Lord Lumley to the Same.
1605, August 16.
This day I have received a letter from
your lordship, my Lord of Worcester, and my Lord of Northampton, signifying his Majesty's resolution touching the Great
Park, and will give knowledge accordingly to the undertenants.
—From Nonsuch. 16 August 1605.
Signed. ½ p. (112. 11.)
The Earl of Dorset to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 16.
I have taken order and written to the
Vice-Chancellor for accomplishment of his Majesty's commandment, as well for avoiding of long orations, as of permitting
liberty in disputations without favour of the moderator. This
will try their wits and their learning, but to the disgrace of
some of them I fear, for to avoid swerving from the questions
and to save the credit of the weaker, this moderator was
appointed. My Lord of Devonshire and myself yesterday
placed Sir W. Wade as Lieutenant of the Tower. I received
your letter touching his choice by his Majesty within 3 hours
after I had written mine touching that place. I assure you
from my heart I do not know a fitter man all things considered,
for he depends wholly upon the King and has had long
experience in the service of the state, is of good discretion and
great fidelity, and full of care and diligence, and of a good state
withal.—Dorset House, 16 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 12.)
Lord Arundel of Wardour to the Same.
, August 17.
I assure you that I never had intent
to sell any of my mares to any man, first, for that my son,
who is now grown to man's estate, is as much delighted with
horses as myself, next, for that by ill fortune and negligence of
servants I lost this last year 10 such mares as I think England
could hardly have matched. I know not how the speech should
rise of my intention to leave my mares unless it were for that
at my being in the country I desired Mr. Budden to present
your lordship with one or two of my mares such as himself can
witness I did then appoint. One of them I have not seen since
it was a sucking colt, being bred 10 miles from me in better
ground than any is near Wardor. I am told she is a handsome
young beast, being but 2 years and the vantage, and will in
April next be 3, and then fit to take horse; but the other mare
I do assure you is the best that ever I bred, who presume to have
bred as good as any other Englishman. This last winter by
ill looking to she was almost famished, but is now pretty well
recovered. As soon as she is in flesh Mr. Budden has order to
present them to you. Thus much had I done of myself before
the receipt of your letter. I have now remaining but 10 mares,
who within this twelvemonth had 22. Of those 10 I desire
you to take your choice of such and so many as you shall think
best. Mr. Budden shall have present order to deliver to any
servant of yours such as he shall think fittest.—London, 17
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (101. 117.)
Sir William Waad to the Same.
1605, August 17.
My Lord of Devonshire and my Lord
Treasurer met at the Tower on Monday at 3 o'clock in the
afternoon, and gave me my oath, which was mentioned in his
Majesty's letters, before I signed the indentures for the receiving
of the prisoners. I went to see them all in their several lodgings.
My Lord Cobham used me very sullenly, though I carried myself
with respect towards him. The rest I find very conformable,
and though Sir Walter Ralegh used some speech of his dislike
of me the day before, yet since he acknowledges his error, and
seems to be very well satisfied. My Lord Cobham did forget
himself towards me yesterday in such sort as I could do no less
than shut him up into his lodging, but this morning he has not
only confessed his fault but entreated it may be forgotten, and
promised that he will carry himself so as I shall have no occasion
to complain of him. Therefore if you happen to hear of it, it
may please you likewise to know that he has found his own
error, for I desire to observe your honourable rule, not to add
affliction to affliction, and in truth I find him very penitent,
and he sent often to me, before I would come to him. And if I
shall say to you privately what I think, his passions when the fit
takes him go beyond choler.
I wish that that which he said unto me had been private,
and not so loud, as it was heard into the court.
The lion's whelps were playing this morning and got out of
their nest, which when they do, their dam carries them always
in again. I did heat myself so upon Thursday by going to all
the prisoners, that since I find myself exceedingly distempered.
I have given order the next time the lions be abroad to see them
myself, and then I will advertise you what I observe in them.—
From the Tower of London, 17 August 1605.
Signed. 1 p. (112. 13.)
Sir Gawen Hervy to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 17.
According to the King's pleasure directed
to my Lord Treasurer and the Earl of Devonshire, who on the
15th of this month swore Sir William Waad Lieutenant of the
Tower of London, I have delivered over by indenture all the
prisoners then remaining there, as all other "percusites" to
the house which my father received at his entry; which may
appear by an indenture under Waad's hand and seal in my
keeping. I am glad I am discharged of that care, for I protest
for 6 days here came not much sleep in my eyes. There was
some controversies between Sir William Worlington and me,
but my Lord Chancellor made an order for agreement. My
mother and I humbly thank you for your respect unto us.—
Tower, 17 August 1605.
PS. The lion whelps prosper exceeding well and likely so
to continue, because the 15 days after their whelping be past,
which was thought to be dangerous in putting forth their teeth.
Holograph. 1 p. (191. 18.)
Sir Fulke Grevill to the Earl of Salisbury.
, August 18.
Come when it shall please you, and if I
had as absolute power over all other things, as I have of my
heart, I durst presume you should find yourself nowhere more
honoured. And for that noble lady, if she vouchsafe me her
presence too, and will pardon the unworthiness of the house
and master, advancement was never better welcome to any
ambitious courtier than both your comings shall be to me.
My servant, as I wrote to your Honour in my last letter, has
ever since, and shall constantly attend your commandments,
which office I had done myself as became me [but] that it best
becomes me to obey you.—From Wedgnock, 18 August.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (112. 14.)
Sir Anthony Cope to the Same.
1605, August 18.
One of the principal causes of my joy is the
hope that I shall have you at Hanwell, which the rather I
presume of for that I had your promise at London, that if you
continued the circuit with the King, you would satisfy my
request herein. To that end I have entreated of Mr. Rolls,
the gentleman usher, my gallery which I mean to divide into
two rooms, for your lordship and any other nobleman that you
shall make choice of. I expected my brother according to his
promise the last night, but have since received a letter, that
in respect of christening Sir Thomas Smith's child it will be
to-morrow in the afternoon before he come.—Hanwell, this
18 August 1605.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (112. 15.)
Sir William Waad to the Same.
1605, August 19.
I held it my duty at my first entrance into
this charge to certify your lordship in what state I find the
prisoners, what liberty they have, and what warrants have
been showed me for the same. Sir Gawen Harvey has delivered
me only one chief warrant limiting the liberty and access granted
them, which passed in my time of waiting, whereof I send you
a copy. The other warrants are only for commitment of
prisoners. The Lord Cobham has one servant more than is
allowed in the warrant. For access it is open, and there come
ordinarily to him many of all sorts not warranted by any letter
I have seen. For liberty, the door of the prison where he is
towards the leads, is not shut all the day, nor the door at the
other end of the leads, by which any may have access unto
him. Besides there is another door upon the leads through
the lodgings of the Lieutenant's lately made, which stood open,
by which by a privy stairs many came and went until it was
observed. The prison door to the leads I leave open the day
time, one of the other two doors out of the leads I have caused
to be shut up, and the other I leave open. but appoint one to
watch there. There is another door at the end of a pair of stairs
to the hillwards, which is at times opened for bringing of victuals
and other necessary occasions for him.
Sir Walter Ralegh has like access of divers to him, the door
of his chamber being always open all the day to the garden,
which indeed is the only garden the Lieutenant has, and in the
garden he has converted a little hen-house to a still-house, where
he spends his time all the day in distillations. I desire not to
remove him, though I want by that means the garden, but there
being but a slender pale on that side the garden towards the
Lieutenant's lodging, and the other walls very low and broken
down, nothing can be done in the house, none can come to the
house, but he espies them on all sides. Therefore if a brick
wall were built where the pale now stands, and the walls raised
very little, which would not be above 20 marks' charge, it would
be the more safe and convenient.
The Lord Grey is in the lodging my Lord Cobham lay in
when he was examined. He has no access hitherto unto him,
but he has the liberty of all the King's lodgings, and the door
to those gardens, by which, when the King was there, my Lord
Chamberlain came to his lodgings, is always open, but he uses
the same sparingly. He entreated me he might see the Lady
Goring and the Lady Fleetwood his near kinswoman, if they
came to visit him, which he says was permitted to him formerly,
but I see not by what warrant.
Morgan, a servant of the Lord Cobham, by the connivancy
of his keeper has had access to Morgan the prisoner, whereof
I take as yet no knowledge, neither think I it was for any
purpose but in kindness, and yet I have appointed him another
For the rest I find as yet no fault, but that they are well kept.
To the young gentleman Gowrie they say his sister has
sometimes access, for which I find also no warrant, but I
conjecture the late Lieutenant had direction for these liberties,
though his son produce not the same. That I find most inconvenient is the repair to them at meals, which would be moderated
to have some conformity with the condition of prisoners, and
not like house-keepers.
Now your lordship sees the state of the chief prisoners, and
of the rest my humble suit is I may have directions for such
liberty as shall be thought fit to be granted them. Wherein
I, being now in good terms with them desire like favour for
them in my time, which is fit for their condition and the dignity
of his Majesty, and it were better, in my opinion, to grant them
liberty of the Tower than to be under the title of restraint with
I have had conference with Mr. Alabaster, a merchant of
good understanding that has frequented Barbary, what food
he thinks fit to be given to the lion whelps, when they grow
stronger, for the chiefest care will be to give them kind diet,
and winter coming on, to keep them warm, until they be of
bigness. He says he has seen many very little brought up in
Barbary with all kinds of victuals of flesh and bread, but that
he doubts most is the cold suddenly increasing before they be
of strength. The hovel they be in is a place towards the sun,
and the place well defended with high walls. The keeper tells
me that as the female lies with them all night, so all the night
season the he-lion lies within the cabin at the entry. I have
noted most commonly when they are not within the cabin
that they lie both before the door, and if anybody approach
never so softly near the loop-holes, they fix their eyes continually
upon them. And the keeper says, if by any occasion, when
they go to rest, the he-lion be absent, the female calls him duly
and will fall upon him till he lodge with her, where he keeps
sentinel. The whelps were both this morning at the door of
their cabin, and are very fat and so round as the female cannot
carry them in her mouth, but uses the help of her claws to tumble
them in. I am bold to send this packet with the letters which
Questor the postmaster sent to me this morning.—From the
Tower, 19 August 1605.
Signed. 2½ pp. (112. 16.)
Sir Thomas Smith to the Earl of Salisbury.
, August 19.
I have received your letter this Monday
morning very late, and though I was in hope to stay some few
days longer, and had accordingly disposed some business of
importance unto me, I will not fail to give my attendance on
your lordship by Wednesday night at Woodstock, according
to your assignment. I have sent you a draft of the letter to
the King of Denmark, and followed therein the effect of all the
particular points given me by your instructions. I yield my
humble thanks for the favour that Sir Michael Hicks has
performed in your name towards my wife and myself.—From
my poor house at Fulham, 19 August.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (112. 18.)
Sir Francis Gawdy to the Same.
1605, August 19.
Expresses his acknowledgments for his
appointment as Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. He
understands that some of the King's servants are suitors to the
King for certain offices which may be void during his time.
He will be most ready to obey the King's commands; but for
him to indent therein before he comes to the place were not
only to regard the place before his credit, but to lose the freedom
which has always belonged to it, and a great part of his future
comfort, which is to say to the world that he came to it freely.
Besides, those places have always been bestowed upon clerks
of best merit and long continuance; and the contrary were to
take away the reward of industry and knowledge, and bring
in ignorance. He begs Salisbury to inform the King of as
much hereof as he shall think fit.—Wallyngton, 19 August
Holograph. 1 p. (191. 19.)
The Council to Viscount Lisle.
1605, August 20.
Whereas there is an advertisement brought
hither of your lordship's arrival in Graveling, and of your
passage up further into the country, for which you had no
warrant from his Majesty nor from the Council, and whereof
the difficulty will be great to prevent the strange apprehensions
of those princes and other states with whom his Majesty holds
strait confederation, who have so good experience of his
Majesty's great judgment as they have no reason to conclude
that he would have made choice of your lordship, being trusted
with such a gage in the Low Countries as you are for any employment thither, except it had some reference to that place (of
which opinion none better knows the perilous consequence);
and forasmuch as they will much less be induced to believe
that you would merely out of your voluntary forget the circumstances so much considerable in your quality and charge, as to
take such a journey at this time; you shall now understand
that although his Majesty's amity is so perfect with the Archdukes, as the going thither of his servants or subjects (simply
considered in itself) should no way displease him: nevertheless,
both in regard of our own consideration and experience, how
inconvenient it is to suffer such proceedings in a well-governed
state, and how necessary it is to clear this point timely to the
world by some good means, as likewise because it stands with his
Majesty's own good pleasure, who is constrained, as other princes
are often, to condemn a fact, when he suspects not the person;
we command you in his Majesty's name upon the receipt of
these letters, be it either in the territories of the Archdukes or
of the States, that you forbear to pass up any further, and
make your present repair to London, from whence we require
you immediately after your arrival to advertise us thereof,
to the intent you may thereupon receive our further directions,
before you offer to repair to the Court.—From the Court at
Grafton, 20 August 1605. Lenox; Suffolke; Northampton;
Salisbury and others.
Copy. 1½ pp. (112. 19.)
Sir George Carew to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 20.
I yield humble thanks for your favour
in remembering the matter of my privy seal unto my Lord
Treasurer, by this bearer, Sir Michael Hickes. I understand
that it was otherwise also recommended by your letters. At
the first bringing of the privy seal to my Lord Treasurer, he
offered to give his bill or his bond for money that I should take
up towards my furnishing, there being then no great plenty
in the Treasury, yet I thought it not fit to press his lordship
to undertake out of his private estate the charge of public
service. Besides I was loth to bring up such a precedent for
those that shall undergo the like service of this, whereunto it
has pleased you to nominate me. But now that there is order
given for the receiving of the first four months' imprest out of
the Treasury, I hold it to stand with my duty to let you know
my Lord Treasurer's disposition herein. With this money,
and with adding unto it well near the like proportion of mine
own, I hope I shall overcome the greatest part of my provisions,
so as though I should the first of September have received 4
months' imprest more, I will not press for that but near upon
the time of my going away. Wherein I will endeavour not to
delay further than necessity constrains me.—From the Strand,
20 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 20.)
The Earl of Bath to the Council.
1605, August 20.
Not long since it pleased your lordships
to signify unto me his Majesty's care for the continuance of
the armour, weapons, furniture and munition in such manner
as the same was at the decease of the late Queen, and therewith
sundry necessary directions given for view of the said arms and
for the supply and repairing of all that was found deficient.
Immediately upon receipt of your letters I made the same
known to my deputy lieutenants, and likewise to the colonels
and captains in this county, that there should be shortly views
and musters taken of their bands and troops in every of their
particular divisions. But by reason of the forwardness of
harvest in all parts of the country here, and at the entreaty
of the gentlemen and other inhabitants, upon an occasion of
such reasonable consequence, I presumed to defer the musters
for a time, whereby the people received great contentment. I
may not omit to inform your lordships that the forces of the
clergy both horse and foot, by direction from the Lords of the
Council in her late Majesty's time, were sometimes composed
among the trained bands of this county, by means whereof
the arms and persons appointed to serve with the same were
always in perfect use and readiness. How they are now, I
know not. There has been also a certain old store of powder
and match of a long time remaining in the country, as out of
her Majesty's own provision sent hither to be employed upon
occasions of special service. The which I take now to be
somewhat wasted, and not so serviceable as it should be.—From
Towstocke, 20 August 1605.
Unsigned. Endorsed: "Erle of Bath." 1½ pp. (112. 21.)
Lord Chancellor Ellesmere to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 21.
My hope was to have waited upon his
Majesty at Oxff[ord], and there to have seen you, but my
indisposition of health is such, as I cannot be so happy, and I
have in myself an unpleasant tragedy, wherein the gout and the
stone are principal actors. I expect not perfect recovery, some
intermission and ease is all I hope for. And if by physic and
diet I may during the little remnant of my term perform those
necessary services which I owe to his Majesty and my country,
I will account it a great blessing, and then sing with old Symeon
PS. Since the writing hereof I received your letter and a
privy seal for commissioners where there be no lieutenants,
which shall be dispatched as soon as conveniently may be.—
At Yorke House, 21 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 22.)
Sir William Selby to the Same.
1605, August 21.
I have received a letter from the Privy
Council requiring my repair to the place of my service in the
middle shires, together with 10 men, which his Highness allows
me for attending the same. Before the receipt thereof I had
been there 3 weeks with my wife and the greatest part of my
family, whom I brought out of Kent that I might wholly give
myself to this service without distraction. In the end of last
week I returned from the assizes at Durham, Newcastle and
Carlisle, and understand that masterful theft and murder are
well banished out of the shires within our commission on this
side, and on the other side for aught I hear, but picking and
petty stealing is not yet left, nor can well be on the sudden
amongst a people so inured to theft. For non transitur ab una
extremitate ad aliam nisi per medium, and a little time with the
execution of some penal laws will much amend this fault,
wherein we are greatly furthered by the directions sent down
with the justices of assize for parting our countries into divisions,
keeping 6 weeks' meeting, and for looking to the laws made
against rogues, ale-houses etc.; wherein if the justices of peace
and commissioners do their best endeavours, I doubt not that
before one year be expired these shires may as well be governed
by the ordinary service of justices of the peace as the rest of
England. Some impediments we find that hinder the speedy
course of this service. 1. His Majesty's late pardoning of
thieves. 2. That the sheriff of Northumberland for last year
is not yet called to account. 3. Pretence of certain great men
in our country to seizure of felons' goods in their manors.
4. Composition of felonies, which is so general, that although
many felonies have been committed, yet very few are brought
before us.—Baremore in Northumberland nigh Berwick, 21
Signed. 1 p. (112. 23.)
Thomas Wilson to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 21.
Encloses a copy of one of Conte Fuentes's
capricious actions, whereby it seems he makes the King his
master send out writs for enquiry of concealed lands. He
cites at this present the Great Duke, the Commonwealth of
Genoa, and all the Marquises Malaspine, near a score in number,
to appear before the Magistrate of the extraordinary revenue
of the Duchy of Milan, to show cause why they should not
render to the King, as Duke of Milan, all such signories, contes,
marquisates, etc. therein mentioned as they justly detain from
him, with all the profits received thereof, all which have been
in the hands of the now possessors and their predecessors longer
than he or his have been Dukes of Milan. The motor hereof
is nameless. It seems to be some spirit that has been stirring
heretofore of the same coals; but they were then soon after
quenched by the moisture of the time. They are like now to
meet with matter more combustible. Yet the princes and
others whom it concerns make but a jest thereof. Thinks it is
sent him rather for a matter of curiosity than consequence;
yet that it is true there is no doubt; but what will be the trial
there is no certainty. Has talked with some strangers that
are men of state, who apprehend it to be a matter of more import
than he does, by reason he knows well the head from whence
it comes: a humour apter to attempt than to achieve; witness
his old designs in the Low Countries when he was there, and this
of late with the Venetians and Grisons. Would have translated
the whole matter into English or Italian, but haply his Majesty
will like better to read it in French.
The letters from Spain mentioned in his last save one to
Salisbury are now come to his hands, but they are old of date
and silly of advice, most being state and common matters, as
these: the repining of the priests at the English Ambassador
having preaching in his house: the difficulty and stir about
burying English dead: the reports of a match likely betwixt
the Prince and the Infanta; the divers reports upon the
Spaniards' last disasters upon the coast of Dover, and advertisement thereupon to look to the English garrisons in the Low
Countries; the departure from the Spanish Court and country
of the Lords Norreis and Willowbye, Sir Phil. Carey, Sir John
Gower and others into France, and so for England: the secret
pretence of the French upon Valentia discovered, and the
conspirators executed: the King's order for desisting from
coining any more copper, and such other matters of small
importance. But trusts by this time his understanding friend
is recovered, and that he will shortly have some letters from him
cum succo et cerebro.
Reports the progress of the Earl's building (Salisbury House
in the Strand). He purposes to wait on the Earl at Oxford
next week, and to register what he can out of "those rare
expected disputations." He has received a letter for Salisbury
from Flushing, and has sent it to Mr. Levinus [Munck], so that
if he thinks the cause requires haste, he may send a messenger
with it.—"From your lordship's house in Strand," 21 August
Holograph. 3 pp. (191. 20.)
Viscount Lisle to the King.
1605, August 22.
Here doth now present himself to kiss
your Majesty's hands, the lieutenant-governor of this your
cautionary town, Sir William Brown, who by my continual
attendance in Engand hath not till now any opportunity to
leave this place. I should do much wrong to your service and
to his worth and my own reputation, if I should not say for
him, that a more sufficient man for his place, both for faithfulness
and discretion I do not know of our nation, and if a greater
charge be committed unto him, I dare answer he will with credit
go through with it. And now he only goes over to be partaker
of that joy and honour which others your subjects have to see
you. If it please you to speak with him, he is able to give a
very good account, not only of this town, but of all the country
besides.—At Flushing, 22 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 24.)
The Same to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 22.
Sir William Brown shall ease me of all
manner of discourse of the business here. His going over now
is to see the King, which he never has done, and to kiss his
hands; and then to return with speed. He will also be glad
to offer his service to you; and you have great power
to command him. We are in great expectation here of what
will become of the Spaniards at Dover, who in a worse time
than now could not come for these countries. Count Moris
[Maurice] is drawing all the troops unto him he can to encounter
Spinola. I am glad to see that these men are so well satisfied
of your favours towards them, and indeed what good they
receive in England they must, next to God and the King,
acknowledge to you. With humble thanks for my son, whom
I have with me here, and one day I trust shall be able to deserve
your favours.—Flushing, 22 August 1605.
PS. Sir William Brown's trust is that you will grace him
to the King; and my suit is you will let his Majesty know how
able he is to serve him.
Holograph. Endorsed: "The Governor of Flushing." 1 p.
Sir William Waad to the Same.
1605, August 22.
I received even now this packet from
Mr. Levinus. who has been visited as myself have been with an
ague. I have had three fits, but I hope I have escaped them,
though I feel a great faintness. The lion's whelps were abroad
this morning. The female whelp begins to have teeth both
below and above, which I doubt will breed let to her sucking,
if the dam find the sharpness of them. One was with me
yesterday, who told me when Mr. Rundall was in Muscovia
he saw young lions' whelps brought up to great bigness, and
did very well. The keeper is very careful, the weather yet
warm, so as all the care will be to diet them, especially if by
reason of their teeth the dam will not suffer them to suck, or by
their greatness the breast will not suffice to nourish them
sufficiently. Now I have taken upon me to hearken after them,
I affect it with very great care, and watched them so long on
Monday, until I was taken with a fit of an ague.—From the
Tower, 22 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 25.)
The Master of Gray to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 22.
Your constant favour towards me has
bred unto you more "fascherie" than if you had altogether
rejected me as "inutill." But seeing in my "banqueroutterie"
it has pleased you think of goodwill for all other payment, be
well assured that point shall be my companion to the grave.
I cannot write how far unto myself and others my Lord of
Dunbar did admire the cause of your favourable dealing, not
only in the "triffle" suit of my debts, but in all that touched
my name. Indeed for your respect he has even now at his
parting used me most kindly; and for my suit, he has taken
a warrant, which he has made promise to return subscribed
within 15 days after he shall see his Majesty; as in like manner
my Lord of Skone has promised after the receipt of the warrant
to make payment. Seeing shortly they be both to take journey
towards Court, I thought good to signify thus much aforehand,
to the end that you may imitate their good wills. I have in
like manner after some commemoration of his estate and mine,
his (I mean the Earl of Dunbar's) fortunate fortune and my
miserable fortune, recommended to him my son, who perhaps
some day may have the like fortune that he has now; so that
either to him or his he may remember whose beneficier now in
his youth he is. He gave a very pleasant answer, desiring that
I should send my son to Court, like as God willing I shall with
his uncle the Master of Orkney; for some 4 months since he
returned from France for recovery of his health after a long
disease and has profited both in language and exercise reasonably well for his age. And there you should be witness that he
should do for him as for his own. You have "hythit" a
father to him, when I was not of ability, and if he be not
"ingenerous," at least all his life he shall carry a mind to serve
you. At his coming I am to recommend him in common
between you and the Earl of Dunbar; and if by my own
industry I can acquire here for him a greater fortune nor my
own, I am to look for favourable assistance for his Majesty's
countenance. I am shortly to place my eldest daughter with
a very honourable match.
My cousin, my Lord Home, has enterprised here a matter
which in my judgment shall not prove well for him, nor the
consequence agreeable to the surety of his Majesty's estate,
although permitted for the time, as a common courtesy. I
pray you be a stayer of it indirectly, and yet with a regard to
the gentleman's disgrace. In this I have dealt with the Earl
of Dunbar seriously, who will do his best for staying of it; for
the nobleman is induced only at other men's appetites. I will
take this for one of the greatest favours I ever received.—
Dundie, 22 August 1605.
Holograph. 2 pp. (191. 22.)
Sir Francis Vere to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 22.
The going over of my Lord Lyle awakens me
in the duty I owe also to my charge: whether, if it may stand with
his Majesty's pleasure, I had much rather go to do his Majesty
that little service I can on that side, than to live here like a drone,
unprofitable every way to his Majesty, and nothing to my comfort
or credit. Heretofore I have made known to you my readiness
to go over if I were commanded; though otherwise in regard
of any particular desire of my own, I urged it not; which you
perceiving, in your favour may have forborne hitherto to call
upon me. I saw what policy and malice might suggest against
my being and residing there suddenly after my leaving the
States, which I hope time and better experience of me has
sufficiently answered. Withal I had somewhat of the soldier's
humour, that for a time would not suffer me to brook so quiet
and retired a life in that active State in which my interest had
been so great, and my desire so strong to advance the happiness
of it by the ways of my profession; which humour is now
better tempered, and I both content and desirous to rest in
my government, and give the wars the looking on, till my
service in them may be held more necessary. I therefore
very humbly beseech you, out of the assurance you may have
of my well meaning, both to this and that State, favourably
to remove those difficulties you shall discover here or on the
other side, opposing this my desire, that so with his Majesty's
and the States' good liking, I may repair to my charge, which
shall not be the least of your good deeds to me.—Tilbury, 22
Holograph. 2 pp. (191. 24.)
The Earl of Salisbury to the Count of Villa Medina.
1605, August 23.
As regards the conduct of the soldiers at
Dover, I doubt not but that my Lord of Northampton, to whose
province the matter properly belongs, has given you by his
letter full and complete satisfaction. Be assured that we, who
during your stay in this country, have cherished so great a
regard for yourself and your qualities, would on your departure
seize every occasion of proving how solicitous we are in all
things which concern the interests of his Catholic Majesty,
and your own in particular. For myself I shall never cease to
retain the agreeable recollection which I have of your lordship.—
From Woodstock, 23 August 1605.
Copy. French. 1 p. (112. 26.)
The Earl and Countess of Shrewsbury to the
Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 23.
I understand by my servant Hersey that
you were pleased to be troubled with some business of mine
lately at his Majesty's being in Northamptonshire, for which
I render you my best thanks. I am sending this bearer Coke
to Oxford without any other business but to return me notice
of such orations and disputations as he can have access to hear
there. Some difference there is in my wife's disposition and
mine towards these two Universities, for although we honour
them both, yet I wish better to Oxford and she to Cambridge,
and in this particular of their Majesties' entertainments there,
I desire they may be such and so highly to their contentment,
as Cambridge may come somewhat short thereof, whensoever
their Majesties shall come thither. On the other side my wife
is in good hope that any defect that may be now discerned
there, may be supplied at Cambridge, that you may have the
honour of it, to go beyond my Lord Treasurer in that, though
she be free from malice, either to him or to that University.
My wife has sent you four pies of red deer, which I hope are
delivered before this letter, being of a stag that had the mishap
to be killed by her own hand.—At Sheffield Lodge, 23 August
Signed: Gilb. Shrewsbury: Ma. Shrewsbury. 1 p. (112.
Sir William Waad to the Same.
1605, August 24.
The Lord Mayor and Aldermen contenting
not themselves with the voiding of the town ditch into the
Tower ditch, the noisomeness whereof has been very intolerable
and will be felt a great while, do now go in hand to bring all
the soil that comes from the Minories into the town ditch, to
pass into the Tower ditch, to renew these vile annoyances, and
open a sluice from the Minories to the town ditch for that
purpose, which has been shut up time out of mind. I have
required that stay might be made of it, until his Majesty
come nearer, that your lordships may be advertised thereof
according to an order set down by my Lord Chancellor and
Lord Treasurer for stay of all controversies until the term.
Though in times past the town ditch had recourse into the
Tower ditch, when the water was sweet, the multitude of houses
built on the town ditch for carters and base people that keep
swine and feed them with offal is most noisome. I protest
when I took my first fit, standing to watch the lion's whelps,
the stink of the Tower ditch on that side so offended me, as,
for 24 hours being in my chamber, I to my thinking drew in
no other breath. And where the Tower Hill water was in
request and reputation for one of the sweetest springs in all
these parts it is grown so corrupt, muddy and unsavoury, as
it serves for no use and spoils the meat that is dressed with it,
so as I am exceedingly driven to my shifts for sweet water.
I thank you for the letters I have received for the order I am
to observe for the access of comers hereafter to the prisoners,
wherein as there is something left to my discretion, so shall
I be the better able to govern them and be respected of them,
when they shall see there is condition given me. We are now
in so good terms, as all the contention that is amongst us is in
courtesies. It is not the least of your many favours, the leave
I take hold of to erect a brick wall on that side the garden
where Sir Walter Rawley is towards my lodgings, which shall
presently go in hand. For as I would be loth to remove Sir
Walter, where he has accommodated himself for his exercises, so
it would be very inconvenient he should be an overseer to the
Lieutenant. This morning, being the first time I was able to
go abroad since the ague took me, I viewed the walls and places
about the lodging of Ruthen, of whom though he be younger
I take more especial care, because with very little liberty any
prisoner might over easily escape there.—From the Tower of
London, 24 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 2 pp. (112. 28.)
Sir Fulke Grevill to the Earl of Salisbury.
, August 24.
Desires to know how his lordship does
after his wearisome journey.—From Wedgnock, 24 August.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (112. 29.)
Sir Henry Poole to the Same.
1605, August 24.
This bearer, Sir Edmond Fetiplace, having
exhibited his petition to the King to grant him land or pension
in Ireland, his Majesty has referred the consideration thereof
to the Council. He has been heretofore employed in the wars
in France and the Low Countries in place of good esteem, from
whence he came into Ireland, where he has continued from the
first of Tyrone's rebellion until now of late, being then employed
in commanding the company of foot under the Lord Lieutenant
of Ireland, from the beginning of the siege of Kinsale until their
discharge. Being my near kinsman, I commend him to your
consideration.—From Compton, 24 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (112. 30.)
The Bishop of Hereford to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 24.
I have received, to my great comfort,
letters from the Council of his Majesty's gracious acceptation
of the service done in repressing the audacious attempts of
recusants in these parts. I sent you letters touching the
apprehension and proceeding against Rice Griffithes, a priest.
For my better justification, I enclose the depositions against
him, for evidence when he shall appear at the King's Bench,
with a brief thereof; whereby it appears what service he has
done to the State, and how ill he has performed the trust
reposed in him; which I have collected the more carefully
that I am informed my Lord Archbishop of Canterbury takes
it offensively at my hands, as well that I certified the late riots
to the Council and not to him, as that I presumed to apprehend
Griffithes. Because some men have given it out, to my disgrace,
that there were not 10 men assembled at that riot, and his
Majesty may be distasted with such an untrue suggestion, I
enclose also the deposition of one Morrice a preacher, who passed
through certain towns near Mr. William Morgan's house at the
same instant, and there saw above 100 men strongly armed,
lying in wait, watching for a good hour, as they said; and I
hope shortly to get further proof thereof. These depositions
I commend to you, either to be delivered to the Lord Chief
Justice for matter of allegation, or otherwise used, as shall
seem good to you.—Hereford, 24 August 1605.
Signed: Ro. Hereford. 1 p. (191. 25.)
Dr. Robert Taylor to the Same.
1605, August 24.
I saluted the Conte of Villa Mediana and
wished him a happy journey in your name, which he took most
thankfully, returning a new increase of his "obligo" to you.
The warrant for Tempest I received. The endorsement was
"to the keeper of our prison called the Clink in Southwark
in our county of Surrey"; and the prisoner was in Newgate.
Supposing difficulty would arise, I went with the keeper of the
Clink and brought him along with me to the keeper of Newgate,
to whom I delivered the error in the superscription, and in his
presence caused the keeper of the Clink to open the warrant,
whereunto the keeper of Newgate answered that though the
warrant of the King had been endorsed to him, yet could he
not have delivered the prisoner without order from the Sheriffs,
whose deputy he was. I showed the warrant and error to
the Sheriffs. They sent me over to my Lord Mayor, who
referred me to the Recorder, whom I found precise in the form
he required for his deliverance. His conclusion was that this
warrant would serve, but a new endorsement must be made
to the Sheriffs of London, as also the prisoner's name, which is
The Earl of Villa Mediana departs hence Monday morning,
so I dispatch a post this night to you with the warrant enclosed,
desiring that the endorsement may be redressed and the
prisoner's name Edward added, with two lines of your hand
to the Recorder for his present dispatch to go along Monday
morning with the Ambassador.—From my Chamber in
Walsingham, 24 August 1605.
Holograph. 1½ pp. (191. 27.)
Viscount Lisle to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 24.
The messenger by whom I sent my other
to your lordship being arrived back by foul weather, I would
not leave to join this unto it in answer of that which I received
from you. I beseech you therefore to let his Majesty know
that where I may come to the understanding of his will, I will
never expect his direct commandments, but will obey his very
thoughts as far as is possible. Therefore touching my going
to Anwarpe, wherein besides a little curiosity of mine own
his Majesty's service was my chiefest end, I will leave it undone,
as if it had never been in conceit, and endeavour by other
means to make my journey hither profitable to his service.
But that my purpose to go to Anwarpe should be made
a common talk at ordinaries amongst the French and Spanish
factions seems very strange to me, who do not remember that
I spake of it to any but you and M. Caron. And as for doing
of it with the privity of the King of Spain's ministers, and that
I should have their passports, I know too much and love my
duty to the King too well to demand passports of that nature
without his Majesty's allowance, and therefore satisfy yourself
and the King that this is an idle invention of whomsoever
brought it forth. I never was in the Archdukes' Ambassador's
house since his coming into England, neither did any message
pass between us concerning his audiences. To the new Spanish
Ambassador I never yet spake word. It is true that I went to
bid the Conde de Villa Mediana farewell, because I do not think
ever to see him again, but I deny that of any purpose to go to
Anwarpe, or of any matter of passport there was any word
spoken. Neither indeed did I conceive that there should need
any passport, and so did I find in my passing now through
Flanders. For so I told them at Bridges when they made show
to stay me there, that I had not any passport, neither did I
demand any, but being driven by accident of weather into the
Archdukes' country, upon the confidence of the amity between
his Majesty and them I took my journey that way towards my
governments; and that was satisfaction unto them. In like
sort I should have put it in adventure at Anwarpe, more than
the advertising Sir Th. Edmonds of it, which I did after I had
acquainted you and M. Caron with it. Neither was it ever
my purpose to go à la desrobée to Anwarpe, as neither I meant
to go with any pomp. But all governors of places take the
liberty which peace gives them to know the country about them,
and I will never hold him sufficient to be a governor of a frontier
place that will not see every place that his neighbours hold, if
he may. I never had purpose to go to Brussels, the seeing of
those Princes requiring a particular allowance from the King.
But to speak a little in my own occupation. Peace how fairly
soever sworn has no perpetuity among princes, and who be they
in times of war that lay plots for surprises and give knowledge of
the fittest places for approaches in a siege [and] show best ways
for an army to enter into the enemies' country, but they which
have charge of the adjoining places, and who are to receive
little commendation if they cannot do it. For my part I wish
I knew every stone in Anwarpe and in many other places, and
every small footpath in the country. And this desire to enable
myself to serve the King should have been the angel to bring
me to Anwarpe, and that would they have believed on the
other side, and so I should have found by my entertainment,
as I did the last day in Flanders, where they would let me see
no more than I must needs. For I did not look for any great
welcome there, and hence I would not have stirred without the
privity of the States. It is very true that this State is jealous
of some proceedings in England, and that the loss of the King's
countenance towards their cause will be a great blow to them;
and I would you might as well prevail in removing matters of
much greater moment, as your own word only of advice herein
should have overruled me. For it is not, my Lord, the going
of the governor of Flushing and Viscount Lisle, for his pleasure,
to see the town of Anwarpe, with allowance of the States, and proof
made that I had no state matters to deal in, that would have lain
heavy on these men's stomachs; but to know that there are
already 2,000 of the King's subjects passed over to serve against
them, with an English nobleman licensed to command them: to
see the King's presents to their enemies carried through their
country, and licence for ships which are against their orders to
go for Anwarpe: lastly, to have their enemies by the King's
castles defended against them, and not only received and harboured
in England and suffered to have their arms, which scarcely in any
place has been seen before, but kept there with purpose to send
them over, to the effecting whereof his Majesty's agents at the
Haghe have dealt so earnestly as the people mutter here that
the King does not carry himself neutral. These and others are
the things that show unto the world the taking away of the
King's countenance from them, together with the strange
bruits that the Spaniards give out of their assurance of his
Majesty's good inclination towards them and the Catholic
religion. God send that his Majesty's government here do not
find it too soon, and that partly with these courses now taken,
and especially that while it was time the King against evil
accidents was not sufficiently provided, the King do not lose
the richest jewel that all Christendom can put into his crown.
—At Flushing, 24 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "24 (corrected to 25) Aug."
The passages in italics have been underlined. 4 pp. (112. 31.)
Notes by Salisbury: "Ad: retourn; delivery of Townes; Fr.
Jelousy; Caron a publick ministr not bounde to believe you
nor ye K.; Antwerp not Bristow; dyffidence every way both
to the Archdk. and States; his owne arguments of ye Ks
Jelousysy (sic); his intention vaine; his proposition move
jelousy, his action intimated bred perill; vaine consydering the
St: enterprise; suspicion of the K. not cleared by this, but
rather his actions justyfied."
Viscount Lisle to the Council.
1605, August 25.
Yesterday after sunset I received a letter
from your lordships dated the 20th of this month, in which
you command me, in the King's name, to repair presently to
London, and there to remain, till I receive further order from
you. I will very readily obey your instructions, and as soon
as I can provide shipping, and that the wind do serve, I will
put to sea. By reason also of Sir Wil. Brown's absence, who
by this time is, I presume, at the Court, I must place a new
man to command in mine absence, who I intend shall be Cap.
Throckmorton, sergeant-major of the town, to which end I
will talk with the States of Zealand, that they may take knowledge of it. This day is Sunday, so as to-day they do not
assemble. I beseech you to send Sir Wil. Brown back, because
he is well-known and well-beloved here. I trust at my coming
before you I shall give satisfaction to his Majesty and to your
lordships, as I ought to do, and as one that hitherunto has
never been detected of any villainy in the charges committed
unto me, nor of overmuch indiscretion; and therefore neither
condemn me yourselves nor aggravate the matter to the King,
till you hear me speak, and truly understand what has been
done. The journey was not thought of in me till I had been
28 hours at sea, and that the contrariness of the wind brought
me unto it. I was here only 4 nights in the Archdukes' country,
and never twice in one place, and ever in the right way hither.
I did not once send to Bruxels, nor hear from thence, nor from
any other place or person of quality, nor had other but public
speeches, and those only for the advancing of my journey,
neither do I think that I lost one hour which I might have got.
For I rather feared to be stayed there as I was very near at
Bridges, according as I have already written to you, and
therefore made all speed I might away, than I doubted to give
any offence to his Majesty. As soon as I have made ready,
lame as I am and under the surgeon's hands, I will make all
haste to London and attend your further pleasures.—From
Flushing, this Sunday, 25 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 2 pp. (112. 33.)
Viscount Lisle to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 25.
Unto the letter which I received from the
Council I returned answer by the messenger that brought it.
In this, which is particular to your lordship, I presume to speak
as to a great counsellor in our State, and consequently one of
the only judges of men of my rank and quality, and as to a
worthy nobleman, and my honourable friend. I complain,
therefore, to you of a very hard course taken with me, to be
not only condemned before I be heard or mine actions truly
known, but to be punished. For I am by messengers sent out
to seek me strictly commanded, wheresoever I were, or doing
whatsoever, not to pass further, but presently to return to
London, and there to remain, not offering to go to the Court
(where it is known that I hold a place of some quality) till the
pleasure of my Lords be further known. Which restraint of
liberty and forbidding of the Court must appear a punishment,
but whether a beginning only or not, I cannot guess. Truly,
my Lord, if I were accused to practise an invasion, or the
delivering over of this town, I know not what straiter course
could be taken with me. For this last journey of mine
I have my conscience clear from purpose to offend, and for
anything done in it I cannot see wherein I have deserved
any blame at all. I chose the way by land to the place
of my charge, when I could not by sea. I passed through
the country of his Majesty's friends; I stirred not out of the
highway hither; I made none but necessary stays in any
place; I saw no man of quality, but the ordinary governors of
the places where I passed; I conferred with nobody; I visited
nobody, I sent to nobody, I heard from nobody, other than
in matters necessary for my passage. If the Lords would have
stayed till the wind had served, they should have understood
what had been become of me. For by this time I trust you
have my letters, which I wrote the next day after I came hither,
but indeed they had the wind ill, and therefore I know not
how soon they came unto your hands. Sir William Brown
likewise went since, just the day before I received the letter
from the Council, and I now would that the letter had come a
day sooner, that I might have left him here in my absence.
But I do make all haste to go over, but hitherunto the wind
is very contrary; notwithstanding I make this letter ready,
as also that unto my Lords, if perhaps a small fisher-boat may
steal a passage, before I can have means to ship myself. For
I must commit the charge of the town to a new man, who did
never command in it before. I know that some might presume
out of the words of the letter unto me that the Lords did not
think that I was already here; because it stands in it if I were
in the territories of the Archdukes or of the States, not naming
this place; as also that they did not conceive that Sir W.
Brown was come away; and lastly that the ground whence
I am persuaded all this did rise, that I was gone to Anwarpe
or to Brussels, falls out nothing so, and therefore that I might
expect another commandment. But I have too good experience
of myself to leave anything to favourable interpretations, and
will obey the words of the letter, so as I hope within these two
days, if I can get any fit shipping, to be at sea. This letter I
know not how you will accept of, but I hope well, for I know
I mean well.—At Flushing, 25 August 1605.
Holograph. 3 pp. (112. 34.)
Sir Ralph Gray to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 25.
Sir John Carr made an invasion upon
his grounds with 200 or more persons. He details various
proceedings taken in the matter. The Commissioners for the
late Borders, and the Commissioners for England, who judged
the cause, accorded possession of the land to him (Gray). Sir John
refused to acknowledge their award and committed various
seizures and riots. He acquainted the Earl of Dunbar therewith, who required him to set the same in writing and let him
know it was the King's pleasure Sir John should be punished
for his contempts, and that he was to acquaint the Council of
Scotland with the matter. He and Sir John both appeared
before that Council on July 25. Particulars of proceedings.
In the result the Council left the ground in his possession,
committed Sir John to Edinburgh Castle for 4 days for his
contempt, and took bonds of him not to molest the possession.
Expresses his thanks to Lord Dunbar and Lord Salisbury in
the matter.—Chillinghame, 25 August 1605.
Holograph. 3½ pp. (191. 28.)
The Council to Sir Lewis Lewknor.
, August 26.
His Majesty is persuaded that the Conte
de Villa Medina can no way doubt of his desire to send him
away with all honour and contentment, as well in regard of his
affection to the King his master as his gracious opinion of his
own sincerity. He has commanded us, therefore, to require
you to impart unto him the more freely this which follows;
as a matter whereof he assures himself he will make that
judgment which becomes a wise man, and a lover of the amity,
wherein himself has been so good an instrument. It is not
unknown to him, how much it has galled the minds of the States
to behold his Majesty so far to declare himself as to suffer two
persons of the quality of the Earl Hume and the Lord Arundell
to carry over troops to the Archdukes' service, apprehending
this with this construction, that both these were lately raised
to honour, because they were persons in the King's own mind
huic provinciae designati. In which, though his Majesty has
left them to their own anxieties, without labouring their satisfaction, yet has he this resolution, whensoever he stands in
terms with any whomsoever, by virtue of accords, never to
dissolve the same by other order than that by which he made
them. In which consideration, although his Majesty hitherto
has only taken notice by some uncertain speech of the purpose
of the Lord Arundell with divers captains and soldiers to steal
a passage within one of his Majesty's ships, now wholly dedicated
to the Ambassador's service (which he was neither bound to
believe further than he liked, or had cause to answer undemanded)
yet has it been carried on with such ostentation by those parties,
as it is not only strange to his own subjects, who know it to be
directly against the treaty, but even M. Caron, agent for the
States, has made great plaint of that proceeding in the King,
protesting that although he know his masters will never
presume to contest for anything as equals with the King, yet
that they cannot but implore his Majesty to remember what
they ought to expect by his promises to them; and so proceeds
to this plain declaration, that although the States yield to his
Majesty a quiet passage for the Ambassador with all that he
will carry of his own retinue in his Majesty's ships, yet they
expect also that his Majesty's word may be sufficient to him,
that under that colour men of this profession do not pass,
especially considering that this is so unexpected, as he has no
such warrant from the States his masters, as that he dare
undertake to overrule the States' fleet further than as aforesaid,
when they that have hourly intelligence from the coast should
find those military men (especially a man of so great note as
my Lord Arundell) sought to be transported. Of all which, when
you have truly made the Ambassador see the state, we doubt
not but he will forbear that course at this time, seeing it would
not only spend a great time to secure this by sending to the
States, but is most likely to receive a direct contestation there,
considering their present ill success in Friseland, the apprehension whereof will move them now to make a mountain of
every molehill. This we pray you to impart unto him speedily
and privately, because he may with less note dismiss them
now in the beginning of his journey, than if he draw nearer to
the seaside. And if you find the bearer hereof wearied with
his posting, direct your packet to me, the Earl of Salisbury,
by the running post, with an endorsement of haste, because
we shall long to hear your answer.—Court at Woodstock, 26
August at 2 o'clock in the morning. Suffolk. E. Worcester.
Copy corrected by Salisbury. Endorsed: "1605." 2 pp.
Lord Chief Justice Popham to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 26.
I enclose a letter sent by James Morrys the
priest, out of Monmouthshire, unto Father Cresswell the Jesuit,
now being at Madrid in Spain, and delivered unto me by one
Estott [sic. ? Escot] a seaman, as you may perceive by the letter
and examination enclosed. This Morrys is the priest that was one
of the chiefest occasions of the late stirs both in Monmouthshire
and Herefordshire, and is the man who wrote the letters which
I delivered to you to some dependants at Court. By the
letter you may see what affection they bear both to his Majesty
and his most renowned offspring. If he be not taken already,
I doubt not but you will have care to lay for him. Smyth,
that was in custody, may get him if he will. It were fit he should
discover what other course he expects to have holden now.
The means how this seaman got this letter was this. He, seeing
the affection of this Butler and the boy that went over with
him, took occasion to send them on land, and that while searched
his coffer, and finding therein this letter, took it, and gave a
blank paper the like fold and direction, which he left in the
coffer, and with which blank Butler sent away the boy unto
Cresswell. This Butler had been stayed at Mynhedd, if the
officers had done what they were moved unto; but being by
that oversight passed over into Wales, I have written thither
for his apprehension, which I hope is done by this, for I hold
him rather a carrier for these Jesuits beyond the seas than a
merchant, for his stock was not above a matter of 5l. or 6l.
The letter the seaman broke open at the first finding of it, and,
perceiving the contents thereof, dealt as is before mentioned.
This Morrys was married, had divers children, and upon his
wife's death went beyond sea and became a priest.
I had resolved to have been now at Oxford to have done
my most bounden duty to his Majesty, and to have waited on
you with these things myself, but upon Saturday last, having
occasion to ride some 5 miles to meet with some justices of this
county about the affairs of the county, I fell into a fit of my old
grief, of which I cannot yet be cleared, and therefore must
humbly crave pardon for my absence.—Litlecott, 26 August
Holograph. 2 pp. (191. 30.)
The Bishop of Bath and Wells and Benjamin Heydon
to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 26.
They give details of public disturbances
which happened in Wells on August 3. Ann Lund, a convicted
recusant for whom many warrants had been sent out, but
which could never be executed, was accompanied out of the
town on horseback by Mr. Thomas Knoell, her brother, two
young gentlemen of the Inner Temple, Windoe and Joye, and
a concourse of people. The constables apprehended her, but
she was violently taken from them by her husband John Lund,
with reproachful speeches, tearing of the constables' clothes,
and drawn weapons; to the trouble of the people in the market
place, who were forced to remove their standings and take
the poles of them for their defence. The Lord Chief Justice
thereupon came to Wells to stay these outrages in aid of Popish
recusants. The latter have entertained traitorous priests in
their houses, feasted their associates, braved the Bishop at his
own gates, to his great grief and the common offence of all the
well disposed. Notwithstanding the course taken with them
by the Lord Chief Justice, they have since carried themselves
very offensively, giving out that they will try the law with the
constables; besides many outrageous contempts committed
by John Lund against the Bishop, sitting judicially to hear
the cause of his wife. It is given out that Lund is now gone
to Court with Knoell to procure special favour in defending
his and his wife's misbehaviours. The writers therefore
advertise Salisbury, in case Lund and Knoell should attempt
any private or untrue suggestions. The bearer, who was present
at the examination, will give true information on the matter.—
Wells, 26 August 1605.
Signed. 1½ pp. (191. 31.)
Lord Arundel of Wardour to the Earl of Salisbury.
, August 27.
As concerning the business which Mr.
Levinus [Munck] imparted to me from your lordship, I returned
my answer to him with many thanks for your care of me and
my reputation. Other matters also I communicated to him,
which I refer to his relation.
This day being in Gravesend with the Spanish Ambassador
he told me of a messenger newly arrived from the Court with
letters to Sir Lewis Lewkner to warn him not to bear me over
with him, for that Caroon [Caron] had complained that some of
my captains should vaunt that they should pass with the Spanish
Ambassador, which complaint how true it is may be guessed,
when I assure you there is none of the captains now to go over,
but Sir Edward Parham only, the rest being all passed already,
so as it seems the only intent is that I by this prohibition should
incur disgrace and danger; which though Caroon may intend,
yet I hope the Council have no such meaning. The pass I have
from his Majesty is to serve any prince (being in amity)
indefinitely, and Caroon cannot make me confess that I intend
to serve the Archduke, which if I did intend, yet I see no
occasion why (if his Majesty be lord of the Narrow Seas) I may
not as well pass from Dover to Dunkirk, as from London to
Dover. If in these cases the privilege of being a peer of this
real may advance me anything, I should be glad by your
favour to enjoy it.—Gravesend, 27 August.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1605." 1 p. (101. 129.)
Sir William Waad to the Same.
1605, August 27.
In the midst of those choice exercises of
learning, it may seem a great incongruity to certify you of
the two young lion's whelps, how they run abroad about the
court and play like wanton whelps; but the tender care the
dam has over them shows the generosity of their nature. For
being the most strong and fierce beast of all others, it is not
possible to see more careful affection in any dumb creature
than the female shows to her little ones. I viewed them a long
while this morning: they grow strong, and are of the bigness
of great mastie whelps of 6 weeks old. Their cry is altogether
like young kitlings. When the dam thinks they have sported
abroad long enough, she takes them in very tenderly with her
mouth and the help of her claws, and lays them one upon the
other in their cabin, and covers them with straw. I think by
observing them, that the poultry given to the old lions is not
so kind a food for them, because when they pull them the
feathers stick in their mouths, and some being swallowed down
greatly trouble them. It is against received tradition that
the lion brings forth more than one, which was the brave device
and emblem of that great Queen, the King's mother "unum
attamen leonem," meaning his Royal Majesty, her son. The
Spanish Ambassador, Conde de Villa Mediana, took his barge
yesterday in the morning at Tower Hill towards Gravesend.
There had like to have been some stir in Bartholomew Fair by
prentices being gathered together, but the presence and
discretion of the Lord Mayor dispersed them presently.—From
the Tower, 27 August 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (112. 38.)
Ralph Gill to [the Earl of Salisbury].
1605, August 27.
Touching the best course for the tame
bringing up of the male lion, I fear me it will hardly be effected,
having had experience of a lion's whelp of 3 months' old, which
was sent over to her late Majesty about 7 years since. Which
whelp I brought up in my house with a purpose to make it tame,
and for the better accomplishment thereof I brought up a young
dog of the same growth to be his play-fellow, which were as
familiar and loving, as one whelp can possibly be with another,
and as gamesome with myself and my children as any spaniel
could be; until such time as he growing up to further strength,
which was about some 3 months after, he contrary to all
expectation, considering his former affection, violently fell
upon the dog and killed him, and withal grew so fierce that
afterwards he bit one of my servants. Whereupon not daring
to make further trial, I was constrained to turn him into the
den. Yet notwithstanding what course you shall think fit
to be done shall be most carefully performed. The greatest
danger which I most feared, namely their breeding of teeth,
I hope is past, for each of them now has 3 or 4 teeth. I cannot
as yet perceive that the male lion has offered to leap the
female.—From the Lions' Tower, 27 August 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (112. 39.)
Sir Lewis Lewkenor to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 27.
I received last night a letter from your
lordships which this morning I imparted privately to the Count
of Villa Mediana, who, calling presently for the other
Ambassador, told me that Dr. Taylor had formerly from your
lordships brought him other direction, and therefore demanded
by what authority I intimated to him any such message. I
told him by letters from your lordships, which he required to
see, otherwise he would hold him to the first message, delivered
him by Dr. Taylor; which was that he might freely pass Lord
Arundel over with him in his ship. I read the letter to him in
Spanish, every point whereof he set down in writing; which
done, he entreated me to withdraw, and after some private
consultation with the new Ambassador, he sent for Lord Arundel,
who is in this town, with sundry gentlemen and captains
attending him. After long debate, Lord Arundel going out,
he sent for me, telling me he would write to the King and your
lordships, requesting me to see the same sent. He is now
busied thereabout. I find both him and the other extremely
perplexed; letting escape many speeches of great passion, of
which I doubt not his letters will savour, which he now sends.
I cannot draw from him what he intends to do, the speeches
being very irresolute, and his apprehension of this matter more
feeling in my opinion than needs, drawing things to very strange
constructions, some altogether frivolous. I will attend his
better appeased humour, and as I shall draw certainties from
him will acquaint you. I understand Lord Arundel determines,
not receiving any direct prohibition, to adventure himself in
this passage, with certain gentlemen that follow him; which
how he will determine, upon better deliberation, I know not.
The Ambassadors both this night lie at Sir John Roper's
house, whence to-morrow Don Pedro de Cuniga returns to
London, and the other onward on his journey to Sandwich;
for to Dover he will not by any means go, in regard, as he
says, of some distastes he has received thence.—Gravesend,
27 August 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (191. 32.)
R. Cocks to Thomas Wilson.
1605, Aug. 28/Sept. 7.
Seven days past I wrote you from this town
of Bayon, hoping it would have come in time to have gone with
the same conveyance that my former of the 25th ult. went by;
but by the negligence of somebody it was left behind, and I
make account comes along by this same conveyance. These
country people are still of the opinion that an army is making
ready in England, and now they say it is to come against this
town of Bayon, and that which makes them to believe it the
more is a report of a Spaniard taken at the Paw who has
discovered great practices against France, and that the king
of England should have a hand in the matter. Also it is reported
that Mons. de la Furça, Viceroy of Byeen, has taken many
gentlemen prisoners, as is done with many others in other
parts of France about attempts against Norbona, Montpiller,
and other towns. And now there is flying speeches that some
are discovered that thought to have made an attempt against
a town called Lyborne near unto Bordeaux, with a castle thereunto adjoining, the principal author whereof should be the
brother of the Marshal Beron [Biron]. It is a world to hear
men's opinions, for you know the fashion of these country folk,
that they are no niggards of their tongues to speak freely
whatsoever they think. That which made me to laugh the
other day was, in walking on the bridge of Bayon in company
of Fle[mings], we met with certain mariners of Cap. . . . ton,
who began to rail against the Flemings, calling them thieves
and villains. In fine, they have pilfered two or three ships of
this country, coming from Newfoundland and out of South
Spain, and it is said there are 30 or 40 sail of them upon the
coast of Spain, so that no man dare look out, and a bark which
is come into Bayon verily thinks that they have met with the
King of Spain's galleons which went out of the Passage, which
if they have it will go hard with them. If any matter
of importance be offered you shall hear from me, but you must
not marvel if it be not so often as you expect, for passage per
sea is not every day at pleasure, and that which is a great
hindrance is the sickness at Bourdeaux, for now it is so hot
that there is no conveyance of letter per that way, neither per
consequence per Rochell.—Bayon, 7 Sept. 1605.
Holograph. 2½ pp. (112. 60.)
Commissioners for the Borders.
1605, August 28.
Orders agreed upon at the Convention
held at Hawick on 28 August 1605, of the King's Commissioners,
viz. Sir William Selbie, Sir William Seton, Convener of the said
quarter, Sir Patrick Chirnesyde, Sir John Charters, Sir Gedeon
Murrey and Mr. Edward Graie, for the regulation of the trials
of English and Scottish crimes and civil offences.
1 p. (191. 33.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 28.
The day after the receipt of Salisbury's
letters of the 12th instant he procured audience of the Archduke
and let him know that his Majesty had yielded at the instance of
their Ambassadors to mediate with the States for the licensing
of the Spaniards at Dover to pass into the ports of Flanders.
He told him also the answer his Majesty had received from the
States, of which he had sent Edmondes a copy, containing
their humble excuse for not assenting to the request which they
judged to be of too important inconvenience to the state of
their affairs [see above, p. 348]; that his Majesty, thereupon
finding that persuasion could nothing prevail with them, knew
not how to proceed further in the matter but prayed him to
take in good part his goodwill, and that he was sorry he had
to deal with a people who so little respected their honour and
so much their apprehension. The Archduke acknowledged
great thankfulness to his Majesty for the testimony of his favour
and hoped there would be other means found for the withdrawing of the Spaniards. In no other sort neither the
Archduke nor any other with whom Edmondes had conference
showed to be sensible of that denial being unexpected by them.
He told the Archduke further it was a great mistake to conceive
his Majesty would undertake in proposing a liberty of trade to
Antwerp by Lillo to induce the States also to consent to the
like toleration for the ports of Flanders. The Archduke said
he knew not wherein it could import more interest to admit
trade as well into those parts as to the other place and he hoped
his Majesty would not do himself the wrong to suffer his subjects
to be debarred by them of their trade. Edmondes answered
that his Majesty never promised to undertake more than for the
freedom of his own ports and the States persisting as they did
to withstand the trade into these countries, his Majesty was
not to be further pressed in that enterprise. President
Ricardott further complained that the Hollanders were suffered
to besiege his Majesty's ports in contempt of his proclamations;
but Edmondes told him he was misinformed for order was taken
to defend the King's jurisdiction.
Spinola has attempted nothing since the taking of Lighen
(sic) but uses great care to make that place the seat for his
plantation there. Because his army diminishes by the forces
he leaves in the garrisons, besides the new levies which he makes
in these parts, three regiments are to be sent to his re-inforcement, whereof one is the regiment of the English, another of
Spaniards commanded by Don Alonso de Luna and a third of
Liegeois. It is said he has used a further liberality to the
soldiers since the taking of Linghen, first allowing a pound of
flesh a day to a footman and the double thereof to a horseman.
but since reducing it to a daily allowance of money. 2 sols to a
footman and 4 to a horseman, to entertain the soldiers in the
better affection towards him and to contain them from committing excesses upon the country. It is conceived that he
is doubtful now what to undertake since he finds that Count
Maurice has now prevailed for the placing of strong garrisons
in the towns and he desires nothing so much as to engage the
Count to fight.
It is said that Le Terrail secretly prepares to make shortly
a new trial of the surprising of Bergen of Zoone, supposing to
find those of that town not expecting so soon to be visited with
new alarums. It is said that an Englishman is of the party,
which remained long in that garrison. Understands other
projects are in hand for some enterprises upon Ardembourg, in
which courses only Count Frederick seeks to exercise the troops
under his charge without being able to undertake any great
actions with them.
The Archduke and the Infanta having little business are gone
some nine leagues hence in devotion to the Lady of Sichem,
which has the reputation amongst them here of doing great
miracles. After their return they intend to spend some time
at a house of pleasure of theirs called Biens near Mons in
Mistress Southwell of whom Salisbury writes in his last letters
has not yet addressed herself to this place. There came hither
some ten days since one Mistress Morgan, sister to Sir Matthew
Morgan, with two other English maids with her. They are in
hand to be received into the English nunnery of this town
which is of the Order of St. Benedict. Sends a relation of the
last advertisements out of Germany and Italy.—From Bruxelles,
28 August 1605.
Copy. 5¼ pp. (227. p. 93.)
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers For., Flanders, 7.]
Sir William Waad to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 29.
Before the receipt of your last letters,
with which I received one for Mr. Gill, I satisfied you for the
strength and in what plight those two royal beasts are. The
dam, when they come abroad will not only play with them
herself, but brings them to the male, to disport himself with
his little ones, which he does with more gravity, wallowing on
his back; and when the female thinks they have been long
enough abroad, she takes them in, in most heedful manner.
Your lordship shall note a discreet care, more than for a dumb
beast, the which I noted in the dam. There is at one end of the
court a cistern lately made to hold water for the old lions, but
goes steep down, so that at the end it is some 4 ft. or 5 ft. deep.
Because of the little ones it is kept dry, and one of these got
to the side of the cistern; the dam foreseeing the danger that
it might fall down, which no man could have prevented,
runs down into the cistern, and with her head kept back
the little whelp from falling in, making a mourning noise,
until she had removed it, then came up again and got
it away. I have been bold to draw a letter to the
Commissioners [of] Sewers concerning the town and Tower
ditch, according to your instructions, which as yet has not
been sat on, until this day we have appointed a meeting,
whereof it may please you to have consideration, that it may
be sent presently unto us; the Lord Mayor and Aldermen
seeming to me to take no knowledge of these courses so suddenly
taken to bring all the soil of the suburbs into the Tower ditch,
which will poison us all. There is not any commissioner here
for the county but myself. therefore I was bold to add a clause
in the letter to advise the Commissioners to an indifferency, for
naturally they bear no good will to the Tower, and yet they
bear me in hand of better concurrence than heretofore.—From
the Tower, 29 August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 2 pp. (112. 40.)
The Council to Viscount Lisle.
1605, August 30.
We have received a letter of yours bearing
date 25 August in answer of ours of the 20th, wherein we observe
your readiness to obey his Majesty's commandments, which
we did ever expect in you and approve; and because it seems
that you conceive that our proceedings have been with more
severity than your case requires, we think it not amiss to answer
you in these few words, referring further circumstances until
you shall present yourself before us. That which was written
to you was grounded upon your own actions, and not upon
men's intentions, which require more time to be discerned than
in this case was to be attended, further than in that proportion
which his Majesty afforded you; which was to call, and not
to condemn you, unless his Majesty or we his councillors should
have been more curious to preserve your private than careful
to prevent those doubtful constructions, to which your journey
has exposed him and his actions. For as the conclusion of
your voyage could not be foreknown to us, before you now
advertised it, so the beginning could not be unsuspected by
others, whom rules of state and amity cannot deny the liberty
to observe the proceedings of other princes especially those
between whom there are more than general conditions of amity
and friendship. And therefore, as we did at the first lay
before you many important considerations, which moved his
Majesty directly to inhibit your further progress into the
Archdukes' countries, not so much because he could then
conceive no just occasion thereof, but because he heard from
diverse persons at the same instant, that you had declared to
Mr. Noel Caron, and other ministers of foreign princes, that you
would send for his Majesty's Ambassador to meet you at
Antwerp (a course seldom used in our experience by any person,
without privity of the State, when there was no employment
concurring, nor no desire to make use of that opinion for some
public consideration), so we have thought fit to let you know
by this, that there is no cause for the present to return you
any other answer than is above-mentioned, saving only in this
point, that where you have declared how ill you are provided
of a sufficient deputy when you shall come over, considering
Sir William Browne's absence, besides some indisposition of
your own at the receipt of ours, his Majesty is now pleased to
dispense with you for leaving that place until Sir William
Browne shall be arrived; after which we shall expect your
repair according to our former letter.—From the Court at
Oxford, 30 August 1605.
Copy. 1½ pp. (112. 41.)
The Council to Viscount Lisle.
1605, August 30.
From the Court at Oxon, 30 August 1605.
Draft of the preceding letter, with corrections by Salisbury.
1½ pp. (191. 36.)
The Earl of Salisbury to the Same.
[1605, August 30].
If I could conceive, that in the carriage
of this late accident of yours there had anything passed from
my Lords of other nature than the case required for the good
of his Majesty's service, or if I did not expect your own return
in short time, I would have answered your private letter to me
at greater length, because you wrote so to me in yours of the
25th, besides that to my Lords, and also because I am at all
times desirous to satisfy all men of the reasons of my actions
in this kind. Only in respect of a doubtful clause in your letter
to me, wherein you defy all the world for anything they can
charge you with of ill intention, I think it not amiss to say
shortly this, that if you intend that to those only that have
censured you so, it neither belongs to me to answer it, for
anything done as a councillor, nor as a private man. But if
I thought your lordship remained doubtful of me for passion
or practice, either out of your own imagination, or by the
factious reports of others, it is all the answer that I would
make, to wish you to believe what might best serve your turn,
for I confess I am not so desirous to appear clearly that which
I profess to those that have honour in them, but I should be
as careless to satisfy others, who would so far descend from
true virtue as to judge worse of me than they do of themselves.
Thus much, my Lord, I answer, not as thinking your challenge
other than most just in itself, but as a man acquainted with the
darts of ill tongues, and one of whom I hear it is conceived
that I am aptest to do good offices where I am oftenest suspect.
Draft unsigned. Endorsed: "1605, 30th Aug." 1½ pp.
News from Venice, etc.
1605, Aug. 30/Sept. 9.
Newsletter containing dispatches from Milan
relating to the proceedings of Fuentes and the siege of Orange
by Lesdiguières; from Vienna and other places reporting the
progress of the war in Hungary. Also news from various parts
of Italy and from Constantinople. News from Antwerp and
Cologne of Spinola's proceedings in the Low Countries. The
Roman intelligence contains news from France.—Venice,
9 Sept. 1605.
4 pp. (112. 47.)
Henry Ramelius, Danish Ambassador, to
Viscount Cranborne (sic).
1605, August 30.
Requesting him to find him a lodging and to
announce his arrival to the King.—On board ship, 30 August 1605.
Signed. Latin. ¾ p. (191. 34.)
Magistrates of Hamburg to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 31.
Letter of credence for their secretary,
Bernhard Tegius, sent on a mission to England.
Seal. Latin. 1 p. (191. 36.)
Sir George More to the Council.
1605, August 31.
Since the receipt of your letters
commanding me to cause all those, which having received
letters of privy seal for the loan of money within the county
of Surrey have not paid the sum required of them, to make
present payment, or to show that they have lent in London
or some other county, and thereof making default, to appear
before your lordships; I have written to them all, from whom
having received little money, but either certificate of lending
in other counties, or the same answer of disability to lend
which they formerly have made, I have paid the money and
send unto you herewith a certificate of their answers returned
unto me—This last of August 1605.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (112. 44.)
1605, August 31.
"A certificate of the names of such persons
as having received his Majesty's letters of privy seal for the
loan of money within the county of Surrey, excuse the notpayment thereof, or make no answer":—
100l.—William Mills esq. was assessed to pay 50l. only, for
which he received a new privy seal.
25l.—The Lady Allet, widow, Gerard Gore, gent., William
Bonde, gent., Henry Haward, citizen, James Chibell and Raphe
Pratt, that they have lent in the city of London.
25l.—Philip Connesly, knt. disables himself as before, in
regard of his small living etc.
25l.—Richard Bostock, esq. that he is of great years etc.
25l.—Matthew Dale, that he has no land.
25l.—William Harman, knt. that he is willing but unable
20l.—John Dryland returns no answer, but that he is in debt.
20l.—Robt. Quennell, that he lent at the last loan to her
Majesty, and is unpaid, and having given the greatest part of
his living to his son, he now is unable to lend.
25l.—Sir Matthew Carew, that long since he removed out
of the shire, and a privy seal in Middlesex.
25l., 20l., 20l.—William Gresham, knt., Henry Dorrell, esq.
and Humphrey Covert, gent., have promised to procure a
discharge long since, or to bring the money, but do neither.
25l., 25l., 20l.—William Mynne, knt., Thomas Muschamp,
knt., and John Cotten, gent., his Majesty's servants in ordinary,
that they are willing, but unable to lend.
20l.—Edward Waterhouse, knt., that he is his Majesty's
25l.—William Ratclif, gent., that being unpaid the money
which he lent to our late sovereign, he is altogether unable to
25l.—Edward Peacock, knt., that he received a privy seal
25l.—The Lady Weston, that her estate is much decayed.
50l.—Sir Edward Randell has made promise to pay, but does
Of the Clergy.
20l.—Michael Rabbet, parson of Stretham, that being unpaid
the last loan, prays to be spared, the rather for that he is now
employed in the translation of the New Testament, which is
cause unto him of extraordinary charge.
20l., 20l.—John Studley, parson of Ockham, and John Reeve,
parson of Stoke Daborne, that they are unpaid the money which
they lent at the last loan.
20l.—Mr. Day, that through many losses he is unable to lend.
20l.—Mr. Cawson, parson of Oxsted, that his living is small,
and he in debt.
20l.—Francis Taillour, parson of Godalming, that he has
but a poor vicarage, that he dwells amongst many poor, by
whom he loses much of his living, that he has many children,
and has had a long sickness.
20l.—Mr. Dawson, parson of Redreth, has paid in London.
20l.—Mr. Cordell, parson of Sutton, that he is in debt and
Mr. Binyon, parson of Crawley, and Mr. Word, parson of
Bedington, return no answer.
I conceive Sir William Harman, Sir Philip Connesly, Sir
William Gresham, Richard Bostock, Matthew Dale, William
Ratclif, Robt. Quennell most fit to be spared, and of the clergy,
Michael Rabbet, John Studley, Robt. Cordell, Francis Taillour,
Mr. Cawson and Mr. Day.
Signed: George More. 1½ pp. (112. 43.)
The Earl of Thomond to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 31.
If there had been any news in this kingdom
worthy the advertising, I would not have been so long silent.
There is never a lord in Ireland or England that more loves
and honours you, except it be my good friend, Sir George
Carew, lord of Clopton. What hard success I have had in my
grant, and the ward that I had under the broad seal being
left out of the establishment, I have desired him to acquaint
you withal, and wish that I had never made that suit. I have
sent your lordship a goshawk, for that I had never a falcon
this year, in respect my man by negligence suffered them to
be "forered," myself being at Dublin. If you next year send
a man of yours hither, he shall have the command of the long
winged hawks and short that I shall have, who will use them
better than my man can.—Bonratty, the last of August 1605.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (112. 45.)
Chief Justice Popham to the Earl of Salisbury.
1605, August 31.
I received this last night from Sir Rowland
Morgan a letter by which I understand he has apprehended
David Butler and committed him to Cardiff gaol, where he
remains until you give further directions. The examination
which charges him I sent you enclosed in my last letter.—From
Lytlecot, the last of August 1605.
Holograph. 1 p. (112. 46.)
Sir Lewis Lewkenor to the Same.
1605, August 31.
I have deferred writing, expecting the
return of Dr. Taylor, whose message will either appease or
yield more matter to the passionate humour of the Ambassador,
inclining already to very strange apprehensions, imputing things
that fell out casually to have been done in contempt of him;
as after having been contested withal at Gravesend for carriage
and excessive prices demanded (no endeavour of mine being
able to do anything with that obstinate people); coming thence
to Rochester, and being furnished by the constable with horses
for the cart wherein his own best things went; one Mr. Richard
Lee of St. Margaret's in the hundred of Rochester attended the
horses out of the town, and setting upon the Ambassador's
servants with pitchforks and staves, took them away violently;
the news whereof coming to the Ambassador, moved him so far
that he would presently have written thereof to his Majesty,
had I not used great instance to dissuade him, with assurance
that I would acquaint you therewith; and in truth the matter
deserves examination and punishment.
Tuesday night he came to Sir John Roper's house, where
he received a letter from Lord Northampton endorsed to Dr.
Taylor, and in his absence to the Count himself, which he
opening, found that the mariners and surgeons of Dover had
complained to my Lord of his embarking at Sandwich, which
they imagined should be to avoid such promises as had been
made unto them that at his departure he should at his passage
from Dover see them all satisfied. This also infinitely distempered him, saying that the mariners had done nothing but
that they were well paid for, and as for the surgeons, they
rather deserved punishment than reward. As for his going
to Sandwich in any such regard, he took it heinously that there
should be any such surmise.
At length coming to Sandwich, thither repaired unto him
Don Pedro de Sarmiento, Colonel of the Spaniards at Dover,
with sundry captains of those companies, who publicly at the
table, in the presence of Sir John Roper, myself and other
gentlemen, exceedingly inveighed against the Mayor of Dover
and government there, and the hard, extreme usage which they
have there received alleging injuries offered them, of which
the Count de Villa Mediana said that in a meeting at my Lord
Treasurer's house with your lordship he had made complaint,
and that my Lord Northampton being present had promised
correction for the abuses passed, and prevention of those to
come; but neither the one nor the other had been done. They
have framed a letter to Lord Northampton, very large and
expostulatory. Dr. Taylor's stay causes the delay of the
Ambassador's embarking, so that I, understanding the
Ambassador of Denmark to be now at Gravesend, intend to
take my leave presently of the Count of Villa Mediana, and
to be at Gravesend this night, leaving here Sir Thomas Vane
and Sir William Munson, who are both very careful to give
contentment to the Count. At my last departure from him
he used very temperate speeches, acknowledging great
obligations to his Majesty, and desiring me to recommend his
service to you.
Here are in this town at least 40 English gentlemen attending
to go over with him, and whether the Baron Arundel be here
privately or no I know not, but I think he is, for which I
have great presumptions. The Count of Villa Mediana intends
to embark this night.—Sandwich, last of August 1605.
Holograph. 2½ pp. (191. 37.)
Postal endorsements: "Hast hast post hast hast post hast
hast, Lewes Lewkenor. At Cant[erbury] the 31 of August at
6 a Clock in the aftear none. Seattingborne the 31 day of
August hallfe on ouer past 8 a Clocke at night. Rochester
past 10 aclocke at night. Darford paste 2 in the night the
31 of Auguste."
[The Earl of Salisbury] to [the Lord Chief Justice].
[1605, ? August].
The first preface which I will use shall
be to excuse myself for making no answer by your first messenger
at Oxford; we courtiers being then so far in love with disputations as we could not attend any other business. I am sorry
you have so ill a companion as the stone, though I doubt not
but you will be soon eased thereof, which I wish, and as much
good else as your heart can desire. For the matter . . . . .
the spirit that wrote the letter to be full of poison; and
therefore he were well worth the apprehension; for which
purpose I conceive you may do well, seeing David Butler is
apprehended, and the suspicion truly gathered by you that
he is rather a factor for priests than for wares, to cause him
to be sent up unto you to be strictly examined about him by
you, whose dwelling is near to the place of his apprehension;
that upon conference with him, or upon certificate of his
behaviour, you may either dismiss him or else take bonds of
him to appear here. This I write because we cannot now be
so severe as to punish the carrier of letters, peace being concluded with all nations, except it appear that they be receivers
of them from ["known priests" struck out] those that they
know to be offenders, or privy to the contents of such stuff as is
contained in them.
Our news are here not great, only those after which I know
you hearken most are such as you would desire; for his Majesty
with all his continues in perfect health; and for foreign things
they are as you left them; saving that there is now newly
arrived an Ambassador from Denmark, whose principal errand
is to be installed for the King his master; which shall be done
with great solemnity on Sunday at Windsor; from whence
within 3 days after the King intends to remove, and leave the
Q[ueen] till Michaelmas at Hampton Court, intending to spend
some time about Waltham and Savill during most part of that
time. I did not forget [to] recommend your duty and your
excuse to his Majesty, both which he took in very good part,
and willed me to say that he were weary of you, yet he would
wish you to live as long as himself, assuring for conclusion that
you are not meanly seated in his Majesty's gracious favour;
to which if I can make the least addition, you shall be sure of
my best offices.—Undated.
Draft. Endorsed: "1605. Minute to the Lord Chief
Justice from my Lord." 3½ pp. Damaged. (114. 119.)
[The Earl of Salisbury] to the [Deputy Lieutenants of
[1605 ? August].
Draft apparently of a circular letter,
informing his correspondents of his appointment as Lord
Lieutenant of Herts. and nominating each of them as a Deputy
Lieutenant. Encloses their deputation, with transcript of his
commission and copy of letter from the Council to him.—
In hand of Salisbury's secretary. Endorsed: "1605. Copy
of my Lord's letter to the Deputy Lieutenants of Hertfordshire."
2½ pp. (192. 22.)
Town of Hertford.
[1605, ? August].
Particular of things not granted in the
Hertford charter, that were petitioned for.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1605." ½ p. (214. 53.)
[The Earl of Salisbury] to [Lord Arundel].
[1605, before Sept.]
He is informed that Arundel purposes
to travel into foreign parts, the better to enable him for the
King's and country's service; and that he is parting with some
of his jennets and mares "belonging to your race," which have
been chargeably bred and maintained. If this be so, begs him
to reserve him 3 or 4, and let him know the price.—Undated.
Draft in Levinus Munck's hand. Endorsed: "1605. Lord
Arundell." ½ p. (113. 123.)