Lord Zouche, Lord President of Wales, to the Privy Council.
, July 17.
Having received your letters to certify
you of such as I shall learn to be fit to receive privy seals within
those counties limited by you, I have conferred with the justices
of each circuit, whereof some part are now in circuit so as it
will be the longer before I can make such relation as I desire.
By reason of her Majesty's late decease, I have had no convenient
time to visit each country, whereunto I procured her especial
licence; which also I would not have failed to have solicited
to his Highness had I not been hindered by my attendance,
and now by my health. My hope is that God will through the
means of the Bath at the fall of the leaf give me more comfort,
for which cause I do not press leave to perform that other duty
this summer. I hope to express my endeavours so far as shall
be acceptable to you, if I may understand whether I shall
specify them of whom already money has been received by way
of privy seal, or whether I shall respect their abilities notwithstanding they are smally or not at all in the subsidy books, for
I would be glad in these things to be led by you. I have recommended my state to my Lord Cecil, being ready to perform what
he shall promise for me.—From his Majesty's house Ticknell,
Holograph. Seal, broken. Endorsed: "1604." 1½ pp.
Lord Zouche to Lord Cecil.
, July 17.
I hoped to have received some comfortable
news of his Majesty's bestowing of me by your solicitation some
such gift as might have encouraged me in my service. But
now have I received letters from the Council to lend money,
no sum named, but yet by way of example divers specified.
In this I would you would have taken notice of my estate and
have laid upon me what you would not have left it to me to
charge myself; for though I have sold land and bought none
since his most happy entry, yet I should stand indebted to my
children and others 6,000l. I would be loth to be counted backward in any thing belonging to his Majesty's service and therefore will take care to send up to you 200l. to be delivered into the
Exchequer, trusting you will procure me such security as others
of my rank receive and you think fit for my estate. Take notice
of my letters to the Council, let me receive their further pleasures
with your advice.—From his Majesty's house Ticknell, 17 July.
Holograph. Seal broken. Endorsed: "1604." 1 p. (106. 5.)
Richard Hadsor to the Same.
1604, July 17.
Being advertised by some of the nobility of
his country that his Majesty was desirous to know the state
thereof, has framed a discourse, of which he encloses a copy,
showing the ancient division of Ireland before the conquest
of King Henry II and how it is now divided, by what people
it is inhabited and laws ruled, with other matters, his own desire
and opinion tending only that the realm might be drawn to
yield some benefit to the Crown.—Middle Temple, 17 July 1604.
Signed. ⅓ p. (188. 143.)
Sir Fulke Grevyll to the Same.
, July 17.
Asks the meaning of these confused rumours
they hear. The bearer will explain why he does not wait upon
the King and Cecil, who will then pardon his absence and
unmannerliness.—Debtford, 17 July.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605" (sic). ½ p. (190. 135.)
Arthur Gray to the Earl of Cumberland.
1604, July 18.
We are attending the coming of the Duke
Charles, his Majesty's second son here at Barwick the 21st
instant, with all the gentlemen of this country to attend him
through this march. Also I have received advertisement out
of Scotland that Lord Hoome, Lord Lieutenant of the Marches
of Scotland, has given up the execution of his office, wherein
I would request your Honour to advertise me what course you
think fit for the execution of this place, for within this 5 days
there have been three invasions by stealth of horses, oxen and
kine out of England by the Scots, which is likely to grow daily
more and more, if it be not prevented and the badder sort of
those people duly punished. They presume upon their new
enlargement. You wrote to me the last of May that there was
an injury by some of the Collingwoods offered to Mr. Muschamp,
so according to your direction, I called them both before me.
The matter is referred to from gentlemen, their friends, to determine and end. I intreat you cause these enclosed letters to be
delivered to my brother Sir Ralph Gray.—Chillingham, 18 July
Holograph. Seal broken. ½ p. (101. 67.)
Sir R. Lytton to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 18.
For the employment now received from you
I will with speed and carefulness satisfy your full desire, and
attend you about the beginning of next week with a perfect
return of this and my other charge.—Knebworth, 18 July 1604.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (106. 6.)
Sir Fulke Grevyll to the Same.
, July 18.
My scholar you wrote for has obtained the
lecture in Gresham College. The mayor dealt respectfully
with me for your sake, and I have satisfied the competitor to
the full, lest the honour you did me should anyways prove
envious to you.—Cambridge, 18 July.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1604." ½ p. (106. 7.)
Gervase, Bishop of Worcester, to [the Same ?].
[1604 ?], July 19.
What has been done with Trubshaw this
bearer Mr. Davis, churchwarden, can tell your lordship. More
shall be endeavoured at the Chancellor's visitation for my
Lord Grace at Warwick. For the fault laid upon the registrar's
man I have examined it and find it cannot be true, for the
schedule returned to Warwick assizes under my seal had more,
and he durst not falsify my record, but the Judges would have
blamed so many rasures: and as for Bishop he offers oath he
knows him not nor ever had dealings with him.
How my presentment is dealt with after it is delivered into
court I know not, but were I well dealt with more would be
returned into the Exchequer and so come down from thence for
inquisition in the country. I pray you whenever you be at
Warwick assizes call for my catalogue sent in the last assizes,
the last before that, &c., as I remember I returned above 300.
But the presentments hitherto have been most faulty by want
of surname or proper name, or addition of gent., yeoman,
husbandman, &c., whereby indictments could not be framed;
which I hope hereafter to amend, and to cause one to attend to
acquaint your lordship or other justices there how my certificate
is used either by the grand jury or others.—Worcester this
PS.—Of these 45 [recusants] in Brayles only 19 befallen since
his Majesty's happy coming, the rest have been of longer
Holograph. Endorsed with List of names of 45 recusants [in
the parish of Brayles], commencing with "Barnabe Bushop,
Gentleman," and followed by this note:—"This 19 July the
churchwarden Ri. Davis, gent., told me there were 2 more
recusants in this parish to be presented and neither he nor the
vicar Mr. Dacres, a good preacher, but fear some mischief in
executing their several offices there." 2 pp. (83. 49.)
Sir George Reynell to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 19.
The decree lately made against me so wrongs
me as I presume you have not seen my exceptions to the first
draught. I therefore pray you will hear three or four of
my objections or command me to attend whom you please
that may relate them to you; or else give me leave to appeal
from you.—19 July 1604.
Holograph. ½ p. (106. 8.)
Sir John Salusbury to the Same.
1604, July 20.
I wrote to my Lord President [of Wales] to be
a suitor unto you for the staying of Fulk Lloyd's pardon, being
indicted for the murder of a kinsman and servant of mine, John
Lewis Gwyn, father of many children, near Lloyd's house with
seven of his friends and kinsmen by his procurement and himself
within sight, and came all out of his house with warlike weapons
and returned to his house after they had murdered him, having
lain in wait for him. I am informed it pleased you for the
furtherance of justice to write to my Lord Chancellor for the
staying of the pardon, Lloyd having procured his Highness's
signature to the same under colour of a certificate from three or
four justices of the peace of another county who did not know
the heinousness of the offence. I am to crave for the continuance of the staying of the pardon and to consider of the wickedness of the fact. He is a notorious recusant and a harbourer
and maintainer of Jesuits and seminaries. He is evil affected
to the state and has not received the communion these many
years. My hope is if you were rightly informed of his wicked
behaviour you would not suffer his pardon to pass for so detestable a deed to escape from justice of law pursued by the dead
man's wife and friendship for their great loss.—Lleweny, 20
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (106. 9.)
Sir John Ogle to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 20.
Ostend hath now a breathing time to recover
itself somewhat by the absence of the Marquis Spinola with
10,000 (for so they are valued here) of his troops, who is come
3 days since and is quartered near Middleburgh (a place held
by us only with 20 men and now yielded to them), which place
is near to the quarter of Vandernode called "the Drowndland."
He makes countenance by his viewing and reviewing of places
and forts as though he would force a relief that way into the
town. But the Count Maurice (who is there in person with a
sufficient supply of troops) makes another account, and so may
any reasonable judgment think his attempt to be either idle,
or merely complemental to make a show of doing something,
for there is no guard thereabouts but will cost him time to
approach it. In the meantime intercepted letters and men
that come out of the town tell us that the necessity is such within
as it cannot hold out 10 days, and it is the more probable because
of their resolution to relinquish that business at Ostend and to
see what might be done here. It is said there are many peasants
or "bowres" among them, and divers also new levied and left
with the remainder of the army at Ostend. I hear of no more
than 9 pieces of cannon they have brought with them; the
Count Maurice hath as yet only 4 that are mounted and
play upon them, but the prisoners taken say they do great
hurt in their camp; 200 men at least they say they have had
slain and spoiled already by our cannon. Their troops (though
the number sound somewhat) are of small estimation both for
the quality of most of them, and the greatest part held to be
feeble by sickness and want of victual. Howsoever they are,
we are somewhat confident here that they cannot prevail upon
that quarter, and that they shall necessarily in short time be
driven to dislodge, unless they mean to stay to be witnesses of
the delivery of the town. If we do not then put for the relief
of Ostend your lordship and the world will say our actions are
under expectation: and yet I do half make a doubt of it, whether
we shall directly engage into that business or not. I should
rather think the Court will attempt it by circumstance. Spinola
did believe we would have been gone upon speech of his coming
down, but we make full account to see their backs and let him
sorrow for a safe retreat.—Camp before Sluce, July 20, 1604 veteri.
Holograph. Seal. 2 pp. (106. 10.)
Sir George Coppin to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 21.
Presents a small box of dried plums which
accidentally came to his hands.—"From my house in St.
Martin's," 21 July 1604.
Holograph. Seal. ⅓ p. (106. 11.)
Dr. John Sherwood to the Same.
1604, July 21.
I am very sorry your infirmity is not fully
removed but hope the use of the Bath will perfect what is amiss.
If you stay your coming until the 20th or 22nd August our Baths
will be the more temperate. Before that time we shall assuredly
find the greatest danger of the plague, which hitherto has not
been violent in respect of the number dead, but somewhat the
more to be feared for seven or eight several houses scattered
in several parts of the city, out of all which there have not yet
died 26 persons. But if it grows so hot that you cannot repair
thither without danger I will give you notice. At that time the
King's Bath will fit you best, both in respect of its spaciousness
and the coolness and conveniency of your lodging, much more
severed from places infected than any fair lodging about the
Cross Bath. Neither is the water about that time of the year,
in places especially farthest distant from the springs, hotter
than the Cross Bath when it is most in use: and as for the
waters of the Baths they all have their mineral operation
alike. The King's Bath will not heat or dry your body so much,
if the temperature of the air be correspondent to that time of
the year, especially if you be stirring somewhat the sooner in
the morning. There are by the Cross Bath two fair houses, the
better Mr. Horton's, but that is very near a house now infected,
the other for the present Captain Woodd's, but in the street
and close to the Cross Bath. I speak more sparingly of the
King's Bath because it is my own, but all circumstances considered most convenient for you and most agreeing to your
directions. Bed-hangings and plate for your own use is
necessary. For the gentlemen that attend you I will provide
stable, beer, and all things else mentioned in your letter, and
will use the best means I can to hinder the recourse of such
who with accomplements of kindness will disquiet you.—"From
Tokington, where for preventing the worst I have for a time
reposed my poor family," 21 July 1604.
Holograph. 1 p. (106. 12.)
The Earl of Dorset to the Same.
1604, July 21.
I received even now from the officers these
certificates for which I took order ten days past. I send them
to you that you may either abstract them yourself or else take
copies at your own will, and then send them to my Lord of
Northampton and my Lord of Barwik to do the like, and to
such other of the Lords as you shall think fit. To make it
too common is not convenient, for though the farmer may know
so much as he farms, yet that is not like to be all but rather
some part. But this I wait to do as you think best. As I
shall have leisure within 2 or 3 days I will also set down for your
lordship and the rest divers notes and instructions fit for you
to know in your dealing with such as shall desire to farm the
same. I pray you send this letter to the rest of the Lords, to
whom these certificates shall be sent.—21 July 1604.
Holograph. 1 p. (188. 144.)
Arthur Hall to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 22.
I have sundry times in the way of complaint
written unto you of the misbehaviour of Sir Julius Cæsar,
beseeching examination of the cause. I have received answer
from you in word (I know not how true) that you would move
the King to have it examined, who is the honest man of us two,
I to complain without great cause or he to miscarry himself with
the greatest lies with most ungentlemanly dealing to, at the
least, his equal I am sure in birth; what his knighthood makes
him in worship without honesty I heed not. Your father's
soul knows whether I deserved well of him or no. I pray
your answer: my afflictions have been and are great; I am
old, I can no more. If from you I may obtain the trial of my
cause let justice decide it. If not, I trust you will not be
offended that I lay open to the world how by his Masters of
Requests and others his Highness is abused.—Fleet, 22 July
Holograph. 1 p. (106. 13.)
The Earl of Dorset to the Same.
1604, July 22.
I send you Sir Vincent Skinner's letter
yesterday written. I send you also the note of the loans from
the Lords of the Council. If you hasten not the King's letter
to them whereby we may have their moneys with all speed I
know not what to do. For that money may yet give some help
till the other loan come in, which I fear will not be quickly.
That loan also I doubt not but you haste as much as may be.
The shires near London and London may proceed and the privy
seals sent to them, and the more remote shires may be thus
last.—22 July 1604.
PS.—Return me Sir Vincent Skinner's letter.
Holograph. 2/3 p. (106. 14.)
Lord Chief Justice Popham to the Privy Council.
1604, July 23.
Having received the notes I sent to you
touching Wiltshire, Somerset and Devon I have again considered
them. Touching any alteration to be made of those noted to
be at 100l. or 50l., for that they are for the most of them known
to you, I have left them to you to be abated as pleases you.
For such of Wiltshire and Somerset which stood at 40l. the man.,
I have in the margin abated the sums for some of them to
such a rate as I hold fit for them to bear, which nevertheless
I submit to your better censures, who best know to what proportion the sum is to be raised. For those countries I have
also at the end added as many as I can here of my own
knowledge, with the sums I hold fit for each of them to bear.
Although I know many more in those two countries of competent
living, yet I know them to be so deeply indebted as I forbear
to set them down, and so do also for such as I know not; whereof
haply there may be many of very good estate, but for Devon
I assure you I cannot particularize upon each otherwise than I
have done, although haply many of those set at 40l. might be
well cased. For the inferior sort of people in that country I
am nothing acquainted with their estates. No doubt there
be very many of that sort there of very great wealth and estate
as merchants, tinners and such like. The best light I can give
you for these is to refer it to the view of the last loan for all such
as are not comprised in my paper sent you.—At Bedford, 23
Holograph. 12/3 pp. (106. 15.)
The Earl of Ormonde to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 23.
I doubt not but that upon my former
letters to you last month touching those causes of my fee tail
land and other matters followed for me there by my agent,
Mr. Roth, you have and will afford me your furtherance for
dispatch and return of my agent. For the 1000 marks to be
paid to the gentlemen at All Hallowtide next I desired you to
move my Lord Treasurer for his letter to my Lord Deputy to
accept the money here, so as upon sight of his bill confessing
the receipt thereof the gentleman might be assured of it there:
as also that you will deal with his lordship for the 350l. being
the remain of my bills of exchange, if it be not already paid,
the same being long since appointed for discharge of some
things due at the being there of my daughter and her husband
Viscount Butler, and no small touch in credit to me if it be
unpaid. I send you by bearer a goshawk.—From my house
at Carrick, 23 July 1604.
Signed. Seal. 2/3 p. (106. 16.)
Lord Balmerinoch, Lord Secretary of Scotland, to the Same.
1604, July 23.
This gentleman has long and faithfully served
his Majesty in divers great employments, and now last at this our
session of Parliament, wherein some turbulent spirits would stir
up some perturbation. He is and has ever been my friend. Show
that favour you are accustomed to vouchsafe on all them that
our sovereign has in recommendation.—Barnton, 23 July 1604.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (106. 17.)
The Earl of Dorset to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 23.
Even now I finished this collection of considerations in the letting out of the customs. I have no other
copy but send you this, which, after you have copied or read
send to the rest of the Lords. These things I have collected
out of such papers as the officers have given to me about this
matter. If you or any of the Lords can add any other, I shall
be glad to be informed thereof and will always join my best
endeavours to the furtherance of this service so profitable for
his Majesty.—23 July 1604.
Holograph. ½ p. (188. 145.)
1604, July 24.
Memorandum of appointment of John Norton
as woodward of all the King's manors in Hants. and of the
forests of Pamber and Aylesholt (Alice Holt). 1 p. (P. 2207.)
Cormock Carty to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 25.
Emboldened by the remembrance of many
favours done by your father to me, I have presumed to sacrifice
myself to your patronage. One of my tenants in parcel of my
lands called Ifflanlue was lately convicted of murder; whereupon
one Captain Haveser surmising the same to be my said
tenant's inheritance procured a custodium thereof from the
Lord Deputy and accordingly entered without any office
found of what lands he was seised in the time of his conviction,
thereby to entitle his Majesty to his freehold if he had any,
as indeed he had none. I pray you will show me the favour
to be restored to my former possessions until his Majesty shall
be thereunto entitled, or until the same be evicted from me by
ordinary course of his laws.—From my house of Blarney, 25
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (106. 18.)
Ralph Ewens to the Same.
1604, July 25.
I forbore to return to your lordship the
draft of the lease for the garden plot at Somersett House, until
I had spoken with the lessee, viewed the ground, and understood all circumstances necessary to be known for the perfecting
of the same. Which having done I send you in the form I
conceive fittest for the Queen to grant it. I have inserted a
little fine and rent, thinking that the safest and best way for
both parts. I have added also a clause of re-entry for nonpayment of the rent, yet so as the demand must be made of the
lessee himself and not upon the land only. I have also made a
reservation of some convenient yearly proportion of seasonable
fruits for her Majesty's use. I have made the term for her
life and twenty-one years after, according to your direction.
If anything differ from your purpose and meaning I shall be
ready to reform it.
I conceive your lordship's patent of the custody of the house
must be surrendered before this can be granted and then a
new grant be made to you, with exception of this lease and that
of the tennis court, the form whereof I send you.
For that of the tennis court, the gentleman that erected it
is out of town and will not be in town these ten days, and I
cannot learn the true quantity with other appurtenances to
be demised to him. What shall be done with the other in the
meantime I leave to your consideration and shall attend your
pleasure by this bearer.—Aldersgate Street, 25 July 1604.
PS.—Your lordship may procure this lease to be engrossed
and signed by her Majesty and so let it lie until a convenient
time for the surrender of your own patent.
For the matter of my service in the place of Auditor, I
must appeal to your protection and favour, in that I observe
neither the like course to be taken with the Prince's Auditor
(whom there is greater reason to sequester than me) nor with
any one patentee since the King's coming, so as I shall appear
to be a precedent of heavy punishment without any offence
Signed. Endorsed: "Queen's Auditor to my Lord." 2 pp.
The Mayor and others of Norwich to the Earls of Nottingham
and Suffolk and Lord Cecil.
1604, July 25.
We have been moved by John Tylsley, a poor
neighbour of ours in this city of Norwich, a 'sylke raser,' to
signify the true proceeding between him and Elizabeth, late
wife and executor of Henry Dayes, and now wife of John
Baynam, concerning the assignment of the apprenticehood of
one John Gryme formerly bound apprentice to Dayes. Gryme
being bound apprentice with Dayes by indenture dated 22
Nov. 1595, to serve for ten years, continued his service with
Dayes about 7 years before his death, after whose death
Elizabeth as his executor had the charge of the apprentice.
This one William Jones of the city of London, cutter, understanding wrote to Elizabeth to have the residue of the term of
years of the said Gryme, and Gryme to serve with Jones according
to the said indenture. Elizabeth yielded to this so as Jones
should presently send her by the next Norwich carriers 40s.; and
to that end she delivered the indenture and her apprentice to the
carrier. But when Jones had got the apprentice into his house
he would not pay the 40s., she sending often for it. But after
she marrying John Baynam he travelled to London to Jones
and demanded the 40s., which Jones again refusing to pay
Baynam got the apprentice back with him to Norwich, where
he has ever since remained with John Tylsley by assignment
of Elizabeth and her husband Baynam. All this Gryme will
affirm to be true, who is now sent up according to your letters.
Notwithstanding Jones has put Tylslye to much trouble and
great charges for keeping Gryme. The ending of this business
we leave to your grave considerations—Norwich, 25 July 1604.
Signed: Thomas Hyrne and others. Common Seal. 1 p.
1604, July 26.
The King has put 30 per cent. upon all silks
that come from Italy which breeds great discontent among the
commonalty, saying that their King does it of purpose to impoverish all his subjects and to procure all the world to become
his enemy for only attempting to renew the trade of Antwerp
for the profit of the Archduke, to the utter undoing of them all;
and now to appease them causes his officers to write lettres
messivas to the towns and seaports that he will permit all such
as bring corn to employ the proceeds thereof in any fruits or
commodities that his country yields freely, without paying
the 30 per cent. for so much as the sales of corn shall amount
unto: but as yet no publication of it but only particular men's
letters as a kind of false alarum to induce strangers to bring
them such corn and victuals as they have most need of, and
having once possessed it disposes of it at their own dispositions,
using all kind of extortion most inhuman and ungrateful for
the benefits done to them, and take it they do good service in
beguiling our nation, being as they say heretical dogs disobedient
to the mother church of Rome. Which in very truth is the
best terms they can afford our nation, as you may inform of
those that go hence daily. Notwithstanding for covetousness
of gain it is well known that our countrymen will either by
obtaining licences or by stealth bring them corn and such like
necessaries, although their poor neighbours at home feel the
smart of it; as they themselves may if peace be not concluded
for it is probable that if there be any breach as many as are
found here in the country will be forced to serve, both ships
and men. But I hope there will be order taken at home for
succouring them with overmuch corn, victuals, or munition
until there be a firmer amity between us than hitherto there is.
The Jews and new Christians of Portugal have given the King
80,000 ducats for licence to depart out of his kingdoms and
dominions with their households and families. Divers of them
pass daily into Italy, France and Flanders and other places
where they hope to have best entertainment. Over and above
the great store of Irish that were here in this country here has
come of late to the Court of Spain 1700 odd men, women and
children of all sorts, which came away and left their country and
lands and living only for religion. They are all entertained by
this King, and has given to every of them a portion monthly.
They under colour of begging alms from house to house speak
so maliciously of our King and nation that it is most odious to
hear. But their subtle proceeding gives content to the Spanish
and liberal alms to themselves, in so much that the Spaniards
affirm that they are descendant of the Spanish race and lineage
and that they will live and die in defence of their afflicted cause.
The English seminaries boast and brag of the great good they
do in labouring the vineyard, but I hope neither they nor the
Spanish politicians that are there which report that by great
presents and gifts to the King's councillors and officers [they]
will turn all things to their own content. As there is no fire
without some smoke so I write you no more but that which
I hear spoken, and not amongst the meaner sort of people.
By the end of this month I mean to be in 20.—From 30, 26
Endorsed by one of Cecil's clerks: "Advertisements." 1½ pp.
The Dean and Chapter of Westminster to Lord Cecil.
, July 26.
We were suitors to you a good while since
for your mediation to his Majesty for the obtaining of a particular explanation and grant of some things we had formerly
by the letters patents of our foundress, the Queen deceased,
though in more general terms, and so subject to questions and
strains in law. The stay has been in Mr. Attorney's want of
leisure this Parliament time. But now, having received full
satisfaction concerning the equity of our petition he has drawn
up this book and returned it you from whom he had direction
and warrant. At this time we renew our suit that you would
perfect your own beginnings, and having thus far come that
our bill is now ready for his Majesty's hand, to procure the
same for us to assure the church from all future molestations.
—Westminster, 26 July.
Signed. Endorsed: "1604." 1 p. (106. 21.)
Sir Thomas Smythe to the Same.
1604, July 26.
Now that I am safely arrived in the borders
of the Emperor's dominions, I took myself bound with the
first to salute your lordship by letters and to acquaint you with
my estate here at the Port of St. Mickels, where arriving the
23rd of July I found by my entertainment the Emperor had
some expectation of an Ambassador from his Majesty, for he
gave order both for my receiving here and the conducting me
toward the Mosco; a course not heretofore taken with any
sent from England, which I conceive proceeded from some
notice and intimation made to the Emperor of an Ambassador
likely to come out of England, this being all I can certify
touching my employment.
Your lordship may remember the question being about my
entitling to the Privy Chamber expressed in my commission.
My answer was direct, that it was no work of mine and to give
you further satisfaction I add this, that I understood by Mr.
Wright it was your direction out of your especial favour towards
me, and by Sir Thomas Chalinor that he had not only moved you
therein, but also his Majesty in your presence, whom he found
willing thereto. But your conclusion was so honourable, as
my boldness shall proceed from thence, still to rely upon your
honourable disposition towards me, hoping my long absence
and employment shall be no prejudice if anything fall out
wherein my service and preferment may meet.—26 July 1604.
Signed. Endorsed: "Sir Thomas Smith to my Lord, from
the borders of Moscovye." 1 p. (188. 147.)
Lord Wotton to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 26.
I am advertised that his Majesty has a
purpose to create Sir Ed. Denny Baron upon a match to be
made between his daughter and Sir James Hay. If it be so
then I humbly beseech your lordship in contemplation of me
to put the King in mind of his promise concerning Sir Nicholas
Bacon.—Boughton Malherbe, 26 July 1604.
Holograph. 1 p. (188. 148.)
Bill of Mortality.
1604, July 27.
The certificate of such as died and are buried
within the liberty of Westminster and the Strand in one week
last ending 27 July 1604.
In St. Margaret's parish:
Buried there of the plague out of a house near Tuttle
Of other diseases there
In St. Clement's; buried there
Signed: Ra. Dobbinson. 1 p. (106. 22.)
Sir Rowland Lytton to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 27.
I present enclosed the names of the ablest
sort of men in our country, omitting those that heretofore
lent, according to your direction. The meaner sort are marked
with one cross, whom I think 20l. enough to be imposed on;
the middle sort have a double cross, and the best three crosses.
Concerning the collector, I am bold to put you in mind of Sir
Henry Boteler, who being sheriff has best advantage by means
of his under officers to expedite the service, and by reason of
his place may seem freest from envy or extraordinary favour.
I find divers in your paper dead since the last loan, whom I have
marked with a point on the "margent." There may be others
unknown to me, as also divers able men unknown to me in the
2 hundreds of Hertford and Braughing.—27 July 1604.
Holograph. Endorsed: "Sir Rowland Lytton to my Lord,
with a catalogue of names fit to lend money in Hartfordshyre."
1 p. (106. 23.)
Nicholas Geffe to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 29.
Yesterday I went to the Court of Augmentation to inform myself of the estate of two manors fit to pass,
to the end I might as you commanded attend you with a
declaration of their estates. Returning homewards I was by
the sheriff of Middlesex arrested and carried to his house in
Holborn, whom I have intreated to present these to you.
The nature of the action to which I am subject is thus. I
became bound as a surety; the obligee never delivered any
money or other valuable matter and besides the obligation is
made void by Parliament anno 39 Eliz., at which myself and
my counsel were heard, so as I have a discharge in law and in
conscience owe nothing, only it will require two or three days
"respect" [respite] to prove it for the sheriff's indemnity. In
the meantime I beseech you to sign the warrant enclosed, until
I may intreat Sir Fr. Bacon to attend you therein, who is all
ready and shall be fully instructed in every point.—29 July
Holograph. 1 p. (106. 24.)
Sir George Reynell to the Same.
1604, July 29.
I entreat you, either by yourself or whom
else you please, to hear me touching the late decree made against
me, which contains some apparent mistakings and divers
wrongs so great, as I assure me if yourself had not been wronged
by some other you would not have passed the same. I farther
pray you to take consideration of the office of the Fleet. The
place is of great danger and importance; Mr. Trench has no
interest at all therein and yet holds the same from me under
colour of your late decree, though it warrant no such matter
neither to him nor to Mr. Tirrell. If in the meanwhile any
prisoner shall escape, myself only is to bear the loss and this
decree the imputation. Nor is there any mean for Mr. Tirrell
to recover arrearages of rent from Mr. Trench, there being no
bonds for payment of rents and Mr. Trench of himself every
day more unable to pay the same. Of all which (with other
outrages lately committed by Mr. Tirrell) I pray you to hear me
yourself or by any other whom you will command.—29 July
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (106. 26.)
1604, July 29.
Royal warrant for the grant to Henry, Earl
of Southampton, of the manors of Rumsey, co. Hants, and
Compton Magna, co. Somerset; and other lands out of the
Exchequer and Duchy. Also grant to Phillip Tyse of Exchequer
lands to the annual value of 60l.—Palace of Westminster, 29
Signed by the King. Seal. 1 m. (218. 16.)
Sir William Fleetwood and Sir David Foulis to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 29.
Report their investigations into the King's
household accounts. The charges are much more than when
Lady Elizabeth was here, the reason alleged being the increase
of officers by warrant, and their private diet. Never a man is
allowed to eat in the house, master or servant, but he stands
to the King in 60l. a year in diet only. By reason of private
tables, some three men's diet amounts yearly to 350l. and more:
some one man's to 220l.; some two men's, with their necessary
servants, to 600l.: every laundress and seamster to 86l. in
bare diet. They find inferior officers are served by discretion
with bread, beer and wine, the chiefest points of the charges,
which the writers have limited a little, to the sparing of the
King's purse. They make various recommendations, and
pray to be freed from the care of the matter, which should be
put under specially appointed officers. The confusion is great,
the redress hard, and the envy insupportable, without the King's
special countenance and Cecil's assistance.—Nonsuche, 29
Signed: Willm. Fletewoode; D. Foulis. 1 p. (189. 1.)
Sir John Ogle to the Same.
1604, July 29/Aug. 8.
I writ to you once since the coming of the
enemy to these parts. He remains with his army still at his
quarter near Middelburgh having once removed by reason of
our cannon, and where he is now he finds it warm enough. His
design at first in advancing of works carried some show of a
further attempt; since he hath let his plumes fall and sees
small good to be done, in such sort as we judge him to remain
there rather to hatch some new enterprises than upon any hope
he can have to effect anything that way. Yesterday being
the 7th (after this style) of August in the morning a little before
day they gave an alarum to our camp on this side, intending
only upon Count William's quarter. Their information was
bad concerning the strength of those works which they thought
to have found assaultable in divers places and to that end
brought scaling ladders; but they found their ladders much
too short, otherwise such was their number, speed and (for
aught we know) resolution as they would have much endangered
to have carried that quarter. But our walls were better than
the watch and readiness of those our troops, who took the alarm
slowly and confusedly as I was credibly informed by an officer,
for we of the English quarter were to look to our own. The
enemy was 2000 foot and as many horse commanded all by
the Count Trevulci; 800 foot out of the camp which Spinola
commanded, the other 1200 drawn from before Ostend, Blankenburgh and other forts near about. The same day they quartered
and rested them in our sight in a wood 2 English miles from our
quarter. They are this day removed and each returned to
his place. They lost only one captain, and some fourteen
prisoners were taken, for their main troops came scarce so near
as musket shot; one only hundred was first advanced to discover
and adventure, the rest according to their success. Touching
the getting of the town we make here no question if their
victuals last not longer than the time will suffer us to lodge
here, the doubts and hopes whereof are nourished according to
the reports of such as daily come over; for divers speak
diversely according to their own feelings or apprehensions.
Yesterday and 2 days before it went for current the town
could not hold above 6 days; now some come out this morning
say they have yet 12 ounces of bread the day, but it is black,
heavy, and very bad food. Some speak of a continuance of
faction in the town twixt the Almanes and Spaniards. For my
part if I should ground my judgment concerning the likelihood
of the soon yielding of this place I should make my foundation
upon these 2 principal points, the impossibility (in appearance)
of relieving it, and the strong presumption of a present
necessity within the town by reason of their coming from their
other business to relieve it. And yet it cannot be denied but
that the governor may yet find means and devices to prolong
the time, if by no other means yet by letting a thousand or
two starve for hunger the longer to sustain the rest, and that
not at once but by degrees. We expect the enemy upon our
English quarter, but I see no great inducement he hath to lead
him hither. There is intelligence of a purpose that those of
the town have to sally with "sloopes" and so to defeat our
guard near the water, which they may easily do if the wonted
negligence of our watch be yet continued.
The Count Maurice hath had a late breach with some of the
deputed Estates here for the camp about their checking and
controlling his works as unprofitable, and therefore would
pay the labourers by discretion, defaulting the 7th part;
which being known to the Count by the denial of the workmen
in refusing to undertake any more works was (as he had reason)
by him ill taken, in such sort that one of them as I hear is gone
discontented into Holland.—Camp before Sluce, August 8
Holograph. Seal broken. 1½ pp. (106. 25.)
Justice G. Kingesmyll to the Privy Council.
1604, July 30.
I received your letters dated 24 July last
requiring me to satisfy you how long a certain priest and a layman
had been in prison before they received their trial. They were
arraigned and convicted at the summer assizes a twelvemonth
since; at which time we used many persuasions to them of
reformation, and spared judgment, giving them time and
the best means we could to obtain his Majesty's pardon until
the last Assizes in Lent. At these Assizes we were informed
that they made suit to his Majesty for pardon, but obtained it
not. We respited their judgment until this last summer
Assizes, and then we offered, if they would come to the church,
pray for the King, and conform, to labour to the King for them.
But they, as they had done divers times before, refused so to do.
Therefore they being an offence to the country it was thought it
should be amiss to stay them longer in his Majesty's gaol: and
seeing the law had taken hold of them, it was hoped that no less
could be done than to proceed accordingly.—Okham, 30 July
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (106. 27.)
Lord Zouche to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 30.
I have expected your love because I have
laboured to be worthy of it. That I writ tartly in my last
I am sorry that you took it, for I was far from thinking to be
so, though I heartily thank you that you give me leave to be
so when I conceive occasion. In like sort I beseech you to be
tart with me when you shall but conceive I give cause. I hold
it a great testimony of true love so long as just satisfaction
may be received. Concerning his Highness's gift I have written
to Sir Vincent Skinner to help me in it, for I am raw in those
matters. The money I am to pay into the Exchequer I have
already sent to Worcester to be made over with all speed and
written to one who has heretofore laid down so much for me;
but if both should fail then have I intreated Sir Vincent Skinner
to move you for your favour, being loth to be found negligent
of any my sovereign's commandments. I am heartily sorry
my Lord of Pembroke should think that you should make stay
of the pardon for any cause other than the King's service, which
was the cause moved me to press you very earnestly, for I know
too well how many murders are committed within this government, and in this particular how hard it will be for any to do
that gentleman wrong or offer him hard measure. Therefore
in duty and conscience did I move the stay of any such course
until the matter were well examined: wherein I will do my
endeavour if my Lord Chancellor be pleased to continue his
stay, otherwise I shall begin to learn that patience whereof
you write. I will never press you without delivering my opinion
truly how I think of the cause and then shall give place to your
judgment if you resolve of error in my course.—Ticknell, 30
PS.—I send you the copy of my letter to his Highness that
if you like it not you may suppress it; as also that to the
Council for I desire to be so happy as to be guided by you.
That to my Lord of Pembroke I also send you that you may
see what I have written to him. I enclose one to Sir Vincent
Skinner in hope you will command it to be delivered him. I
am informed the sickness is at the Bath dispersed in so much
as the physicians be fled from thence. I wish myself at
Theobalds only to offer you my service and to be a witness
of his Highness's delights he takes there.
Holograph. Seal. 2 pp. (106. 30.)
(1) Lord Zouche to the Privy Council. I have sent you the
names of those in Shropshire of whom, by the best advice I
can get, his Majesty may borrow such sums as they are marked
for without any great prejudice, and I hope with so little respect
of any as they cannot complain, though if they did I might
well clear myself. It is thought that those marked with three
pricks may lend 100l., those with two 50l., and those of one 40l.:
the like of six of the Welsh shires. The rest I expect daily
from the justices of those circuits, which I will also send, or
will alter my course or desist according to your farther commandments.—Tickenhill house, 30 July 1604.
Copy. ½ p. (106. 28.)
(2) Lord Zouche to the Earl of Pembroke.—I was much
grieved to perceive by yours that you had undertaken to move
his Majesty in the behalf of a gentleman whom I had solicited
against by information from others, not of malice nor of
faction but for the good of the countries where I serve, which
as you well know are given to much malice and an uncivil kind
of murdering; whereof if his Highness should not take some
especial care it would quickly go evil in these countries. I
think you may well find I am likeliest to err least, when he seeks
a pardon who by his allies is of the stronger faction in the
country. If malice prepense shall be nourished, his Majesty
may sooner give occasion of more disquietness than hope to
have it well governed. If there be not some such thing in this
I am abused, and will easily confess it so soon as I may see it,
and to that end have sent to inquire better of the matter;
that if you be pleased to be better informed therein you may
be, or that I may with more honesty recall my labour to Lord
Cecil to make stay of any such pardon, if happily any such
might escape his Highness's hands before he should rightly
be informed. Wherein if I may have convenient time I shall
truly certify what will evidently be proved as I will answer it
of my credit.—Tickenhill, 30 July 1604.
Copy. 1 p. (106. 29.)
Lord North to Lord Cecil.
, July 30.
I am since my arrival at Portsmouth this
evening, by pretended reason of not producing his Majesty's
licence for my departure, stayed from proceeding in my determined journey by one Sir Benjamin Berry, lieutenant governor
here under my Lord of Devonshire; I am also retained as a
person suspected, both from return and remove out of his
government. He alleges no other cause of suspecting me than
that I make haste to have been gone. Would not any man
do the like having the wind favourable? I confess I procured
no authentical testimony for my pass; my inexperience was
cause thereof. At my last departure from England by the port
of Sandwich there was nothing demanded at my hands in
signification of my due licence, and I thought indeed that a
gentleman would far less have urged his authority to extremity;
especially considering the manner of my arrival was not like
a fugitive. For I had a trunk of good weight newly arrived
before me, and I came accompanied by one of the best sort of
my Lord of Devonshire's followers besides a younger brother of
mine of the age of 14 or 15 years, and three other servants.
He said he would have been satisfied if Mr. Fowler, the gentleman
of my Lord's in my company, had brought him any word from
my Lord. I replied that I hoped if a gentleman's word might
have satisfied I thought myself wronged if he rejected mine
more than his, intimating that present licence of his Majesty's
I had none but contented myself with his royal assent in word
of mouth; which I entreat you to certify my Lord of Devonshire,
whose assent for my pass he says shall content him, neither
had I neglected to proffer him my service if at my departure
he had been in Court. The lieutenant governor has also made
a dispatch by this post, but to whom I know not. Grant me a
pass for myself with three of my company and 200l. in my
purse. I understand him not to be of 3 weeks standing in his
office so that I know he expects thanks for his diligent care, as
well as he desired to show his authority in doing it.—Portsmouth,
Holograph. Endorsed: "1604." Seal broken. 1 p. (106.
Sir G. Hervy, Lieutenant of the Tower, to Lord Cecil.
1604, July 30.
I have received your letters by Lady Ralegh,
and have thought it my duty to put you in mind that upon the
prisoners' return from Winchester the Council ordered that Lord
Cobham, Lord Grey and Sir Walter Ralegh should each have
two servants, one to attend, and the other to go about their
business. This was observed till the Council gave warrant for
divers other persons, whose names I send herewith, to have
access to them; since which time Sir W. Ralegh, besides his
men of allowance, has drawn unto him a preacher and 3 boys
in ordinary. I have often entreated him to procure warrant
for them, for I have ever held it my best course, which has
been unpleasing to the prisoners, and to such as desire access.
I long since delivered to the warders a list of those that had
licence of access, whereby to satisfy others that should desire
it, et hinc illae lacrimae, and complaint of restraint, because
I will not allow promiscuous access. Sir W., in writing that
neither man nor boy of his (being sent from his Lady) can come
to him without a warrant, wittingly much wrongs himself and
me. It may be that the warders, not finding their names in
the list, have stayed such at the ward till they have acquainted
me therewith: whereupon I have ever permitted them to come
to him. Yet could I wish good choice to be made of such
servants as should come to the prisoners, for though touching
intelligences the time is not now so dangerous as before their
trial, yet (having no hope of enlargement) their escapes are now
more to be feared than at any time heretofore; and none so
fit instruments for that employment as their own servants,
whom they may best command and trust. The ladies, and
some courtiers with them, I confess have once or twice (finding
the gates of the gardens, where Lord Grey and Sir W. are allowed
to walk, open) entered and "complementallie" talked with
them in my presence; for preventing of which incursions I have
been constrained to set a lock upon their garden doors, which
is kept by my servant, but disliked of the prisoners, who are
impatient of any restraint. The list given to the warders,
and the locking of their garden doors (whereby common access
is barred), are the things most distasteful to them, which I
cannot with my own safety alter; otherwise I have used them
all as kindly as I could, respecting my duty to his Majesty.
If that will not serve, I must commend myself to him and the
Council, upon whom only I must depend.—The Tower, 30 July
Holograph. 1 p. (189. 3.)
"The names of such as are licensed to have access" to Lord
Cobham, Lord Grey, and Sir Walter Ralegh.
Lord Cobham. The La. of Kildare (and a woman): Sir Jo.
Leveson: D. Lanckton and D. Poe (at reasonable times), *Sir
Tho. Vavasour: *Sir Edw. More: *Sir Tho. Vane: *the Ward.
of Winton: Mr. *Nich. Saunders: *Mr. Wakeman; *Sir Jo.
Smith: my Lord's servants, i.e., my Lord's clerk of his kitchen,
my Lord's cook, *Mr. Mellershe, Wood, Morrice, Penns and
Jackson: servants that wait upon him, i.e., Tho. Morgan and
Lord Grey. The Lady Grey his mother (and her woman):
*the Lord Gerard: Mr. Parker: his physician: Sir Fra. Goodwin: Mr. Hervis: servants that attend him, i.e., Clement
Walleis and Tho. Lakin: his cook.
Sir W. Ralegh. The Lady Ralegh: *Sir Car. Ralegh: *Sir
Ge. Carewe: his physician: Sir Alexander Brett: Mr. Peter van
Lore: *Mr. Arth. Aston: *Mr. Char. Chewt: *Widow Morley:
Mr. Shelberie: servants that attend him, i.e., Peter Hart and
Talbot a Schoolmr.—Undated.
The words in parentheses are in Cecil's hand. The names
marked * are struck out, apparently by Cecil. 1 p. (189. 2.)
The Lord Mayor of London to the Privy Council.
1604, July 31.
I received your letter concerning such as
have taken upon them to publish certain articles for the treaty,
and according to your direction have made diligent inquiry
after the first author thereof. Finding a copy of the said
articles and so proceeding from party to party, in the end it
rested upon one Richard Holmead, a silkman in Cheapside, who
confesses that he had them of Sir George Keere a Scottishman
belonging to the Duke of Lennox, and is now in France, who
gave Holmead the said articles written in Scottish which he
had much ado to understand; and for his better information
he put them into English as they are now published. Which
is all that I can do in that matter until I know your further
pleasure.—London, 31 July 1604.
Signed: Thomas Bennett. ½ p. (106. 32.)
The Bishop of Winchester to the Same.
1604, July 31.
According to their direction, he has made
a view of such ecclesiastical livings and persons as he thinks
able to bear part of the burden of supplying his Majesty's
occasions. He has proceeded with all indifferency, and such
moderation as he thinks there is no just cause left them to
refuse or complain. If any of their estates are secretly more
decayed than he is acquainted with, he must leave that to
their own information and proof. For himself, though he must
pay to his Majesty 1200l. by March 26, viz. 500l. for the subsidy
remaining: 400l. for a pension out of Taunton: and 300l. for
a tenth due next Christmas: and his attendances this year
have cost him above 1,200l. more: yet he is most willing to
assess himself at 200l. For others who are not resident in his
diocese, and yet have some of the best benefices there, he has
also made a note.—Bisshops Waltham, last of July 1604.
Holograph, signed: Tho: Winton. 1 p. (189. 4.)
[Lord Cecil] to Lord —.
My Lord, upon receipt of your letter of 9 June
I directed an answer to you, especially concerning the particular
of the supposed mine in Scotland, returning to you his Majesty's
pleasure, who being acquainted with your opinion of persisting
in the prosecution of some one work rather than in the change
before the bottom be searched, well approves the same. And
for Mr. Bulmer's motion to accept Mr. Bowes's works, seeing
those gave appearance of better contentment. That packet
of mine, as it seems, being desirous to pass the sea, rather than
to go over the Tweed, went over by a mistaken superscription
to the Secretary of Ireland, from whom now that I receive it,
I am troubled to think what opinion you have dwelt in all this
while. I send you therefore a letter for Mr. Bowes, to give no
impediment to Mr. Bulmer's trials in any of his works, and
pray you to acquaint Bulmer with the same. Mr. Grion, a
groom of the Privy Chamber, has been an earnest suitor for a
reversion of Mr. Roper's office, to begin after your grant. His
Majesty was willing to pleasure him and wrote to my Lord Chief
Justice for it, who has seemed unwilling to it in regard of himself
yet it was conceived, seeing one reversion is out already, that
with time he might be won unto another, which if his Majesty
should understand, you can easily guess a new importunity
would easily carry the matter. I objected the common prejudice
in suffering private men to become reversioners after councillors,
but to that was objected that those rules served for places meet
for councillors, and not for those things which they held not in
regard of any such quality. But when I resorted to this other
reason, that this new reversion upon yours would so entangle
your grant, as when it should come in possession, you should
be unable to sell it to any but the reversioner, and so what was
intended to your profit by the King should this way be defrauded,
his Majesty very graciously said he would hereafter resist any
motion in that behalf. I think it were not amiss that you
wrote half a dozen lines to the King, which once done, you may
then remain secure, such is the constancy of his favour, when his
faithful servants give him any taste of any prejudice like to
befall them. For all other things which concern this estate, I
refer you to my letters to my Lord of Dunbar.—Undated.
Draft. Endorsed: "Concerning the Inconvenience of granting
Reversions." 5 pp. (119. 85.)
Dr. He. Atkins to Lord Cecil.
I thought it my duty to certify you of the
success of our beginning of our journey, as well in respect of
my obligation to you, as the special comfort I know you will
conceive of his Highness's welfare. On Saturday July 21 his
Highness came to Barwick in very good health, and very well
brooks and likes his journey. I am very glad I am out of Scotland, though I know no special cause, more than my desire to
come to a good issue of my service, which consists in this noble
young Prince's happy arrival to their Majesties' presence.—
Holograph. Endorsed: "1604." 1 p. (189. 62.)