America and West Indies: March 1678

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 10, 1677-1680. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


, 'America and West Indies: March 1678', in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 10, 1677-1680, (London, 1896) pp. 220-231. British History Online [accessed 23 May 2024].

. "America and West Indies: March 1678", in Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 10, 1677-1680, (London, 1896) 220-231. British History Online, accessed May 23, 2024,

. "America and West Indies: March 1678", Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 10, 1677-1680, (London, 1896). 220-231. British History Online. Web. 23 May 2024,

March 1678

March 1.
618. The King's Commission to Charles, Earl of Carlisle, appointing him Governor of Jamaica. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. XXIX., pp. 198–214, and Vol. XCV., pp. 247–254.]
March 4. 619. Colonel Moryson to Samuel Wiseman. Thinks Colonel Jeffreys must think him in love with business or would never write that he intended to send Moryson the charge against Ludwell and Beverley; the Commissioners are ignorant of what has passed in Virginia since their coming away, therefore, if the Governor charges them he must make the proofs. Because he was once employed in Virginia, sees no reason that any affairs of that place must still require his attendance. Desires him to put in a memorial that the Commissioners have done nothing more than what was enjoined both by their Commission and Instructions. If they had countenanced the unjust and rigorou courses against those His Majesty pardoned, three parts of the country would have been plundered after their coming in. Begs he will discourse with Sir Thomas Dolman and say it is Moryson's opinion that if all former actings be not buried in oblivion, new disturbances will arise, now the soldiers are drawn off. The party likely to be persecuted is six times the number of the other, and take away 30 or 40 gentlemen, and the rest deserve more punishment for deserting the King's Governor, than others that stayed at home and followed not the Governor to Accomack. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLI., No. 138.]
March 5.
St. Christopher's.
620. Minutes of Council of St. Christopher's. That a larger supply of workmen be employed to finish the fortification on Cleverley Hill; all hands in two parishes at a time, any white person neglecting to be amerced 500 lbs. of sugar, and for every negro kept back 300 lbs. to be paid by the owner. Nine vessels to be pressed to bring the cannon at Stones Fort and the old road to the new fort at Cleverley Hill. Ordered that Major Roger Elrington and Captain James Phipps make search amongst all the merchants' warehouses for gunpowder and secure it in the magazine and payment made for what shall be used by the public at the country's charge. And that all carts on the plantations lying convenient be pressed to transport the ammunition and artillery from the old fort to the new fort. The Assembly being assembled the Governor and Council proposed the laying in a stock of provisions in Cleverley Hill Fort. The Assembly voted 40,000 lbs. of sugar for that purpose to be levied on all slaves from 14 years old and upwards, to be laid out by four discreet gentlemen. Forty pounds of sugar per poll to be levied on said slaves in consideration that the next lavy be made only on the whites not to exceed 20 lbs. of sugar per poll. Ordered that an Act be forthwith made for said levy, and to be paid to William Colhoun at Sandy Point, Lieutenant-Colonel John Estridge, and Captain Joseph Crispe, of the Council, and Thomas Soley and William Colhoun, of the Assembly, to see to the disposal of the goods hereby raised. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVIII., No. 69, pp. 18, 19.]
March 6. 621. Secretary Coventry's Minutes about the new levies [for Virginia]. The King to allow 20s. a man for levy money, that is 100l. a company. Two papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., Nos. 34, 35.]
March 11.
Port Royal.
622. Minutes of Council of Jamaica. Present, Governor Lord Vaughan and Sir H. Morgan, Colonels Thomas Freeman and Thomas Fuller, Lieutenant-Colonels Thomas Ballard, Robert Byndlosse, and Samuel Long, John White, and John Ball. The Governor communicated that if he had not been so much indisposed in his health of late he would have had frequenter meetings. Account of moneys in the collector's hands issued out for the fortifications and other contingencies, the forts all perfectly repaired and well finished. No quit-rents received by the Governor since March 1676, nor has he received one farthing from any public revenue towards his support and charge of Government since April last, but now intending to embark for England very speedly, he has delivered to Sir Henry Morgan, Deputy Governor in his absence, attested copies of his Commission and Instructions and other papers necessary for the administration of Government. His private fortune was much impaired, but he should depend upon his Majesty's bounty. Captain Wilson and John Crompton sent for and ordered to bring in their books; balances in their hands, Captain Wilson's account of the impost money entered at large, according to order. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXV., pp. 641–645.]
March 15.
623. The past and present state of the Leeward Islands. When in 1666 His Majesty's declaration of war against the French came to the islands, Watts, then Governor of St. Christopher's, more generous than prudent, gave the French three days' notice for submission, but they fell on the English and forced them to submit, becoming masters of the whole island. Francis Lord Willoughby came from Barbadoes with a fleet, but perished in a hurricane near Guadaloupe with most of this men. Not long after Monsieur de la Barre attacked Antigua and forced them to capitulate, and then made themselves masters of all the said islands, disarming the inhabitants, carrying away their negroes and every thing of worth, destroying their sugar works and cattle, exposing them to the cruelty of the barbarous Indians who accompanied them in taking said islands. The Dutch, coming from the taking of Surinam, joined with the French, but Sir John Berry engaged them so smartly they were forced to retreat from Nevis and Antigua, and Montserrat soon after returned to their obedience to His Majesty. After the fight by Nevis the French never more appeared in those seas during that war. St. Christopher's, being much depopulated by the French, is at present for inferior to them in number, and in great danger, in case of a breach with France, of being taken again. Antigua and Montserrat are in a fine thriving way again, but weak as to their defence. Necessity of guarding Nevis the most considerable of all. Those who are masters at sea in those parts may upon occasion take all these islands. He that gives the first onset may easily master St. Christopher's if anything equal in strength. Experience of the late war hath shown that he that is first ready and strikes hath great advantage, as the French had then. Great trade of the Leeward Islands, they trade yearly some 200 ships with sugar, tobacco, and indigo, considerable to His Majesty's customs. The islands may moderately be estimated to be worth one million sterling, and the loss of them may endanger Barbadoes. If a war be designed a good squadron of ships with some forces should attack first and attempt the conquest of all the French islands. Marigalante and the Saints near Guadaloupe, both small islands, the first may have 250, the other some 80 men; Guadaloupe and Grancera about 1,500 men; St. Christopher's some 1,200 men; St. Bartholomew some 200 men; St. Martin the same; St. Croix cannot exceed 300 or 400 men. The strength upon the English islands, Antigua, the largest, about 1,300 or 1,400 men; Montserrat some 1,200 men; St. Christopher's, 400, besides His Majesty's two companies of soldiers; Nevis some 1,600 or 1,700 men; St. Eustatius some 80 men; Anguilla 150 men. A present supply of four or five ships of war, with 500 or 600 soldiers, would be a great encouragement to the inhabitants until more ships and men can be sent. "Received from Mr. Freeman and presented to the Lords 15 March 1677(–8)." 6 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 36.]
March 19–28. 624. Journal of Assembly of Barbadoes. Ordered that John Hallett, Treasurer, do cause to be put on board the first ship or ships so much of the first of the public sugars as may reasonably be computed to make in England 1,500l. sterling, and consign to whom his Excellency thinks fit for payment of 1,200 firelocks and 200 carbines, with cartouch boxes, belts, and swivels. An Act to repeal an Act to prohibit the bringing heading and timber from Surinam, read second time. An Act to continue the Act of the Militia, read first time. An Act to continue an Act to prevent the people called Quakers from bringing negroes to their meetings, passed. It having been noticed that Solomon Eccles and other new comers to this country frequently teach and preach at Quakers' meetings, contrary to an Act of this island, ordered that John Hallett, Treasurer, employ an attorney to prosecute, according to said Act, said Eccles and others upon account of the public. Every member of this House not appearing to morrow morning to pay five shillings.
March 21. Orders for getting in arrears of taxes made since 20th March 1671 by the gentlemen of the Assembly in their respective parishes, and in default themselves to be charged with and liable to make satisfaction out of their own estates. Act to continue the Act of Militia, passed. Acts to be drawn for raising a sum of goods for carrying on the fortifications. Ordered that John Higinbotham, Clerk of the Assembly, be paid his salary of 10,000 lbs. of sugar for six months.
March 27. Acts against Quakers, for the Militia, and for the fortifications, passed. Ordered that John Hallett buy iron or other shovels not exceeding one thousand, to be had in shops or houses. Other Acts passed.
March 28. Ordered that the Commissioners appointed for repair of the Indian Bridge and other repairs have power to accept voluntary subscriptions for same. The House moves his Excellency that no ships in the road be permitted to leave the island till he has news from England, and for safety that they be drawn into Carlise Bay. Petition of the Representatives to Governor Atkins against the practice of molesting and disquieting His Majesty's subjects traders to this island, on pretence of the Acts of Trade and Navigation, who have been condemned in the Court of Admiralty, when by law informations upon penal statutes ought to be brought to the Courts of Common Law. Ordered that the Commissioners for repairing and finishing the fortifications be empowered to make payment for same as herein directed. Adjourned to 16th April. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIII., pp. 297–306.]
March 20.
625. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. That a letter was this day received from Colonel Moryson to Sir Thomas Dolman, enclosing abstract of letters from Colonel Jeffreys to Colonel Moryson. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. Cv., p. 223.]
March 22.]
626. Petition of Thomas Martin, Receiver in Jamaica, to the King. That Notwithstanding His Majesty's letter to Lord Vaughan (see ante, No. 416) Petitioner is still detained prisoner in the gaol of St. Jago de la Vega. Prays for such further orders for his release as shall seem meet. "To be released. Read March 22, 1678." Annexed,
626. i. Order of the King in Council. That the Earl of Carlisle, Governor of Jamaica, do on his arrival cause Petitioner Thomas Martin to be forthwith discharged from his confinement and restored to the full enjoyment of his office. 1678, March 27. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., Nos. 37, 37 i.]
March 22. 627. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Notice taken of a paper presented by Mr. Mason and received on the 21st instant from Mr. Secretary Williamson about New England, but by reason of Mr. Secretary's absence nothing is resolved thereupon. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., p. 224.]
March 25.
628. Lords of Trade and Plantations to the Earl of Carlisle, Governor of Jamaica. Recommend to him several heads of inquiry concerning Jamaica to which they expect his answer, and require him from time to time after his arrival to send clear and full accounts of the state of the island. Mem.—The inquiries were such as were sent to Lord Vaughan, those being left out upon which their Lordships were sufficiently satisfied. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. XXIX., pp. 194–196, and Vol. CV., p. 227.]
March 25. 629. Robert Mason to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Mr. Gorges has sold the Province and Government of Maine to the Boston agents notwithstanding his often offers to His Majesty and His Majesty's seeming inclinations of buying the Province. Has lately had overtures made for his Province; has hitherto declined the thoughts of a treaty (although for many years oppressed by the Massachusetts Government) in confidence that the King himself will do him right by establishing his Royal authority in New England. Underwritten, "Read March 25 at Com[mit]tee. No further consideration had of the Province of Maine. This was rejected. Read again ye 28, and ordered that His Matie be again moved in Council on this matter." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 38.]
March —. 630. Petition of William Hou[ghton and] Peter Bulke[ly] to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Pray their Lordships to appoint some short day for reading their petition and hearing Petitioners. Underwritten, "Read at Comtee. 25 and 28 March 1678." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 39, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LX., p. 247.]
March. 631. Petition of Edward Randolph to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Has attended His Majesty and their Lordships upon the business of New England for 18 months. Prays their Lordships to signify whether his attendance may be further serviceable, wherein he hath many material things yet to offer, or if otherwise to report his faithful endeavours and great pains to His Majesty, having been forced to lay aside all thoughts of his private concerns that he might be the better at leisure to serve His Majesty. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LX., p. 248.]
March 25. 632. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. On reading petitions of William Stoughton and Peter Bulkeley, and of Edward Randolph, and hearing several of the allegations on both sides, the Committee order a copy of Heads of Inquiry concerning His Majesty's Plantations to be adapted to the colony of Massachusetts, and delivered to the agents for them to return an answer thereto; and as the agents declare that they are possessed of a copy of Mr. Randolph's narrative to the Committee, and are ready to discover several falsehoods therein, their Lordships direct the agents to prepare their answer in writing and to attend on the 28th instant. Mr. Randolph praying the Committee to signify whether his attendance be further necessary or to report his faithful service to His Majesty, their Lordships, seeming well satisfied with his past service, and taking notice that he has may material things yet to offer, direct that he take a view of the papers formerly given in by him, and of those delivered by the agents, and draw up a paper containing all such new matter as he shall think fit to present. The order and inquiries delivered to Mr. Bulkeley. Answer of the Judges of the Admiralty in the case of the Sherrard referred 26th January, read, dated 2nd February, to the effect that (1.) No prince in war can prohibit his allies to trade with his enemies except in goods accounted contraband, or such as are for the support of the war, or encouragement of the enemy, which may be confiscated, if there be no Treaty providing for their freedom. (2.) The prohibition must be proclaimed, and a convenient time allowed for it to arrive to the knowledge of those whom it is to affect, and it is agreeable to the law and practice of nations when a neuter trades with a nation at war with another in goods not expressly contraband, but such as may be judged by the other nation to be advantageous to the enemy, to send over agents to expostulate the case of such trade, and give them notice to desist from carrying such goods under pain of confiscation. (3.) Know of no such ordinance in France, and, if any such be, it cannot operate against His Majesty's subjects so as to justify their capture and confiscation, for, if they were really bought and paid for, she cannot by the Law of Nations be condemned, although she was taken before she touched in an English port. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp, 225, 226, and pp. 228, 229.]
March 26.
633. Answer of Charles Lord Baltimore to the Inquiries concerning Maryland presented to Lords of Trade and Plantations on 26th March 1678. Original grant of King Charles I. to his father. The making of laws. Courts of judicature. The records are in the Province, "and necessarily remaining there," copies would make a long and tedious volume. Laws generally temporary, and continue only for three years. Where the exigencies of the Province do not force any particular laws to be made no other laws are used than those of England. Concerning the castles and forts and trained bands; three troops of horse, about 180 in all. Does not know of any privateers or pirates frequenting the coasts. Their neighbours either English or Indians. The English know their own strength of which he can give no account. The strength or number of their Indian neighbours is not considerable, as they live under several distinct governments, some having two hundred, some three, some five hundred subjects, generally a good correspondence with all. The more remote Indians more numerous, but their strength cannot be guessed. Their trade not considerable; they are generally an idle people who take no care for anything but food which they gain by hunting and fishing, and sometimes they sell to the English skins which is their only commodity. The boundaries, &c., well set forth in a map of Maryland lately made by Augustin Herman, an inhabitant, and printed and sold in London by His Majesty's license (see a previous volume of this Calendar, 1674, No. 1210). Impossible to give the number of acres patented and settled or unsettled. The principal town called St. Maries, where the Assembly and Provincial Court sit, and where all trading ships in the first place resort. Description of St. Maries, not above thirty houses, and those at considerable distances from each other. The Province very mean and little, and generally after the manner of the meanest farmhouses in England; no other places can be called towns. Reasons why hitherto they have been only able to divide the Province into counties without making any sub-division into parishes or precincts. The only considerable commodity is tobacco; the customs amount as near as he can guess to more than 40,000l. per annum, more than double the amount the planters receive for their commodity. The commodities imported are all manner of cloths and other necessaries for wearing, also iron tools, given in exchange for tobacco. The imports arise to near the value of the exports. Does not know of any saltpetre produced or produceable. Whereas in many other parts of America they refuse (out of covetousness) to permit negroes and mulattos to be baptized out of an opinion that baptism is a manumission, and the same thing as if their servants were dead, and this opinion beginning to take place in Maryland, a law was made to encourage the baptizing of them, by which it is declared that as in former times the baptizing of villains in England was not taken by the law of England to be a manumission in enfranchising the villains, so neither shall it be in this Province as to negroes or mulattos; and there have been found good effects from this law, all masters since having been willing to instruct those kind of servants in the faith of Christ, and to bring them to desire and receive baptism. Reasons against the making such scrutinies as their Lordships require which would certainly either endanger insurrections or a general dispeopling of the Province which is at present in great peace and quiet, all persons being secured to their content of a quiet enjoyment of everything that they can reasonably desire. Reasons why such scrutinies would be dangerous. His father had absolute liberty to carry over any from His Majesty's dominions willing to go, but he found very few, but such as for some reason or other could not live in other places, and could not conform to the laws of England relating to religion; these declared their willingness to plant in this Province if they might have a general toleration settled by a law by which all of all sorts who professed Christianity in general might be at liberty to worship God in the manner most agreeable to their conscience without being subject to any penalties. These were the conditions proposed, and without the complying with them in all probability this province had never been planted, All the planters in general affect the style of merchants, because they all sell tobacco, and their chief estates is the number of their servants, who serve generally five or six years, and then become planters and call themselves merchants. They are generally poor, their commodity only tobacco, not selling for more than 1s. per lb. Can give no probable guess of the number of masters or servants, nor of the number imported for any time, but are generally English and Irish. No certain answer can be given as to the number of vessels trading, not any of the build of this Province, the only certain course to know their number is by inquiry at the several ports of England. The greatest obstruction to trade is the late Act of Parliament for navigation. Does not conceive that their Lordships intend to make inquiry into or expect from Lord Baltimore a particular of his own rents, and what is his property and revenue. All public rates are laid by the General Assemblies who consider what is fit to be raised and how to raise it, but being always various and uncertain, it is impossible for him to give any certain account of them or of their various applications. Signed. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 40, and Col. Entry Bks., Vol. LII., pp. 35–45, and Vol. CV., p. 224.]
March 26.
St. John's.
634. Minutes of the Council of Antigua. Present, the whole Council and 18 of the Representatives. Ordered, that four of the Assembly and two of the Council forthwith audit the country accounts; that the gentlemen of the Assembly in their respective divisions be appointed to receive the public stock for the future, and to have for their pains what the former Treasurer had; that a speedy reparation of the forts of Falmouth and St. John's be made, and all the great guns in the island mounted; that no order be issued for payment of any public debts till the ammunition be satisfied for, except what is due to the forts; that in compliance with his Excellency's request a shallop be provided to give in telligence; that storehouses be set up as formerly in each division, good security taken for each storekeeper, and the most eminent men in each division appointed surveyors of the same. That warrants be issued to the constables to bring in lists as usual in order to levying the common stock, and that thereupon orders be sent to the Assembly men in each division to collect the same. That, as the levy and arrears will fall short of defraying their debts, besides the great charge of making provision for the supposed approaching war, one lb. of sugar or tobacco per acre on all lands laid out be added to the above levies, and that the same continue no longer than this year. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 55*, p. 760.]
March 27. 635. Order of the King in Council. Approving reports of Lords of Trade and Plantations on an Act of Jamaica for confirmation of pious charitable and public gifts and grants and directing Secretary Coventry to prepare a Warrant for the immediate passing of said law under the Great Seal of England. Annexed,
635. i. The above Act. Endorsed, "Read in Council and approved 27 March 1678." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 40 I., and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXIX., pp. 196, 197.]
March ? 636. Petition of Ferdinando Gorges, Agent for Colonel William Stapleton, Governor of the Leeward Islands, to the King. That His Majesty has allowed Colonel Stapleton 700l. per annum as Governor, and also to establish two companies of foot in St. Christophers with 2,778l. 10s. 8d. pay per annum none of which has been paid since June 1671, whereby the soldiers are reduced to great necessity. The French have seldom less than six ships of war, and have lately sent ten companies of old soldiers well clothed and paid. Fears His Majesty's service and interest in those parts will be injured if not timely prevented. Prays His Majesty to do therein as shall seem most agreeable to His Majesty's service. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 41.]
March 28.
637. Representation of William Freeman to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Has received instructions from Colonel William Stapleton, Governor of the Leeward Islands, to represent the great fears and dangers the inhabitants of those islands are apprehensive of, by reason of the great force and naval strength of the French in those parts. That it be represented to His Majesty they are altogether unprovided against such great forces, and to beseech His Majesty to send timely assistance of land and sea forces as may fully protect them. The ruin to the inhabitants, trade, and His Majesty's customs in case the French should make themselves masters of said islands. "Rec. 28 March 1678." 1½ pp. Annexed,
637. i. An estimate of the stores needful to be sent to the Leeward Isles. "Rec. from Mr. Freeman 15 April 1678," 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., Nos. 42, 42 i.]
March 28. 638. Memorial of the Ambassador of the States General of the United Provinces to the King. That seventy negro slaves belonging to the Admiralty of Amsterdam as masters of Tobago, hid in a wood after the French had abandoned said island, were removed and delivered to Governor Stapleton, and because the English can have no right to said slaves by reason the French made, but a temporary invasion without settling themselves or ever seizing said slaves; prays that Governor Stapleton may be ordered to restore them or the money they have been sold for. French. Annexed,
638. i. Order of the King in Council. Referring above petition to Lords of Trade and Plantations for their report what they conceive fit for His Majesty to do. Whitehall, 1678, April 5. Two papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., Nos. 43, 43 I.; and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., pp. 271, 272.]
March 28. 639. Sir Robert Southwell to the Attorney and Solicitor General. In accordance with their Lordships' direction of 27 July 1677, they are to examine the Massachusetts Charter as to whether the authority of the Crown be sufficiently preserved, as it may be more advisable to try them according to the Rule of the Charter than wholly to overthrow it by what Mr. Mason alleges sufficient to that effect; that it be observed how far their power of legislation and taxation extends, especially on trade, which if abused might affect the course of trade in other of the King's dominions. Copy of Charter enclosed to be returned with their opinion. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 44.]
March 28. 640. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Boston agents having declared that they were possessed of the Narrative of the State of New England presented by Randolph to the Committee in pursuance of his instructions of 20 March 1676, and the clerks disowning knowledge of it, the agents were interrogated and declared that they had it from a private hand, and being pressed to know the hand said they had received it 6 months since from Mr. Mason, who, being asked by what authority he had given a copy and how he himself came by it, answered that he thought himself a party concerned in the matter and had assisted Randolph in drawing it up and gave a copy to the agents because he had heard from Wade, a servant of the Lord Privy Seal, that another of the servants had made a copy for them; therefore, he was willing to give it them without fault or mistake, but they affirmed that they had not had it before, but acknowledged to have sent a copy to New England. Upon which their Lordships think fit to report the state of the case to the King, to know whether it is his pleasure that an attested copy should be given to the agents for them to answer the particulars thereof. Mr. Stoughton, one of the Agents of New England being interrogated if they had not desired Mr. Blathwayt to give a copy of Lord Carlisle's Commission and Instructions, said he had not desired to see the Instructions but only the form of a Commission out of curiosity. Upon reading again Randolph's petition their Lordships agree to report to His Majesty in favour of him as a fit person to be Collector of Customs in New England, or deserving some other reward for his services. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 45; also Col. Entry Bk., Vol., CIV., pp. 231, 232.]
March 30.
641. The King's Instructions to Charles, Earl of Carlisle, Governor of Jamaica. On his arrival to call a meeting of the Council, by name Sir Henry Morgan, Sir Francis Watson, Thomas Modyford Thomas Freeman, John Cope, Robert Byndlosse, Charles Whitfield, Thomas Ballard, Thomas Fuller, William Fry, Hender Molesworth, John White, and Samuel Long, and with due solemnity to cause his Commission (see ante, No. 618), to be published at the said meeting. Not to express any limitation of time in his commissions to Judges and Justices of the Peace. In case of vacancies in the Council to transmit the names and qualities of the new members he appoints. Freedom in matters of religion and the oaths of allegiance, and supremacy to be dispensed with under certain conditions "but we oblige you in your own house and family to the profession of the Protestant religion." For the future no general assembly to be called without His Majesty's directions. Drafts of Acts he thinks necessary to be passed to be transmitted to His Majesty. Has ordered to be delivered to him a certain body of laws for the use of Jamaica, formed in pursuance of other laws transmitted by former Governors with such alterations and amendments as we have thought fit, which he shall offer to the next Assembly that they may be enacted as laws originally coming from us. Nevertheless, in case of rebellion, invasion or some urgent necessity, he may pass Acts to raise money. The present style of enacting laws by the Governor, Council, and Representatives of the Commons assembled to be converted to, Be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty by and with the consent of the General Assembly. To demand an account from Lord Vaughan how the arms, ammunition, and stores have been employed. In case of distress to assist any of the Plantations on application of their several Governors. As to trade and duties upon imports and exports, and supply of negroes at merchantable rates. To send account of number of planters and inhabitants. To appoint markets and fairs, and cause surveys to be taken of the considerable landing places and harbours. To inform himself what hath been done concerning the setting apart of 400,000 acres for our Royal demesne suspended by His Majesty's instructions to Sir Thomas Modyford and Sir Thomas Lynch. To encourage the improving of cocoa walks and the plantations of sugar and indigo. Servants to serve their masters four years who, for every servant, is to have thirty acres of land, and said servants at the end of their term to have thirty acres. Offices held by the King's letters patent to be freely enjoyed and held without molestation. He is to take a salary of 2,000l. sterling per annum, and the third part of fines, forfeitures, and escheats. The Lieutenant-Governor a salary of 600l. per annum, the Major-General 300l., and the Chief Justice 120l. per annum. No minister to be preferred to any Ecclesiastical benefice without a certificate from the Bishop of London that he is conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England. No Councillor suspended to be received into the General Assembly. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. XXIX. pp. 216–241; and Vol, XCV., pp. 255–267.]
March 30.
642. Governor Stapleton to Lords of Trade and Plantations. The report of war with France is so fresh that he has no time to comply with their Lordships' commands. Is night and day at the sea side with all the white men in arms, and some negroes with lances, and all the rest completing our trenches. Expects the French Admiral to pass by or attack them; it is likelier he will go to St. Christopher's, where he has 1,200 buccaneers from Hispaniola. Cannot but sufficiently "admire" if there be likelihood of a breach; there are neither English nor Dutch squadrons to watch his designs, he has now 20 men of war besides 13 buccaneer vessels. Wishes it may not be said instead of sero sapiunt Phryges, sero sapiunt Angli. Although the lesser number and destitute of men of war, hopes they may preserve the King's right. Reasons for his not going to St. Christopher's. They may imagine under what burthen he groans for want of a squadron to relieve these islands which may be taken before he knows it. The Governments of Barbadoes and Jamaica have not near the trouble, their forces being united. "Rec. 31 May." [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 46, and Col. Entry Bks., Vol. XLVI., pp. 300–302 and Vol. CV. p. 258.]
Navy Office.
643. Estimates of the charge of transporting to Jamaica two hundred soldiers with two hundred and forty tons of stores, ammunition and other goods, with the Earl of Carlisle going over as Governor. Signed by Finch, C., Monmouth, Anglesey, S. Pepys, and others. Three papers. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., Nos. 47, 48, 49.]
644. Information of Thomas Grendon, of Charles City county, on behalf of the King, to Governor Herbert Jeffreys. Against Edward Hill and John Stith for their wicked designs against the people of Charles City county, maligning the King's Commissioners and publicly declaring they have done what they could not answer. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLII., No. 50.]
St. Christopher's.
645. Four Acts passed in the island of St. Christopher's, viz.,:—An Act for the raising of 40 lbs. of sugar per poll by all the working slaves in His Majesty's part of this island, 8th March 1678. An Act prohibiting the transportation of anything tending to the making of sugar, indigo, or to bacco out of the English part of this island, or cattle, or horses, 30th September 1678. An Act touching tavern keepers and rum punch house keepers not to trust any person upon account for above 200 lbs. of sugar before take a note (sic) for the same, 30th September 1678. An Act concerning debts made by account in this island that a lawful demand be made of the same within four years next after, 30th September 1678. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. L., pp. 19–21.]