Cecil Papers: October 1606

Pages 306-337

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 18, 1606. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1940.

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October 1606

Gervase Smith.
1606, Oct. 1. Two Papers:—
(1) Gervase Smith, minister of Polstead, Suffolk, saith that Richard Humphrey of Dedham came to him on Thursday was fortnight for a written book that Humphrey had left with him; which book did consist of certain observations upon the book of Job, in form of a dialogue. There passed not betwixt them any speeches offensive towards the King, but if anything were spoken by him indiscreetly he humbly desireth his folly therein may be pardoned.
He confesseth he said that the laws against Papists were not hard enough, and till they were cut off they remained like serpents in the bosom of the land, and that he thought the faction of the Papists was too strong, and words to that effect.
Of his Majesty he confesseth he said that he is a wise and learned Prince, but that he thought him too favourable unto the Papists, and the rather because he did not cause those to be executed which were banished.
He denieth that ever he said that the King is not legitimate; and confesseth that he said the King came from Tyder [Tudor] not in recta linea. but collaterally. But being demanded more particularly touching the descent of the King he acknowledgeth his error in the former speech. He saith one told him it was reported for news from the Court that there was some displeasure conceived betwixt the King and the Queen, and some speech of separation upon the King's suspicion, for some case of marriage; and for some default of the Queen's which nevertheless this examinate said he hoped was not true, and afterwards reported again rather dolenter than inimice. He confesseth the report of the news from the Court he heard from Mr. Hankin, vicar of Stoke, who told him he heard it in the house of Lady Windsor.
He saith that an old man by name John Ryghton sojourned a good while in his house, and there died about 6 years since, and there left certain books and papers tending to matters of prophecies, grounded upon arms, and signifying certain changes of religion in the church; which examinate did specially observe, as the putting down of the mass, the restoring of it again, and then the utter putting down of it again; and that this signification of the changes did run upon names or letters betokening names; but the latter setting up of the mass should be by an M., which he taketh to be meant by that prophecy to be yet to come, and should be by usurpation and of short continuance: and that it should be utterly put down by E., which he thinketh by that prophecy to be meant representative (though not according to the letter) by the young Prince.
Asked what became of the books and papers left by the old man that sojourned in his house, he saith he burned them long ago.—1 October, 1606.
Signed. Countersigned: T. Suffolk, E. Worcester, H. Northampton, Salisbury, Dunbar. 2 pp. (117. 148.)
(2) Petition of Gervase Smith to the [Privy Council.]
Throws himself on their mercy. Mr. Hankin most certainly told him what he now denies, yet Hankin is believed, himself not. Prays them to show him pity on the King's behalf, though he deserves otherwise. No one but offends sometimes; it is better to bestow life than to take it away. Appeals to King James himself for mercy and gentle treatment.
Holograph. Latin. 2 pp. (117. 149.)
Sir Nicholas Tufton to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 1. Presents his humble service "amongst the multitude of them that truly honour you." His wife remembers her duty to his lordship and has sent a small token as testimony of her love.—Hothfield, 1 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. 2/3 p. (117. 150.)
Dr. John Cowell to the Earl of Salisbury, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.
1606, Oct. 2. We must add this your most kind advertisement to the rest of your great favours; which by how much the less we are able to requite, so much the more must they increase the fervency of our thankfulness. Mr. Vice-Chancellor is from home, so that this high personage is like to fail of that entertainment that otherwise he might have expected; yet that which my discretion with the advice of wiser men may extend unto shall not be wanting. By the messenger's haste being driven to this rude brevity I crave pardon.—From Trinity Hall, 2 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. 2/3 p. (117. 151.)
The Earl of Cumberland to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 2. I have received this other letter from the Commissioners by a servant of mine, with their certificate what the whole charge amounts unto for transportation of the Graymes, with a motion that I would join with them in a request to you to give order for issuing out the money with some expedition. The money was borrowed of several persons and the Commissioners have engaged themselves that it shall be repaid where they have appointed in the beginning of the term. It imports me to move you therein, for the service had been stayed and greatly hindered for want of money if I had not given order to my servant there to borrow upon my credit such sums as the Commissioners should require, for which the parties have double security accordingly. The Graymes who remain outlaws still are harboured on the Scottish side, and have of late so misbehaved themselves as gives great terror to the inhabitants on the English side. I must be a suitor in my Lord of Carlisle's behalf that he may be spared from the Parliament, for his abode in the country is most needful for his Majesty's service and the better quiet of those parts; and besides, his charge since his Majesty's coming to this kingdom by reason of his employments in the most or all the services on the Borders without any allowance from his Majesty, and his attendance on the Parliaments, have been so great as his small living is not well able to support.— From my house at Skipton, 2 Oct., 1606.
PS.—I have entreated Mr. Corbett, who is well acquainted with the whole process of this service there from the first, to present these to you and to understand your pleasure.
Signed. 2/3 p. (117. 152.)
Lord Sheffield to the Same.
1606, Oct. 3. It did not a little affect me to hear of your sickness and into how great weakness the vehemence of your old disease had brought you until I received your late letters, which freed me from the fear I had upon the reports I heard which (knowing how sharply you had been formerly visited with that disease) I was much afraid had been raised upon too just grounds. Myself, with the falling of some humours into one of my legs long since hurt, have for some weeks past lain so lame as I could not without much pain set my foot to the ground; but with applying some things to the part affected I begin to find some little ease, so as I hope within a few days to recover the perfect use thereof. My resolution was to have seen you at Court before this, where I would have entreated your favour towards this bearer that by your means his Majesty may be brought to perfect his own work concerning Ripon Church, which he has graciously begun. Vouchsafe him your furtherance in the matter which tends to the great honour of the King and the general good of those wild and uncivil parts, where the painful labours of good ministers is very needful.— Normanby, 3 Oct., 1606.
Signed. 1 p. (117. 157.)
Sir Richard Hawkyns to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 3. It pleases the Lord Admiral through the instigation of his servant Jobson, unworthy of the favour his lordship does him, to prosecute those violent courses against me; which so wound my reputation and estate I am enforced to appeal to you and the rest of the Privy Council for relief, and to crave your experienced justice my protection against the wicked proceedings of lewd unworthy men, which abusing his noble disposition and the authority cunningly procured from him scandalise his Honour and the due course of justice settled in this kingdom and labour to root out of his memory my dead father's services and mine to the commonwealth and his lordship. Their insolencies will appear by that I write in general to the Lords, of which is a copy enclosed. I beseech you in this my greatest distress to avail me, and to command me and mine ever to be sacrificed in your service.—Plymouth, 3 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. ½ p. (117. 158.)
The Enclosure:
Sir Richard Hawkyns to the Privy Council.—Plymouth, 3 Oct., 1606.
Copy of the following letter. 3¼ pp. (117. 155.)
The Same to the Privy Council.
1606, Oct. 3. Upon Monday the 29th of last month coming from Osten passage towards Plymouth about noon I met a boat and in her a chest of sugar, which upon examination of the parties that pretend interest therein I found to be by them bought out of a pirate ship riding then in Causon [Cawsand] Bay; and thereupon made stay of it and caused it to be put into a cellar in Osten, purposing to proceed with the parties according to justice. I had scarce entered my house in Plymouth when I was certified that James Bagg, late Mayor of Plymouth, knowing hereof, had assembled a multitude to consult how they might repossess themselves of the sugar; and in conclusion had sent one Jasper Borage and Arthur Grimes a pursuivant to break open the doors and bring it away with them. Whereupon I took boat and went towards Osten to see what they would do; but before my coming they had boated the sugar, having sent for the constable and required him in his Majesty's name and the Lord Admiral's to assist them and break open the door, and showed a commission as they said from your lordship and the Lord Admiral to authorise him and them in that behalf. Whereupon the door was broken. Then Borage and Grimes, much people being assembled, in fashion of a proclamation commanded silence and that they should hearken to that which they had to say, and it was—"Know all men, and we require you in the King's name and my Lord Admiral's that you take notice, that Sir Richard Hawkins is not vice-admiral, but that Mr. Christopher Harris and Mr. James Bagg of Plymouth be vice-admirals." Meeting them accompanied with two boats I required them in his Majesty's name to re-deliver the sugar or to show me the authority by which they had broken the cellar and taken away the sugar, which they refused to do, Borage and Grimes swearing that I should not have it as long as they lived; and their swords drawn in their hand, that they would kill him whosoever that should enter their boat. Farther, Borage standing aloft upon the chest of sugar above the rest, his sword drawn, made "an Oy" [oyez] and required all present to keep silence, and then said—"I command you all in his Majesty's name" (many boats being then come together) "to apprehend Sir Richard Hawkins and all his company; for he had commission so to do from the Lord Admiral and the rest of the Privy Council, and that he was a justice in that place and Sir Richard Hawkins had nothing to do, and that he durst not show himself since his coming down, and as soon as he came to Plymouth he would take order to lay him fast enough. All which considered, I thought fit to forbear violence, seeing they purposed to go to Plymouth. Where coming to land somewhat before them I found the Mayor and James Bagg with an assembly of above two hundred persons which Bagg had gathered together advertised by John Myller his son-in-law and the other buyers of the sugars which accompanied Borage and Grimes in this outrage, and having discovered me were sent in a small cockboat to give Bagg intelligence and to raise the town. As soon as Borage came within hearing he stept into the head of the boat and with a loud voice cried "Oy! Mr. Mayor and you Mr. Justice Bagg, vice-admiral, and you Mr. Constables and the rest, I require you in the King's name and the Lord Admiral's that you apprehend Sir Richard Hawkins and all his company!" Whereupon the Mayor and the rest flocking about me, I told the Mayor it were good he did advise himself what he did; if this idle fellow had aught against me I would give Mr. Mayor meeting where he pleased and at my house he should find me, and required him that the sugar might be forthcoming, for I held not Borage and Grimes both to be worth a chest of sugar. And that the assembly might be dissolved I thought it fit to get me from amongst them, the mayor undertaking the sugar should be forthcoming. Of all which disorders I thought it my duty to certify you, and withal to show you that the Lord Admiral causeless has taken many violent courses against me, wrought thereunto by Humfrey Jobson his secretary, even contrary to his own noble nature and the opinion of all which best love him, only for that I will not surrender my office of vice-admiral; this Jobson labouring to have it for some other which perhaps by indirect courses might better benefit him than my justifiable proceedings can afford, having ever laboured to perform duty and to carry an unburdened conscience about with me which lewd and wicked men maligning have endeavoured to blemish. But my carriage and what my deserts are I desire may be censured by the justices and the better sort of the shire. The Lord Admiral only by Jobson's instigation, no man complaining against me, has caused me to be sifted upon my oath in the Court of Admiralty and continues suit against me only to force me to surrender my place, wherein that my innocency may better appear to your lordships, of forty and two objections to which I have answered upon oath let there be two chosen of moment which they can best prove, and if in those I be found faulty I will be culpable in the rest. Jobson procured his lordship's authority to command a commission against me to sift my life before I was cited or knew of any mislike his lordship had conceived of me, together with a sequestration of my office under his hand and seal, holding it by patent during my life, all contrary to law and justice; and made himself a commissioner and coming into the country accompanied with Borage and Grimes joined with James Bagg the late Mayor and under colour of this commission and sequestration committed such robberies and misdemeanours as I protest the whole country is scandalised and justice exceedingly perverted. For men have been assaulted on the high way, their money taken from them under colour of pirates, notorious known rovers have been apprehended which even in our sight have robbed the King's friends, their money taken and so let go, and are abroad again a pirating. And it will be approved that Jobson has gathered into his hands of that which belongs to me since the sequestration more than I have received in all the time of my vice-admiralty, which he has possessed his lord and himself of and should have remained in deposito. And if any of my servants or deputies arrest any man or seize goods suspected the parties are animated to molest them with suits; and at this instant depend four or five several actions commenced against them in Plymouth by the animating of Bagg and Jobson. And whereas by my diligence the intercourse of trade with pirates was before barred and the offenders punished, now they let not at noondays to make mart with them, those which pretend authority being either parties in the dealing or at the least winking at it. Yea, my good Lords, it is so public as that they make entry in the custom house of the goods and yet not stayed nor excepted against; till I coming home and knowing of it seized some part, and sending for the principal broker to be examined through the animating of Bagg [he] bare himself so stoutly as he would neither be examined nor give sureties to answer at the sessions, for which cause I was enforced to send him to prison; but by warrant from his lordship the prisoner is to be delivered and the goods also, the moiety being confessed to be piratically taken. It will be also approved that his lordship has granted out a warrant to apprehend and send me a prisoner or any other which for me shall exercise my office, being authorised under the great seal of England; and also for apprehending my servant, and Grimes the pursuivant threatens he will not leave me a man to wait on [me]. And by virtue of his commission the Mayor of Dartmouth has apprehended Wm. Young, gent., a follower of mine and my deputy in that port and refuses to take bail of him under pretence of victualling as they say of a pirate, which upon my conscience is most untrue and maliciously procured by Jobson, for that he would not be of their partiality; and if any man do but speak his opinion if it make not against me he is threatened to be fetched up by warrant from his lordship by Grimes. I will not trouble you with repetition of Jobson's misdemeanour in my house giving the lie and calling me fool, ass and knave, nor with many others by him and the rest committed, nor with the combination of those with them which thirst after my office and are as firebrands to kindle his lordship's displeasure against me, but beseech you by your wisdom and authority to appoint some one or more commissioners either from above or here in the country to examine these abuses, and in the interim to forbid farther proceedings against me or intermeddling in my office of vice-admiral till I be found worthy to be removed. For in settling a judicial course in the office, in executing justice in maintenance of the jurisdiction and other accidental expenses merely caused by the office I can give you a good account that I am above a thousand marks out of purse more than I have received besides my travel, and the 300l. I paid his lordship for the moiety of the rights and profits of the office. And then, my good Lords, (this being a great part of my poor estate) can it sound either honourable to his lordship or equal to any indifferent judgment that he should force the office from me giving me only the first 300l. I paid him? Yet for that I would willingly yield him all content and retain his favour, I offered to refer myself to any indifferent persons he should choose to set down what I had disbursed and what he should allow me to surrender my patent; but this reason also was rejected. My poverty and weak means cannot bear the indignation of a peer in so great authority except your lordships, which have had experience of my integrity and service, stand by me, being under his Majesty's justice to the wronged, comfort to the afflicted, and relief to the oppressed. I therefore appeal to your censure, and beg that [which] all here find which seek, justice and protection.—From Plymouth, 3 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Portion of seal. 2¼ pp. (117. 153.)
The Earl of Salisbury to The Earl of Dorset, Lord Treasurer.
1606, Oct. 3. His Majesty being pleased to grant Sir Thomas Lake a lease in reversion of 40l. by year or thereabouts of lands within the survey of his Highness's Exchequer for such time as his Majesty shall set down, I have thought good to signify his pleasure therein that you may give order for the making of his book accordingly, leaving a blank for the years to be filled, and likewise for the fine to be rated by his Highness.—From his Majesty's house at Whitehall, 3 Oct., 1606.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (117. 159.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 4. I return these bills, which his Majesty signed this night after his supper, being come in somewhat late. I found them here before my coming, but seen [sic: not seen ?] by his Majesty because he was abroad. I am to attend his Highness to-morrow morning.—From the Court at Royston, 4 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. ⅓ p. (117. 160.)
The Earl of Rutland to the Same.
[1606], Oct. 4. This morning I received this letter from my brother Oliver. I hope God will give him the grace to prove himself an honest man and ever to his Majesty a grateful servant. Both he and I crave that his Majesty may be satisfied in the report of his being amongst the Jesuits in their college; and I hope this bruit will make him careful to avoid the conversation of those kind of people. Screven has sent me word of the care you still have of the dispatch of my suit.—Garredon, 4 Oct.
Holograph. Two seals broken. Endorsed: "1606." ½ p. (117. 161.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Same.
1606, Oct. 5. Sir James Semple returning to London for his own private business I have returned by him the letters of Ireland which his Majesty gave me this afternoon, and signified his mind in some part. And withal for Sir James, who has moved for some part of the benefit that is to be made of recusants not convicted, wherein because he delivered not the names of any persons certain, and himself when he shall have names cannot judge of their value, his Majesty willed me to signify that he is pleased to relieve him that way, but for the particulars thinks that you can best judge of the persons that he shall present whether they be fit for him, and likewise of their values whether one may serve his turn or more, only he would have the quantity to be proportioned to that which others of his rank have had; and when you shall advertise of any persons presented by him to be passed his Majesty will then give his warrant. For the matters of Ireland I might perceive his Majesty had been diligent in the reading of them, for he had taken notes in his tables of several points whereupon he would give direction: as first for the generality of plantation, which he approves exceedingly, of reducing of the Irish to the English tenures; but yet noted that there were many particular circumstances in all those things to be considered, wherein your lordships, that were better acquainted with the affairs of that country than he, could best give direction, and yet both he and you must in a great part trust the discretion of the Deputy and Council there. Of particulars he spake touching the castle begun by Sir Edward Blaney, that if your lordships were of opinion it was necessary to be finished, the sum demanded was a small matter for him to allow if there were appearance of commodity to follow, and he would resolve as you should be of opinion. And touching Sir Roger Wilbraham his Majesty would have him dealt with to that effect which they writ, and would rather be content to give Sir Roger some other thing in that country than the public service of the realm should be prejudiced by his neglect. For the matter touching the two great persons, his Majesty thinks it meet to be hearkened after and an eye had to the progress, though to be passed over for the present; wherein it seems he relies upon some judgment of yours written to him. In sum he speaks tenderly of all those businesses of that state as though he would hear from your lordships after your consultation before he determine his own judgment.
The Count Vaudemont departs from hence on Thursday morning as I perceive by Sir Lewis Lewkenor, and will be that night at Hampton Court and the next day take his leave of her Majesty.
I have received his Majesty's order for letters for his dispatch, whereof I will send you the drafts when they be finished.—From Royston, 5 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. 2 pp. (117. 162.)
The Commissioners of the Middle Shires to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 5. Upon Friday, October 3, we held a gaol delivery at Carlisle, where were condemned five prisoners, three Scotsmen and two English.
Yesterday we were informed that David Graham Bankhead and sundry other Grahams are newly come from his Majesty's Cautionary Towns, whether with passport or not we know not. We doubt the worst, because no one of them has come in the sight of any of us since his return. We are put in hope that those thus returned and sundry of the former outlaws purpose to enter themselves and give security to follow their friends into Ireland next spring, if they may be received. We request to be advertised of your pleasure herein. The Grahams transported into Ireland had a prosperous voyage. They were embarked at Workington on Saturday night and the next Tuesday morning arrived safe, man, wife and child in Ireland. Two knights of their own name and kindred came to them, who comforted them with kind entertainment and promises of their best help to so many as shall amend their former disordered life.—Carlisle, 5 Oct., 1606.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (117. 163.)
The Commissioners of the Middle Shires to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 5. Hearing by common report, and not otherwise, that one Christopher Armstrong alias Barnegleesee a Scotsman was slain the 22 of September last by John Musgrave, leader of the horsemen in his Majesty's pay here; and we marvelling we should not be made sooner by him acquainted therewith, I Sir Wilfrid Lawson meeting yesterday with him at Carlisle, where we all were at a gaol delivery, told him he had wronged himself and us that he had not made us acquainted sooner therewith, seeing we understood the matter is evil taken by some of the country there, and no doubt the Privy Council would expect to be certified of the truth, being done in Scotland, from some of us his Majesty's Commissioners; which we could not conveniently do in time, not knowing the certainty from him, and willed him to set down the truth of that accident in writing under his hand, which he has done and we herewithal send.—Carlisle, 5 Oct., 1606.
PS.—Barneglesse has been an evil doer long and of late thought to be a great resetter of fugitives.
Signed. Seal. 1 p. (117. 164.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Same.
1606, Oct. 7. It was this morning before I could have his Majesty afford commodities to sign the letters which now I send you to be sealed. The one is his Highness's letter to the Duke of Lorraine, the other a passport for the Count, which Sir Lewis Lewknor desired because he says the townsmen of Dover molested some of his train in landing as they have done others, demanding a certain toll for every stranger that lands there. There is also a copy of a letter for the Queen which you gave me commandment to draw, but I showed it not to the King before it had been seen by you. The passport Sir L. Lewknor desires to receive at Hampton Court, because the Count he says will not come at London, and because it will be a long journey for him to go from hence to Hampton Court in a day. He is minded if he may get soon enough from his Majesty's hunting (who will needs have him abroad to-morrow) to go to Ware to-morrow night to his bed.
You shall also receive herewith a letter for M. de Vitry by his son which is to be sealed and will be called for at your chamber, and the warrant for Sir Tho. Tyrringham and that for the Agent of Florence. I have also returned you all the letters I received about the matter of Berke. This letter to Sir Rafe Weldon is commended to me to be sent to Hampton Court from the officers of the Household here and is about the provisions for Count Vaudemont; it may please you to command it to be sent.— 7 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (117. 165.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 7. His Majesty at his sitting down to dinner asked me if I heard any from you or the Lord Chamberlain touching the chain appointed for M. de Marcoussan, because with the jewel he received no news of it. My answer was I thought it was intended to be delivered to him there, and for that cause it was not sent hither. I was commanded to put you in mind of it that whether it shall be given here or there it be not forgotten.—From Royston, 7 Oct., 1606.
PS.—I perceive that his Majesty is somewhat troubled with doubt of the increase of the sickness, and if it should continue where the term should be kept and the Parliament.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (117. 166.)
The Same to the Same.
1606, Oct. 8. I would not have made the post to run this night but that his Majesty commanded as soon as he was come in from his sport and parted with the Count Vaudemont that I should advertise you thereof, which was about three in the afternoon, and that this night he is at Ware and to-morrow will attend the Queen according to the former purpose. He is attended by the Duke of Lennox and Lord Hay, who has the jewel committed to him by his Majesty to be delivered this night. His Highness thinks not fit that Lord Hay should deliver the chain to Marcoussan, but rather Sir Lewis Lewknor who has attended them. He is well pleased with your advertisement about the minister and that he proves one of that faction.—From Royston, 8 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (117. 169.)
Gervase Smith.
1606, Oct. 8. Five papers:—
(1) Examination of John Hankin, minister at Stoke Nayland in Suffolk, 8 Oct. 1606.
Is acquainted with Gervase Smith, minister of Polestead, and spake with him a month ago.
Saith he had no other speech with Mr. Smith to his remembrance but only about providing diet and lodging for a school master. Being farther asked what speech they had of other news that was stirring, protesteth before God that they had none to his remembrance.
Being asked whether he had any speeches with him about prophecies, saith that it is so ordinary with him that every man takes knowledge of it, and examinate hath forbidden many from his company in respect of that; but himself hath had no speech with him of late concerning prophecies, only two or three years ago he showed him a book that Sebastian the King of Portugal, reported to be dead, was alive as he thought and should do great things.
He confesseth also that upon the coming of the King of Denmark being asked by Smith what news? he told him some things about the King of Denmark, that he was a very gallant Prince, very honourably attended on, and carried himself well to the applause of all men. To which Smith replied that he heard as much; and further that he was a very gallant Prince, and was a "Marshall" man, and did use all means to persuade the King to give over his extraordinary hunting and to follow martial or more serious affairs.
Copy. Underwritten.: "Taken before the Lord Chamberlain, E. of Northampton, E. of Salisbury. E. of Dunbar." 1 p. (117. 167.)
(2) Contemporary copy of John Hankin's examination on 8 Oct., 1606.
Hankin protests he never used speeches to Smith concerning a divorce between the King and Queen.
2 pp. (192. 137.)
(3) Information of Richard Humphrey, M.A. Oxon, and schoolmaster of his Majesty's free school in Dedham, Essex.
Gervase Smith, parson of Polestead did use these words unto me then or before the 11th of September last past, 1606:
1. That the King's Majesty could not move his eyelids and that he had naughty looks, deadly, fatal, importing no good unto the land.
2. That my Lord Archbishop of Canterbury was foretold of by the prophecies, for they foretell (saith he) of a great prelate that should be the ruin of the King and State.
3. That once since I was acquainted with him or twice he set down the period of King James's life, affirming it should be before Christmas. When he spake this unto me I am not able precisely to define, but I take God to record he spake it some time unto me. But I gave the less ear because I found him to fail in this main point of the succession of the King's Majesty, affirming that the L. Beauchamp should succeed, for that I found him ignorant of the King's descent from the Tudor both by father and mother. The Lord preserve long his Majesty, our noble Queen, that hopeful branch the Prince of Wales with the whole progeny, the Privy Council, and all that wish well unto them.
Endorsed: "8 October, 1606. Information of Richard Humphrey of speeches uttered by Gervase Smith." 1 p. (117. 168.)
(4) Contemporary copy of the first portion of the above. 2 pp. (192. 135.)
(5) "Richard Humfrey's further accusation of Gervase Smith, Minister of Polested, Suffolk."
In disproof of Smith's denial that he spoke of the King's illegitimacy: or said that the Lord would miraculously raise up E. Refers to Smith's letter of Sept. 23. Gives his reasons for bringing Smith's fault to light, and beseeches God to give him repentance of this his great sin, especially in a man of his place, who should have taught the people obedience to their King.
Holograph. Endorsed by Salisbury: "8 Oct. Richard Humphry his further accusation of Gervais Smith after they were confronted." 1 p. (192. 136.)
Edmond Casse to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 9. Lord Cranborne is safely come to Cambridge, where I have not doubted to make known to him that his best friends are jealous of him to be something alienated from study, which must necessarily beget non-proficiency. He promises me by using diligence so to redeem the time past as I am fully resolved he will as much honour the University in performing his disputations as the University did grace him in bestowing upon him his degree.—From Cambridge, 9 Oct., 1606.
Signed. 2/3 p. (117. 170.)
R. Langley to the Same.
1606, Oct. 9. This enclosed letter, without endorsement, I received from Mr. Hugh Lee, who was sent over to be consul for the Spanish merchants in Lisborne, being the seventh letter by him written to your lordship. He is very desirous that I should advertise him how you accept of his letters.—From Lew[i]sham where I am now keeping Courts under your lordship, 9 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. ⅓ p. (117. 171.)
Samuel Whartonne to the Same.
1606, Oct. 9. Being indebted to some persons at London, who threatened to make your lordship therewith acquainted, and fearing your displeasure I came from the Court unknown to any to Calis in France, where I remain expecting your good pleasure. If you command me any service to Rome or any place here in France or Spain, Mr. Lovaynes [Levinns Monck] may certify me thereof by this bearer who will cause the same to be safely delivered to my hands.
I was at Saint Thomas since my coming hither where I met with Father Richard Cowlinge one of the penitentiary in Rome and a great companion with Oswold Tessimond and as I perceive by his talk he is determined to come into England to York. He was earnest with me to go to Rome and he would write to Fitzharbert, an especial friend of his there. I answered him I would and told him I came to Calis about some small business I had there and would return again with speed. Which I will do if it be your pleasure, from whence I can certify you what shall happen by the ships that come to Civitta Viecha to load with alum. For maintenance there I will ask you none save only for my charges thither and that your lordship would give order for the payment of my debts, which amount to some 30l. as this bearer can certify, whom you may trust with the conveying to me of any such instructions as you shall please to send me to Calis. I lie at a Scottishman's house called James Kenneday.
I would be going as shortly as may be by reason that this next month the snow will begin to fall and it will be hard passing the Alps.—Calis, 9 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (118. 1.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 10. His Majesty this evening commanded me to write to you in favour of the Lord of Lyndorse this bearer, and to say that although there were heretofore a mistaking committed in a reference made concerning him, yet his Majesty frees the gentleman of that error and would that he were otherwise recompensed, alleging for him these reasons; that he has served his Majesty from both their infancies dutifully and faithfully; that he has received from his Highness little acknowledgment of his service; that himself has not been importunate but that his Highness out of his own sense of his service has desire to do him good, especially now at this time when he is to return into Scotland to take upon him there the sheriffwick of a county which cannot but be chargeable to him to sustain; and that he is charged with many children. For all which considerations his Highness wishes him to be relieved, and as it has proceeded heretofore that such of that nation whom he had special cause to reward he would note them to you with an extraordinary mark, so he would have you to take this gentleman to be one of that sort. And if there may be any relief for him by some gift of recusants or other like casualty his Highness earnestly wishes it him and says that his modesty in his demands adds much to his desert.—From Royston, 10 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (118. 3.)
Libel on the King and Council.
[1606 ?. Oct. 10.] Abusive verses on the King and Council.
Endorsed by Salisbury: "Oct. 10. A filthy and fals lybell cast in Powles and broght me by Mr. Recorder." 1½ pp. (140. 119.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 10. Upon confirmation of the news from Spinola of the rendering of Berck, as it is the ceremony that all persons of rank depending of this Court, whether strangers or others, congratulate with the Archduke upon such occasions, so finding upon consultation with the French Ambassador that he intended to acquit himself of that formality, though he knew it would not be interpreted as really meant, to the end not to be the only defective, resolved to accommodate himself to the same course by the practice of a ghostly lesson of the Jesuits of mental reservation. His compliment was kindly taken, as all things of such a nature are here very pleasing.
His speech then with the Archduke gave him occasion to inform him of the reason of the late conference with the two Ambassadors in England for examining and redressing the just grievances of both sides, the rather because the reports of the Spanish Ambassador against his Majesty's State were so disfavourable as that his Majesty's subjects could obtain no justice in Spain but received continual outrages in their trade. Those of the Council of Spain with whom the English Ambassador had occasion to negotiate stuck not to send him more railing messages against his Majesty's proceedings and his principal ministers of State, as instanced by the speeches of Andreas de Prada. The Archduke acknowledged that he had been summarily informed by his Ambassador of what had passed in the conference, which he commended to be a very honourable proceeding, and though Don Pedro de Zuniga had showed to be something transported with passion, which he said was the general imperfection of the Spaniard, he doubted not but he would be a means to rectify matters again. For Andreas de Prada he wondered that he should be so exorbitant in his speeches considering he had the reputation to be one of the most temperate spirits of that state.
Concerning the new "noviship" which the English Jesuits were by the Archduke's permission erecting at Lovoyne, the inconveniences of which to his Majesty's state Edmondes represented, the Archduke said he would advise whether there might be a stay thereof but Edmondes doubts the proceedings are so far advanced that he will be dissuaded from staying them and suggests that Salisbury should speak of the matter with Hoboque. —10 Oct., 1606.
Copy. 2¼ pp. (227. p. 280.)
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers Foreign, Flanders, 8.]
Gervase Smith.
1606, Oct. 12. Two papers:—
(1) Examination of Gervis Smith, 12 Oct., 1606. Denies saying that Lord Beaucham should be heir to the Crown. By the instruments mentioned in his letter to Humphries he meant Merlin and others that spake of such matters. He found fault that the laws were not made to take away the life of the Papists, seeing all false prophets and blasphemers ought to suffer. Denies saying the King was illegitimate. Confesses saying he came from Tiddar not in recta linea, and acknowledges his error. Denies saying the King should be ruined by Papists, or that they should set up Mary a persecutor of Protestants, or that Protestants should call for the help of Edward of the house of Cadwallader.
Q. Who told you that vile lie that the King had imperfection in his eyelids, and a naughty look, fatal and importing no good to the land, and what did you conclude thereupon? A. He that took exceptions to the King's looks was a jester that came from the Court; and he made no ill conclusion thereof. Denies telling of a prophecy that a great Bishop should ruin the King, or saying that the King should live no longer than Christmas, and Lord Beaucham succeed in the kingdom.
Signed: Gervis Smith. Taken before and signed by: T. Suffolke, H. Northampton, E. Worcester, Salisbury, John Corbett. 1 p. (192. 138.)
(2) Articles wherewith Jasper [sic] Smith, Minister, is to be charged; and his answers. 12 Oct. 1606.
Names of those he commonly conversed with, Mr. Whittle, parson of Milden, Mr. Lyster, curate at Shelley, Mr. William Barwick, parson of Hitcham, and others. He spoke of the prophecies to Mr. Hankin, Mr. Harrison, vicar of Cornand Magna, and Mr. Humphreys. The prophecies foretold the coming again and putting down of the mass, of great invasions and battles and bringing the world to a unity of Christian faith. He takes it that by the E. was meant Edward VI, but never said he should be raised up by miracle. By "instruments" in his letter to Humphreys, he meant the prophecies: other instruments besides he does not acknowledge. The causes of his dislike to the government of the Church are: it is not agreeable with the Apostolic Church of pastors and elders, but is divided into dioceses and provinces with a new government: it maintains ceremonies contrary to the Word, as holy days to creatures, catechising of infants, form of ministration of the Sacraments, the cross in baptism, the ring in marriage, private communions, a reading ministry, a conclusion in baptism that all infants shall be saved. The laws against recusants are wanting in severity; corrupters of the truth ought to be cut off by the sword: and punishing them by payments of money is as the Israelites putting the Canaanites to tribute, and may have the same effect. Under the law that now is they increase. Never spake maliciously of his Majesty, but found some want of severity and courage in him, because he did not execute God's enemies. Never said the King was illegitimate, but was in the error that he was but collateral. In the prophecies, J. succeeding E. is his Majesty, as the event has proved: takes M. to be a woman that shall usurp the land and set up Popery, and persecute and burn many, but be burned in the end herself. E. means Edward VI, who the prophecies say shall rise again to comfort the young knight, whom he takes to be the true King in danger by the usurper. The raised man after setting the land at peace, shall leave the government to a cousin of his kin, and bring all men to the unity of the Christian faith. He spoke of the ruin of the King by Papists only upon his private conjecture. Denies saying the Protestants should call for the help of Edward. A jester from the Court told him the King never moved his eyelids, and had a heavy look. Said it was prophesied that a bishop who was no gentleman, nor born to such dignity, should rule the Crown for a time; but of what bishop it is to be meant he knows not.
Signed: Gervis Smith, minister of Polsted. Countersigned: Salisbury. 6½ p. (192. 140.)
Sir Thomas Shirley to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 13. Give me leave herein to present my humble petition. I seek it for no profit that I hope to reap thereby, but only to keep covenant with some that have great bonds upon me to procure such a grant to their use. And now it has had so long a time that it is drawn even to the uttermost. If it please you to favour me herein I shall hold myself most bound to you for ever for thereby you shall keep me out of a great mischief, even out of the lion's mouth. I assure your lordship the condition of these impropriations is much altered now after so long and divers gleanings. Nevertheless I shall hold myself in as great an obligation to you as if they were of as rich quality as ever they were when they were at best and greatest plenty.— 13 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (118. 4.)
Sir Lewis Lewkenor to the Same.
[1606], Oct. 13. The letter from Madame de Rohan to your lordship was brought by Mons. de Disinye who is returned into Normandy by the way of Hampton. Your answer I have delivered to Mons. de Giury, who has, as you wrote, a dependency upon Madame de Rohan and will deliver it with all care into her own hands.
Mons. de Vaudemont embarked this afternoon, having a good wind to carry him to St. Jhons Roade, where he intends to land. He has been well accommodated all the way till we came to Canterbury, where we found want of fresh horses and small care both in the mayor and postmaster of this service. I send enclosed a letter from Mons. de Vaudemont to the K: not knowing what haste it requires, and will at my coming to London wait upon your lordship.—Dover, 13 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1606." ½ p. (118. 5.)
Postal endorsements: "Canterbury the 13th of October past eight o'clock at night. Settingborne half an hour past 10 o'clock at night. Rochester at past 12 at night. Darford at past 3 at night."
Mattheo de' Renzi to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 15. Notwithstanding his Majesty's protection I have been so persecuted by the SSi La Faille and my other creditors, that I have been compelled to retire to Ireland, where I hoped to restore my fortunes. My enemies, however, have procured letters from the Council to my Lord Deputy, ordering my arrest and transportation to England. I had no other design in coming here than the payment of my debts, and I beg for a letter of protection to my Lord Deputy that I may be free to attend to my affairs. My misfortunes are not my own fault and are due to others, an accident which may happen to any man of honour. I have been an honest merchant in England for many years and his Majesty has profited to the sum of many thousands of pounds by the customs duties on my imports and exports. Moreover I am still young and can devote a good part of my life to the recovery of my credit.—Naas in Ireland, 15 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Italian. 1½ pp. (118. 6.)
Timothy Haies to Mr. Lavinus [Munck], Secretary to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 15. Lies as yet a poor prisoner in the Gatehouse, altogether destitute of friends and money. Has heard that in reason of a petition delivered of late for him order was given by Lord Salisbury for his discharge, but knows not whether it be true or not. Prays Lavinus to stand his friend either in procuring or granting him his liberty. His estate is so poor that in very deed he cannot pay for small and extraordinary trifles necessary for him, the King notwithstanding most graciously paying for his diet and chamber. Is in his great necessity constrained with a brazen face to request very presumptuously great favours of unknown friends, whose hearts he hopes will rather be moved of charity and for God's sake than for any worldly gain to help him. If Lavinus has no order for his discharge, beseeches him to deliver this his humble petition to the Earl of Salisbury,—Gatehouse at West', 15 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (118. 7.)
Sir Griffin Markhame to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1606], Oct. 15/25. I beseech your lordship pardon this as my congratulation for the recovery of your indisposition, which in this place was spoken of not without opinion of danger.
I daily hear from all my friends how much I am bound to you for your compassion and desire of my return and still perceive that my unfortunate companions' repining impatience causes my delay. I beseech God send them to be more charitable for their own goods or else I would with all my heart I had changed fortune with them, for any prison, the Tower excepted, which by the distance and terror of it, bars the enjoying of friends and consequently the disposing of business. For being imprisoned in my country I could much help myself and in distresses be comforted. Here I live continually disgraced, envied, and with base names slandered only for being honest. I write not this with opinion to merit, for this and much more I acknowledge but my duty, and according to my ability and opportunity I will be ready ever by demonstration or action to assure it.
I know your lordship is so fully informed and by so sufficient a minister of all occurrences in this place that it should be too much presumption for me to trouble you with my poor advertisements.
I beseech you continue your good opinion of me for that in all these distresses is one of my greatest comforts, and I protest I will sincerely with all my powers strive to deserve it.—Bruxells, this 25 of October.
Signed. Endorsed: "1606." 1 p. (118. 23.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 16. His Majesty going forth this morning to his sports somewhat early yet before he went commanded me to advertise your lordship of these three things. First, that he thought he should before this have heard something from you about the dispatch from Ireland which you sent him down to Royston, and what had passed your consultations therein and whether it were grown to any resolution. I was bold (remembering the information it had pleased you to give me of that matter before my coming) to tell his Majesty that he might please to call to his memory that although the contents of that dispatch held some matters of importance yet of no hasty resolution, and that your lordship has so lately made dispatch of money thither and given your answers to many of their propositions as you had time enough to reply to these last, and that I conceived your purposes were to speak with his Highness of those things before you would resolve. His reply was that all this might be true but yet it could do no hurt to remember you of it, and that he was sure you had been busy about it.
The second was to renew that which from Royston I wrote and Sir Roger Aston also about order to be taken for preserving the game of pheasants and partridges, wherein your lordship is so often a complainer of the abuse and too good a falconer, he says, as you deserve to have that burden cast upon you. And he is desirous to hear what remedy you have thought for maintenance of your own pleasure as well as his.
The third matter is that his Majesty finds fault that here is no Master of Requests to attend him, which he imputes to Sir Roger Wilbraham for this time, excusing Sir Daniell Donne because he waited the last journey into Hampshire. I answered for them that the cause might be the nearness of the term where they should be occupied about the causes of their court and one of them always attended your lordships sittings. But his Majesty said that nothing was more necessary than that there should be one with him for that being officers of justice and known so in the commonwealth, his Majesty might by them give ease to many poor suitors that follow him continually wheresoever he goes for reliefs by way of equity, in whose suits, though he conceive most of them to be of that nature that if he never came to the place where they are exhibited they would never be offered to him, yet it is a contentment to his people to receive an answer. And many as he conceives may be just and fit by using his name to gentlemen of the country [to] be taken up and not every poor creature forced to come to London. For which he has no person here that is of any authority to write in his name in cases of that nature, and it is proper to a Master of Requests as his Majesty says. His pleasure after this long discourse was that you should tell them of their fault and give them charge to amend it.
The letter to the Lord Chamberlain is about certain bustards to be fetched out of Kent.
I received your dispatch touching the change of the Queen's mind for her remove yesterday, but the King had heard of it by Robert Anstruther, who coming from London lighted on him in the fields before, but his Majesty's answer to it was that he would acquaint the Queen with the preamble of the letter and leave you to justify yourself.—From Neumarkett, 16 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. 2½ pp. (118. 8.)
The Earl and Countess of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 16. You have done me a great favour to advertise me of the decrease of those that died of the plague the last week, but you mistake me in thinking I have no great appetite to make a winter's journey to the Parliament; for I long greatly to see the brave new building at my lodging at Whytehall, besides to enjoy that most honourable company that will be conversant in that grave assembly. And for better proof of my desire to make one of that number I have Doctor Hunton here with me, by whose advice a fit of the gout, which took hold of my foot about 10 or 12 days since, is now almost quite gone and I am entered into a course of diet, eating but of one dish at a meal and drinking no other than that which is made with sarsaparilla, which course I mean to hold precisely for these 20 days yet to come, and about that time I intend to set from hence towards you. In the mean time we shall be very glad to hear that you may continue in perfect health.—At Sheffeld Lodge, 16 Oct., 1606.
In the handwriting of the Earl, signed: Gilb: Shrewsbury. Ma: Shrowsbury. ¾ p. (118. 10.)
Sir Roger Aston to the Same.
[1606. Oct. 18.] This last night late my Lord of Dombar came to this town. Being troubled with a pain in his head was not able to come forth of his lodging till this morning. His Majesty was very desirous to have spoken with him yesternight. His lordship being so troubled with the pain in his head he could not send me to his Majesty to make his excuses and withal to let him know that you had been at Hampton Court where you had carried all matters so well and wisely as his Majesty would wish and that her Majesty was never more respecting and more lovingly disposed towards him than at this time. This being delivered to his Majesty he presently told me that was the chief cause he would so fain have spoken with him. He said he was very glad and went to his bed very merry, and sent me to my Lord to be at him betimes in the morning, which he did this morning and thereafter presently made his dispatch towards your lordship; which I thought good to accompany with these few lines, leaving all things to his lordship.—From Newe Markett this Saturday fore-noon.
PS.—On Monday his Majesty removes to Rostorne [Royston].
Holograph. Endorsed: "18 Oct., 1606." Seal. 1 p. (118. 11.)
Lord Cobham to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 18. I have long forborne to trouble you with my letters, for importunacy I desire to shun and assure myself that when time serves you will be both mindful of me and my liberty. A more charitable deed you can never do at this time. I entreat you to speak to my Lord Treasurer that I may be paid my money due to me out of the Exchequer, for truly I want it. How ill and lame I am this bearer can report unto you.—From the Toure, the 18 of 8ber, 1606.
Holograph, signed Henry Brooke. Endorsed: "L. Cobham to my Lord." ½ p. (118. 12.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Same.
1606, Oct. 18. It may please you to receive the bills you sent me signed by his Majesty, and also that for St. Martyn's [in the Fields]. That for Sir Thomas Ridgeway I take it was done before a good while since.—From Newmarkett. 18 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. ¼ p. (118. 13.)
Postal endorsement: "Octob. 18. Witlesford Bridge on Saturday at one in the afternoon."
Sir Roger Wilbraham to the Same.
1606, Oct. 18. I thank your lordship for your direction to attend the King's Majesty. I hope to be at Newmarket tomorrow, being very much grieved that his Majesty is especially offended at my absence, being not my month to wait and that I have been in physic and surgery ever since I came down. If I had received any advertisement from Sir Daniell Dun of any impediment in him, I would have attended as is my duty.— From my poor house at Plompton, 18 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. ¼ p. (118. 14.)
Postal endorsements: "Received at Tocester the 18 day of October 1606 at 10 in the morning. Breckhill at 3. Saint Albons at 8. Barnit at 11."
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 19. By reason of the many business [sic] my Lord of Dumbar has had to do with his Majesty in weighty affairs of Scotland, I could not acquaint him with your last letters till this morning. Having read them twice over, for the matter of Ireland he spake obscurely but yet so as to my seeming he apprehends it more than I guess by your letter you would have him and wishes that an eye were had to look further into it. Which I told his Majesty he might be assured that you who had your eyes so near to the secrets of many foreign countries would not neglect. Upon that point of disavowing the oath by the Pope he used large discourse that it would be an occasion to him to make an evident trial of the allegiance of his subjects of that sort, whether they would adhere to him by persisting in their oath or to the Pope in forbearing it hereafter. Of other matters he said you would hear enough by my Lord of Dumbar. I had forgotten in my last packet to send this warrant.—From Newmarket, 19 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal broken. ¾ p. (118. 15.)
El[izabeth], Countess of Derby, to the Same.
1606, Oct. 19. This gentleman John Lea has earnestly desired my recommendation of a suit that he intends to make to you to accept of him to be a household servant unto your lordship. Upon the experience I have long had of his service to myself, I cannot but acknowledge it to have been good and faithful, and do therefore recommend him to your favour.—At Yorkhouse, 19 Oct., 1606.
Signed. ¼ p. (118. 16.)
Fra. Gofton to the Same.
1606, Oct. 20. I had no sooner knowledge that the grant of those things (for which I had in part satisfied) was passed under the Great Seal, but I thought it my duty to return to you this note enclosed to be used at your pleasure. Give me leave to continue the remembrance of my poor suit to you.— 20 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "Auditor Gofton." ¼ p. (118. 17.)
Henry Anderson, Lionel Maddinson, Robert Dudley, William Warmouth, James Clavering and Henry Sanderson to Lord Sheffield.
1606, Oct. 21. According to his lordship's letter they have taken a view of Tinmouth Castle. Find that every part of it is for the most part ruinated, the gates lying open both day and night and no man lying within the castle, only one Richard Thomlinson, who lies in the town, being appointed by Sir Henry Woodrington, knight, in some sort to look that nothing be carried from thence. Notwithstanding strangers enter at their pleasures and some part of the leads have been cut, broken and carried away. As for the ordnance or munition remaining there, have sent the particulars in a note herein enclosed. As touching the good that this town of Newcastell and the country near adjoining might receive by the said castle, if it were fortified and kept in such good sort as in former times it has been, it is most certain that no ship or barque can approach very near the haven of Tinmouth nor come into it but the castle and hold may command them, which not being fortified the enemy may easily enter and spoil both town and country at their pleasures without any present resistance.—From Newcastell, 21 Oct., 1606.
Copy. 1 p. (118. 19.)
The Enclosure:
An inventory of the armour within the Castle of Tinmouth taken the 26 of September, 1606.
Upon the mount towards the river all with carriages which is 3 falcons and 2 sakers. Within the castle-gate one saker of brass. In the storehouse one iron culverin and 2 carriages, one bound and one unbound.
In the churchyard towards the sea 2 sakers of brass with their carriages and one demi-culverin of iron without carriages.
In the Maddergarth one iron minion.
Within a room in the castle 14 muskets, 11 halberts, four horsemen's pieces, one jack and two spears.
In the platform one saker of brass.
In the Armoury 16 pikes, 4 musket rests, one halbert, 11 old bandeliers, and one lantern for the sea light.
In the house of Mr. Whiteheade in Tinmouth, five muskets set with bone.
½ p. (118. 18.)
The Earl of Rutland to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1606], Oct. 22. To recommend the bearer, who is passing from him to the Prince's service, to Salisbury's favour.—Belvoir this 22 Oct.
Holograph. Seal broken. Endorsed: "1606." ½ p. (118. 20.)
The Earl of Shrewsbury to John Hercy.
1606, Oct. 22. There is an herbage called Chymelyes in the Peak in which there is one lease in being of 7 or 8 years and a lease in reversion for 21 years after them. I am informed that Peter Bradshawe (in whose name and some of the tenants the said lease of 21 years was taken) goes about with the most of the now occupiers and neighbours to obtain the thing in feefarm, if possibly they can, or if not, then to procure a third lease in reversion. You may remember my endeavour therein heretofore for myself and therefore I should think it strange if any others should obtain it. Wherefore I pray you resort to Mr. Chancellor of the Duchy and to Mr. Attorney of that Court and entreat them in my name that they will harken to no such motion until my coming to London, which shall be very shortly, and then I will acquaint them with the state of the cause. You may speak also with Sir Thomas Lake if any such thing may come to his hands, and if you find cause then move my Lord of Salisbury to make stay thereof at the privy seal, if it should happen to pass so far. This Bradshaw is a perilous busy companion and seeketh to cross me in everything he can.—At Sheffeild Lodge, 22 Oct., 1606.
Addressed: "To my servant John Hercy at his lodging at Salisburye Court. My Lord Treasurer's porter there will cause this letter to be delivered."
Holograph. ¾ p. (118. 21.)
The Earl of Salisbury to the King.
1606. Oct. 22. Those gracious thanks which I have received from you are so precious to me and so far beyond my merit as I should be grieved rather than comforted (finding mine own abilities so short for the service of such a prince) if I had not a hope that you would accept voluntatem pro facto. Upon which comfort seeing I must only rely, I will end that point with this profession that I shall wish my life at an end when I shall deserve or find a change. I have also understood by the Earl of Dunbar that your Majesty hath been troubled with a word that fell from my pen wherein I only glanced that I saw a fatality in the State that it would never be rich. I beseech your Majesty to give me leave to tell you (under pardon) that I am glad to have outlived the day wherein a poor beagle (if he durst) might justly say, he hath his Master at one advantage as he hath had him at many, if it be true which I do hear that such a word can work upon such a mind. For considering how great a difference there is between such a condition of riches and want; if your Majesty observe the time wherein it was written and the person that wrote it; the time being when I was newly come from attending four or five of your faithful labourers, who had been looking upon the glass of your State for point of treasure and revenue, which hath been and must be for 7 or 8 days yet the best part of our meditation, the person being myself that love rather to speak too little (like myself) than too much in such cases, I will (let the law be as sharp as it will against words) conclude that a sticking beagle may sometimes have a sticking master, who, having such a piercing and a multiplying brain as he can make what he list of everything, hath stuck so long upon a word.
This is all the answer I will make for this time for very cursed heart, until I hear by my friends that my foolish phrases have not troubled his pleasures and exercises, whose finger cannot ache but all our hearts must feel it. Concerning the Priests all shall be as ready against your coming as may be; so for Nicholson and Sir Edward Greville my Lords resolve to take time this week: and so for all other things incident to your service all that we shall desire is that we may still use this liberty to make greatest speed of things as they shall appear to be of more necessity one than another. And thus craving pardon of your Majesty for troubling you thus long, being now newly risen from sitting four hours in Council where we have had the Chief Justice and the Attorney about many of your causes, I most humbly take my leave.—From your Majesty's house of Whitehall, 22 Oct., 1606.
Endorsed: Copy of your lordship's letter to the King, 22 Oct., 1606." 2 pp. (134. 95.)
Draft of the above, corrected by Salisbury.
Endorsed: "22 October, 1606. Minute to the K. concerning a word let fall that this State shall never be rich." 3½ pp. (134. 96.)
Sir Roger Aston to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1606], Oct. 23. This bearer David Moyesse is the man his Majesty recommended to you before. He is the man I moved you for at my last being with you. His suit is for one recusant. His Majesty is very willing he shall have the benefit of him and has commanded me to signify so far to you that you may give order according.—From Roston the 23 of October.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1606. For Mr. David Moyse." ½ p. (118. 22.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Same.
1606, Oct. 23. I send herewith the Bishop of Carlisle's licence, which his Majesty signed this morning; and the warrant for M. d'Obigny [D'Aubigny]. He is not yet satisfied about the matter of the game, what order was taken; the greatest abuse being in the consumption thereof in London, the best remedy is to prevent that; and you had not let him know what was intended therein. Not that he means this to be one of your serious affairs, not to tie you to hours or times which as you write (he says) is neither possible nor his intent. But yet you may as well afford some time to think on your pleasure, as he does a great deal on his; but for when or with whom, he recommends to your discretion. He delivered me letters out of Denmark, brought by Anstruther, to be sent to you.—Royston, 23 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. 1 p. (192. 144.)
The Same to the Same.
[1606, Oct. 25]. These other letters were written yesternight after the receipt of your lordship's directed to his Majesty, whereby you may see you are in danger. But the best is I have the evidence with me which will show the truth. This morning about seven of the clock came your last letters, at which time his Majesty was not awaked. But as soon as he was I delivered it to him, who is well satisfied of your lordships' resolutions to remove the Queen. Only he gave me great charge and often repeated that he desired to be informed what course was taken in the buttery with the rest of the servants there and how they should be restrained from his Majesty or the Queen's service; how long he was sick before he discovered himself and if he had conversed any long time among them. To this he would have answer this night, which is the cause I have set so many "gallowes" on the packet, but have taken my leave myself to go toward my house.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal broken. Endorsed: "1606, Oct. 25." ¾ p. (118. 24.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1606, Oct. 25]. Both your letters the one written by Sir Ol. Cromwel's man, the other by the post, came hither, the first about noon, the other after his Majesty's return from his sports and being safe at his supper. Which being ended I acquainted him with that directed to me and delivered the other. After perusal of both which and some speech with John Achmowty, then newly arrived, his Highness said it needed no answer but that he was pleased with the Queen's resolution and would frame his journey to it. For the former he thinks your lordship has reason to write that you do in Sir Olyver Cromwel's matter, and himself upon the first motion did apprehend it to be inconvenient. But for the other parts, howsoever your power do bind all my duties, yet I have received from a superior power a commandment to collect certain words out of your letter touching not being King if plots might have taken place, and to direct to my Lord Chief Justice to resolve his Majesty how far they amount in law if they may be proved under the party's hand that has said them. Your lordship will excuse my performing of my duty, who must in gathering the words to make them serve the turn use the art of most of our divines, writers in controversies, leave out what goes before or comes behind and take only the words that may make show of favouring their side though with equivocation, which is an older art than our Garnet's, and practised by higher persons as appears by this example.
I have been so long from home and his Majesty will now so soon be with your lordship, as I have taken my leave of his Highness to go to my house and so will wait on you about Tuesday.—Undated.
Holograph. Seal broken. Endorsed: "1606, Oct. 25." 1¼ pp. (118. 25.)
The Same to Sir John Popham, Lord Chief Justice.
1606, Oct. 25. His Majesty directs these words here under written to be considered of by your lordship and to resolve him what they amount unto in law, if they may be proved under the particular hand from whom they proceeded. It seems to me they concern some great person. All other circumstances are obscure to me. His Majesty will be at Whitehall on Friday at night, at which time or on Saturday he will expect your resolution.—From the Court at Royston, 25 Oct., 1606.
The words referred to are the following: "Then for being my sovereign, which he should never have been if all my plots could have hindered him."
Holograph. Seal broken. ½ p. (118. 26.)
Sir Roger Wilbraham to the Commissioners for the Northern Borders.
1606, Oct. 26. The King has been much importuned in this petition enclosed of Ann Greame for liberty to inhabit upon the house and land, where her husband before his banishment dwelt. His Majesty being not inclined to condescend to her request, for that it may be an occasion for others to trouble him in like suits, yet his gracious pleasure is that you understand the truth of her petition and certify your opinions whether it be meet that extraordinary favour be shown to this petitioner before others, or what his Majesty may do for her satisfaction and yet not give encouragement to others in the same nature, that hereupon his further pleasure may be known.—From the Court at Royston, 26 Oct., 1606.
Addressed: To the reverend father in God the Lord Bishop of Carleile, Sir William Selbye, Sir Wolford Lawson and the rest of the Commissioners for the Northern Borders.
Signed. Endorsed: "1607" [sic]. ⅓ p. (118. 27.)
Sir Robert Wingfeilde to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 27. Others that live in the country desire that summer may always last, but for his part is glad it is ended, choosing rather to spend seven years at the Court than seven days in the country. In the one he enjoys nothing but trouble and pains for other men, spending all that he has in housekeeping, never seeing any of his best friends nor scant hearing of them but of their want of health and deaths; whereas in the other place he would hope by his service in some measure to deserve the King's favour, often to see Salisbury, and to live at more ease and less charge. Has been for this seven or eight weeks very ill or else had surely come up to see his Honour. Craves leave hereafter, if God spare his life, to spend in summer some time in waiting upon Salisbury at Theobalds. The world tells him he has many friends and he acknowledges it, yet would be glad sometimes to live near them or with them. Has no news but that being at Cambridge upon Friday last, about the business for the draining of the fens, saw there Lord Cranborne, Salisbury's son, in good and perfect health.—27 Oct., 1606.
Signed. Seal broken. 1 p. (118. 28.)
Lord Sheffield to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1606], Oct. 30. The duty of my place requires of me a care answerable to the trust reposed in me. Therefore, though in matters of this nature, whereof now I especially write, I have no particular instruction, yet I have thought good thus far to adventure, seeing so much carelessness in those to whom it appertains and the matter being of that importance, to certify you to whose graver censure I leave it how far to be imported, that having heard of the great neglect in those to whom the keeping of Tinmothe Castle is referred, I took upon [myself], out of the general care I cannot but have of places within my government of that nature, to command the mayor with other aldermen of Nucastell to make view of the state of the place and to certify me thereof. Which they having done and I thereby finding the truth of the intelligence, have thought good to impart it to your lordship, having herewithal sent you the mayor's letter whereby you may the better discern how much that town and country esteem themselves secured by the castle and forts of Tinmothe. In my opinion this place is more than ordinary to be regarded both by reason of the situation, those parts being as it were overrun with papists and so affected, as also there being in the castle and town such materials for ill affected persons to work withal as is I think in few such places. For there is both munition and arms good store, the King having a storehouse there well furnished besides what the town and castle of Tinmothe have for their defence, as may appear by the notes herewith sent. Which, as the chief ones there stand affected, is likely rather to turn when occasion serves to their offence than other ways: and that which draws me to the more suspicion is the flocking thither of most of the papists in those parts, showing a great desire to seat themselves either in or near the town. Furthermore I think good your lordship take notice that the care of Tinmothe is appointed to Sir Henry Witherington, who since the late reconciliation with his brother Roger, who is the shrewdest papist the North has, is grown very cold in his proceeding and is much suspected to be greatly drawn of late to that side; and indeed I have some more cause than ordinary to mistrust something, I knowing by an accident that he is altogether advised by his brother Roger. The which to make more plain to you I have sent you this letter enclosed written from Roger Witherington to his brother, in my conceit something of a strange nature therein stirring him to great discontentment, the effects whereof you know well. I leave it to your wisdom what to gather of it or what use to make of it. It came to my hands strangely. It was cast away at sea in a trunk of apparel of Sir Henry Widderington's sent up by his brother Roger and falling into a gentleman's hands of Lincolnshire, a friend of mine, it was opened by him. Then by this letter he, perceiving to whom it belonged and in the reading of it observing thereof the matter and that it might be fitting for me to know, sent me a copy of it, which I have forborne some time to certify, because I would not show myself too suspicious. But now I have thought good for many respects to advertise you of it, leaving it to your graver consideration what use to make of it. Only this methinks, Sir Henry Widdrington is not so fit, these circumstances weighed, to have the keeping of a place of so great importance as Tinmouthe is. I say this further to you that, if my judgment fail me not, these wicked papists (who will never cease till they overthrow this State if the better care be not taken of it) have some plot in hand, for their carriage is more high and insolent than ordinary, and as before the late devilish device have many meetings under colour of huntings and strive to horse themselves extraordinarily well, refusing even any price for them if one go about to buy them. This has been their foreign courses ever when they have had any plot in hand but I know these things are better known to your lordship than to me. Therefore I will but leave it to your wisdom. Yet one thing more of suspicion I cannot omit, of which your lordship should have had a more certain intelligence if the party had not so suddenly returned into his own country that I could not apprehend him. For then would I have informed myself more sufficiently of his intent. But thus much I know by one, who meeting him feigned himself to be popish, that he is servant to Mr. Martine and came out of the South through Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Yorkshire, Bishopric and Northumberland, at which place notwithstanding he had been so long a journey out of the way from whence he came, which was out of Suffolk or Norfolk I know not whether, he confessed to him that gave me intelligence he had 300l. in gold about him and uttered many speeches, which I send you herewith, discovering a lewd disposition especially towards yourself, with which I protest I am very much moved, for your Honour bound me so to you by your many favours, especially now in my absence, that I have resolved to be as sensible of any wrong done to you as to myself. This sending of such sums of money one to another makes me suspect that. I have no moneys now out of this occasion to find out the party, being not within my government. Therefore you may do well to examine it further. It may be it will bolt out something worth knowing and because I have forgotten the certain place of his abode, if you send for Mr. Sandorson of Nucastell, who is now at London, he can inform you thereof. Who, though he did not discover this matter, I assure your lordship he does the King as good service in those parts where he dwells as any man can do, and without such there can be nothing here, the most are so ill affected in religion. I pray you encourage him when he attends you, for both he and all others of his cause are almost out of heart.—Normanbie, 30 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1606." 3 pp. (118. 30.)
The Enclosure:
See the letter above of Oct. 21, to Lord Sheffield (p. 327).
Sir Arthur Capell to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 30. Sends a brace of does and thanks Salisbury for continued favour and for his bounty to his son Arthur Capell.— From my poor house at Haddham, 30 Oct., 1606.
Holograph. ½ p. (118. 33.)
Sir Robert Johnson to the Same.
1606, Oct. 31. Pardon my presumption in writing my private opinion of those points which were propounded, argued, and partly resolved on Saturday last touching the matter of saltpetre and the commission yet in force for that business, wherein it was very judiciously handled and considered what was feasible and what impossible in that service. I must confess when I had well advised of the indentures of contract thereupon made, giving too much way to the disarming of the realm in that kind of munition, that as an officer and servant to his Majesty, and as a Parliament man, I was not the second that excepted against the use made of that commission, being wholly directed to private ends against his Majesty's purpose therein. And now I pray pardon to acquaint you that though not all, yet the chiefest grief and ground of our complaint for the Commons of England, was not so much for the digging of saltpetre, as because it was then said that his Majesty's stores were almost empty and no part of saltpetre or powder received for supply thereof from the time of that commission made until the time of the complaint in Parliament, but all the whole provision transported. By reason whereof, no better way to reformation appearing, it became amongst others a just complaint of the Commons in Parliament. All which being very true I humbly pray you to endeavour reformation of things that be out of square, that so you will advise well of the manner how this may conveniently be holpen, lest by a mistaking of the reason of the complaint of the Commons, such overture be given as may prove very dangerous and prejudicial to his Majesty and the kingdom. For your Honour may be sufficiently satisfied by those who have the skill to extract petre and make powder, that it is impossible by any way yet assuredly known to furnish the kingdom thereof by home store, and foreign provision may not in reason or policy be trusted upon for many dangers, if the digging of houses, barns and stables be left out, as it seems by my Lord Chief Justice's opinion they must be. And I pray pardon to be very sorry that his Majesty's prerogative in this point should be disputed, being the support of many things of much less importance to the kingdom than this is. I have often heard in strictness of law what might be said, but know withal that of evils the least is to be chosen. And, therefore, whereas it was propounded that a proclamation should be divulged to intercept that commission, I pray your lordship that some judicious delay therein may be used, lest unawares it be the undoing of many poor men having made their provisions of wood and fuel, lying upon their hands, nay rather chiefly till it be fully advised of how the kingdom may be served by any other certain course. If it were so happy that any other certain and better way might appear, then with good reason such a proclamation might be divulged. But as the case yet stands it is a nice point to endeavour a popular applause that carries with it a dangerous inconvenience, for my own private judgment, if no other better way appear, yet [it] were much better now in Parliament that it were propounded to the Commons to enact some convenient course for that provision as in their wisdoms should be fit by indifferent courses to be holden, both for his Majesty's profit and the service of the realm without their "annoys," so near as can be. And withal that they may be made to understand how graciously his Majesty respects their complaint and how willingly he will give life to any law that may be fit for the safety of the kingdom in this provision of gunpowder, this course were much safer and pleasing enough no doubt it would be. And I beseech your lordship well to advise how unfit it were to cross a proclamation with any subsequent commission, which of mere necessity must be done if no other course happen for an assured provision. And if it be not thought fit to stay this proclamation for three weeks, the commission having been in use this two years, yet could I wish that it were carried in these terms; that his Majesty is graciously minded to remove the cause of complaint and willing to give life to any law that his Parliament shall think meet, indifferent for his Majesty, and which may assure the provision. But yet in no wise to divulge these judgments in point of law, which were more fit for the secrecy of a Council of State. This gracious and middle course would fully satisfy the people and be much more freed of inconveniences than otherwise it may be. By all which I beseech you to conceive that as I do not take all that I heard, nor think the former evil fit to be cured by such a danger, so must I truly confess that I did ever utterly mislike, and to my power impugn, the former contract and the diversion thereof from his Majesty's meaning.—This last of October, 1606.
Signed: Robert Jhonsonn. Seal. 2 pp. (118. 34.)
Sir William Waad to the Earl of Salisbury.
1606, Oct. 31. Order being given by my Lords for the enlargement of one Jhonson a servant to Mistress Vaukes, with the privity of the Lord Chief Justice I caused this Jhonson after he was at liberty to be observed, wherewith I think I acquainted your lordship. Amongst other places to the which this Jhonson repaired, he often visited a house lately erected in the fields beyond the Artillery garden, which stands next to no house and as after I learnt the Lady Gray dwells in that house. Since, some of the inhabitants nearest to those parts having observed extraordinary and suspicious resort to that house, some of them resolved to watch the access; and finding that on Saturday always in the evening divers persons in habit of gentlemen resort thither and lodging there come not forth until Sunday in the evening and scatteringly, they advertised me thereof. Amongst those there is one that has by secret means understood that this lady has in her hands three houses; this in which she keeps ordinarily, another at Bednall [Bethnal] Green, which Catesby held, which stands in an out-place, and the third in Longue Alley, which third was searched this last summer by Sir William Romney by direction from my Lord Chief Justice, but he was disappointed by reason the party sought for was hid in a secret conveyance, which shall be discovered when occasion shall serve. I thought it meet herewithal to acquaint your lordship, because if search at this time may be made in those houses, especially in that where the lady lodges in the Fields, it is likely some of these traitorous persons, if they be within the realm may be found, or other of their crew. Which course if you give order therein to my Lord Chief Justice, I will send all the parties to his lordship, and the discreet handling of the business may give some success.—"From the Towar the last of October, 1606."
Holograph. 1½ pp. (118. 35.)
Lord Stanhope to the Earl of Salisbury.
[? 1606, Oct.] It being uncertain when the Council will sit, he begs to know by bearer whether Salisbury holds his appointed time on Saturday morning, when he will attend. Moyse, his clerk in the Treasury Chamber, writes him that divers of the King's servants and others who usually receive their wages on quarter day, which is now past at Michaelmas, used him with very hard words because they could not receive their money, complaining of their necessity and poverty. If the warrant may be had from his Majesty, he would attend the Lord Treasurer to get some small portion thereof to satisfy the claims of such as be in most want.—Undated.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1600" [sic, ? rectius 1606]. 1 p. (193. 51.)
John Ball to [the Same ?]
[1606, ? Oct.] Of his 14 weeks' imprisonment, so closely kept that his health is sore decayed. Begs leave to take the air abroad with his keeper, till his Honour shall determinate his most innocent cause.—Undated.
Holograph. 1 p. (196. 95.)