Weston

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

Alfred Suckling

Year published

1846

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Pages

97-101

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'Weston ', The History and Antiquities of the County of Suffolk: volume 1 (1846), pp. 97-101. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75118 Date accessed: 22 August 2014.


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Weston.

William the Conqueror held an estate in Weston which had formed part of the possessions of Archbishop Stigand, valued at two shillings; with a church and twenty acres of glebe, worth three shillings. (fn. 1) Hugo de Montford, Roger Bigot, and Goisfridus de Mandeville, had also small estates here. (fn. 2)

Henry I. granted a manor which extended over this parish, and part of Beccles, to William de Luvell, from whom it was called Soka Luvelli. William de Luvell sold it to William de Longo Campo, at that time Chancellor of England, who gave it to Henry his son, who bestowed it, as a marriage portion, on his daughter, the wife of Robert Gresle, who held it when the Record called Testa de Nevill was compiled. (fn. 3) By what tenure this 'Soke,' or power of administering justice and executing the laws of the land within its limits, was held, is not recorded.

In 1266, Walter de Redesham held the lordship of Weston, and obtained a charter of free-warren from the Crown. (fn. 4)

In 1280 it formed part of the extensive estates of Hugo de Berry. (fn. 5) In the fifth of Edward II., Walter de Norwich had a charter of free-warren in his lands in Weston, but he does not appear to have held the lordship. (fn. 6)

From the family of De Redesham the manor of Weston passed to William de Barsham, and from him, by purchase, to the family of Garneys; for William Garneys, of Stockton, by his will, dated Feb. 13th, 1420, and proved on the 6th of April, 1425, leaves to Elizabeth his widow, his manor of Weston, and all his estates in the Hundred of Wangford, which his father had bought of William de Barsham, &c., for the term of her life; on condition that she maintain Ralph and Robert, his sons, to full age, and does not re-marry: then the feoffees are to enfeoff Robert his son in the manor of Weston, for himself and the heirs of his body; and in default of issue, to Ralph his son, &c.

Upon the death of Ralph Garneys, who died about 1450 without issue, the manor of Weston became the property of Peter Garneys, of Beccles, his uncle, who, by his will, dated August 20th, 1450, and proved on the 5th of February in the year following, leaves his manor of Weston, &c., to feoffees to enfeoff his son Thomas in the same, after his decease, according to the will of William Garneys, his brother. By the exem- plification of a recovery in the twenty-seventh of Henry VIII., it appears that Robert Garneys held the manor of Weston, juxta Beccles, with its appurtenances, and ten messuages, eight tofts, five hundred acres of plough-land, sixty acres of meadow, five hundred of pasture, and two of wood, with £4 rent in Weston, Kenting, Debenham, Beccles, Elowe, Wurlingham, and Shanfield. (fn. 7)

Thomas Garneys, Esq., died on the 20th of October, 1566, seized, inter alia, of the manor of Weston, held of Sir Thomas Gresham and Ann his wife, as of their manor of Beccles, late parcel of the possessions of Bury Abbey, in socage, by fealty, and ten shillings rent, valued at five marks per annum. (fn. 8)

The manor has since passed into the hands of Lord Roseberry, of whom it was purchased by Thomas Farr, Esq., of Beccles, who is the present lord.

The manor-house, called Walpole Hall, is a mere fragment of a very old mansion. In the south wall of what seems to have been a chapel, though only about sixteen feet long, is a recess, very like a fenestella, retaining a portion of an old shelf of oak. The courts for the manor are held here, and adjourned to some more convenient place.

Bartholemew Kemp, of Gissing, in the twenty-third of Henry VIII. sells to Thomas Godsalve, Esq., all his messuages, lands, tenements, and hereditaments in the town of Weston, next Beccles, in Suffolk. (fn. 9)

Weston Hall, a handsome habitable mansion, was in great part demolished about twenty years ago, and the projecting angle of the southern façade converted into a farm-house. It was a good, well-proportioned building, with notched gables and pedimented windows, but deficient in the elegant and decorated finials so frequent in old Elizabethan mansions. It was erected in the latter part of the sixteenth century by John Rede, Esq., who possessed a good estate in the village, which passed, by sale, to the family of Barry, and is now, by a like transfer, held by the Barnes of Sotterley.

Weston Hall—or that fragment of it which retains the name—stands near the high road, which formerly passed close to its door, in a sloping pleasant meadow, still environed by a few old trees, and commanding a view of the church, and of a rising knoll of ground to the south-east. On this eminence is placed a small but curious edifice of red brick, built in a style of architecture prevalent in the time of Charles II., and marking the taste of Thomas Rede, Esq., whose initials remain on its western front. The interior of this fanciful little dwelling is finished rather expensively with moulded cornices and wrought ceilings; and though still two stories high, was originally much loftier. It is said to have been erected for a summer-house, as its upper floor commanded a view of the German Ocean, but tradition relates that it was early converted to a purpose far less innocent.

Weston contains 1550 acres of land, the tithes of which have been commuted at £350 per annum. There are only two acres and twenty-nine perches of glebe, and no rectory-house. The population in 1841 was 211 souls.

The Church

at Weston, which is a rectory dedicated to Saint Peter, and had formerly a celebrated image of our Lady, consists of a nave and chancel of very lofty proportions, with a square tower, open to the body of the church by a fine pointed arch. The tower contains three bells, on which are these inscriptions in the old Longobardic character.


[Inscriptions on bells]

The whole fabric is in a wretched state of repair and neglect, vividly contrasted by the remains of ancient taste and munificence exhibited in its oaken ceiling, its richly carved benches, and splendid font. The latter ornament is composed of the finest stone, and is six feet one inch in height from the ground. Its form is octangular; but as seven of its sides were sculptured with representations of the Romish sacraments, the carved work has been sadly mutilated. The foliated tracery of the south windows sustained some shields of painted glass, in the writer's memory, which have now disappeared: of these, the arms of Garneys with a plain chevron, and or, a chevron gules between 3 pheons sable, were most conspicuous. Had these been broken by accident or wantonness, some fragments would have remained; but as every tint has vanished, the inference is that they have been stolen by the glaziers employed in repairing the glass or lead-work. I fear country churchwardens have much to answer for throughout the kingdom, in permitting similar depredations to pass unnoticed. Surely these officers have never considered the meaning of the word 'warden.'

William Garneys, of Stockton, Esq., by will, dated the 13th of February, 1420, leaves to the high altar of the church of Weston juxta Beccles iijs. iiijd., and to the building of the bell-tower xijd.

Walker, in his 'Sufferings of the Clergy,' (fn. 10) says that Gilpen, Rector of Weston, was ejected, "of whom I do not know any thing further." His name, however, does not occur in the list of incumbents preserved in the Bishop's office at Norwich. Possibly he held some other preferment of this name.

Monuments.—1. Thomas Rede, who married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Gawdy, Knt., Justice of the King's Bench, died Sept. 2, 1622.

2. Thomas Rede, died 19th of Sept., 1681, aged 68.

3. Henry Rede, died 17th of Feb., 1655.

4. John Rede, of Weston, was buried the 6th of March, 1605.

5. Thomas Garneis, Esq., died Oct. 25, 1701, aged 60.

6. John Thacker, died Jan. 13th, 1667.

7. Abigail, wife of Richard Twiss, Gent., died 18 Dec., 1723. She was daughter of Mr. Robt. Bernard, merchant, of Yarmouth, and a woman of most exemplary goodness and charity.

The registers commence in 1709: they contain the following rather curious entry.

"Edmund, son of Thomas Rede, jun., Esq., and Anne his wife, buried 19th of August, 1712, and the bones of a daughter of theirs named Martha were removed from Beckles the same day."

Rectors of Weston.

Rectors.Date.Patrons.
John de la Mere1280The Crown.
Thomas de Wimundham1281Id.
John de Merton1304Id.
Henry de Livanseye1311Id.
Richard de Bartone1327Id.
John Darry1330Id.
Nicholas de Beverley1332Id.
William Mugge1349Id.
John de Bellerby1349Id.
Will: fil Joēs del Hall de Shipedham1356Id.
John Brakell1361Id.
Thomas Cotterell1361Id.
James de Billingford1382Id.
John Pulteney1383Id.
William Bedford1384Id.
John de Berningham1384Id.
Andrew Tye1386Id.
Thomas Andrew1393Id.
Adam Hauker1401Id.
John Lilly de Edythorp1411Id.
John Palmere de Westhale1414Id.
William Podyngton1426Id.
Robert Mersden1437Id.
John Potter1437Id.
Thomas Atte Ash1455The Crown.
Robert Blakwell1469Id.
William Moryshead1482Id.
John Green1485Id.
Richard Holme1517Id.
Thomas Pindar1543Id.
William Wickham1554Id.
John Durley1567Id.
Jacobus Smith1576Id.
John Utting1581Id.
Thomas Utting1623Id.
John Moore1662Id.
Edward Farden1680Id.
Maurice Moseley
John Aldham1705Id.
Thomas Anguish1727Id.
Isaac Colman1736Id.
John Colman1753Id.
Ralph Webb1758Id.
John Smyth
Robert Hughes1769Id.
John Mitford1815Id.
John Mitford, second time1824Id.

Estimatio ecclesie xx marc: Synodalia per an: xviijd. Denarii S. Petri, xvid.

Footnotes

1 Domesday Book, Terra Regis.
2 Id.
3 Testa de Nevill, p. 295.
4 Cal. Rot. Cart. p. 94.
5 Mag. Brit.
6 Cal. Rot. Cart. p. 145.
7 Jermyn MSS.
8 Esch. 9 Eliz., Harl. MSS.
9 Harl. MSS., Gibbon's Collect.
10 Part ii. p. 256.


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