America and West Indies: January 1679

Pages 313-321

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 10, 1677-1680. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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January 1679

1679. Jan. 2.
858. Journal of the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Read, Answer of the Warwick Deputies to the return in William Harris's case, representing that if their business were again referred to the Massachusetts and other Colonies they would be ruined by the extraordinary charge, and stand in great danger of being condemned by the malice of their declared enemies, the Massachusetts. Their Lordships, taking notice that by the disagreement of the Commissioners the whole matter is referred to His Majesty's final determination, agree to report that William Harris, having laid claim to no other lands than those of Patuxet, and the Deputies being only concerned for those of Warwick, the inhabitants of Warwick be not disturbed in the possession of their lands till Harris or his partners make out their title before His Majesty in Council. Mem.—At a meeting of the Council Chamber on the 15th instant, Mr. Mason's petition concerning his pretensions in New England is ordered to be sent to the Agents of Boston to make answer thereunto. 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., p. 289.]
Jan. 6.
859. Governor Stapleton to Lords of Trade and Plantations. I hoped before this to have reported a conference with the French General respecting some misunderstandings betwixt the subjects of both Crowns in their respective garrisons of St. Christopher's, occasioned altogether by the French soldiers and customers who interrupted His Majesty's subjects in the carriage of their goods to the English quarter to windward of the Island, contrary to all ancient and late Articles. The difference is not come to any height, only the Deputy Governors of both sides and the National Commissioners cannot or will not compose it or redress the parties aggrieved until we meet; and that cannot be these two months, for the French frigates (for which the French Governor waits) which are designed for the guard of their islands do not sail from Europe till the beginning of this January. Six men-of-war arrived at Martinique, but were sent to recover the guns lost in the wreck of Count d'Estrcés fleet at Aves. It is supposed that the Dutch from Curacoa have been beforehand with them for some of the ordnance. I would suggest that your Lordships should order all ships trading hither to bring out for sale ten or twelve firearms, each ship's master or merchant, of 20 or 25 shillings price apiece, and a dozen swords. This will check the expense to His Majesty of transporting arms hither and the importunities of his subjects to be supplied, and will in two years arm the naked and supply all decayed arms. Read in Council, 20 March 1679. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIII., No. 1, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., p. 340.]
Jan. 15. 860. Answer of Edward Randolph to the question of the King in Council concerning the disadvantage arising to inhabitants of the Massachusetts Colony who are conformable to the Church of England. They have not the free exercise of their religion, being constrained under a fine to attend their Congregational meetings as by law. They are not admitted to be freemen nor capable of being elected to the magistracy; no person, belonging to a Church gathered without the approbation of the Magistrates and of the Churches, being admitted to the freedom of the Commonwealth. It is therefore prayed that, till the further settlement of the Colony is decided upon, the Massachusetts and other Colonies be directed to admit to the freedom all persons declaring to the next magistrate their conformity to the Church of England and having taken the Oath of Allegiance; that they be exempted from the obligation to come to the Independent churches, and that all Ministers have liberty to read divine service and administer the Sacraments according to the rites of the Church of England. On the margin a reference, dated 15 Jan. 1678/9, to the Committee of Trade and Plantations, signed Robert Southwell. Superscribed, "Read at Comtee 6 Feb. 1678." 1 p. [Col Papers, Vol. XLIII., No. 2.]
Jan. 15.
Council Chamber.
861. Secretary to Lords of Trade and Plantations to the Agents for New England. Forwards a letter from Mr. Mason for their report, and requests in particular information in writing as to how far the northern bounds of their Colony extend either as to soil or Government or both. Draft in the handwriting of William Blathwayt. Enclosed,
861. i. Petition of Robert Mason to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Setting forth that he is the sole and lawful proprietor of New Hampshire, a tract of about thirty miles between the Merrimac and Piscatawa rivers, many years since usurped by the Government of Massachusetts under pretence of a grant from King Charles I. Prays that the Agents of Massachusetts be required to state in writing what lands they pretend to have right unto in New Hampshire, and that a time may be appointed for them and petitioner to wait on their Lordships. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIII., Nos. 3, 3 I.; copy of letter, Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LX., p. 317.]
Jan. 20.
862. The Duke of Monmouth to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Furnishes, in compliance with Order in Council of 15th May last (see ante, No. 700), estimate of charge for 1,000 soldiers in ten companies for one year, with arms and ammunition and cost of transport to Leeward Islands, as certified by the Master of the Ordnance and the Commissioners of the Navy. The cost of raising the men cannot so certainly be computed; would suggest 12d. per man listing money, and each soldier to be entertained in the King's pay from the day of his listing; officers, commissioned and noncommissioned, to receive pay from the time when they muster fifty soldiers in their respective companies; a short day certain to be fixed whereby the captains shall complete their companies; vessels to be ready to transport them; clothes to be bespoke for the men as soon as it is resolved to raise them, such clothes to be paid for by the usual deduction of 2d. per diem to each man. Signed, Monmouth. Recd. 20 Jan. 1678–79. Annexed,
862. i. Estimate of charge for 1,000 soldiers and officers in ten companies:—
£ s. d.
Ten captains at 8s. per day each 4 0 0 per diem.
Ten lieutenants at 4s. per day each 2 0 0 "
Ten ensigns at 3s. per day each 1 10 0 "
Thirty sergeants at 18d.per day each 4 5 0 "
Thirty corporals at 12d. per day each 1 10 0 "
Twenty drummers at 12d. per day each 1 0 0 "
1,000 privates at 8d. per day each 33 6 8 "
45 11 8 "
£ s. d.
Charge per month, 30 days 1,367 10 0
" year, 365 days 16,637 18 4
If the companies be regimented, there will be additional cost for field and staff officers as follows:—
£ s. d.
Colonel, per day 0 12 0
Lieutenant-Colonel, per day 0 7 0
Major, per day 0 5 0
Aid Major, per day 0 4 0
Quarter Master, per day 0 4 0
Chaplain 0 6 8
Chirurgeon 0 6 8
Chirurgeon's Mate 0 2 6
Or 2 7 10 per day.
71 15 0 per month.
872 19 2 per year.
The charge of ten companies regimented will be:—
£ s. d.
Per day 47 19 6
" month 1,439 5 0
" year 17,510 17 6
Received from the Duke of Monmouth 20th January 1679.
862. ii. Estimate of charge of arms for 1,000 soldiers in ten companies with one year's ammunition:—
£ s. d.
Muskets, 667 at 16s. apiece 533 12 0
Pikes, 333 at 4s. 6d. apiece 74 18 6
Bandoliers, 667 at 2s. 4d. apiece 77 16 4
Partisans, 10 at 10s. apiece 5 0 0
Halberds, 30 at 8s. apiece 12 0 0
Drums, 20 at 25s. apiece 25 0 0
Corn-powder, 60 barrels, at 3l. 2s. 6d. a barrel 187 10 0
Match, 60 lbs. at 1l. 9s. per lb. 87 0 0
Musket shot, 60 lbs. at 1l. 1s. per lb. 63 0 0
1,065 16 10
An officer to take charge thereof, per annum 60 0 0
Cost of transportation, &c. 80 0 0
Total 1,145 16 10
Signed, Jonas Moore, Edward Sherburne.
862. iii. Estimate of cost of transporting 1,000 soldiers in ten companies from England to the Leeward Islands, including all provisions necessary both for officers and soldiers during their passage:—
Passage, victualling, and landing expenses are reckoned at 5l. 10s. per man. Total, 5,500l.
Allowance to surgeons for care of men during the voyage, "the usual allowance," 2s. 6d. per man. Total, 125l.
Allowance to the men on the voyage:—500 gallons of brandy, 80 bushels of oatmeal, 5 cwt. of currants, 2½ cwt. of sugar. Total, 148l. 10s.
One thousand "hamaccoes" and as many rugs for the men. Total, 283l. 6s. 8d.
Grand total, 6,056l. 16s. 8d.
Dated Navy Office, 15 June 1678.
Signed, J. Tippetts, R. Haddock, A. Deane, Tho. Hayter. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIII., Nos. 4, 4 I.–III.; and Col, Entry Book, Vol. XLVI., pp. 384–388.]
Jan. 20.
863. Governor Stapleton to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Comes as a humble suppliant for defence against a claim made on him by the Dutch Agent for some negroes brought to Montserrat from Tobago in the King's ketch, half whereof were sold by the captain. Begs their Lordships to consider his own title to the negroes, viz. (1.) His Majesty's to gracious grant under the Privy Seal for the negroes. (2.) Two successive possessions of hostility, the one by the French of the island, who remained there after the fort was blown up 15 days to rase and level the rest of the fortifications, the other of the heathen Indians after the French; they carried away some negroes, and would have carried these too if His Majesty's ketch had not been there. (3.) There being no Dutch Commission upon the land, Stapleton trusts their Lordships will not judge any jus gentium to give the States any title to the negroes, whereof some are really English negroes taken and retaken, while others have proved their freedom ab origine, and are really set free by himself. Stapleton finally begs for the payment of his arrears in Sir Tobias Bridge's regiment, and for some consideration for contingent expenses. Inscribed, "Concerning the Tobago negroes and his arrears in Sir Tobias Bridge's Regiment." Received 29 April 1679. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIII., No. 5, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., p. 353.]
Jan. 21–23. 864. Journal of the Assembly of Barbadoes. Colonel Richard Guy chosen Speaker, and took the chair. Voted that the removing the Court of Common Pleas from Austin's Town is a violation of the law.
Jan. 22. Several Acts, the titles of which are given, being near expired, Ordered that a Bill be drawn to continue said Acts some further time. The Bill was read and passed unanimously, as was also, on petition of Richard Forstall, a Bill for continuing an Act to enable the executors of Richard Plumley, deceased, to sell his estate for payment of his debts. Ordered, that John Hallett, Treasurer, pay the salaries due to the gunners and others at Charles, James, and Willough by forts. Also that he ship thirty butts of muscovado sugar to Colonel Henry Drax and Sir Peter Colleton in London to make use of for the benefit of the island. Having sent for the Treasurer it was found that the fund on which this thirty butts of sugar is laid is all expended, therefore to think upon some other expedient for raising a fund for the uses mentioned. Act for raising a levy to defray the charge of building, rebuilding, and finishing the several fortitications and breastworks, and other public occasions passed unanimously. It was agreed on debate that the levy should be two pounds of sugar per acre upon land, five pounds of sugar per head upon negroes, with a levy upon the towns and traders in the Island. The Assembly, having deep resentment of the horrid and hellish plot, contrived and carried on by Popish recusants against the life of the King to the subversion of the Government and the Protestant religion, move his Excellency and Council that a day of fasting and humiliation be appointed to be solemnly kept, and that the test appointed by the Parliament in England, with the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, be forthwith imposed upon all to whom power, place, office, or trust is committed. This address is well approved by His Excellency and Council, who recommend it to the Assembly to draw up an Act for administering said oaths, His Excellency resolving in due time to order a day of humiliation throughout the island. Ordered, that the Treasurer pay to John Higginbotham, Clerk of the Assembly, 10,000 lbs. of muscovado sugar for six months salary.
Jan. 23. An Act for the more effectual putting in execution a statute of England entitled "An Act for preventing dangers which may happen from Popish recusants," passed unanimously. Ordered, that Colonel William Bate and Major John Hallett be empowered to buy great guns and shot at reasonable prices for the use of the country, to be paid for out of the excise on liquors imported. Also that the Treasurer, as soon as the public stock will enable him, ship thirty butts of muscovado sugar out of that half of the excise reserved to public uses, and consign them to Sir Peter Colleton and Colonel Henry Drax in London to make use of for the benefit of this island. The Act for raising the levy above referred to, with amendments and additions passed unanimously. Ordered, that the Treasurer pay to John Forbes, their marshal, 1,500 pounds of muscovado sugar for six months salary. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIII., pp. 329–385.]
Jan. 23.
865. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. On information of a ship going to Jamaica, Ordered, that Lord Carlisle be acquainted with the progress made upon his letter of August last concerning the clause in the Militia Bill and the erection of a mint, it being already agreed to advise that the Bill remain unaltered and that the matter of the mint be referred to the officers of the Mint. Mr. Slingesby to be quickened in furnishing his report on the Mint. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., p. 291]
Jan. 24.
866. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. In reference to an examination (continued from 18th December 1677) of the grievances presented to His Majesty's late Commissioners by the people of Virginia: report agreed to be presented to His Majesty thereon. Draft of Commission for Lord Culpeper to be Governor of Virginia, read; several amendments agreed upon; five to be a quorum of Councillors instead of three, unless upon extraordinary occasions. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CV., pp. 292–294.]
Jan. 24.
867. Order of the King in Council. On representation of the Commissary of the united provinces respecting the piratical seizure of the ship Sun, with cargo of 200 negroes, the property of the Dutch West India Company and of Balthazar de la Rue, by Captain James Brown, off the coast of Carthagena in 1677, some of which negroes were landed in Jamaica and sold by order of the Governor and Council, and the proceeds deposited for restitution to the right owner: Ordered, that the Committee for Trade and Plantations do examine the business and report to His Majesty in Council. Signed Robert Southwell. Subscribed, " Rec. 27 Jan. 1679. Read 10 Feb. 1679." [Col Papers, Vol. XLIII., No. 6, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXIX., p. 263.]
(Jan. 24.) 868. Petition of John Crown, in behalf of his father, William Crown, to the King and Privy Council. In 1621, Sir William Alexander, Lord of Menstrie, Principal Secretary of State for Scotland, obtained from James I. a grant of New Scotland and Acady; in 1631 Lord Alexander granted this country to Sir Claud St. Stephen, Lord de la Tour, who in 1656 made over his right for 3,370l. to the petitioner's father and Sir Thomas Temple, who enjoyed the same till it was delivered to the French, whereby petitioner and his family have sustained almost utter ruin, to which for almost 12 years they have patiently submitted, never presuming to importune the King for compensation. There now being at the King's disposal a small tract of land in New England called Mounthope at present desolate and uninhabited, prays the King to bestow the same on him for the support of his parents and family. Endorsed, A reference to the Committee of Trade and Plantations. 24 Jan. 167 8/9. 1 p. [Col. papers, Vol. XLIII., No. 7.]
Jan. 26.
St. Jago de la Vega.
869. Governor Lord Carlisle to Secretary Coventry. Since 15th December I have had many complaints from Trist in the Bay of Campeachy of the disorders owing to want of some government for the security of life and property; which once secured would profit this Island and settle the logwood trade, without which England's interest in these parts will not be so duly improved nor Jamaica so well supported. I therefore beg that an early arrangement may be agreed on with the Spaniards who, if they will not grant us logwood, must of necessity expose their gold and silver to a number of English who are abroad and have nothing to live on but the logwood trade. Some few days since I wrote to one Captain Cook bound to Trist to inform himself among the inhabitants of some persons fit to undertake the government and of the allowance they can make for his support; and in this I beg for His Majesty's speedy directions. Some of the French in Hispaniola are very desirous to trade with Jamaica, and bring us cacao and moneys for the manufactures here of England. Without this trade, privately or publicly carried on, it will be hard to manage an inland trade in this Island, for all ships from Ireland, Bermudas, New England, and New York, laden with provisions, carry off ready money for them; and ready money is so scarce that unless we be relieved by private trade with the Spaniards our want thereof will be very great. The French have lately sacked Marrikey, Truxillo, and another town of the Spaniards in the Main, and brought off great booty to Petit Guavos in Hispaniola. A vessel from Surinam, lately driven here by stress of weather, brought us news of the Indians having cut off most of the English and Dutch remaining there, burnt all their canes and destroyed their sugars with their houses, coppers, stills, and provisions. The residue of the English would have embarked for this island but the new Governor Herr Heinsius would not permit one to stir, being with the Dutch forced into the castle for defence. The tediousness of the voyage is my reason for not sending a King's frigate to bring off the rest of the English that desire to be transported hither; but for this I want His Majesty's order (one frigate being gone to the Havanna for English prisoners); not being acquainted how affairs stand at home, I cannot forsee what employment I may have for the Jersey in her present station. The master's chief mate and four other men of the Jersey are in prison at Port Royal accused of sodomy, and will be tried for their lives on Tuesday next. I am in little pain with gout, but in much to hear from you in answer to my many letters. 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXIX., p. 286.]
Jan. 29.
Council Chamber.
870. [William Blathwayt] to Agents of Warwick and Boston. The Lords of Trade and Plantations desire to be informed, with reference to Mr. Crown's petition for a grant of Mounthope (1) What is the area of Mounthope? (2) What is the present value of the land? (3) Whether there be any claim of propriety made thereto by any of the neighbouring corporations or the inhabitants thereof. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LX., p. 318.]
Jan. 29.
Falmouth [Antigua].
871. Minutes of the Council of Antigua. Present: Colonel James Vaughan, Governor, Captain Paul Lee, Captain John Cade, Captain William Thomas, John Parry, Colonel Rowland Williams, Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Ayres, Major Jeremiah Watkins, Captain Samuel Joues, and Captain Harvey Keynell. Ordered, that Colonel Philip Warner be Speaker of the new Assembly according to election. Ordered by the Council and Assembly that an augmentation of 4,000 lbs. of sugar or tobacco annually be made for the ministers, so that they receive 16,000 lbs. per annum; that a register of all burials and christenings be kept by the clerk of every parish, and that he have "a salary of 2,000 lbs. of sugar or tobacco therefore"; that the forts be repaired, and the duty on liquors set apart for that work; that an Act pass declaring all lands and houses in towns to be freeholds as lands in the country, provided it do not bring into question any past action touching the premises; that an Act pass obliging all persons that shall take up, or have taken up lands in the said towns, to build such houses as the Governor, Council, and Assembly shall appoint; that two of the Council and three of the Assembly forthwith go about viewing the Acts of this Island; that boats and men be pressed sufficient to aid the Surveyor in taking the map of the Island against the 10th February next. Names of "persons sworn to the Acts of Trade," viz., Captain Paul Lee and Major Jeremiah Watkins, Judges, John Ley, Secretary, John Gunthorp, Marshal Edward Dendy, and Aquila Stoughton, Deputy Secretaries. 1½ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 55*, pp. 762, 763.]
Jan. 31.
872. Order in Council on the Report of the Committee for Plantations concerning William Harris and the Warwick agents, The report describes at length the differences between Harris and Holden and Greene in behalf of Warwick; the complaint of the Warwick agents about the proceedings of the Commissioners with regard to Warwick; the report of Governor Leverett of 15th October; the answer of Holden and Greene thereto; and advises that commands may be given that the inhabitants of Warwick be not disturbed in the enjoyment of the lands claimed and possessed by them, and that all things relating thereto remain in the same state they were in before the meeting of the Commissioners, until Harris or his partners make out a sufficient title to the lands before His Majesty in Council. Order accordingly, that the inhabitants of Warwick be not disturbed, and that William Harris and his partners be peaceably possessed of Patuxet. 11 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LX., pp. 319–329.]
[Jan.?] 873. Petition of Lieutenant Edward Rous to the King. Has long and faithfully served His Majesty and particularly in Virginia, where, during the sickness of the late Colonel Jeffreys and the disability of Sir William Berkeley, he had the chief care of the forces sent thither; but on his return, another was made (contrary to the usual practice) Captain of the Company whereof he was Lieutenant. The Captain of his present Company being dangerously ill, prays for the command so soon as it shall become void. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIII., No. 8]
[Jan.?] 874. Petition of Edward Rous to the King. Has served ten years as ensign in His Majesty's own regiment of foot guards, and being amongst other officers commanded to Virginia to suppress the insurrection of Bacon, the greatest trouble of that business devolved upon him through the continual indisposition of Colonel Jeffreys. Since his return, a captain's place in said regiment has been given from him, prays for the Company whereof Captain Langley was late Captain. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIII., No. 9.]
[Jan.?] 875. A humble proposition addressed to the King and Parliament to give retreat to Protestant and proselyte foreigners in his American colonies and particularly in Carolina. French. Two and a half closely written pages setting forth the advantages of establishing foreign colonies in America. Unsigned, but doubtless emanating from Réné Petit or one of his associates. See Nos. 918, 919. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIII., No. 10.]