Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 1.
I have nothing by his Majesty's commandment
to return to you in answer to your letters this morning received
but that he took them very kindly and asked no questions but of
two things: the one that he marvelled he heard not of further
proceeding with the Spanish Ambassador, which question he had
asked me before about two days since, because in your letter
advertising of that business it seemed that there was a new day
appointed of meeting, within five or six days as his Majesty conceived it. My answer was that I took the delay to be in the
Ambassador, who would first hear out of Spain before he would
shape the form of his grievances as he should perceive the humour
framed there. The other was whether there were no news of the
Low Countries, and I answering that I heard Espinoly [Spinola]
was removed towards Berke his Majesty seemed to wonder
that he had not been fought with by the Count Maurice, and to
my seeming uttered but a contemptible opinion of the Count
Maurice, though in obscure terms.
I have returned to you such things signed as were enclosed in
your packet and a privy seal received from my Lord Treasurer
for payment of the loans. His Majesty has also signed the royal
assent for Durham and the respite of the first fruits for York for
four years and no more, although the Archbishop wrote for longer
time; but his Majesty followed your opinion, only granted that his
first payment shall not begin till after the receipt of our Lady day's
rent, which was his last refuge. This day his Majesty dined with
the Earl of Southampton of whom he has received great entertainment, and in the afternoon is to see an exercise of war of the
trained men of the Isle of Wight; and is so well pleased with his
hunting here as he seems to have a purpose to visit it often.
Of his pleasure you have heard by Sir Roger Ashton before now;
it is hitherto more than ordinary.
This letter from Lord Hay should have come sooner to you if it
had been any matter of importance.—From Beaulieu this 1 Sept.,
PS.—His Majesty uttered to G. Beeston the accident you wrote
of his father in such sort to him, though with a merry intention,
as the youth scarcely believes but that his father is touched, and
takes it more heavily than you would believe; which if the
father knew perhaps it might cost him an hundred pounds to
requite kindness, which is all the hurt I wish him and I doubt is
as great an affliction to him as a plague sore.
Holograph. 1¾ pp. (117. 83.)
Lord Say and Sele to the Same.
1606, Sept. 1.
I will irremovably honour you to whose most
worthy father I was as greatly bound as to you. If therefore
God should contrary to the due course of nature enlarge my days
to see the longest day of your life, I beseech Him prosper me or
mine no longer than that to my Lord of Cranborne I shall truly
render what to you I shall be unable to perform. I hope your
goshawks will before it be long kill you some partridges.—
From my poor lodging in Holborn at Gray's Inn Lane corner,
1 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (117. 84.)
Edmond Casse to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Sept. 1.
Upon receipt of your letter my Lord Cranborne
prepared for his journey into Lancashire, attended with no idle
followers but his own necessary servants. He purposes to be
diverted no way for his pleasure's sake, for he has a satiety of it;
but only to signify his duty and love to her ladyship. I am glad
you expect his return so soon as with conveniency he can, for
although we speak Latin both travelling and hunting, yet the
sound of it is so harsh amongst a cry of dogs as it comes not with
a wonted facility.—Drayton, this first of September.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1606." 2/3 p. (117. 85.)
Gerard Malynes to the Same.
1606, Sept. 1.
Being informed you are interested in the
letters patents for the alum works, for the undertaking which I
have covenanted with Sir Thomas Chaloner, having upon my
great charges brought skilful workmen out of Germany according
to my contract, I held it my duty to acquaint you with the
forgetful dealings of Mr. William Turner and his partners, who (by
my means being brought into the business) seek to deprive me of
that part which Sir Thomas has always reserved for me: which
caused me to find the means to agree particularly for certain
other grounds, contained in the reservation of the said letters
patents, where I and my company, merchants of great credit,
intend to work, if you be pleased, at whose disposing all my
partners have willed me to present what interest it shall please
you, to reserve which will prove more profitable to us, having the
commodiousness of foreign contracts at our advantage to vent at
the least double the quantity they can do, with other benefits of
less charges and partitions. As your weighty affairs are like to
frustrate me of favourable access, signify your pleasure to Sir
Walter Cope, whom I shall attend and impart unto other business
of more moment.—London, 1 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. Seal broken. ½ p. (117. 86.)
The Earl of Hertford to the Privy Council.
1606, Sept. 2.
I rest assured that the course you lately held
for the reformation of opposition likely to arise against me in my
office of Lieutenancy, in hindrance of his Majesty's service, will be
sufficient if it were divulged in these counties to restrain every
man within the limits of his duty. Nevertheless since coming
into the country I am advertised of misconceits spread abroad
amongst the vulgar of your proceedings in the cause between
me and Sir Henry Poole, it being printed that the hearing brought
dishonour to me and reputation to him; which makes me now of
opinion that greater opposition will ensue except your lordships
make known to the justices of these counties what your censure
was therein, which course you in the time of hearing the cause
thought fit and (as I conceived it) made promise then to perform.
The same I now desire from you, having hitherto [deferred] and
still purposing to defer any execution of his Majesty's service
until I shall understand your pleasures in that behalf.—From
Almsbury, 2 Sept., 1606.
Copy. 2/3 p. (117. 87.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 3.
To your letters of the 1st inst. his Majesty
commanded me to return for answer that for matters of the
forest if you were not so well advertised as you should be and as
the western lords were by their presence the fault was in Sir
Roger Ashton, his Master Huntsman, with whom you might be
even in his next suit; or in your nephew Montgomery who has
no such weighty affairs but that he might give intelligence if he
were not more negligent of his uncle in such things than his
uncle is of him in more serious matters. He has taken a great
affection to the New Forest, as it deserves for its largeness, and
renewed since his being here his liking of this park, but yet is not
forgetful of returning homewards, and seems to be grieved with
the growing of the sickness in London lest it should be occasion
of delay of his Parliament affairs. For the matter of Spain he
thinks you judge rightly that if they keep touch in the main, for
bye matters there may be ways of satisfaction found, but takes
the Spanish Ambassador's delay of a new conference to be that he
finds his own error in having written over quickly to his master
about his Majesty's and your lordships' proceedings in the causes
touching them; he is now loth to come to the tilt again but stays
upon his answers from Spain, either to justify himself if he find
the humour there, suitable to his own, or else to frame a new
course according to their inclination. For the Low Countries he
seems to be moved with anything that sounds to the disadvantage
of the States, and as I wrote before discovers no good opinion of
their general's proceedings.
His Majesty is well pleased that Lord Sheffield may have
licence to come to the Bath in hope (he willed me to tell you)
that it may cure him of some ill humours against the Parliament
which were in him before. There is nothing to advertise from
hence but that the Earl of Mar fell suddenly and extremely sick
at Beaulieu and from thence was removed to Southampton, where
he remains deeply touched with a burning fever. Viscount
Fenton is this day gone thither to visit him. I have returned the
letters you commanded and sent the warrant for the Treasurer of
the Chamber.—From Ivychurch, 3 Sept., 1606.
PS.—After I had written my letters his Majesty called again for
the letters out of the Low Countries; they shall come with the next.
Holograph. Seal. 1¾ pp. (117. 88.)
Leonard Hallydaie, Lord Mayor of London, to the
1606, Sept. 3.
I have received your letters wherein I perceive,
to my great grief, that you conceive a great fault in me in not
taking meet care in repressing the contagion of the plague within
this city. Upon the increase of the sickness in the beginning of
the year I directed precepts at sundry times to my brethren the
aldermen for the putting in execution sundry orders within their
several wards, whereof some are in print, one of which printed I
send herewith: and have with all diligence given in charge to the
provost marshal for the city, who in his own person repairs twice
every day to every infected house within this city, to see whether
they have been guarded with warders, and papers set over every
door according to those printed orders; and myself not therewith
satisfied have also sent two of my own officers abroad the city
every day as superintendents on the marshal and constable, to
understand whether they have done their duties; assuring you
that above all other cares which appertain to my place (which
are very many) I have with my uttermost power preferred this,
the stay, if God so please, of this contagion of the plague which
principally concerns the lives and states of the citizens. Touching
your directions for setting of red crosses over the doors of infected
houses, I have given present order to see the same carefully
performed, which shall be laid in oil to the intent they may not
easily be put out. I beseech you to give directions to the justices
of the out shires to be careful to put in execution the like orders
as in London, otherwise it will be very dangerous for this city,
they having their daily recourse hither for buying and providing
of their necessaries.—3 Sept. 1606.
Signed. 1 p. (117. 89.)
Sir Roger Aston to [the Earl of Salisbury].
, Sept. 3.
Your letter to Sir Thomas Lake came this
last night in very good season and was very welcome. His
Majesty at the reading was very pleased. He has commanded
Sir Thomas Lake to answer your letter. The comparison you
make with the lords here is thought a great presumption, as also
the killing of his Majesty's "bokes" [bucks] which he perceives
you do daily; for which your lordship and the rest will be called
to account at meeting. No stag nor buck may save themselves
from the cruelty of his Majesty's hounds; the day of his coming
from Bewley [Beaulieu] he killed another great stag. He is
very well and merry and so is all the company; he was exceeding
glad that you were well amended of your disease. I send my
Lord of Northampton enclosed a petition which was presented by
the wild Viscount Bindon's wife concerning some matters of
controversy between his lordship and her. I thought it my duty
to acquaint his lordship with it to make him foresee what is their
desire. I pray you let it be sent to his lordship.—From Ivychurch,
Holograph, Endorsed; "1606." 1 p. (117. 90.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 5.
Although I have no commandment from his
Majesty yet I thought fit to advertise you, that yesternight he
sent for me to know whether I had heard from you of an advertisement out of the Low Countries which is come hither to Mr.
Alexander, but from whom I know not; that Spinola had forced
the outworks at Berke and that in the defence thereof Colonel
Edmonds and ten or twelve other Scottish captains were slain
and more of that regiment, though with great loss to the enemy,
as of 2000 men they say. It is delivered with so many particularities as carries good show to be overtrue, yet his Majesty
suspends his judgment till he hear of it from you. This day
we are returning homewards.—From Ivychurch, 5 Sept., 1606.
PS.—My Lord Fenton, is not returned from the Earl of Mar
which makes us jealous of his danger.
Holograph. 2/3 p. (117. 91.)
The Earl of Northumberland to the Same.
, Sept. 5.
Your lordships being dispersed makes me
solicit you severally, which otherwise by a letter to the whole
table I should have done. I hear that extents are going down
upon my lands for the fine imposed upon me. The ordinary
course the sheriffs take in such cases your lordship knows: my
desire is that some stay may be made now in his Majesty's
absence (my wife not being able to make so long a journey) till I
may become a suitor for his gracious favour therein, which when
I know how far it will extend I will take as good order for the
paying of that I must undergo as I shall be able. The fine is the
greatest that ever was set upon any subject, and though I and my
children may find the smart of it many ages, yet would I be sorry
my poor tenants and farmers should suffer or be spoiled for that
I am censured for to their undoings. I shall not trouble you more
at this time in this cause; it is mine now, it may be any of yours
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (117. 92.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earls of Suffolk and Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 5.
It was late this evening before his Majesty's
commodity served to acquaint him with your advertisement of
the sickness at Windsor, which his Highness was much troubled
withal and would needs know of me if I understood it by any
other way; which I assured to be by a servant of mine own who
had passed that way coming hither from my house in the country.
And thereupon I desired because the time was short to know his
pleasure for the Queen's remove, for whom your chiefest care was.
Whereunto after pausing his Majesty willed me to signify that he
would not in any sort have her to remove and that your lordships
should so advertise her in his name; for if in this seasonable
weather the contagion spread, his Majesty judges it to be a sign
that the infection is strong. And for himself his purpose is not
to stay in Windsor above two nights, but will spend his time for
conclusion of his hunting for this season about Farnham and
Bagshot, and be very little in Windsor but hasten to meet with
your lordship as his affairs shall require at a standing house.
The orders touching the sickness were not contained in your
packet. Of the news of the Low Countries as I wrote this morning
by Sir W. Godolphin his Majesty had heard otherwise but now
holds them for true.—From the Court at Truntor (?) this 5 Sept.,
Holograph. Seal, broken. 1 p. (117. 93.)
Roger Manners to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 5.
Thanks for his many former favours, but
specially for this last in obtaining for him their lordships' letters,
which will preserve him from trouble. Desires nothing more
than to end his days in peace.—At Enfield, 5 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. ⅓ p. (117. 94.)
Sir Thomas Windebank to Mr. Calvert.
1606, Sept. 6.
The messenger Stonard has this morning by
word of mouth only brought me word from you, that I should
send to my Lord [Salisbury] a warrant concerning Sir Oliver
Cromwell, which I had a care whithersoever I went to carry with
me; and so do accordingly send it enclosed. The messenger told
me he had been with Sir John Wood and Mr. Faunt for it; but
my Lord had forgotten that he willed me to keep it myself. My
Lord William Howard, as my Lord may remember, had all the
warrants under the privy seal from me, by his lordship's commandment; since which time I never saw nor heard of Lord William
Howard.—"This 6th of September 1606, hoping, God willing,
to be at Court this Michaelmas."
Holograph. ½ p. (117. 95.)
Sir Robert Knollys to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 6.
Finding the time very unfit this morning to
move you about a suit I have, by reason of Mr. Caron's attendance
on you, I thought it my best course to signify by writing what I
was minded to deliver by words. Before the end of the last
sessions of Parliament I delivered a petition to his Majesty about a
suit, the contents whereof I send enclosed; since which I have
forborne to move his Majesty until I had made you acquainted
therewith, wherein I crave favour the rather that it will bring a
good benefit to his Majesty's coffers where now he has nothing,
neither shall it appear to be more hurtful to the State of Ireland,
if they shall be transported by his Majesty's grant, than heretofore
it has been, they being transported continually by stealth without
any profit to his Majesty. I would not move any suit carrying
any show of hurt to the State not for my life, and therefore beseech
you to peruse this note; if you think it inconvenient anyway I
would not deal any farther therein; but if with your liking I may
move his Majesty again about it I will. I desire it with this
prvoiso that if at any time hereafter upon the execution of the
grant it shall appear to your Honours here anyway hurtful to the
State upon just proof before you, that then it be called in again.—
The Vinegarden, 6 Sept. 1606.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (117. 96.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 7.
His Majesty this morning commanded me to
advertise you that he has received from the Queen a letter or
message complaining that the matter standing yet no otherwise
than it does between the King of Denmark and the Countess of
Nottingham, the Lord Admiral brought her the privy way to her
Majesty's lodgings, and that her Highness finding fault with it
his lordship answered her in other sort than was meet, and with
more haughty language than she expected although his lady
had not given the offence she has, much less standing in those
terms. Which behaviour of his and hers the Queen takes ill,
and his Majesty also is moved with: but as the Queen in her
complaint says she will not make quarrel to him, being an old man
and a nobleman whom she respects, so will not his Majesty be so
sensible of it as he might, but would have you to let him understand that his Majesty thinks he was in an error to bring his lady
so near the Queen remaining in terms of offence towards her as
he did without knowing her pleasure; and that his Highness's will
is that he shall seek to give the Queen satisfaction and restrain his
lady from her presence or her Court or his Majesty's until she be
licensed: which he doubts not but his lordship in his own judgment thinks meet, but yet his Majesty lest any more errors should
follow wishes you to advise him.
His Highness also much commends the orders for avoiding the
contagion, only wishes that your lordships as you have showed
your wisdoms in prescribing them would show like care in calling
the Lord Mayor to account once a week how he proceeds in the
execution of your directions. Many of these prescriptions his
Highness finds to be agreeable to the orders of Scotland, and
thinks that in penning of them your lordships have called to mind
his speeches about like matters. I send you herewith a privy
seal received from the Earl of Worcester for provision of his
Majesty's horses, which was signed before but the sum mistaken
as the Earl advertises me, and so is signed anew.
His Majesty's course homeward since the altering of his purpose
for Windsor is to be two nights at Sir Richard Tichborn's near
Farnham, two nights at Bagshot, one at Woking, and so on
Saturday to Hampton Court; or to be sooner there as he shall
hear from your lordships.—From Farley, Sir H. Wallop's, 7
PS.—These letters are from the teller here about his Majesty's
provision and they tell me require hasty delivery.
Holograph. 1¼ pp. (117. 97.)
The Earl of Lincoln to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 8.
Whilst I was with you two fair gentlewomen
came to Chelsea to me from Hampton Court; and finding me not
there came to me to Canon Row, very late. They have overcome
me so far that I have agreed to give 600l., whereupon Mrs. Carew
desires only time to send to her father and to give me answer.
Therefore, as also for that I can tarry no longer. I have desired
to be at liberty and to depend no more upon it; praying you to
pardon me if I have offered too much, and leave it now only to
you to do as you please with them and to consider of so much as
concerns me as you think fit. I will leave my money at Chelsea
ready and order that it shall be delivered to you whensoever you
send for it.—8 Sept., 1606.
Signed. ½ p. (117. 98.)
Sir Roger Aston to the Same.
, Sept. 8.
His Majesty is in good health; his coming to
Windsor is altered. On Tuesday he will be in Bacsoutt [Bagshot]
and tarry there Wednesday all day. On Thursday night he will
be at Ockeng [Woking] and Friday at night meet the Queen at
Oatlands; and on Saturday at night King and Queen will be at
Hampton Court, where his Majesty looks to meet your lordship
and some others with you. Next week his Majesty will go to
Windsor for two or three days to end his buck hunting; this
week he ends the stag hunting if the weather will serve. This two
days and two nights here has been nothing but wind and rain.
Dunbar will be here the 19th accompanied with Huntly, Argyle,
Glentown, Winton and divers others of the Council. The Secretary is coming to make his apology. There is a course against
him and to be followed out by the Earl of Dunbar and those
that are coming with him.—From Hurle, 8 Sept.
PS.—After this letter was written my Lord has come from the
Queen. She desires his Majesty to be in Hampton Court on
Friday at night, so he has resolved and not to go to Oatlands.
Holograph. Seal broken. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (117. 99.)
Diego de Soto to the King of Spain.
1606, Sept. 8/18.
Report from Diego de Soto, official at Bilbao,
to the King of Spain, as to proceedings against two merchants of
London, who have imported pepper without warrant from the
custom-house at Lisbon. At the request of Don Pedro de Cunija,
Ambassador in England, these proceedings are now stayed.—
Biluao, 18 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. Spanish. 1½ pp. (119. 170.)
Captain Thomas Mewtys to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Sept. 9.
I am bold to acquaint you with my proceedings in this with my intricate business for the raising of my company,
both chargeable to my purse and troublesome to my mind for
fear I should not perform that duty to the States which I am
engaged to. I have raised already 96 men fit for their service,
besides those which have run away from me and have cost me
dear to the number of 40; these men in all have drained me so
dry already that without you stand close to me I shall sink
in the midst of my business. The wind has been so contrary
that my men have lain upon my hands a shipboard and at land
this 16 or 18 days at 4l. 16s. a day. I received 100l. of Sir Noel
Caron in part of my means which the States allow me, which is
in all 160l.; out of which sum I am to raise them 200 men,
victual, arm and transport them and keep them a month after
I come over; which month's entertainment comes to 260l. A
privy search I have had throughout London and the suburbs,
but profit I received none, for they brought into the prisons not
above nine or ten, of which number not one would willingly go.
Therefore hitherto I have had no help but my purse; I intend
honestly, howsoever fortune may cross me, in my business, but I
beseech God to bless you with your health or else England will
be no place for me.—9 Sept.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (117. 100.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 9.
His Majesty has been made acquainted this
morning before his going forth with your letters received yesternight late and seems to be satisfied therewith, if her Majesty be
satisfied. I have returned the bill for Mr. Brooke which his
Majesty signed and another which I received a two days since
concerning the Lady Walsingham.—From Aldershot, 9 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. ⅓ p. (117. 101.)
Michael Kirklaie to William Grenwell.
1606, Sept. 9.
"Yours of the 1st inst. by Henry Chapman
shows you had formerly writ for delivering 200l. to Mr. Beamond,
but till then I had no such order. Considering what money I
had sent away and appointed before receipt of yours I see not how
I can pay him any, for having that money of Henry and father
(which long since I promised them to take) it will be as much as
will clear one Michaelmas quarter, nor shall I get all the money
due in this quarter till well on in the next, and the receipt of next
quarter will be no great matter; so you may signify this to Mr.
Angel and com[pany] if you think good." Private money
matters. "Yesternight between 5 and 8 of the clock was John
Crooke frayed upon three several times by one Robert Barker,
who is brother to John Barker (though far from his disposition),
and at the last time by the help of some which came with Barker
John Crooke was hurt in the head, and notwithstanding that he
and I three several times complained to the now mayor of the
abuse, yet [we] could not so much as have the party called before
him to give any reason of the same, he being his friend; which
neglect of justice will so encourage all men against us as we shall
not be able to do anything as it ought to be. Occasion by Crooke
was none given, except it were that about a month before being
aboard of a Frenchman he found 2 papist books brought out of
France which he delivered to Mr. Murton who is one of the High
Commission; the same books as is reported did belong to a
'concerte' of Barker's. We being so far from you and from all
place of indifferent justice I know not what we can do except
redress can be had at York, whither we mean to send with all
speed; but missing that we have no remedy except you procure
it from above; and be sure if some be not made an example
(especially in so gross abuse as this is) look for none here to do
you any good. And indeed we are all of us in such hatred,
especially with the common multitude, by the intimation of
King's officers and others, as ere long we shall be all ready to
leave the service; for what comfort can a man have to serve
those [who] will suffer him to be abused and without redress?
For my own part if I see not better reformation hereafter than
hitherto in such abuses I desire not to serve to be trodden upon, as
we shall all be here ere long if some punishment follow not upon
such presumptuous abuses. It is not long since one Bright of
Lynne offered no small abuse, thereto encouraged by Mr. Ryvers
and others of the custom house, of which Mr. Tonge and I wrote
to the farmers, and yet not any punishment or so much as question
made of it that we hear of. Entreat the farmers to do something
in these things that it may appear they do not altogether forget
their business here, and though it cost them somewhat it may
well in time do more than countervail the charge." Business
matters and private affairs.—Newcastle, 9 Sept. 1606.
Holograph. Seal. 2 pp. (117. 102.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 10.
I received from Mr. Adam Newton a form of a
dispensation for him to hold the deanery of Durham, which when
his Majesty signed this morning he commanded me to signify to
you, that it was a part of agreement both of the Prince and Mr.
Newton that if his Majesty would bestow the deanery on Mr.
Newton he should quit his pension to the Dean [of the Chapel],
which his Majesty would have you to let him understand, and
before this pass the seals that he surrender it that his Highness
may thereof make an assignment to the Dean, who waits as his
Highness says without any allowance. This charge his Majesty
thinks shall shortly cease, for he will prefer the Dean to the next
bishopric that shall fall.—From the Court at Bagshot, 10 Sept.,
PS.—This morning the inhabitants of Windsor have exhibited
a petition to his Majesty that it was a false information given to
his Highness that the sickness was in the town, and to beseech
him not to forbear it; whereupon he is purposed to go thither on
Holograph. 2/3 p. (117. 103.)
Richard Robertes to Mr. Calvert and Mr. Levines
[Levinus Munck], Secretaries to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 10.
Some fortnight since my master the Duke of
Lennox wrote to my Lord of Salisbury, requesting him to relieve
him in some matters improper for himself to deal in. The letter
was delivered by Mr. Hadsor, one of his counsel: the answer
protracted by his remiss attendance, as I take it. In my Lord
Duke's name I entreat you to send me my Lord of Salisbury's
letter, if it be ready; if not, to procure it. The business concerns
my Lord Duke very much.—10 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (192. 127.)
The Earl of Northumberland to the Earl of
, Sept. 11.
I am sorry my wife has carried herself to
dislike you any way; your lordship knows I have had experience
of her earnestness in matters less importing her than this, therefore I hope you will out of your wisdom bear with her because she
is a woman, a loving wife, and a tender mother of her children.
Her coming was without my privity, as often times it has been in
following this suit of mine.—These troubles concern her as much
as me, and more in some cases because she is a woman and not
able with fortitude to bear out crosses of the world as men are,
and she will sometimes have her own ways, let me do what I can,
which is not unknown to you. I wish I could make an amends
for her oversights, and entreat you to bear a little with her
passions, for she has tasted of more crosses than any lady in
England of her quality. When I shall have occasion to send to
you I will employ some other; in the meantime I pray you help
me in what you may for ease in this heavy fine.—11 Sept.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (117. 104.)
Gervis Smith, parson of Polstead.
1606, Sept. 11.
Sum of a discourse of Gervis Smith, parson of
Polested, Suffolk, uttered between Polested and Higham, Suffolk,
Sept. 11, 1606; written by Richard Humfrey, master of arts and
schoolmaster of Dedham.
Showed his dislike of the government of the Church. Averred
that the laws against Popery were to no purpose; that the
Papists were the strongest faction by far: that the King was
illegitimate: no more a "Tiddar" [Tudor], or of that blood
than he himself. Said he had heard there was like to be a
separation between the King and Queen Anne, and that for
her ["incontinency" struck out] default. He spake of sundry
prophecies, naming none but Merlin, that expressly set down
that I should succeed E, M should succeed I, and E should
succeed M; and because whatever these prophecies foretold
to "compass" had hitherto fallen out accordingly, he was
persuaded of the truth of them concerning what was to come.
He affrmed that the King should come to ruin by the Papists, who
should set up Mary, and she should be a bloody persecutor of the
Protestants, compelling them to call for the help of Edward
descending of the house of Cadwallader, either King Edward the
sixth being in Africa, or being dead should be raised up again
miraculously, or else some other of that name and line; and that
Prince Henry should be willing thereunto, and glad to enjoy only
the kingdom of Scotland. He rejected all our King's issue
Countersigned: Tho. Suffolke, E. Worcester, H. Northampton,
Salisbury, Downber [Dunbar]. Endorsed by Salisbury: "Traitorous speeches uttered by Gervis Smyth, whereof Richard
Umphrey is his accuser to the Bishop of London, who brought
him to the Council." 1 p. (192. 131.)
Contemporary copy of above. (192. 132.)
Sir Richard Lewkenor to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 12.
According to his Majesty's instructions I
have taken charge of the housekeeping at Ludlow and provision
of diet for his Majesty's Council within this Principality and
Marches, and for other officers with their servants which are
allowed diet there. For provision whereof it is by the said
instructions provided (as by former instructions has been used)
that a warrant dormant should be signed by his Majesty to the
general receivers of South Wales and North Wales for payment of
the money allowed for diet; the copy whereof and of the instructions I send you, with my humble prayer that you will procure
the same warrant; which I am the bolder to do for that I have
already disbursed money of mine own about the said provision and
must disburse much more before the dead time of winter. The
number of those ordinarily allowed diet in the vacancy of a Lord
President is 64, besides one or two more of the Council which
are used to be called for their assistance in the term times, which
are allowed diet for themselves and three men apiece for the time
of their attendance. All which take consideration of, that I may
direct my courses as well for that household as mine own, for it
would be a great charge to me not only to disburse money for
provision and to entertain officers and servants fit for that
place, and to have both the provision, officers and servants turned
back upon me on the sudden.—Ludlow Castle, 12 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. 2/3 p. (117. 106.)
"A copie of three Articles of his Majesty's Instructions for
Wales which doe concern the Dyett."
24. And the King's pleasure is that the household shall be
kept by the Chief Justice of Chester for the diet of himself and
the rest of the Council as aforesaid, and for such others as are
by his Majesty allowed to have their diets there. And the
Chief Justice of Chester shall from time to time appoint a substantial man to be steward of the household, and all other
officers necessary for the household, and that the councillors
there attendant shall have in diet and household these
servants:—the Chief Justice of Chester to have in household
eight servants and a chaplain or preacher and every person of the
Council appointed to continual attendance, or any other when
called to attend, shall have in household three servants. And
his Majesty's straight commandment is that no councillor other
than such as are appointed to continual attendance shall without
being sent for by his Highness's letters under the seal of that
Court come to the place of service to sit in Council or in any sort
to deal in the service of the Court. Nevertheless such of the
Council as are men of estimation and livelihood, though not
learned in the laws nor having any fee for attendance, may for the
greater honour of the Court and dispatch of his Majesty's service
in term times be appointed by turn to repair to the Council at the
places meetest for their resort in respect of their dwellings:
provided that if any of the Council other than as aforesaid come
thither not being sent for he shall have no allowance of diet or
otherwise nor be received to sit in Council without the special
allowance of the Council or three of them at least, whereof the
Chief Justice of Chester to be one.
25. And his Majesty's pleasure is there shall be a warrant
dormant signed by his Highness to his general receivers of South
Wales and North Wales for the time being, for the sure payment
of the Council for the diet of him and the rest of the Council after
the rate of 20l. sterling by the week and over and besides the same
for foreign expenses appertaining to the diet yearly there one
hundred marks; which diet money the King's pleasure is the
Council as aforesaid shall have only to the maintenance of an
honourable household without yielding any account to his
Majesty, foreseeing that the charges of the diet exceed not the
said allowance, whereby the profit of the fines should be thereby
26. His Majesty's pleasure is the said 20l. by the week shall
be employed in the household in diet of the Council, and that no
fees of the Council or any other shall be paid out of the said diet
money, save the wages of the officers of the household, who shall
be yearly paid out of the same; and that the steward of his
Majesty's household there to be appointed shall receive and
disburse the sums for diet and foreign expenses, and yearly yield
account before the Council or three of them at least (whereof the
Chief Justice of Chester to be one) for all sums by him received for
the household. And for the better ordering of the expenses of the
household the King's pleasure is that the said steward or clerk
of the kitchen shall once every week declare before the Chief
Justice of Chester and two of the Council resident at the least (if
so many shall be there) a true account of the expenses of the
household for that week, which shall be entered in a book provided
for the same and subscribed weekly with the hands of the Council
or such of them as shall be there present.
1½ pp. (117. 105.)
Sir Thomas Sherley the younger to Capt. Alexander
1606, Sept. 12.
Having had need of Capt. Alexander Hepburn's
help in Naples who became surety that Sherley would pay 125
ducats in Venice, of 6 pound Venetian and a fifth for every ducat,
Sherley binds himself if this money be not paid in Venice to pay
that money to Capt. Hepburn with all charges, losses, &c., due
to neglect of payment; and binds himself and his heirs to performance of these presents. Has made this bill in testimony that
Capt. Hepburn procured him the foresaid sum in Naples.—12
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "12 Sept. 1607" [sic]. 1 p.
The Earl of Nottingham, Lord Admiral, to the
Earl of Salisbury.
[1606, Sept. 12].
It is hard for me to tell how to do justice,
for at the Ambassador's desire by Dr. Taylor I committed as
many as he desired and arrested ships and goods. Yesterday
after I came from you I was met in the orchard with a "kenell"
of merchants exclaiming of my hard dealing with them and
desired that they might have justice, and brought me a note from
some civilians that I ought in justice to bail the parties imprisoned.
Yet I wrote my letter very "respectively" to Dr. Hone, Deputy
Judge, that if the law were so as that I ought to bail them, that
then he should. My Lord, if this case of piracy were as some are,
I would not think it fit for all their opinions to bail them; but
this is the case of most of these men. A Holland man-of-war
brought in a prize of Portingales laden with sugars: the Moors
bought the sugars and sold them afterwards to these Englishmen
that were merchants and not men of war; and this Dr. Taylor
himself told me. But howsoever it will fall out I will follow your
counsel. I have written to the Deputy Judge that if he have
not bailed them, he shall not; if he have done it already, then
he shall not; if he have done it already, then he shall commit
them again, every man where he was prisoner. I sent to the
Ambassador to let him know the law, that in this I should deal
hardly and against justice if I did not bail them upon good
securities. I believe there will be complaints on the other side
when Mr. Caron shall come to the knowledge of this. I pray
you send for Dr. Taylor and that he may let the Ambassador
know that this could no ways prejudice him, for I wrote that the
bail should be very good. And I doubt they will procure bail
whether I will or no, and not so sure as this. My Lord, I desire
to please men with justice, but how just soever it be one side
will mislike it. God send you that amendment which I should
wish myself in your case.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "12 Sept. 1606" 1 p. (117.
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Sept. 13.
Where by his Majesty's commandment I
wrote to you to stay the passing of Mr. Newton's bills until he
had surrendered his pension to the use of the Dean of the Chapel,
this morning his Majesty told me that Mr. Dean and Mr. Newton
are agreed about that matter and that now his bills may pass.
I take the matter to be that the Dean receives private assurance
from Mr. Newton for payment of the 200l. yearly, but [the latter]
surrenders not his letters patents because he hopes that when the
Dean is preferred to some bishopric he may receive again the
benefit of his pension by virtue of his letters patents, although
he have given his word to his Majesty to deliver them up at his
pleasure. Besides this allowance from him to the Dean his
Majesty commanded that I should make another bill for the
Dean for 200l. a year during his Majesty's pleasure, which his
Highness says cannot last long because he means to give him the
next bishopric that shall fall void and cease the pension. I
understood his Majesty at his first commandment meant Mr.
Newton's pension should be surrendered and passed to the Dean
during pleasure, to end upon his preferment; but I perceive it is
like to be otherwise. It may please you to give order for the
passing of his bills.—From the Court at Hampton Court, 13
Holograph. 1 p. (117. 109.)
The Earl of Dorset, Lord Treasurer, to the Same.
1606, Sept. 13.
I doubted how unseasonably my coming to
you thus late might have been, and therefore chose rather by
this my letter to salute you, with hearty desire to know how you
do and what time to-morrow with least trouble to you I may
come, both to see you and to show you what course I have taken
to be imparted to his Majesty and the Lords as by you I shall be
advised. Trouble not yourself with any writing, but only tell
the messenger what hour I shall come and how you are now in
your health—Dorset House, 13 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (117. 110.)
The Commissioners of the Middle Shires to the Same.
1606, Sept. 13.
With much difficulty we have got together
such number of the chief Grahams, and others whose names
appear in the schedule enclosed, and sent them to the port of
Workington, under the conduction of the high sheriff of Cumberland with the assistance of the country and Mr. John Musgrave
and the horse garrison for these parts. We could not attain to
send away fifty families of the Grahams for that divers of the
poorer sort, least dangerous, after they had been before us and
yielded themselves unto transportation, at the instant thereof fled
and hid themselves, as we are informed, rather of weariness of their
bondage wherein they lived under their masters, the chief
Grahams, now transported, than for other cause; and if we
transported them without means sufficient, which we could not
obtain from the country, there had been great doubt of perishing
of many of them this winter there, they having many children
and being exceeding poor. Such as we had confined to Carlisle,
being all the chief, are gone, and none escaped us at this time,
and there is not now left between Leven and Sark any Graham,
as we think, of any ability but three, whereof there be two old
men more than fourscore years of age presently also to remove
from that place, and of whose children we have sent some over;
so as all the known notorious offenders whose names heretofore
terrified all peaceable men, and the young able men of whom
there might be doubt in time to come of danger, which we could
get in, are sent away, and we have endeavoured by our agreements with Sir Ralph Sidley to compel them to begin families in
Ireland and to plant themselves wholly there,—which if they shall
not do they may be sent to his Majesty's wars, as he shall direct.
Amongst those sent over, some of their wives being with child,
and children at nurse, we could not send them away, but have
taken bond for their transporting into Ireland in the spring at
their own charges. Many of the notable offenders whom we
never got in, by the industry of the provost marshal, upon his
Majesty's pleasure known to secure them of their lives, yielded
themselves and are transported; and we hope that many of the
children and friends of those now transported will shortly of
The length of the service has grown from two causes, the
backwardness of the country in the contribution and the cunning
of the Grahams, who have left no delay unsought to win a small
time, the special matter they pretended being to gain their corn,
hay and grass of this season, which they have got for the bettering
of their estate from the Earl of Cumberland, whose officers by
their clamour and our entreaty have been enforced to yield and
are gone away without allowance of any rent to him for the same;
so this present year he can have little or no profit of his seignory.
We have dealt with Sir Ralph Sidley touching the estates and
farms of the persons transported to be taken of him, whom we
find well affected to use them well if they so deserve, and also
for the employment of the money levied from the country for
them, amounting to 300l., which we have committed to him.
The copy of the agreement with him and manner of distribution
of the money amongst the Grahams and others transported,
according to their estates and qualities, we have also now sent
you and for that the whole estate of many of the persons transported depends upon the trust reposed in Sir Ralph Sidley, and
such security as we could provide for their good by the same
articles, we pray you to recommend the execution thereof, for the
good of the poor men, to the Lord Deputy and Council of Ireland;
and to give such further direction for their better encouragement
and commandment to remain in that kingdom and upon the
seignory of Roscommon, unto which they are now transported, as
you shall think meet, for the country is much fearful of their
return, if there shall not by his Majesty and the Privy Council be
special order taken for their restraint. There yet remains almost
200l. to be levied of the country, which we think fit should be
gathered up that it may be a mean hereafter either to transport
the residue of the Grahams or others, or to increase the stock of
such as be now transported, as it shall seem good to the Privy
Council; and men forward in this contribution will be much
discouraged if such as have been frowardly backward for so good a
cause should have any immunity herein. And albeit Esk, Sarke
and Leven are reasonably well purged of evil men, yet are there
remaining in Bewcastle office and Gillesland divers fit to follow
these now transported. The country has no good opinion of the
service of the captain of Bewcastle for their good.
For furnishing the present charge of the conduction of the
Grahams to the port of Workington we have taken order and
there provided ships for them; but until the conductors and
purveyors return we cannot know the certain charge, but by
our next you shall have perfect advertisement. The Grahams
carry with them many horses and much household stuff. Sir
Ralph Sidley has taken view of their houses upon Esk and advertised us that having plenty of wood and timber in Ireland, with
small allowance made for building of their houses, they may make
them sufficient houses according to the manner of the country,
which is the cause of such allowances [as] we have set down to
them for that purpose. Divers of the great thieves are unmarried
yet to encourage them to remain in Ireland we have made them
allowances towards their planting there as to others and committed the same to Sir Ralph's discretion to pay the same to them
to that end, upon such security as may be reasonable and as
appears by our articles of agreement. There are yet remaining
outlaws, the sons of Walter Graham of Netherby, three sons of
George Langtowne, and three brothers of Wills Jock deceased and
some of their sons, as also Jock of Galloway and Geordie Sandy
and divers others.—Carlisle, 13 Sept., 1606.
Signed. 3 pp. (117. 111.)
Sir Thomas Smith to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Sept. 13.
I received direction from my Lord Chamberlain for writing the enclosed to Lord Wotton; which when I
told him I would send to you for your hand, he willed me to
advertise you from himself that the King's meaning is not to
defray the charge of the Count Vaudemont until he be lodged at
Kingston, for which order is taken. I have come twice or thrice
to the presence of his Majesty, but found not opportunity to
deliver what you willed me to say touching the D[uke] of Curland,
neither did his Majesty say any word to me concerning any other
of the Latin letters; but this evening happily some better opportunity may be taken. If these lines to so little purpose be
troublesome, first my Lord Chamberlain's commandment must
make me excused; and then I presume you will easily pardon it
in one that owes you all duty and service.—From Hampton
Court, 13 Sept.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (117. 113.)
John Lytler, Mayor of Chester, to the Earl of
1606, Sept. 14.
I received the enclosed letter directed to you
about 12 of the clock this present Sunday, 14 Sept., and have
presently sent it away by the post according to your former
direction.—Chester, 14 Sept., 1606.
Holograph. ½ p. (117. 114.)
Sir Henry Montagu, Recorder of London, to the Same.
, Sept. 14.
It recovers me from sickness to hear of your
amendment. I perceive a little distance will beget a great
report; for me it passed not what became of me. Some sickness
it pleased God to send me, begotten but not felt while others'
labours were upon me; but to hear you were so ill, if that be ill
which men call death, made me little desirous of life. But God
be thanked, and I am infinitely glad to be so assured by your
hand. I know not in what terms to acknowledge this exceeding
favour in pleasing to visit me with so comfortable lines.—Yarnton,
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (117. 115.)
The Earl of Nottingham, Lord Admiral, to the Same.
[1606, Sept. 14].
I perceive by your letter how earnest the
French Ambassador is in this point of law concerning money, I
doubt not of their earnestness in this as in all other things, but
that must not make me to "ilde" [yield] and to prejudice the
place I hold. You may remember that Sir Julius Cæsar proved
it to be law, yea, their own law before Beaumont, and Mr. Doctor
Done confirmed it. I think it will be showed that 3 or 4 times it
was taken for the Queen's Majesty, our late dear mistress, into
the Exchequer, in that time that my predecessor had delivered all
the benefit of "prytas" [? prizes] into her Majesty's hands and
had for it 100l. "land in vicempell" [sic: land in fee simple].
I would I had so to be out of all this trouble, and then his Majesty
might do with it as it should please him. Your lordship I am sure
remembers that Beaumont took the money of me as given, and so
protested before all your lordships; but this question must be
ended only this way: let Sir Julius Cæsar, the Judge of the
Admiralty, Dr. Done and some other excellent civilian deliver
their opinions before you of the right, and I will yield to their
judgments; and so I think he ought. If it be in right belonging
to my office I must be pardoned for ever yielding to it; I have of
my free gift given many of these, but I had it ever judged mine
first for prejudicing the right. You write you wish there should
be some meeting on Thursday next, which is impossible, for in
these cases that concern the Admiralty I will not deal in them
except the Judge of the Admiralty be at it, for I trust not to live
to prejudice so honourable an office by want of my learning.
Besides his Majesty goes to Windsor which being my charge I
must attend on him. But after the judge is come, whom I have
sent for with all speed to repair hither, what day you shall
appoint I will be ready to attend.—Undated.
PS.—I trust you do not think it reasonable for all the French
Ambassador's big words that if it be law he should be yielded
unto. It is enough that I give them my right, but I will never
leave to yield to him if by law it be my right; and then since he
holds this course it shall make me stay my liberality.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "14 Sept. 1606." 1¾ pp.
Sir Michael Stanhope to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Sept. 15.
After my last being with you at Whitehall I
told my father-in-law that upon my better information of you of
his great years and the weakness of his body unaccustomed to
travel (for other weakness there is none) it pleased you to say you
would take that information from me and would think of some
other more fit for that journey; but that you could not freely
discharge him as then, but that he should attend you 20 October
next and then he should receive your full answer. This did
exceedingly content him. I eftsoons urged unto him that he
should be well advised in this meantime not to speak too much
of his journey, not to do anything whereby he might be deemed
not so old as I reported him or of a better strength of body than I
pretended until that time were past, lest there might some blame
be laid upon me. Which he promised he would observe, but has
not performed; for the very next day after I went from him
towards my house he was asked in the church and not long after
married. In his anger all his revenge was upon his children, saying that if he went this journey he would pay his son no more his
annuity, and that he would presently break up house and convey
away all his lands. This is his weakness who more respects the
satisfaction of his doting humour than any other thing in the
world. I thought it my duty to advertise you hereof, minding to
attend you before 20 October.—Sudborne, 15 Sept.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1606." 1⅓ pp. (117. 117.)