Cecil Papers: April 1607, 16-30

Pages 96-114

Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House: Volume 19, 1607. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1965.

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April 1607, 16-30

Sir Fulk Grevyll to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1607], April 16. That I have not obeyed your commandment in speaking with the King before his departure, nor the message I received from you (while I was present with you in the same room) to go after him to Royston, will be found no error of mine; wherein I make this short apology because I see (be it spoken as far from unthankfulness to my other friends as my heart is) that whatsoever I shall receive either in justice or compassion comes merely from your ingenuous care and native industry, so as it were an ungrateful indiscretion for me to neglect any part of your directions, which I beseech you to accept for my true excuse. And give me leave out of the burden I feel (though no way charged upon you) to remember first, that this office was the main harvest of my youth, spent as you know; then that by this change of instructions I have lost in the same office 1200l. yearly, wherein the records will not lie. Lastly, that I lose still while my loss is in repairing, and find length of expectation and an endless course of life heavy, among other alterations which I have found lately in declined years. All this I had rather write than speak, and if you forgive me this presumption you give me ease of heart besides. The rest I leave to God and the sense you were wont to have of your distressed friends. In which matters if any service of mine may be worthy to keep me I should be proud, for I fear it is not chance that keeps you thus as you are in both these times, and whatsoever else it be men do in nature owe honour and reverence to it.—From Edmonton, this 16 of April.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1607." 1 p. (120. 165.)
The Earl of Shrewsbury to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, April 16. I would not have written if I could have stayed until you had been waken, to have moved you to give order for the old Lady Montacue, whose case is such by reason of the sessions within these 3 or 4 days, as unless the order that may be taken for her be not had this day, so as it may come thither in time, it will be too late. I beseech you do this charitable deed forthwith, for her pitiful lamentation to me her kinsman moves me very much. I will be here again in the afternoon, God willing.—This Thursday very early, 16 April, 1607.
Holograph. ½ p. (120. 166.)
The Earl of Salisbury to Viscount Cranborne.
[? 1607], April 16. I have written two letters to Mr. Dean of Westminster, concerning your coming up: the first to stay you: the second to license you to be here against St. George's Day. I could wish you would forbear until the next week after St. George's Day be passed, for some reasons known to myself. You shall then come up and tarry a week or ten days. It is now a time of trouble and confusion, and nothing to be seen which you have not seen.—Whitehall, 16 April.
Signed. ½ p. (228. 17.)
Elizabeth, Lady Reynell to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1607], April 17. Apologises that the sickly state of her body has prevented her acknowledging his great favours as she ought; is unable to be sufficiently thankful for them. If any ill willer offers any information of careless respect or not performance of what is fitting on the part of herself or Sir Thomas Reynell, her now husband, towards her son. assures him that before her marriage she intended, and since there has been tendered by Mr. [sic] Reynell and herself, a loving course towards him: for besides Mr. Reynell's true respect towards her and hers is assured of his love towards his lordship. Hopes they will never so far forget themselves as to give him just cause of exception against them.—Westogwell, this 17 of April.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1607." 1 p. (120. 167.)
The Earl of Roxburgh to [the Same].
1607, April 18. This long while I have lived in great uncertainty with myself how I might best make some show of my readiness to discharge that duty which I acknowledge I am bound to perform to you. For my silence might make me seem forgetful, and my unprofitable lines make me appear officious, so that I could hardly resolve what was best to be done with one whose favour has so far bound me, and so to have importuned you with my letters to no more effect I feared in seeking to have done for my better discharge, I should have drawn myself in such oversight as I never intended. Yet out of these doubtful conjectures that my desire not to offend draws me unto, I have taken it as the best to adventure by this occasion softly to breathe out my desire to do as I am bound to you, the better to ease my overburdened mind when I consider my own inability as it is; but at the hand of one always so honourable, and so rich in understanding, I need not doubt but to be censured not as my weakness may make me seem but as my faithful willingness may embolden me. My estate is such as neither in public nor private ever I can be "steidabile" to you; but the uprightness of my mind to your lordship, whom I have already found so undeservedly favourable, persuades me I shall find the continuance of your furtherance in my honest occasions as they occur. And now I hope to have some better means, when I may not be [by] my self, to bring them to your hearing than I had before, by the Earl of Dunbar, with whom at his taking journey from these parts I sundered in such kind sort that I trust no less but more in his furtherance than in any possibility of my own. And I shall not be found born with that detestable vice of ingratitude, but what my power may not, my mind shall be ready to requite. I thought it not unmeet to let you know that his lordship and I now is [sic] in such kind trust since you took some pains betwixt us before, the which I think left such cause of consideration with my Lord of Dunbar ever since that it has made our friendships to work the more surely; and for me your care was more than I can rightly esteem of.—At Edinburgh, 18 April, 1607.
Holograph. 1 p. (120. 168.)
Robert Savage to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, April 18. Having for 10 years served her late Majesty as deputy to Captain Baker, late clerk and keeper of her store for the navy, for which service I had not above 20l. the year; and spent by my great charge of children and servants and the said service not so little as 200l. a year more than I had or anyways gained by the place, besides my great losses in not having time to see to my own affairs but forced to trust others; and what more I lost in seeking to do service unto her Majesty and your honour, by my factors and servants in foreign parts, I leave to your consideration. For all which (in my opinion) I might have been sufficiently recompensed if I had been as forward to ask as I was to deserve: which argues me to be a bad scholar, an ill husband and a careless father in remembering the first part of Cicero's saying partem patria, and forgetting the other two partem parentes et partem amici vendicant; by which I have done more wrong to myself, wife and children than to all the world besides. Many merchants as well as myself have lost by the Spaniards in confiscating our goods by land and taking them at sea, and also by the French and Dunkirkers; but none or very few (myself excepted) by serving so gracious a prince; which I impute to my not having time, by reason of the said service, to attend at the Court as reason I should.
I confess I depended overmuch upon my trade and traffic which was subject to many losses and crosses in the time of restraint, and yet the profit not so bad as now, and worse will be (if worse may) for us if the States, as it is reported, do agree with the King of Spain and the Archduke for so many years of peace: which the former considered, move me to beseech you to be a means to his Majesty to grant me with some others whom you shall think meet the privilege of trade to the river of Senega, near Caput Viride in the region of Guinea; which was as far as I know understood of by a servant of mine that remained 10 years for me and himself in Portingall, who declared the same to some of our nation, by which means the place is now better known. This or what else shall seem best to you I leave to your consideration, remembering amor jussit scribere, que studeat dicere. I will still endeavour to do what service I possibly can for his Majesty and you, and more could do, and as much I suppose as any merchant of England if I were called and appointed thereunto.—Deptford, 18 April, 1607.
Holograph. ¾ p. (120. 169.)
John Draycott to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, April 18. Your letters delivered to me by Mr. Kiffin I am most willing to satisfy in every thing which in law or conscience may be demanded of me. I have no matter against him, being well acquainted he is servant to him whom I so much honour. Neither do I go about to take any part of his wife's jointure from her, or to defraud any of her children of any part of their portions, but am ready of my own to yield them more than by any law or conscience they can demand. I do not yet understand of any demand they can make of me whereunto there is any colour I may be by just means compellable. Whatsoever their demands I shall be ever willing to give them hearing, and have yielded to be both advised and overruled by any indifferent judgments, the rather to give you due satisfaction concerning him.—18 April, 1607.
Signed. Seal. ½ p. (120. 170.)
The Earl of Dorset, Lord Treasurer, to the Same.
1607, April 18. Upon better cogitation I think your draft worthy of consideration, for as it is undoubtedly the better warrant for me—to which end I know you framed it—so in any thing that may do me good and you hurt I wish it not even so; also many of these points may be very good for me and so penned as not hurtful to you, but only to set down the truth in such matters as are not averrable; for there is the main point. Therefore send me your paper and then I will better consider of it; and after I wish Serjeant Foster or Mr. Attwoode (?) to see it.— 18 April, 1607.
Holograph. 2/3 p. (120. 171.)
The Tomb of Mary, Queen of Scots.
1607, April 19. James etc. to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of our Exchequer greeting; whereas we have appointed that a tomb shall be made for our late dearest mother, of famous memory. Mary, Queen of Scotland, according to a plot thereof drawn, and certain articles indented, between you our Treasurer of England, and the Earls of Northampton and Salisbury on the one part, and Cornelius Cure, master-mason of our works on the other, bearing date in January last, for the framing, making, erecting and finishing whereof at his own cost and charges, excepting the painting and gilding of the same tomb, and the making and framing of the grate of iron about the same tomb, the said Cornelius Cure, his executors and administrators by the said articles indented are to have the sum of 825l. 10s., besides certain marble stones, touch and raunce, to be delivered unto him, as more at large appeareth by the said articles; we will and command you, that according to the said articles betwixt you and him, you cause payment to be made to the said Cornelius Cure, not only of the said sum of 825l. 10s. at such days and times as are contained and expressed in the said articles, but also of all such further sums as the quantity of white marble, "touch," and "raunce" mentioned in the said articles shall amount to at the usual rates and prices, unless the said stone shall be delivered unto him in their several kinds. And these our letters shall be your sufficient warrant. Given under our privy seal at our palace of Westminster, 19 April in the fourth year of our reign of England etc.
Copy. 1 p. (121. 1.)
Commissioners of the Middle Shires to the Earl of Salisbury and the Privy Council.
1607, April 19. Upon Thursday the 16th inst. a gaol delivery was held at Carliell, where 8 were convicted, whereof 3 for petty larceny, and 5 had judgment to die, of which 3 "repried" [reprieved], viz. Florrye Story for horse-stealing in the "bussye" week, and breach of prison; Fargie Grame of the Mill Hill for returning from Brill without licence, and remaining fugitive until apprehended, and Thomas Sanderson for a small burglary, nothing being carried away, and it the first offence. Two of them having wives and children, and all three making petition, that they might be suffered to go into Ireland to their friends there, we thereupon have respited their execution, until your pleasures might therein be known.—Carliell, 19 April, 1607.
Signed: Hen: Carliolen; Wilfr: Lawson. Seal. 1 p. (121. 2.)
Commissioners of the Middle Shires to Sir Arthur Chichester. Lord Deputy of Ireland.
1607, April 21. It pleased his Majesty last year to transplant into Ireland certain families of the Grames and others out of the late Borders of England, sent over in the conduct of Sir Raph Sidley to inhabit Rose Common [Roscommon]. His Highness has given us further directions to remove into Ireland the remainder of that clan of the Grames and such other like persons. We have therefore sent over those whose names are in this schedule enclosed in the charge of Thomas Robinson, the bearer hereof, to be disposed of in such places as to your wisdom shall be thought meetest. We pray you to require of Sir Raph Sidley an account of those whom he undertook to plant in Roscommon, and how many of them are returned thence. William Grame alias Flaughtaile, and Robert Grame of Lake, the younger, made short stay there. After their return we caused them to be apprehended and since executed. It is undoubtedly true, that others are lately come over, who are to expect the like measure, if they be taken. Edward Armstrong, one of this company, has friends with whom he desires to live, and says he will give your lordship sufficient security for his abode with them, which we refer wholly to your wisdom.—Carliell. 21 April, 1607.
PS.—Although it may seem we move for favour to Edward Armstrong, yet we signify that he has been the most dangerous person that has lived in these parts, and has continued in outlawry for the greatest part of 40 years. His return would be most offensive, and of worst example.
Signed: Hen: Carliolen: Wilfr: Lawson. 1 p. (121. 3.)
The Enclosure:
The names of such Grames as are transplanted into Ireland, April 22, 1601:—
Richard Grames Neatherbie and one child.
Arthur Grame.
David Grame alias ould Davie.
David Grame, young Davie, and one boy.
Walter Grame alias Wills Wattie.
William Grame alias Cockplaye, wife, 3 children and 2 servants.
David Grame Banckhead, young Davie.
William Grame Longtowen.
John Grame de Nooke and Margaret his wife.
Richard Grame Nowtheard.
Francis Grame alias Hewghes Francie.
George Grame Meadupp.
Walter Grame de Milne.
William Grame de Blaikforde.
George Grame Rooles Sheale.
Edward Armestronge.
Richard Shurdone.
Thomas Urwen.
Stephen Blaikborne.
Quintine Foster.
John Foster.
Agnes, wife of Ritches Geordie, sent to her husband, for that her stay upon Eske has lately made her two sons return forth of Ireland.
The wife of George Grame alias Hetherick, and two children.
Copy. 1 p. (121. 5.)
Edmund Dowbleday to [the Earl of Salisbury].
1607, April 21. Prays him to further the enclosed suit to the King. Reminds [Salisbury] of his promise to requite his diligence in levying men for the defence of the Queen's person, in the time of the rising of the late Earl of Essex.—21 April. 1607.
1 p. (P. 1921.)
Henry IV, King of France, to President de Harlay.
1607, April 22/May 2. Having for the honour of God and the good of the Religion sought every occasion to appease the dissension between our holy father the Pope and the Seignory of Venice, I begged my cousin, Cardinal de Joyeuse, to proceed to Rome to that effect. This he has done. After he had communicated to his Holiness and the College of Cardinals the means I had proposed to him upon this matter and learnt from them the points upon which his Holiness desired to be satisfied before raising his ecclesiastical censures, he left Rome on 4 April last and arrived in Venice on the 9th; where he had audience on the following Tuesday and after many great discussions and meetings held for the purpose by the Seignory and Pregadi, it was resolved that the manifesto published against the Interdict of his Holiness should be revoked and the decree of my said cousin the Cardinal should be put in hand; that for the ducal letters it should be declared that no protestations of the nullity of those censures had been published; that the two prisoners should be delivered to the deputies of his Holiness by the hands of the Sieur de Fresnes, my Ambassador; and that the ecclesiastics and the religious should be re-established in the state in which they were before the said censures. When this had been accomplished, my said cousin went to the College where he gave absolution to the Doge and other chiefs of the Republic in the presence of the said de Fresnes and immediately afterwards said mass in the patriarchal church, where was present such a great multitude of people and so great was the joy and consolation that the Cardinal could scarcely disengage himself from the crowd. In all this business it has been remarked that the Ambassadors of Spain have had no other part than what it has pleased the Cardinal to give them. This is what has passed in this reconciliation of which I have wished to give you advice so that you may inform all my good servants thereof. And having no other object in this present letter, I will pray the divine goodness, Monsieur de Harlay, to keep you in all prosperity.—"Escrit à Fountaynebleau le 2me jour de May 1607. Henry."
Copy. French. 1 p. (121. 21.)
Lord Eure to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, April 23. I should blush infinitely to make excuse for my not attending your lordship in person, only I presume you will pardon me at this time in respect of the solemnity of the time so present, and myself as yet unfurnished for such attendance.—Putney, 23 April, 1607.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (121. 6.)
Capt. Thomas Mewtys to the Same.
[1607]. April 23. Living remote from our chiefest parts whence our news spreads, I cannot write of anything more than of what your Honour has already had advertisement, which is the surcease of arms for 8 months already proclaimed in most of the States' frontier towns. There are commissioners come from the King of France unto the States, which are now at the Hage; many think it is to break off this peace with the Spaniard, which for my own particular should wish it.—From my garrison at Wercom, this 23 April.
Holograph. Seal. Endorsed: "1607." 1 p. (121. 7.)
Sir Thomas Hamilton to the Same.
1607, April 23. The favour shown to me by his Majesty in the charge of his mines has encouraged me to an earnest prosecution thereof, and to make relation to him of our success, by sending him little parcels of such ores as we find in the mine which presently we work, with the description of the natural situation of the same. I take it for a presage of our good fortune that his Majesty has recommended to you the direction of the trial of these ores, the weal whereof depends upon the profit to be made of that ore which is mixed of spar lead ore and copper ore, whereof Sir Bevis Bulmer sent some parcels to his Majesty, which I hope be come to your hands; that by your means so exact trial may be made of them as may serve us for direction to make use of that quantity which as far as we have yet wrought has possessed the greatest part of our vein, and by our small trials has been so difficult to sever from the corruption of these poisonable junctions wherewith it is infected, that we are forced to hasten our fire works for roastings, meltings, and using all other artifices to bring it to perfection. As to the other small pieces which I sent to his Majesty, they were pure as they came forth of the mine, without any addition of man's art, but are in so small quantity as having no certain vein, but only found accidentally in far dispersed parts of the spar. We cannot expect any benefit of that whereof the quantity is so small; and therefore unless our mixed ores be reduced by the travails of skilful men to be malleable, we cannot promise ourselves any certainty of advantage. For better help of which works I have joined with Sir Bevis Bulmer and Thomas Foulis, as the most expert men in this country in these mineral matters, to whom and to myself I crave your favour. As we proceed I will be most glad to make you advertisement, if it be not offensive or troublesome to you.— Edenburg, 23 April, 1607.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (121. 8.)
Lord Haryngton to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, April 24. I have little to trouble you with, only having occasion to send this bearer for the receipt of those allowances I am to crave for my Lady Elizabeth for the half-year ending at our Ladyday last. The 24th April I removed her Grace to my house at Burley in Rutlandshire there to attend his Majesty's pleasure. Vouchsafe as formerly upon view and consideration to sign and give allowance to my accounts, that my servant may with the more speed effect this business.—Combe, 24 April, 1607.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (121. 10.)
Sir Richard Ogle to the Same.
1607, April 24. I have a horse of my own breed, not worth presenting to you, yet knowing that the honourably disposed more esteem the mind of the giver than the value of the gift, I have presumed to send him; trusting that in respect of his age and fitness to be employed in service, you will not mislike him.— From Pinchbeck. 24 April, 1607.
Holograph. ½ p. (121. 11.)
Sir H[enry] Montague, Recorder of London, to the Same.
1607, April 25. I have enclosed sent Burton's examination. His commitment I forbear, though I have stayed him till your further pleasure known.
Holograph. ½ p. (121. 12.)
Sir Edward Hoby to the Same.
1607, April 26. My suit is that my bill, resting in Sir Tho. Lake, may by your means receive some expedition. The King royally promised it, protesting that of himself he had reserved it for me from others' beggings. This to be signed by May-day doubles his Majesty's grant by the celerity, as I have heretofore informed his Majesty, by some bargain I am entered into for my private occasions of debt, wherein your lordship is not out of the calendar, though clamor; and if the King upon occasion to his wisdom best known, would not have it divulged or put in exercise, it shall be sufficient satisfaction to me that the privy seal remain with you. The Commons in Parliament have already allowed and thought the grant necessary. It rested now that you crown the first beginning of this with Queen Elizabeth with a happy end with King James.—From my house near Rochester, 26 April. 1607.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (121. 13.)
Viscount Bindon to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, April 27. I have taken 40l. bond of John Williams to repair unto you before 3 May, he seeming therewith to be well pleased. There is one Monnsawle, a merchant of Weymouth, who lately came from Spain, where he saw 5 Englishmen disguised in apparel, bound (as he was secretly informed) to execute some treachery in this land. This Monnsawle is to be now heard of at the Sugar House in London, and haply knows whether this Williams be one of them which he saw in Spain. My dealings in his Majesty's causes committed to my trust are greatly mistaken, or myself wronged by those which inform that I have been careless in the discharge of my trust, for the apprehending of offenders lurking at land freed from the execution of justice by my neglect or favour. It seems strange to me to be distrusted where no just cause is. I have appointed honest men in every port to be deputy vice-admirals; by my letters I have charged the chief officers of every port to have careful eye to bringing before me any suspicious person, which shall land or offer to take passage in any of their several ports, howsoever concealed. I not long ago sent unto the Court of Admiralty examinations, which directly approved the victualling of pirates and sending of men unto pirates' assistance by those in Portland Castle, who are trusted to apprehend pirates by all means possible. I hear of no course taken for the execution of justice, though this Castle of Portland is the only sure place of succouring all ill-disposed seamen in Dorsetshire. In this course as in sundry others I have heretofore given advertisement, never finding any regard made of my informations. I have referred the further information unto this bearer, John Randall, who is best of any man in this country acquainted with the abuses of this nature. In respect of my present infirmity, which makes me very unfit to write, I desire that this may suffice for my answer required of the Lords of the Privy Council.—Byndon, 27 April, 1607.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (121. 14.)
The Commissioners of the Middle Shires.
1607, April 27. Extracts from letters by the Commissioners of the Middle Shires to the Earl of Salisbury.
A letter from the Bishop of Carlisle of 25 March. (See above, p. 77.)
A letter from the Commissioners of 19 April. (See above, p. 100.)
A letter of 27 April, 1607. 1. More of the Graymes and other surnames sent over into Ireland to be disposed of as to the Lord Deputy shall be thought meet. 2. Two of their wives sent over, whereof one was lately a suitor to his Majesty for settling her and her children in her husband's living. They think it very fit that the women were compelled to go after their husbands, because their stay here is an occasion of their husbands' return. 3. Will of the Rosetrees and George his brother refuse to go into Ireland after the rest, the first standing peremptorily upon the enjoying of his lands; the other referring himself wholly to the Earl of Cumberland, but in the meantime has seated himself upon the late Scottish border, and there intends to remain. Herein they desire Salisbury's direction how to proceed to rid the country of them. 4. Quintine Foster, Thomas Grayme of Logan, Thomas Armstrong alias Whitecloake: prisoners, concerning whom they desire to know Salisbury's pleasures. Foster, an old man of no very evil note, long since convict and reprieved, desires his Majesty's pardon. Grayme stands in the same condition, and desires to be sent into Ireland. Armstrong a pestilent fellow, accused to have contrived the murdering of the Lord William Howard. He was indicted for harbouring outlaws and acquit, but being a dangerous fellow kept still in prison. They wish he may be either compelled to go into Ireland or sent to the Cautionary Towns, wherein they desire Salisbury's pleasures.
Endorsed by Salisbury: "An extract of divers letters from the Commissioners." 1¼ pp. (124. 173.)
The Commissioners of the Middle Shires.
[1607, April 27.] Minutes of answers to divers letters of the Commissioners.
To the first of 25 March touching Pyckeringe's pardon, being one of them that robbed the King's receiver, it is like they have or will acquaint your lordship with their reasons, why they think him more worthy of favour than the rest, whereof your lordship can best discern and judge.
To the second of 19 April importing that three, viz. Flory Storie, Fargie Graime and Tho. Saunderson were condemned and reprieved and desired to be transplanted. It will not be much amiss if they be, so as their friends give caution for their abode there. Only for Fargie Grayme it may stand fit that some exemplary justice should be done upon some for returning from the Cautionary Towns without licence, for which he is now condemned, as there has been for returning from Ireland without licence.
To the third of 27 April consisting of four special heads, it may be said:—
(1) They have done well in sending over those of the Graimes and other surnames to Ireland, whereof notice may be taken by your letters to the Lord Deputy.
(2) It were very fit the wives whose husbands are gone or shall be sent to Ireland should also with their children be sent over to live with their husbands, otherwise the country will never be freed of them nor the service ever have end.
(3) For Will. of the Rosetrees and his brother Georg. it were fit the Commissioners should observe their former direction according to the letter of 18 January, whereof if they will not accept, the fault is their own and so are they and theirs to be proceeded with according to law and justice for any offences wherewith they can be charged, committed either in England or Scotland. If this course be observed, no doubt they will be glad, ere all be done, to sue for transplantation, and that shortly, without recompense or reward.
(4) Foster being such as they inform may well be pardoned, if such be his Majesty's pleasure. Thom. Grayme of Loggan may well be sent into Ireland. Thom. Armestronge alias Whitecloak, if any matter be found against him whereby he may be compelled to go into Ireland also, it were fit he were so. If not, then to be sent, as they wish, to the Cautionary Towns.
Endorsed: "1607. Minute." and in Salisbury's handwriting: "Answers to divers letters of the Commissioners." 1 p. (194. 91.)
George Orrell to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1607. Before April 28.] Was an actor in that unfortunate rebellious attempt of the late Earl of Essex, and was adjudged to die, but by Salisbury's favour his pardon was procured. Prays for the restoration of the small estate his father left him in certain burgage houses in Holborn.—Undated.
½ p. [Cp. Cal. S.P.D. 1603–1610. p. 355.] (P. 429.)
[The Earl of Salisbury] to [Alexander Seaton]. Chancellor of Scotland.
[1607, April 28.] We find by these honest merchants, that they have taken a journey hither upon report of some information against them, for some partial carriage in the execution of that commission, which was given to them and a couple more for collecting the true state of those privileges enjoyed by the Scottish nation in their trade with France. We have thought it both just and necessary for us to accompany them with these our letters for these two purposes.
First, to do them this right to you (with whom we know they esteem their credit at no small rate), as to declare unto you that, as we have observed them in general carriage to be persons of civil and honest behaviour, so upon examination we have not only found them free from any ill carriage, but from the least suspicion.
Secondly, we do ourselves this right to profess that if we could have found any proof that any of their followers had laid any such malicious aspersion upon them, we would not have thought it sufficient to return them to you with a testimony of acquittal, but with addition of punishment upon those, of which we shall always hold them as worthy that shall go about to east any blot upon his Majesty's subjects of that kingdom, as upon those that are born amongst us.—Undated.
Draft. Endorsed: "Will. Speare; Tho. Fisher, Scotish Marchants. 28 April, 1607." 1½ pp. (121. 15.)
Sir Edward Phelipps to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, April 29. After my attendance this morning upon your lordship I overheard some speeches that passed between some gentlemen sitting behind me, whereof taking notice I took opportunity to approve them, and thereupon a motion was made by Sir Francis Barringham, from whose mouth I held the same not distasteful (both in respect of the time and his former declared inclination), the substance whereof was, that in respect of our long sitting which had expended both our time and purses, that now we might descend into consideration of the great cause of the Union, before we dealt with any other cause. Whereupon it is resolved and ordered that we shall to-morrow by 9 o'clock enter into debate thereof, omitting all other causes; wherein if there be aught that you shall think fit for his Majesty's service by me to be observed, I beseech your direction therein.—29 April, 1607.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (121. 16.)
Sir John Gray to the Same.
1607. April 29. Let me be so much bound unto you as once again I may have your favour in my suit of whale fins. which was referred to your lordship and the rest of the Privy Council, but by reason of some defects it had not so good passage as I could have wished; neither have I been forward to revive it because I observed your lordships so employed in weighty affairs. Now finding that I am likely to receive opposition by a Scotchman, who has obtained a reference to my Lord Mayor and the Recorder to have it in nature of a monopoly. I fly to you for your furtherance in the suit, that if it prove fit to be obtained I may not be dispossessed of it. And because you shall well understand the nature of the suit, I have left instructions with Mr. Kirkham, one of your secretaries, of the whole state thereof.—29 April. 1607.
Signed. ½ p. (121. 17.)
Sir Edward Dyer and William Typper.
[1607. April 29.] Account from 1583 to April 29, 1607, referring to receipts and payments in connexion with Sir Edward Stafford's and Sir Edward Dyer's warrants for concealments, and with compositions for defective titles.
1 p.
The enclosure: List of the debts of Sir Edward Dyer for which William Typper stands bound.—Undated.
Petition. 1 p. (P. 2415.)
Nevill Davis to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, April 30/May 10. My last was by one Jno. Beadford, wherein I certified of the occurrences of these parts. Since which the 13 sail of men-of-war which went out of St. Lucar to disturb the trade of the Hollanders in the Straits, having taken some 3 or 4 ships laden with corn bound for Italy, which they sent into St. Lucar and Malaga, and after being at an anchor in the Bay of Cyblatar [sic], the States' men-of-war, to the number of 34 sail having notice of their being there, did upon the 25th of the last [April], without any great resistance surprise 7 of the best of them; the others, being small ships, escaped, two by being at sea, the rest under the town of Gyblatar. The general, Don Juan Alveras was slain, his son taken prisoner with divers others, all the rest put to the sword, save a very few which escaped by swimming, and the ships burnt. It has caused great disquiet both in Court and in these parts. Here they are preparing some 6 galleons, and in Biskey other 6, besides the forces which Don Luis Fashardo is able to make in Lisbon, either to revenge or withstand them, and withal to guard their fleet that goes for Nova Spania, which will be ready to depart about the fine of the next month. Touching Capt. Challines and his company, as yet there is no order come for their liberty. He has received, a testation out of the Admiralty, the which we have presented but we are answered it must be sent to the Court to his Majesty's Ambassador, and from thence must come order for their enlargement. I hope his lordship will procure all the means that may be. It is reported that out of Byskey are gone certain men-ofwar; it is to be supposed that they go to prevent the ships that are gone to the coast of Verginia, for if the Spaniard can disturb their settling there, he will use all means possible.
As yet of all the causes sent from hence to the Court we hear not of any one that is determined, nor redress of any aggrievance that is done us, but rather daily they are increased. Those which have adventured hither in corn are like to be great losers thereby, through the plenty that here will be of corn of the country.— Sivel, 10 May, 1607, stillo nova [sic].
Holograph. 1 p. (121. 19.)
Sir Ro. Sherley to his father Sir Thomas Sherley.
[? 1607]. April 30. For just excuses for my seldom writing I could allege my continual gadding from place to place, ill commodity of messengers, little matter, and many others. My brother is going with letters and presents to the Christian princes, and will advertise you of everything worthy your knowledge. I mean to "where ought" [wear out] some time here, for I cannot spend it in any other place with the third part of the reputation I do here, the King giving me very honourable entertainment, so that I live without want. If your fortune or credit were sufficient to send hither a reasonable sum to employ upon precious stones and other rich merchandise, it would bring you infinite profit, without expense or hazard, for your factor might lodge with me, and for camels and all sort of carriage I can furnish him of my own. I recommend my duty to my mother.— From Eastfan, last of April.
Holograph. Endorsed: "Sir Ro. Sherley; letter out of Persia." 1 p. (193. 101.)
[The Privy Council] to the Lord Chief Justice.
1607, April. We have been very glad to find that your lordship has taken so much care as you have done about the book for the customs, considering how just a thing it is that his Majesty may be without danger to lose by any indirect means those profits which justly appertain unto him. Our purpose is now only to acquaint you that the delay of the dispatch gives great interruption of many payments, which breeds disorder and clamour; considering how the same are destined to the satisfaction of many particulars. Therefore, finding that all things are accorded, except in one particular, concerning the allowance to be made for the custom upon tobacco, wherein the farmers think they ought in equity to be otherwise dealt with than your lordship offers (upon which you refuse to set your hand to the book, which will beget a farther delay) although we doubt not but you see cause for that you do, yet because they are desirous to be heard, we must needs require you (as that which we assure ourselves his Majesty will well approve for many considerations known to us), to give them such a dispatch for the book upon this our letter as the same may be ingrossed, which can be no way inconvenient, seeing they are contented to leave that particular to be ordered by us, his Majesty's commissioners, absolutely, as soon as your lordship shall be returned to the term; when once they have been admitted to say what can be alleged in their behalf.—From Whitehall, the — of April, 1607.
Draft corrected by Salisbury. 1½ pp. (121. 18.)
Certificate by the Earl of Northampton, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.
1607, April. April, 1607. John Wilson asks allowance for bringing up George Palmes prisoner from Dover to the Earl of Northampton's house at Charing Cross, viz.:—
For hire of 3 horses from Dover to Gravesend 22s. 6d.
For their diet, lodging and boat hire for 6 days 30s.
For my charges in returning to Dover 14s.
For my attendance in the said service 13s. 6d.
Sum Total 4l.
Signed: "Northampton." ½ p. (125. 3.)
The Pacification of Venice.
1607, April. Three papers relating to the above subject:—
(1) By the grace of God and by means of the great wisdom of Cardinal de Joyeuse, a settlement has been made this morning of the differences between his Holiness and these Lords in the manner following, so far as has come to my notice to this present time; although one should see all the particulars in writing, if not from this part, at least from Rome.
The two ecclesiastical prisoners have been consigned to the Cardinal in his house, at the which in the same time he has had them received from a minister of his Holiness, who was here for that purpose, and by him they have been placed in the prison of the Inquisition to be judged, when there shall be a Nuntio here. according to the accustomed style of the Inquisition. Afterwards the Cardinal, accompanied by two Senators, has gone into College, where he has given the Doge formal release from the excommunication. The Doge has received it in the name of all the Pregadi or Senate. At this action none of the Cardinal's family has intervened, but at the aforesaid consignment of the prisoners, two Apostolic prothonotaries of his order were signatories, many people being present and I amongst them.
Afterwards the Cardinal has gone from the castle to the Cathedral where he has said mass the French Ambassador having left him in order to please those of Spain who requested the Cardinal to be present at his first mass. He was contented not to be there because it appeared to the French that in that ceremony brought about by them it was agreed to honour the Ambassadors of the Catholic as foreigners.
However, when the Cardinal has said mass, the Interdict is removed. Notwithstanding this, the prelates and other priests have need of particular absolution and therefore they now agree to do whatever penance is desired, however heavy, provided they are pardoned, and in this way they will be ready at another time to be more obedient to the Apostolic see than they have been on this occasion. Those who have written or preached against it will have to render account to the Holy Office as no arrangement has been made for their particular case.
The religious orders will soon return except that of the Jesuits which is excluded; although it is hoped that even that order will be restored before much time is passed.
The Republic has issued a counter-manifesto revoking that which in the Doge's name was affixed to the churches and declaring that she intends to be an obedient daughter to the Holy See, together with other particulars which I cannot write of now, but I will contrive that they come to my hands as soon as possible and will send them.
One or two Ambassadors for Rome will have to be elected from these Lords and afterwards a Nuntio will come to reside here. In the meantime the Cardinal with the authority given him by the Pope will treat to make good the many wrongs which have been committed during the time of the Interdict.—Undated.
Italian. Endorsed: "Copy of the Italian letter touching the pacification of Venice." 1½ pp. (194. 96.)
(2) The Sieurs Cardinal de Joyeuse, d'Alincourt and Fresnes by writing under their hands have requested the Pope in the name of the most Christian King to revoke the Interdict without other formality than a benediction and the chanting of the mass at Venice by the said Cardinal. Nevertheless the said writing states that the Doge and Senate had prayed his Majesty to obtain that of the Pope in their favour. The same writing states also that the prisoners will be put into the hands of the said Cardinal to be dealt with by his Holiness according to justice, that the execution of the three decrees shall remain suspended, and yet that the Pope will not press the Senate to revoke them in order that the matter may be treated amicably hereafter. As for the Jesuits and other religious who have obeyed the Pope's Interdict, the Senate will permit all religious in general to return to Venice and those who do not wish to do so shall have their goods, books and ornaments returned, without special mention being made of the said Jesuits, the Pope having promised by word of mouth that he will not further insist on this, and the King that he will invite the Senate to give satisfaction to his Holiness on this point. That this writing of the said Ambassadors may be more authentic, his Majesty has sent the ratification of it to Cardinal de Joyeuse by the courier who brought the news of the conclusion of this matter.—Undated.
French. Endorsed: "Nonce's report of the pacification of Venice." ½ p. (194. 97.)
(3) Extracts from letters from Venice, 3 and 4 April [? O.S. 24 and 25 March], 1607.
This ordinary has brought me your letters of 12 March. Mine up to this present have sounded (corné) war but these bring you peace. The Pope is resolved thereon, although it was the last thing expected here, for, as I have more than once written to you, Cardinal de Joyeuse departed from here without having obtained anything fresh from these Lords and had carried nothing to the Pope but what these Lords had agreed with the King more than six months ago and with which the Pope had not hitherto been willing to be content. For the settlement of this peace the Pope summons only the French cardinals and has no desire to give any part therein to the Spaniards who are enraged thereat and have put every means in operation to traverse and impede it; as also the Jesuits have done on their part for they find themselves abandoned in this accord by the Pope. It is written that the yoke of Spain weighed so heavily on him that in order to shake it off and withdraw himself from their clutches he was willing to give himself peace at any price. So has he done all along without these Lords bringing the least influence on him. The whole idea reported of this peace is that Cardinal de Joyeuse is already on his return here with full power from the Pope to revoke the two censures (monitoires) signified to this Republic with all that ensues therefrom as never having been made, without any mention of the Interdict, which nevertheless will be comprised in general terms, because the Pope is very doubtful whether these Lords would suffice it to be raised here where it has not been signified or published and which they hold for nought and have no interest whether the Pope raises it or not. In any case if they consent to its being raised it is only in Rome where it has been published that this ceremony should take place for the Pope's satisfaction and not for theirs who claim they have been in no wise interdicted. For the rest, it will be said that the Pope will treat with the Ambassador whom these Lords will send to reside near him concerning all the differences, but this reserve will only be for appearance's sake (pour mine) and to cover the Pope's honour, for he is resolved to speak no more of it and never wishes to hear it spoken of. The laws of these Lords remain entire, the Jesuits are excluded and banished and the Pope gives himself a base and shameful denial and shows his weakness wondrously. Thus this peace is more advantageous and honourable to these Lords than they themselves had dared to wish. It seems that the Pope by the signal affront done to the Spaniards and the despair into which he has thrown the Jesuits must be from henceforth French. But one must be guarded in his speech (il a besoin de se garder du boucon).
This week Cardinal de Joyeuse is expected here and it is said the Pope will give him the quality of legate and send the cross after him. This peace has been made contrary to all human talk, which makes me think that it will be traversed owing to the extreme discontent that it has given the Spaniards to have been so advanced without them and to have thus baffled them and left them behind (de leur avoir ainsi passé la plume par le bec et laissé en crouppe (fn. 1) ). For they strongly suspect that the storm will fall upon them and that if our King knows how to seize the occasion and ally himself with these Lords, who are all armed, there will never be a finer opportunity of ruining the Spanish power in Italy and I believe the Pope will also enter readily into the alliance.
The Count of Fuentes is arming as much as he can and has it announced that this month he will assemble more than 25,000 men of war. He has so sown his doubloons amongst the Grisons that he has raised a party amongst them in his favour and armed from 3,000 to 4,000 of them, who are put in the field and have encamped near Coire under colour of impeding the passage of the troops sent by the Count of Vaudemont to these Lords, who resolved the day before yesterday in Senate (en Pregadi) to help the Grisons with men and money and to employ their forces to suppress and chastise this revolt. My opinion is that from any side war can come into Italy, that this peace will not stay its being kindled there and that to-morrow it will need only a little spark (bluette) to light a big conflagration there. But the principal effect I fear of this peace is that it will cut down liberty of preaching and writing and will suppress many of our great and important writings which are ready and would without doubt have overthrown this Tower of Babel from its foundations: inestimable damage and regret! Still there are some small works in the press. Ten or twelve days ago this Marc Antonio Capello, whose book we have sent you, was seduced (desbauché) by the Jesuits and has fled to Boulogne, whence Cardinal Justinian has sent him to Rome. But this poor unfortunate has been harangued on the eve of Easter. As he retired from here he still had printed a book against the Jesuits, which he has left unfinished, having carried off part of the copy of it. The remainder is afterwards to be published. Father (Padre) Paulo has let me see the preface and first chapter of Monsieur Casaubon's book which he has received by this ordinary. There has never been a work more worthy of him and indeed its beginnings are very great and worthy. Indeed but for this peace Father Paulo would also have given us something on the same subject, but it will make him sheathe his sword (rengainer) as regards many other fine pieces.
From another letter from the same place and of the same date.
I much fear that the book of the friend whom you know will be mustard after dinner, since to-day the Ambassador has brought these Lords the accord already made and Cardinal de Joyeuse returns at the end of this week to give it the finishing touch (la derniére main). The resolution of these Lords and the liberty of the preachers of the town has shown up the levity and impudence of this strumpet (paillarde). You will hear the particulars by Monsieur d'Alisco and the story is worth reciting in full. Mundus rult decipi, decipiatur. I am only sorry at being deprived of the suite of the writings of Father Paulo and the sermons of his disciples. Great foundations had already been laid to erect thereon lofty buildings. God be praised for all!
From another of the same place and date.
As for affairs here they must be taken at present as accommodated.
Copies. French. Endorsed: "Copies of French letters touching the Pacification of Venice." 3 pp. (193. 93.)
Transportation to Ireland.
[1607, ? April.] A paper detailing the plan for the transportation of outlaws in the Middle Shires to Ireland, with the precautions to be observed.
Endorsed: "1607." 1½ pp. (121. 4.)
Thomas Ducke to the Earl of Salisbury.
[1607, ? April.] For the passing of his lease of Upton Farm. Has not agreed with Mr. Barker, the King's printer, for his interest in the reversion, as alleged.—Undated.
1 p. [Cp. Cal. S.P.Dom. 1603–1610. p. 355.] (P. 1062.)


  • 1. "Il luy passa la plume par le bec": he drew his pen through his lips, he baffled him (Cotgrave).