Ealdgate warde

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

C. L. Kingsford (editor)

Year published

1908

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Pages

138-150

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'Ealdgate warde', A Survey of London, by John Stow: Reprinted from the text of 1603 (1908), pp. 138-150. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=60031 Date accessed: 22 September 2014.


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Aldgate Warde.

Aldgate ward.; Harthorne Alley. Bricklayers hall. Sprinckle allie.; Belzetters lane.; Wall, Gate, and windows of stone, found vnder ground.

The second ward within the wall on the east part is called Aldgate ward, as taking name of the same Gate: the principall street of this warde beginneth at Aldgate, stretching west to sometime a fayre Well, where now a pumpe is placed: from thence the way being diuided into twain, the first & principall street, caled Aldgate street, runneth on the south side to Limestreet corner and halfe that streete downe on the left hand, is also of that warde. In the mid way on that South side, betwixt Aldgate and Limestreet, is Hart horne Alley, a way that goeth through into Fenchurch streete ouer against Northumberland house. Then haue ye the Bricklayers hall and an other Alley called Sprinckle Alley, now named Sugar-loafe Alley, of the like signe. Then is there a faire house, with diuerse tenements neare adioyning, sometime belonging to a late dissolued Priorie since possessed by Mistresse Cornewallies, widow, and her heyres, by the gift of King Henry the eight, in reward of fine puddings (as it was commonly sayd) by hir made, wherewith she had presented him. Such was the princely liberalyty of those times. Of later time. Sir Nicholas Throgmorton knight, was lodged there. Then somewhat more West is Belzettars lane, so called of the first builder and owner thereof, now corruptly called Billitar lane, betwixt this Belzettars lane and Limestreete, was of later time a frame of three fayre houses, set vp in the yeare 1590. in place where before was a large Garden plot inclosed from the high streete with a Bricke wall, which wall being taken downe, and the ground digged deepe for Cellerage, there was found right vnder the sayd Bricke wall an other wall of stone, with a gate arched of stone, and Gates of Timber, to be closed in the midst towards the streete, the tymber of the Gates was consumed, but the Hinges of yron still remayned on their staples on both the sides. Moreouer in that wall were square windowes with bars of yron on either side the gate, this wall was vnder ground about two fathomes deepe, as I then esteemed it, and seemeth to bee the ruines of some house burned in the raigne of king Stephen, when the fire began in the house of one Alewarde neare London stone, and consumed East to Aldgate, whereby it appeareth how greatly the ground of this Citie hath beene in that place raysed.

S. Mary street

On the North side, this principall street stretcheth to the west corner of Saint Andrewes Church, and then the ward turneth towards the North by S. Marie streete, on the East side to saint Augustines Church in the wall, and so by Buries markes again, or about by the wall to Aldgate.

Culuer Alley.; Hart streete.

The second way from Aldgate more towards the South from the pumpe aforesaid is called Fenchurch streete, and is of Aldgate warde till ye come to Culuer Alley, on the west side of Ironmongers hall, where sometime was a lane which went out of Fenchurch streete to the middest of Limestreete, but this lane was stopped vp, for suspition of theeues that lurked there by night. Againe to Aldgate out of the principall streete, euen by the gate and wall of the Citie, runneth a lane South to Crowched Friers, and then Woodroffe lane to the Tower hill, and out of this lane west, a streete called Hartstreete, which of that warde stretcheth to Sydon lane by Saint Olaues Church. One other lane more west from Aldgate goeth by Northumberland house toward the Crossed Friers: then haue ye on the same side the North end of Martlane, and Blanch Apleton, (fn. 1) where that ward endeth.

Priorie of the Trinitie of Canons regular.; Prior of Christ Church an Alderman of London.

Thus much for the bounds: now for monuments, or places most ancient and notable: I am first to begin with the late dissolued Priorie of the holie Trinitie, called Christs Church, on the right hand within Aldgate. This Priorie was founded by Matild Queene, wife to Henrie the first, in the same place where Siredus sometime began to erect a church in honour of the Crosse, and of Saint Marie Magdalen, of which the Deane and Chapter of Waltham were woont to receiue thirtie shillinges. The Queene was to acquite her Church thereof, and in exchange gaue vnto them a Mill. King Henrie her husband confirmed her gift. This Church was giuen to Norman, the first Canon regular in all England. The said Queene also gaue vnto the same Church, and those that serued God therein, the plot of Aldgate, and the Soke thereunto belonging, with all customes so free as she had helde the same, and 25. l. Blankes, which shee had of the Cittie of Excester: as appeareth by her deed, wherein she nameth the house Christes Church, and reporteth Aldgate to be of her Demaines, which she granteth, with two parts of the rent of the City of Excester. Norman tooke vpon him to be Prior of Christs Church, in the year of Christ 1108. in the parishes of Saint Marie Magdalen, S. Michael, S. Katherine, and the blessed Trinitie, which now was made but one Parish of the holy Trinitie, and was in old time of the holy Crosse, or holy Roode Parish. The Priorie was builded on a piece of ground in the Parish of Saint Katherine, towardes Aldgate, which lieth in length betwixt the kinges streete, by the which men go towards Aldgate, neare to the Chappell of Saint Michael towards the North, and containeth in length 83. Elles, halfe, quarter, and halfe quartern of the kings Iron Eln, and lieth in bredth, &c. The Soke and ward of Aldgate was then bounded as I haue before shewed, the Queene was a meane also that the land and English Knighten Guild was giuen vnto the Prior Norman. The honorable man Geffrey de Clinton (fn. 2) was a great helper therein, and obtained that the Chanons might inclose the way betwixt their Church and the wall of the citie, &c. This Priorie in processe of time became a very fayre and large church, rich in lands and ornaments, and passed all the Priories in the citie of London, or shire of Middlesex, the Prior whereof was an Alderman of London, to wit, of Portsoken ward.

Priorie of the holy Trinitie surrendered & suppressed.

I reade that Eustacius the 8. Prior, about the yeare 1264. because hee would not deale with temporall matters, instituted Theobald Fitz Iuonis Alderman of Portsoken warde vnder him, and that William Rising Prior of Christs Church was sworn Alderman of the said Portsoken warde, in the first of Richard the second. These Priors haue sitten and ridden amongst the Aldermen of London, in liuery like vnto them, sauing that his habite was in shape of a spirituall person, as I my selfe haue seene in my childhoode: at which time the Prior kept a most bountifull house of meate and drinke, both for rich and poore, aswell within the house, as at the gates, to al commers according to their estates. These were the monuments in this Church, sir Robert Turke, and Dame Alice his wife, Iohn Tirel Esquire, Simon Kempe Esquire, Iames Manthorpe Esquire, Iohn Ascue Esquire, Thomas Fauset of Scalset Esquire, Iohn Kempe gentleman, Robert Chirwide Esquire, Sir Iohn Heningham, and Dame Isabell his wife, Dame Agnes, wife first to Sir William Bardolph, and then to Sir Thomas Mortimer, Iohn Ashfield Esquire, Sir Iohn Dedham knight, Sir Ambrose Charcam, Ioan wife to Thomas Nuck Gentleman, Iohn Husse Esquire, Iohn Beringham Esquire, Thomas Goodwine Esquire, Ralph Walles Esquire, Dame Margaret daughter to Sir Ralph Cheuie, wife to Sir Iohn Barkeley, to Sir Thomas Barnes, and to Sir W. Bursire William Roose, Simon Francis, Iohn Breton esquire, Helling Esquire, Iohn Malwen and his wife, Anthonie Wels son to Iohn Wels, Nicholas de Auesey and Margerie his wife, Anthonie son to Iohn Milles, Baldwine son to king Stephen, & Mathilde daughter to king Stephen, wife to the Earle of Meulan (fn. 3) , Henrie Fitzalwine Maior of London, 1213. Geffrey Mandeuile, 1215. and many other. But to conclude of this priorie, king Henrie the eight minding to reward Sir Thomas Audley, speaker of the Parliament against Cardinall Wolsey, as ye may reade in Hall, sent for the Prior, commending him for his hospitalitie, promised him preferment, as a man worthy of a far greater dignitie, which promise surely he performed, and compounded with him, though in what sort I neuer heard, so that the Priorie with the appurtenances was < surrendered > to the king, in the moneth of Iuly, in the yeare 1531. the 23. of the said kings raigne. The Chanons were sent to other houses of the same order, and the priorie with the appurtenances king Henrie gaue to sir Thomas Audley newly knighted, and after made Lord Chauncellor.

The Dukes place.

Sir Thomas Audley offered the great Church of this priorie, with a ring of nine Bels well tuned, whereof foure the greatest were since solde to the parish of Stebunhith, and the fiue lesser to the parish of Saint Stephen in Colemans streete, to the parishioners of Saint Katherine Christ Church, in exchaunge for their small parish church, minding to haue pulled it downe, and to haue builded there towards the street: But the parishioners hauing doubts in their heades of afterclappes, refused the offer. Then was the priorie church and steeple proffered to whomsoeuer would take it down, and carrie it from the ground, but no man would vndertake the offer, whereupon Sir Thomas Audley was faine to bee at more charges, then could be made of the stones, timber, leade, yron, &c. For the workemen with great labour beginning at the toppe, loosed stone from stone, and threw them downe, whereby the most part of them were broken and few remained whole and those were solde verie cheape, for all the buildings then made about the Citie were of Bricke and Timber. At that time any man in the Cittie, might haue a Cart loade of hard stone for pauing brought to his doore for 6.d. or 7.d. with the carriage. The said Thomas Lord Audley builded and dwelt on this Priorie during his life, and died there in the yeare 1544. since the which time the said priorie came by marriage of the Lord Audleyes daughter and heyre, unto Thomas late Duke of Norfolke, and was then called the Dukes place.

Parish church of S. Katherin Christs church.; Parish church of S. Andrew Vndershaft.; A shaft or May pole higher then the church steeple.

The parish Church of S. Katherine standeth in the Cemitory of the late dissolued priorie of the holy Trinitie, and is therefore called S. Katherine Christ Church. This Church seemeth to be verie olde, since the building whereof the high streete hath beene so often raised by pauements, that now men are faine to descend into the said church by diuerse steps seuen in number. But the steeple, or Bell tower thereof hath beene lately builded, to wit, about the yere 1504. For sir Iohn Perciuall Marchant taylor then deceasing, gaue money towards the building thereof. There bee the Monuments of Thomas Fleming knight of Rowles, in Essex, and Margaret his wife, 1464. Roger Marshall Esquire, Iane Horne, wife to Roger Marshall, William Multon, alias Burdeaux Heralde, Iohn Goad Esquire, and Ioan his wife, Beatrix daughter to William Browne, Thomas Multon Esquire, sonne to Burdeaux Herald, Iohn Chitcroft, Esquire, Iohn Wakefielde Esquire, William Criswicke, Anne and Sewch, daughters to Ralph Shirley Esquire, sir Iohn Rainsford knight of Essex, Sir Nicholas Throkmorton chiefe Butler of England, one of the Chamberlaines of the Exchequer, Ambassadour, &c. 1570. and other. At the North west corner of this warde in the said high streete, standeth the faire and beautifull parish Church of S. Andrew the Apostle, with an addition, to be knowne from other Churches of that name, of the Knape or vndershaft, and so called S. Andrew Vndershaft, because that of old time, euerie yeare on May day in the morning it was vsed, that an high or long shaft, or May-pole, was set vp there, in the midst of the streete before the south doore of the sayd Church, which shaft when it was set on ende, and fixed in the ground, was higher then the Church steeple. Geffrey Chawcer, writing of a vaine boaster, hath these wordes meaning of the said shaft.

Chaucer. chance of dice.

Right well aloft, and high ye beare your heade,
The weather cocke, with flying, as ye, would kill,
When ye be stuffed, bet of wine then brede,
Then looke ye, when your wombe doth fill,
As ye would beare the great shaft of Cornehill,
Lord so merrily crowdeth then your croke,
That all the streete may heare your body cloke.

Shaft or May pole preached against at Paules crosse.; The said Elm tree his preaching place is lately downe.; Shaft or May pole sawed in peeces and burnt.

This shaft was not raysed at any time since euill May day (so called of an insurrection made by Prentises, and other young persons against Aliens in the yeare 1517.) but the said shaft was laid along ouer the doores, and vnder the Pentises of one rowe of houses, and Alley gate, called of the shaft, shaft Alley, (being of the possessions of Rochester bridge) in the warde of Limestreete. It was there I say hanged on Iron hookes many yeares, till the third of king Edward the sixt, that one Sir Stephen, curat of S. Katherine Christs Church, preaching at Paules Crosse, said there, that this shaft was made an Idoll, by naming the Church of Saint Andrew, with the addition of vnder that shaft: hee perswaded therefore that the names of Churches might bee altered: also that the names of dayes in the weeke might be changed, the fish dayes to be kept any dayes, except Friday and Saturday, and the Lent any time, saue only betwixt Shrouetide and Easter: I haue oft times seene this man, forsaking the Pulpet of his said Parish Church, preach out of an high Elme tree in the middest of the Church yarde, and then entering the Church, forsaking the Alter, to haue sung his high Masse in English vpon a Tombe of the deade towardes the North. I heard his Sermon at Paules Crosse, and I saw the effect that followed: for in the after noone of that present Sunday, the neighbours, and Tenants to the sayde Bridge, ouer whose doores the saide Shaft had laine, after they had dined to make themselues strong, gathered more helpe, and with great labour raysing the Shaft from the hooks, whereon it had rested two and thirtie yeares, they sawed it in peeces, euerie man taking for his share so much as had laine ouer his doore and stall, the length of his house, and they of the Alley diuided amongest them so much as had layne ouer their Alley gate. Thus was this Idoll (as he tearmed it) mangled, and after burned.

Bayliefe of Romford executed within Aldgate for words spoken to the priest of the parish.; Parish church of S. Andrew vndershaft new builded.; Stephen woodroffe the best benefactor to the poore in that parrish.

Soone after was there a Commotion of the Commons in Norfolke, Suffolke, Essex, and other shires, by meanes whereof streight orders being taken for the suppression of rumors, diuerse persons were apprehended and executed by Marshall Law, amongst the which the Baylife of Romfort in Essex was one, a man verie well beloued: he was early in the Morning of Marie Magdalens day, then kept holy day, brought by the shiriffes of London, and the knight Marshall, to the Well within Aldgate, there to be executed vpon a Jebit set vp that Morning, where being on the Ladder, he had words to this effect: Good people I am come hither to die, but know not for what offence except for words by me spoken yester night to Sir Stephen, Curate and Preacher of this parish, which were these: He asked me what newes in the Countrey, I answered heauie newes: why quoth he? it is sayde, quoth I, that many men be vp in Essex, but thanks be to God al is in good quiet about vs: and this was all as God be my Iudge, &c. Vppon these wordes of the prisoner, sir Stephen to auoyde reproach of the people, left the Cittie, and was neuer heard of sinc amongst them to my knowledge. I heard the wordes of the prisoner, for he was executed vpon the pauement of my doore, where I then kept house: Thus much by digression: now again to the parish church of S. Andrew Vndershaft, for it still retaineth ye name, which hath beene new builded by the parishioners there, since the yeare 1520. euery man putting to his helping hande, some with their purses, other with their bodies: Steuen Gennings marchant. Taylor, sometime Mayor of London, caused at his charges to bee builded the whole North side of the greate Middle Ile, both of the body and quier, as appeareth by his armes ouer euery pillar grauen, and also the North Ile, which hee roofed with timber and seeled, also the whole South side of the Church was glased, and the Pewes in the south Chappell made of his costes, as appeareth in euery Window, and vpon the said pewes. He deceased in the yeare 1524. and was buried in the Gray Fryers Church. Iohn Kerkbie Marchant Taylor sometime one of the Shiriffes, Iohn Garlande Marchant Taylor and Nicholas Leuison mercer, Executor to Garland, were greate benefactors to this worke: which was finished to the glasing in the yeare 1529. and fully finished 1532. Buried in this Church, Phillip Malpas one of the Shiriffes 1439. Sir Robert Dennie Knight, and after him Thomas Dennie his sonne in the yeare 1421. Thomas Stokes Gentleman, Grocer, 1496. In the new Church Iohn Michell (fn. 4) Marchant Taylor, 1537. William Draper Esquier, 1537. Isabell and Margaret his wiues, Nicholas Leuison Mercer one of the Shiriffes, 1534. Iohn Gerrarde Woolman, Merchant of the Staple 1546. Henry Man Doctor of Diuinity, Bishoppe of Man, 1556. Stephen Kyrton marchant Taylor, Alderman 1553. Dauid Woodroffe Haberdasher, one of the Shiriffes, 1554. Stephen Woodroffe his sonne gave 100. li. in money, for the which the poore of that parish receiue 2.s. in bread weekeley for euer. Sir Thomas Offley marchant taylor, Mayor 1556. he bequeathed the one halfe of all his goodes to charitable actions, but the parrish receyued little benefite thereby. Thomas Starkey Skinner one of the Shiriffes 1578. Hugh Offley Lethersellar one of the Shiriffes, 1588. William Hanbury, Baker.

S. Mary street.; Pickering house.; Fletchers hall.

Now downe S. Mary streete by the west end of the church towardes the North, stand diuers fayre houses for Marchantes, and other: namely one faire greate house, builded by Sir William Pickering the father, possessed by Sir William his sonne and since by Sir Edward Wootton of Kent. North from this place is the Fletchers Hall, and so downe to the corner of that streete, ouer against London wall, and again eastwardes to a faire house lately new builded, partly by M. Robert Beale one of the Clearks of the Counsell.

Papey a brotherhood or Hospitall for poore priestes.

Then come you to the Papey, a proper house, wherein sometime was kept a fraternity or brotherhood of S.Charity, and S. Iohn Euangelist, called the Papey, for poore impotent Priestes, (for in some language Priestes are called Pages) founded in the yeare 1430. by William Oliuer, William Barnabie and Iohn Stafford Chaplens, or Chauntrie Priestes, conducts, and other brethren and sisters, that should bee admitted into the Church of S. Augustine Papey in the Wall, the Brethren of this house becomming lame, or other wise into greate pouerty, were here relieued, as to haue chambers, with certaine allowance of bread, drinke, and cole, and one olde man and his wife to see them serued, and to keepe the house cleane. This brotherhoode amongst others was suppressed in the raigne of Edward the sixt, since the which time in this house hath beene lodged M. Moris of Essex, Sir Francis Walsingham principall secretarie to her Maiestie, Maister Barret of Essex, &c.

The Abbot of Bery his Inne.; Beuis markes.

Then next is one great house large of roomes, fayre courts and garden plottes, sometimes pertayning to the Bassets, since that to the Abbots of Bury in Suffolke, and therefore called Buries Markes, corruptly Beuis markes, and since the dissolution of the Abbey of Bury to Thomas Henage the father, and to Sir Thomas his son. Then next vnto it is the before spoken Priorie of the holy Trinity, to wit, the west and north part thereof, which stretcheth vp to Ealdgate, where we first begun.

Fenne church streete. Ironmongers hall.; Woodroffe lane by the wall of the Tower hill.; Crossed Friers Church.

Now in the second way from Ealdgate more towarde the south from the Well or Pumpe aforesaide, lyeth Fenne Church streete, on the right hand whereof somewhat west from the south end of Belzetters lane, is the Ironmongers Hall: which Company was incorporated in the thirde of Edward the fourth: Richard Fleming was their first Maister, Nicholas Marshall & Richard Coxe were Custos or Wardens, And on the lefte hand or South side, euen by the gate and Wall of the Citty runneth downe a lane to the Tower Hill, the south parte whereof is called Woodroffe lane, and out of this lane toward the West, a streete called Hart streete. In this streete at the South east corner thereof sometime stoode one house of Crouched or (crossed) Fryers, founded by Raph Hosiar, and William Sabernes, about the yeare 1298. Stephen the 10. prior of the Holy Trinity in London, granted three tenementes for xiii.s. viii.d. by the yeare, vnto the saide Raph Hosiar, and William Sabernes, who afterwardes became Fryers of S. Crosse, Adam was the first Prior of that house. These Fryers founded their house in place of certaine Tenementes purchased of Richarde Wimbush the 12. Prior of the Holy Trinity, in the yeare 1319. which was confirmed by Edward the thirde, the seauenteenth of his raigne, valued at 52. li. 13.s. 4d. surrendred the twelfth of Nouember, the 30. of Henry the eight. In this house was buried Maister Iohn Tirres, Nicholas the sonne of William Kyriell Esquier, Sir Thomas Mollington (fn. 5) Baron of Wemme, and Dame Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heyre of William Botelar Baron of Wemme, Robert Mollington (fn. 5) Esquier, and Elizabeth his wife, daughter to Ferrers of Ouersley, Henry Louell, sonne to William Lord Louell, Dame Isabel wife to William Edwarde Mayor of London, 1471. William Narborough, & Dame Elizabeth his wife, William Narbrough, and Dame Beatrix his wife, William Brosked Esquier, William Bowes, Lionel Mollington Esquier, son of Robert Mollington, Nicholas Couderow, and Elizabeth his wife, Sir Iohn Stratford Knight, Sir Thomas Asseldey, Knight, Clearke of the Crowne, Submarshal of England, and Iustice of the shire of Middlesex, Iohn Rest Grocer, Mayor of London, 1516. Sir Iohn Skeuington Knight, merchant taylor, Sheriffe 1520. Sir Iohn Milborne Draper, Mayor in the yeare 1521. was buried there, but remoued since to Saint Edmondes in Lombard streete, Sir Rice Grifitk beheaded on the Tower hill, 1531.

The Glasse house burned

In place of this church is now a carpenters yeard, a Tennis court and such like: the Fryers hall was made a glasse house, or house wherein was made glasse of diuers sortes to drinke in, which house in the yeare 1575. on the 4. of September brast out into a terrible fire, where being practised all meanes possible to quench, notwithstanding as ye same house in a smal time before, had consumed a great quantite of wood by making of glasses, now it selfe hauing within it about 40000. Billets of woode was all consumed to the stone wals, which neuerthelesse greatly hindered the fire from spreading any further.

Almes houses by Crossed Fryers. Testament of S. I. Milborn; These poyntes not performed: the Drapers haue vnlawfully solde these tenements, and garden plots, and the poore be wronged.

Adioyning vnto this Fryers Church, by the East ende thereof in Wodrofe lane towardes the Tower hill, are certaine proper almes houses, 14. in number, builded of Bricke and timber, founded by Sir Iohn Milborne Draper, sometime Mayor, 1521. wherein be placed xiii. poore men and their wiues, if they haue wiues: these haue their dewllinges rent free, and ii.s. iiii.d. the peece: the first day of euery moneth for euer. One also is to haue his house ouer the gate, and iiii.s. euery moneth: more he appoynted euery sunday for euer 13. peny loaues of white bread to bee giuen in the parrish Church of Saint Edmonde in Lombarde-streete to 13. poor people of that parish, and the like 13. loaues to be giuen in the parrish Church of S. Michaell vpon Cornhill, and in eyther parrish euery yeare one loade of Chare coale, of thirty sackes in the loade, and this gifte to be continued for euer: for performance whereof, by the Maister and Wardens of the Drapers in London, he assured vnto them and their successors 23. messuages and tenementes, and 18. garden plottes in the parish of Saint Olaue in Hart street, with prouiso that if they performe not those poyntes aboue mentioned the saide Tenementes and Gardens to remayne to the Mayor and Commonaltie of the Cittie of London.

Lord Lumleies house.

Next to these Almes houses is the Lord Lumleyes house, builded in the time of King Henry the eight, by Sir Thomas Wiat the father, vpon one plotte of ground of late pertayning to the foresaid Crossed Fryers, where part of their house stoode: And this is the farthest parte of Ealdgate Warde towardes the south, and ioyneth to the Tower hill. The other side of that lane, ouer against the Lord Lumleyes house, on the wall side of the Citty is now for the most parte (or altogether) builded euen to Ealdgate.

Prior of horne church in Essex.

Then haue yee on the south side of Fenchurch streete, ouer against the Well or Pumpe amongst other fayre and large builded houses, one that sometime belonged to the Prior of Monte Ioues or Monasterie Cornute, a Cell to Monte Ioues beyonde the seas, in Essex: it was the Priors Inne, when he repayred to this Cittie. Then a lane that leadeth downe by Northumberland house, towards the crossed Friers, as is afore shewed.

Northumberland house

This Northumberland house in the parish of saint Katherine Colman belonged to Henrie Percie Earle of Northumberland, in the three & thirtie of Henrie the sixt, but of late being left by the Earles, the Gardens thereof were made into bowling Alleys, and other parts into Dicing houses, common to all commers for their money, there to bowle and hazard, but now of late so money bowling Allies, and other houses for vnlawful gaming, hath beene raised in other parts of the Citie and suburbs, that this their ancient and onely patron of misrule, is left and forsaken of her Gamesters, and therefore turned into a number of great rents, small cottages, for strangers and others.

The poore Iurie.

At the east (fn. 6) end of this lane, in the way from Aldgate toward the Crossed Friers, of old time were certaine tenements called the poore Iurie, of Iewes dwelling there.

Parish church of S. Katherine Coleman.

Next vnto this Northumberland house, is the parish Church of saint Katherine called Coleman, which addition of Coleman was taken of a great Haw yard, or Garden, of olde time called Coleman haw, in the parish of the Trinitie, now called Christs Church, and in the parish of saint Katherine, and all Saints called Coleman Church.

Mannor of Blanch appleton; Mart lane.; Basket makers at Blanch appleton.

Then haue ye Blanch apleton, whereof I reade in the thirteenth of Edward the first, that a lane behinde the same Blanch-apleton, was graunted by the king to be inclosed and shut vp. This Blanch apleton was a mannor belonging to Sir Thomas Roos of Hamelake knight, the seuenth of Richard the second, standing at the Northeast corner of Mart lane, so called of a Priuiledge sometime enjoyed to keepe a mart there, long since discontinued, and therefore forgotten, so as nothing remaineth for memorie, but the name of Mart lane, and that corruptly tearmed Marke lane. I read that in the third of Edward the fourth, all Basket makers, Wiar drawers, and other forreyners, were permitted to haue shops in this mannor of Blanch apleton, and not else where within this Citie or suburbs thereof, and this also being the farthest west part of this ward, on that southside I leaue it, with three parish Churches, saint Katherine Christ church saint Andrew Vndershaft, and saint Katherine Colemans, and thre hawles of companies, the Bricklayers hall, the Fletchers hall, and the Ironmongers hall. It hath an Alderman, his Deputie, common counsellers six, Constables six, Scauengers nine, Wardmote men for inquest eighteene, and a Beedle. It is taxed to the fifteene in London at fiue pound.

Footnotes

1 Apleton] Chappleton, 1598: Arleton, 1603
2 Clinton] Glinton 1598, 1603
3 Meulan] Millen, 1603
4 Michell 1598; Nichell 1603
5 Mellington and Mollington are printed indiscriminately in 1598, 1603, 1633
6 east] west 1598


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