America and West Indies: October 1677

Pages 160-174

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 10, 1677-1680. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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October 1677

Oct. 1. 419. Testimonials signed by Sir John Berry and Colonel Francis Moryson as to the characters of Captains Thomas Gardner of the ship Adam and Eve, Larrimore of the Rebecca, John Consett of the Mary, Morris of the Young Prince, and Nicholas Prynne of the Richard and Elizabeth, together with account of their respective services to His Majesty in the time of the late rebellion in Virginia. With certificate that this is a true copy of the original remaining in Mr. Secretary Coventry's Office. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 70.]
Oct 2–3. 420. Journal of Assembly at Barbadoes. Having sat three several times by adjournment, the Assembly proceeded according to the rules of the House to election of a Speaker, and William Sharpe was chosen. Proposal of Colonel William Bate to lay down his office of Treasurer, but at the request of the House he promised to continue till the last of December.
Oct. 3. Ordered that Richard Seawell be paid 10,260 lbs. of muscovado sugar for so much by him disbursed for the forts at Ostin's Bay as by his accounts rendered. Edwin Stede, Deputy Secretary, informed the House that the Council were willing to Join with them in a letter to the Lords of Trade and Plantations if they would leave out the names of Sir Peter Colleton and Colonel Thornburgh. Debate thereon and agreed to substitute "no such persons." Then the letter was transcribed with said alterations and passed by general consent, see next Abstract. Adjourned to 11th December 1677. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIII., pp. 277–281.]
Oct. 3.
421. The Council and Assembly of Barbadoes to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Governor Sir Jonathan Atkins having communicated to them their Lordship's report in relation to this place, return their hearty thanks for the timely supply of match, but the solicitation of some private persons for fifteen hundred pikes is without the least authority for they would be utterly unserviceable to this island. Pray that no such persons may draw any mischiefs upon them or be heard in their behalf without their particular address to their Lordships or the recommendations of Governor Atkins in whose prudent government they can with all assurance confide. Signed by J. Willoughby, Henry Drax, Samuel Farmer, John Peers, Samuel Newton, John Sparke, Simon Lambarde, and John Stanfast of the Council, and William Sharpe, Speaker, of the Assembly. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 71.]
Oct. 8–18.
422. Governor Sir Jonathan Atkins to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Very little occurred since his last. They have escaped the hurricane this year, to the great encouragement of the people. Sends list of the Assembly as requested who are elected by freeholders of ten acres and upwards, and by law are not to sit above a year, and the Governor and Council when they think fit may call for a new election, cannot declare their estates. It is his duty to tell their Lordships that the 32 queries they sent him from England were made so public by some copies sent hither, "how obtained I cannot well tell," that it hath caused no small disturbance in the minds of these people, and every query in particular after their estate hath created many jealousies amongst them. Sir Thomas Warner, a lawyer, showed the Governor a copy, and said he had instructions to inquire into our forts, magazines, militia, ammunition, arms, strength, and defence of the island, but had no order from their Lordships. Told him he did wisely to forbear, for had he proceeded I would certainly have treated him as a spy. Without a law confirmed by Governor and Council the country will do nothing which Francis Lord Willough by experienced, who demanded a levy without satisfactory reasons, they refused it, whereupon he dissolved the Assembly, and by an Ordinance raised the tax which the country would never pay, and put him into such a distaste with the people that to this hour his name is odious to them. Condition of Tobago, of sixteen hundred people the Dutch Admiral brought not six hundred left; three hundred of their slaves were burnt when the Dutch ships were burnt. It is a maxim with the planter the Dutch will never hurt them, they having never yet succeeded in any of their plantations. Encloses,
422. i. List of the gentlemen of the Assembly, being the present election for the several parishes in Barbadoes. They were presented to the Governor and Council on 16th May 1677, and their names will be found under that date, see ante, No. 252. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., Nos. 72, 72 I.; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VI., pp. 202–206.]
Oct. 9.
423. [Sir Philip Lloyd] to Sir William Jones, Attorney-General. The Lords of Trade and Plantations have agreed upon several amendments and alterations in the laws sent from Jamaica, and command him to transmit same with said laws, to put them into a legal form, and return them to their Lordships with anything that may occur to him fit to be offered, if there be any difficulty he cannot overcome to resort to their Lordships for further advice. Also Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Being acquainted with Mr. Attorney-General's desires (as below), ordered that a letter be written to him to put his proposals in writing for their Lordships' consideration. 1677, Oct. 18. Also "Mr. AttorneyGeneral's proposals concerning the laws." The alterations which I desire Mr. Blathwayt may make in the laws of Jamaica, according to the Lords' directions, are only such as require writing and no skill. To change the style of the law and the limitation of the penalty, cancel those laws wholly left out, and where ipsissima verba to be added or altered, which will save him much time, and then he will read over the whole to see they are right. Signed W. Jones. "Read 1677, Oct. 19." [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 73; and Col. Entry Bks., Vol. XXIX., p. 143, and Vol. CV., pp. 135, 136.]
Oct. 9. 424. Petition of Sarah Drummond, wife and relict of William Drummond, late inhabitant in Virginia, to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Describes the treatment her husband met with from Governor Berkeley after the late rebellion, by whose order he was hurried away to execution four hours after sentence. How she was forced to fly from her habitation with her five children and wander in the desert and woods, her estate being seized and embezzled until the arrival of His Majesty's Commissioners, when petitioner was reinvested with the small remainder. Prays, forasmuch as her husband was sentenced, condemned, and executed contrary to law, and that if he had been culpable His Majesty had pardoned him amongst many others, for His Majesty's order to restore and confirm to her and her children her said husband's small estate, and that the security she has given may be cancelled. "Read 9 Oct. 1677." 1 p. [Col. Papers Vol. XLI., No. 74; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXX., pp. 186–188].
Oct. 9.
425. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Ordered that copy of the Governor of Jamaica's late Commission and Instructions be sent to the Lord Chacellor who has promised to frame and to offer something which may be convenient for the Civil Government. That what Mr. Secretary Coventry writ by Colonel Parks for putting off the Assembly be lodged with these papers, as also the Narrative and all other papers given in by Sir John Berry and Colonel Moryson, the late Commissioners in Virginia, and particularly the Proclamation which first issued. The whole matter to be resumed on Tuesday when Mr. Secretary Coventry comes to town, when said Commissioners and the merchants are to attend that they may have the Articles of Peace read which have been made with the Indian Princes there, and Lord Culpeper is to be advised of this meeting.
Petition of the widow Drummond read and the whole case attested to be true and as deplorable by Sir John Berry and Colonel Moryson. Their Lordships agree that the estates of those who die by martial law do not escheat but descend to their heirs, and therefore they will report that 'tis but just His Majesty command Lieutenant-Governor Jeffreys and his Council not only to quiet petitioner in all she hath, but to recover for her the rest of her property. Reasons for not cancelling the security already taken and for taking further security. Their Lordships of opinion that the Act of Attainder should be repealed, and as much reparation ordered as the condition of things will allow, observing that the Act was made to justify and indemnify Sir William Berkeley more than anything else, yet that he made use of it to all excesses. Mr. Attorney must consider how to model an Act for indemnities and reparation suitable to the Government there. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp. 128–130.]
Oct. 10. 426. Report of [the Lords of Trade and Plantations] to the King on above. On the petition of Sarah Drummond, relict of William Drummond late of Virginia, who was tried and sentenced to death by Governor Berkeley although he never bore arms or any military office, and was executed four hours after, praying to be restored to her husband's estates. Having discoursed with Sir John Berry and Colonel Moryson and finding the case in all the parts thereof to be very deplorable, that Lieutenant-Governor Jeffreys and the Council of Virginia be required to give all sort of assistance for quieting the petitioner in the possession of all she hath. Signed by Finch, C., (Lord Chancellor) Craven, and J. Williamson. Endorsed, "Read in Council and confirmed Oct. 20th 1677." Also Order of the King in Council approving said Report of Lords of Trade and Plantations on petition of Sarah Drummond, and directing letters to be prepared for His Majesty's signature to Lieutenant- Governor Jeffreys accordingly. Whitehall, 1677, Oct. 19. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 75; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXX., pp. 188–191.]
Oct. 10. 427. Second petition of Sarah Drummond, relict and administratrix of William Drummond, late of Virginia, deceased, to Lords of Trade and Plantations. That she has already remonstrated against the barbarous and inhuman execution of her husband by order of Sir William Berkeley and the seizure of his estate, and their Lordships recommended petitioner's case to His. Majesty's grace and favour. Prays that Sir John Berry, who hath very honourably promised to restore what was seized by the late Commissioners in Virginia, or the prime cost thereof, may be required and authorized to do so. Annexed,
427. i. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations in reference to above petition of Sarah Drummond for several parcels of goods remaining in the hands of Sir John Berry who is directed to give an account thereof. Whitehall, 1677, Oct. 10.
427. ii. Sir Robert Southwell to Sir John Berry. Encloses Sarah Drummond's petition to the Lords of Trade and Plantations who desire he would let their Lordships know how that matter stands. Spring Garden, 1677, Oct. 13.
427. iii. Sir John Berry to Sir Robert Southwell. In reference to the disposal of the goods seized by him as Commander of His Majesty's ships in Virginia and Sarah Drummond's pretensions thereto. 1677, Oct. 17.
427. iv. Minute of a meeting of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty in reference to a parcel of wines seized by Sir John Berry for His Majesty's service. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., Nos. 76, 76 III.; also Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LXXX., pp. 192–196, and Vol. CV., p. 130.]
Oct. 10. 428. John Leverett, Governor of His Majesty's Colony of the Massachusetts by order and with consent of the General Court, to the King. Acknowledges His Majesty's grace and favour to the gentlemen our messengers sent with our last address, whereby the false clamours which have been laid before His Majesty against us have been repelled. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 77.]
Oct. 10.
429. Proclamation of the General Court at Boston. Appointing 15th November to be kept as a day of thanksgiving to God for giving peace in a great measure, a rich blessing on the fruits of the earth, preventing the spread of infectious diseases; and granting them favour in the eyes of the King. All servile labour prohibited on that day, and the Churches ministers and people enjoined to keep it solemnly and seriously. Printed. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 78.]
Oct. 10.
430. Twelve Acts passed at a Grand Assembly begun at Middle Plantation at the house of Captain Otho. Thorp, 10th October 1677. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LXXXVIII., pp. 96–101, and Vols. LXXXIX., XC., XCI.]
Oct. 12.
431. The Assembly of Barbadoes to Sir Robert Southwell. Encloses by command of the Governor letter of thanks of the Council and Assembly to the Lords of Trade and Plantations for procuring a supply of match out of His Majesty's stores for this island. Encloses,
431. i. Council and Assembly of Barbadoes to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Hearty thanks for supply of match, but as to the solicitation of private persons for the supply of 1,500 pikes, it was without the least authority or direction from this place, for had they come they would have proved utterly unserviceable. To avoid the like inconveniency in future pray that no such persons be heard without their own particular address to their Lordships or the Governor's recommendation in whom with full experience of his most prudent government they can with all assurance confide. "Read 15 Jan. 1677–8." [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VI., pp. 207–208.]
Oct. 15. 432. A list of Papers now and formerly delivered to Secretary Coventry. A book containing a General Narrative of the late Rebellion in Virginia. A Breviary of that, an account how we found the condition of the country, how we left it, and what means we humbly conceived would best conduce to the settling the future peace of it, also a particular answer to our instruction. The Articles of Peace with the neighbour Indians in Virginia. A Repertory of the County and Personal Grievances with a list of the loyal sufferers in Virginia. Colonel Claiborne's Petition and a bundle of papers relating to the Isle of Kent, part of Lord Baltimore's Province. See ante, Nos. 86, 86 I.–XIX. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., p. 290.]
Oct. 15. 433. The Heads of such Papers as are contained in a manuscript intituled—A Particular Account how we your Majesty's Commissioners for the affairs of Virginia have observed and complied with our Instructions subscribed by Sir John Berry and Colonel Francis Moryson. 1. Instructions and Answers. 2. A true narrative of the rise, progress, and cessation of the late rebellion in Virginia; the "inforted" Indians reported not to exceed 100 fighting men, Citterborne parish grievances; Gloster and Charles City County grievances. A character of the rebel Bacon; Bacon takes the oath of allegiance and supremacy and enjoins the soldiers to do the like. An oath of Bacon's taken by his soldiers. Bacon's speech to his soldiers. The Indian war recoils upon the country in an intestine rebellion. Bacon comes down to Gloster. Bacon's force upon the people. A ship and soldiers sent to seize the Governor at Accomack. Bacon's second march against the Indians. Bacon had caused a party of his own electing to convene for the carrying on his designs. Speech of Bacon when he was out on the Indian march upon sending in some of his sick and tired soldiers before him. By the Queen's own account only eight of her Indians killed, saying she would not tell a lie to mention more than indeed were, though Bacon bragged of many more to deceive the people with a mighty conquest. The Indian prisoners were some of them sold by Bacon and the rest disposed of by Sir William Berkeley, all but five which were restored to the Queen by Ingram who was Bacon's general. The Queen of Pamunkey flies for her life and is lost fourteen days and almost starved in the woods. The Governor returns to James Town. Speech of Bacon to his soldiers going to James Town against the Governor. The siege of James Town. Note that Bacon's men had marched that day between thirty and forty men to James Town. The provisions raised by Act of Assembly to supply the Indian war are by the Governor's party forcibly taken away to maintain a civil war against the givers of it. Bacon's letter from the camp. Bacon's oath of fidelity; one shot to death by Bacon for flying from his colours. Bland, Carver, and Farlow executed two days before our arrival by Martial law, but Bland upon the commission of Oyer and Terminer. Bacon's death and disease. The Assembly observing the late rebellion to be set on foot by new comers have now enacted that no man shall receive advancement till he has been above three years in Virginia, Bacon being preferred to a Councillorship at his very first coming over. The rebellion suppressed and the Governor's return to Green Spring. 3. A review breviary and conclusion (see No. 438). It is said by some that there was a paper publicly read to the people that the Governor designed only to raise a party to go out against the Indians and not against Bacon and offered their estates and an oath to bind this pretension to the people. 4. A faithful account in what condition they found Virginia (see No. 439). 5 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 79.]
Oct. 15. 434. An exact repertory of the general and personal grievances presented to us, His Majesty's Commissioners, by the people of Virginia, to which we have hereto annexed our most humble opinions, remarks, report, and observations with reference to the grievances themselves, as the same are also herewith presented at large in their own words and subscribed with the inhabitants own hands, as also the particular petitions and proofs of sundry persons which for ease and method sake are here briefly recited and most humbly presented 15th October 1677 as follow:—James City County grievances. Rappahanock County, Citternborne Parish in Rappahanock County; Stafford County, Surrey County, Westmorland County, Northampton County, Accomack County, Lancaster County, Warwick County, Isle of Wight County, New Kent County, Elizabeth City County, Henrico County, York County, Gloucester County, Lower Norfolk County, and Nancymond County. Signed by Sir John Berry and Colonel Francis Moryson [See the original papers abstracted ante, Nos. 116–141.] [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 291–333.]
Oct. 435. Personal grievances of divers inhabitants within His Majesty's Colony of Virginia proved before us, His Majesty's Commissioners, by oath, all of which we do herewith, according to their own desires, most humbly present in their own words as we received the same, and do give this short abstract with our observations and opinion. The names of the petitioners are Alexander Walker, Henry Jenkins, Otho Thorp, Thomas Grendon, Thomas and William Dudley, John Page in behalf of John Jeffreyes, Anne widow of William Hunt, Nicholas Prynne, Thomas Palmer, Sandes Knowles, William Howard, John Deane, John Williams, Thomas Bobby, Nicholas Toope, John Johnson and James Barrow, William Hoare, Edward Lloyd, Thomas Glover, Andrew Godean, William Rowland, Thomas Lushington, Richard Clarke, George Seaton, and Sandes Knowles. "There are also other sufferers whose complaints are not as yet given in, which at present cannot be presented by us, John Berry, Francis Moryson." The originals of most of these petitions will be found abstracted ante, Nos. 143–165. [Col Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 337–352.]
Oct. 15. 436. List of the names of those worthy persons whose services and sufferings by the late rebel Nathaniel Bacon, junior, and his party have been reported to us (His Majesty's Commissioners) most signal and eminent during the late unhappy troubles in Virginia, and particularly of such whose approved loyalty, constancy, and courage hath rendered them most deserving of His Majesty's remark. This list is headed by Sir William Berkeley, then follow Sir Henry Chicheley, Colonel Nathaniel Bacon, Colonel Philip Ludwell, Colonel Augustine Warner, Thomas Ludwell, and upwards of forty others, and to each name the Commissioners have added some account of their services, character, and sufferings. The two last on the list are "the good Queen of Pamunkey," to whom it is recommended a present of small price should be sent, and Major Robert Bruton, a gentleman of good estate and an eminent sufferer. Signed by Sir John Berry and Colonel Francis Moryson. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 353–357.]
Oct. 15. 437. A particular account how we your Majesty's Commissioners for the affairs of Virginia have observed and comply'd with our Instructions. On one column are the King's Instructions to Herbert Jeffreys, Sir John Berry, and Francis Moryson, dated 9th November 1676, and on the opposite column the answer of His Majesty's Commissioners how they have acted by and performed said Instructions. Signed by Sir John Berry and Colonel Francis Moryson. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 365–367.]
Oct. ? 438. A Review, Breviary, and Conclusion drawn from the foregoing Narrative, being a summary account of the late Rebellion in Virginia, the first occasion of the late commotions, followed by a short diary of events from 30th April 1676 to 22nd January 1677. 1676, Oct. 26.—Bacon having lain some time sick of a bloody flux dies at Mr. Pate's house in Gloucester county; after his death the rebel party were headed by Lawrence Ingram and Walklate. 1677, Jan. 22.—Governor Berkeley returns to his own house at Green Spring, which was not above a week before our arrival. Signed by Herbert Jeffreys. Sir John Berry, and Francis Moryson. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 411–419.]
Oct. ? 439. A true and faithful Account in what condition we found your Majesty's Colony of Virginia. Of our transactings during our stay there, and how we left it, together with our most humble opinion what means will best conduce to the firm grounding and securing the future peace thereof. In the handwriting of Samuel Wiseman, Clerk to His Majesty's Commissioners. Signed by Sir John Berry and Colonel Francis Moryson. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 423–427.]
Oct. ? 440. List of Bonds taken to the King's use for securing Delinquents' Estates till His Majesty's pleasure be known. With receipt signed by Thomas Ludwell for the above-mentioned bonds, being fifteen in number. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXI., pp. 497, 498.]
Oct. 18.
441. Petition of John Jeffreys to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. That Governor Berkeley by virtue of an Order impressed for His Majesty's service twenty pipes of Fayal wines belonging to petitioner at James Town, Virginia, which were delivered at 8l. sterling per pipe. Petitioner lost above sixty-three pipes by the rebels burning the town, and the Assembly will only allow but half pay for 18 pipes, alleging they were taken from town, disposed on the public account, and so saved from the fire. Prays that he may receive the full rate of 8l. per pipe out of the public money of the county here (in England). Annexed,
441. i. Report of the Lords of Trade and Plantations to the King. That after conference with Sir John Berry and Colonel Moryson, they conceive petitioner deserves His Majesty's justice for his whole debt, which they recommend Gawen Corbin, in whose hands is a sum of money raised by the Assembly of Virginia, be ordered to pay. Signed by Finch, C[hancellor] Anglesey, G. Carteret, J. Williamson, J. Ernle, Thomas Dolman. Endorsed, "Read in Council Oct. 24 1677. Approved." Council Chamber, 1677, Oct. 22.
441. ii. Petition of John Page in behalf of John Jeffreys to His Majesty's Commissioners for grievances. For payment of twenty pipes of wine ordered by Sir W. Berkeley for His Majesty's service at the rate of 8l. per pipe. With Order of Assembly, 20th February 1677, and Opinion of the Commissioners referring same to His Majesty's consideration and justice. 1677, March 10. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 80, 80 I., II.; and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXX., pp. 202–205.]
Oct. 18.
442. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Articles of Peace made on 29th May last between LieutenantGovernor Jeffreys and the Indian Princes read, Sir John Berry and Colonel Moryson with several merchants and planters being present. Debate concerning the boundaries settled by this Peace and limitation of three miles, which distance from the Indian towns the English are to keep in their settlements. The Treaty to be printed and copies sent to Virginia after certain amendments are made. Colonel Moryson remarks on the advantage and security to the inhabitants of Virginia by restraining settlements to a lesser compass, it being certain that all the planters are not so many as the inhabitants of Stepney parish, and yet have taken up as much land as all England. In answer to Lord Culpeper it is agreed that the Indians ought to receive the same measure of justice from the English as the English by law expect from them. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., p. 130, 131.]
Oct. 18.
443. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Petition of Alderman Jeffreys read (see ante, No. 441), also Order of the Assembly of Virginia, dated 20th February 1677. Agreed to report to His Majesty the injustice done to the petitioner by the Assembly (who deserve censure for the same) and that therefore an Order be passed for petitioner's entire satisfaction at 8l. per pipe to be paid out of the stock of money raised by the Assembly of Virginia now remaining in the hands of Gawen Corbin. In reference to Sir John Berry's account of goods belonging to widow Drummond's husband, their Lordships not being fully satisfied concerning this matter order an authentic copy of an Admiralty Minute thereon to be written for, with the names of the Lords then present. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp. 132, 133.]
Oct. 19.
Council Chamber, Whitehall
444. Report of the Lords of Trade and Plantations to the King. That the Articles of Peace made between the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia and the Indian Princes their neighbours, namely, the Queen of Pamunkey, the King of the Nottoways, John West, son to the Queen of Pamunkey, the Queen of Raonoke, and the King of the Naneymond Indians be printed and copies sent to Virginia for the better publication and observance thereof. Signed by Anglesey, Essex, Craven, and Williamson. Endorsed, "Read in Council Oct. 20th 1677 and ordered." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 81.]
Oct. 19.
445. Order in Council for printing the Articles of Peace lately made between His Majesty's Lieutenant Governor of Virginia and several Indian Princes in those parts. Mem.—That this report was made on the 19th and approved in Council, and ordered that the treaty be sent to Mr. Secretary Coventry to be printed. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 82; and Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LXXX., pp. 198–200.]
Oct. 20.
446. Governor Lord Vaughan to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson. About a fortnight since received two letters from His Majesty, one to admit John Ball to the Council, which he accordingly did, the other to permit Spanish vessels to buy blacks here, and not be imposed upon-by any extraordinary duties (see ante, Nos. 235, 253). Has used two Spanish ships since put into this port with all kindness and friendship, and believes it will prove of infinite advantage to the Royal Company and this place. "Rec. 3 Jan. 1678." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 83.]
Oct. 20. 447. Order of a Grand Assembly begun at Middle Plantation at the house of Captain Otho Thorp, in reference to a petition of Captain Nathaniel Bacon and the rest of the owners of the ship. Planters adventure to be freed from paying the import of 2s. per hogshead and Castle duties, as by Act of Assembly lately repealed, which law they pray may not be construed to look backward. To be allowed that privilege so long as said ship shall wholly belong to Virginia owners. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 84.]
Oct. 22. 448. The King to the Lieutenant Governor and Council of Virginia. Recites the report of the Lords of Trade and Plantations on petition of Richard Booth and others in reference to the seizure by Sir William Berkeley of goods on board the Richard and Elizabeth, Nicholas Pryn, Commander, upon supposition that they belonged to William Hunt their Agent in Virginia, to whom the whole were consigned, and that he was concerned in the rebellion there. That said goods be delivered to said petitioners or their agents wherever they may be found in specie, and in case embezzled or disposed of that they may be assisted by all lawful means in the recovery of them. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCV., pp. 216, 217.]
Oct. 22. 449. The King to the Lieutenant Governor and Council of Virginia. Recites the Report of the Committee of Trade and Plantations on petition of Sarah Drummond, relict of William Drummond, late an inhabitant of Virginia, who was after the late rebellion there taken, stript, and brought before Governor Berkeley, and by him immediately sentenced to die by martial law, although he never bore arms, and his small plantation seized. directing them to give all sort of assistance for the quieting of said Sarah Drummond in the possession of all she hath, as also in the recovery of what she is not hitherto restored unto, or the value thereof, in whose hands soever the same may be found, but that she give full security for the same until His Majesty's final determinations upon the whole matter. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCV., pp. 217, 218.]
Oct. 22.
450. The King to Governor Stapleton and the Council of the Leeward Islands. At the request of Captain Garrett Cotter, who by letters patent of 9th March 1677 the King appointed Secretary and Marshal of the islands of Nevis, St. Christopher's, Antigua, and Montserrat, His Majesty recommends him most effectually for all just assistance in the execution of his said office. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCIII., p. 155.]
Oct. 22. 451. Mem.— The Lord Privy Seal is desired by the Lords of Trade and Plantations to move His Majesty in Council that certain Commissions for taking the oaths of the Governors of Barbadoes, the Leeward Islands, and Deputy Governors be approved and ordered to be dispatched. The Form of Oath to be taken by the respective Governors and Commanders of His Majesty's Plantations. Also Commission for giving the oaths to the Governors, and Order of the King in Council approving Form of Oath which is to be annexed to said Commission. Two papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., Nos. 85, 86; also Col. Entry Bks., Vol. XCVII., pp. 49–54, and Vol. CV. pp. 135, 136.]
Oct. 22. 452. License from the Lords Proprietors of Carolina to Solomon Blackleech, Master of the James frigate, to trade from Ashley river with the Spaniards or any Indians dwelling near or amongst them or any where upon the coast south of them or upon the cape of Florida, and the Governor, Council and officers there are recommended to assist and treat said master with all justice, civility, and respect. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XX., p. 130.]
Oct. 23. 453. Representation of the House of Burgesses to Herbert Jeffreys, Governor of Virginia. Complain of a Warrant of the Commissioners for Virginia of 19th April last, by which all their original Journals, Orders, Acts, Laws, and Proceedings which concerned the Assembly begun at Green Spring 20th February last, and also those relating to the Assemblies, were forced from their Clerk Beverley and kept in March and June 1676 in the hands of said Commissioners for several months as a great violation of their privileges, and inasmuch as said Commission was never published desire that they may have a view of the same. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 87.]
Oct. 24. 454. Order of the King in Council. Approving Draft of Commissions for the Governors of the Plantations to take the oaths and directing the Attorney or Solicitor General to prepare Warrants for His Majesty's signature in order to the passing said Commissions under the Great Seal. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 88.]
Oct. 24. 455. Order of the King in Council on Report of the Lords of Trade and Plantations of 22nd October. On petition of John Jeffreys, directing the payment by Gawin Corbin of 160l. to petitioner in accordance with the prayer of his petition. Draft signed by Philip Lloyd. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 89; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXX., pp. 206–208.]
Oct. 24.
456. Governor Leverett "with the consent of the General Court of the Massachusetts," to Secretary Sir Joseph Williamson. He has laid them under a most deep obligation for his most friendly and christian readiness to promote the equity and righteousness of their cause, when they were almost sacrificed to the private interests and designs of some that made it their work to clamour and falsely represent them to His Majesty. Acknowledges his great candour and moderation towards them. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 90.]
Oct. 25.
457. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. That Lord Berkeley has permission to send his secretary to the office of Plantations to peruse and take copies of papers relating to Virginia wherein the late Sir William Berkeley is concerned.
The Earl of Carlisle proposes several considerations concerning Jamaica, whereupon their Lordships declare their opinion that no escheat, fine, forfeiture, levy of money, or any tax be applied to the public use of the island. That the Governor may suspend any member of the Council without consent of the Council, which is required in Lord Vaughan's Commission. That the names of the Council be named in the Governor's instructions, but not in his Commission. That a displaced Councillor be not permitted in the Assembly. That no Legislative Assembly be called without the King's special leave, and that no proclamation touching the laws in England be made. The prices of commodities imported and exported from the Plantations to be regulated for prevention of monopolies, which occasion so much disadvantage to the planters and to the trade of the nation in general. On reading again the petition of Widow Drummond, and considering a minute of the Board of Admiralty wherein His Majesty grants the wines to Sir John Berry, it is thought fit that petitioner represent her case by petition unto His Majesty in Council. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp. 137–139.]
Oct. 25.
St. Christopher's.
458. Certificate of Abednego Mathew, Deputy Governor of St. Christopher's. That Sergeant Joseph Potterton has delivered fiftyseven soldiers to the Deputy Governor, and "hath merited a good repute, and according to my judgment is very worthy thereof." [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., p. 259.]
Oct. 26.
459. Sir John Berry to [the Secretary to the Lords of Trade and Plantations]. Is taken ill on his way to attend their Lordships on Mrs. Drummond's business. All he desires is that the widow may receive what of right appertains to her, and himself no prejudice in relation to the wines and brandies expended in his public employment at Virginia. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 91.]
Oct. 26.
460. Order of the General Court held at Boston. That the Acts of Trade and Navigation be strictly observed. Also an Act made at Boston by the General Court in 1663 to the same. effect. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 92.]
Oct. 28.
461. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Their Lordships inquire into the last despatches of the Leeward Isles upon occasion of the attendance of Colonel (Edmund) Stapleton, who is going to Nevis within two days, and the letter sent to Colonel William Stapleton, the Governor-in-Chief, dated 10th September last, is read; after which ordered that care be taken for sending the three hundred malefactors to St. Christopher's, as also for the despatch of other matters ordered in Council.
Having debated several points in relation to the government of Jamaica and Lord Carlisle's Commission, their Lordships do not now come to any resolution, but notice that Sir Thomas Lynch transmitted a law for raising a public revenue without any limitation of time, it is thought fit that Mr. Attorney and Solicitor General give their opinions whether His Majesty may not at any time give his assent to that law to make it perpetual, as it is necessary such a law be settled in Jamaica. Further consideration to be had of this matter.
Agreed to meet to-morrow at nine o'clock on the business of Mr. Martin and Sir Henry Morgan, and on Thursday to consider the laws of Jamaica, and despatch Lord Carlisle, when Mr. Attorney and Solicitor General are to attend and the Lord Chancellor is particularly desired to be present. To consider whether the map of Jamaica transmitted by Lord Vaughan be made public by print or be kept private.
Oct. 29. The business of Sir Henry Morgan and Colonel Byndlosse as they stand accused by Lord Vaughan for corresponding with privateers taken into consideration. Abstract of the articles against them read, and their Lordships do not come to any resolution until they have proceeded to a further examination of the whole matter.
Petition of Thomas Martin, Receiver in Jamaica, read, praying their Lordships to procure His Majesty's recommendation to the Earl of Carlisle that petitioner may find no obstruction in the execution of his office. Whereupon notice is taken that sufficient orders are already issued from His Majesty to Lord Vaughan for release of petitioner from imprisonment, and his admittance to the due execution of his office. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp. 140–142.]
463. Petition of George Compeare of London, merchant, on behalf of Thomas Martin, to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Recites what has been done on Martin's several petitions, notwithstanding all which he is still detained a close prisoner, as appears by the enclosed. Encloses,
463. i. Thomas Martin to his brother. Is still in prison. Has petitioned the Assembly of Jamaica, sends petition, and relates what has taken place thereon. St. Jago prison. 1677, Oct. 20. Two papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., Nos. 93, 93 i.]
Oct. 30.
464. The King to Colonel Stapleton, Governor of the Leeward Islands. Is glad to put him in mind how entirely His Majesty relies on his care and circumspection in whatever may relate to the safety and improvement of the plantations under his government, and how much it is therefore his part to be early and frequent in advertising the Lords of Trade and Plantations and the Secretaries of State whatever he finds of consequence to those ends. He has neighbours that employ all their care and costs for getting more footing in the West Indies, and, if we do not look well about us in time, is afraid how dear it may one time or other cost us. The meaning of this is that our islands and plantations should be put into such a posture as to forts, militia, munition of all sorts as may prevent any surprise at least, if not to put them into a condition to make a just and a solemn defence. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCIII., p. 155.]
Oct. 465. Sir Thomas Lynch's proposals about settling the government of Jamaica. The Governor to have a title answerable to his quality, and no Councillors named in his Commission. It would be hazardous, and exceedingly inconvenient, to remove all the seven Councillors who have affronted and dissented from Lord Vaughan, but the new Governor might have a dormant order to remove the principal, and make him incapable of all other employments and sitting in the Assembly. The Governor to carry over a proclamation that the people shall be governed by the laws of England, and that no man's property shall be taken away but by known laws. This His Majesty has formerly published, and seems particularly needful to be done now for the reasons which are stated at length. That greater authority be given the Governor in the matter of passing laws, and that he be empowered to give the Royal assent to those laws His Majesty has approved of. The Governor to be instructed to apply all the revenue to the uses of the island, and permit the Assembly to name the uses for what they raise. The Act of the revenue being passed there will not need such frequent Assemblies. The Council to govern in the Governor's absence. The present Lieutenant-Governor incapable of such a trust; he is governed by his brother-in-law, Colonel Byndlosse, "a very ill man," many complaints of him before the Lords of the Council. Last Session he struck Lord Vaughan's Secretary, to justify which the Lieutenant-Governor and another brother-in-law challenged the Secretary. 3½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 94.]
[Oct.] 466. The Form of an Oath to be taken by the respective Governors and Commanders of His Majesty's Plantations amended by the Committee of Trade and Plantations from a previous form of 3rd May 1676. In this oath the statute made in the 12th year is referred to as an Act for the encouraging and increasing of shipping and navigation, and that in the 15th year an Act for the encouragement of trade. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XCVII., p. 53.]