America and West Indies: April 1680

Pages 507-521

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 10, 1677-1680. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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April 1680

April 1.
1336. Governor Sir Jonathan Atkins to Mr. Blathwayt, I enclose in a box all the particulars requested by their Lordships' last letter. I hope that they are correct; if mistakes be pointed out I will take pains to rectify them. We have no muster-masters here not will they allow any, so the rolls may seem a little confused, but I think they are intelligible enough, as also the other papers though coming from several parishes they are drawn up in several methods. (See ante, pages 502–3.) [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIV., No. 47, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VII., p. 1.] Annexed,
1336. i. A list of the inhabitants in and about the town of St. Michael's with their children, hired servants, prentices, bought servants, and negroes; arranged in five columns, the householder and his wife forming the first, children, hired servants, bought servants, and slaves forming the other four Total population; men 404, children, 402, white servants 412; Total; 1,220. Negroes 1,325. Jews are placed under a separate heading and appear to have been numerous. The names are mostly Spanish and Portuguese,—Navarro, Rodriguez, Lopes, Pereira, Gomez, &c. 10 pp.
1336. ii. Alphabetical list of owners and possessors of land in the parish of St. Michael's, with the acreage, servants and slaves of each. Total of owners 225; of servants 300; of negroes 3,746. Total acreage of the parish 3,746 acres.
1336. iii. Table of Baptisms in St. Michael's parish from 31st March 1678 to the end of September 1679. 7 pp.
1336. iv. Burials in St. Michael's parish, same period. 16 pp.
1336. v. Return of owners, acreage, and servants, &c., for parish of St. George's. 111 white servants, 4,316 negroes. 9,569 acres. 1 sheet.
1336. vi. Baptisms and burials in the parish of St. George's, 25th March 1678–29th September 1679. 36 baptisms, 66 burials. 4 pp.
1336. vii. Alphabetical return of owners, &c., for parish of Christchurch, same period, 173 white servants, 4,723 negroes. 12,978 ¾ acres. 6 pp.
1336. viii. Baptisms in parish of Christchurch, same period. Total 93. 4 pp.
1336. ix. Burials in parish of Christchurch. Total 42. 4 pp.
1336. x. Alphabetical list of owners, &c., in parish of St. Philip. 115 white servants, 4,702 negroes. 12,158 acres. 18 pp.
1336. xi. Baptisms and burials in parish of St. Philip, same period. 61 baptisms and 126 burials. 8 pp.
1336. xii. Alphabetical list of landowners, &c., for parish of St. James. 183 householders, 113 white servants, 2,895 negroes. 6,742 acres. (Some of the landowners are noted as "very pore.")
1636. xiii. Baptisms and burials in parish of St. James, same period. 23 baptisms, 44 burials. 4 pp.
1336. xiv. List of landowners, &c., in parish of St. Joseph. 72 white servants, 104 freemen, 2,072 negroes, 4868 acres. 2 pp.
1336. xv. Baptisms and burials in parish of St. Joseph, same period. 20 baptisms, 35 burials. (The baptisms are written on a scrap of waste paper.)
1336. xvi. Alphabetical list of landowners for parish of St. Lucy. 437 parishioners, 118 white servants, 1,965 negroes. 6,800 acres. 24 pp.
1336.xvii. Baptisms and burials for parish of St. Lucy, same period. 94 baptisms, 72 burials. 8 pp.
1336. xviii. Alphabetical list of landowners, &c., for parish of St. Thomas. 93 bought servants, 133 hired servants, 3,396 negroes. 7,485 acres. (This return is tattered and ill-preserved.)
1336. xix. Baptisms and burials of St. Thomas. Baptism 35, burials 34. 2 pp.
1336.xx. Baptisms and burials for same period, and alphabetical list of landowners, &c., for parish of St. John. 28 baptisms, 72 burials, 71 hired servants, 85 bought servants, 3,303 negroes. 7,659 acres. 6 pp.
1336. xxi. List of landowners, &c., baptisms, and burials, during same period, for parish of St. Peter. 208 landowners, 375 white servants, 3,977 negroes. 6,651 acres. Baptisms 71, burials 146. A long certificate from the Minister and Churchwardens. 10 pp.
1336.xxii. List of landowners, &c., baptisms and burials during same period for parish of St. Andrew. 47 white servants, 2,248 negroes. 7,476 acres of which 1,260 are owned by dwellers in other parishes, and 719 "in dispute between the Lady Yeamans, Madam Farmer, and Madam Sparks." Baptisms 18, burials 44. 1 sheet.
1336. xxiii. Summary of all the lands and negroes in the Island "according to what the same was given in by the inhabitants upon a levy of 2 lbs. of sugar for every acre and 5 lbs. of sugar per head for every negro." (This return differs somewhat from the figures given above.
Parish. Acres. Negroes. Levy of Sugarin the Towns for Trade.
St. Philip 13,506 4,610
Christchurch 14,136 4,758
Oistin's Town, the merchants for their trade 2,000
St. John's 7,637 3,276
St. George's 9,540 5,318
St. Michael's 7,427 3,608
Town negroes 1,360
Levied by merchants 40,000
St. Joseph's 4,907 2,191
St. Thomas's 7,787 3,272
St. James's 6,779 2,934
Levied by merchants, Holetown 2,440
St. Peter's 7,855 2,646
Levied by Merchants, Speightstown 6,000
St. Andrew's 7,258 2,162
St. Lucy's 6,685 2,217
Levied from the Jews in the whole Island 10,000
Total 92,717 38,352 60,440
1336. xxiv. Summary of acreage, white servants, negroes baptisms and burials in the eleven parishes of Barbadoes. Total for the eleven parishes 84,233 acres, 2,193 white servants, 37,315 negroes, 3,311 "housekeepers," 630 baptisms, 1,058 burials. (This return seems to be made up from the detailed returns given above.) 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VII., p. 2.]
1336.xxv. Certificate of negroes received from the Royal African Company between 1st December 1678 and 1st December 1679. 1,425 negroes received and sold "to sundry persons for money and sugar at sundry prices," amounting in all (valuing sugar at 10 per cent.) to 20,520l. On 5th January 1679–80 were received 484 more negroes which were disposed of for 7,050l. Signed, Edwyn Stede, Stephen Gascoigne. 10th March 1679–80. 1 p.
1336.xxvi. Alphabetical list of persons to whom tickets were granted to depart from Barbadoes from 1st January to 31st December 1679. In all 523 men and 60 women. 40 pp.
1336. xxvii. List of the forces of Barbadoes:—
Colonel Lyne's regiment of foot 891
Colonel Colleton's regiment of foot 766
Colonel Richard Bayly's regiment of foot 766
Colonel Timothy Thornhill's regiment of foot 655
Colonel Standfast's regiment of foot 506
Colonel William Bate's regiment of foot 1,194
Total foot 4,810
Colonel Samuel Newton's regiment of horse 434
Colonel Simon Lambert's regiment of horse 344
Total horse 778
Total horse and foot 5,588
[Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VII., p. 3.]
1336. xxviii. Nominal Rolls of the Companies of Colonel Christopher Lyne's Regiment of Foot:—
A. Colonel Lyne's Company, officers not named, 121 men.
B. Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 96 men.
C. Major Williams's (late) Company, officers not named, 81 men.
D.Captain Dent's Company, officers not named, 78 men.
E. Captain Browne's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 105 men.
F. Captain Pinket's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 72 men.
G. Captain Bowcher's Company, officers not named, 83 men.
H. Captain Adams' Company, officers not named, 83 men.
J. Captain Richard Elliott's Company, officers not named, 90 men.
K. Captain Rawlins's Company, 2 commissioned officers, 82 men.
[In many of these rolls there is no clue except the date to show to what regiment the company belonged. Some of them contain lists of the householders, &c., as in Colonel Standfast's rolls, see No. XXXII.]
1336. xxix. Nominal Rolls of Companies in Colonel Thomas Colleton's Regiment of Foot:—
A. Colonel Colleton's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 108 men.
B. Lieutenant Colonel Jelley's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 79 men.
C. Major Samuel Smith's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 82 men.
D. Captain Parke's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 95 men.
E. Captain Binney's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 133 men.
F. Captain Cleaver's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 102 men.
G. Captain Hacket's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 120 men.
H. Captain Bound's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 57 men.
[There is nothing except the date to show to what regiment these companies belong, and the date itself is sometimes missing. Many of the rolls are simply names of the persons whose duty it was to supply a quota of men.]
1336. xxx. Nominal Rolls of Companies in Colonel Richard Bayly's Regiment of Foot:—
A. Colonel Bayly's Company, officers not named, 75 men.
B. Lieutenant-Colonel Tidcombe's Company, officers not named, 118 men.
C. Major Foster's Company, officers not named, 85 men.
D. Captain Hall's Company, officers not named, 83 men.
E. Captain Whalley's Company, officers not named, 80 men.
F. Captain William Lewgar's Company, officers not named, 82 men.
G. Captain Thurburne's Company, officers not named, 86 men.
H. Captain Harrison's Company, officers not named, 103 men.
J. Captain Liston's Company, officers not named, 93 men.
K. Captain John Lewgar's Company, officers not named, 73 men.
[Some of these rolls are marked off into files of six men apiece; some contain simply the names of the persons bound to supply men, as in Standfast's regiment.]
1336. xxxi. Nominal Rolls of Companies of Colonel Timothy Thornhill's Regiment of Foot, viz.:—
A. Colonel Thornhill's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 104 men.
B. Lieutenant-Colonel Afflick's Company, 1 commissioned officer, 42 men.
C. Major Holmes's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 55 men.
D. Captain Sampson's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 69 men.
E. Captain Thornhill's Company, 1 commissioned officer, 83 men.
F. Captain Morrell's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 65 men.
G. Captain Holms's Company, 3 commissioned officer, 27 men.
Captain Lillington's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 51 men.
(Lillington's roll is made up like those of Standfast's regiment.)
H. Captain Allamby's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 74 men.
K. Captain Woodward's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 67 men.
1336. xxxii. Nominal Rolls of Companies in Colonel Standfast's Regiment of Foot. These differ somewhat from the other rolls, as the following heading shows:—"Lists containing the Masters and Mistresses of Plantations, quantities of acres, number of householders serving for themselves, tenants, freemen, and servants within the Division of Captain—'s Company"):—
A. Colonel Standfast's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 54 rank and file.
B. Lieutenant-Colonel Ruddock's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 61 rank and file.
C. Major John Waterman's Company, 2 commissioned officers, 73 rank and file.
D. Captain Sandeford's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 48 rank and file.
E. Captain Abel Alleyne's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 57 rank and file.
F. Captain Archibald Johnstone's Company, 1 commissioned officer, 61 rank and file.
G. Captain John Davies's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 73 rank and file.
H. Captain Waterman's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 79 rank and file.
Also 24 sergeants and 16 drummers.
1336. xxxiii. Abstract of Colonel William Bate's Regiment of Foot, His Majesty's Regiment of Guards for his Excellency.—1 colonel, 1 lieutenant-colonel, 9 captains, 12 lieutenants, 12 ensigns, 39 sergeants, 24 drummers, 12 clerks, 12 armourers, 12 adjutants, 12 chirurgeons, 1 marshal and 1,046 privates, of whom 804 present at muster. Total, officers and men, 1,194.
A. Abstract of the strength of the 12 companies of Colonel Bate's regiment, from the following nominal rolls, viz.:—
B. Colonel Bate's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 124 rank and file.
C. Lieutenant-Colonel John Codrington's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 120 rank and file.
D. Captain Lyte's (the Majors') Company, 3 commissioned officers, 121 rank and file.
E. Captain Ely's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 102 rank and file.
F. Captain Morris's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 95 rank and file.
G. Captain Burrows' Company, 3 commissioned officers, 104 rank and file.
H. Captain Burton's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 89 rank and file.
J. Captain Salter's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 91 rank and file.
K. Captain Lancaster's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 75 rank and file.
L. Captain Elliott's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 77 rank and file.
M. Captain Scott's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 84 rank and file.
N. Captain Masson's Company, 3 commissioned officers, 86 rank and file.
1336. xxxiv. Nominal Rolls of the several troops in the two Regiments of Horse commanded by Colonels Samuel Newton and Simon Lambert. (There is nothing to show to which Regiment the majority of troops belonged).
A. Colonel Newton's Troop, officers not named, 81 men.
B. Major Rowland Bulkeley's Troop, 3 commissioned officers, 79 men.
C. Colonel Simon Lambert's (the late) Troop, officers not named, 67 men.
D. Major John Farmer's Troop, 3 commissioned officers, 56 men.
E. Lieutenant-Colonel James Carter's Troop, 3 commissioned officers, 55 men.
F. Captain Robinson's Troop, 3 commissioned officers, 85 men.
G. Captain Meyricke's Troop, officers not named, 56 men.
H. Captain Vinter's Troop, 3 commissioned officers, 81 men.
J. Captain Dempster's Troop, 3 commissioned officers, 73 men.
K. Captain Leslie's Troop, officers not named, 69 men.
L. Major Steart's (late) Troop, 1 commissioned officer, 58 men.
M. Lieutenant Maxwell's Troop, officers not named, 59 men and 41 absent.
1336. xxxv. Return of the Artillery mounted in the Forts of Barbadoes:—
Fort at Oistin's 36 guns.
Charles Fort 36 "
Battery in middle of bay 9 "
Between it and Willoughby Fort 5 "
Willoughby Fort 13 "
James Fort 13 "
New Battery "before my house" 9 "
" " to leeward 3 "
" " at Black Rock 3 "
New Fort at Hole and York Fort 16 "
At Reade's Bay 9 "
Fort at Speight's Bay 16 "
" Thomson's Bay 9 "
" Nanking Bay 5 "
" " " 3 "
185 "
Subscribed, "All those I call forts I have enclosed. In them are erected Courts of Guard, lodging for soldiers, and places for ammunition and necessaries for the work. They are all built of stone and the batteries made of stone, which has cost the country a great deal of money Those I call batteries are open behind." Unsigned. 2 pp.
1336. xxxvi. Names of the Judges and their Assistants in the Five Courts of Common Pleas in Barbadoes:—
Oistin's Court.—Henry Quintaine, Judge; William Goodall, Richard Pocock, John Beale, Ferdinand Bushell, Assistants.
St. Michael's Court.—Henry Walrond, junr., Judge; John Hallett, Thomas Colleton, Robert Meade, Francis Bond, Assistants.
Hole Court.—Edward Littleton, Judge; James Walwyn,—Evans, John Daniell, Benjamin Knight, Assistants.
Speight's Court.—John Reid, Judge; Samuel Tidcombe, William How, John Madox, Assistants.
Scotland Court.—Alexander Ruddock, Judge; John Meyricke, John Ford,—Waterman, Assistants.
[Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VII., p. 3.]
1336. xxxvii. Names of the King's Council in Barbadoes.
Sir Peter Colleton, Bart.
Colonel Henry Drax.
Lieutenant-General Henry Walrond.
Colonel Samuel Newton.
Thomas Wordall.
John Pearse.
Colonel John Standfast.
John Witham.
Richard Howell.
Edwyn Stede.
Names of the Assembly,—
St. Michael's Parish Colonel William Bate.
Colonel Richard Guy.
St. George's Parish Major Rowland Bulkeley.
Samuel Husbands.
Christchurch Parish Richard Seawell.
Major Richard Williams.
St. Philip's Parish Major Richard Pocock.
William Goodall.
St. John's Parish Colonel Christopher Codrington.
Colonel Thomas Colleton.
St. Joseph's Parish Colonel William Sharpe.
Captain Edward Binney.
St. Andrew's Parish Captain Meyricke.
Captain Gibbs.
St. Lucy's Parish Lieut.-Col. Sam. Tidcombe.
Captain Meacock.
St. Peter's Parish Major William Foster.
Colonel Richard Bayly.
St. John's Parish Edward Littleton.
James Walwyn.
St. Thomas' Parish Lieut.-Col. James Carter.
John Davies.
[Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VII., pp. 4, 5; [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIV., No. 47 I.–XXXVII.]
April 1.
1337. Governor Sir William Stapleton to Lords of Trade and Plantations. I am sending home the ketch Deptford, Captain James Aire, her provisions being spent except such as suffices for the homeward voyage. She came out with but ten barrels of powder, her allowance at home for three or four months, which is long since expended, so I furnished her with three barrels, of which he has about one-half remaining. It is a sad thing that we who have so little store must lessen it. We know not how to supply ourselves, nor how soon we may have occasion to use what we have bought at a dear rate. Pray order as many barrels to be sent to us or even more, for it costs us more than twice the home price; we paid 6l. 5s. per barrel for freight. The French expect men-of-war daily. I hope that if any English men-of-war be sent here the Admiralty will see them provided for a West Indian instead of a channel voyage as was the Deptford. Provisions have not been scarcer here these twelve years than they now are. I humbly put it to your Lordships' consideration what credit can redound to the King from a ketch, when the French receive annually a squadron of good ships. "But this has been so often represented and reiterated to your Lordships that for fear of being importunate I must commit it to silence."Holograph. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIV., No. 48, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., pp. 425, 426.]
April 4. 1338. Petition of Weeounkhass, Queen in the Niaotick country, to the King. Is the daughter of Nonograt, chiefest sachem of the Niantick country, who, though much sought after to join the rest of the Indians in their rebellion, remained faithful to his allegiance, and was on his death left chief in his room till her younger brother should come to age. Complains of the endeavours of Connecticut to bring in one Catopeci to make him equal with her in the Niantick country; had it not been for the King's letter with special order to Connecticut to withdraw from his province would with her people have been brought very low if not to nothing. There are others who lay claim to the province, some by mortgage, some by purchase; there are so many struggling for it that in the meantime the poor suffer for want of land. Desire to be continued under Rhode island, where they can expect equal justice, and that the 1and be settled in peace by orders to all unjust pretenders to withdraw. The mark of the Queen is affixed. Underneath is an attestation signed Job Babcock, interpreter. Endorsed, Reed. 30 June 1680. 1 p. N. B.—This petition seems to have been sent by way of Rhode Island, Governor Cranston's writing appearing on it. The statements therein should therefore be received with caution. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIV., No. 49.]
April 5. 1339. Captain Sir Robert Robinson, R. N. [to William Blathwayt?]. "Do humbly advise touching the security of Newfoundland or St. John's in particular, that he that commands the convoy this summer may have directions for the employing part of his men in the men-of-war, and perhaps others of the planters and sacks that will be willing, to raise up such works and fortifications as shall be thought necessary against any opposition, which shall be done with no charge to His Majesty except some small gratuity to the seamen in time of labouring, in brandy or the like. These humbly. Signed, Robt. Robinson." 1 p. Holograph. Endorsed, Recd. 6 May 1680. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIV., No. 50.]
April 8.
1340. Lords of Trade and Plantations to Governor Lord Carlisle. With reference to your letter of 9th October last reporting all to be in readiness for the delivery of a bond for restitution of certain negroes belonging to the Dutch West India Company, application has been made in consequence of the death of Sir Thomas Modyford for Sir Charles Modyford, Francis Hanson, and Hender Molesworth, to be permitted to act in his room, and that the executors of Balthazar de la Rue, deceased, be also admitted to act on his behalf (see ante, No. 1331). You will therefore on the production of evidence by Sir Charles Modyford and Messrs. Hanson and Molesworth, cause the bond to be delivered them. Signed, J. Bridgewater, Essex, J. Ernle, Finch, L. Jenkins, Radnor, Worcester. 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXIX., pp. 378–380.]
April 14. 1341. Minutes of Council of Barbadoes. Thomas Walrond took the oath and his place as a Councillor. Henry Walrond, John Witham, John Stanfast, and Mr. Knight, appointed a Committee to compare the Militia Act with the draft sent to the Assembly and report the difference between them to-morrow morning. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XL, p. 313.]
April 14. 1342. Journal of Assembly of Barbadoes. Christopher Codrington chosen Speaker, Colonel Guy being absent through sickness. Debate as to the means of supplementing the levy of 2 lbs. of sugar per acre. Voted that it be by a tax on negroes of 5 lbs. of sugar per head, the assessment on towns and Jews to be double. Bill for the purpose passed. Order for payment of gunners and mattrosses passed. Addition to the above Bill for a levy passed.
April 15. Militia Bill as amended by the Council passed. Carried nem. con. that the Assembly by themselves (the Council not being willing to join them) send an answer to the recent letter of Sir P. Colleton and Colonel Drax relating to some public draft of the letter passed, and ordered that the Speaker sign it. Abstract of the letter, dated 15th April. We have received yours of 19th July informing us of the fatal alterations designed for our government, and your reasonable interposition to prevent the same, which convince us that we did well to employ you. We now improve the occasion to ask you to use your best means to acquit us from the vast troubles brought on us by the collection of the 4½ per cent. duty, which we presume may be done by commuting some other duty in its stead; and we propose, in lieu of the 4½ per cent. duty, to impose a new impost on goods imported, to the value of at least 500l. per annum more than our proportion of the 4½ per cent., the Act authorising the same to contain a clause empowering the Governor to levy on our land, for the King's use, 1 lb. of sugar for every penny that shall fall short of the stipulated sum in case the duty should fail to produce it. We have no law to impose duty on imports at present, but we are ready to establish one. We hope that this hope of a better revenue will be satisfactory to the King, and save us from the intolerable burden of the farmers, but, if you cannot effect this, then we desire you to take the farm yourselves upon the best terms that you can, with which we promise faithfully to comply, and then, if we can agree among ourselves, we can drop the collection of the 4½ per cent. and impose the other. It was greatly to our satisfaction that the King filled the vacancies in our Council and Magistracy from our freeholders; we depend upon your care to keep out unqualified persons, if any attempt be made to put them in. You know our difficulties through want of both blacks and whites, and rely upon your ingenuity to take the best measures to meet them. The insecurity of the Island, the decay of trade, and the fall in the King's revenue are your best arguments. We can truly represent to you that, while you are thus purchasing to yourselves the highest honour by serving your country, you are also in the way of conferring a lasting obligation on us. Order for payment of the salaries of the Clerk of Assembly and Provost Marshal passed. Ordered, on petition of the Treasurer, that his accounts be accepted, with his proposed alterations. Order for payment of gunners and mattrosses. Adjourned to 12th May. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIII., pp. 380–387.]
April 15. 1343. Commissioners of Customs to Lords Proprietors of Carolina. Proposals (1) for the recovery of the arrears of Customs in Albemarle County, Carolina; (2) for restitution or reparation of the estates lost by the Deputies during the rebellion; (3) for future collection of Customs. (1.) A commission to be appointed to trace the payers of the tobacco and duties received by Thomas Miller and taken from him by the rebels, and also those who have evaded payment. (2.) Miller and the rest to receive back their estates, and a commission to be appointed to assess the compensation due to them. (3.) Enforcement of existing laws. Signed, Richard Temple, Fr. Millington, John Upton. Copy. Endorsed, Reed. 20 Nov. 1680. 1¼ pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIV., No. 51.]
April 23.
St. Jago de la Vega.
1344. Governor Lord Carlisle to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Your Lordships' letter of 16th January last received (ante, No. 1269). As to the short term, six months, of the Revenue Bill, it was inevitable from the indigence of the Government. I was expecting fresh orders from your Lordships also since the Assembly had rejected the indefinite Revenue Bill presented to them. My giving the King's thanks was obedience to my instructions, and with regard rather for form than for their benevolence. The reason of the clauses exempting Jamaica ships from all impositions, and continuing impositions on French wines, was the stubbornness of the Assembly which would not pass them otherwise. I was the rather inclined thereto because they were only exempted from powder money and not otherwise. I issued a commission about 14 months ago for the inspection of stores in His Majesty's forts. The account was returned to the Master of the Ordnance by one Mr. Chester, late his agent here, who was unfortunately captured on his return voyage by the Turk. I have since issued another commission, whose report shall be at once forwarded to you. I cannot but thank your Lordships for being sensible of my great straits in relation to the subsistence of the two foot companies and the arrears of the Government. Your Lordships' orders forbidding me to raise any money except in case of invasion is easily complied with, for I have no power to call an Assembly without the Royal approbation, and without fresh powers, which I have long desired to enable the Council to raise money, that body is unwilling to take the responsibility. So that in the main the Government is so crippled that it is difficult to act without endangering the King's best friends, or giving his enemies opportunity to cavil. The answers to your Lordships' inquiries I have entrusted to the officers whose departments are concerned, with orders to have their returns ready for the departure of the next ships, which are ready to return upon receipt of your Lordships', for to detain them would be an injury to the merchants. Postscript.—Since writing the above I have, by the advice of the King's best friends here and by the King's verbal permission conveyed by Sir Thomas Watson, resolved to embark for England at the end of May, bringing with me Colonel Samuel Long and Lieutenant-Colonel Beeston, late Speaker, whose private affairs partly call them home. This, I hope, will expedite the despatch of the Island's business. I am well assured of the peaceable Government thereof in my absence, and shall be ready to return at the King's command. Endorsed, Reed. 21 July 1680. 3 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIV., No. 52, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXIX., pp. 400–403.]
(April.) 1345. Petition of Colonel Samuel Long to Governor Lord Carlisle. The petitioner has lived in Jamaica almost twenty years, and held several positions of trust under divers Governors. When your Excellency came he was Chief Justice, Colonel of a regiment of foot and a member of Council, and was continued as such until November last when, for reasons known to your Excellency only, he was discharged, though he had fulfilled his duties therein justly and honestly, not only to the great comfort of his own conscience, but, as he verily believes, without complaint of any person, whether of your Excellency or any of your predecessors. And whereas your Excellency on the 22nd of this instant April told your petitioner that you intend to make him go for England very speedily (when your Excellency goeth), and that by force, although you admit that you have no mandamus from the King for that purpose, and have not (though desired by your petitioner) informed him of any cause or reason to which he can answer; and whereas in our Act of 31 Charles II, for the better securing of the liberty of of the subject, are words [quoted at length] subjecting any person who shall commit or imprison any person contrary to that Act to disability to hold any office of trust and to the penalties laid down in the Statute of Praemunire, without hope of pardon; and whereas your petitioner (by God's blessing) is one of the most considerable planters of the Island and has for fourteen years made a livelihood out of it, and has never been an encourager, but rather the contrary, of privateering, and his violent exile or imprisonment will not only be a particular injury to himself but a terror to His Majesty's subjects in the Island: Therefore your petitioner prays that he may be furnished with a copy of the charges against him and with the names of his accusers as by law he ought, and receive legal trial without any violent or irregular proceedings. Copy. 1 p. Copied below:—
1345. i. Warrant issued by Lord Carlisle for the arrest of Colonel Samuel Long on a charge of misprision of treason; addressed to Edward Yeamans, Provost Marshal, and ordering him to deliver the prisoner to the custody of Captain Tosier on board H.M.S. Hunter, dated 17th May 1680. Certified by Edmond Duck, P. Beckford, Tho. Cooper.
1345. ii. Bond of Samuel Long, Hender Molesworth, and Peter Beckford, giving bail in 4,000l. for the surrender of Samuel Long on the 24th May 1680 or earlier.
1345. iii. Samuel Long's prayer to Robert Byndloss, Chief Justice, for a writ of Habeas Corpus to be returnable immediately.
1345. iv. Memorandum. The above prayer was written and showed to the Chief Justice on 19th May 1680. The Chief Justice answered that according to the copy of the warrant the charge was misprision of treason and the accused therefore not bailable. Together, 3 pp. Endorsed, Mr. Long, his paper complaining of his hard usage from the Earl of Carlisle. [Col. Papers, Vol. XL V., Nos. 53, 53 I.–IV.]
April 27.
Council Chamber.
1346. William Blathwayt to the Judges. Referring to them questions (1) and (2) of those formerly submitted to the Crown Law Officers (see ante, No. 1323). [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXIX., p. 380.]
April 27. 1347. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Sir William Stapleton's letter of 7th February last (ante, No. 1291), respecting the English in Surinam read, together with the report of the Committee of 28th May last. Report of this day's date on the subject agreed to.
Petition of Kiauh de Mercado, Solomon Mendez, and other Jews, for liberty to transport themselves to the plantations, which was referred to the Committee on 5th inst., considered. Agreed that the Lords see no reason why the clause which the petitioners desire should be omitted from the letter of denizenation, that, namely, obliging the persons who receive them to reside in England, should be left out at present.
The Attorney and Solicitor General having reported that the four questions submitted to them respecting Jamaica (ante, No. 1323) were of such difficulty as to deserve the opinion of the Judges, Mr. Attorney delivered his opinion that the people of Jamaica have no right to be governed by the laws of England but by such laws as are made there and established by the King's authority; but whereas Mr. Solicitor opines that the word Dominion in the Act of Tonnage and Poundage seems not to include the plantations, agreed that the first two questions only be submitted to the Judges.
Report of the Attorney and Solicitor General on the questions put to them concerning the boundaries of the King's province (ante, No. 1330) read. The Lords approve the report of the Commissioners, and will at the next meeting consider the further regulation of the country. On reading an abstract of letters from Mr. Randolph from New England (ante, No. 1305), wherein it is proposed that all the Colonies be obliged to take the oath of allegiance, ordered that the charters be examined to see if the King may lawfully impose that oath upon them.
Draft of a letter to the Western towns concerning Newfoundland, pursuant to Order in Council of 14th inst., read and approved. Ordered, that letters be sent to St. Ives, Penzance, and Truro in Cornwall, besides the towns to which letters were formerly sent (see No. 1306). [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CVI., pp. 164–169.]
April 27.
Council Chamber.
1348. Report of Lords of Trade and Plantations to the King. On Sir William Stapleton's letter of 7th February (ante, No. 1291) respecting the condition of the English kept at Surinam by the Dutch Governor, we have reviewed the case of these people, but do not find that the Dutch are obliged to permit them to depart on your Majesty's order. Yet, looking to the miserable state in which they are, we recommend that application may be made to the States General through your Majesty's envoy in Holland and their ambassador here for permission for these English to transport themselves to some other of the English Plantations. Signed, J. Bridgwater, Radnor, L. Hyde. 1½ pp. Endorsed, Read in Council and approved, 5th May 1680. [Col. Papers, Vol. XLIV., No. 54, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVI., pp. 423, 424]