America and West Indies: November 1739

Pages 215-234

Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies: Volume 45, 1739. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1994.

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November 1739

November 2
Order of Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs directing Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to lay before this committee the best and most accurate maps they have of Virginia or any neighbouring colonies about 1686 or earlier, wherein the boundaries of the land claimed by Lord Fairfax may be particularly described. Seal. Signed, W Sharpe. ¾ p. Endorsed, Recd. 13 November, Read 15 November 1739. [CO 5/1324, ff 178, 178d, 183, 183d]
November 2
Same, upon consideration of petition of Col Thomas Pym, that Commissioners for Trade and Plantations do lay before this committee the reasons transmitted by Governor Mathew for having removed the petitioner from the Council of Nevis. Seal. Signed, W Sharpe. ¾ p. Endorsed, Recd. 13 November, Read 15 November 1739. [CO 152/23, ff 239–240d]
November 2
Same referring Act prepared by Trustees for Georgia for regulating pilots, laying duty on shipping, and laying another duty on shipping for repair of beacon on Tybee Island, back to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, to give the agents of South Carolina opportunity to consider it. Seal. Signed, W Sharpe. 1 p. Endorsed, Recd. 20 November, Read 21 November 1739. [CO 5/367, ff 110–111d]
November 3
William Stephens to Harman Verelst. Upon my presenting the bill which you sent me by order of the Trustees drawn by Mr Hammerton on Mr George Saxby for 200l sterling, he told me that he could not accept it, having not near so much of the King's money in his hands. Whereupon I am obliged to have it protested but he, being now here, desires me not to return it immediately before he gets back to Charleston (whither he is going) because it is possible that he may then answer it, whereof he will then write me; to which I have complied and I put this into his hands to transmit to you per first opportunity. In few days you may expect to have letters from me of further import. Signed. ¾ small p. Addressed. Endorsed, Recd. 4 March 1739/40. [CO 5/640, ff 411–412]
November 3
Samuel Urlsperger to [Harman Verelst] acknowledging letter of 19 February past. The goodness of the Trustees in paying passage of seven colonists to Georgia in April is acknowledged. Money has been sent from here to Mr Ziegenhagen for Ebenezer. A contribution from the Trustees to Mr Bolzius's house is hoped for. Perhaps another transport of colonists may be sent next year if things turn out favourably. A map of the English colonies is much wanted in connexion with publication of the relations of the Salzburgher emigrants. If rumour is correct there are hundreds, some say six thousand, in the Archbishopric of Salzburgh ready to emigrate: the King of Prussia receives and encourages many. French. Signed. 3 pp. [CO 5/640, ff 413–414d]
November 5
Governor Edward Trelawny to Andrew Stone. Pray steal away my letter of 22 September last [no 392] about the Spanish prisoners and burn it. Upon my looking over the copy of it in order to have a duplicate made I found it was direct nonsense, so I only referred to it, and pretending to recite the substance said what I should have said in plain English and not Irish. I wrote it I remember in a great hurry the night before the ships sailed and when I was plagued [with] not knowing what to do with the prisoners for which there was no provision nor no proper place to keep them in. Having received orders to prevent stores of any kind being carried to the Spaniards, and hearing that the admiral of the galleons at Cartagena was in great want of provisions for his ships, I thought it my duty to prevent any being carried to them, especially at a time that Commodore Brown with his squadron was gone away from us to cruise off Havana. As soon as Admiral Vernon arrived [so] that we were in a posture of defence I took off the prohibition, leaving trade to take its course again. But I kept it on long enough it seems to make the South Seas agents here and the South Sea factors at Cartagena forfeit their deposit money for the supplying the admiral of the galleons with flour. This and the taking into custody [of] the agents for an imprudent letter to Cartagena has incensed them sufficiently against me and I hear the factors at Cartagena threaten me most terribly with damages and the Lord knows what. The reason of this long tale is to desire to know whether provisions be a store of some kind or other, or whether I am only to understand warlike and naval stores to be meant. For as to the gentlemen's anger and clamour I shall leave them alone to prove with great pains that I have done my duty by preventing the Spanish ships from being able to get to sea. Signed. PS. Admiral Vernon sails today to take Porto Bello. 2 small pp. Endorsed, R, 26 March. [CO 137/56, ff 262–263d]
November 6
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Duke of Newcastle enclosing the following. Signed, A Croft, R Plumer, M Bladen. 1 p. Enclosed:
445 i Extract of letter, dated 28 February 1739, from President John Howell to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations notifying the ruinous state of barracks in the Bahamas. [See second paragraph of no 72]. Copy. 1½ pp. [CO 23/15, ff 22–25d; entry of covering letter in CO 24/1, pp 330–331]
November 6
Thomas Hill to Sir William Yonge sending same. Entry. ½ p. [CO 24/1, p 331]
November 6
Governor Edward Trelawny to Duke of Newcastle. I return you my best thanks for the success I have had in recommending the five Councillors, a point of great consequence to me in the beginning of my administration, as also for the Order of Council whereby I had a discretionary power to pass the bill wherein the Jews were taxed for the current year. Since it is HM's determination that I shall not for the future give my consent to a separate tax upon the Jews I will take care not to disobey his commands, though I much fear it may embroil me with the Assembly and hinder them from giving the usual subsistence to HM's independent companies. Signed. 1 p. Endorsed, R, 7 March. [CO 137/56, ff 264–265d]
[November 6]
Memorial of Governor Richard Fitzwilliam to Duke of Newcastle representing the defenceless state of the Bahamas. New carriages and beds are needed for the ordnance; powder and small stores; a small work behind the present fort at an estimated cost of 800l; rebuilding of barracks at Fort Nassau, New Providence; and at least two gunners, there being no people upon the island skilled in that capacity. Signed. 1 p. Endorsed, (1) R, 6 November 1739 (2) Copy sent to Duke of Argyll, 7 November. Enclosed:
448 i Account of stores needed in Bahamas. Signed, R Fitzwilliam. 3¼ pp. [CO 23/14, ff 308–311d; another copy of memorial and enclosure at ff 312–315d]
[November 6]
List of papers received from Andrew Stone at the Duke of Newcastle's office relating to defence of New York, Bermuda, Jersey and Guernsey, Nova Scotia and Carlisle. ¾ p. Endorsed, sent to Council Office 6 November 1739. [CO 5/1086, ff 150–151d]
November 8
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Governor Edward Trelawny. Since our letter to you of 31st August last, we have taken the state of your island into consideration, and having collected what informations we could from the books and papers in our office upon that subject are sorry to find that Jamaica is in so defenceless a condition as it appears to be by the last return to our general queries from Mr Hunter in 1730. We would much rather concur in the means for remedying this evil than examine into the causes from whence it has proceeded, but we cannot help taking notice that the island of Jamaica alone contains double the quantity of land that is to be found in all the four Leeward Islands, yet the imports from Antigua, St Christopher's, Nevis and Montserrat have many years exceeded those of Jamaica, although there is great reason to believe that some part of the sugars and all the indigo that has been imported of late years from Jamaica are not the natural product of that island. From whence it would naturally follow that not one half of your lands are at present cultivated and that Great Britain does not reap half the benefit from your colony which she might if it were fully settled. The advantages which would result from such a settlement with respect to the security of the island, and consequently to the value of your lands, are so obvious that we are surprised the people of Jamaica have not yet done anything more effectual towards the obtaining so desirable an end. It cannot indeed be denied that their legislature have at sundry times made some faint efforts towards the mending of their condition in this respect, but these efforts how well soever they might at first have been intended have, some of them, been converted into schemes for the benefit of the old planters and have, all of them, proved ineffectual to the main and necessary purpose of peopling the island. Thus in 1721 an Act was passed by Sir Nicholas Lawes to divest the proprietors dwelling in England of their lands in the north-east quarter of Jamaica for neglect of cultivation and non-payment of quitrents, and to vest the same in the Crown to be granted out to newcomers at easy rates and with great privileges. Several more Acts likewise passed relative to this subject, viz Act for settling north-east part of the island, 1722; Act to encourage white people to settle and for settling north-east, 1723; Act to explain Act for settling parish of Portland, 1725; Act for securing new settlements at Port Antonio, 1729; Act for settling east and north parts of the island, 1732; Act for settling parish of Portland by vesting unsettled lands in the Crown, 1738. But by the fourth of these laws leave is given to those already possessed of lands in Jamaica to become settlers in the north-east quarter, by which the original design of this good scheme is entirely perverted and those lands which were taken from the old proprietors in England may be transferred to the old proprietors in Jamaica without any addition of strength to the island. Whether this alteration proceeded from a real want of new settlers, from want of due encouragements, or from want of due notice of such encouragements which were generally temporary, is not necessary to determine; but it is manifest that either the scheme was defective or that proper care was wanting for putting the same in execution, for we have been informed that some persons who went to Jamaica upon the news of these encouragements were obliged to return with great loss and were disappointed in their expectations. The legislature of Jamaica have likewise passed other Acts from time to time expressive of their desire to increase the number of their white people, called deficiency laws, whereby they have once in a year or two laid a tax upon all persons not having a number of white people on their plantations proportioned to that of their blacks or to their stock of cattle, generally at the rate of one white person to about thirty Negroes and of one other white person to about 150 head of cattle. These laws have probably raised taxes for the public purposes but we don't find they have proved sufficient to compel the planters to increase their white people. We are too well apprized of the consequence of Jamaica not to be thoroughly concerned for the security of that island, and have too much zeal for the welfare of the British colonies not to concur with great readiness in any measures that might tend to their preservation and advantage. But we are not at present so thoroughly informed of the detail of your circumstances as to be able to propose a proper remedy for the present evil, and therefore we must desire you to send us by the first opportunity a very particular return to the following questions, as likewise an answer to the general queries which we send you herewith enclosed.
How many acres by estimation may there be in the whole island of Jamaica? How many of those acres are actually cleared and planted? How many employed in raising sugar, ginger, cocoa, coffee, indigo or any other produce for the European markets? How many in raising stock and provisions? What number of acres have been granted by the Crown in this island? Under what quitrents and conditions? Whether the quitrents have been paid and the other conditions duly complied with by the grantees? What number of acres still remain in the power of the Crown to grant? What effect the several deficiency laws and those for settling the north-east quarter have had with respect to the increase of white inhabitants? What is become of the lands taken from English proprietors for non-payment of quitrents and non-cultivation by virtue of the Acts for peopling the north-east quarter of Jamaica? How many acres were by those Acts vested in the Crown? How many of them have been granted and to whom, distinguishing ancient settlers from the newcomers? Whether the encouragements granted by the aforesaid Acts to new settlers have proved effectual? If they have not, to what causes that deficiency is to be attributed, and what may still be wanting to render the same effectual? How many soldiers were settled in the island upon the reduction of the two regiments sent thither in 1730, and how many of them now remain there? Whether there are not still great quantities of land patented which are in arrear in quitrents or uncultivated? Where do these lands lie and to what number of acres may they amount? If no land yet remains in the Crown ungranted, what number of acres the Assembly will purchase and for ever set apart for the reception of newcomers? How many acres per head will they give to each man, woman, child and servant that shall come to settle in the island? And what further encouragements will they give them with respect to the charge of their passage, provisions after their arrival, exemption from quitrents and taxes?
Whenever we shall be thoroughly informed of all these particulars and shall be convinced that the legislature of Jamaica are sincerely disposed to help themselves, you may depend upon it they will not want an assistance for the better peopling of the island, wherein the interest of Great Britain and that of the colony will always agree; and we flatter ourselves that under your administration the legislature of Jamaica may be induced to exert themselves in so necessary and so laudable an undertaking. In the meantime we would recommend to you to make no grants of any lands or escheats to persons already settled in the island, but to reserve whatever may remain in the disposal of the Crown for the benefit and encouragement of newcomers only. Entry. Signatories, M Bladen, R Plumer, J Brudenell, A Croft. 12½ pp. Enclosed:
450 i Queries to Edward Trelawny, Governor of Jamaica, in 1739. (1) What is the trade of the island under your government, the number of shipping belonging thereto, their tonnage and the number of seafaring men with their respective increase or diminution? (2) What quantity and sorts of British manufactures do the inhabitants annually take from hence? (3) What trade has the island under your government with any foreign plantations or any part of Europe besides Great Britain? How is trade carried on? What commodities do the people under your government send to or receive from foreign plantations? What methods are there used to prevent illegal trade, and are the same effectual? (5) What is the natural produce of the island under your government? Are there any and what manufactures? (6) What monies are there?(7) What may be the annual produce of the commodities of the island? (8)What is the number of the inhabitants, white and black? (9) Are the inhabitants increased or decreased of late and for what reasons? (10) What is the number of the militia? (11) What forts and places of defence are there within your government and in what condition? (12) What is the strength of your neighbours? (13) What effect have the French settlements on HM's island under your government? (14) What is the revenue arising within your government and how is it appropriated? (15) What number of acres of land are there already granted from the Crown and cultivated in each parish or district within your government? what the quitrent reserved thereupon, and what number of acres may there by computation remain untaken up or uncultivated? (16) What are the ordinary expenses of your government? (17) What are the establishments, civil and military, within your government and what officers hold by patent immediately from the Crown? It is desired that an annual return may be made to these queries that the Board may from time to time be apprised of any alterations that may happen in the circumstances of your government. Entry. 3½ pp. [CO 138/18, pp 299–315]
November 8
Lieut-Governor William Gooch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantation enclosing the following. We have exported this year 33300 hogsheads of tobacco and next year if we have a sufficient number of ships we shall send home near 40000. Signed. ¾ small p. Endorsed, Recd., Read 12 March 1740. Enclosed:
451 i Account of HM's revenue of 2s per hogshead arising within Virginia, 25 April 1739 to 25 October 1739. Signed, John Grymes, receiver-general. Audited, 3 November 1739, by John Blair, deputy auditor. Passed in Council, 3 November 1739, by William Gooch. 2 pp. [CO 5/1324, ff 184–185d, 189, 189d]
November 9
Order of Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs, on consideration of letter of 30 August from Lieut-Governor George Clarke to Duke of Newcastle, referring the list of goods suitable for Indian presents to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations for report on supply of presents in peace and war, any allowances that may have been made to governors for that purpose, and whether governors have accounted for the same. Seal. Signed, W Sharpe. 1½ pp. Endorsed, Recd., Read 13 November 1739. Enclosed:
452 i List of Indian presents. Copy of no 356i. 1 p. [CO 5/1059, ff 114–115d, 119, 119d]
November 9
Same to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to prepare account of what forces were sent to Bermuda in the reigns of William III and Anne. Seal. Signed, W Sharpe. ¾ p. Endorsed, Recd. 13 November, Read 15 November 1739. [CO 37/13, ff 128–129d]
November 9
Same referring the enclosed to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. Seal. Signed, W Sharpe. ¾ p. Endorsed, Recd. 13 November, Read 15 November 1739. Enclosed:
454 i Petition of John Yeamans, Thomas Butler and Richard Coope, agents for Antigua, Nevis and St Christopher's, to the King in Council, praying for supply of warlike stores. Copy. 1½ pp.
454 ii List of ordnance and other arms of war necessary for the immediate defence of the Leeward Islands. Copy. 1 p.
454 iii Account of warlike stores sent to Antigua in 1734 to be distributed in Leeward Islands according to number of militia. Account of stores of war which were ordered if the islands would pay for them. Account of stores of war which were payed for but not contained in either of the above orders. Copy. 1 p. [CO 152/23, ff 244–249d]
November 9
Thomas Hill to Francis Fane sending sixty-seven Acts passed in Pennsylvania all above five years ago. The agent who lodged them in this office is dead and the Acts have not yet been laid before HM. Opinion in point of law requested. Titles stated. Entry. 7 pp. [CO 5/1294, pp 117–123]
November 9
President James Dottin to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations acknowledging letter of 5 July last with resolutions and requirements of Houses of Lords and Commons. I have diligently inquired and find that no paper credit was established in this island in 1700 nor at any time before or since but in 1705 when paper bills of credit to the value of 7000l issued for the payment of a tax then laid on the inhabitants, and in 1706 when an Act 'to supply the want of cash and to establish a method of credit for persons having real estates in this island' passed here 18 June 1706, empowering the treasurer to issue bills of credit by way of loan for one year to any person who should apply for the same to the value of one fourth of their estates, which bills were then directed to pass as current cash and be received and allowed in payments accordingly, in consequence whereof large sums issued. But these bills being of little or no credit and occasioning all the gold and silver to be sent off the island and greatly discouraging the trade thereof, Queen Anne by Order in Council dated 21 October 1706 declared her disallowance of the said Act and signified her royal will and pleasure to this government that all possible care should be taken and the best provision made that could be that such who had been obliged to receive such bills, and the persons to whom any debts were owing and had been obliged to part with legal securities for such bills, should be no sufferers thereby but be restored as far as might be by some new law to the same state they were in before the passing the said Act; and to prevent a law of the like or of any extraordinary nature till the sovereign's pleasure is first known therein, which has occasioned no other paper currency since to be established in this island.
In 1700 and till 1 January 1704 foreign silver coin passed in this island by tale so that generally light money only was paid and received here. For if what was offered would by a standard be of greater or less value than it was offered at, it was taken according to its denomination of whole, quarter and eighth pieces, whereby a great deal of the foreign coins passing here were clipped and made very light, and there was then no complaint made of the want of cash in this island. The gold that was then current were pistoles which passed at 20s and guineas at 25s. There was then seldom any uncoined gold sold in the island and the little silver that was sold was purchased at 5s per ounce. Queen Anne by proclamation dated 18 June 1704, published in this island 24 August following and was to take place and be enforced 1 January afterwards, having settled and ascertained the current rates of foreign coins in HM's colonies and plantations in America, all the light money that had been before current was before that settlement took place paid away in discharge of debts then owing in the island; and the cash having then centred in the hands of merchants and other traders, who having advices that the neighbouring colonies and plantations had not paid that strict observance to HM's proclamation as had been done in this island, most or all of the cash was soon afterwards sent off from hence, which occasioned the prejudicial Act beforementioned to be passed in this island for supplying the want thereof. And from the said 1 January 1704/5 till this time all silver coins are accounted received, taken and paid according to the ratio and standard directed by the said proclamation. And when moidores were first introduced into this island, without any regard to their weight they passed currently at 35s each as well as pistoles at 20s and guineas at 22s till 1715 or 1716 when the principal merchants agreeing to take pistoles at 22s 6d, guineas at 27s 6d and moidores at 37s 6d, they have ever since till this time passed at those rates; and not many years since many pieces of new coined Spanish gold have been introduced and pass current, the whole piece at 5l and the others in proportion thereto. We have lately a very bad silver mostly current among us of a very base alloy of a Spanish coin called or distinguished by the name of pistereens which pass by weight; but a French coin made for the payment of their soldiers abroad are reckoned much better silver, yet they pass currently in this island by tale at 7½d but weigh generally about 7d and under and are much esteemed by the inhabitants but few remain long in the island, being carried to HM's Leeward Islands and other places where the standard and weighing of money being little regarded, this island is very often drained of all its cash. Uncoined gold is generally sold here at 4l 10s per ounce and silver at 5s 6d per ounce, and the exchange betwixt this island and Great Britain for many years past has been 28 to 32 per cent but most commonly at 30.Signed. 3 pp. Endorsed, Recd., Read 15 March 1740. [CO 28/25, ff 94–95d]
[November 9]
Petition of John Sharpe, agent for Jamaica, to the King. Whenever this nation has been at war with Spain it has been beneficial to private trade between Jamaica and New Spain, as in 1707–1709 when the then commodore at Jamaica granted convoys to all ships applying for them. In 1718 the then governor issued a proclamation permitting that trade which is particularly allowed of in an Act of Parliament of 6 Anne to encourage trade to America. There was never a fairer prospect of success in opening this branch of trade than at this present juncture. The galleons at Cartagena will not venture to sail so there can be no fair at Porto Bello. Petitioner prays for licence to British subjects to carry on this trade, provisions, naval and warlike stores only excepted, and for orders to men-of-war at Jamaica to protect the trade both to New Spain and to Britain, and likewise for one or more men-at-war to cruise round Jamaica to protect the outsettlements which are dangerously exposed. Signed. 2 pp. Endorsed, Delivered 9 November 1739. [CO 137/48, ff 57B–57C dorse]
[November 9]
Petition of merchants, planters and others trading to and interested in the British plantations in America, to the King, praying that part of the benefit of Spanish prizes taken between Order in Council for making reprisals and declaration of war may be allotted to those who formerly suffered by Spanish depredations. Signed, John Keith, H Bendysh, Beeston Long, Samuel Frye, John Pennant, Thomas Delamotte, Colin Campbell, James Knight, David Barclay jnr, Eliakim Palmer, Edward Tyzack, William Coleman, Zachariah Bounyan, Thomas Framan, Papillon Ball, Samuel Travers, James Douglas, W Gerrish, Davy Breholt, William Tryon, Roland Frye, Alexander Dundas, Samuel Pennant, S Bethell, William Black, Robert Lidderdale, Edward Somers, David Crichton, Roger Drake, Samuel Bonham, Peter De Lamotte, Henry Barham, Thomas Tryon, George Fryer, James Pearce, Marmaduke Hilton, Nathaniel Bassnett, William Dunbar, John Sharpe, agent for Jamaica and Barbados, John Yeamans, agent for Antigua and Montserrat, Richard Coope, agent for St Christopher's, Francis Wilks, agent for New England. 1 large p. Endorsed, Delivered 9 November 1739. [CO 5/5, ff 153D, 153D dorse]
November 12
Governor Edward Trelawny to Duke of Newcastle. On 6th inst Samuel Dicker and Rose Fuller, esquires, and Sir Simon Clarke Bart were sworn into the Council pursuant to HM's several orders for that purpose. I delayed swearing in Samuel Whitehorne, esquire, upon account of the complaint made against him in the petition and affidavit hereunto annexed. I have communicated them to him and had his answer but wait for the reply of the complainant. As Mr Whitehorne was recommended by me I think I ought to be the more cautious in admitting him into the Council before he purges himself more satisfactorily of this charge, being of opinion that if it is proved it is of such a nature that by my 67th instruction he ought not to be admitted into any public trust or employment, especially into this which is the greatest. Edward Garthwaite, esquire, the fifth Councillor ordered to be sworn, is absent from the island. Signed. 1½ pp. Endorsed, R, 7 March. Enclosed:
459 i Affidavit of Rev Joseph Blumfield, rector of St Anne's, Jamaica, sworn before Edmund Hyde on 8 September 1739. On 24 June 1739 he read the prayers and preached the sermon and then walked out of the church. He rode by the church twenty minutes later when one Cholmondly was preaching a sermon at the command of Samuel Whitehorne. Copy. ¾ p.
459 ii Petition of Rev Joseph Blumfield to Governor Trelawny. Samuel Whitehorne designed to introduce one Cholmondly to preach in the parish church of St Anne's on 24 June last on the subject of drinking and horse-racing. Though forbidden by petitioner, Whitehorne insisted that Cholmondly should preach, which he did. Locked doors were broken open. The preaching caused universal laughter in the church. Cholmondly also married two couples, going with them out of the parish though they belonged to it. To intimidate petitioner and to punish him for his regard to religion, which he would not permit to be turned into ridicule and buffoonery, Whitehorne declared his intention of cutting off the additional 50l per annum given usually by the vestry to the rector. Copy. 1½ pp. [CO 137/56, ff 266–269d]
November 12
Same to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. In substance same as no 459. Signed. 1½. pp. Endorsed, Recd. 10 March, Read 11 March 1740. Enclosed:
460 i Petition of Rev Joseph Blumfield to Governor Trelawny. Copy of no 459ii. 2½ pp.
460 ii Affidavit of same. Copy of no 459i. 2¼ pp. [CO 137/23, ff 53–58d]
November 12
Governor Jonathan Belcher to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. This covers duplicate of mine of 24 October. The 27th of same month I received your letter of 5 July last with the two addresses from the House of Lords and the two addresses from the House of Commons to HM of 18 June, and I have accordingly directed the proper officers in this government and that of New Hampshire forthwith to prepare the accounts therein required, that I may transmit them to you as soon as possible to be laid before the respective Houses of Parliament so soon as they are completed. I shall not fail to forward them by the first good conveyance. Signed. 1½ small pp. Endorsed, Recd. 25 February, Read 27 February 1740. [CO 5/881, ff 182, 182d, 187, 187d]
November 14
Palace Court
Minutes of Trustees for Georgia. Resolved that the Act for appointing and regulating pilots in Georgia and laying duties be reconsidered by the Trustees. Read letters from Col Oglethorpe of 4 and 16 July and from John Fallowfield. [no 301]. Read letter from Patrick Grant dated 14 July [no 280 of 15 July]. Sealed duplicate of grant of land to Rev John MacLeod. Entry. 2 pp. [CO 5/687, pp 138–139]
November 15
James Oglethorpe to Duke of Newcastle. I have not as yet in any manner acted against the Spaniards but last night I received advice from Amelia that the Spaniards landed there and murdered two unarmed men of ours who were fetching wood. The garrison being alarmed made a sally, being assisted by a boat that is on guard there. The Spaniards retired so fast that they could not overtake them. Signed. 1 p. Endorsed, R, 12 March 1740. [CO 654, ff 236–237d]
November 16
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Committee of Privy Council sending extract of letter from Governor Mathew of 21 October 1738 giving reasons for removing Thomas Pym from Council at Nevis. Entry. Signatories, M Bladen, Arthur Croft, R Plumer. 1 p. [CO 153/16, pp 166–167]
November 16
Governor William Mathew to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations sending four Acts passed in St Christopher's, minutes of Assembly of Montserrat to 31 July 1739, and abstracts of births, marriages and burials for two parishes in St Christopher's. The first of these Acts under the marshal's care is much defaced and rat-eaten but I have a fair duplicate to send and I could not get them sooner returned to transmit them. Signed. 2 small pp. Endorsed, Recd. 10 March, Read 18 April 1740. Enclosed:
465 i Abstract from register of parish of St Thomas Middle Island, St Christopher's, 30 October 1738 to 30 October 1739. Baptised, 27. Marriages, 6. Buried, 75. NB. Of the 75 buried, 58 were between 5 November and 22 March. Signed, John Merac, rector. 1 small p.
465 ii Same for parish of Trinity Palmetto Point, St Christopher's, for same period. Baptised, 12. Marriages, 3. Buried, 26. Signed, as no 465i. 1 small p. [CO 152/23, ff 262–265d]
November 16
Palace Court
Minutes of Common Council of Georgia. Read report from committee of accounts on various sums claimed by Robert Williams for provisions and services supplied in Georgia. Resolved that 88l 2s 11½d for damages on account of protest in Georgia, 48l 19sd for interest, and 15s 6d for protest in London, be disallowed. Resolved that 587l 13s be paid to him, on security of Papillon Ball, pending report of commissioners in Georgia. Other claims referred to commissioners. Read report from committee of accounts showing unapplied balance for 1738–1739 to be 2352l 5s 9d; resolved that the account be exhibited pursuant to charter and 100 copies printed. Ordered that 710l in sola bills returned by Gen Oglethorpe be cancelled and the sum reimbursed to him, he having undertaken to defray with his own bills the expenses for which those bills were sent. Ordered that all Gen Oglethorpe's letters and accounts from 22 September 1738 to 20 June 1739 be referred to committee of accounts. Read petition of Augustus Spangenberg; resolved that his town-lot and 50 acres in Savannah be granted to Anthony Seyffart, elder of the Moravian Brethren, and his successors as elder. Read petition of Samuel Auspurgur to have title to the land he obtained of Gen Oglethorpe, ten years immunity from rents and taxes, and leave to keep black servants; resolved to give him a grant of land under the usual conditions but not leave to keep Negroes. On petition of Thomas Stephens, resolved to give him 50l for past services in Georgia. Read petition of John Calwell to have his child brought from Cork to Frederica; granted. Referred petitions of Sterling & Grant and of Rebecca Cheesewright to committee of correspondence. Signed draft on the bank for 1297l 13s. Entry. 8½ pp. [CO 5/690, pp 258–266]
November 16
James Oglethorpe to Trustees for Georgia. The Spaniards have fallen upon Amelia and killed two unarmed sick men; one of the scoutboats being there took the alarm and they and a party from the garrison pursued the Spaniards very briskly. We have not so much as given the least provocation to the Spaniards as yet but most manfully they surprised two poor sick men, cut off their heads, mangled their bodies most barbarously, and as soon as a party and boat appeared which together did not make their number they retired with the utmost precipitation. A number of scoutboats are absolutely necessary. The men-of-war stationed at Charleston cannot be here. Since Capt Burrish went away we have had no man-of-war except Capt Fanshaw and he did not stay above eight or ten days. The launches from Augustine can run into almost every inlet in the province, therefore it is absolutely necessary that the Trustees should apply to Parliament for at least five 10-oared boats and a troop of rangers, otherwise there will be no possibility of the people's going out to plant without being murdered as those Highlanders were. The regiment can defend the parts they are in but they cannot march on foot over the waters without boats nor overtake horse or Indians on foot in the vast woods on the continent.
The French have attacked the Carolina Indians and the Spaniards have invaded us. I wish it may not be resolved between them to root the English out of America. We here are resolved to die hard and will not lose one inch of ground without fighting but we cannot do impossibilities. We have no cannon from the King nor any others but some small iron guns bought by the Trust. We have very little powder, we have no horse for marching and very few boats and no fund for paying the men but of one boat. The Spaniards have a number of launches, also horse and a fine train of artillery well-provided with all stores. The best expedient I can think of is to strike first, and as our strength consists in men and that the people of the colony as well as the soldiers handle their arms well and are desirous of action, I think the best way is to make use of our strength and beat them out of the field and destroy their plantations and outsettlements (in which the Indians who are very faithful can assist us) and to form the siege of Augustine if I can get artillery. It is impossible to keep this province or Carolina without either destroying Augustine or keeping horse-rangers and scoutboats sufficient to restrain their nimble parties. I must therefore again desire you would insist for our having an establishment of four 10-oared boats to the southward and one at Savannah, a small train of artillery, some gunners, and at least 400 barrels of cannon- and 100 barrels of musket-powder with bullets proportionable. I am fortifying the town of Frederica and hope I shall be repaid the expenses, from whom I do not know, yet I could not think of leaving a number of good houses and merchants' goods and, which was more valuable, the lives of men, women and children in an open town at the mercy of every party and the inhabitants obliged either to fly to a fort and leave their effects or suffer with them.
Mr Williamson, who was appointed to succeed Mr Christie in case the latter could make up his records, had left his plantation and was removed to Charleston and settled as a lawyer there before your letter arrived. On hearing that he was appointed recorder with a salary he came back but did not bring his family with him and it was reported in the town that he intended to act by deputy, which he denied to me but at the same time said he would not bring up his family till after he was declared recorder and insisted that the magistrates' employments ought to be held during good behaviour that the Trustees might not turn them out precipitately. I found by his conversation that he was very much of a lawyer and a much better attorney than the town of Savannah wants. He is likely to have a good practice at Charleston where the people like him mightily and I believe it will be much better for him to be encouraged there than to be buried at Savannah where the whole town can hardly pay the charge of one chancery suit. Col Stephens thought that according to your orders he could not deliver him his constitution till he had conformed to them. All things are very quiet with the new magistrates and I believe will continue so if the court remains as it is, but I believe any alterations would hurt unless it were the changing Christie for Pye, a very industrious young man who writes an exceeding good hand, is a pretty good scholar, very honest and sober, and is no attorney. Signed. 4 pp. Endorsed, Recd. 10 March 1739/40. [CO 5/640, ff 415–416d]
November 17
Extract of letter from committee of Assembly of South Carolina to Peregrine Fury, agent to said province. The lieut-governor last week received an express from the Chickasaws that the French are arrived near their border with 2000 men, French and Indians, who are to join from Montreal near Canada and New Orleans near the mouth of the Mississippi River, and are hourly expected to fall upon the Chickasaws, not consisting of above 500 fighting men who it is greatly feared will fall a sacrifice to the enemy; and it is an inevitable consequence that if the French succeed, the Creeks will follow or by joining the strongest side will be forced to fall on this province. We shall not fail in a short time to lay before HM an humble representation of the present unfortunate condition of this province and of the dangerous consequences we have just reason to apprehend from the conquests which the French are continually making over the Indians in alliance with this government, and from the open and secret attempts of the Spaniards of St Augustine upon our slaves by which means (as we justly apprehend) many of them have been incited to rise in rebellion against us with an expectation no doubt of retiring thither after having perpetrated several barbarous murders upon HM's subjects of this province. ¾ p. [CO 5/388, ff 166–167d]
November 20
Lieut-Governor William Bull to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. This province has been lately visited with an epidemical fever which raged chiefly in Charleston and carried off great numbers of people, amongst whom died Mr Chief Justice Wright, Maurice Lewis, judge of the Vice-Admiralty and master in chancery, Mr Higginson, surveyor and comptroller of HM's Customs, Mr Amyand, clerk of the Assembly, and Mr Strahan, register of the court of Vice-Admiralty. The next Wednesday after the death of Mr Chief Justice Wright being the day appointed by law to hold the sessions, I appointed Thomas Dale (one of the assistant judges) to hold that court. But as the office of chief justice was a place of importance, I thought proper to consult the Council in the filling up of that vacancy, who were of opinion that Benjamin Whitaker was the most proper person, and he was thereupon appointed by me till HM's pleasure is known; and I have also appointed William Frewin to be judge of the Vice-Admiralty, Mr Alexander Cramahé master in chancery, Mr Childermass Croft clerk of the Assembly, and Mr William Freeman register in the court of Vice-Admiralty. The late chief justice's death having occasioned a vacancy in HM's Council, I recommend Col Joseph Blake, a gentleman of great interest and integrity and well qualified for that trust. He was one of the late Lords Proprietors and empowered Gen Nicholson when he went from Carolina to make an offer of his eighth part of this province to His late Majesty.
In my last I acquainted you that the French with some Indians were on their march from Montreal against some Indians near the Mississippi who are at peace and have a trade with HM's subjects. I have just received advice that those forces have taken possession and built a fort on a branch of the Mississippi River, where they are to be joined by other French and Indians from New Orleans. This fort is within four days march of the Chickasaw Indians who are a brave people consisting of about five or six hundred men. They withstood and defeated the French in two attacks about two or three years ago but are now under a great apprehension of being destroyed by the great number of their enemies, who are assembled so near them that they now think it unsafe to retreat and are determined to wait the event in their own towns. Signed. 2¼ pp. Endorsed, Recd. 14 February, Read 15 February 1740. [CO 5/367, ff 144–145d]
November 20
President William Bull to Duke of Newcastle. Duplicate of no 469. Signed. 2¼ small pp. Endorsed, R, February. [CO 5/388, ff 187, 187d]
November 21
Certificate by Governor Jonathan Belcher that Nicholas Gilman and Moses Leavit are JPs in New Hampshire and that Elisha Edlin is town-clerk of Exeter, New Hampshire. Copy. ¾ p. Enclosed:
471 i Exeter, 17 November 1739. Affidavit, sworn before Nicholas Gilman and Moses Leavit, by John Gilman, Peter Thing and John Hall, all of Exeter. Letter, dated 5 May 1739 and directed to Sir Charles Wager, was not written by them or any of them. Governor Belcher ordered that Col Dunbar should be assisted in office for preservation of white pines and has always behaved uprightly. Copy. 2¼ pp.
471 ii Exeter, 17 November 1739. Certificate by Elisha Edlin, town-clerk, that the name of neither George Gerrish nor Joseph Lord can be found in the townrecords. Copy. ½ p.
471 iii Exeter, 5 May 1739. Letter from John Gilman, Joseph Lord, George Gerrish, Peter Thing and John Hall to Sir Charles Wager alleging that destruction of white pines was encouraged by Governor Belcher. Copy. 3 pp. Annotated, The forged letter to Sir C W.
471 iv Exeter, 17 November 1739. John Gilman, Peter Thing and John Hall to Sir Charles Wager denying authorship of forged letter and facts there alleged. Sworn to, before Nicholas Gilman and Moses Leavit on 17 November 1739. Copy. 3 pp. [CO 5/899, ff 370–377d]
[November 21]
Capt Temple West, captain of HMS Deal Castle, to Thomas Hill enclosing answers to queries. Signed. Annotated, 21 November 1739, Recd. per post from Portsmouth. 1 small p. Endorsed, Recd. 21 November, Read 22 November 1739. Enclosed:
472 i The answers to the inquiries you were pleased to send me as follows. The number of inhabitants settled at Canso, besides the troops, are nine or ten families who reside there constantly and in the summer season there are upwards of seventy who come from different parts of New England and have houses, stages and all other conveniences for their fishery. The former are chiefly labouring people who provide materials in the winter season to make and repair the stages, etc for the latter, and in the summer season they are aiding and assisting to them in curing and shipping their fish. The sorts of vessels employed in the Canso fishery are schooners and sloops, burthen from 15 to 45 tons, and come chiefly from New England, namely Boston, Piscataway, Ipswich, Cape Ann, Newcastle, Gloucester, Portsmouth, Plymouth, etc and they fish chiefly upon the halves which is the fishermen's part of their labour, and the other part for the owners for the use of their vessels and all supplies. The best of the fish is carried for sale to the different parts of Europe and the ordinary refuge to the West Indies; that which goes to the West Indies is carried in some of the largest of the fishery vessels and that which goes to Europe is carried in ships who are fitted some from Old England and some from New. The people mentioned in the first article who reside in Canso the summer season for the carrying on the fishery are possessed of all conveniences for the same as in Newfoundland and hold said possessions by virtue of patents from the government, each man his lot according to the business he carries on. And the fish are cured with sun and salt as in Newfoundland. The inhabitants have their houses and enclosures distant from the fishery. The inhabitants are concerned in the fishery and are employed by them as in the first article, by which means they subsist their families. The manner of curing of fish is much after the manner of curing of hay and it takes 10 hogsheads of salt to each 100 quintals of fish.
The state of the fishery at Cape Breton is very large and their strength very great. They load at least 50 ships in a year of 100 tons one with the other. They catch their fish part in shallops as in Newfoundland and parts in schooners and sloops as in Canso and employ about 3000 men in the summer season, about half of which come from France in the spring and return in the fall; those that remain in the winter are employed in fishing almost the whole time, in which they have generally great success and are able thereby to send ships to market much earlier than we.
The officers do not concern themselves in the fishery nor the disposal of beaches, stage or flakes. The soldiers in case of necessity assist the fishermen to cure their fish. Signed, T West. 2 pp.
472 ii State of cod fishery at Canso in 1739.
Vessels Names From Whence Men Tons Quintals of Fish Made Whither Bound
Marlebrough Boston 4 30 400 To the several parts they come from in New England
Abigall Piscataway 5 30 500
Squirell Ipswich 5 20 500
Stephen Piscataway 5 30 500
Marygold Ipswich 5 20 450
Molly Cape Ann 4 20 400
Two Brothers Gloucester 5 15 400
Friendship Plymouth 4 20 400
Sea Horse Cape Ann 5 20 300
Wheelwright Ipswich 5 25 400
Canço Piscataway 5 20 450
Friendship Boston 4 30 500
Abigall Piscataway 4 30 400
Abigall Piscataway 6 30 400
Speedwell Portsmouth 4 25 450
Seaflower Cape Ann 4 18 400
Transport Ipswich 5 30 400
Dolphin Ipswich 5 30 400
Charming Molly Ipswich 5 25 450
Fish Hook Piscataway 6 40 600
Tryall Portsmouth 5 25 500
Delight Newcastle 5 20 500
Margrit Newcastle 5 18 450
Sarah Piscataway 5 25 400
Olivebranch Boston 6 30 500
Francis Cape Ann 5 30 450
Seaflower Ipswich 6 25 500
Endeavour Newcastle 6 24 500
Unis Portsmouth 4 15 300
Flying Horse Ipswich 4 25 400
Two Brothers Falmouth 5 25 500
Ann Piscataway 5 25 500
Neptune Portsmouth 5 25 400
Willing Maid Plymouth 4 30 400
Endeavour Portsmouth 5 20 400
Flying Fish Portsmouth 5 15 450
Jolly Robbin Piscataway 5 30 700
Speedwell Boston 4 30 400
Grayhound Ipswich 5 35 500
Dove Ipswich 5 20 400
Swallow Portsmouth 5 35 400
George & Sarah Newcastle 5 25 450
Goodintent Ipswich 5 30 500
Tryall Portsmouth 5 30 450
Goodintent Ipswich 6 30 500
Mary & Ralph Boston 7 45 650
Thomas Gloucester 4 18 350
Speedwell Marblehead 4 20 400
Endeavour Cape Ann 5 20 300
Dolphin Cape Ann 3 19 260
TOTALS 126 1252 22160
Sack Ships lading at Canso in 1739
Ships Names From Whence Men Tons Whither Bound Quintals Shipped
Etherell London 10 120 England 2500
Pegasus London 8 100 England 1800
Peter Boston 8 120 Boston 1800
Prosperous Boston 6 60 Boston 1400
Sarum London 8 100 England 2500
St Thomas Southampton 10 130 England 2500
Tagus Cadiz 10 130 England 2500
Molly Cork 7 60 Lisbon 1400
Providence Plymouth 9 130 Lisbon 1500
TOTALS 76 956 17900
2½ pp. [CO 217/8, ff 52–57d]
[November 21]
Return of the commissioners of review in the dispute between Connecticut and the Mohegan Indians. With further evidence and proceeding thereon in May and June 1738. Copy. 90 pp. Annotated, Recd. 21 November 1739 from John Sharpe and then laid before the Board. [CO 5/1269, ff 74–123]
November 22
Governor Jonathan Belcher to Duke of Newcastle. [In substance same as no 434] Signed. 7½ small pp. [CO 5/899, ff 381–384d]
November 22
Thomas Causton to Trustees for Georgia. Necessity obliges me to lay before you a petition wherein I have endeavoured to set forth the nature of that employ which your service demanded of me with an abstract of the reasons for those expenses which attended it. Gen Oglethorpe having particularly desired and declared that nothing else was wanted of me but such accounts as would show reasons for the expense from the time he last left the colony to the time of his last arrival, an abstract of such accounts is (only) laid before you. I beg leave to acquaint you that the several sums therein mentioned to be the supposed value or amount of the respective articles are not supposed because the books do not show it; but contrariwise those accounts are also drawn together and remain with the other accounts in the custody of those whom you have commissioned to examine them, and by reason (only) that my access to them is denied those sums cannot (now) be known by me neither is it in my power to proceed further without your orders. As no just reason can be assigned for so extraordinary a proceeding or to refuse my being present at any examination of them, I submit to you how far it demonstrates a design either to prevent the present knowledge of those particulars to you whereby reports to my prejudice may have greater weight or that they are sensible such reasons are so just as to invalidate those pretended crimes which have been already laid to my charge. As I imagine it of the greatest moment that the reasons for such expenses should be fully known, as well from the beginning as at the end, I shall always with the most exact duty and readiness attend your commands, hoping that no secret means (which calumny or envy may have raised to divest me of your favour and protection) will be suffered to succeed. Signed. 1½ small pp. Endorsed, Recd. 20 March 1739/40. [CO 5/640, ff 417–418d]
November 23
Order of Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs referring six Acts passed in Pennsylvania on 19 May 1739 to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations for examination and report. Seal. Signed, J Vernon. 1½ pp. Endorsed, Recd. 29 November, Read 5 December 1739. [CO 5/1269, ff 128, 128d, 131, 131d]
November 23
Same referring the enclosed to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations for report. Seal. Signed, J Vernon. ¾ p. Endorsed, Recd., Read 29 November 1739. Enclosed:
477 i Return of commissioners of review upon dispute between Connecticut and the Mohegan Indians. The commission finds that Ben Uncas is chief sachem of the Mohegans. Copy. Signatories, as no 330. 3 pp. [CO 5/1269, ff 124–127d]
November 23
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Committee of Privy Council. We have no maps of Virginia or neighbouring colonies of 1686 or earlier wherein the Fairfax claims may be described. Entry. Signatories, Monson, M Bladen, E Ashe, R Herbert, R Plumer, J Brudenell. 1 p. [CO 5/1366, p 328; draft in CO 5/1335, ff 181–181A dorse]
November 25
William Stephens to Harman Verelst. Whilst I was earnestly providing materials for a packet to the Trustees wherein I might in some measure perform what I had in view for their better information in sundry matters, I received a packet per express from the general in the south with various dispatches which he left to my care to forward to Carolina; and well knowing of how great consequence his letters at all times may be supposed I cannot miss the first opportunity of so doing without regard to any convenience of my own in sending what I had to offer in company with it. But having my journal ready I would not omit putting that at least under cover, presuming some things in it may be judged worthy the consideration of the board, and I shall give myself little rest till I fulfil as I purposed with all speed what is to follow, which possibly may overtake this yet at Charleston or however be but little behind it. Then I shall take due notice of the several directions I received in the letters of 14 and 16 July by Capt Thomson the very next day after date of mine to you, which was 6 October and which I hope you will receive. Since that time we hear of no ships yet arrived from England but I hope we may shortly now the season is come that usually brings them, when I shall also wish for letters from my son, four months being near passed since he went hence; and as he left me with assurance of returning I have no reason to doubt it nor your kind countenance and aid in promoting it, whom in many instances I stand so much obliged to. You will look on what I now write to be in a hurry; my next shall not be so. Signed. ½ p. Addressed. Endorsed, Recd. 18 March 1739/40. [CO 5/640, ff 419, 419d]
November 26
Governor Jonathan Belcher to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. Last night I received your letter of 7 September in answer to five of mine to 23 January last. As a great part of your letter consists of things in a manner done with I shall waive any reply on those heads. I am glad mine of 11 May 1737 to Mr Popple was so much to your satisfaction. I am sorry with you that the Assemblies here have so little regard to their fortifications (such as they are) which are so absolutely necessary to their own security. I must plainly tell you that in case of a war the town of Boston would be an easy prey to a small force and the rest of the seaports of the province are still more naked. My judgment about the Indians, 29 August 1738, proved right and they still remain quiet according to advices I have received this day from the eastern frontiers; but in case of a French war I expect no other than that the Indians will soon come to a rupture with this and the neighbouring provinces. The state of the paper currency transmitted you last year was as full and short as I could make it. I have the honour to be entirely with you in your report to HM on the 60000l bill, but when I communicated the report to the present Assembly here you find by their journals they would think no more about it, and according to the best judgment I can make of this Assembly they have no desire of emitting any paper currency under a fixed value. By this conveyance the House of Representatives send home one of their members (Mr Christopher Kilby) still to go on to dispute HM's 16th instruction, and unless they can have it disannulled they seem resolved to starve the governor and all the officers of the government, to pay no public debts, to support no government, nor to defend the province. This, I say, seems to be the language of their present proceedings. I thankfully own your justice to me in ordering me a copy of the petition of John North Esq and others residing in the eastern parts of this province containing several complaints against me. This copy I lately received from my agent, Mr Partridge, and you may depend I will lose no time in making a full answer to it. And in order to make it the more complete I have this day sent a man to George's River where the most of these people live to bring me some things necessary to set forth my innocence in what they complain of; and as it's near 200 miles to St George's from hence I don't expect a return of what I have desired in less than 14 or 20 days, and by the first ship after that I shall send forward my answer. As the Assembly of this province meets 5th of next month I shall communicate to them what you acquaint me with, which you had received from Mr Clarke, lieut-governor of New York, and in the meantime I must inform you that great pains have been taken by this province with that of New York to have the boundaries settled between them, but I never could find New York show any real disposition to have it done. In this article I shall be more particular in a little time. Signed. 6½ small pp. Endorsed, Recd. 25 February, Read 27 February 1740. [CO 5/882, ff 183–186d]
November 27
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Committee of Privy Council. Pursuant to Order of 9th inst we have considered the petition of John Yeamans, Thomas Butler and Richard Coope, agents for Antigua, Nevis and St Christopher's, praying for stores of war. We have been attended by Gen Dalziel, colonel of the regiment of foot now doing duty in those islands, and by Col Morrice, lieut-colonel of the said regiment, who is lately arrived from thence, as also by the agents. In discoursing with Gen Dalziel and Col Morrice in relation to the quantity as well as the quality of the stores requested, these gentlemen were of the opinion that the said stores were all of them necessary in the present juncture for the defence and security of those islands; that the number of field-pieces prayed for with a proper proportion of everything thereunto belonging would be greatly wanted in case of an attack from any enemy; and as to their calibre they conceived that field-pieces from 1½-pounder to 2-pounders would be more useful than larger pieces of ordnance. We observed that in the former application to HM upon this subject the number of field-pieces prayed for was only twenty but those now desired are thirty-two; upon which the agents informed us that none of those was designed for Montserrat, to which island they now propose to send a certain proportion. As to the powder prayed for, we must acquaint you that there is an Act in force in the Leeward Islands which obliges every vessel that comes there to leave a certain quantity of powder for supplying the magazines, notwithstanding which the said agents have assured us there is not a sufficient quantity for the present exigency and therefore they hope HM will grant their request in the present extraordinary juncture. As to the smallarms, we must observe to you that, though the country is obliged to furnish each of the militia with one firelock, it may be necessary in the present posture of affairs that there should be a store of arms to supply any loss that may happen in service. And although we have generally been of opinion that the smallarms and powder ought to be paid for by the respective colonies, yet we apprehend in the present situation of affairs in America that HM may be pleased to indulge the petitioners in their request. Entry. Signatories, Monson, M Bladen, A Croft, R Plumer, R Herbert. 3 pp. [CO 153/16, ff 85–86d (pagination defective)]
November 28
Thomas Hill to Charles Carkesse requesting reply to letter of 24 January last regarding Bermuda. Entry. ¾ p. [CO 38/8, pp 309–310]
November 28
Council Chamber
Lieut-Governor William Bull to Duke of Newcastle. This province having felt the good effects of HM's favour by the assistance of your powerful intercession in obtaining so complete a set of ordnance and smallarms for the defence of Carolina, the Council and Assembly are desirous by the first opportunity to show their gratitude and return their unfeigned thanks to HM in a most dutiful address which they have desired me to forward. The favour and regard which you was pleased to show for the welfare of Carolina when I applied to you in behalf of this province for obtaining this ordnance has encouraged me on this occasion to beg that you will continue your patronage and at a proper time to lay before HM the humble address of thanks herewith sent to our agent Mr Fury. Signed. 1½ small pp. Endorsed, Recd. 12 March. Enclosed:
483 i Address of thanks to the King by Council and Assembly of South Carolina, 27 November 1739. Signed, (for the Council) A Skene, (for the Assembly) C Pinckney, speaker. 1 p. [CO 5/388, ff 168–169d]
November 28
Palace Court
Minutes of Common Council of Georgia. On report of committee of accounts concerning further proposals of Robert Williams, who had waived some of his claims, resolved to pay him 67l 13sd in addition to the 587l 13s already paid him. Read report of committee of accounts upon the account sent over by Gen Oglethorpe which is made out with great exactness and in a satisfactory manner. The committee made observations concerning several matters with which the general is to be acquainted. Resolved to agree to this report and to pay 1289l 11sd to the general's order. Signed drafts on the bank for 1357l 4s 11d and 1289l 11sd. The accountant reported two other drafts on the bank since 11 June last for 300l and 500l. Entry. 7½pp. [CO 5/690, pp 267–274]
November 30
New York
Lieut-Governor George Clarke to Duke of Newcastle enclosing papers. I did all that was possible to bring the Assembly to give a revenue upon a general appropriation but the precedent that Governor Morris gave in Jersey was too strong for me and I was obliged to give way to necessity, for the people were on the point of growing clamorous for that and for the continuance of the paper money. However, I have got the Assembly to put the province in a posture of self-defence and have laid I think a sure foundation for a general harmony, which in case of a rupture with France is absolutely necessary as this is a frontier province that covers from Canada the western colonies. Signed. 1½ small pp. Endorsed, R, February. Enclosed:
485 i New York, 30 November 1738. Same to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. Signed. Copy of no 486. 3 pp.
485 ii Council of New York to Lieut-Governor Clarke. Copy of no 486i. 1¼ large pp.
485 iii Speech of Lieut-Governor Clarke to General Assembly of New York, 3 October 1739. Printed. 1 p.
485 iv Undated letter from [commissioners for Indian affairs to Lieut-Governor Clarke]. We have at last received an answer to the message we sent by four Mohawk Indians to the commanding officer at Crown Point the 11th July last about the French settling on the south side of the lake between Crown Point and the carrying place, which is as follows and was given them by the governor of Canada. That the King of France claims all the land south, north and east lying on all the rivers and creeks that empty themselves towards Canada, even to the carrying place and the lake of St Sacrament, and that he will not suffer the English to make any settlements upon any of those lands; but that if they should attempt to do it he (the governor of Canada) would hinder it. Upon which he gave a belt of wampum as a token in presence of his Indians and ours; but, notwithstanding, he would give all his right to the forementioned land from Crown Point to the carrying place to our Mohawks and his own Indians as a deed of gift to make use of it for a hunting place for them and their posterity, and at the same time assured them that no French should settle there. Copy. 1 p. Annotated, Recd. 3 November 1739, G C [CO 5/1094, ff 117–122d]
November 30
New York
Lieut-Governor George Clarke to Commissions for Trade and Plantations. On 17th of this month I adjourned the Assembly to the second Tuesday in April next. I flattered myself that upon the strength of your letter of 6 February last I should be able to bring them to give a revenue for a competent number of years upon a general appropriation and without a particular application of it. To that end I bent all my endeavours and used all possible means to bring them to it but all in vain. They remained inflexible and seemed resolved to run all risks rather than give in to it; they knew the country were unanimous in the same sentiments and from thence they were assured of their elections on a new choice. In this confidence they went on and I prorogued them for a few days hoping they might somehow or other change their minds; but this had no effect, they persuaded themselves from the strong appearances of an open rupture with Spain and France that instead of dissolving them I would lay hold of their present sitting to put the province in a posture of defence. This consideration wrought strongly upon me and made me cast off all thoughts of a dissolution, fearing likewise that new elections might revive old animosities and beget new ones at a time when the greatest unanimity would be absolutely necessary; besides they were fortified in their resolutions of applying the revenue from a recent example in the adjoining province, Mr Morris the governor of New Jersey having last winter (after I had dissolved the Assembly of this province for attempting it) given his assent to the Revenue Bill whereby the money was particularly applied. However I would do nothing rashly and therefore advised with the Council upon it who were unanimously of opinion that considering the present circumstances of affairs it was by no means proper for me at this time to dissolve the Assembly but rather to comply with them in letting 'em apply the money they give for the support of government and to give the paper money a further continuance, as you may perceive by the enclosed copy of their opinion which they gave me in writing. Being thus reduced to the necessity of giving way to the Assembly I got them to make provision for fortifying the province, to wit to finish the battery in this town, to build a new fort in the Mohawks country and another at Saratoga, our most advanced settlements towards the fort which the French have built at Crown Point, and 100l to be applied in the purchase of a piece of ground at Tierondequat in the Senecas country that we may thereby get footing there and keep the French from possessing themselves of it, a thing which I have long aimed at but could never till now get the Assembly to give any money for it. All these things are highly necessary at all times as this is a frontier province but more especially at this time when a rupture with France is mentioned in the newspapers as a thing we are to expect. I hope for your favourable construction of what I have done. If I have departed from my former resolutions I beg you to consider that the necessity of the times, the defenceless condition of the province, and the bad example mentioned have compelled me to it.
By two vessels I lately sent you an account of the stores as they were in 1737 whereby it will appear that we were then destitute of everything but great guns and I fear that upon trial they will be found to be unfit for service being very old and much honeycombed. At present there is not one carriage or set of wheels that can be called good nor has there been an ounce of powder in the fort since I have had the government but what I have bought with my own money to fire on public days. This province has never bought any powder but has always been furnished with it from home. We have a great many muskets but almost all unserviceable which lie ready to be sent home upon the first order, hoping they may be exchanged for new ones. But I will not give you any further trouble about particulars since our wants will fully appear by the account mentioned and I hope you will make such a representation thereof as from thence we may be fully supplied. Capt Farmer who carries this and Capt Bryant who is soon to follow him have viewed our guns, carriages and stores, and can give you an account of the wretched condition they are in, from whence you will I hope represent likewise the necessity of our being supplied very speedily. When I sent you an account of the stores I likewise represented the necessity of presents for the Six Nations of Indians to which I refer, hoping by the first ship to receive them. I have likewise got this session an Act for the better regulating the militia who are all to arm and furnish themselves with ammunition and I am giving directions to have them more duly exercised than they have been. I have lately received from the commissioners of Indian affairs the governor of Canada's answer to the Mohawks whom I sent to Crown Point to forbid the French settling any lands on this side of the lake, which you will see in the enclosed paper no 2. If the French king's claim be allowed he will take in great part of the Six Nations and of other nations of Indians depending on the crown of England and lying on the back of all our colonies, for his claim is not confined to the springhead of Wood Creek but extends itself to the springheads of all the rivers that lead into any of the lakes that disembogue themselves into the river St Lawrence. Signed. 2½pp. Endorsed, Recd. 18 February, Read 20 February 1740. Enclosed:
486 i Council of New York to Lieut-Governor Clarke advising against dissolution of Assembly. 1½pp.
486 ii 3 October 1739. Speech of Lieut-Governor Clarke to Assembly of New York proroguing it to 9 October. Printed. 1 p.
486 iii Undated letter from [commissioners of Indian affairs] to Lieut-Governor Clarke. Copy, of no 485iv. 1 p. [CO 5/1059, ff 123–127; covering letter and no 486i slightly damaged]