Elizabeth
September 1573

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allan James Crosby (editor)

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1876

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413-427

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'Elizabeth: September 1573', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 10: 1572-1574 (1876), pp. 413-427. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73170 Date accessed: 02 October 2014.


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Contents

September 1573

Sept.1149. The Duke of Alençon.
Statement of the chief obstacles to the marriage of Queen Elizabeth with the Duke of Alençon, particularly the great difference of age, the possibility of his person being distasteful to the Queen, the diversity of religion, and the great misliking of her subjects thereof, through the late massacre in France. She was determined to marry more to please her people, who now dissuade her as eagerly as before they prayed her to marry.
In the autograph of Lord Burghley. Endd.: For M. de Retz. Pp. 72/3.
Sept. 5.1150. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Thinks that there would not be any one thing so meet for him as the Deanery of Wells, but offers himself wholly to what his Lordship shall think convenient. Signed.
Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 5.1151. Occurrents in France.
It is bruited that young Lansac is arrested as he came by sea from Poland. An assault on the Protestants in Dauphiny was repulsed with loss of many soldiers. The Prince of Condé is made Governor of Picardy. They of Dauphiny and Languedoc daily wax stronger and stronger, and trust to nothing but to their defence. The 4th, M. Millot was slain in the street by a brother of the Provost of Paris; the rumour spread that some of the Poles were slain, or else a tumult like to be made on the Italians.
Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 6.1152. The Vidame of Chartres to Lord Burghley.
The affair he spoke of last, for the execution of which he named Mr. Royer to him, still remains unexecuted for divers causes and hindrances. Knows nothing can be done without the favour of the Queen, and prays him to ask it in that behalf. The matter should be done in silence, and best at the present time and occasion. 6 September 1573. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Sept. 6.1153. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The business of the Polish Ambassadors will not suffer them to visit him as yet, for they are in great misliking with the French, and also among themselves. The King of Poland has been remitted of his oath for the matter of religion, but others say he shall not be King unless he swear to them absolutely. The Protestants of Poland are much offended that the promises for religion are not performed in France. Some misliking there is because the bishop and others went to visit the Cardinal of Lorraine, and some of the Protestants brake out of the company. A Scottishman asking how the Regent is, and hearing he was well, said, "then all promises are not kept," and also that the Huntleys do proffer to have two or three thousand men in readiness whensoever any shall land from hence. The two Huntleys were brought to the King by the Scottish Ambassador and had favourable audience. The Spanish Ambassador's secretary could tell him the last letters of the Queen to the King and the Duke of Alençon, almost as soon as they came, whereby he may perceive what intelligence the Spaniards have here. Desires that this may not be known to the French, for that may be a mean he shall not learn things of the Spaniards another time. The news of the Turk's death is untrue. The Cardinal of Lorraine would have the King of Poland remain here, they had devised to send a viceroy, and had appointed Rambouillet, but the Poles are so constant, so advised, and so stout, that they perceive that they are not to be trifled with. There is another practice to pass by Venice and the Turk, but when the Poles do understand that Schomburgh has brought their safe conduct from Germany, it is thought that it will will be too great a mockery of the Germans and Poles both not to accept of it. For the 4,000 Gascons, they of Dantzic will suffer none to land for fear of surprising, and the Poles say plainly they will none of them. Is careful what it should mean, men lying assembled here about; always doubts the Cardinal of Lorraine's devices towards Scotland. Captain Thomaso is in much perplexity, not only for the old matter, but also by occasion of certain verses against the Italians found under his handwriting; he is minded to avoid the country. The Queen Mother is gone to St. Maur to avoid the Poles. The Marshal has given out that he has to reveal to the Queen matter pretended which this alliance may prevent. In handling of him, there may be matter bolted out for he is not very deep. Told him plainly that they could not abide any that could not endure their religion, and their late doings did much stick in their stomachs. They of Sancerre have made a composition, hears it is but hard, yet was borne in hand they would be well dealt with at his entreaty. Many soldiers are laid along the Seine, cannot guess what it means. The Duke of Alva departs shortly out of the Low Countries, and the Governor of Milan comes in his place. Paris, 6 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 32/3.
[Sept.]1154. — — to Dr. Dale.
Understands that a day will shortly be appointed for the audience of the Polish Ambassadors. Has heard that they of Sancerre have been cruelly dealt with, and that in spite of his and their entreaties for better treatment for them.
Lat. P. 1. Enclosure.
Sept. 7.1155. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
It is reported Danville and the Prince of Condé shall go with the King of Poland. They make the colour of the assembly of the soldiers to be none other but the old soldiers come from Rochelle. Cannot tell upon what conditions Sancerre is rendered, it is kept so secret. Has desired Dr. Forth to speak with Mr. Wickham touching the Deanery, and to treat with him for his satisfaction. Wishes that Dr. Forth may make a copy from his Book of Treaties of a discourse on the antiquity and precedence of the kingdoms of Castile and England. The solicitor for them of Geneva has written to the Vidame and the rest of the religion in England to beware of the persuasions of Franciotto or others that should advise them to return unto France. Humphrey Forth, one of his wife's sons, is a suitor to have the place of registrar under the Commissioners for Ecclesiastical Causes in Ireland; beseeches him to stand his good lord as the reasonableness of his suit may bear.—Paris, 7 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1⅓.
Sept. 7.1156. M. Languillier to the Count de Retz.
Prays the heart of the King of France may be moved to bestow favor on his poor subjects professing the same religion that he does, for that, being a good Frenchman, he desires nothing so much as to be employed in some glorious and good action for the service of his King.—London, 7 September 1573.
Copy. Fr. P. 2/3.
Sept. 7.1157. M. Languillier to M. De La Mothe Fenelon.
Would be glad to pay his respects to the Marshal de Retz, being unwilling to leave undone any part of the duty of a good subject to one of the greatest and most principal of the officers of the King. Is sure some of the gentlemen who accompany him will be able to tell him of his (Fenelon's) cousin, the Baron de Belle Ville, of whom he has not heard for 10 months. Prays him to tell the bearer what he had better do, and to read what he has written to the Marshal.—London, 7 September 1573.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
Sept.1158. Dr. Valentine Dale to [Lord Burghley].
Has advertisement that the late Bishop of Meath in Ireland has received 300 crowns from the King. Knows not the certainty thereof, but will inquire as diligently as he can. Signed.
P. ¼.
Sept. 9.1159. Rowland Johnson to Lord Burghley.
Sir Valentine Browne assures him that he has been commanded to pay no wage for the bridge-work, which was as painfully deserved as ever any wage in his lifetime. Sir Valentine Browne would have him up to the Court to enter into a suit about the same business, but he is not able to follow it, for that his suits in time past have been so tedious and troublesome to him. Trusts that his commandment to pay no more wage to the officers of the work does not mean that any of his wage of 22 pence a day lastly granted should be stayed. Sir Valentine Browne's wage for the last year for himself at 1s. 8d. a day and two clerks at 1s. a day for the whole year is 157l. 13s. 4d. Thomas Jenyson, the controller, at 40l. a year, and two clerks at 1s. a day for the like time, is 76l. Rowland Johnson's wage for the same last year at 2s. 4d. a day is 42l., his standing wage of 2s. 6d. a day is stayed. It was no small matter for him to take the charge of such a piece of waterwork, having so little help as he had; then never one of those parties, who now hinder his doing, could tell how to place one piece of timber as it ought to be, and now that it is done some would apply it not to be his poor doing but that any of them could have done it. They might have begun one piece on it in 10 years' space when they had it in hand every year, which was time enough for a man to call his skill to remembrance. Trusts he will consider of his faithful service and good meaning and judge between word and deed.—Berwick, 9 September 1573. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Sept. 11.1160. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
The bearer, Mr. Rowland Johnson, surveyor of the works, is greatly troubled by means of the stay of his allowance, whereupon his only living depends. He repairs up to make humble suit for a new warrant for his payment. Can do no less than crave his accustomed favors to be continued therein to him and the rest of the officers. Commends his travail and skill shewed by all men's opinion in the bridge, as at all other needs and times.—Berwick, 11 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Sept. 12.1161. Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
It has pleased God to take unto his mercy Cuthbert Strother, Controller of the Customs of the town, whereof he thought meet to advertise him because of the use of the seal belonging to that room, which is put in safety until his further pleasure therein be signified. The fee of the room is 100 shillings per annum, and the commodities not worth 40 shillings more. Things now with their opposites are in as good and better quiet than ever known, and likely to grow to further perfection. The bridge works are busily in hand, and that to great charges and more expenses of timber and workmen than his last certificates make mention of, wherewith he will not trouble him until they be thoroughly finished, which will not be much before Midsummer next. Is continually called or rather exclaimed upon by Rowland Johnson for the stay of his wages, to whom he wishes there were an absolute answer given.—Berwick, 12 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 12.1162. Thomas Morgan to Lord Burghley.
1. The enemy for divers causes (as because their beer on shipboard was sour, and they drank water and the same not good for six days afore their departure, also upon some contention between Beauvois and Mondragon) hoisted up sail on the 26th August, but were so near pursued that no other way was than to run their vessels aground, whereby they lost six hoys and a hulk, which were brought into Flushing and Treveer. Altogether they have lost 17 vessels, whereof nine are men-of-war and the rest victuallers. The ships taken were freighted with corn and victuals, so that it is judged that they have not victualled the towns. They departed to Antwerp and there stay. There fell a mutiny among the Walloon soldiers of Mondragon at Armuyden for want of victuals, to whom they have sent letters that if they would come out with their furniture, they should either serve the Prince, or have licence to depart wherever they would. There have arrived 400 Scots at Zericksee, who made an attempt on Barrow, but the Dutch who should have backed them having fled away they had to retire. They are determined to attempt Armuyden by land and sea with 4,000 men.—Flushing, 12 September.
2. P.S.—Four of the Walloons from Armuyden have just yielded, who report that certain of their troops will come over. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1¼.
Sept. 13.1163. [Thomas Morgan] to Burghley.
The passages by land for letters are so dangerous that he cannot by post use that often writing which he would do if letters might pass safe. The Duke of Alva has been at Haarlem. About 25th August he was besieging a fort by Amsterdam with 100 ensigns, but through a great quantity of water broken out of the sea it will be all the winter unsiegeable on the land side. He has 25 great ships at Amsterdam, which cannot come forth unless he first win that fort and weigh up certain ships that are sunk there. He has besieged Alkmaar, to which town the Prince has sent 1,000 men. Leyden had like to have been betrayed, to the enemy by certain burghers, but advertisement was given to the Frenchmen who kept the town, who very politicly provided against the enemy, and met them on the way and slew 200 of them, who are reported to be natural Spaniards, and took certain officers and men. Count Ludovic has sent 1,400 foot men into this country. Gertruidenburg was taken on the 31st August by M. Poiet. It was got by all likelihood by some treason of the inhabitants. The exploit was done by 100 soldiers, who scaled the walls, and slew the watch, who were half sleeping, half waking, and, breaking open the town gate, let in the rest of their company. No spoil was made other than the town to pay the soldiers a month's pay and to keep 800 men in garrison. Montgomery, of Scotland, is come to the Prince to make offer of service with 2,000 light horse. Two hundred Scots have arrived in Zealand, who say that seven ensigns more are coming. The Prince lies at Dort. The country is very poor and out of money, and unless some prince of better ability takes the matter in hand, the writer thinks that the cause will not long be maintained.
Add. Endd.: 13 Sept. 1573. Morgan's seal attached. Pp. 1¾.
Sept. [15].1164. Queen Elizabeth to Catherine de Medicis.
The sending of the Marshal de Retz, a man of such good quality, and noted for his fidelity and prudence, shows the desire she has for continuation of their friendship. Is pleased that there is no underhand dealing in this negotiation. Is glad she and the King can so far forget her sex as to give her the credit of one who can hold her tongue. Prays her to believe that no quarrel shall arise between them except the revenge of good offices for the courtesies she has received. It is a sorrow to her that, living so near France, she has not seen its lord, and she often curses the sea for separating what has been joined by affection.
Copy. Fr. P. 2/3.
Sept. [15].1165. The Same to Charles IX.
Expresses her satisfaction that by the mouth of one who is such a good servant to him, and so conversant with his affairs, she has received sufficient reply to the suspicions that were entertained of this negotiation. On her part is satisfied that his desires tend to nothing but their mutual understanding and the perpetuation of their affectionate friendship. Has great regard for the present messenger, and hopes he will be a faithful minister between them, and leaves it to him to render account more at large.—Canterbury, Sunday.
Copy. Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. ½.
[Sept. 15].1166. The Same to the King of Poland.
Is much gratified to learn of his advancement, and that it has not hindered his honourable offers to continue the ancient customs used by the former kings of Poland towards England. Gives him the same good wishes she gave the King his brother, that his reign may be as happy as his election was honourable, and that the increase of his titles may cause no decrease in his friends, of which she has desired the Marshal de Retz to speak with him at length.
Copy. Endd. Fr. P. ¾.
Sept. [15].1167. The Same to the Duke of Alençon.
Was surprised to see in his letters the handwriting of his secretary, but was pleased to hear of his cure before she understood his danger. Thanks him for the visit he intends making her, and considers herself fortunate that the sea cannot restrain his desire to see her. Finds great sincerity and affection in the long declaration of his inward thoughts on this negotiation, of which she has desired M. de Retz to speak with him at length. Will pay as much regard to his honour and quiet as to her own, and have great concern for whatever good or evil fortune may come to him.
Copy. Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. ¾.
Sept. 18.1168. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The constantness of the Poles has brought the French to swear to all the articles promised in Poland, saving that whereby the king elect is bound to spend his revenues of France in Poland, which is referred until his coming thither. It was promised he should discharge the debts of the realm, but they have found an interpretation that they meant those grown since the death of the late king, which is a small matter, wherewith the Poles are angry, but cannot help it. The king elect will away shortly to Nancy, and so through Germany. The King does not well bear the great triumph of his brother; the joy shown at his entry was more great than to the King himself. The journey will be painful, and chargeable to them that follow the Court. Begs he may have leave to visit Strasburg, which may also be to some purpose to continue the amity with that city. Sends a ticket of the Bishop of Meath's suit and his supplication to the King. They were very sumptuous in apparel at the entry, but none in arms saving the crafts, for it is not permitted but to the King to make entry in arms. The King, in an old cloak and evil-favoured hat, withdrew himself "to a little house upon the bridge from all the ladies, and there cast out money upon the people to get them together, and made pastime to cast out buckets of water upon them while they were scrambling for the money." There was not one of the house of Montmorency at the entry. Three thousand soldiers are coming, who are thought to be they that were at Sancerre. Young Lansac is released. The Gascons are deferred to the spring, and then, if the Poles require them, it is appointed they shall not land at Dantzic, but at Riga, in Livonia, and go direct against the Muscovite. Learns the composition of Sancerre was to pay 40,000 francs to the King of Poland and 5,000 to M. de la Chastre, the strangers to depart, the townsmen to live in liberty of conscience with out open exercise of religion, their walls to be dismantled, and towards this they have 1,500 muids of wine to sell. They look for deputies out of Dauphiny and Languedoc to treat for larger liberty of religion than is granted to them of Rochelle. There are divers reports made of the entertainment of the Marshal and his negotiation.—Paris, 18 Sept. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 22/3.
[Sept.]1169. Supplication of the Bishop of Meath.
William Walsh, Bishop of Meath, supplicates the King humbly to have pity on the misfortune and calamity which for the cause of Jesus Christ and the Roman Catholic religion he, like several others, has suffered. By the lieutenants of the Queen of England in Ireland he has been deprived of his bishopric and its revenues, and also kept in prison for 13 years. After Gaspard de Coligny received the reward of his deeds, the said lieutenants by hard usage tried to bring about quickly the death of himself and other Catholics. God has enabled him, by the advertisement of his friends, to escape from that prison, notwithstanding the weight of his 63 years. Took a ship about to sail to Britanny, preferring to trust his life to the wind and waves rather than to return to prison. After 16 days he landed at Brest and retired to Nantes. Has only very small means, and cannot move himself by reason of the debility of his body from his long imprisonment. Prays him to provide some little provision for him on which to pass the rest of his days.
Endd. Fr. Broadside. Enclosure.
Sept. 18.1170. Kingdoms of Poland and France.
Yesterday the agreement between the Poles and the kings was read and registered in the Court of Parliament. It was likewise published that if the King of France died without issue male, the kingdom should fall to the King of Poland and his heirs, whether born within or without the realm, and in default to fall to the Duke of Alençon and his heirs, whether born within or without the realm.
Endd. P. ½. Enclosure.
Sept. 18.1171. The Regent of Scotland to Lord Burghley.
Considering a month is passed since Captain Cockburn's departure, neither any advertisement come of the cause of his delay, he begins to think that he has forgotten to solicit his despatch at the Queen's hands, so is constrained to importune him anew with the remembrance of the causes of the King. Will only name in particular the matter of delivering Home and Fast castles, the delay in which is somewhat grievous on account of the opportunity so long given to spoil and deface the houses in such sort as when they shall be rendered they will rather appear sacked and ruined. It is a great let and hinder to him, as he may not put so good order on the Borders as otherwise he would, the houses being the keys of the country, and the mean whereby to contain disordered people in good rule and obedience.—Holyrood House, 18 Sept. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Sept. 19.1172. Advices from Italy.
Rome, 19 Sept. 1573.—On the 6th inst. the Turkish fleet were off the Cape of Otranto, where they landed and ravaged the neighbouring country. A portion of the fleet was detached for the coast of Barbary. Baptism of the second son of the King of Spain. Marc Antony Colonna has gone to join Don John. Doria has left Savona with 30 galleys. News from Montauban and Rochelle.
Ital. Pp. 2¾.
Sept. 20.1173. The Prince of Orange to Killegrew.
Thanks him for the assistance which he has given to M. de Calvart. The enemy's affairs have been much hindered by the mutiny of his soldiers on account of lack of pay. Those of Zealand have taken the fort of Rammekins and the town of Gertruidenburg.—Delft, 20 Sept. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Fr. P. 1.
Sept. 23.1174. The Vidame of Chartres to [Lord Burghley].
Sends him a writing which he prays him to read; knows there is no need of greater recommendation in a matter which recommends itself by its justice and honesty to all men of truth and piety. Hopes to see him when the Court comes to Greenwich.—23 September. Signed.
Endd. Fr. P. ½.
Sept. 24.1175. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
1. The 20th, the day after the arrival of the Marshal, he came to him and made recital of his great entertainment, and the favour and liberality of the Queen, not doubting she was satisfied of those difficulties that had moved her hitherto. Told him he had received letters to declare the contentment she had conceived of his person and speeches, and desired there might now be more frank dealing, as they had dealt as with doubtful friends, but now they perceived the contrary they might deal more confidently. The next day declared to the King and Queen Mother the contentment the Queen had, and further how they might perceive those difficulties she had moved did not come but of a very good ground, and upon unfeigned matter, which behoved them as well as her to consider. They answered cheerfully they perceived her unfeigned goodwill, which they desired her to continue. Has sent to the Secretary a letter from Sancerre how they be dealt with there, the fray between the Scots, and the manner of the pulling down of the fort. The deputies of Dauphiny and Languedoc demand the edict of January, wherewith the Queen Mother is amazed, and says when the Admiral and all his friends were alive he demanded not so much. There is no party that dares take upon him to be ruler as yet, and therefore they now all resort to the King himself to get credit that way, the Italians privily, the Guises openly. The Duke is kept under by them both, and can neither obtain any of the government the King elect had, nor the credit of management of affairs. There has been skirmishing with them of Dauphiny and Languedoc during the truce, to the advantage of the Protestants. Don John of Austria omitted a great occasion he might have taken on the Turks, whose navy was of late all torn in a tempest on the coast of Calabria.—Paris, 24 September. 1573. Signed.
2. P.S.—The King elect has refused to move the King for them of the religion here at the request of the Poles, and therefore they intend to move therein themselves, but to prevent them the French scatter them and send Sborowsky and the Secretary into Poland before, but Rambouillet goes with them to keep them in tune, and the rest shall to Fontainebleau to make merry.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2.
Sept. 25.1176. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Touching the matters of Scotland is warned daily by French and Scotch, but finds the Huntleys not yet entertained. They demand a room of some captainship among the guard, and after to have entertainment for themselves and a band they would bring out of Scotland. Now they are about a grant of a pension, which some think they are not unlikely to get, for they pay their pensions with words in these days. The President was with him, who declared what comfort he had that the Queen permitted the Scottish Queen to go to the baths. Was plain with him and told him that he and all others that loved or served the Scottish Queen had need to be very ware of practices, and also stay all others that used devices if they loved the weal of their mistress. In a day he came with the Scottish Ambassador, and begun as though he had not seen him before. The Ambassador shewed the passport for the two coffers, and that they were put in hope of the deliverance of the Bishop of Ross, and how the Scottish Queen was desirous to change the air, and such things. Rehearsed what the Queen had done for their mistress, and bid them to take example by the Bishop of Ross, who had done as much as the life of his mistress would come to, if it had not been for the wonderful clemency of the Queen. They blamed him very much, but fears as the Lacedemonians did blame their children for stealing when they were taken, not for stealing, but because they could not carry cleanly. Learns the jealousy between the ambassador and the President is because the President has gotten the seal of the Chancellorship from the ambassador, and is practising to supplant him and other of her old servants, so now they begin to fall out among themselves. Has sent to the Secretary as much as he can get of the capitulation of the Poles. The Secretary of Poland is so threatened that he dare not come to him, and one from the Palatine sends word he is desirous to speak with him, but must come secretly. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2.
Sept. 26.1177. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
The stoutness of Sborowsky is such that he not only neglects these men, but puts others in comfort that are fearful; he will not be friend to one that makes no more of his oath. The Duke of Guise and De Maine make much of him to win him, but he is content to dissemble as he knows they did with him. He and other Poles of the religion have been earnest with the King elect for them of the religion here, and their persuasion was that he should win the hearts of the Germans by those means; he said he would travail in such wise as he doubted not the Poles would like of it. The Poles are very desirous of the Queen's amity, not only in respect of religion, but also of traffic and of the Muscovite; they do not like them of Dantzic, Riga, and Revel, and other confederate towns, but would fain have them in subjection. The King of Poland has promised to be at Metz the 16th November, and has appointed his coronation in Cracow the 15th of January. The deputies of Dauphiny and Languedoc are busy for the quietness of religion, and the truce is prolonged till the end of October. Bienvenu is returned. Paris, 20 September. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Sept. 26.1178. The Vidame of Chartres to Lord Burghley.
Prays him to interfere in the favour of a captain of Rochelle and his lieutenant, who have been imprisoned in the Admiralty at the suit of certain merchants, for depredations at sea during the siege of that town. London, 26 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Sept. 26.1179. The Vidame of Chartres to Lord Burghley.
Recommends the bearer to him, who has a request to make to the Queen. He can see by the enclosed, that the "conspiration Tridentine" is still actuated by the same spirit, and still constant in their malevolence. London, 26 September 1573. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Fr. P. 2/3.
Sept. 26.1180. Advices.
Rome, 26th September 1573.—Proceedings in the Papal Court. Movements of the Christian and Turkish fleets Prospero Colonna has the command of the four galleys of the Church, which sail under two banners blessed by the Pope. Moorish troops in the neighbourhood of Goletta. Vienna, 17th September.—The Turk is unwilling to prolong the truce with the Emperor for another three years space. Ravages by the Turks in Hungary.
Ital. Pp. 3¾.
Sept. 27.1181. Joachim [Hamppus] to the Queen's Private Secretary.
Does not know his name, but desires him to deliver the book and letters here inclosed to the Queen of England's own hands, and to write what Her Majesty may graciously answer thereunto, not doubting, for as much as by this treatise he brings great help to the kingdom of England both by sea and land, as well in time of peace as war, and especially to the commonalty and poor husbandmen in times of dearth and sickness, that she will not only graciously receive his wellmeant counsel, but also will with all favour consider him. Minds to send him the whole book fairly bound, and for such liberality as it shall please Her Majesty to bestow on him, begs that he will be pleased to take the tenth part for his travail. —Frankfort, 27 Sept. 1573. Signed, Joachim [Hamppus] of Cologne.
Add. P. 1.
Sept. 28.1182. M. du Vergier to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him for permitting him to visit the Queen (of Scots) his mistress, and further for allowing him to write to her about her affairs. Prays him to suffer the bearer to proceed towards her.—Paris, 28 September 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Sept. 29.1183. Shipping of Corn from Berwick.
A brief memorial of such old store of corn as has been shipped from Berwick and the Holy Island under the license of Sir Valentine Browne, viewed and found by the Governor and other officers not to be serviceable, by the space of one whole year ended at Michaelmas last past 1573, amounting to 160 quarters of rye, 960 quarters of malt, 220 quarters of barley, customs dues 7l. 13s. 5d.
P. 1.
[Sept.]1184. Dr. Valentine Dale to Lord Burghley.
Perceives by the Marshal they have fully left off their determination for an interview. The Marshal would the Queen would do somewhat in Parliament for the advancement of their suit, and said the King hoped to hear of some satisfaction within six weeks, and that the Duke would forbear all exercise of religion saving for himself, as the ambassador has; he must have so much lest he should seem utterly to forsake his religion. Signed.
Add, with seal. P. 1.
[Sept.]1185. Kingdom of Poland.
Account of the reception of the Polish Ambassadors on the 19th and 21st September by the King, the Prince Dauphin, the Dukes of Guise and Aumale, &c., and of the procession to the Louvre.
Pp. 12/3.
Sept.1186. Oration of Franciotto to Charles IX.
Has taken this voyage in hand at the earnest request of certain gentlemen, his subjects, at this time in England, and from a desire he has always had for the weal and good of his realm, to assure him of their loyalty and devotion. It is to those chiefly that are in arms that his goodness and clemency are to be shown, that they enter not into despair, and as a good physician take away the causes of their unquietness, excusing the sick bodies such unmeet words or deeds as might proceed from them. Doubts not he will find them capable of reason, and ready for his service. There are two causes that move them, the freedom of their consciences and the safety of their lives. Touching the first, they ground their complaint of abuses brought by succession of time into the church, and are therefore constrained to hold their assembly apart. The Pope himself would not deny that the "face" of the Church of Rome is far different from the same that was in the primitive church. The Almains, Swiss, Hungarians, Danes, Swedes, Poles, English, and Scotch, with a great number of Spaniards and Italians (if they durst) do bemoan the same. It is held an arrogance and tyranny in the Pope to attribute to himself power over all his subjects. Compares the church to a ship which the mariners have not been careful to clean or keep staunch; would it be strange that such a vessel should be stinking, and that the passengers, finding a sweeter and cleaner vessel, should thrust themselves into the same rather than rot in such putrefactions; also to a man's body, that every day needs something to be voided by purging, or else is like to fall into some great inconvenience. If any Synods were called for remedy of evil, they were judges of their own causes, censors of their own vices. The Popes have come to such greatness as to make war against emperors and Kings, depose Princes, and overthrow States at their pleasure, to take the sword in hand as they speak of St. Paul, leaving the keys of St. Peter in the hands of petty chaplains. Notwithstanding the subject be of another religion than his prince, yet he ceases not to be a good subject and servant. They make no doubt of his sovereignty, right, and power over them; their debate is touching the sovereignty the Pope would use over their souls, whether he can appoint heaven or hell to whom he lists, whether he be king of kings, whether he cannot err, and whether what comes forth of the shrine of his breast is to be taken for an oracle. Has observed in all lands men make a difference between a good Christian and a good subject, and there is a toleration of sundry religions so they follow the laws. The Romans allowed the service of all sorts of gods; the Turk gives Christians exercise of all religion, even to the very monks that are in Pera. Divers Christian princes and the Pope himself suffer the Jews for the profit they draw from them, who debate not whether the Virgin Mary must be called upon, but whether she be a virgin, which they deny, uttering of her and of Jesus Christ many irreverent speeches, even to the Pope's ears. In Germany people of different religions live peaceably and contribute equally and with like affection to the charges of the wars and the demands of their superiors. In Muscovy the prince and a great part of his people are "Grecians," and yet he has the Tartars for his subjects, who fight under like ensigns against the Tartars their neighbours, who are of one self nation, language, and religion with them. In Poland there are Latin and Greek churches, French Protestants, Jews, and Tartars that are idolaters, quietly living together with all reverence towards their prince. In his own realm, when they of the religion thought he would employ them against the stranger, they showed themselves ready and willing. Would not himself give place to any, how good a Catholic he be, in ready goodwill to do him service. It is a good thing to see a whole people live under one self religion, but violence is to no purpose thereunto. The heart may be plucked out of the body, but not opinion which is in the heart. Seeing that diversity of religion is a thing compatible with the union and quietness of the state, he need not fear to grant that liberty to his own subjects. Means not that a man can believe what he list without controlment, for that would be the liberty of libertines, the first step to atheism. If he will use equality in disposing of offices and preferments, and other things which ought to be common, his subjects of different religions will embrace one another like Christians. He can do it with more honour and reputation than he could heretofore, for then it might have been attributed to necessity rather than to his liberality, but now they are brought to all extremity, all men will know it is from his mere liberality and love to his subjects. Considering it is of necessity to grant it, it is meeter to permit it equally in every place than to do as heretofore, and so stir up occasion for new troubles. Is assured he will have due respect for the safety of their lives. Considering the things past they are in great mistrust, which cannot be taken away without most manifest assurance. He knows what great murders have been committed by the people's insolency in the great towns of his realm, which he testifies in his edicts were against his will and meaning; his governors could not redress them, the honest burgesses could not stay them. His promise assures them of his own goodwill towards them, but that it is not in his power to warrant them in all places against so many enemies without some extraordinary means. Considering they have felt the contrary in their own persons, or of such as touched them nearest, and that the impunity of the murders the more emboldens seditious persons, his threatening puts them in fear. All France cries out for help, complaining it has had no rest these 10 years; has been sacked with wars, pressed with famine, and threatened with pestilence, which are scourges enough to overthrow the most flourishing state of the world.
English translation. Endd.: Sept. 1597. Pp. 9¼.