America and West Indies: October 1720

Pages 165-187

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 32, 1720-1721. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1933.

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October 1720

Oct. 3.
251. Governor Hamilton to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Refers to enclosures. Continues: By which you will perceive that these seas are again infested with pirates of considerable force etc., who on the 27th and 28th of the last month openly and in the daytime burnt and destroyed our vessels in the Road of Basseterre, and had the audaciousness to insult H.M. Fort etc. (v. encl. i.) Continues: The Rose man of war and Sharke sloop arrived here some time in June last, but so much shattered with beating the seas, that the Capt. told me soon after his arrival that the ship was almost unfit for service very foul, and her upper works so tender that he durst not heave her down: and there being no place of hauling her ashore here, nor conveniencies to refit her, and the hurricane time coming on I thought it necessary and for H.M. service to condescend to the Captain's request which was to let him go to the Northward to refit upon promise that he would return about the middle of this month. I hear by a ship arrived from Boston that she is safe arrived there but that he cannot be with me till the latter end of November next and indeed had he been here 'tis much to be feared he would not have been able to have coped with them, tho' on my part he should have had all the assistance possible. In my letters of the 15th March 1717 the 6th of Jan. 1717/18 and the 19th Dec. following I humbly desired your Lordships to represent to H.M. how uncapable so small a ship as the Seaford was (or indeed any ship of that force as this towitt the Rose is) was to protect the Trade from the insults of these vermine, and that such ship would be in danger of being overpowered even when she went out to cruise on them and at the same time I desired that your Lordships would represent to H.M. that a fifth rate or at least a ship of 36 or 40 guns, might be appointed etc., to which your Lordships were pleased to answer that you had been informed several of the pirates had surrendered etc., and that you hoped the rest would follow etc. upon H.M. Proclamation of pardon, but your Lordsships may now plainly perceive how little Acts of Grace and Mercy work on these vermine (several of these present pirates have, as I have been informed, surrendered more than once upon H.M. said Proclamation) and that nothing but force will subdue them; and I daresay had we a ship of that force we should not only drive them out of these seas, but in some measure prevent their doing further mischief, for they come among these Islands not so much for gain, but to pick up straglers, and victual their ships for other enterprises. I come now once more as it is my duty to lay these matters before your Lordships, and humbly hope you will agree with me in opinion how necessary it will be for H.M. service, and the protection of our Trade that such a ship as I before mentioned should be sent on this station, and that your Lordships will represent this matter to H.M. and use your good offices towards procuring such a one etc. We are small Colonies and subsist chiefly on trade; if our homeward bound vessels are taken and plundered and our provision ships intercepted, what have we that lyes not at the mercy of these villains? Signed, W. Hamilton. Endorsed, Recd. 5th, Read 9th Dec., 1720. 2¾ pp. Enclosed,
251. i. Extract of letter from Lt. General Mathew to Governor Hamilton, 29th Sept. 1720. [St. Christophers]. Upon the information of James Dennison (encl. ii), I had the sloop referred to examined, an inventory made, and refer Mr. Thomas Otley's claim to the goods to your Excellency etc. Continues: Tuesday about one of the clock Lt. Isaac Thomas sent me an express with notice that these pirates were actually coming into Basse Terre Road. I immediately ordered Lt. McKenzie to Charles Fort and put a subaltern and 30 of the Militia therein. Ordered Lt. Coll. Payne to get the two companys under arms at Sandy Point Town, Capt. Nat. Paine to do the like at Old Road, Major Willet at Palmeto Point, with orders to the gunners at these four places to be in readiness, and then rode to Basse Terre. I gat there by two found the pirates ship and sloop with black flaggs etc, had cut out one ship that was under sail actually then, and had set two more on fire, and our Battery without powder or ball rammer or gun (except two) fit for any service, and everything in confusion. I took from Mr. Hare's store by force 7½ barrels of powder, Mr. Parsons furnished a half barril pickt up about town, some shot big and little got four small three pounders from Mr. Peter Thomas mounted on the beach with some shot for them, and two more of the guns on the battery in order, and we had then a small cannonading for about an hour, but what with bad gunners unsizable shot etc. we did them no hurt and they went out of reach for that afternoon and night, this gave me some time to remedy our confusons etc. The ship they had taken belonged to one Fowls consigned to Mr. Parsons. Fowls with two of his men goes off to them just before I gat to town, and was kept on board. One Hinkston (whose behaviour savored much of knave or coward) had a ship in the Road which they set on fire, tho' there were 500 barrils of beef in, he had it seems sent his boat on board them of his own accord, which with his men they also detained, as they went out of the Road I perceived she burned but slowly etc. With the aid of William Panton gets her ashore and puts out fire. Continues: By the time the night was closed and every man had got his post along the Bay etc. Capt. Hinkston's men came on shoar from the Pirate, and brought me the letters (enclosed) etc. In the morning [the pirates still] lay off Basse Terre, waiting for these sheep. We got by this time 13 great guns in good order among them a 24 pounder, and had got shot from Palmeto Point and cartridge paper from Old Road, about 9 the pirate sloop stood directly in, and just about gun shot off a boat put off from her, and she stood out again, the boat brought on shore Capt. Fowles and one of his men and another man whom they would have forced, but his unwillingness and being troubled with fits made them put him on shore, this man is under a guard, and I wait the Sollicitor General's opinion about him having sent to him to examine him close. About 11 the sloop stood in again for these sheep etc. (for Capt. Fowl's forsooth could hardly be kept from going to them again hoping to have his ship etc.) The sloop came close in almost among our sloops, and we had time to give her two rounds of all our guns of which 7 hit her tore her gibb setled her made [= ? main] sail by cutting the hallyards 'tis supposed, and we believe one of the 24 pd. ball. took her in the bow. She made no return but got out as well as she could and shee and the ship ran into the Grand Golett and there turned Fowls ship adrift. I wish they may not have got some of your Excellency's mutton for their boat went on shoar etc. They stretched for Nevis, could not fetch hardly Morton's Bay; so stood away westward along shore. We brought Fowls' ship in again and found this fine distich in chalk on the companion
For our words sake we let thee go
But to Creoles we are a foe—
or something of remembering Creoles as a foe, and a Death's head and arm with a Cutlace, and on board Hinkston they had versifyed in chalk
In thee I find
Content of mind.
They standing along shore I got on horseback leaving the care of all at Basse Terre to Col. McDowal, and with about 70 horse and dragoons waited on them as far as Old Road, etc. This morning at 10 they were seen for the last time to the N. ward and E. of St. Bartholomews etc. Col. McDowal, Major Milliken, Mr. Spooner, Mr. Hunt and Mr. Thos. Otley gave me all imaginable assistance etc. Recommends Peter Thomas to command the troop of horse of Basse Terre. Continues: These villains are certainly going to windward of Antego and Barbados etc. They want bread and will wait some New England vessels coming. They offer any price for Mr. Pinney, Spooner and Brown for condemning their comrades at Nevis, threaten and bluster much and have intelligences off this island in particular that I am surprised at. Same endorsement. Copy. 3¾ pp.
251. ii. Deposition of James Dennison, gunner of Fort Hamilton, St. Christophers, 25th Sept. 1720. Deponent arrested Robert Dunn (v. following) whom he found landing goods out of a canoe. Dunn endeavoured to prevent him from examining the sloop etc. Signed, James Dennison. Same endorsement. Copy. 2 pp.
251. iii. Deposition of Robert Dunn, Master of the Sloop Relief, Jeremiah Burroughs owner, of Bermuda. Turtling in the harbour of Curriwaccoo on 4th Sept., he was seized by a pirate ship and sloop, commanded by one Roberts, of Barbados, about 130 men all told. The remnant of the Royal Rover's crew are in this gang. The ship they took on the banks of Newfoundland, French-built, and one of 21 they took there etc. The pirates dismissed deponent after putting on board his sloop some bundles of old rigging and cloth etc. in return for his tending them with turtles etc. which they made him do. They said they intended to take Marygalante. They intend to take their revenge off Antego and Barbados and then go on the coast of Brazil or the East Indies. They would blow up rather than be taken. Every man double armed, and mostly Englishmen. Say they will when they leave these coasts take none but Spanish and Portuguese etc. Signed, Robert Dunn. Dated and endorsed as preceding. Copy. 2 pp.
251. iv. Deposition of Moyse Renos, (Moses Renolds, or Renault,) of Dartmouth, Mariner. St. Christophers, 26th Sept., 1720. Was taken by a pirate sloop when on a fishing voyage on the Banks of Newfoundland in a pink belonging to William Cane of St. Johns. Within five or six days they took four or five prizes amongst them a vessell of Bristoll one Thomas Commander who formerly used to trade to Barbados they intended to use him ill but he giving them an account that a ship and sloop was fitted out of Barbados to pursue them (for they had been in the Royall Rover in these seas) and that it was reported at Barbados they had sunk the said pyrates, they in their merriments hereon returned him his ship and dismissed him but took two or three of his men by force who made their escape afterwards. Thence they went to Trepassi, and found in the harbour 22 sail of English bankers and fishers, of these they took one and in 10 days fitted her out with 18 guns for their own use oblidgeing the crews of all the ships to work and of the severall crews five or six took on willingly with them etc. They forced three or four more but only took provisions and left all the rest of the vessells there except one they burnt etc. They next took 5 or 6 sail of French bankers, among them the ship they are now in, putting the Frenchmen on board the ship they took at Trepassi, for they would not force or permit any of any nation to be with them only English etc. Corroborates preceding. Signed, Moyse Renos. Endorsed as preceding. Copy. 2¼ pp.
251. v. Inventory of goods taken on board the sloop Relief. (v. Nos. i. and iii.) Same endorsement. Copy. 2 pp.
(a) Bartholomew Roberts, the Pirate, to Lt. General Mathew. Royall Fortune, Sept. 27th, 1720. This comes expressly from me to lett you know that had you come off as you ought to a done and drank a glass of wine with me and my company I should not harmed the least vessell in your harbour. Farther it is not your gunns you fired yt. affrighted me or hindred our coming on shore but the wind not proving to our expectation that hindred it. The Royall Rover you have already burnt and barbarously used some of our men but we have now a ship as good as her and for revenge you may assure yourselves here and hereafter not to expect anything from our hands but what belongs to a pirate as farther Gentlemen that poor fellow you now have in prison at Sandy point is entirely ignorant and what he hath was gave him and so pray make conscience for once let me begg you and use that man as an honest man and not as a C if we hear any otherwise you may expect not to have quarters to any of your Island yours, Signed, Bathll. Roberts. Copy. ½ p.
(b) Henry Fowle to James Parsons. Sept. 27, 1720. Requests him to send in the morning some sheep goats etc. in a boat to the pirates. "I am treated very civilly and promised to have my ship and cargo again and desire Capt. Henksone to send his wheel that he stears his ship with, or it may be the worse for him" etc. Signed, Henry Fowle. Copy. ½ p. The whole endorsed as preceding. [C.O. 152, 13. ff. 20–21v., 23–24v., 25v.–26v., 27v.–28v., 29v.–32v., 33v., 34, 35v.]
Oct. 6.
252. Mr. Delafaye to the Governors of Plantations. Encloses Additional Instruction relating to Money Bills. v. Aug. 11th. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. [C.O. 324, 34. pp. 15, 16.]
Oct. 6.
253. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices. Representation on petition of M. Hiriberry (13th Sept.). Refer to representation of 5th June, 1719, upon which the late Lords Justices did send orders to the Govr. of New England accordingly. But the letter from Mr. Delafaye upon the first memorials from the sd. Hiriberry and upon which our foresd. Representatn. was made was dated the 28th May, 1719, and we now find that H.M. was pleased about a fortnight before to grant the said two vessels etc. to Capt. Smart (v. Sept. 13th). This being the state of M. Hiriberry's case, we cannot see which way the late Lords Justices gracious intentions towards him can be made effectual without breaking in upon H.M. previous grant to Capt. Smart and his crew unless your Excellencies should be disposed to give the said Hiriberry a sum of mony in compensation for his losses. [C.O. 218, 1. pp. 479–481.]
Oct. 6. 254. Governor Nicholson to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Their Excellencies the Lords Justices having been pleas'd on your Lordships' Representation of 30th Aug., to direct a Commission to pass the Great Seal for trying pirates in South Carolina, but as the same cannot be dispatch'd till proper persons are nam'd etc., prays them to lay before their Excellencies the names of fit persons etc. Suggests a new Commission for Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina. Signed, Fr. Nicholson. Endorsed, Recd. 6th., Read 11th, 1720. 1 p. Enclosed,
254. i. List of persons proposed by Governor Nicholson to be of the Commission for trying pirates in S. Carolina. Signed, F. Nicholson. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 358. ff. 42–45v.]
Oct. 6. 255. Governor Nicholson to Mr. Delafaye. Their Excys. the Lords Justices having been pleased to signe an establishmt. for the Independent Company designed for South Carolina, but none for me as Governour, nor any other Millitary Officers, encloses copy of an establishmt. for Govr. Philipps, "which I had from ye Warr Office and I hope the Parliament will allow the like for South Carolina which place in its present confusion and unhappy circumstances can make no better allowance than Nova Scotia etc. You will please observe to their Excellcys. that the difference between Collo. Phillips's pay as Collo. and mine as Capt. is 14s. a day, besides, he remained a long time here with his pay as Govr. and had a great many advantages of his officers and the clothing of his Regiment, none of wch. I have or am like to have. Therefore I humbly hope that some allowance will be made me for the great expence I have and shall be at in providing equipage, necessarys for my voyage, paying my passage and passing my Comicons; that for Captain bearing date ye 24th of ye last month and that for Govr. the 26th so that my allowance as such can be but from those days. I have got from the Offices, the payments and an accot. of ye summs unissued on accot. of ye Garrison of Placentia by which it will appear what savings there are particularly of the pay of the Governour which was promised to me either as being Governour or as being Genll. and Commander in Chief of the forces in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland for which I had no pay therefore I humbly hope I have an equitable pretence to the said pay, but if their Excellcys. will be pleased to order me the said savings it shall be very gratefully acknowledged by me not only as a full satisfaction on that accot. but likewise for my aforementioned expences."Has neglected his private affairs in order to proceed on his voyage with all expedition etc. Signed, Fr. Nicholson. 1½ pp. Enclosed,
255. i. Payments by Mr. Howe on account for the Garrison of Placentia. April 1713–Dec. 1714. Total, £7447 12s. 1d. 2 pp.
255. ii. Account of sums unissued by the Rt. Hon. Robt. Walpole and the Earl of Lincoln for the Garrison of Placentia, 1713–1717. Total remaining unissued, £1482 12s. 1¾d. Total amount of the Governor's pay 25th April, 1713–24th Aug., 1717. £1240 19s. 7d. 3pp. [C.O. 5, 387. Nos. 11, 11. i., ii.]
Oct. 7. 256. Governor Nicholson to —Wase Esq. Prays him to discourse Mr. Delafay about his establishment as Governor etc. Signed, Fr. Nicholson. Endorsed, No order. Addressed. ¾ p. Enclosed,
256. i. Copy of Governor Phillips' Establishment:—
(i.) Collo. Phillips as Collo. and Capt. £1 4 0
(ii.) Do. as Governor of Annapolis and Placentia £2 14
Lt. Governor of Annapolis Roya 10 0
(iii.) Secretary to the Governor of Annapolis Royal and Placentia 10 0
Fort Major or Adjutant 4 0
Chaplain 6 8
Commissary of the stores and provisions 4 0
Comissary of the Musters and Judge Advocate 4 0
Fire and Candle 7 0
½ p. [C.O. 5, 387. Nos. 12, 12. i.]
Oct. 11. 257. List of 12 persons proposed to be of the Commission for trying pirates in S. Carolina. Signed, Joseph Boone, Jno. Barnwell. Endorsed, Recd., Read 11th Oct., 1720. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 358. ff. 46, 47v.]
Oct. 11.
258. Order of Lords Justices in Council. The Lords Commissioners of Trade are forthwith to present the names of persons proper for executing the Commission for trying pirates in S. Carolina etc. Signed, Temple Stanyan. Endorsed, Recd., Read 13th Oct., 1720. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 358. ff. 48, 49v.]
Oct. 11. 259. Mr. Dummer to Mr. Popple. Encloses following. Some of the queries are not to be answered but on the spot or from the Custom house books etc. Concludes: I am going to the Old Bailey to prosecute a gang of rogues who have bin counterfeiting our Province bills. I have seiz'd 900 of ye false bills with all the copper plates. Signed, Jer. Dummer. Endorsed, Recd. 11th Oct., Read 6th Dec., 1720. 1 p. Enclosed,
259. i. Mr. Dummer's answers to 21 Queries from the Council of Trade and Plantations relating to the Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire. 4½ pp. [C.O. 5, 867. Nos. 77, 77. i.]
Oct. 13.
St. Albans, at sea.
260. Commodore Percy to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following. Signed, F. Percy. Endorsed, Recd. 23rd. Read 28th Jan. 1720/21;. Addressed. ¾ p. Enclosed,
260. i. Answers to Heads of Enquiry relating to Trade and Fishery of Newfoundland. (v. April 6th) (i) Complaints of irregularities are not without just cause. (ii) The rules of the Act are trifled with by most persons, the Admirals have little regard to anything but their own interests. (iii) Too common, unless prevented by us. (iv) After the departure of the convoy, it is customary for the ships remaining behind, and the inhabitants resideing the winter; not only to distroy the stages, flakes and cookrooms, but even the fishing shallops etc. Nor is that care taken by the masters of the fishing ships to repair the stages, cook roomes etc. properly belonging to them; because they sent their ships out of the Banks, having left off fishing near the shore, hire the inhabitants stages, store-houses etc. cheaper then they can repair those that belongs to them; which has been a means of several encroachments, and if some method be not taken to prevent such practices, here will be no roome left for the fishing ships to cure the fish, they bring from the Banks; There has not all this summer, neither is there in all this harbour, one stage standing belonging to the fishing ships. (v) There are in this harbour (i.e. St. Johns) many fishing ships roomes unoccupied, it being chargable to build the flakes, etc. Differences relating to them are generally decided by the Admirals etc. (vi) Notwithstanding orders by former Commanders, to several persons to relinquish such stages, room's, storehouses etc. as have been by them condemn'd as ships roomes, they have not so done; particularly in St. Johns several persons have engros'd on the Admiral's and Vice-Admirals rooms, by building of dwelling and storehouses on the same. 8 names given including that of Governor Collins. The Admirals and masters of fishing ships bring goods to trade with the planters which is the reason they connive at these encroachments. (vii) They continue to encroach on the fishing ships rooms; because the masters don't keep up their stages, nor imploy any shollops, but send their ships out on the Banks to fish. (viii) The Byboatkeepers don't meddle with ships' rooms, but hire from the inhabitants. (ix) They don't comply with the Act in bringing over green freshmen etc. No return is made by the Admirals. (x) The inhabitants can't so well comply with the Act, as to the number of green men, having no other opportunity of procuring servants, then shiping such as are free from the former masters, or passengers directly from England. But the inhabitants of St. Johns have intirely left off keeping of boats and servants for fishing, the voyages has prov'd so bad for several years past, that has impoverish'd the planters very much, and made them uncapable of prosecuting the fishery. They live by letting out their stages, flakes etc. and keeping publick houses, to the great detriment of the fishing trade, there being this year only two boat keept by the inhabitants of St. Johns. (xi) There are a great number of boats, trainfatts etc. unoccupied. (xii) They do not rind more trees then is made use off to cover the houses, and stages etc., nor do distroy timber otherwise, then for building and fireing. (xiii) No complaint. (xiv) No. (xv) They are not so ready to do justice to the several complaints, which occasions abundance of trouble to us, to whom all trivial complaints are made, as well as all appeals from other harbours. (xvi) There being no parson, the chaplain of my ship did duty etc. (xvii) There has not been of late years, any aliens, or strangers, that has presum'd to fish in any of the parts of Newfoundland, from Cape Bonavista to Saint Peters. (xix) The inhabitants are supply'd with great quantities of rum, moloss's, flower, pork, sugar, tobacco, black cattle, sheep etc. from the American sloops, and New England factors to the yearly value of £10,000 sterl., the produce of which is sent to Great Britain by bills of exchange, and returned to America in linnen, and woolen manufactorys. (xx) The inhabitants and byboatkeepers are furnish'd with all their sail cloaths, and furniture for the fishery, from England only. (xxi, xxii) The scarcity of men very much enhances the wages, insoemuch that a boats wages for five men during the fishing season, will amount to £70, the charge of the boat, craft, salt, and provisions for curing 200 quintles amounts to £60 more, all which charge is to be paid out of the fish that shall be taken by three men in one shollop, the other two being left on shore for curing the fish. For several years last past, very few, if any of the inhabitants has taken so much fish as would alone pay men's wages, and charges of the boats, allowing the provisions intirely lost. (xxiii) The fish taken by planters, byboats etc. is alwayes at one, or the same price, and no manner of difference in the charge of fishing, excepting the mentaining winter servants, which the planters are often necessitated to do, or want them the next season. (xxiv) At Saint Johns, they drink and debauch themselves all the winter, and their servants in cutting firewood etc. In the other Southern parts they do repair their houses, stages, flakes, and build boats against the spring. But to the N. of Bay Verds the planters and servants are imployed in seal fishing. Last winter was taken in Trinity and Bonavist 260 tons of oyle etc. (xxv) The furr taken at Bonavist amounts to £2000, which with the oyle was sent to England. They have no commerce with the Indians, who are a savage people, not as yet acquainted with the use of guns. In the summer season they come to the southward, have been seen near Bonavist. In the winter they go further northward in canoose, made of birchin rinds, which they sowe together with the sinnews of bucks, and pay the seams with frankincence. (xxvi) The inhabitants' houses are generally built above the flakes, and those near the shoare side, are where no stages, or flakes can be, which is no hindrance to the fishery. But there are a great many publick hous's, and storehous's built near the waterside, which are encroachments on the fishing rooms, and very prejudicial to them. (xxvii) All rooms cut out by the inhabitants, that did not belong to the fishing ships, since 1685, are still theres, tho' not occupied by them, but let out to hire to the fishing ships, and by boatkeepers, the rent of one boatsroom being valued in peace at 6 or £7, and in warr 10 or 12. (xxviii) 5 flakes of 100 x 46 ft. are esteemed to be a boatsroom and generally built according to the ancient custome, from the water side upwards. (xxix) There has not been any records left of what room properly belong to the fishing ships, which has been the occasion of many disputes, and a means that the greatest part of the ships-room is built upon, and possest by the inhabitants of St. Johns. (xxx) The fishing ships, and by boatkeepers furnish themselves with provisions and craft from Great Brittain and Ireland. (xxxi) No ship, that has not clear'd from Great Brittain on a fishing voyage, that does not bring a certificate of his quallification pursuant to the Act, is allowed to be Admiral: But ships that are so quallified, notwithstanding they touch in Ireland for provisions, France or Portugal for salt, are allowed the same liberty, as if directlye from England. (xxxii) The putting of passengers into possession of ships rooms, was formerly practiced, but not lately. (xxxiii) The by boatkeepers alwayes hire their stages, boatrooms etc. from the inhabitants. They are the only support of the fishery in this country, ought greatly to be encourag'd for their indefaticable industry, and hard labour. (xxxiv) Some few fishing ships still follow the custome of sharing the fish to the several persons concern'd; the by boat keepers are generally three of them partners in one boat, with only two servants, and 'tis very remarkable, that they take every year 100 quintles of fish more then the inhabitants ever do, who hire servants to fish for them, whilst they live on the shoare, follow suttling, and pedling: which ruinated many of them. The ships which goes on the Banks, the master or merchant is at the charge of the ships provisions, craft, etc. for the voyage. They often take the poorer sort of inhabitants with them, who are allow'd one third of all such fish as they shall respectively take, deliver'd to them cured and fitt for market. This way is very good for certainly every man then will be industrious etc. The charge of fitting a ship from the builder, of 100 tons, with 50 men and 10 boats, will amount too for the whole season, allowing £600 for the ship fitted, £1540. (xxxv) The British ships do frequently import from France, Spain and Portugal brandy, wine and oyle, which they bring in their salt directly from thence seldom less then 30 sail, every year uses that trade openly. I have taken cognizance of the masters of those ships, as has done it this year, in this port, which I leave to your Lordships determination. Three names given. (xxxvi) It is sold to the inhabitants of Saint Johns, who all keep taverns, and suttling houses, and drank here. It cannot be exported to New England etc., because great care is taken by the Custom house Officers in America, it being prohibited, both ship and goods forfeited. (xxxvii) Great quantities of rum is yearly imported from New England etc. seldom less then 600 hhds. (to the ruin and distruction of the people and country) together with a considerable quantity of moloss's, tobacco and sugar, all which is expend'd in this land; but no cotton wool, dying wood, ginger or fustick, has lately been brought here; nor any carried to Spain, Portugal, or any other parts, by any indirect trade. (xxxviii) 'Tis uncertain what quantitys of goods in general are imported in all Newfoundland, but this year by the nearest estimate has been brought into this harbour, in bread, flower, pork, rum, moloss's, tobacco, black cattle and sheep, from the American Islands, and New England, to the value of £6000 sterl., all which is sold for fish, and laded on board the sack ships, excepting some small quantities of refuse fish sent in sloops to the Maderas, and American Plantations in the West Indies. (xxxix) The inhabitants of Saint Johns keep taverns, and eating houses for the masters of ships, and factors. Others suttle; but all in general sell liquor to the fishermen, and seamen belonging to the ships. Here are a nest of litle pedlers, who goes under the denomination of merchant factors, have small storehouses, sell rum, wine, tobacco, and sugar by retail. Inhabit amongst the planters all the winter, and involve them over head and ears in debt, which after the fishing season, causes so much villany, and knavery, as cannot be parraleld. A planter by them, is often reduced to a servant, and soon after to slavery for life; unless he transplants himself to New England, leaving them in the lurch. There is no limitting the publick houses by licence, for after we saile there is neither law nor reason amongst them, not so much as self preservative community. (xl) The inhabitants and by boatkeepers do frequently trust their servants with liquor, and tobacco to the full of their wages. That at the end of the fishery, they have not wherewithall to buy themselves bread. Are necessitated to transplant themselves to New England, or starve in the winter. (xli) The passage of a servant from England is 50s., to £3, and back 30s., which is paid in fish to the masters of the ships in the Land. (xlii) It is certain that trusting the fishing ships' crew is very prejudicial to the masters concern'd in the fishery. The people naturally love strong liquor, and are too often in such a condition as make them uncapable of performing their duty. (xliii) The masters of fishing ships, and by boat keepers contrive to leave their servants behind, by giving them too great credit, or cheating of them; for open knavery is here lookt upon no other, then close dealing. Last year Capt. Ogle oblidg'd all the American sloops and brigantins to sail out of this harbour with him; but they had no sooner parted company, then those very vessells returnd back againe to Saint Johns, for all such men as would go with them to New England, which they were fully freighted with etc. (xliv) The New England masters do still continue to carry away great numbers of fishermen, and others; notwithstanding that due care is taken to prevent it. The Admirals of the several ports, were H.M. ships does not reside, never trouble their heads about preventing that pernicious practice. (xlv) In this port, no one has, or shall depart without entring into such bonds, and attested in such manner, as the same may be prov'd in England; and unless some of the forfeited bonds be put in execution, it will be imposible to prevent them. John Miller, master of the Nassau sloop off Charles Town in New England carryed off Roger Parker from Renoose on purpose to cheat all his servants, as may be proved by 5 names given. (xlvi) I have represented to the respective Admirals, the loss of credit the Newfoundland fish has in foreigne markets etc., and find it chiefly oweing to the fishing ships, who have left off keeping of shallops, and fishing near the shoar; but send their ships, and vessells on the Banks for a month, or five weaks, then bring the fish into the land to cure; such fish as are caught at the begining of the season, are good; if rightly salted; but in the height of summer, and latter end of the year, very bad. The by boat keepers and planters are greatly to blame in not giving the fish due time to cure on the flakes etc. If the ships continue goeing on the Banks, will in a few years ruinate this trade, and country; tho' the rum has struck a great stroke towards it already. (xlvii) Great numbers of French fishing ships use the Banks on the coast of Canada, and Cape Breton. (xlviii) There are not above 10 French residents in St. Peters, St. Lawrences, and in Placentia; who conforme to the Treaty, and are supply'd with craft and servants from England; but here are brought over every year by the Bristol, Biddiford and Bastable ships great numbers of Irish roman Catholick servants, who all settle to the southward in our Plantations; which if a warr with France etc. would be a direct means of loosing this country, who would joyne with any enemy, if some care be not taken to suppress the same, it may not be improbable that these very fellowes may turn pyrotts in a little time, especially, after a bad fishing voyage. (xlix) The French fish in the northern parts of this land, but don't reside there all the winter, nor build houses, neither do they come from any other parts to hunt for furr, but there are a sort of French Indians who take a considerable quantity of furr in the winter and sell to our tradeing people. (1) The officers don't concern themselves with the fishery in Placentia, which place is of the least consequence to the fishery of this land, it lying farr out of the way in a deap bay; where very little fish is caught. It was of great service to the French in time of warr, where there So. Sea West India and Banck ships joyned the convoy, which every fall lyes ready for them there, as well as annoying our trade here, and along the American coast. (li) George Skeffington has met with no molestation this summer. Has imployed 30 men servants in the salmon fishery, 20 of which were raw, green men. Has taken 530 tirces of salmon, 330 of which was sent to Italy and 200 to Bilboa, price £1 15s. pr. tirce. There was taken last winter £2000 in furr, and £4000 in sceal oyle, which sceal fishery in a little time will be of great advantage, in and about Bonavista. H.M.S. St. Albans. St. Johns, 8th Oct., 1720. Signed and endorsed as preceding. 11½ pp.
260. ii. Scheme of the Fishery at Newfoundland, 1720. Totals: Fishing ships, sack ships and ships from America, 101; Burthen, 12,210 tons; men belonging thereto, 2,240; passengers on the fishing ships, 1,206; number of boats kept, 617; by boatsmen, 713; quintals of fish made, 80,220; carried to foreign markets, 94,030; train oyl, 590½ tons; price, 28 ryals pr. quintal of fish; £16 pr. ton of oyl; stages, 276; train fatts, 138; inhabitants, 2,320, of which 2,057 remained in the country last winter. Details of ports, etc. given. Signed, dated and endorsed as preceding. 2 pp.
260. iii–vii. Five bonds in £500 each given by the Masters of New England ships, only to depart with such men as really belong to their ships etc. H.M.S. St. Albans. 5th Aug.–27th Sept., 1720. Endorsed as preceding, 5 pp. [C.O. 194, 7. ff. 1v., 3, 5–12v., 13–17v., 18v.]
Oct. 14.
261. Mr. Cumings to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Having received a letter from Boston dated 2nd Sept. in which I have the following paragraph, "This morning arrived att Boston from Canso Mr. Henshaw son in a sloop who brings the bad news of the French setting the Indians upon the English fishery there the 15th Aug. with French amongst them and seized to the value of £10,000 sterl. in fish and merchandize and carried it over to Cape Bretton and killed three English men the English have taken severall of the French that were in the action and have sent them prisoners to Govr. Philips att Annapolis Royall." The above coming from a gentleman of credite I thought itt my duty to lay itt before your Lordships as also that by the printed news from Boston of 29th Aug. the Indians in the eastern settlements of New England by instigation of the French missionaries insult the English by killing their catle and robbing ther houses which has obleidged the people to leave ther habitations and goe into garrisons as farr as York in the province of Maine. My Lords, I am most humbly of opinion that unless the eastern parts of New England and the coast of Nova Scotia be protected by the Crown the setlements cannot be carried on in safety nor the fishery to advantage which is capable of great improvements and if the french missionaries amongst the Indians in the Brittish Dominions be not obleidged to retire the inhabitants will not be able to live in peace and tranquillity while they remain. Signed, Archd. Cumings. Endorsed, Recd. 14th, Read 18th Oct., 1720. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 217, 3. No. 12.]
Oct. 14.
262. Same to Mr. Secretary Craggs. Duplicate of preceding. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 23. No. 32.]
Oct. 16.
263. Extract of letter from Mr. John Riggs to Genl. Nicholson. The hammocks you are pleased to say, you left at Fort Nicholson, I never heard of them before, nor Sr. do you name with whom you left them. Lt. John Scott has, for these several years, been posted at Fort Hunter with twenty sentinels, a sergeant, corporal and drum, as is still Capt. Schuyler at Schonnectady with the like complement. Mr. Andrews, as to the progress he made with ye Indians, there is very little if any appaarence of it, for they soon return'd to their primitive state again. The French at Canada are still very busy with our Five Nations, and take much more pains to gain them than we do to keep them; I think we are much in the wrong to suffer the French to come daily to Albany to buy what goods they want, with which they supply our Indians and the foreign Nations, and have got leave of the Senecaes to build a fort at Orijagray, the place at which the foreign Nations must pass over to come to us, with two or three forts more up towards the Lake Erie. Sr. you must believe the French have a great interest wth. our Indians, when they can or dare do this, pray God send, we do not lose them. Sr., you know the consequence and what must follow. In the beginning of Sept. our Precedent Queeder came up here to renew our Covenant and secure the Chaine, but half the number did not come as usual, so that the Chaine was not well secured in my thoughts. As for the clothing of yours to be given to the Indians, you mention. I never heard of any given or to be given to them. As for the plate belonging to Fort Hunter in ye Mohacks Country, it was left with Lt. Scott, who commands there, by Mr. Andrews when he went away. As for the plate and furniture for ye Anendagoes Fort, Mr. Bartlett our Priest tells me Colo. Hunter still has it, for there never was any Fort erected there as yet, nor Minister appointed. Our good priests were never cut out for hard labour, nor will they work miracles in Religion till they can ly on ye ground, Sir, as we have done for months together, and be very glad when they can meet with a piece of bear otherwise called an Oghquary, or of a fox or racune without either bread or salt to it. I beg your Honrs. pardon for naming a small march we had to Norridge Walk from Pemequid against ye French and Indians about 30 years ago. The fellow to this march would qualify one of our Priests or Ministers, as they must be called, for a missionary abroad. Sir you remember I was one of ye officers commanded on that service, and we performed it, burnt their fort to ye ground; on that service officers and soldiers carryed their own provision in a leather knapsack; a few pease, a few bisketts and a piece of salt pork were our provision and store; marched out 250 miles upon the snow four or five foot deep under us, our drink was snow melted in our mouths, never saw one house, at night cut down some spruce boughs to lye upon, and if it chanc'd to snow we lay the warmer under it, while the fort was burning down I was warm, and having an inclination to clean linnen, I went to turn my shirt but found nothing except the neck of it, nor did I know when it went away. As to the Palatines there are still some at Mr. Levingston's Plantation, and a pretty many at Scoherye, but I never was among them; some are gone to the Garsees [? = Jerseys, Ed.] and some to Philadelphia Governmt. where they think to fare the best. Few or none of our Indians coming here this season, I could not procure you those things they used to bring. 2½ pp. [C.O. 5, 387. No. 13].
Oct. 17.
New York.
264. Governor Burnet to Mr. Popple. Encloses following etc. Signed, W. Burnet. Endorsed, Recd. 5th, Read 27th Dec. 1720. 1 p. Enclosed,
264. i. Speech of Governor Burnet to the Assembly of New York, 13th Oct., 1720. Refers to his "incomparable predecessor" and the flourishing state of the Province as left by him "who is still ready to take care of its interests, which H.M. favour, and the general regard shown him at home will give him great opportunity of doing etc. I meet a Council and Assembly who assisted him in those great and good measures, that are now completely confirmed by H.M." Urges provision for the great deficiency of the present Revenue, and defence of the frontiers against the intrigues of the French with the Five Nations and other Indians and their advance "every day farther into our country, building trading houses in the main passes belonging to it" etc. Same endorsement. Printed. 2½ pp.
264. ii. Opinion of the Chief Justice of New York. The opinion that an Assembly is ipso facto dissolved by the publication of a new Governor's commission is but of late date and without any foundation in law etc. Argued. Signed, Lewis Morris. Same endorsement. 6½ pp.
264. iii. Similar opinion of the Attorney General. New York, 24th Sept. 1720. Signed, David Jamisson. 2¾ pp.
264. iv. A. Hamilton to Dr. Johnson. Philadelphia, 27th Sept., 1720. The men of the best judgment here agree with preceding etc. 3¼ pp.
264. v. Copy of writ for choosing Representatives of the present Assembly of New York. Endorsed as covering letter. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1052. ff. 90v.–100v.]
Oct. 18.
265. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices. Representation upon Act of Barbados, 1719, to impower the Governor or Commander in Chief and Council to commute the value of powder, armes and ammunition or other stores, that are or shall be found wanting in the account of store keepers of the Magazines, and to reduce the same into money. The magazine in Barbados is supply'd by a duty laid of so much powder pr. ton on all vessels trading thither, which is to be paid in specie and not in money least otherwayes there might not be a sufficient quantity of powder to be purchas'd in the Island upon an emergency, which, in time of war, has sometimes happen'd. But this law impowers the Governor and Council to receive money from a storekeeper upon the making up of his accounts in lieu of such stores as he cannot account for which cannot answer the end for which ye powder duty was given, and may prove of dangerous consequence to the Island. One of the pretences for the passing of this law is the making the storekeeper accountable which seems to us unnecessary in as much as the storekeeper upon the entering upon his office is already oblig'd to give security in ye sum of £10,000 that Island money and to take an oath for ye faithfull discharge of his duty. Upon the whole, we are humbly of opinion that this Act is not fit to receive H.M. Royal approbation. [C.O. 29, 14. pp. 82–84.]
Oct. 18.
266. Same to Same. Enclose copy of Mr. Cuming's letter Oct. 14 supra. Upon this occasion we humbly represent to your Excellencies our opinion that restitution be made to H.M. subjects, who have had their fish and effects thus seized before any satisfaction be given to Mr. Hiriberry as was proposed by our former representations of 5th June, 1719 and 6th instant. And so much the rather because this seizure seems plainly to be intended as a reprizal for that particular case. What we have further to observe upon this head is, that our possession of Nova Scotia, and the fishery on that coast is very likely to be very precarious till that Province shall be better settled, a sufficient force sent thither and some small forts erected in proper places for the protection of the British vessels fishing on that coast but more especially in the harbour of Canco. [C.O. 218, 1. pp. 484, 485.]
Oct. 18.
267. Mr. Delafaye to Governor Shute. The Lords Justices send you enclosed Order that you may take care to have it safely convey'd to the French Govr., and may obtain the release of those prisoners pursuant to the Law of Nations and the Treaty of Peace between the two Crowns, etc. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. Endorsed, Recd. 20th, Read 21st Oct., 1720. 1 p. Enclosed,
267. i. Order by the Regent of France to M. le Marquis le Vaudreuil. M. Sutton complains that you keep in captivity several English prisoners. The Council can hardly believe it, for in that case you have not performed the orders given to you 28th June, 1713. In case you still have any English prisoners, you are to give them full liberty to return home, or remain in the Colony, if they choose. Signed, L. A. de Bourbon. ¾ p. French. Copy. Encloses following.
267. ii. Sir Robert Sutton to the Duke of Orleans, Regent of France. Paris, 19th Sept. (N.S.) 1720. The Governor of Canada has refused to give back several English prisoners taken during the last war, although the Governor of New England has often claimed them by virtue of the 23rd Article of the Treaty of Utrecht. Requests H.R.H. to despatch orders for their release etc. Signed, Rob. Sutton. Copy. French. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 867. Nos. 76, 76., i., ii; and 324, 34. pp. 16–18.]
[Oct. 20.] 268. [?John Conrad Weiser] to the Lords Justices ("the Lords honourable to Deputies in the Regency"). On behalf of the Palatinates in New York returns thanks for permission "to choise us a land fit for us farmers and grasiers of cattel." They unanimously ordered us to desire a grant of the land called Schettery, the most fruitful and convenient for the purpose in the whole country etc. No signature. v. 25th Oct. Endorsed, 20th Oct., 1720, Read 18th May, 1722. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1053. ff. 52, 53v.]
[Oct. 21.] 269. Capt. Benjamin Young to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Describes coast, fishery and harbours of Nova Scotia. Continues:—But what excells them all is Canso, which is invaluable for its fishery. Tis here such great quantitys of codd herring and macrell swarm amongst the Islands that when I was there in H.M.S. Rose there was then 96 sail of English and 200 French makeing their voyages, the English vessells from 50 to 70 tonns the French small shallops and when fish is scarce at other places here they are always plenty for on letting the line down they draw up two and two as fast as they can pull it. Upon my arrivall at Canso haveing observ'd the French was come over with a design to fish I order'd them away to there own coast and after went with H.M. ship to Lewisbourgh were Monsieur St. Ovid Brouillard the then governor assur'd me he knew nothing of those fishermen goeing over for that 'twas contrary to the Treaty of Peace and that he should take caution to prevent their doeing the like for the future. I sayled again to Canso were our vessells were all soon laden. When a ship of warr is not there or any thing to hinder the French fishing amongst us then our fishing vessells cannot take 4 fish when they will take tenn. They fish with fresh and we with salt bait we come 180 leagues they but 7: they in small boats we in large sloops all which for want of a garrison or a protection of our people from the indians who the French sett on to our ruin in those parts. If a fort were to be built King Georges Island formerly call'd Canso Island would be the best place which fortification would command the harbour and beaches etc., and prevent the French or Indians from disturbing us. A ship of warr must attend the work till its compleated, which whenever they appear in the Plantations carrys awe to the French, and dread to the Indians. I must humbly beg your Lordshipps' favour if there is a small ship sent there for myself, who have served the Crown 24 years etc., there being no officer in England who knows the coast or place but myself. Signed, B. Young. Endorsed, Recd. 21st, Read 27th Oct., 1720. Addressed. 2 pp. [C.O. 217, 3. No. 13.]
Oct. 22.
270. Lt. Governor Spotswood to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have commissioned Col. Jenings Secretary of this Colony in place of Dr. Cocke decd. etc. Recommends John Robinson to succeed him in the Council etc. Set out, Spotswood Papers. II. 343. Signed, A. Spotswood. Endorsed, Recd. 30th Nov., Read 2nd Dec., 1720. 1¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 1318. No. 78.]
Oct. 24. 271. Governor Burnet to Mr. Popple. Encloses duplicates by way of Philadelphia of what sent by way of Boston, 17th Oct. etc. Signed, W. Burnet. Endorsed, Recd. 1st, Read 14th Feb., 1720/1 Holograph. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1052. ff. 149, 150v.]
Oct. 25. 272. John William Schaff to the [?Council of Trade and Plantations]. After the government put to our choice whether we would rather stay in Schuchary or go to another place, I choose in the name of our people the above sayd Schuchary, which was cultivated by us with great pains and where we have built houses etc., the leaving of which would be very hard and which we can never resolve to do except a full satisfaction would be made to us etc. I protest against the acceptation of the land called Schattera, for which my comrade John Wiser is, because there is never a city nor any strong place for our defence, so that we would be a prey to our enemies, for every minute (v. Oct. 20th). Signed, John William Schaff. Endorsed, Recd. 25th Oct., 1720. Read 18th May, 1722. ¾ p. [C.O. 5, 1053. ff. 54, 55v.]
Oct. 25. 273. Henry Newman to Mr. Delafaye. Honoured Sr., I have made a new enquiry into the progress of the New Bubble, I had the honour to mention to you t'other day, for sale of H.M. subjects and the lands they have improv'd in the whole Province of N. Hampshire and about 30 towns and villages in the northern part of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, and am inform'd from good hands that the affair still goes on. Mrs. Jane Allen of Highgate widow, is selling her pretended right and that of her children to a grant formerly made to James Mason Esq. in that part of America for £15,000 to Capt. Ben. Young, Mr. Cummins and Mr. Campbell and others who propose to divide it into 2500 shares and to sell each share at 30l. and that each proprietor shall advance 10l. towards the purchase and 6 months after 10l. more, and the remaining 10l. as there may be occasion, making in all 75,000l. under a pretence of more effectually carrying on a fishery and the raising of Naval Stores in those parts. In order to which they are now attending my Lord Chancellor to get the will of Mr. Allen deceased proved in Chancery and his Lordships approbation of guardians for the children impower'd to sell the same for payment of debts and raising fortunes to the children out of the effects that shall remain. If you think fit to let His Excellency know of this, I am sure whatever decree His Lordship may grant in their favour he will never encourage the real design of the purchasers, much less enable them to disturb the present possessors of those lands who have defended them above 70 years past from the French and Indians at the expence of a river of blood, and an immense treasure under which they groan to this day. Signed, Henry Newman. [C.O. 5, 931. No. 12.]
[Oct. 27.] 274. Memorial from several merchants trading to Carolina. What may be done to retrieve the desolation of Carolina etc. To recover the friendship of the Indians, by encouraging trade under proper restrictions, such as prohibiting selling to them upon trust, which was the chief occassion of the last warr, being drove thereto by despair; prohibiting upon yet greater penalties the selling as a slave any person of the Nations in amity with us. To prevent abuse therein, none but deputies from the publick should have power to buy Indian slaves from those Indians in alliance with us as taken in warr, to be transported to the Islands etc. To discourage the sale of strong liquors to them etc. A law, that nobody may have more than 10 negroes to a white man etc. No law that may regard directly or indirectly the subjects of Great Britain (other than those residing actually in Carolina) ought to have force against them untill ratified in England. No law to be enacted in Carolina repugnant to the laws of England. No law for the future to oblige anybody to take paper in payment of debts which hath been the mainspring of the ruin of that province and of the honestest part of France. A due execution of the laws ratified in England, and no protection for those that bids defyance to them etc. Merchants will then adventure their estates to help them, when no more at the discretion of designing men, who under spetious pretences have introduced paper money that they might under the shelter of a law pay their debts, at the rates of 2/6 per pound. Unless the paper can be sunck and their money be reduced to the old standard according to H.M. proclamation, there will be no safety for honest men to adventure thither. Signed, Steph. Godin and 15 others. Endorsed, Recd., Read 27th Oct., 1720. 2 pp. [C.O. 5, 358. ff. 50, 50v., 51v.]
Oct. 27. 275. Governor Nicholson to Mr. Delafaye. I find there is a difficulty concerning agreeing with ye Masters of ye two transports bound to Carolina, about ye freight of the stores from ye Tower, therefore humbly begg their Excellcys. will please to give directions to the Comrs. of Transports to agree about them etc., and of the freight of the presents for the Indians concerning which the Lords of the Treasury will this day give directions; and the freight of 3 months subsistence for the Company etc. Refers to enclosures, and proposes that 600 gallons of Geneva in lieu of beer be sent from Portsmouth where I hear is the best and cheapest it is a drink I find the soldiers much use and that taking a dram moderately is very wholsom etc. So soon as directions are given concerning these things I hope the ships will sail round for Portsmouth and Plymouth in order to take the men on board etc. Signed, Fr. Nicholson. Marked in margin, alld. 1 p. Enclosed,
275. i. Same to the Secretary of the Victualling Board. 20th Oct., 1720. I was very much concerned to find that the Honble. Commrs. had made any scruple about ye beer wch. is one of the principall species of provisions necessary for the men bound to Carolina considering that part of it which we are designed for is very nigh 200 miles from any town. We are to lye in tents or hutts and not certain whither we shall find good water soon etc. Signed, Fr. Nicholson. Copy. 1 p.
275. ii. Secretary of the Victualling Office to Governor Nicholson. Victualling Office. 21st Oct., 1720. The Commissioners having already furnished the usuall species of provisions for men going to Carolina, cannot do anything more therein without further directions etc. Signed, Sprig Manesty. Copy. ½ p. [C.O. 5, 387. Nos. 14, 14. i., ii.]
Oct. 27.
276. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices. In reply to 11th inst., present names of persons proper for executing commission for trying pirates in S. Carolina. [C.O. 5, 400. pp. 135, 136.]
Oct. 31.
277. Lt. Governor Bennett to the Council of Trade and Plantations. A vessell touching here from South Carolina gives me this opportunity etc. On 17th Aug. last was held a Court of Admiralty for the trial of two persons accused of piracy, one whereof was acquitted, the other pleading guilty sentence of death passed against him, and was accordingly executed: the proceedings of the Court are herewith sent. Refers to letter etc. of 24th Dec., and encloses Minutes of Council, 7th June, 1708–7th June, 1720 etc. Signed, Ben. Bennett. Endorsed, Recd. 20th March, 1720/1, Read 13th June, 1722. 1½ pp. Enclosed,
277. i. Proceedings of Court of Admiralty, Bermuda as above. Aaron Gibbens found not guilty, William Bournal guilty etc. Same endorsement. 10 pp.
277. ii. News, 1720. Bermuda. On 6th July Capt. Francis Landy, Commander of the privateer sloop Devonshire fitted out by the inhabitants returned from his cruse on the Spanish coast. Reports that on 11th May off of Cape Rose on Hispaniola he discovered two Spanish privateers standing without him. Having a small privateer in company which he had taken some time before, he quitted her for a decoy, which one of them gave chase to, the other makeing for him. He engaged for six hours, boarding the enemy thrice, and after an obstinate defence carried him, then came up the other Spanish privateer, but upon giveing her two broadsides she made for the shoar and there set her afire. The sloop taken had 8 great guns and 85 men, 25 whereof were killed in the fight and 6 wounded. Capt. Landy had 14 guns and 75 men, 4 of whom were killed and 19 wounded. St. Christophers. Two private vessells, one a ship of 34 guns, the other a sloop of 6 guns, haveing on board them both 130 men cut out of Bassetere road a loaded ship and burnt another that had begun to take in sugar, that cut out they kept two days and then gave her to the Capt. without doeing much damage: these pirates have been at Newfoundland and had burnt, sunk and taken above 20 sail etc. Same endorsement. 1 p. [C.O. 37, 10. Nos. 25, 25. i., ii.]
Oct. 31.
278. Mr. Frere to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses Minutes of Council, 30th June—Oct. 25th, and of General Assembly, 30th June—Oct. 18th, and Naval Office, 25th June—25th Sept. I shall send duplicates etc. Signed, Jno. Frere. Endorsed, Recd. 23rd Dec., 1720, Read 18th May, 1721. 1 p. Enclosed,
278. i. List of papers enclosed, as above. Same endorsement. ⅓ p. [C.O. 28, 17. ff. 91, 92v., 93, 94v.]