America and West Indies: February 1711, 21-24

Pages 370-397

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 25, 1710-1711. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1924.

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February 1711, 21-24

Feb. 21.
Vintner's Hall.
666. Sir Gilbert Heathcote to [? Mr. Popple]. Repeats recommendation of Samuel Moore to fill the vacancy in the Council of Jamaica, as "being one of good naturall parts, improved by a liberall education at Wadham Colege in Oxford, has a good plantation and estate in Jamaica, where he now is, and where he will probably end his days, being marryed there," etc. Signed, Gilbert Heathcote. Endorsed, Recd. 22nd, Read 26th, Feb., 1710/11. ¾ p. [C.O. 137, 9. No. 32.]
Feb. 21. 667. Commission and Instructions to George Evans to be Attorney General of South Carolina. [C.O. 5, 290. p. 11.]
Feb. 21.
Craven House.
668. Commission to Charles Craven to be Governor of South Carolina. Signed, Craven Palatin, M. Ashley, J. Colleton, J. Danson, Beaufort, Carteret. [C.O. 5, 290. pp. 12–14.]
Feb. 21. 669. Edward Jones, Secretary of Bermuda, to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Lord Sunderland upon his removall took with him all such papers as were then in the office and hath not yet delivered the same over to the Lord Dartmouth who succeeded him. Prays that a duplicate of Representation of Jan. 3, 1709/10 may be sent to Lord Dartmouth to be laid before H.M. Signed. Ed. Jones. Endorsed, Recd. 21st, Read 22nd Feb., 1710/11. ¾ p. [C.O. 37, 9. No. 15; and 38, 7. pp. 2, 3.]
Feb. 22.
670. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. Refer to repeal of Act of Virginia for granting of lands etc., (v April 17, 1707) and subsequent Instructions as to the method of granting them. Upon the arrival of Mr. Spotswood and the publishing of his Instructions, an objection was made to the taking up of lands upon the terms therein mentioned, for that a law having pass'd there in Oct. 1666, declaring what is meant by seating of lands, while such law continued in force there could be no other terms prescribed for the seating of such lands. By that law it is enacted that the building a house and keeping a stock one whole year upon the land, shall be accounted seating, that the clearing, planting and tending one acre of ground for one year, shall be accounted planting; and that either of these shall be adjudged sufficient performance of the condition in the patents," but this Act does not ascertain the number of acres whereof one is to be cleared, planted and tended as therein declar'd, nor does it specify what sort of house is to be built, or what number or kind of cattle are to be reckoned stock, within ye intent and meaning of that law, so that if a patentee taking up 10,000 acres clear one, and builds a wooden hutt of about 12 foot square, and turn a few hoggs on the land, that will by the said Act be accounted a sufficient seating and planting of the said 10,000 acres, which we humbly conceive is very unreasonable, and may bring all the remaining ungranted lands in that Colony into a few rich men's hands, and by consequence a discouragement to such persons as might go to settle there; for which reasons, we humbly offer that your Majesty be pleased to signify your disapprobation and disallowance of the said Act, whereby your Majesty's Instruction will then be the only rule for granting of lands in that Colony. And if your Majesty shall be graciously pleased to permit the Assembly to enact the said Instruction into a Law, we have no objection thereunto. [C.O. 5, 1363. pp. 249–252; and (rough draft) 5, 1335. pp. 84–88.]
Feb. 22.
671. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. Representation relating to the boundaries between Virginia and Carolina. Propose that the Lords Proprietors of Carolina be instructed to appoint two new Commissioners to make a return in conjunction with the Virginia Commissioners within 6 months of due notice being given by the Lt. Governor of Virginia of the time and place he shall appoint for their first meeting etc.; and that no grant be passed of any of the lands within the controverted bounds, until such bounds be ascertained, etc. (Set out, A.P.C. II. pp. 588–593 q.v.) [C.O. 5, 1363. pp. 252–261; and (rough draft) 5, 1335. pp. 92–103.]
Feb. 22.
672. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Queen. Reply to Feb. 9. We have no objection why your Majesty may not approve Charles Craven as Governor of Carolina, provided he qualify himself as the Law requires, and that he give good and sufficient security as usual, a bound of £2000 sterl. for his due observance of the Acts relating to Trade and Navigation and his Instructions touching the same, etc. [C.O. 5, 1264. pp. 265, 266.]
Feb. 23.
Annapolis Royall.
673. A Journall of ye Travails of Major John Livingstone from Annapolis Royall in Novia Scotia to Quebeck in Canada, from thence to Albany and soe to Boston, begun Oct. 15, and ended Feb. 23, 1710/11. Sunday morning, Oct. 15, I recd. orders from Genll. Francis Nicholson, Govr. Saml. Vetch, and ye Council of War to prepare to goe to Cannada, and received from them a pass and instructions, with a letter to ye Govr. of Canada. And Monsr. Subercase, late Govr. of Port Royall for the King of France on his part ordered ye Baron de St. Casteen to goe in company with me, and also gave us his pass for safe conduct in our journey; and ye same day the Genll. with gentlemen embarkt in order to goe to Boston. I waited upon him on board H.M.S. Dragon, Capt. George Martin, Commander of ye Fleet, where it was ordered that a sloop should carry me as far as Penobscot, a Plantation of Indians, under ye French interest (about 80 leagues from Annapolis Royall) from whence I was to travel by land to Cannada. Oct. 16–21. Describes voyage. About 10 of ye clock we came up with Little Menan, and from Little Menan to Squeek Point three leagues course W., and then steered N.W. 4 leagues up a good channell. We came here to an anchor in 15 fathom water. Monsr. Casteen sent Monsr. Belell and an Indian named Victor in my birch canoo to look for some Indians to goe on our journey wth. us; who were to return ye next day. The harbour was very good, and I named it St. Casteen's harbour. Oct. 22. My provisions was all gott on shoar; there came an Indian in his birch canoe alongside and landed where our provisions were, and soon after brought his family there with him, etc. Oct. 23. M. Belell and Victor returned, and told us they had met wth. some Indians, but could not perswade them to come till the sloop was sailed; they had met with such bad weather that my canoe was staved all to peices, so yt. we were forced to stay here for want of canoes; they alsoe brought wth. them a French man, and I went on shore and lodged wth. St. Casteen and some Indians. Oct. 24. This day ye wind was moderate and I discharged ye sloop. M. St. Casteen sent Victor with two Indians more to ye village of Penobscot 30 leagues to gett canoos and Indians to goe with us to Canada. I here bought sanpsacks of Mr. Moor, and gave him order to Mr. Borland for payment. About 6 a clock afternoon, M. Casteen, myselfe and servant three French men, and one Indian in 3 canoes went to M. Casteen's house about 3 leagues from ye landing-place; here I had very civill and friendly treatment etc. Oct. 26th. I bought a new canoe and padles of John Denell, wch. cost 92 livers, and I hired M. Belell and Denell and another man to goe with me to meet ye Indians yt. were to goe to Canada, and gave them 4 livers per diem; we embarqued about one a clock afternoon, and M. St. Casteen with his canoe and men went with us; we lodged that night at ye point where our things were. Oct. 28. The wind blew extreem hard till 2 a clock. About 10 we took our canoes, and with much difficulty crossed a bay, and one of our canoos filled halfe full of water; at last we came to a very narrow place full of rocks all bare at low water, and no passage our course S.W., we then opened a large sound, and an Island on ye South, and ye main on ye N.W., where we were forced to stay till two a clock in ye morning, then the wind duller'd, and we embarqued into our canoes again, and crossed two bays each four leagues wide, to ye southward at a distance we saw abundance of Islands. The last night we killed a goose and seven ducks, and there came an Indian and his squaw and two children to us, and said he had been fighting against the English at Winter Harbour, and they had killed three and taken six prisoners. This last 24 hours we have gone 10 leagues. Oct. 29. This day we steered N.W. about 12 leagues and then went up a small river about one league, and there met a carrying place about a mile long, wch. brought us into a Bay of the River of Penobscot; we carryed most of our things over, except our canoos, we passed Great Bays in this day's voyage and saw abundance of Islands to ye S.W. and W. of us, all ye east side is yt. main land; we this day killed about a dusn. ducks. Oct. 30. The weather clear, etc., we brought our canoos over ye carrying place, and about nine in ye morning entered them and departed thence and about 10 a clock we came to a wigwam in wch. was a squaw, and some children, she told us her husband was gone a hunting, and directed us to an Island called ye Island of Lett, wch. was over against a ruined fort called Shamble formerly taken by ye Dutch, where we might probably meet with Indians, we forthwith sett forward, where about 12 a clock we arrived, our course W. and W. by South 3 leagues; and about one of ye clock there arrived about 35 canoes from Penobscot and a Jesuitt, Pier La Shas, with them and one of ye English prisoners yt. was taken at Winter Harbour, who said there were five more taken wth. him, and 3 killed in Oct. last, and that there was 90 canoes and about 150 Indians: here we lodged this night. December (sic) 31st. We stayed still at these Islands for ye Indians that were gone another way to Mons. Casteen for us; Mons. Belell, John Denell and two french men more returned home, and gave Casteen orders to receive at Quebeck what I was to pay them for their assistance thus far; here I bought for my journey six pair of Indian shoes cost 18d. per pr., a bear skin 9s., six pair of snow shoes cost £3 12s., and wrote by Belell to Col. Vetch and oblidged myselfe to pay at Quebeck 30 a ps. for ye 3 French men. Nov. 1st. Ye Indians yt. we waited for arrived this evening, and brought us word that ye English prisoner yt. went a hunting with his master had made his escape, and carryed away his master's canoe and gun and left him alone on an Island, whom they by accident mett there and brought of with them. This relation set ye Indians in such a fury yt. nothing but my life could sattisfie them, saying I had advised ye prisoner to run away and die I should, and one of them flew at me with his hatchett, and taking hold of my collar was about to murder me immediately, but ye Baron St. Casteen interposed and endeavoured to pacifie them, saying I was an Ambassadour; they replyed ye English killed some of their Penobscot men yt. they sent as Ambassadours at Casco, and now they had this oppertunity they would kill me, but by Casteen's perswasions they desisted for ye present. This night a great part of our wigwam was blown away, and we exposed to ye weather and were wet to ye skin, and under apprehensions of being killed every minute, our bloody entertainers continuing their rage in such manner yt. I was at last forced to left out all my kegs of rum for fear of ye event, if they should gett that in their hands, and we suffered much after in our journey for want of it. Nov. 2. This day many more Indians arrived in their canoes, who were of ye same mind with ye other yt. I must be murdered, and an unspeakable noise and clamour was made amongst them, so yt. all this while death was expected by me, but Mons. Casteen endeavoured to pacifie them, and had it not been for him I had certainly lost my life in a barbarous manner. I made a present of some Indian Jewells and tobacco to ye cheife men among them, and to those six men who were to goe with us, who would not stir till I promised them £15 a man for their journey, and Mons. Casteen told me they alwayes had so much for a journey in summer, and we might expect this ten times worse. This night they were something better pacifyed, and promised us we should depart for Cannada ye next day; here arrived an Indian in ye evening from thence who told me ye snow was knee deep upon ye mountains and ye rivers full of ice, here I bought six pair of Indian shoes and four mattunyes to carry with etc. Nov. 3. M. Casteen, myselfe and servant wth. six Indians embarqued, and went six leagues up ye River of Penobscot, our course generally N.E. and N.N.E. ye river very crooked, and we took up our lodging at ye west side of it; we me[t] two canoos of Indians in our way. Nov. 4. We imbarqued very early and were pestered with ye ice, and at 10 a clock met 5 canoes of Indians and went on shoar and eat our breakfast together, they presented us with a bever; at ye Riplings ye water runs very feirce, and ye canoe in wch. all my cloaths and provisions and my fusee were oversett, and I lost all but what was about me, as good fortune would have it, I had my letters from ye Generall, Govr. Vetch etc. in a tin box in my pockett and saved them. Lost alsoe in said canoe a bag of porke and one of pease and one of bread, and my blankett yt. I had to cover me, we spent some time in looking our things. The water run so prodigious strong yt. one of ye Indians were drowned when ye canoe oversett, we went nine leagues, three of them against ye Riplings, ye River continued very crooked, our course generally N.E. and N.N.E. Nov. 5. We began our journey this morning with a carrying place and underwent great difficulty by reason of ye ice and extreem cold, ye weather cloudy with small snow etc. Ye carrying place was on ye west side of ye River, about a mile long course N.N.E., and then west about one league, and came to another carrying place on ye same side of ye River, and about ye same length very bad way. about two leagues farther I met another carrying place about a mile and an halfe long, on ye east side of ye river, thus far ye River runs N.N.E. generally; here it parts into three branches, one runs E.N.E., one N.N.E., ye other N.N.W., ye branch that runs N.N.W. is right over against ye upper end of ye carrying place, where we crossed ye River, we took ye westermost branch, and about 3 leagues farther met another carrying place which is a small Island 200 yards long, and about four leagues farther we met a river yt. runs to ye westward, wch. we left, and alwayes took ye eastermost; about a league farther we came to a carrying place, and then mett with Riplings for two leagues, and travel'd a league farther and took up our lodgings, where was two wigwams of Indians. I hired one Indian here to goe with us, instead of him we lost. This day we found a bever in a trap, wch. gave us all a supper. This River runs N.W. and N.N.W. very crooked, and ye land extreem low, we travelled this day 15 leagues. Nov. 6. We embarqued very early in ye morning, we mett with much ice, and about 30 bever dams, and were forced to unlade our canoes at most of them; on the East side of ye River are two carrying places, one halfe a mile long, ye other a mile and halfe long, and then came into ye same River again, and were forced in many places to draw our canoes for want of water, at ye west side of this little River, we carryed our canoes, and took up our lodgings at the foot of ye carrying place, having this day travelled 12 leagues. This River runs N.E. and N., and chiefly N.N.W., and very crooked. Nov. 7. At night snowed hard soe that we had it knee deep in ye morning. We marched over a carrying place three mile long very bad way, then went about two miles farther up ye River, and on ye east side of ye River mett with another carrying-place, ye way extraordinary bad about a league, which brought us to a lake about a mile long and ye same breadth, and were forced to break the ice ye whole length, and landed on ye other side with much difficulty, and found a carrying place of 3 leagues and halfe long, very bad way, course N.N.W. ye trees markt; we came to another branch of Penobscot River about 200 yds. wide, and we went four leagues up ye River, mett a Ripling, and had almost lost a canoe. We went this day 11½ leagues, and took up our lodgings on the west side of sd. River. Nov. 8. It snowed very hard till 9 a clock in ye morning, ye wind N.W., we sett out then and went about a league and mett with a Ripling, and about a league and a halfe farther come to a carrying place a mile and halfe long, and then went two leagues and came to another carrying place of about ye same length, both on ye East side of ye River ye trees marked, course N.W., and then ye River widened in ye form of a lake about one mile, we were about four leagues and were forced on shoar (because ye wind blew extreem hard at N.W.), and took up our lodging upon a point on ye east side. It snowed pretty much this day; we travelled about 9 leagues course N.N.W. and N.W. Nov. 9. We began our journey early in ye morning, weather clear and very cold. When we turned ye point mett a great sea yt. filled our canoes halfe full of water, and was ice as it fell, the River a full league wide, and so continued for 3 or 4 leagues, without Islands, which rendered ye passage very dangerous, as well as difficult; at ye north side we mett with ice for 500 yards, wh. forced us to much toile and labour to breake through, and about a mile farther up a little River mett a small carrying place, and then went up sd. river, wh. was full of Riplings for two leagues, and then came to another carrying place, where we took up our lodging and travell'd but seven leagues, our course cheifly N. and N.N.W. We killed a small bever this day. Nov. 10. The weather clear and cold, we began our journey this morning without our canoes, they being soe torn and cut with ye ice yt. they were rendered wholly unserviceable to us, having passed over a carrying place a league and halfe long we came to a pond full of ice, in crossing of wh. I fell in over head and ears and wet me through, being gott out my cloaths immediatly froze stiff on my back, and lost ye key of my watch, which much troubled me, fearing it would be unfitt for further service in ye journey; we came soon after to a carrying place a league long, our course all north, the trees here were markt, wh. brought us over; at 3 a clock we mett another pond about a league and halfe long and two mile wide, some part of it froze, but not hard enough to bear us; so was forced here to take up our lodgings, and to add to our perplexity found our provisions began to prove very shortt. Nov. 11. This last 24 hours we had abundance of rain and snow, and could not travell this day, so made us a wigwam. Nov. 12. The weather was now fair, ye wind N.W. not very cold, soe begun our march round the S.E. side of ye Lake, ye ice being too weak to bear us, and went two leagues course S.E. and E.S.E. two leagues, E. 3 leagues, N.N.E. two leagues, and N. one, and N.N.W. one, where we came upon a carrying place yt. goes from ye lake we lay at to another; this day we went eleven leagues in very bad way and thick woods, soe yt. did not forward on our road above 3 leagues, at night we took up our lodgings at ye west side of a small brook yt. runs into ye N.N.W. side of ye lake, at this carrying place ye trees are markt. Nov. 13. Provisions now began to grow very short, and we were forced to continue at our sd. lodgings this day and send ye Indians a hunting for bever, and had ye good fortune to kill four, wh. gave them a supper as well as breakfast, for they had nothing else that day. This last 24 hours we had good weather till 7 at night, and then snow all night. Nov. 14. We began our journey this morning over a great mountain one league and halfe up, and about a league down, and came to a small lake a mile long ye ice good, wh. we passed and came to another carrying place a league long, our course all north, the trees here were marked wh. brought us to another Lake 2 miles long, went over ye ice very thin, it bent under us every step we took, but at last gott over wth. much difficulty and risque of our lives, being forced to creep on our bellys halfe ye way, and it rained and snow'd all day, ye wind S.E., at length we came to a carrying place a league long, our course still N., and then to Lake which not being froze forced us to goe round ye South end of it all along into rocky way, and thick of bushes hardly passable, we went S.E. a league, and E. a league and halfe and N.E. a league and N. a league, and forced to wade over severall rivers as high as our waste, we then came to another lake about two miles over, course still N. where we took up our lodging on the north side, the ice good and thick. We made a wigwam, were all wett to ye skin and had travelled very hard all day about 10 leagues, and now our bread was all spent. Nov. 15. We began our march early this morning, the weather very stormy with wind, snow and clowdy, and went over a carrying place two leagues course N.N.W. generally the trees mark't, we then came upon a lake and went N.W. a mile, and then W. a mile, and full of islands, and there stop't, and sent two Indians to ye great Lake to see if it was froze; they brought us word no ice, which indeed was very unwelcome news, the course they went is west, there is but a small carrying place from hence to ye great Lake; now we resolved to head ye great Lake, and steer'd north over ye little one, a mile, and went into ye woods N.E. two leagues, and then came upon a branch of the Great Lake and cross't it two mile over course N.E., and then crossed a neck of land a league, and came upon another branch a league over course E., here we could see into ye lake at least 10 leagues W.N.W., we now steer'd S.E. a league, and came to another branch a league over S.S.E. and a mile over another branch course south a league, and then another branch a mile over S.E., and another ye same course two mile over, and another a mile over south, between all these branches there are small necks of land, and extraordinary bad way, and thick of cedars and spruce, but ye ice strong which was some comfort to us, in ye body of ye lake and ye branches are abundance of Islands; we took up our lodgings upon a neck of land, having travell'd this day extreem hard 13 leagues, and were hardly put to it for provisions. Our supper was two bevers, which an[d] Indian killed and was a feast among us all. Nov. 16. This morning early we began our march, and went cross a neck two leagues course S.E., and came upon a small river, which went into ye lake N.E. halfe a league, and cross't another branch one league, and then travell'd alongside of ye Lake two leagues very bad woods course east, we then left it, and steer'd S.E. four leagues through ye most prodigious, dolefull woods yt. ever I saw; here we took up our lodging the weather extreem cold and cloudy, and ye wind blew violently and it snow'd till morning. Travell'd this day eight leagues and halfe. Nov. 17. We sett out betimes and travelled very hard, ye woods being something better than before, and after we had gone about six leagues, came to a river about 100 yards wide, wch. we were forced to wade over, some places above our midles, this River runs into a great Lake course W.N.W., and about 6 leagues farther we took up our lodging having marcht 12 leagues, our course N.N.E., this night we killed four bever, upon wch. our Indians feasted all night, having no regard to ye shortness of provisions, for they never make two wants of one. Nov. 18. We sett out betimes in ye morning, ye wind S.W. blew hard and snowed; about 10 a'clock we came to a Lake a mile over, ye ice good, we travell'd 4 leagues; and about 4 leagues farther met a large lake of 3½ leagues long, and about a league over, with great bayes in it, and extreem bad woods round it, we was forced to goe ye length of it; the ice was here soe very thin yt. it bent in waves under us every step we took, and sometimes were forced to creep on our bellyes with a long pole in our hands to save us if it should break; this was hazardous to ye last degree, and had we not been at such scarcity of provisions, would never have dar'd to be so venturesome; but Death was before us, and ye impossibility of heading ye Lake seem'd as formidable as starving, besides ye Indians were resolved to goe over being sharp sett with hunger, as well as we, wch. caused us to doe now, what at another time would seem little better than madness to doe, but blessed be God at last gott all safe over; there are abundance of Islands in this Lake, wch. is ye head of one of ye branches of Penobscot River, here you see the whole length of ye Lake, and near the N.E. end a great bay, runs S.W.; we went a league down sd. River on ye ice. This day's journey was 12½ leagues; we killed one hare this day and rested after our melancholly journey. Nov. 19. It was this morning very bad weather, ye wind S.E. with abundance of rain, however we began our march early, and went along ye side of one of ye branches of Penobscot River a league North, and then mett with ye greatest eastermost branch, wch. runs W. and N.N.W. generally; here ye ice was good; but we were forced to waid up to ye ankles by reason of ye rain; we went up sd. river 5 leagues and then it run S.W.; here comes a small river into ye great one at ye North side, wch. we took and went a league up; it runs cheifly N.N.W., but very crooked, we waded up ankle deep on ye ice, which was very thin, but gott over safe, we had travelled seven leagues this day and were all wett to ye skin, myselfe very ill with a flux occasioned by ye colds, and scarcity of provisions; we took up our lodgings on ye west side of ye Little River and made a wigwam. Nov. 20. It was still bad weather and rained till 8 at night, and then snowed all ye rest of ye night, ye wind N.E., were forced to continue here this day, there being no travelling, ye rivers being too high and ye ice too weak to bear us. Our Indians killed one bever. Nov. 21. We could not yet remove from our lodgings, ye river being soe high and ye ice all thawed and gone, and extreem bad weather with snow and ye wind still N.E., we gott no provisions in hunting, so were forced to hall very shorte. Nov. 22. Still snow and bad weather, ye wind N.E., however we ventured on our journey and travelled on ye South side of ye Little River N.W. three leagues and then came upon a Lake which drowned the land very bad, some of our company fell in severall times. Our course was North 3 leagues, extreem bad travelling, the water being ankle deep upon ye ice, we were then forced to leave yt. and struck into ye woods, our course N.W. 3 leagues, the woods very bad, and hardly passable, we travell'd eight leagues this day, and here took up our lodging, having killed 4 parteridges in our march. Nov. 23. The wind blew hard at N.E. with snow, and extreem bad weather, nevertheless began our march, and had a fatiguing day of it. About two in ye afternoon we came cross our own track, soe found we were out of our way, ye course we intended was N.W., we were forced to leave a small river by reason ye ice would not bear us, wch. was much to our disadvantage. We travelled this day hard at least 10 leagues, and beleive we did not advance five on our way; we this day killed two parteridges, and our provisions grows very shorte, soe yt. we have but one small meal a day. Nov. 24. The weather being clear but extreem cold N.N.W. wind we begun our march early this morning, and about 12 a clock we came upon a bever dam, and had ye good fortune to kill a bever, wch. was very acceptable to us; the woods here were very bad to travell, soe went but 8 leagues this day, and at night took up our lodgin at ye foot of a large mountain. Our course was cheifly N.W., we had a good supper of ye bever, which was more than we had three days before. Nov. 25. Our breakfast this morning was a walk over this mountain, wch. was prodigious high and steep, course N.W., with great fatigue arrived to ye top, and could see a vast way, all round it, tho' not with much pleasure. About 12 a clock we came to a Lake two leagues long and a mile wide, here had formerly been a wigwam and trees marked for two leagues on ye other side of it; we then cross't a river which runs S.W. and mett with great difficulty, and about a league farther we took up our lodging, having this day travell'd eleven leagues, wh. extreemly tyred us, the ways were soe very bad, the weather was pretty tollerable all day, ye wind N.W., but at night it came about S.E. with rain and snow. Nov. 26. The weather continued stormy and tempestuous with snow, and rain, wind S.E. We travell'd but 5 leagues, all wett to ye skin, and nothing to refresh us (inside or out) our shoes torn of our feet, and ourselves almost out of heart, we sat down by a small brook, which runs North, and built our wigwam, sent our men a hunting, who had ye good fortune to kill a bever, all our other provisions salt and fresh were spent, we eat ye bever and made shoes of ye skin, which was some releife to us. Our course this day as near as we could guess was most N.W., these woods are ye worst that ever I passed. Nov. 27. We went out all hands bever hunting this day, the storm and snow being soe violent could not travail, we killed two bevers, were wett to ye skin, and return'd to our wigwam, wind still S.E. Nov. 28. The snow continued, nevertheless began our march very early without our breakfast, found it intolerable travelling through thick bushes and trees that almost tore our flesh, but we marched very hard, and about one a clock came to a River wh. runs E.N.E., and we cross't it with great hazzard, and on each side was ye worst woods that can possibly be imagined, this day travell'd 10 leagues, course generally N.W., we had nothing at all to eat only as we bark't ye trees, of which I eat my supper. Nov. 29. This day was very unsteady weather, sometimes snow, and sometimes clear, ye morning tolerable travelling, but the midle of the day soe bad, we thought we could never gett through, but towards night something better, we travell'd at least 10 leagues passed severall small rivers, but mett no living creature, and reduced to extreem want, forced to eat ye bark of trees and ye roots. Nov. 30. It was cloudy, wind N.W. and snow, we sett out and travailed very hard, pretty good woods, about 9 of ye clock came to a river which runs South, and about a league farther found two wigwams where Indians lived last winter, and about 11 a clock came to a Lake, about a mile every way, ye ice good, and had ye good fortune to kill two porcupines, wch. weighed about 8 lb., and was a great releife to us, we travailed 9 leagues this day, course generally N.W. Dec. 1st. Rained and snowed, we travailed extreem hard, ye woods pretty good but very mountainous. About eleven a clock mett two small rivers run N.N.E., wh. they say are branches of ye River St. Johns. Just at night arrived at ye top of a prodigious high mountain from whence we could see ye mountains on ye north side of Quebeck, we lodged on ye west side of this mountain having travail'd 12 leagues all fasting. Dec. 2. This morning march't very early, and about 10 came to a small brook which runs north, here was a bever dam, spent great part of ye day here in hopes to meet with provisions, but gott none. This day travail'd 6 leagues almost spent for want of victualls. The last 24 hours had much rain, which rendered ye brooks almost impassable, they were soe high, the wind still at South. Dec. 3. We travailed hard till 2 a clock, were all wett to ye skin, spent much time at a bever dam, but gott nothing, wch. discouraged us very much, ye ways were much better than before. We travailed 8 leagues, course cheifly N.W., and took up our lodging, being very weak, and faint for want of food. It was very cloudy with rain and snow a foot and halfe thick. Dec. 4. It was very heavy travailing by reason of ye snow, nevertheless we travailed extreem hard all day course North, at two a clock came to a great River, which made us jump for joy, thinking it was Quebeck River, but as much discouraged when we saw our mistake, were forced to travail alongside of it, the ice was so rotten, it runs north, and we took up our lodging within night; had nothing to eat, and was very faint, we travailed 11 leagues this day, very unsettled weather, the woods and bushes covered with snow, and this night rained ye first part of it, and snowed ye latter part at least a foot and halfe deep. Dec. 5. Our scarcity of victualls had almost reduced us to ye last extremity, we were weak and faint, and ye ways soe heavy and sloppy wth. snow and rain, yt. we were now almost ready to give out. Now we went over ye river, wch. was soe rotten, one of our Indians fell in, and we had like to have lost him; we travailed on with as much expedition, as our feeble circumstances would admitt, and at four of ye clock we were much fatigued, and came to a house. I cannot express ye joy I felt at so comfortable a sight. We went in and had what the house could afford to refresh us, staid till near night, rewarded ye good man whose name was D'bourne, and went about a league farther, where we saw three housen more, which were at ye side of ye Quebeck River, and found very civill treatment from one John Demare, where we lodged, having travailed 12 leagues this day, ye weather overcast, wind N.E. Dec. 6. This morning Monsr. Casteen sent an express to ye Governor Generall to acquaint him of our arrivall, who immediately sent Monsr. L'favour and two canoes with some wine and brandy to present us, which was very acceptable to us, soe we proceeded on our journey to Quebeck, where we arrived about sun sett. I immediately waited upon the Governor and delivered him my letters; He received me with all imaginable marks of civillity, and ordered me lodgings in ye fort in his house. Dec. 7. I had ye Governor's slay and paid a visitt to ye Intendant, who very hansomly received me, and soe did all ye Gentlemen in town. Dec. 8. I waited upon ye Governor with my Instructions, which were interpreted by Monsr. Deleno, one of ye Councill. I desired yt. I might be dispatch'd without delay, wh. ye Governor promised me I should. I took up of him 1000 livers french money to buy myselfe and servant cloaths, for I had not so much as a shirt for to wear, that I had on I had worne 44 days, my cloathing were all lost when ye canoe oversett, severall English prisoners came to visitt me at my lodging, whom I supplyed with money, I demanded of ye Governor Mr. Williams daughter, he told me it was not in his power to gett her; she was among the Indians, and as for ye prisoners in their hands, he could not ingage for their exchange, for they were his Allies. Dec. 9. I went in ye Governor's slay attended by an officer and the interpreter to wait upon Monsr. Deleno in ye lower town, where severall English prisoners came to see me. Dec. 10. I supped at ye Intendants, was very hansomly entertained, ye Governor, Gentlemen and Ladies of ye town were guests, and were diverted with musick and dancing. Dec. 11. I made some visitts in town, at night ye Governor treated nobly with musick and dancing. This day Johnson Harman, an English prisoner taken at Winter Harbour came to see me. Dec. 12. Severall prisoners were admitted to see me, they pleaded necessity of releife, and I lett them have £24 6s. money, at ye rate of 8s. per ounce. Dec. 13. This day I applyed myselfe to ye Governor General, and earnestly desired him to dispatch me. He said that he had sent an express to Mount Royall for two gentlemen to goe with me for New England, and that he could not dispatch me till they arrived, which would be in a few days. I with impatience waited their comeing. Dec. 20. I paid ye four Indians yt. came with me 60 peices of eight per man for their journey. Dec. 21. Being their New Year's Day sup't this night at the Intendants, had a splendid entertainment with musick and dancing, and had ye drums and musick at my door, and many of ye English prisoners came to me this day, to whom I gave money, and to ye servants of ye house as is customary. Dec. 24. The Gentlemen who are to go with me arrived, names M. Romvelle and Depeiu. Dec. 25. I had many English prisoners and others to wish me Merry Christmass, wh. cost me much money, amongst them; The Govr. Genll. had a supper this night, where were at least 50 persons of distinction, and ye whole entertainment in great splendour. Dec. 26. The weather was very moderate, soe as was hardly ever known at this time of year. The Governor Generall and myselfe were invited to sup at ye Intendant's, where was much company, great plenty, with dancing and musick to admiration. Dec. 27. I moved ye Governor for my dispatch, telling him I was very uneasie at so long stay, and altho' ye ways were so bad, I would venture for New England, he told me it was impossible for me to pass ye Rivers, ye ice not being strong to bear me, but said he would dispatch me speedily. Jan. 1 st. This being our New Years Day, ye English prisoners came to see me, and wish me a merry new year, I knew their meaning and gave them money. Jan. 2. The weather is now very cold. I am in hopes in a few days ye ice will be strong enough to bear us, yt. we may sett forward on our journey home. Jan. 3. I gave ye Govr. Genll. Bills of Exchange on Mr. John Borland in Boston, for 4000 livers I had of him for H.M. services. Jan. 4. We had news from Mount Royall yt. ye River was not yet froze over. Jan. 5. I discharged all my debts, yt. I might be ready to goe at a minute's warning. Jan. 7. I discoursed with ye Govr. Genll. about his answer to Genll.Nicholson's letters, he promised to give me a coppy of his answer in English and sign it for a true coppy, and when M. Romvelle and M. Depeiu came to Boston, if Genl. Nicholson should be gone, they are ordered to deliver his letters to me, and promised yt. I should see their Instructions before my departure. I supped this night at ye Intendants, was there nobly entertained at ye expence of his son. I am in hopes to begin my journey to-morrow for Mount Royall; a post arrived from Morall, and brings news of peace. Jan. 8. We had stormy weather and snow this four and twenty hours till ye afternoon, then cleared up cold; M. Deleno is translating ye Governor's letters to Genll. Nicholson, which is ye only thing I now stay for. Jan. 9. I have now all ye letters, am obliged to stay this day for M. Romvelle and Depew, who are not yet ready. I had a great entertainment this night at ye Governor's. Jan. 10. The last 24 hours had snow and some rain, the wind N.E., this day having taken our leave of ye Govr. Genll, and Gentlemen, begun our journey in three sleys, the road pretty good, and about 5 a clock we arrived at Ponat of Trambell, where we lodged, and was there visitted by some English prisoners, to whom I gave money, one Whiting was one of them. This day we had some difficulty in passing a river upon ye ice at Cape Rose, which is 3 leagues from Quebeck, and about four to Captain Misterell's, where I lodged; my man this day was taken very sick of a feaver; we have had ye wind at S.W. this day, with rain and snow till night, and then cleared up cold. Jan. 11. We sett out forward betimes, the wayes were very bad, and we were fatigued in crossing ye river called Jacke Corly, ye ice being very thin, we came there about twelve a clock, and two leagues farther took up our lodging, having travailed only 5 leagues this day, my good man continues very sick still. We have had ye wind at N.W. this day and very cold. Jan. 12. We have had bad way this day, till we came to M. Baken Corse at Port Nuff, wch. is about two leagues, then it grew something better till we came to Grondera three leagues farther, and came to Shamblin, and lodged at ye house of Madam Laranda, having this day travailed 9 leagues, we had very bad weather this day, much rain etc. Jan. 13. We could not stir this day by reason of ye bad weather, and my man is soe sick, am afraid I must leave him behind; the wind N. very cold. Jan. 14. This morning sett out at 5 a clock and found ye wayes better than we expected, at 7 a clock came to ye River Bastescamk, wh. is two leagues, and at 12 a clock arrived at a Cape about 4 leagues, where we were oblidged to leave our sleys, being to pass three rivers in canoes, which with much difficulty by reason of ye ice we accomplished, at two a clock arrived at ye Town of Troy River, where resides Govr. Gallfatte, we waited upon him, and were oblidged to goe and take a supper with him, and were very hansomly treated; I am forced to leave my man in an Hospitall in this place, he continueing so very sick, can carry him no farther; Here is a speciall care taken in this Hospitall of those yt. are sick. I left money with him to defray his necessary charges. We came seven leagues this day had changeable weather etc. Jan. 15. We sett out this morning at five with 3 sleys, and at three arrived at St. Franceway, and cross't ye Lake of St. Pear, which is 6 leagues, had much difficulty because the ice was so bad; at ye mouth of ye Lake Monsr. Romvelle parted from us for Mount Royall, we being bound to Shamblin, where he is to meet us. This morning before day to save time, went to see my man at ye Hospitall. who is very sick, but hath great care taken of him; we came 9 leagues this day, the weather clear and cold till night and then snowed, ye wind N.E. Jan. 16. Begun our journey very early, and at 10 a clock arrived at Fort Sorell, was civilly entertained by Capt. De Sholoine, ye Commadore, and din'd with him, having come four leagues. Here we parted from ye Great River, and took ye River Shamblee, and went up sd. River four leagues, and took up our lodgings at ye Islands of St. Torre in ye woods having come 8 leagues, this day we had snow and ye wind at N.E. till one a clock, and then clear and cold, ye wind west. Jan. 17. We began to march at five this morning and went 2 leagues up ye River Shamblee, but found little ice in the river, and yt. very rotten, M. Pecy fell in over head and ears, the river wholly clear of ice farther up, so forced to return to said Island, and from thence went over ye carrying place one league, and came to Fort St. Toer, and along the side of Quebeck River two leagues, and came to a fort Counter Cure, and two leagues farther was another small fort called Counter Cure, and two leagues farther another fort named —, and having travailed 8 leagues this day, we lodged at Madam Lapare's, ye weather clear and cold. Jan. 18. We began our journey very early and came to a fort two leagues from ye other, and two leagues farther came to a stone fort at a place called Longuill and there dined, and from thence marched cross ye woods to Shamblee, ye road being extreem bad, at 4 a clock arrived at Monseiur Artell's being five leagues, was there complimented by Capt. De Gorde the Commadore of ye Fort with other officers, and Gentlemen. Our day's journey was nine leagues, weather clear. Jan. 19. Here we attended for Mons. Romvelle, and ye Frenchman who arrived at 4 a clock afternoon, the same day came four Indians to goe with us to Albany, to whom I promised 150 livers per man for their journey, and spent ye rest of ye day in preparation for ye same, and in receiving visitts from severall gentlemen who came from Mount Royall to see us, we had foule weather with snow and rain this last 24 hours, ye wind southerly. Jan 20. Wee getting ready for our departure to-morrow: I had a hansom entertainment made by ye Commadore Capt. De Gourde at my lodging, ye weather was good till night, then snowed till twelve, then clear till morning, ye wind N.E. Jan. 21. At 8 a clock this morning we began our journey being 13 of us, vizt., 8 Frenchmen, 4 Indians, and myselfe. The Commadore with severall other gentlemen yt. came from Mount Royall gave us their company as far as ye carrying place, we had sent our equipage before to Fort St. Trees, wh. is two leagues, when we arrived there found our sleads all out of order by reason of ye badness of ye way, soe went upon the ice a league, and took up our lodging a league farther at ye west side of ye river, at 3 a clock, and there mended our sleads and canoes, we came 3 leagues course S.S.W. generally, all ye way to St. Trees is riplings, we had a detachment of 8 men to goe with us three dayes; this last 24 hours had good weather till night, then snow and rain, ye wind at South. Jan. 22. This morning at break of day begun to move forward and went halfe a league upon ye ice, then was forced to strike into ye woods halfe a league, and come to Fort St. Johns, and from thence went upon the ice 5 leagues, and came to a place where was 3 wigwams, here we found 3 good canoes on ye west side of ye river, over against Small River, ye ice was very bad, and two men with 3 sleys fell into ye ice, and I wett my Journall, we went 6 leagues this day, ye course generally S.W. Here we made three sleys to draw ye canoes on, and sent two men to see how far ye ice continued, they brought word a league and halfe; we had snow and rain all this day, the wind hard S.E. We lodged this night in a wigwam. Jan. 23. We continued still where we were yesterday by reason of ye bad weather, wind N.E., and snow till night, and then clear and cold, ye wind N.W. Jan. 24. We drew our bagage a league through the woods, then took up our canoes with some of our things to cross over to ye Island of Tate, where we landed with great difficulty of ye ice, we sent back ye 8 men that we received at Shamblee, and went about two leagues farther, and mett a bar of ice, soe were forced to take up our lodging this night on the west side of ye river, we came this day 6 leagues, course generally S.S.W. Jan. 25. The weather clear and cold, wind N.W., we entered into our canoes in ye morning, and went about a league and mett with ice, soe were forced to return to our wigwam, not being able to land for ye ice, here we made sleys to draw our canoes, and began our march at 9 a clock, and at two met four Indians which came from Albany, had twelve days passage, brought no news, we came 7 leagues this day, course generally S.S.W., and took up our lodging at ye west side of ye Lake, about a league to ye southward of Fort Lemotte Island, where we had water at night, but in ye morning ice as far as we could see, but not strong enough to bear us. Jan. 26. We were forced to stay at our wigwam this day by reason ye ice was not strong enough to bear us; the weather was moderate, cloudy, ye wind at N.E., at night snow and rain. Jan. 27. The ice was very thin, yet we ventured 3 leagues into ye Lake, and mett with water, we then embarqued and crossed ye Lake, where we found ice in severall places, and soe was forced to take up our lodging within night on the east side of ye Lake, about a league to ye southward of Rogeo. We went this day 12 leagues, nine by water and travailed three, course generally S.S.W. ye wind was S.W., with some snow and cloudy. Jan. 28. At 11 a clock was embarqued and mett with a great sea, ye wind ahead, but went on our journey with great difficulty, and took up our lodging within night about a league to ye southward of ye Otter Creek, we come this 6 leagues course generally S.W., ye weather cloudy and wind S.W. till night, and then clear. Jan. 29. This morning sett out very early, and went 3 leagues in our canoes, and then mett with ice, wh. would not bear us, soe was forced to goe in ye woods 3 leagues to ye Scalping Point, we had very difficult travailing this day, forwarding but 7 leagues, our dogs could not draw in ye woods, so was forced to carry all, here we left our canoes; at night there came to us a Benecke and his squaw, and told us there was at ye Little Fall of ye wood Creek ten wigwams of sd. Nation, who were gone a hunting. Jan. 30. This last 24 hours the weather clear. This morning had pretty good travailing till noon, then the snow thawed, and made it very heavy travailing, when we had gone nine leagues, we took up our lodging on ye east side of ye drownded land; in ye morning we mett three Benecks and ten squaws drawing their canoes on ye ice. Jan. 31st. We sett out at 4 a clock in ye morning and travailed hard in pretty good way. Arrived at ye fall of Wood Creek about 11 a clock, which is nine leagues from our wigwam. We marched 4 leagues farther upon sd. Creek, severall places there was no ice, soe was forced to travail in ye woods; we came this day 13 leagues, course generally S.S.W. This last 24 hours had ye weather good till noon, then snow the wind N.E. Feb. 1st. At 5 this morning we began our march, and at 11 arrived at ye fort at Wood Creek, and went across the carrying place, and about a mile below it we took up our lodging on ye west side of Albany River, and there made a good wigwam, this day we travailed 9 leagues, course generally S.S.W., ye weather good, ye wind S.W. Feb. 2. Began our journey this morning before 5 of ye clock and arrived at Fort Ingoldsby at 10 a clock; there I left the French gentlemen, and went post to Albany, where I arrived at 6 at night, and provided for the Gentlemen at ye halfe moon. I came 14 leagues this day, waited upon ye Commissioner, and demanded horses to dispatch us for Boston with all speed, ye weather, good and wind W. Feb. 3rd. The Commissioner denyed to provide for ye French gentlemen, soe took up my lodgings for them at my brother Livingstone's, where they arrived at 8 a clock this night. Feb. 4. I forwarded as much as possible for my journey to Boston, and they promised that they would press horses for us, but I must pay all ye charge. Feb. 5. At 4 in ye afternoon sett out from Albany with ye French gentlemen, and went to Capt. Dowes where we lodged, and had two men and nine horses, in order for New England. Feb. 6. We sett out early this morning and arrived at Kinderhook at 2 a clock, and dined at Peter Martin's, lodged at Abraham Dewers, had two Dutch men to goe with us to bring ye horses back from Woodberry, must give them each 10 peices of eight and three and a halfe for each horse, we had good weather. Feb. 7. Was a terrible storm at S.E. with snow. We sett out about 5 in ye morning, and rode in ye snow as far as the Mannour of Livingstone. This day went 8 leagues. Feb. 8. I went to Jacob Vosbury's two leagues, and gott oats and necessarys for our horses to goe through the woods. Feb. 9. Travailed 12 leagues this day and lodged at Sacketts farm, ye weather cloudy and cold, ye wind N.E. Feb. 10. This morning began our journey very early, went as far as Weantinuck by one of ye clock, and at seven arrived at Woodberry, where lodged having travailed this day 15 leagues; I sent an express to Governor Saltonstall and Councill of war at Hartford. Feb. 11th. This morning sett out at 5 a clock, the weather moderate, but ye snow very deep. We arrived at Waterbury and there dined, and soe proceeded and came to Farmington where we lodged having travailed this day 11 leagues, course N.E. Feb. 12. This last 24 hours had abundance of rain, ye wind at South. We gott to Hartford this day, and were all wett to ye skin. I took up lodgings at one Worth ington's, came five leagues, course E.N.E. Feb. 13, 14, 15. The weather was soe bad we could not travail, the rivers were soe high, only on Thirsday went as far as Glostenbury, which is three leagues. Feb. 16. The weather was pretty tolerable, soe we sett out very early this morning, and came to Colchester at 11 and there dined, and proceeded on our journey, and at 6 gott to New London; I sent post before to Governour Saltonstall to acquaint him I was coming, with some French gentlemen. Travailed this day 15 leagues. Feb. 17, 18. The wind blew extreem hard so yt. we could not cross the ferry. Feb. 19. Being Monday we came as far as Thomsons which is 7 leagues and there lodged. Feb. 20. The weather not being good, could gett no farther than Mr. Champlin's, wh. was four leagues, and there we lodged. Feb. 21st. We sett out at 5 a clock in ye morning, at 7 at night we arrived at Providence, and lodged at Mr. Whiples, came 15 leagues this day, very bad travailing, the rivers very high. Feb. 22. We went to Seaconck, and thence to Billings's, being 10 leagues and there lodged. Feb. 23. This day we arrived at Boston. 21 pp. [C.O. 217, 31. No. 1.]
Feb. 23.
674. Lt. General Hamilton to Lord Dartmouth. The eleaventh of December last at Nevis I recd. a letter from the Lt. Governor of this Island giving me the mallancholly advice of the death of H.E. Daniel Parke Esq., which was accompanyed with an Address from the Councill and Assembly of said Island desireing that I would with all the expedition possible visitt the Island, promulge my Commission and receive the Broad Seal in regard the Government was devolved upon me by the death of H.E., which was very surpriseing and affecting in regard to the unhappy manner thereof. But understanding the miserable circumstances of that Island and the many disorders therein, and not knowing how soon the dissaster might reach the ears of our enemy, I thought it my duty immediately to repair to the same in order to allay the disturbances and to secure and defend the Island against the attempts and insults of the enemy who there was reason to fear would embrace that oppertunity to make a descent thereon if in any tollerable condition. Wherefore after giveing the necessary directions for the defence and protection of H.M. Island of Nevis, whereof I was then Lt. Governor, I embarked on board a sloop the 14th of the same moneth (for want of a better conveyance, H.M.S. the Lark being then gone to Barbados to victuall) in whom I went to St. Christophers and there took on board two companyes of H.M. troops in order to secure and defend the sloop in case she should be attacked by any of the enemy's privateers in our passage they being very numerous amongst these Islands, after which I proceeded on my voyage to Antigua haveing first issued proclamations for the continuance of all civill and millitary officers both in Nevis and St. Christophers that were commissionated and appointed by his said late Excellency, judgeing it necessary to prevent all disputes that might be started under pretence of the expiration of the Commissions granted by the said Generall Parke by which meanes justice might have been in some measure obstructed. On 19th Dec. I arrived here where I found the Lt. Governor Councill and Assembly quartering H.M. troops repairing their fortifications and conserting measures for the security and defence of the Island, which my lord I must say was in a most deplorable condition, their coast naked, their fortifications espetially that of Monks Hill ruined and decayed, great part of the Militia destitute of armes, and in short everything entirely out of order, so that if the enemy had attempted the Island I doubt they would easily have become masters thereof. I shall not my Lord pretend to say who was the occasion thereof, neither can I give your Lordship so full and exact an account of the motives that conduced to the unhappy end of Generall Parke as I could wish, but this I beg leave to say, that I have the misfortune of comeing to a Governement which is altogether in confusion few or no papers relateing thereto except the Commission and Instructions haveing come to my hands, the multitude in the time of action destroying them as well as the rest of the things that were in his house, so that I am very much at a loss how to proceed in severall respects, however I shall endeavour to discharge my duty with regard to H.M. honour and the good and tranquility of these Her Islands, Hopeing your Lordship will be so kind as to afford me your countenance therein, they being sincerely aimed at and desired by me. Two dayes after I arrived in this Island I mett the Lieut. Governor Councill and Assembly at Monks Hill at which time by advice and consent of the former I appointed a Generall Councill and Assembly to be held in this Island in order to enquire into the matters relateing to the death of Generall Parke, and to give oppertunity to the Members of each Island to consider and propose what may be for the benefitt and advantage of the whole, judgeing the former would not be so truely and impartially represented as by a Generall Councill who are indifferent persons, consonant to which the members of both houses yesterday mett me in this Island, expecting those of the Assembly from Nevis, whose inhabitants would not elect any Representatives to serve in this Generall Meeting tho' they were twice summoned, the reason whereof I cannot learn, so 'tis not in my power to give your Lordship advice thereof at present. But by the next I hope not onely to be particular therein but also to be capable of sending your Lordship a perfect account of the unhappy proceedings concerning the death of our late Generall by an Inquisition from the Generall Councill, who have not yet made any enquiry therein for want of time, which I very much lament, but it was not in my power to call them together sooner tho' the action happened so long since. In the meantime I here inclosed send your Lordship an Address from the Lt. Governor and Councill of this Island as likewise another from the Assembly with the coppys of severall depositions touching that matter, which I humbly beg your Lordship will be pleased to lay before H.M. in order to receive Her gracious directions therein, that I may the better know how to proceed in so difficult a point wherein all or the most of Her subjects in this Island have the misfortune to be engaged, soe that I doe not conceive it prudence to make prosecutions against any particular persons, fearing the attempt may be of ill consequence to this H.M. Collony, and there is noe possibillity of prosecuteing such a multitude, wherefore I have concluded to be silent untill I know H.M. pleasure therein, which I pray your Lordship will be pleased to communicate to me by the first in the interim I shall endeavour with my utmost industry to restore peace and unity amongst the inhabitants, knowing that nothing will so effectually contribute to the benefitt of H.M. and the advantage of the Island as those two particulars. Your Lordship will perceive by the Addresses (which is the most exact account I can at present transmitt, and to which I beg leave to referr your Lordship) that this unhappy tragedy happened on Dec. 7 last, since which no oppertunity from hence has offered so that it hath not been in my power sooner to give advice thereof to H.M. or your Lordship. As soon as the Councill and Assembly had finished their Address, I proposed to them the hireing a vessell to send away with the same in order to be layd before H.M., there being no vessell that was then bound from these Islands, but I could not prevail with the former to consent thereto, they alleding their circumstances would not permitt them to be at that charge, which my Lord I must confess is too true, the Island being in a most miserable condition haveing been afflicted with dry weather for a long time past, which has not onely ruined their crops, but reduced them to very great extremitys for want of provisions, and unless we have some speedy supplys from forreigne parts here are severall familys that must perish or be oblidged to leave the Island. About 3 weeks agoe I went from hence and visitted the other three Islands, from whence I returned but the 20th of this moneth, dureing my being there I examined into the account of their stores of warr as likewise enquired into the condition of their forts and plattformes espetially in St. Christophers viewing the same, but to my very great concerne I find everything entirely out of order, particularly in Mountserratt and St. Christophers, their store of powder and armes in those two Islands but very small, most of their guns unmounted, severall of their carriages rotten and not fitt for service, their plattformes and other works of publick defence gone to ruine and decay, so that I perceive myselfe at the head of a very naked and weak Government, however I shall not fail to apply all the remedy in my power in order to secure and defend each of them with my uttmost vigour, if there be occasion. Your Lordship's letter of Sept. 28 last directed to our late Genll. came to my hand by this pacquet, but there being nothing therein which requires an answer, I shall not now make any addition, etc. P.S. In the unhappy conflict there was severall of H.M. subjects killed and wounded on both sides, of which the greater number fell from those who appeared with H.E., there being 11 killed and 35 wounded all of whom save two were H.M. regular troops with an Ensigne, there being few others with him. There was also four of the inhabitants killed and eight wounded which I think proper to communicate to your Lordships that you may be duely apprized of the number lost in that unfortunate action. Signed, W. Hamilton. Copy. 4 pp. Enclosed,
674. i. (a) Depositions of William Plumridge, serjeant, Edward Kellsey, Edward Hardin and Jeremiah Mackdonnell, Thomas Dorom, Hugh Davis, William Mitchell, John Spencer, centinels and soldiers. There happening a difference between Governor Parke and the inhabitants of Antigua, the General ordered all the soldiers on the Island to meet at his house, and on Dec. 6th, most of them haveing mett him at his house, he declared to them that if they would stand by him, they should have all the plunder of the towne and the Plantations of all the Islanders that should be killed. Next morning before the engagement, he made the like declaration.
(b) Deposition of George Dewitt, planter. Dec. 15, 1710. On Dec. 7, being at his own plantation near St. Johns, deponent perceived a great number of men under armes in Capt. Otto's pasture, and afterwards saw them march towards the church, and as soone as some few of them ascended and got on a little hill to the north ward of the said church, he saw the soldiers or some other persons who were in armes at the house where Gen. Parke dwelled, fire at the persons on said hill, and presently after saw severall shotts exchanged by both partys.
(c) Deposition of Clement Lanier, butcher, Jan. 25, 17 10/11. On Dec. 7 about one or two o'clock in the morning some negroes came to deponent and told him that a great many people had got in his house and were takeing away the beefe which the said negroes were left to watch. Deponent went to his house and found the lock broken and about 20 soldiers in it, being those that belonged to the particular guard of Genl. Parke, some of whom he saw cutting up the forequarters of the beefe, the hinder quarters being taken away before by them.
(d) Deposition of Archd. Cochran, Jan. 25, 17 10/11. On Dec. 5 deponent saw several soldiers of Col. Jones' Regiment, commanded by Lt. Richd. Worthington, drawn up ready armed before the door of the Courthouse at St. Johns, in a posture ready to fire, and upon some discourse between John Ker and some of the soldiers, he heard one Boaz, a serjt., say he was sure of his man, meaning as deponent verily beleives one of the Assembly.
(e) Deposition of John Kerr, junr., Jan. 25, 17 10/11. Begins as preceding. Deponent heard some of the said soldiers say they only waited for the word of command, upon which deponent asked them what they said and Boaz made answer, why don't you give us quarters.
(f) Deposition of Edward Byam, Member of Council of Antigua, Jan. 25, 17 10/11. Some time in Nov. 1709, having received intelligence that the French had attacked, and as it was then believed taken the Island of St. Eustatia, Governor Parke called the Council together at his own habitation to consult measures for the publick security, where they seemed under a very great concerne fearing the enemy would next attack St. Christophers, and if they succeded would proceed to invade this Island. H.E. was pleased to say he wished he had his negroes from St. Christophers for that he would throw up a trench round his house, and then being told by deponent that the same would be of little or noe service, H.E. replyed that it would serve to make termes, which deponent says was very surprizeing and gave him great concerne, all which deponent did declare unto two of the Gentlemen of the Councill in about two or three months after.
(g) Deposition of John Kerr, Jan. 26, 17 10/11. Confirms (d) and (e). Deponent saw the soldiers ready to fire upon the Assembly, whereupon he went to the door and askt what they intended to doe. Boaz, a serjt., answered that if the Generall commanded them to fire upon the Gent. of the Country, they would.
(h) Deposition of Edward Chester, senr., Jan. 26, 17 10/11. On Dec. 6 about 12 at night his servant Marke Biggs came into his chamber and informed deponent that Lt. Worthington with severall armed men were at the doore with a candle and lanthorne, and that Worthington declared he would have deponent out because he had used him ill and threaten'd him. Finding the house beset, deponent took refuge in one of his storehouses, etc. He had little or no acquaintance with Worthington, nor ever gave him the least ill-usage, etc.
(i) Deposition of Mark Biggs, Jan. 26, 17 10/11. Corroborates preceding.
(j) Deposition of Richard Moore, Jan. 26, 17 10/11. Corroborates preceding.
(k) Deposition of William Thornton, soldier in Col. Jones' regiment. Jan. 26, 17 10/11. Corroborates (c). The whole, 4½ large pp.
674. ii. Address of the Lt. Governor and Council of Antigua to the Queen. Jan. 26, 1710 (11). Wee your Majesties most loyall dutifull and obedient subjects humbly crave leave to congratulate your Majesty on the great and many glorious successes with which it has pleased God to bless your auspicious reigne. It is with deep regrett that wee have occasion to lay before you the unhappy circumstances of the death of Governor Parke. Refer to Minutes of Council and Assembly for an account of the differences between him and the inhabitants of Antigua. It was some time in Oct. last (the Island being a long time destitute of an Assembly, and the people under great apprehensions of danger from the enemy, and wholy un prepared for defence) that the Lt. Governour and some of the Council applyed to H.E. to call an Assembly that measures might be concerted for your Majesty's honour and the common safety, which was accordingly convened, and being mett a late dispute was sett on foot by H.E. concerneing the appointment of a Clerk to that house, and though it hindered publick business for some time, yet rather then it should be longer obstructed the Assembly presented to H.E. one Mr. Hinde whom they requested he would be pleased to swear and qualify for their Clerk, which wee beleive the Assembly thought fully answered H.E's. objection therein as to your Majesty's Prerogative, and accordingly wee then signifyed the same to him by an Address. But nevertheless the same had no effect, and when the Assemblyes messages relateing thereto was delivered to H.E. he tore the same in a very great passion, alledging he would receive nothing from them to that purpose, but what was in the very individuall words he himselfe directed, of which the Assembly haveing notice took it for granted that he was resolved to proceed to no publick business whatever, and thereupon waited on H.E. in Councill (haveing first prayed access by a message in writeing setting forth therein that they had affairs of very great moment to communicate to him, and which very nearly concerned the honour and interest of your Majesty and this Government), and then presented H.E. with an Address as they alledged assureing him they were resolved to overcome all difficulties that could be proposed that something might be done for the common security remonstrateing the dismall apprehensions they were under by some quantitys of provisions being carryed up in some flaggs of truce to Martineco to the great dissatisfaction of the inhabitants. Whilst these things were thus offered and argued, some of your Majesties regular troops with an officer came armed to the Townehouse door and being askt by some of the Assembly whether they intended to fire on them, answered they onely wanted the word of command so to do as is affirmed by some of the Representatives. Mr. Speaker haveing tendered H.E. the aforesaid Address, he was pleased to refuse it, telling the Assembly they had committed a ryott and that he would clap their Speaker in irons, which wee takeing notice of and observing severall of the Members of the Assembly greatly concerned at such threatening prayed H.E. not to esteem the Assemblys waiting on him with an humble Address to be committing a ryott, and begg'd that he would please to permitt it be read, which he very passionately refused earnestly commanding them instantly to withdraw, which they accordingly did seemingly under no small consternation and in a short time after were adjorned by H.E. to Dec. 7th. The account of these unhappy proceedings soon reached the ears of all the inhabitants, and that being joined with the ill conceptions and experience they had before of H.E.'s proceedings and treatment, great parts of them men of figure and good interest as well as others esteemed it reasonable and necessary to be in towne with their armes to protect their Representatives from the like or worse insults from the soldiers as they alledged. In which intervall H.E. thought fitt to order five field peices to be brought and commodiously placed about his house loaded with great and small shott: commanded all your Majesties troops to attend him in armes and sent for musketts, amunition and other stores out of the magazine. The inhabitants being come to towne and hearing what preparations H.E. had made, and being informed that the very night before some of the soldiers which were the Generall's particular guard had committed severall insolencies and outrages one of which was in breaking open a house in towne violently takeing away two quarters of beef, as also some others had threatened Mr. Edward Chester, then a member of Assembly, in his owne house, they became freshly exasperated, and thereupon the Lt. Governour with as many of the Council as were in towne, as they were oblidged by oath to assist H.E. with their best advice, addressed him (v. iii. infra), which Address was carryed him by Col. George Gamble, one of the Councill and backed with all the pressing arguments he could use to prevent the bloody scene which afterwards happened, but all proved ineffectuall, and upon Gamble's returne to the Councill, he declared to them all that had passed betwixt him and H.E. But that not giveing full satisfaction Gamble and Mr. Speaker was desired to wait on him with another address, the people then in armes declareing they had no designe or intent to hurt or injure his person praying him to discharge the troops and to visitt some other Island of his Governement that the Lt. Governour, Councill and Assembly might consider of measures for preservation of their lives and fortunes against our powerfull neighbour enemy the French, whom 'twas then feared would attack us, and thereupon by permission of H.E. had a pretty long discourse with him (v. infra), upon whose returne the people finding he was resolved not to remove from the Island, some of them marched up in sight of the Generall's house, upon which severall shotts were fired and by that meanes some were killed and fell on both sides amongst whome H.E. was found wounded in the thigh of which he dyed in about two houres after. Pray H.M. most gracious and favourable construction, being what will contribute to the restoreing peace and tranquillity, etc. Signed, John Yeamans, Row. Williams, Edw. Byam, Will. Codrington, Hen. Lyons, Thomas Morris, Geo. Gamble, Will. Byam, Richard Oliver. 3 large pp.
674. iii. Address of the Council of Antigua to Governor Parke. Saint Johns, Dec. 7, 1710. Wee were prepared with an Address to your Excellency to reinforce the application wee made on Tuesday last concerneing the appointment of a Clerk to the Assembly upon the message then sent by them, etc., your refuseing of which with other matters which passed betwixt your Excellency and the Assembly in the publick Court-house caused such a ferment in the Representatives and the people as had like to have produced very direfull effects; and tho' it has been our endeavours ever since to prevent anything fatall upon so unhappy an occasion; wee are now given to understand (which makes us lay the Address aside) the body of the people are so enraged upon the useage they conceive dealt them, that they think it in vaine to make any further application to you: nor do wee see it will be in our power to put a stop to the fury of an incensed multitude, and therefore think it our duty to acquaint your Excellency upon so unhappy a commotion, there seems a necessity for you to take the best and safest measures for the security and preservation of your person. And as wee are bound by solemn oath to assist you with our best advice, wee are of opinion as matters are now drove to the last extremity you cannot more effectually prevent the impending danger than by visitting forthwith some other part of your Governement and leaving the Assembly in conjunction with ourselves to concert measures by prepareing wholesome laws for the benefitt and security of the whole to be afterwards lay'd before your Excellency for your approbation or disallowance pursuant to the power H.M. has invested you with, and this our opinion wee cannot but inforce to your Excellency, hopeing it may have the happy success of preventing scenes of blood from ourselves whatever may unfortunately befall us from the hands of our enemyes. Signed, John Yeamans, John Hamilton, Edward Byam, George Gamble. Agreed to by Richard Oliver, though not present when sent. ¾ large p.
674. iv. (a) Address to Governor Parke sent from the Head of the inhabitants under armes by Col. George Gamble, one of the Councill, and Nathaniell Crump, Speaker of the Assembly. St. Johns, Dec. 7, 1710. Since your Excellency hath rejected all application to you from the Honourable the Councill as well as from the Representative body of this Island and have drawne the Queen's troops against them when waiting on you with their address for takeing into consideration the state of this H.M. Collony and the publick grievances layd before you in that and other messages, and that you have also drawne the said troops and others together ready armed and prepared for further assaulting us under the pretence of selfe defence and preservation, And whereas wee have by such our Addresses humbly layd before you that wee had advice of five large ships of warr lately arrived at Martineco, and that more were dayly expected with Monsieur Phillipeaux their Governor from France, and that wee apprehended ourselves in great danger, wee do therefore humbly propose that your Excellency immediately discharge the said troops and withdraw withdraw yourselfe to any other Island of your Governement, thereby to prevent such fatall consequences as may otherwise happen by their being longer continued in armes against us, and wee do solemnly protest that wee have no designe or intention of hurt to your Excellencyes person, but if any violence be offered so as blood be spilt by any of those your Excellency has drawne together, your Excellency must expect the just resentment of the incensed multitude.
674. iv. (b) Deposition of George Gamble and Nathaniel Crump. Dec. 9, 1710. On Dec. 7, waiting on H.E. with above Address, deponents were mett by Lt. Worthington just at the gate who demanded whether they came in peace or warr; they replyed in peace, what else ? Whereupon they were admitted and told H.E. they were come to wait on him by the advice of the Governour and Councill with an address from the body of inhabitants then in armes, which Address they presented, and H.E. having read it said that he had already acquainted them with his resolution, that he would not cowardly or basely quitt the Island, that he dispised their proposeall, that he had force enough with him to drive all the men in the Island before him. But that he would keep within his garrison and had prepared it for a month's siege, that he had so well disposed of his canon which were loaden with cross barr and 100 small shott each that it was not in their power to do him any hurt, and that he had 100 men in towne who had solemnly engaged to come to his assistance and stand by him upon any occasion, and that some men already had and others were afraid of decrees goeing against them in Chancery for their fraud and injustice to others which put them upon these measures, that as he expected no quarter from them, so he was resolved to give none, and that on their approach he had ordered the street next him to be burned. Whereupon deponents prayed him to consider the dismall consequences which must attend the rage of an incensed multitude, and that if any blood was spilt by any of those H.E. had in armes, that they were afraid the issue would be very fatall to H.E., and therefore humbly begged H.E. to discharge the troops reserving his usuall guard about him, tendering themselves as hostages that the inhabitants should do so likewise. He refused the proposall, saying that he would not accept of Col. Gamble, but for the Speaker he should be one, and would have five more with him particularly Capt. Piggott, Col. Watkins, Dr. Mackinen, and two others, upon which the deponents told him they had no commission to agree to a particular nomination, but that they should use the best of their endeavours therein. The Speaker told him that they understood H.E. had given out that he was to be murdered, which was very surpriseing to them, and that he might depend that no injury would attend his person if he would be pleased to discharge the troops, and assure them of his goeing off, which was the uttmost of their designes and therefore very strenuously pressed H.E. to accept of their humble motion to him thereon, which he as passionately rejected and so the deponents withdrew, and reported the substance of the foregoing to the Lt. Governor and Councill, the body of the inhabitants being present, which they did not approve of saying he had given them no assurance of his goeing off and so went to their armes. Signed, Geo. Gamble, Natha. Crump. The whole 1 large p.
674. v. Minutes of Council and Assembly of Antigua. Jan. 26, 1711. The Assembly refuse to hire an express to lay the above addresses before H.M. speedily. 1½ pp.
674. vi. Duplicate of preceding. [C.O. 152, 42. Nos. 44, 47–52.]
Feb. 23. 675. Same to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Copy of No. 674. [C.O. 143, 11. pp. 302–309.]
Feb. 24.
676. Col. Jones to [? Lord Dartmouth]. [Col. Parke's] difference with the people of the Island by many aggravations on both sides became so great that they rose up in arms and attackt him at his House, where he waited 'em with about 70 of my men. The Generall was kill'd with ealeven men, an Ensign, and severall wounded. I was at that time at Nevis, and most of the Regiment to Leeward, etc. Signed, Ja. Jones. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 42. No. 53.]
Feb. 24.
677. Mr. Mathew to [?]. Encloses observations on the Address of the Lt. Governor and Council. Begs his correspondent to engage Lord Dartmouth to obtain H.M. punishment for Col. Parke's murderers, and the protection of her loyal subjects, "who are threatned with daily dangers for abhorring the fact." The Genll. Councill and Assembly is now sitting, and we are all apprehensive as the late poor Gent. enemys are the most numerous in that body the smothering truth is the greatest part of the business, etc. The Capt. of the packett saying publickly he was told on ye Exchange he should not find Mr. Parke alive, so pray judge of their long premeditated villany. Signed, Wm. Mathew. Endorsed, Recd. May 7, 1711. 2 pp. Enclosed,
677. i. Address of the Lt. Governor and Council of Antigua (No. 674 ii.) with marginal notes by Mr. Mathew, of which the following are the most important. A great many of the best familys and others always reverenced the Governor—The fear of invasion was made up for a pretext—They never would prepare for their defence as the General advised them—It was high time for him to send for the troops, when they drew up in a body the greatest part of the Assembly, as Crump the Speaker, Mackeny a surgeon, Edwd. Chester senr., Piggott, Painter, Murray, Cochran, Otto, Drillenvoux and others headed them, and read a Proclamation declareing all traytors etc. that should not joyne them. One Kerby, Deponent's Secretary, fired at H.E's. house the first, and severall others, one soldier of Alexander's Company kill'd before any of the Genll's. party fired. Capt. Piggott went into the house with severall others, his pistoll in his hands, told the Generall he was no more such and bid him deliver his Commission, which he refuseing they both fired, the Genll. was wounded in the fleshy parte of his thigh, they then broke in upon him, tore off his cloaths, draged him by the members about his house, bruised his head, and broke his back with the butt end of theire pieces. One Nevin went to him when he was dyeing and spitt in his face in the agony of death, he asked for a little water, which a woman bringing to him one Watkins dashed it out of her hand. Severall of the soldiers had quarter given 'em, but afterwards murder'd in cold blood. One Murray vaunted publiquely the next day he had killed three of them himselfe in cold blood. One Clem Lanier, a butcher, broke his back with a musquett. Chester has a box of his plate and papers which he refuses to deliver to his executors. One Turnor a farrier publickly shewed the Queen's picture he took from him and which allways hung at his brest being that he had for ye news of ye Batle of Hogsteth—his linnen etc. sold in town and carryed off.—How far they designe peace is evident by theire shewing all his papers to breed ill blood in familys, there being severall letters from women in ye Island, yt. if concealed might not further differences in familys, and by still threatening and attempting ye lives of severall who have been shott at since and insulted to draw on quarrells, and others threatened they shall never goe off of ye Island alive, etc. 6 pp. [C.O. 152, 42. Nos. 54, 54 i.]
Feb. 24.
678. Col. Nicholson to [? Mr. Secretary St. John. cf. March3]. H.M. having been pleased to honour me with her Royall commands, I assure you that (God willing) nothing shall be wanting on my part towards the accomplishing of so great and glorious a work, etc. Mr. Moor hath taken a great deal of pains in in structing me, and I hope in God we have fully adjusted all affairs and he can give your Honour a just and full account of them, etc. Signed, Fr. Nicholson. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1341. No. 14.]
Feb. 24.
679. Mr. Lillington to Mr. Popple. Refers to letter of Feb. 16. As I wrote that the Councill and Assembly should sitt the day following, I take this opportunity to acquaint their Lordships with the success thereof, which is the passing the Excise Act, according to H.M. most gracious pleasure Sept. 26th. The passing of which Act that day, sav'd us the duty of a small vessell with wines, etc. Signed, G. Lillington. Endorsed, Recd. Read May 24, 1711. Addressed. Postmark. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 13. No. 59; and 29, 12. pp. 349–350.]