||Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
||a Engl. Hist. Rev. v, 529; fourscore
men and women was the Archdeacon of
Richmond's estimate. The jury appear
to have allowed 20s. out of the 50s.
claimed for probates.
Lancs, lnq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 116.
||This appears in the township histories,
but the only residents who in 1630–2
compounded for the two-thirds of their
estates liable to sequestration for recusancy
were Thomas Kirkby of Rawcliffe (by
an annual payment of £5), Leonard
Clarkson of Woodplumpton (£3), and
Robert White of Great Eccleston
(£8 13s. 4d.); Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), xxiv, 176–8.
A list of recusants in 1610 is printed
in Fishwick's St. Michael's (Chet. Soc),
12–14. A large number of the people
refused to make the Protestation of 1641;
ibid. 16–17. An annotated list of the
convicted recusants c. 1670 will be found
in Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc), v, 166, 180–2,
War in Lancs. (Chet. Soc), 42. The
same chronicler shows that the royal and
parliamentary troops crossed the parish
from time to time; e.g. 38, 67.
||Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 19.
The details were: Upper Rawcliffe,
8s. 8d.; Out Rawcliffe, £1 6s.; Great
Eccleston, 16s. 4d.; Elswick, 19s. 4d.;
Inskip with Sowerby, 10s, 4d.; Woodplumpton, £2 3s. 4d.
||Ibid. 23. The details were: Upper
Rawcliffe, 14s. 10¾d.; Out Rawcliffe,
£2 4s. 5¾d.; GreatEccleston, £1 7s. 11¼d.;
Elswick, £1 13s. 0¾d.; Inskip with
Sowerby, 17s. 8d.; Woodplumpton,
£3 14s. 1½d.
Extracts from Subsidy Rolls 1523–80
are printed in Fishwick, op. cit. 9–11;
they give the names of the principal
||The invocation appears in Domesday
'Michelescherche.' It had then one
plough-land. The distinguishing phrase
'upon Wyre' is found in 1216.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 62. The statement seems to be based only on the fact
that in 1549 Thomas Singleton by
his will left 40s. 'towards the churche
and buyldinge of the steple of Seynct
Mychaells.' The later notes to Glynne's
Churches of Lanc. 24 give the date of rebuilding as 1525.
||Some work was apparently done in
1809 and 1811, these dates being on
spout heads on the south side of the
||The westernmost one is slightly different in detail.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 57.
||The lower part of all these windows
to a height of 18 in. has been filled
in with brick, so as to form a window
||It bears the figure of the crab and is
||In 1692 it was ordered that during
the winter the sexton should ring the
great bell at 8 p.m. and 4 a.m.; Fishwick,
op. cit. 65. In 1742 the churchwardens
reported their two bells out of order, 'the
great bell being lately burst'; Visit. Ret.
||On 21 Apr. 1671 Thomas Knowles
and Ann his wife bestowed on the church
a piece of silver plate inscribed 'Ex dono
Thomae Knowles et Annae ejus uxoris
de Sowerby,' to remain for ever as a
proper right of the parish to be employed
about the holy sacrament of the body
and blood of Christ. This appears to
have been lost.
Lancs. Parish Reg. Soc. Publ. xxvii
(1906). Transcribed by Henry Brierley.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 336; from
Me confirmatory grant by William de
Chimelli, Archdeacon of Richmond, between 1194 and 1198.
||Ibid. 337–8. If H. did not himself act as chaplain he was to provide a
sufficient deputy. The monks reserved
the right to construct a mill on the land
to the east of the church.
||See the account of Garstang
||Thomas Earl of Lancaster had the
advowson in 1316, and received the
king's licence to alienate it; Cal. Pat.
1313–17, p. 512.
||Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xvi,
139 (pt. iii); Cal. Pat. 1408–13, p. 59.
The papal confirmation was obtained;
Cal. Papal Letters, vi, 226.
||Dugdale, Mon. viii, 1427. The
college was to keep the chancel in repair.
An imperfect translation of the ordination of the vicarage in 1411 may be seen
in Porter's Fylde, 458–9.
||Some of the lands, particularly in
Tarnacre, were granted to John Pickerell
and John Bernard in 1549; Pat. 3
Edw. VI, pt. xi. The rectory was leased
to Robert Worsley for eighty years in
1575; ibid. 18 Eliz., pt. vi. Other
church lands in Tarnacre were granted
in 1589; ibid. 31 Eliz., pt. vii. Further
details from the Duchy Pleadings are
printed in Fishwick, op. cit. 46–53.
An agreement as to the rectory between
William Doddington and Henry Kirkby
was enrolled in 1564 in the Common
Pleas; Mich. 6 & 7 Eliz.
||This is stated in an abstract of title
of William Johnson's trustees in the
possession of W. Farrer; the date is
28 July 1611. In the following October
the grantees sold to Thomas Gatacre and
Richard Taylor, who in 1613 sold to
John Cook of Hartwell Park, Northants.
The purchaser had already secured the
interest of Worsley and others to whom
grants had been made. In 1620 Cook
sold to William Johnson. For this see
also Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 326, m. 3 d.
The Patent Rolls show grants apparently
at variance, viz. in 1610 to John Eldred
and others in fee (Pat. 8 Jas. I, pt. xxi), and
in 1612 to Robert Earl of Salisbury for
forty years; ibid. 9 Jas. I, pt. x.
Various references are given in Exch.
Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 10,
||How he acquired the advowson does
not appear—perhaps in virtue of the
Worsley lease—but he presented in 1628,
when the king also presented by way of
The above-named abstract mentions
William Johnson, Julalia his wife, Alexander and Richard his sons. Alexander
about 1630 married Anne Turner, and
in 1654 was described as of Rushton
Grange in Yorkshire; his son William
was married to Mary daughter and heir
of Thomas Coomber, D.D. The will of
Alexander Johnson was dated 1666 and
that of his son Richard 1680; the latter
left a son and heir Alexander, who
married in 1681 Mary sister of Allen
Bellingham of Levens. They had a son
Allen, who in 1706 was to marry Elizabeth Lawson of Wakefield.
Allen Johnson and others had the
advowson in 1703; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 478, m. 5 d.
Some further particulars of the family
are given in Fishwick, op. cit. 45, where
it is stated that Allen Johnson sold the
advowson to the Rev. Richard Crombleholme, whose son Edward sold it to
Thomas Whitehead; his great-grandson,
of the same name, rector of Eccleston,
sold it to the Rev. Christopher Swainson;
his grandson sold to Joseph Hornby,
who gave to his brother the Rev. Hugh
||See the account of Ribby-withWrea and the pedigree in Burke, Landed
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 120.
||Assize R. 404, m. 22; it was in
the king's gift.
||It was worth 100 marks, and in the
Earl of Lancaster's gift, in 1297; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 298.
Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 307,
Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 37. The
decline was attributed in part to the
allowance of hay tithes and other altarage (£14 13s. 4d.) and £2 for glebe, but
chiefly to the invasion of the Scots and
other misfortunes, resulting in a decline
of £26 13s. 4d. The separate townships
contributed thus: Upper Rawcliffe, £2;
Out Rawcliffe, £4; Eccleston, Elswick
and Inskip-with-Sowerby, £2 13s. 4d.
each, and Woodplumpton £9 6s. 8d.
||Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 5,
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), iii, 195.
||Ibid, v, 263. The mansion-house
and glebe were worth 11s. 4d., small
tithes £3 0s. 8d., Easter roll £7 13s.
The vicar paid ecclesiastical dues amounting to 7s. 6d.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), 146–8. The vicar
had a house, 10 acres of glebe (in Tarnacre) and the small tithes, out of which
he had usually paid the curate of Woodplumpton £4 a year. The value of the
tithes was much reduced by prescriptions.
In 1651 an augmentation of £50 a year
was ordered out of the sequestrated estates
of Sir Thomas Tyldesley and others;
Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), i, 105, 114, &c.
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet, Soc),
ii, 448. The glebe, 24 acres, was worth
£10, Easter dues and small tithes
£24, 10s., surplice fees £5, legacy
from Ralph Longworth £5. There
were five churchwardens, being one for
each township, except Woodplumpton.
Manch. Dioc. Dir. For the Terleways land see a later note.
||Farrer, op. cit. 337. A much later
charter relating to Ellel and Sowerby
was attested by H. chaplain of the church
of St. Michael and Thomas, deacon of
the same place; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 90b.
This H. is no doubt the 'Henry the
Chaplain' named in Cockersand Chartul.
(Chet. Soc), i, 245.
||Farrer, op. cit. 192; the king's
physician. He proffered 10 marks in order
that the trial of his claim that Garstang
was a chapelry of St. Michael's might
come on without delay. He occurs several
times in the Patent Rolls, &c., until 1209.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 119. He
may be the same as Master Matthew.
||The rectory about 1220 seems to
have been much sought for. The Patent
Rolls show that in 1224 Randle, clerk of
the son of the Earl de Ferrers, had letters
of presentation to it; Cal. Pat, 1216–25,
p. 472. In 1225 William de Thornour,
clerk, was presented by the king; ibid.
1225–32, p. 8. Yet about the same
time a son of the Count of 'Salvata' held
it, as is shown by the cause of vacancy
in 1227; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 119.
It appears that this was William son of
Thomas Count of Savoy, Bishop of
Valence from 1226 till 1241, when he
was succeeded by his brother Boniface,
Archbishop of Canterbury, 1242–70;
Gallia Christiana, xvi, 314.
||The rector having been promoted to
a bishopric the king presented two clerks
one after the other; Cal. Pat. 1225–32,
pp. 147, 169. William de Avignon was
presented to Bromsgrove in the same
||There are many references to this
rector in the Patent Rolls of the time.
According to Le Neve he refused the
deanery of Salisbury.
Cal. Pat. 1232–47, p. 211; he is
described as clerk to the bishop-elect of
Valence. He had a grant of the archdeaconry of Salop in 1239; Le Neve, Fasti,
||Assize R. 404, m. 22.
||a Cal. Pat. 1258–66, p. 408.
Cal. Papal Letters, i, 508, &c.; dispensations to hold other benefices. See
Manchester. This busy 'king's clerk'
discharged his duties by deputy.
Cal. Pat. 1292–1301, p. 123. From
the Cal. Papal Letters, i, 559, it would
seem that Langton still held St. Michael's
||De Banco R. 193, m. 40 d.; rector
of St. Michael's on Wyresbank.
||He had a dispute as to the tithes of
Myerscough with the monks of Lancaster
in 1326; it was stated that he had carried
away the tithes for five years past; Lanc.
Ch. (Chet. Soc.), 453–5. He seems to
have been resident, as he occurs in local
deeds; in 1348, Towneley MS. C 8, 5
(Chet. Lib.), Edw. III, no. 10; in 1360,
Towneley MS. OO, no. 1565. The surname is given as Balderston and Bolleron;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 4; 7,
||Rector of Ribchester (q.v.) 1350–65.
He is named as rector of St. Michael's,
De Banco R. 426 (1367), m. 221; 440,
m. 33; 463 (1376), m. 67. He was
still rector in 1386; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxii, App. 361–5. He was living in 1389,
receiver of the duke, and probably retained the benefice till his death; ibid. 365.
In 1383 Margaret daughter of William
son of Robert de Hornby called upon
William de Hornby, rector of St. Michael's,
and John de Hornby, rector of Tatham, to
hold to an agreement regarding lands in
Bentley, &c.; De Banco R.491, m. 574.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 109, quoting reg.
of Richmond. He complained to the
Archbishop of Canterbury as Lord
Chancellor that Thomas de Urswick
held the church (which was in the king's
patronage) and would not allow him to
take the profits, disregarding the king's
order; Early Chan. Proc. bdle. 16, no. 47.
The date must lie between 1392 and
1396 or 1407 and 1409.
Thomas de Herdwick had a prebend in
Lincoln Cathedral, which he exchanged
for one at Lichfield in 1394. He died in
1411, and was buried in the latter
cathedral; Le Neve, Fasti, i, 587; ii,
223. His executors in 1416 gave fine
for a writ; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), iii, 85.
||He is named in local deeds; Dods.
MSS. lxii, fol. 90; cxlix, fol. 332 (quoted
by Fishwick); Towneley MS. DD, no.
||Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii, 373.
||Brockholes of Claughton D.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 110. He is named
as vicar in deeds from 1465 to 1478;
Kuerden fol. MS. 72, 37. He was vicar
in Dec. 1496; Towneley MS. C 8, 13
(Chet. Lib.), B 204. Also in 1503;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 73.
||Kuerden MSS. iv, P 121, no. 74;
Fishwick, loc. cit.
||In a return of 1527 already cited
John Preesall (Presewe) is stated to have
been vicar for eighteen years; Duchy of
Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 15. See
Fishwick, op. cit. 111.
||The vicarage was vacant in 1532,
when William Knight, Archdeacon of
Richmond, Humphrey Thomas alias
Lashford, clerk, and Robert Hill, clerk,
were ordered to permit the executors of
Geoffrey (Blythe), Bishop of Lichfield,
to present; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton,
no. 46, 24 Hen. VIII.
A grant of the presentation by the
master and brethren of the college led to
a dispute. It appears that they granted
the bishop the next presentation as early
as 1515, but on the vacancy presented
the above-named Robert Hill. Judgement
was in 1535 given in favour of the
executors and Christopher Gradell was
instituted. Hill was ordered to restore
half of the fruits of the vicarage which
he had received; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
158, m. 9.
Gradell was vicar in 1535; Valor Eccl.
||Mr. Earwaker's note from 'Ledger,
||The patrons for the turn were George
Kirkby and Nicholas Lawrenson by grant
of John Hussey, Master of Battlefield
College; Earwaker. Cross had been one
of the chantry priests.
||Earwaker. Wolfenden was curate
of Wigan in 1576; Pennant's Acct. Bk.
John Cottam as executor of Lawrence
Cottam claimed the right to present on
the ground of a further grant (1544) by
the college to the said Lawrence; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 241, m. 28. Robert
Worsley was joined in the defence with
the Bishop of Chester and Wolfenden.
At the visitation in 1598 the chancel
was reported to be 'very ruinous,' and a
sequestration was ordered.
The vicar was returned as 'no preacher'
both in 1590 and 1610; S. P. Dom. Eliz.
xxxi, no. 47; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv,
App. iv, 8.
Being above the age of eighty, and
having been vicar for fifty years and more,
he in 1628 resigned the vicarage, desiring
the bishop to institute Nicholas Bray;
Ch. Papers at Chester Dioc. Reg.
For fuller accounts of the vicars see
Fishwick, op. cit. 113–25.
||The double presentation (a resignation intervening) was due to a doubt as
to Johnson's right. See Chester Act Bks.
1579–1676, fol. 91b, 114 b; Inst. Bks.
P.R.O. as printed in Lancs, and Ches.
Antiq. Notes, i, 95, &c.
Bray is said to have been a zealous
Independent; Fishwick, op. cit. 115.
St. Michael's was not recognized in the
Presbyterian Classis of 1646, and its
minister did not sign the 'Harmonious
Consent' of 1648.
An anecdote of his hostility to Charles I
is given in Loc. Glean. Lancs, and Ches.
Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 106, 141.
||Ibid, ii, 288. He was educated at
Jesus Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1660; and
was ordained at Manchester in 1659,
having obtained the vicarage through the
influence of Isaac Ambrose, vicar of
Garstang; Manch. Classis (Chet. Soc),
412; Newcome's Autobiog. and Diary.
Like Ambrose he was ejected in 1662,
and afterwards laboured as a Nonconformist minister at Beauchief Hall, Derbyshire, and afterwards at Sheffield. He
died in 1697; Calamy, Nonconf. Mem.
(ed. Palmer), ii, 99–101.
In 1660 Baxter secured the king's
patent for his vicarage, the patronage
apparently being still doubtful; Pat. 12
Chas. II, pt. i, no. 82; Dep. Keeper's
||Nothing seems to be known of this
vicar. He was buried in the chancel of
the church on 6 Dec. 1668.
||Educated at Trinity Coll., Dublin;
Visit. List at Chester. He was 'conformable' to the government in 1689;
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 229.
||The church papers at Chester Dioc.
Reg. record the institutions from this
time. As already stated, this vicar acquired
the patronage, in which he was succeeded
by his son Edward. The name is also
Richard Crombleholme had been curate
of Hambleton 1706–17 (q.v.). For his
epitaph and will see Fishwick, op. cit.
||In 1730 there was 'communion four
times a year at least'; Visit. Ret. In
1742 the report was 'Lord's Supper six
times in the year'; ibid.
||Educated at Worcester and Merton
Colls., Oxf.; M.A. 1734; Foster, Alumni
Oxon. He was schoolmaster of Preston,
curate of St. George's in that town, and
vicar of Warton.
||Educated at Worcester Coll., Oxf.;
M.A. 1767; Foster, Alumni. For an
account of him see Hewitson, Our Country
||Educated at St. John's Coll., Camb.;
M.A. 1781. Became curate of Warton
in Kirkham in 1789.
||Younger brother of the patron, from
whom he obtained the advowson. Hugh
Hornby was educated at Christ's Coll.,
Camb.; M.A. 1790. He was incumbent
of Whitworth near Rochdale 1804–29.
||He was the only son of the preceding
vicar, and was educated at Christ Church,
Oxf.; M.A. 1836. He was appointed
Hon. Canon of Manchester in 1850 and
Archdeacon of Lancaster in 1870. He
died 20 Dec. 1899.
||Archdeacon of Lancaster 1909. He
is a younger son of the late Archdeacon
Hornby; educated at Balliol Coll., Oxf.;
M.A. 1879. He has afforded information
to the editors on several points.
||The record of church goods in 1552 is
printed by Fishwick op. cit. 63.
||Chester Dioc. Reg. One of the
three, Christopher Thompson, is noted as
extra; see Chester Ordin. Bk. (Rec. Soc),
108, and the account of Winwivk.
||This was the case in 1622; Misc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 68–9.
||The altar existed before the chantry
and St. Katharine's aisle is named in the
will of Alice Boteler, widow, 1504; she
left 20d. for the light burning there;
Fishwick, op. cit. 55.
||Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc), 217.
Neither of the chantries is mentioned in
the Valor Eccl. of 1535. William
Harrison was the priest of the Boteler
chapel in 1548 and fifty-four years old.
There is a fuller account by Fishwick
loc. cit., it being shown that this chantry
was founded about 1528.
In 1548 the king allowed Thomas Cross
a pension of £4 13s. 10d. in respect of the
late chantry; Add. MS. 32106, no. 890.
||Raines, op. cit. 220. Thomas Cross
(afterwards vicar) was incumbent and
forty years of age. It was part of his
duty to assist the curate of the parish.
From the full account in Fishwick (op.
cit. 58–62) it appears that this chantry
was founded before 1505, and that
William Richardson, Edmund Clarkson
(there in 1526) and Thomas Cross had
been the chantry priests. William
Kirkby, the reputed founder, died about
||Add. MS. 32106, fol. 309, no. 384.
Lord Derby's rental of 1522 (quoted
below) shows that 141. was paid yearly.
At an inquiry made in 1561 it was
stated that lands in Claughton called
Mickle and Little 'Tirlaweys' (Terleways) of the yearly rent of 6s. had been
given by Dame Ellen Urswick (see Upper
Rawcliffe) to St. Michael's Church. The
tradition was that she had intended to
give them to Garstang, but someone had
remarked that it would be more meritorious to give to the other church,
'because St. Michael must weigh her
soul,' and so she changed her mind;
Duchy of Lanc. Special Com. 33.
The land was secured for the church
(see Ducatus Lanc. [Rec. Com.], ii, 283),
and now yields £46 a year. It was
formerly the custom to have a dinner
for vicar and wardens out of the funds on
5 November, on which day a sermon
'against popery' was preached; the rest
was applied to the church rate. The dinner
and sermon are things of the past, and
the net receipts are given to the church
expenses account; End. Char. Rep. In
1796 it was ordered that the balance,
after paying for the dinner and a quart of
ale for each participant, should accumulate
for the purchase of an organ; Porter,
||Issued in 1899.
||By his will, dated 1748, he left two
messuages and a close called the Town
Field in Great Eccleston to support two
poor widows of the township. The sale
produced £58, which is now held by the
trustees of Copp School The interest,
£1 19s. 6d., is distributed by the clerk of
the parish council in money doles to
poor widows, the number not being
||Jonathan Dobson the elder about
1760 left £20 for the poor. This sum
also is held in part by the Copp School
trustees, but part was lost through the
failure of Pedder's Bank, Preston, and
18s. is paid as interest. It is distributed
in doles at the same time as Gualter's
||By his will in 1719 he left a rentcharge of 40s. a year on land called the
Stone Lands, for 'the poorest sort of
householder' in the township. The
charge is still paid, and the money is
distributed with Dobson's.
||The list of recipients is settled by
the parish council.
||She left £20 in 1789 for the purpose
named. The capital is intact, and £1 a
year is paid as interest. This provides
ten twopenny 'cobs,' which are given
after morning service at Copp Church on
the last Sunday of the month to poor
people who have attended the service.
||The rent-charge now exceeds the
annual value of the land.
||The other fourth part goes to the
poor of Goosnargh.
||He left the residue of his estate for
the benefit of poor housekeepers in the
township. The whole amount was £3 70,
but £170 was said to have been lost by
the bankruptcy of a trustee; the remainder is lent on mortgage, and owing
to various charges only a small amount
yearly has recently been available for
distribution. The trustees give it in
sums of 1s. to 3s about Christmas time.
||His will was dated 1691. In 1824
the £2 10s. was paid out of the estate
called St. Michael's Hall, which had
been owned by John Ashton Nelson of
Fairhurst, and after his death in 1822
by his sister. Archdeacon Hornby was
the owner in 1898, and paid the rentmarge through his tenant. The sum
was added to Knowles' charity and similarly distributed.
||By his will in 1722 he left his
estate in Upper Rawcliffe to his son
Robert charged with £2 to be paid in
equal sums to four of the poorest perions
in the township 'to buy them such things
as they should stand most in need of,
against the great yearly festival of the
Nativity.' Ralph Baines was the owner
in 1824. and William Baines Porter in
1898; the rent-charge is duly paid and
given in sums of 10s. to four poor persons.
||It had been paid by John France and
then by his widow; but there was nothing
to show that it was not a voluntary gift,
and on her death about 1822 it ceased.
||He in 1649 devised an estate in
Woodplumpton and Broughton for charitable uses; see End. Char. Rep. for
Preston. A fourth part of the income
(£67) is available for Woodplumpton.
It used to be given in money doles, but
is now united with Nicholson's gift, as
||He left mocey for 'needful poor
people' in the township about 1666; and
in 1672 it was decreed that £210 was
the sum due to the poor. The income,
now £7 3s. 4d. from consols, was, like
Houghton's charity, formerly distributed
in money doles, but since 1870 the two
have been combined and regulated under
a scheme of the Charity Commissioners,
allowing payments as in the text. The
income is applied to paying bonuses to
contributors to a clothing club, care being
taken to allow larger sums to the poorer
||He left £600, half the interest to
be paid to the incumbentof Woodplumpton
Church and half to be distributed in
money or bread among poor persons, over
sixty years of age, recommended by the