join with others from Stirlingshire to proceed against Lord Claud Hamilton, who has been causing great dearth at Glasgow, the command of which he requested Lord Morton to take, who said he would not do so unless the Regent would go with him, which he refused, saying that he was needed to command at Leith, and to receive the Ambassadors. Morton still stands upon the refusal to go, saying it is too great a burden for him to bear the feud and unkindness of such as are to be offended by the journey. The Castilians have also sent out troops to the number of 300 under Lord Seton, who are supposed to be for an escort to Lord Fleming in bringing victual into Edinburgh, or as a help to the Hamiltons. Patrick Ballantyne who being dispossessed of somewhat he enjoyed in Orkney by Lord Robert Stuart, the Commendator of Holyrood House, now for revenge prepares to assay the same, being supported by the Earl of Caithness, Lord Robert, expecting the attack, has made preparation accordingly and gathered 300 men. The captains of the Regent's army being requested to assault. Edinburgh, refused to do so until they were satisfied of their arrears of pay. The execution of the Duke (of Norfolk), with the proceedings of Parliament against the Scottish Queen, the Regent and party do greatly embrace, but the news was sour to the Castilians. The good accord between him and De Croc is not well liked of either party. He prays for further instructions touching his dealings with the States there, whether by himself or with his colleague. "There is practice to breed some pique between the Regent and Morton; many of the nobility doth impatiently suffer Morton's greatness."— Restalrig, 10 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¾.
June 11. 408. Lord Scrope to Lord Burghley.
Has refused to allow "Robbie of the Faulde" to repair up to Court to sue for himself in respect of a certain lease of lands, but begs that he may receive no prejudice in the passing of the said lease by reason of his committing for this cause.— Carlisle, 11 June 1572. Signed.
Add. End. P. 2/3.
June 11. 409. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
The Earl of Morton departed from Leith on the 10th, at 8 a.m., with horsemen and footmen towards Niddry. About four ensigns of footmen issued from the Castle towards Merchistoun House; having with them a culverin, they laid battery thereto, and shot from 12 to 16 shot. The Regent marched from Leith to the Borough Moor, nearer Edinburgh; each party stayed an hour without exchanging a shot, in which time the Castilians retired with their culverin to the Castle, at which the Regent's party retired also, seeing which the Castle party marched quickly after them, and certain great ordnance was shot at them from the Castle. The Regent stopped his party at Craggingate, and after a short skirmish compelled the others to retire towards Edinburgh with the loss of 16 slain. It was thought requisite that none should give chase, nevertheless certain followed, but the rest kept themselves together, doubting some new charge from the back of the hill.—Restalrig, 11 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
June 12. 410. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Requests his lordship's favorable consideration for the bearer, Mr. Nicholas Elphinstone, who has been despatched to the court by the Regent. The Earl of Morton desires some further consideration from the Queen's Majesty "touching his own particular." The Earl of Huntley was the chief of the Castle party at their overthrow on the 10th, and had his horse shot under him. The Castilians exceeded the number of the forces of the Regent, who, besides, was slenderly furnished with leaders. The merchants of Leith have been suitors to the Regent that such townsmen of Edinburgh who were taken in the skirmish might be executed.—Restalrig, 12 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 12. 411. Walsingham to the Earl of Leicester.
Has been requested by the Ambassador of Florence to recommend these two gentlemen, Sr. Piers Capponi and Sr. Gioan Figliazzi, being of the two chief houses of Florence for honour and wealth, who desire to see the Queen and her court. The said Ambassador is one who is well affected to Her Majesty, and has done divers good offices to the furtherance of the league and tending to Her Majesty's safety.—Paris, 12 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. ½.
June 13. 412. Dr. Mundt to Lord Burghley.
Preparations for war among the Princes of Germany; spirit and willingness is not wanting, but money, which animates, keeps, and strengthens the soldiery, is sorely needed. The Elector of Saxony has sent an envoy to the King of France, most likely to make a treaty with him.—Strasbourg, 13 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 1½.
June 13. 413. The Earl of Morton to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him for his goodwill towards him. Doubts not but that he will be a special instrument for the entertaining of the amity between both the realms, and will be a good mean to "further this troubled state." In any way that he may pleasure him he may command him as his friend. He refers him to his cousin Mr. Nicholas Elphinstone, to whom he has committed the declaration of his mind, as well touching matters of state as in his own particular.—Leith, 13 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
June 13. 414. James VI. of Scotland to Queen Elizabeth.
Requests that, in accordance with treaty, that John Leslie, late Bishop of Ross, having "practised dangerous treasons within and without our realm, against our person and estate," and fled into England, be surrendered upon the frontier to the Earl of Marr or whomsoever the King shall appoint.— Leith, 13 June 1572. Signed: John, Regent.
Royal Letter. Add. Endd. Broadside.
June 13. 415. The Regent of Scotland to Queen Elizabeth.
Letter of credit for Mr. Nicholas Elphinstone, who is sent to her, amply instructed to report unto him Her Majesty's good mind and pleasure.—Leith, 13 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
June 13. 416. The Same to Lord Burghley.
Letter of credit for Mr. Nicholas Elphinstone.—Leith, 13 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
June 15. 417. Treaty of Blois.
"The form of the oath as the Queen's Majesty delivered it to the Duke of Montmorency and others, to ratify the treaty of the league concluded at Blois, 19 April 1572." June 1572.
Endd. Lat. Pp. 22/3.
418. Three other forms of the Queen's oath, with slight verbal alterations from the above.
Endd. Lat Pp. 2/3.
June 16. 419. Captain Thomas Morgan to Lord Burghley.
On the 6th June arrived with his company at Flushing, where he was very courteously entertained by the Governor, who reposes most trust of any nation in Englishmen. The Duke of Medina Celi having arrived on the coast with 57 sail on 11th June, the fly-boats of Flushing met him that night, and in the fight were three great ships of the Spaniards burnt, and two taken with 120 prisoners; the Duke put to flight with 12 men, and his treasure went to Bruges, and not being received there took Sluys Castle. The prisoners being examined, confessed that the Duke and 14 noblemen had on board 1,500 "Bezonians," whereof but 400 to be accounted soldiers. The Duke sent for 22 ships with 800 soldiers to Sluys, leaving the rest to abide their adventure. "A prisoner in his confession declared that they had two friars aboard which conjured for weather." Whether it were so or no on the 14th such wind arose that they were not able to thrust out from shore to fight them. On the coming of the Lisbon fleet, in number 22 hulks, they manned the ramparts, and having shot through both sides of the Admiral and compelled them to yield immediately in the tail of this fleet taken, there whirled down 11 huge Spanish vessels, who made a kind of safeguard for their ships to pass by with the prizes that had yielded, unto whom their gunners being not good marksmen did small damage. They have left four of their ships aground. What they left behind will help the town to pay their soldiers which is accounted 200,000l. Hears that they have at Middleburg and Armuyden 1,500 men; here there are 500 English, 400 French, and 500 Walloons, Flemings, and Dutchmen. The plague and flux is very sore amongst the Spaniards. The Duke of Alva was determined to lay seige to them, but in the meantime the Prince of Orange came down between Cologne and Maestricht with 10,000 reiters; Count Ludovic is near Brussels with 4,000 footmen, and Strozzi of France has come to him with 15 ancients of footmen, in number 6,000 well appointed. Duke Alva by his words accounts not of the loss of 20,000 men to recover Flushing, but for all this bravery if there were assistance but of 4,000 men it were sufficient passport for all the Spaniards in Zealand to depart. —Flushing, 16 June. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2⅓.
June 16. 420. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
Recapitulates particulars of the attack upon Merchistoun House, as given in Drury's letter of the 12th June. M. De Croc is treated like a prisoner and not allowed to come out of his house, unless it be to go to Mr. Marshal; he stays the sending of Verac until he hear from La Mothe. The books that Drury writes of are such as he has had long since, of the Queen of Scots murdering her husband, and of her letters to Bothwell, and therefore he sends them not.—Berwick, 16 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 14. 421. Sir W. Drury to Lord Hunsdon.
The Castilians have this morning received 40 horseload of oatmeal, of which they had great need, as it was lately sold in Edinburgh at 26s. sterling the boll, and expect this supply to last till the middle of July. Of flesh they already have plenty. The men in Niddry, Blackness, and Lyveston [Livingston] serve to great purpose as convoy for men and victual, as also to offend about and beyond them. Of those that were taken on Tuesday last, 24 have been condemned and six executed, one of them said that the Queen had once given him his life, so that he made just recompense by his death, and another a schoolmaster 60 years old, affirmed that the provost caused him to go out to join the troops, as otherwise he would have hanged him. The Castilians are very much grieved at these executions, and have vowed with one consent never to turn their face at any time hereafter, and to be revenged. They have already five of the soldiers of Leith, but stay execution for one other to accompany them and make six. At the skirmish Lord Huntley's brother was shot in the foot, and Hugh Lawder their sergeant-major in the thigh. The Castilians have plainly resolved not to deliver up the Castle, and as there is small likelihood of it being won by the troops of Leith, the forces of the Queen and the King of France, or one of them, are the only means to cause them to yield. They have great intelligence with them of Leith and others of their faction abroad. Lord Fleming has promised 300 men to join with the Hamiltons for one month, which has put great life into them. His Lordship may judge what little good he does there, spending the Queen's money. He sends some books for him and for Lord Burghley.—Restalrig, 14 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Enclosure. P. 2.
June. 422. Nicholas Elphinstone's Requests to Lord Burghley.
As the quiet of the whole kingdom of Scotland depends upon the subjugation of the Castle of Edinburgh, the Regent requests the Queen to furnish him with money to pay 70 horsemen and 700 footmen, whose expenses are 1,050l. sterling a month, and who are owed three months back pay, as also to enlist 200 men more for six months. As the Lord Home does not return to his allegiance to his King, the Regent would have Home and Fast Castles delivered into his hand, that he may be the more able to appoint a warden on the East marches, whereby also the whole nation would be pleased, when they saw Her Majesty did not intend to keep any portion of the country in her hands; also that the Queen would grant the Earl of Northumberland his life. The Bishop of Ross to be delivered up to the Regent. Lord Scrope to give satisfaction for the attack on Peebles, also that he may have particulars in writing of such things as are pretended against the Queen of Scots; and that a warrant be given to Lord Hunsdon for delivery of one last of cannon powder, and 2,000 lbs. of corn powder, which the Regent had of him upon his bond. That the Queen's wardens be ordered not to seek redress of injuries except according to the ancient custom of the Borders by keeping days of truce.
In the autograph of Elphinstone, with marginal notes by Burghley.
Endd. P. 1¾.
June 20. 423. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
Received yesternight a letter from the Lords of the Council, which seemed to him no less strange for the matter than the manner of it. It is unsealed, and enclosed a letter of Mr. Randolph's, which was neither sealed with packthread, or his name upon the back side of it. He also appoints him to send the same to Lord Scrope, Sir John Forster, and Sir Thomas Gargrave, whereof he thinks it great scorn to be appointed his [Randolph's] messenger, and desires that the Lords of the Council may understand thereof. Has written to the lords to declare that the information contained in their letters is false. Randolph is very busy with the wardens, as though he were a controller over them, which he does not take in good part, and wishes that he would occupy his busy head with other matters. On the 24th inst. the Regent and the rest make a great assembly at Glasgow. Since they so uncourteously detain the Irish bishop he has laid out some hooks to get him against their will. If he bestows 100l. or 200l. for the compassing thereof he trusts that the Queen will not think it ill. Desires that he may be discharged of his guest, that he may take the commodity of some good air. Sends a copy of Randolph's letter.—Berwick, 20 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
June 16. 424. Thomas Randolph to Lord Hunsdon.
1. Encloses a letter from the Lords of the Council, and desires that he will forward the same to Lord Scrope and Sir John Forster. It is certainly known that divers of late have ridden without commission, and that above 400 horses have been furnished out of one town.
2. P.S.—As it has pleased the Lords of the Council to order the posts to ride at least six miles an hour, he desires to know sometimes what speed they make towards him.—London, 16 June 1572.
Copy. Endd. Enclosure. P. ½.
June 21. 425. Lord Scrope to the Earl of Morton.
Has had before him nine of the principal complained upon in the bill of Morton's tenants of Preston, and taken bonds for their appearance on the 1st July next, and therefore desires that he will send some gentlemen sufficiently instructed to charge them. Finds that as many of the attempts complained of by Lord Maxwell were committed before his recognition of the King's authority as have been since.—Carlisle, 21 June 1572. Signed.
Copy. Endd. Pp. ½.
June 21. 426. Charles IX. to Queen Elizabeth.
Expresses his pleasure at her choice of the Earl of Lincoln as her commissioner to be present at the ratification of the treaty, and also at the honourable reception accorded to the Duke of Montmorency, who has been sent by him into England for the same purpose.—Chateau de Boulogne, 21 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. Royal letter.
June 21. 427. Catherine de Medicis to Queen Elizabeth.
Assures her of her goodwill and pleasure at the conclusion of the treaty of amity with her son.—Chateau de Boulogne, 21 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. Royal letter.
June 21. 428. The Queen of France to Elizabeth.
Has received her letter by the Earl of Lincoln, and assures her of her desire to encourage the amity between her and her husband.—Chateau de Boulogne, 21 June 1572. Signed: Ysabel.
Add. Endd. Fr. Royal letter.
June 21. 429. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
Owing to a proclamation from Leith the Castilians assembled the people of Edinburgh, and offered sufficient meat and money to such as would tarry, and to the others free leave to depart. The greatest want in the town is malt. The preparation for the intended journey into Clydesdale still goes on, but some think it may serve nearer hand, at Niddry or "Lyvistone pyle." Should they go to Clydesdale they mind to leave there garrisons. The Regent has this day been twice in the field, but though there were some small skirmishes no harm was done. The Regent looks to hinder Lord Claude Hamilton, whose coming is nightly expected. M. De Croc has now full liberty to send of his own to the Castle unaccompanied. The Laird of Grange intends to keep the Castle, and if it shall not please Her Majesty to have some consideration touching the government, he minds, rather than that the Regent and his party should have it, to yield it to some foreign nation. James Kirkcaldy is shortly expected from France. It is reported by one that left the French court in company with M. de Montmorency that the French King said there should be peace made, neither authorising the government as it is, nor to the deprivation of the Queen. Adam-à-Gordon made an incursion into the Mearnes, and has taken the goods and chattels of the Laird Glenbarvye, a Douglas.—Restalrig, 21 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 22. 430. Sir William Drury to Lord Burghley.
1. M. De Croc has complained to him of certain powder being supplied to the Regent, contrary to the league between the King of France and the Queen of England, to which he replied that he had not been employed therein, nor did he think that the Queen would do anything that should prejudice the league.
2. He has also complained that he understands that he (Drury) has secret dealings with them of Edinburgh, as also that the Queen still keeps Home and Fast Castles, contrary to the league; he answered that he was not acquainted with the articles of the treaty, but if such was the case 40 days had not yet elapsed.
3. M. De Croc has been informed that this month he will not be allowed to receive letters from the French Ambassador, nor out of France.
4. This day the Leith party make a pay to their soldiers, for which they have borrowed 1,000l. from the Laird of Lochleven, out of that he received for the Earl of Northumberland, and in exchange for which he will receive such lands as the Earl of Murray, the late Regent, had in mortgage of the Earl of Buchan, for 12,000l. Scotch, and which being forfeited should have gone to Murray's children, but which the Regent by law has returned to the Earl of Buchan, and from him to the Laird of Lochleven. The Lord Seton at Niddry is in great extremity by sickness, whereof, if he die, the Queen's Majesty and England has no great loss. Divers women and children have, by reason of the proclamation, been sent out of Edinburgh, but very few men have left. There is a great cumber and question risen between Lord Ruthven, on behalf of Lord Methuen's son, his nephew, to whose father the bishopric of Ross had been given, and Mr. Andrew Monro, to whom the keeping of the chancelry had been given by the Regent Murray. The Chancery House is strong and well manned and victualled, and Monro intends to keep possession till he receive such sums of money as he has disbursed for keeping the same. Lord Ruthven has brought 850 men to gain possession.
5. Is working the best he can to obtain the Irish bishop. Restalrig, 22 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
June 22. 431. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
The Lord Admiral has taken his leave, and departs this day homewards. The gilt plate given to him by the King, the greatest part very curiously wrought, amounts to 2,800 ozs., which may be valued at 10s. the ounce, considering the workmanship, and that the silver is finer than in England. Is credibly informed that the said present stood the King in 6,000 crowns, though the same falls out not to be so valuable by well nigh 2,000 crowns, such is the corruption of the officers here. They have given Sir Thomas Smith 472 ozs., and he shall have the like himself. This day resolution is taken touching Flanders matters, which the Admiral's sickness has caused to hang so long in suspense.—Paris, 22 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
June 23. 432. The Earl of Morton to Sir John Forster.
Desires that he will excuse the Laird of Cessford, younger, for not meeting him, as he has written to him to join him for an expedition into Clydesdale, to put order to the King's disobedient subjects there.—Leith, 23 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
June 23. 433. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
Has received answer from Mr. Treasurer that he cannot make the full pay this half year, by reason of such want of money from the receivers, as he shall see by the enclosed schedule.—Berwick, 23 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ⅓.
June. 434. Charges at Berwick.
Schedule by Sir Valentine Browne of the money wanting for the first half year's pay of Berwick for Midsummer 1572, viz., from the receiver of Lincolnshire, who has paid 900l., the further sum of 600, and from the receiver of Yorkshire, who has paid 1,800l., the further sum of 2,200l.; total deficiency, 2,800l.
Endd. by Burghley: Enclosed on a slip of paper in Hunsdon's letter.
June 23. 435. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
As the Castilians will not submit to the Regent's government, nor deliver the Castle, he desires to know Her Majesty's resolution therein, and sees not to what end Mr. Marshal should tarry there. He would fain be rid of his guest.— Berwick, 23 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
June 25. 436. M. De Croc to Lord Burghley.
Had sent dispatches to M. De la Mothe Fenelon on the 4th and 11th of the month, to which he has received no reply, and has reason to fear that they are delayed in England, at which he is astonished, considering the amity existing between the kingdoms of England and France.— Leith, 25 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
June 26. 437. M. De Croc to Sir Wm. Drury.
Writes to the same effect as he did to Lord Burghley on the day before, and requests some despatches to be forwarded, to which if he does not receive answer in 15 days he shall suspect that their passage is stopped in England.—Leith, 26 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ¾.
June 27 438 Frederic, Count Palatine, to Dr. Junius.
The Duke of Alva has not one reiter or lansquenet equipped. The death of the Queen of Navarre has shown them the road they must one day follow. Mademoiselle De Bourbon is very grieved at her death. The Count D'Aguemont has departed for the court of the Emperor. Desires to be remembered to Walsingham. — Heidelberg, 27 June 1572.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 1½.
June 27. 439. Sir Wm. Drury to Lord Burghley.
He wrote to them of the Castle, persuading them to conform to the King and present government, but sees little hope of prevailing. Thinks this arises either from the coming of M. De Croc, in whom possibly they have good hope of comfort, or because Lord Fleming has furnished them with more money, or of a certain French ship that has arrived at St. Andrews. They have waited long for the Queen's answer, for the want of which they grow past hope to be brought to conformity; rather than submit to her composition they will submit to some strangers. They find themselves aggrieved that their enemies should receive money and powder out of England, which is contrary to the league, and affirm that though they be distressed, it is rather through the countenance of the Queen of England than of their enemies' force. Through Verac's agency, M. De Croc has informed the Duc de Montmorency of the powder the Regent has received, that in time to come it may be better prevented and avoided. Plainly to speak his "phantasy," he doubts lest both parties seek against all adventures two strings to their bows; the one thinking that because they have the King they shall be welcome to anyone that will receive them, the other, for that they have the Castle they shall not be refused. To deal with them, it is not enough to have goodwill and faithfulness, but some farther counsel and device, whereof he perceives the want in himself, but if it be thought fit that he remain in Scotland, then he prays that he may receive more often and particular directions from time to time. They will not deliver up the Irish bishop, as he claims to be a subject of the King of Spain. Only women and children have taken advantage of the Regent's proclamation. M. De Croc's house is very well furnished with rich and costly hangings and bedding of the Queen's. Lord Fleming has arrived at the Castle, and said on entering in, "Be of good cheer, all shall be well." He has brought sufficient to breed them all mirth. Sends some of the coin of Edinburgh, which the Leith party have prohibited to be current. —Restalrig, 27 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2½.
June 25. 440. Sir Wm. Drury to the Lairds of Lethington and Grange.
They cannot fail to see the imminent danger hanging over their country by civil dissensions, and they have great cause to give God thanks that he has placed near them so princely a neighbour, who ever thinks how she may do them good, and whose good counsel and device in their behalf he would that they had especial regard unto, lest they lose, nor can they easily regain, so good a friend. When at the breaking out of the quarrel other Princes either rejoiced, or were not touched at their misfortunes, she, of her own free motion and natural delight, did alone deal with them for the speedy staying of their mischiefs, and has since sent her ministers, he himself having come no less than seven times, to continue her dealing with them. If they think that they have already gone too far, he would have them be removed from that opinion, for means will be found for the safety of their lives, honours, and other things appertaining thereunto. If they be carried away and blinded with vain expectations of foreign power and assistance, he would be loath to have them deceived, for undoubtedly the danger abroad is so great, and the fire of dissension so mightily kindled, that they from whom they may expect succour have more need of it themselves. If they set up their rest upon their late Queen, they may be assured that their hope is in vain, whose demeanour and dealing towards his Sovereign and her realm has been so notorious, that she has been judged by the Parliament incapable of the succession of England, and is likely, unless the Queen's mercy be displayed, to suffer even a greater loss. He therefore beseeches them not to offend so gracious a prince, for "God knoweth" what she may determine if she see her courtesy thrown away. His own credit is touched therein, but till he hear to the direct contrary, he will still hope for the best, requiring yet once again a final answer, "being the last time of asking."—Restalrig, 25 June 1572.
Copy. Endd. Enclosure. Pp. 3.
June 20. 441. Lethington to Sir Wm. Drury.
They have offered as much to please the Queen as they could do with honour and safety, and looked assuredly that the same would not only content her, but that she would act favourably. His own credit with them made them go farther than they would have done had another minister been employed. They see no danger at present, nor for any time to come, to make them offer any farther than they have already done, which is as far as they intend to go.—Edinburgh Castle, 20 June 1572. Signed: W. Maitland.
Add. Endd. Enclosure. P. ½.
June 26. 442. Errington's Negotiations.
Having been sent by Sir Wm. Drury to the Castle of Edinburgh to obtain an answer from Lethington and Grange to certain proposals for peace, he was informed that the Queen seemed to desire nothing but their devotion to their enemies to their utter destruction, that notwithstanding the league between her and the King of France, she has provided their enemies with money and munitions; that they will never yield the Castle to any but to the King of France, or without his consent; that the Laird of Grange had the French King's own handwriting to support and maintain him in the said Castle; they doubt not to cast a bone to break the league which is made, ere they yield the Castle; they have given over all hope of Her Majesty's goodness, considering they get no better comfort; that they could get better terms than the Queen's from their enemies, seeing that Grange could have his whole living and heritage, and 10,000 crowns to deliver the Castle into the hands of Scotchmen; that had it not been for their promise to Mr. Marshal last February, expecting better things of Her Majesty, not to seek their friends,' they might have had 20,000 crowns more than they have.—26 June 1572. Signed.
Endd. Enclosure. P. 1.
June 27. 443. Lord Hunsdon to Lord Burghley.
The Scottish lords of the King's side take nothing in good part that the Queen has done for them, using very lewd speech, that she does not as much as they would have her. The Castle side say plainly, that if they had not been fully persuaded that she would have accepted their offers, they would have been in better case ere this, and now avow plainly that they will have no peace but by the French King. Fears that De Croc plays on both hands. It appears by Mr. Sutton that the Earl of Leicester told him of the Earl of Northumberland's liberty; whoever was the beginner of it will be found a lying varlet. Desires that it may be known who was the author of it, for otherwise he will request it at the Queen's hands. Is the more desirous to know because it cannot but come from here. Marvels that the Earl is suffered to tarry so long here, there being neither prison or other sure place to keep him in.—Berwick, 27 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
June 27. 444. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
The Earl of Lincoln having promised to confer with him for increase of his diets (as otherwise he will not be able to hold out, his monthly charges drawing 200l., notwithstanding his diet is thin, his family reduced, and the number of his horses only twelve), he has besought him to be guided by such directions as he may give.—Paris, 27 June, 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 2/3.
June 28. 445. The Queen to the Admiral of France.
Has received his letter, and heard by his secretary at good length such advices as he has been moved to give her in sundry things, for which she thanks and commends him, and assures him of the continuance of her favour, and that she will be glad to have from time to time advertisement of his estate.
Copy. Fr. P. 1.
446. Draft of the above in Burghley's writing.—28 June.
Endd. Pp.1⅓.
June 28. 447. Sir Thomas Smith to Lord Burghley.
On the 19th, at supper, the Lord Admiral and he were received very magnificently of the Duke of Nevers, "abroad among trees as in an arbour." On the 20th they took their leave of the King, the Queen, and the Queen Mother, with great good words on either side. On the following day they received presents of plate (see June 22). Found great lack of carriage, but when they arrived at Breteuil certain coaches and horses were sent by the French King, and they were most honourably conducted to Boulogne by easy journeys, the details of which are given by Smith. At Montreuil the town presented the Earl of Lincoln with "certain pots of Ypocras." —Montreuil, 28 June 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 2⅓.
June 28. 448. The Queen's Answer to the Duke of Montmorency and M. De Foix.
Thinks it good that it should be written into Scotland how she has agreed that the Marshal of Berwick and M. De Croc shall signify to the parties in arms the desire of both their Majesties that there should be a surcease for two months. After the surcease is made, they are to be earnestly exhorted to fall to some good agreement of peace, and if no accord may be had by their own means amongst themselves, they shall be required to send persons to treat with such as shall be authorized by the Queen and the French King.
Draft. Endd. P. 1.
449. Copy to the same effect as the above, with the following articles relating to the Queen of Scots:
That it shall be lawful for her friends to send her such things as be meet for her person, or for her servants, and also reasonable sums of money, so as the same may first be known either to some of the Council or to the Earl of Shrewsbury. Liberty to walk and ride abroad for her health's sake, in company with the Earl of Shrewsbury, shall be continued to the Queen, who shall also have a convenient number of servants to attend upon her. The Duke of Montmorency may also send one of his with letters to the said Queen. The letter demanded to be sent to the French King for explanation of Her Majesty's intentions upon the second article of the treaty is already signed and shall be sent. The 36th article of the treaty is to be reconsidered. The matters of commerce shall be treated with M. De la Mothe after advice taken with the English merchants.
Endd. Pp. 2.
June 28. 450. The Queen to the Duke of Anjou.
Thanks him for his offers of service and goodwill expressed to her by the Duke of Montmorency, and also for his good offices in furthering the conclusion of the treaty.—Westminster, 28 June 1572.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. ½.