Henry VIII
May 1545, 1-5

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1905

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'Henry VIII: May 1545, 1-5', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1: January-July 1545 (1905), pp. 329-343. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80391 Date accessed: 21 November 2014.


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May 1545, 1-5

1 May.627. Rectory of Great Bowden, Leic
Rymer, xv. 68.Grant by Edw. Griffyn to lord Chancellor Wriothesley of the advowson of the rectory of Bowdon Magna, Leic. 1 May 37 Henry VIII.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 3, No. 5] as acknowledged, same day, before the King in Chancery.
1 May628. William Sheldon to Ant. Bourchier.
R. OThanks for gentleness shown last term. Begs him to make a particular in parchment of the manor of Shrawley, "according to the value as the Queen's grace hath reserved upon her lease, the counterpayne whereof this bearer hath to show you," and I will provide you a warrant for it. As my father is very sick and I ride shortly down, pray let me have the particular on Sunday night or Monday morning. I would buy the reversion thereof. London, 1 May.
Please remember to recite the words whereupon the rent is reserved.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: To, etc., Mr. Bocher, audytor to the Quenys Hyghnez, at Putney.
1 May629. John Johnson to his Wife.
R. O."With all my heart, good wife (but sometime a shrew), I commend me un[to you; being] glad to hear of your health, with our ij. jewels: the Lord continue it [and send unto] us a merry meeting." Explains the sending of 30l. and other money matters. Your young gentleman Mr. Prat has written to his mother that he lacks both meat and drink. All your men servants are of counsel with him, and declare that your bread is not good enough for dogs and drink so evil that they cannot drink it. If they complain with cause, I pray you see it amended; and, if without cause, let them seek new masters. Examine them each alone, so that you may put away such as appear faulty. They say that no gentleman's house is so evil ordered as ours. By examining Jasper and Fewren you "shall come to the best trial of the matter." Signed.
P. 1. Slightly mutilated. Headed: Jh'us anno 1545 the first daie of Maie at L[ondon].
1 May630. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., v. 443
Send letters arrived from the Wardens of the East, West and Middle Marches. It appears thereby that the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches have devised to place the 1,300 Spaniards at Newcastle, in small numbers, along the coast, for convenience of their lodging and victuals. They will scarcely be content with such bare furniture as they shall find in such places; and the writers doubt whether they will consent to be divided. If so, would know whether to send any to the West Borders to Lord Wharton. They remain at Newcastell for their refreshing after coming off the seas. Ask also whether any of them shall lie in garrison at Tynmouth for defence of the fortifications.
John Dove and his fellows, adventurers of Hull, have taken a ship of Camfyer, of 50 tons, in which are Scotsmen's goods and sundry Scottishmen. In her were found letters and a commission of legacy from Rome sent to the Cardinal of Scotland, (fn. 1) and other writings sent herewith. A priest named William Tompson, in whose chest the letters to the Cardinal were found, says that they were delivered to him at Antwerpe, and that his father and mother were Scots, but he was born at Antwerpe. He seems, however, of some honest reputation, and confesses that three parts of the ship belong to Scottish merchants and the fourth to the Dutchman who is master of her, and that the goods are all Scottishmen's. For better proof, have ordered the mayor and brethren of Newcastle to make a substancial examination and write it in authentic form. The priest utterly denies having been at Rome for the Cardinals affairs. His news is that it was a common saying that the Bishop of Rome prepares 6,000 Almains against the Turk, who is coming into Hungary, and other 6,000 to aid the Scots, that the French King sends an army by sea into Scotland, and that the Scottish ambassador, David Panter, is still with the Emperor; pursuing for peace, and is put off until the Emperor shall receive answer out of Scotland to letters which were of late very secretly despatched thither, which, Tompson thinks, were for a marriage betwixt the young Queen of Scots and one of Ferdinando's sons. Ask whether to send the priest up for better examination.
Finally, ask the King's pleasure as to the ships which Dove and his fellows of Hull and others of Lynne, adventurers, took, coming out of Pomerland and Denmark, laden with Scotsmen's and Dutchmen's goods, going into Scotland. The ships appear to appertain to the Dutchmen, but are still detained. Darneton, 1 May. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Endd.
1 May.631. Sadler to Paget.
R. O.His servant Gregory Raylton was, about two years past, granted the reversion of the next room of one of the four ordinary clerks of the Signet, one of which is now void by the preferment of Mr. Knight to be an under-treasurer of the Mint. Sadler, having now a great charge hanging upon him, cannot spare the said Gregory; and begs Paget to get him the King's licence to serve the office by deputy, during his absence. Paget may appoint his man Nycasius or any other to be deputy and apportion the profits as he thinks tit. Darneton, 1 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 May.632. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Yesterday Mr. Wotton, departing from Machlen to follow the Emperor towards Germany, left the packet of letters herewith for Paget. To his suit for passport of 5,000 "hacquebutes and other armurs and abillimens of warre" provided for the King in Italy by Chr. de Charchano, his Majesty's servant, Wotton received answer by President Score that licence had already been given for so many that the Emperor could license no more. Wotton said that he would be loth to write this answer, and desired the President to procure a letter from the Lady Regent; and also desired Carne to solicit it. Did so this morning, and the President said that the Lady Regent was present when the Emperor made the answer, nevertheless he would move her therein when the Duke of Orleans departs towards France to-morrow, who came hither with the Lady Regent yesternight, leaving the Emperor at Lire. Moved him also for the authentic transumpt, under the Emperor's seal, of the article in last treaty providing that the former treaties of intercourse should remain in full strength, as agreed before Paget's departure. He answered that as soon as he received the, authentic extract thereof under the King's great seal he would deliver the like under the Emperor's, and that he had caused the audiencer to draw out a copy "collationed with the originall," sent herewith for Paget's approval. Thinks that unless Paget send the said transumpt before the Lady Regent departs towards Fryslande theirs will not be had till her return, for the President may make excuse that he can make none without the original which lies here. The Lady Regent departs towards Gelders on the 10th, and so towards Frysia with five bands (about 500) of the horsemen of this country, because of the Lutariens. Wotton will have written Dr. Martyn's report at And warp that the bp. of Breame's horsemen had set upon and scattered 4 or 5 ensigns of foot of the Bastard of Gelders "being in journey with his men for to be embarked to come to serve the King's Majesty." Here there seems to be no knowledge of the matter. The Scottish ambassador was at Andwarp when the writer departed thence on the 29th ult., and has procured writings from the President, "whatsoever they be." The bp. of Rome comes to Bononye shortly, and all the archbishops and bishops of Italy be gone and going to the Council, to Trent. "The Frenchmen (as some men supposeth), be not so merry returning as they were coming hither. Men say here that the President of Holland is taken for a Lutarien and in prison." If anything herein seem meet for the King or Council, prays Paget to relate it. Bruxelles, 1 May. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd: 1545.
R. O.2. The copy of the article in the treaty of 11 Feb. 1512-3 above referred to. [The 11th article as numbered in Vol. xviii., Pt. I., No. 144.] Certified as correct by Verreyken.
Lat., p. 1.
1 May.633. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O.This day came to me the enclosed letters addressed to the clerk of the Company, and as they seem important I send my servant with them, praying you by him to certify me of their receipt and get me allowance of 20 cr. delivered to him for his costs, 10 cr. lent to Nicholas the post and 20 cr. to one whom I sent with your letters to the Bastard of Gueldre. That messenger is not returned, who departed 13 days past, and I wot not what to think of it, for I am told that the Bastard's men have been set upon and driven away, "and no man can tell where he is become." Please excuse this bold writing for allowance, as my charges here are as yet greater than my gains. I caused the clerk of the Company to answer the party (fn. 2) that sent these letters that he had disposed all things according to his writing, "praying him to come hither with diligence and bring the party with him; whom I shall procure to send after if by any mean I can persuade him thereto." Last week 7 French galleys were athwart Bolloigne, which with this south west wind should be now upon this Flanders coast; and I have heard that one was seen coming into Dunkerke. I have therefore caused our merchants to unlade the hoys which they had laden, paying the half freight, and lade in the English ships of London; which are now arrived, with 5 out of Suffolk, "so that now our nation hath here a great substance, and small utterance as yet. This next week shall be seen what may be done." The party who sent these letters sent "this other" for Mr. Vaughan, which please deliver. The Emperor departed on Wednesday (fn. 3) from Andwarpe to Lyre, intending there to have obsequies done for the Empress "who died as on that day." (fn. 4) Commend me to my lady. Barghes, 1 May, at 10 a.m., 1545.
p.s.— I have spoken no more to Jasper Dotche for the 1,000l. pending your answer.
Hol ., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
1 May.634. Dr. Martin Kyrnbeck to Paget.
R. O.Has seen the four "temmers of sabyls" of which he showed Paget at Brushelz, and is told by two good friends that there are no better in the country. Never saw fairer furs, and of black colour. The two merchant men would bring or send them to England if they may have licence to exempt them from custom if not sold there. Thinks that the price will be reasonable. Will also send with them 12 or 13 "lybert" skins which are very great and excellent, and esteemed above 100l. st. Begs to know Paget's pleasure herein, and to be commended to mv lady. Andwerpe, 1 May 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "To the ryght worshipfull Sir Paget, the chyfe secretary," etc. In London. Endd.: Doctor Marten.
1 May.635. Kilwinning Abbey.
Brady,
Ep. Succ.,
i. 196.
Note that on 27 Feb. 1543 Wm. Fago, clk., of Glasgow dioc., on behalf of Alex. Hamiltoun, late abbot of Kilwinning, offered 230 fl. for the regress to the said monastery, and also on behalf of Henry Sinclar, commendatory there, 230 fl. The bulls for both regressus and commenda were dated at Rome, Kal. Maii, 8 Paul iii. (fn. 5)
Lat.
1 May.636. Mary Queen of Scots.
Royal MS.
18B. vi.,180b.
Epp. Eeg. Sc.,
ii. 2.53.
Letters (specially addressed to the magistrates of Lubeck and Hamburg) setting forth that one Bochartus Cloch of Lubeck, after spending the winter and spring in Scotland, recently, with the favour of James earl of Arran, began an action in the College of Justice, but three days later suddenly went on board ship and sailed away; at which many Edinburgh men were dissatisfied, especially Andrew Ventoun of Malmoe in Denmark, who owned a fourth part of the ship in which he sailed and much of the goods in it. Hopes they will aid in his prosecution. Stirling (signed by Arran at Edinburgh), kal. Maii 1545.
Copy. Lat. Pp. 2.
[2 May.]637. The Earl of Hertford.
R. O.Commission to Edward earl of Hertford, Great Chamberlain, K.G., as lieutenant and captain general in the North.
Parchment. Undated copy. See Grants in May, No. 2.
2 May.638. South Mims, Midd.
Rymer, xv. 69.Surrender to the Crown by lord Chancellor Wriothesley, of the impropriate rectory of Southmymmes, Midd., 2 May 37 Henry viii.
Enrolled [Cl, Roll, p. 2, No. 29] as acknowledged, same day, before the King in Chancery.
2 May.639. Sir Richard Southwell to——
R. O.I require you to make out, fair written in parchment, and send by bearer the particulars hereunder written, ascertaining me whether they be parcel of any manor, &c.
"First, the manor of Shrawley in the county of Worcester being parcel of Warwykes lands." Signed. Subscribed in another hand, "ret 2 Maii ao 1545.
P. 1.
2 May.640. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
R. OTickfford, 2 May 1545:—Perceives by his letter that being letter in his suit for the parsonage of Glapthorn [he] had not finished the writings for Willmote's matter. Desires him to see them finished before departing and to excuse the writer's desire to have a bond in this case, and writings such "as Mr. Broke, my brother, and my cousin shall determine." As to my brother Ambrose's proceedings with Mr. Asheleye, described in the above letter and by George Graunt, I never intended to let it unless to a near friend or one whom I could remove at short warning. I send bearer to stay my brother therein. I trusted that you and my cousin Hunt would have dissuaded him. I left my house suddenly, being sick, and George Graunt has stuff there; and now to bring in another man's stuff to be mixed with mine may cause great inconvenience unless my brother work wisely. I would rather have lost 40l. I have written to Mr. Smyth and George to stay delivery of keys or receiving of stuff; and pray you to mediate if any displeasure arise between my brother and them. "I pray you be not too hasty in going to Gales until you hear some more perfection of the French galleys and that the passages be quiet or "eider" appointed. I doubt not but th' ad vice of your letter shall suffice for v or vj days more or less until you hear further." I have appointed Wed "to tarry my brother's answer and yours thof he tarry Monday there"; and for my house I would have some good way taken for my brother's honesty, and it let only until Christmas. By Ambrose's letters it appears that till the next Hollanders come there will be no doings, so that you lose nothing by tarrying 4 or 6 days "to see some perfect stay of the seas." Our wools rise well. "Beware of giving very long time until the world be more quiet." Gives directions for money transactions with Thos. Smyth, Byngam, Mr. Dormer, Wylkes, R. Tempest and Southewyck. Today I sent your brother Richard to Northampton " for the stay of fells." I would have your man or George to help in casting these fells if my house were in any good stay. Go through with Lawnd the butcher, and provide other butchers, and remember Roses "estate of fees" and Raundishe widow. My books and your copies I received, but not my key. Remind Mr. Smyth to bring me his acquittances paid anno preterito. As your abstracts seem imperfect I return them and pray you to send those you made here.
Hol. pp. 2. Add.: in Lyme Streat in London.
2 May.641. John Uvedale to Shrewsbury.
R. O.For the Benevolence the collectors in the East Riding of Yorkshire are behind 548l. 5s. 10d., in the West Riding 47l. 7s. 8d. and in the North Riding 324l. 19s. 6d. and, as those of the North Riding are near, Uvedale begs him to write to Lord Scrop, Sir Roger Lassellis and other gentlemen to send the collectors hither with their money in all haste, because on Tuesday (fn. 6) next all the garrisons enter a new month's wages, of which he intends to pay 14 days, but cannot do so without more money. Begs him also to cause the Lord President to address the King's letters to the said collectors for the bringing hither of the money. On Wednesday next, repairs to Tynemouthe with 380l., for provisions, artificers and labourers there, so that he must needs be furnished for payment of the garrisons for 14 days; and even when all the said collectors have paid (and have been allowed 2d. for every pound collected) he will still lack about 100l. Newcastell upon Tyne, 2 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
2 May.642. Wharton to Shrewsbury. (fn. 7)
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 107.
Heralds'
College.
Stevenson's
" Selections."
1.
(Maitl. Club.)
An espial whom he appointed to lie in Edinburghe has sent the deputy customer of Carlisle the enclosed bill, written upon Wednesday last, (fn. 8) Hears that the earl of the Ellis prepares to annoy the earls of Argill and Hunttley "and to keep them occupied." On the last of April in daylight the soldiers of Langhollme burnt Whitslaides in Tividaill with much corn therein. In their return they were pursued very strait, and, in the encounters, hurt sundry Scotsmen and slew their horses. They brought away five prisoners (including a gentleman called Wat Scot, near kinsman to the laird Bukcleughe), 30 nowt and 6 horses and nags, and were unhurt. On 1 May in the night, Cristie Armstrang with 30 assured Scottishmen burnt Sowresikes in Anerdaill on the water of Mylk and brought away certain nags and four prisoners, all hurt. Robert Maxwell came, 28 April, to Dumfreis in great favour with the Governor and Cardinal. Carlisle, 2 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: lieutenant in the North.
2 May.643. Wotton to the Council.
R. O.On the 2nd inst. received theirs of the 28th ult., and will use accordingly the answers made to the Emperor's ambassadors upon their "doleances and articles." Will send a man to seek out the Bastard of Geldres and tell him their pleasure. Dr. Martyn, my lord of Suffolk's physician, showed me at my departure from Andwerpe that the bishop of Breme had slain some of the Bastard's men and scattered the rest, whereof he would advertise my lord Great Master. Lovain, 2 May 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
2 May.644. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.On the 2nd inst., received Paget's of the 27th ult., with others from the Council. The Emperor was then already departed from Andwerpe, and Wotton had received word that, as Lyere is but a little town, the ambassadors should either ride before or after his train, and thereupon took the way to Mechlyn, intending to meet the Emperor's train to-morrow at Maestricht and thence to send one to the Bastard of Geldres "of whom I pray God send you good news." The Duke of Orleans is departed homeward, whereat many marvel; for Secretary Laubespine, when last here, affirmed that the Duke should follow the Emperor into Germany. Not knowing what haste Jasper Duchy's letter requires, has sent Francisco back with it to Andwerpe. As to the other matter you write of, the chapter, as you know, proceeds in all things without me, "nevertheless, by the next, I will write of it if that may do any good." The Council's letters mention the copy of certain articles; which copy he has not received, and doubts whether Mr. Cam, who opened the letters, has retained it. Lovayne, 2 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
3 May.645. South Mims, Midd.
Rymer, xv.69.Release to the Crown, by Wm. Staunford, attorney general, of his title in the rectory of Southmymmes, Midd. 3 May 37 Hen. viii.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 2, No. 30] as acknowledged, same day, before the King in Chancery.
3 May.646. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.Enclose letters from the Wardens of the East and West Marches, and pray him to declare their effect to the King. Were despatching them when other letters arrived from the Warden of the Middle Marches, by which Paget will perceive that he wishes the Spaniards to resort to the places he has appointed; but as they want money, "which they do fast call for," they have no good will to depart from Newcastle. Know not what wages nor entertainment they should have; and, when the garrisons are paid for 14 days beginning next Tuesday, the writers will have no money at all, either for Spaniards, fortifications or other affairs. Beg him to declare this to the King and get them supplied. Darneton, 3 May 1515. Signed.
p. 1. Add* (fn. 9) . Endd.
3 May.647. Carne to the Council.
R. O.
P., x. 412
Will act upon their letters of the 28th ult., by Francis the courier, to Wotton and himself jointly and to himself alone. Wotton has despatched a messenger to learn in what readiness the Bastard of Gelders is and learn occurrents. Sued both to the President and to the Lady Regent for passport for the hacquebutes which Chr. de Charcano has provided for the King. She answered that, as the Emperor had declared his mind therein, she could not meddle; and thought best that the ambassador with the Emperor should speak of it again. She told Carne that the Emperor's commissaries to this Diet are appointed, viz., the Chancellor of the Order and Dr. Hermes, of the Privy Council here, and Mons. Shepuis who is there, "and that they shall keep the day appointed." The Duke of Orleans departed hence towards France yesterday at 2 p.m., "as men say, not all contented." Bruxelles, 3 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
3 May.648. Carne to Paget.
r o.Answers herewith the Council's letters of the 28th ult. The Lady Regent will not meddle with the passport for the hacquebutes provided by Chr. de Charcano. Bruxells, 3 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
3 May.649. Edmond Harvel to the Council.
R. O.Wrote on 18 April how, according to their commission, he had, with this Signory's favour, imprisoned William Thomas, servant to the Master of the Horses, and stayed the Vivaldes' factor from paying money to him. The young man continues to make pitiful lamentation for his trespasses and seems penitent.
Received their letters of 30 March with bills of exchange from Ant. Bonvice, and Ant. Salvage for 1,000l., whose factors here have paid the sum 4,138 Italian crowns, which the writer will distribute thriftily. Has already, with good persuasion, reduced the wages to 20cr. a month for a captain, allowing to Ludovico de Larme and Countie Barnardo de Sanbonifacio each eight captains and to Philipo Pini six. When Angiolo Mariano arrives here he shall he treated like the said Philippe. Writes more particularly to the King. Venice, 3 May, 1545.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
3 May.650. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P.,x. 414.
By his last of 20 April certified receipt of letters from the Council with 1,000l. for the King's captains. Declared to Ludovico de Larme the King's pleasure that he and the other captains remain in Italy until further commandment. With persuasion, reduced the number of his captains to eight at 20 cr. the month, and likewise granted the Countye Barnardo of Sanbonifacio eight and Philipo Pini six. Will allow Angiolo Marian six, at his arrival, according to the King's commission. Encloses note of the captains' names; and, as far as he can yet learn, they are "very sufficient." Has exhorted them "to entertain the most elect men that they can find." Granted them three months' wages beforehand as they have been at great charges, especially Ludovico, who has entertained a good band. The entertainment of these captains troubles the adversaries.
Signified by his last how the French ambassador told the Signory that he had commission to go to the Turk with a man of the Emperor's. Don Diego, being now in Trent, informs the Signory, by his secretary, that the Emperor has made no such deliberation or he would have given them knowledge. It is uncertain if the French orator goes, but upon his words the Signory made great Councils and sent in haste to the Turk, and their practices may, percase, "turn evil to these two princes which seemeth to have made conjurations against other states." Opinion is constant that the Turk will make expedition this summer, having made bridges upon the Danubio, Sava and Drava, and detained Ferdinando's ambassador at Belgrade until his coming thither. Ferdinando lately sent a man to the Bishop of Home for succour against the Turk, and obtained 100,000 cr. Cardinal Fernesy lately arrived in Trent with Pole, who remains there while Fernesy goes to the Emperor with 500,000 cr., "partly to mitigate the Emperor and partly to obtain Parma and Plaisance for the Duke of Camarino, and to confirm the duchy of Camarino to another of the Fernesy, as it is divulged." The priests are "always resorting to Trent," although the Protestants refuse to come thither. Almain is very troubled, but the Diet shall clear all things. The French navy is departed from Marcelles to assemble at Aquamortes. Cannot see why the French galleys " should be sent to those seas, having the example of Pregent, who could do nothing although he was a great and famous captain and had made greater galleys than these be, purposely, and all in vain." The enemy are exhausted and must ere long procure peace. Venice, 3 May 1545.
Hol, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. The captains, viz:—
Sor Ludovico dall' Arme:— Sor Ippolito Palavicino of Piacenza, Capt. Bartholomeo Moreni of Modena, Cavalier Lunardo of Ravenna, Captains Gramegna of Bologna, Andrea of Furli, Ludovico de Monte of Verona, Bambino di Carpi of Ferrara, and Giustiniano of Faenza.
Count Bernardo di. San Bonifatio: — Count Anto Benilacqua of Verona, Capt. Battista Oliva of Mantua, Count Bonifatio Tresino of Vicenza, Capt. Lunardo Zanelletto of Reggio, Count Orlando di San Bonifatio, Capt. Giulio Bottoni of Reggio, Capt. Pietro Maria Belloni of Reggio, Capt. Bernardino Corso.
Sor Filippo Pini:— Captains Ventura of Lucha, Ceccho Frangioni of Pistoia, Butta boffe of Castello, Camillo Dazi of Urbino, Lorenzo Carli of Lucha and Alessandro of Castel Nuovo.
Italian, p. 1.
4 May.651. The Privy Council to Cassiilis.
R. O.
St. P., v. 445.
By his letters dated Edinborought, 20 April, the King perceives that the Queen and that faction would send ambassadors only to make delay, and that he advises an invasion of that realm. The King is pleased with the way he has begun. The King's force is ready when requisite to advance to the comfort of friends and destruction of enemies, notwithstanding the force which they hope for out of France (and how sure they are thereof they know by experience). As to a proclamation to win the hearts of the people and the sending of Mr. Sadleyr to the Borders; although the King has been abused by those to whom he showed clemency, yet, because this is Cassillis's overture, and if "they" mean as they say, his Highness will forget his maltalent and pardon them, Mr. Sadleyr shall resort to the Borders at ——(blank) the ——(blank) of May inst. to meet some personage fully instructed of the minds of Cassillis and the rest; and when Sadleyr and he have agreed upon the form of proclamation the King will set it forth. The King grants your request for a delay of your entries upon 15 days' warning.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 6. Endd.: Mynute to therle of Cassells, iiijo Maii 1545.
4 May.652. The Privy Council to Wotton.
R. O.
St. P., x. 416.
The King has seen his letters to them and "to me the Secretary" of the President's words touching proceedings with the French king for "truce " and the continuance there of the Scottish ambassador. As both President and Emperor said to Wotton and to "me the Secretary" that the said ambassador was answered and should be curtly despatched incontinently after the holy time of Easter, the King suspects that there is more cause for his tarrying than the desire of the French ambassador; for Wotton knows that it was said there "in hugger mother" that he should treat a marriage of the Princess of Scotland with one of King Ferdinand's sons, and it is learnt out of Scotland that there is great practice with the Emperor. The King's ships lately took a hoy laden from Camfere with Scots' goods, and in her certain Scottish men and other, coming out of Flanders with bulls and letters from Rome to the Cardinal and others; who confess that the said marriage is practised between the Emperor and the said ambassador. Wotton must not stick to give an honest reward to learn the truth.
As the Emperor seems to "fowder" the King with good words until he may compass some other purpose, the King would have him more "deciphered" than hitherto. Wotton shall therefore obtain audience and (repeating the Emperor's good words to him and "me the Secretary," that his amity should evermore endure and he would do all the treaty bound him to do) shall say that four French galleys lie in Dunkerk to take the King's subjects passing to and from the Low Countries, and although he defers to take the French for enemies the King trusts that he will not suffer their ships so to lie in wait in his ports; and further, that, whereas 'both you of late and I, the Secretary," required licence to convey thence certain munition, whereat they make a difficulty which the King thinks contrary both to this and former treaties, and even to amity, seeing that it was brought thither only for commodity of passage, the King requires him to deal frankly in these matters as he would be dealt with. If the Emperor make any sticking, Wotton shall press him to declare by what article of the treaty he may entertain the King's enemies. If he accord Wotton's desires he must have thanks. But if he only answers with generalities, as heretofore, Wotton shall desire to know certainly what it is that he will do and "to what points of the treaty he thinketh himself bound, and from which he thinketh himself at liberty." Wotton shall try to induce him to say his opinion, and if remitted to his Council or to his commissaries at the Diet, shall suggest that those commissioned to treat at the Diet should also view the treaty and discuss the understanding of the same. Wotton shall also signify that the King marvels that the Scottish ambassador remains there still for a purpose, as reported, prejudicial to him, and therefore prays the Emperor to rid him away; for, as to the comprehension, it is known that the man was answered and satisfied as the President told "me," and doubtless "the President and they have said the truth in that they said they be not comprehended, nor they meant not to comprehend them, for they knew that, by the treaty with his Majesty, the Scots cannot be comprehended without his Majesty's consent; and so you must inculke to them." If there be anything else that moves his tarrying, it shall be friendly to communicate it to his Majesty.
Wotton must seek to boult out what the Emperor means to do now or hereafter.
This day Chapuys the ambassador took leave, well contented, making no doubt to obtain the aid to which the Emperor is bound, now that the Frenchmen and Scots intend to invade the King. Wotton shall also signify to the Emperor this intended invasion, and desire him, as he promised my lords of Hertford and Winchester, to prepare his aid. And here Wotton shall take occasion to speak of the credit which the Emperor gives to Mons. d' Arras' report of the King's consent for the peace, declaring that if a prince may upon the bare tale of his own ambassador break from a solemn treaty the example will be most pernicious, and the Emperor may peradventure himself take harm thereby if the French king list to swerve; advising him, howsoever he now forbears the execution of his obligations, yet to perform it as time shall serve, and meanwhile let the King know "by his doings in some things that he is friend more than the others."
Draft with corrections and concluding two paragraphs in Paget's hand, pp. 13. Endd.: Mynute to Mr. Wotton, iiijo Maii 1545.
4 May.653. Lady Alyanor Fytzgerald to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St.P.,iii.516
Acknowledges that she has offended, rather by ignorance than presumption, and begs for pardon. For these two years past she has made continual suit to the Deputy and Council for this; but they, because she continued in the far parts of the realm among the McCharties, refused to write in her behalf. They have granted her a safe-conduct to remain at a place assigned within the English Pale until Henry's pleasure is known; and she begs him to sign the warrant sent herewith, that she may be sure of her pardon and, by residing in the body of the realm, "at least avoid the often suspect causeless conceived against me by continual demoring in th'extreme confines of this your land." Malahide beside Dublin, 4 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
4 May.654. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O.This day three Italians came from Munstrell to serve the King, saying that on Saturday night last the Almains, Italians and Piamountoys, with 300 horsemen, were marched as far as Leikes; but, because of the high waters, the victuals for Arde, from Heding and Turwyn, could not pass and they returned to Mounstrell. Most of the Italians would rather have gone to Guisnes to serve the King but "(partly by the persuasion of the captains and partly for fear) they were contented to return" nevertheless, if they can get away they will come to Guisnes or hither. They add that when Arde is revictualled the said Almains, Italians and Pyamountoys will take shipping in Normandy for Scotland. The weather was so foul "that the Frenchmen say still that God is sworn English" Boulloign, 4 May 1545. signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 May.655. The Diet OF Bourbourg. (fn. 10)
Scbanz,
Englische
Handels-
Instructions to the Imperial Deputies for negotiating with the English commissaries (a fragment).
politik,
ii. 277.
From Brussels
Archives.
And because the subjects of these parts can no longer endure the aforesaid grievances, you shall request the English deputies to take order that the said intercourse may on their side be observed. Nevertheless you shall take care not to perpetuate (perpetrer, qu. perpetuer?) the intercourse of the year 1520, but leave it as it is, without confirming it; and therefore if the English wish, in the treaty which you shall make with them, to explain or correct any points, "vous ferez mectre que durait l'entrecours del'an 20." Endeavour to persuade the English deputies that, as English merchants here are more privileged than the subjects of the country, these subjects ought to be treated in England at least as well as Englishmen are, — exempt, of course, from any imposts which the King may in the future wish to levy. By the treaty of the year '95, to which that of '20 refers, differences between the merchants' of the Staple and the merchants here should be decided by agreement; and therefore you shall ask the Commissioners to make an agreement on the matter of wools to the benefit of both parties, guiding yourselves therein by a former report from Ypre and by the instructions given to the Commissioners who were sent to Bourbourg in the year '31. All papers relating to that mission shall be delivered to you. If the English put forward grievances, as they did at the Diet of Bourbourg, you shall show that the complaint is common to all merchants, unless they can allege any ordinance contrary to the intercourse; answering as at Bourbourg. If they speak of the 100th levied during this war they are to be shown that, in view of the excessive charges in England, much more might justly have been taken; and yet, out of friendship, merchandise for England was exempted; as for merchandise for other countries the request for exemption was justly refused as therein the English ought to be treated like the subjects here. If they insist upon full exemption you shall grant it, upon two conditions:— 1st, that all impositions in England contrary to the intercourse are abolished, and, 2nd, that the Emperor may provide by penalties against fraud; but this second condition may be omitted if the first is fully granted. As the English will probably maintain that all duties levied in England are ancient and deny all the other alleged hindrances, you shall take information from the merchants with you, and endeavour to get the Emperor's subjects relieved as far as possible. General grievances are to be stated verbally and determined one by one; for, besides the slowness of delivering them in writing and receiving a written answer, the English might, if they saw so many grievances and were unwilling to remedy all, refuse to determine any; and also their attitude upon successive points will indicate the course to be taken. If there seem no likelihood of agreement, you shall tell them that besides the above grievances, the English merchants here contravene the intercourse by fixing show days and prices, and also by making a statute that English merchants may not do business in Antwerp during the fair at Berghen.
The last agreement (fn. 11) made with the King's deputies declares that the Commissioners shall have full power to decide complaints of private persons, and especially those of Burgos. You shall therefore hear all suitors who resort to you and assist those whose claims seem reasonable (and to this end the petitions heretofore presented to the Emperor shall be delivered to you). If the English mention a French ship (fn. 12) taken by Flemish ships of war, you shall answer according to the enquiry held thereupon by Secretary Despleghem, as the Emperor's commissioner, and an English commissioner, (fn. 13) which clearly proves the English claim groundless. If they complain of the arrest, by the receiver of Zealand, of two ships laden with wheat, the answer is that both ships and grain are forfeited under the proclamations against export of wheat, and the receiver will send proof that the pretext that one of the ships was bound for Dunkirk and not for Calais was fraudulent. If they aver that the arrest of Englishmen and goods in January last was wrong, and claim compensation for losses, you shall answer that they began it, upon the untrue surmise that those here laded goods of Frenchmen, proceeding to treat the subjects here as enemies, to the length of even taking empty ships; and since the arrest has been raised on both sides they should be content without speaking of losses, when not a single bale of English goods here was moved from the warehouse, whereas our subjects in England had theirs taken, and the recompense they received far from compensated their losses.
You shall keep the Queen advertised of all occurrents, sending and receiving your letters through the postmaster of Brussels. You shall also advertise the ambassador resident in England of all that he ought to know. Brussels, 4 May 1545.
French.
4 May.656. Arent van Barward ... to Thomas Luchtemaker.
R. O.Has been in the bpric of Bremen and spoken to the men, as desired. They are ready and well-armed to march to Liege, if you take care to have more money for them at Antwerp. They will require more money than last year as they cannot now go to the monastery. The other men out of the bishopric of Münster, Pulborn and Ossenbrügge have come here and are with me, and have all their horses hereabouts. Will forward these immediately. There is in all 300 heavy armed. They will go to Dordrecht and thence to Calais to spare their horses. It is very necessary that the money should be ready beforehand for their passage.
I came from Bremen to Oldenborch and Count Christopher of Oldenborch inquired of me what commission I had to raise men for the King of England. His Grace understands that your brother Matthew has a commission to raise men. Refers to Peter van Gelleren's forces having been dispersed, because they had no maintenance and the passages were stopped. Suggests that Luchtemacher's brother Matthew might succeed in bringing Count Christopher to the King of England's service. Suggests that 10,000 or 15,000 picked (?) men might be maintained and mustered "in ohren landen" with free passage in and out. Wishes to know what the King or his Council determine upon it as soon as possible. Utrecht, 4 May '45.
Dutch, pp. 3. Add.: Dem Erent vesthen Thomas Luchtemaker rydtmesther Ko. Mat. to Engelandt my gunstighen ghud' vrundt. In Andtwerpen. Endd.: The Conte of Aldenburghe.
5 May.657. Robert Burgoyn to_______
R. O.Danyell Payne, the bearer "hath by[ne charg]ed yer[ly] before my brother, beyng one of the awdytors of the Duchie [of Lan]castre, of 2s. 6d. for a pound of peper yerly to be paid and goyng owt of the landes and tenementes of Shrawley, percell of the possessions of the late pryorie of Pynley dissolved, whereof you are collector." Payne has paid it yearly, but has not received the same since 30 Hen. VIII, and, so, is behind for six whole years ended at Mich. 36 Hen. VIII. This is to require you to pay him 15s. upon sight hereof (which shall be your warrant) to be allowed upon your next account. London, 5 May. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Endd. an paid by "me George Gillott."
5 May.658. Thomas Gower to Shrewsbury.
R. O.Has been at his entry in Scotland, and is come again upon bond of the wardens of the East and Middle Marches, in 1,000l., to enter again at 20 days' warning. Can be at no other point for his ransom except he get home John Carre, the lord of Farnehorst's son, or else the master of Arskey's pledge. If he had land, would sell it rather than thus live bound to his master's enemies, and he begs Shrewsbury "to be means" for him to the King in whose service he is stayed here, or else get him licence to go and make labour for himself; for he has not sufficient to pay any ransom and live afterwards. If neither of these can be had, begs Shrewsbury to write that he may have Tome Richerdson, Scottishman taken at sea by Laur. Fowbere in Lent last and now in the Counter of Brodstrete at London. His taker threatens to call him to enter again unless helped to a gelding, alleging that oft riding to Edenburght for his business is the cause; and he begs Shrewsbury therefore to get him licence under the King's broad seal (without which the statute forbids his delivering any such horse) or it will be the worse for him by the horse's price.
Begs leave to come to Darneton to declare the state of this town and the works. "The break of the town walls is ready to the setting on of the 'rambre,' and the castle is in hand as much as we have carriage for. The sickness doth yet continue something too sore, but not extremely." Berwik, 5 May. signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
5 May.659. Mary of Hungary to the King's Commissioners at the Diet of Gravelines.
R. O.In pursuance of the appointment (depart) (fn. 14) taken with the King's commissioners and deputies, the Emperor sends to Gravelines his ambassador Messire Eustace Chapuys, Messire Philippe Nigri, chancellier de l'Ordre, Messire Hermez de Wynghene, councillors, and Maitre Mathieu Strick, ordinary secretary to his Majesty, to conclude upon differences as to the observance of the intercourse and as to injuries to subjects of either side. Begs credence for them. Brussels, 5 May 1545. Signed: Marie. Countersigned; Verreykeen.
French, p. 1. Add. Sealed.
5 May.660. Francesco Venier, Venetian Ambassador at Rome, to the Council of Ten.
Venetian
Calendar
(Brown),
v. No. 334.
A few days ago was sent for by Cardinal Ardinghelli and told that the King of England kept persons in divers places for some sinister purpose, among whom is Lodovico da l'Armi, domiciled in Venice; and the Cardinal desired that he might be immediately dismissed from Venetian territory. Answered that the Signory, having many subjects in England, were compelled to proceed moderately with that King. The Cardinal replied that the Pope did not ask them to do as he would do if he could get hold of Da l'Armi, who is his rebel and has committed many crimes, but only to dismiss him. In this Court it is feared that Da l'Armi is plotting mischief and has some treacherous design against Cardinal Pole, now at Trent, and that he has a monthly pension of 50 cr. in peace time and 200 cr. in war, and has eight captains each of whom gets 25 cR. Others have like stipends, amongst whom is a Veronese, one of the Counts of S. Bonifacio, who has four captains. Rome, 5 May 1545.

Footnotes

1 See Vol. XIX., Part i., No. 75.
2 Drummond
3 April 29.
4 The Empress died on 1 May 1539. Chamberlain probably meant "on this day."
5 We have unfortunately followed Brady in a chronological error; for the 1st May in the 8th year of Paul iii would be 1542, but he has dated the document 1545.
6 May 6
7 Dated, erroneously, "1543" by Stevenson.
8 April 29.
9 Under the address is written in another hand: Lyme in Somereatsbyre
10 A large number of papers exchanged by the parties in this conference will be noticed under date of 16 July, when the Diet closed. Meanwhile, we shall refer to them as "Bourbourg Papers."
11 No. 494.
12 The François of Dieppe. See last Volume.
13 Armigill Wade.
14 No.494.