Cecil Papers: 1590

Pages 426-445

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 13, Addenda. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1915.

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Isabel Raynberd to Lord [Ambassador] Douglas.
[c. 1590?] Jan. 6. Thanks him for past favours and sends three cheeses. Mr. Raynberd remembers his commendations. —Harenstone, 6 January.
1 p. (205. 35.)
James Digges, Muster-Master General.
1589–90, Jan. 14. Apostilles to the consideration of checks respited, set down by Mr. James Digges. Relates to his accounts, and refers to alleged frauds.—Undated.
Endorsed: 14 January, 1589. 2½ pp. [See Cal. of Cecil Papers, IV., p. 3.] (203. 98.)
Earl of Worcester to —.
[1590 ?] Feb. 12. Received his letter the 2nd inst. Is sorry that, through the hardness of his fortune and the barrenness of the country wherein he dwells, he can proffer nothing worth the writing. Has also received the Queen's command to repair to Court to receive her further pleasure concerning his service, which he will execute with all expedition. The Queen's gracious remembrance of his poor wife makes her covetous of more power to do her service.—February 12.
18th century copy. ¾ p. (249. 17.)
Arthur Atye, Receiver General of Fines, &c.
1589–90, Feb. 12. "Abstractum declarationis comp. Arthuri Atye ar. Receptoris generalis Finium," &c. 24 Jan. 31 Eliz. (1589) to 12 Feb. 32 Eliz. (1590).
1 p. (203. 100.)
Richard Douglas to Archibald Douglas.
[1590, Feb. 18.] I received yours of the second and eighth of February both together upon the 16 of the same month, whereby I perceive you still to blame me for being so slow in writing to you, which opinion conceived of me has caused you also I see "imprent" other harder impressions in your mind, but to these points I have sufficiently answered by my last of the 12 of this month. (fn. 1) This one thing I will add, that to be careless of you and your well doing was never heretofore, nor I hope shall never be my intention, neither yet was I ever slow or negligent to write, whensoever either the commodity of bearers or any matter worthy did afford itself. But of that henceforth, since you have given me an address, you shall have no cause to complain.
Since my last unto you I have been still prosecuting the matter I wrote to you with my lord of Spynie and Mr. John Lindesay, who is resolved I perceive to follow the course which I have laid forth unto him; but before he enter any further therein he will be resolved whether you will be contented to make sufficient security of that matter of Abernethie unto him, to be put in the near time in some indifferent man's hand, to be kept by him unto the time he have performed to you all such matters as you shall set down to him that you condescend upon: and after the beginning of that dealing that you also may be sure that it shall not fail, nor be broken off suddenly, he desires to know of you after what continuance of time that your dealing and employing shall be begun, you will be contented that the securities shall be delivered to him. To this I neither would nor could give an answer unto the time I had first heard your mind thereupon. Therefore if you think the other purpose meet for you, and may produce to you any greater benefit nor that whereof you deemed yourself, your lordship shall set down to me such heads as you desire to be gotten done by him at his Majesty's hand for you, or by his Majesty in that country, either for your employing as Ambassador or otherwise; that thereby I may deal particularly, and come to some final conclusion; "sicklyk" if you will be contented to subscribe such other securities as he desires of you to be put in an indifferent man's hand until such things shall be performed as you shall require. For albeit I looked, according to your promise, for the principal benefit of that matter, yet if the giving it away can do you greater pleasure nor it (sic), I can be contented to quit my particular for your greater benefit. Advertise me I pray you with convenient haste of your full resolution of these matters, that I may know how to deal. Mr. John Lindesy is very earnest to bring this matter to some good point, and seems surely to be very desirous of your friendship. He is a sufficient gentleman surely, and like to be in a great room, and therefore worth the entertaining of you. For the particular betwixt him and you, he will have the full value of the chain, but gives you for payment what reasonable day you desire. If the other matter hold further, that will easily agree.
I marvel John Fouller has "no" delivered to you the piece of copper ore I sent you by him, and the book you wrote for. Mr. John is certainly persuaded that the fifth part thereof is copper. It is easy to win, in a peaceable country, where there is sufficient fuel for melting of it, and within six miles to the sea; therefore you may consider of it as you think meetest.
As for that matter you write, that should have been given forth by James Hudson, indeed I have heard somewhat of it, and the King himself was so informed. But if it come by James Hudson or not I cannot tell. But that knave James denies that he was the author of any such bruit.
As to your matter of Colburnespaythe I doubt not, if you have any right, but a number shall deal with you therefor, but I have conferred with the most learned man of law in this town thereupon, but we cannot find how feu lands as it is can fall in "none" [? non-]entry, except it be the feu duty, which has always, as we understand, been paid to the king. Always I shall extract your "decreitt," and make warning as you desire, and do the best therein that may be done, with any other matter you will command me.
Since my last there is little alteration in our State, saving that the King has "aggreitt" [agreed] the Chancellor and my lord of Spynie, and made them promise to other mutual friendship, but it will continue as it has done heretofore. The Treasurer and he remains as they were, without any appearance that ever they shall be well reconciled. The King, to make it appear that the Chancellor's credit is not shaken, was at his house in Lauder at the marriage of young Clackingtonn's sister upon young Lugtonne, where the friendship was confirmed with a carouse; but the wisest laughs at this, and remembers the last doing with others, who immediately thereafter were put from Court to the Castle. As farther matters shall fall out you shall be advertised.
Archbald Johnston was with me, who showed me a letter of yours where you desire him to receive the Master of Gray's principal obligation. He has received no such matter, neither did he send me any such, therefore because he is shortly to come to you by sea he desires that it may be sent to me, to be delivered to the provost to be used in his process as he has appointed. I am also to recommend to your favour John Foular, to whom and his friends here I am greatly obliged. I pray you show him all the favour you may, and principally I beseech you if it be possible to help him to have his trunks transported custom free.—Edinburgh, 18 February.
Holograph. 3 pp. (16. 77.)
Tho. Wyatt to Sir Francis Walsingham.
1589–90, March 1. I received the Council's letters of January 4, in which I find that it is their pleasure that I shall go for Holland and hold my office amongst the dispersed companies there, and that I shall every four months send in the muster rolls to Mr. Wilckes, wherein I will not fail. I beseech that if the companies hereafter be again reduced into four garrisons, Sparrowhake, who is a pensioner to the office, may not by this change defraud me of my place. I have delivered to him all the muster rolls of the year past, and all such rolls of entries and discharges as have been held with me since 12 October, 1589; and have the books of warrants from 11 October, 1588 to 12 October, 1589 ready to send or bring over, when you shall let me know your pleasures.—Berghenupzone, March 1, 1589.
Endorsed: From Tho. Wiat, comisary for musters in Bergen up Zon. Holograph. 1 p. (203. 101.)
Notes for a Reply to the King of Denmark's Letter.
1590, March 25. (1) Ignorantia gestorum. Some of the complaints are twelve years old, and the complainants absent, so that it is uncertain what may have been done, as in the controversy of Marcus Hessus against Mr. Henry Sackford, unto whom as little came of Marcus Hessus' goods as of Harman Oldensey's, who was proved to have been spoiled by the pirate Thomas Clerke.
(2) Negligentia in litium prosecutione. The Danish orator must admit that some of the complainants do not follow their complaints, and that by their absence he is himself ignorant what to say, for instance, Paul Rimerson.
(3) Justicia administrata suppliciorum severitate. Diverse of the malefactors have been executed, showing that the Queen approved not the violences against the Danes.
(4) Supplices aliquando abutuntur regia Da. authoritate. Often the good spoiled do not appertain to Danes, yet the Governors of Denmark have afforded their safe conducts, as was proved in the case of Lambert Adrianson, whose ships and goods were not Danish as specified in the safe conduct written in the King's name, under his seal, and signed by three of the governors.
(5) Absentia sontium impedit quominus justicia administretur secundum vota supplicum. Some of the persons complained of are at sea, for whose apprehension diligent care is had, and orders given for arresting any prizes they may bring in, to the satisfaction of the plaintiffs.
(6) Nullis parcitur sumptibus ut comparerent sontes, in quos orator animadverti cupiit. The Danish agent can testify that the Queen has spared no expense or diligence in procuring justice for the King's subjects.
(7) Documentorum inopia. Some of the complaints require further proof; e.g., those of Albert Albertson against the Earl of Cumberland; for Albertson was not upon the sea himself when he pretends to have been spoiled, and brings no witness who was there.
(8) Satisfactio prestita quibusdam Danis. Some satisfaction has been made since the Doctor's arrival; e.g., by Mr. John Killegrew to Cnut Marquartson; by Mr. Edward Seymour to the Schuremans; and now Sir Walter Leweson, knight, hath been apprehended for payment to be made unto Paulson the Dane; also Everhard Schroder has received certain satisfaction from the Earl of Derby and is to have more.
(9) There is also an especial point made in the King's letter urging that the Danes be allowed free navigation into Spain.
(10) The Doctor should leave an attorney to follow the suits begun by him.
(11) Atrocior injuria facta Anglis per Danos quam Danis per Anglos. Heavier losses have been caused to the English by the Danes than to the Danes by the English; this point should be urged in order to procure better restitution from the Danes.
Notes on some of the principal complaints delivered by Doctor Awbry to the Lord Treasurer and Secretary.
Nicholaus Severinsonus et consortes. This complaint against Thomas Evans, of Queenborough, who owes them 55l. and was in prison for it once, might be contented if he would pay the money or were again in prison.
They also complain against Killigre[w], who is bound to pay them 444l.; but order has been taken with Stokes for the payment of it.
Mr. Seymour is bound to pay 350l. to Schurman brothers at a day already past.
As to the ship demanded back it was offered back at the beginning and refused, so that no fault can be found if she be impaired.
Albert Albertson and Birgerus Petrisonius. This complaint is against the Earl of Cumberland for 8 sacks of pepper. No answer can be made without the Earl.
John Paulson complains against Sir Walter Leweson, now in prison, from whom if so much might be paid as would deliver the poor man from prison it would be some satisfaction.
George Maer's complaint is against Sir John Norris and Sir Francis Drake; it appears that 95l. is due to the complainant.
Everhard Schroder's complaint touches the Earl of Derby's officers of the Isle of Man and other inhabitants to whose hands the goods came. Fredericus Leill complains against Charles Howard for 10 cakes of wax.
Broderus Gabrielsonus complains against Leske for herrings bought of the complainant here, which claim it is reported Leske ought to satisfy.
If the orders already partly taken were executed in these cases, good answers might be made to the others.
Unsigned. Undated. Endorsed: "1590, March 25." 3 pp. (69. 22.)
The Spiritual Courts.
1590, March. Notes collected out of the early Statutes and Brooke's Abridgements, showing when prohibition may be sued for matters commenced in the spiritual courts.
Endorsed: Marc. 1590.
In legal French and Latin. 3 pp. (39. 78.)
— to Right Hon. —.
[1590, March.] Sends a breviat of the cause between Killegrewe and Watts, concerning the seizure of two ships by Killegrewe: by what authority Killegrewe did it, and the examination and confession of the pirates themselves.
Details of the offer made by Killegrewe for payment of the Danes. For the performance thereof, Killegrewe desires to depart with his keeper into his country, and also to have the commission between Johnes and him examined in the country.
Endorsed: The abstract of the examinations taken by John Killegrewe, vice admiral of Cornwall, in presence of credible witnesses before he seized the goods or landed them, which are now claimed by Watts and Byrde against him.—Undated.
2 pp. (213. 45.)
Henry Billingsley and Thomas Allen to the Lord Treasurer.
1590, April 1. "At your being at my house, Mr. Allen and myself acquainted your lordship with a bargain we were to conclude for the 30 pipes cassia fistula and 2 pipes gine peppar and the sassaperilli." Whereas in their first note they valued the cassia fistula at 10l. 2s. 2d., they sold it "at a lump" for 81l.; on condition that it might pass free of custom, as they were loth to lose such a good bargain for her Majesty. Beg him to give the merchant a warrant to the officers of the Custom house to that effect. Will do their best for the sale of the rest of the things, the "cochenelly" excepted. London, 1 April, 1590.
P.S.—"The merchant's name is Francis Cherry which did buy these goods." Signed.
In Billingsley's hand. 1 p.
Endorsed: Mr. Alderman Billingesley, Mr. Th. Allen. (39. 83.)
Spanish prisoners.
1590, April 18. Account of Edward Burnham for 796l. 1s. 0d. received by him April 18, 1590, as remainder for the diet and ransom of the Spanish prisoners.
The account includes payments to several Englishmen hurt in the conflict; and for the diets of Don Melchier de Perides and Lupersio Latras.
2 pp. (203. 102.)
Customs duties at Bordeaux.
1590, May. "A declaration made by the English merchants that traffic at Bordeaux" to Seigneur Charles Saldagne, Councillor of State and receiver of treasure to the French King, against the exactions of the officers of Royan, a town at the entry of the river of Bordeaux.
The ancient custom was 3½ per cent on merchandise "inwards," 13 "soly" on the tun of wine and 2½ per cent on merchandise "outwards"; and in time of war the extra imposition, "by the name of convoy or conduct," was at most 2½ per cent on merchandise and 12 soly on the tun, and this imposition, on petition to the deceased Kings Charles and Henry they were exempted from. Within the last two years these impositions have been so increased that now they pay, at Bourdeaux and Royan together, 2 crs. and 55 soly on the tun of wine and 11 per cent on all merchandise; and where formerly, while waiting for a fair wind, they might ride at anchor between Pulliat and Castillion, safe roads, and thence put to sea, they must now anchor before Royan, where they are sometimes detained three days, in great danger if a storm should arise from the southwest. If, to save time, they bring "quittes out of the Custom house of Bourdeaux" the officers of Royan "enter into choler, give injurious words, threaten, and sometimes beat as well the said merchants as mariners." If his Majesty would mitigate the impositions and have them levied in Bordeaux he might save maintaining ships of war to enforce them.
Endorsed: "May, 1590. The English merchants' remonstrance to the French ambassadors." In English. 1 p. (41. 42.)
Thomas Launcelott to Sir Robert Cecil.
1590, June 2. Has been here in London since yesterday week, "grievously possessed of an ague," being come up about the concealments, but is now "prettily recovered." Where he delivered Cecil a note of special good things to be purchased, Cecil has discovered it to his adversaries, and the fame thereof is "over the country" to his great rebuke. Has received the tithe of Duddleston, upon the report of his adversaries, at harder terms than he deserved. Went, by Cecil's direction, on leaving him, to Mr. Typper for the books, who refused them, but took him to Sir Roland Haward. "I find him such a cunning (yea, I could speak further) companion that I will neither make nor meddle with him any way." The report is that Sir Roland has agreed with Cecil. If so, will never trouble him for the rest. But if not, desires him to consider the offers contained in two papers he formerly delivered. "I take 50l. for 21 years and thenceforth 10l. for ever, or else 100 mks. yearly for 21 years to deserve the bestowing of 24l. or less, with your worship paid for the passing of the thing and for your friendship in the same." Could have gone to Typper direct and got it passed, but respects Cecil's friendship, "and specially for Duddleston, because it concerned my lord of Oxenford. Now Geo. Leigh, for whom Hugh Beiston pleaded so earnestly, careth not ijd. for the matter. Sir Roland Haward in like sort." If Cecil will go through with the matter, will attend him for "discovering of the states of the premises."—2 June, 1590. Signed.
Addressed "To the right Worshipful Mr. Robt. Cicell, esq., give this." 2 pp. (41. 45.)
William Dundas to Archibald Douglas.
1590, June 11. Edinburgh, 11 June, 1590.
Printed in Lodge iii p. 1 in extenso.
Holograph. 1 p. (41. 67).
i. Modern copy of the above.
pp. (249. 275.)
Templehurst and Settrington.
1590, June 24. Acknowledgment by receipt by William Fowler of Furnivals Inn, from Archibald Douglas, Lord Ambassador of Scotland, of deeds relating to lands in Temple Hurst, Yorks, and Settrington.—24 June, 1590.
1 p., damaged. (214. 25.)
Archibald Douglas.
1590, July 22. Warrant addressed by the Scottish Council to Archibald Edgair, messenger. Archibald Douglas borrowed from David Borthwick a chanzie of gold, and signed an obligation to return it or its value when required. Edgair is ordered to summon Douglas to appear at Edinburgh at a certain date, to answer the suit of Marion Guthrie, relict of Borthwick, for the return of the chanzie or its value.—Edinburgh, 22 July, 1590.
Much damaged. 1 sheet. (199. 21.)
D. Dixsson to the Lord Ambassador of Scotland.
[c. 1590 ?] 16 Sept. With regard to his request for a hogshead of sack. Begs his favour for the bearer, whose ordnance has been seized on board his ship by Mr. Cock the controller of Bristow. Details the case. Prays for the Lord Treasurer's letter to Cock to deliver the ordnance.— Bristol, 16 September.
Holograph. 1 p. (205. 19.)
Caesar Walpooll to — Dewhurst.
1590, Sept. 29. He always thought the Lord Treasurer had a purpose for the patronage of Cheshunt, but thinks the right of it not to remain in the Bishop of London. Mr. Williams was presented to it by one who had an advowson thereof from the Abbot of Westminster. How the Bishop should come to patronage from the church of Westminster he cannot find. Prays Dewhurst's furtherance with "my Lord" [Burghley] if it comes to his hands: as he has not sufficient by his preferment to Wormley to defray his ordinary charge.—London, 29 September, 1590.
Endorsed: Notes apparently connected with Lord Burghley's estates at Theobalds and Cheshunt. Holograph. 1 p. (203. 103.)
The King of Scotland to Archibald Douglas.
1590, Sept. 30. He thanks him for his furtherance of William Cokburne, merchant of Edinburgh, in the matter of his debt against John Clerk of London. Cokburne was robbed in June last at Yarmouth Road of his ship and goods by Captain Gwyne, and such barbarous cruelty used to his merchant skipper and mariners as the like was never heard of. Directs Douglas to aid Cokburne to move action thereupon before the Queen and Council.—Halieruidhous, last of September, 1590.
Signed. 1 p. (199. 20.)
Letters from the Low Countries.
[1590, Sept.] 23 Aug. Mr. Bodeley's letters for Dunkyrk.
13 Sept. Sir Edw. Norriss. Sir Jh. Con[way] resigned his place. Accounts of the works to be sent over. Thatching of the houses. Overp[lus] of the victualling money to be emp[loyed] in sea coal. To allow him 20 dead pays as Sir Jh. Conwey had.
20 Sept. Mr. Bodeley. Motions to offend the enemy. Resolution to do it in Brabant. Into Flanders not allowed. Answer for the enterprise of Donkyrk. Germ[an] amb[assador's] answ[er]. Hemmart delivered by composition.
22 Sept. Mr. Bodeley. Forces to be sent into Brabant and Haynholt. Upon motion from the French King they will send forces to Ostend, if her Majesty will send some thither, and let them know of the time and number.
23 Sept. Sir Edw. Norriss liketh not to have forces to come to Ostend, because it will be a month after they can come from Holland. He wishes 10 companies of new men to be sent to Ostend so as they may keep the town, and to send victuals with them. To send 12 thatchers with straw to cover the decayed houses. A controversy at Dort. Staying the provisions for the works at Ostend. Informed against Dethyck. To send speedily some wise person to confer with Count Morice and the States for the journey to Flanders. To send speedily to stay the discharge of the able sold[iers] and mariners in the ships of Furbishar's charge. To keep them in readiness for transport of soldiers. To have 1,800 from London, 600 from Kent, 600 from Essex, in all 3,000. To hasten Sir John Norries home, who might take the charge. To ship the Londo[ners] in the Thames, them of Essex at Harwich, them of Kent at Sandwich. To consider of the enterprise of Dunkirk.
Marginal note.—To noise it 6,000 to be sent to Bullon.
Endorsed: "A collection of letters from Mr. Bodeley a xxiij Aug. a.d. 22 7br." Undated. In Burghley's hand. 1½ pp. (185. 155.)
Goods taken from Scotsmen.
[1590, Sept.] Valuation of certain goods, freight, &c. of the Elizabeth of Orkney, belonging to James and Robert Browne: and of the Maye of Air in Scotland, belonging to John Osburne: "besides the goods taken from George Pedie as yet not proven."—Undated.
Endorsed: The Scottish Ambassadeur for Robart Browne. The Scottich Ambassadeur and Sir John Wogan. 1 p. (203. 104.)
Commission of the French King.
1590, Oct. 13/23. Letters patent by the King of France. Acknowledges the testimony given by the Queen of England, through her ambassador Sir Horatio Pallavicini, and by the Duke of Saxe, Elector of the Holy Empire, of their affection for him, and their offers of help to reduce his rebellious subjects; and appoints Henry de la Tour, Viscount de Tourenne, to treat with them with regard to his affairs.—Camp de Gisors, 23 October, 1590.
Signed by the King. French. Parchment. 1 p., damaged. (217. 6.)
A. Jhonstoun to the Lord Ambassador (Douglas).
[1590 ?] Oct. 20. I have been travailing since I came home with the Clerk of the Register, to get the knowledge of the last appointment between Scotland and England, and have caused the provost to request him to the same effect, and he has promised to seek out the same. So soon as I can have it I am minded to return with some letters to the Council. Let me understand if they have "causit ony speik" to you since my coming away. Also let me have your counsel what I shall seek at the King's grace that you think may be any help to my matter. Concerning Allex[ande]r Meller's obligation, the protest is lying at the "awissing" and it has been "warkand" ever since I came home, so that I could get nothing done. But I shall have it at some point shortly; for my man at law lets me understand, unless he have some better defence than he has shown, there will a decree be gotten shortly against him, and I shall assure you that it shall not be long in putting to execution. He stands stoutly to it that he has paid the whole to the Master of Gray, and has his quittance thereof. Let me understand what you find it best to be done to cause my party to come to an agreement; and this I will look for from you with the first letters that come to my Lord Ambassador Mr. Bouse, for I will get any help he can make me.—"Edr" [Edinburgh], 20 October.
Holograph. (205. 23.)
Lord Burghley to John [Aylmer], Bishop of London.
[1590, October.] Presents a clerk [unnamed; Richard Neale] for institution to the vicarage of Cheshunt, of which he is patron pro hac vice by grant of the Dean and Chapter of St. Peter's, Westminster, and requests the bishop to institute him thereto; the vicarage being vacant by the death of Simon Williams.
Williams was instituted in March, 1561, and was succeeded by Richard Neale, who was instituted 4 November, 1590: Bishop's Certificates of Institution under date.
Latin. Undated. Draft, with a correction by Burghley. 1 p.
Endorsed: Notes of the various grants of the vicarage of Cheshunt from 32 Henry VIII to 2 Eliz. (185. 164.)
Ottwell Smyth to the Lord Treasurer.
1590, Nov. 21. The last passage that went from hence for England was taken by Rye and carried to Crotoye, wherein was John Bray the post, which did carry a packet for your honour that came from Mr. Grymstonn, and sundry other packets that went to Monsieur Viscount Torayene [Tourenne] and Monsieur l'Ambassador; and because that of long time you had no certain news from hence I did cause a passage to depart express the which the bearer hereof gave six French crowns, and I gave him a crown, desiring you it may be paid him again.
The "prymye pressydent of the cowerte parllment" hath written from Caen that the Marquis Cavallyak hath been defeated with 500 men and he in flying away slain or drowned in a river in Overnya by the Grand Prior. He writes that they have news for certain that the King of Spain is dead and that it cannot be longer kept secret. Likewise how that the Spaniards in Brittanny be in great sickness so that no men will permit them to come into any town.
Duke Monpansyre hath besieged Avaranche and is in great likelihood to get it, for they are like to have no succour.
The Duke Denveres hath defeated Captain St. Poull with 800 men: he hurt, and the siege levied before St. Menhoute in Champanye.
Passy take by Marshal Byron: the soldiers let go but the town was given to pillage. Nonancovertte razed down because it had rebelled against the King after it had been once taken.
Corbell taken by Monsieur De Gyverye upon St. Martin's eve . . . was upon Saturday last was eight days, where there was . . . and 2 regiments of Frenchmen most of the . . . slain . . . most of the Frenchmen spared. There was 11 cannons . . . of powder and other munitions the which is carried to Mewllynne. There . . . 1,000 oxen and 4,000 sheep and great store of other victual that should have gone to Paris. That which the Prince of Parma was a month in taking with loss of great store of men, was lost in one night by escalade without the loss of 100 men. It doth anger much the Paryssyens the taking of Corbell, and brings them out of hope of any succour.
Monsieur de Vyllray hath been at Mantes with sundry Paryssyens to treat a peace general, so that they have obtained of the King's Council passports general to go to confer with all the provinces of France that hold for the League, to treat with them to make a peace general. God send it be done to the honour and glory of God.
They in Paris be in great necessity of victuals, and the plague is so sore amongst them that there is dead of late above 40,000 men, as Monsieur de Salldany doth write from Mantes, so that they would gladly render, for they cannot hold out long as they be.
The Prince of Parma with his forces doth retire towards Provance where he hath a great number of sick persons with him. The King was at Compynyge in Picardy but now that Corbell is taken is coming back again to Mantes. He hath written for his army to meet him at Mantes. The Council was going to Towers but the K[ing] hath countermanded them to stay at Mantes.
The Governor of Roane and the Governor of Newhaven did send to the Gov[ernor] of this town their passports to come to meet the Governor of Roane . . . 7 leagues of Diepe to treat a peace for traffic and the . . . men should be in quiet, the which the governor of this town sent . . . lieutenant with other gentlemen; and when they came nigh the place, about a 100 horsemen lying in ambuscado of the governor of Newhaven's men, thinking to have slain the governor of this town if he had come, but slew three men and hurt two. This governor's lieutenant fled away with three other gentlemen, and were pursued three leagues; if they had not got a village they had been slain. This is the fidelity of him of Newhaven: and yet the merchants of London do trade thither daily. There is two ships laden with lead, tallow and cloth going for that place, which is great hindrance to the King's proceedings; if your honours would cause it to be defended, your honours should do a good deed. The governor and the gentlemen here be very angry at it. There be now two ships at Dover going to Newhaven: it were good they were stayed.—Dyepe, 21 November, 1590.
Holograph. Partly decayed. 1⅓ pp. (203. 105.)
The Earl of Rutland.
[1590, Nov. 28.] Articles of instructions (fn. 2) for a survey to be made on the Queen's behalf of all the land granted by King Henry VIII to Thomas, late Earl of Rutland, in the counties of York, Lincoln, and Westmoreland: and of lands sold by him, or Henry his son, or Edward, son of Henry. The Commissioners are Edward Stanhope and others.— Undated.
3 pp. (2431.)
The Queen to Lord Sheffield.
1590. We do forbear to touch particularly any matter in this letter, knowing you will easily trust this faithful messenger, to whom we have committed so much by speech as it shall be superfluous to make these lines of any other use than to warrant what he affirmeth of our part, of that care and tenderness over you, which any Prince can have over a subject, of whom she promiseth herself so good requital, faith and affection, as we can think nothing lost of our well wishings towards you who we presume will not regard the less of the advice in respect of the adviser.—Undated.
Draft. Endorsed: Minute of a letter to my Lord Sheffield concerning the resigning up his patent of the Brill. 1590. ½ p. (203. 107.)
Francis Hastings to Duke Broke.
1590. Explains his inability to send a sum of 20l. desired by Broke. Sends him a letter to the Earl of Essex, copy of which he encloses; and he shall receive a note of his brother Peter's agreement. Returns thanks for his kindness and for the remembrances of Broke's mother and wife.—From my poor house at West Camel, Monday night, 1590.
1 p. (203. 108.)
1590. Plan of Ostend, by Symon Basil and Robert Adam. Coloured.—1590.
1 sheet. (Maps 1. 51.)
1590. Map of the towns and forts emblocking the town of Ostend. By Simon Basil and Robert Adam. Shows "the sluice through the which the Duke of Parma intended to bring his small shallops for England 1588." Coloured. 1590.
1 sheet. (Maps 2. 46.)
George Corriett, clerk, to [Lord Burghley].
[1590 ?] Of his claim to the parsonage of Donington alias Dynton, Wilts, of which he has been kept out of possession 25 years. Prays for an injunction to compel Lawrence Hide, one of the defendants, to come to a trial.—Undated.
Note by Burghley that the Lord Chief Baron knows his opinion in the cause.
1 p. (418.)
Captain John Buck to [Sir Robert Cecil ?].
[1590.] Whereas Sir Thomas Morgan hath by his letters informed you that one Daniel, Gunn, and certain soldiers also at Berghen demand certain debts of me, in answer I present the true state of the same.
I never had to do with Daniel, only at my coming out of Denmark into the Low Countries the late Earl of Leicester gave me his commission for the office of provost marshal in Berghen, which not above 8 days before the now Lord General (then governor of Berghen) had granted to Daniel. But for that the Earl's commission was to take place, my lord advised Daniel to keep an ordinary there for captains and gentlemen and he would give him 20l. a year whilst he was governor there. Daniel was a decayed merchant of Lynne who left the country for debt, but never followed the wars. Gunn was my under provost and kept all my prisoners. His demands have been made to my lord, to Sir William Reade and other governors there. I always offered (as yet I do) to stand therein to the order of any captains, for he is rather in my debt than I in his, yet have I relieved him from time to time. For the prisoners lost (wherein he pretendeth debts to the soldiers) it hath already fallen very heavy upon me, for where the soldiers lost one penny doubtful I lost ten certain. At the beginning of the siege of Berghen I made suit to the governor that if the town should be hardly besieged the prisoners might be sent to some other place. He gave leave, whereupon they were sent to Gertrudenberg to Sir John Wingfield, who had interest in many of them. Sir John was willing to receive them, but (for that they were so poor) the soldiers would in no wise suffer it. The ship then returning towards Middelburgh one of the prisoners, an old friar, got a piece of iron wherewith they broke off their handcuffs and set upon my men. Some they killed, others they took prisoners, which to ransom out of their hands cost me dear, besides the loss of all my goods in the ship and above 700l. which they owed me, some of them having been in my keeping 5 months, some 7 and 8 months, and not likely to pay anything either for ransom or diet. If the soldier who brought in the prisoner had an uncertain loss of a doubtful ransom I lost that certain which I had disbursed for them. If any of them had died or the town been lost the soldiers would not have answered me a penny for their charges; neither am I bound to warrant theirs. If it shall be proved that I have either by negligence lost any prisoners or dishonestly let any go, I will be bound for every penny to pay a pound for those that were lost. I hope no martial man of judgment can condemn me; it is since very well proved that they were not lost willingly. The chief executioner of their escape is again taken prisoner in Berghen and remaineth now in his keeping who then had charge of them, whom this said prisoner left for dead in the ship, having given him seven grievous wounds in the head and others in the body.
These matters enforced by Sir Thos. Morgan were before he came to govern there; for Daniell and Gunn it was when the now Lord General was governor there, and the prisoners lost in Sir William Drury his time.
I am sorry that Sir Thos. Morgan should without desert malice me. I will be bound unto you to answer the uttermost penny that either law shall convince me of or the judgment of martial men censure against me, and will stand to the award of my lord general or any other. If it might please Sir Robert Sidney, Capt. Errington or Capt. Price to hear it I shall willingly yield to their judgments. These things considered I hope you will conceive it no reason that Sir Thos. Morgan should stay my goods in his hands, and therefore I beseech your letters of commandment to him in that behalf.
Underwritten: "Reasons alleged by Capt. John Buck that he hath not deserved to be wronged as he is by Sir Thos. Morgan."
At Sir Thos. Morgan's coming to Berghen with his lady and her sister he being utterly unprovided of money could not get credit of the burghers there for silks that he had need of except I would enter into bond for it. At his request I passed my bill for 200l. Flemish for a certain time, which being expired the merchant importuned me for his money. Sir Thos. Knowles being then ready to depart from Berghen I entreated him to have care for payment of it, for that he had part of the goods; and he went presently to the governor praying him to take order for payment that I might not be prejudiced by my bond. The governor herewith grew very angry, calling me rascal knave; I knowing he had been making merry with his friends and was yet angry for Salisbury's departure, gave him not any words. But passing by the fort where his soldiers lay he presently commanded me in her Majesty's name to yield unto him. I answered I never disobeyed any of his commands. He then called his soldiers and carried me to prison in the fort. He imagined that I would have resisted and drawn my sword, which if I had done his soldiers were ready to cut my throat, or to have sent me into Holland in the ship that was brought to take Salisbury. I yielded to his command and without any cause he kept me prisoner two days in the fort and three days in the town.
Your honour and their lordships well know I have neither complained nor urged anything against him; but as notwithstanding all the injuries he hath offered me I still sought by all means his favour, I have had more hard words for it from my lord my master than ever I had before in twenty years that I have followed him.
I beseech you to give order that I may have my money for my prisoners yet remaining and for those also which he hath sent away, that I may pay my debts in Berghen and the country. The keeping of the Spaniards ever since October by their lordships' commandment hath been a great charge unto me; many of them died which owed me much, specially one captain who owed me 80l. His ransom was made and the money ready to have been paid, if they might have gone away. The rest of the prisoners of any worth the governor himself kept, which was 200l. or 300l. loss unto me: and all the poor prisoners which are not worth anything he sendeth unto me to give meat unto, seeking by all means to help others by hurting me, as at this present there be in Berghen prisoners who have been at least 8 months in my hands. The money which came for them he let the soldiers receive and the prisoners lie in my hands for their charges, a course never heard of before, but that they pay for their meat before their ransom.
Many other wrongs done me I let pass, as for John de Castilio from whom I should have had 30l.
pp. (47. 81.)
The Privy Council and the Low Countries.
[1590.] "Memoire des parties qu'il faut communiquer a Messeigneurs du Conseil de sa Majesté en la premiere assemblée."
The articles made by the Judge of the Admiralty. To demand "acte de prinse de corps sur Wauter Luyson: en faire signer celle que m'a deliveré le Juge de l'Admirauté." To demand satisfaction for the goods sold by Sir Martin Frobisher, out of the ship of Gerardt Janson of Rotterdam. To demand delivery of the goods which are under arrest in this town of London, belonging to Salvador de la Palme, merchant of Middleburgh. To demand payment for wines taken by Lord Essex out of the ship of Bartholomew Jansson of Rotterdam, and drunk by the army. To ask that the merchants of the United Provinces may enjoy the grant of her Majesty given two years ago, that they should pay 12 sous custom for each cloth, the customers at present making them pay 14.—Undated.
p. (205. 96.)
The French King's Victory.
[1590 ?] Latin verses "De victoria H. 4 contra Maenium, et gentes exteras" by Jo. Gordonum, Scotum.
Begins: "Hispani, Latii, Germani, Belga, Loreni."
Ends: "Laudis et eximiae vincit honore suos."
Endorsed: Certain verses made in congratulation of the French King's victory. 1 p. (205. 105.)
Thomas Windebank to John Fortescue.
[1590.] Signifies the Queen's pleasure to increase in value the grant recently made to Ambrogio Lupo, one of the eldest of her musicians of the viols.—Undated.
½ p. (2451.)
William Dowgle to Lord Burghley.
[1590 ?] Prays him to favour his suit touching the outrageous dealing of Michael Wade, as to the moiety of the manor of Lydeard Millicent, Wilts.—Undated.
½ p. (563.)
Michael Wade to [Lord Burghley].
[1590 ?] Has been imprisoned on a false charge, brought by his wife and her confederates, of counterfeiting a warrant. The Archbishop of Canterbury gave order for his enlargement, but his accusers still proceed in the matter, to keep him in prison or deprive him of his lands. Prays for enlargement, or that the cause may be presently heard.—Undated.
Note by Burghley that petitioner must make his suit to the Archbishop.
Guerin de Captot to the Scottish Ambassador.
[1590 ?] We arrived here all well. As for news, everyone has good courage and little money. Yesterday at 9 or 10 o'clock appeared within easy range 100 to 120 cavalry and 4,000 arquebusiers. Our cavalry having departed the previous night, the governor sent out 10 or 12 cavalry supported by 20 arquebusiers, who sallied forth to attack the enemy. The latter were put to shame, for in spite of their numbers and the advantage of their position they were defeated. They retired to the hills for shelter from the cannonade, and the rout continued till 4 or 5 o'clock in the evening. We have found two of their cavalry dead and one of our soldiers wounded by their men. The number of their dead and wounded is not known. They have not appeared since their retreat. I beseech you, sir, to send me a long pistol and a Scotch dagger (daget) for which I shall be grateful as long as I live.—Undated.
Addressed: "À Monsieur l'ambassadeur de Escosse à Londres." Holograph. French. 1 p. (185. 126.)
S. Balfour to Lord [i.e. Archibald] Douglas.
[1590 ?] I wrote to your lordship from Deip; now finding the commodity of this bearer, Mr. Samuel Cowbrowne, I have taken occasion to "vise" your Lordship anew. You will understand that I have spoken that which you willed me to him whom you know, who looked for no less at your lordship's hands. I pray you to remember to speak the Earl of Essex as I willed you, that when I return I may find the commodity to meet his lordship. Direct such letters as come to me to Deip to the sign of the Lyon Rouge as I advertised you of before, that they may be directed to me or to Robert Tod in Deip, as I shall be about to serve your lordship again whenever I may. Were it not this bearer can inform you I should have written at length all news.— Paris, 22 December.
Holograph. 1 p. (185. 137.)
Thomas Lake to Archibald Douglas.
[1590 ?] I pray you let me understand how my master's determination standeth for my name to be put in your lease. If he shall insist for any other I will deal roundly with him myself and expostulate. In truth I have made my best friends so far acquainted with it that I cannot let it scape me but with grief. The commodity of the lease for yourself is every day made more probable to me both by my friends and by strangers inhabiting there abouts, with whom I have had talk, so as it may be granted in such sort as I have told you, with liberty for the whole timber or a certain quantity.— From the Court at Greenwich this Thursday.
Addressed: "To the right worshipfull Mr. Archbald Douglas esqr. at his lodging at the sign of the Helmet in Cornwall." Holograph. Undated. 1 p. (197. 17.)
J. A. to Lord [Ambassador A. Douglas].
[c. 1590 ?] Is heartily sorry he has conceived so ill an opinion of her in a matter wherein she is guiltless. Prays to speak with him, when she will resolve all things to his content. —Undated.
1 p. (205. 17.)
Elisabeth Du Roye to the Lord Ambassador of Scotland.
[c. 1590 ?] She hopes these "late foolish tales" breed no misliking towards her. The foulness of "that party" is such that she hopes Douglas will wash his hands clean from her and all her associates.—Undated.
Holograph. 1 p. (205. 22.)
Isa. Raynberd to Lord [Ambassador] Douglas.
[c. 1590 ?] Prays him to procure Dr. Caesar's hand or one of the aldermen's hands to the passport of the bearer, who wishes to return to his country.—Undated.
Holograph. ½ p. (205. 37.)
Isbell Raynberd to the Same.
[1590 ?] She has taken Mr. Dyve's bond for the 400l. Expresses her obligations to Douglas. Sends a cake of her own making and other presents.—Hurellstune, Sunday.
Holograph. 1 p. (205. 15.)
Abstract of William harborne's ten years' service to her Majesty in foreign travel and residence at Constantinople.
[1590 ?] The heads of the services, details of which are given are: (1) The great honour observed to her Majesty by the Grand Signor in his first heroical letters procured by me, inviting her to friendship. (2) Obtaining his general privilege, in so ample manner as ever formerly granted to any Christians, without charge to her Majesty. (3) The greatness of her Majesty, not heretofore in any sort known, now generally admired in those parts, but especially for her sex. (4) The great augmentation of her Majesty's customs by this intercourse. (5) Utterance of our English commodities in a dead time of traffic, forbidden in other foreign countries. (6) The increase of serviceable ships, breeding good mariners inured to these long voyages. (7) The redemption of many her Majesty's subjects from captivity, with a future general freedom throughout all those heathen countries. (8) The release of two of five upon every hundred, due to the Grand Signor for his custom, obtained for our nation only for ever. (9) The general profit of her traders thither, before time reaped by the stranger. (10) The excessive charge of the Spaniard, obtaining five years' truce at my first arrival. (11) The Spaniards' and adherents' jealous suspicion of my proceedings since my second arrival there, whereby her Majesty has been the more feared of her foreign foes, and, as of the most is thought, not only to have been the occasion to restrain the Venetian from entering the cursed league, but other estates of Italy no less, mistrusting the same, not to depart with so great succours in the Spaniard's aid against her as otherwise they might and is thought would have done. (12) The opprobrious repulse of Don Gio. Antonio, the Spaniard's last agent, sent to renew the former expired truce, to the end his master, having assured his country from the incursion of the Turkish and Argier navies, might more freely and with far greater forces have prosecuted the invasion of this realm, assisted with the daily stipends and persons of the Mortepaiez, in garrisons of Allicante, Cartagena, Valencia, Murcia, Majorque, Minorque, Sardignia, Corsica, Cecilia, Calabria, Naples, Puglia, and other his dominions within the Levant seas, whereof contrary to their former privileges he could not be served but by conclusion of this truce, through my great suit and travail presently again denied, after it had been first granted him.—Undated.
3 pp. (186. 64.)
Intelligence touching the Spaniard's doings.
[1590 ?] Divers intelligences from many places concerning the preparation of a Spanish invasion.—Undated.
An endorsement only. (213. 9.)
— to Sir Robert Cecil.
[c. 1590.] Reasons against the appointment of Richard Pryse of Cardiganshire to be sheriff of Montgomeryshire.— Undated.
1 p. (1122.)
Isabel, Countess Dowager of Rutland, to the Council.
[1588–90.] Concerning Collard's untrue complaint, she hoped she had given satisfaction to the Council by her previous petition. While her solicitor and counsel were in town Collard was silent, and now that they are away he complains again. The readiness of Mr. Doctor Caesar to touch her she has many ways experienced, and always found a clear conscience her best defence. Prays the Council to make further trial in the matter before they condemn her.—Undated.
Endorsed. ½ p. (150.)
Lord Barry to [Robert Cecil].
[1582–1590 ?] For the remission of a fine of 500l. imposed on him in the time of Lord Grey's government, in view of his having maintained troops in Munster at his own charges, and of his other services. Also for release from his recognisances for the appearance of the traitor the Lord of Lyxnawe.—Undated.
Note by Cecil thereon. 1 p. (1323.)
Francis Wylmott and Robert Hatton, yeomen ushers of the Chamber, to the Queen.
[Before 1591 ?] Pray for a lease in reversion of Exchequer lands to the yearly value of 32l.—Undated.
Note (imperfect) signifying the Queen's assent to the petition.
Endorsed. 1 p. (157.)


  • 1. See Calendar of Cecil Papers, IV. p. 88.
  • 2. For the Inquisition taken upon this commission, see Exch. Special Commissions, No. 1321.