Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Same.
1606, April 16.
Since his last written a few days since the
President Ricardott has been with him and made a bitter complaint how much the Archdukes hold themselves wronged in
respect of a great disgrace offered, as they pretend, to their
Ambassador in England, who having been invited with the
Venetian Ambassador by Sir Lewis Leuknor in his Majesty's
name to see the tilting on the Coronation day and assured that he
would be allowed precedency of the Venetian Ambassador,
afterwards to avoid discontenting the latter they were both
unbidden and desired to abstain from coming. The Archdukes
take it as a great affront as they allege it has ever been the right
of the Dukes of Burgundy to be ranked next to the crowned
Kings. Arguments between Edmondes and Ricardott touching
the matter. No reasons that the former alleged could satisfy but
the latter's conclusion was that the Archdukes thought fit in
regard of the accident to forbear now to send the Count St.
Aldigonde to his Majesty as they had formerly intended.
Edmondes's reply was that the Archdukes would therein principally take a revenge against themselves and would give occasion
to all to think they sought to strain the occasion to recriminate
upon the English for the just cause they knew in their consciences
they had given them to be ill satisfied for not delivering his
Majesty's traitorous subjects. Ricardott alleged the further
cause of discontentment given them by restraining the King's
subjects to pass to the Archdukes' service, whilst granting daily
liberty therein to the States, though before he had professed that
for his part he did not much esteem the service of the Englishmen
Finds by them here that if his Majesty would send for Hoboque
and use him with kindness in regard of the accidents which have
passed, it would much salve the matter. These Princes have
been bred in the custom of apprehending more nicely the points
of honour than those of more serious substance. The Ambassador's wife too, who has a chief voice in the Chapter, is much
discontented that she is not more favourably used and oftener
visited, and much importunes for the revoking of her husband.
Yesterday order was taken for the setting of Baily at liberty,
so now only Owen remains prisoner.—16 April, 1606.
Copy. 4¾ pp. (227. p. 215.)
[Original in P.R.O., State Papers, Foreign, Flanders, 8.]
Roger Manners to the Earl of Salisbury.
, April 17.
The King made stay of the parsonage of
Bennington for him, wherein he has yet 20 years to come; and
ordered that Sir Thomas Sherley should forbear it, and furnish
himself elsewhere. Notwithstanding this, Sherley has sued to
proceed, and his petition has been referred to the Lord Treasurer.
He encloses a copy of the petition and his answer, and prays
Salisbury to satisfy the Lord Treasurer of the King's pleasure in
his behalf.—Enfyld, 17 April.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (116. 7.)
Sir William Waad to the Same.
1606, April 17.
So soon as I came back this morning to the
Tower, Garnet's keeper told me that Garnet had been very earnest
with him to go to Richard Fullwood from him (for you know
Garnet conceives that Fullwood is in prison) and to will him in
any case to take heed, if he were asked any question by the
Commissioners concerning the "lls" [Lords], to confess nothing of
them. This he twice very carefully prayed his keeper to say to
Fullwood. His keeper, to draw him on, asked him what "lls."
It is no matter, said Garnet, if you tell him as I bid you. he will
understand my meaning. He told him further, when he had
delivered the message to him, than he would write. This I set
down verbatim, as the keeper tells it me, whom on my faith I
never found untrue hitherto in one word. For daily if Garnet
say any to him he reports it to me; if he had no speech of
anything he says as much. This morning he might securely deal
with his keeper, for I locked them both up myself, and took away
the key. It may please you to keep this scribbled letter, because
they are the very words the keeper delivers. He is very angry
the letters were not burned which lately were taken.—17 April,
PS.—I think Phillips's servant, that ordinarily attends upon
his master, could easily find the means to apprehend Fullwood,
who is the only trusted man by the Jesuits.
Holograph. 1 p. (116. 6.)
Eliza Vaux to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1606, April 17].
I have been a long suitor to you for leave to
go into the country for recovery of my health and to avoid the
great charges I live at here; and I find my suit and myself so
wholly neglected that I cannot but marvel what has made so
great a change in you, from whom I found such honourable usage
before; as when I was last at the Council table you showed that
care, both of my health and estate, as I could not think how to
yield sufficient thanks. Since then I cannot accuse myself that
I have given you the least cause of alteration. If any have
incensed you against me, I shall be highly bound to you but to
let me come to my trial.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "17 April, 1606." 1 p. (116. 22.)
The Bishop of Gloucester to the Same.
1606, April 18.
Recommends the bearer, Thomas Harlowe,
son-in-law of William Okey, late Keeper of the Gatehouse,
deceased, for the keepership. Harlowe lived under his government in Christ Church, Oxon, almost 7 years, where he demeaned
himself very religiously and studiously,—At my house in Westminster College, 18 April, 1606.
Holograph, signed: Tho. Gloucester. 1 p. (116. 9.)
Sir Christopher Roper to the Same.
1606, April 18.
He begs Salisbury to further his suit for the
education of his son in languages and learning. He promises to
take all possible care against giving the least offence either to
Salisbury or the State thereby.—18 April, 1606.
Holograph, signed: Chr. Rooper. ½ p. (116. 10.)
Chief Justice Popham to the Same.
1606, April 18.
I omitted to put you in mind yesterday touching
the two Grymes [Grahams] which are committed to the King's
Bench for sundry robberies and murders committed by them on
the Borders. If justice be not done on these, and the principal
of their families removed from the Borders, it may be doubted
the King's charges will be long continued; and these Borders
not made clear of such rapines; which I leave to your consideration. It seems the Earl of Cumberland will be pleased to be at
the charge to convey them down; and my Lord Bishop of Carlisle
well knows the condition of these men. These Easter holidays,
in which Mr. Speke, Mr. Serjeant Croke and Mr. Solicitor have
some time of rest, if it may seem good to you that they might
deal somewhat in the examination of Sir Charles Yelverton,
David King and Whythere, and one Lanware alias Edwards,
lately taken, and whom Garnet seems to grieve at his apprehension,
it may haply prepare somewhat ready against Mr. Attorney's
return. I have particularly written unto Mr. Lieutenant concerning these persons.—Stooke, 18 April, 1606.
Holograph. 1½ pp. (116. 11.)
Sir Henry Touneshend to the Earl of Salisbury.
, April 19.
I have been performing my duty at Chester in
the Exchequer there the 14th of April, where I have ordered
65 causes in the book of hearing, besides rules; and yet I had
as many and more at my last sitting the week before Christmas,
and shall not be altogether idle at my circuits a fortnight hence
at Chester. Being now at Chester I heard that some information
was or would be preferred to you of some petty fees that I had
newly erected to the charge of the subjects. Albeit I know your
judicial disposition not to condemn me before I answer, it may
please you to understand that there be as many causes depending
and have been dispatched in my time, as double for the time
formerly, howsoever you are informed. But upon a petition
preferred by Mr. Dod, Baron of the Exchequer there, alleging that
his pains was not recompensed, and his ancient fees withdrawn
by his careless predecessor and his deputy, little resident there
upon the place, my Lord of Derby commended earnestly the
said petition to me. Whereupon I conferred with Mr. Glaceour,
who seemed forwards to me on Mr. Dod's behalf. Then I
conferred with all the attorneys and officers of the Court, who all
subscribed to an order what fees of right belonged to the place
due to the Baron Office. Notwithstanding, I was so careful that
I commanded the Baron not to put the fees in execution until
your and my Lord Derby's pleasure were known; which was and
is performed accordingly. Mr. Dod intends after this Parliament
to acquaint your lordships with it. For any action that I have
done or shall do in that Court, I desire before any hard conceit be
had of me that the accusation may be examined, and shall take
the same as a recompense for my service.—From his Majesty's
Castle of Ludlow, this Easter even.
Signed. Endorsed: "1606"; also the following names:
Sir H. Townsend, Sir Rich. Lewkner, Justice Owen, Justice
Walmsley, Justice Gaudy. Justice Warburton, Sir Jh. Foster.
1½ pp. (193. 54.)
Anthony Ersfeild to the Same.
, April 19.
Near the Isle of Wight, in a little harbour
called Meadhole, there are associated 20 or 30 loose seafaring men
that rob and spoil by sea whom they can catch, and have taken a
Frenchman loaden with wines and other commodities. The chief
is one Turner, a Suffolk man. What prejudice these coasts may
have if they be not suppressed, I leave to your censure. If I
may have warrant to apprehend them and the like, whereby to
be secured from the penalty of the law in case by violence some
might be slain, I will employ my best endeavours to hinder their
unlawful courses. Since my last I received the Council's letters,
wherein you authorise me to the custody of this place, until his
Majesty dispose of it. I will perform faithfully the trust. Here
is now a fleet of 9 great ships belonging to the Hollanders, bound
for the East Indies.—Portsmouth, 19 April.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (116. 12.)
Viscount Lisle to the King.
1606, April 20.
He begs to be appointed general examiner,
for the examination of all deponents upon all commissions to be
directed out of the English Courts, with power to appoint deputies.
The appointment will be no prejudice to any officers of the Courts,
and a wonderful ease to the subjects in travail and charge, the business more justly performed, and neither party out-countenanced.
Note at foot: The King refers the petition to the Lord Chancellor and others for report.—20 April, 1606.
Contemporary copy. 1 p. (116. 14.)
Considerations to show the commissions directed out of the
English Courts for examination of witnesses will be better executed
by special examiners, sworn and appointed in every county, than
by commissioners nominated at large, as now they are.—Undated.
Endorsed: "1606. L. Lisle." 2 pp. (116. 13.)
Sir Anthony Ashley to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, April 21.
Sends a present of a couple of pheasants, and
half a dozen partridges; and offers to send him shortly "young
pheasants cut and crammed like capons, whose taste very much
differs in daintiness from their own nature."
He is informed that Sir Edward Parham landed here secretly
from the Low Countries, remained some time under counterfeit
name and habit for the dispatch of some business with suspected
persons and suddenly departed, it is not known whither.—My
poor house at St. Giles, Wimborne, 21 April, 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (116. 15.)
Viscount Lisle to the Same.
1606, April 21.
With a petition, apparently concerning the
sale of some of his lands. Details of proceedings in the matter,
which has been referred to the Lord Treasurer and Salisbury.
The land has been surveyed, as well that which he desires to free,
as that which he offers to assure. He begs Salisbury to sign the
certificate, wherein it appears his Majesty gives nothing away.
He will reserve the King's gifts, when he thinks him worthy of
any, to matters which may be of profit.—21 April, 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (192. 129.)
Sir Lewis Lewkenor to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, April 22.
The Marquis of St. German landed yesterday
at the Downs, whither I went instantly from Dover with 5 coaches
and 12 horses to receive him, and so brought him to Dover. This
day I have brought him to Canterbury. He was met on Barram
Down by Sir Moyle Finch, the High Sheriff, with very near
40 knights and gentlemen, all singularly well horsed, and very well
furnished; by which troop he was very honourably and to his
great contentment conducted to his lodging in Canterbury.
To-morrow he intends to go to Rochester, and Thursday morning
to Gravesend, and thence to London the same day. He makes
great haste to return, and if his Majesty dispose not otherwise of
him, he intends not to stay above 6 or 7 days; and to that end,
by secret motion from Don Blasco, I have written to my Lord
Chamberlain about his first audience on Saturday next. If it
shall be so pleasing to his Majesty, and if the Queen and the
Prince would also be present, it would be a great advancement to
his dispatch, being tied to many compliments which he must
receive and perform from and to other Ambassadors, which will
spend him some days. He has brought with him from the Queen
of Spain sundry presents to the Queen, which they give out to be
very rich.—Canterbury, 22 April, 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (116. 16.)
Postal endorsements: "Canterbury tuesday 22th of April at
6 a clock in the eveninge hast hast post post hast hast with
dyligence. Lewes Lewkenor. Settingborne the 22th day of
aprill at 9 a Clocke at night. Rochester at 11 aclock at night.
Darford at five in the morninge."
C. de Harlay to the Same.
1606, April 22/May 2.
He acknowledges Salisbury's letter, assuring
him of the confidence he had in him during his stay in Great
Britain; which he will always endeavour to preserve. M. de la
Boderie is now going to succeed him there, and brings this letter.
He assures Salisbury of la Boderie's sufficiency and sincerity, and
of his respect to Salisbury; to whom he will endeavour to make
himself agreeable, according to the charge laid upon him.
Thanks him for the news of the English State which he has sent
him by Du Jardin.
In accordance with Salisbury's wish he has told the King of
Salisbury's gratitude for his Majesty's good opinion of him as
shown by his treatment of his nephew Monsieur de Res [Roos].
By the latter he is bidden to assure Salisbury that the King
confirms more and more every day by good offices his knowledge
of his lordship's prudent and religious services in the conservation
of the amity between himself and the King, Salisbury's master.
Having heard three days ago of the death of the Earl of Evenchiere
[Devonshire] the King told de Harlay of his great grief at his loss
both on account of the Earl's own merits but still more on
Salisbury's account, knowing by de Harlay his great friendship
for him and how he had been assisted in all his good intentions by
him. Cannot let the occasion pass without testifying to his own
great regret at the death of this brave and gallant "cavallier,"
both on Salisbury's account and on that of his friends and the
whole kingdom.—Paris, 2 May, 1606.
Signed. French. Endorsed: "Monsieur de Beaumont."
2 pp. (116. 30.)
Sir Arthur Gorges to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, April 23.
I received your answer by my Lord Carew,
that the Parliament ended, you would further my suit. I would
wait on you, but I having had 6 of my children at once visited
with the measles and the seventh dead, I would not presume to
breathe on you or put my foot in the Court till I had purged my
family in a clearer air. I desire warrant to Mr. Dodryge, his
Majesty's solicitor, to draw up my book for my fee farm, by the
pattern of my lease which I have under the great seal; that his
Majesty by your good means may sign it.—Kewe, 23 April, 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (116. 17.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Same.
1606, April 23.
Presumes to let his lordship know that it has
been lately written hither out of France that when the Marquis
of St. Germain came to Paris care was taken to put on some
familiar friends to demand of him how he could assure himself to
be welcome in England considering the refusal made by the King
of Spain his master to satisfy his Majesty's demand for the
delivery of his traitorous subjects. He answered that he carried
with him what would give good contentment, which he made
himself to be understood to be not only rich presents but authority
to propound some offers for a marriage between the Prince and
the Infanta of Spain; that if James would mediate for the reducing
of those of Holland to obedience, whereby to make an end of the
war, the King of Spain would promise to dispose of the countries
now in the States' possession in the said marriage.
Salisbury will best know what is true herein but it is generally
said that St. Germain is to present la carta blanca to his Majesty
for stipulating of such a peace for the Hollanders as he shall
think good. It is also observed for an instance of ostentation
that, when he demanded his passport from the French King
for his passage to England, he was not unwilling to specify
therein amongst other things for presents the sum of 40,000 crowns
There is no appearance of undertaking anything here till the
return of the Marquis Spinola. It seems there is a disposition to
send the Count of St. Aldigonde to his Majesty after the return of
St. Germain out of England.—23 April, 1606.
Copy. 1¾ pp. (227. p. 220.)
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers Foreign, Flanders, 8.]
N.W. to Monsieur du Pre.
1606, April 24/May 4.
My last to you was from Doway, wherein I told
you what I had learned until then; since which time I have
arrived at Bruxelles, viz. upon 27 April. The next day after my
arrival I went to visit Signor Alto ("Sir Will. Stanley"), who
invited me to dine with him, which I consented unto; and at
dinner he, with another Colonel of this country, asked me many
questions of our country; unto which I answered as I thought in
discretion fittest. Amongst other things the Colonel asked me
whether Signor Octaviano's ("Hugh Owen") friends did not
desire to see him in England. I told him, Yes, and that they
hope soon to see him there; unto which he answered, Nay,
quoth he, that they are not like to do, unless Signor Augusto
("King of England") will send hither Signor N. Caroone and
yourself, which he may as well require to be done, as Signor
Augusto may desire to have Signor Octaviano come to him.
This Colonel wished very often that the peace might not hold, and
then, quoth he, we shall have other news. In the end they all
resolved that they doubted not but that they should very shortly
see Signor Octaviano in statu quo prius. The next day I went to
visit Signor Octaviano who keeps still his chamber ("prison"),
but I found him very merry, and of the same opinion concerning
himself that the aforenamed gentlemen were. He told me that
he might walk abroad if he would, but he would not until he saw
the extremest malice of his enemies past. When he is able to
walk abroad I make no doubt but we shall take some little journey
out of the town to take the fresh air. I could write more
particulars of this business, but I fear to commit it to common
characters; therefore I pray you send me as before I have
requested you. A day or two after I went to visit an old acquaintance of mine, one of the Cavalcanti ("Jesuits") come lately out
of Spain, and now here residing in the place of Signor Negro
("Baldwin"); who told me that Signor Auro ("King of Spain")
was exceeding angry when he heard of the course that was taken
with Signor Alto and Signor Octaviano, and that he had written
hither to him [sic] in their behalf. He told me further that
Signor Furioso ("Creswell") went out of Spain in great haste
about the midst of December last urbem versus ("Romam"), and
there hath been very sick, neither is he as yet returned into
Spain. He told me further that he marvelled no man did mischief
Signor Augusto ("King of England"). Also he told me that
Signor Augusto had no more reason to send for Signor Octaviano
than Signor Auro had to send for Don Anthonio Peris, who lives
in France. Signor Negro is but seldom here, but goes up and down
the country from one town to another, and at this time is gone to
St. Omer, but means to return hither shortly, and then to St.
Omer again ere it be long, by which means I may perhaps find
occasion to salute him by the way, if you think it fit: advise me by
your next what I shall do in that point. One inconvenience will
be that if I commence anything with him. I shall thereby discover
my business with Signor Octaviano, unless I can do it by a
There arrived here yesternight Sir Robert Basset and
Mr. Geffrey Pole, lately come ab urbe, and this morning (for that
Mr. Pole and I have been of old acquaintance) I went to visit
them, but I had not many words with them, for Sir Robert was
going in great haste to the Nuncio, with whom he said he had
very earnest business.
The common report here is that the two Cavalcanti ("Jesuits
Greenwell and Gerrard") mentioned in my former letters are on
this side the seas, but their nearest friends tell me that they are
still safe in England.—Bruxelles, 4 May, 1606, stilo novo.
PS.—There is a gentleman in this town that has often seen
Signor Octaviano in company with two of them that are dead.
Let your next letters to me be delivered op de greit by the Wermes
Port at the house of the widow Moyson, and endorsed as you
The names and words between quotes have been inserted above the
line. 2 pp. (116. 30(2).)
Captain Ellis Jones to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, April 25.
He has held for 4 years the company which
my Lord of Devonshire bestowed on him through Salisbury's
recommendation, when Devonshire was at Kinsale. As the
climate there destroys his health, he begs that the company
may be turned into a pension of 6s. 8d. or 6s. a day.—25 April,
Holograph. 1 p. (116. 18.)
Sir William Waad to the Same.
1606, April 26.
Since my Lord Mayor began to offer some
wrong to the liberties of this place, I have received from divers
merchants of London strange opposition for that little quantity
of wine which has been paid (as by good record in the Tower
appears) at the least 300 years to his Majesty's Royal Castle;
wherein I have had very honourable assistance of my Lord Chief
Justice and Mr. Attorney General, whose chance it was to be here
when my man that takes that duty was well beaten. This day
one Busford, a merchant of London, has not only denied me that
duty but has evil entreated my servant, and taken from him his
bottles with very outrageous words; amongst others he wished
the pox on all offices and officers. I have used lawful means to
remedy myself, only I crave of you that if he shall complain to
the Lords, that his words may be examined; and because he has
with great oaths given forth that he will spend great sums of
money to overthrow this privilege, and that I shall have nothing
of him but by law, my suit is that we may be referred to the course
of law, which will give right to us both.—26 April, 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (116. 21.)
The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Thomas Edmondes.
1606, April 26.
Because it is a very essential matter in the
execution of foreign employments not only to receive directions
for things fit to be negotiated, and to execute the same with
dexterity and judgment, but also to be advertised from time to
time of all circumstances that are offered in the movings of
affairs betwixt one state and another, I have thought good to
make you here a particular relation of that which passed betwixt
his Majesty and the Archdukes' Ambassador at an audience
which he had some two days since, in which he dealt with his
Majesty in these 2 points following. First he showed in form of a
complaint how sensible the Archdukes were of an injury they
reputed done unto them in the point of honour by disinviting him
again at the feast of Coronation, upon pretence of competition of
priority of place betwixt him and the Venetian Ambassador.
Of which point because it is fit you should know the very ground
I will deliver you the particulars as near as may be, as they
happened. It is true that a day or two before the last Coronation
his Majesty caused the Ambassador of Spain, together with the
Archdukes' and of Venice, to be invited to the solemnities, with a
purpose to have placed the Ambassadors of the Archdukes and
of Venice as neither the one nor the other should have had just
cause of discontentment by any visible marks of priority. But
the Archdukes' Ambassador upon the inviting challenged precisely
the precedency before the Venetian, and showed otherwise an
unwillingness to come but upon those terms ; as the gentleman
that was sent to invite them made report of the Archdukes'
Ambassador's speeches to the Lord Chamberlain, who having
acquainted his Majesty with it and considered that now they could
not well admit with [sic] the one without discontenting of the
other, his Majesty resolved to omit them both, being but an
office of courtesy which they could not challenge by virtue of their
places: and so the gentleman was returned back again to
disinvite them both, who in his delivery of his message to the
Archdukes' Ambassador exceeded his direction (as it seemed) only
thus far, as he took upon him to deliver the reason of this disinviting, which he was not commanded to do, to be in respect
that his Majesty could not well accommodate him if he expected
an absolute and markable precedency. Upon this message the
Archdukes' Ambassador grounding his quarrel, wrote to the
Archdukes as it seems, and came to his Majesty upon the receipt
of new directions to expostulate the matter as a great indignity
offered to his masters, who either as Dukes of Burgundy, or as
son and brother to an Emperor or as daughter to a King of Spain,
had and ought to have precedency of all others beneath the
condition of Kings. His Majesty having heard the Ambassador
at large (who was somewhat warm in this point) made this reply,
that it was strange unto him to be put to this exigent by the
Archdukes as to be challenged of unkindness because he sought
to content all without being driven to determine of that which
yet was undetermined of any other Prince; letting him know
with great coldness a great while (notwithstanding the Ambassador's heat) that no longer than yesterday the Venetian Ambassador being with his Majesty had held the like language in his
own behalf, against whom, though his Majesty told him that he
had disputed very plainly for the Archdukes' right, as that which
in his own affection he gave him to be due unto him, yet upon the
reasonable and temperate answer of the Venetian, who was willing
to join this issue with his Majesty, that if the Archdukes could
ever show de facto that he had it given him in any other Court,
that he would yield; his Majesty could not but suspend his
judgment, and therefore wondered wherein he had deserved such
expostulation at the Archdukes' hands; adding this further,
that if he might speak plainly unto him what the Venetian said
(though he had absolutely taken the Archdukes' part to the
Venetian) that where he alleged to claim it as Duke of Burgundy
that was not sufficient now to carry it, for it was alleged that the
title since the uniting of it in Philip and Charles of Spain is now
dismembered, given to the Archduke by a donative in which are
many reservations kept to Spain. And for his pretence as to an
Emperor's son and brother, the world doth not acknowledge any
such right in them; for the Emperors being elective, with themselves dieth their dignity, so as their children and brethren (being
not otherwise qualified) can challenge no such prerogative before
other sovereign princes. And for the Infanta as daughter to
Spain, being now no heir immediate to the King, his Majesty
saw no reason why she should ascribe unto herself more than his
Majesty should do unto his own daughter, who is as you know an
heir general to his kingdoms. But to the main point now in
question about the disinviting, which the Ambassador alleged
did proceed in his Majesty from the motive of competition
betwixt the Venetian and himself, the King said it was no act of
his own, but rather as apprehended by the Ambassador or used
by the party happily with desire to satisfy his questions why he
was disinvited ; in which case it was no wonder that a messenger
might in such a degree forget himself, and yet that could hardly
amount to a good exception to a Prince that had no end but
honour and kindness: with which answer he said that he must
rest satisfied, or else use his discretion. And in very truth, Sir,
this is the plain truth. With this answer the Ambassador seeming
somewhat satisfied he proceeded to the other point, concerning
the delivery of Owen and Baldwin, the one not being in his
master's power, and the other having many considerations of
state depending upon it; for he being a person who of many
years hath had much correspondency with most of the Catholics
of England his delivery now might endanger them all, for that
those things might be drawn from him, either by torturing or
strict examining, not fit to be discovered now when there is a
firm peace established. Whereunto his Majesty answered first
for the general, that he had no other end in demanding him than
as his subject and guilty of so abominable a treason as this was,
in the pursuing whereof his Majesty thought that all princes in
the world would have willingly concurred with him, even as he
protested he would have done to others if the case had been
theirs and that any of those criminals had remained in his power.
Secondly, for the particular of discovering Catholics and their
courses, his Majesty's own former assurance to the Archdukes in
the word of a prince might have satisfied that scruple, that the
caitiff should not have been researched for any other matters but
only concerning the gunpowder treason; and for torturing or
strict examining his Majesty's intention was (whereof the Ambassador could not be ignorant) that the Ambassador's house should
have been his prison, and that he should not have been otherwise
dealt with but in his presence and hearing. The Ambassador
replied that the Archdukes would proceed against him there if
his Majesty would send over the papers to accuse him. But his
Majesty answered that seeing they had denied to send him his
subject to be tried here according to the laws and customs of his
native country, his Majesty was loth to send any papers or
accusations over, not knowing how they might be scanned and
construed there by the formalities of their laws, whereby a double
scorn might be drawn upon him. But, said his Majesty, it is now
in vain to speak of new trials, seeing the wretch is already condemned by public sentence of the whole Parliament, which
sentence the Archdukes might see if they would. The Ambassador replied, if his Majesty would impart that sentence to the
Archdukes it might be he should have satisfaction. But his
Majesty said that at the end of the Parliament the sentence should
be extant in print and the Ambassador might buy it if he would
for 12d. and send it to his masters; for he that already failed him
in his own honour, and had been delayed so long for answer and
now gat no better, meant not to expect other than new distinctions and refusals; for which cause he will no further expostulate
than only to desire the Archdukes to believe that he would have
done more for their sakes. The Ambassador made instance of
the Archdukes' readiness to have assisted his Majesty's Ambassador
there in the apprehending of Captain Blont, yea, if needed, to have
compelled him, but, said he, your Ambassador ever refused it.
His Majesty answered that he had not directed his Ambassador
to demand Blont in that kind, seeing Owen was denied him,
against whom there were so palpable and notorious proofs of
guiltiness. But howsoever it was, as his Majesty had demanded
in all these nothing by virtue of any contract of friendship or
treaty but merely jure gentium, and out of courtesy amongst
princes; so being now refused by the Archdukes he leaves it to
the judgment of the world whether the Archdukes ought to
expect any more at his Majesty's hands but such things as he is
directly bound unto by the treaty. Upon these terms they
brake off, and the Ambassador seemed to depart not well satisfied.
All which partialities I have only related for your knowledge, not
that you should take any occasion to speak of it yourself, but
only as occasion shall be offered to you that you might be able to
satisfy them accordingly if happily the Ambassador have in
anything misconceived or misinterpreted his Majesty's upright
and sincere meaning in it.
For our occurrences the Marquis of St. Germain is arrived and
this day is to receive his first audience. To-morrow being Sunday
his Majesty doth purpose to feast him and to dispatch him with
all the expedition that may be, according to the Marquis's desire.
For Garnet, the cause of the protraction of his execution hath
partly grown by reason of the holy week, as they call it, before
Easter, and the holy days following; and partly because of this
delay there have many things been discovered by him which
serve to very good use in his Majesty's service. It is now resolved
that on Wednesday next he shall be executed.—26 April, 1606.
PS.—Since the writing of this letter I have received yours of
the 16th in which I have observed the reasons which you have
used on his Majesty's behalf, which are such as for one that had
no manner of light from hence or foreknowledge of the business in
question, but was driven only to resort to the strength of your
own reason, could not be made better ; and amongst others the
argument of the access of power to Spain to prove his pretended
precedency hath not been forgotten here. And his Majesty also
reasoning with the Venetian against his argument of the dismembered state of the Archdukes as Duke of Burgundy, used
this reason unto him, that the Venetians were not to be considered
now as heretofore they were, when they had the title of Kings of
Copy. 6¼ pp. (227. p. 221.)
Sir Thomas Shirley to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, April 27.
Among other impropriations, he made choice
of a parsonage in Lincolnshire called Long Benington, in which
Mr. Roger Manners has a lease. He had a particular rated for it,
and was ready to pass it; but Mr. Manners procured from the
King a stay thereof. He informed the King that he was much
wronged thereby, as he had paid for it by the assurance of his own
land to the King for the payment of 1,000l. yearly. The King has
referred the cause to the Lord Treasurer, and he begs Salisbury to
favour him therein.—27 April, 1606.
Holograph. 2 pp. (116. 23.)
Sir Richard Moryson to the Same.
[1606, April 28.]
He much feels the loss of his government,
both in reputation as a soldier, and in his means to live in the
latter part of his age; but submits himself to this censure, being
more comforted in the testimonies he has received of Salisbury's
good opinion, than the loss of fortune can countervail. He begs
that for his services in the wars he may be allowed a pension; and
in respect of the places he has held in Ireland, he desires to be
made a councillor.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "28 April, 1606." 1 p. (116. 24.)
William James, Dean of Durham, to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, April 30.
I have been certified by divers friends of your
favour in that wherein they have been troublesome to you;
for which I am ever most bounden. My Lord of Dunbar at his
passing has signified to me your constant affection, notwithstanding all oppositions, and has wished me to be a dependant
on you, by whose means he hoped there might be obtained that
which is desired.
Helenor Jackson, committed by me and others for saying that
the 5th of November, the day of Percy's devilish design, should
end them or mend them, she being an obstinate recusant, and
no doubt privy to their hellish plot, and a great carrier of news
from house to house, has lately cut her own throat in the gaol
here. You have taken an honourable part in the cause. Let
papists and atheists band themselves: his Majesty's good
subjects will and do carry you in their hearts, and daily in their
prayers and speeches make honourable remembrance of you.—
Duresm, 30 April, 1606.
Holograph, signed: W. James. Endorsed: "Dean of
Durham." 1 p. (116. 25.)
Lord Dirletoun to the Same.
, April 30.
This afternoon his Majesty read that letter
you sent me; and I delivered likewise to him Garnet's assertions,
which he looked to have. Howsoever Mr. Myrrie, the Clerk of
the Kitchen, did "pinass" either his Majesty or you; yet I can
assure you the King was exceeding merry, and no man so well at
his pleasure as myself; and for that I must thank you. His
Majesty thinks (for this matter of the Church, which you think
shall die in the Lower House) it will be wakened in the Upper
House; and no man so careful as you before it should perish
altogether. You will receive here enclosed the two letters you
sent to me. His Majesty minds by the grace of God the morrow
to make for Newmarket, because the very day before he came to
this town, there died one old man and a child. For Montgomery's
match, he got the forfeit of 100l., and then as I think for 40s. the
horses ran. But my fellow Montgomery did go before ever. His
Majesty is well pleased, and has had good sport at the hunting
this morning.—Royston, last of April.
Holograph. Endorsed "1606." 1 p. (116. 26.)
The Gunpowder Plot.
Interrogatories addressed to [Henry Garnet].
Who they were that were sent from hence to Rome, about a
twelvemonth hence, from whom, what was the message etc.
Whether was not the letter written by Coffyn sent to him, or if
it were sent to any other, to whom was it sent, and who showed it
unto him; what is the meaning of the postscript of Father
Of whose hand is the cipher that was found in his chamber, and
1. Who came to him in his lodging in Thames Street, in the
company of Catesby besides Tesmond.
2. What lodgings he had in London besides that in Thames
3. What he knows of Phillips, and the correspondence he has
with Owyn and Baldwyn; how long has he been acquainted with
How many letters have come to Phillips in his packets; by
what endorsement, and how often did he write back.
What other advertisement did Phillips send to him by Richard
4. To declare the truth where the Bulls are that were sent to
him a year before the decease of the late Queen; and whether he
durst adventure to burn them without leave.
To make now a true declaration of the several conferences
between him and Tesmond concerning the Powder Treason.
What conference he had at any time with Tesmond or in his
presence, of a Protector that should be chosen, after the blow
given, and who should have the chief authority.
Was there not a proposition amongst them to have spared the
King, Queen and Prince. How was that overruled.
5. Did not you will Tesmond to tell Abington you wished him
to take arms and join with the traitors or Catholics because there
was no other way left.
6. To declare the truth what passed at Caughton [Coughton]
between you and him.
Whether was not Richard Fullwood with you both at Caughton
and Henlipp; to what purpose came he down thither, and how
was he employed in any of those occasions. What letters brought
he to you, and from whom.
Who is Treasurer under him to the Jesuits.
What sums of money hath he conveyed of late to beyond the
seas, and to what place.
7. Whether hath he not since the discovery of the treason
spoken with Tesmond after the Wednesday the 6th of November
when he was at Caughton, and if he have, in what place, and
what was the conference.
8. What letters hath he written unto him in that time, and
to what effect.
9. Did he not advise him, if he came in question, to use the
matter so as the credit of the Jesuits might be saved as much
as might be, and in no case to confess that they were contrivers
or authors of this project.
10. Did he not likewise agree with him or advise him not to
discover any nobleman.
11. What other gentlemen of quality or noblemen were thought
upon as fit persons to furnish horses upon the negotiation of
Winter and Tesmond.
What letters had Baynam from any person besides yourself,
when he went to Rome.—Undated.
Endorsed: "April 1606. Interrogatories." 2 pp. (116. 28.)
An. Milles to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1606, ? April].
Living within a mile of Canterbury Park,
I desire your lordship's cloth to attend this St. George's Day, than
which nothing would more raise my dejected thoughts.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1606." ½ p. (119. 37.)
The inhabitants of Lewisham to the Same.
[1606,? April or May].
They have always had common of pasture
for their cattle, and estovers and shreddings of trees growing in
the common called Westwood within the manor of Lewisham.
At the suit of Henry Newporte, Yeoman of the King's Boiling
House, a commission was awarded to find a parcel of waste in
Lewisham called Westwood to be the King's, and inquire particulars thereof. The commissioners sat on 25 April, 1606, and the
greater part of the jury meant to give their verdict that Westwood
was the King's waste and yet a common; but the jury were
dissolved. Since then Newporte goes about to get sinister
testimony against them, and to prevent them from giving their
evidence as defendants of their rights of common. They are
above 500 poor householders greatly relieved by the common, and
would be utterly undone if it should be unjustly taken from them;
and they beg the Earl's aid as High Steward of Lewisham.—
Petition. Endorsed: "1606." 2 pp. (116. 19.)