America and West Indies: August 1720, 21-31

Pages 106-132

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 32, 1720-1721. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1933.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.


August 1720, 21-31

Aug. 21.
203. Col. Vetch to the Council of Trade and Plantations, Reply to Queries of 10th Aug., relating to Nova Scotia. (i) Its situation is from the River St. Croy in the 43rd degree of North Latitude along the coast, N.E., as farr as the Gutt or passage of Cansoe, which about 160 leagues, to the 46 degree, its longtitude. The country partly mountanous full of timber of allmost all sorts that Europe produces, besides others etc. The soyle is generaly very fertile. (ii) Its reputed boundaries, upon the seaboard side, are from the River St. Croy, to the passage of Cansoe. And on the side of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and bay Vert (as the limits, of that Government, was reputed, when possess'd by the French) reached as farr as Cape Gaspee: including the islands of St. John, St. Peters, Magdalen, Bonaventure, St. Pauls, Persee, and many others of lesser note. As to its limits into the country north, north west, and westerly, they have never as yet been adjusted, the country not being setled, and being all formerly in the possession, of the French. (iii) As to the form of Government there, it hath been hitherto, intirely military; the Crown, of Great Brittan, never having established, any sort of civil Government there, since its reduction, save what they may have empowered Col. Philipps to doe etc. (iv) As to the trade of that place, it is as yet, not at all considerable, and consists cheifly, in furrs, and peltry of all sorts; cod fishing, some small matter, of naval stores, as pitch, tarr, masts, lumber etc. Their shipping consists only in sloops and small boats from 50 tunns and under, they are most employed in the fishery, or transporting their grain, catle etc. to Cape Brettoun or Canada, which are the only places, almost they tr[ade to ?], save one vessell came from thence directly to England, and another to Jamaica. They are navigated generaly by the inhabitants of the country, who are almost all of them, used to the [?sea] etc.: they doe not encrease, New England Cape Bre[ton and Ca]nada drawing them from thence, for want of encouragement at home. (v) As to the Brittish manufactories, what they use, they have by way, of Boston att verry [?high prices], but is not verry considerable, having litle to purchase the same, the furr and petty trade (which is considerable) [be]ing mostly to [?Cape Breton] and Canada, from whence they are supplyd with what they n[eed], tho att verry high prices; Any of our Brittish manufactorys consum'd there, are, course woolings, cutlery, nails, cordage, tools, etc. (vi) They have no trade to any forreign place save Canada and Cape Brittoun, only one sloop came there from Martinico, with rumm and malasses, to truck for fish, but was seised as ane ilegal trader. (vii) To prevent illegal trade, there is a Colector there (one Mr. Newton) who is as yet a needless expense to the Crown. (viii) See No. iv. As to manufactories, they have none as yet. The country produces catle, sheep, and hogs in great aboundance, which they export to Cape Britton, for stocking of that place. (ix) As to mines, the French, while posessed of that country never made any improvement, of any of them, tho they had tryed for them, tho they found stone for iron, in aboundance, copper, and lead oar, verry promising in severall parts, of the country. (x) As to the anuall produce of the commoditys of this country, it is almost impossible, to make any computation, of them, the most valueable being caryed away to the French Colonys as abovesd. M. Subercass, the French Govr. (whom I succeeded) told me that the year before wee took the place, which was 1709, he sent home for the Canada Company above 40,000 bea[vers'] skins, besides a vast many martins, minks, otters, foxes, cats, rakoons etc., which amounted, to above double, the value, of the beaver, all which is now almost wholly lost, to Great Brittan, by reason, that the Indians who kill those creatures being intirely in the French interest; for want of executing that Article in the Treaty of Utrecht, for appointing Commssrs. to determine, to which of the kingdoms, the severall cantons of Indians, togither with their trade belongs, by which the Crown, of Great Brittan hath lost yearly at least, four, or five thousand pounds, which the dutys of those furrs would have amounted to: besides four times that loss in trade to the merchants etc. (xi) As to the number of inhabitants: I take the French there not to exceed 1200 families at most, the Indians in all the severall districts not to exceed 500 families, or as many fighting men. The Brittish including the Garison, as it now is, not above 300. (xii) Tho' the French inhabitants of Nova Scotia are verry prolifick, yet I belive the country rather decreases then increases for the reasons mentioned before etc. (xiii) As to the Militia, they have never be[en any?] since the reduction of that place etc. (xiv) As to forts, and places of defence, there are none save att, Annapolis royall, which is but in a verry sorry condition, a particular accot. of which, your Lops. may have from the Board of Ordinance. (xv) See No. xi. (xvi, xvii) Cannot answer. (xviii) To answer this quoere relating to what effect the French settlements upon the Continent have upon those of Great Brittan would require a small volume, only in generall, as the French from Canada, quite to Missasippi, have by small forts, and trading houses, at verry considerable distances one from another, togither, with their friendship, with the natives, given themselves a title, to all that vast tract of land, which lys quite behind all our Brittish dominions, there: and hemms them in betwixt the French and the sea all the way from the eastermost part of Nova Scotia to the westermost part of South Carolina: so they have not only robbed them, of all the trade with the natives adjoyning to and belonging to our severall Colonys of verry great value and consequence: But may, as their Colonys grow numerous by the assistance of the Indians (their being no limits setled betwixt any of our Colonys and theirs backwards) not only confine our Brittish Colonys to a verry narrow bounds along the sea coast which they now possess; but at last even force them from the same by the aide and pretended title the natives will give them to all the country: so that it is certainly of the last consequence to all the Brittish Colonys upon the Continent of North America to have their limits adjusted with the French in as solemn, and publick a manner as can be: and the severall nations of Indians depending upon the respective Brittish Colonys with all possible formality in presence of the Indian Cheifs and french missonarys as well as their Commissioners for that end appointed declared to belong to and depend upon the Crown, of Great Brittan: as proposed by the Treaty of Utrecht, etc. (xix) As to revenues, there are as yet none att all setled etc. (xx) The ordinary expences, of that Government are no more then what the establishment of that Garison here: (to be seen at the Warr Office) provides for: excepting the Colector etc.; the extraordinary expense is casual, repairs of the fort and presents to Indians etc. (xxi) Civill establishment I know of none, nor is there any office held there by patent save that of the Governour. Endorsed, Recd. 21st Aug., Read 6th Dec. 1720. Worn. 3½ pp. [C.O. 217, 3. No. 16.]
Aug. 22.
204. Governor Hamilton to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Acknowledges letter of 29th Sept. last, with the Memorial of M. D'Iberville. Continues: To answer which I herewith send the most distinct account, that I could possibly procure etc. I can with great truth from my own knowledge affirm to your Lordships, that the several allegations contained in the Representation to me from the Council and Assembly are fact so far as they relate to the assistances that have from time to time (v. Nov. 21st) been given by that Island [Nevis] to the others therein mentioned; And I do further assure your Lordships that the forces therein mentioned have been actually sent on the services and expedition therein specifyed etc., as also that the inhabitants did relieve and support the subjects of the United Provinces, as well as those of our own Nation for the time therein set forth, all which put that now distressed Colony to a very great charge and expence both of men and mony, which, by the devastations committed on them by the enemy, and the misfortunes that have since at several times befallen them by storms and severe droughts have reduced that once flourishing Island to a very deplorable condition. Your Lordships will find that the number of the present inhabitants is inconsiderable and if they become apprehensive of their being made lyable to answer the demands of Monsr. D'Iberville 'tis to be feared that they will remove their effects, and totally desert that Island, so that I cannot but earnestly beg that your Lordships will be pleased to recommend them to H.M. as proper objects of His Royal compassion, it being impossible for them to make satisfaction for the sum stipulated (in case the convention should be adjudged good) without stripping them of their all, and thereby reducing them to the utmost poverty and want, which I am persuaded your Lordships goodness will endeavour to prevent. I remark what your Lordships have directed your Secretary to signify to me in relation to Colo. Bramble etc.; and the nomination of Councellors which I shall punctually obey, and indeed is what I have hitherto duely performed. I also observe your Lordships opinion as to the suspension of Officers in case they shall neglect or refuse to perform their duty, which is very satisfactory to me, and I am in hopes I shall by this means be able to compell them to furnish me with the several papers which I am enjoined by my Instructions to transmit etc. I have not been able to get any further accounts of the settlements in these parts belonging to foreigners etc., but shall endeavour it etc. In order to comply with your [Lordships remarks] on my answer to the 7th Article I now send an account of the number of sailors and vessels properly belonging to this place, and as soon as I can get those of the other Islands I shall duely forward the same etc. Refers to other enclosures; and, in answer to their enquiry about the Act of Montserrat (29th Sept.), to his letter of 9 th April etc. Continues: which I hope will convince your Lordships that I am sincerely desirous of persuing my Instructions in every particular, and indeed could I have got the papers sooner your Lordships should have had them long ere this, however I hope they will now get safe to hand and prove satisfactory. Acknowledges letter of 3rd March with queries in relation to the Act for indemnifying Anthony Brown etc. Continues: I have caused the inhabitants of [St. Philips] parish to appear before two magistrates to hear what the several parties had to offer for and against the new Church etc. Each side have delivered their answer in writing but those given to the 6th and 7th Queries are so very contradictory that I must own I am a little at a stop what judgement to make on the same especially as to the 6th Querie, and therefore I intend at the next meeting to take the opinion of the Council in that particular they being better acquainted and consequently more proper judges than I can pretend to be; as soon as I have done that, and made myself master of the truth of the facts alledged in answer to the 7th Querie I shall transmit the whole to your Lordships and hope it will be sufficient to put an end to this long and troublesome affair. Encloses licences of absence to Lt. Colo. Morris, Colo. Warner and John Yeamans Esqr etc., the former is now in England, the other in Barbados and the latter in New England. Azariah Pinner Esq. one of the Council of Nevis is some time past dead in England and John Dale Esq. one of the Council of Mountserrat by reason of his great age has resigned etc., in whose places I beg leave to recommend Roger Pemberton Esq. for Nevis and Anthony Hodges Esq. for Mountserrat, both which persons are zealously affected to H.M. and the Protestant Succession etc. They have both very good estates in those Islands etc. Mr. Hodges his father was formerly Lt. Governor of Mountserrat. Signed, W. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 20th Oct., 1720, Recd 27th June, 1721. 4 pp. Enclosed,
204. i. Governor Hamilton to Mr. Popple, Antigua, 28th July, 1720. Encloses returns in answer to his Instructions, as desired 24th April and 29th Sept., 1719. In compliance with Instruction 22, encloses Acts of St. Christophers, (a) for raising an impost on liquors imported, (b) for laying a tax on vintners and on retailers of strong liquors and for lessening the number of distillers etc. (c) for settling a salary on William Nevine Esq., Agent for the Island etc. Refers to letter of 3rd Nov. Continues:—Notwithstanding what I then wrote, the said Acts were not returned unto me untill about six days ago and even yet I have not received the duplicates (v. encl. iii). By which their Lordships will see how difficult it is to get the business duely dispatched in these Islands; however to prevent delay of this nature I am determined to pass no Act but what shall come accompanied with a duplicate, to the end I may send them to their Lordships whilst the originals are publishing and recording etc. (d) Act of Antigua, to impower the Treasurer to collect arrears due etc., and for allowing interest to those whom the publick is indebted to and charging interest on the debtors of the publick (e) for reinforcing an Act for repairing the fortifications etc. Instruction 23. The reasons for each of the five bills now sent will appear upon perusal of them etc. 'Tis necessary they should be speedily considered etc. Instruction 24. I have already transmitted a book containing a collection of the Laws of Nevis, in which was included all the general Acts, etc., but since their Lordships direct that the said General Acts be sent them distinctly, I have ordered the Secretary of Antigua to make out a Collection thereof, as well as a copy of the particular Acts of this Island in distinct books. If another collection of the particular Acts of Nevis is required etc. I will again give Instructions to the Secretary. I cannot affirm that any allowance will be made to him, in regard it is alledged that as he is a Patent Officer it is his duty to supply the Governour gratis with all papers that H.M. shall require, the perquisites and fees that he gets otherwise by his Office being a sufficient recompense. The Laws of St. Christophers were sent 21st March, 1718. The Secretary of Mountserrat was by me ordered to make out a collection of the laws of that Island in a bound book, but has transmitted them on paper (enclosed). I shall direct him again to transcribe them in a bound book etc. The Secretary of Antigua is now making a collection of all the particular Acts of that Island, as well as the General Laws etc. Encloses lists thereof. Instruction 34. Encloses accompts of the Treasurer of Antigua in two books, the first ending 6th Feb., 1718, the second 10th March, 1720, and of the Treasurer of St. Christophers 27th Nov., 1716–25th Jan., 1718. Since when there hath been few or no taxes raised in that Island, till three or four months past. I shall order him speedily to remit me his accompts since etc. Encloses accounts of the Treasurer of Mountserrat to 10th Nov., "Since when I do not know of any taxes raised in that Island" etc. Mr. Meriwether the late Treasurer of Nevis died 10 months ago. I can'd get any accounts of publick moneys during his time, his books which are in the utmost confusion not being settled, though several Committees have been appointed for that purpose. Encloses accounts from 1st May, 1713 to 15th Jan. 1716, with some estimates by the Assembly of public moneys raised up to Jan. 1st, 1717, since which there has been no tax raised till 16th March 1719, etc. Instructions 41 and 42. Refers to previous dispatch of Minutes of Councils and Assemblies and to those enclosed, and to imports from Madera sent 24th April, 1719, and now repeated. Instruction 51. I have given express orders to the severall Officers publickly to hang up in their Offices a table of all fees, and to send me copies thereof. Encloses the few he has received. Continues: By which their Lordships will see that the trouble I am obliged to be at in endeavouring to get the respective officers to perform their duty, is more than a little. I shall repeat my orders to the delinquents, and in case of further neglect suspend them etc. I shall take all possible care to prevent extortion etc. Instruction 59. I have at last with great difficulty got a list of inhabitants, enclosed. I shall take care to send yearly an account etc. Instruction 60. I have given express directions for keeping the said accounts and furnishing me yearly with abstracts etc. Instructions 69 and 70. Encloses accounts of stores of war. I have given directions to the officers to furnish me with an inventory every half year. Instruction 72. Encloses account of the forts and fortifications at Antigua etc. By which their Lordships will perceive that they are much out of repair, many of the guns being dismounted, and unfit for service, all the carriages that H.M. was pleased to send over are rotten and decayed, and at present it is not in the power of the inhabitants to raise a levy to make new carriages or indeed to do several other things that are necessary for putting the Island into a posture of defence, we having for these many months past been so severely afflicted with dry weather that in many parts of the country the poor people are really in want of common necessaries; and 'tis to be doubted that the calamity will rather increase than diminish, in regard the season of the year is already so far advanced, that it is impossible for the poorer sort to raise sufficient either this year or the next to purchase provisions for themselves or their families; and indeed it will hardly be in the power of the more wealthy to assist them, the weather having been so severe that it has not only disappointed them in their present crops, but will also prevent their making much the next year. Nay 'tis to be feared that many of good condition wont make as much as will buy necessaries for themselves and families, from whence I cannot but beg leave humbly to recommend their distress'd condition to their Lordships, and to pray that they will represent it to his most Gracious Majesty in hopes that he will be pleased to order some salt provisions and bread kind to be sent over, not only for the relief of the inhabitants of this but also of the other Islands, who have likewise very sensibly felt the severity of the weather and must, if not by some means or other speedily relieved, desert, as some have already done etc. I am of opinion it will be for H.M. service and the protection of the trade of this Island in time of war, to build a platform of 7 or 8 guns at Cripplegate near St. Johns harbour; with a battery of five guns at Chalk hill near Willoughby bay harbour; as also another at high Point near Parham harbour: but I dare not think of proposing these matters at present to the inhabitants whose calamity renders them altogether unable to begin any new works of that nature. Encloses accounts of forts and platforms in Mountserratt. The carriages sent thither by H.M. are likewise decayed and the inhabitants are unable to repair them for the reasons before mentioned. Accounts of the forts and platforms in Nevis and St. Christophers are not yet returned etc. I shall again give orders to the proper Officers, but as what they do in this matter is without fee or reward and their offices of no profit to them on any other occasion, there is no possibility of compelling them to do it so soon as if they were officers in pay etc. Instruction 74. I have given directions to the Surveyor to draw a map of St. Christophers and in order thereto he is now running out the French part etc. The Surveyor likewise has my orders for making out a map of Antigua, but I doubt he will rather quit his employ than undertake such a task without knowing how to be paid for it, and I am fearfull the Assembly will scarce agree to bear the charges thereof etc. There is no person in either Nevis or Mountserratt capable of making a survey thereof etc. When I can find anyone that is qualified and will undertake the trouble, I will readily grant him a commission for making him a Surveyor. Instruction 40. I shall strictly observe. I never yet remitted any fine or forfeiture etc. Encloses list of escheats granted by former Governors and confirmed by him etc. Instruction 76. In order to comply with this Instruction, I have given repeated directions to the Naval Officer for supplying me with quarterly accounts of the imports and exports, but I cannot yet get them for the whole Islands, the officers whereof do very little heed the orders that are given them, in regard the places are executed by Deputies, who conclude they shall be countenanced by the Patentee in case of a suspension; and indeed 'tis more than probable upon any such occasion he would be apt not only to espouse the part of the Deputy, but also become an enemy to any Governor that should displace the person he appoints, which I must observe to their Lordships makes it very difficult for the Commander in Chief to comply with his Instructions etc. I am so sensible of the delays that do happen from the neglect of Deputies, that I cannot but say the absence of the Patentees in general is a misfortune to all Governors and tends greatly to the obstruction of publick affairs, in regard some Deputies do not consider or indeed value how far their transactions may subject their Principal to a forfeiture of his office; and besides a Chief Governor of these Islands by the absence of the Patentee is made very uneasy in regard he is obliged to be at the trouble of issuing as many distinct orders as there are Deputies, whereas were the Patentees on the spot one order would do for the whole, and the Deputies would be more observant to them than to a Governor, well knowing that the bringing them to punishment is attended with much difficulty in these Islands, especially if he should be at an Island where the Governor does not happen to be present; however as their Lordships do require that I should be very punctuall in performing this as well as the other paragraphs of my Instructions I shall be sure to repeat my orders to each of the Deputies, and in case of neglect or refusal will proceed to suspend them, and use the best methods I can to bring them to punishment etc. Encloses list of imports and exports of Antigua. 25th March, 1719–1720 etc. Signed and endorsed as preceding. 9¾ pp.
204. ii. Governor Hamilton to the President of the Council of St. Christophers. Antigua, 3rd Nov., 1719. Returns 3 Acts assented to, to be published and recorded, and returned to him with duplicates. Duplicates are to be sent with the originals in future etc. Signed and endorsed as preceding. Copy. 1 p.
204. iii. Lt. General Mathew to Governor Hamilton. 19th July, 1720. Encloses three Acts (of St. Christophers) for H.M. approbation. The want of two of them is a daily loss to the Island etc. Will forward duplicates by the next, having left them by mistake with the Secretary etc. Endorsed as preceding. Copy. ½ p.
204. iv. Copy of all the Acts in force in Mountserrat, 1719. Same endorsement. 7pp.
204. v. List of the General Acts of the Leeward Islands, in force Aug. 1720. Same endorsement. 3 pp.
204. vi. List of the Acts of Antigua, in force Aug. 1720. Same endorsement. 5½ pp.
204. vii. Accounts of John Cochrane, the Treasurer of Montserrat, £325 7s. 5d. due to Treasurer. Signed, John Molineaux Spkr., Richd. Cooke, John Boynon, Thos. Caines, William Frye, William White, Antho. Fox, Edward Parson. Same endorsement. 6½ pp.
204. viii.Accounts of the Publick of Nevis 1st Jan. 1713– 1st Jan. 1716. Receipts, £11870 6s. 3¾ d. Expenditure, £11255 16s. 7¼d. Includes item for relief of Prisoners called Hostages at Martinique, £1424 4s. 3¼ d. v. Encl. i. Same endorsement. 2 pp.
204. ix. Accounts of the Publick of Nevis 1st Jan. 1716–1717, Receipts, £1238 12s. 5½d. Expenditure, £1460 2s. 2¼d. Includes item, For the relief of the Prisoner called a hostage at Martinique, £201 16s. 0d. Same endorsement. 2 pp.
204. x. Account of ships and imports from Madera or the Western Islands to Antigua, 3rd March, 1715–1718. 33 vessels, of which 18 from London, bringing Madera wine. Signed, Jno. Booth, Naval Officer. Same endorsement. 1 p.
204. xi. Account of ships and imports from Madera and the Western Islands to Nevis, 3rd March 1715–1718. 12 vessels bringing 676 pipes of Madera wine. Signed, Rob. Lorey, Depty. Naval Officer. 1 p.
204. xii. Account of ships and imports from Madera and the Western Islands to St. Christophers. 3rd March 1715–1718. 16 vessels bringing Madera wine. Signed, Drewry Ottley, D.N. Officer. 1 p.
204. xiii. Similar account of 4 ships importing Madera to Montserrat. Signed, Natho. Webb pr. Naval Officer. Endorsed, Recd. 20th Oct. 1720, Read 27th June, 1721. 1 p.
204. xiv. List of Civil Officers in the Leeward Islands. 28th July, 1720. Same endorsement. 2½ pp.
204. xv. Docquets of Officers Fees in the Leeward Islands. Same endorsement. 23 pp.
204. xvi. List of the Inhabitants of the Leeward Islands, 18th July, 1720.
Free Persons. Servants Free and Unfree. Fit to bear Armes. Negroes
Men. Women. Boys. Girls. Men. Women. Boys. Girls.
St. Christophers 645 694 626 575 163 54 28 15 755 7321
Nevis 331 426 206 312 33 18 13 4 378 5689
Mountserratt 486 492 295 320 64 10 9 12 444 3772
Antigua 739 819 744 652 471 140 45 42 1109 19186
Anguilla 133 164 112 139 121 879
Spanish Town 92 86 90 103 88 364
Tortola 39 48 61 55 53 266
Total 2467 2729 2134 2156 731 222 95 73 2948 37477
Same endorsement. 1 p.
204. xvii. Christenings and Burials in the Leeward Islands 6th Feb. 1716–18th July, 1720.
Christenings. Burials.
Males. Females. Males. Females.
St. Christophers 115 49 85 15
Nevis 91 82 53 59
Mountserratt 18 28 8 9
Antigua 230 223 311 124
Total 454 382 457 207
Same endorsement. 1 p.
204. xviii. Petitions for and grants of lands, Antigua, during Governor Hamilton's Government. Same endorsement. 33 pp.
204. xix. Representation of Council and Assembly of Nevis to Governor Hamilton. Charles Towne, 11th July, 1720. Reply to the Memorial of Monsr. D'Iberville concerning the capitulation of Nevis, 1706. The French first broke the Capitulation. M. D'Iberville put it out of the inhabitants power to execute the 7th Article. They performed their parts to the utmost of their power. The second Treaty, forced upon them contrary to the Law of Nations, was broken by the French as soon as signed etc. Analyse misrepresentations in the French Envoy's account of transactions. cf. C.S.P. 1706 ff. and following depositions. Conclude: As to the charge that they did not furnish the hostages with necessaries, "those four hostages having spent more than 20,000 livres of the fund of the Armament for their entertainment at Martinique etc. it must be confessed that they being left by the enemy in the most miserable and distrest condition they could not presently raise mony for the maintenance of those hostages unjustly taken from them, but as soon as they were able they remitted to Martinique sums sufficient for their subsistance unless they were mostly unjustly and exorbitantly imposed on by the French which is very probable, if the sume of 20,000 livres were truely disbursed by the Armament in their entertainment, but as that sume otherwise exceeds the bounds of all credibility, so it is proved by the deposition of Mr. Philip Dewitt, the only surviveing person of those hostages, that besides one suit of cloaths and two or three shirts aps. once given them dureing their whole stay there was only 4 livres pr. diem for each hostage paid by the Commissary of the Armament, dureing the exact space of 9 months and no more, which amounts but to 4384 livres etc. After this they were thrown into the dungeon with condemned criminals for 10 days being allowed no other sustenance than stinking herrings and farine, for five months following they were allowed at the King's charge, 2 livres pr. diem each, after that, at particular times dureing five years, when they had not money of their own they were allowed one pound of salt beefe, and one pint of farine pr. diem each out of the King's stores, which last casual allowance seems fully answered by the wine, beefe and other goods sent from this Island for the hostages, but stoped by the Intendant for the King's use; besides this those hostages never received anything either from the armament or from the King. Wherefore the whole which they ever received can scarce exceed one fourth part of the said sume of 20,000 livres. Mr. Dewitt together with Mr. Joseph Stanley another of the hostages, since deceased, made their escape from Martinique in Nov. 1714, at which time there had been remitted to Martinique from the Treasury of this Island £2176 7s. 6¾d., besides what was sent by the friends and relations of those unfortunate Gentlemen, and since that time there has been remitted for the use of the two remaining hostages (one whereof dyed in 1716, and the other in 1719) £999 2s. 11d. (v. encl.) It must therefore appear perfectly incredible that so great a summe could have been expended by the French in the entertainment of those hostages, but if it were so as those gentlemen were carried away by virtue of a capitulation broken by the French and of a convention null and void in the beginning and allso broken, their taking and detention was unjust, therefore the French ought not only to bear the whole charge of keeping them, but allso to repair the injurys thereby done to them, their familys and to this Island. The demand of 140,000 piasters, in lieu of the 1400 negroes, with interest being grounded only on the aforesaid void and broken convention must also fall with that, Lastly the demand of 170,000 livres for the prisoners not restored, no ways concerns this Island as it was in the sole power of her late Majestye to comply with that Article or not it must be supposed that her reason for not restoreing an equal number of prisoners (which whither done or not before the Treaty of Peace does not appear) was because she was convinced that the French had on their parts broke yt. Capitulation. Quote Sir C. Hedges' letter Aug. 1st, 1706. v. C.S.P. 1706. No. 455.
(b) Same to Same. We hope what we have here set forth will enable your Excellency to return a satisfactory answer to the Board of Trade etc. We beg your recommendation of the inhabitants of this Island as proper objects of H.M. Royal compassion and their Lordships' care; since the many assistances both of men and money given by this to the other Islands and particularly to St. Christophers render'd this Island too weak to defend itself against Monsieur D'Iberville, there being then on it not 400 inhabitants capable to bear arms, and it never received the least help from any other Island etc. In 1689 this Island sent near 100 men to St. Christophers to assist the English inhabitants against the French, who, being joined by the Irish rebels of that Island, drove the English intirely off of that Island, and those English to the number of 1100 were billetted on and subsisted by the inhabitants of Nevis during eight months. Five hundred Dutch inhabitants of Eustatia having been the same year driven off of that Island were also subsisted by the inhabitants of Nevis, during the space of 15 months. In the year following this Island assisted the people of St. Christophers to recover that Island with two Regiments of inhabitants commanded by Collo. Pym and Collo. Earle amounting to between 7 or 800 men. Immediately after the reconquering of St. Christophers, this Island sent three companies of it's inhabitants to assist in the Expedition against Guardaloupe, and in 1693, three or four companies to assist in the expedition against Martinique. In 1702 five companies of the inhabitants of Nevis, besides gentlemen volunteers, assisted the English inhabitants of St. Christophers to conquer the French part of that Island; and in 1703 three companies were again sent by this Island in the second expedition made to Guardaloupe. The whole charge of transporting the men sent on those several occasions was defrayed by the inhabitants of this Island and many of the men never returning again was the occasion of the so great dispeopling and weakning thereof. Yet this Island having never received any help from its neighbours in the time of its distress, labours under the additional misfortune of being supposed liable to the unjust demands of the French left undetermined at the Treaty of Utrecht. We beg your Excellencies favourable recommendation of us etc. Signed, Richd. Abbott, Jas. Bevon, Lawce. Brodbelt, Mich. Smith, John Richardson, Jno. Choppin, Cha. Bridgwater, John Pinney. Joseph Symonds, Speaker, Jeremiah Browne, Jos. Hobson, Richd. Brodbelt, William Pym Burt, Pecok(?) Walker, John Dasent, Carew Brodbelt, Robt. Pemberton, Michael William, George Webbe. 10 large pp.
204. xx. Deposition of Richard Abbott, President of H.M. Council of Nevis. 31st May, 1720. To the 4th Article of the French Envoy, saith that no officer in the Militia, but deponent was permitted to march out of the Dodan with any arms whatsoever. He himself rode from thence to town on the 25th March, 1706, with his sword only, and from that time remained a prisoner of war, with other inhabitants under a strict guard until the day the French Fleet departed. To the 5th Article. The dwelling house and other buildings of deponent and several other houses in the country part were burnt about the 29th March, by the French. About the same time the women and children were separated from the men, and the men hurried away to the Church in Charlestown, and there kept prisoners under a strict guard, until that Church was in danger of being burnt, in which exigency some were let out but others forced their enlargement from thence and other places in Charlestown where they had been close confined. On 4th April near half of the principal part of the town was laid in ashes, amongst which the house allotted to deponent was one, so that he was obliged to retire to a small out-house above the town etc. To the 7th Article. The greatest part of the negroes either surrendered themselves or were taken by the French (excepting such as fled to the mountains and were in an actual revolt bidding defiance to their masters as well as ye enemie) and the French had wholly put it out of the inhabitants power to bring them in, they being kept close prisoners and disarmed. Neither deponent nor any other Officer of the Militia ever received their respective number of negroes capitulated to be delivered to them etc., but Deponent was denyed the same by M. D'Iberville who replyed that there were several negroes left behind in the Island and that the officers must catch them. No care was taken by the French in preserving the Publick Records of this Island, merchants books or any other private papers, but that several were destroyed by them to the great prejudice of the inhabitants as well as the traders to this Island, nor hath deponent ever heard of any such books or papers that were restored by the French. To the 10th Article. A list was delivered to M. D'Iberville of all the inhabitants and nothing refused him that was in their power to do. To the 11th Article. M. D'Iberville did not leave the choice of the 4 gentlemen hostages (for surety of the exchange of prisoners) to the option of deponent and other principal inhabitants but took such persons as he and his officers thought fit: they were carried to Martinique and there kept prisoners and were, at sundry times, most barbarously treated by the French. They were very considerably furnished, from time to time, with money and other necessarys both from the publick and their particular friends, as can be made appear by receipts ready to be produced. On 6th April 1706, an order was given out, by M. D'Iberville, to summons all the inhabitants about Charlestown and in the country to appear before him at his headquarters, and after some discourse with him he told deponent and several other the principal inhabitants then before him that they had not performed the articles and conditions agreed on, in not delivering up all the negroes in the Island. Whereupon deponent and several others of the principal inhabitants were put on board their man of war threatning to send them to St. Domingo: On April 8th Articles were proposed to them by a Jew D'Iberville sent off, purporting the demand the French made of 1400 negroes to be sent to Martinique or the sum of £42,000 as equivalent, and that if deponent and said inhabitants would agree to the same, they might come on shore and prepare writings accordingly; and about 12 of the clock the same day they were brought on shore and guarded to M. D'Iberville's quarters where in the afternoon certain articles were tendered them to be signed, which some time after deponent and some others of the principal inhabitants did signe: and those who refused were immediately sent again on board and the next day after were brought on shore and were also forced to sign the said Articles. In some few hours after signing D'Iberville shipt off several negroes belonging to Mr. Thomas Cole merchant in Bristol and three or four belonging to Mr. Francis Franklyn, which deponent acquainted M. D'Iberville with, being informed of the same by Capt. Thomas Bridgwater who was present etc. Signed, Richd. Abbott. 2 pp.
204. xxi. Deposition of Richard Abbott. 2nd July, 1720. From the time Mr. Thomas Abbott was taken an hostage to Martinique, 1706, to the time of his death, 1716, deponent did at sundry times remitt for his use in money and goods £648 18s. 10d. currant money out of deponent's and Thomas Abbott's estate, besides what was remitted out of the Treasury etc. Signed, Richd. Abbott. ¾ p.
204. xxii. Deposition of James Bevon, Member of Council of Nevis. 31st May, 1720. Confirms No. xx. as to the breaking of the 4th and 5th Articles by the French. 24 hours after the Island was surrendered Sir William Stapleton's windmill was burned; deponent's house mill and boiling house were burned to the ground as also those of Walter Tobin. Deponent saw large bodies of French officers and soldiers out after the negroes burning and plundering etc. From 26th March (O.S.) till Friday, 6 days before the French left he never heard that M. D'Iberville required the inhabitants to get in the negroes themselves, it being indeed impossible for them to do, being unarmed, but many parties of French soldiers were continually out for that purpose, and could have easily got in all the negroes remaining in the mountain, but M. D'Iberville having received advice of a fleet off Martinique, thought it more for his advantage to send for the inhabitants and extort from them the second agreement etc. as No. xx. Deponent at first refused to sign, but was at length forced to do so or else be carried to leeward among the Spaniards. On the day the French departed deponent saw a canoa-load of negroes carried off on board the French sloops, upon which he told M. D'Iberville that he could not expect to be paid if he suffered the negroes to be carried off. Whereupon he said some words angrily in French and stampt on the floor etc. Signed, Jas. Bevon. 1½ pp.
204. xxiii. Deposition of James Bevon. 2nd July, 1720. From the time Philip Dewitt was taken as a hostage to Martinique, untill he made his escape in Nov. 1714, deponent did at sundry times remitt to him, for his use, in money and goods £922 2s. 2d. currant money out of his own and Dewitt's estate, besides what was remitted out of H.M. Treasury. Signed, Jas. Bevon. ¾ p.
204. xxiv. Deposition of James Milliken. 18th May, 1720. After the surrender of the Dodan, M. D'Iberville refused to allow deponent, a Captain in the Militia, to retain his sword. His house etc. were burned etc. At the time of capitulating at the Dodan, a French Officer (who bore the character of a Major) was sent by the French into the Dodan with articles and an Interpreter. Deponent and all others present objected against the 7th Article, that it was not in our power to deliver our negroes (who being then in the woods and mountain were their own masters). It was answered from the Major by the Interpreter, that M. D'Iberville expected nothing from us but what was in our power: Upon which David Dunbarr, a Captain in H.M. regular troops, took a pen and wrote in the margent over against the said Article, these words (So far as in our power). All the negroes were taken by or delivered to the French (except those who made their escape and threatned to kill any of the inhabitants who should approach them, insomuch that M. D'Iberville left arms for the inhabitants to defend themselves from the insolency of the negroes.) Article ix. All our papers were destroyed. Deponent saw several large books made use of by the French common soldiers, as saddles. The Publick Records were tossed about and defaced, to the great detriment of the Island. Deponent never heard nor doth beleive that any of the inhabitants took refuge in the Dodan, and that D'Iberville ever put himself in a condition to force them a second time in the Dodan, nor that ever ye principal officers or inhabitants proposed a new treaty to him, but on ye contrary that about ten days after the surrender of the Dodan the several inhabitants were sent for to M. D'Iberville's which this deponent was told that he and several others were then to have the negroes that were promised (at the making the Treaty) as Officers; but to our great surprise, as soon as a number of us were there, he demanded all the negroes that were out in the mountains and was answered that it was not in our power to deliver him more than what he had: Upon which we were all ordered prisoners into the Church, where we were kept so close, that we were not permitted to ease Nature but in the Church itself etc as Nos. ii. and iv. Those who at first refused to sign the second Articles were sent back as prisoners on board M. D'Iberville's ship and left in the night to lie in the open air upon the deck. Which usage made us sign the Articles, which we thought ourselves no ways obliged to, but meerly forced etc. Signed, James Milliken. 2 pp.
204. xxv. Deposition of Robert Eleis, Member of Council of Nevis. 31st May, 1720. Confirms preceding. Signed, Robert Eleis. 1 p.
204. xxvi. Deposition of John Choppin, Member of Council of Nevis. 31st May, 1720. Confirms preceding replies concerning the 4th, 5th, and 7th Articles. The Officers had not liberty to march out of the Dodan with their arms: deponent's boiling house and negroehouses were burnt by a French Officer and three men the very day M. D'Iberville compelled the inhabitants the second agreement, and, the day after, the dwelling house of Capt. John Dasent was burnt by the enemy. The inhabitants, being kept close prisoners and disarmed, were prevented by the French themselves from compelling the negroes to come in etc. Signed, Jno. Choppin. ¾ p.
204. xxvii. Deposition of Lt. Col. Thomas Butler. 20th May, 1720. Corroborates No. xxiv. Signed, Thomas Butler. 1¼ pp.
204. xxviii. Deposition of Nicholas Burroughs. 31st May, 1720. Corroborates No. xxiv. Signed, Nicho. Burroughs. 1¼ pp.
204. xxix. Deposition of Thomas Bridgwater. 31st May, 1720. Corroborates No. xxiv. Signed, Thos. Bridgwater. 1¼ pp.
204. xxx. Deposition of Jacob Williams, Planter, 21st May, 1720. Corroborates No. xxiv. Signed, Jacob Williams. ¾ p.
204. xxxi. Deposition of James Evans, Merchant, 10th Feb. 1719–20. Corroborates No. xxiv. The negroes fled to the mountains of their own accord, soon after the French landed etc. Signed, James Evans. 1½ pp.
204. xxxii. Deposition of Walter Tobin, Planter. 31st May, 1720. Corroborates No. xxiv. as to 5th, 6th and 7th and 9th Article. About 200 inhabitants were confined 4 days in the Church, and had neither victuals nor water provided for them; there was not room for a man to lie down. The French soldiers killed several beasts and left their intrails stinking about the Church etc. Signed, Walter Tobin. ¾ p.
204. xxxiii. Deposition of Daniel Stephens, Planter. 31st May, 1720. Confirms No. xxxii. Signed, Daniel Stephens, his mark. 1 p.
204. xxxiv. Deposition of John Faucett, Planter. 31st May, 1720. Deponent, contrary to the 2nd Article, was stripped of all his wearing apparel to his shirt shoes and stockings, some days after the surrender of the Dodan. Some few days before the departure of the French deponent's house boiling house etc. were burned by the French etc. They burned the boiling houses of John Choppin and Isaac Evans after the surrender of the Dodan etc. Signed, John Faucett. ¾ p.
204. xxxv. Deposition of Philip Dewitt. 25th June, 1720. Describes his treatment as a hostage at Martinique as quoted in No. xix (a). About 1708 or 1709 4 pipes of wine and 16 barrels of beef etc. sent them from Nevis were stopt by the Intendant and put into the King's store. Though deponent was then barefoot he could not so much as obtain a pair of shoes out of the things then sent etc. Signed, Philip Dewitt. 1 p.
204. xxxvi. An accompt of what money have been remitted to the hostages at Martinique by the Island of Nevis, 1707–1719. Yearly remittances, with dates, amounting in all to £3175 10s. 5¾d. Signed and sworn to by, Solomon Israel, late Treasurer. 1 p.
204. xxxvii. Copy of Articles of Surrender granted by M. D'Iberville to Col. Abbott etc. v. C.S.P. 1706. Nos. 357. iii., v., vi., vii., ix. Endorsed as covering letter. 2 large pp.
204. xxxviii. List of ships etc. and their crews belonging to Antigua, 8th Aug. 1718–8th May, 1720. 3 ships, 2 brigantines, 29 sloops etc. Signed Jno. Booth, D. Naval Officer. Endorsed, Recd. 20th Oct., 1720. 1 large p.
204. xxxix. Account of the growth and produce of Antigua, 25th June, 1719–1720. Lime juice, 1425 galls. Sugar, 11943772 lb. Cotton, 262710 lb. Ginger, 85980 lb. Lignum vitæ, 4710 lb. Fustick, 12000 lb. Rum, 243964 galls. Melasses, 140656 galls. 1 p.
204. xl. Account of growth and produce of St. Christophers, 25th June, 1719–1720. Sugar, 8239138 lb. Cotton, 25901 lb. Melasses, 14491 galls. 1 p.
204. xli. Account of the growth and produce of Nevis, June 25th, 1719–1720. Sugar, 5305086 lb. Cotton, 2045 lb. Rum, 794 galls. Melasses, 25954 galls. 1 p.
204. xlii. Account of the growth and produce of Montserrat, 25th June, 1719–1720. Sugar, 2846356 lb. Indigo, 14069 lb. Cotton, 11789 lb. Pemento, 690 lb. Rum, 5735 galls. Melasses, 64956 galls. Endorsed as covering letter. 1 p.
204. xliii. Governor Hamilton's licence of leave to John Yeatmans, member of Council, to be absent for a further six months from Antigua. 20th Aug. 1720. Signed, W. Hamilton. Same endorsement. Copy. 1 p.
204. xliv. Similar licence for a further 12 months to Vallentine Morris. 29th Feb. 1720. Signed and endorsed as preceding. Copy. 1 p.
204. xlv. Similar licence for six months to Edward Warner. 10th June, 1720. Signed and endorsed as preceding. Copy. 1 p. [C.O. 152, 13. ff. 83–84v., 86–90v., 91v., 92, 93, 94, 95v., 97–105, 107v.–110, 111v., 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 117v., 121v. –124v., 125v., 126v.–127v., 128v.–136, 137–138, 139, 140, 141, 142–143, 144, 145, 146, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158–160v., 164–179, 183v., 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194–195, 196–197, 198–199, 200, 201–204, 205–206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212–218, 219v.–220v., 221v., 222, 223.]
Aug. 22. 205. Accounts of Treasurer of Antigua, Nov. 1716–10th March, 1720. Enclosed in Governor Hamilton's letter preceding. Endorsed, Recd. 20th Oct., 1720. 69 large pp. bound in volume. [C.O. 10, 4.]
Aug. 23.
206. Robert Livingston, Secretary of the Indian Affairs, to President Schuyler. Abstract. Has never known "our condition attended with more melancholy circumstances." Both our own people and the Indians say that we ourselves are the occasion of it. If not remedied, this province and all our neighbours will be involved in incredible destruction. The danger consists chiefly in (i) The Five Nations infesting H.M. subjects to the southward, which I perceive by their letter cannot longer be endured, (ii) the French settling Onjagoro, (iii) the furnishing the French and their Indians of Canada with goods from hence, whereby they not only supply the Indians and engross that trade to themselves, who otherwise must come here to buy them, and by that means secure them to their interest etc. Proposes that the Five Nations be prevailed upon to desist from making war that way, or going within the high mountains that cover Virginia, and to go in a friendly way to the Government of Virginia and make a firm peace with all the Indians in allegiance with the Indians, and renew the Covenant chain with that Government at Williamsburgh, where they treated with the Governor last winter etc. Secondly, that the Sachims be prevailed upon to engage their people to demolish Onjagoro and prevent any future settlements there by the French, and that a good gratuity be promised to those that perform this service. "We cannot be ignorant of the great settlements they have made already round about us higher up, and what a noyse ye Missisippi Comp. makes in ye world, who will undoubtedly encourage and assist our rivals of Canada and this being so near bloks us up intirely" etc. Thirdly, a stop be put for three months for all Indian goods going to Canada etc., but encouragement given to those that will go to the Sennekes country and Onjagoro to sell what Indian goods they please to the Five Nations or Far Indians, and that some person that has influence among the Indians be sent with a considerable company to the Sennekes country to keep them steady to the British interest, and defeat the subtle artifices of the French. Finally, whatever we do with the Indians must be in a friendly way, since all our forts are quite rotten and fallen down, and if a war with the Five Nations break out, the best part of the Province will certainly be ruined and we on the frontiers are absolutely undone etc. But the Indians must not be allowed to perceive our apprehension etc. The matter is come to a crisis; we must do or die. It is alleged some are gone and others of the Five Nations are going out against the Southern English settlements and if the blow be once struck it will be a hard matter to heal the breach etc. Set out, N.Y. Col. Docs. V. 559. 3½ pp. [C.O. 5, 1092. No. 12].
[Aug. 23.] 207. Answers by Mr. Boone and Col. Barnwell to queries relating to Carolina. cf. Jan. 12th and 29th. Signed, Joseph Boone, Agent, Jno. Barnwell. Endorsed, Recd. Read 23rd Aug., 1720. 9 pp. [C.O. 5, 538. ff. 13–18v]
[Aug. 23.] 208. An account by Mr. Boone and Col. Barnwell of places proper for garrisons in Carolina, which must be done speedily etc. Signed and endorsed as preceding. 3 pp. [C.O. 5, 538. ff. 19, 20 v.]
[Aug. 23.] 209. An account of distances between and communications of several settlements and rivers in S. Carolina. Endorsed, Recd., from Mr. Boone and Col. Barnwell, Read 23rd Aug., 1720. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 538. ff. 21, 22v.]
[Aug. 23.]
210. Mr. Popple to Sr. R. Raymond, Attorney General. Encloses papers relating to the proceedings against the Charter of the Proprietors of Carolina, "which have been lodged in this office etc." List annexed. [C.O. 5, 400. pp. 27–29.]
Aug. 23. 211. Mr. Worsam to Mr. Gordon. Encloses accounts of the trade between H.M. and the foreign Plantations, 1715, "when that trade was in its infancy and when it was believd illegall but since they had Sr. Edward Northey's opinion they have especially in sugar rum and molassoes traded for above 3 times as much every year" etc. Signed, R. Worsam. Mem. The accts. abovemention'd were return'd to Mr. Gordon. Endorsed, Recd. Read Aug. 23, 1720. 1 p. [C.O. 323, 8. No. 14.]
Aug 23./Sept. 3.
212. Mr. Pulteney to Mr. Popple. Encloses copies of Ordinances relating to trade of forreigners with the French Colonies 1681 and Aug. 1698 etc. Continues:—This Ordinance is in English in a Treatise of the Dominion and Laws of the Sea, which I think is in your office etc. Requests copy of Board's report on this subject. Signed, D. Pulteney. Endorsed, Recd. Read 5th Sept. 1720. 1 p. [C.O. 323, 8. No. 15.]
Aug. 24.
213. Governor Sir N. Lawes to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Since I had last the honour to write, we have had a short Sessions of Assembly. I found that after they had come to several resolutions on the public affairs, especially with respect to the better peopleing the Island, a recess would be agreeable to them, which I was willing to gratifye them in. I therefore with the advice of the Council adjourned the Assembly till the 4th Oct., the Minutes of the last Sessions and also that of the Council your Lordships will receive herewith. The most materiall matters in them is an agreemt. I have made with an Indian King, for a number of his people to come and scour our woods from the rebellious and runaway negroes, who are often very troublesome to us, and as this has been judged both by the Council and Assembly a better and cheaper expedient than the sending out of parties to suppress them so I hope it will have the desired effect. I have likewise with the advice of the Council and Assembly sent proposalls to the people inhabiting Anguilla and the rest of the Virgin Islands to move with their negroes and effects and come and fix in this Island where they can have much better land and a greater quantity and likewise much securer from an enemy than where they are now settled; if they agree to the proposalls I have sent them, 'twill prove of great service to this country in generall, but more particularly to the strength and security of the eastermost part of it, where I intend to settle them, beleiveing there may be found there a convenient tract of land remaining in the gift of the Crown to grant them, and I make no doubt but your Lordships will approve of my proceeding and conduct in this affair as well as in that of the Musquito Indians. About a month agoe the Adventure man of warr arrived here, and as she left England after the publication of the Cessation of Arms with Spain I was in hopes to have recd, by her some directions from your Lordships or from the Secry. of State in relation thereto; but as I have not hitherto recd. any commands concerning the publication thereof, it put me for some time under a dilemma in what method to proceed. Comadore Vernon sent me one of H.M. Proclamation and acquainted me he had directions from the Admiralty to observe the same, this I communicated to the Council and they were of opinion that I should cause the said Proclamation to be published here, which was accordingly done on the 26th of last month, and I have taken all proper steps for the calling in of our privateers, and have acquainted the Spanish Governors in these parts with it. But tho' I have allready given most of them notice of the suspension of arms and that a Peace was speedily to ensue; yet the Spaniards continue dayly to molest our coast and commit depradations by robbing severall of our remote settlements, and this is cheifly done by vessells fitted out from Trinidado on Cuba, and I am credibly informed all the time of last Peace the Alcades or Magistrates of that place paid no regard to the Treaty, and that vessells with pretended commissions were fitted out from thence who constantly were a robbing and plundering our remote Plantations and takeing all our ships and vessells they could make themselves masters of, and that restitution had been severall times demanded in due form but to no effect, so that it was computed this Island had suffer'd more in time of peace than dureing the whole course of the late warr, and now the people of Trinidado are beginning their old course of life, for notwithstanding I sent them timely notice of the suspension of arms, it was but the other day they carried off from our Plantations a considerable number of negroes, and they give out in speeches, that this is the time of their harvest; I beg your Lordships will lay this matter before H.M. for we lay under the greatest hardships imaginable if our hands are tyed up and not allowed to make reprizals, and they suffer'd to go on in their evil courses. Repeats reasons for insisting upon right of cutting logwood in the Bay of Campeachy etc. Continues: Since the calling in of our privateers, I find already a considerable number of seafareing men at the Towns of Port Royall and Kingston that can't find employment, who I am very apprehensive, for want of occupation in their way, may in a short time desert us and turn pyrates. So that I impatiently wait your Lordships' answer etc. By the last accts. I had from Providence the Governor there was much under the same apprehensions of most the inhabitants there turning pyrates, so that there is a dismall prospect of the trade in these parts, if some method is not found out to employ our seafareing people, and I know of none so good or woud be more agreeable to them than that of the Bay of Campeche. Refers to enclosures. Signed, Nicholas Lawes. Endorsed, Recd. 31st Oct., Read 2nd Nov., 1720. 4¾ pp. Enclosed,
213. i. Governor Sir N. Lawes. Speech to the Assembly of Jamaica, June 24, 1720. Same endorsement. Printed. 1 p.
213. ii. Address of the Assembly in reply to preceding. Same endorsement. Printed. 1 p.
213. iii. Governor Sir N. Lawes Speech to the Assembly, June 28, 1720. Same endorsement. Printed. 1 p.
213. iv. Address of the Assembly in reply to preceding. Same endorsement. Printed. 1 p.
213. v. Governor Sir N. Lawes' Speech to the Assembly, July 8, 1720. Same endorsement. Printed. 1 p.
213. vi. Address of the Assembly in reply to preceding. July 9, 1720. Same endorsement. Printed. 1 p.
213. vii. Copy of proposals sent by Governor Sir N. Lawes to the inhabitants of Anguilla for settling in Jamaica, where they will be allotted 10 acres of good land for each in family; sent through Capt. Robert Jones. See covering letter. Signed, Nicholas Lawes. Same endorsement. 1½ pp.
213. viii. Articles of agreement made 25th June, 1720 between Governor Sir N. Lawes and Jeremy, King of the Musquito Indians on the mainland. Jeremy undertakes to bring 50 Indians for six months to pursue rebellious negroes in the woods and mountains. The men to be paid 8 pieces of eight or 40s. current money per head etc. etc. Signed, Nicholas Lawes, Jeremy, King of the Musquitos. Totem mark. Same endorsement. 3 pp.
213. ix. Accounts of H.M. Fortifications at Jamaica, March 25, 1720. Signed, Richd. Mill, Recr. Genl. Same endorsement. 2 pp.
213. x. Account of H.M. Revenue Receiver General, 25th March, 1720. Signed and endorsed as preceding. 6 pp. [C.O. 137, 13. Nos. 44, 44. i–x.]
Aug. 25.
214. Lt. Governor Hart to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Replies to Queries proposed to him by the Board 10th Augt. (i) Maryland is situated in the center of the British Plantations. The climate is unhealthy, especially to strangers, occasion'd by the excessive heat in summer, and extream cold in winter; the vernal and autumnal quarters are attended with fevers, plurisies, etc. The inhabitants are generally a well natur'd and most hospitable people; and much the greater part, zealously affected to H.M. Government and the Protestant interest. The soil is of different kinds, but most of it sandy and of various colours: which when cultivated with little labour gives a vast increase, and produces all things necessary for life, that Great Britain affords; with which the inhabitants plentifully provide for their subsistence, and might have sufficient to vend at foreign marketts but that the making of tobacco imploys all their time and care. This Province has many great and navigable rivers etc. Forest trees are large and tall, as in any part of the Continent, etc. (ii) Maryland is bounded by Pensylvania, the river Pattowmeck, Delaware Bay and the main ocean, and, on the west by the meridian line of the first fountains of the River Pattowmeck—which has not yet been discovered. (iii) The Lord Baltemore is hereditary Governor, etc. (iv) From the time H.M. has been pleas'd to restore the Lord Baltemore to his Government, it is administered in the same manner, as when I had formerly the honour to be Governor by commission immediately from the Crown, save that in the enacting of laws, holding of Courts, issueing of process, and granting Commissions, the Lord Proprietor's name is solely made use of: as was always done by his Lordsp's. noble ancestors: the Crown having made no reservation in the grant of that Province; the faith and allegiance of the people, and sovereign dominion thereof excepted. (iv) Tobacco is ye principal trade of the Province, thence exported to Great Britain; and some to the Plantations; as also grain, beef, pork, and lumber; for which they have in return rum and sugar. To Madeira with corn, for wine; But this article is for ye most part purchased by bills of exchange. The number of shipping is uncertain, that depending on the quantity of tobacco made in the country. But for some years past, there has been about 100 sail of ships from G. Britain; which computed at 130 tons each, makes 13000 tons: and allowing 16 men to each ship, is 1600 seafaring men. The Province have only 4 small brigantines owned in the country, and not more than 20 sloops from the sea: The inhabitants are not inclin'd to navigation, but depend on British bottoms, for export and importation of the bulk of their trade. (v) They wear the like clothing and have the same furniture for their houses with those in G. Britain: The slaves are cloathed with cottens, kerseys, flannel and coarse linnens all imported; and by the best computation I coud make there is consumed of British manufactures about £20,000 pr. ann. (vi) This Province trades with no foreign Plantation besides Madeira for wine; nor to any part of Europe but Great Britain, except Lisbon when corn is scarce, for which they have returns in money. (vii) Besides the Instructions given the Governor by the Crown, H.M. has Collectors of the Customs, Surveyors and riding officers to prevent illegal trade: and I do beleive the same to be effectual. (viii) Tobacco is the staple commodity, which is exported to Great Britain to the number of 30 to 35,000 hhds. per ann. Whilst tobacco answers in its price the planters' labour, all manufactures, or trade that may arise from the produce of the country are laid aside as it is at this time. (ix) No mines are yet discover'd, except iron of which there is great quantity of oar, but none worked, for want of persons with a sufficient stock and skill to undertake it. (x) The annual produce of the commodities of this Province is computed at £150,000 in their favour, free of all charges. (xi) Number of white inhabitants, 1719, 55,000; of blacks, 25,000. (xii) The inhabitants are much increased of late years; by those born in the country; by the rebels imported from Preston; by the great number of convicts; by the purchase of slaves and by many poor families, who transport themselves from Ireland. (xiii) Militia, about 8,000 well arm'd and excellent marksmen. (xiv) There are no forts nor places of defence: But I have, at the publick charge, lately built a large magazeen at Annapolis, which is well provided with spare arms for 1200 foot and 600 horse, with great quantity of ammunition; to maintain which and to make a further provision of arms etc. there is a duty of 3d. per hhd. laid by Act of Assembly on all tobacco exported. (xv) The Indians who dwell within the inhabitants do not exceed 500, with whom I have always liv'd peaceably; nor cou'd I learn they ever offer'd any injury to the English, unless first provoked; then their revenge is secret and bloody. (xvi) What the number of the neighbouring Indians are is not certainly known; but reported to be many formidable nations. Maryland has little commerce with the Indns., being a Peninsula, so I was only careful to make those on the frontiers my freinds, by which the Province enjoy'd a perfect tranquility during my Government. (xvii) There are no Europeans nearer than the Spaniards at St. Augustines; and the French on Missisippi to the Southward; and on the Lakes, and at Canada, to the nor'ward. (xviii) I have not heard of any ill effects the French settlements on the Continent to the Southward, has, as yet, on H.M. Plantations; save that the French use all imaginable arts to engage the Indians in their interest; the consequence of which is too obvious, to admit of a comment to your Lordsps. (xix) There is no Revenue arising to the Crown, all royalties being in the Lord Baltemore, to whom the profits are appropriated. (xx) The provision for the support of a Governor is by a duty of 12d. per hhd. on all tobacco exported, and 3d. per ton. on all ships and vessells entring; both these duties are by Act of Assembly. The other extraordinary charges of the Government are provided for by ye Assembly. (xxi) The establishment both civil and military within that Government, are under the same regulation, as when the respective Governors held their Commissions, and had their Instruction immediately from the Crown: save, that all commissions are now given by, and in the Lord Proprietaries name. There are no patent officers who hold immediately from the Crown. Signed, Jo. Hart. Endorsed, Recd. 26th Aug., Read 30th Nov. 1720. 6¾ pp. Enclosed,
214. i. 21 Queries from the Council of Trade and Plantations to Lt. Governor Hart relating to Maryland, answered in preceding. 3½ pp. [C.O. 5, 717. Nos. 84, 84, i.]
Aug. 30. 215. Mr. Bampfeild to Mr. Popple. Prays that Act of Barbados to confirm certain deeds of lease and release between Robert Lowther and Lady Lonsdale etc., may be laid before H.M. for confirmation as soon as may be. Signed, Geo. Bampfeild. Endorsed, Recd. Read 6th Sept., 1720. Addressed. 1p. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 97.]
Aug. 30.
216. Mr. Popple to Mr. Carkesse. Asks for copies of Naval Officers accounts of entries and clearances, Carolina, for past three years etc. [C.O. 5, 400. 30.]
Aug. 30.
217. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices. Representation enclosing following and proposing measures necessary for the defence of Carolina. Set out, N.C. Col. Rec. II. 393. Enclosed,
217. i. Draft of Instructions for a Governor of Carolina.
217. ii. Instructions for same relating to Acts of Trade and Navigation. [C.O. 5, 400. pp. 31–125.]
Aug. 30.
218. Mr. Popple to Mr. Tilson. Reply to 17th Aug. As the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations are not acquainted with what are the proper fees for the Attorney and Sollicitor Genl. in matters relating to the Crown, they are of opinion it would be more for the publick service if the Sollicitor of the Treasury should have their Lordships' directions to attend the Attorney or Sollicitor Genll, with such references as the Board shall have occasion to make to them. Ask that directions be given accordingly. [C.O. 389, 37. pp. 189, 190.]
Aug. 30.
Paris Sept. the 10th N.S.
219. Mr. Pulteney to Mr. Popple. I had this afternoon a Conference at the Archbishop of Cambray about the affair of Canceaux etc. Refers to letter to Mr. Delafaye (v. Sept. 8th.) Desires to be informed, whether ye French fish[ery] at Cape Canceau, and if they have their huts or settlements there for cureing their fish, or if this is done at the small islands of Canceau which lye at some distance; I am apt to believe the first; the extract Mr. Delafaye sent me of the board's representation saying the French fishery at Canco; but under an uncertainty I thought it best to insist on the excluding them even from the little Islands; it would likewise be of use to me to know as exactly as possible the situation of the Island of Sable with respect to Cape Breton and to Nova Scotia, the situation of those Islands of Canceau in the same respects, and if what we call Cape Canceau, is really an Island detached from the mainland of Nova Scotia, as I fancy the french will pretend; Captain Smart who was employed last year in disturbing the French fishery and settlements at Canceay may, if he is in England, give you the most perfect accounts of this matter. Acknowledges letter of 25th. No signature. Endorsed, Recd. Read 5th Sept., 1720. Holograph. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 217, 3. No. 7.]